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The Value Added Tax

- Introduction The Value Added Tax(VAT) is a kind of consumption tax which mainly imposed on the value added to a product, material or service. The first country to have a value added tax is France in 1954. Since then, over 170 countries adopted the VAT as an important part of their government revenue system. VAT is almost imposed on the valued added of both the business activities and different business stages. That is, VAT links the whole business together, anyone in the business activities cannot avoid paying a VAT....   [tags: consumption tax, revenue system, China, economy]

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Understanding Economic Value Added

- Understanding Economic Value Added 1. Read the technical note titled “Understanding Economic Value Added” written by Desai and Ferri. 2. Answer the following questions (please think thru these carefully and write a well-reasoned, and complete answer) a. What is the major difference between Net Income as reported on an income statement and EVA. Well, to define the two terms, net income is essentially the difference between revenues and expenses. Estimated value added is all based on residual income....   [tags: investment, return, income]

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Value Added Tax

- Value Added Tax or VAT as it is called is the most common alternative strategy implemented by many countries to deal with inefficiencies within the tax system. VAT provides an opportunity to modernize the indirect tax system, to make it more efficient, appropriate and simpler. Value added tax (VAT), is a final consumption tax levied on value added or mark up on a good or service, at each and every stage of the production and distribution chain. Value Added is the value that a business adds to its raw materials or purchases before selling the good/service....   [tags: Economy, Government]

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A report on Value Added Tax

- A report on Value Added Tax Introduction Value Added Tax originated in France in 1954 and is under implementation in more than hundred countries. Value Added Tax is perceived by many as means to promote neutrality and uniformity of tax burden and to provide incentives for increased productivity and industrialization. The spread of VAT to the developed and the developing countries alike certainly, makes for an interesting study. Financial Times (London) too stressed the growing importance of VAT when it observed in its centennial review “The economic and technological changes of the second half of the century have made VAT the quintessential modern tax”....   [tags: Economics]

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The Role of Management Accounting in creating Added Value to the Firm

- The essay sets to provide a perspective upon Management accounting and the effect it can have in creating added value for a firm. It purposes to do so by first giving a short definition and history of management accounting, identifying the differences between management accounting and financial accounting and then proceeding to analyzing some of the most important tools for management accounting. The pylons of the essay will be defining the strategy and its role in management accounting, presenting the plan–do–check–act cycle, the strategy map and the Balanced Scorecard....   [tags: Business Strategy, Step by Step Analysis]

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Value Added to Cadbury

- Value Added to Cadbury Cadbury has value added to its products in many different ways, for example the different sized chocolate bars that can be purchased by the customers, there’s lunch sized dairy milk bars for children to eat with their packed lunch at school, and there’s also different flavoured chocolate (mint dairy milk and orange dairy milk). This all adds value to Cadburys product because it ensures that Cadbury stays competitive amongst its rivals....   [tags: Papers]

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Value Added Taxes

- Value Added Taxes A value-added tax (VAT) is a fee that is assessed against businesses by a government at various points in the production of goods or services, usually any time a product is resold or value is added to it. For tax purposes, value is added whenever the value of a product increases as a result of the application of a company's factors of production, such as labor and equipment. With VAT, the taxable amount is based on the value added at each stage of the process of producing goods and bringing them to market....   [tags: Production Economics Taxes]

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Economic Impact of the Added Worker Effect

- Economic Impact of the Added Worker Effect 1. Income Effect: the income effect is the response of desired hours of leisure to changes in one’s income. If wages are held constant and income increases then the desired hours of work will decrease. The relevance of the income effect in regards to the study of labor economics is very important. Employers, economists and Government institutions have the ability to determine the amount of time workers’ will seek to either choose more hours of work or more hours of leisure....   [tags: essays papers]

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Investigating the Changes in Reaction When Sodium Thiosulphate is Added to Dilute Hydrochloric Acid

- Investigating the Changes in Reaction When Sodium Thiosulphate is Added to Dilute Hydrochloric Acid Concentration Aim: To observe the changes in reaction when sodium thiosulphate is added to dilute hydrochloric acid. Prediction: I predict that the higher the concentration of hydrochloric acid is the faster the reaction will take place. Scientific knowledge: When the concentration of hydrochloric acid is high the reaction will take place faster. This is because in a high concentration of hydrochloric acid there are more particles so collisions will occur more frequently....   [tags: Papers]

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Supply Management and Value Added Processess

- ... Suppliers are thought of as a strategic resource, which results in different criteria for supply – quality, previous cooperation, capacity, motivation, ability and experience. Existing suppliers are monitored, and basic quality control systems are established. In the last, fourth phase, supply is considered to be a full and equal participant in company’s strategic planning. Communication between supply and other departments is constant and streamlined. Professional development of employees is focused mainly on strategic elements crucial for achieving competitive advantage, and the contribution of supply is measured by its participation in general success of the company....   [tags: business/management strategies]

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An Investigation To Show The Varying Amounts Of Microbial Decay Caused By The Amounts Of Water Added to Soil

- An Investigation To Show The Varying Amounts Of Microbial Decay Caused By The Amounts Of Water Added to Soil Aim: Our aim is to find the best type of soil for microbial decay. Apparatus ========= * 15 pieces of raw cabbage 4cm2 (three in each pot), * Five plastic pots, * Five pots of different types of Soil/Compost, * Five labels, * Weighing scale, * Rulers * We will put all pots in the same place making the temperature the same for each pot (room temperature)....   [tags: Biology Lab Report]

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Synthesis and Characterization of K2[Ni(CN)4] , K3[Fe(C2O4)3] and Cu(acac)2 Complexes

