Your search returned over 400 essays for "adult learning"
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Andragogy: Adult Learning Theory

- First Subtopic: The History and Conceptualization of Andragogy Edward Lindeman is thought by many to be the founder of contemporary adult education. His work in the area of adult education included the writing of articles, books, public presentations, assistance in the collegiate system as a lecturer of social work and as an associate pastor in the church (Brookfield 1986). Lindeman and Martha Anderson traveled to observe and analyze the German Folk High School system and the worker’s movement. Consequently, Lindeman and Anderson’s comparative research lead to the breakthrough of the German perception of andragogy....   [tags: Theory of Adult Learning ]

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Trauma and Adult Learning

- Trauma and Adult Learning Effects of Trauma on Learning Adults experiencing the effects of past or current trauma may display such symptoms as difficulty beginning new tasks, blame, guilt, concern for safety, depression, inability to trust (especially those in power), fear of risk taking, disturbed sleep, eroded self-esteem/confidence, inability to concentrate, or panic attacks (Mojab and McDonald 2001). Some people may manifest no symptoms; at the other end of the spectrum is Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, characterized by flashbacks, avoidance, numbing of responsiveness (including substance abuse), persistent expectation of danger, constriction (dissociation, zoning out), and memory im...   [tags: Adult Education Learning Essays]

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The Transformative Learning Theory : Connections With Christian Adult Education

- “Transformative Learning Theory: Connections with Christian Adult Education”. In this article, Ellen L. Marmon is expressing a new visionary idea of how to apply the Transformative Learning Theory, but working with adults. The main focus is the Christian Education and even though there are different ways to transmit information, she truly believes that an effective one is teaching grown-ups and not just having a learning process during the childhood and teenage years, as the majority usually think....   [tags: Learning, Knowledge, Adult, Machine learning]

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Situated Learning in Adult Education

- Situated Learning in Adult Education In the situated learning approach, knowledge and skills are learned in the contexts that reflect how knowledge is obtained and applied in everyday situations. Situated cognition theory conceives of learning as a sociocultural phenomenon rather than the action of an individual acquiring general information from a decontextualized body of knowledge (Kirshner and Whitson 1997).This Digest presents an overview of the concepts related to applying situated cognition in adult learning....   [tags: Adult Education Learning Educate Essays]

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Adult Education and Adult Learning Analysis

- It is my conviction that the noble profession of instructing teachers is the greatest, most powerful contributor to nation building. Teachers, within the school system, have the responsibility of imparting knowledge, acting as agents of socialization, creating responsible, productive members of society and guiding students towards the achievement of their goals. It is, therefore, important that great emphasis be placed on training teachers, since in education teachers are viewed as significant contributors to the quality of students produced....   [tags: Andragogy, adult instructor, school system]

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Characteristics of Adult Learning

- The saying, “You can’t teach an old dog new tricks”, could be a bad assumption about adult learning. Learning new trades or skills should be a live long process for all adults. The idea of learning from Marcia Connor‘s perspective, on How Adults Learn, states “we learn from everything the mind perceives (at any age). Our brains build and strengthen neural pathways no matter where we are, no matter what the subject or the context” (Connor pg. 2). Andragogy, the theory of adult learning, has become a widely studied subject by educational psychologists....   [tags: adult Education, teaching]

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Adult Education And Adult Learning

- As we know, human being keep learning though all their lives, Sometimes I am thinking how we adult learning. In this book, I found them--some related concepts about adult learning and ways to Self-Direct Learning(SDL). Before reading this book. I already knew what is the adult learner is. In China, students who are over 18 years old are the adult in General Principles Of the Civil Law. In some perspectives, University education can be called adult education. It is new for me to learn this knowledge, so I chose the first eight chapters of the textbook....   [tags: Educational psychology, Motivation, Learning]

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Traditional Learning and Adult Learning

- Learning environments that effectively meet the needs of adult students build upon the wealth of knowledge in the classroom, are student-driven, and have direct application to the problems of the adult's everyday life. In this essay, I will reflect upon a traditional learning experience that I experienced as an early college student. Additionally, using Knowles' theory of adult learning, I will consider how the experience could have been adapted. Traditional Learning Context As a 17 year old in the mid 1990s, I enrolled in an introductory psychology course at a private religious college in central Virginia....   [tags: Malcom Knowles, self-directed learning]

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Application Of The Adult Learning Model

- My transition from homeschool to West Point has been difficult. In homeschool, I never attended classes, submitted graded assignments, met with instructors, or even took tests. As a result, I spent this semester acclimating to the academics at West Point and accruing the necessary study habits to become a successful student. While some colleagues struggled with these and similar obstacles, I possessed one skill that most of them did not. Throughout high school, the nature of my education required me to take initiative and self-direct my own learning....   [tags: Education, Teacher, Learning, High school]

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The Adult Learning Theories Essay

- ADE 6670 Adult Learning and Development, 15/T5, Dr. Joseph Reynolds The Adult Learning Theories Essay assignment provides information on how learning takes place throughout different stages in life. The topic begin with how learning take place in humans, how one develops throughout various stages in life, the learning process, and blending adult learning and development experiences. The course content requires mastery because learning never ends once it begins at birth. The importance of knowing what is learned in each stage of life builds upon what is already learned which will lead to the next stage of development....   [tags: Developmental psychology, Learning, Intelligence]

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Adult Learning: Andragogy Reflections

