Your search returned over 400 essays for "Virtue Rewarded"
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The Virtuous Pamela of Virtue Rewarded

- The Virtuous Pamela of Virtue Rewarded       Samuel Richardson began his literary career when two booksellers offered him the opportunity to amass a publication for unskilled letter writers. While preparing this volume, a small sequence of letters from a young lady asking her father's counsel when endangered by her master's advances, entranced him. His enthrallment resulted in a shift in his work. The result was the tome Pamela; Or, Virtue Rewarded. The book has been subject to much inquiry....   [tags: Virtue Rewarded Essays]

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Pamela, or Virtue Rewarded - Sexuality and the Morally Didactic Novel

- Pamela, or Virtue Rewarded - Sexuality and the Morally Didactic Novel We have difficulties as a modern audience appreciating the social anxieties reflected in Pamela, especially those surrounding morality and valuation of individuals within the social framework. The radical stance of even using phrases such as virtue and 'fortune' to denote Pamela's virginity are themselves loaded with a questioning of the social stratification in which she resides. The term 'Fortune' is perhaps the most playful but problematic....   [tags: Pamela Virtue Rewarded Essays]

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The Ancient Greek Term Virtues

- ... Virtue of character [i.e., of ethos] result from habit [ethos]; hence its name ‘ethical’, slightly varied from ‘ethos’. *”[1103a15-18] Aristotle is implying that nobody is born with virtue, however through their actions virtue will naturally come. Virtue is formed over practice and perfecting over sometime. Aristotle also states, “Further, if something arises in us by nature, we first have the capacity for it, and later perform that activity”(1103a 27-28). Aristotle is implying in this statement that each and everyone is capable of virtue in which it will come eventually based on performance activity....   [tags: Virtue, Ethics, Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics]

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How Do Virtue and Chance Contribute to Happiness?

- Virtue and Chance How do virtue and chance contribute to happiness. Happiness has been subject to debate for centuries. What is happiness. What does happiness consist of. What contributes to happiness. Among many others, Aristotle, Epicurus, and the school of Cyrenaics, prominent ancient Greek philosophers, have greatly contributed that virtue, which is excellence of a certain part, and chance, which consists of any event outside of human control and prediction, may play a role in happiness. After analyzing the works of these philosophers, it has been concluded that virtue greatly contributes to happiness....   [tags: Aristotle, Epicurus, greek]

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Sin and Virtue in the works of Freud and Dante

- Religion is arguably most influential when concerning politics, society, and individuality. This belief system provides most people with somewhat of a 'guideline' on how to live their lives on a daily basis, depending on which religion one follows. One of the major underlying aspects of religion, Catholicism or Christianity in particular, is to show guilt or sorrow to God for one's own sins and to ask for forgiveness on Earth so when Judgment Day comes the gates of heaven will open. A follower of Christianity is expected to follow the divine doctrine (e.g....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Happiness Is My Emotional State When I Feel Positive Emotions

- Happiness is my emotional state when I feel positive emotions. It is the feeling I get when I am enjoying something. This is a familiar concept for all of us, but when Aristotle talks about “happiness” in Nicomachean Ethics, it does not coincide with our modern notions of happiness. “Happiness” is really valuable for Aristotle as he considers it to be the highest good of man and that which every action aims at. He considers it to be something divine. The Greek word used by Aristotle for happiness is εὐδαιμονία....   [tags: Virtue, Meaning of life, Nicomachean Ethics]

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Comparing Wealth, Power, and Virtue in Measure for Measure and Mrs. Warren's Profession

- Wealth, Power, and Virtue in Measure for Measure and Mrs. Warren’s Profession     As seen in the dramas Measure for Measure and Mrs. Warren’s Profession, the Elizabethan and Victorian periods have different views of wealth, power and virtue. To compare these views, one should start by defining the different views of virtue. The people of the Elizabethan times see virtue in obtaining a balance of their three souls and as promoting order within their society and city. Also in this period of time, wealth and power were rarely gained, but when they were, it was due to virtue....   [tags: comparison compare contrast essays]

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The On The Online Video Lecture : Why Be Moral

- 1. (711 Words For Question One) In class, we studied the idea of morality in the online video lecture “Why Be Moral,” where we heard the fictional story of “Smith,” the successful cheater (Hettche, 2011). Smith was a man who excelled all throughout his life by cheating. First, he began cheating on spelling tests in elementary school, then continued cheating on into junior high. Many people thought that Smith’s cheating would surely catch up to him later on, but he continued to succeed with the assistance of technologies such as spell check....   [tags: Utilitarianism, Ethics, Virtue ethics]

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Gulliver’s Travels by Jonathan Swift

- In today’s society, there are many who believe that humans have an innate sense of virtue and morality. They are confident that all human beings are born with a perception of what is right and what is wrong. However, there are others who take the traditional biblical stance, in which it is simply human nature to be sinful. In Gulliver’s Travels, the author, Jonathan Swift shows a strong inclination towards the latter thought: that all people are inherently evil. His disposition can easily be seen through his novel’s outlandish narratives that satire the corruptions of humanity....   [tags: virtue and morality, corruption]

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Plato 's View Of Justice

- Plato begins to build this conception of the idea of justice in response to the challenge that Glaucon and Adeimatus presents. He takes the idea of constructing justice on the larger scale, in the city and comparing to what it would be like within the individual. In Plato ideology it is not possible for an individual to understand justice unless they fully comprehend their role in the community. He starts his city with division of labours, with craftsman and farmers. A community were everyone specializes in their trade....   [tags: Ethics, Virtue, Plato, Nicomachean Ethics]

