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The Tatler and the Spectator

- During the early part of the 1700's Joseph Addison, the Tatler and Sir Richard Steele, the Spectator, came together to write The Tatler and the Spectator. Through their hardships of life they came about understanding what others were feeling and the actions that they took. They documented five hundred and fifty-five essays that were depicted from the world around them. They used the feeling of   love to show about human nature and what it did to achieve its goals. Through stories, such as "Jilts and their Victims", "Country Festival", "For Whom the Bell Tolls", "Knowledge and Time", and "Reasons" Addison and Steele show what they know about life and the power they had publishing it....   [tags: Tatler and the Spectator Essays]

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Tennis Is The Most Major Spectator Sport

- Tennis is one of the most popular sports in the world, mainly due to its ease of play and universal appeal. It is also an Olympic sport which is played at all levels of society and at all ages. Aside to that, tennis is the most major spectator sport because of the four Grand Slam tournaments: the Australian Open, the French Open, Wimbledon and the US Open. Going back in history, the earliest form of tennis was seen in a game created by the 12th century French monks, who were looking for entertainment inside the monastery....   [tags: Tennis, Grand Slam, French Open, Game]

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Spectator Violence Today

- Spectator Violence Today Spectator violence in sports is everywhere, and it is on the rise. Just a few weeks ago a San Francisco Giants baseball fan was fatally stabbed and his friend beaten unconscious by three men following the game Barry Bonds hit his 700th home run against the San Diego Padres. The Washington Redskins-Philadelphia Eagles game on September 20th was delayed when the Eagles had to leave their bench when a cloud of pepper spray drifted on the field as a result of the police using it to stop fights between fans....   [tags: Papers]

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1462 words | (4.2 pages) | Preview

Addison's Use of The Spectator to Influence Opinions

- Addison's Use of The Spectator to Influence Opinions During the eighteenth century the periodical joined its readership into a union of collective thoughts with the ability to influence the political, social and financial world around them. In the periodical Spectator No. 69, Joseph Addison creates a persona that reveals a new diverse society of merchants who created the Royal Exchange and who rivaled the powers of Parliament and past Monarchies over the British domains....   [tags: Sociology]

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Colonialism via Globalism in Joseph Addison’s The Spectator No.69

- The first step of globalisation is colonisation. When looked at the beginnings of colonisation, however, the vice versa of the sentence is the case. The first step of colonisation is globalisation. As the European countries started discovering new lands and grew accustomed to thinning their borderlines for trade, they gradually found out about a more profitable way, that is, colonising wherever they found weaker than themselves. Only when the colonised nations woke up and fought for their own borders the colonisation came to an end....   [tags: international trading in colonization]

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1337 words | (3.8 pages) | Preview

The Mathematics of Magic

- For the purposes of the exploration, volunteers will be labeled, Spectator A, Spectator B, Spectator C, and Spectator D. Throughout this exploration, the coins used will be in CAD. The magician brings $1.96 to a table, consisting of six pennies, six nickels, six dimes, and four quarters. Spectator A is asked to pick up one coin. Spectator B is asked to pick up a different valued coin. This process is repeated for Spectator C and Spectator D. Then, the performer asks Spectator D to pick up coins which adds up to four times the value of the original coin taken....   [tags: magician, coins, spectator]

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Cyberporn and Pornography - Sex Should Not be a Spectator Sport

- Pornography - Sex Should Not be a Spectator Sport   Some adults recall the days in the early Sixties with a certain nostalgia, as a time when people were still aware of the distinction between pornography and erotic art, and when erotic books and films could pass the censor only if a case could be made for their artistic value. Everything changed very suddenly, according to the poet Philip Larkin:   Sexual intercourse began In nineteen sixty-three. Between the end of the Chatterley ban And the Beatles' first LP....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Essays]

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The Gods, and Zeus Especially, as Spectators in the Iliad

- As spectators we are normally passive onlookers of the action taking place. The only influence we can have over the outcome is by making the participants aware of our support by cheering, or of our anger and frustration at an action by chanting and booing. We place our trust in the officials and referees to ensure that strict guidelines and rules are adhered to throughout the action. As spectators we are also commentators expressing our opinions regarding the actions of the participants and the officials....   [tags: trojans, zeus, poseidon]

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Journalism backs the Entertainment and Advertising Moment

- As part of pop culture’s largest entertainment and advertising movement, magazine journalism and publishing is a profession based on research, writing and reproof that I feel led to pursue because of the desires and talents that god has blessed me with. Journalism is the action of providing citizens with the information they need to stay independent, free, and self-governing. This main focus has remained constant throughout journalism’s long history. Although journalism has been stretched to a new level, as anyone with basic writing skills and technology may call themselves journalist, the definition remains the same that it is the sending out of new information to the people that they might...   [tags: advertisements, entertainment, journalism, ]

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1835 words | (5.2 pages) | Preview

Objections Of The Croquette And Hoop Skirt

- While reading selections from The Tatler and The Spectator, two subjects that I found most interesting were that of the coquette and her place in society, and also that of fashion, in particular, the hoop skirt. The Webster’s Dictionary defines a coquette as "a woman who flirts." One of the reasons why ‘she’ appears so frequently in these essays is because these men sense a danger in them. The croquette is a figure of self-sufficiency and 18th century women were not supposed to be self-sufficient....   [tags: essays research papers]

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561 words | (1.6 pages) | Preview

How Cinematic Identification is Used to Position the Spectator in Relation to Race, Gender, and Sexuality in Far From Heaven

- How Cinematic Identification is Used to Position the Spectator in Relation to Race, Gender, and Sexuality in Far From Heaven “The experience of being able to put oneself so deeply into a character -feel oneself to be so like the character- that one can feel the same emotions and experience the same events as the character is supposed to be feeling and experiencing” (Ellis, J,1982: 43). Cinematic identification involves two different tendencies. Firstly there is the dreaming and fantasy that involves the multiple and contradictory tendencies within the construction of the individual....   [tags: Papers]

