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History of Down's Syndrome

- Down’s Syndrome is named after John Langdon Down, a British doctor who first studied and described the mental disorder. He discovered the disorder in Surrey, England while working at an asylum for children with mental retardation. He called people with this disorder Mongoloids because of the physical similarities of citizens from Mongolia compared to those affected by Down’s Syndrome. Later, the term “Mongoloid” was dropped and named after John Down when Jerome Lejeune, a French geneticist who tested children with these similar physical characteristics of Mongolians, found that 97% of those tested had an extra chromosome-21, with a total of 47 chromosomes....   [tags: Down's Syndrome]

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Patient with Nephrotic Syndrome

- From the results of the numerous tests carried out according to the patient history of frothy urine with a significant oedema over a maximum period of 5 days, the patient was diagnosed with Nephrotic Syndrome. This is condition that occurs due to leakage in the kidney filtration part leading to a large amount of protein leaking from the blood into the urine. This is mainly due to fluid retention known as oedema which is as a result of low protein level in the blood. It occurs due to abnormal functioning or a part of the kidney is affected (glomeruli)....   [tags: Nephrotic Syndrome]

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Symptoms and Treatment of Tourette Syndrome

- Today we live in a society were appearance is everything. From what you’re wearing to the brands you buy, and even how you carry yourself. In today’s society people are always ready to judge you based on your appearance; this ultimately means bad news for those diagnosed with TS, (tourette syndrome). It is the objective of this paper to teach and make aware of what TS is how it affects the person’s life and what we can do it about. After all TS affects 1 in 1000 to 2000 people. It is a syndrome that is found among all races that affects males, more than females....   [tags: tourette syndrome, tourettes,]

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Educating a Child With Down Syndrome

- It’s Wednesday and a mother just kissed her son goodbye as he walked into the classroom. The mother walks back to her car and proceeds to work. Her son has Down Syndrome, but attends a private school where special needs children have their own classroom. Her son Alex loves going to school to see his friends, like any child would. With having Down Syndrome, Alex has some rough days in the classroom. It’s 10:30am and Janice, Alex’s mother, receives a phone call. “Hi Janice, this is Mrs....   [tags: Inclusion Down Syndrome]

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All About The Hoarding Syndrome

- The Hoarding Syndrome is characterized as the "excessive collecting and saving behaviors that result in a cluttered living space and significant distress or impairment" (Frost and Hart, 1996).  Hoarding symptoms often begin between the ages of 10-13 (Mackin, Arean, Delucchi, & Matthews, 2011) but does not "discriminate in terms of age, gender, educational levels, or socioeconomic status" (Singh & Jones, 2013). However, researchers have found a very strong association between having a family member who has a compulsive hoarder and coming a hoarder yourself (Mayo Clinic, 2014)....   [tags: Hoarding Syndrome, Excessive Collecting]

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Living With Down Syndrome

- There are many different types of children with a myriad of needs in our school system. Included within this group of students are those who are diagnosed with Down syndrome. There are more than 250,000 people living in the United States with a Down syndrome diagnosis (Genetics). Down syndrome is not a hidden disability rather it has physical attributes that can make the diagnosis obvious. Furthermore, individuals with Down syndrome and their families have to cope with multiple health issues, cognitive limitations, and the stigma of having a disability....   [tags: syndrome diagnosis, mongolism, chromosomes]

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Description of Metabolic Syndrome

- Metabolic Syndrome (syndrome X, insulin resistance syndrome) is the name for a group of risk factors that raises your risk for diabetes mellitus (DM), cardiovascular disease (CVD), and other health problems, such as diabetes and stroke.2 It is characterized by abdominal obesity, insulin resistance, hypertension, low HDL, and elevated triglycerides. Some hallmarks of metabolic syndromes are dyslipidemia, central adiposity, and a predisposition to atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, certain cancers, hypertension, and type 2 diabetes mellitus....   [tags: insulin, diabetes, metabolic syndrome]

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Language Development in Individuals with Down Syndrome

- "Having Down syndrome is like being born normal. I am just like you and you are just like me. We are all born in different ways, that is the way I can describe it. I have a normal life"(Burke, C., n.d.). Where special education is concerned, one must always remember that exceptional learners are different, not less. In the following studies, the various strengths and weaknesses of the language and communication of individuals with Down syndrome (DS) is reviewed and discussed. Language is defined as the method of human communication either spoken or written, consisting of the use of words, in a structured or conventional way....   [tags: Down Syndrome Essays]

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Genetics Synthesis: Marfan Syndrome

- Marfan Syndrome Marfan Syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder mainly caused by defects in the gene FBN1 that codes for the protein fibrillin. Approximately 1 in 5,000 people are affected. Cardinal features involve the ocular, musculoskeletal, and cardiovascular systems. There is a high degree of variability of this disorder, sometimes presenting itself at birth or later in childhood or adulthood. On one end of the spectrum is severe neonatal presentation with rapidly progressive disease, while on the other end isolated phenotypic features may be the only presenting signs....   [tags: gene deffects, attributes, Turner Syndrome]

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Understanding Down Syndrome

- Understanding the Disease Down syndrome When an error occurs at chromosome 21 within in the genetic make of a human being, the person obtains distinct features such as slanted eyes, deeply creased hands, and a protruding tongue. At first glance this person may appear to be affected with some type of deformation, but they are often one out of the 4,000 people that are diagnosed with the disease Down syndrome. Down syndrome or DS is a chromosomal abnormality that frequently affects humans. Because the disease is genetic one can assume that it has been affecting the human body for years....   [tags: Down Syndrome, informative]

