Your search returned 276 essays for "Ptolemy":
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Hipparchus, Menelaus, Ptolemy and Greek Trigonometry

- Hipparchus of Nicaea (c. 190 – c. 120 B.C.) was a Greek astronomer, geographer, and mathematician of the Hellenistic period. Many credit him as the founder of trigonometry. Hipparchus was born in Nicaea, Bithynia (now Iznik, Turkey) and most likely died on the island of Rhodes. He flourished during 162 to 127 B.C. as a working astronomer and is considered by many to be the greatest ancient astronomical observer and, by some, the greatest overall astronomer of antiquity. Utilizing the observations and mathematical techniques accumulated over the centuries by the Babylonians and other Mesopotamians, he was the first person whose quantitative and accurate models for the motion of the Sun and Mo...   [tags: Mathematics, astronomy, circle,triangle]

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Ptolemy of Alexandria, the Influential Astronomer

- Ptolemy of Alexandria, the Influential Astronomer Ptolemy of Alexandria was the most influential astronomer of the ancient world. The books and theories Ptolemy developed served as a major basis for future astronomers. It was during the Renaissance period that his work became thoroughly studied and revised. Ptolemy collected all ancient knowledge of astronomy and geography including it in his book Almagest around 140 A.D. It follows, he then wrote a four volume astrological study known as the Tretrabiblos....   [tags: Biography Biographies Essays]

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Ptolemy’s Astronomy

- Greek mathematics began during the 6th century B.C.E. However, we do not know much about why people did mathematics during that time. There are no records of mathematicians’ thoughts about their work, their goals, or their methods (Hodgkin, 40). Regardless of the motivation for pursuing mathematical astronomy, we see some impressive mathematical books written by Hippocrates, Plato, Eudoxus, Euclid, Archimedes, Apollonius, Hipparchus, Heron and Ptolemy. I will argue that Ptolemy was the most integral part of the history of Greek astronomy....   [tags: Greek Mathematics, Culture]

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The Functions of Geography Throughout the Time Periods of History

- Geography is the one discipline that throughout history has served many functions. Function like where to get resources, take a trip., find new places and function its served during different eras throughout history Furthermore three of geography most important function thought out history is the purposes it served during the eras of Roman, Greek, Chinese, Islamic and early modern Europe. The important purposes of geography through these ages and the benefit geography got from European Imperialism....   [tags: topography, ptolemy, greeks, romans]

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A Brief History of Clocks: From Thales to Ptolemy

- A Brief History of Clocks: From Thales to Ptolemy The clock is one of the most influential discoveries in the history of western science. The division of time into regular, predictable units is fundamental to the operation of society. Even in ancient times, humanity recognized the necessity of an orderly system of chronology. Hesiod, writing in the 8th century BC., used celestial bodies to indicate agricultural cycles: "When the Pleiads, Atlas' daughters, start to rise begin your harvest; plough when they go down" ( Hesiod 71)....   [tags: Expository Essays Research Papers]

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The Search For Cleopatra by Michael Foss

- Ancient times are known for having ruling emperors and barbaric men. There are millions of stories and books about the conquerers and the soldiers who fought bravely in their successes. But, what about women in ancient times. Did they sit around and take care of children while they waited for their men to return home. There is one women in the ancient world who captivated the men of her time and is still admired today for her beauty. In The Search For Cleopatra, Michael Foss tells the story of Cleopatra VII....   [tags: ptolomy, greek origns, emperors]

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The Life of Cleopatra VII

- “Cleopatra’s begin in 332 BC, hundreds of years before her birth” (Wright 1). A very powerful leader, Alexander the Great of Macedon, marched an enormous army of Greeks east to Egypt. Alexander the Great freed the Egyptian people from the Parathions, people who owned them. Alexander built a city in the Nile, which he named after himself, Alexander. When he died, a Greek general named Ptolemy became king of Egypt. The Ptolemy’s served under Alexander the Great. Alexander the Greats’ kingdom was eclipsed by the power of Rome....   [tags: politics, romance, pharaoh]

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The Big Bang Theory and Christian Cosmology

- To more fully understand the Big Bang theory and the evidence on which it progressed from, an overview of its earlier development over many centuries is needed. Present day ideas concerning the Big Bang theory can be seen as having first originated within modern European science. However before these ideas were developed, most explanations concerning the origins of the universe were based on religious themes and concepts, the primary tradition being Christianity. These Christian origin stories explain the appearance of the universe as being the work of an all powerful and omnipresent God....   [tags: bible, ptolome, universe]

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Cleopatra: The Cunning and Skilled Queen of Egypt

- Cleopatra: was she a cunning and skilled queen to Egypt who made a few small yet fatal mistakes, or was she a conniving ruler whose corrupt actions dragged her and her kingdom down to defeat. Although some current sources suggest she was quite popular with her people, over the years, Cleopatra’s status as a good queen has been questioned and reconsidered countless times. Due to the war she caused between Antony and Octavian, many people today wonder whether Cleopatra can really be considered a great ruler, because the war was what led to Egypt becoming one of the Roman Empire’s provinces....   [tags: ancient civilization rulers]

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The Reign of Cleopatra

- Cleopatra VII was the last Pharaoh of Egypt. Cleopatra reigned over Egypt in 51BC after the death of her father Ptolemy XII Auletes. Cleopatra’s mother was Cleopatra VI and she came to power at the age of 17. Cleopatra ruled over Egypt with her two brothers Ptolemy XIII and Ptolemy VIX and her son Ptolemy XV Caesar. She was born in 69 BC in Alexandria and ruled from 51 BC to 30 BC. Cleopatra was Macedonian, but even though her ancestry was Macedonian, she was still an Egyptian queen and worshipped as a god....   [tags: Ancient History]

