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Plato on Knowledge

- Plato on Knowledge Plato argues that philosophy purifies ones soul and prepares one for death. Through his work The Republic he speaks about how everyone and everything is similar in regards to thought process. Plato argues that wisdom is gained over time. As a person grows they are exposed to numerous situations and events, which provide one with experience and teachings. Everything that happens in one’s life shapes who they will become, how their wisdom grows, and how much wisdom they obtain....   [tags: Philosophy ]

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The Allegory of the Cave by Plato

- The Allegory of the Cave by Plato      "The Allegory of the Cave," by Plato, explains that people experience emotional and intellectual revelations throughout different stages in their lives. This excerpt, from his dialogue The Republic, is a conversation between a philosopher and his pupil. The argument made by this philosopher has been interpreted thousands of times across the world. My own interpretation of this allegory is simple enough as Plato expresses his thoughts as separate stages. The stages, very much like life, are represented by growing realizations and newfound "pains." Therefore, each stage in "The Allegory of the Cave" reveals the relation between the growth of the mind an...   [tags: Plato Allegory Cave Philosophy Essays]

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Plato's Repubulic- Music, Art, Literature

- In The Republic, Plato uses many different aspects in Books II, III, and X including: art, literature, and music. These aspects play a huge part in the building of the “ideal city”. Plato includes what can and cannot be used and what is good and what is bad for the city. While building the city, everything is broken down and analyzed by Plato. Art as an imitation of real things, three types of imitation, the types of literature, art, and music allowed and not allowed in the city, and the impact of art on the people of the city will all be analyzed in this paper....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Plato's Vision of the Ideal State

- Plato's Vision Of The Ideal State As Presented In The Republic The concept of questioning meaning of life, the universe and everything has become debauched in modern society. But there is an exigency for and a value in the procedure of reasoning through aspects of our experience beginning with moral principles to existence. It can, for ordinary peoples as much as for professional philosophers, enlivening, vivid, and developmental. Plato is one of the most influential thinkers in human history. His philosophies have made a far-reaching impact on the human societies and have laid the foundation of many avenues of knowledge....   [tags: selfishness, utopia, God]

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The Regimes Presented by Plato and Aristotle

- Britannica defines a political system as “the set of formal legal institutions that constitute a ‘government’ or a ‘state’”.1 As the preceding definition implies, a political system is a large component of every government or state. Plato finds that each type of political system possesses a complementary constitution which governs a person’s body and soul (Republic 8.544e). Likewise, Aristotle observes that examples of each political system can also be found in households and communities (NE VIII.10, 1160b)....   [tags: Comparative Analysis, Political System]

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Plato and the definition of justice

- In the Republic that Plato wrote in 380 before J.C. to give his opinion of the political state and justice, many definitions are given through the character of Socrates, who was Plato's mentor, and through characters inspired of Greek philosophers, generally sophists, as Thrasymachus, and Glaucon, who was Plato's own brother. Definitions are given as outcomes of debates between Socrates and the sophists, during which each character leads at a moment or another, until a stronger argument, usually asserted by Socrates, close the discussion....   [tags: Social Role, Greek Philosophy]

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Plato: A student of Socrates

- A student of Socrates, a major western civilization influence, and an amazing philosopher, Plato was his name and he was one of the most influential persons in history. Plato was born in Greece in 427 BC and grew up in a wealthy and noble family. He became a philosopher when his teacher, and another great philosopher of Greece, Socrates, was tried and executed in 399 BC. Plato wrote a lot about Socrates in his works of ancient Greece. Plato helped form classical education, and we would not have a good basis for education in America and western civilization....   [tags: philosopher, student, Greece]

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The Ideal Governments of Plato and Aristotle

- In Ancient Greece, people known as philosophers began contemplating the world in a different light. They had a different way of thinking than what was normal in the day. While others practiced paganism and worshipped the Gods of Olympus, philosophers thought about the body, the soul, and ways to create a better world. Greek philosophers are still known today and their works are still being read and taught. They have left a mark on this world. One topic that philosophers frequently discuss is politics and government....   [tags: ancient greece, philosophers]

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Democracy Outlined by Plato and Aristotle

- In the fifth-century BC, Athens emerged as one of the most advanced state or polis in all of Greece. This formation of Athenian ‘democracy’ holds the main principle that citizens should enjoy political equality in order to be free to rule and be ruled in turn. The word ‘democracy’ originates from the Greek words demos (meaning people) and kratos (meaning power) therefore demokratia means “the power of the people.” The famous funeral speech of Pericles states that “Our constitution is called democracy because power is in the hands not of a minority but of the whole people.” However, only citizens (free adult men of Athenian descent) could participate in political matters....   [tags: democracy, athens, greece]

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Plato and Aristotle's Definition of Art

- Two and a half centuries ago in the Mediterranean, the definition of art was not synonymous with the term as we know it. It encompassed painting, sculpting, poetry, and all what he still recognize as art, as well as craftwork, carpentry and similar occupations. Plato was the first to address the nature of art seriously, and did so quite emphatically. Considering it unimportant and even dangerous, he denounced it. His student, Aristotle, who handled the same subject next, held incompatible and sometimes opposing views on the matter....   [tags: Philosophy]

