Your search returned over 400 essays for "Postcolonial Literature"
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Postcolonial Criticism Of Postcolonial Literature

- Postcolonial Literature In Postcolonial criticism, it draws attention to issues of cultural differences in literary texts. It is one of the critical approaches that are considered to focuses on specific issues. These specific issues include gender, class, and sexual orientation. Postcolonial critics reject the claims to universalism and seek to show its limitations. It examines the representation of other cultures in literature and it shows how such literature is often silent on matters concerned with colonization and imperialism....   [tags: Colonialism, Postcolonialism, Culture]

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Hybridity and National Identity in Postcolonial Literature

- Hybridity and National Identity in Postcolonial Literature        Every human being, in addition to having their own personal identity, has a sense of who they are in relation to the larger community--the nation. Postcolonial studies is the attempt to strip away conventional perspective and examine what that national identity might be for a postcolonial subject. To read literature from the perspective of postcolonial studies is to seek out--to listen for, that indigenous, representative voice which can inform the world of the essence of existence as a colonial subject, or as a postcolonial citizen....   [tags: Literature Essays Literary Criticism]

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Postcolonial Literature: Uncovering Western Myths

- ... Earlier, I mentioned that most of the colonizers saw Africa as an opportunity to do good on their lives, to follow their beliefs of helping those in need in order to be closer to God. They felt this need for the people of Africa as well, and they wanted to help them educate themselves and become civilized by converting to Catholicism. The way in which the European white man does this is exactly how Derek Walcott (1986) refers to in his metaphore when he states “The violence of beast on beast is read as natural law, but upright man seeks his divinity by inflicting pain.” In other words, they manage to cause an extreme damage to the lives of African communities....   [tags: Ahebe's Things Fall Apart]

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Postcolonial Indian Literature in English: Narayan, Jhabvala, Rushdie

- Postcolonial Indian Literature in English: Narayan, Jhabvala, Rushdie Indian literature in English which is accessible to us in the West, still has its roots in colonial literature and the tensions between East and West. A European naturalism is often present; a concern to posit India as an arena within which Western readers can identify realities is inherent within much of this writing. The following are three examples of the progression of post-Independence literature. Twenty years after Independence, R.K.Narayan was still tackling issues of colonialism....   [tags: Essays Papers]

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How Does Toni Morrison's Beloved Reflect a Postcolonial Sensitivity

- Toni Morrison defines her writing as a kind of literary archaeology which relies on memory, history and autobiography. How does her literary practice reflect a postcolonial sensitivity. The archaeologist sifts through the rubble of past civilisations for signs of human activity, in order to construct a picture of how people lived in the past. Like a kind of literary archaeologist, Morrison sifted through historical records and researched the diaries and memoirs of slaves and their owners before writing Beloved, in order to gain some sense of the experience of slavery as seen through the lives of ordinary people....   [tags: American Literature]

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The Lie of Imperialism Exposed in Literature

- If postcolonial literature is the “process of dialogue and necessary correction,” of misconceptions concerning colonialism, then a comparative study of colonial and postcolonial works is essential for attaining a full understanding of the far-reaching effects of European imperialism (Groden and Kreiswirth 582). Reading colonial literature in dialogue with postcolonial literature engenders a more complete interpretation of the effects of imperialism by creating a point of reference from which to begin the revelation and the healing of cultural wounds resultant from European colonialism....   [tags: Literature]

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Postcolonial Pedagogy: Using the Net to Introduce Postcolonialism

- Postcolonial Pedagogy: Using the Net to Introduce Postcolonialism While Postcolonialism--its methods and practices and related theories--have gained currency in academia over the past decade, this study has remained the province of the graduate and professional arenas. If it enters the undergraduate or high school curriculum at all, it is through sporadic course offerings and perhaps inclusion as one unit among many in critical methods courses. Undergraduates and advanced high school students remain virtually excluded from an area of study where a great deal of new and exciting work is being done....   [tags: Postcolonialism Essays Papers]

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Ecological Imperialism and its New Face: The Impact of Technology, Capitalism and Colonialism on Postcolonial Ecologies

- Ecological imperialism is an idea introduced by Alfred Crosby in his seminal work Ecological Imperialism: The Biological Expansion of Europe, 900-1900 which refers to the efforts of colonialists to introduce their animals, plants and even diseases in the native’s land to felicitate their rule. But that concept of Crosby has a renewed interest in postcolonial world especially in light of the growing popularity of capitalism and globalization. Capitalistic and colonialist invasions focus not merely on the subjugation of native but the land in which he lives....   [tags: Indigenous Communities, Industrial Societies]

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Myths, Symbols and Images in select poems of Jeannette C. Armstrong

- Introduction ‘Half-breed’ is the term used by the whites in Canada to denote the natives who are born out of the native blood line; eg:The Metis are descendants of the marriage between the French, Amerindians and the natives of Canada. The word ‘metis’ means ‘mixing up’. The various indigenous tribes in Canada were homogenized by the European colonizers under the process of conversion to Christianity. The whites imposed their tradition and culture onto the aboriginals who had diverse and varied rituals, customs and traditions....   [tags: Postcolonial Literatures]

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What Is Literature?

