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The Republic By Plato

- "The Republic" by Plato The Republic written by Plato examines many things. It mainly is about the Good life. Plato seems to believe that the perfect life is led only under perfect conditions which is the perfect society. Within the perfect society there would have to be justice. In the Republic it seems that justice is defined many different ways. In this paper I am going to discuss a few. First I am going to discuss the reason why Glaucon and Adeimantus see justice as being a bad thing and it is better to live a unjust life....   [tags: Republic Justice Plato Essays]

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Plato's The Republic: Analysis of the Chapter Entitled "Allegory of the Cave"

- One of the world’s most revered philosophers, Plato, was born in 428 BC. As a young man, Plato, became a devout student of Socrates. Plato quickly adopted Socrates’ teachings and turned his studies toward the question of virtue and noble character. After the execution of his beloved mentor, Plato founded the first English university called the Academy. He wanted thinkers to have a place were they could word toward better government for Greek cities. Over the duration of his life Plato wrote many books, and his most influential work is The Republic....   [tags: The Republic, Plato]

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Justice in Plato´s The Republic

- In book four of Plato's “The Republic” Socrates defines justice in the individual as analogous to justice in the state. I will explain Socrates' definition of justice in the individual, and then show that Socrates cannot certify that his definition of justice is correct, without asking further questions about justice. I will argue that if we act according to this definition of justice, then we do not know when we are acting just. Since neither the meaning of justice, nor the meaning of good judgement, is contained in the definition, then one can act unjustly while obeying to the definition of justice....   [tags: Plato's The Republic]

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Observations on the Writing Profession in The Republic by Plato

- Questioning of the Writing Profession Plato’s The Republic For all the time today’s students spend learning to write well, Plato is skeptical of those who spend their lives crafting words. In the tenth chapter of The Republic, Socrates condemns poets as imitators. In the dialogue that bears his name, Phaedrus wonders whether words in the constructed rhythms of speech or poetry will obscure Truth, the philosopher’s ultimate goal. Speech-writing is just the clever use of rhetorical device, poetry is faulty imitation, and both empty voices can deceive us....   [tags: Plato's Republic Essays]

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Model of Justice in Plato's The Republic

- Model of Justice in Plato's The Republic In what is perhaps his most well-known text, The Republic, Plato explores the fundamental concept of justice, how it is observed in the world, and its application to the lives of men. When he identifies the good in Book VI, which is reality and knowledge in their true forms, Plato also describes the visual world of shadows and false reality that people perceive and is cast by the sun. What follows from these definitions is that, while justice is a concept that exists autonomously from injustice and other fleeting conditions, injustice requires justice to be a medium for it to exist, develop, and spread itself....   [tags: Republic Plato Philosophy]

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Plato’s Theory of The Soul in The Republic

- Plato’s Republic introduces a multitude of important and interesting concepts, of topics ranging from music, to gender equality, to political regime. For this reason, many philosophers and scholars still look back to The Republic in spite of its age. Yet one part that stands out in particular is Plato’s discussion of the soul in the fourth book of the Republic. Not only is this section interesting, but it was also extremely important for all proceeding moral philosophy, as Plato’s definition has been used ever since as a standard since then....   [tags: Literary Analysis, Plato, Republic]

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The Republic By Plato

- The purpose of The Republic by Plato is to explain, define and seek the true definition of justice and highlight the flaws of the democratic political system. Plato constructs the argument that leaders of a nation (kings) should become philosophers, or philosophers should become kings. Throughout his book, Plato deliberately expresses his belief that it takes a special kind of knowledge and wisdom to rule a nation justly and successfully. The cave is depicted as a allegory that explains the path one has to take when it comes to education in order to achieve the ultimate source of good, knowledge....   [tags: Philosophy, Plato, Justice, Ontology]

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The Republic, By Plato

- What is Justice. This seems to be the simple question to multiple answers and different opinion on what is it. From the classical days to our current modern day the question is what justice is yet to be answered. Although, the topic being vast and complicated it is somewhat defined or theorized as human virtue that makes a person befitting and good; justice is a social awareness that makes a society peaceful and good. This leads theory leads to so many questions in Plato’s book the Republic, like does absolute justice exist and what is just....   [tags: Plato, Justice, Virtue, Political philosophy]

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The Republic Of Plato 's Republic

- Of the many important texts in our world’s history, Plato’s Republic is among the best of them. This text has been used countless times and for countless reasons. Jon Dorbolo states, “The Republic is considered by many to be Plato’s masterwork. It certainly is one of the most important texts of political theory. In the Republic, Plato reasons his way to a description of the perfect political system.” So many people used the Republic when making important political decisions and writing important political documents....   [tags: Political philosophy, United States, Republic]

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Plato's The Republic and Aristophanes The Birds

- Plato's The Republic and Aristophanes The Birds      It is evident, by Plato's The Republic and Aristophanes The Bird's, that one's vision of an ideal state is not the same mystical utopia. Plato's Republic is an well-ordered society that emphasizes the development of the community, which leads to its people believing in this philosophy. Cloudcuckooland, the idea of two lazy Athenians, is an unorganized society that lacks the substance to make it a workable society. I would much rather live in the organized Republic to the unorganized Cloudcuckooland....   [tags: Plato Republic Aristophanes Birds Essays]

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The Republic Of Plato 's Republic