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Plato 's Argument On Happiness

- ... This rational part of the soul leads the philosopher to view their own sense of good as the necessity for the good of the whole city. With the just appetitive person, the rational sense will guide the other two part to the end goal of gaining materialistic items and money. Therefore, if the rational part is able to rule over the other two parts of the soul, then each part of the person’s soul can be able to perform its absolute function. For Plato, reason is far more important to obtain happiness, than spirit or appetite....   [tags: Meaning of life, Virtue, Ethics, Philosophy]

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Plato Vs. Aristotle on Art

- For over two thousand years, various philosophers have questioned the influence of art in our society. They have used abstract reasoning, human emotions, and logic to go beyond this world in the search for answers about arts' existence. For philosophers, art was not viewed for its own beauty, but rather for the question of how art and artists can help make our society more stable for the next generation. Plato, a Greek philosopher who lived during 420-348 B.C. in Athens, and Aristotle, Plato’s student who argued against his beliefs, have no exceptions to the steps they had to take in order to understand the purpose of art and artists....   [tags: Philosophy]

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The City Of Words By Plato

- In one of Plato’s most esteemed works, The Republic, Plato forms an ideal city called the Kallipolis with citizens and their respective roles within the city. While creating this “City of Words” Plato was faced with a dilemma, what roles would the women of the city be assigned. This paper argues that women were in fact granted a place in society that provided them with equality in the Kallipolis, and that this equality was achieved through their positioning within the guardian class. Furthermore, this equality was affirmed through their position within the ruling class....   [tags: Gender, Gender role, Female, Male]

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Plato's Concept of the Soul

- Plato’s famous theory of “The Concept of the soul” can be found within his book The Republic. Here Plato responds to the Sophists on why one should live morally. At the time Sophists were men who used Philosophy for profit they did this by inventing moral loopholes to get people out of obligations. Or excuse peoples of wrong doings or immoral behavior. They questioned Plato by asking, ”Why should one ought to be moral when morality is apparently a social device for maintaining order”. He responds by saying, Morality is a direct cause of happiness, ones happiness directly responds to ones moral behavior....   [tags: philosophical theories]

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The Matrix and the Allegory of the Cave by Plato

- The Matrix and the cave There are numerous similarities between The Matrix and “The Allegory of the Cave” by Plato. “The Allegory of the Cave” has prisoners of the cave that are unable to move and only able to see what passes over their cave and there is one prisoner that is freed (Plato, circa 380 BC). The Matrix has humans trapped inside of the matrix. (Silver Pictures & Wachowski Brothers, 1999). The main character is Neo. Neo represents the prisoner from Plato’s cave that was freed. Neo woke up to a reality that was not easy to understand....   [tags: prisoners, humans, perception, reality]

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The Good Life: Plato and Paul

- The Good Life: Plato and Paul For the span of all philosophical theory, the quest for the “good life” or permanent and final happiness has time and again been at the forefront of human motivation and thought. In surmising on how to make our lives good, it is not uncommon to believe that existing in the customary ways, given the lifestyles humans naturally form in becoming adults, is not automatically the preeminent way to exist. If we were to dedicate deliberate and conscious thought to the problem, a superior method may appear....   [tags: philosophical theory]

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Plato's Philosophy of Democracy

- Democracy is a topic extensively studied by political philosophers all around the world. Plato was one of these philosophers. Plato believed that “democracy […] is a charming form of government, full of verity and disorder; and dispensing a sort of equality to equals and unequals alike”. An analysis of ancient Athenian democracy and the Republic provides great understanding of the statement within its context. The statement itself is valid, but Plato does not appear to mean what he said. The statement itself has two main parts that one must understand in order to fully understand the statement....   [tags: Philosophy ]

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Plato versus Mill on Censorship

- In review of both Plato and Mill’s arguments for and against censorship, I come to my conclusion that holds true to Mill. I could not have said it any better than Mill’s two main arguments against censorship. Humans make mistakes and making mistakes is entirely unavoidable because we are not perfect. Therefore, without being perfect, how can a human, like Plato, decide the perfect way to form a society. Plato makes sense in that he does not care about happiness he only cares about an ideal state with little or no issues....   [tags: philosphical analysis]

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Justice According to Plato

- In Republic, Plato presents his view of justice and why it is better to be just rather than unjust. In doing so, Plato tries to develop a parallel between justice in the city and justice in the individual. Justice in the city can be characterized by every citizen performing one’s own social service in the state in which his nature is best adapted. Justice in the soul is each of the three parts of the soul—rational, spirited and appetitive— performing its proper functions and being in harmony with each other....   [tags: philosophical analysis]

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Plato, Socrates, And Machiavelli

- ... The city then becomes the re-purified city with three classes rulers, auxiliaries, and producers. “Therefore, isn’t it appropriate for the rational part to rule, since it is really wise and exercises foresight on behalf of the whole soul…” (441e). The rulers of this city are supposed to know what is best for the city and have a moral ability to know this. It is then said that the rulers of this city should be philosopher kings who have a love for learning. These philosopher kings will know what is good for the city as a whole....   [tags: Ethics, Morality, Political philosophy, Religion]