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The Virtue Of Virtue And Virtue Ethics

- “A virtue is a trait of character manifested in habitual action,” these words said by Aristotle on virtue ethics. The word habitual meaning that someone that does something all the time and not just occasionally. For example, the virtue of honesty, is not someone who only tells the truth here and there, and what will benefit that person. This term used in normative ethics, really emphasizes the virtue of mind and character. A theory of virtue has several components within the theory like a list of virtues, what each consist of and why each of the virtue are a perfect fit in this theory....   [tags: Ethics, Morality, Virtue, Virtue ethics]

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Virtue Ethics : Virtue And Moral Decisions

- Virtue Ethics Virtue ethics is a theory used to make moral decisions. It does not rely on religion, society or culture; it only depends on the individuals themselves. The main philosopher of Virtue Ethics is Aristotle. His theory was originally introduced in ancient Greek times. Aristotle was a great believer in virtues and the meaning of virtue to him meant being able to fulfil one 's functions. Virtue ethics is not so much interested in the question 'What should I do. ' but rather in the question 'what sort of person should I become....   [tags: Morality, Ethics, Virtue, Moral relativism]

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The Ethics And The Contemplative Virtue

- ... An example, of an ethical virtue would be justice. The type of virtues that are mentioned to be ethical, could describe the characteristics that someone develops during his/her life. A person can gain ethic virtue by constantly repeating the action. The more the repetition, the quicker it becomes a habit (1103a19-23). It is produced more and more every time the action is being repeated. When Aristotle is talking about ethical virtue he most of the times emphasizes on how important it is for a young man to develop ethical virtue....   [tags: Ethics, Virtue, Virtue ethics, Happiness]

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The Strengths Of Virtue Ethics

- ... In nichomachean ethics he puts it simply by saying "we learn to play the harp by playing the harp, in the same way we become just by doing just acts, temperate by doing acts of temperance... ' We are all capable of being virtuous and need to create a habit of acting virtuously as we grow up so that we may become good people. To Aristotle, a person who achieved eudaimonia is someone who used reason well. Reason is the supreme human virtue as it requires putting into action that which we judge as good moral behaviour; in other words it is practical and involved both understanding something and responding to it following the values we hold....   [tags: Virtue, Ethics, Virtue ethics, Aristotle]

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Utilitarianism, Deontology, And Virtue Ethics

- ... Mill mentioned, if a group of people who know about both pleasures and a greater amount of people within the group prefer one pleasure over another, that means that pleasure has more value than the one less people prefer (140). The higher-order pleasure is decided if a greater amount of people prefers that one pleasure to another after they experienced both. Deontology theory is the concepts of right action, moral rule, and rationality. Rosalind Hursthouse mentioned one should do the right action based on moral rules, which “is required by natural law or is required by rationality” (169)....   [tags: Ethics, Virtue ethics, Morality, Virtue]

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Aristotle 's Theory Of Virtue Ethics

- ... A virtuous agent will weigh his or her options and make the best decision based on the circumstances. There is no algorithm. Socrates for example, does not just decree the right answer. He is just able to see reasons that normal people cannot. Therefore the virtuous act is one in which a virtuous agent, like Socrates, would perform. Act based theories beg the question, what makes acts right. However Virtue ethics asks “what traits make someone a good person?” (Rachel 's VE). This contrast between the two theories is a large one....   [tags: Ethics, Virtue ethics, Virtue]

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Virtue Is A State Of Character

- Alristotle: Virtue and Happines “Virtue, then, is a state of character concerned with choice, lying in a mean, i.e., the mean relative to us, this being determined by a rational principle, and by that principle by which the man of practical wisdom would determine it (...) Hence, in respect of its substance and the definition which states its essence virtue is a mean, with regard to what is best and right an extreme.” (Perry, page 555). A very famous Greek philosopher named Aristotle wrote a book called Nicomachean Ethics, were he relates happiness with virtue and defines virtue as a state of character concerned with choices....   [tags: Virtue, Ethics, Nicomachean Ethics, Virtue ethics]

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Virtue Of Ethics Is Based On Principles And The Virtues Of Individuals

- Virtue of Ethics. Virtue of ethics is based on principles and the virtues of individuals. This approach is based or featured on the individual rather than the actions a person takes. It focuses on the “virtue and moral character of the individual or person performing the action” (Rachel’s & Rachel’s, 2015, p. 159). “Duties” and “rules” are not the focus to this approach as like with the deontological approach (Rachel’s & Rachel’s, 2015, p. 159-160). It also does not focus on the consequences of action like the consequentialist approach does when it comes to ethics....   [tags: Ethics, Virtue, Virtue ethics, Morality]

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Word Finder And Virtue Ethics

- Word Finder and Virtue Ethics Word Finder is an application that “scans the dictionary” (LoveToKnow, Corp., n.d.) to find useable words out of random letters for games like Scrabble and Words with Friends. It even lets you enter up to two question marks for unknown letters. It is free and as available as the Internet itself. But is it ethical to use it. This paper will discuss the use of Word Finder from the perspective of a branch of normative ethics (Athanassoulis , n.d.) called virtue ethics....   [tags: Ethics, Virtue ethics, Virtue, Normative ethics]

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The Relation Between Virtue and Happiness

- What establishes a noble, valuable, enjoyable life. Many philosophers tried their own beliefs to these ancient and most persistent of philosophical question. Most of Philosophers have agreed that the best possible life is a life where the ideas of “virtue” and “happiness” are fulfilled. Nevertheless expected differences in terms, many great minds theorized that the road to a joyful, flourishing, happy life is paved with virtues. For example, Aristotle believed that anyone keen to live a virtuous life will reach happiness (Aristotle 1992)....   [tags: Virtue and Happiness Essays]