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The Power of Cleopatra

- ... Ptolemy XIII discovered this and declared war on Caesar. Caesar overpowered Ptolemy XIII’s army and Ptolemy XIII drowned in the Nile River while trying to escape. (Cleopatra: The Woman…”) After Ptolemy XIII’s death, Caesar restored Cleopatra and Ptolemy XIV, her youngest brother, as rulers of Egypt. In 47 B.C., Cleopatra gave birth to a child that was believed to be Caesar’s. The child was Ptolemy XV Philopator Philometor Caesar, but was known to the Egyptian people as Caesarion, which means “Little Caesar.” In 46 to 45 B.C....   [tags: julius caesar and mark antony]

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The Last Queen of Egypt Cleopatra

- ‘The Last Queen of Egypt’ Cleopatra Cleopatra was born during a time dominated by men, but she overcame her stereotype by becoming one of Egypt’s most successful leaders. The most notable thing about Cleopatra was not that she was just a successful ruler, but rather that she was the most influential woman of her time. Cleopatra’s Father, Ptolemy XII was the seventh Pharaoh in a line of unmemorable Ptolemaic rulers. Because of her father, she was exposed to royalty at an early age. This affected her decisions, as she always put Egypt before herself....   [tags: Ancient Egypt ]

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Alexander the Great and his Great Empire

- Alexander the Great is remembered as a conquering man who built one of the largest empires. Some describe him as a man with a vision of world harmony. Others see him as a blood thirsty man with a mental illness. One thing that cannot be argued is that he and his empire are fascinating studies. From his rise to power to his mysterious death is interesting, but even after he died the story is fascinating. Due to his death, his empire was divided and a long power-struggle began starting with his generals....   [tags: biography, world history]

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What Ultimately Made Cleopatra Attractive?

- CHARACTER Cleopatra was regarded as a great beauty. What ultimately made Cleopatra attractive were her wit, charm, and “sweetness in the tone of her voice”. “For she was a women of surpassing beauty” (Cassius Dio). When she was in the prime of her youth, she was most striking. She possessed a most charming voice and knowledge of how to make herself agreeable to everyone. She was brilliant, and knew how to use her beauty to influence the most powerful men in the western world. ASCENSION TO THE THRONE Cleopatra was the daughter of Ptolemy XII who was pharaoh until he was killed....   [tags: wit, charm, beauty]

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“The Rise and Fall of the Ancient Library at Alexandria”

- The ancient Library of Alexandria is acknowledged as the capital of education in the ancient world, the vanished library was not the initial library in the world; however, it stands out because of its legacy. It lasted over six centuries, and was the globe’s first research center. Her founders were Alexander the Great and Ptolemy II Soter, but it was organized by Aristotle’s student Demetrius of Phaleron. The library was abundance with books and scholars from all over the world. Even though the library was confuted and damaged, there are some pieces that have survived like Letter of Aristeas that where possibly a translation of the Hebrew Bible....   [tags: Ancient Greece ]

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The interaction of critical and creative thinking

- As part of the course requirements for my SL Physics class, I was assigned the task of conducting numerous experiments relevant to the topics which we were learning about. In these experiments I used different forms of thinking, including critical and creative thinking, in order to form a hypothesis, analyze the data, and then come to a conclusion regarding results and my hypothesis. While knowledge can be formed through the interaction of critical and creative thinking, such as in my physics experiments, the statement given in the title implies that knowledge is solely generated through the interaction of critical and creative thinking....   [tags: Philosophy]

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Cleopatra: A Powerful and Wise Woman

- Introduction: Cleopatra VII Philopator was one of the most influential queens of Egypt. She was born around 69 B.C. in Alexandria, Egypt and died 39 years later, around 30 B.C. Cleo was the third daughter of Ptolemy XII, also known as Auletes, "the Piper" (Nardo 12). In order to become a successful queen, she persevered and grew from her father's mistakes. Cleopatra "learned her political lessons by watching the humiliating efforts of her father to maintain himself on the throne of Egypt by buying the support of powerful romans" ("Cleopatra")....   [tags: ancient civilizations, notorious women rulers]

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Why was Cleopatra Famous?

- Why was Cleopatra Famous. Known for her love affairs with some of Rome’s most famous leaders, and wanting to be worshipped as a goddess, associating herself with the goddess Isis Cleopatra was a famous powerful queen in Ancient Egypt. Cleopatra was born as Cleopatra VII Thea Philopator to Ptolemy XII and Cleopatra V Tryphaena. She was born in 69 B.C.E in Alexandria, and later died there in 30 B.C.E. Because of the time period in which Cleopatra lived not very much is known of her. In ancient times there was record keeping....   [tags: Ancient civilizations, Rome & Egypt]

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Thomas Kuhn's Structure of Scientific Revolutions

- The aim of this essay is to provide a summary and critique of Thomas S. Kuhn’s groundbreaking thesis ‘The Structure of Scientific Revolutions.’ This will be done by analyzing his concepts of ‘paradigm’, ‘normal science’ and ‘scientific revolutions.’ Following the overview I will present the example of ‘The Copernican Revolution’ to empirically show a paradigm shift. The rest of the essay is concerned specifically with critically examining Kuhn’s notion of a paradigm and the incommensurability between them....   [tags: Book Review]

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The Life and Death of Cleopatra