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The Euthyphro and The Republic

- The Euthyphro and The Republic I. In the Euthyphro, Euthyphro himself gives three proposals of piety. First, the pious is to prosecute the wrongdoer and the impious is not to prosecute the wrongdoer. Socrates disputes this example as lacking generality. He believed that in order to define piety, one had to find the form that made all pious acts pious. An example of a pious act does not in turn define piety. Euthyphro’s second attempt stated that the pious is loved by the gods, while the impious was hated by them....   [tags: Papers]

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Plato's Theory of Knowledge

- “If the truth of all things always existed in the soul, then the soul is immortal” (The Philosophical Journey 89). This states that since the soul has all knowledge integrated, one recollects this knowledge through situations in an individual’s life and use one’s reasoning. With the dialogues of the Meno and Phaedo, Plato discusses the ideas of recollection and immortality of the soul in general. As well, the Republic, through the three different situations shown, Plato shows the ideas of the forms and what is real and what is not....   [tags: Philosophy, Greek]

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Plato 's Pedagogy : A Style Of Teaching

- ... Initially, Socrates highly valued students who put their brains to work in learning, and who did not accept everything they were taught as fact. One of Socrates’ favorite students was Plato. Cross agrees, saying, “Plato (437-347) was Socrates’ prized student.” The thing Plato did was magnificent, he was always questioning Socrates in his teaching because he knew that’s what was expected of him. If we fast forward to modern day teachers, or professors, they are always assumed to be correct and have the highest level of knowledge and wisdom (all the while teaching about Socrates.) This is completely obscene because their teaching method is to not have students question their ideas, but tha...   [tags: Education, Teacher, Socrates, Pedagogy]

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Plato's Education Philosophy

- Plato was born into an aristocratic Greek family between 428–427 BC. At the age of twenty he became a disciple of the philosopher Socrates. Socrates continued to be an enormous influence on Plato throughout his life. Plato was an idealist and believed that everything that we see in this world is a less accurate representation of what its true form should be. He believed in a world of unchanging and unrelated forms that corresponded to universal definitions. This belief led to his theory of forms and became an essential part of his philosophy....   [tags: Philosophy]

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Aristotle vs Plato

- One of the most fundamental questions of moral philosophy as it applies to our everyday lives is the relationship between truth and philosophy, and as such, it is appropriate that Plato, as one of the founders of Western philosophy, attempts to deal with them. Before one can fully comprehend how Plato understands this interconnection, it is imperative to understand how Plato understands truth and happiness as separate entities—that is, what is truth and what is happiness. Plato never explicitly declares what the truth actually is; rather, the closest he comes is describing characteristics of the truth (much in the same way he flirts with defining justice until the Republic)....   [tags: Truth, Happiness]

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Difference in the Philosophy of Plato and Aristotle and Their Influence.

- ... He believed that to understand something completely, one needed to have direct experience with it through observing the natural world: One doesn’t need to venture to another world or realm to gain knowledge. Thus, Aristotle rejected Plato’s Theory of Forms (IEP). For Aristotle, the ‘forms’ Plato referred to existed within the imperfect things themselves, rather than existing in some other world. Aristotle’s Theory of Knowledge was grounded on his firm belief in logic and demanded empirical evidence....   [tags: Wisdom, Human Philosophy]

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Plato Banning Poetry

- ... Furthermore even if he did make more than one bed those would merely be copies. Although the carpenter makes beds in similar quality it is an only an imitation of a particular bed. The painter’s bed is purely an imitation of the carpenter’s product. The painter is then accused to be the imitator of things that others create, because they are one who makes something at third removed from nature. Plato states that although this painting looks different it is not different, and it imitates illusion....   [tags: justice, city, knowledge, souls, corrupt]

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St. Augustine as the True Heir of Plato

- Aristotle and St. Augustine have both been influenced by Plato. Their philosophy on morality, politics, and the purpose of life has been platonically influenced. St. Augustine is the true heir of Plato because he has taken Plato’s ideal state, and revealed the implications of the lives that the citizens of the earthly city lead, in the City of God. Plato’s state is an ideal state, that would not function in reality. St. Augustine has taken Plato’s notions, and have furthered the implications of living a life that strives towards a common good....   [tags: Aristotle and St. Augustine]

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Plato and Aristotle's Ideal Views of Politics

- Plato grew up within the spewing turmoil that would become Athens, after its failed attempts at democracy, and Aristotle who was educated in Athens under his teacher went on to mentor Alexander the Great of Macedonia. Though both had varying differences in their ideal governmental policies. Plato in his Republic would have his great city of Athens follow a monarch known as the Philosopher-King, while Aristotle in his talk of Politics would have the demos, the people rule, the very people that ruined the city his mentor grew up in....   [tags: monarch, democracy, philosophers]

