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Policy Implementing And Policy Implementation

- Policy implementation, generally refers to processes and mechanisms put in place in order to implement and enforce policy decisions made by policy makers. Over the past few years, policy implementation has been the subject of numerous research and analysis into the complexity of the link between policy elaboration and policy implementation. Lipsky, through his Dilemmas of the Individual in Public Services, highlighted the crucial role played by local public officials, referred to as street level bureaucrats, who, unlike policy makers, are in constant and direct contact with citizens and are tasked with creating the mechanisms, rules and regulations intended to implement and enforce policies...   [tags: Policy, Implementation]

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Theories On Policy Process, Policy Change And Drivers

- ... Thus, until new approaches to the issues are developed, it goes with series of small changes in existing policy as a result of apparent mistakes and correction. A major change in policy happens through series of small changes each of which are not fundamentally “rock the boat” (Sutton, R. 1999) and the policy process is just “disjointed incrementalism or muddling through” (Lindblom, C. E. 1979). However, the incremental approach/model suffers due to its arbitrary exclusion of possible alternatives coupled with fragmentation....   [tags: Policy, Public policy, Implementation]

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The Process Of Policy Transfer

- The process of policy transfer in any particular case involve a combination of processes and agents, Evans (2004) originally drew on Rose’s (1993) continuum to categorise degrees of transfer into four different gradations. The first and rarest form of policy transfer is ‘copying’, which involves a direct and complete transfer. As per Evans (2004a) the working family tax credit system of UK was a duplication of the American earned income tax credit system. ‘Emulation’ is the second form which involves the transfer of ideas from abroad behind the policy or programme....   [tags: Public policy, Policy, Globalization]

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The Current State Of Public Policy Theory

- Introduction The readings this week focused on the idea of advancing or redefining theories and policy practices. The articles this week introduced new ways of thinking about the process of policy analysis, and the need to fully establish the evolutionary theory. John (2003) article this week in particular noted that evolutionary ideas are already incorporated into the policy streams and punctuated equilibrium frameworks. Therefore, the next logical step is to create a theory on this concept. Shulock (1999) highlighted that the process of policy analysis can go beyond than just used for problem-solving.The difference between this week reading is the author viewpoints....   [tags: Policy, Public policy, Policy analysis]

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U.s. Fiscal Policy And Monetary Policy

- ... That will put an increase in the supply of money in the economy, but if the discount rate was to be raised than that would make it more difficult for the banks to borrow the money, because it would be too expensive and that decreases the supply of the money.3 The increase of money in the economy, also the increase of consumer demand, can result in a decrease in the value of money. That means that it would take more money to buy something that has no change in its value. This slows down the whole economy....   [tags: Monetary policy, Central bank, Inflation]

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The Role of Business in Foreign Policy

- Throughout the course of American history, business-related interests have played a predominant role in influencing foreign policy. Foreign policy determines how America conducts its relations with other countries. It is designed to further certain goals such as security and trade. More importantly foreign policy seeks to ensure America’s security and defense and its ability to protect America’s national interests around the world. National interests that shape foreign policy covers a wide range of political, economic, military, ideological, and humanitarian fields....   [tags: Foreign Policy ]

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Use of Monetary Policy and Fiscal Policy During The Great Recession

- How can monetary policy and fiscal policy greatly influence the US economy. Keynesian economics says, “A depressed economy is the result of inadequate spending .” According to Keynesian the government intervention can help a depressed economy through monetary policy and fiscal .The idea established by Keynes was that managing the economy is a government responsibility . Monetary policy uses changes in the quantity of money to alter interest rates, which in turn affect the level of overall spending ....   [tags: Monetary Policy, Fiscal Policy]

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Public Managers And Policy Making

- 1. The purpose of this response is to assert the active role of public managers in policy making. By using their technical, analytical and managerial skills public managers can be effective in the policy process and just in implementation. Public Managers have to participate in the policy making process. Previously, according to scholars, “policy process” was considered “decision making” (Wu, Ramesh, Howlett, & Fritzen, 2010). Under such pretense, public managers considered their role merely with policy implementation....   [tags: Government, Policy, Public policy, Implementation]

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Monetary and Economic Policy in Latvia

- I. Currency war, also known as “competitive devaluation,” is an international situation in which countries challenge each other in achieving a low exchange rate for their currency. Recently, the most prominent conflict has been that between China and the United States over valuating of the Yuan. This major focus is on China, due to fears that currency manipulation may result in currency wars, and China’s gathering of more than $3 trillion in foreign exchange reserves has evolved to the idea that it is purposely undervaluing the renminbi....   [tags: Monetary Policy]

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The Impact On Environmental Policy Single Handedly

- Individuals are also able to have an impact on environmental policy single handedly. The prime example of such successful (or at least attention-getting, if not completely revolutionary) actions is those of Diane Wilson, an environmental activist from Texas. Her unconventional ways included pouring syrup on her head during a congressional hearing as well as sinking her boat in the gulf to attract attention for the irresponsible waste disposal by Formosa Plastics (Rinfret, Pautz, 105-106). Wilson’s actions attracted the attention of other fisherman involved in the area who quickly became involved and, in conjunction with the actions of the Coast Guard, Formosa began to clean up after themselv...   [tags: Policy, Government, Public policy]

