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The Activation Energy for the Molecule of HALS Reaction using GAUSSIAN 09 via the WebMO Interface

- 4.0 Discussion : 4.1 Hypothesis The hypothesis of the reaction, there was similarity by comparing the compound in case nitrogen was neutral and protonated. Table (1) illustrated that there was clearly different in the energy between two cases of that compound by 119 kJ/mole with basis set 6-311+G(d,p) and 128 kJ/mole with basis set 6-31 G(d) and similarly in level of theory(B3LYP). Therefore, the protonated nitrogen of the HALS molecule had higher energy than the neutral nitrogen through the potential energy of the reaction....   [tags: Energy]

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The Activation Energy of Bromide ion and Bromate ion

- The Activation Energy of Bromide ion and Bromate ion To Determine the Activation Energy of the Reaction between Bromide ion and Bromate (V) ion in Acid Solution Objectives: By reacting Potassium Bromide and Potassium Bromate in the acid solution in varies temperature, we can then determine the Activation Energy of the reaction in different temperature through the equation:[IMAGE]. Questions: 1. Give an equation for the reaction between phenol and bromine. 2. What is the use of methyl orange in this experiment....   [tags: Chemical Reactions Reaction Rates Essays]

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Temperature's Affect on Chemical Reactions

- There are many factors that affect the products of chemical reactions. All reactions are affected in a different way when exposed to these agents. Temperature is just one of many factors that can change things about reactions. When exposed to temperature change, the activation energy of a reaction can be met much more quickly (or slowly) than it would have been. As the temperature goes up, the rate of reaction increases. Temperature is a very flexible contributor to the rate of reactions and chemical reactions in general....   [tags: activation energy, physical chemistry]

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The History of Explosives

- As everyone knows, explosives explode; they require activation energy which sets off the explosion. However, many do not know that explosives are categorized into propellants and high explosives. Propellants burn in a rapid but constant fashion and the projectile is under a steady high pressure, while high explosives change in an irregular pattern and produces a shock that is violent and disruptive (Crystal 428). Ever since the first use of gunpowder, explosives have changed from being simple mixtures of elements that could be ignited into something that had become highly destructive, dangerous, and complex....   [tags: Explode, Activation Energy, Explosions]

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Enzyme Factors and Conditions

- Enzymes are catalysts that increase the rate of a reaction by lowering the activation energy required for said reaction to occur spontaneously. The majority of enzymes are proteins, though enzymes can also be small RNA molecules, or ribozymes (Topic 3.1-Enzymes are True Catalysts). Enzymes are highly specific and are generally composed of 1 or more polypeptides that are folded into the most stable conformation, the native state. Also, enzymes require precise conditions in order to catalyze different types of reactions (Topic 3.2-Specificity, Tymoczko, J....   [tags: Catalysts, Activation Energy, Environment]

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Metabolic Reprogramming During Macrophage Activation

- ... Current RAW 264.7 cells were used for this experiment. They are an adherent mouse M1 macrophage cell line from leukemia virus-induced tumors. They were cultured at 37˚C in DMEM containing 4.5 g/L D-glucose, 5% FBS, penicillin streptomycin and L-glutamine. (Martin-Manso, 2012) this cell line has been used for other projects before as an in vitro model of macrophage and monocyte functions (Bordbard, 2012). Works Cited Agah, A., Kyriakides, T. R., Lawler, J., & Bornstein, P. (2002). The lack of thrombospondin-1 (TSP1) dictates the course of wound healing in double-TSP1/TSP2-null mice....   [tags: metabolism, proteins, changes]

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The Three Main Soures Of Energy

- ... Solar energy is not universal because different areas of the world get different amounts of sunlight. Solar energy may not offer the best solution: there distractions, they have high environmental costs and they have a large outlay of cash. There can be contamination from radio activation saved used to make solar panels. (Hinder 1-4) Installation is expensive being $80,000 for a three bedroom after the federal rebate. The angle of the roof, percentage of sunlight and the area of the country all play a part in the effect of how much it will cost to install....   [tags: wind, solar, fracking energy]

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Investigating The Efficiency of Common Industry Fuels for a Mount Everest Expedition

- CONTENT 6 – BURN BABY BURN. EEI – The Best Fuel. Investigating The Efficiency of Common Industry Fuels for a Mount Everest Expedition 6/17/2010 Abstract Five separate homologous alcohol fuels were examined for the purpose of establishing which of the five fuels is most appropriate for a manual expedition ascending Mount Everest. The fuel which will be chosen as the most efficient needs to be able to be burned in the presence of oxygen to create heat used for warming of tents and cooking. In addition to using four regular alcohol fuels (Methanol, Ethanol, Propanol, and Butanol), a biodiesel made from canola oil and organic properties was also investigated for its efficiency in comparison...   [tags: Energy]

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The Three Major Components of Motivation

- Motivation What is Motivation. Motivation is the inner drive or power that pushes and gives you the strength to accomplish your goal. Motivation is driven by two things desire and ambition, when someone wants to achieve something or reach a certain goal, without these two things desire and ambition one will lacks motivation. Motivation is needed everywhere weather it’s to become rocket scientist or just get out of bed in the morning, matter how big or small the task. People with motivation have a clear sight and understanding of what they want and will don’t everything in their power to achieve it because of their fixed desire, confidence, and faith in the ability....   [tags: activation, persistence, and intensity]

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Renewable Energy: Biodiesiel