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Plato's Good Life

- Starting as a wrestler Plato strived to be in the Olympics. Always falling short, he left his Olympic dream behind. After the attempt of wrestling he wanted to become a tragic poet. Failing to impress the judges at any major competition he changed course and headed over to hear one of Socrates’ speeches. He then made the decision to follow in the same footsteps of Socrates. Becoming one of Socrates’ pupils Plato wrote Socrates’ works and began to develop his own ideas along the way. He also founded the first university called the academy....   [tags: olympics, socrates speech]

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Comparing and Contrasting Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle

- Introduction: We humans like to think. Some people take it as a hobby. While others take it as a job. That is basically what a philosopher is. A philosopher is a person that usually thinks about life and tries to find out mysterious questions, and how to solve them. Since a long time ago, in ancient Greece, many people would just meditate about life, and would sit or talk and write books about life. These have always been one of Greek's reasons of why it is so famous. Because of their marvelous philosophers....   [tags: Philosophers, Philosophy]

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Plato 's Democracy

- Plato uses the ship analogy to demonstrate the paradox of democracy; as more power is distributed to create equality among people, desire for personal gains will lead to the worst of all regimes: tyranny. Plato suggests that regardless of people’s desire for equality and peace as they accept their fundamental functions within a society, democracy can easily turn into a tyranny if the rulers are trusted too much with deciding for large number of people, without any regulations. Plato claims that though democracy is flawed just like the other form of regimes, its transition into tyrannical state where a tyrant rules all without any consent of/for people, allows one to realize the importance of...   [tags: Democracy, Oligarchy, Tyranny of the majority]

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Plato’s Allegory of the Cave and The Matrix

- The Republic is considered to be one of Plato’s most storied legacies. Plato recorded many different philosophical ideals in his writings. Addressing a wide variety of topics from justice in book one, to knowledge, enlightenment, and the senses as he does in book seven. In his seventh book, when discussing the concept of knowledge, he is virtually addressing the cliché “seeing is believing”, while attempting to validate the roots of our knowledge. By his use of philosophical themes, Plato is able to further his points on enlightenment, knowledge, and education....   [tags: compre contrast]

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Plato’s Influence on Western Civilization

- Our country is built on a set of values derived from ancient civilizations, individuals, and city-states; both negative and positive attributes of these relics can be proven to have assisted in molding our government into a unique and prized entity. Never would one imagine that western civilization is actually inclined by theories of truth and the human beings perception of it. Few would have thought that a primitive concept could be linked to the setbacks of other societies and their forms of socialization, as well as to the success to ours....   [tags: Greek Metaphysics, Women's Rights]

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The Matrix and Plato’s Allegory of the Cave

- Unable to know any better, people’s blindness to the truth about their existence throughout the ages has been relative to the questioning of reality. We search but are unable to the see the truth through the illusion that the world before us has portrayed. One might ask, how do we know what is real and what is simply illusion brought by our subjective view of the world. But when attempting to understand the nature of our existence, about why we are here, the complexities of life often make it difficult to interpret this subject....   [tags: reality, sci-fi movies, truth]

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Analysis of "Republic"

- Philosophy is a Greek word meaning "love of wisdom." Throughout Plato's Republic, wisdom plays an important role. According to Plato, education is wisdom and all of our knowledge is not acquiring information, but remembering it from the past. He felt that wisdom is a skill that comes to us naturally as we are just removing the veil of ignorance. His search for the true meaning of justice leads to a discussion with his peers of education and what part it should play in the ideal state that they have developed....   [tags: World Literature]

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Plato on Justice

- Plato’s interpretation of justice as seen in ‘The Republic’ is a vastly different one when compared to what we and even the philosophers of his own time are accustomed to. Plato would say justice is the act of carrying out one’s duties as he is fitted with. Moreover, if one’s duties require one to lie or commit something else that is not traditionally viewed along with justice; that too is considered just by Plato’s accounts in ‘The Republic.’ I believe Plato’s account of justice, and his likely defense against objections are both clear and logical, thus I will endeavor to argue his views as best as I can....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Plato and Confucius

- Plato and Confucius There are thousands of credible philosophers for people to study today, therefore the choice of who to study becomes a burdening task. Each single one has amazing knowledge and insight that we could all learn something from. There are people who don’t call themselves philosophers but bring philosophical thought to us, and then there are those who dedicate their lives to the love of wisdom. Philosophers have existed for thousands of years, and as long as the sun comes up, there will be philosophers in the future....   [tags: Philosophers]

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Plato and Aristotle

- Plato and Aristotle Plato and Aristotle have two distinct views on wellness. However, each man’s opinion on wellness is directly tied in to his respective opinions on the idea of imitation as a form of knowledge. Their appreciation or lack thereof for tragedy is in fact directly correlated to their own perspective on wellness and emotion. Firstly, it is important to consider each man’s view of wellness—that is how does each man go about addressing emotional stability. One important consideration is the approach Plato takes in relation to Aristotle....   [tags: Philosophy Essays Wellness]

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Plato and Aristotle

- According to Plato, a just person can be related to a just society; both of them function similarly as a whole. Social justice occurs when each member of society plays the role for which his nature best suits him. Individual or moral justice occurs when the individual is harmonizing and keep all factors of his being in balance. Plato's view of a just society and a just individual is the aspiration for the gain of the whole over the individual. All of these ideas ties together Plato's ideal republic....   [tags: Ethics]