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Foreign Policy : The United States Policy

- Throughout the course of history, the United States has remained constant with its national interest by taking many different actions in foreign policy. There have been both stat and long term effects of these actions. Foreign policy is the United States policy that explains how to deal with other countries economically and politically. Some of the inspirations for United States foreign policy are national security, economic concerns, and idealism. The history and identity of Central America has been physically invisible and marginalized within U.S....   [tags: United States, Americas, Latin America, Policy]

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Globalization and Political Policy

- Globalization, both as an ideology and process, has become the dominant political, economical and cultural force in the 21st century (Steger, 2002, 6). Increasingly there is a trend of policy areas that were once reserved for the state, shifting towards either being made or greatly influenced by international factors. The purpose of this paper is to examine the question: does globalization affect all policy areas equally. The view of the paper is that not all policy areas are equally influenced by globalization....   [tags: Political Policy]

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Expansionary Economic Policy And Expansionary Monetary Policy

- Expansionary Economic Policy Ramonica Patton ECO203: Principles of Macroeconomics Instructor: Thomas Westover While moving a country out a recession there must be consideration of expansionary economic policies as well as expansionary monetary policy. Just to add a little background on fiscal policy, it is when the government uses its great powers to have an impact on the economy. If the government makes the right choices, it will work in the favor of the economy in any situation....   [tags: Monetary policy, Central bank]

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The Rational Models of Policy Process

- ... The models are in the close system of process because no limitation on information, time and resources that needed in the cycle of policy. The rational model is not perfect in the practice. In some ways, the system is very useful in very modest and easy policy process which asking valid data instantly, enough time for examination and all resources of policy process is easy to get. Then, when the model is facing the issue of policy that complex and multi-dimensional aspect, the rational becomes less relevant in the exercise of policy process (Lindblom, 1959: 80)....   [tags: mechanical process, policy making, policy cycle]

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Central Banks: Fiscal Policy and Monetary Policy

- 1) (A) Analyse both the conventional and unconventional tools used by central banks. (a) Cash related course of action alludes to the measures which the national bank of the country takes in directing the trade and credit supply in for cold hard currency the country with a viewpoint to fulfilling certain specific financial targets. This is the Monetary Policy. Objectives of Monetary Policy:- 1. Regulating Inflation and Deflation:- Swelling and emptying in the costs both are bad for the budgetary development....   [tags: monetary policy, cash]

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Globalization and Political Policy

- Globalization can in general be described as the growing interaction amongst integration of activities. This mostly affects economic activities of human societies around the world. Nevertheless more realistically, globalization refers to the increasing economic interdependence of countries or states internationally through the escalating amount and variety of cross-border relations and transactions in goods and services and of global capital stream. It is also through the extra speedy and widespread diffusion of technology....   [tags: Political Policy]

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Policy Analysis : The Field Of Social Work

- Policy Analysis is a complicated topic in the field of social work. It is used as a means to study and understand a policy in all of its dimensions. There are different dimensions of a policy analysis, but the purpose of the analysis determines which parts are to be taken into consideration. The policy itself can alter the policy analysis. I have created a program that deals with child welfare, and it will require me to complete a policy analysis. The policy that I have created includes a program that will help homeless children....   [tags: Policy, Public policy, Program, Policy analysis]

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Foreign Policy Recommendations for the Obama Administration

- After December 26 1991, when the Soviet Union fell, the bipolarity of the international system was effaced. In the post- Cold War era, the United States faced the problem, without a defined enemy, to adopt a new foreign policy. To begin to analyze the political foreign policy of the United States, one must first understand the international system. According to Political Realism, a theory of international thought, the state is the key unit within the acts within the system. These states act according to their key norms, which are allowed by the system....   [tags: Foreign Policy]

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U.S. Foreign Policy and Latin America

- During the Cold War, the US invaded Latin America, Asia, and partly Europe. They used sneaky methods and propaganda to achieve their goals. At this time, in the Cold War, they were very devious and tactical in their mission. The US foreign Policy at that time was all about defeating Communism and keeping the balance of power in it’s favor but most importantly, for US’s own economic interest. Generally, the US foreign policy concerning Latin America was of course for the US' own benefit. If the person in power was trying to nationalize their country's economy, the US accused them of communism and proceeded to push them out, unofficially, under the pretext of national security....   [tags: Government Policy]

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The Process Of Creating And Implementing Policy

- The Process in Creating and Implementing Policy Policy in my perspective illustrates as a decision making, planning and or action taken to achieve a certain specific goal within our society. According to Longest B. (2010), his definition stated in his text book states that a policy is defined as ” authoritative decisions made in the legislative, executive, or judicial branches of government that are intended to direct or influence the actions, behaviors, or decisions of others.” In developing a policy, certain steps need to be taken in act to implement the policy....   [tags: Policy, Implementation, Rulemaking]

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A Review of 'Is Monetary Policy Overburdened?'