- ... This energy is release when the bonds of the molecules are broken; the quantity released is defined by the molecules structure. Theoretically, the more bonds to break, the more energy released. (, 2010) Combustion ensues when a fuel is reacted with air. Complete combustion occurs when all of the bonds in a molecule are broken, releasing the maximum amount of energy. Complete combustion is referred to as the excess. However, in reality this rarely occurs. Incomplete combustion ensues when there is a reduced amount of oxygen available - hence not all of the bonds are broken....   [tags: biofuel alternative, combustion]

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Strategic Energy Plan for South Korea

- ... 3. Energy production from livestock excretions 1) Current status of the treatment facility and the problem • Current Status The majority of the farmers used it as a fertilizer with compost facilities on a voluntary basis, and some farmers emit livestock wastewater using marine emission, and recycling or purification process using the public treatment facilities. • Problems  Operation of livestock excretions treatment facilities are interrupted due to shoddy construction machinery and equipment, which is aging prematurely because of toxic gas, and some of the farmers leave the facilities as it is without a proper management....   [tags: government, biofuel, greenhouse gas]

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Energy Crisis and Environmental Pollution

- ... Among all investigated electron acceptors, oxygen (O2) is one of the most preferred electron acceptors because of its high oxidation potential, sustainability, availability, and low environmental impact i.e., lack of waste product (17). The oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) in an MFC’s cathode occurs usually in an electrolyte with a neutral pH (~ 7.0), which is one of the requirement of bacterial growth in any biological system i.e., an MFC’s anode. Platinum (Pt) is one of the most employed cathodic catalysts in MFC research due to its catalytic activity for oxygen reduction....   [tags: technology, microbial fuel, wate, fermentation]

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Biology: Hydrolysis of Lipids Using an Enzyme Called ‘Lipase’

- Hydrolysis of Lipids Using an Enzyme Called ‘Lipase’ Research and Rationale Enzymes Enzymes are made up of proteins that are available in every cell of a living plant and animal [9] .Enzymes are very important for biochemical reactions. They act as catalysts and speed up biochemical reactions by using ‘an alternative reaction pathway of lower activation energy’ [5].Enzymes either starts a chemical reaction or allows it to occur faster [9]. Enzymes do not experience enduring changes therefore; remain unchanged at the end of the reaction [9]....   [tags: triglycerides, energy, molecule]

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The International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor

- ... According to Wikipedia, the fusion of deuterium and tritium will release thrice the energy of uranium 235 and will be more effective in the production of energy than chemical reactions such as burning coal as a means of energy. Once the fusion process commences, neutrons will emit from extremely reactive zones of plasma, in which they will simply cross over the magnetic field because of charge neutrality (an insulator). As neutrons are the particles which receive the predominant amount of energy, they will be the primary source of energy used by ITER....   [tags: plasma, helium, energy]

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Electrosugery Is the Process of Using Energy for Tissue Dissection

- ... Bovie in the 1920s, where a spark gap generator was used to build the first electrosurgery tool, commonly known as RF knife or ‘‘Bovie’’ [3]. In the 1950s, the first bipolar unit was built by Dr. Leonard Malis, wherein two electrodes were used for gripping and manipulating the tissue. The use of ultrasonic energy in medicine has been reported as early as 1960, where it was used to treat Meniere’s disease. It was also used for cutting and coagulation of tissue in the late 1980s when Amaral [4] popularized the technique and used it successfully in more than 200 surgeries....   [tags: coagulation, electric circuit, laparoscopic]

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What Affects the Rate of Reaction?

- What Affects the Rate of Reaction. Hypothesis To form a reaction the particles must collide in high speed. The faster the particles collide the more kinetic energy is produced. This produces a bigger reaction. There are five key variables that affect the rate of a reaction (in this case with a solid and a solution): * Change in temperature An increase in heat energy within the particles leads to more kinetic energy. Therefore there is more collision of particles and it increases the rate of the reaction....   [tags: Reaction Rates Energy Science Essays]

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Proton- Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell (PEMFC)

- ... It was subsequently dried in vacuum at 80°C. The Pt/C catalysts treated differently were denoted by Pt/C−x−Chi, where x is the weight of epichlorohydrin per 1 g of chitosan. 2.3. Fabrication of MEA and measurement of cell performance The procedure used here followed literature [11, 12]. The ink solution for the anode electrode consisted of isopropanol, deionized water, Nafion solution, and the untreated Pt/C in an amount that yielded a platinum loading of 0.5 mgcm−2. The same recipe was applied for the cathode electrode, in which the untreated Pt/C was replaced by the same weight of the treated onereducing the platinum loading to 0.33 ± 0.03 mgcm−2 due to the presence of chitosan....   [tags: energy, source, ploymer, temperature]

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The Process of Photosynthesis

- “Sunlight plays a much larger role in our sustenance than we may expect all the food we eat and all the fossil fuel we use is a product of photosynthesis, which is the process that converts energy in sunlight to chemical forms of energy that can be used by biological systems” (Vermaas). This quote shows that photosynthesis is the most essential part of the exchange between humans and plants because it produces all the resources we need. When we sit down to eat fruit or vegetables, we usually don’t think about where those come from, how those grow up....   [tags: plants, energy, light]

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Energy Turnover for Stages of a Generic Energy System

- As before defined by the author (in Goldsmith et al., 2009), “Energy Turnover” (ET) is the relation between energy and the underlying immobilized assets used to produce or move this energy from one level of the production chain to the next. Formally, it is the ratio of energy (E) to its underlying assets (A) in the form of joules to monetary units of underlying immobilized assets (A), as represented by equation (4.1). (4.1) Where: [Joules per Assets] Energy Turn - the relation between energy and the underlying immobilized assets used to produce or move this energy from one level of the production chain to the next; [tons ∙ day-1] Total Energy that is captured, produced or that flows t...   [tags: Energy]

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Nuclear Energy: The New Green Energy Alternative?