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John Elder Robinson's Diagnosed with Asperger Syndrome

- Asperger syndrome belongs to a group of childhood disorders commonly known as pervasive developmental disorders or PDD's. The disorder is recognized as a less severe case of autism. Children who have the disorder have a difficult time in social settings but excel in other areas of inteligence. The disorder is usually a lifelong struggle but has few cases where the patent recovers in adulthood. The disorder is not widely understood by the population but it is becoming a more well known disorder. There is currently no cure for this disorder....   [tags: Asperger syndrome, Aspergers, ]

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Managing Pain From Irritable Bowel Syndrome

- Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a large array of disorders described as abdominal discomfort and pain with changes in bowel. IBS is known for cramping, abdominal pain, bloating gas, diarrhea and constipation. The colon’s many nerves connect it to the brain and are partly controlled by the ANS, which reacts to stress similar to the heart. The ascending pathways dealing with pain consist of three different tracts: the neospinothalamic, the paleospinothalamic, and the archispinothalamic tracts....   [tags: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)]

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Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

- Alcohol (wine, beer, or liquor) is the leading known preventable cause of developmental and physical birth defects in the United States. When a woman drinks alcohol during pregnancy, she risks giving birth to a child who will pay the price, in mental and physical deficiencies, for his or her entire life. One study (Phyllis Trujillo Lewis, MA, Philip A. May, PhD, and Virginia C. Shipman, PhD, 2007) asserted that “Numerous studies on alcohol-related birth defects have concluded that maternal drinking, compounded by other risk factors, leads to fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS)....   [tags: Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Research paper]

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Cri Du Chat Syndrome Description

- In 1963, Lejeune et al. introduced Cri du Chat (CCS), a rare genetic syndrome that results from a partial or total deletion on the short extension of the 5p (5p15.1—5p15.3) chromosome. This chromosomal loss results from a “de novo” mutation (parents have a normal karyotype) and causes altered brain development, resulting in microencephaly and delayed psychomotor development (Mainardi, 2007). Though CCS is rare, it is one of the most prevalent chromosomal deletion syndromes (i.e. incidence is 1:15,000 to 1:50,000 live births) with slightly more females being affected, but with no significant differences pertaining to race or geographic area (Rodriguez-Cabalerro, 2010)....   [tags: genetic syndrome, 5p chromosomes, jerome lejeune]

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Somatoform Disorder or Culture-Bound Syndrome: Manifestation & Symptom Expression of Han in Koreans

- One of the ongoing controversies about the relationship between culture and psychopathology has to do with the long-reported tendency of Asian psychiatric patients to primarily manifest and express psychological distress with somatic symptoms. Cultural differences in symptom expression have been the focus of studies on somatization. “Somatization is a term originally tied to a psychodynamic theory of illness causation in which psychological conflict was transformed or transduced into bodily distress” (Kirmayer & Young, 1998)....   [tags: Psychology, Anger Syndrome]

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Alzheimer's Disease and Down's Syndrome

- Alzheimer and Down's Syndrome Down?s Syndrome, Trisomy 21, or Mongolism is one of the most common causes of mental retardation. The majority of Down?s Syndrome patients have a moderate retardation although it can range from mild to severe. Trisomy 21 occurs in about 1 in 800 live births. This incidence increases markedly as the age of the mother increases over 35. The prevalence in children born to young mothers is 1 in 1000, while it increases to almost 1 in 40 in children born to mothers over 40....   [tags: Down's Syndrome Trisomy 21 Mongolism]

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Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Nervous System Involvement

- Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Nervous System Involvement Upon concluding my neurobiology course, I spent some time reflecting on what I've learned about the nervous system and its functions. I thought about how much progress has been made in the last couple of decades alone in defining and understanding certain aspects of neuronal functions, and must admit that I am very impressed. However, there is still so much we don't know about this area, and nowhere has this notion proved more true than in my exploration of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome....   [tags: Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Medical Essays]

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Understanding Autism Syndrome Disorders

- ... This can be done on an individual basis or in a group. By having therapy in a group they are giving the children to develop a positive relationship and a non-threating relationship with others, also they make the students feel comfortable in a safe environment. By having art and music as a therapy you are providing the children with visual and auditory stimulation. Music therapy is good for speech development and also helps with language comprehension. Songs can be used to teach the children how to speak and increase their ability to put words together....   [tags: behavioral syndromes, psychiatric analysis]

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Hereditary Colorectal Cancer Syndromes and Genetic Testing

- The adenomatous polyposis syndromes The genetically defined adenomatous polyposis syndromes comprise familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP), MYH-associated polyposis (MAP) and the recently described condition polymerase proofreading-associated polyposis (PPAP). Clinically, theses syndromes have significant phenotypic overlap and can be challenging to distinguish. Familial Adenomatous Polyposis (FAP) Over 1000 different germline mutations in the tumor suppressor gene Adenomatous Polyposis Coli (APC) located on chromosome 5q21-q22 have been shown to cause FAP....   [tags: adenomatous polyposis syndrome, genetic, mutations]

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Asperger’s Syndrome

- Asperger’s Syndrome Laura Mann wrote an interesting essay about how words can hurt people who go against the social norms. It was in response to a man who had written a memoir about how his lack of masculinity led people to call him names like “faggot” and “queer.” Every time he was called one of those names, he tried to debunk it. The people who used those words were often uneducated. My life has been filled with similar experiences. My lack of social interaction has led me to go against the masculine norms....   [tags: Laura Mann Asperger's Syndrome Health Essays]