- The Life and Death of Cleopatra Everyone wonders how Cleopatra gained control of Egypt and what she did while she reigned. Cleopatra ruled during the Ptolemaic Dynasty (BBC). The Ptolemaic rule ended with the death of this impressive woman. In Cleopatra’s lifetime she inherited the throne of Egypt; fell in love with two influential Romans, just to kill herself to escape punishment by Octavian. Cleopatra’s father, King Auteles’, also known as Ptolemy XII or “The Piper” because he could play the flute....   [tags: Egyptology, ancient history]

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Cleopatra´s Influence on Female Leaders

- When a person hears the name, Cleopatra, the first thing that comes to mind is a temptress or a seductress. What people often disregard was her influence on Egypt. Cleopatra was well-educated, and because of this, she was very knowledgeable. She was known to be nationalistic and ambitious. Every action she did, was well thought out and for the benefit of Egypt. She was also goal-oriented and confident. She made sure that her plans for her country would be pursued. Lastly, she was recognized for her intellectual and calculating skills....   [tags: leadership, stereotype, Egypt, Roman Empire]

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Early Life of Nicolaus Copernicus

- ... He went to college at a college called University of Cracow. where he studied Latin, mathematics, geography, philosophy, and Astronomy, but not the type of astronomy that you would think, it wasn’t really a scientific class in the modern sense. They were mathematics courses that taught Aristotle’s and Ptolemy’s view of the universe so that students, and were also to calculate dates of holy days, and also courses for navigating the stars at sea. In his “Astronomy “ class, they also taught what today we call Astrology....   [tags: astronomer, bologna, catholic church]

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The Importance of Maps: An Analysis of the Main Techniques Used in Creating an Effective Map

- Over thousands of years, maps have developed from two-dimensional cave art depicting the constellations to Christian-centered “T and O” maps depicting Jerusalem at the center of the map, to sophisticated three-dimensional views of earth. According to James S. Aber, a professor of Geology at Emporia State University, the first known maps were made in approximately 2300 B.C. on clay tablets. As time passed philosophers developed more knowledge about Earth, and by the time that Claudius Ptolemaeus, or "Ptolemy," was born people understood the concept of a spherical earth rather than a flat earth....   [tags: Cave Art, Map, History, Cartography]

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The Successes and Struggles in the Reign of King Pyrrhus

- Pyrrhus was the king of Epirus and lived from 318 BCE to 272 BCE. He is widely acknowledged as being one of the most brilliant generals of his age. He led his soldiers to many victories, but is most famous for his battles against Rome. Along with being an outstanding general, he was a praised author. His books on the art of war have been quoted and acclaimed by many ancient authors. Despite his many great qualities Pyrrhus was a lousy politician. Many people believe that if he had had better political sense he would have been able to keep control of the land he conquered and his battles against Rome Pyrrhus became king at the age of 12 but was soon dethroned by an uprising in 302 BCE....   [tags: political, victory, war]

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The Scientific Revolution And Its Impact On Society

- The Scientific Revolution was defined by four main people; Nicolaus Copernicus, Johannes Kepler, Galileo Galilei, and Sir Isaac Newton made numerous discoveries in the fields of Astronomy, Calculus, Physics, and more generally in Mathematics and Science. Without these people, we would be nowhere near the present day life that we are at today. Each person had their own separate actions that helped shaped this revolution, but all were equally important. Some even worked off of each other’s works, so most accomplishments went hand in hand with each....   [tags: Isaac Newton, Galileo Galilei, Sun]

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George Frideric Handel was the Greatest Composer

- Frideric Handel was the greatest composer during the Baroque period, one of his famous works was “Julius Caesar” the opera seria. George Frideric Handel was born on February 23, 1685 in Halle, Germany. Handel was known as the greatest composer during the Baroque era. Handel was most famous for the Messiah a English Ontario. This great composer also wrote the great opera seria known as “Julius Caesar” which was performed first in London, England in 1724. The opera seria quickly became popular and was toured in several other cities....   [tags: George Frideric Handel, ]

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The Hellenistic Era: Thought, Culture, and Religion

- Although the Hellenistic Era started with the death of Alexander the Great in 323BCE it is important to explore its beginnings. Both Greek and Oriental philosophies greatly influenced the formation of the Hellenistic Age. The spread of Hellenistic culture and its substantial scientific contributions produced an impact on civilization that is still evident today. One of the most important aspects of the thought, culture, and religion during the Hellenistic Era was its impact on the Jewish culture and religion....   [tags: World History]

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On Diodorus, Book 16, chapter 116.

- An account of an omen of the death of Alexander; Diodorus does not give his source in the text, but by comparing the story with that of other authors it may be possible to determine from whom the story came, and by the differing motives of the author and source, for what reason the story came to be. Later in the same chapter there is a possible explanation of the episode, as one of the Companions, a Thessalian by the name of Medius, immediately after a second portent of Alexander’s fate takes him for a drinking session during which Alexander is struck ill and, according to Diodorus, dies shortly after....   [tags: Literature Analysis]

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The Solar System

- The universe was once a vast uncharted area; an area of the unknown. People looked up to the sky in wonder and awe, curious as to what was beyond Earth. What were those lights in the sky. Where did they come from. How did they get there. As time has passed, the universe made up of stars and planets has evolved. What we did not know before, we know now, our cosmos has changed immensely, transforming into what we now call our solar system. Before people had the knowledge and technology we have today, the heavenly skies were an area of endless speculation and inspiration....   [tags: Astronomy ]

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The Solar System Fun

- Our Place in the Universe Our fascination with the Solar System has preceded astronomical antiquity, in a process of conceptualising the cosmos. Fundamental theories of Ptolemy, Copernicus, Brahé, Kepler, Galileo and Newton, have dominated history, stimulating a constant re-evaluation of the nature of the Solar System. In particular, the theories postulated by Copernicus and Kepler had a fundamental influence on the interpretation of the Solar System through challenging the prevailing orthodoxy of Aristotelian physics; thus paving the way for revolutionary challenges to the medieval worldview to prevail....   [tags: astronomy, history]