- Since the 18th century, the definition of the concept "literature" has become a problematic and a controversial issue among various literary schools. What is literature. What are the qualities that distinguish a literary text from a non-literary one. Does literature have any particular function in society. These are some crucial questions whose answers were supposed to limit and define the scope of "literature". However, various literary and critical schools have advanced different and contradictory responses to these same questions, which have consequently led to a failure in producing an authoritatively established definition of "literature"....   [tags: Definition ]

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David Henry Hwang's M. Butterfly and Aime Cesaire's A Tempest as Examples of Postcolonial Drama

- In the closing lines of M. Butterfly, Gallimard, the hapless French diplomat/accountant turned spy, says, "I have a vision. Of the Orient" (92). At the moment he is speaking of his remaining belief that there are beautiful women, as he thought his "Butterfly" was, but it is indicative of the colonial impulse. Colonization becomes possible because a society can characterize another society in ways that make colonization seem like a positive endeavor. As Said notes, the characterization of other cultures, such as the Orient or Africa, is carried out in the popular realm through works of art, literature and drama....   [tags: comparison compare contrast essays]

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Post Colonial Literature

- Post colonial’ as we define it does not mean ‘post-independence’, or ‘after colonialism’, for this would be falsely ascribe an end to the colonial process. Post-colonialism, rather, begins from the very first moment of colonial contact. It is the discourse of oppositinality which colonialism brings into being” (pL.117) The term post colonial is resonant with all the doubts and complexities of the various cultural experiences it involves. It also addresses all aspects of the colonial process from the beginning of the colonial contact....   [tags: Literary Analysis ]

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Post-colonial Theory: Indian Literature

- Post-colonialism known as an “era” or the “post-colonial theory” that exists since around the middle of the 20th century. Post-colonialism also deals with conflicts of identity and cultural belonging. In Post-colonial writings the themes which are focused on are nationalism, self-identification to anti-imperialistic critique and postcolonial protest. Often protest writing has a political agenda of social change and expresses anger and disillusion at the postcolonial nation state. Nayar points out, “resistance literature in both the colony and the postcolonial nation include testimonial writings, prison narratives, revolutionary tracts and ‘insurgency’ writing....   [tags: insurgency writing, Protest Writing]

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Reflections of Peace and Nationalism in Sri Lankan Literature

- It was one evening, while I was reading the novel Anil’s Ghost by Michael Ondaatjee that my ideas for a doctoral project took shape. Before reading the novel, I had heard from my Professor who taught me Post colonial studies (a course for which the novel had been prescribed) that Ondaatjee’s only novel about Sri Lanka has often been subjected to heavy criticism because of the fact that it fails to portray the island’s civil war in a credible manner. Literary scholars have subjected Anil’s Ghost, Michael Ondaatjee’s only novel about Sri Lanka, to heavy criticism on grounds that it fails to portray the island’s civil war in a “credible manner”....   [tags: Research Proposal ]

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Subverting Power: The Lesson of Post-Colonial Literature

- Subverting Power: The Lesson of Post-Colonial Literature Your Name School Affiliation Outline A. Introduction Thesis: Adgar and Alizdeh, as representatives of post-colonial literature, provide evidence that otherness, essentialism and orientalism are notions that explain the issues that arise in the contemporary world as a result of imperial tendencies on the part of Western societies, and their writing suggests a peculiar form of struggle which is rooted in subversion and internal critique of systems of domination....   [tags: Western societies, Adgard, Alizdeth, essentialism]

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The Emergence of Environmental Justice in Literature

- Over the past few decades we have seen a gradual increase in the number of writers writing about issues related to environmental concerns. So far poets, fiction writers and nature writers from different communities were either ignored or misread when they tried to raise their voice for environmental justice concerns. All that is changing now as we see an increasing number of writers exploring issues related to environmental racism and environmental justice through their works. According to Adamson, these authors, who are now gaining popularity among the ecocritics and environmentalists, require a different kind of reading than established ecocriticism....   [tags: Environmental Journalism, Ecology]

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The Importance of Context in Understanding Literature

- From the onset of the twentieth century there has been an ongoing debate on context and text. Literary theorists all over the world propounded many theories that either divorced the two or made their bond stronger. From the 1920s there came a wave of critical theories, the New Critics pleaded for critical monism. The New Criticism took the poem as a work of art, a structure having an independent existence. They completely divorced the work of art from the biographical, sociological context; removed the piece of literature from time and space and made the work an independent, autonomous and self-contained entity....   [tags: Cultural Context of a Literary Text]

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The Structure Of Gordon 's Literature

- The structure of Gordon’s literature is both strategic and sequential. There is a reason that she begins her writing with the seizure of the orphans from the Mexican families. The narrative begins at a point of tension and establishes the main concept of the study which is race relations and formations. She then leads into examining Catholic orphanages in the early 1900s Northern United States and the racial relationship between whiteness and Mexican identity in the Southwest. Gordon (1999) states, “It [the story] reveals how racial, ethnic, or nationalist fervor, furious as it may be, can also be transient and changeable” (1999:ix)....   [tags: United States, Race, Sociology, Racism]

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Dalit space in Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay’s “Mahesh” and Mahasweta Devi’s “Shikar”

- The globalization and the subsequent flourishing of ‘englishes’ have dismantled the monolith of ‘the’ English Literary Canon by bringing into effect ‘new’ literatures and various interdisciplinary principles and approaches that have in way effected a ‘re-ordering’ of the existing order . In such a moment of paradigmatic shifts – especially in the wake of the postcolonial theories and the subaltern studies - the emergence of the Dalit Literature/s provides ample scope for examining the ‘politics of representation’....   [tags: literature, writing, existence]