- Young people should not be permitted to read Plato’s Republic. In fact, the general population should not be allowed to read it either. This is arguably what most frustrated university students tend to think when they are asked to read this text. Although, it might please them to know that Plato feels exactly the same way as they do. Republic is a work that contains an abundance of lies, allegories and theories, all of which can be classified as falsehoods by Plato. Supposing Republic were to be evaluated by Plato as a story for young people, the presence of these falsehoods makes this dialogue one that children should not be allowed to read....   [tags: Plato, Philosophy, Platonism, Socrates]

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Plato’s Republic and the Just War Theory Versus Humanitarian Intervention

- American involvement in humanitarian intervention is one of the most controversial issues in contemporary US foreign policy. The definition of humanitarian intervention is a military intervention; entering into a country for the purposes of saving lives and protecting citizens from the violation of their human rights. As in all debates, there are always two sides. One side disputes that military force should only be applied when, in the words of former Secretary of Defense Weinberger, ‘a vital national interest is at stake.’ ¹ The opposing side disputes that the US should apply military force to mediate when in the words of former president Clinton, “someone comes after innocent civilians…an...   [tags: plato, republic, war]

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Justice In Plato's The Republic

- Justice In Plato's The Republic Ralph Waldo Emerson once wrote “One man’s justice is another’s injustice.” This statement quite adequately describes the relation between definitions of justice presented by Polemarchus and Thrasymachus in Book I of the Republic. Polemarchus initially asserts that justice is “to give to each what is owed” (Republic 331d), a definition he picked up from Simonides. Then, through the unrelenting questioning of Socrates, Polemarchus’ definition evolves into “doing good to friends and harm to enemies” (Republic 332d), but this definition proves insufficient to Socrates also....   [tags: Plato Republic Justice Philosophy Essays]

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Justice in Plato's Republic

- Justice in Plato's Republic Justice. What is justice. In this world where many people look out only for themselves, justice can be considered the happiness of oneself. But because selfish men do not always decide our standards in society, to find a definition, society should look at the opinions of many. Just as in the modern society to which we live, where everyone feels justice has a different meaning, the society of Plato also struggled with the same problem. In this paper, I will look into the Republic, one of the books of Plato that resides heavily on defining an answer to the meaning of Justice, and try to find an absolute definition....   [tags: Papers Justice Plato Republic Essays]

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Plato’s View of Division of Labor in Plato’s Republic

- Plato’s view of division of labour is divided into three types of peoples’ task in life which are workers as farmers, military type and guardians. Actually, the ruling task of Plato’s Republic is the guardian’s responsible who had achieved the greatest wisdom or knowledge of good. Due to that, Plato claims that “philosopher must become kings or those now who called kings must genuinely and adequately philosophise’’ (Nussbaum1998, p.18). However, people argue about the reasons that the philosopher should rule the city, while the philosophers prefer to gain knowledge instead of power, thus they don’t seek this authority....   [tags: Plato, Divisions of Labor, Plato’s Republic, Repub]

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Human Nature and Moral Theory in Plato’s Republic

- Human Nature and Moral Theory in Plato’s Republic In Chapter 2 of Republic, Glaucon uses the Myth of the Lydian Shepherd to portray a pessimistic view of human nature. Plato, the author of Republic, uses his brother Glaucon to tell the Myth of the Lydian Shepherd. We are led to believe that Plato takes the myth and its implications on human nature very seriously by use of a personal character. The argument, originally given by Thrasymachus, contends that at the root of our human nature we all yearn for the most profit possible....   [tags: Plato Republic]

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Plato’s Republic: Justice and Injustice in Thrasymachus' Account

- Plato’s Republic: Justice and Injustice in Thrasymachus' Account ABSTRACT: This paper has a two-fold task. First, I show that there are three types of individuals associated with the Thrasymachean view of society: (a) the many, i.e., the ruled or those exploited individuals who are just and obey the laws of the society; (b) the tyrant or ruler who sets down laws in the society in order to exploit the many for personal advantage; (c) the "stronger" individual (kreittoon) or member of the society who is detached from the many and aspires to become the tyrant....   [tags: Plato Republic]

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The Importance of Thrasymachus in Plato’s Republic

- The Importance of Thrasymachus in Plato’s Republic      Dr. Malters’s comments: This student does two things quite remarkable for an undergraduate student. In his compact essay, not only does he display an in-depth understanding of complex perspectives on justice put forth by the protagonist Socrates, he deftly explains how Plato has artfully made rude objections by a seemingly minor character early in the dialogue function as a structuring device for nearly all the important ideas examined thereafter....   [tags: Plato Republic Essays]

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The Apology Of Socrates And The Republic Of Plato

- Over the years of my highschool and college education, I have read the “Apology of Socrates” and “The Republic of Plato” four times. Every time I read these two texts, I come out of the experience with something new. There is just so much information in these two books that you are never able to catch all the little details and hidden meanings. I imagine that even if I read these books hundreds of times, I still wouldn’t have grasped all that I was intended to. I think the reason behind this is because Socrates’ personality is so complex, and you never fully understand exactly what he’s trying to say....   [tags: Plato, Socrates, Apology, Athens]

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Plato's Republic

- Plato's Republic In Plato’s Republic, Glaucon is introduced to the reader as a man who loves honor, sex, and luxury. As The Republic progresses through books and Socrates’ arguments of how and why these flaws make the soul unhappy began to piece together, Glaucon relates some of these cases to his own life, and begins to see how Socrates’ line of reasoning makes more sense than his own. Once Glaucon comes to this realization, he embarks on a path of change on his outlook of what happiness is, and this change is evidenced by the way he responds during he and Socrates’ discourse....   [tags: Plato Republic Glaucon Essays]

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The Republic By Plato And Book X