- ... The regional director always made the presentation. After that, she shared sales reports for the week, the month, and year-to date with the sales team, which was a diverse group composed of about sixty agents ranging in age from mid-30’s to late-60’s. She praised top sellers and exposed those with low sales. She carefully reiterated expectations and talked about consequences of not meeting those expectations. She developed sales methods and trained everyone on the same methods, providing scripts as she thought appropriate and warning that there would be no deviations from those scripts....   [tags: traditional and non-traditional learning]

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Blending Face-to-Face and Distance Learning Methods in Adult and Career-Technical Education

- Blending Face-to-Face and Distance Learning Methods in Adult and Career-Technical Education Strengths and Limitations of the Two Methods In theory, the advantages of face-to-face and distance learning methods complement each other (Leung and Tran 2000). In classroom learning, face-to-face contact both in and out of class can help motivate and involve students; active learning can engage students in thinking and interaction through questioning, discussion, small-group presentation, role play, and case studies....   [tags: Learning Adult Education Essays]

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Personal Statement : An Adult Learning College

- Reflective Paper When I reached my mid-thirty 's, I began to feel like all of my ambitions were flushed down the drain. Feeling too old to go back to school, but too young to be taken seriously, I felt stuck in life with no place to go. Sure, I was a single mother of three with more activities in one day than most have in a week, but I still felt like something was absent in my life. One day I was sitting on the couch watching TV, and a commercial came on for an adult learning college . Right away I knew that I could take this leap into the unknown....   [tags: Customer service, Customer, Learning, College]

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Adult Learning Scale And Philosophy Of Adult Education

- A Principles of Adult Learning Scale and Philosophy of Adult Education Inventory are two assessments that helps you understand your strengths and weaknesses as a leaner. Your scores from both assessments helps you gravitate towards which educational philosophy that best suits you. Before taking the assessments I had no idea that there were different teaching styles. There are five different philosophy categories of Adult Education. The five philosophies of adult education are Liberal Adult Education, Behavior Adult Education, Progressive Adult Education, Humanistic Adult Education and Radical Adult Education....   [tags: Psychology, Learning, Education]

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Adult Learning in Cohort Groups

- Adult Learning in Cohort Groups [According to a cohort participant,] cohorts are created not born. They are successful when everyone works collaboratively and collectively on improving their own and others' learning experiences. It takes self-responsibility, patience, courage, humor, commitment, sensitivity, and a lot of hard work to create such an enriching learning experience for everybody. (Nesbit 2001, p. 3) Learning in groups has historical roots in adult education and many adult educators use group learning as an element of their programs (ibid.)....   [tags: Adult Education Cohorts Essays]

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The Six Assumptions of Adult Learning

- ... This year the speaker used a PowerPoint presentation to guide him and his audience along the course of the lecture. While I found his topic of “School Culture” to be quiet interesting, I could not resist my heavy eyes as the lecture drew on. The speaker seemed to be an expert in his field; however, there was no inflection or intonation in his voice. He was in fact, Mono toned. After returning to our seats at the close of our first break, I noticed something I had not noticed in years past, my colleagues, not just from my school, but from the other schools as well, were acting like teenagers....   [tags: educational experiences, teachers]

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Andragogy: The Study of Adult Learning

- Edward Lindeman is thought by many to be the founder of contemporary adult education. His work in the area of adult education included the writing of articles, books, public presentations, assistance in the collegiate system as a lecturer of social work and as an associate pastor in the church (Brookfield, 1986). Lindeman and Martha Anderson traveled to observe and analyze the German Folk High School system and the worker’s movement. Consequently, Lindeman and Anderson’s comparative research lead to the breakthrough of the German perception of andragogy....   [tags: contemporary, education, self-direct, learn]

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Applications for Psychology in Adult Learning

- Psychology and adult learning are inherently linked given their focus upon the internal processes of the mind. The field of psychology has increasingly been applied to inform the adult education practice. Psychology is oftentimes incorporated into the foundation of the training that is received by adult educators in training. The field of psychology provides answers to questions that are common within adult education. These questions include “What motivates students to attend classes. Through what processes to adults learn best....   [tags: education, development, cognitive]

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Adult Learning in an Online Environment

- As an adult learner in an online learning environment, a certain amount of readiness skills will be necessary. Various information shall be presented to highlight the advantages and disadvantages of the online learning environment. This paper will identify the difference between the adult online learner and a traditional learner. The purpose of this research paper is to bring together statistics of the functionality of the adult learner within the online environment. The resources Literacy, numeracy, and edified citizenry aptitudes join the groundwork upon which is built the well-rounded adult learner (Tomei, 2010)....   [tags: education, online, success]

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The Education Of Adult Learning

- Adult Learning Educations a key component to the development of mankind; however, there is a distinct difference in the education of adults versus the education of children. It is not practical to assume a learning style used for a kindergartener would be applicable for an adult business person. In fact, pedagogy, or the science of learning, can help explain the constructs required to teach and learn in life and the classroom. Understanding the class of learners and the distinct backgrounds they may have is critical to effective teaching (Kelly, 2006)....   [tags: Education, Educational psychology, Andragogy]

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Adragogy: Adult Learning and Teaching