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The Argument For Utilitarianism And The Virtue Theory

- Each of the theories from the second term of this class have pros and cons. I do not believe any theory is completely perfect, but there is one I felt that is superior. Between the utilitarian, the deontological, and the virtue theory; I believe the virtue theory has the most compelling arguments. The utilitarian and deontological theories have too many flaws they cannot argue against without changes to the theory itself. Aristotle’s virtue theory does not have many weaknesses that will cause it to fall flat....   [tags: Virtue, Ethics, Deontological ethics]

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History and literary virtue system

- History and literary virtue system Virtue is considered as one of the most important trait in human beings. By definition, virtue is a sense of having moral excellence, adopting a form of goodness and righteousness. It involves depicting a behavior that shows a high level of moral standard. Literary virtue system in the society has come a long way. Different cultures in the entire human history have developed different views and perspectives in trying to understand the virtue system. Literary virtue is passed from one generation to another through various ways that are associated with literary works or other ways such as formal writing....   [tags: Human Traits, Literary Virtue]

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Women 's Virtue And Vices

- After I read the Women’s Roles in Traditional China Ebrey text, I know that it described women’s virtue and vices. And also the text includes perceptions of women and they can’t participate with the financial problems. For talking about the women’s roles in old China, I associate the Books of odes with describing the women’s figure, one of this odes describe, “ Peach tree young and fresh, plump are its fruits: this girl’s getting married, she’ll do well in her rooms. It depicted that most of girl were the virtuous figure and can do the well household at home....   [tags: Family, Marriage, Virtue, Wife]

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Justice Is More Than Injustice, And What It Right And Wrong

- ... His views of justice are related to contemporary culture, because when someone does something that they are supposed to do, they receive credit or a reward for it, but if the opposite of that is performed, by not doing the particular task that is asked, they are then rewarded but with punishments. Also, that justice is doing the right thing in a society. Justice of contemporary culture does not diverge from the views offered in The Republic and Socrates views are adequate, because if a task is not performed the way it needs to be, and is supposed to be a person should not be rewarded for it....   [tags: Justice, Virtue, Philosophy, Plato]

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Women 's Theory Of Virtue

- ... Having all four virtues will complete the soul giving true enlightenment. This is a very radical idea. He is going out of the way of what the conservative notion of how things should be run, and thinking broad, stating evidence, and contradictions throughout his argument. Therefor in this piece I will favor the arguments that Plato makes and show evidence supporting this matter that will prove women are after all capable of becoming philosopher queens. Plato argues that because men and women share the same natural abilities that women shall therefore be given the selection of also being rulers and he does so my arguing this extensively with Socrates and Glaucon....   [tags: Virtue, Plato, Nature, Woman]

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Can Virtue Be Taught?

- In this paper, I will exam Plato’s idea of “virtue is knowledge” to understand “can virtue be taught”. In my opinion, Plato does not strictly proves “virtue is knowledge”; instead, he believes that “virtue is the gift of God”. “Can virtue be taught?” This is question Plato is trying to answer in Meno. This problem is important and serious, because its answer directly concerns a question about how we understand and position education. The reason for Plato making this question is related to his opposition to the wise men....   [tags: Plato, Virtue is knowledge, ideas]

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Ethical Dilemmas : Ethical Dilemma

- Ethical Dilemma Introduction Most organizations with their management team, as well as their employees, are usually challenged with ethical decision making in their daily activities. This arises due to conflicting circumstances involving moral values, ethical practices as well as legal perspectives. For instance, employees may be stuck in making a morally acceptable decision due to conflicting ethical consideration to their professional practice. Even though ethical dilemma situations may be rampant in business organizations, it can be mitigated by maintaining moral integrity through following some set of code of ethics....   [tags: Ethics, Morality, Virtue, Integrity]

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Aristotle 's Philosophy Of Virtue Ethics

- ... According to Aristotle, ethics is our attempt to find our highest good. To Aristotle, our highest good is found in happiness. Happiness must be found in the ultimate characteristic of being human, which he determined to be our rational thought. Rational thought is uniquely human. Humans are able to control their natural desires with the help of reason. This is known as moral virtue. Moral virtues are character traits that are at the mean between the two extremes of character traits. For example, courage is halfway between foolhardiness and cowardliness....   [tags: Virtue ethics, Ethics, Virtue, Immanuel Kant]

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The Moral Character Of Virtue Ethics

- Moral character is what dictates an individual 's decision making and affects their experiences throughout their life. A person 's morals can be based off one 's upbringing and environmental factors. Virtue ethics is a philosophical view that greatly supports this claim that the choices a person makes and their actions follow those choices, and display their moral character. This is more likely to be true than Kantianism, because this type of ethical view is based off Immanuel Kant, a philosophical thinker whose emphasizes that his writings and beliefs influence the choices people make....   [tags: Ethics, Morality, Immanuel Kant, Virtue ethics]

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Virtue Ethics And The Great Role Model Of Folklore And Language

- From several scholars point of view, it is believed that virtue will likely appropriate to be applied in public sectors. The virtue ethics was adopted first by Aristotle (Lawton 1998). Virtue ethics is not to questioning the consequences of an action nor the moral judgments obligations in the universal moral order. Virtue ethics prioritise the development of moral character, motivations, and intentions in every person (Trevino & Nelson 2010). Furthermore, virtue ethics emphasises the importance of history, folklore and puppet story....   [tags: Ethics, Morality, Virtue ethics, Virtue]

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Is Virtue A Good Or Superior Trait Like Honesty?

