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Policy Implementing And Policy Implementation

- Policy implementation, generally refers to processes and mechanisms put in place in order to implement and enforce policy decisions made by policy makers. Over the past few years, policy implementation has been the subject of numerous research and analysis into the complexity of the link between policy elaboration and policy implementation. Lipsky, through his Dilemmas of the Individual in Public Services, highlighted the crucial role played by local public officials, referred to as street level bureaucrats, who, unlike policy makers, are in constant and direct contact with citizens and are tasked with creating the mechanisms, rules and regulations intended to implement and enforce policies...   [tags: Policy, Implementation]

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Theories On Policy Process, Policy Change And Drivers

- (A) Theories on policy process, policy change and drivers Policy is a set of guidelines for decision making and achieving rational outcomes. According to Anderson (1975) policy is a purposive course of action followed by an actor or set of actors. Policy can be adopted by any organization or the government and thus be private or public. Public policy is what governments choose to do or not to do (Adie, R. F., & Thomas, P. G. (1982) and is visible to public (Jones, H. (2009). A.1: Policy process and formulation A.1.1: Policy process models: In the political science arena, there is an ongoing debate that, whether policy-making is a linear, rational process or a chaotic procedure dominated by...   [tags: Policy, Public policy, Implementation]

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Public Policy And Public Policies

- Public Policy Public policy is described by Peters (as cited in Shaw & Eichbaum, 2008) as guiding the actions of a government and taking into account the effects of that action or in-action on the lives of people in the community. Dye (as cited in Shaw and Eichbaum, 2008) defines policy as “whatever governments choose to do or not to do”. Shaw and Eichbaum (2008) go on to say that public policy is the most obvious way in which government politics can affect the lives of people. As an example, Shaw and Eichbaum use the interest free loan scheme put into place by the Labour government in 2006....   [tags: Policy, Public policy, Policy analysis]

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The Role Of Public Policy

- The role of public policy is becoming more important to developing strategies to stop the trend of physical inactivity. Policy makers have endorsed a need to position policy more towards active living; however, this is a complicated and complex process that covers multiple areas in the literature. The phenomenon under investigation is the implementation process of a state plan to increase physical activity at the local level. The first section of this literature review describes the term public policy, taking into account a number of policy definitions and processes from both public administration and public health literature, as well as several different understanding of factors influencing...   [tags: Policy, Implementation, Policy analysis]

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The Process Of Policy Transfer

- The process of policy transfer in any particular case involve a combination of processes and agents, Evans (2004) originally drew on Rose’s (1993) continuum to categorise degrees of transfer into four different gradations. The first and rarest form of policy transfer is ‘copying’, which involves a direct and complete transfer. As per Evans (2004a) the working family tax credit system of UK was a duplication of the American earned income tax credit system. ‘Emulation’ is the second form which involves the transfer of ideas from abroad behind the policy or programme....   [tags: Public policy, Policy, Globalization]

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The Current State Of Public Policy Theory

- Introduction The readings this week focused on the idea of advancing or redefining theories and policy practices. The articles this week introduced new ways of thinking about the process of policy analysis, and the need to fully establish the evolutionary theory. John (2003) article this week in particular noted that evolutionary ideas are already incorporated into the policy streams and punctuated equilibrium frameworks. Therefore, the next logical step is to create a theory on this concept. Shulock (1999) highlighted that the process of policy analysis can go beyond than just used for problem-solving.The difference between this week reading is the author viewpoints....   [tags: Policy, Public policy, Policy analysis]

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U.s. Fiscal Policy And Monetary Policy

- U.S. Fiscal Policy is a very broad term used for taxes and spending of the federal government. It also affects price stability, employment, and economic growth; with those changes in spending and taxation affect deficits and surpluses and national debt. The Federal Reserve uses the tools of monetary policy to promote economic growth. The Federal Reserve System in the central bank of the United States. It regulates the United States monetary and financial system and its divided into four general areas; conducting, monetary policy, regulating banking institutions and protecting the credit rights of consumers, maintaining the stability of the financial system, and providing financial serv...   [tags: Monetary policy, Central bank, Inflation]