- Introduction Andragogy is a theory of adult learning and teaching. It is frequently compared to pedagogy, which is closely related but deals primarily with the teaching of children. Malcolm Knowles introduced the term andragogy in an article he wrote in 1968, in order to distinguish adult learning from preadult education, or pedagogy. Andragogy is “based on a number of assumptions about the adult learner” (Merriam, Caffarella, and Baumgartner, 2007, p. 84). Although andragogy “became a rallying point for those trying to define the field of adult education as separate from other areas of education” (Merriam et al., 2007, p....   [tags: pedagogy, malcom knowles]

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Adult Learning and Online Classes

- ... Many traditional students are expected to stay in school by their kin (Tews, 2013). Traditional learners may not always have a precise objective in mind, unlike an adult learner (Tews, 2013). Adult learners are more disposed to accepting accountability for their own learning (Tews, 2013). Critical cerebrating is an implement for making decisions and solving quandaries, both attributes of the prosperous learner whether traditional or a distance (Tomei, 2010). When research compares the duration devoted to distance versus traditional injuctive authorization in the areas of distribution of instructional content, student counsel and advisement, and the student assessment, the findings pelluc...   [tags: teachers, students, self-efficacy]

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Adult Learning Is Different From Childhood Learning

- “It’s not what you’ve got, but how you use it,” Is a common phrase which can be applied to knowledge. Learning takes place when knowledge is applied. Learning can happen through multiple methods; Methods of learning can be further categorized into on-the-job training or formal higher education. Adult learning is different from childhood learning. As children learn the basics of education they can apply those skills in a formal education setting, such as reading, writing, listening and working with other classmates....   [tags: Education, Learning, Skill]

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Volunteering and Adult Learning

- Volunteering and Adult Learning "The history of adult education has been a history of voluntary activity and voluntary association" (Ilsley 1989, p. 100). Today, volunteerism, and the growing field of volunteer management, continue to reflect close associations with adult education. Research and practice in adult education can inform the development of learning opportunities for volunteers. With this in mind, this Digest describes some of the similarities between the fields of volunteer management and adult education and examines some of the types and methods of learning that occur in the context of volunteering....   [tags: Volunteer Adult Education Educational Papers]

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Adult Learning Theory: Andragogy

- Adult Learning Theory: Andragogy The dispute of how adults learn is an ever developing subject matter since the 1920’s when adult learning became a professional field of practice (Merriam, S., 2001). Questions such as, do adults learn differently from children. Are adults able to learn quicker, independently, or in the same environment. These are just some examples of a multitude of questions that have been raised since scientists began investigating Adult Learning. I intend to clarify some of the misconceptions of adult learning through proven scientific research and writings of experts in the field....   [tags: Education]

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Adult Learning Theory: Andragogy

- When discussing the adult learning theory, andragogy is the best model for higher learning in adult education. Andragogy comes from the Greek word aner which means man and agogus which means leading (Knowles, 1980). The full translation means learning of adults. Andragogy was first used in the 1800s by a German teacher named Alex Kapp (Wang, 2011). It would not be until the late 1960s that a professor by the name of Malcolm S. Knowles would introduce andragogy to North America in a published article....   [tags: Education]

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Adult Learning and Work

- Introduction and Discussion of the Problem Adults in the workplace have educational needs and challenges. Today’s workplace requires not only technical ability, but also the ability to think critically to make decisions and solve problems. Some team members come to the job with a natural ability to thrive in this environment while others seem to struggle. (Jozwiak, 2004) The literature suggests that these skills can be taught or enhanced particularly if learner can see the value these skills can have in finding answers to their personal challenges, needs and desires....   [tags: Workplace, Educational Needs, Challenges]

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Adult Learning: Malcolm Knowles

- ... Self-Directing “As a person matures, he or she moves from dependency to self-directedness” (Knowles, 1984). Adult learners need instructors to give them explicit directions on what to do, how to do it, and when. Instructors are treated as experts who know what the adult learner needs to do, or they passively slide through the educational system, responding mainly to instructors who “make” them learn. When establishing a learner-centered learning environment, the instructor could have prepared a lively syllabus with time to discuss and any additional details the adult learners from a previous class could have left letters or notebooks for incoming adult learners....   [tags: personal experience, education process]

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Applying Adult Learning Theory

- Introduction The purpose of education is complicated and many educators formulate their own principles of education. The ideas of education for many years has stressed that the purpose of education is to develop individuals to become productive, good citizens, and function effectively in a democratic society. Campbell (2008) notes that the purpose of public education is to graduate good citizens who have the necessary skills demanded in the marketplace and to enjoy contemporary society....   [tags: Character Analysis]

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Transformational Learning For Adult & Continuing Education

- Introduction This essay will address the theoretical bases and functioning of a program that is designed to work with adults (students age 19 and over) who do not possess a high school diploma to help them enter a higher education program. The mission of the program will be carried out in two phases. The first phase consists of assisting adult students with GED test preparation materials and helping them pass the exam. The second phase, which will take place after completion of the first phase, will be to administer a series of college preparation courses, and assist the student with college entrance exams so that they can begin a college degree or certificate seeking program....   [tags: Adult Education Theory]

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Engaging the Adult Learner

- Another method that can be used is the Conference method. The Conference method requires a larger group of people to be fully effective. When using this method the teacher/facilitator will start the discussion with a leading question and let the students take charge from there. Although the teacher will not completely be in charge he/she will still try to keep the discussion on track and controlled. The students will focus on a specific topic, and everyone should be engaging with their personnel experiences, ideas, and opinions....   [tags: adult learning, instruction]