- The article written by Athanasios Orphanides raises the issue of whether or not governments have too high expectation on monetary policy to achieve long-term goals which can only be accomplished “by the appropriate policy mix and the cooperation of other public institutions.” Orphanides focused on three major goals burdened on Central banks (CB) which are full employment, fiscal sustainability and financial stability; and developed his arguments using four typical economies, US, Japan, UK and Euro area....   [tags: Orphanides, expectation on monetary policy]

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The Need Of Clear Education Policy

- ... In school settings, students need to learn acceptance and respect of others, safety, “beliefs, values, morality, meaning and social experiences." All “knowledge types are important and [...] and requires a balance for “schools to perform well” (p. 151). Certainly, I have a strong perception that kindergarten and primary school remain the foundation of education, where all our successive levels of education originate, therefore prioritizing on the sustained quality of education delivery. The forth requirement is the retention of students in school at all levels, support student learning and sustain the quality of education offered....   [tags: Policy, Implementation, Education, Teacher]

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The Failure Of National Economic Policy

- ... It also deregulates the market, which is removing regulations and trade barriers enforced by the central government. This combination of lower taxes, higher returns, and less regulation is all geared towards increasing the incentive to produce. Many people believe that supply-side economics did not accomplish it 's goal, citing the Clinton administrations tax increases and it 's actual effect on the economy compared to the effect that the supply-side theory posits. In my personal opinion, supply-side econonomics has it 's faults....   [tags: Macroeconomics, Monetary policy]

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The Need Of Clear Education Policy

- ... Further than that, as students proceed at a further level of learning, according to Sahlberg (2007) above “literacy and numeracy” equip students with fundamental “knowledge, technical skills, and cognition” emphasizing in community acquaintance. In school settings, students need to learn acceptance and respect of others, safety, “beliefs, values, morality, meaning and social experiences." All “knowledge types are important and [...] and requires a balance for “schools to perform well” (p. 151)....   [tags: Policy, Implementation, Education, Teacher]

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Public Policy of Globalization in Canada

- Public policy is embedded into the day-to-day lives of Canadian citizens. Although some may not be actively aware of the multitude of policies, they do determine every aspect of the Canadian society. There are policies that govern air, water, food, transportation, technology, taxes, health and immigration. But this is not an exclusive list of Canadian public polices. Two domains of public policy are domestic and foreign. Internal rules and regulations that govern within a nations border are known as domestic policies (Gale, 2008)....   [tags: Public Policies, Political Policy]

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The Evolution of Federal Housing Policy

- This paper will focus on the evolution of federal housing policy, from the first policies in the 1930s to the current policies, with a consideration for the shifting priorities within the programs. The many goals and a brief history of housing policy in the United Stated will be established. With a dilution of goals and many responsibilities, an emphasis will be placed on low-income housing and the role the federal government has played. The many shifts in attitude towards public assistance will be discussed, as the government moved from building and providing the housing towards the demand-side of providing vouchers....   [tags: politics, housing policy]

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Drawbacks of the Zero Tolerance Policy

- Your phone rings while you are at work and you see that it is your child’s school. You answer the phone and the school’s principal tells you that your child has been suspended for one month for bringing a plastic knife in his/her lunch box. You are scheduled for hearings that have no meaning because the decision is irreversible. These are some of the effects of a zero-tolerance policy. Zero tolerance policies should be eliminated because they disproportionately affect African-American and urban youth, continue to feed the cradle to prison pipeline, create a prison culture in urban communities, and provide a devastating long-term outcome for youth....   [tags: violence in school, inflexible policy]

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Foreign Policy And Foreign Policies

- ... Let takes Treaty of San Lorenzo as an example. This treaty, also known as Pinckney’s Treaty, signed in1795 between the U.S and Spanish. This treaty was an important and successful diplomatic to the U.S. According to the Office of the Historian, “It resolved territorial disputes between the two countries and granted American ships the right to free navigation of the Mississippi River as well as duty-free transport through the port of New Orleans, then under Spanish control.” On the other hand, other treaties might seem controversial since some people would agree with them while the other disagrees....   [tags: President of the United States, Policy]

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Environmental Policy of the European Union

- The EU on the environmental path Introduction The European Union (EU) is a local political and economic union between 28 member-states. However, apart from its domestic political significance it is also considered as an important international actor, which participates in the ongoing debates concerned with number of issues. These issues go beyond traditional security and economic threats along with questions posed to the members of such international organizations as the United Nations (UN). Thus, apart from negotiation or evaluation of traditional threats, such matters as environmental problems, poverty, illiteracy ect....   [tags: EU Environmental Policy]

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Foreign Policy Agenda Proposal Resolution

- Brief Overview With this foreign policy agenda proposal, it is my goal to address pressing issues facing our world today, particularly our current involvement in the middle east, and to offer practical solutions for the manner in which our country should respond to those issues. The Main Purpose of This Strategy To establish an efficient and pragmatic way of approaching today’s pressing issues affecting foreign policy, so that we may contribute to the cultivation of peace and democracy throughout the world....   [tags: Policy, Implementation, Foreign policy, Islam]

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Outline Of An Effective Policy

- One of the first adobe session’s topics was about how to write and implement an effective policy. A policy is an outline of practices that are carried out by an individual or sometimes a group of people. It should reflect the daily practice within my centre. “Setting‐based policies are sets of guidelines that define the way your service operates” (Farmer, 1995, p.3). Gibbs (2008) mentioned that an effective policy is the one that provides solutions to different issues. She added that an effective policy should have foundations in relation to the centre’s philosophy and has clear guidelines to help in the implementation....   [tags: Policy, Implementation, Education, Management]