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The Role of Business in Foreign Policy

- Throughout the course of American history, business-related interests have played a predominant role in influencing foreign policy. Foreign policy determines how America conducts its relations with other countries. It is designed to further certain goals such as security and trade. More importantly foreign policy seeks to ensure America’s security and defense and its ability to protect America’s national interests around the world. National interests that shape foreign policy covers a wide range of political, economic, military, ideological, and humanitarian fields....   [tags: Foreign Policy ]

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Social Policy : Drug Policy And Crime - Harm Reduction And Prohibition

- Social Policy - Drug policy and crime - Harm reduction vs Prohibition Harmful drugs are an issue that creates controversy just by being mentioned, let alone acted upon by public policy. Despite this, policy actors must address drugs, through action or inaction, for the chance to make our society safer and healthier. Scientists and policy makers tend to agree that some drugs can be harmful to their users (Nordegren, 2002), but there are two broad camps of opinion on how best to protect users from these negative effects....   [tags: Policy, Government, Policy analysis]

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Use of Monetary Policy and Fiscal Policy During The Great Recession

- How can monetary policy and fiscal policy greatly influence the US economy. Keynesian economics says, “A depressed economy is the result of inadequate spending .” According to Keynesian the government intervention can help a depressed economy through monetary policy and fiscal .The idea established by Keynes was that managing the economy is a government responsibility . Monetary policy uses changes in the quantity of money to alter interest rates, which in turn affect the level of overall spending ....   [tags: Monetary Policy, Fiscal Policy]

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Public Managers And Policy Making

- 1. The purpose of this response is to assert the active role of public managers in policy making. By using their technical, analytical and managerial skills public managers can be effective in the policy process and just in implementation. Public Managers have to participate in the policy making process. Previously, according to scholars, “policy process” was considered “decision making” (Wu, Ramesh, Howlett, & Fritzen, 2010). Under such pretense, public managers considered their role merely with policy implementation....   [tags: Government, Policy, Public policy, Implementation]

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Monetary and Economic Policy in Latvia

- I. Currency war, also known as “competitive devaluation,” is an international situation in which countries challenge each other in achieving a low exchange rate for their currency. Recently, the most prominent conflict has been that between China and the United States over valuating of the Yuan. This major focus is on China, due to fears that currency manipulation may result in currency wars, and China’s gathering of more than $3 trillion in foreign exchange reserves has evolved to the idea that it is purposely undervaluing the renminbi....   [tags: Monetary Policy]

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Political Ideologies And The State Policy Decisions

- Nice, D. State Party Ideology and Policy Making, The University of Georgia, 780-796 In this article, David Nice delves into party ideologies and their role in state policy decisions. David Nice uses information gathered from a wide variety of research studies to assess whether or not party ideologies are reflected in recent state policy decisions. Cross- national research found that ideologies of those in power were related to unemployment, inflation rates, income redistribution through taxation and growth of the public sector....   [tags: Policy, Foreign policy]

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The Impact On Environmental Policy Single Handedly

- Individuals are also able to have an impact on environmental policy single handedly. The prime example of such successful (or at least attention-getting, if not completely revolutionary) actions is those of Diane Wilson, an environmental activist from Texas. Her unconventional ways included pouring syrup on her head during a congressional hearing as well as sinking her boat in the gulf to attract attention for the irresponsible waste disposal by Formosa Plastics (Rinfret, Pautz, 105-106). Wilson’s actions attracted the attention of other fisherman involved in the area who quickly became involved and, in conjunction with the actions of the Coast Guard, Formosa began to clean up after themselv...   [tags: Policy, Government, Public policy]

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Media 's Influence On Public Policy