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Applying Adult Learning Theory Through Character Analysis

- Abstract This assignment explores the learning theories of Mezirow and Bandura through the character analysis of Malcolm X, portrayed by actor Denzel Washington from the film “Malcolm X”. The focus is to examine the theoretical perspective of adult learning theories transformative learning and that of social learning and how they impact character learning and development. Applying Adult Learning Theory through A character Analysis The film “Malcolm X,” produced by Worth, written and directed by Lee (1992) portrays the life of civil right’s leader Malcolm X as he makes his transformational journey from street hustling, jail, and imprisonment to later emerging as a leader for social change....   [tags: Literary Characters/Learning]

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Malcolm Knowles 's Theory Of Adult Learning

- One theorist that is relevant to this study is Malcolm Knowles’s theory of adult learning. Though Malcom Knowles may not be the first one to introduce adult learning, he was the one that introduced andragogy in North America. (McEwen and Wills 2014). Andragogy means adult learning. The core concept of Knowles’s Adult learning theory is to create a learning environment or awareness for adults to understand why they learn .Knowles developed six main assumptions of adult learners. Those assumptions are the need to know, self- concept, experience, readiness to learn, orientation to learning and motivation....   [tags: Learning, Knowledge, Problem solving, Psychology]

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Online Learning and the Adult Learner

- ... Regardless of the online format one chooses, online education definitely has advantages for adult learners. While discussing online education and the adult learner, it is important to consider the advantages such as reduced tuition, personalized education, flexibility, accessibility and enhanced technology, as noted by OnlineEducation.org. As opposed to traditional institutions, online schools tend to be less expensive. There is a lot less funding needed for the classroom environment, I.E. building maintenance, grounds maintenance and the like....   [tags: learning formats, advantages, disadvantages]

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Adult Learning Theory

- ADULT LEARNING THEORY 2 Adult Learning Theory Malcolm Knowles Malcolm Knowles (1913-1997) was a key figure in America’s adult education in the second half of the twentieth century (Smith, 2002). Early Life “Born in 1913 and initially raised in Montana,” Knowles seems to have had “a reasonably happy childhood. His father was a veterinarian and from around the age of four Knowles often accompanied him on his visits to farms and ranches” (Smith, 2002, para. 2). His mother also played a critical role in his character building....   [tags: Education ]

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Adult Learning Experience

- I have in all my undergraduate study been told what to do as student. All the information, tasks and assignment were delivered and dictated by the teachers in charge of the subject or the modules, and as students I had to follow the instruction giving, however, since I came to Cardiff university to do my master degree on health care science, the attitudes of the teachers and the way the modules structured which was different form the way I used to and had influence (presage) in my view the way we teach our Operating Department Practitioners ODPs and students nurses coming to the operating theatre for their post qualification internal ship and hoping that I will introduce a change in order to...   [tags: Reflection]

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Adult Learning Environment

- Adult Learning Environment It is important to understand that not everyone entering college is ready for the experience. Although colleges and high schools are having conversations on how to address the problem as it relates to high school graduates being unable to test into college level courses, it is merely conversations (Remedial Education: The Skeleton in the Closet of Higher Ed). Each entity continues to play the blame game instead of sharing the accountability, politicians intercede and cause more dissention among them, teachers in school districts are forced to teach to standardized tests, college professors are frustrated with the lack of skills entering freshmen have, yet the reali...   [tags: Entering College, Program]

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Adult Learning Difficulties

- According to McArthur, Konold, Glutting and Alamprese (2010), many adults in the United States have difficulties with basic literacy. A solution to this situation has been the founding of adult basic education (ABE) programs by the U.S Department of Education which helps and serves more than 2 million adults annually (U.S Department of Education, Division of Adult Education and Literacy, 2002, 2006). Mellard and Patterson (2008) found that ABE students differ in skill from zero or minimal reading skills to reading simple stories, books and descriptions on familiar subjects so new vocabulary can be determined by context....   [tags: Special Education ]

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Understanding Adult Learning

- There are many ways that people learn. The reasons for learning can come in a variety of ways. Physiological breakthroughs have brought new meaning to the way that the human brain receives and uses information. The information is used in a variety of ways throughout life for individual success and overall success. All information received in any form is part of the learning process. The adult learner is someone who wants to know specific information for a purpose. How a person learns to get to where they want to be comes in a variety of ways....   [tags: Knowledge Management ]

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The Study of Adult Learning Models and Theories

- There are many models and theories that contribute to the adult learning process. When most educators think of the adult learning process andragogy is usually one of the first thoughts. According to Malcolm Knowles, Andragoggy is “the art and science of helping others learn (Merriam, Caffarella, & Baumgartner, 2007).”Andragogy are learning strategies focused on adults. It is often interpreted as the process of engaging adult learners with the structure of the learning experience (Clardy, 2005). Andragogy assumes that adults have different learning characteristics and requirements than children....   [tags: Education]

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Adult Learning Theory in Online Education

- ... Andragogy is the art or science of teaching adults (Knowles, 2012). Malcolm Knowles introduced the term in the United States in the 1960s (Wang, 2011). Knowles notes that a major psychological difference between children and adults is the realization that as an adult, one is the director of their own life. Additionally, because of this change in self awareness, teaching adults as if they are dependent does not harbor any sense of respect for their ability to be self directed. There are four assumptions which are made about adult learning in Knowles theory....   [tags: communication technology, college degrees]