- The nuclear energy debate has persisted for decades. Those who strongly oppose it argue that its benefits, such as carbon-free emissions and low fuel costs, are almost irrelevant when the risk posed by radioactive waste and reactor meltdowns are factored in. The problem revolves around how little waste storage is prioritized in the planning stages of a reactor, including the locations of waste storage, leading to a surplus of radioactive waste at reactor sites. With the progress being made to advance waste disposal methods and increase public participation in countries that need storage for accumulating waste and developing countries considering nuclear energy, nuclear energy could...   [tags: Energy ]

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Hydrogen Energy is the Next Giant in Alternative Energy

- Hydrogen Energy is the Next Giant in Alternative Energy Hydrogen economy is an alternative source of fuel and energy that does not damage the environment. Fossil fuels which is the fuel used by many countries is damaging the earth and has to be switched to a better alternative, such as the hydrogen economy. Although it is not used in many places it can substitute fossil fuels and give recyclable substances back to the society that uses them. This alternative economy helps stop the destruction and does no harm to the surrounding environments....   [tags: Energy ]

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Power and Energy – There is a Difference?

- Introduction One Wednesday night in physic class, my professor made the statement that “power and energy is not the same thing”. This became an interesting topic for me not because I disagreed, but because I have been misusing the terms. You might have heard people use the terms "power" and "energy" almost duplicate, that's only because they don't understand the facts about what these things really are. Power and Energy – There is a difference. What is the difference. In this paper, I want to explain that in the world of physics power and energy do go hand in hand, but they're not the same thing....   [tags: Energy ]

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Ocean Wave Energy as an Alternative

- With the energy costs increasing and the available resources depleting many people are looking towards other renewable, easily derived energy resources. With this searching many people have looked toward ocean energy. Ocean energy is an ideal resource meeting the requirements people set when looking for new sources. Although the technology is still being developed and evolved, with the technology known ocean energy has already shown to be more prospective than other energy sources already in use....   [tags: Energy]

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The Pros and Cons of Wind Energy

- Wind power is a form of solar energy. Wind is created by unequal heating and cooling of the earth from the solar energy. The energy from the sun heats up the earth causing warmer air to rise. As this occurs, cooler air rushes in to replace the warmer air creating wind. Wind energy can be generated into electricity producing natural power using wind turbines. Wind turbines convert the kinetic energy in the wind into mechanical power which can be converted by a generator into electricity. This energy generated by the wind is considered renewable energy....   [tags: Energy]

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Renewable Energy Resources and their Limitations

- Curiosity and desire have led man to the peak of material progress. Discontent has always prompted him to change his environments and living conditions. Change is fundamental law of life for no change no progress. The more the peoples of the world have tried to change and ameliorate and better their lot, the more they succeed. The magic wand behind the spectacular and sustained progress has been the scientific technology. When we survey the achievements of men in their historical perspective; we get a clear idea about technological development from the earliest days from simple to sophisticated....   [tags: Energy]

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International Economics of Renewable Energy

- International Economics of Renewable Energy Energy is a critical component for every economy and society around the world. Energy is divided into two groups, nonrenewable (coal, oil, natural gas, and nuclear) with a finite amount found around the globe and renewable (hydro, tidal, solar, wind, geothermal, and biomass) that are constantly being replenished so that they will never run out (Green Energy Choice, 2011). The international economic impact of renewable energy is explored by examining subsidies, strategic policies, and comparative advantage of renewable energy....   [tags: Energy ]

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Sustainable Energy Systems And Their Benefits

- In recent years the research of scientists has come to public attention and it is a widely accepted fact that the Earth is warming up. What has caused this change in the Earth is still up for debate and a controversial issue. One side is that humans are causing the warming by burning fossil fuels. Staying on that topic, fossil fuels are limited in quantity, and some scientists speculate that we may run out sooner than we are ready for. This is where sustainable energy systems come into play. When using sustainable energy systems such as hydro electric, wind, or cruder methods such as waste incineration, burning of fossil fuels will decrease....   [tags: Energy]

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Nuclear Power: Energy for the Future

- Nuclear power is a technology synonymous with extirpate, radiation, health issues, and instability, but also mass energy production. Nuclear power has many common misconceptions, like these, and is often seen as a large risk. But rest assured nuclear power is the cleanest most immaculate way to power our growing nation, despite skepticism about safety concerns. Nuclear power is a way of harnessing the great power released by a nuclear fission reaction. Nuclear fission is, “an extremely complex nuclear reaction representing a cataclysmic division of an atomic nucleus into two nuclei of comparable mass....   [tags: Energy ]

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Battle for an Energy Change

- Every day it becomes much easier to visualize a world run purely by renewable energy, a world free from human contamination. It wasn't until the 20th century that people recognized the menace that the industrial revolution was for the environment. Since then, the concepts like renewable energy, greenhouse effect and pro-environmentalism have passed to be of common use. Today, even more than a debate, the mystery within renewable energy has become in the toothache of engineers. Every time more need for renewable energy arise while engineers never seem to agree on what is the best renewable energy resource....   [tags: Energy ]

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Alternative Energy Sources for the World