- The Republic by Plato is a dialogue that discusses the importance of education and truth. Separated into multiple books, the excerpts analyzed were Book VII and Book X. Similar to Euthyphro, the dialogue is spoken by Plato’s teacher, Socrates. The seventh book focuses on a narrative inside a cave, with prisoners that have never stepped foot outside of the cavern. They are also bound by chains directly in front of a wall, with a flame that creates the shadows of “men passing along the wall carrying all sorts of vessels, and statues and figures of animals made of wood and stone and various materials” far behind them (pp. 1)....   [tags: Plato, Truth, Reincarnation, Afterlife]

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Analysis Of ' The Republic Of Plato '

- In, Book II of “The Republic of Plato” Socrates affirms there to be a true distinction between lies “to the soul” and lies “in speech.” As Socrates engages with Adeiamantus, his observation comes to fruition. Lies in the soul is the worst type of sorrow a man can feel comparable to other lying told or story telling. The purpose of this paper is to establish the difference between lies of the soul and lies in speech, why that separation is justified to be true, observe how lies in speech are effective in use, and illustrate these examples with an earlier discussion Socrates had with previous men, such as Cephalus in Book I....   [tags: Plato, Soul, Lie, Justice]

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The Republic Of Plato : A Life Of Justice

- In this essay, I argue that it is better to lead a life of justice than a life of injustice. In The Republic of Plato, Socrates sets out to determine what justice is. He and a group of his peers discuss justice, its core tenants, and what it means to lead a just life. Socrates is then accosted by three of his peers. Their argument is that the man who leads a life of injustice will be happier, make more profits, and succeed in life more than the man who is just. Socrates argues each of these claims until his peers admit that they have been bested by his logic....   [tags: Soul, Plato, Justice, Ethics]

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Censorship Of The Republic By Plato

- Censorship in the Republic Plato’s version of the involves a selective process where the government selects what job the people will have when they are children and groom them to only be able to do that said job. Keeping information away from certain people is Plato’s idea of keeping a just city-state. His belief could cause more harm than good because it creates large divides in the society, create unknowledgeable people to have all the power, and lead to problems with everyone within the government....   [tags: Plato, Knowledge, Democracy, Philosophy]

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Socrates And The Republic By Plato

- I am going to attempt to show that although the argument that Socrates makes in The Republic by Plato is valid, it is not sound. I am going to explain his argument and challenge a premise that he has made to support his argument. First, I want to discuss some terms Socrates uses and how he defines them. Socrates defines the function of something as what only it can do or what it does better than anything else. For example, the function of a screwdriver would be to screw and/or unscrew. A screwdriver may now be the only thing that can screw or unscrew but it can better than anything else....   [tags: Justice, Ethics, Soul, Plato]

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The Republic Of Plato By Allan Bloom

- In society we have laws in order to keep order and safety for citizens. The rulers set these laws for the common people to obey. In book I of “The Republic of Plato” by Allan Bloom, the meaning of justice is debated in book I and II. Thrasymachus ' definition of justice is challenged by the different views of the characters in the book. This in fact, claims to question whether justice is always the better path to decision making, morality and educating individuals. The book acknowledges various interpretations of justice....   [tags: Plato, Justice, Meaning of life, Human]

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Analysis Of Plato 's The Republic Of Plato

- In The Republic of Plato, Plato presents a wide array of ideologies that span from his views on gender equality to what characteristics define a person’s soul. In his arguments he works through the cloud of reasoning to define the perfect society and the concepts that must be applied to achieve an organized form of government. Many of the concepts that Plato presents are still heavily evident in modern society, which is why the text is still used as a reflection for political ideas and morality....   [tags: Soul, Plato, Reason, Philosophy]

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The Republic of Plato

- Plato and Aristotle were both very influential men of there time bringing vast knowledge to the world. I honestly believe that Democracy does a lot of good but it definitely has some common side effects. Out of all of Plato's significant ideas, his best was the idea of democracy opening political decisions to the majority who cannot think on behalf of the community. Aristotle on the other hand is very optimistic when it comes to democracy so it becomes a rather interesting compare and contrast between these to men....   [tags: democracy, aristotle, corrupt souls]

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The Republic by Plato

- Wisdom, courage, moderation and justice are four essential virtues the ideal state must be built upon, as explained by Socrates in Plato’s Republic. Throughout the eight books of Socratic dialogue the ideal state and ideas of justice are debated, on both individual and state levels. The guidelines for a perfect state and how it will come about are thoroughly described. Socrates covers every aspect of political life and how it should work stating that “until power and philosophy entirely coincide… cities will have no rest form evils” ....   [tags: Socrates, Caractersitics]

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The Republic by Plato

- In Plato’s Republic Book 1, Thrasymachus argues that morality is the advantage of the stronger. To support his view, Thrasymachus first claims that the governments, which are the stronger parties, always pass laws based on their own interest, and then argues that subjects must always obey these laws, therefore morality is the advantage of the stronger. Socrates gives two sets of counter arguments. First, by differentiating apparent advantage and actual advantage to the stronger, Socrates argues that the obedience to the laws by the subjects can be occasionally not in the actual interest of the rulers....   [tags: Thrasymachus' Morality, ruling party]

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The Republic of Plato

- In Book one of the Republic of Plato, several definitions of justice versus injustice are explored. Cephalus, Polemarchus, Glaucon and Thracymicus all share their opinions and ideas on what actions they believe to be just, while Socrates questions various aspects of the definitions. In book one, Socrates is challenged by Thracymicus, who believes that injustice is advantageous, but eventually convinces him that his definition is invalid. Cephalus speaks about honesty and issues of legality, Polemarchus explores ideas regarding giving to one what is owed, Glaucon views justice as actions committed for their consequences, and Socrates argues that justice does not involve harming anybody....   [tags: Cephalus, Polemarchus, Glaucon]