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Lifelong Learning And Adult Education

- Lifelong learning and adult education is not just a trend, it is something that has the potential to lower our nation’s health care costs and prolong the quality of life for each and every one of us. In relatively wealthy countries, individuals who have stayed in formal education for longer, and who have gained higher qualifications tend to enjoy better mental and physiological health than their less well-educated counter-parts. (e.g. Burnette & Mui, 1994; Montgomery & Schoon, 1997; Vega Deinstmaier et al., 1999) Education has always been something that we did for ourselves to improve our lives personally as well as the society we are a part of....   [tags: Education, Old age, Learning, Gerontology]

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Androgogy Reflection: Understanding Adult Learning

- ... At the end of the class, grades were not explained, or justified. Being able to work in a group setting can be a very rewarding, and beneficial concept. However, it is important that groups are monitored. It would have been helpful if the professor had meetings with each group once or twice per week to check on progress, and also organized the group to where each individual student had a specific job. Otherwise, students sometimes don’t know how to delegate duties, and/or an butt heads about it....   [tags: developmental tasks, experience]

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Being Unprepared for Adult Learning

- ... (Tagg 4) However, this is not an excuse for not learning how to do these types of exercise. Qualitative learning is gathering information that focuses on a deep comprehensive manner, while Quantitative learning is gathering as much information as possible, and not getting as deep of an understanding as needed on the topic, which is something many students are noticing in their education. Both Rose and Tagg take a look at this problem within the adult education system and notice the negatives that it brings into a student’s life....   [tags: rhetorical analysis, critical thinking]

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Adult Learning through Online Education

- Adult learners are different than youth learners because they understand why is important for them to learn and they can integrate new information with past experiences enhancing the process and overcoming barriers like fears or behaviors. In this century higher education is occurring through internet too, by online courses that led the student to a diploma of the same value as the traditional one. Adult learners enrolling in online courses are increasing year after year and more traditional institutions are starting to use online education as a method to get new students....   [tags: internet, education]

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Journal Writing and Adult Learning

- Journal Writing and Adult Learning The value of journal writing to a course with adult students cannot be overemphasized. (Sommer 1989, p. 115) Journals and diaries have a long history as a means of self-expression. Several themes prevalent in adult learning--coming to voice, developing the capacity for critical reflection, and making meaning--are reflected in the way journals can be used in adult education. Journals are useful learning tools in a variety of adult education settings. Dialog journals, for example, have become popular in adult literacy and English as a second language classrooms....   [tags: Teaching Writers Authors Essays]

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Andragogy: Creating a Better Understanding of Adult Learning

- A Reflection and Redesign of Psychology As a parent, one will sit in the car and teach their child the “ABC Song” in hope to learn how to say the alphabet. Do adult learn by the same behavior, or are the learning patterns different from a child. Andragogy means “the art and science of helping adults learn” (Merriam, Caffarella, & Baumgartner, 2007). There are many frameworks that help adult learn, education on the internet, education on tape, and books that can help teach adults the importance that will make them successful....   [tags: psychology, motivation, education]

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Adult Learning In Groups

- Adult Learning In Groups Groups [can] exert powerful influence both to advance and to obstruct learning. A group can be an environment in which people invent and explore symbolic structures for understanding the world, learning from each other and trying out for themselves the discourse of the domain of knowledge they seek to acquire. Alternatively, groups can encourage conformity, squander time and energy on ritual combat, revel in failure, and generally engage in all sorts of fantasy tasks that have little or nothing to do with learning....   [tags: Learn Education Adults Essays]

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Inclusive Adult Learning Environments

- Inclusive Adult Learning Environments I've just changed completely from when I first (entered school). I used to take this little African body and force it into this European square peg. And you know, it didn't work. I kept trying to do it and trying to change who I was and tried to fit in. . . . When I finally decided to be the person that I am, I started feeling more comfortable. (Taylor 1995, p. 84). Ever since Malcolm Knowles (1970) introduced the concept of learning climate, adult educators have been aware of how the environment affects learning....   [tags: Education Classroom Educate Essays]

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My Career Path That Adult

- Passion for learning and helping other to learn have been with me through various stages of my personal and professional life. Continuing education is my lifestyle. Therefore, I chose a career path that adult is leaning as its heart. I am talking here about my role as training and development specialist in my organization who should facilitate learning and educational activities to help my colleagues perform their work better and progress in their career. However, there are a number of challenges assorted with my job as a trainer or educator dealing with adult learners, and I should be aware of the most common ones and think of the best strategies to deal with and get the desired learning re...   [tags: Education, Learning, Adult education, Knowledge]

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Online Learning and Adult Learner

- Online Learning and Adult Learner Adults are taking a more preferred method of education by taking online classes versus face-to-face traditional classes, which to most is a more affordable means. The balance of family and work is a very important factor when adding college courses to your daily routine. Many challenges stand before the adult learner such as time management, finding correct school, reliable computer and internet, and budget to take classes. What about the instructors are the trained....   [tags: education method, online courses]

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Adult Learning is Different from Traditional Learning