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Impact that Television Images have Over Spectators

- In this article, Druckman, J.N. (2003) evaluated the impact that television images have over spectators when evaluating each debater. By comparing the results of an audio (radio), and audio-visual (television) presentation of the same debate we are able to understand the real effects that television has on voters’ decision. The first Kennedy vs. Nixon debate is the perfect example to assess this problem. This debate is one of the best known in history not only because it was the first televised debate, but because of the controversy that created on society....   [tags: televised debates, kennedy vs nixon debate]

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The Magazine Industry’s Top 5

- Magazines have been circulating since 1663 when the first magazine, Edifying Monthly Discussions appeared in Germany. This magazine would be called a literary journal today and was targeted toward an elite, literate audience. The three most influential literary journals in England in the early 18th century were Review, Tatler and Spectator. Ironically the first periodical to use the word magazine in its title was Gentleman’s Magazine in 1731, which was a predecessor to Reader’s Digest. American magazines were slow to emerge, because people did not have the time to read them....   [tags: Media, History]

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Correlation in Media Coverage of Sports and the Acceptance of Violence by Spectators and Competitors

- Hard checks, high-impact hits, rough blows, knockouts, crushing tackles; some violence occurs naturally in some sports. Those naturally violent sports (e.g., football, hockey, soccer, wrestling, and boxing) with all that aggression and violence excites audiences and enhance enjoyment. However, aggression and violence in sporting competitions are clearly becoming an issue. Destructive aggression is often deliberate and frequently encouraged by coaches, spectators, and teammates. This aggression in becoming increasing accepted by the public and ever popular in today’s sporting events....   [tags: aggression, players, television]

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826 words | (2.4 pages) | Preview

Nanotechnology Use in Sports

- Research Method Scope The main target of this research are two main groups, the spectators and the athletes. These are two important stakeholders being affected by decisions related to nanotechnology’s use in sports. The fans and spectators of sports were reached through an online survey. By posting the survey on multiple websites and forums I was able to reach out to different people in different countries and get a representative opinion about the given issue. The athletes on the other hand were approached through a focus group and one-on-one interviews....   [tags: spectators and athletes]

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Aggression in Sports

- Aggression and violence by players and fans has become permeated in almost every type of sport. We as a society has become increasingly accepting and even demanding of this deviant behavior. Media’s role in the acceptance of aggression and violence by competitors and spectators is the question. Newspapers devote entire sections to cover sporting events for fans. Television’s sports commentators contribute dramatic, opinionate commentaries to pre-game, game and post-game sporting events. Whether we like to admit it or not, the media has aided in the development of the public’s belief systems....   [tags: violence, competitor, spectators]

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A Textual Analysis of a Scene from Now Voyager and its Effects on Male and Female Spectators

- As Laura Mulvey states in her article "Visual Pleasure and the Narrative Cinema", the cinema operates as an "advanced representation system" that offers pleasure in the act of looking, what she classifies as scopophilia or voyeurism (Mulvey 484). Through the cinematic experience, one may sit in a dark theatre and derive pleasure from looking without being seen. As E. Ann Kaplan describes in the introduction to her book Women and Film, within this act of gazing there are three looks: "(i) within the film text itself, men gaze at women, who become objects of the gaze; (ii) the spectator, in turn is made to identify with this male gaze, and to objectify the women on screen; and (iii) the camer...   [tags: Movies Now Voyager Essays]

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The Tayler 's Family First Baby

- Olivia is the Tayler 's family first baby. She 2 years and 4 months old. She was born in Hackensack Hospital and was 7lb and 8oz. She is a very pretty girl with blue eyes, but doesn 't show them to you if you make eye contact. She starts to develop communication skills normally from the first day of birth and then regresses between 18-24 months. She was using worlds such as "mommy" and "up" and then she stopped using language entirely. At the same age, she stops playing social games she used to enjoy, such as peek-a-boo, patty cake, or waving "bye-bye"....   [tags: Family, Mother, Father, Parent]

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Elizabeth Catlett And Other Artists At The Taller De Graffica

- The idea that art can be a service to people- most importantly a service to poor and disenfranchised people is one that may be disputed by some. However, Elizabeth Catlett and other artists at the taller de Graffica Popular have proved that art could be made to service the poor. Catlett in particular is someone who has always used her art to advocate for the poor and fight injustices. While her activism and political views were very impactful, they were also very controversial. Catlett`s art and activism influenced African American and Latin American art by changing the narratives of Black and Brown working class women....   [tags: African American, Black people, Latin America]

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The Role of Gender and Ethnicity in Perceptions of Rape and Its Aftereffects by L Schneide

- An Elderly woman, normally a target in an unsafe neighborhood, carries a satchel of cash. It is the receipt of today's betting and the neighborhood knows robbing her would result in punishment that would be swift and certain, unlike the legal system. The retaliation preserves the mob's reputation and honor. The threat precludes an attack in the first place. Ed Vega's "Spanish Roulette" is about retaliation to preserve honor after a rape. The story is about Sixto, a peace-loving Spanish poet. Lino, a local gang member and drug dealer, rapes Sixto’s sister Mandy....   [tags: tamler sommers, gender, ethnicity]

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Outline Of A Research On The Height Of Sun Trees That Are Taller Than 1.35 Meters Above The Forest

- Research Saplings are young trees that are taller than 1.35 meters above the forest floor and no more than 10.16 centimetres diameter at breast height(1). Saplings are in a stage of growth, which means that different parts of the plants are changing. I am interested in seeing how one particular aspect of growth impacts another. Purpose My purpose is to see if there is a relationship between the height in cm of saplings and the DBH (diameter at breast height) in centimetres of saplings using the data taken from Landcare Research NZ Ltd....   [tags: Regression analysis, Statistics, Prediction, Tree]