- Synthesis and Characterization of K2[Ni(CN)4] , K3[Fe(C2O4)3] and Cu(acac)2 complexes(IV , V and VI) with different structures and Properties 1. Introduction The aim of this experiment was to synthesize HgCo(SCN)4 , [Ni(en)3]S2O3 , NiCl2(PPh3)2 , K2[Ni(CN)4] , K3[Fe(C2O4)3] and Cu(acac)2 but only K2[Ni(CN)4] , K3[Fe(C2O4)3] and Cu(acac)2 were synthesized and explained in this report. Characterization was then done on each of the 3 synthesized complexes by obtaining their UV-Vis spectrum. The UV-Vis spectrum of each complex would identify different properties and would help to explain the observations made when they were synthesized (for example their colour and how they reacted)....   [tags: Lab Report]

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What is Nutrition and Why Is It Important?

- What is nutrition. Why is nutrition important. Nutrition, nourishment, or aliment, is the supply of materials - food - required by organisms and cells to stay alive. In science and human medicine, nutrition is the science or practice of consuming and utilizing foods (MNT, 2014). A nutrient is a source of nourishment, an ingredient in a food, e.g. protein, carbohydrate, fat, vitamin, mineral, fiber and water. Macronutrients are nutrients we need in relatively large quantities. Micronutrients are nutrients we need in relatively small quantities (MNT, 2014)....   [tags: carbohydrates, proteins, nourishment]

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The Effects of Counterfeit Products

- A counterfeit good is an item that is imitated, commonly by another “genuine” item. Counterfeit products are usually formed with the intention to recognize the considerable value of the duplicated product. Counterfeiting is a crucial issue that has grown to four times its size. In the past ten years, the damage of counterfeit has cost the United States over 200 billion dollars. The extraordinary development of counterfeiting and the manufacturing of copied products packaged with other labels, is an urgent economic problem that effects social and political problems too....   [tags: urgent economic problems in the US]

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A Scientific Study of the Lactase Enzyme

- Section 1: Introduction Enzymes are proteins that are used to accelerate bio chemical reactions. Enzymes can only react with what is called a substrate. This is because the enzyme has a specific working property, such as having a distinct shape that only allows a perfect fit of a substrate. This substrate locks itself to the enzyme and produces a product. Lactase is an enzyme that breaks down lactose, a milk disaccharide of galactose and glucose. Lactase can only be found inside the inner walls of the small intestine....   [tags: enzymes, lactase, environmental factors]

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The Methods of Measuring National Income

- NATIONAL INCOME National income is the sum of money value of net flow of all the goods and services produced by normal residents of a country during a period of account. According to Central Statistical Organization (CSO) ‘National income is the sum of factor incomes earned by normal residents of a country in the form of wages, interest and profit in an accounting year.’ National product is the net output of commodities and services flowing during the year from the country’s productive system into the hands of ultimate consumers or into the net addition to the country’s capital goods....   [tags: national income, money value, circular flow]

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Le Chatelier's Principle

- Discussion: At Q 1 A reaction is at equilibrium when the ratio of the product and the reactant side are equal. This could further be seen by the reaction quotient depicted by Qc is equal to the equilibrium constant, Kc, of the given chemical reaction. Given that aA + bB ↔ cC +dD, the small letters being the mole coefficients and the big letters being the molecules of the chemical equation, K_eq=([〖C]〗^c [〖D]〗^d)/([〖A]〗^a [〖B]〗^b ) is the formula for finding the Kc of any given reversible equation....   [tags: chemistry, solution at equilibrium]

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Report on Copper Toxicity on Sheep or Adlut Lambs

- REPORT ON COPPER TOXICITY ON SHEEP OR ADULT LAMBS INTRODUCTION The relationship between copper in grazing sheep and the chronic poisoning resulting in increased death, is key. This report helps to make clear, the major effect of quantity of copper on grazing soil, on animals. The optimum concentration of copper needed for the normal growth and healthy living of lambs and sheep and the importance of copper in grazing animals are addressed in this report....   [tags: acute toxicity, animal loses]

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Chocolate Chip Cookie Effects

- Chocolate chip cookies are some of the most delectable snacks out there; they satisfy our sweet tooth with one simple bite. Chocolate chip cookies are baked in all different shapes and sizes, depending on the recipe you are making. You can do this by adding baking soda to a recipe, only adding baking powder to a recipe or even adding both. You can do the same with granulated sugar and brown sugar only adding either one of those to a recipe. These four different ingredients all have different effects and affect a cookie in different ways....   [tags: cookies, chocolate chips, baking soda]

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Considering the Feasibility of Edible Food Packaging

- INTRODUCTION A third of the waste that is dumped into landfills are packaging such as boxes, bags, bottles and food wrappers. Packaging waste is approximately 30% of municipal waste by weight, 13% is due to plastic material which is non-biodegradable. The value of the market for disposable wrappers, dishware, and cutlery at fast-food restaurants, hospitals, and other facilities is $20 billion, and recyclable or compostable products are in demand nowadays. There is a lot of interest in edible food packaging but the only problem now for consumers is with its taste, texture, and appearance....   [tags: Biodegradable, Sustainability, Waste Reduction]

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Le Chatelier's Principle

- Le Chatelier's Principle Introduction: Le Chatelier's Principle states that if a change is made to a system in equilibrium, the system reacts in such a way as to tend to oppose the change, and a new equilibrium is formed. For example, whatever is done to the equilibrium, the system does the opposite. If something is added to a system at equilibrium, the system will behave as to remove it and vice versa. By increasing the concentration of a reaction, it will result in an increase of the rate of reaction....   [tags: Papers]