- ... Andragogy Reflection Self-directing “Independence, the ability to make choices and critical judgments, and the capacity to articulate the norms and limits of a learning society” describe an autonomous learner (Merriam, Caffarella, & Baumgartner, 2007, p. 122). 95% of the adult learners that attend the mandatory First Training have worked in the hospital setting for over a year or longer. Most feel as if the training is telling them how to treat their patients using scripts rather than being themselves and being sincere to their patients....   [tags: self-directing, self-motivated]

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Technology and Adult Learning: Current Perspectives

- Technology and Adult Learning: Current Perspectives Throughout the 20th century, changes in technology have had social and economic ramifications. Although each successive wave of technological innovation has created changes to which adults have had to adjust, "what perhaps differentiates earlier technological changes from today’s is the current emphasis on educational applications" (Merriam and Brockett 1997, p. 113). The most pervasive of the technologies with educational applications are the Internet and World Wide Web, but other technologies can also be used to facilitate adult learning....   [tags: Education Learn Essays]

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Adult Learning in Non-formal Institutions

- Adult Learning in Non-formal Institutions Museums, zoos, nature centers, science centers, aquariums, and other similar institutions provide a tremendous opportunity for lifelong learning in a relatively nonthreatening setting for most adults (Schroeder 1970). Many of these attractions and museums include education as a part of their missions (see, for example, Allmon 1994; Chizar, Murphy, and Illiff 1990; Conway 1982) and the popularity of these places as providers of both recreation and education is well established (Chobot 1989)....   [tags: Education Learn Essays]

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Learning Technologies in Adult Education

- Learning Technologies in Adult Education Any tool “designed to extend a learner’s capacity for effective action and that requires skill and certain strategies to use efficiently” is a learning technology (Burge 2001, p. 146). A well-structured face-to-face group discussion, a pencil, and print materials fit this definition as do newer tools such as web-based conferencing (ibid.). One of the greatest myths surrounding learning technologies is related to what they are. Because of the term technology, it is frequently believed that learning technologies are instructional devices that make use of computers, the Internet, or some other type of electronic technology such as video and television....   [tags: Learning Technology Technological Essays]

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What is Andragogy? Malcom Knowles

- What is andragogy. Andragogy consists of a theoretical model of six assumptions that was developed by Malcolm Knowles in order to “distinguish adult learning and adult education from other areas of education” (Mirriam, Caffarella, & Baumgartner, 2007, p. 83). And so, andragogy might also be defined in terms of the efforts of “multiple researchers and scholars” (Henschke, 2011, p. 35) searching for a way to “establish andragogy as a proven theory and strong method for teaching adults” (Henschke, 2011, p....   [tags: adult learning, adult education]

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Adult Literacy Education: Emerging Directions in Program Development

- Adult Literacy Education: Emerging Directions in Program Development The one-size-fits-all programming for [adult literacy students] that has predominated in the past should not and indeed cannot continue in the future if practitioners are to be responsive to learners' needs. Rather, practitioners must meaningfully assist adults in learning to read not only the word but their world. (Sissel 1996, p. 97). "Why don't more adults take advantage of available opportunities to improve their basic skills?" is one of the more perplexing questions confronting the field of adult basic and literacy education....   [tags: Adult Learning Educate School Essays]

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How Adult Students with Learning Difficulties are taught to Spell in Adult Literacy Classes

- This qualitative study will investigate the question of how adult literacy students of various ages (19 to 70 years), with learning difficulties, are taught to spell in literacy classes. I will examine strategies the tutors employ to teach spelling and if the students feel that these are effective. Firstly, I am going to justify my reasons for choosing this very specific technical skill. Secondly, I will then outline my central research question and the sub-questions that arise from it. Thirdly, I will discuss the relevance of the research publications identified to the problem of teaching adults with learning difficulties to spell and how they have helped to contributed to clarifying my res...   [tags: Qualitative Investigation]

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Integrating Learning Spaces On Adult Education

- Redesigning learning spaces trend would make a positive impact in adult education. I believe educator and designers should work together more to configure learning spaces to make education better. The benefits of renovated learning spaces have been recognized in various institutions. A study from the National Training Laboratories in 2000 found that about only 5% of information delivered through lectures was retained (HermanMiller, 2008). Compared to the 50% for discussion groups and 70% for practice by doing (HermanMiller, 2008)....   [tags: Education, Computer, Higher education, College]

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Play for Learning: The Adult’s Role.

- The teacher’s role within New Zealand’s state system of primary level learning has changed dramatically over recent years. The once very teacher oriented, chalk and talk based classroom has developed into an open and enjoyable place catered to the individual child’s own learning pace and learning style. The intention of this essay is to explore and discuss how adults’ different interactions with children in early primary years and how play affects their learning both positively and negatively. First it will explore changes within the ways primary teaching has occurred since the release of Te Whāriki in 1996 and the more recent New Zealand Curriculum in 2007....   [tags: Education ]

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The Role of Adult Basic and Literacy Education

- The Role of Adult Basic and Literacy Education With the passage of the 1988 Family Support Act (FSA), adult basic and literacy education was linked to welfare reform. Based on experimentation with welfare reform during the previous decade, the FSA created the Job Opportunities and Basic Skills Training Program (JOBS). JOBS, which requires states to make educational services available to welfare recipients, was created in response to the general consensus that welfare recipients are not well prepared to enter the work force (Cohen et al....   [tags: Adult Education Learning Essays]

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Learning to Cope with ADHD as an Adult Learner