- The world has relied on the same sources of fuels and delivery systems for at least the past one hundred years. Since the turn of the Industrial Revolution, the world has been dependent on coal, oil, and other natural resources. These sources of fuel have worked fine for the world, until now. At the rate it that these fuels are used the world may one day run out of these precious resources. Our society must prepare now to utilize an alternate source for its fuel. The longer the world waits, the harder it will be to replace these fuels before they run out....   [tags: Energy ]

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Energy Visualizations in Augmented Reality

- ABSTRACT Due to the issue of climate change, homeowners are becom- ing more aware of the need to reduce energy consumption in day-to-day life. Due to energy’s intangibility, it is not as easy as other consumable resources to measure and track. For many, the only indication of energy usage is through a monthly energy bill with single total aggregate cost. To understand their patterns of energy consumption, people re- quire an effective energy feedback for their domestic energy use. In this paper, we will focus on feedback for monitoring domestic energy consumption in augmented reality through providing visualizations of energy use at the appliance and groups of appliances in situ....   [tags: Energy ]

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Renewable Energy: A New Direction

- Abstract: Can the Quapaw Tribe Benefit from Renewable Resources. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) finds low potential for wind and photovoltaic energy, with favorable potential for geothermal. While this is limiting in terms of options which are currently available it is also good for the Quapaw tribe as this means that there is an option available to the tribe. This entails that implantation of geothermal energy can be achieved successfully to mitigate energy cost. Introduction: “Up to ninety cents of every dollar the Tribes spend on energy leaves immediately- lost forever to all of the economic leverage and benefits this money could create within tribal communities.” –intert...   [tags: Energy ]

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The Next Generation of Energy

- Energy resource is the basic material of human activity. In a sense, human and social development is inseparable from the emergence of high-quality energy resources and advanced technologies. Energy resource are the source which can produce all kinds of energy such as heat, electricity, light and mechanical energy, etc. In nowadays, energy resource and the environment, are the major world issues that mankind should concern, since everything we use are made of or involved in consumption of natural resource such as oil, coal, and natural gas....   [tags: Energy]

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Ethos, Pathos and Nuclear Energy

- Ethos, Pathos and Nuclear Energy Something always curious and provoking happens in science writing. Gwyneth Cravens is an author of five novels and many publications, and one who studies a topic in great detail. She creates an enormous work about nuclear energy for the last decade. Cravens’s research in her last published book titled Power to Save the World: The Truth About Nuclear Energy has led her to do an about-face on the issue. In her article “Better Energy” which was published in May 2008 in Discover magazine, she disputes and claims that nuclear energy is currently best alternative and should be considered as our future energy source....   [tags: Energy]

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The Advantages of Nuclear Energy

- One of the advantages of using nuclear energy in Malaysia is that it can generate low prices electricity compared to the other source (Kok, 2009). Rates for nuclear energy are presumably cheaper than power generated from other sources such as coal and gas. This is because the source of nuclear energy which is Uranium is available in large amount (Pan, 2008). When a certain material or source is available in large amount the price is cheap. The cost of Uranium is cheaper than any other source; the cost has dropped over the last 26 years compared to other energy (Pan, 2008)....   [tags: Energy]

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Sustainable Energy: Earth Energy

- How does the development and use of ‘earth energy’ provide a viable and sustainable alternative form of natural energy. OUTLINE • Title; • Introduction; • Context; • Aim/Goal; • Method; • Results/Body: • Shortage of non-renewable forms of energy globally. • Types of historical energies: Coal, gas, oil and they are conditions at the time; • The geothermal energy: Pros and Cons • Lack of adequate Utilisation in Kazakhstan. • Internаtional orgаnizations and solutions. • Conclusion; • Evaluation; • FurtherResearch; • Bibliography; “How does the development and use of ‘earth energy’ provide a viable and sustainable alternative form of natural energy?” INTRODUCTION : ( 300 words) Energy is the...   [tags: Renewable Energy]

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Community Energy Conservation and Efficiency

- During this meeting I will talk to my fellow homeowners in regard to energy conversation and efficiency in our community. Conserving energy is important because our world relies heavily on the use of nonrenewable energy resources. Once these resources are used up, we will have to rely on alternatives. Rather than depleting the Earth of its natural resources, we can put an end to it now, or at least slow it down. A more immediate solution to using alternatives is to conserve the energy we use by using less of it to accomplish everyday tasks....   [tags: Energy]

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Nuclear Energy: Help or Harm

- Nuclear Energy is energy obtained by changes in the nucleus of atoms and is used in a method of production of electric power. Nuclear power plants produce about 15 to 19 percent of the world’s electricity and are a vital source of energy that helps support the power grid. Nuclear energy is produced by splitting a nucleus to release energy in a process called nuclear fission. Nuclear fission happens when the nucleus of an atom is split by another particle into two or more parts. Most of the energy produced by this process is released into heat energy....   [tags: Energy]

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Nuclear Energy in North America

- Nuclear energy, a stable, emission free source of energy and has become a cornerstone for many countries energy needs. There are currently 463 commercial nuclear reactors producing 372,000 MWe in over 30 countries. North America produces 17% of their required energy from nuclear reactors, putting the USA 17th and Canada 21st in the world. Although this seems like a good portion, there are nine countries producing over 40% of their required power from nuclear energy. But why is a heavy energy dependent and environmentally conscious continent of North America producing such little percent of their power from a stable, emission free energy source; the very qualifications that North Americans de...   [tags: Energy]

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Green Energy: The Next Generation