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The Effect of Different Size Rubber Bands on Stretch Rates

- Three different size rubber bands each with their own rate of stretch when weight is added. By creating a makeshift basket, the group was able to connect a rubber band to a ring stand. After two washers were added, the group would calculate how much the washers would affect the rate of stretch of each rubber band. Multiple washers were added until the maximum amount of weights were in the basket. The shorter rubber band took more weight in order to stretch the rubber band, however the larger rubber band would not require as much force to change the rate of stretch of the rubber band....   [tags: material stress analysis]

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The Impact of Offshoring on the U.S. Economy

- Off-shoring is the establishment of business operations outside national boundaries. The process of moving business outside these boundaries is to garner an advantage either through tax breaks, lower wages, lower transportation cost and/or relaxed regulations ("Offshore definition," 2014). Many firms either branch out as a horizontal multinational or vertical multinational. Horizontal multinational’s produce the same good or services as abroad. This foreign direct investment (FDI) is done to strategically place production closer to the target market....   [tags: The Economics Behind Offshoring]

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Intracellular Localization of Respiration and Glycolysis in Sarcophaga bullata

- Intracellular Localization of Glycolysis and Respiration investigates which part of the Sarcophaga bullata cells carries out glycolysis and respiration. Sacrophaga ba. mitochondria and cytoplasm from thoraces cell were used to form a homogenate, supernatant, and pellet. Mannitol, buffer mix, glucose, succinate, homogenate, supernatant, and pellet were added to seven different test tubes to create different solutions. The test tubes were then observed to see which ones bleached after the homogenate, supernatant, and the pellet were added to the solutions and mixed....   [tags: Medical Conditions]

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Chemistry: Effects of Digestive Supplement on the Human Body

- Introduction: The purpose of this lab was to determine the effects that pH had on lactase activity of four different digestive supplements that assist in the breakdown of lactose in the body. Lactase is an enzyme that digests lactose, it is also the primary sugar found in milk (BIOB 260 Lab Manual, 2014). Before it can be broken down lactose needs to be broken down into glucose and galactose for easy absorption into the bloodstream, this is done by the hydrolying of the monosaccharide (BIOB 260 Lab Manual, 2014)....   [tags: pH, lactase, blood stream]

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Does the Quality of Eductors Effect the Student Learning

- Many educators would admit that they are responsible for student learning, but unfortunately the profession as a whole has averted using evaluations that are based on measures of student achievement, occasionally with acceptable reason, given the biased approaches that have been suggested. The solution, on the other hand, is not to continue with common strategies simply because they are benign and comfortable, but rather to evolve fair and reasonable ways of evaluating a teacher success with students....   [tags: expectations, feedback, evaluations, standards]

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Effect of pH and Acid Phosphatase

- The practical was carried out to investigate the effect of pH on the reaction of the enzyme acid phosphatase. Of the many functions of proteins, catalysis is by far the most vital. When catalysis is not present, most reactions in the biological systems take place very slowly to produce at an adequate pace for metabolising organism. The catalysts that take this role are called enzymes. Enzymes are the most efficient catalysts; they can enhance rate of reaction by up to 1020 over uncatalysed reactions....   [tags: Protein, Catalysis,Reaction, Enzyme]

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Measuring Merit: Pay for Performance

- Introduction The reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act known as No Child Left Behind (NCLB, 2011) has made increasing student achievement and reducing inconsistencies in the dissemination of teacher qualifications a national priority (Guarino, Brown, & Wyse, 2011). Classic fixed salary schedules that consider only a teacher’s education and years of experience have been popular since the 1920’s (Koppich, 2005). This traditional system was developed to counter gender and racial discrimination that was allowed at the time by more unrestricted systems (Dee & Keys, 2004)....   [tags: Educational Issues]

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Biochemical Reactions and Enzyme Kinetics

- Enzyme Kinetics Enzymes are described as the organic catalysts, which increase the rate of reaction of a biochemical reaction. Enzymes are proteins that speed up the rate of reaction without being used up, and therefore they are reusable (Jonathan, 2012). The enzyme studied in this lab was succinate dehydrogenase. Enzyme kinetics is the study of how biological catalysts increase the reaction rate in reactions. Without the catalysts, the biological procedures necessary for organisms would not continue at a rate that could sustain life....   [tags: proteins, mitochondria, dna]

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The Effect of Temperature on an Enzyme's Ability to Break Down Fat

- The Effect of Temperature on an Enzyme's Ability to Break Down Fat Aim: To investigate the effect of temperature on an enzyme’s (lipase) ability to break down fat. Hypothesis: The graph below shows the rate increasing as the enzymes get closer to their optimum temperature (around 35 degrees Celsius) from room temperature. The enzyme particles are moving quicker because the temperature increases so more collisions and reactions occur between the enzymes and the substrate molecules....   [tags: Papers]

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Seawater Composition and Salinity

- Using the decanted supernatant solution from the precipitation experiment, a wire loop was dipped into the solution. This loop was stuck in the flame from a Bunsen Burner and heated until a flame appeared. The presence of a bright yellow flame confirmed that Na+ was in attendance. Using a cobalt glass as a filter, the loop was examined and a violet flame was present, showing that K+ was also in the supernatant solution. Testing for NH + This test was carried out using the original solution to avoid contamination of ammonium salts from the other procedures....   [tags: Tides and Salinity]

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Howard Zinn's Ideas on Motivations for War