- In the system of policymaking, the media, contrary to some critics, can and does play a critical role. The media is significant not merely in the beginning of the policymaking process, but throughout as well. As the main connection between the mass public and the policies that impact them, the media can positively or negatively impact people by swaying their opinions or educating them. The media’s spread of information can simultaneously provide an objective view of the action taking place in public policymaking and allow the public to form perceptions on issues....   [tags: Policy, Public policy, Government]

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Foreign Policy : The United States Policy

- Throughout the course of history, the United States has remained constant with its national interest by taking many different actions in foreign policy. There have been both stat and long term effects of these actions. Foreign policy is the United States policy that explains how to deal with other countries economically and politically. Some of the inspirations for United States foreign policy are national security, economic concerns, and idealism. The history and identity of Central America has been physically invisible and marginalized within U.S....   [tags: United States, Americas, Latin America, Policy]

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Globalization and Political Policy

- Globalization, both as an ideology and process, has become the dominant political, economical and cultural force in the 21st century (Steger, 2002, 6). Increasingly there is a trend of policy areas that were once reserved for the state, shifting towards either being made or greatly influenced by international factors. The purpose of this paper is to examine the question: does globalization affect all policy areas equally. The view of the paper is that not all policy areas are equally influenced by globalization....   [tags: Political Policy]

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Expansionary Economic Policy And Expansionary Monetary Policy

- Expansionary Economic Policy Ramonica Patton ECO203: Principles of Macroeconomics Instructor: Thomas Westover While moving a country out a recession there must be consideration of expansionary economic policies as well as expansionary monetary policy. Just to add a little background on fiscal policy, it is when the government uses its great powers to have an impact on the economy. If the government makes the right choices, it will work in the favor of the economy in any situation....   [tags: Monetary policy, Central bank]

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The Rational Models of Policy Process

- ... The models are in the close system of process because no limitation on information, time and resources that needed in the cycle of policy. The rational model is not perfect in the practice. In some ways, the system is very useful in very modest and easy policy process which asking valid data instantly, enough time for examination and all resources of policy process is easy to get. Then, when the model is facing the issue of policy that complex and multi-dimensional aspect, the rational becomes less relevant in the exercise of policy process (Lindblom, 1959: 80)....   [tags: mechanical process, policy making, policy cycle]

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Globalization and Political Policy

- Globalization can in general be described as the growing interaction amongst integration of activities. This mostly affects economic activities of human societies around the world. Nevertheless more realistically, globalization refers to the increasing economic interdependence of countries or states internationally through the escalating amount and variety of cross-border relations and transactions in goods and services and of global capital stream. It is also through the extra speedy and widespread diffusion of technology....   [tags: Political Policy]

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Policy Analysis : The Field Of Social Work

- Policy Analysis is a complicated topic in the field of social work. It is used as a means to study and understand a policy in all of its dimensions. There are different dimensions of a policy analysis, but the purpose of the analysis determines which parts are to be taken into consideration. The policy itself can alter the policy analysis. I have created a program that deals with child welfare, and it will require me to complete a policy analysis. The policy that I have created includes a program that will help homeless children....   [tags: Policy, Public policy, Program, Policy analysis]

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Central Banks: Fiscal Policy and Monetary Policy

- 1) (A) Analyse both the conventional and unconventional tools used by central banks. (a) Cash related course of action alludes to the measures which the national bank of the country takes in directing the trade and credit supply in for cold hard currency the country with a viewpoint to fulfilling certain specific financial targets. This is the Monetary Policy. Objectives of Monetary Policy:- 1. Regulating Inflation and Deflation:- Swelling and emptying in the costs both are bad for the budgetary development....   [tags: monetary policy, cash]

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Foreign Policy Recommendations for the Obama Administration

- After December 26 1991, when the Soviet Union fell, the bipolarity of the international system was effaced. In the post- Cold War era, the United States faced the problem, without a defined enemy, to adopt a new foreign policy. To begin to analyze the political foreign policy of the United States, one must first understand the international system. According to Political Realism, a theory of international thought, the state is the key unit within the acts within the system. These states act according to their key norms, which are allowed by the system....   [tags: Foreign Policy]