- Green Energy: The Next Generation Purcell Schools should transform all their schools to use “green” energy and environmentally-friendly products. It would not only be better for the school and community, but would also be profitable for the school system. Although it does cost a little more a year on a bill, it will actually, in the grand scheme of things, cost less in the near future. That would mean, as a school system and community, it would enable a better technology program for the school, more field trips, new textbooks, and even a much better salary for our very underpaid teachers and administrators....   [tags: Energy ]

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Reusable Energy and Cooling Systems

- Abstract Traditional cooling method can initiatively decrease the inside temperature, but it may consume extra energy, while novel building structure can ease the problem of energy consumption through utilizing nature energy and reducing the conduction of heat which from exterior to inside. Introduction At present, to meet the increasing need of society and environment, bringing in reuse energy and advanced structure are essential in cooling system of intelligent buildings. Cooling means “the amount of heat that must be removed from a building in order to maintain desirable indoor temperature and humidity conditions” (M.Santamouris, 1993)....   [tags: Energy]

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From Oil to Renewable Energy

- The world is depended on oil and soon oil will become more valuable than gold and could lead to a worldwide war. Price for oil could soar to above two hundred fifty dollars per barrel. Oil and other fuel cell also cause green house gases which contribute to global warming. China is consuming two times more petroleum than 1996 and India is projected to consume three times the oil it currently does by 2050. Global house gas emission has increased by twenty percent from 2003 to 2006. Energy consumption has increased exponentially throughout the globe....   [tags: Energy]

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Earth's Natural Energy Sources

- INTRODUCTION Renewable energy is energy produced from natural resources such as, wind, sunlight, rain, tides and geothermal heat which can be re-used or replenished. Natural energies (renewable energies) have its advantages and disadvantages. The reliance on fossil fuel is reduced by the sources of renewable energy. Though the use of natural sources has many advantages over the use of fossil fuels, the cost of investment for it can be too high for some people. In this project, I will be highlighting mainly on the sources of natural energy and its advantages and disadvantages....   [tags: Energy]

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Assessing Renewable Energy Projects

- As aforediscussed, many authors agree that capital utilization play an important role in defining business viability; however there is a lack of assessment methodologies for making such assessment possible on the context of assessing Renewable Energy Projects. In view of that, and in order to tackle this difficulty, a generic assessment model has been presented on Chapter three Within the context of studying Renewable Energy Projects, this section provides an application of the generic model as to provide a glance on the insights, or gains in knowledge that can be achieved from the exploration of capital....   [tags: Energy]

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Hydro and Biomass Energy: China’s Future Energy Sustainability

- Introduction It is the imperative of each country to supply its own citizens with water, food, energy, and good infrastructure. If a country wants to improve its own economic and political situations in the world, it should, first of all, advance the citizen’s level of living, because the main value of any country is the countries’ civilians. Therefore, one of the majority factors which could enhance life expectancy, wealth, and medical services, by the fact itself improves industrial and economic situations of a country is energy sustainability....   [tags: Energy]

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Nuclear Energy: The Only Way To Meet Our Electrical Energy Needs

- The United States needs a change in its energy sources. Oil, first of all, is a scarce resource that will eventually run out, and it also makes the U.S. depend on the political situation in other countries, as can be seen at the frequent changes in oil prices due to the political situation in the Middle-East. Alternative energy sources are an important issue to consider and nuclear energy is certainly the most controversial. There are currently 104 nuclear power plants operating in the United States, but the licenses of those plants will expire in foreseeable future, the first one already in 2013 and the last one in 2046 (Nuclear Energy Inst.)....   [tags: Energy ]

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Technological Product Innovation for Sustainable Energy

- Technological product innovation for sustainable energy in buildings generally comprises two categories of technical solutions: energy-efficient technologies, and renewable energy technologies (Brindle et al., 2007). Energy efficiency is the use of less energy than the industry standard for ventilation, heating, cooling, an artificial lighting to fulfil desired thermal comfort and task requirement of building occupants (Intrachooto, 2002). Energy efficiency often take two forms: reducing the demand for energy, and using fossil energy as efficiently as possible....   [tags: Energy ]

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Solar Energy: A recyclable means to an end

- Gas like water is a natural reserve and the general public often forgets that just because we see it and use it everyday does not mean that it is forever abundant. “Natural gas has limited reserves and is subject to erratic price fluctuations. (Indeed, natural-gas prices have tripled since 1998) (Wright-p.385). If we are not careful and responsible, these resources can be depleted completely and we can destroy the earth at the same time. There is however a natural resource that is forever unlimited and that can supply us with almost the majority of our energy needs: The Sun....   [tags: Energy]

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Nuclear Energy: Are the Benefits Worth the Risk?