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1686 words | (4.8 pages) | Preview

The Advantages of Homeschool

- The American public education system has many flaws and deficiencies. Issues range from academic to financial crisis. John Tayler Gatto even contemplates whether compulsory schooling is a benefit or a detriment in his essay “Against School.” According to him, school-based education hinders and restricts students’ wit and creativity. He insists that schools have failed to offer proper education. For him, instead of the “long-term, cell-block-style, forced confinement” as means of education, “autonomy” should be the basis and foundation of learning (301)....   [tags: american public education, john tayler gatto]

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Taller Fences Will NOT Put an End to School Violence

- Do high schools manufacture students or prisoners. The Columbine High School shootings in Littleton, Colorado pressed into the minds of Americans that the presence of violence in our high schools is real, and if not dealt with effectively, will continue to plague the secondary school system. As a result, school administrators increased measures of safety at their respective schools, mainly in urban areas. These measures include, but are not limited to, metal detectors, surveillance cameras and security personnel.....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Argument Essays]

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1731 words | (4.9 pages) | Preview

Black Swan Analysis

- According to Munsterberg’s film theory, the motion picture is an original medium in that it aesthetically stimulates the spectator’s senses. Although both still picture and theatrical play can possibly leave images on the spectator’s retina or brain, each element of motion picture, including camera angle and work, lighting, editing, music, and the story itself, appeals to somewhere more than just retina or brain— the element of motion picture truly operates upon the spectator’s mind. Speaking of Darren Aronofsky’s Black Swan, the film unfolds a story of physically and mentally repressed ballerina’s life....   [tags: Film Analysis]

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1271 words | (3.6 pages) | Preview

The Role of Women in Society Expressed in a Magazine

- The Role of Women in Society Expressed in a Magazine I have analysed a magazine called ‘Tatler’ in order to observe women’s role in society. The definition of ‘Tatler’ is gossip and therefore telling us that the tone of this magazine is conversational. On the front cover, the title is in a turquoise colour and the model, which is also on the front cover, is wearing a turquoise colour. This shows a direct relation between the title and the model. The model has an article in a magazine therefore showing that this article is a gossip article which therefore shows that editors think women like conversational articles....   [tags: Papers]

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1142 words | (3.3 pages) | Preview

Camera Lucida, By Roland Barthes

- Roland Barthes, Camera Lucida, explores the stream of consciousness Barthes experiences when viewing his Winter Garden photo. The photo depicts his mother as a child and how Barthes decides to handle the understanding of this image. For this essay my Winter Garden photo will be titled The Father. This essay will be an attempt to work through the ideas and vocabulary used by Barthes in understanding his own photo. In 1995 a photo was taken of my father and myself, referred further as The Father....   [tags: Photography, Photograph, Roland Barthes, Image]

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1832 words | (5.2 pages) | Preview

The Role of Media on Aggression

- Overview of Literature Review A review of spectator aggression research will be examined in this study. Two separate research studies indicated that spectator aggression was swayed by media propaganda. In one study the much heated anticipation of rival teams drew more fan perceived violence than the non-rival teams. In a similar study where fans perceived more violence in scripted play versus unscripted play also highlighted media’s influence. Whereas, “scripted” violence being the violence mostly planned and composed....   [tags: sports, acceptance of aggression]

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1181 words | (3.4 pages) | Preview

Taxpayer 's Best Chance For Recovery For His Injuries Against The Bongo

- Joe Taxpayer can make claims for recovery for his injuries against the Bongo, the City of Milwaukee, the Milwaukee Does and its owners, and the National Basketball Association (NBA). Taxpayer’s best chance of recovery against all possible defendants will be based on theories of negligence. Determinations of liability under negligence will be fact intensive and likely by left to a jury to decide. Although placing a chance of recovery on a jury is unpredictable, it is likely that Taxpayer will be successful in his claims of negligence against Bongo and the Milwaukee Bucks but unsuccessful in any claim against the City of Milwaukee....   [tags: Tort law, Tort, Common law, Reasonable person]

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Sports in the Middle East In Comparison to Sports In the West

- Sports in the Middle East In Comparison to Sports In the West With regard to sports, not all parts of the world are created equally. Different parts, or regions of this planet follow different sports and participate in different sports for that matter as well. While in America, you can basically narrow it down to three popular sports, for the country as a whole. Football, baseball, and basketball, with ice hockey, soccer, and tennis probably fairly close behind, in terms of popularity. In the Middle East, sporting preferences differ greatly among the surrounding countries, with the exception of the top sport, soccer....   [tags: Athletics, Soccer]

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1865 words | (5.3 pages) | Preview

Feminism, Sexism, Patriarchy, And Patriarchy

- Feminist speculations can be traced back to the 1300’s, where women, often, were expected to follow traditional, gendered norms. Margery Kempe is a representation that presents how women were objectified. In correlation to the second feminist wave, the idea of misogyny and patriarchy concepts, can be interpreted through the anti-patriarchal woman, Margery, who serves as a critical spectator throughout her novel. Kempe is portrayed as a hysteria woman that elaborates the misogyny, patriarchy and norms in the Middle age time....   [tags: Gender role, Gender, Woman, Feminism]

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1125 words | (3.2 pages) | Preview

Cinema of Attractions: The Features of 1906 Cinema

- According to Gunning (1986), spectacle dominates narrative in the early film-making industry (p. 59), whilst this is the most significant feature in the conception of “cinema of attraction”. When film-making is still at the exploration stage, attempting to play with the new technology and produce films of different genres, most of the works before 1906 present the characteristics of “cinema of attractions” introduced by Gunning. Cinema pre-1906 attempts to show the actuality or perform directly and explicitly to the spectators, instead of narrating a story....   [tags: film-making, cinema, camera position]