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plato & aristotle

- In these sessions, I have gained a better understanding of Aristotle and Plato’s ideas and theories. Particularly, I have a specific interest in Aristotle and the notion of the two extremes and to aim towards the “gray or middle of the road”. I also have an interest in Plato’s theory regarding the just and unjust and the repercussions of their actions. Aristotle is trying to achieve that single point in which life is the best of both worlds. He attempts to define an obtainable median point in life....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Machiavelli And Plato

- Niccolio Machiavelli (Born May 3rd, 1469 &#8211; 1527 Florence, Italy.) His writings have been the source of dispute amongst scholars due to the ambiguity of his analogy of the &#8216;Nature of Politics'; and the implication of morality. The Prince, has been criticised due to it&#8217;s seemingly amoral political suggestiveness, however after further scrutiny of other works such as The Discourses, one can argue that it was Machiavelli&#8217;s intention to infact imply a positive political morality....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Poetry and Music for Plato

- When he wrote The Republic, Plato recognized the need for the rulers or `guardians' of his kallipolis to be good and righteous. He also realized that "imitations practiced from youth become part of nature" (Plato, Republic, 395d). It was with these two thoughts in mind that Plato decided to censor poetry and representations in the education of the guardians. He felt that, in portraying gods and heroes as slavish and iniquitous, poets, playwrights, musicians and storytellers encouraged people to imitate and adopt iniquitous and slavish natures or habits....   [tags: Philosophy]

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Plato's View in Human Knowledge

- Plato's View in Human Knowledge Plato presents three different views about knowledge in Meno, Republic, and Theaetetus. In Meno's case, Plato believes knowledge as something innate in us when we are born; in his later view, in Republic, Plato believes we perceive things and gain knowledge; and from the last view, in Theaetus, Plato believes knowledge is the combination of a true opinion and a rational opinion. Strangely enough, Plato's views in Meno, Republic, and Theaetetus are similar, regarding the characteristics of knowledge....   [tags: Papers]

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Do Not Assume Socrates Opinions Are those of Plato

- While Plato records Socrates’ words and dialogues, it cannot be assumed that the opinions Socrates expresses are those of Plato. However, in the discussion of imitation in Republic, Book III the two philosophers’ views align. Plato’s use of the various types of narrative Socrates outlines displays the very point Socrates concludes on concerning imitation and conveys Plato’s ultimate point about imitation, that only good men performing good actions should be imitated. During the discussion with Thrasymachus in Book I Plato uses the different forms of narrative to the same effect Socrates describes in Book III while discussing imitation....   [tags: debates, narrative, imitation]

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Plato: The Grandfather of Democracy

- Plato: The Grandfather of Democracy The history and the evolution of what we know as law, has developed out of many different viewpoints and philosophies. It has been the result of the operational and manipulative aspects of public affairs, and also seems to be the creation of different philosophical systems. There have been many that have been innovators in this area of thought from political leaders and dictators, to others who were simple political idealists and philosophers. Through the wisdom and teachings of Plato, law has evolved into many different systems, and through this paper we will discuss the impact this particular philosopher had had on our modern system of democracy....   [tags: Papers]

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Relating Socrates to Platos the Republic

- By studying a variety of events and people involved in the Peloponnesian War and the Theban play Antigone, it becomes noticeable that many of these events and people can be explained through Platonic terms. Throughout the Republic, Plato conveys his philosophical thoughts about democracy, justice, and education in a society through his main character Socrates. As Socrates encounters many enlightened people of his time, he questions them on rhetorical issues dealing with society and human nature....   [tags: World Cultures]

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Why Is Plato Considered Art As Just An Imitation

- First, Plato believed that ideas are the realist things in the world. What we see in our daily life is not reality; sense perceptions are only appearances. And appearances are unreliable material copies of the immaterial pure ideas. Thus to him the world of the ideas is reasonable and fixed and holds the truth. While the world of physical appearances is variable and irrational, and it only bears reality to the extent that it succeeds in capturing the idea. To live the best life that you can and to be happy and do good, as a person you have to strive to understand and imitate the ideas as best as you can....   [tags: Emotion, Art, Aristotle, Reason]

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Comparing Plato And Orwell 's Book 1984

- ... In The Cave, everyone is chained down and forced to watch images on a cave wall. The images are cast by those who control the cave who use a fire behind the prisoners to create the shadows on the wall. It is then wondered what would happen if someone was released from the cave. If he was brought out of the cave, he first would be blinded but would eventually learn the basics of nature. The story of 1984 takes place within a society that is similar to what the cave is symbolizing. The telescreen is equivalent to that of the shadows being produced on the cave wall in The Republic....   [tags: Nineteen Eighty-Four, Totalitarianism, Noble lie]

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Plato

- Plato was a philosopher and educator in ancient Greece. He was one of the most important thinkers and writers in the history of Western culture. Plato was born in Athens into a family that was one of the oldest and most distinguished in the city. His father Ariston died when Plato was only a child. The name Plato was a nickname meaning broad shoulders. Plato's real name was Aristocles. Plato had aspirations of becoming a politician, however these hopes were destroyed when his friend Socrates was sentenced to death in 299 B.C....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Justice Exemplified by Plato and Thucydides