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Theme in "Novelist as Teacher"

- Achebe's writing, "The Novelist as Teacher", serves as a request to African writers to take on the role of teacher in their works. After reading Achebe's "The Novelist as Teacher", I have identified two differences that Achebe observes in the orientation to literature of postcolonial and western writers. Firstly, Achebe expects that his audience will look to him as a teacher of the culture. Postcolonial readers will look to their writers for the reiteration of their culture and common concerns. Secondly, Achebe explains that racial inferiority plays a major role in the orientation to literature....   [tags: World Literature]

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Transculturation in Our Sister Killyjoy and Nervous Conditions

- Transculturation in Our Sister Killyjoy and Nervous Conditions Postcolonial insights include theories of Diaspora, cultural hybridity and transculturation. The latter, ‘transculturation’ is the term used to define ‘cultural change induced by introduction of elements of a foreign culture.’[1] The term ‘transculturation’ was first coined by Cuban anthropologist and sociologist Fernando Ortiz in 1947 to describe the phenomenon of merging and converging cultures. Transculturation covers war, ethnic conflict, racism and multiculturalism, hence it is a concept very relevant to the postcolonial period and subsequently to postcolonial literature....   [tags: Sister Killjoy Transculturation Literature Essays]

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A Great Tree Has Fallen: Words of Chinua Achebe

- ... Chinua Achebe first book “Things Fall Apart” was published in 1958. Achebe had send manuscripts to several publishing houses most of which rejected it immediately. It was saved by Donald MacRae, an educational adviser at Heinemann who convinced the hesitant publishing house executives with his succinct report: "This is the best novel I have read since the war" In the book Achebe tells the story of Okonkwo: a proud village chief, struggling with the legacy of his father, and his experience when white missionaries coming to his village....   [tags: literature, books, storyteller, africa]

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The Perforated Sheet by Salman Rushdie

- When discussing the controversial authors of Indian literature, one name should come to mind before any other. Salman Rushdie, who is best known for writing the book “Midnights Children.” The first two chapters of “Midnights Children” are known as “The Perforated Sheet”. In “The Perforated Sheet” Rushdie utilizes magic realism as a literary device to link significant events and their effects on the lives of Saleem’s family to a changing India. In fact, it is in the beginning of the story that the reader is first exposed to Rushdie’s use of magic realism when being introduced to Saleem....   [tags: indian literature, realism, culture]

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Postcolonial Ideas And The Concept Of Decolonization

- Nowadays, the global division of labour between countries, followed by the resource extraction in the Third World countries, specificity of the world’s economy and migration are showing largely inherited contours of the old colonial order. Thus, a debate regarding the question of whether a contemporary world is postcolonial or not is arising. The purpose of this essay is to critically discuss and analyse the debate, focusing firstly on a brief summary of postcolonial ideas and the concept of decolonization; secondly, the question will be discussed from the perspectives of neo-colonialism and new imperialism as those theories maintain the existence of the new forms of colonialism and argue...   [tags: Colonialism, Postcolonialism, Neocolonialism]

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Postcolonial Theory And Post Modernism

- POSTCOLONIAL THEORY AND POST MODERNISM In this chapter I am going to briefly discuss one of the Post Modern school’s theories the Postcolonial theory and its concepts, mainly referring to ideas of Homi K Bhaba one of the leading postcolonial theorists whom has a great influence to the field of studies itself and its application to Architectural studies. To start with understanding the term Postcolonialism it might be helpful to look at the explanations given to the words Post Colonial: “Occurring or existing after the end of colonial rule” and Colonize: “Send settlers to (a place)and establish political control over it” at Oxford dictionary....   [tags: Colonialism, Postcolonialism, Culture]

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Bhabha's Contribution to Postcolonial Theory

- Colonialism is and has been a reality during previous centuries. As a political and economical reality it entailed significant consequences in the colonized country's politics, geographical maps, and people's lives, fates and temperaments. As the consequences are hard to ignore the writers of the formerly colonized countries never forgot to write about it and their people's lives before, during and after their country's colonization. As Emecheta is one of these writer who is born and brought up in Nigeria, a colony of British Empire until 1960, postcolonial approach is one of the most appropriate critical methods to deal with her narratives....   [tags: Sociology ]

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Ethical Tourism in the Postcolonial Era

- Tourism has become a huge source of revenue and cultural exchange for many parts of the developing and developed world. Through tourism people are able to escape their normal routine and interact with exotic and different places, as well as people. This act of traveling for the sake of pleasure and "vacation" sometimes leads tourists astray in their ethical judgment of how to act as a visitor in a different land. This paper will dive deeper into this issue by comparing the "tourist" through the sexualized tourism market in Brazil and more ethical forms of alternative tourism, such as volunteer tourism....   [tags: Traveler, Tourist]

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The Difference Between Literature And Literature

- Sometimes reading poems and stories might get difficult. Students often have a sense that when a reading is assigned they can just skim though it and get some detail out of it. Of course some detail is going to be obtained from the book or articles, but not complete information. In a sense this is when we can tell the difference between literature and intellectual literature. Literature is for some extremely easy to understand, since all the answers appear in the story or poem. The key is being able to understand what the context of the story is....   [tags: Fiction, Short story, Writing, Literature]