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The Taylor Rule And Monetary Policy

- This essay will discuss an established economic model called ‘The Taylor Rule’ for monetary policy. It is a key indicator for economists and was devised in 1992 by the reputable economist John Taylor. It is effectively a model that forecasts interest rates. The essay will firstly talk about the history of the Taylor Rule. It will delve further about the workings of the model, its applicability, functionality and an analysis of its strength and weaknesses. It was also discuss the equation and three factors and briefly contrast the different tactics with NAIRU and the Phillips Curve....   [tags: Inflation, Monetary policy, Economics]

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Social Workers and Policy Advocacy

- As a social worker it is important to engage in policy practice. It is a part of the profession, whether you like it or not. It is an aspect that can change the way things are done for clients in a good way or bad. If you want to be more affective in practice, advocating for policies is one way of making sure your clients receive what they deserve. Chapin (2011) talks about how as a social worker you cannot take on every social policy issue, but it is important to consider the policies that affect your client population....   [tags: Social Policy Advocacy]

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Health Policy in Developed Countries

- Creating health policy involves many complexities and challenges no matter the current state of the country. This literature review will look at policy development in the United States (US), Canada, Uganda, and sub-Saharan Africa and examine the varying factors of development such as cost, quality, and patient access. One constant theme stands out amongst the literature. No matter the condition of the country or the type of health policy, no health system is without challenges, whether they are unique or shared....   [tags: policy development, patients access]

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Outline Of Monetary And Fiscal Policy

- ... The government needs to control how the money circulates. So the economy can grow , and continue to flourish. We do not need a repeat of the Great Recession which started in 2007 and ended in 2009. The United States economy has made steady progress out of the recession. More slowly than expected. Not necessary labor and capital resources have been reduced. And unemployment has fallen to low levels. The inflation rate has moved very low. The economy makes America great. America is becoming great again....   [tags: Monetary policy, Inflation, Great Depression]

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Building a Cyber-Security Policy

- Organizations which rely on network infrastructure for their business operation must utilize security technology to protect the network from harmful actions of automated attacks as well as malicious human activity. It is also important to enact policies and guidelines for the employees of the organization, which in many regards can be the weakest link in the chain of security. According to a survey by The Ponemon Institute (2012), “78 percent of respondents said their organizations have experienced a data breach as a result of negligent or malicious employees or other insiders” (p.1)....   [tags: Network Security Policy]

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Development of Foreign Policy

- Prior to the establishment of the United States, which was formed with the end of the American Revolution, there was no foreign policy for the American new found state. However, this changed with the formation of the same. The policy then consisted mainly on its regional interests and had no regards of the international scene. This however came to pass with the advent of the Spanish-American war. What however ought to be noted is that the regional policy had in its ideals an aim of creating an ‘Empire of Liberty’....   [tags: American Foreign Policy]

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Thre Federal Drug Policy

- Introduction The US has a complex patch that has been demonstrated in its framework and enforcement practices that are associated with drug laws. A number of federal and state policies have been formulated that sometimes seem to overlap hence giving rise to a number of conflicts among the different level of governments. This essay will explore and demonstrate the federal drug policy that the US Federal Government is designing and the issues of federalism that the policy raises. The US Drug Policy The current US drug control policy has a big concern for the drug abuse context and the general public health especially due to the fact that it is being to young Americans....   [tags: levels, policy, federalism, issues]

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The Government Of England And The Monetary Policy

- ... According to the November report, the Consumer Price Index inflation weakened thus reflecting a fall in the oil prices. Wage growth also affects the inflationary capacity of a region. The United Kingdom has a stable wage growth, but the South Western Region is a bit different. There are disparities in the wage growth of various sections of the region since most of the people are not fully employed. The government should embark on ensuring that the level of wages increases significantly so that they can be at par with other people in the region....   [tags: Inflation, Monetary policy, Interest rate]

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Policy-makers and Demographic Patterns

- The term demography originates from Greek literally translating as ‘people writing’, and, hence refers to the statistical study of human population and its vital statistics: birth, death and migration rates. However, changes in the demographic trends not only involve the study of changes in population size, but also its structure and distribution - as, for example, its age, gender and ethnical distribution. It, therefore, can be equally applied to macro and micro level analysis, where the former is applied to the aggregates of people, groups or societies and the latter – to small groups or families within a community or local area....   [tags: economic policy essays]

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Sequestration and Monetary Policy

- President Obama signed the Budget Control Act on the third year of his administrative term. The Budget Control was enacted to address the growing concerns over uncontrolled government spending created by both parties. The Budget control Act was made law to curb government spending by $1.3 trillion over ten year span. Democrats and Republicans have engaged for several decades in unscrupulous bills, pork barrel projects, and bailouts spending without any regard to the National Debt. Sequestration, according to Merriam Webster dictionary, is the act of taking away the plaintiff’s material assets; until the plaintiff has remedy or made restitution of his or her financial obligation with the cou...   [tags: contractionary momentary policy ]

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Monetary Policies And Monetary Policy