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The Importance Of Public Policy And Innocence Reform

- The main topics of this chapter highlight the importance behind public policy and innocence reform, these were identified through various steps. One of the key elements within the chapter is problem identification which is an important step particularly for conditions that are not seen by the general public. This won 't unlikely lead to corrupt official decision makers to enact laws, or even create judicial doctrines, and or modify agency responses. The beginning of the innocence movement and reform agenda what enacted and implemented is the application of DNA science, this began in 1989....   [tags: Policy, Government, Implementation, Public policy]

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U.S. Foreign Policy and Latin America

- During the Cold War, the US invaded Latin America, Asia, and partly Europe. They used sneaky methods and propaganda to achieve their goals. At this time, in the Cold War, they were very devious and tactical in their mission. The US foreign Policy at that time was all about defeating Communism and keeping the balance of power in it’s favor but most importantly, for US’s own economic interest. Generally, the US foreign policy concerning Latin America was of course for the US' own benefit. If the person in power was trying to nationalize their country's economy, the US accused them of communism and proceeded to push them out, unofficially, under the pretext of national security....   [tags: Government Policy]

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The Process Of Creating And Implementing Policy

- The Process in Creating and Implementing Policy Policy in my perspective illustrates as a decision making, planning and or action taken to achieve a certain specific goal within our society. According to Longest B. (2010), his definition stated in his text book states that a policy is defined as ” authoritative decisions made in the legislative, executive, or judicial branches of government that are intended to direct or influence the actions, behaviors, or decisions of others.” In developing a policy, certain steps need to be taken in act to implement the policy....   [tags: Policy, Implementation, Rulemaking]

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A Review of 'Is Monetary Policy Overburdened?'

- The article written by Athanasios Orphanides raises the issue of whether or not governments have too high expectation on monetary policy to achieve long-term goals which can only be accomplished “by the appropriate policy mix and the cooperation of other public institutions.” Orphanides focused on three major goals burdened on Central banks (CB) which are full employment, fiscal sustainability and financial stability; and developed his arguments using four typical economies, US, Japan, UK and Euro area....   [tags: Orphanides, expectation on monetary policy]

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The Need Of Clear Education Policy

- As once stated previously, education quality is a matter of concern as worries of the fruitful future grows. Refereeing to the conventional knowledge, the desired improved future happens with step by step highlights on: First of all, the need of clear education policy, understood by all stakeholders. Indeed, sharing similar policy vision and implementation only can work, if people possess the vision policy knowledge. Fortunately, Tanzania explained clearly the need for such requirement long before through the NSGR paper, holding the intent for applying “strategy” which remains properly “understood by all stakeholders for them to actively play their” role....   [tags: Policy, Implementation, Education, Teacher]

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The Failure Of National Economic Policy

- "The failure of national economic policy is costing us more than jobs; It has begun to weaken that uniquely American spirit of risk-taking, large ambition, and optimism about the future. We must rally them now to bold departures that rebuild our national morale as well as our material prosperity." - Mitch Daniels "Education is the best economic policy there is." - Tony Blair Many influential politicians and economists believe that economic policy directly affects the work force. That "bad" economic policy directly affects human capital....   [tags: Macroeconomics, Monetary policy]

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The Need Of Clear Education Policy

- As stated previously, education quality is a matter of concern as citizen worry about the fruitful future of Tanzania. Bearing in mind the conventional knowledge, the desired improved future can only be possible through step by step highlights on: First of all, the need of clear education policy, understood by all stakeholders. Above that, sharing similar policy vision and implementation can only work, if people possess the vision knowledge. Fortunately, Tanzania explained clearly the need for such requirement long before through the NSGR paper, holding the intent of applying “strategy” which remains properly “understood by all stakeholders for them to actively play their” role....   [tags: Policy, Implementation, Education, Teacher]

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Public Policy of Globalization in Canada