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The Republic, By Plato

- ROUGH DRAFT What is justice. In Plato’s, The Republic this is the main point and the whole novel is centered around this question. We see in this novel that Socrates talks about what is justice with multiple characters.In the first part of Book 1 of The Republic, Socrates questions conventional morality and attempts to define justice as a way for the just man to harm the unjust man (335d) ; however, Thrasymachus fully rejects this claim, and remarks that man will only do what is in his best interest, since human nature is, and should be ruled by self-interest, and he furthers this argument by implying that morality, and thus justice, is not what Socrates had suggested, but rather that it...   [tags: Justice, Ethics, Morality, Political philosophy]

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Justice and Moderation of the Soul in The Republic, by Plato

- In his philosophical text, The Republic, Plato argues that justice can only be realized by the moderation of the soul, which he claims reflects as the moderation of the city. He engages in a debate, via the persona of Socrates, with Ademantus and Gaucon on the benefit, or lack thereof, for the man who leads a just life. I shall argue that this analogy reflecting the governing of forces in the soul and in city serves as a sufficient device in proving that justice is beneficial to those who believe in, and practice it....   [tags: The Republic Essays]

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Analysis Of Socrates Argument On Plato 's Republic And Plato

- In this paper I will give an in depth analysis of Socrates argument in Plato’s Republic and in Plato’s Phaedo. First I will begin with the analysis of the Republic, a discussion between Socrates and Glaucon on morality of the human being. The argument first defines morality within a good community and proceeds with the application of this definition in the human person. Then I shall analysis Phaedo, Socrates argument of immortality of the soul. Using his argument of death, reincarnation, change and invisibility, I shall explain Socrates rejoice of death....   [tags: Plato, Soul, Reincarnation, Philosophy]

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Plato 's Republic, By Plato

- In Plato 's Republic, Plato argues that those with balanced souls, ruled by reason, are able to keep their unnecessary desires from becoming lawless and extreme. He also believes that human beings have three main parts to their psyche. These include desire (such as appetite), will, and reason. Plato believes that each of these can dominant at different levels in different people. In Book IX, 581c-e, he outlines his second and last arguments. Plato’s second argument distinguishes three types of persons, focusing on the one which is happiest; and his final argument is an analysis of pleasure....   [tags: Logic, Truth, Mind, Philosophy]

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The Republic, by Plato

- Plato’s ideal society is one that depends on the just actions of its people. In his utopia, all men and women are able to maximize their potential and in turn utilize their talents and skills for the good of all. Happy citizens form a happy society. This perfect society has been both praised and criticized on the basis of some radical elements it possesses: The citizens of Plato’s ideal society are able to curb their self-interest, and because they are happy, or at least psychologically conditioned to believe that they are, these people choose to join in the collective effort and submit to the philosopher-king’s rule for the benefit of all....   [tags: Reflection, Utopia, Conditioning]

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Analysis Of The Republic Of Plato 's Republic

- In Book II of Plato’s Republic, Glaucon seeks to define what justice is and whether it could truly be considered an end in itself. He starts by asserting that there are three types of good. First there are goods that we choose out pure enjoyment and pleasure, these goods have no negative after effects. Second are the goods that are valued for what they are in and of themselves not just the good that comes from them. Thirdly there are the goods that an individual will only pursue because of what they believe they will acquire, not for what they are themselves.(36) Glaucon believes that justice should be placed in the second tier of goods where everything of intrinsic value is also placed....   [tags: Ethics, Utilitarianism]

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Socrates' Aim in "The Republic of Plato"

- From the very beginning of The Republic of Plato it has been Socrates’ aim to prove to Adeimantus and Glaucon, why men lead just lives. In order to thoroughly explain his point of view as we now know Socrates went about setting up his city of thought. Through the formation of the city of thought we are first introduced to Socrates idea of what his ideally just city would be like and how it would be formed. We are from the formation of this completely just city introduced us to the minds of the “philosopher-kings” who are to be the rulers of Socrates’ city....   [tags: Philosophy]

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Education in The Republic of Plato

- The educated have a duty to help the less educated in a respectful way. Education, Every society throughout history has respected their scholars and scientists, but what responsibilities do the educated have. Some might argued that the educated must take care of the less educated or that they have no civic duty, however according to the famous Greek philosopher Plato this is simply not true. Plato was born around the year 428 BCE in Athens and was one of Socrates students; Socrates being another very influential Greek scholar laid the foundations for many of Plato’s theory’s that appear in his famous work “The Republic” (http://www.egs.edu/library/plato/biography/)....   [tags: analogy of the cave, death]

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The Republic of Plato: The Debate

- Thrasymachus, Polemarchus, Cleitophon, and Socrates’ heated debate over the nature of justice in Book 1 of The Republic of Plato comes to an intriguing point of argument wherein both parties go back and forth over justice being the “advantage of the stronger”(15). It is clear that Socrates presents a more sound and logical counterargument as he calls upon the duties and abilities of professionals in their fields and how they benefit not only themselves but humanity at large as well. His skill in argument serves him well and the clear victor in the debate as the textual evidence is easily observable both in Plato’s presentation of the squabble and in Thrasymachus’ responses....   [tags: Greek Literature]