- Nuclear energy has, for some time, been a controversial issue. With incidents like that of Chernobyl, Three Mile Island, and the more recent complications caused by the earthquake and tsunami Fukushima reactors in Japan, concern about the safety of nuclear energy has become a major issue. A lot of this concern probably exists because of a lack of information and education about both radiation and its effects. It is my belief that nuclear power is no less safe than any other form of energy generation, and can produce significant amounts of power....   [tags: Energy ]

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Environmentally Friendly Energy Future in Australia

- Introduction The development of industrialisation and advanced technology has played an important role in increasing energy consumption in the world. This increasing use of energy pattern has also brought a number of both environmental and human health problems such as greenhouse emissions. Despite this fact, most of the world’s energy is produced using fossil fuels such as coal, oil, and gas. For example, in 2008, Australian energy production was 302.13 million tonnes of equivalent oils (Mtoe) while the consumption of energy was 240.40 terawatt hours (TWh) and these amounts of energy consumption and production caused 397.54 million tonnes of carbon dioxide (Mt CO2) emissions to the world’s...   [tags: Energy ]

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New Forms of Energy and Attendant Costs

- Global warming and climate change has ascended to prominence in normative, political, and scientific domains in recent years. This salient and contested concept implicates citizens and officials across the globe – the ramifications of which pose immediate and future threats to mankind, natural resources, biodiversity, and environmental stability. Proponents of this theory support laws, regulations, emissions policies, and international protocols that seek to control the phenomenon and mitigate its effects....   [tags: Energy ]

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Fossil Fuels and Alternative Energy Sources

- Fossil fuels are an important part of life. When you turn on the lights, watch TV, or take a shower, the electricity that you are using is being generated by fossil fuels. The three types of fossil fuels are coal, crude oil, and natural gas. They all take millions of years to form, so they are considered to be “non-renewable”- eventually, the fossil fuels will all be used up. One dangerous biological effect of using fossil fuels is ocean acidification. Extracting and transporting fossil fuels can also be very dangerous....   [tags: Energy]

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Hawaii’s Renewable Energy Future

- “By 2020, Hawaii is aiming to generate 20 percent of its energy from non-fossil fuels” (Brown et al. 2008, 11). According to the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (Arent et al. 2009, 1-2), petroleum accounts for 90% of Hawaii’s energy consumption and 75% of their electricity. Since Hawaii has no pipelines or oil fields, they are forced to import petroleum to accommodate their energy needs (Arent et al. 2009, 1). Hawaii is disconnected from the rest of the United States, which means that Hawaii has to take care of its own energy needs (Croucher 2010, 79).How can alternative energy sources reduce the need to import of petroleum....   [tags: Energy ]

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Energy Production Debate

- In the future un-renewable resources, like fossil fuels, will be non-existent. “Fossil fuels currently account for 83% of the U.S. energy supply” (LePoire, 2011). The U.S. is fighting a battle to reduce the amount of fossil fuels it uses, which is currently at a staggeringly large level. As well as not being a renewable resource, fossil fuels are a heavy contributor to CO2 emissions and the effect they have on global climate change (Pollin, Wicks-Lim & Garrett-Peltier, 2009).When fossil fuels do deplete completely, there has to be something to take the place of that energy production....   [tags: Energy ]

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Renewable Energy Resources

- The UK has a constantly increasing energy demand; rising population in the UK and, since industrial revolution in 19th century, technological advances have rendered older “fuel-less” technologies obsolete. Where the UK sources its own energy from is becoming increasingly significant as indigenous energy reserves diminish, not to mention the implications of “peak oil” of worldwide resources. Figure 1 UK Energy Demand Variation 1970-2001 (DTI, 2001) Figure 2 UK Energy Mix 1990-2006 (Dukes, 2008) Figure 1 displays the variation of the UK energy supply a period of 16 years....   [tags: Energy ]

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Renewable Energy Sources

- “Title” Every day the United States uses massive amounts of energy. Only about 8% of the United States’ energy needs are met by renewable energy sources. That means that eventually 92% of the nation’s energy resources will run out. Recently this problem has been brought into the public’s eye and the American people’s attention has shifted to renewable and “green” energy resources. President Jimmy Carter (1977) said that “[w]ith the exception of preventing war, this (the energy crisis) is the greatest challenge our country will face during our life time” (p....   [tags: Energy ]

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Sino-Canadian Energy Cooperation

- Sino-Canadian energy cooperation has increased since last decade. Enbridge Inc., the Canada’s second largest pipeline company, currently offers a Chinese company a 49% stake in a 1,160 kilometre pipeline planned between northern Alberta and the Pacific coast of British Columbia (Jiang, 8). In January 2005, Prime Minister Paul Martin signed Sino-Canada Statement on Energy Cooperation in the 21st Century (Jiang, 1), and the current Prime Minister, Steven Harper, went to Beijing on Nov 3rd, 2009. This shows a willingness of cooperation in energy field between the two countries....   [tags: Energy]

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Global Energy Demand

- Global Energy Demand Thomas Edison invented the light bulb in 1879. The first oil well was drilled in Pennsylvania in 1859. Since those two historic discoveries, technology and industry have rapidly grown to a point of absolute necessity today and is a key in the development of the human society to help control and adapt to the environment. The requirement of energy and oil throughout the world has also grown exponentially in parallel to meet this necessity. As developed countries, like the United States, Japan, China, and Canada, progress and grow in population, more demands for energy and fuel are created....   [tags: Energy ]

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Renewable Energy Systems

- Until the 70’s, renewable energy systems were widely considered minor and declining power sources (Maugh, 1972). Since then, palpable advances in technologies, to produce an array of renewable energy-products (see Pandey, 2009), together with the promise of jobs and higher aggregated value to rural activities (see Domac, Richards, & Risovic, 2005), “greatly contributed to revise this setting” (Cowan, 2002; Petroleum, 2009; Sims, Hastings, Schlamadinger, A. Taylor, & Smith, 2006). Change started at a slow but steady pace, led mainly by the successive development of the economies of South-East Asia and Brazil....   [tags: Energy]

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Nuclear Energy Research

- Nuclear energy is a fascinating discovery and an up-incoming strong energy supplier of many things in our world today. Nuclear materials include many pieces, such as; radiation, radioactive decay, nuclear reactors, fission and fusion. It is highly possible that our world will become very dependent on nuclear resources in the future; however, they’ll not only supply us with positives but many fierce negatives as well. Nuclear energy is a complex material that carries many deep side effects, one of which being radiation....   [tags: Energy ]

Research Papers
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Alternative Energy Sources

- Alternative Energy Sources “In United States around half of million deaths each year are attributed to air pollution. It is estimated that air pollution each day kills three people in the city of Hong Kong. Air pollution also contributes to soil and water pollution. More than 15,000 people in the world die each day because of water pollution” ( With these statistics, it is no wonder people are coming up with alternative energy sources. From energy to gasoline, there are many different ways to reduce these statistics....   [tags: Energy ]

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A Case for Alternative Energy Generation: How Effective Is It?