- Plato's Book I of The Republics presents three fundamental views on justice which are exemplified in Thucydides' On Justice, Power and Human Nature. Justice is illustrated as speaking the paying one's debts, helping one's friends and harming one's enemies, and the advantage of the stronger. In both their works, Plato and Thucydides write of the view that justice is honoring one's debts. In The Republics, Cephalus asserts that justice is "the truth and giving back what a man has taken from another." In other words, he believes that we should be truthful and pay back our debts to man and the gods....   [tags: Comparative Literature]

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Classical Theories - Aristotle and Plato

- Plato and Aristotle have both documented strong opinions about the influence and social purpose of poetry. Plato, in The Republic, outlines reasons for his `refusal to admit the imitative kind of poetry'(Plato cited in ed. Adams 1992, p. 31). Plato's reference to `poetry' does not apply to the poetry of contemporary society, as it was a performance art and not meant for silent reading and reflection. Julia Annas (1981, p. 94) believes that Plato's concern `was with popular culture, the culture that surrounds children as they grow up; in a present-day setting his concern would be with novels, (TV and movies)'; such as the 2003 movie House of Sand and Fog....   [tags: Personal Essays]

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Plato's Ideas of an Inefficient Democracy

- Plato's Ideas of an Inefficient Democracy Plato's Republic describes precisely how he feels about society and what the true meaning of justice is within that society. Plato feels that a city can only function if each of pieces does its part and nothing else. He also thinks that a perfect society should run on a distinct social scale. This scale descends in the order from the philosopher kings to the guardians to the craftspeople. His ideal society would be run in the form of an aristocracy where the philosopher kings use the guardians to ultimately rule the lowly craftspeople....   [tags: Papers]

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Education: Keeping the Republic Together

- Education: Keeping the Republic Together Our world today puts huge amounts of emphasis on education, specifically in order to get a better job, make more money or take enjoyment in what we do. We see a similar importance placed on education in Socrates’ make believe city, as described in Plato’s Republic. However, Socrates has made it clear that this education is not for personal betterment or gain, but rather for the common good. Socrates has created his Republic with education of its citizens at the core....   [tags: Papers]

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Justice In Book I Of The Republic

- The Republic of Plato begins in a similar fashion that many other Platonic dialogues begin, with that of a question. The conversation between Socrates and the aged Cephalus becomes a philosophical discussion of what advantages money has brought to Cephalus' life. Cephalus replies that money has allowed him "to tell the truth and pay one's debts" (331 b). Nevertheless, Socrates believes this does not portray an accurate description of what justice is. The rest of the first book is a discussion of the definition of justice, mainly that of Thrasymachus' definition....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Comparing Oresteia and The Republic

- Comparing Oresteia and The Republic The tragic poet Aeschylus, and the philosopher Plato have arguably written two of the most influencing works ever in western history. The Oresteia, and The Republic each respectively depicts its individual accounts of how justice came to exist in human society. In the ancient In the famous dialogs of Socrates, The Republic attempts to analyze society rationally and change the state so that individuals could attain the Socratic goal of moral excellence. For Socrates, the just state could not be founded on tradition because tradition was not based on rational thinking, nor on the doctrine of power and strength being right....   [tags: Papers]

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Socrates and Thrasymachus in Republic

- Socrates and Thrasymachus in Republic Socrates and Thrasymachus have a dialogue in Chapter 2 of Republic which progresses from a discussion of the definition of morality, to an understanding of the expertise of ruling, and eventually to a debate on the state of human nature. The Thrasymachian view of human nature has interesting implications in regards to Thomas Nagel’s ideal of egalitarianism, and Barbara Ehrenreich’s discontentment with the economic disparity in our democratic society. Although Thrasymachus is thwarted in conversation, Glaucon finds the outcome not entirely conclusive and directs Socrates to proving that morality, in and of itself, is a worthwhile pursuit....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Essays]

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Plato's Theory of Human Knowledge

- Plato's Theory of Human Knowledge Plato contended that all true knowledge is recollection. He stated that we all have innate knowledge that tells us about the things we experience in our world. This knowledge, Plato believed, was gained when the soul resided in the invisible realm, the realm of The Forms and The Good. Plato's theory of The Forms argued that everything in the natural world is representative of the ideal of that form. For example, a table is representative of the ideal form Table....   [tags: Papers]

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Analysis of Thrasymachus' Argument in The Republic

- Thrasymachus has just stated, "Justice is nothing other than the advantage of the stronger", and is now, at the request of Socrates, clarifying his statement.<p> <i>"'Don't you know that some cities are ruled by tyranny, some by a democracy, and some by an aristocracy?' 'Of Course.' 'And in each city this element is stronger, namely, the ruler?' 'Certainly.' 'And each makes laws to its own advantage. Democracy makes democratic laws, tyranny makes tyrannical laws, and so on with the others. And they declare what they have made - what is to their own advantage - to be just for their subjects, and they punish anyone who goes against this as lawless and unjust....   [tags: Philosophy]