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The Republic by Plato

- Introduction The Republic began in 508 BC and lasted for 483 years. The office of the Praetor came about in 367 BC. The functions of the praetor were to aid the civil law, done through the grant of rights of actions for the enforcement of civil claims and to help the consuls in the day-to-day administration of justice. In 242 BC, thirty years later, another praetor was added, thus there were two praetors. The praetor urbanus had jurisdiction to decide cases and administer justice among Roman citizens whilst the praetor peregrinus had to take care of cases between citizens and foreigners, and foreigners amongst themselves....   [tags: roman state, the praetor]

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The Republic By Plato Is An Elaborate Depiction Of The Individual As A Utopian City

- In the Republic by Plato, Socrates creates an elaborate depiction of the individual as a utopian city. The city is strategically fabricated with character and content and populated by a group of artisans, philosophers and warriors. However, the primary residents of the city are children, who are provided simply with the opportunity to grow and learn in the best possible environment. This city is supposed to be an example by which Socrates can prove what justice is, and it does so soundly. To begin, Socrates asks Glaucon, to imagine a cave in which prisoners are detained....   [tags: Philosophy, Plato, Socrates, The Prisoner]

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The Republic by Plato

- The Republic by Plato At the beginning of Book I, we are introduced to the narrator, Socrates, and his audience of peers. We are made aware, however, of Socrates' special charm and intellectual gifts through the insistence of Polemarchus and the other men for the pleasure of his company. The tone is casual and language and modes of expression rather simple, as is commonly the case in Plato's dialogues. However, Plato's unaffected style serves at least two purposes. For one it belies the complexity and elevation of the ideas, thus it is in accord with Socrates' characteristic irony itself, which draws the "fool" in by feigned ignorance, only so that the master can show that he does...   [tags: essays research papers]

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Comparing Plato 's The Republic

- In Plato’s The Republic, Socrates described the just city- what shall take place in this city, who shall live there and their social hierarchy, among other topics. At the top of the just city’s aforementioned hierarchy is the ruling class. By the end of book V Plato has established that the only appropriate ruler for the just city is a philosopher. Plato offers various arguments to support his claim, with his main arguments revolving around the nature of the philosopher and their expansive knowledge of the world around them and the nature of the just city that he has created....   [tags: Plato, Philosophy, Logic, Epistemology]

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The Dimensions of Morality in The Prince and The Republic of Plato

- Morality is likely the most debated topic of all time, especially in regards to our moral responsibility for each other. Throughout history many writers and philosophers have taken different angles the concept of morality and have applied it in many ways. This includes: Niccolò Machiavelli with The Prince (we will be looking at The Qualities of the Prince) and Plato with The Republic (we will be looking at the section The Allegory of the Cave. The Prince (1513) essentially lays out a how-to guide of how to obtain power and how to keep it; The Qualities of the Prince contains a list of qualities that one should appear to have while in power; this work will be used to represent the case agains...   [tags: philosophy, allegory of the cave]

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The Allegory of the Cave by Socrates and The Republic of Plato

- In my paper I will address the interdisciplinary relationship between the Western philosopher Socrates’ in the Allegory of the Cave, an excerpt from Republic by Plato, and the Eastern mystic Paramhamsa Yogananda’s Autobiography of a Yogi. I will examine Yogananda’s Autobiography through the Platonic monocle and reason on why there are flaws in the allegory and how that can be corrected by adopting bifocals that combines both. The objective of this is to inspect, delve, and widen Socrates’s perspective that there are extra factors that relate to the steps that lead up to the light....   [tags: autobiography, prisoners, philosophy]

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Beauty and Love in the Republic of Plato

- The first question that pops into one’s mind when mentioning beauty in a philosophical context is whether it is objective or subjective. Do things bring pleasure because they are beautiful, or are things beautiful because they bring pleasure. It is a question that has created a major disagreement amongst certain of the greatest philosophical minds. It is commonly agreed upon that beauty is an ultimate value along with goodness, truth and justice. However, it does not exist in the thing itself, but is rather individually perceived....   [tags: philosophy, objective, subjective]

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Comparing Nietzsche And Plato 's The Republic

- In accordance with the New Oxford American Dictionary, a craft is a skilled activity or profession, whereas an analogy compares two things that are alike in some way. In addition, a democratic system is a system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through elected representatives (Merriam-Webster, 2003). Nonetheless, this paper will focus on a debate that deals with the opposite and agreement that involves; governing a craft the same way as medicine or shoemaking and the implications it has on democracy....   [tags: Democracy, Plato, Skill, Socrates]

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Plato 's The Republic Written By Socrates

- In the Republic written by Socrates, Socrates attempts to prove that human beings ought to practice justice in order to live a more just life. Socrates moves through several examples in order to prove that the just life is one worth living and is the one that ought to be practiced. Through Socrates’s compelling argument in the book titled Plato’s Republic , one can see that the just life is the proper human life. Socrates explains in the Republic that there are three different types of people that dwell amongst each other in the world and the can be categorized into three different categories as such....   [tags: Human, Logic, Plato, Platonism]

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Plato 's Republic : An Ideal Society

- In Plato’s “Republic”, Socrates creates an ideal society in his perspective. He contemplates what his idea of ‘justice’ is. According to Socrates, justice is the “…having and doing what is a man’s own, and belongs to him”. (Book 4 pg. 12) Justice is giving to everyone what they deserve. Socrates uses the ‘myth of the metals’ as an example to show how justice can prosper in a society, while also showing a way that democracy can be unjust. Everyone in the society is naturally suited to one particular occupation; cobbler, auxiliary, and guardian....   [tags: Democracy, Plato, Social class]