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The Copernican Revolution and Its Importance According to Thomas S. Kuhn

- The Copernican Revolution Planetary Astronomy in the Development of Western Thought by Thomas S. Kuhn, is a book that illustrates the importance between man and the natural world from antiquity to the current date. Thomas Kuhn vividly shows us that the Copernican revolution was not only a revolution of scientific theory, but of religious, and conceptual thought as well. Kuhn states in the opening lines of his book that "The Copernican Revolution was a revolution of ideas, a transformation in man's conception of the universe and his own relation to it." Kuhn aims to show us that the transformation of Aristotle's unique, and immobile centre of the universe, to Copernicus' third rock from the...   [tags: World Literature]

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The History and Factors Leading to Copernican Revolution

- As humans we will always be challenged in our daily lives. When we have a view on something we may have to fight to prove its validity. Some of us may be able to do it on our own but many of us will need a helping hand. Nicolaus Copernicus was this type of man. He developed a theory of a sun centered or heliocentric solar system that went against the current popular belief of an earth centered or geocentric solar system. It took many centuries for the world to accept his theory. Kepler, Galileo and Newton were strong proponents to the Copernican model and continued to advance his research where they later proved that a heliocentric solar system was a correct model....   [tags: ptolome, heliocentric model]

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Power After The Death Of Alexander The Great

- The Diadochi used a variety of techniques to acquire power after the death of Alexander the Great. The deceased emperor left no clear successor ruler for his empire, the subsequent weak dual monarchy and regency that followed gave the Diadochi time to try to consolidate power for themselves. None of the Diadochi could replicate Alexander 's military brilliance and charisma but they tried their best to emulate him to carve for themselves as large a chunk of territory as possible. For sixteen years they perpetuated the impression of aspiring to restore the empire under the Argead dynasty because many Macedonians greatly admired the family....   [tags: Alexander the Great, Philip II of Macedon]

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Analysis Of ' August ' By Geraldine Brooks

- “Are there any two words in all of the English language more closely twinned than courage and cowardice?” (Brooks). In the novel March by Geraldine Brooks, March ponders this question and contemplates several of the choices he has made during his fight for African American’s equality. After experiencing the cruelty of slavery and the hardships of war, March begins struggling to get a grasp of his morals and to fully cope with his guilt. Due to his life being constantly involved with slavery and the civil war, March is surrounded by violence....   [tags: Slavery in the United States, American Civil War]

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A Look into Cleopatra’s Early Life Influences

- "For Rome, who had never condescended to fear any nation or people, did in her time fear two human beings; one was Hannibal, and the other was a woman" (Lefkowitz and Fant 126). During a time dominated by male rulers, Cleopatra VII Philopator (69 BCE – 31 BCE), the Last Pharaoh of Egypt, stood out among them all. With Egypt’s wealth at her disposal, she was “incomparably richer than anyone else” (Schiff 2). The amount of power a ruler had at the time of Cleopatra’s existence depended highly on the level of financial stability....   [tags: ancient Egyptian monarchs]

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Alexander : Theatrical Cut ( 2004 )

- Alexander: Theatrical Cut (2004) The film, Alexander, is a historic drama about Alexander the Great, who became legendary for his military prowess. Ptolemy I, a Macedonian general, narrated throughout the film. Moments of Alexander’s childhood were shown, such as his difficult relationship with his mother, Olympias, and his father, King Philip II of Macedon. After Alexander became King of Macedonia, he sets out to conquer the Persian Empire. He continued his eight-year campaign across East Asia, before returning home to Babylon....   [tags: Alexander the Great, Philip II of Macedon]

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The Ancient Catalogs

- 1. The Ancient Catalogs Astronomy was born in the five cradles of civilization, along the Nile Valley in Egypt, the Indus Valley along the western region of the Indian subcontinent, the Chinese city states on the banks of the Yellow River, the ancient regions of Me-soamerica from central Mexico down to the Andean South America and the an-cient city states of Mesopotamia in the fertile crescent. Each of these ancient cul-tures incorporated astronomy into calendar making, religion, mythology, and astrology....   [tags: Astronomy ]

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The rising power of women

- The queens in the Ptolemaic period of Egypt, demonstrate a level of power and influence in royal women that has not been seen before the Hellenistic Age (323 BCE – 30 BCE). The power of Ptolemaic queens reached level of reverence on par with the pharaoh of Egypt, and the queens not only maintained the direction of the Hellenistic Period, but set the fashion for upper-class Alexandrian women (Pomeroy, 1984, 40). The cult worship of these queens begins with Arsinoe II, and is continued with later queens that adopt the trappings of pharaonic power until the death of Cleopatra VII (30 BCE); these ruler-cults are direct results of the influence of women in this age, and the dynasties need to use...   [tags: Ptolemaic, dynasty, queens, egypt]

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Trigonometry: The Hipparchus Catalogue

- ... Hipparchus catalogue was completed in about 129 BC, it had listed about 850 stars. He had spent most of his life in Rhodes in the observatories. Hipparchus was a powerful influence on Claudius Ptolemy who centuries later his works had considerable impact on the development of Western culture. Hipparchus was also one of the most influential astronomers of antiquity, yet very little information available about him still survives. Hipparchus did his studying in Alexandria in 146 BC and in Rhodes near the end of his career in 127 BC and 126 BC....   [tags: motion of the sun and moon]

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Position Paper Concerning the Use of Biblical Quotations in Matter of Science