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1330 words | (3.8 pages) | Preview

The Importance Of Crime And Its Influencing Distribution On An Ordinary Citizen

- « What is crime? » is the general question of this class but also the principal inquiry for my final paper. First of all, I search to understand the meaning of the crime not in order to prevent or fight crime in the immediate future, but I search for the reply to the question, Why some of us ( become) are criminals, and some are not, in case of being ( finding themselves) in the same conditions. Which are the guidelines and the rules limitation, as well as the psychologic explanations of the possibles factors, which will lead someone to commit a crime....   [tags: Crime, Criminal justice, Criminology]

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Feminism, By Margery Kempe

- Who knew that Margery could set an example for women in the Middle age time. Feminist speculations can be traced back to the 1300’s, where women, often, were expected to follow traditional, gendered norms. Margery Kempe is a representation that presents how women were objectified. In correlation to feminism, the idea of misogyny and patriarchy concepts can be interpreted through the anti-patriarchal woman, Kempe, who serves as a critical spectator through her novel. Kempe is portrayed as a hysterical woman that endures through the misogynistic, patriarchy and traditional norms in the Middle age time society....   [tags: Gender role, Gender, Misogyny, Woman]

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1216 words | (3.5 pages) | Preview

The Nature Of The Challenges Site Specific Theatre Presents

- In this essay I will be exploring the nature of the challenges Site-Specific theatre presents. It is ever growing as a genre with practitioners such as Punchdrunk and Station House Opera leading the way in the UK, as performances not set in conventional theatre buildings are becoming increasingly popular. Conventional theatres provide a comfortable performance arena with unspoken rules an audience adheres to, as explored by Nicolas Bourriaud in Relational Aesthetics suggesting that ‘forms, patterns and functions’ of artistic activity ‘develop and evolve according to periods and social contexts’ (Bourriaud, 1998, p1 )....   [tags: Performance, Performing arts, Theatre]

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1195 words | (3.4 pages) | Preview

Economics Of Sport During Thi Time

- Economics of sport during thi time was likely a driving factor for Hanlan and Gaudaur 's antics. The cycle of exclusion in England existed because the empowered elites created and maintained it – no such exclusion was established in Canadian rowing, providing employment for labourous working class athletes. It is estimated that Hanlan 's worth (from both direct prizes, and betting earnings) would be in the range of 10-20 million dollars in today 's currency. In terms of a career, Riess criticized the perception of sport as an opportunity for social mobility in this time period, though his focus is on the iterations of Major League Baseball (MLB) and the National Football League (NFL)....   [tags: Professional sports, Amateur sports]

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1845 words | (5.3 pages) | Preview

American Beauty by Sam Mendes

- American Beauty by Sam Mendes This essay has problems with formating      In American Beauty, 1999, directed by Sam Mendes, we are confronted with the permeating images that have consumed mainstream American life. Mendes exploits these images as constructions that we created around ourselves as a means of hiding our true selves. Mendes is able to implicate us in the construction and make us active viewers by exploiting our voyeuristic nature. In American Beauty Mendes uses the voyeuristic tendencies of the spectator to acknowledge the permeating constructed images....   [tags: Film Movies]

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Fan Violence: Whos To Blame?

- “These people want to hurt you. It’s frightening. You feel like you’re in a cage out there”. Reggie Smith, (Berger, 1990). Spectator violence at sporting events has been recorded throughout history. People who have power over the events, often team owners, indirectly influence the amount of spectator violence by encouraging the factors contributing to violence, in order to benefit themselves. Sale of alcohol, encouraging crowd intensity, creating rivalries, and targeting social groups, are factors affecting the degree of spectator violence and can be proven to be influenced by the owner’s actions....   [tags: essays research papers]

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2400 words | (6.9 pages) | Preview

The Importance of Narrative Scripts through Being John Malkovich

- Being John Malkovich turns the ideas of screen theory into a narrative in order to draw criticism on spectatorship, and break down concepts such as the male gaze and the cinematic apparatus. In the beginning of the film, Craig is living in the Imaginary, spending hours with his art. Lotte suggests to him that he should go out and find a real job, which he does at Lester Corp. But the Imaginary that Craig lives in is stable compared to the “real” world, or the Symbolic, where everything is seemingly off or strange....   [tags: apparatus, male gaze, spectatorship]

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How did Brecht make use of character and audience in order to successfully relay his socio-political messages?

- Bertolt Brecht was a renowned German theatre practitioner and dramatist whose works are credited as having been at the leading edge of 20th century theatre. Being a socialist-Marxist, Brecht he was deeply concerned with the society in which he lived, and so desired to change the way people both thought and acted towards their fellow man. His concept of the Epic Theatre sought to dramatically change the way in which theatre is to be performed, opposing many of the 19th century dramatic conventions outlined for the ‘well-made play’....   [tags: Character Analysis]

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Constructing Fantasy in Hitchcock's Vertigo

- Constructing Fantasy in Hitchcock's Vertigo The amount of critical analysis surrounding Alfred Hitchcock's Vertigo is itself dizzying, but as the film has recently been restored, it seems appropriate to provide it with a fresh critical reading. The purpose of this paper then, is to draw this film out of the past with a reading that offers not only a new way of understanding it, but a close look at the culture that produced it. Specifically, Vertigo offers its most exciting ideas when contextualized in a culture of consumerism....   [tags: Alfred Hitchcock Vertigo Essays]

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3270 words | (9.3 pages) | Preview

When Being On A Team

- When being on a team it is a great way to make new friends. When you are not an athlete you can still make friends but sometimes it can be harder, when on a team you learn to work together and you learn about each other. While not on a team it takes more time to learn about each other. People have always found a way to make friends no matter what. Spectators can always judge others that have more going on in their lives. People who are on the side of the court or field always have dreamed that they could be out there or wish they could go back in time and be out there....   [tags: Debut albums, 2008 singles, Want, Need]