- 1. Introduction In 2007, the financial crisis broke out and damaged many countries’ economies across the globe. Central banks around the world took actions to react with a series of monetary policy. Many central banks like European central bank(ECB), Federal Reserve (FED) lowered their interest rate to around zero in 2009. Because of the constraint of Zero Lower Bound(ZLB), the conventional monetary policy(CMP) is no longer efficient. Therefore, the conventional monetary policy instrument that focus on a short run interest rate converting into concentrate on the adjustment of central’s balance sheet, which is the unconventional monetary policy(UMP)....   [tags: Monetary policy, Central bank, Inflation]

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Monetary Policy Of The Bank

- ... Some reports showed that F-statistics and P-values for the invalid concept located on approximation of equation. All of the P-values were above twenty five percent, therefore banks could not statistically refused the theory of unpredictability of the shock round. The shortage of predictability is reassuring and recommends their shock series is a suitable new count to apply to recognize the influence of monetary policy (Cloyne and Hürtgen, 2014). Pujari (2013) report some goals or aims behind the monetary policy, for instance; cost stability, financial state increase, full employment and equilibrium of clearance....   [tags: Monetary policy, Inflation, Central bank]

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The Common Monetary Policy Strategies

- ... (2012). Financial markets and institutions (7th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall. Q2: Prior to the current Federal Reserve System, there were two similar successive banking systems that were setup and then disbanded. The failure of the predecessors came as a result of the American fear of a government entity with excessive power. It would not be until after the panic of 1907 that Americans would come to agree that a centralized banking system was needed, which lead to the current form of the Federal Reserve System being established through the passing of the Federal Reserve Act of 1913 (Mishkin & Eakins, 2012)....   [tags: Monetary policy, Federal Reserve System]

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The First Fiscal Policy Tool

- The first fiscal policy tool that could be used to stimulate the economy would be government taxation. By determining how much money the US government and individuals have to spend, raised or lowered taxes; this will greatly influence the economy. The government can cut taxes, which would save consumers more money in the long run and hope that consumers will take that extra money saved, and spend it on services, thus increase the economy. The second tool that the government can use to stimulate the economy is spending....   [tags: Monetary policy, Federal Reserve System]

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Compare and Contrast British Tourism Policy vs. Maltese Tourism Policy

- Introduction The report presents an overview of the national and international tourism policies that have been drafted and implemented throughout the years. I will compare and contrast the Maltese Tourism Policy (2006 & 2012) with the British Tourism Policy (2011). Goeldner and Ritchie (2009) identify a tourism policy as a set of regulations, rules, guidelines, directives, and development/promotion objectives and strategies that provide a framework within which the collective and individual decisions affecting long-term tourism development and the daily activities within a destination are taken”....   [tags: Tourism Policy Essays]

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My Personal Values in Relation to the Health Policy

- My personal values specifically play a crucial role in life as they shape the way I interact with others. My values are learned and shared by influential people like our parents, guardians, and from our culture. My personal values portray the way I act, think, behave, and influence other people. They form as the foundation of my entire well-being that impact the way I live my life. My personal values include responsibility, respect, loyalty, ambition, courage, and discipline. My values shape me as a person....   [tags: helth policy]

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The Big Picture: Policy Design Analysis

- The Big Picture: Policy Design Analysis Developing a policy is something that takes concession, adjustments and renovation throughout the process. Policy makers must keep this in mind when trying to address a need in society and how they can address such need through regulatory policy making. Policy makers must keep in mind what additional problems may come into play when designing this policy, what is too strict of a punishment for not abiding by this policy and who will the policy directly affect and how to address their problems individually....   [tags: policy makers, cultures, norms]

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A Historical Analysis of Liberalism and Conservatism through International Policy

- Throughout its one-hundred-year history, political science has focused on many theories on international politics. Three majors types of political theories typically discussed are liberal, realist, and Marxist. However, what many political scientists fail to take into context is the often changing electorate and the paradoxes usually associated with the electorate. In recent decades, the electorate’s shifts in ideological taste, particularly from a conservative president, for example President George W....   [tags: Foreign Policy]

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American Foreign Policy During The Cold War

- ... “The choice is not between moral principles and the national interest, devoid of moral dignity, but between one set of moral principles, divorced from political reality, and another set of moral principles, derived from political reality” (1950, 853-4) As such, morality politics are a guiding force to navigate the world political stage. The issue of morality versus moral obligation therefore underscores much of the debate. As Morgenthau said in 1950, in the absence of “over-riding moral obligation” self-preservation of the individual and society is a moral duty....   [tags: International relations, Foreign policy, Policy]

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The Education Policy Worries Goes On As Tanzania

- ... Adding to Professor Lipumba’s apprehension, it may be a clarion call to the ministry of education to deliberate how the education policy administration guarantee the anticipated positive education outcome and delivery. With enthusiasm, students go to school, but their enthusiasm drops with the worst environment at school. Illustrating it clearly, the distance from and to school, inadequate teachers, and insufficient learning materials, all reinforce and reduce students’ optimism to education....   [tags: Education, School, Teacher, Policy]

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U.S. Foreign Policy Regarding El Salvador

- Located on the Pacific Coastline, El Salvador is the smallest country in Central America, and the most populated. The United States of America foreign policy on El Salvador is best explained by President Obama’s approach on Latin America where the United States is focused on economic growth and equality, energy and climate control, and regional and citizen security (Foreign Policy, 2012). This is best explained using the international level of analysis and neo-liberalism where the global structure and economic interdependence provides the foundation of America’s foreign policy....   [tags: Foreign Policy]

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Economic Policies: What is the Fiscal Policy?