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Literature in Life

- Literature in Life Literature is the expressed influence of communities and the individuals in societies. Literature spans culture, beliefs, and attributes the necessary component for corroborating how literature reflects, and portrays communities. The language from literature helps gives culture explanation of live in different society. Literature that is defined by the culture aspect, gives details about such fascinating and affluent information or context. Certain works, and words used in literature can help the reader understand and describe the sense of the community being read in the story....   [tags: Literature]

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Literature and HIstory

- Pulitzer Prize winner, Barbara Tuchman, once said, “[b]ooks are the carriers of civilization. Without books, history is silent, literature is dumb, science crippled, thought and speculation at a standstill.” Just like Barbara has mentioned in her quote, literature always have reflected the historical event that was happening on the time the books were written. For instance, expansion of Christianity and the belief of immortal life through being a hero on their own epic, during Anglo-Saxon period is shown on the famous epic; Beowulf....   [tags: Literature]

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Literature is Everything

- We are taught at a very young age the importance of words. One simple word can get you what you want. While others express intense emotion that can easily be understood. As we grow, we combine words allowing us to communicate with others. Through communication, spoken or written, we tell our stories. I believe that everyone has a story. Granted, some are more exciting than others, but it is still a story that can be shared. All of the authors we were introduced to shared a part of themselves....   [tags: Literature]

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Modernism in Literature

- The turn of the 20th century conveyed revolution in psychological, social, and philosophical thought. It was time for something neoteric. It was time to break out of the mundane tradition. This time of revolution conceded men, such as Charles Darwin, Karl Marx, and Sigmund Freud, to rise to fame with their radical and cutting edge theories. Also, women were exasperated of their modeled roles in society. They sought to be independent, they longed to have the ability to vote, and most of all, they wanted legal equality....   [tags: Literature ]

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Postcolonial Advancements

- From the 17th through 20th centuries Western Empires experienced increased ascendency, a result of industrial, technological, and medical advancements. The aggregation of these innovations fostered territorial domination in areas previously inaccessible. The expropriation and commodification of health care and biomedicine occurred under the imperial regime. Once global conflict brought the colonial era to an end, a human rights regime was introduced. Postcolonial health’s bureaucracies were ideologically distinct from previous hegemons, yet their approaches were comparable....   [tags: Industrial, Technological, Medical]

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Night of the Gun: The literature argument

- Literature which comes from the Latin word ‘litterae’ is the art of written works, and is not bound to published sources, although, under circumstances unpublished sources can be exempt. In other words literature refers to writings in which expression and form, in connection with ideas of permanent and universal interest, are characteristic or essential features, as poetry, novels, history, biography, and essays. David Carr’s memoir, The Night of the Gun, can be considered to be part of literature because he uses his experiences and memories to portray important themes and messages about the effects of addiction....   [tags: Literature]

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Is Literature Still Relevant To Reality?

- Is literature still relevant to 'reality'. A lot of people seem to think not. I've met more than a few people who think that movies can tell as great a story as books can. But are movies as good as books. At some level it comes down to personal preference. Now some film has been considered to be literature by many people; but does great film have the same power as great words. What does separate the written word from other forms of art. Literature has this ability to force readers to use their imaginations in a way that a lot of things can't....   [tags: Literature]

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A Timeline of Children's Literature

- Literature has been part of society since pen met paper. It has recorded history, retold fables, and entertained adults for centuries. Literature intended for children, however, is a recent development. Though children’s literature is young, the texts can be separated into two categories by age. The exact splitting point is debatable, but as technology revolutionized in the mid-twentieth century is the dividing point between classic and contemporary. Today’s children’s literature is extraordinarily different from the classics that it evolved from, but yet as classic was transformed into modern, the literature kept many common features....   [tags: Literature ]

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English Literature Study Program: Which is the Best Major Study?

- ... Whereas student who does not like to learn about theory but likes to read, observe, interpret, and tell story is better to take Literature despite of Linguistics. The sort of student is proficient in imagining something, and the student who want to be expert of literature have to have powerful imagination. Literature students are able to create their own world by making stories. Student who likes enriching their vocabulary entries, reading English story in original version and in translated version are good in Translations....   [tags: Linguistics, English Literatures, and Translations]

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A Radical- Socialist Feminism with a Postcolonial Approah

- ... Through colonization and globalization this system of domination seeks to convert the more egalitarian societies. An example of this spread of domination is the white settler’s attitude towards conquering and taming the nature, which was forcefully embedded in the Native American culture. I am interested in exploring how the foundation of the issue, which is tied to women’s sexuality, plays out in the colonial context. To examine this, I will look at the institution of marriage and prove that it is a form of patriarchal colonization of women....   [tags: theory, oppression, revolution, education]

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The Study of Postcolonial Feminist Mahasweta Devi

- The study of contemporary Postcolonial feminist Mahasweta Devi’s Short Stories “Drupadi, Breast-giver, Behind the Bodice” utters the viewpoint of class and gender clearly. It underlines the fact that the society in which Mahasweta works seems to be starkly divided into two classes- the rich and privileged, and the not are unprivileged. The woman emerges to be a class of low standard has been dominated and doesn’t seem to have attained her freedom even in independent countries. Her sufferings are often under-looked and eventually she merges into the latter class which never asserting her rights and dignity....   [tags: subaltern women, drupadi]