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1443 words | (4.1 pages) | Preview

Analysis of Still Life with Apples and Oranges by Paul Cezanne

- This assignment will provide an analysis of the Modernist artwork of Paul Cezanné's, Still-Life with Apples and Oranges (c.1899) within the art movement of Impressionism. The analysis will be based upon the aesthetic and ideological underpinnings of the avant-garde. This will be done with reference to the writings of Charles Harrison and Clement Greenberg. Firstly, Modernism and the avant-garde will be discussed as defined by Harrison and Greenberg as the introduction to the discussion of the chosen artwork of Cezanné, followed by the analysis of the artwork with reference to the writings and how Cezanné's artwork and artistic characteristics and personal views attribute to Still-Life with A...   [tags: charles harrison, modernis, painting, artwork]

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The Truman Show vs Rear Window

- What are the issues of watching and voyeurism in film. The intention of this essay is to discuss both films (The Truman Show, 1998 and Rear Window, 1954) alongside established theoretical criticism (Laura Mulvey and Norman K. Denzin) in an attempt to demonstrate how the issues of watching and voyeurism, as seen in todays mainstream Hollywood cinema, both engages and entices the spectator and to look at how the definition of the voyeur has changed. Before entering into a discussion about voyeurism in Rear Window and The Truman Show, an understanding of what is meant by ‘the dynamics of voyeurism’ in film must be attempted....   [tags: film, movie, compare, contrast]

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1709 words | (4.9 pages) | Preview

How Mother Courage And Her Children

- In order to discuss how Mother Courage and her Children is a piece of epic theatre, I must first define it. Roland Barthes stated “In epic theatre (which proceeds by successive tableaux) all the burden of meaning and pleasure bears on each scene, not on the whole. At the level of the play itself, there is no meaning, no maturation: there is an ideal meaning (given straight in every tableau), but there is no final meaning, nothing but a series of segmentations, each of which possesses a sufficient demonstrative power.” Brecht has said that it can best be described by Döblin who “provided an excellent criterion when he said that with an epic work, as opposed to a dramatic, one can as it were...   [tags: Bertolt Brecht, Epic theatre, Theatre]

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1279 words | (3.7 pages) | Preview

The Creation of Excitement in Sports Commentaries

- ... In the Farah example, this is partly achieved using deixis, which involves “a variety of… grammatical features tied directly to the circumstances of utterance” (Levinson 1983:54). The terms can only be interpreted using contextual knowledge, as they have no fixed reference and are dependent on the situation. By using words like “there” (e.g. line 8), “here” (9) and “this” (e.g. line 25), the commentator is reinforcing audience co-presence as such language can only be understood if the addressees share a contextual environment....   [tags: london olympics, tv coverage]

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1512 words | (4.3 pages) | Preview

Film Bodies: Genre, Gender and Excess

- Film scholar and gender theorist Linda Williams begins her article “Film Bodies: Genre, Gender and Excess,” with an anecdote about a dispute between herself and her son, regarding what is considered “gross,” (727) in films. It is this anecdote that invites her readers to understand the motivations and implications of films that fall under the category of “body” genre, namely, horror films, melodramas, (henceforth referred to as “weepies”) and pornography. Williams explains that, in regards to excess, the constant attempts at “determining where to draw the line,” (727) has inspired her and other theorists alike to question the inspirations, motivations, and implications of these “body genre”...   [tags: Linda Williams, film, gross]

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2633 words | (7.5 pages) | Preview

Sports, Games, and Pastimes of the Elizabethan Era

- The sports, games, and pastimes of the time of Shakespeare have not just been set aside and paid no attention to, but they have been effectively abandoned and omitted. The Elizabethan hobbies have been thoroughly overshadowed by many modern sports such as baseball, football, soccer, hockey, and an abundant amount of other games. The 16th century English pastimes included many activities that were impeccable examples of both simplicity and amusement intertwined. With all of these amusing yet transparent games, the era was most acknowledged for theater- a prominent art that is still valued today....   [tags: Inhumane, Bloody]

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1400 words | (4 pages) | Preview

Beauty Is Consider As You Have A Good Figure, The Looks, And Style

- What is beauty. Beauty is consider as you have a good figure, the looks, and style. According to the book “Plato Symposium” by Robin Waterfield, Socrates argues that beauty comes from love to desire of getting back what is taken from them, where they lack in beautiful or good things. As where Agathon thinks love is a beauty from what you see in your eyes. For Diotime, the priestess, who “…argue that knowledge of beauty begins with direct experience of particular cases and knowledge of the abstract form of beauty is the highest and final stage, distilled from everyday experience” (Ilien)....   [tags: Beauty, Aesthetics, Human physical appearance]

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Realism and Film Form

- The Ancient Egyptian Art is regarded as an icon of greatness. More than imposing a culture, it suggests the genuine wish to seek immortality. The mummy complex, as Bazin refers to , constitutes the ground of what is known as “civilization”, and eventually art, and what translates into human’s metaphysical desire to perpetuate existance beyond death. The argument of immortality as a determination for ancient and modern art as well as civilastion is developed by Stephen Cave in his book “Seeking immortality” through four narrative paths, for which he establishes the following starting point: All living things seek to perpetuate themselves into the future, but humans seek to perpetuate themselv...   [tags: cinematography, movie making]

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The Magician Behind the Magic

- Do you remember how David Copperfield makes the Statue of Liberty disappeared. Do you remember how he penetrated the Great Wall of China. And do you remember how a famous street magician David Blaine stayed in an ice tank without eating and drinking for seven days in the street of London. These famous magicians are great. However, we all know that magic is false, why the magicians are so successful. People might think that is because they are so fraudulent when they do a trick, they have a pair of extremely nimble and sensitive hand that even faster than our eyes....   [tags: magic, ]