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Plato

- In 428 B.C. Aristocles (later known as Plato) was born in Athens. He was born on the island of Aegina, which lies just twelve miles off shore from Athens in the Saronic Gulf (Havelock 3). Aristocles was born into a great political family (Friedlander 14). His father being the descendant of Codrus, the last king of Athens, and his mother was descendant from the great Athenian law maker Solon (Friedlander 15). Like most adolescent children his ambitions were far from anything his parents had ever done....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Plato, Aristotle and the Stoics on How to Live One's Life

- In the history of early philosophy, there were 3 prominent views on how to live one's life. These were presented by Plato, Aristotle, and the Stoics. Plato, presenting the most simple of the three, believed that one should direct their life towards virtue, morality, and harmony of the soul. Explaining himself in his work Gorgias, Plato has Socrates and Polus talking to each other about the relation between happiness and wrong doing. Polus answers yes, happiness and wrong doing go together. Furthering his answer, Polus describes how a happy man is a powerful man....   [tags: history of early philosphy]

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The Republic Does Justice Pay

- The Republic Does Justice Pay In the Introduction of Plato's Republic, a very important theme is depicted. It is the argument of whether it is beneficial for a person to lead a good and just existence. The greatly argued position that justice does not pay, is argued by three men Thrasymachus, Glaucon, and Adeimantus. By incorporating all three men into a collective effort I believe I can give a more flattering depiction of injustice. First, we must explore the basis of the moral skepticism argument in The Republic, given by Thrasymachus....   [tags: Papers]

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Plato

- Plato (circa 428-c. 347 BC) Plato was born to an aristocratic family in Athens. His father, Ariston, was believed to have descended from the early kings of Athens. Perictione, his mother, was distantly related to the 6th- century BC lawmaker Solon. When Plato was a child, his father died, and his mother married Pyrilampes, who was an associate of the statesman Pericles. As a young man Plato had political ambitions, but he became disillusioned by the political leadership in Athens. He eventually became a disciple of Socrates, accepting his basic philosophy and dialectical style of debate: the pursuit of truth through questions, answers, and additional questions....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Plato

- Plato Plato was born in Athens to a wealthy family and lived from 429-347 B.C.E. He was Socrates' greatest student and held his teacher in such high regard that in most of his works Socrates plays the main character. Some people doubt the existance of Socrates but, "like nearly everyone else who appears in Plato's works, he is not an invention of Plato: there really was a Socrates" (Kraut). Plato wrote many works asking questions about terms such as justice, piety, and immortality to name a few....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophers]

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Plato

- Plato Biography Plato was born in Athens of an aristocratic family. He recounts in the Seventh Letter, which, if genuine, is part of his autobiography, that the spectacle of the politics of his day brought him to the conclusion that only philosophers could be fit to rule. After the death of Socrates in 399, he travelled extensively. During this period he made his first trip to Sicily, with whose internal politics he became much entangled. He visited Sicily at least three times in all and may have been richly subsidised by Dionysius....   [tags: Papers]

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Plato

- Since the human beings came together and began to live communities, necessities to be administrated became the most important subject for human kind. There were said many things on this issue; there have been put many claims and interpretations on well, just and equal administration by many philosophers. They searched for the best administration that will guide people equally, just and well; that will provide sustainability, peace and prosperity between communities. In fact there are many forms of government that operating in the world....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Plato: Patriot Or Dissident

- Plato, the Greek philosopher is considered to be one of the greatest thinkers in history and is called by one scholar “the fountainhead through which all western thought flows.” In his book The Republic he outlines what the perfect city-state would look like and how it would operate. Along his path of reason he makes no attempt to hide his disdain for other political systems. That includes democracy, a system he does not seem to agree with. In fact, from what I read, Plato obviously disagrees with democracy and its principals....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Plato

- Plato The first degree of belief are physical objects, as the second degree of belief are shadows and images of the physical objects. In the last book, Plato criticizes poetry and the fine arts. Plato feels that art is merely the imitation of the imitation of reality, and that poetry corrupts the soul. Socrates says that artists merely create things. As an example, if a painter draws a couch on his canvas, he is creating a couch. But the couch he creates is not the real couch, it is nothing but a copy of an ordinary, physical couch which was created by a craftsman....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophers Essays]

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plato

- Discuss Plato’s Parable of the Cave. Plato’s parable of the cave, also known as the “allegory of the cave, opulently describes beneficial metaphors and elaborate imagery about knowledge, ignorance, truth and lastly enlightenment. The allegory of the cave appears at the beginning of Book VII of Plato’s The Republic, which in itself is principally a study of justice, government and leadership. In The Republic, Plato describes a cave containing individuals confined to the cave floor, bound by shackles....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Plato

- Socrates' ideal city is described through Plato in his work The Republic, some questions pondered through the text could be; How is this an "ideal" city formed, and is justice in the city relative to that of the human soul. I believe Socrates found the true meaning of justice in the larger atmosphere of the city and applied that concept to the human soul. Socrates describes his idea of an "ideal city" as one that has all the necessary parts to function and to show that justice is truly the harmony between the three stages of the city and soul in the human body....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Plato's Concept of Democracy and Justice