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Literature and this World

- Looking back on the history of the human world, one can see the evolution of the way people have expressed themselves. People have utilized things such as the following: art, music, architecture, theatre, technology, photography, and lastly, literature. But primarily focusing on the literature, the goal of this paper is to show that literature as an art can be used to glorify God. Like any art form, time has affected the way literature has been presented. Not only has the style of writing, spelling of words, and the topics that have been written on varied throughout the years but the writers themselves have transformed through the ages....   [tags: Rivers and Lewis, Christian literature]

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What is Literature

- Living in a technologically advanced society definitely has its perks. Today, we are fortunate to have the internet, Amazon.com to delivery books straight to your house, and wireless handheld e-books. Unfortunately, the days of going to the library to take out books, and speaking with a librarian for help on research rarely happens anymore. That’s why studying literature, and researching topics is essential for us students. Literature can be described as a language. It has been expressed for centuries and throughout different countries and cultures....   [tags: American Literature, Literature and Technology]

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How Literature Enhances our Perceptions

- Jeremy Hsu, Luis Urrea, and E.B. White have different writing credentials: one is a science journalist, one a creative writing professor, the other an essayist. Although from different backgrounds, each has explored the power of literature. Through Hsu’s “The Secrets of Storytelling”, “Life is An Act of Literary Creation” by Urrea and E.B. White’s pieces in Essays of E.B. White, each author shows how literature is used to enhance our perceptions of the world around us, creating a sense of community....   [tags: literature, ]

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The And Mobility Of Political Poetry

- Positionality and Mobility in Political Poetry “Let us resolve to think of transcendental mobility—as a mobile. The poem as a mobile of words and signs, dangled over the crib of culture, as to stimulate the mind to imagine new combinations.” – Leonard Schwartz Here in the pacific, isolated on all sides, the islands are pebbles on the globe. Our only access to the world beyond is through technology in Zen mode: handpicked information through newspapers, television and the internet. The world perceives our location as that other place, far removed, where the only conflict exists between insects and lizards....   [tags: Poetry, Literature, Middle East, Far East]

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Feminism In Literature

- “Top Girls” and “The Handmaid’s Tale” relate to contemporary political issues and feminism. Top Girls is regarded as a unique play about the challenges working women face in the contemporary business world. Churchill once wrote; ‘Playwrights don’t give answers, they ask questions’; she is proving this in Top Girls. She brings up many tough questions over the course of the play, including what success is and if women’s progress in the workplace has been a good or a bad thing. Margaret Atwood wrote a novel named The Handmaid’s tale, this is a novel that had been written from a feminist perspective....   [tags: Literature Analysis]

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Happiness in Literature

- Aldous Huxley Brave New World was published in 1932 depicting a utopian society. The title taken out of Shakespeare the tempest from one of Miranda’s famous quotes “o brave new world”. The story takes place in the year A.F 632 London, in a world were humans are no longer procreated and bearded by women but are generically reproduced along with having predestinated lives replacing the role of God who has also been eliminated along with religion all together eliminating traditional forms of happiness such as culture literature books traditions and morals only to be kept alive by those called savages ,people not part of the new world, in which one salvage named john is introduced to the New wo...   [tags: Literature and Happiness]

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The Influence of History on American Literature

- “A Tale Intended to be After the Fact…” is how Stephan Crane introduced his harrowing story, “The Open Boat,” but this statement also shows that history influences American Literature. Throughout history, there has been a connection among literary works from different periods. The connection is that History, current events, and social events have influenced American Literature. Authors, their literary works, and the specific writing styles; are affected and influenced by the world around them. Authors have long used experiences they have lived through and/or taken out of history to help shape and express in their works....   [tags: American Literature ]

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The Literature of F. Scott Fitzgerald

- F. Scott Fitzgerald wrote some of the most culminating novels of the twenties. He wrote numerous short stories and magnificent novels such as The Great Gatsby, Tender is the Night, The Last Tycoon, and This Side of Paradise. “In the Twenties, [Fitzgerald’s] heyday, he was kind of king of our American youth” (Berryman). Fitzgerald was an expert of the American culture that he lived in and understood it significantly. His most famous novel, The Great Gatsby, encompasses Jay Gatsby’s journey to capture the love of Daisy Buchanan through his prosperity....   [tags: American Literature ]

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The Purpose of the Literature Review

- The purpose of the literature review is to identify and highlight the important variables, and to document the significant findings from earlier research that will serve as the foundation on which the conceptual or theoretical framework for the current investigation can be based and the hypotheses developed (Cavana, Delahaye & Sekaran 2000). This stage is important to convince the reader that the researcher is knowledgeable about the problem area and has done the preliminary groundwork to conduct the research, and also that the conceptual framework will be built on the solid foundation of existing knowledge The literature review has emphasised on the importance of four major and common facto...   [tags: Literature Review]

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The Influence of The Bible on English Literature

- THE INFLUENCE OF THE BIBLE ON ENGLISH LITERATURE On William Blake's Songs of Innocence and Experience William Blake, a true exemplification of a renaissance man, wrote and produced works of art which were revolutionary in many aspects and ahead of his time. He led an extremely enigmatic life – engaging in things he liked the best and in the course of it, facing setbacks in the form of criticism. Blake attended the Moravian Church as a child and hence the Holy Bible had a great impact on his life and all his works....   [tags: English Literature]

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Love and Lust in Indian Literature