- ... Government centres in the form of police stations and courts were part of the plans. In order to curb unemployment, education and skills development were at the fore. There was a shortage of skilled labourers in the market. The areas where education for these skills would be funded were engineering, scientists, managers, artisans and IT technicians. (Roux, 2008) What is the monetary policy. The monetary policy is a strategy that the South African Reserve Bank uses to control the demand for money as well as the supply of money in order to achieve certain goals....   [tags: borrowing money, monetary policy]

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Policy Analysis and Critique

- According to Happell et al. (2011), there are two broad divisions of policy impact, including intended and unintended effects. The intended impacts of a particular policy vary extensively, depending on the organization and the policy context. They are enacted to barricade misgivings noticed in a particular organization. Hence, they provide beneficial protocols to the organization. The mental health recovery policy is an example of a policy that tends to avoid negativity in the mental health care division....   [tags: Policy Impact, Intended, Unintended Effects]

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1445 words | (4.1 pages) | Preview

Media, Public Opinion, and Foreign Policy

- The matter of public opinion including its influence on policy making has been debated by different scholars throughout the world. There are differences in the way realists including liberals view public opinion. For realists public opinion is unstable, lack consistency also that it does not influence foreign policy making, in contrast realists view public opinion as stable, consistent thus it influences foreign affairs including policy making. Therefore the government or policy makers can take into account the opinions of the public or ignore it when making important decisions....   [tags: Foreign Policy Essays]

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2668 words | (7.6 pages) | Preview

Capital Role On Macroeconomics Policy Making

- ... However, increasing capital generates some negative effects to the economy. As the capital increases, banks may reduce loans. (LILICO, A.2011) To explain this concept, we need to know capital to risk (weighted) assets ratio. It’s the ratio of a banks’ capital to its risk. (WIKIPEDIA, 2007)When there is a shock to the economy, banks will try to maximize the capital to risk asset ratio. According to the formula, banks may increase the capital and minimize their risk asset. For example, they will only lend money if they are really sure the borrower can pay it back....   [tags: Macroeconomics, Inflation, Monetary policy]

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A Policy Paper of the National Integration Council

- Singapore – A city of immigrants Singapore is a country built by immigrants. Our forefathers came from various lands, drawn by the prospect of a better living and they brought with them their own cultures, beliefs and languages. Under British colonial rule, there were some initial challenges in how the different races interact and integrate with one another. The British dealt with this problem by simply separating the different races by locating them to the different part of town. For example, the majority Chinese were mainly housed in Kereta Ayer or more commonly known as Chinatown, the Malays in Kampong Glam Street, the Indians at Chulia Kampong also known as Church Street and later to Se...   [tags: Singapore Public Policy]

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3177 words | (9.1 pages) | Preview

Proposed Revisions to the Army Tattoo Policy

- Although tattoos represent a variety of things in a person’s life, they don’t necessarily dictate how well a person is able to perform their job. For the last few months, there has been an ongoing debate about troops in the Army that have tattoos, and as a result their careers have been placed on the line. With this upcoming change, it has been specifically said that troops cannot have tattoos that extend below their knees and above their elbows and ones that reach above their neckline. Sgt. Maj....   [tags: Troops, Army, Tattoo Policy]

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1295 words | (3.7 pages) | Preview

The Impact of China's One-Child Policy

- The Chinese population has been growing since the beginning of Chinese civilization, but never as rapidly as when the People’s Republic of China was formed. Mao Zedong believed that expanding the population would lead to a spur in economic growth. The People’s Republic of China provided improved sanitation and medicine, which helped facilitate the growth of the Chinese population. The encouragement of population growth was soon ended after both the Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution because China was unable to support such a large expansion of the population....   [tags: China's One-Child Policy]

Research Papers
2181 words | (6.2 pages) | Preview

American Foreign Policy in South Korea

- Plan of Investigation This investigation explores the question “To what extent did the American foreign policy in southern Korea before the outbreak of the Korean War contribute to North Korea’s decision to invade the South?” To assess the degree of success to which the policy affected the communists’ decision to invade the South, various U.S. documents, especially the official U.S. government policy documents on Korea, will be evaluated for their effectiveness, as well as role of their role in Korea....   [tags: american foreign policy]

Term Papers
2007 words | (5.7 pages) | Preview

The Individuals with Disability Education Act Policy

- The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), which is a supersession of the Education of All Handicapped Children Act of 1975 is a federal law which requires states and their school districts to provide individuals with disabilities a free and appropriate education. IDEA governs how states and public agencies provide early intervention, special education and related services to more than 6.5 million eligible infants, toddlers, children and youth with disabilities. US Department Of Education (n.d.) The population that IDEA intends to effect is children between the ages of three and twenty one years of age who have a specific disability that has an adverse effect on the student’s pe...   [tags: Politics and Public Policy, IDEA]

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1593 words | (4.6 pages) | Preview