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Angelman Syndrome and Prader-Willi Syndrome

- ... Prader-Willi Prader-Willi is caused by either deletions, failure in imprinting, or monosomy/disomy 15 from the father’s side. The genes involved are known to include, but are not known to be limited to SNRPN and NDN. NDN odes for the protein Necdin, which, in rodents, interacts with neurotrophin receptors in a way that is not completely understood to promote normal cognitive development. SNRPN codes for several products, including small nucleolar RNAs, a splicing factor involved in RNA processing, and a polypeptide known as SNURF....   [tags: genetic disorders]

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Dementia is a Syndrome

- The functions of the human brain are extremely fascinating. Each brain structure is responsible for different functions. When these structures are damaged or tampered with, the ability of those functions decline. For example, the cerebellum is responsible for a person’s balance. This is how people are able to walk correctly and maintain proper balance. When a person drinks alcohol, the cerebellum is affected and is not able to function properly. This why people have horrible balance when they are intoxicated....   [tags: brain disease, Alzheimer’s disease]

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The Zellweger Syndrome

- Zellweger Syndrome Zellweger syndrome is one of four related diseases grouped under:” peroxisome biogenesis disorders” (PBD), and is the most severe form in the spectrum. These disorders are inherited conditions that damage the white matter in an affected person’s brain, and affect the metabolism of certain substances present in blood and organ tissues. Zellweger disorder is characterized by the failure of the body to produce properly functioning organelles called peroxisomes. Peroxisomes are small cytoplasmic organelles that play an important role in organ development....   [tags: peroxisome biogenesis disorders]

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Acivity on Postpartum Depression Syndrome, Rape Trauma Syndrome and Premenstrual Syndrome

- Postpartum depression syndrome is said to be a type of depression that typically is connected to pregnancy and childbirth and can be temporarily. Postpartum depression ranges from being moderate, like not that serious to severe depression after giving birth to a child. According to the National Institutes of Health. Postpartum depression syndrome tends to occur after the baby is delivered, may occur up to about a year later and many time occurs within the first 3 months after the delivery process....   [tags: depression, pregnancy, childbirth]

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The China Syndrome

- If everyone the planet lived my lifestyle, we would need 10.52 earths. When, I saw my result at first I thought it was an exaggeration, so I went back and redo the questionnaire two times because I couldn’t believe I was being extremely inconsiderate and super wasteful. What I was extremely shocked about was my percentage of carbon footprint, which is 91.4. Carbon footprint is the total amount of greenhouse gasses produced to directly and indirectly support human activity, i.e... Petrol, gasoline, diesel, oil, etc…....   [tags: ecological footprint, ecological distaster]

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The Cause and Effects of Down Syndrome

- The Cause and Effects of Down Syndrome Some people wonder what Down syndrome is. How it is caused, and how it is treated. The causes and effects of Down syndrome is when there is an extra 21St chromosome. The effects include some birth defects and health problems. The physical features are different from someone without Down syndrome. What is Down syndrome. It is a chromosomal disorder caused by an error in cell division that results in an extra 21st chromosome (Crosta). Down syndrome causes problems with a person’s physical growth that vary by how bad it is....   [tags: extra 21st chromosome, birth defects]

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The Genetic Conditions of the Waardenburg Syndrome

- ... Symptoms and effects of Waardenburg Syndrome appear to be different to each individual person who has the disorder. Some symptoms of Waardenburg Syndrome include pale skin, hair, and eyes, patches of white/gray hair, finger contractures, hearing loss, and different colored eyes (heterochromia). Other symptoms include numerous minor abnormalities and abnormal facial features (MedlinePlus 2013). Some symptoms, such as widely spaced eyes in type I, depend on which type of Waardenburg Syndrome a person is diagnosed with....   [tags: diagnosis, symptoms, patterns, treatment]

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The Causes and Effects of Down Syndrome

- Down syndrome, also known as trisomy 21, occurs when a child is born with three copies chromosome 21, as you can see in Figure 1. This can be caused by three different processes; nondisjunction, mosaicism, or translocation. Nondisjunction occurs during the reduction of chromosomes, from 46 to 23, after the egg and sperm have combined, causing one parent to pass on 24 instead of 23. In the case of Down syndrome, the extra chromosome is chromosome 21. Mosaicism is a rare occurrence, happening “in approximately one to two percent of Down syndrome cases” (Johnson, 2013)....   [tags: health, disease]

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Discovering and Living with Blooms Syndrome

- Discovering and living with Blooms Syndrome Blooms Syndrome Bloom’s Syndrome (BS) is also known as congenital telangiectatic erythema and Bloom-Torre-Mackacek syndrome. The syndrome was named after its founder Dr. David Bloom. Bloom, a dermatologist from New York was the first to describe the Syndrome In 1954. The syndrome is the result of an autosomal recessive disorder which is caused by mutated genes and unstable and irreparable DNA that has been re-arranged, damaged and created cell division....   [tags: genetics, disease, treatment]

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Causes and Effects of Down Syndrome

- Humans are more like the X-Men then they have ever dreamed possible. Studies show that each and every single human in our species have more than two hundred mutations weaved in and out of our DNA. A genetic mutation is a perpetual change in the DNA sequence that makes up a gene. These mutations can occur in two different ways; they can be acquired during one’s lifetime or they can be inherited from one’s biological parents. Some mutations are absolutely harmless; these are the mutations that take up most of the typical human’s body....   [tags: mutation, chromosomes, health]