- ... But there 's more to it than just being happy, when you where a little kid and your best friend move to another city you where sad but deep inside you there was something trying to cheer you up and that is your eudaimonia you will still feel sad but it 's there helping out. As I said Aristotle believe that we are good and have an innate goodness and ethical propensity. When we gather together and think about ideas we don 't think about killing someone but to help other out. But this doesn 't mean we don 't have evil yes we get together to do good for the most part and if we didn 't the word will fall apart; there 's still some evil out there though that come together to plan something b...   [tags: Ethics, Virtue, Aristotle, Virtue ethics]

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Aristotle 's Views Of Virtue And Happiness

- Is an action choice worthy for its own sake only if it would be a worthy choice, whether or not it served further ends. How, then, can such virtuous actions be choice worthy for their own sakes. This research paper will examine Aristotle’s views of virtue and happiness based on his Nichomachean Ethics. The Nicomachean Ethics was the first book written on ethics that was meant to teach us on how to be virtuous. Aristotle assumes that all of our actions should be aimed toward one ultimate end, and that is for the highest good....   [tags: Nicomachean Ethics, Virtue, Morality, Ethics]

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Why Aristotle 's Virtue Ethics

- Explaining Aristotle 's Virtue Ethics In Aristotle 's Nicomachean Ethics, the basic idea of virtue ethics is established. The most important points are that every action and decision that humans make is aimed at achieving the good or as Aristotle 's writes, “Every art and every inquiry, and similarly every action and choice, is thought to aim at the good... (Aristotle 1094a). Aristotle further explains that this good aimed for is happiness. For Aristotle, happiness is defined as “an activity of soul in accordance with complete excellence......   [tags: Virtue, Ethics, Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics]

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Analyzing Meno 's Definitions Of Virtue And The Soundness Of Socrates

- The theme of Meno is the argument on whether virtue can be taught, as discussed by Socrates and Meno. To reach a conclusion on whether or not virtue can be taught requires that the philosophers first define what exactly is being taught, or what is virtue. Socrates claims to know nothing about virtue, except that he is looking for it 's form. As a result, Meno provides many definitions for Socrates. This paper will analyze Meno 's definitions of virtue and the soundness of Socrates ' argument against them as he searches for the form....   [tags: Virtue, Plato, Definition, Aristotle]

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Volunteers Should Not Be Rewarded

- Nowadays you can volunteer in different type of places. There are a lot of various organizations that need volunteers. What you can do to help these organizations are help clean parks, go to a foreign country to help from a natural disaster, etc. These are just some of the things you can do at these institutions. When volunteering the question is asked if people who volunteer should receive benefits or a reward for offering their service. I believe they shouldn't because if you’re receiving a benefit it becomes like a part-time job it takes the point of volunteering out of the equation....   [tags: volunteering, benefits, reward, pay, service]

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Kant And Aristotle 's Views On Moral Virtue

- Philosophers Immanuel Kant and Aristotle have presented different accounts of what it means to be morally virtuous. Kant believes that inclination or desire is irrelevant to moral virtue, however, Aristotle believes that they are relevant to each other. I will argue that Kant presents the more convincing account of moral virtue. There are three philanthropist cases that can be critiqued according to Kant and Aristotle. The first case involves a happy philanthropist who donates money to a cause and spreads joy around her....   [tags: Ethics, Morality, Logic, Virtue]

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The 's Turn Towards Defining What Character And Virtue Mean

- ... Courage is the possession of the proper attitude toward a fearful or dangerous situation. “Be on your guard; stand firm in the faith; be men of courage; be strong.” As mentioned before, the virtuous position is the mean between the two opposite extremes. In the case of courage, the two extremes would be cowardice or foolhardiness. As we all have to face fearful situations, we all must search for the correct response, the proper balance of our emotional response to the situation. So the correct response to a fearful situation is the balance of our fear so that we can stand up with courage in the face of danger or of disagreement....   [tags: Ethics, Virtue, Virtue ethics, Aristotle]

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Is Virtue A Quality Of The Soul And Is Not A Kind Of Wisdom Or Prudence?

- “If then virtue is a quality of the soul and is admitted to be profitable, it must be wisdom or prudence since none of the things of the soul are either profitable or hurtful in themselves, but they are all made profitable or hurtful by the addition of wisdom or of folly; and therefore and therefore, if virtue is profitable, virtue must be a sort of wisdom or prudence?” (Socrates, Plato’s Meno) Throughout the complex and confusing book Plato’s Meno, one at the end of the narrative is left a bit dumbfounded....   [tags: Virtue, Plato, Good and evil, Knowledge]

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Socrates And Plato The Simple Question Of Whether Virtue Can Be Taught

- Meno asks Socrates/Plato the simple question of whether virtue can be taught. Socrates/Plato makes an effort towards answering this question by using his dialectic, the Socratic elenchus. However, his main goal is not to answer the question, but to share his thoughts about the status of the soul. Socrates/Plato cared about the “care of the soul” (pg.6) and was a dualist who believed in two realities. One reality is higher than the other. The higher reality includes Metaphysics and Epistemology. Also according to Socrates/Plato the Soul is made of three parts, Reason, spirit, and appetite....   [tags: Virtue, Plato, Ethics, Metaphysics]

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Virtue Theory : The Oldest Tradition From Modern Medicine Today