Cultural Policy: American and Chinese Culture

- The Concept of Culture has come to the forefront of social sciences and social policy to address issues of human diversity in psychological processes and performance. Cultures have different moral norms of conduct and that there is no objective right or wrong, no objective good or evil. It holds for all cultures regardless of what its members perceive. Each culture in the world has a solid boundary between itself and other cultures, a boundary which can be linguistic, geographical or religious. Each culture has great internal consistency....   [tags: cultures, social policy, commercialization]

Term Papers
2506 words | (7.2 pages) | Preview

American Foreign Policy Blunders

- After the end of World War Two President Truman declared that all nations had the right to self determination. Hindsight shows that this declaration was either ignored or it was only half hearted to begin with. Multiple blunders throughout the following century show that American political forces sought to dominate the world through military action and economic subversion. The Red scare would dominate foreign policy as the U.S. extended its power and influence in a policy of “containment” to ensure Capitalisms success and Communisms demise....   [tags: Twentieth Century American Foreign Policy]

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994 words | (2.8 pages) | Preview

US Foreign Policy

- US Foreign policy is what the United States of America does in foreign countries. This may include setting new rules or even controlling the countries’ governments. What the US does in other countries usually ends up creating a conflict or an uprising in the region. US foreign policy makes the world very unstable and it causes disagreements between countries. The Israel Lobby has a great deal of negative influence on US foreign policy. The US is also very keen to destroy Wahabbist ideas and to exploit countries’ resources....   [tags: US Foreign policy, Foreign policy, USA, government]

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1023 words | (2.9 pages) | Preview

The One Child Policy Video

- In the One Child Policy video they spoke about what the policy was and how it created negative unintended consequences within China. The first concept I want to introduce to this essay is ‘population’. In the text the term population means “A target group to be studied” (Henslin 103). China started this policy because their country was getting over populated and China’s population started increasing in the 50’s and 60’s. They chose to keep boys because they say they are more loyal to the family, carry the family name better, and will stick around longer....   [tags: Foster care, Adoption, Female, One-child policy]

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1524 words | (4.4 pages) | Preview

Policy Makers in Hong Kong

- Introduction The purpose of this paper is trying to find out the main strategic priorities for policy makers of the chosen city: Hong Kong, China, to strong and development sustainably the economic and planning over the next 20 years. As the urban economy is a key factor of city planning, so the changing of city economy would affect the social, political and commercial life in a city. This essay would select Hong Kong as a study object to think about policy and planning for a city, which provide a practical exercise that might be encountered in the further under professional practice....   [tags: China, urban economy, macro-economics policy]

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2604 words | (7.4 pages) | Preview

Adenauer 's Domestic Policy, Foreign Policy And Economic Policies

- ... This meant that FRG would break off any relations with any country who had relations with the GDR with the exception of the USSR. It could be argued that the Hallstein Doctrine shows that the foreign policy of the FRG wasn’t a total success because it meant that the FRG was restricted from establishing relationships with China and countries in the Warsaw Pact. However, it did show that the FRG rejected Communism meaning that Germany was able to ally itself with the Capitalist nations meaning the Hallstein Doctrine did have some success....   [tags: Economics, Economy, Policy, Adolf Hitler]

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1542 words | (4.4 pages) | Preview

The Policy Practice Of The University Of Connecticut Website

- ... Providing such aid removes nonacademic barriers that are associated with learning and addresses the social problems these students face. The Family Resource and Youth Service Center (FRYSC) is a policy that was implemented in 1990. The Kentucky General Assembly created the FRYSC as an integral part of the Kentucky Education Reform Act (KERA) KRS 156.496 and KRS 156.4977. The legislation gave birth to a state-level partnership between the Kentucky Department of Education and the Cabinet for Health and Family Services....   [tags: Social work, Sociology, Policy analysis]

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1014 words | (2.9 pages) | Preview

Current Monetary Policy Of The United States

- Current Monetary Policy of the United States Esraa Alhassan Jason Gurtovoy EC 210 4/9/2015 The term Monetary policy refers to the method through which a country’s monetary authority, such as the Federal Reserve or the Bank of England control money supply for the aim of promoting economic stability and growth and is primarily achieved by the targeting of various interest rates. Monetary policy may be either contractionary or expansionary whereby a contractionary policy reduces the money supply, reduces the rate at which money is supplied or sets about an increase in interest rates....   [tags: Monetary policy, Central bank, Inflation]

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2057 words | (5.9 pages) | Preview

How the Media Influences the Policy Agenda

- With the great advancements of technology, our access and use of media is greater then ever before. We, Canadians, along with other developed nations, are now, as a democratic society, dependent and affected by media in several ways. Without the media, many of us may have great difficulty accomplishing our daily activities and routines; we use it for our education, work and even personal relationships. But, do we ever question and think about the impacts that the media can have on individuals and our society as a whole....   [tags: criminal justice, policy agenda, democratic]

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1418 words | (4.1 pages) | Preview

IBM’s Public Policy

- IBM has been a global leader in taking the initiative to bring about change. Structured by firm public policy, they have been recognized for their achievements in going above and beyond, while dragging those expectations on to their suppliers as well as internal departments. With IBM’s four major points of public policy being environmental, supply chain, employee well-being and political issues, they have carved the way to being one of the largest and most successful companies in the world. The larger a company becomes, the larger their global footprint....   [tags: corporate policy, business models]

Term Papers
2950 words | (8.4 pages) | Preview

The Role Of Social Research On Developing Social Policy

- ... In Dalian city’s case, the idea of building Community Public Service Organization is also based on a relevant research. According to Ge (2001), a group of researchers conduct a research on Dalian’s minimum living standard guarantee system for the unemployed as requested by the Dalian’s government, and then they find that the old security system cannot filter people with recessive employments and invisible income. This research finding make the local government realize that the old security system is not fair and it is necessary to identify hidden income and unregistered employment of the laid-off....   [tags: Policy, Implementation, Government]

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1551 words | (4.4 pages) | Preview

How did the ‘Committee for the Present Danger’ influence US foreign policy?