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The Core Themes Of Plato 's Republic

- One of the core themes in Plato’s Republic is the notion that the attainment of a just and good society can only fulfilled when its citizens strive to gain knowledge and improve upon their capabilities. Only through enlightenment may one learn the truths of our world, and it is through this illumination that one can begin to work toward the betterment of humanity. Nevertheless, not everybody can reach this level of understanding, thus making it the duty of these enlightened individuals, the ‘philosopher-kings,’ to guide the rest of society down a prosperous path....   [tags: Truth, Plato, Augustine of Hippo, Platonism]

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Plato 's Republic, Justice And The Soul

- In Plato’s Republic, justice and the soul are examined in the views of the multiple characters as well as the Republic’s chief character, Socrates. As the arguments progress through the Republic, the effect of justice on the soul is analyzed, as the question of whether or not the unjust soul is happier than the just soul. Also, Plato’s theories of justice in the man, the state, and the philosopher king are clearly linked to the cardinal virtues, as Plato describes the structure of the ideal society and developing harmony between the social classes....   [tags: Plato, Justice, Philosophy, Political philosophy]

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Plato 's Republic

- In Book four of Plato’s Republic, Socrates makes the argument to Glaucon that there are three key elements which act as motivation for the soul. Socrates asks Glaucon, “Do we learn with one part, get angry with another and with some third part desire the pleasures of food, drink, sex, and the others that are closely akin to them. Or when we set out after something do with act with the whole of our soul, in each case?” (436a). Without any discussion Glaucon not only agrees that there are three parts of the soul, but that those are the three parts....   [tags: Soul, Spirit, Socrates, Plato]

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Plato 's The Republic, The Primary Speaker

- In Plato’s The Republic, the primary focus for a significant portion of the text is establishing the ideal state in order to determine the nature of justice and virtue. In doing so, Socrates, who is the primary speaker in the text, determines several requirements for the existence of the ideal state. The third requirement according to Socrates is that philosophers must rule as kings (or kings must adequately philosophize). Until this occurs, “cities will have no rest from evils” (473d). However, there is some objection, or anticipated objection, to Socrates’ requirement....   [tags: Philosophy, Plato, Ethics, Political philosophy]

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Plato's Explanation of an Ideal State in his Work, The Republic

- What is the ideal state. This question has sparked debate since the very formation of organized political society. In Plato’s The Republic, Plato seeks to define justice and in doing so he seeks to explain the ideal just state. In Plato’s explanation of an ideal state, there is an extreme emphasis on unity and harmony. The reason unity and harmony are so important to Plato are because they are responsible for bonding together Plato’s ideal state and protecting it from tyranny. Plato explains at great length the framework which ties together the individual soul with the ideal political society....   [tags: The Republic]

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The Philosophy Of Plato 's The Book Republic

- In the book Republic, Plato is on a quest to define Justice as he builds the ideal city. His city is ruled by philosopher kings, the true rulers. Philosophers, in Plato’s opinion, are best fit to rule and judge because of their love of knowledge and wisdom. When arguing philosophers have the experiences of all regimes Plato says, “The philosopher to have tasted the kind of pleasure that comes from the sight of things as they truly are. ‘so far as experiences goes, then,’ I said, ‘he is the one who is in the best position to judge” (325)....   [tags: Democracy, Plato, Oligarchy, Government]

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Plato's Ideas About Philosopher Kings Depicted in Republic

- In Plato's most famous work 'Republic' he puts forward the view that only the study of philosophy would allow man to see what was good and just. Therefore to cure the ill's of society it would be necessary to either make kings philosophers or make philosophers kings. I intend to show how Plato justifies this view and then attempt to point out some possible problems with this justification and to forward my own view that 'the people' should ultimately be king. Plato's starting point was his recognition that justice was one of four cardinal virtues, along with wisdom, courage and moderation, that when working harmoniously together in a high level of order - he felt equalled the elusive 'good l...   [tags: Republic]

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A Brief Note On Plato 's Republic Of The Republic

- According to Plato’s Republic, it is my belief that justice arises when the moral balance has been reinstated, that the just person is not punished and the unjust person is punished for violating the law. People have to abide by the laws even if they don’t agree with them. I believe justice is considered the right thing to do every time even if people disagree with the outcome because justice puts people in their rightful place which is what’s best among all civilians. In Book IV of the Republic, Adeimantus questions Socrates how the guardians in the just city can be happy....   [tags: Plato, Virtue, Soul, Mind]

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Justice and Good in The Republic by Plato.

- In The Republic, Plato strives to display through the character and conversations of Socrates that justice is better than just the proper good for which men must strive for, regardless of whether they could receive equal benefit from choosing otherwise. His method is to use the dialogue from Socrates, questions which led the reader from one point to another, supposedly with convincing logic by obtaining agreement to each point before proceeding to the next, and so constructing an intriguing argument....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Plato's Meno and Plato's Republic

- 1. In Plato’s Meno, Socrates claims that all learning is actually recollection (80d – 86c). What prompts Socrates to make this claim, and what does he mean by it. As Socrates and Meno were trying to find out the essence of virtues, Socrates said: “The soul, then, as being immortal, and having been born again many times, and having seen all things that exist, whether in this world or in the world below, has knowledge of them all; and it is no wonder that she should be able to call to remembrance all that she ever knew about virtue, and about everything; for as all nature is akin, and the soul has learned all things1.” As he suggested, the soul has already known everything, and thus the acqui...   [tags: Socrate, philosophical analysis]

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Justice in The Republic by Plato