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Sexual Difference and Looking Through the Eyes of Mulvey, Penley, and Hitchcock

- Even though Mulvey presents some intriguing points on how psychoanalysis affects the way gender is viewed in regards to the look, her writing is restricted and one-dimensional in comparison to Constance Penley’s article, “Feminism, Film Theory, and the Bachelor Machines” (1985). Penley begins by focusing on the idea of the “bachelor machine:” a practice used from approximately 1850-1925 where “numerous artists, writers, and scientists imaginatively or in reality constructed anthropomorphized machines to represent the relation of the body to the social, the relation of sexes to each other, the structure of the psyche, or the workings of history.” It is a perpetually moving, self-sufficient s...   [tags: feminism, film theory, bachelor machines]

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Analysis Of The Poem ' The Thanatopsis Of Emily Dickinson '

- The Thanatopsis of Emily Dickinson Li Ke School of Foreign Languages, CWNU, Nanchong, China, 637009 Abstract: Emily Dickinson is the greatest female poet in American literature who leaves a large number of questions to the researchers. She wrote about 1775 poems in her whole life. In these works, there are more than 500 of them concerned about “death”. In this essay we will talk about the thanatopsis of Emily Dickinson in her work. We will talk about the thanatopsis from three aspects: the classification, the thanatopsis in her works and the cause of her thanatopsis....   [tags: Poetry, Edgar Allan Poe, Emily Dickinson, Writing]

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Violence in Sports

- Violence is defined as the use of excessive physical force, which causes or has obvious potential to cause harm or destruction to an individual. Violence in sports comes in many forms, and divides into social and cultural factors related to the sport ethic, gender ideology, the dynamics of social class and race, and the tactics used in sports. Violence in sports has gone too far because sports violence has become so severe in sports, that players are injured each years. However, in sports some violence has become entertaining for the fans and fans would begin their own violence around with other fans that support opposing teams to win....   [tags: Sports Violence ]

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Man's Dark Nature in Film

- From the beginning of cinema to the present day, Hollywood has had a morbid fascination with the dark, shadowy side of society. This is reflected in many films of the past, inherently most evident in the German expressionistic films of the 1920’s and 30’s. In a sense, society’s fascination with the macabre stems from their fears and anxieties. Thus, allowing filmmakers and storytellers to toy with their fears and horrify them like a terrible nightmare that comes to life. Most people in today’s society have a fear of the unknown, this can stem from natural factors like growing old and dying to such terrifying abnormal factors that may be real or not....   [tags: Film Analysis ]

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My Experience At High School

- For as long as I can remember, I have been involved in many sports. I tried out my fair share of sports from cheerleading to basketball and everything in between. Up until graduating for high school, I only knew what it was like to be the one participating in the sport. After this chapter of my life, known as sports, was over, I learned how different it was to be a spectator rather than a participant. Growing up through elementary school through high school, I was always involved in basketball....   [tags: High school, College, Middle school, Basketball]

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The Male Gaze of Film and the Passive Glance of TV

- Theorist Laura Mulvey is notorious for her claims about the nature of cinematic enjoyment. In “Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema”, she concludes that a spectator experiences two main pleasures in viewing conventional Hollywood films: (1) a voyeuristic pleasure, constituted from considering a female figure in an objectified, sexual way, and (2) a narcissistic pleasure, arising from identification with a male protagonist and his ‘gaze’. (Mulvey 62) Central to her argument is Mulvey’s emphasis on the voyeuristic quality of the viewer’s ‘gaze’: it is an erotic look of power and of objectification, held from a distance, based on the fetishization of the female body....   [tags: Movie Film Essays]

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The Effects Of Baseball On Baseball Player Performance

- In the immortal words of Yogi Berra, “Baseball is ninety percent mental, and the other half is physical.” Although perhaps not mathematically correct, there is no doubt that the mental side of baseball plays a huge role in the sport. One of the primary psychological components of America’s favorite pastime stems from one source: the fans. When a game consists of mainly these three psychological components, fans can easily affect the outcome of the player’s game. There is very little research focused on specifically measuring the effects of spectators on baseball player performance....   [tags: Baseball, Major League Baseball, Chicago Cubs]

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The Role of Women in Screwball Comedy Films

- The Role of Women in Screwball Comedy Films Joan Wilder: You're leaving. You're leaving me?. Jack Colton: You're gonna be all right, Joan Wilder. Yea. You always were. Like a contemporary Dorothy, Romancing the Stone's Joan Wilder must travel to Columbia and survive incredible adventures to learn that she had always been a capable and valuable person. Romancing the Stone (Robert Zemeckis, 1984) is part of a series of 1980s action comedies that disrupted previous expectations for female heroines....   [tags: Movies]

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Soccer Is A Sport?

- Watching the sport or playing the sport, Soccer, popularly called football, is a sport that is captivating to the eye. If I was asked to describe soccer to a person with no knowledge about the sport well this is what I would say, the game of soccer is more sophisticated than the average sport. This is the only sport where physicality is not the only factor that influences the game. Not only that, soccer is the only sport apart from the Olympics that makes the world put aside their difference and unit for a cause....   [tags: Association football, Game, Video game console]

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How Arts Can Help Students Improved Different Areas Of Education

- Throughout time different forms of art had conveyed various meanings to many people. Whereas some people like to feel and create art in all of its forms for just admiration and/or inner enjoyment, some others separate themselves by focusing on finding or constructing a meaning that the own author or creator intended to communicate and disperse to society. Nevertheless, one thing that brings these very different types of people together, making them share one same idea, is that art is a very important aspect of our everyday life and that it should be exercised for the benefit and achievement of the full human potential....   [tags: Art, Music, Comics, Emotion]