- Although many people assume the motivations for war are determined by a territorial protection, a number of scholars have added other motivations for understanding why war occurs, among these historians one is a conspicuous example his name is Howard Zinn. Zinn has exposed that many countries go to war in order to bring economic prosperity to their region this need for gain in turn causes many of the upper class of that region to acquire fantastic levels of wealth, many of these powerful figures have denied these claims, Zinn,in reaction to these claims uses paradigm example, WW1, as a means for discrediting the upper class who incessantly deny profits during war....   [tags: war, Howard Zinn, ]

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How to Make a Match Light Charcoal

- During the summer, we often see people barbequing using different methods. Some people use gas grills, and some use charcoal grills. Kingsford has many different brands of charcoal; however match light has proven to be its most popular brand. The match light brand has variations that other brand don’t have. The match light is distinctive because of the higher concentration of ignite added, and the retort char. The match light brand is a small, square briquette with lighter fluid already infused into the briquette, allowing it to light instantly....   [tags: Instructional Essay, Process Essay, How To Essay]

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How to Monitor the Event Logs using Lepide Event Log Manager

- Lepide Event Log Manager (LELM) has an edge over the traditional and native Windows Event Viewer because of its next-gen features. Being a centralized solution, it allows you to manage the event logs of multiple computers in the same or different domains at a common platform. At scheduled intervals, LELM will collect the logs of added computers automatically in two ways - with an agent and without an agent. The former allows the better parsing of the events, but it will install an agent program on the target computer, whereas the latter doesn’t need any further installation....   [tags: Auditing, Database, Computers]

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Investigating for Cations and Anions

- Investigating for Cations and Anions In this experiment I will investigate what cations and anions are present in various compounds. This will include carrying out a qualitative analysis, because I need to find out what type of cations and anions are there and not quantitative analysis, which includes finding out how much of each element there is. Safety Points: · Wear glasses · Wear gloves · Do not mix more than two solutions · Only mix the solutions listed by the teacher · Handle the chemicals with extreme care · Put the chemical solutions into a test-tube which is resting on a test-tube holder · Follow school lab safety procedures....   [tags: Papers]

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Chemistry: Reversible Chemical Reactions

- Introduction; Most chemical reactions are reversible which means that they react both forwards and backwards. A forward reaction is generically A + B -> C + D and a backward reaction is C + D -> A + B. Higher concentrations of A and B at the beginning of the reaction cause it to shift right towards C and D before beginning to slow down as more C and D are created. Eventually, the amount of A and B being formed is the same as the amount of A and B being used, which results in chemical equilibrium, denoted with Keq....   [tags: calculated concentrations, equilibrium]

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Lac Z Gene

- Results The experiment conducted was to determine the expression of the lac z gene under different treatment conditions. The first treatment was to add 0.3% glucose to the E. coli. The second was to add 0.2% lactose. The third treatment was similar to the second one, in which 0.2% lactose was added, except at a later time. The only difference between these trials is the time the lactose was added. Treatment four was adding 0.3% glucose and 0.2% lactose to the E. coli. After the data was gathered, the treatments were analyzed through absorbance and the time required for reactions to take place....   [tags: Results, Discussions, Treatment Conditions]

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How the Ocean and Plants Affect the Removal of Carbon in Our Atmosphere

- The Carbon cycle is the way that carbon moves around our planet. It is in everything we see and is always around us. It is used to help us grow, to make diamonds, and to make fossil fuels like coal, natural gas, peat and petrol. The carbon cycle shows us how carbon can be taken by plants and the ocean, and how it is added to the atmosphere by decomposition, humans, combustion (fires and burning), fossil fuels and from animals. The main points I am going to look at is how the ocean and plants affect the removal of carbon in our atmosphere through the process of photosynthesis, and how the carbon is added back to the atmosphere from the burning of fossil fuels....   [tags: carbon cycle, photosynthesis, fossil fuels]

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Research: Improving Patient flow in Outpatient Department At Apollo Main Hospital, Chennai

- ... Reddy in 1983. Apollo is a private healthcare provider in Asia with hospitals in India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Ghana, Nigeria, Republic of Mauritius, Qatar, Oman and Kuwait. Apollo hospitals plan to add 2,955 beds across India in the next three years. Several of the group's hospitals have been among the first in India to receive a form of international healthcare accreditation; the America-based Joint Commission International (JCI). The Hyderabad hospital, headed by Dr. K. Hari Prasad, (CEO – Central, Apollo Hospitals Group) was the first in the world, outside the US, to receive JCI's Disease- or Condition-Specific Care (DCSC) Certification in addition to general accreditation when it re...   [tags: patients, health, lean, communication]

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The Change Between Suspension Bridges Before 1940 and Suspension Bridges Today

- Suspension bridges were important before 1940 and are still important today. Major cities such as San Francisco, and Manhattan both have a suspension bridge. Suspension bridges are,” a bridge having a deck suspended from cables anchored at their extremities and usually raised on towers” (dictionary.com). Due to the fact that suspension bridges are not completely supported throughout the length of the bridge, past bridges were unsafe. For example, the Tacoma Narrows Bridge was a suspension bridge opened on July 1st, 1940 (Mark Ketchum)....   [tags: wind tunnel, bridges, tacoma narrows]

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History and Analysis of the United States Pledge of Allegiance

- The Pledge of Allegiance of the United States of America is a sign of an expression of respect and obedient to the national flag of The United States of America and the republic of The United States of America itself. The Pledge of Allegiance is originally written by Francis Bellamy, a Baptist minister from New York, in August 1892. The Pledge of Allegiance of The United States of America was very firstly published in the teenage magazine on September 8th, 1892 issue of “The Youth’s Companion”, the most popular and leading in family magazine....   [tags: flag, liberty, schools]