- The pursuit of love and pleasure is well documented in Indian literature and theoretical texts, its sensual and powerful nature weaving its way into the history of Indian culture. Kama, as this pursuit is so called, is all encompassing of pleasures of both carnal and more educated stature, such as the pursuit of enjoyment in drama and musical endeavors. In the literature based on the more literal sense of “love between two people” there are two distinct types of this affection: that of the carnal desire that all people possess, no matter their strength of ascetic beliefs, and the sacred love that is felt between husband and wife....   [tags: Indian Literature]

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Theory and Practice in Post-Colonial Literatures

- Theory and Practice in Post-Colonial Literatures Introduction More than three-quarters of the people living in the world today have had their lives shaped by the experience of colonialism. It is easy to see how important this has been in the political and economic spheres, but its general influence on the perceptual frameworks of contemporary peoples is often less evident. Literature offers one of the most important ways in which these new perceptions are expressed and it is in their writing, and through other arts such as painting, sculpture, music, and dance that the day-to-day realities experienced by colonized peoples have been most powerfully encoded and so profoundly influen...   [tags: English Literature Writing]

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Hamlet: The Epitome of Timeless Literature

- Hamlet: The Epitome of Timeless Literature “If all the plays ever suddenly disappeared and only Hamlet miraculously survived, all the theaters in the world would be saved. They could all put on Hamlet and be successful”- Vsevolod Meyerhold (a Russian director). Why is it that Hamlet alone could save the theaters. It could be the basic, underlying story: that the King kills his brother in order to obtain the throne forcing his son to seek revenge. This key factor can be interpreted differently depending on who is reading the play which leads to its timelessness and universality....   [tags: Shakespearean Literature]

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Elements of Southern Gothic Literature

- Elements of Southern Gothic Literature Literature comes in all types of styles and one type is Southern Gothic. But what makes a story develop into this type of Southern Gothic style. There are many characteristics that are apparent in literature, so what conditions are distinct that would give them the term Southern Gothic literature. What kind of elements do we call for when trying to find this type of literature. Southern Gothic is a literature that has a style all its own. It has it unique elements such as being Southern based (characters or place), then we have characters with these righteous attitudes, and then it would not be Gothic without a tragedy....   [tags: Literature Analysis]

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Gothic Literature is Just Terrible

- Well, I suppose we should get right to it. Gothic Literature (or more specifically, the gothic romance) was first introduced to the world in the year 1764. At that time a man by the name of Horace Walpole wrote a little "ditty" he titled The Castle of Otranto which most literary experts seem to agree is the Gothic pioneer. At the time, there were mixed reactions, to say the least. To quote one pundit: "...it presented, at first, a topic for argument and inflammatory rhetoric (Alfred Potter, from Gothic Horror p128 - Clive Bloom)." Despite (or maybe because of) its imperfect beginnings, however, Gothic literature came to be a venerable, albeit controversial genre with a mysteri...   [tags: Gothic Literature]

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Values In Early American Literature

- Values in Early American Literature "We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men are created equal; that they are endowed by their creator with inherent and inalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness," says the Declaration of Independence. This phrase encompasses three major values shown throughout early American literature. The strong belief in religion, freedom, and a strong will for a better life. Each piece had one or more of these themes within them....   [tags: American Literature]

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1336 words | (3.8 pages) | Preview

Mythology in Literature

- The era of the Greek gods began when Cronos ate his children, so that they would not defeat and kill him as Cronos’s father had done. Nevertheless, his fate was inevitable. Zeus, who Rheu hid from Cronos, grew old and strong enough to defeat his father and banish him to the depths of the underworld. The myths of the times of the gods began with murder and deception. This is the message that readers get out of mythology. Mythology, which promotes violence and strayed ideals, is present in most works of literature and greatly affects children....   [tags: literature, Greek gods, children, loyalty]

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What Makes Women Crazy in Ancient Literature?

- What does crazy mean. There are a few words that must be defined in order to support my argument. Crazy is an adjective that tends to mean passionately excited or enthusiastic. However it also can mean, “mentally deranged; demented and insane.” (Dictionary.com), which is important for the purposes of my argument because Medea is said to be crazy, but not overly excited about her situation. The next important word is mad, another adjective, and also a synonym for crazy. The last word is depressed, meaning “sad and gloomy; dejected; downcast.” (Dictionary.com)....   [tags: Literature ]

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Comparative Theory Essay: Ethnohistory and The Postcolonial Perspective

- In The Houses of History, selected and introduced by Anna Green and Kathleen Troup, the different theories of the twentieth century are broken down and specifics are introduced about each theory. Historians use these theories to study certain aspects of history and to be able to compare two theories to each other and the problems each theory addresses must be identified. With all aspects of history having some sort of connection, it would be better to take a holistic approach to the history of different eras....   [tags: Ethnohistory ]

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The Contributions of “Snow-Bound: A Winter Idyl” to American Literature

- In the nineteenth century, following the devastating American Civil War, author John Greenleaf Whittier wrote a lengthy poem designed to solve both personal and national problems. Whittier hoped that his poetry could stitch together the festering wounds left by the Civil War. While composing his work, Whittier realized that a reminder of good times from the past would assist his fragile country in its reconstruction; his poem “Snow-Bound: A Winter Idyl” became the vehicle through which he achieved this goal....   [tags: Literature]

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1486 words | (4.2 pages) | Preview

Children’s Literature through an Americanized Scope

- Susan Louise Stewart addresses non-western depictions by westerners in Gloria Whelan’s Homeless Bird and Deborah Ellis’s Parvana’s Journey in her article “Beyond Borders: Reading ‘Other’ Places in Children’s Literature.” Stewart claims that multicultural texts are significant, and that diverse perspectives in conjunction with western existence and beliefs are poignant to a young student’s education. But multicultural literature is dismal, in regards to works about other places and experiences by non-westerners with a lack of the “other” and its representations in the western canon....   [tags: Literature]