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Dramatic Shift in Live Performance Strategies Within Digital Environments

- Initial Title: Dramatic shift in Live Performance strategies within digital environments Alternative titles: -Evaluating performance methodologies through the use of different media -Synchronicity of visual and stage mediums and their impact on performance Questions to explore: 1. The use of alternative media within the structure of live performance in order to represent parralel realities 2. The concept of space and time of the different mediums. 3. People’s perception of reality has changed....   [tags: Performing Arts]

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1461 words | (4.2 pages) | Preview

Song of Myself by Walt Whitmas

- Most people awake to a daily routine, in which they keep eyes dazed staring at the pavement they walk on yet so easily ignore. Usually, these same people go about their business with no more than a passing glance towards their fellow man. However, there is an enigmatic few that are more than mere pawns in the game of existence. They are passionate spectators who take in their surroundings with every sense. They rejoice in the vastness of the electric crowd and become one with it. By all means, these few can be called ‘idle city men’ or, according to Charles Baudelaire’s 1863 essay “The Painter of Modern Life”, they are flâneurs....   [tags: American Flaneur, painter of modern life]

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Deviance in the World of Sports

- Introduction There have been many studies geared towards sports, and sports violence or deviance. Many theorists contemplate what causes athletes to be violent. Within sports there are various types of violence such as player on player, coach and fan violence. When professional athletes act violently on or off the field it leaves an impression on the viewers in our world of entertainment. There are many forms of deviance in sports. Professional sports are valued greatly in our entertainment industry....   [tags: violent athletes]

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2029 words | (5.8 pages) | Preview

John Rupert Martin's "Baroque"

- This book by John Rupert Martin is a good introductory book in the understanding of Baroque artists and their tremendous variety. Martin defines the Baroque characteristics, but only very broadly leaving a significant amount of room for the reader to make his own deductions. In general, Martin believes that the typical definitions of the Baroque are "too restrictive and hence likely to create more problems of classification and interpretation than it solves." Even the time of the Baroque is left open to the reader when Martin says the Baroque is roughly comprehended by the seventeenth century....   [tags: Artists]

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1152 words | (3.3 pages) | Preview

Bio of Jonathan Swift

- Bio of Jonathan Swift Jonathan Swift was born in Dublin on November 30, 1667. His father had died before his birth, and soon after he was born, his mother returned to Leicestershire. He was left in the care of his three uncles, particularly his Uncle Godwin. It is believed that this situation, along with his unstable homelife, led to a sense of insecurity and abandonment that he carried with him for the rest of his life. At age 6, he was sent to the best school in Ireland, the Kilkenny School....   [tags: essays papers]

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Soap Operas and Reality TV Dating Shows

- Relationship Between Soap Operas and Reality TV Dating Shows Tania Modleski’s “The Search for Tomorrow in Today’s Soap Operas” proposes that the unique appeal and function of soap opera lies in (a) the viewer’s ability to inhabit the text’s prescribed spectatorial position of ‘the good mother’, and (b) use the archetypal ‘villainess’ to displace one’s own repressed anger and powerlessness. It can be argued, using Modleski’s analytical perspectives on the interpellated spectatorial positions of soap operas, that a new genre of television programs (namely the reality dating shows) function in a similar way....   [tags: Television Media TV Essays]

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The Wealth Of Nations By Adam Smith

- Adam Smith is known as one of the fathers of economics. He is most known for his profound ideas and theories on capitalism presented in his book the Wealth of Nations. Around ten years prior to him finishing the Wealth of Nations he released the Theory of Moral Sentiments, less referred to in relation to political economics, but equally as important. Both books should be read together to have a deeper understanding of Smith’s economic theories and his understanding of humans as social beings. Although the books have a somewhat lengthy time separation and are sometimes referred to as younger Smith and later, more mature Smith; it is necessary to read both books....   [tags: Adam Smith, Economics, Capitalism]

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The Attack Of Osama Bin Laden

- Fifteen long years ago on September 11, 2001 a terrorist attack occurred in Manhattan, New York, New York; Arlington County Virginia; and the proximity of Shanksville, Pennsylvania, destroying national monuments and taking the lives of approximately 3,000 American civilians. In reaction to these attacks the United States invaded Afghanistan and began the U.S. War in Afghanistan. The main objective by doing to was to annihilate al-Qaeda, which is a global Sunni-Islamic military founded by Osama Bin Laden, and remove the Taliban which is an Islamic political movement within the country....   [tags: Al-Qaeda, September 11 attacks, Taliban]

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Editing Techniques Used By Georges Melies

- Art can be traced to the pre-historic era; it has evolved from pre-historic art to contemporary art. Over the centuries art has changed and taken various forms, under this huge spectrum comes Film. which is rather a new form of art. It has become a means of creative expression as well as performing the purposes of mass media such as providing the audiences with information, transmission of culture and amusement. The aim of the essay is to look at early cinema and compare and contrast between the editing techniques used by various filmmakers....   [tags: Film, Film editing, Film theory, Art]

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1241 words | (3.5 pages) | Preview

The Effect of Viewing Varying Levels and Contexts of Violent Sports

- 1. Raney, A. A., & Depalma, A. J. (2006). The Effect of Viewing Varying Levels and Contexts of Violent Sports Programming on Enjoyment, Mood, and Perceived Violence. Mass Communication & Society, 9(3), 321–338. doi:10.1207/s15327825mcs0903_4 The first two article were probably the most useful in my current study. They both were about media’s influence in aggression in sports. It’s turned to be a difficult task finding articles that included media influence on sports. Both articles also gave me lots of leads to other research on the subject....   [tags: media influence, sports violence, fanatics]

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1378 words | (3.9 pages) | Preview