- Virtue theory is the oldest tradition found in modern medicine today (pg 145 P&T) Virtue theory derives from a community oriented platform, it 's less interested in the individual and more concerned with the social roles they are in. Virtue theory comes back to social good, not personal good. Unlike deontology and utilitarianism, virtue theory is not exclusively oriented towards acting in ways that produce good results, but instead endeavors to produce professionals of good character. The characteristics of a professional are categorized based on their beneficence towards accomplishing the ultimate goal within the role and relationship of the professional....   [tags: Virtue, Ethics, Role, Vice]

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Benjamin Franklin Believed Moderation: Most Important Virtue of Life

- ... Many people believe that suicide victims are infested with lies and don’t take caution to suicidal individuals. The National Institute of Mental Health have aware the citizens of United States in 2010 by warning “Most suicide attempts are expressions of extreme distress, not harmless bids for attention. A person who appears suicidal should not be left alone and needs immediate mental-health treatment. Studies showed that a type of psychotherapy called cognitive therapy reduced the rate of repeated suicide attempts by 50 percent during a year of follow-up6.” In our nation, many suicidal citizens are constantly trying to be accepted into modern society, this loses moderation and the inspir...   [tags: virtue, ethics, mental health]

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Aristotole's View that Virtue is the Ability to Know Good and Do Good

- "Aristotle felt that virtue is the ability habitually to know the good and to do the good." (Dreisbach 2009, p. 84) However; what did he mean by this. Can a person be considered morally virtuous, if he is judged by a single action he has committed. What is virtue any way. Well according to "virtue is moral excellence, righteousness and goodness. (, 2014) Humans are not born virtuous or moral in nature. They are characteristics that are learned. Such as being compassionate, kind, honest or modest....   [tags: virtue, compassion, moral]

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Ethical Theories Are Focused On Three Principles, Deontology, Utilitarianism, And Virtue

- Ethical theories are focused on three principles, Deontology, Utilitarianism, and virtue. Each one of them demonstrates different aspects of an ethical dilemma and leads to the most ethically correct resolution according to the guidelines within the ethical theory itself. Deontology The deontological theory states that people should adhere to their obligations and duties when analyzing an ethical dilemma. What does this mean. It means to make the correct moral choices; we have to understand what our moral duties are and what correct rules exist to regulate those duties....   [tags: Ethics, Virtue ethics, Morality]

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The Virtue of Discrimination

- The Virtue of Discrimination Discrimination is a word that has taken on a negative connotation in today's society. Since the beginning of the equal rights movement, the perceived meaning of the word discrimination has shifted from that of a useful virtue to one of an insulting, derogatory word. Robert Keith Miller wrote an essay for Newsweek in the summer of 1980 that focuses on the discrepancies in the use of the word discrimination. “Discrimination Is a Virtue” points out the differences in the dictionary’s definition of the word discrimination and the perceived societal definition of the word....   [tags: Virtues Discriminate Essays]

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Aristotle on Happiness and Virtue

- ... Aristotle’s work maintained practicality, which made a huge impact on upcoming moral philosophers. St. Thomas Aquinas and most of the other Christian philosophers were highly influenced by Aristotle’s work. Those people following the “Virtue Ethics" movement in the current era were, in fact, inspired by Aristotle himself. Arête & Eudaimonia The dictionary meaning of the Greek word ‘Eudaimonia’ is happiness. More accurately it means "living well” and "excellence". According to Aristotle, to achieve happiness is the ultimate goal of human life and it is the maximum goal (Carreras, 2011)....   [tags: ancient Greek philosophers]

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The On The Terms Of Goods And How Glaucon 's Definition Of Virtue Places It At The Lowest Category

- In this essay I will defend the claim that happiness in the terms of Eudaimonism is not a sufficient enough argument to answer Glaucon’s Challenge. In the first section, I will explain the challenge by describing the different classifications of goods and how Glaucon’s definition of virtue places it at the lowest category. In the second section I will explain the notion of happiness in terms of Eudaimonism and how it relates to the challenge. In the final section I will explain how Julia Annas’ connects virtue and happiness via Eudaimonism to answer Glaucon’s Challenge, but how her response is not sufficient enough to elevate virtue to a higher level of goodness....   [tags: Virtue, Ethics, Plato, Meaning of life]

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Linda Zagzebski: A Virtue Based Definition of Knowledge

- The philosopher, Linda Zagzebski, offers a virtue based definition of knowledge. She arrives at this definition by presenting numerous accounts of knowledge definitions that fail, explore why they fail, then shows how her theory satisfies knowledge criteria. Zagzebski defines knowledge by expressing the relationship between the subject and the truth proposition. A truth claim becomes knowledge when your state of belief makes cognitive contact with reality. What it is to know that you understand something is different from having a relationship with something....   [tags: Philosophy, Virtues]

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Effective Teachers are Inadequately Rewarded in the United States

- Effective teachers are inadequately rewarded in the United States. School districts, such as those in California, are just starting to implement merit pay. According to a study conducted by the National Center of Performance Incentives (NCPI), only about 500 school districts out of the 14,000 districts in the US implement merit pay for teachers. These numbers do not include private schools. Unfortunately, teachers, parents, and students hurt because many schools, private and public, base teacher pay on seniority and degrees rather than achievement and performance....   [tags: rewards, education, schooling]

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What is Virtue Epistemology?