- As the population rises, the demand for energy increases as well. Americans expect the convenience of electrical power to be there when they need it and their economy depends on it, but a lack of power might soon be a reality. A large amount of electricity in the United States is produced by burning fossil fuels. The national government, as well as individual states, are on a quest for less pollution, but with the energy demand so high it seems lower carbon emissions are impossible. Despite claims that the aging electrical grid is to blame for energy shortages, fossil fuel power generation plants simply cannot keep up with demand....   [tags: Energy ]

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2194 words | (6.3 pages) | Preview

Nuclear Energy: The Future of Energy Production

- Humanity as a whole needs to replace our outdated energy resources with newer, more efficient, less wasteful and destructive sources. Petroleum, Coal, lead batteries and many other high-risk sources are already being replaced by cleaner and safer methods of creating and storing energy. Semi-Renewable sources such as biofuels and collected methane are being implemented to clean up waste from agricultural sources. Renewable sources such as Hydroelectricity and Solar Energy are also being implemented, but are too costly to keep up, have a high rate of waste if ever they fail, and don’t have nearly enough energy output to sustain large populations....   [tags: Pro Nuclear Energy]

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1354 words | (3.9 pages) | Preview

Green Energy and Energy Star Products

- Green Energy is a great way to save money and help save raw materials such as gas and electricity. Companies and engineers argue if Green Energy or Energy Star products are worth using and if the products will save money. Green Energy is used to save energy, such as electricity or gas. Energy star is used to help seal a house to save heat and air conditioning from escaping a house. Energy star is a rating that companies give products that tell the customers that they are energy saving. Green energy is a renewable source of power because it helps save energy and uses the earth’s resources to create and save energy without wasting money (Bishop)....   [tags: environmentally friendly, energy efficient]

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Kyoto Protocol: A Collective Effort to Reducing Energy Consumption

- The growing concern of global warming has placed great emphasis on the greenhouse gases introduced to the atmosphere. Sample of the arctic ice records reveals that current level of carbon dioxide are " 23 per cent higher than at any time in at least 420,000 years" (David Suzuki Foundation, 2002). The response to this crisis is the Kyoto Protocol, a collective effort to reducing the human harm on the atmosphere, primarily focused on greenhouse gases. In the following will be the summary of two alternating approach towards the demands of the Kyoto protocol to reducing energy consumption by "more efficient or cleaner technologies, or through changes in the types of fuel consumed" (David Suzuki...   [tags: Energy ]

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Demand Source: Energy Utility Companies & Consumers

- Demand Source: Energy Utility Companies & Consumers Due to the growing demand for renewable energy sources, the worldwide market for solar energy has advanced substantially. Solar panel production has been doubling every 2 years. However such supply appears to be outstripping demand. Energy is a homogenous good, and no matter what the source, the chief concern for consumers when deciding energy providers will be cost. Therefore, it’s crucial for utility companies to keep costs low. If they can generate good margins by using lower-cost solar cells, rather than using traditional sources (coal, natural gas), then they will....   [tags: Energy]

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Genzyme’s Global Energy Sustainability Program

- I. Introduction Genzyme’s global energy sustainability program holistically addresses energy supply, energy demand, employee engagement and greenhouse gas emissions. By simultaneously focusing on these areas, Genzyme will decrease energy cost, ensure energy security, positively impact climate change, and position Genzyme to be a leader on the environment. This holistic strategy is built upon the very strong linkage between energy consumption and GHG emissions at Genzyme. Therefore, the main driver of GHG reductions will be through prevention of energy use and energy efficiency improvements....   [tags: Energy]

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Hydraulic Fracturing: The Future of America’s Energy

- Hydraulic Fracturing, also known as fracking, is not a novel concept. The hope of being able to access fossil fuels trapped inside layers of shale deep beneath the Earth’s surface was achieved by the process of fracking, developed in 1903 ( Over the last century, hydraulic fracturing has become an efficient and environmentally friendly way to access the natural gas needed to meet the United States’ high demands. With the condition of the environment rapidly deteriorating, the process of hydraulic fracturing is being questioned....   [tags: Energy ]

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Energy Consumption: Household Energy Optimization

- ... Finally a summary of the main points of the study and implementations are presented on the Discussion and Conclusion. 2 Discussion Electricity crisis has became a serious problem in South Africa as more household appliances being used every day without caution, which results in high energy consumption than required. Eskom have encouraged domestic users to use less electricity and assist to reduce energy usage and load demand in order to reduce the total energy consumption in the country. It shows that household appliances have been a major concern when it comes to energy consumption, as they use a large amount of electricity....   [tags: energy crisis, electrical appliances]

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An Analysis of the Use of Nanotechnology in Electrical Energy Production and Storage and as a Means of Reducing Energy Consumption.