- Position Paper. “Concerning the Use of Biblical Quotations in Matter of Science” 1) Is Galileo right that Joshua passage cannot be taken literally, and that some interpretation is necessary no matter which system of the world is being considered. Yes. Literal reading of Joshua will bring us to unpleasant consequences. If only Sun’s and Moon’s spheres will be stopped, laws of Ptolemy will be broken (f.ex. relationship between planets and Sun-Earth line). In Copernican Universe, with modern discoveries of Galileo’s, sudden stop of Earth will be at least as destructive as the Deluge....   [tags: essays research papers]

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- Cleopatra is a name that was given to many Queens who ruled in Egypt. The most famous of these women was Cleopatra VII. She was the daughter of Ptolemy XII, King of Egypt. Cleopatra VII lived from 69-30 B.C. and reigned as queen of Egypt from 51-30 B.C. (Stanly). Cleopatra is said to be far from beautiful, her picture on ancient coins made her look like she had a long hooked nose and masculine features. She is also said to be very seductive with her enchanting musical voice and exuded charisma....   [tags: essays research papers]

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- Early races believed that the earth was flat and stationary, with the sky rotating round it once a day. The early races also believed things that sound weird to us today like the Vedic priests of India believed that the earth was supported upon 12 massive pillars and during the hours of darkness the sun travelled between these pillars without hitting them. The Hindu theory sounds even more peculiar as they believed that earth stood on the back of four elephants, which in turn the elephants stood on the shell of a gigantic tortoise, the tortoise however was supported upon a serpent floating in a limitless sea....   [tags: First astronomers]

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The Heavens and Earth

- The Heavens and Earth Even to the casual observer, using just the ability of the human eye, there is a noticeable order in the manner of the movement of the celestial objects as they travel across the sky. The Sun, Moon, and the stars, all have a discernable pattern to their rising and setting. Upon closer observance, one might notice slight seasonal changes in the relative location on the horizon where the Sun rises and sets. Alternatively, one can notice more drastic variations in the Moon's relative position, the timing of it's appearances, and the variation of the portion of the Moon that is illuminated on any given night....   [tags: Papers]

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Cleopatra: The Historical Seductress

- The woman, by definition is the nurturer of life. She labors through birth, tends to the needs of her family, and assumes unending responsibilities. And while women have given birth to the ancient and modern day male heroes we've come to glorify to this day, we must remember that some of those same women have also been tremendously influential and invaluable all throughout the depths of history. One such woman is Cleopatra, the temptress whose ambition and seduction both augmented her empire's prestige and brought about her theatrical downfall....   [tags: Biography Biographies Bio]

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Copernicus’ Action Packed Life Revealed in Copernicus’ Secret by Jack Repcheck

- Copernicus’ Secret is a biography of an astronomer and a cleric who established that the earth was never the center of the cosmos. The author, Jack Repcheck, explores the action-packed last 12 years of Copernicus’s life that altered the track of western history. The main aim of the author is to give a precise in-depth human explanation of the events that led to the scientific revolution. He also tries to bring this scientific genius to life in a manner, which has never been achieved in the past....   [tags: science, cosmology, planets]

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Alexander's Attempt To Integrate the Greek and Persian People

- The following gobbet is from Plutarch’s (C. 50 B.C.- C.120 A.D.) Alexander. It narrates Alexander’s journey to the Libyan Oracle of Siwah in 332 . The aim of this essay is to draw the possible reasons as to why Alexander went to this specific oracle its consequences and question the reliability of Plutarch’s account. Plutarch describes the conversation between the priest of Ammon and Alexander. Alexander inquired if all the murderers of his father were punished to which the priest replied that Alexander was not the son of a mortal....   [tags: Ancient Greece]

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The First Major Victories of Empirical Inquiry Over Authority

- The period of European history between the mid-fifteenth and late-seventeenth centuries, was a time of great advancement in terms of geographical, scientific and technological knowledge. For Europeans, this time included “the first major victories of empirical inquiry over authority,” which helped scholars of the time discover and define the natural laws of the universe (Parry, 1). In turn, this helped in the development of new technologies that assisted mariners in their pursuits on the sea from more accurate navigation to warfare....   [tags: age of discovery, christopher columbus]

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Cleopatra VII Thea Philopator: The Queen of Wit

- Cleopatra VII Thea Philopator grew up as a princess. She received riches beyond her wildest dreams and an education of the finest quality. She was born in to the Ptolemaic dynasty at a time when the monarchy was slowly losing its hold on Egypt as empire grew round it, threatening to absorb it at any moment. Her family,the Ptolemies were the last from the set of Greco-Macedonian dynasties that had appeared in eastern Mediterranean after the death of the macedonian conqueror, Alexander the Great in 323 b.c....   [tags: ancient Egypt Ptolemaic dynasty, Marc Anthony]

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The Role of the Arabic Astrologer

- The objective of this essay is to determine whether the belief in astrology is a belief in fatalism through an evaluation of the concept of fate officially adopted by the state during the reigns of the Mu’tazilite Abbassid Caliphs al-Ma’mūn (813-833 AD) and al-Mu’tașim (833-842 AD), and the subsequent role of the Arabic astrologer; the term ‘Arabic’ here refers to the language used in academic writings of scholars not their ethnicity. Richard Walzer (1900-1975) argued that within the Golden Age of Islam (8th to 13th centuries AD), the period corresponding to the reigns of the two aforementioned Caliphs in particular, was characterized by increased dynamism in scientific and artistic endeavor...   [tags: Arabic Astrology]

Research Papers
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Knowledge Throughout History: The Ptolemaic Theory