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1244 words | (3.6 pages) | Preview

A Changing War Literature

- Starting in the year 1916, the views on war as found in western literature drastically change due to World War I. This can be seen in the similarities between Rudyard Kipling’s 1888 short story, The Man Who Would be King, and other pre-1916 war literature. Some major running themes of this kind of literature are the idea of war as a journey, nationalism, and romanticism. This pre-1916 literature is extremely different from its post-1916 counterpart. Rather than romanticizing war, this new kind of literature emphasizes the bitterness and irony, propaganda, and disillusionment that manifested itself later on in the war....   [tags: Literature Analysis]

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1376 words | (3.9 pages) | Preview

Social Work Literature Review

- Literature Review INTRODUCTION It is of paramount consideration that social workers are conscious of, aware and sensitive to the cultural demands of their clientele. This is because culture is a pivotal factor upon which a great deal of conduct, norms, social connections and mindsets of clients revolve. For social workers there is need to understand and appreciate how cultural traditions influence relationships with a diverse panorama of client needs and demands....   [tags: Literature Review]

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1904 words | (5.4 pages) | Preview

Character Education Literature Review

- The basis of good character involves being respectful, honest, hardworking, responsible, caring, and understanding. Parents and teachers alike wish for their students to possess good character; but what does “character” mean in the realm of education; and whose responsibility is it to ensure that students do in fact develop good character. The Character Education Partnership (2003, pg. 1), defines good character as involving “understanding, caring about, and acting upon core ethical values”, and thus takes a holistic approach to the development of character in students by developing the “cognitive, emotional, and behavioral aspects of moral life.” Through character education, students can gr...   [tags: Literature Review]

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1320 words | (3.8 pages) | Preview

Women in Celtic Literature

- Most readers of the famed Irish and Welsh tales focus on the male characters and their great feats. Celtic literature, however, features a full complement of female characters that deserve recognition; from warriors and rulers, to helpmates and daughters. These women function as either their own entity, or extensions of their male relations. All play crucial roles in their perspective texts, essentially driving the action of the plot and setting into motion a series of events that affect the male characters....   [tags: Celtic Literature]

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Survey of American Literature

- As a survey of American literature there are many influential and celebrated authors. Jack Kerouac has become a well known writer whose nontraditional style has led him to fame. In Jack Kerouac’s writings, he used a stream of consciousness, spoke chaotic and randomly, and used long run on sentences. In “Big Sur”, Kerouac uses run on sentences that reach around 9 lines long. In the conservative 1950s, his stream of consciousness approach to writing was unheard of. Kerouac’s style was revolutionary for his time....   [tags: American Literature]

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1113 words | (3.2 pages) | Preview

Treatment of Women in Ancient Literature

- Women were often subjects of intense focus in ancient literary works. In Sarah Pomeroy’s introduction of her text Goddesses, Whores, Wives, and Slaves, she writes, “Women pervade nearly every genre of classical literature, yet often the bias of the author distorts the information” (x). It is evident in literature that the social roles of women were more restricted than the roles of men. And since the majority of early literature was written by men, misogyny tends to taint much of it. The female characters are usually given negative traits of deception, temptation, selfishness, and seduction....   [tags: womens rights, literature]

Research Papers
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Ecocriticism: Literature and The Physical Environment

- Ecocriticism is “'the study of the relationship between literature and the physical environment'” (Bressler 231). It holds that humans and the earth are interconnected and seeks both to explore the ways in which literature portrays this bond as well as advocates activism to help protect it. It is one of the more modern schools of literary theory but is a firmly established form of criticism, especially with the growing concern for the consequences of climate change caused by the imbalance between human consumption and environmental capacity....   [tags: Literature, Physical Environment]

Term Papers
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Canadian Literature : The Canadian Fiction

- Though the term Canadian Literature typically refers to a canon of works selected to represent what has become Canadian culture over the course of the country’s young history, the Canadian story has existed long before there existed a canon. Thus the Canadian myth is of equal importance to the Canadian literary identity as the literature chosen to be a part of the Canadian literary canon. But how does Canadian mythology contribute to the literary landscape when so little of is has been written down....   [tags: Novel, Literature, Storytelling, Fiction]

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A Review of the Literature on Marijuana

- A considerable amount of literature has been published on cannabis specifically marijuana. These studies classify marijuana into three species: Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica, and cannabis ruderalis. In fact, Cannabis sativa is the most widely used and recognized among the other species due to its ability to produce more fiber and oil. For many years, the plant has been used for making clothes as well as lighting and soap. Nevertheless, cannabis is widely used at the present time for intoxication and medical treatments....   [tags: Marijuana Literature Review]

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The Inward Turn of Modernist Literature

- Modernists did not have faith in the external reality put forth by social institutions, such as the government and religion, and they no longer considered these avenues as trustworthy means to discover the meaning of life. For this reason they turned within themselves to discover the answers. Modernist literature is centered on the psychological experience as opposed to the external realities of the world. The experience is moved inwards in an attempt to make modernist works more representative of reality by making the experience more personal....   [tags: Literature, T. S. Eliot]

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The Surge of Faith Based Organizations in Postcolonial Zimbabwe