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Causes and Symptoms of Metabolic Syndrome

- Metabolic syndrome is described to be a cluster of metabolic risk factors that combines together to create a single individual health issue. The individual factors that combined to create this issue are insulin resistance, hypertension which is a form of high blood pressure, cholesterol abnormalities, impaired glucose tolerance, the tendency to develop fat around the abdomen and an increased risk for clotting. The metabolic disorders and cardiovascular disease are very close related. This syndrome is considered to be a risk factor for several cardiovascular diseases and type 2 diabetes that arises due to insulin resistance and an abnormal function and pattern of body fat....   [tags: glucose, obesity, lifestyle]

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Genetic Disorders and Down Syndrome

- A genetic disorder is a disease that is caused by an abnormality in an individual's DNA. Abnormalities can range from a small mutation in a single gene to the addition or subtraction of an entire chromosome or set of chromosomes” (Letsou). Most individuals are either related to or know someone who is effected by some type of disability. Many of these disabilities are caused by genetic disorders. Genetic disorders may alter physical appearance and cause mild to severe mental retardation. Fragile X syndrome, Down syndrome, Turners syndrome and many other syndromes result from a mutation of a chromosome, an extra chromosome, or too few chromosomes....   [tags: Disease, Abnormalities, DNA, Mutation]

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Maternal Age and Down Syndrome

- The Influence of Maternal Age on Down syndrome Children born to older parents are at greater risk for genetic abnormalities, such as Down syndrome. No one knows what causes the chromosomal abnormality that results in Down syndrome, a condition according to the National Association for Down syndrome, affects one in 800 to 1,000 babies in the United States. Any woman regardless of her culture, race and socio-economic status can have a baby with Down syndrome. However, a mother’ age seems to be a unifying factor among children with Down syndrome....   [tags: Medical Research]

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Down Syndrome and its Effects

- Down Syndrome today is much different than it used to be, it has advanced in many ways. It has enabled children who are diagnosed with it to keep working hard because they can achieve anything if they set their mind to it. Down Syndrome can be a devastating diagnosis; however, parents and those diagnosed can still go on to live happy contented lives. There has been big changes for people diagnosed with Down Syndrome over the past years, but what is Down Syndrome. According to Bret Bowerman, Down Syndrome is a chromosomal condition caused by the presence of a third copy of the 21st chromosome....   [tags: chromosomal condition, trisomy 21]

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Down syndrome: A Genetic disorder

- Down syndrome: A Genetic disorder Each year in the United States, about 13 out of every 10,000 babies are born with Down syndrome, also called trisomy 21 (Johnson). Being the “most common chromosome disorder and genetic cause of intellectual disability”, Down syndrome equally affects males and females as well as all different races (Johnson). In other words, Down syndrome does not show any preference for a specific gender or race. Unfortunately, those who are affected by Down syndrome experience a number of problems throughout their lives which limit their quality of life and health....   [tags: trisomy 21, chromosome disorder]

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Angelman Syndrome: A Genetic Disease

- A genetic disease is a disease that can be heritable or inheritable, and one of them is known as Angelman Syndrome. Also referred to as AS, it can change a person, both physically and mentally. Angelman Syndrome, just like any other genetic disease, has symptoms, or characteristics of the carrier. It has effects on the daily life of the carrier, and can be treated, but not cured. AS also has a certain prognosis, or outcome. Angelman Syndrome, similar to other genetic diseases, has many symptoms....   [tags: mental disability, tendency toward jerky movement]

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The Threat of Guillain Barre Syndrome

- Guillain Barre Syndrome A rare and severe disease, Guillain Barre Syndrome, often occurs after an acute infectious procedure. Guillain Barre Syndrome affects the peripheral nervous system. Normally, it is an acute form of paralysis in the lower body area that moves to the upper limbs and face. Over time, the patient will lose all his reflexes and goes through a complete body paralysis, unless maintained in a prompt manner. Guillain Barre Syndrome is a life threatening disorder and needs timely treatment and therapy with intravenous immunoglobulin’s....   [tags: paralysis, immune, infection]

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DiGeorge Syndrome- A Genetic Disorder

- ... Someone with DGS also have high levels of memory loss. Memory loss would include short term activities, such as the past week. Amnesia occurs mostly in children from the age’s three to eleven, and with maturity, people’s memory will strengthen. Since DGS affects major body functions, someone with the syndrome have slowed motor abilities. As a result of slowed motor abilities, people also have low muscle tone with causes them to be inactive. Because of the low muscle tone, DGS makes it difficult for someone to perform normal athletic abilities, such as running....   [tags: illnesses, genetics, parents, DNA, mutations]

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Taking a Look at Rett Syndrome

- In 1966, an Austrian physician by the name of Andreas Rett, published a report that informed people about this disorder. According to the International Rett Syndrome Association (IRSA), Dr. Rett had become interested when he noticed that two young girls in his office were suffering from the same symptoms. After further investigation, he found that there were six other girls in his office that had the same symptoms. He figured that these eight girls shared the same disorder. He began to research further by filming these girls and traveling around Europe to find others that were suffering from the same symptoms....   [tags: autism spectrum disorders]

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An Insigth to Down Syndrome

- Down syndrome; what is it and how does it affect the people who have it. Roughly 1 in 800 infants born in Canada are affected by Down syndrome. Down syndrome, also called Trisomy 21, is a chromosomal disorder that is caused by an extra genetic material in the individual. It delays the way an individual develops both mentally and physically. Down syndrome cannot be prevented but it can be detected before birth. At the time of conception an infant inherits genes from its parents in the form of 46 chromosomes....   [tags: Trisomy 21, Chromosomal Disorder, Genetic Material]