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Changing Raw Material Into Standard Stock with Primary Process

- 1.a Define and describe primary processes A Primary Process is changing a raw material into a standard stock. This is a rather ambiguous definition as some processes can be a primary process or secondary process depending on the product being produced. For example pig iron from a blast furnace can be standard stock (for cast iron) or it can be sent to a BOS furnace for further processing into steel, which is the standard stock in this case. Some basic examples of primary processes are: Wood Trees are cut down from native, regrowth or plantation forests....   [tags: casting, cutting, moulding]

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The Consumption of Sugar in the United States

- What is your guilty pleasure. It seems to be that people just can’t get enough sugar . Many people in this country have high sugary diets. Americans are consuming too much sugar, but is not all our fault because food is already sugar coated when it gets to the table. Sugar is highly addictive and damaging to the body, there are many factors that contribute to in healthy eating or ingesting sugar like economic stasis, availability of healthy foods and cultural influences. Sugar is present in almost all foods and drinks we consume....   [tags: high blood pressure, lactose, sucrose, sugar]

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Comparison of Chemical Composition of Various Food Stuff

- Title : Comparison of Chemical Composition of Various Food Stuff Introduction Carbohydrate is a macromolecule that consists of atoms of carbon, hydrogen & oxygen. The carbohydrates or saccharides exists in 4 groups, monosaccharides, disaccharides, oligosaccharides and polysaccharides. Starch is among one of the polysaccharides and it consists of a large number of units of glucose molecules joined together by glycosidic bonds. Starch consists of two types of molecules , the linear and helical amylose and the branched amylopectin....   [tags: of cells and molecules]

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Toxic Chemical Vapor Cloud Release in 2004

- Accident: Toxic Chemical Vapor Cloud Release Major Damage: 154 Treated, 5 Hospitalized for Toxic Chemical Exposure Date: April 12, 2004 Location: Dalton, Georgia EVENTS Major Accident Scenario: On April 12, 2004, at approximately 9:30 PM, a reactor at MFG Chemical’s Callhan Road facility in Dalton, Georgia; experienced a runaway reaction during the first production synthesis of triallyl cyanurate (TAC). The highly exothermic reaction over pressured a 4000 gallon reactor, causing the manway to fail and burst open, in addition, the emergency rupture disc was activated....   [tags: Georgia, Pollution, Accident]

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Analysis of Power Reverse Dual Currency Note

- Power Reverse Dual Currency (PRDC) notes are an exotic financially structured product and are part of the Structured Notes Market. These instruments are utilized by investors to speculate or hedge in the forward foreign exchange market based on relative interest rate spreads between economies. Historically this hybrid security rooted from principal protected notes that became useful instruments for Japanese investors. Their utility was realized in 1995, when a sharp decline in Japanese yields generated demand for a product that could provide a higher yield than available domestically ("Pricing Power Reverse Dual Currency Notes")....   [tags: prdc, notes market, foreign exhange]

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The History and Events of the Olympics

- The Olympics is a series of different sports and events categorized into summer and winter sports. The first Olympic Games were in 1776 B.C. They were dedicated to the Olympian Gods. The specialists think that the Olympic Games owed their purity and importance to their religion. If you win the Olympic Games the Herald would loudly say the name of the Olympic winner, his father's name, and his homeland. The Hellanodikis places the holy olive tree wreath on the winner's head. The Olympic Games started in Ancient Greece....   [tags: athletes, competition, skiing ]

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A Research and Self-Reflection on Peanut Butter

- ... These skills that I have gained will help me through out my life. I am hoping to study medicine and will engage in numerous research studies. I feel that I have leanred the foundations that will equip and assist me to write research proposals in university. Medical research wll be an active part of my studies and I am grateful that I have learnt the basics. I am excited to further my studies in this methodology in my career. 6900kJ for a boy aged 7 and 6400kJ for a girl aged 7. This requirement will differ based on gender, amount of exercise done through out the day, height and weight....   [tags: affordable and nutritious food]

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The Working of a Biological Catalyst: Catalase

- ... Enzyme activity was not affected as the pH of water, which is 7, is similar to the pH the liver maintains. In tube 5 a boiled cube of liver was placed into hydrogen peroxide. Boiling liver made irreversible changes to the structure of catalase and it could no longer function properly, it become denatured. Boiling liver damaged the catalase enzyme and clearly decreased the amount of bubbles when it was exposed to hydrogen peroxide; no foam was created. In tube 2 manganese dioxide and a cube of liver was added to hydrogen peroxide....   [tags: enzyme, pH, broiling liver]

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The Flute Virtuosity: Johann George Tromlitz

- Accounts written of the late Johann George Tromlitz paint him as a bitter man; he was easily upset when writers neglected to mention his influential work on the flute. He reacts to these sentiments in the forward of one of his treatises, The Virtuoso Flute-Player (1791). Tromlitz wanted to be known as a master of the flute; he believed that his ideals were vital to the flute’s development and performance. He wrote several treatises where he speaks of the correct construction and performance of the flute, the core of his ideal....   [tags: The Gewandhaus Orchestra , flute-makers]

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How to Build a Web Page

-   HTML & CSS To build a webpage you are going to need a few things • A text editor such as programs called Notepad++, Sublime text, Microsoft’s Visual Studio or ever just the notepad program that comes in Windows • A web browser like Google Chrome, Firefox or Internet Explorer For this tutorial you do not need any experience in HTML, CSS or any other web development experience. HTML stands for Hyper Text Mark-Up and is a scripting language used to make webpages. CSS stands for Cascading Style Sheet and works alongside HTML to style the website, I will talk about CSS later on in this tutorial....   [tags: text editor, web browser, html]