- What is Virtue Epistemology. This paper functions as a brief introduction to virtue epistemology, a topic that has enjoyed a recent gain in popularity among analytic philosophers. Here I maintain that the defining feature of virtue epistemology is its focus on the intellectual virtues and vices rather than the evaluation of belief. What constitutes such a focus. And, what are the intellectual virtues. In the first section, I enumerate five different ways in which virtue epistemologists might focus on the virtues....   [tags: Philosophy Virtues Ethics Papers]

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What gets rewarded gets done

- What gets rewarded gets done A Psychological and behavioral explanation The nature of human behavior is, humans do things to satisfy their unmet needs in some way or the other. These needs may vary from the very basic such as hunger to reach the greater heights of life. Whatever it may be, when he realizes that some actions he takes lead to satisfy his needs, he tends to do them in a superior way, expecting the satisfaction of his needs in a greater manner. On the other hand, if a person perceives that the things he does are unable to take him to a state of satisfied on some need or want, and then it’s obvious that he does not want to continue the same action....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Ambition as a Virtue

- As renowned Greek philosopher Heraclitus put it, “Big results require big ambitions” (Heraclitus). Ambition, the very thought of the word brings a dissatisfied taste in millions of people mouths. But why does this virtue have such a horrific label. It doesn’t take a rocket scientist to know that ambition has inspired some of the world’s most powerful and influential human beings, whether from India or America, preacher or intellect, nun or slave, ambition has helped shape and reshape our planet and continues to build legacies, modern marvels, and motivate massive change....   [tags: not a demoralizing threat]

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The Moral And Intellectual Virtues

- Society as a whole is one that is often studied in a number of different ways. Since the beginning of our existence, philosophers and psychologist alike have been identifying what it is that causes our minds to determine what it is to be appropriate in our actions. Often our social interactions as well as our specific genetic structure influence the type of person we become. Our moral and intellectual virtues are the foundation of our decision making process. The developments of these given and learned virtues are most often the drivers we fall on in order to define our path towards happiness....   [tags: Virtue, Friendship, Virtue ethics]

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Virtue and Happiness

- Happiness is the goal of every human beings according to Aristotle, however what does happiness imply. It is in his attempt to define happiness and to find a way to attain it that Aristotle comes across the idea of virtue. It is thus necessary to explain the relationship between these two terms. I will start by defining the good and virtue and then clarify their close link with the argument of function, I will then go into more details in explaining the different ways in which they are closely related and finally I am going to give an account of the apparent contradiction in Book X which is a praise of the life of study....   [tags: Aristotle, Philosophy]

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Aristotle Views On Friendship As A Virtue, Or Involves Virtue

- ... One reason for why young people such as college students are more likely to make friends than old people is that they are always passionate and regards pleasure as a great quality for them to be happy. They make friends with pleasurable people not because the friends themselves, instead because those pleasurable friends can bring pleasure to them. Therefore, the friendship for both kinds of people who love their friends for utility and pleasure is a result of benefiting themselves in a certain condition as long as they love certain qualities from their friends....   [tags: Love, Interpersonal relationship, Friendship]

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Aristotle and Virtue: How People View The Virtue of Forgiveness

- After learning about Aristotle’s review of virtues, two of them stand out, justice and forgiveness. No one can touch justice or forgiveness, but you can see the outcomes when they are demonstrated. Justice and forgiveness are two different virtues that demand motion, with forgiveness it requires a deep feeling to let go, whereas with justice it requires an action a person takes. Forgiveness requires people to participate in a process of releasing bitterness, hate and anger toward someone or something....   [tags: justice, forgiveness, christians]

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Rape Rewarded in Octavia Butler’s Kindred

- Rape Rewarded in Octavia Butler’s Kindred “So you’ll be rid of the man and have possession of the woman just as you wanted,” I said with disgust. “Rape rewarded.” He turned his head toward me and peered at me through swollen eyes. “I begged her not to go with him,” he said quietly. “Do you hear me, I begged her!” I said nothing. I was beginning to realize that he loved the woman-to her misfortune. There was no shame in raping a black woman, but there could be shame in loving one.      Dana is brought back for the fourth time and this time five years has passed....   [tags: Octavia Butler Kindred]

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Should Justice be the Supreme Virtue of Societies

- Should Justice be the Supreme Virtue of Societies. Social justice is distributive. It operates under the principle that each person must get his or her due. However, it is quite contentious as to precisely what each person's due is and thus opens the debate as to what justice is. Moreover, once a definition of justice is agreed upon (in a particular state), the question may be raised of how important it is. Is justice salient, or is there another concept that transcends its authority....   [tags: Papers]

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Aristotle's Notion on Eudaimonia and Virtue

- In Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics he accounts that humans should make sacrifices and should ultimately aim first and foremost for their own happiness . In the paper I will argue that it is really in a person’s best interest to be virtuous . I will do this by first describing Aristotle’s notion on both eudaimonia and virtue , as well as highlighting the intimate relationship between the two . Secondly I will talk about the human role in society. Thirdly I will describe the intrinsic tie between human actions ....   [tags: Philosophy ]

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The Power of Virtue in Ancient Rome

- In ancient roman culture, being a man entailed much more than a difference in genitalia. In many ancient civilizations, a patriarchy was the main way to govern its citizens. Men were responsible for earning money, making decisions that could affect their household and/or their community, and fighting in battles that would inevitably change roman history. Ones reputation within their community would either make or break their ability to achieve certain goals in life. Whether it was to become a new merchant in the market, or to lead troops on their next expedition, a mans virtue controlled his fate....   [tags: Patriarchy, Government, Citizens, Roman Culture]

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The Pursuit of Virtue in Pride and Prejudice