- Book one of Plato's Republic examines the concept of democracy and justice. Thrasymachus, the Sophist declares that justice is the advantage of the stronger, whereas Socrates argues that justice is wisdom, something good and desirable. According to this in Athenian times, a democracy could not survive with out a system of justice in place. This still holds true in the contemporary Western world. Throughout the dialogue of book one, Socrates, Cephalus, Polemarchus and Thrasymachus are trying to reach a definition of justice....   [tags: Philosophy]

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Comparing Aristotle and Plato

- Comparing Aristotle and Plato Aristotle argues that in order for a polis to emerge, a union between man and women must convene. Later a household must be introduced which unites with other households to form a village, villages come together to form city-states. This theory is Aristotle’s natural view that an individual can not be self sufficient Plato argues that, in order to achieve absolute justice, a city-state is needed. In The Republic, Plato builds around the idea of Philosopher Rulers....   [tags: Papers]

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How the Divided Line Relates with the Cave and Light of Sun

- In one of Plato’s most famous three analogies, that of the divided line, which was perfectly, rather clarified in the book The Republic. It is one of the most articulate stories. Plato brought out these models of truth, knowledge, and the natural world of truth along his analogy of the divided line. However, Plato’s analogies are over 1900 years old, I believe but they can still play a big role in today’s world. Plato believes that his manner of knowledge produced in his divided line, can be a significant part in creating a healthier culture and community....   [tags: The Republic Essays]

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Plato's View on Lying

- Plato's View on Lying What is a lie. And when is it appropriate to tell a lie. Are two questions to think about after reading Plato's Republic translated by G.M.A Grube. A lie by definition is a false statement intended to deceive. Most people would agree this is not a "just" thing to do to your friends. In American society today, lying has always been a "bad" thing to do. Trust is very important, parents always tell their kids never to lie or they will loose their trust. Plato disagrees, with what most parents say to their children....   [tags: Papers]

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Plato's View on Life

- Plato's View on Life In his book titled The Republic Plato arises many questions concerning the philosophy of life. One of the most difficult subjects that he touches is the definition of justice. He tries to explain to his fellow friends how is the good man supposed to behave, and which is better to be just or unjust but that answer becomes very complicated and leads Plato to examine that rather complex subject in great detail. He demolishes the three popular definitions of justice that are brought up, which imply that justice is " paying one's debts," "helping friends and harming enemies," and "whatever is to the advantage of the stronger" and argues that these definitions are not compl...   [tags: Papers]

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Comparing Aristotle and Plato

- Comparing Aristotle and Plato We have two great philosophers, Plato and Aristotle. These are great men, whose ideas have not been forgotten over years. Although their thoughts of politics were similar, we find some discrepancies in their teachings. The ideas stem from Socrates to Plato to Aristotle. Plato based moral knowledge on abstract reason, while Aristotle grounded it on experience and tried to apply it more to concrete living. Both ways of life are well respected by many people today. Plato started his teachings in remembrance of his good friend, Socrates....   [tags: Papers]

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PLato

- The focus of Socrates at this time in Plato’s Republic is of the ideal city and how it can be traced to the human soul. Socrates believes that the city he has proposed to the other men is perfect in itself. He says that this city possesses four virtues which are the base for the city being perfect. These are the virtues of wisdom, courage, moderation and lastly but most importantly is the virtue of justice. He breaks down the city into classes and he says how each man within the city is responsible for what his life work is....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Comparing Plato and Aristotle

- Comparing Plato and Socrates Plato was among the most important and creative thinkers of the ancient world. He was born in Athens in 428 BC to an aristocratic and well-off family. Even as a young child Plato was familiar with political life because his father, Ariston was the last king of Athens. Ariston died when Plato was a young boy. However, the excessive Athenian political life, which was under the oligarchical rule of the Thirty Tyrants and the restored democracy, seem to have forced him to give up any ambitions of political life....   [tags: Philosophy]

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The Republic Book 1

- The Republic Book 1 Book 1 of Plato's Republic raises the question what is justice. Four views of justice are examined. The first is that justice is speaking the truth and paying one's debt. The second is that justice is helping one's friends and harming one's enemies. The third view of justice is that it is to the advantage of the stronger. The last view is that injustice is more profitable than justice. The book begins by explaining that at the time many Athenians are celebrating the introduction of a new goddess at the city of Piraeus....   [tags: Papers]

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Platos Republic

- Plato's Republic Critics of The Republic, Plato's contribution to the history of political theory, have formed two distinct opinions on the reasoning behind the work. The first group believes that The Republic is truly a model for a political society, while the other strongly objects to that, stating it as being far too fantastic for any society to operate successfully by these suggested methods. In an exchange between Crito and Dionysius, this argument is first introduced, with Crito siding with those who agree that The Republic is a realistic political model, and Dionysius arguing on behalf of those who doubt it as being realistic, claiming it to be a criticism of politics in gener...   [tags: essays research papers]

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