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The Effects of Down Syndrome

- Down Syndrome: Critically analyze the effects of Down syndrome on people and the support that is available Introduction: An individual who has Down syndrome can be recognized as different from others since he or she have different physical features, but the question is, what causes individuals to have deformed face, little different features than someone who does not have Down syndrome. The reason some individuals are born with Down syndrome is because of an extra chromosome, this chromosome, which carries number 21....   [tags: extra chromosome, awareness]

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Symptoms and Treatments of Marfan Syndrome

- When assigned to study a disease, it was easy to choose because of having a family who is suffering with heart problems. Marfan syndrome hit home since my father was diagnosed, as well as, my first cousin. The causes of this disease are not specific with the exception of it being a genetic disease. However, the symptoms are quite easy to detect when the physician is made aware of family history. Since the causes are unclear, it is important that families know about these symptoms. This disease has no cure (Ho 1978), but when the symptoms are known to a person carrying the disease, a lifestyle can be developed which can allow the carrier to lead a fairly normal life....   [tags: health, genetic disease]

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Cause and Symptoms of Stockholm Syndrome

- Stockholm syndrome or what some people call “capture bonding” is a psychological phenomenon where victims show positive feelings or emotional bonding with their captors. Sympathy and empathy are the common feelings expressed by these hostages. These feelings may last even after they are free from their captors. It is important to note that stockholm syndrome is not a disorder but a “survival mechanism” victims unconsciously use as an act of self-preservation. Stockholm syndrome is in some ways similar to the battered person syndrome....   [tags: captor, bonding, victims]

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Down Syndrome or Trisomy 21

- ... “As for the life expectancy, it is around 50 to 60 years in the developed world with proper health care.”(1) Secondly, the diagnosis of this genetic disorder is concerned with the physical appearance and the mental abilities. A few of the common physical traits of Down syndrome are low muscle tone, small stature and chin, an upward slant to the eyes, a flat nasal bridge and a single crease across the center of the palm. Nevertheless, each person with Down syndrome is a unique individual that may possess these characteristics to different degrees, or not at all....   [tags: chomosomal anomalies]

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Introduction to the Marfan Syndrome

- Nothing good comes from the disease Marfan syndrome. It is awful in many ways but can be dealt with. Here is an introduction to Marfan syndrome. Marfan syndrome is a Single Gene Mutation and the gene that is mutated is FBN 1 (Fibrillin 1).The gene is located on chromosome 15 and the disorder’s mode of inheritance is autosomal dominant. This means that females and males are equally affected and that only one gene, “abnormal” gene is needed from either parent to be inherited in. Fibrillin 1 basically affects the elasticity of connective tissue....   [tags: gene mutation, DNA, fibrillin proteins]

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What is Middle Child Syndrome

- Middle Child Syndrome Have you ever wondered if your birth place, particularly that of a middle child, has any effect on your personality and conscience. Psychologists and many others have actually pondered the subject, and believe that there is a connection between your personality development and your niche in the family. Many people, myself included, have wondered why some siblings are treated differently than others....   [tags: birth, family, siblings]

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An Overview of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

- Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a disease of the female reproductive system, involving the development of multiple cysts covering the ovaries. PCOS impedes normal hormone function, as well as disrupt production processes. According to Esther Eisenberg, “Between 1 in 10 and 1 in 20 women of childbearing age have PCOS”. Signs of the disease begin to show during adolescents, or late into young adulthood/childbearing age. Some researchers believe that polycystic ovary syndrome can occur even before a woman has entered adolescents....   [tags: reproductive system, infertility, genetics]

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Criticisms of Battered Woman Syndrome

- The Battered Woman Syndrome (BWM) is a syndrome whereas women react in a certain manner because of repetitively physical or psychological abused imposed on them by their mates. The Battered Woman Syndrome (BMW) is not limited in one area or location it is a problem that is occurring all over in the world (2009, pg. 148). Like every other issue in the world criticism come into play by psychologists and others when someone claims that they are victims of the Battered Woman Syndrome or the Battered Woman Defense when they are taken to trial for killing their batterers (BMW) (2009, pgs....   [tags: Abuse, Domestic Violence]

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Analysis of the Fragile X Syndrome

- "Fragile X Syndrome (also called FXS) is the most common cause of inherited mental retardation." (2011, University of Michigan Health System). "The gene on the X chromosome that causes FXS is called the Fragile X Mental Retardation 1 (FMR1) gene. The FMR1 gene makes a protein that is needed for normal brain development." (September 1, 2006. Department of Human Health and Services Center of Disease Control and Prevention.) When this protein is not made, that is when FXS occurs. Fragile X Syndrome is what is called a chromosomal sex-linked trait....   [tags: fmr1, triuncleotide, chromosome x, fragile x]

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The Evolution of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

- Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) has long been one of the most common work-related disorder as well as the most prevalent peripheral neuropathy. The syndrome is characterized by the weakness in the thumb, index and middle finger, numbness, tingling and even paralysis due to muscle atrophy. These symptoms result from the compression of the median nerve. There are many causes traditionally associated with the disorder including trauma, overuse and systemic conditions. While a great deal of information is known on the disorder, and in the recent years many steps have been taken and have been sucessful at reducing the disorder, the prevalence and cost to society is still very high....   [tags: work-related disorder, neuropathy]

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Tourette syndrome's Description and Analysis

- Tourette syndrome is a neuropsychiatric disorder characterized by motor and phonic tics usually starting in childhood and often accompanied by poor impulse control (Chiu, 2013, p.405). The disorder is named for Dr. Georges Gilles de la Tourette, the pioneering French neurologist who in 1885 first described the condition in an 86-year-old French woman (, 2013). Tourette syndrome was once considered to be a rare a condition that causes a person to make repeated, quick movements or sounds that they cannot control....   [tags: neuropsychiatric disorder, tics, control movement]

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What Are Hazing and Stockholm Syndrome?