- "Virtue" is truly a complex word - an element of the essence of man - that Jane Austen portrays in her novel “Pride and Prejudice”. Through a profound scrutiny of the character of the protagonists, and through her interpretation of how vanity, pride, and self - knowledge intervenes in the development of the virtue of the characters, Austen intends to show how human happiness is found by living in accordance with human dignity, which is a life in accordance with virtue. Austen creates a scenario where she allows the reader to identify a variety of persons, each of them with a certain and peculiar character....   [tags: Pride and Prejudice Essays]

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The Virtue of Prudency in American Politics

- Prudency, an essential virtue in which one strives to hold in high esteem in order to truly achieve a leadership role, especially in U.S politics. To be prudent is to obtain the ability of utilizing reason in order to govern oneself. As a result, how can one expect to be a leader and govern others if they do not posses the qualities to do so for him/herself. Therefore, prudency although a basic virtue, serves as the foundation in which ignites the enhancement of ones skills and ultimately makes or breaks a leader, separating people into two categories, those who govern, and those who are governed....   [tags: political science]

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The Virtue of Generosity by Aristotle

- In Nicomachean Ethics, generosity is the third virtue Aristotle examines. He directly addresses the idea of generosity to be the mean of wealth, meaning anything whose worth is measured by money. As presented by Aristotle, generosity is the intermediate of wastefulness and ungenerosity, wastefulness being the excess and ungenerosity being the deficiency. This virtue however, does not come naturally; generosity can arise through habit and takes experience as well as time. While generosity appears to be an important virtue, it is not the most essential virtue to one’s well being....   [tags: wastefulness, habit, perfect]

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Is Virtue Sufficient for Happiness?

- IS VIRTUE SUFFICIENT FOR HAPPINESS. There is much debate over the right path to happiness in life dating back to early civilization in the Roman Empire. Majority of people believe that happiness can only be achieved by material things such as; wealth, political power, fancy cars and so forth, whereas others believe that striving for pleasure and success ultimately yields happiness. Liberal education tends to take a conceptual approach to teaching the importance of virtues, whereas vocational studies tend to have a more practical approach....   [tags: Philosophers, Seneca, Materialism]

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The Theory of Innate Virtue

- Throughout the dialogue of “Meno”, Socrates inquires what virtue is and whether virtue is innate, acquired through learning, or received as a gift from the gods (Jowett, 1949). After some discussion with Meno, Socrates first proposes the theory that virtue is innate. Subsequently the knowledge of innate virtue is of a priori knowledge, which is in turn contingent on a priori justification (Russell, 2011). A priori knowledge is knowledge that rests on a priori justification. A priori justification is a type of epistemic justification that is, in some sense, independent of experience....   [tags: Philosophy]

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Pride: A Virtue Not a Sin

- 1) Well, I believe that pride is a virtue and not a sin. Pride is a stage where an individual thinks highly of himself. This individual is happy within his own norms, values, and desires. They are happy about their own characteristics and no one else can do anything to mess that up. A virtue means excellence of pride (according to St. Augustine). Virtue also means something that is right and just. Some religions are cultures of their own. Every culture wants people to follow their way of life over someone else's....   [tags: Sociology ]

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Diligence Is A Virtue By Atul Gawande

- Diligence is a virtue. This is a theme Atul Gawande presents to the reader throughout Better: A Surgeon’s Notes on Performance. In each story, Gawande provides insight on medical studies he has previously embarked upon. For example, in “The Mop-up” the author tells us about a time when he went to India to observe the efforts to eradicate polio. Gawande explains how he followed a supervisor around and how vaccinations were performed. Additionally, in another chapter he debates on whether physicians should take part in death sentences....   [tags: Physician, Medicine, Hippocrates, Atul Gawande]

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Love Is Portrayed As An Inaccessible Virtue

- ... According to Simone de Beauvoir, women are conditioned to abandon the pursuit of individualism. In The Second Sex, de Beauvoir affirms, “that from puberty, the girl loses ground in intellectual and artistic fields” (346). Additionally, she states that the woman is expected to add, “the duties that femininity implies”, such as housework and childrearing, to her life, while men are not. These statements imply that the woman will never actualize her social status. She will be rendered to an eternal state of subjugation and unhappiness....   [tags: Love, Marriage, Simone de Beauvoir, Adultery]

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Nicomachean Ethics: Ruminations on Virtue

- ... There are two different categories of virtue: intellectual and moral. Moral virtues can only be learned through experience, the individual must learn these types of virtues by observing them in others complete acquisition after practicing the observed behavior and then repeating it. Intellectual virtues, are explicitly instructed to us, (e.g. laws, rules) and full acquisition of these virtues requires both time to pass (to become intellectually prepared to understand the meaning) and experience....   [tags: aristotle, , reasoning, humans]

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Truth, Virtue, Morality And Sin

- ... 139. As spirituality deteriorates, the nation that was founded on Christian principles begins to doubt the belief in God, which leads to a cynicism in truth itself. “We see in such cases that…faith has been discredited and unbelief has become fashionable. When a culture reaches this point, it becomes so out of touch with truth that masses of people deny outright the existence of God.” P. 148 Wilberforce. In Christianity, God is the author of all truth and from Him we derive the moral standards and codes ubiquitous in society; these principles are directly relayed in God’s word, the bible....   [tags: Religion, Morality, Christianity, Sin]

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Beowulf's Heroism - Virtue or Flaw?