- Public policy is embedded into the day-to-day lives of Canadian citizens. Although some may not be actively aware of the multitude of policies, they do determine every aspect of the Canadian society. There are policies that govern air, water, food, transportation, technology, taxes, health and immigration. But this is not an exclusive list of Canadian public polices. Two domains of public policy are domestic and foreign. Internal rules and regulations that govern within a nations border are known as domestic policies (Gale, 2008)....   [tags: Public Policies, Political Policy]

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The At The Uc Berkeley Goldman School Of Public Policy

- It is with great pleasure that I apply to the Master of Public Policy (MPP) program at the UC Berkeley Goldman School of Public Policy. I am confident that Goldman is the best place for me to learn and grow and will prepare to make lasting, positive change in the world. Specifically, it is Goldman’s rare and unmatched offerings that have encouraged me to apply, including but not limited to: a strong network of Bay Area and Sacramento policymakers; a broad focus on policy analysis and developing leaders; and the flexibility to develop a concentration of ones choosing....   [tags: Policy, Public policy, Better]

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The Evolution of Federal Housing Policy

- This paper will focus on the evolution of federal housing policy, from the first policies in the 1930s to the current policies, with a consideration for the shifting priorities within the programs. The many goals and a brief history of housing policy in the United Stated will be established. With a dilution of goals and many responsibilities, an emphasis will be placed on low-income housing and the role the federal government has played. The many shifts in attitude towards public assistance will be discussed, as the government moved from building and providing the housing towards the demand-side of providing vouchers....   [tags: politics, housing policy]

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Drawbacks of the Zero Tolerance Policy

- Your phone rings while you are at work and you see that it is your child’s school. You answer the phone and the school’s principal tells you that your child has been suspended for one month for bringing a plastic knife in his/her lunch box. You are scheduled for hearings that have no meaning because the decision is irreversible. These are some of the effects of a zero-tolerance policy. Zero tolerance policies should be eliminated because they disproportionately affect African-American and urban youth, continue to feed the cradle to prison pipeline, create a prison culture in urban communities, and provide a devastating long-term outcome for youth....   [tags: violence in school, inflexible policy]

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Foreign Policy And Foreign Policies

- Foreign policy plays an important role in the U.S. Foreign policy serves many certain aspects which directly involves to the U.S such as safeguarding the national security within the U.S, cooperating foreign trade, creating a balance of power with other countries. Also, foreign policy relates to the global issues such as enhancing peace in the world, securing the global environment, boosting human rights and democratic values, cooperating with alliances to solve international problems. Apparently, foreign policy has a huge impact on the U.S whether directly or indirectly; thus, making foreign policy is a tough implement....   [tags: President of the United States, Policy]

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Environmental Policy of the European Union

- The EU on the environmental path Introduction The European Union (EU) is a local political and economic union between 28 member-states. However, apart from its domestic political significance it is also considered as an important international actor, which participates in the ongoing debates concerned with number of issues. These issues go beyond traditional security and economic threats along with questions posed to the members of such international organizations as the United Nations (UN). Thus, apart from negotiation or evaluation of traditional threats, such matters as environmental problems, poverty, illiteracy ect....   [tags: EU Environmental Policy]

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Foreign Policy Agenda Proposal Resolution

- Brief Overview With this foreign policy agenda proposal, it is my goal to address pressing issues facing our world today, particularly our current involvement in the middle east, and to offer practical solutions for the manner in which our country should respond to those issues. The Main Purpose of This Strategy To establish an efficient and pragmatic way of approaching today’s pressing issues affecting foreign policy, so that we may contribute to the cultivation of peace and democracy throughout the world....   [tags: Policy, Implementation, Foreign policy, Islam]

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Outline Of An Effective Policy