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Dyes in Foods: Natural versus Synthetic

- Dyes in Foods Kool-Aid, strawberry ice cream, and Doritos: What do these things have in common. Whether you realize it or not, many ordinary foods contain dyes. Some of the dyes are natural; others are synthetic. Is one better than the other. According to the The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, a dye is a “synthetic or natural coloring used to color various materials.” Today, many dyes are used in foods all around the world. As of January 2014, the United States Food and Drug Administration certifies nine different dyes-Blue 1, 2; Green 3; Red 3, 5, 6, 40; Yellow 5 and 6 (Beil)....   [tags: causes of health issues]

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Infant Formula: Good, Bad or Innocuous

- ... By the 1920's, parents were advised to add orange juice to their baby's formula to decrease the risk of scurvy. The 1950’s found over half of all infants being fed formula. During the late 1950s and early 1960s, most of the prepared infant formulas fell into one of two classes. There were formulas similar to home-prepared evaporated milk formulas but with added vitamins and formulas that were lower in protein and contained vegetable and oleo oils with added vitamins and minerals. The lower protein formulas gradually took over in popularity due to the unpleasant smell of regurgitated butterfat and the idea that the formulas similar to home-made evaporated milk formulas caused constipation...   [tags: mother's milk versus baby formula]

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Balancing the Life of a Non-traditional College Student

- College can be a particularly difficult period of time in any person’s life if they fail to properly prepare for the inevitable stress that result from it. Any person entering college for the first time must constantly strive to strike a balance it their life between the demands of school and the similar demands from work, family, church, etc. Today, colleges are providing students with more flexibility through night classes and a variety of classes offered through distance learning, including online courses....   [tags: Non-traditional College Students, college, edcucat]

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Pharmaceutical Emulsions: Principles of Pharmacy

- Introduction Emulsions are a dispersion system composed of two immiscible liquids or more. One of the liquids is dispersed as small fine droplets throughout the other liquid. Depending on the dispersed and external phases, emulsions can be classified as: water-in-oil emulsions which are fine aqueous droplets dispersed in an oily hydrophobic continuous phase or oil-in-water emulsions which are fine oily droplets dispersed in an aqueous hydrophilic continuous phase. Other types are multiple emulsions which consist of a dispersed phase containing droplets of another phase for example w/o/w or o/w/o....   [tags: liquid droplets, hydrophilic surfactants ]

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How To Choose Packaging Materials For Mailing

- Using the proper packaging materials is important especially when shipping fragile items. Sending items through the mail requires extra care as to avoid damage. There are different package options available for fragile to heavy items so choose your options wisely to avoid damage. There are basically two major forms of packing items, paper or plastic. Both types come in a wide variety of shapes and sizes for any item you need to ship. If you have a small item there are also padded envelopes available that work great for shipping items such as jewelry....   [tags: Instructional Essay, Process Essay, How To Essay]

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Techniques for the Investigation of Lac Operons

- The micro-organism used in this lab was E.coli, which is a prokaryote. In general, prokaryotes are small, compact genomes that have a single, round DNA molecule. The genes are tightly packed, with almost no space between them. In the case of E.coli, it has thrA, 1 nucleotide, thrB, thr C. Enzymes of a single biochemical pathway are coded by the operon: introns are absent, so all genes are not interrupted and the sequence is non-repetitive. An operon is a group of adjacent genes which are transcribed as a unit into a single polycistronic mRNA molecule....   [tags: genes, e. coli, cultures]

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Let’s Talk about Jailbreak

- What is jailbreak. Jailbreak is a something that happens when an owner of an “idevice” hacks with software. The term “idevice” is short for iPod, iPad, iPhone because instead of saying each item over and over, this term is easy to remember and saves time when speaking about technology. I believe people should decide to jailbreak their idevice because it can give more value by not following apples rules, its legal and more features. The company named apple can seem nice to an average person, but to a jailbreakers, they ruin the freedom....   [tags: hacking with software]

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Asprin Experiment on Blackboard

- Aspirin was prepared according to the protocol provided on Blackboard. The three sections to this experiment were 1. Synthesis of Aspirin, 2. Recrystallization of Aspirin, and 3. Characterization of Aspirin. In the first section, the Synthesis of Aspirin, salicylic acid was weight to be 3.029 grams using mass by difference since it was weighed on a 150 milliliter beaker. 9.23 milliliters of the acetic anhydride and 14 drops of 85 percent phosphoric acid were added to this beaker. A Bunsen burner provided by the laboratory was then used to boil the just mixed combination by producing a flame underneath the positioned beaker on top, and then allowed to cool for several minutes after the Bunsen...   [tags: synthesis, recrystallization, characterization]

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Business Operation Plans

- Introduction In this paper we will discuss the operations of the proposed business and the effects of the economy, the government and laws from a value added perspective in the global community. As this business is a service business the focus will be on the effect of those external influences on supply chain management and best practices. Business Operations Project management companies handle various types of projects to include: Internet technology, construction projects, medical management projects, marketing and business strategy projects, and more....   [tags: Business]

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VAT in Jamaica

- In Jamaica value-added tax takes two different forms; these are General Consumption Tax (GCT) and Special Consumption Tax (SCT) which consist of specific excise tax in the country in relation to the financial sector. The implementation of these tax systems occurred on October 22nd 1991 at a rate of 10%; replacing eight (8) different forms of taxation in the country, some of which are customs and entertainment duties. These value-added tax systems were implemented to reverse the deficit of the country and serve as a catalyst for economic growth....   [tags: jamaican politics, tax, consumption]