- ... For the first time the ruling party ZANU PF had felt intense pressure mounting on it after it lost the Referendum to the National Constitution Assembly and the MDC which campaigned for a No vote against its Yes vote. Barbara Slaughter and Stuart Nolan (2002) are of the view that the reason why the draft constitution was rejected was because it strengthened Mugabe’s grip to power and making his government and military officials immune from prosecution for any illegal acts committed while in office....   [tags: peace, communities, ]

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1368 words | (3.9 pages) | Preview

Victorian Age And Modern Literature

- The Victorian age and the Modern Literature era are two very different times for the literature world. Each era had a big impact through literature, politics, and economics. The Victorian era was a time of change during the reign of Queen Victoria between 1837 to 1901. The Modern Literature era also known as the Twentieth Century and After increased popularity in literature due to the rise of industrialization and globalization from roughly about the 1910 's to the 1990 's. Even though, both of these eras made an impact towards the way people see literature, their literature work is very different in terms of themes, subjects, purposes, and techniques....   [tags: Victorian era, Victorian literature]

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Instructional Goals in Literature Class

- If you have ever taken a look through some literature books, you have probably noticed that, like most books, they cannot all be classified into one category. There are a variety of types and purposes for literature. Also, as with any genre, some books in literature are higher quality than others. For my classroom and for my instruction, I do not select just any book to use. I select all books that I present my students with intent to help them reach one of my instructional goals. In evaluating literature, I look for a variety of elements....   [tags: genre, literature, classroom, elements]

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Theme of Self Confidence in Literature

- Theme of Self Confidence in Literature Spirit of self shows self confidence. In the stories of "The Life of a Slave" by: Frederick Douglass and "The Invisible Man" (The Narrator, The Battle Royale) by: Ralph Ellison with shorts stories of Black Elk Speaks (High Horse, Crazy Horse and Pipe Boyhood) Translated by: Jim Neidhardt all have characteristics of self confidence. Self Confidence comes from the spirit of self which is the belief of what you have, the essence that keeps you going and the ability to persevere when others do not....   [tags: Literature Theme Analysis Compare]

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1494 words | (4.3 pages) | Preview

Hussein Javid and Azerbajani Literature

- Hussein Javid was one of the prominent figures of Azerbajani literature. He is known as an eminent poet, talented play-writer and philosopher. He was born in 1882 in Nakhchivan from the very educated parents. His father although was known as theologian, he gave to his son good education, which besides Arabic, Persian languages and Islamic studies, included as well literature, history etc. He even sent his son to obtain education to Tabriz, which considered being one of the centres of the Medieval Muslim culture....   [tags: Hussein Javid, Azerbajani literature, ]

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William Faulkner's Influence in Literature

- William Faulkner is known as one of the most important writers of American literature and of Southern literature especially. According to Wikipedia, Faulkner was born on 25 September 1897 in Oxford, Mississippi. He was a Nobel Laureate and Pulitzer Prize winning author who was highly acclaimed for his numerous novels and short stories. He also wrote a play, movie screenplays, and essays. Faulkner used his hometown of Oxford, Mississippi as the model for the fictional city of Jefferson. Faulkner was very influenced by the area and environment in which he lived....   [tags: American and Southern literature writers]

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William Faulkner and the Metamorphosis of Literature

- “Read, read, read. Read everything-- trash, classics, good and bad, and see how they do it. Just like a carpenter who works as an apprentice and studies the master. Read. You'll absorb it.” - William Faulkner. Born in September of 1897, William totally re-wrote classical literature in the 19th century, even beyond his death in July of 1962. Faulker’s work was crawling with sub-plots, details, hidden inspiration, and key elements from previously famous novelists. William Faulkner revolutionized modern literature by taking the ideas of other writers and adding personal inspiration, description, and emotion to his work....   [tags: authors who revolutionized modern literature]

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Literature Is Not For The Faint Of Heart

- Literature is not for the faint of heart, because it takes time, effort, and education to understand. I would have to say that I am blessed to have the background in literature that I have, but there is always room for improvement. From a young age, I had encouragement to pursue my love of literature. When I grew older I had great teachers to help improve my understanding of it. Currently, I am able to enjoy literature not just on an educational level, but also as a personal hobby. Lastly, I hope to continue to improve my literature skills by being in my English one class....   [tags: Writing, Better, The Great Gatsby, Literature]

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Literature Is Not For The Faint Of Heart

- My Literary Esperance Literature is not for the faint of heart, because it takes time, effort, and education to understand. I would have to say that I am blessed to have the background in literature that I have, but there is always room for improvement. From a young age I had encouragement to peruse my love of literature. As I grew older I had great teachers to help improve my understanding of it. Currently, I am able to enjoy literacy not just on an educational level but also as a personal hobby....   [tags: Writing, Better, The Great Gatsby, Literature]

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`` If Literature Truly A Mysterious Power?

- “If literature truly possesses a mysterious power, I think perhaps it is precisely this: that one can read a book by a writer of a different time, a different language, and a different culture and there encounter a sensation that is one’s very own” (Hua 61). This quote said by Yu Hua speaks volumes about his feelings for reading and writing. There were many times in the novel that he suddenly remembered a feeling by writing it. There were also times when the reader experienced an emotion that was completely his or her own by reading the words he put on paper....   [tags: Mao Zedong, Cultural Revolution, Literature]

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1018 words | (2.9 pages) | Preview

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