- Learning to Cope with ADHD as an Adult Learner Typically when one hears the term “ADHD” and the potential negative effects that it could have on someone striving towards academic success, they immediately think school age children. Though it is more common for children to be diagnosed and treated, 5% of U.S. adults are living with this condition (American Psychiatric Association, 2012). First ADHD must be defined before coping methods can be explained. ADHD or Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder is a diagnosis applied to children and adults who consistently display certain characteristic behaviors such as distractibility (poor sustained attention to tasks), impulsivity (impaired impulse c...   [tags: mental health, adults, psychiatry, treatment]

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The Learning Process: Working with Adult Learners

- ... Older learners suffer from memory decline especially after forty where it is hard to acquire and learn, organize new material. Decline in memory worsens with aging and a repetition becomes a necessity to acquire the knowledge. It is important to understand the learners` intelligence as it is "The first is the framing of more holistic conceptions of adult intelligence that are grounded in the real lives of adults of all colors, races, and ethnic backgrounds”( Merriam and Cafferella, 1999). It is important to look at the learner`s mind and the contextual interaction learning environment.Additionally, Internal and external factors contribute to the intellectual capabilities, “"This is espe...   [tags: methodologies and tools]

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Adult Arts Learning

- Adult Arts Learning The motivations and objectives of both providers and participants in adult arts learning are diverse. Adult educators seeking to foster transformative learning invoke the role of imagination in developing new perspectives; they view the arts as a way of engaging adults in imaginative exploration of themselves and their relationship to the world (Dirkx 2000; Kazemek and Rigg 1997). In adult literacy education, analysis of paintings and poems can be a means of developing visual and linguistic acuity, critical thinking, and aesthetic judgment (Dreybus 2000; Kazemek and Rigg 1997)....   [tags: Education Learn Essays]

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Developing an E-learning Adult Literacy Course

- In the United States the issue of Adult Literacy is a serious matter. The United States Department of Education (USDE) stated in their 2009 assessment of the issue said that, “Overall, it is estimated that 93 million U.S. adults have basic and below basic literacy skills” (National Coalition For Literacy, 2009). In the state of Virginia over 1 million adults have not graduated with a high school diploma or General Equivalency Diploma (G.E.D.) with these extremely high numbers of adults illiterates I have a major concern and compassion for those that are educationally challenged to the point that are not able to read to their own children, assist them with their homework and to them help at h...   [tags: Education ]

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Applicantion for Doctoral Program at University of Calgary

- I always believe that every researcher should be equipped with the best of the knowledge that is available. The doctoral program in University of Calgary will provide me with an opportunity to learn more about adult education and prepare me to be a senior level educator and researcher. That is why I am applying to the Ph.D. program in Educational Studies in Adult Learning, in the Werklund School of Education at the University of Calgary. I am very motivated to commit myself to academic pursuits in the field of educational studies; particularly, I am planning to do quality research on educational issues within adult education and adult learning contexts....   [tags: education, researcher, adult, learning]

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Andragogy: The Art and Science of Helping Adults Learn

- Introduction This paper begins with andragogy as being “the art and science of helping adults learn” (Kowles, 1980, p. 43; Mirrian, Caffarlla, and Baumgartner, 2007, p. 84). Bedi (2004) concluded that “[a]ndragogy facilitates the understanding of student behavior in the teaching relationship, provides a theoretical reason for teaching behavior and is a guiding philosophy for how to manage the learning environment towards an effective outcome” (p. 97); this is the source and resources of power for the teacher and the student....   [tags: experience, performance, adult learning]

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Orientation to Study and Conception of Learning as Design Factors in a Context-driven Adult Learning Experience

- Introduction The changing global marketplace is bringing in adult learners back to the campus to learn. Now the needs and requirements increases, results many adults engaging themselves in life-long learning. When adult learners are in the higher education environment, there are various elements that influenced adult learning. Those elements are adult learners’ roles and characteristics, the culture in which the learner is immersed in and the innovative technology they encounter (N.A Alias, H.Wahab, H.Jamaludin (2008)) as shown in the diagram below Source: Alias, N....   [tags: Education ]

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Andragogy Reflection: Malcom Knowles

- Andragogy Personal Reflection Introduction Malcolm Knowles introduced the term andragogy to the field of educational research in 1968, and he ultimately identified six underlying assumptions about adult learners (Merriam, Caffarella, and Baumgartner, 2007, p. 84). While it may seem obvious now that adult learners have different needs and motivations, it had not been previously delineated or identified as such. The phrase ‘non-traditional student’ has long been used to describe adults who return to an educational setting after they have been out of high school for a few, or many years....   [tags: non traditional student, adult learning]

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New Learning Opportunities for Adult Learners

- New Learning Opportunities for Adult Learners The concept of adults as learners emerged both in this country and in Europe shortly after World War I; however, only in the last few decades has the theory of adult learning matured. Knowles, Tough, Houle, and Park, among others, have written extensively on the idea of the adult learner. In Tennant's book (1997), he discussed Knowles' adult learning theory. Knowles used the term andragogy to label adult learning theory. The andragogical model of the adult learner is based on the assumptions that adults need to know; adults have a need to be self-directed learners and have a self-concept of being responsible for their own decisions and for...   [tags: Internet Education Technology Papers]

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How to Apply Malcolm Knowles' Theories in Training work