- The energy demand all over the world is expected to be 28 terawatts by 2050, which can lead to increase of energy consumption patterns and greenhouse gas production. (P.Alivisatos et al. 2005) One of the most significant issues the industrialised world is facing today is the energy challenge, issues associated with energy production, storage and reducing consumption of energy use. The use of energy has reason to rise over time due to an increase in the world population and the discovery of new technologies which require electrical energy....   [tags: Energy ]

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The New Source of Renewable Energy

- According to oxford dictionary, there are 3 meaning of energy. One of the energy meanings is power utilized from physical or chemical resources to move machine or provide light and heat. While the renewable energy meaning is energy from a source that did not depleted when used. Mostly, it is an energy came from nature which can be restore to normal level or condition at human timescale such as sun, wind and rain. There are many source of energy in the world. But the world mainly consume on non-renewable energy....   [tags: solar energy, bio-energy]

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The Increasing Use of Wind Energy

- ... More recently, there were increasing number of fatalities among the nocturnal creatures, such as bats. Human population can be affected by the use of wind energy. On one hand, wind power is clean energy that reduces greenhouse emissions, water pollution, and water use from power facilities. It translates into various health benefits for the people and preservation of thousands of wildlife species. On the other hand, bird fatalities resulting from wind turbine utilization can lead to negative consequences such as reduction of pollination and causing the population imbalance within the ecosystem....   [tags: solar energy, renewable energy]

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Assessment the extent to which solar energy is a viable alternative energy for oil in Saudi Arabia

- The diversification in terms of sustainable energy and the utilization renewable energy options in various practical uses have become one of the most significant factors as a substitutable source for oil and gas. In addition, it could be a viable solution for environmental problems. Omubo-Pepple et al. (2009) believe that the effective solution for environmental degradation, resulted from the use of fossil fuels which caused some dangerous problems such as acid rain, green house effect and ozone layer depletion, is to increase in renewable energy options uses....   [tags: Energy]

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1308 words | (3.7 pages) | Preview

Renewable Forms of Energy: Wind Energy

- Renewable forms of energy are becoming more and more necessary for a sustainable future. Wind energy is a form of energy that is becoming more and more popular, and it offers a way for people to harness energy from something natural to create electricity. Wind energy in addition to other sustainable forms of creating energy are going to start taking the place of fossil fuels as people realize the true benefits of using them. There are many benefits of using wind energy in comparison to using fossil fuels....   [tags: wind turbines, green energy, sustainable]

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Renewable Energy

- Renewable Energy Energy cannot be created or destroyed, but it can be transformed: the first law of conservation of energy. Since the earliest days of human history, man have always been looking forward to control energy. But it wasn't until the nineteenth and twentieth centuries that humanity finally learned to harness the high concentration of energy existent in fossil fuels. ('Why Sustainable Energy Matters,'Learning Space). Even though humans achieved to apply the first law of conservation of energy/matter, they failed to understand the principle....   [tags: Energy ]

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1089 words | (3.1 pages) | Preview

Renewable Energy

- Energy Energy is a crucial necessity and with the ever increasing need for it and the high and fluctuating prices of oil, researchers are constantly coming up with newer and more sophisticated alternative sources of energy. However, energy comes at a cost, as it is either expensive or it possesses high health risks. This essay presents the concept of energy by discussing the two major types of energy, the various forms it could take, including renewable sources of energy, energy conservation and above all it talks about the safest and cleanest alternatives....   [tags: Energy]

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1205 words | (3.4 pages) | Preview

Converting Energy

- Converting Energy 1 The Law of Conservation of Energy states that energy can neither be destroyed or created, only transferred or transformed. That being said, each form of energy has the ability to be converted into another form of energy. And since there are several forms of energy, that makes many different conversions achievable. Almost all technological gadgets convert one energy form into a new one. The vast number of devices that can convert energy into other states of energy are termed transducers....   [tags: Energy]

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Renewable Energy

- When the new Southeast Polk High School opened they added many new energy saving products. This included installing geothermal heating under the high school cutting back on the cost of heating such a large building. Many new windows help save on energy used to light the building along with automatic lights that turn off after several minutes without movement. The new high school shows how easy it is to save money and help the environment. Renewable energy is good for all aspects of the U.S, providing jobs, economical growth, environmental cleanliness, and new research for improving energy efficiency....   [tags: Energy ]

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Nuclear Energy

- Nuclear energy now is the world’s mainly useful form of energy. Energy are devolved and have been used from the fossils fuels and are still be used now, but it is not an option to use it in the future. So this turned that we have a nuclear power as the best choice. There are many positives to nuclear energy over fossil fuels such as less global warming effects. At this time nuclear power provides 6% of the world’s energy and about 14% of the world’s electricity. The best part of this nuclear power is generated from the U.S., Japan, and France....   [tags: Energy ]

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Renewable Energy

- Renewable energy is a term used to describe a source of energy that has the capability to refill itself. Renewable energy is sometimes called infinite energy. Renewable energy is also known as green or clean energy, because it does not produce toxins or pollutants that are harmful and dangerous to the environment. Planet earth is going on a critical phase, due to the fossil fuels being consumed worldwide every day. Jimmy Carter once stated on a televised in April 18, 1977 that "Because we are now running out of gas and oil, we must prepare quickly for a third change, to strict conservation and to the use of coal and permanent renewable energy sources, like solar power." Slowly and gradually...   [tags: Energy ]

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