- As humans, our drive for acquiring knowledge can be seen as a reward to humanity. We constantly learn new things everyday which adds on to our initial knowledge, thus knowledge is indefinite. New information being acquired can cause us to reevaluate our initial views about the world we live in. In the context of this question, knowledge can be defined as the process of gaining information from past experiences. The collection of scraps and fragments is the facts, opinions, or just information we gain from knowledge....   [tags: information, scientists, historians]

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The Mediterranean Climate in Modern and Roman Times

- The Mediterranean Climate in Modern and Roman Times Florence, Italy lies in the Tuscan region in the middle of the Italian peninsula, and is a part of the temperate Mediterranean climate region. Being in such a temperate zone means that Italy is less subject to extreme climate change than other parts of the world. This does not mean that throughout recorded history the climate of the region has been static, however we can see many similarities between the climate today and that of the time of the Roman Empire....   [tags: Roman Empire Environment Essays Papers]

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Hellenistic and Hellenic Interpretation of Popper

- Hellenistic and Hellenic Interpretation of Popper Sir Karl Popper states in his treatise "Philosophy of Science: a Personal Report" asserts that "the criterion of the scientific status of a theory is its falsifiability, or refutability, or testability" (Popper 23). He claims that a 'good' scientific theory must meet a single requirement: its capability of being tested. In other words, a good theory predicts future observations, and the accuracy of the prediction supports or refutes it. If a theory can't be tested then it isn't scientific....   [tags: Scientific Theories Science Essays]

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The Structure of the Universe

- The way in which we currently view the structure of the universe has been developed throughout centuries by various astronomers whose predictions and observations have all aided in the development of this model. Aristotle based his model of the universe on Pythagorean theory which described the Earth as a sphere. His claims of a round Earth were reinforced by three observations. The first of these was that all Earthly matter moved towards the centre of the Earth, and this would consequently produce a sphere....   [tags: Astronomy]

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Cleopatra´s Life and Her Intentions

- "For Rome, who had never condescended to fear any nation or people, did in her time fear two human beings; one was Hannibal, and the other was a woman" (Lefkowitz and Fant 126). During a time dominated by male rulers, Cleopatra VII Philopator (69 BCE – 31 BCE), the Last Pharaoh of Egypt, stood out among them all. With Egypt’s wealth at her disposal, she was “incomparably richer than anyone else” (Schiff 2). The amount of power a ruler had at the time of Cleopatra’s existence depended highly on the level of financial stability....   [tags: rome, egypt, royalty]

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Science Of The Middle Ages

- Science in the Middle Ages 400-1400 The Middle Age was a time where scientific knowledge became lost or forgotten due to the fall of the Roman Empire in 476 AD. This led Europe into a Dark Age where technology led science, an age of faith had arisen, and scientific incentives were few. However, due to Muslim preservation of ancient writings, scientific advances and instruction did occur although few. Muslims maintained the ancient science of Aristotle, Ptolemy, Galen, Etc. by translating them to Arabic and creating libraries throughout the Middle East....   [tags: Middle Ages, Dark Ages, Renaissance]

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HIstory of Astronomy and Neptune

- Science is and has become a necessity to know just to keep up with the tremendous advancements of today and tomorrow. Basic things, such as how the universe was suspected to be started or who Ptolemy and Galileo were and what they did are just things that need to be known to fully understand what is happening in the world around you. These things are what you need to know, if you’re a scientists, to a grocery shop bagger. Ptolemy was a Greek man who became the man to set the future for astronomy....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Great Educational Advancements During the Renaissance

- During the Renaissance, great educational advancements occurred in geography, astronomy, chemistry, physics, and engineering. The discovery of ancient scientific texts that were hidden because they were considered heresy and witchcraft, was increased after the Fall of Constantinople in 1453. Also, because of the invention of printing which would create new learning opportunities and allow new ideas. But, in the beginning, some see the Renaissance as a time of scientific regression. Humanists wanted people to study subjects like politics and history other then the study of philosophy or math....   [tags: astronomy, chemistry, physics, engineering]

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Galileo Galilei Renaissance Astronomer?

- The renaissance was a time in our history where many new discoveries and ideas emerged. It is said that the renaissance took place in the 15th and 16th centuries in Italy and parts of Europe. This period of time was an important time for human intellectual development and was essential in shaping our world, as we know it today. The renaissance was triggered in most part by two connected events one being the fall of Constantinople and the surge of ancient text available to scholars in Europe. These two triggers allowed many scholars to gain knowledge from ancient texts that they would of never had any access to....   [tags: Biography]

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The Power of Cleopatra

- Around 69 B.C, one of the most famous female rulers ever known was born, she was Cleopatra. She was the descendent of the Egyptian ruler, Ptolemy XII, and she would eventually became the queen of ancient Egypt herself. She was known for being extremely intelligent and very charming, and because of this many romans feared her and viewed her as a threat. When her father died the throne of Egypt was left to her and her brother, Ptolemy XIII, and rivalry formed between the two, making her even more determined to become the sole ruler of Egypt....   [tags: Most Famous Woman Ruler]

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Investigation of Dark Matter

- Investigation of Dark Matter Introduction Throughout the years, scientists have been looking for the missing mass of the universe; it has yet remained an unsolved mystery. Using different methods, scientists have tried to determine the mass of the universe and surprisingly found a discrepancy suggesting that ninety percent of the mass of the universe is nowhere to be found. Then here comes the term “dark matter”, referring to this unfound matter of the universe. It is called dark because it gives off no light and matter because it has to have some mass to be able to explain the effects that they produce....   [tags: Papers]