- Justice in The Republic by Plato In Plato's The Republic, justice is depicted as a major part in a perfect society. Justice is said to breed a good society, whereas injustice will breed a bad one. Plato defines justice in dialogue as "keeping what is properly one's own and doing one's own job." (Pg. 146) Under the rules set for this perfect society, people are to practice the one profession at which they perform best. This profession also corresponds to a certain social class. Under no circumstances can one change this profession....   [tags: Papers]

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Socrates and Plato's The Republic

- Socrates and Plato's The Republic Throughout his life, Socrates engaged in critical thinking as a means to uncover the standards of holiness, all the while teaching his apprentices the importance of continual inquiry in accordance with obeying the laws. Socrates primarily focuses on defining that which is holy in The Euthyphro – a critical discussion that acts as a springboard for his philosophical defense of the importance of lifelong curiosity that leads to public inquiry in The Apology. Socrates continues his quest for enlightenment in The Crito, wherein he attempts to explain that while inquiry is necessary, public curiosity has its lawful price, thus those who inquire must both contin...   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Republic Essays]

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A Balanced Soul Ruled By Plato 's Republic And Phaedo

- We live in a society that values the quantity of our possessions over the quality of our souls. Capitalism is driven by the principle that if everyone acts in their own self-interest, it will benefit both the economy and society in the long run. Coupled with our consumerist culture, where our happiness and satisfaction often depend on the sheer quantity of things we own, our money-loving souls will never achieve their highest potential as Plato describes it. In Republic and Phaedo, Plato puts forth several theories regarding a balanced soul ruled by reason and how it benefits society as a whole however they directly conflict with the “greed is good” mentality that drives modern capitalism a...   [tags: Soul, Plato, Socrates, Platonism]

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Plato 's Republic Of Representing The Historical Socrates

- This week in Senior Symposium we have been working with a book that seems to be unavoidable as a college student attending a liberal arts institution, Plato’s Republic. Specifically Books 1 and 7 of this well examined text. This text written as a play, and in this play a young Socrates is the protagonist. During the lecture relating to the reading for this week speaker Dr. Thomas Brickhouse (2016) brought up a very intriguing question early on in his discussion of this work of Plato. How good of a job does Plato’s republic do of representing the historical Socrates (Brickhouse 2016)....   [tags: Philosophy, Plato, Democracy, Question]

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Comparing Plato 's Republic And The Virtues Of The Soul

- In Plato’s Republic, various definitions of justice are discussed but the philosophers are searching for one universal definition. The philosophers argue back and forth attempting to come to a compromise or a solution. Plato believes that the just life is the only good life where one can truly be content. Throughout the books, Plato compares the virtues of the city and the virtues of the soul. In Plato’s view, what makes up the soul and what makes up the city are similar. Plato argues with others whether or not the citizens in the society need to be just in order to have a just city....   [tags: Justice, Virtue, Plato, Ethics]

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The As A Role Model Of Book 1 Of Plato 's Republic

- Cephalus is presumed to be the role model of Book 1 in Plato’s Republic: he examines his past with admirable insight, uses holy diction when discussing secular topics, and dutifully attends his sacrifices. In fact, Cephalus’ only fault seems to be teaching Polemarchus the wrong definition of justice: “doing good to one’s friends and harm to one’s enemies” (332d). Nevertheless, Socrates easily forgives this transgression as he respects Cephalus very much. However, through Glaucon and Adeimantus’ invalidation of Cephalus’ righteousness in Book 2, followed by Socrates’ direct rebuttal of Anytus’ claim from Meno, Plato reveals Cephalus is actually the most unjust character of Book 1....   [tags: Plato, Justice, Virtue, Philosophy]

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The Ethical Egoist in Plato's Republic

- The ethical egoist is one who believes that it is morally right to act strictly in one's own self-interest. Understandably, this belief poses a threat to social cooperation and, therefore, clearly introduces a significant political problem. I believe that the best example of ethical egoism is displayed in Book I of Plato's The Republic. In this Book, Plato introduces the idea of ethical egoism, explains the political problem posed by it, and addresses the problem through the words of Socrates. I will use this paper to explain and clarify the arguments for and against the concept of ethical egoism, with specific focus on the political problem it poses and the proper approach to addressing th...   [tags: politics, ethical egoism, socrates]

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An Analysis of Plato's Republic

- Explain the passage’s meaning in context. Societies hold value in the respect and virtuous abilities over others often times put justice on a pedestal and hold tight to it. In the eyes of Socrates is Plato’s Republic, Book VI he states that “In a suitable one [constitution], his [a philosopher's] own growth will be fuller and he will save the community as well as himself” (Plato “Republic”, p. 177, 497a). When you break it down this quote means when abiding by the laws held by the community each man must try to pursue the most virtuous version of themselves....   [tags: virtuous, philosophy, justice]

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The Noble Lie: Plato's Republic

- The concept of the noble lie begins with Plato in the Republic, where in search of an ideal state he told of a magnificent myth^1.The society that Plato imagined was separated into a three tier class structure- the Rulers, Auxiliaries, and the labor or working class. The Rulers, he said, would be selected from the military elite (called Guardians).The rulers would be those Guardians that showed the most promise, natural skill, and had proven that they cared only about the community’s best interests....   [tags: philosophy and politics]

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Plato And Aristotle 's Views On The Republic And Politics