Meaning Mishaps and the True Meaning of Art

- Have you ever been confused about the purpose or meaning behind a certain piece of art. In my opinion, art is viewed many different ways. The artist will create a piece of art with a certain intended meaning, but it will most likely not be viewed in that way. When a spectator views a piece of art, they take into account their past experiences, and since everyone has gone through different things, their interpretations are different, as you can imagine. The nature of art is created when the artist intends one thing, but the spectator sees the art differently; and therefore changes the meaning when they spread their personal opinions....   [tags: art, misinterpretation, ]

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1019 words | (2.9 pages) | Preview

The "Ebony Antelope" Gallops of Aryan Superiority

- Berlin was the heart of Weimar Germany, and it was renowned for being a “happy and clean city” (Large 255.) On May 13 of 1931, The IOC (International Olympic Committee) awarded the 1936 Summer Games to Berlin. This was Germany’s return into the world after their defeat in World War I. In 1934, Adolf Hitler became the Fürher of Germany and ruled until 1945. The epicenter of Germany was being torn apart by Hitler’s adamant Anti-Semitic crusade. Thus, this led to a decrease in Berlin’s economical and intellectual sustenance due to the fact that the Jewish population accounted for the majority of it....   [tags: nazi, hitler, anti-semitic crusade]

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1310 words | (3.7 pages) | Preview

Aggression and Violence in Sports

- Rival and Non-Rival Teams. In a study, by Raney and Kinnally (2009) researchers investigated perceived violent and enjoyment by spectators. Participates viewed American intercollegiate football games featuring hometown teams between rival and non-rival teams. A total of 568 participates viewed one of four televised competitions, two of which were heated rivals and two were non-rivals and subsequently the participants were interviewed following the game. An equal number of men and women were survey using a 7–point scale (from “not at all” [1] to “extremely” [7]) rating their level of enjoyment of the games....   [tags: rival, nonrival teams, enjoyment]

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People 's Education Level Analysis

- All three of these authors observe that people’s values and experiences often lead them to different conclusions. As Nelson indicates in her story, people’s education level, when it comes to art, varies. She explains that in these modern ages, people are exposed to violence so often that they just brush it off. She believes that because violence is used so often through many different forms of media and art, people are allowed to have their own interpretation. She explains in her quote, “...no one can own it; no one can own its meaning....   [tags: Short story, War, Person, ConTeXt]

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The Therapeutic Theater

- Ways of Knowing, Modes of Acting": The Therapeutic Theater world ratLife, as it is represented through various media, has a brainwashing effect on the spectator: he consumes a fabricated her than producing one of his own. The unconscious is constantly repressed, while the conscious is force fed images which basely appeal to the controlled linear processes of the brain. Psychiatrist C.G. Jung writes: "The source of numerous psychic disturbances and difficulties occasioned by man's progressive alienation from his instinctual foundation, i.e., by his uprootedness and identification with his conscious knowledge of himself, by his concern with consciousness at the expense of the unconscious....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]

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The Lives of Others

- ‘Das Leben der Anderen’ (The Lives of Others) is a striking example of how a director can convey narrative links within a film by employing various styles and film techniques. The Lives of Others relies upon these visual means to assist with the telling of the story as much as it relies upon the script. In this selected sequence of the film, several narrative links are drawn here to form the conclusion of ‘Operation Lazlo’. These narrative links are further cemented by Donnersmarck’s use of various lighting styles, diegtic and non-diegtic sound, revealing camera shots and intricate mise-en-scene....   [tags: Film Analysis, Techniques, Style]

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Roland Barthes’ Camera Lucida

- This book is a note written by Roland Barthes to record the dialectical way he thought about the eidos(form, essence, type, species) of Photographs. Roland Barthes was a French literary theorist, philosopher, linguist in his lifetime, but surprisingly he was not a photographer. As Barthes had a belief that art works consists with signs and structures, he had investigated semiotics and structuralism. However, through Camera Lucida, he realized the limitation of structuralism and the impression to analyze Photography with only semiotics and structuralism....   [tags: Book Review, Literary Analysis, Dialectical Ways]

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Challenging The Predispositions Of Reality Through Art

- Challenging the Predispositions of Reality Through Art They say a picture is worth a thousand words. What if that picture could reshape our perception of what we define as “normal”. Belgian artist René Magritte captures the idea of reality and distorts the representation of everyday objects through his work, Les Valeurs Personnelles, or Personal Values, painted in 1952. This artwork not only highlights the values of the time period it was painted, it also provides insight as to how art challenges the limitations that society has placed on the human mind, which leave no interpretation in a world full of mysteries, paradoxes, and riddles....   [tags: Meaning of life, Mind, Surrealism, Meaning]

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1473 words | (4.2 pages) | Preview

Hitchcock’s Work at an Auteur in his Movie, Vertigo

- Hitchcock’s Work at an Auteur in his Movie, Vertigo Though complex and brilliantly written for its time, the plot of Alfred Hitchcock’s film, Vertigo, is only half of the genius behind it. Alfred Hitchcock’s unique presence as an auteur is truly what sets his films apart. There is symmetry to his shots that give the film an artistic feel, as if each frame were a painting. Many times, within this symmetry, Hitchcock places the characters in the center of the frame; or if not centered, then balanced by whatever else is adding density to the shot....   [tags: Movie Film Essays]

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The Flawed King in Shakespeare's Henry V

- The Flawed King in Shakespeare's Henry V To turn Henry V into a play glorifying war or a play condemning war would be to presume Shakespeare's intentions too much. He does both of these and more in his recount of the historical battle of Agincourt. Although Shakespeare devotes the play to the events leading to war, he simultaneously gives us insight into the political and private life of a king. It is this unity of two distinct areas that has turned the play into a critical no man's land, "acrimoniously contested and periodically disfigured by opposing barrages of intellectual artillery" (Taylor 1)....   [tags: Henry IV Henry V Essays]

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