- Literature Review Hazing has been a long time issue that dates back to Plato and Martin Luther. There are many forms to the act, and all have been recognized. However, what about the effects that hazing has mentally on these young adults. The question I would like to pose is: How do the effects of hazing compare to Stockholm syndrome. Let us first describe what both hazing and Stockholm syndrome is so that the effects can be better understood. Hazing is the imposition of strenuous, often humiliating, tasks as part of a program of rigorous physical training and initiation or forcing someone to do humiliating and sometimes dangerous initiation rituals, especially as imposed on college studen...   [tags: plato, experiment, physical training]

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Music Therapy and Down Syndrome

- A doctor shares the diagnosis of Down Syndrome with parents of 1 in 691 live births (NADS). Years ago, before research found the basic cause of the disorder, people with Down’s Syndrome were placed in institutions to live. Some people still believe that children born with Down’s syndrome are not capable of learning. In a group of children where all hope seems gone, music therapy has been found to be very beneficial. It can enhance physical, social. intellectual, and emotional development of the children....   [tags: Special Education ]

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The Effects of the Barbie Syndrome

- The Effects of the Barbie Syndrome What is the Barbie syndrome . a question posed by many that glace through the title on the top of this paper As defined by Farlex “The drive, often of adolescent girls, to attain impossible standards of beauty, projected by toys—e. g., Mattel’s Barbie Doll—and the media, resulting in failure and frustration, issues related to body image, eating disorders, and self-image," this is a formal definition of the Barbie syndrome.The people that the Barbie syndrome it effects are widespread and is not inclusive to women this syndrome also affects men to....   [tags: adolescent girls, doll, media]

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My Life with Tourette's Syndrome

- ... A typical day in my shoes varies on what calendar day you pick, but I can recall a particular day which is pretty fresh in my mind. I woke up late Wednesday morning. There was no time that could justify a shower, so I just combed yesterday’s starchy moose out of my hair, took my ADHD meds and jumped in the truck. Already my throat was feeling lined with a perpetually present phlegm, which no amount of clearing could remove. This made me nervous, as it was my first class day at Sam Houston. After referring my disability to the University I go to sit in the back of the classroom, where only the instructor visibly grimaces at my throat clearing and constant fidgeting....   [tags: tics, adhd, symptoms]

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Exploring the Disorder, Tourette Syndrome

- Tourette syndrome is a neurological disorder first described by a French physician named Georges Gilles de la Tourette, in 1885. Tourette syndrome (TS) consists of varies abrupt, rapid, involuntary, and repeated movements or vocal sounds, known as tics. “Until 1970, TS was frequently misdiagnosed as schizophrenia, obsessive-compulsive disorder, epilepsy, or nervous habits,” concluding that this mental disorder is extremely rare and has similar characteristics as other mental disorders (Kahn and Fawcett 375)....   [tags: medical, health]

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Facts About The Tourette Syndrome

- Many misconceptions about syndromes have led to social stigmatisms. Often the person living with a syndrome may live in denial for the sake of saving face. This lack of social acceptance can produce a level of anxiety that will prevent family members of the affected individual from seeking the necessary guidance to address those issues. Acceptance and patient is the key. Progress does not happen overnight. However with time, it does get easier to cope with and affect change in behavior, especially the behavior of the individual who has found themselves in the support role....   [tags: treatment, behavior, teaching]

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The Brain And Electricity: The Siamese Syndrome

- The Brain And Electricity: The Siamese Syndrome  Being introduced in the early 1900’s, electroconvulsive shock therapy, or ECT, has deemed to be one of the most effectual and least understood treatments in psychiatry. Technically it has distorted in many ways since its conception and is now viewed as a secure and effective treatment of patients with key depressive disorder, schizophrenia, manic episodes, and other grave mental turmoil’s. Nevertheless, the neurobiological transformations critical to the therapeutic triumph of ECT have not yet been fully understood....   [tags: Psychiatry]

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Patients with Idiopathic Nephrotic Syndrome

- Introduction It is known that glucocorticoids (GCs) therapy is the treatment of choice for patients with idiopathic nephrotic syndrome (INS); however some patients fail to respond to the treatment even when given high-dose GCs. For those patients, the treatment should be bolstered by synergising GCs with other immunosuppressant [1]. Although biochemical alterations and clinical manifestations in most nephrotic patients seem to be quite similar, substantial differences are encountered regarding the course of disease....   [tags: Health, Treatment]

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White Nose Syndrome in Bats

- The population of bats in the United States is facing a serious threat of extinction due to the outbreak of a deadly fungus called Deomyces destructans. The fungus is nicknamed White-Nose Syndrome, after the white fungus that typically appears on the infected bats noses and wings. Other signs and symptoms of White Nose Syndrome are white fungus on the ears and tail as well, bats flying during the day in the middle of winter, bats clustered near the entrance to a hibernacle or cave, and general abnormal behavior for a hibernating bat....   [tags: Ancient Greece]