- In both The Republic and Politics, Plato and Aristotle discuss about how a society should be ruled according to their respective viewpoints. By differentiating between philosophical knowledge and non-philosophical belief, Plato is able to explain why philosopher-kings are ideal or why they rule in society. While Plato’s government is ruled by philosopher-kings, Aristotle’s is composed of a constitutional government, which he believes is the second-best state. In order to examine how Plato would react to such system by Aristotle, it is essential to first look at why Plato implements such practices in society....   [tags: Plato, Aristotle, Democracy, Oligarchy]

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Analysis Of Plato 's The Republic

- Plato (425-348 BCE) is the most ancient philosopher of all times and his existence is proven through his written works, with the Republic being one of them (Leckey lecture). (Plato is a widely recognized ancient philosopher due to his existence being documented throughout time by the means of his own written works.) In the Republic, Plato argues why poetry is detrimental to the people and how it does so. The effects that poetry has on people eventually forced Plato to exile all the poets from this ideally perfect city, the Republic....   [tags: Poetry, Homer, Translation, Aristotle]

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The Book Of Plato 's Republic

- Mahatma Gandhi once said, “be the change that you want to see in the world”. In order to fix the world problems we must fix ourselves. Dr. Larycia Hawkins uses the metaphor zombies to refer to all the people around the world because humans have the same goals as zombies. A zombie wants to infected humans because they crave the uninfected human flesh, while humans are constantly ending the lives of others to get their points across. In order for all people in the world to help each other they need to stop looking for violations of human rights and look for embodied solidarity....   [tags: Human rights, Human, Non-Aligned Movement]

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The Reading Of Plato 's Republic

- Throughout this class, the main goal was to analyze these texts as though we were scholars, and to make connections and identify common themes amongst them. By doing so, we were supposed to be able to more deeply understand each text and the argument each was making. Throughout the readings, the most prominent themes were that of struggle and division, though it is certainly more prevalent and obvious in certain texts than others. Though all the texts depict division and struggle, they focus on different societal divisions....   [tags: Karl Marx, Marxism, Working class, Social class]

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Plato and The Republic

- Plato and The Republic 360 BC THE REPUBLIC by Plato translated by Benjamin Jowett 360 B.C. THE INTRODUCTION THE Republic of Plato is the longest of his works with the exception of the Laws, and is certainly the greatest of them. There are nearer approaches to modern metaphysics in the Philebus and in the Sophist; the Politicus or Statesman is more ideal; the form and institutions of the State are more clearly drawn out in the Laws; as works of art, the Symposium and the Protagoras are of higher excellence....   [tags: Papers]

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Plato's Republic

- In reading the Republic, there is no reason to search for arguments which show that Platonic justice ('inner justice' or 'psychic harmony') entails ordinary justice. The relationship between inner justice and ordinary justice is of no importance in Plato's Republic. We note that Plato tries to argue from the very first book that the true source of normativity lies in knowledge attained by philosophical reason. What is crucial, then, is the relationship between inner justice and acts which brings about a just polis....   [tags: Philosophy Justice Plato Papers]

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Plato and the Republic

- The Sun of Knowledge: Platonic Epistemology as Discussed in The Republic The history of philosophy can be viewed as the result of the work of an obscure Athenian whose voluminous works, penetrating questions, novel ideas, and didactic teachings have shaped the flow of nearly all philosophic thought. It has been said that the influence of the ancient Greek philosopher named Plato has laid the foundation for Western culture. Plato was born to an aristocratic family in Athens in 428/427 B.C....   [tags: essays research papers fc]

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Plato And Aristotle On Wisdom

- Certainly, it is true that Plato and Aristotle agree on wisdom being the primary requirement for a truly just and good polis. However, they possess different approaches to governing the city, which are based on Plato’s vision of the (1) the individual governance of the king and (2) Aristotle’s the collective governance of the aristocracy. Plato argued in favor of the philosopher king because of the inherent qualities of thought found in the philosopher’s mind. In this case, men of great wisdom and virtue were considered to be rare, which made the philosopher the only proper candidate to rule over others....   [tags: Democracy, Plato, Virtue, Republic]

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Plato's Republic

- The Philosopher King stands far above others in ancient Athens. At his own peril, amidst constant political chaos and corruption, Plato takes a brave stand for justice, for freedom, and for equality. The Republic, written around 375 B.C., isn't just Plato's treatise on the ideal state, nor is it just a state-of-mind journey from ignorance to enlightenment. Plato also taught at his Academy, the first university in Europe, that political science is the science of the soul. Indeed, Plato's wisdom is a striking example of visionary perfection, where a pure idea of virtue allows the greatest possible human freedom in accordance with laws by which the freedom of each is made to be consistent with...   [tags: Philosophy]

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Plato 's Theory Of The Soul

- Plato taught his contemporaries of the idea of the soul and how it has a desire and goal to become a pure. To do this Plato stressed that every human being must compare him or herself to the most high, Godly truth. To accomplish this, humans were expected to live by the universal example by struggling with bodily temptations and sins to be able to keep the soul pure. Plato’s thoughts became the forerunner and basis for many religions in his time and overall applied to all humans as a code of how to live....   [tags: Plato, Soul, Democracy, Republic]

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Analysis of Plato´s Republic

- Republic, perhaps Plato’s most famous work focusing on justice and its values, is also home to Socrates’ unique ideas and the challenges that he faces throughout his dialogues with other philosophers. Nevertheless, justice is not the only topic that Plato examines in his work. In the Republic, a simple discussion of the justice and the different characteristics of cities, escalates into a discussion about the souls of individuals. Socrates starts out by offering an agreement to the fact that since cities are made of individuals, their characteristics can also be found in individuals....   [tags: justice, value, soul, individual, logic]

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