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Johannes Kepler

- Johannes Kepler was a German astronomer and mathematician who lived between 1671-1630. Kepler was a Copernican and initially believed that planets should follow perfectly circular orbits (“Johan Kepler” 1). During this time period, Ptolemy’s geocentric theory of the solar system was accepted. Ptolemy’s theory stated that Earth is at the center of the universe and stationary; closest to Earth is the Moon, and beyond it, expanding towards the outside, are Mercury, Venus, and the Sun in a straight line, followed by Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, and the “fixed stars”....   [tags: Astronomers]

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- Cleopatra’s father was Ptolemy XII, who began his rule of Egypt in 80 BC but he was not respected and thought to be weak. His nickname was “Auletes”, which means flute player in Greek. Cleopatra’s mother could possibly be Cleopatra V, who either died or disappeared in 68 BC. Cleopatra had two older sisters, two younger brothers, and one younger sister. Ptolemy XII ruled until his death in 51 BC. His will said that Cleopatra and Ptolemy XIII were heirs to the throne. The two married and jointly ruled Egypt....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Alexander the Great

- Alexander the Great Alexander the Great died about a month short of his thirty-third birthday. The exact cause of death remains a mystery. He was a strong man with an athletic build and said to be an Olympic quality runner. Many believe that he was a victim of poisoning. After he drank the tampered cup of wine, he began to gasp and expire soon after. The most probable cause of death is that he contracted malaria while in Babylon or suffered and finally succumbed to the complications of the flu virus....   [tags: Papers]

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- Significant Woman: Cleopatra 	I chose to write my "Significant Woman" paper on Egypt’s last pharaoh, Cleopatra. When I began my report, I knew very little about Cleopatra, except that she was the mistress of both Julius Caesar and Mark Antony of Rome. I wondered what impacts on history Cleopatra made on her own. 	I feel that Cleopatra was a very significant woman in history because she was very aggressive and assertive, characteristics that have always been considered unfeminine....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Pompey the Great

- Over the years, there have been many heroes who have changed the world and our way of thinking. One of these many people was known as Pompey the Great. Although he stared his military career early he gained the respect of his people and was known for his great war tactics and politics. Through his many battles and political career, Pompey proved to be one of the greatest leaders of all time. Formally known as Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus, Pompey The Great was born on September 29,106 BC. His father, Pompeius Strabo, was a well-known general and consul....   [tags: Pompey the Great, history, ]

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The Powerful Cleopatra

- The Powerful Cleopatra Cleopatra is one of the most recognizable names of all time, but not many people know why she is so famous in our history today. Cleopatra Philopator was born 69 BCE and ruled with her father, Ptolemy XII Auletes. Cleopatra’s father passed away when she was eighteen years old, which left her to rule; however, at that point in time, if a woman ruled she needed a male by her side. Cleopatra ended up marrying her brother, Ptolemy XIII. Later on Cleopatra dropped her brother’s name from all official documents and ruled alone by herself....   [tags: Egypt, Ruler, Suicide]

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Egyptian Tales Galore

- ... (ii) Cleopatra’s designers, “placed emphasis on the actress’ beauty and sexuality over historical accuracy” ( (iii) The gowns Elizabeth Taylor wore were designed by Renie Conley, who won an Academy Award for her efforts but the Academy doesn’t measure accuracy. Ancient Egyptian clothing for women was very conservative and costumes in the film, especially the gowns, don’t reflect that. (i) More inaccuracies are shown by what became popularized because of the film, especially maxi dresses....   [tags: movie analysis, cleopatra, ancient egypt]

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1519 words | (4.3 pages) | Preview

Ancient Egyptian Pharaohs

- Ancient Egyptian Pharaohs In Ancient Egypt there were over 29 Kings and Pharaohs and over 5 Queens. Some of the most famous kings and queens were: Ramses II, Ramses III, King Tut, Cleopatra, and Nefertiti. Ramses II (reigned 1279-1212 BC), ancient Egyptian king, third ruler of the 19th dynasty, the son of Seti I. During the early part of his reign Ramses fought to reign the territory in Africa and Western Asia that Egypt had held during the 16th and 15th centuries BC. His principle opponents were the Hittites, a powerful people of Asia Minor, against whom he waged a long war upon....   [tags: Ancient Egypt Egyptian History]

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Nicolaus Copernicus

- Nicolaus Copernicus was born on February 19, 1473 in Torun, Poland. When Copernicus was ten, his father died and his uncle, Bishop of Varmia Lucas Watzenrode, took him and his siblings in. He attended quite a few universities in his life some were University of Cracow, University of Bologna, University of Padua, and University of Ferrara. In 1494 he took a canon’s position at Frombork’s cathedral, which he held for the rest of his life. With the help of that position it afforded him the opportunity to fund the continuation of his studies in different fields....   [tags: planetary system, astronomy, geocentric model]

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How Did the Period of Renaissance Alter Man’s View of Man?

- ... Art has been an enlightening, and creative activity that many have taken a part of throughout the course of history. How did art change during the Renaissance. In Document A, there is a painting, “Madonna Enthroned between Two Angels”, on the left side of the page that is from the 1200’s by an Italian artist named Duccio di Buoninsegna, and Leonardo da Vinci’s famous Mona Lisa painted in 1500’s that distinctly shows the evolution in art. In the painting on the left there very little three dimensional implantation so it is not very realistic and looks very similar to most other paintings at this time period....   [tags: authority, enlightment, read, write, humanism]

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The Impact of the Scientific Revolution on Society and Religion

- Over the course of the years, society has been reformed by new ideas of science. We learn more and more about global warming, outer space, and technology. However, this pattern of gaining knowledge did not pick up significantly until the Scientific Revolution. In the sixteenth and seventeenth century, the Scientific Revolution started, which concerned the fields of astronomy, mechanics, and medicine. These new scientists used math and observations strongly contradicting religious thought at the time, which was dependent on the Aristotelian-Ptolemy theory....   [tags: astronomy, religion]