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Management of Acute Chest Syndrome

- Treatment of acute chest syndrome Acute chest syndrome occurs when there is a vaso-occlusive crisis in the pulmonary vessels. A combined treatment of oxygen, bronchodilators, blood transfusion, incentive spirometry, analgesics and antibiotics are usually required. The main goal of the treatment is to decrease the HbS concentration to below 30% and if the haematocrit is 30% or higher then an exchange transfusion is necessary. Transfusions given early can potentially halt progressive respiratory deterioration and can prevent further attacks when given long term....   [tags: Crisis, Pulmonary Vessels, Oxygen]

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A Look inside Tourette's Syndrome

- In 1885 French neurologist, Dr. Georges Gilles de la Tourette discovered Tourette’s syndrome, commonly abbreviated as TS. Tourette’s syndrome is a neurological disorder that is signified as presenting repetitive stereotyped, involuntary movements and vocalizations called tics (National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke [NIH], 2012). TS is three to four times more common in males than in females, but can occur in people of all types of ethnic, racial, culture and social groups (National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke [NIH], 2012)....   [tags: neurological disorders, echopraxia]

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Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome (AIS)

- Introduction Androgen insensitivity syndrome (AIS) is a genetic X-linked recessive disorder where affected males have mostly female sex characteristics or signs of both male and female sexual development. Individuals with this condition are genetically male; they contain both an X and Y chromosome (Barbaro et al., 2007). Mutations in the androgen receptor gene are what cause androgen insensitivity syndrome in individuals. This gene produces androgen receptors which are important to males. Without this receptor androgen will not be supplied to the body and that is a major hormone males need....   [tags: Health, Disorders]

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The History of Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome

- ... The epidemic brought confusion to politics and governments and quickly became both a national and a worldwide problem. Although the history of AIDS is filled with illness, pain, loss, and death, it is also filled with caring, determination, and hard work. Many dedicated health researchers have spent decades working to understand the cause of AIDS, develop treatments for its victims, and find ways to prevent and cure the disease. Though AIDS has not yet been eliminated, these efforts have finally given the world hope for the future....   [tags: HIV, immune system, victims]

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Jacobson Syndrome: An Overview

- Jacobson Syndrome Other names for disorder: 11q terminal deletion disorder 11q deletion disorder Jacobson thrombocytopenia JBS Causes for disorder: Jacobson Syndrome occurs when the genetic material from chromosome 11 is lost. At the end of the long arm (q) of chromosome 11 there is a deletion. Chromosome Affected: Chromosome 11-at the end of the long arm (q) there is a deletion. Are there prenatal tests: Many children are diagnosed with Jacobson Syndrome after birth, but there can be prenatal tests using cytogenic analysis....   [tags: Chromosome, Heart, Transfusion]

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A Review of Alagille Syndrome

- INTRODUCTION Alagille syndrome is an autosomal-dominant condition resulting from a mutation in the JAG1 gene in 95% of cases, and less than 1% of cases have a mutation in the NOTCH2 gene. (Wax, Chard, Pinette, & Cartin, 2013). It was originally said to occur 1 in every 70,000 live births, but current research believes the occurrence is more common at approximately 1 in every 30,000 live births. In order for Alagille syndrome to be definitively diagnosed, the “Class Criteria” must be met. Without meeting the “Classic Criteria,” which will be explained in further detail below, Alagille syndrome cannot be diagnosed....   [tags: liver disease, cardia disease, gene mutation]

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The Congential Vericella Syndrome (CVS)

- ... Upon entering a host cell the virus attaches to a heparin sulfate proteoglycan cell surface receptor and a low affinity receptor. Replication of VZV leads to giant multinucleated host cells within 7 days of infection. The virus can become latent and rest in the dorsal root ganglia of cells leading to a recurrent shingles disease (herpes zoster) in some healthy or immunocompromized adults. Newborns suffering from Congenital Varicella Syndrome are susceptible to development of Herpes zoster within the first two years of life....   [tags: fetal, chicken, pox, mother, diseases]

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Effects of down syndrome

- In today’s society more women need to be aware of the disorder that is becoming more common every year. A study shows that there are about 6,000 diagnoses of Down Syndrome each year in the United States("National association for Down syndrome"). One in every 800 babies is born with Down Syndrome (Marsh). This is a rise from the previously reported statistic of 1 in every 733, as it was reported in 2010. Down Syndrome is a common chromosome disorder due to an extra chromosome number 21("PudMedhealth")....   [tags: Genetic Disorders]

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Intervention on Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

- The behaviors my intervention will target will be to wear my carpal tunnel brace every night as I was told by my doctor and to perform my daily stretches for the carpal tunnel. It is important to change these behaviors because if I do not my carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) could worsen and I could potentially need surgery to correct it. Carpal tunnel syndrome is caused by pressure on the median nerve (Morina et al., 2012 ). I would rather avoid the need to get surgery because there could be a chance that I would still suffer from my CTS....   [tags: Processes, Control, Success]

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Down Syndrome Genetics Abnormality

- Down syndrome is found in one in every 691 babies in the United States. (Global Down Syndrome Para 12). The abnormality in physical and mental traits of this genetic disease has made it moderately difficult for those who are diagnosed to live. Their lifestyle and their parents are more complicated than a regular human being because of the extra attention towards health and education needed. But with extensive medical care and proper techniques families are able to get through the illness. Living with Down syndrome can be lethal because of the major medical complications assorted with the disease....   [tags: health, genetic disease]