- Twenty years after the cold war divided the world there is still an uncertainty about our future. Despite the dangers and costs of the cold war created it still produced a degree of stability the world had yet seen. All participants recognised their rivals had legitimate security concerns and with this in mind they fought accordingly within a framework of informal rules (Baylis et al. 2008). Both the United States of America (US) and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) attempted to avoid rising escalation while preventing nuclear war as well as keeping in mind the war was not about destroying one another but proving one’s worth (Baylis et al....   [tags: Foreign Policy]

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1686 words | (4.8 pages) | Preview

United States Immigration Policy Review

- Historical Background: Colonial America and The United States that followed were created by repeated waves of immigration. Those immigrants came from every part of the globe, but particularly from England, France, Germany, and Western Europe. The descendants of this first wave of immigrants would view later immigrants from Italy, Poland, and Russia with a great deal of suspicion and uncertainty. This is not surprising as our country’s uncertainty about immigrants is reflected in our policies. For instance, there were no numerical restrictions or central regulation on immigration until one hundred years after our nation’s founding....   [tags: open door policy, criminals, prostitutes]

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1189 words | (3.4 pages) | Preview

Policy Review

- Introduction A policy is defined as a definite course or method of action selected from among alternatives and in light of given conditions to guide and determine present and future decisions (Miriam Webster, para. 1). Policies are used in acute settings as operational tools that give support and direction to staff, patients and the public (Collins & Patel, 2009, p.42). In nursing practice, it is important to understand these different policies as they influence our nursing practice every day. Ballarat Health Services (2011) developed a policy to provide a guideline on storage, transport and checking procedures for expressed breast milk in the scope of maternity and pediatric units (p.1)....   [tags: business strategy, marketing, policy]

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1310 words | (3.7 pages) | Preview

Monetary Policy

- Introduction Monetary policy is among the many tools used by a national government to manipulate its financial system. Monetary policy refers to the method used by the financial authority of any country to control the supply and availability of money (Woelfel, 1994). It is often targeted at interest rates to achieve lay down objectives directed towards economic growth and stability (Woelfel, 1994). Monetary policy rests on the link between interest rates in an economy, that is, the relationship between interest rates and the total money supply....   [tags: Expansionary and Contractionary Policy]

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1346 words | (3.8 pages) | Preview

The U.S. Arms Policy and Taiwan From the 1970's to the 1990's

- Before Nixon decided to pursue normalization with China in 1971, the U.S. arms sales policy towards Taiwan was stable because of the Vietnam War effort and global containment strategy. U.S. pulled Taiwan into its global policy without much debate, given that choice for Taiwan was indeed limited and its economic strength as well as defense capability were relatively weak. With US recognition of the PRC a fait accompli, how to make the new relationships with China and Taiwan had engaged lawyers and diplomats beginning in 1972 and especially during 1978....   [tags: Foreign Policy]

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1789 words | (5.1 pages) | Preview

Human Rights Violations of China's One Child Policy

- Abstract The purpose of this research is to highlight to what extent government policy has violated the human rights of women in China. Government policy is important to the organization of countries. Government policies work to aid in political, economic, and social issues that can become detrimental to the function of a country. Flourishing government policies prove to be efficient and effective when implementation is deemed successful. The One Child Policy proved to be successful in reducing population size....   [tags: China's One Child Policy ]

Research Papers
4300 words | (12.3 pages) | Preview

Overview on Inflation Targeting as a Monetary Policy Strategy

- INTRODUCTION Since the 1990s, a large number of industrial countries and a growing number of emerging market and transition economies have adopted inflation targeting as their monetary policy strategy. During the implementation they face many challenges. However, there is no established pattern so countries must learn along the way from one another and more importantly from their own experience. This paper provides an overview on inflation targeting as a monetary policy strategy, necessary preconditions for its successful implementation, its advantages and disadvantages and issues and challenges that emerging market and transition economies face while defining and implementing this monetary...   [tags: transition economies, macroeconomic policy]

Term Papers
2842 words | (8.1 pages) | Preview

The President Has The Dominance Force Foreign Policy Making

- ... The president might create a new defense system to revenge terrorist, or rescue aid for countries with natural disasters. The president is also looking for new trading laws against rouge countries. The president might veto legislation that brings risk to the country such as trade barrier that might set off trade war. The executive branch and the president have the power of negotiation which gives them the dominant power in foreign policy making through intentional agreements. The agreements must be viewed and approved by the Senate or Congress, it must be approved by two third of the majority....   [tags: President of the United States, Policy]

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1203 words | (3.4 pages) | Preview

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