- Beowulf's fight with the dragon is a puzzle. On the surface, it appears to be the hero's final victory, and a fitting end to his noble life. Yet, the circumstances surrounding the battle – Beowulf's disregard for his thanes' advice and the Geats' bleak future without their king – raise pointed questions about Beowulf and his motivations. No where else in the poem are the hero's actions portrayed as anything but right and good.ǂ Not surprisingly, this issue has drawn considerable critical attention....   [tags: Epic of Beowulf Essays]

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Integrity Is Considered A Moral Virtue

- Integrity is considered a moral virtue in which one practices honesty and strong ethical principles. Without practicing these daily, one would lose the sense of integrity and the transparent honest disrupting the harmony in their life. Integrity is the basis of someone’s reputation, what they believe in and how they are perceived by others.The definition of Integrity includes the qualities of being honest and fair. There are different many ways that people can receive the word integrity. People believe it 's a good thing, showing true and perfect characteristics that all human beings should have, while others believe it 's a negatively impacts someone’s “moral compass”, people can be seen...   [tags: Human, Morality, Ethics, Religion]

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Is Virtue All We Need?

- Is virtue all we need. Virtue epistemology is the theory that all of the things we believe are done so through an ethical process. They play an important role, in that our own personal experiences and intellectual facets are what drive this process. The fundamental idea of virtue epistemology is that knowledge is a form of a more general phenomenon, namely success through abilities. Which is turn means: knowledge is a cognitive achievement through cognitive abilities (perception, memory, experience, etc.)....   [tags: Epistemology, Truth, Belief, Plato]

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Vindictive Virtue in "The Scarlet Letter"

- The great American philosopher and more importantly the leader of the Transcendentalist movement Ralph Waldo Emerson once said advised society to “not go where the path may lead, go instead where there is no path and leave a trail.” In a sense, this philosophy was shared among the transcendentalists, as they all sought to search deep within themselves for spirituality, and a sense of individualism parting with the rational religious peoples of the previous century. Among these Nineteenth century rebels was Nathaniel Hawthorne, who conveyed his attitude in “The Scarlet Letter”, where young Hester Prynne must face a harsh society’s verdict in a personal affair that leaves Hester both scarred i...   [tags: Nathaniel Hawthorne, Literary Analysis]

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Traditional Virtue Of Chinese Culture

- Three Character Classic is a book recording Chinese classics, illustrating traditional virtue of Chinese culture, reminding us of how we should behave by our ancestors. One of the most representative sentence is that “Man at birth is fundamentally good in nature”. We tend to help those who suffer, not for anything solid but because we are born to be good. Because it is so well-written, people tend to remember the beauty of words, neglecting the importance of applying it in life. On 13 October 2011, two vehicle driver was plead guilty for the death of Wang Yue, a two-year-old girl, daughter of my cousin, who was later announced dead....   [tags: Bystander effect, Kitty Genovese]

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Socrates And Socrates About Virtue

- ... One will never know more than they know at birth. “A man cannot search for either what he knows or for what he does not know…nor for what he does not know, for he does not know what to look for” (Meno, 80e 2-6). From the second half of this quote we derive statement three of the dilemma, the statement which must be proven wrong to give any meaning to learning in this life. In order to solve Meno’s Dilemma one must prove a statement wrong. At first glance one can see two fairly obvious objections....   [tags: Knowledge, Epistemology, Learning, Plato]

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The Unexpected Virtue Of Ignorance

- ... This is in stark contrast to the average modern day film we get a broad overview of a combination of characters in witch most of the emotion runs together all of witch is fueled by the main character. Through the use of this individuated visual technique the viewer is not only shown the emotion of each individual but also the way each individual character interacts with each other. The intimate camera view is vital in mining out themes and in depth details in the relationships between each character....   [tags: Emotion, Psychology, Feeling, Protagonist]

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Virtue in Telemachus’ Life

- Telemachus is the son of Odysseus and Penelope in the Odyssey. He was raised without a father and this caused him not to have a strong male example in his life. He was forced to mature into a man on his own and become the man his father was. Telemachus is required to figure out ways to be honorable on his own and this causes him to have a deeper responsibility than the normal man of his age. In Telemachus’ life, he is able to mature into an adult man capable of making virtuous decisions and acting with the honor that is required of a virtuous man of the Greek world and Christian world....   [tags: Leadership Ability, Christian Standard]

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Liberty, Necessity, and Virtue

- To understand the politics we have, we must look at two philosophers who have shaped the ideas and politics of this world. Niccolò Machiavelli and Thomas Hobbes founded a new kind of political science that opposed the classical view of politics. Both of these men believed classical philosophy and Christianity focused on reaching imagined republics; these imagines republics were unreachable. Under these imagined republics men were held to high standards, men had to be virtuous; and men could not keep all the virtues because they lived in a world where men were not all good....   [tags: Machiavelli, Hobbes, Politics]

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Theological Virtue of Charity

- ... The theological virtue of charity revolves around three significant elements (Velde, 2006). These elements are a charity, faith and hope. To gain charity, faith and hope should be active to some significant levels to ensure that there is a means to an end. Charity is a critical aspect that activates the elements of faith and hope. However, to some extent, the three elements are not isolated. Hope and faith can be independent. However, charity depends the individual’s ability to have faith and to be hopeful....   [tags: Saint Thomas Aquinas]

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Ethical Virtue and Nobility

- Aristotle, in the Nicomachean Ethics, asserts that every ethical virtue aims at what is noble. In order to establish his definition of nobility, Aristotle takes the example of the virtue of courage. This virtue aims at what is noble, namely the common good, and this noble end is reached through courageous acts done by a brave man. There is a direct relationship between becoming good and loving what is noble. In order to become a good person, one must be conditioned to love what is noble and hate what is ignoble....   [tags: Ethics]

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