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Islamic Contributions to Medicine: The Making to a Scientific Culture

- During the Middle Ages of Islamic history, eighth century and running until the twelfth century, a change in the way of spiritual thinking and flexible control in government allowed for a responsive advancement in the arts and sciences. Muslim scholars continued the intellectual traditions of the Greeks within the framework of the Islamic religion. “The positive influence of the Islamic faith which fosters learning and knowledge and this greatly contributed to the blossoming of a culture of free inquiry and rational scientific thinking....   [tags: muslim scholars, medicine]

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1027 words | (2.9 pages) | Preview

The Copernican Revolution And Its Impact On Today 's Society

- The Copernican revolution is about the understanding of scientists, and individuals about the world and its place in the universe. It is the change of putting the sun in the center of the universe rather than the earth, with moving stars and planets. This rotation in ideas did shape the history in the way we see the universe, the planets, the stars, and the sun compared to the earth. Yet, this revolution does not lie on the shoulder of one man. The Copernican revolution got its name from Copernicus because he was the first one to bring his ideas and arguments in a world where the Ptolemaic system was dominating....   [tags: Nicolaus Copernicus, Heliocentrism, Planet, Sun]

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A Day In The Life of An Alexandrian Woman

- Gaia a wife and mother of 28 yrs. her husband Clio 36 yrs., sons; Demeter 10, Alexander 13, Adonia a young daughter 4 years. Slaves: A widowed maid-servant, nursemaid and seamstress Cassandra and Ajax a strong old male prisoner who follows Gaia on errands and performs the heavy manual labor for Cassandra and Gaia. Gaia slipped on her crepe thin robe and crept out on her large balcony from her bedroom. She enjoyed seeing the last of the twight light just before the sun came up but the Pharos lighthouse was still lite by fire and the constellations gazed their last in a sky full of crimson and blue....   [tags: personal narrative]

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What If Nothing Happens When I Am Under Hypnosis?

- “What if nothing happens while I’m under hypnosis?” “Then it means one of two things. Either you did not have a previous life or you don’t want to remember it at this time. Are you ready to begin?” “I guess. What do I need to do?” “Just lay back and try to relax. Alice will stay here the entire time. She tapes the sessions.” Casey looked at Alice who gave her a reassuring smile. “Will I remember anything?” “Yes. You will see, hear, and experience everything about your past live or lives. It will be as if you are watching a movie....   [tags: 2007 singles, 2009 singles, Marriage, Pop ballads]

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Got to go Home: Jewish Sovereignty in Antiquity

- “Miserable men indeed were they, whose distress forced them to slay their own wives and children with their own hands, as the lightest of those evils that were before them.” (qtd Josephus, 393) Two thousand years ago an ancient historian named Josephus wrote those words about the zealots in Masada. After the Romans destroyed Jerusalem in 70 A.D. the rebels who made it out alive fled to Masada, where three years later they were attacked. Every man had to kill his family and then commit suicide in order to not get enslaved by the Romans....   [tags: Jewish History]

Term Papers
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A Look Into the Death of Queen Cleopatra

- It has been over 2000 years since Cleopatra drew her last breath, ending the rule of the pharaohs in Egypt for good. In the years following her death, there have been many theories as to how she might have died. The most widely accepted theory is that she committed suicide by allowing herself to be bitten by a venomous snake and it is the theory that has been written in most history books as historical fact. Yet, there is increasing evidentiary support that would suggest that her alleged suicide was in fact a homicide....   [tags: murder, roman empire, egypt]

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1237 words | (3.5 pages) | Preview

Different Structures And Properties Of The Earth

- The majority of people have a very basic understanding of Earth, the planet we reside in, let alone the seven other planets in our solar system. The eight planets surrounding our star, the Sun, are separated into two very simple categories: Jovian and Terrestrial Planets. Throughout this paper, I will be explaining the basic structure and properties of the eight planets in our solar system, along with a brief history on the discovery of our solar system and what’s to come in the future. I will also go in depth into the difference between the Jovian Planets and the Terrestrial Planets, from the basic differences to the different structures and properties....   [tags: Planet, Solar System, Mars, Mercury]

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1931 words | (5.5 pages) | Preview

The Similarities Between Africa And South America

- In response to Wegener 's theory scientists created new theories and new processes to help protect the old view of stationary continents. In response to the geological similarities between Africa and South America many scientists argued of land bridges linking the two continents. Bridges of the same geology that allowed for animals and vegetation a method for getting across. Conveniently for the critics of Wegener, these land bridge are extinct, similar to the fossils found on the continents. In his article regarding Wegener Joseph Sant comments on how some geologists argued that warm water currents in the North Hemisphere allowed for tropical climates in the polar regions (Sant)....   [tags: Plate tectonics, Geology, Seafloor spreading]

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735 words | (2.1 pages) | Preview

The Life Of Brutus By Julius Caesar

- The Life of Brutus Despite being close to Julius Caesar, Brutus was involved in the conspiracy that led to his death. This was not easy on Brutus, him being the last person to physically stab Julius Caesar. Brutus was a well loved politician amongst the Roman people, and they trusted him. Julius Caesar was proving to be a poor leader, and becoming a dictator while Rome was supposed to be a Republic. Brutus and his friends feared for the future of Rome if Julius Caesar continued to be its leader, causing them to conspire his murder with the intent to properly reinstate the Roman government....   [tags: Roman Republic, Julius Caesar, Augustus, Cicero]

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