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Comparing Free to Immobilised Amylase Enzyme in Its Catalysis Rate

- Comparing Free to Immobilised Amylase Enzyme in Its Catalysis Rate Method: First of all, the Immobilised enzymes need to be made. The method used to create these immobilised enzymes would be Micro encapsulation. This means that the enzyme used, in this experiment being Amylase, is encapsulated inside Sodium alginate. The enzyme was believed to act quickly, so the enzyme would have to be slightly diluted in order to get a good range of results. !0cm³ of Amylase will be added to 20cm³ of Sodium alginate, and then mixed....   [tags: Papers]

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Heating Foods and Its Effect on Amoutn of Vitamin C

- Heating Foods and Its Effect on Amoutn of Vitamin C Aim The aim of the experiment is to investigate how much Vitamin C / Ascorbic Acid is destroyed when Orange juice is heated at 80°C for different lengths of time. Introduction ============ Certain foods contain high concentrations of Vitamin C. When these foods are heated their ascorbic acid content decreases, this is a non-reversible reaction. ================================================================== During the sterilisation process foods are heated and Vitamin C is destroyed....   [tags: Papers]

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Cooling Rate of Certain Liquids

- Cooling Rate of Certain Liquids Scientific Investigations Experiments to Determine the Cooling Rate of Coffee, when Milk should be Added and what Container should be Used The aim of the first experiment was to find out and record the cooling rate of coffee under three different conditions and thus showing when milk should be added assuming you have a phone call. The three different conditions were chosen because these were the most likely situations encounted by someone who is making a cup of coffee....   [tags: science]

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India Vs Pakistan (Telecommunication Sector)

- Pakistan and India Telecommunication industry: a critical analysis INDIA SIDE Telecom statistics November’05 December’ 05 January’06 Total subscribers 119.9mn 123.85mn 129.82mn Tele-density 11.00 11.43 12.00 Fixed line 48.47mn 48.93mn 49.21mn Additions during the month 0.28mn 0.46mn 0.28mn Mobile 71.46mn 75.92mn 80.61mn Total additions during the month 3.51mn 4.46mn 4.69mn GSM additions 2.32mn 3.19mn 3.52mn CDMA additions 1.18mn 1.17mn 1.17mn India’s tele-density in January 2006 neared 12% with the subscriber base nearing the 130mn mark....   [tags: Compare Contrast Business India Pakistan]

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Confirmation of Bacterial Transformation and DNA as the Inducing Material

- Confirmation of Bacterial Transformation and DNA as the Inducing Material   Confirmation of Transformation and DNA as the Inducing Material Introduction The experiments in this report are a recreation the famous Griffith and Avery experiments which discovered the transformation process that bacteria can undertake and that DNA is the genetic material, respectively (Griffth, 1928. Avery 1944). Bacteria can incorporate foreign DNA found in their medium into their genomes in a process known as transformation....   [tags: genetic studies and experiments]

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Hundraj & Company: A Peanut Butter Company With Expansion Plans

- Hundraj & Company is pioneer in Roasted Peanut retail in the city Navsari. We are trying to expand our business which includes setting up plant of peanut butter in Gujarat. Peanuts have significant nutrients and are consumed in diverse forms all over the world since long. Peanut butter is one such product consumed in huge quantities specially in western states since many years. It is not very popular in India and the domestic market is dominated by milk butter. Hence, the promoters must target developing export market and should be economically sound....   [tags: India, Production]

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Alkali Reactive Aggregates. What Happens When Alkali Cement is Low

- Considerable bad experience has been encountered when alkali reactive aggregates have been used.Low alkali cement is normally required to protect against disruptive Expansion of concrete which occurs generally due to alkali-aggregate reaction.(a chemical reaction between alkali’s in the cement and reactive aggregates.Another means of of controlling alkali-aggregate reactions is by the use of suitable fly ash or natural pozzolan.If a highly reactive aggregate have to be used then it is necessary to use a low alkali cement and a pozzolan....   [tags: type 2 cement, concrete, uniformity]

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Glass Bottle and Jars are Made of Different Raw Materials

- ... Raw materials used in the glass container manufacturing are given the table below : Component Chemical Formula Percentage Silicon Oxide SiO2 71-73 Sodium Oxide Na2O 12-14 Calcium Oxide CaO 9-12 Magnesium Oxide MgO 0.2-3.5 Aluminium Oxide Al2O3 1-3 Potassium Oxide K2O 0.3-1.5 Sulphur trioxide SO3 .05-0.3 Colour modifiers etc. See Table 3.2 Traces Table 3.1 Raw materials used in glass container manufacturing[Source: Reference document on best available techniques in glass manufacturing industry December 2001, IPPC] * SiO2 is the most important raw material for glass container production....   [tags: impact on environment, failure]

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The Right for Self Determination for South Sudan 2011

- Reportage The Right for Self Determination for South Sudan 2011 The problem of south Sudan started to be accumulated since the twenties of the last century and developed through the time; it is affected by the entrance of the colonist to Sudan in 1898. The colonial tried to isolate the south from the north since the beginning through, adopting a set of laws which include; passport and license law1922, close district law 1929 and trips' leaders court law 1931.In addition to enforce the English language to be the official language in the south and else more procedures which make south Sudan foreign district from the north....   [tags: International Politics ]

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The History and Production of Yummy Jelly Beans