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Facts on Down Syndrome

- ... Prevalence of the Condition Statistics reveal that there is 71 percent increase in the cases of Down Syndrome, in the year 1989-90, the number of cases reported were1,075; while in 2007-8 the number of cases increased to 1,843. One of the main reasons for the increase in the number individuals with Down Syndrome is that women are more career oriented and are starting families later in life. Women of 40 years of age have a 16 percent more chance of having a baby with Down syndrome as compared to a woman of age 25....   [tags: chromosome, age, prevalence, knowledge]

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Infants with Respiratory Distress Syndrome

- This study is a clinical trial that aims to find out the effect of massage on behavioral state of neonates with respiratory distress syndrome. The participants were 45 neonates who hospitalized in neonatal intensive care unit of Afzalipour hospital in Kerman. Parental consent was obtained for research participation. The inclusion criteria included all infants born with respiratory distress syndrome, less than 36 weeks gestational age and without of any the following conditions: contraindication of touch, skin problems, hyperbilirubinemia, anemia, respirators, chest tube, addicted mother, congenital and central nervous system disease....   [tags: neonates, skin problems, hyperbilirubinemia]

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What is False Memory Syndrome?

- ... The existing knowledge or memories may interfere with the development of a new memory, causing the new memory of an event to be fallacious or entirely false. According to memory researcher Elizabeth Loftus’ research, false memories can be caused by external suggestions. An example would be Hypnosis, an artificially induced state of relaxation and concentration in which deeper parts of the mind become more accessible. Hypnosis is used clinically to reduce reaction to pain, to encourage free association, etc....   [tags: fabricated remembrance, distortion]

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What Is Rett Syndrome?

- ... Apraxia restricts eye gaze and speech, and because of it as well as a deficiency in verbal communication skills, an accurate assessment of intelligence is difficult. (Turkington, Harris 2006). Most children are normal and healthy until about 6-18 months of life, when the symptoms begin to develop. As the damage to the nervous system begins to worsen, the child begins to lose their ability to speak, begins to have trouble walking or crawling and is shaken by seizures. Along with a loss of speaking abilities, the child has a lessened ability to express feelings....   [tags: symptoms, history, treatment, common]

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What´s the Turner Syndrome

- Introduction Turner Syndrome is a genetic disorder that is characterized by the absence of part or all of the second X chromosome in women. Women who have Turner Syndrome typically have short stature, sexual infantilism, congenital webbing of the neck, and cubitus valgus, which is when the forearm is angled away from the body at a greater degree than normal. A number of health issues accompany the absence of this X chromosome, indicating that a large number of specialists are needed in order to properly treat this disease....   [tags: genetic disorders]

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The Multiple Organ Dysfunction Syndrome

- There is a variety of different types of shock and each type can be caused by many different things. “Shock is classified as cardiogenic (caused by heart failure); neurogenic or vasogenic (caused by alterations in vascular smooth muscle tone); anaphylactic (caused by hypersensitivity); septic (caused by infection); or hypovolemic (caused by insufficient intravascular fluid volume)” (Huether, McCance, 2010, pp.1696-1697). There is also traumatic shock which is similar to hypovolemic shock and septic shock....   [tags: traumatic, neurogenic, organ dysfunction]

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The Diagnosis of Wolfram Syndrome

- Report of case: A ten years old boy was referred by Pediatrician for ocular assessment. He was a known case of DM since last two years being on insulin and the pediatrician was concerned about Diabetic Retinopathy, as the patient had a complaint of gradual visual decline over past two years. The patient was born to a 1st degree consanguineous cousin marriage, with a normal birth history. He had been diagnosed with DM at the age of eight, receiving insulin. The referral letter from pediatrician along with a recent HBA1C report was a telltale of good glycemic control....   [tags: rare disease, optometrist, medical history]

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The Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

- INTRODUCTION HIV/AIDS The Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) was first identified as a distinct new disease in 1981. In 1983 HIV was identified at the causative agent for AIDS. The mean time from HIV infection to AIDS is approximately 10 years. There is no effective medicine to cure it and the infected individuals do not recover: that is, they continue to be infectious throughout their lives. HIV infection is a complex mix of diverse epidemics within and between countries and regions of the world, and is undoubtedly the defining public health crisis of our time....   [tags: infectious disease, crisis, sexual intercourse]

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Genetic Disorders: Cardiofaciocutaneous Syndrome

- Cardiofaciocutaneous syndrome is a very rare and serious genetic disorder that generally affects the heart, facial features, and skin of an individual. It is caused by a desultory gene mutation, which takes place in one of four genes. Those genes are known as BRAF, MEK1, MEK2, and KRAS. From research, it is also suspected there is a possibility that other genes are associated with the rare condition. This disorder holds multiple alternative names, a long history, obvious symptoms, extensive amounts of interesting data, and is lucky enough to be supported by numerous organizations that will stop at nothing to help....   [tags: Genetic Disorders]

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Genetic Conditions: Turner's Syndrome

- Turner’s Syndrome Turner’s syndrome is a genetic conditions that affects the female’s sex chromosome. In ( Turner’s syndrome occurs when cells are missing all or part of an X chromosome. It’s common of the female patient to only have one X chromosome. Although, some individuals may have two X chromosomes but one is defective. It is thought that an estimated 1 out of 2000-2500 females suffer from this genetic condition worldwide but it’s usually females with this condition don’t survive their birth....   [tags: females missing an X chromosome]

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