- This essay is to consider and discuss how I might apply the theories of Malcolm Knowles, in my own current or future training work. The essay will include a brief biography on Malcolm Knowles, and his theory on adult education / learning andragogy, to include definitions of andragogy and pedagogy, which has been the mainstay of all education theory for hundreds of years. The main body of the essay will discuss and differentiate andragogy from pedagogy, and how I might use Knowles’s theory in future training....   [tags: adult education, learning andragogy, pedagogy]

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Application: Interview and Analysis

- Introduction Learning is a lifelong process and it creates various expectations for an individual regardless of the environment where learning occurs. This process creates many experiences both positive and negative which an individual can apply to novel situations in the future. It is not only restricted to classroom settings but occur in informal ways as well. Experiences outside the classroom may therefore seem more ‘authentic’ and grounded in ‘reality’ as is stated by (Waite & Pratt, 2011). In formal environments such as Primary and Secondary Schools, great emphasis is placed on curriculum objectives....   [tags: education, learning, adult education ]

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The Primary Assumptions Of Knowles ' Andragogical Model

- Unfair Results of Andragogy Andragogy has been defined as “any intentional and professionally guided activity that aims at a change in adult persons” (Knowles, Holton, & Swanson, 2005, p. 60). In the mid-twentieth century, researchers like Bruner, Gibb, Miller, Overstreet, Savicevic—and most notably Knowles—began to use the concept to explore “the art and science of how adults learn” (Knowles et al., 2005, p. 61). The primary assumptions of Knowles’ andragogical model are: 1. “Adults need to know why they need to learn something before they learn it.” 2....   [tags: Learning, Educational psychology, Adult education]

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The, The Art And Science Of Helping Adults Learn

- Andragogy popularised by Malcolm Knowles in the 1980’s is the concept that he described as the “the art and science of helping adults learn” (Knowles, 1980), he helped the theory of learning to focus on the learners experience, whilst failing to analyse the nature of that experience (Jarvis, 2010). Knowles theories differentiated between adult and child learning and explored the idea that andragogy was different to pedagogy in five main ways. The adult learner needs to be more responsible for the learning and that it should be self-directed....   [tags: Learning, Educational psychology, Adult education]

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1427 words | (4.1 pages) | Preview

Considering Culture in the Selection of Teaching Approaches for Adults

- Considering Culture in the Selection of Teaching Approaches for Adults Adult educators are increasingly committed to designing learning that takes into account cultural differences. We are discovering that “valuing” diversity is not enough to enable educators from the dominant culture, particularly European Americans living in the United States, to recognize difference and know how to change instruction so that learners who have felt marginalized feel visible and valued. This Digest examines the different dimensions of culture that are relevant to the adult learning context, speaking primarily to the case of the United States, including both the personal cultures of learners and educators,...   [tags: Adult Education Learning Cultural Essays]

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2180 words | (6.2 pages) | Preview

Adult Learners : An Effective Adult Learner

- The Adult Learner An adult’s willingness to learn is not related to his or her ability to learn. Adult learners may be "education wounded" from earlier learning experiences and require "unlearning" to become an effective adult learner. Adult learners are more than just machines processing information. Adult learners come with a mind, memories, conscious and subconscious worlds, emotions, imagination and a physical body, all of which interact with learning. The adult learning process is much more than the systematic acquisition and storage of information....   [tags: Learning, Psychology, Educational psychology]

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1738 words | (5 pages) | Preview

New Medical Technologies And Medications Has Increased The Length Of The Human Lifespan

- The availability of new medical technologies and medications has increased the length of the human lifespan creating the necessity of adapting to many changes throughout the years. There are many octogenarians and even older seniors living today who have witnessed many advances in technology: radio shows to flat screen, three dimensional TV, rotary phones to cell phones, and communication via the written letter to email and fax. The ability to function in this rapidly changing environment depends on many variables....   [tags: Learning, Cognition, A Great Way to Care, Adult]

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Learning Theories for Post Compulsory Education

- Adult educator comes from all walks of life with different views about learning and their learners. Adult educator can improve their methods by examining and reflecting on this belief. This paper will look into my philosophical position on adult education including my beliefs over the last nine years. My beliefs as an adult educator fall within the category of progressive and humanistic adult education which contributes to the values examined. I will be discussing Learning to learn; how a teacher belief and behaviour can influence the classroom; collaborative learning and opportunities for learning....   [tags: Adult Education]

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2240 words | (6.4 pages) | Preview

An Philosophical View Of The Adult Learner

- Albert Einstein once said, “intellectual growth should commence at birth and cease only at death,” (www.quoteworld.org). I am driven to concur with these words. This philosophical view of education is from the perspective of the adult learner. My life prior to my formal education gave me a wealth of experience good and bad. Choosing not to continue any higher learning upon high school graduation, as I had been fed up with the school of pedagogy. At the time, I had no idea what pedagogy meant; I just knew I didn’t like being told what to learn without asking questions....   [tags: Educational psychology, Education, Learning]

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1727 words | (4.9 pages) | Preview

Andragogy: The Cornerstone of Adult Education

- ... Tests were ran much like testing older adults vs. younger adults and the result of this particular test was that in fact younger adults did learn better than the elder. This test came to be insufficient due to the older adults not attaining the same type of education as the younger adults. The gap in age difference and new material learned deemed the test irrelevant. The intelligence tests developed right around the same time as we saw before younger adults did better than older adults and students did better than the younger adults....   [tags: learning, individualism, style]

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742 words | (2.1 pages) | Preview

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