- ... What are Jelly Beans. Indeed, many people have had jelly beans but few know of the process in which they are produced. Frist, it is necessary to understand what jelly beans are; jelly beans contain a jelly-like consistency in the center, a hard outer shell, and are in the shape of a bean. The manufacturing process starts with the center of the jelly bean. Corn syrup, sugar, and other ingredients are mixed in large boilers and then piped to the casting area. In the casting area, the mixture is poured into trays with impressions the size and shape of the center of the jelly bean....   [tags: candy, flavors, holidays]

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Identifying Volatile Compounds Not on the Gatorada Label

- Introduction The purpose of this experiment was to identify the numerous volatile compounds not listed on the label, determine the quantity of chloride present, and to determine the various species of citrate and phosphate present in Gatorade. The volatile compounds in sports drinks are usually labeled as “natural flavors” and were identified using gas chromatography and mass spectrometry (GCMS). The quantity and determination of chloride was determined using the ion selective electrode (ISE) method....   [tags: chloride, gas chromatography, procedure]

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Paperclip Investigation

- Paperclip Investigation Plan ==== I want to find out how affecting the amount of paper clips (weight) will affect how fast it takes a spinner to fall to the ground. To make the investigation a fair test I am keeping these things the same: · The spinner size · The height at which it is dropped from · The size of the paperclips The only thing I will change is the amount of paperclips added each time. [IMAGE] [IMAGE] [IMAGE][IMAGE][IMAGE] 3cm [IMAGE] [IMAGE] [IMAGE] [IMAGE] 6cm 1cm 7cm [IMAGE] For the experiment I will drop a paper spinner from distance of 2 metres and measure the time it takes to fall to the g...   [tags: Papers]

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388 words | (1.1 pages) | Preview

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) for Schizophrenia

- Schizophrenia is a major psychiatric disorder, or cluster of disorders, characterised by psychotic symptoms that alter a person’s perception, thoughts, affect and behaviour (NICE, 2009). Tai and Turkington (2009) define Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) as an evidence-based talking therapy that attempts cognitive and behavioural change based on an individualised formulation of a client’s personal history, problems and world views. CBT as a treatment for schizophrenia can be understood within a wider framework of CBT as applied to a range of mental disorders such as anxiety, post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and depression (Tai and Turkington, 2009)....   [tags: Schizophrenia Research Paper]

Research Papers
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Early Style Castle Development

- Early Style Castle Development The early style castle developed into that, that stood in 1480 because of multiple reasons but the main reason is that the castle needed to become stronger, if it was ever to be needed in a battle or war. [IMAGE]Middleham started off as a motte and baily (to the left), basically meaning mound and middle. The motte was usually an artificial hill with the keep placed on top of it. The baily was a smaller hill with everyday buildings on it, mainly though residential buildings....   [tags: Papers]

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The History of the Piano

- The piano, created by Bartolomeo Christofori in 1709, has impacted our society by becoming a popular instrument and a popular medium for musicians to create musical masterpieces. Also called the pianoforte, the piano is one of the most beautiful sounding instruments that can range in sound from as low as a gust of wind, to as high as the shrill sound of a bird. It has evolved over time and become an amazing instrument. The piano was accepted very well in history and it has generated many changes in the music industry....   [tags: Music ]

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1727 words | (4.9 pages) | Preview

Sugar Consumption and It's Implications

- Sugar is one of life's greatest indulgences, it has been consumed throughout the centuries in various forms such as fruit and honey. However, within this modern age, sugar is readily available and widely consumed. The growing popularity of soft drinks, fast food, and snacks that typically contain significant amounts of added sugar the question should be asked – how much added sugar do I consume, how much should I consume, and what are the implications of consuming too much. “The USDA recommends that the average person on a 2,000-calorie daily diet include no more than 40 grams of added sugars.” (USDA Fact Book) Furthermore, the American Heart Association (AHA) suggests women should...   [tags: Nutrition ]

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910 words | (2.6 pages) | Preview

Proportions and Strength of Concrete

- Contents 1. Introduction .....3-4 2. Proportions and Strength 4-5 3. Admixtures .......5 4. Aggregate . ...6 5. Cement ...7 6. Curing 7 7. Workability 8 8. Tests…………………………………………………………………………………9-11 9. Conclusion…………………………………………………………………………...12 10. References…………………………………………………………………….........13 1. Introduction The Romans used concrete at least 500 years before the time of Christ, and they were probably not the only ones or the earliest ones. Although concrete technology has advanced a little since those remote days, it is still used in modern building projects - from foundations for giant structures, to nuclear power stations, to sky-scrapers in our cities, to garage and patio floors, r...   [tags: aggregate, mixture, portland]

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2296 words | (6.6 pages) | Preview

Drugs: The Production of Heroin

- In the 1850’s, opium addiction was a major problem in the United States. To help reduce the rates, opium addicts were provided with morphine. The idea behind their logic was that it was less potent and a non-addictive substitute. Scientists and doctors quickly learned this was not the case as morphine addiction became a bigger issue than opium addiction. This morphine substitute was heroin (The Truth about Heroin). Heroin was first synthesized from morphine in 1874 by C.R Alder Wright whom was part of a German pharmaceutical company called Bayer....   [tags: oppium addiction, morphine]

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1675 words | (4.8 pages) | Preview

Enzyme Activity in the Catalase

- The purpose of this experiment was to see if there would be enzyme activity that is in catalase, which is found in potatoes. How my partner and me did the experiment was very simple, we put the filter paper filled with catalase concentration in to five sets of hydrogen peroxide. We found that the more concentration of hydrogen peroxide there was the faster it would take for the filter paper to reach the top, and the lower to no concentration level of hydrogen peroxide was the slower it would go to reach the top....   [tags: catalyst, potatoes, experiment]

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1803 words | (5.2 pages) | Preview

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