- One of the first adobe session’s topics was about how to write and implement an effective policy. A policy is an outline of practices that are carried out by an individual or sometimes a group of people. It should reflect the daily practice within my centre. “Setting‐based policies are sets of guidelines that define the way your service operates” (Farmer, 1995, p.3). Gibbs (2008) mentioned that an effective policy is the one that provides solutions to different issues. She added that an effective policy should have foundations in relation to the centre’s philosophy and has clear guidelines to help in the implementation....   [tags: Policy, Implementation, Education, Management]

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The Taylor Rule And Monetary Policy

- This essay will discuss an established economic model called ‘The Taylor Rule’ for monetary policy. It is a key indicator for economists and was devised in 1992 by the reputable economist John Taylor. It is effectively a model that forecasts interest rates. The essay will firstly talk about the history of the Taylor Rule. It will delve further about the workings of the model, its applicability, functionality and an analysis of its strength and weaknesses. It was also discuss the equation and three factors and briefly contrast the different tactics with NAIRU and the Phillips Curve....   [tags: Inflation, Monetary policy, Economics]

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Social Workers and Policy Advocacy

- As a social worker it is important to engage in policy practice. It is a part of the profession, whether you like it or not. It is an aspect that can change the way things are done for clients in a good way or bad. If you want to be more affective in practice, advocating for policies is one way of making sure your clients receive what they deserve. Chapin (2011) talks about how as a social worker you cannot take on every social policy issue, but it is important to consider the policies that affect your client population....   [tags: Social Policy Advocacy]

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Health Policy in Developed Countries

- Creating health policy involves many complexities and challenges no matter the current state of the country. This literature review will look at policy development in the United States (US), Canada, Uganda, and sub-Saharan Africa and examine the varying factors of development such as cost, quality, and patient access. One constant theme stands out amongst the literature. No matter the condition of the country or the type of health policy, no health system is without challenges, whether they are unique or shared....   [tags: policy development, patients access]

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Outline Of Monetary And Fiscal Policy

- 5. Discuss monetary and fiscal policy. Which would you suggest makes more sense for the US to emphasize today when crafting macroeconomic policy. Explain. Is that the one being emphasized. Why/why not. Again, be sure to consider contemporary politics in providing your response. Give me an example of an aspect of the US economy that will likely be positively affected by the course that you suggest The two most powerful tools in our government’s tool box is monetary and fiscal policy. Monetary policy and fiscal policy influence our economy significantly....   [tags: Monetary policy, Inflation, Great Depression]

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Building a Cyber-Security Policy

- Organizations which rely on network infrastructure for their business operation must utilize security technology to protect the network from harmful actions of automated attacks as well as malicious human activity. It is also important to enact policies and guidelines for the employees of the organization, which in many regards can be the weakest link in the chain of security. According to a survey by The Ponemon Institute (2012), “78 percent of respondents said their organizations have experienced a data breach as a result of negligent or malicious employees or other insiders” (p.1)....   [tags: Network Security Policy]

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Development of Foreign Policy

- Prior to the establishment of the United States, which was formed with the end of the American Revolution, there was no foreign policy for the American new found state. However, this changed with the formation of the same. The policy then consisted mainly on its regional interests and had no regards of the international scene. This however came to pass with the advent of the Spanish-American war. What however ought to be noted is that the regional policy had in its ideals an aim of creating an ‘Empire of Liberty’....   [tags: American Foreign Policy]

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Thre Federal Drug Policy

- Introduction The US has a complex patch that has been demonstrated in its framework and enforcement practices that are associated with drug laws. A number of federal and state policies have been formulated that sometimes seem to overlap hence giving rise to a number of conflicts among the different level of governments. This essay will explore and demonstrate the federal drug policy that the US Federal Government is designing and the issues of federalism that the policy raises. The US Drug Policy The current US drug control policy has a big concern for the drug abuse context and the general public health especially due to the fact that it is being to young Americans....   [tags: levels, policy, federalism, issues]

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The Government Of England And The Monetary Policy

- Introduction The government of England has set the inflation target to be 2% in 2015, which means its sustainable. The monetary Policy Committee is mandated by the bank of England to set Monetary policy that ensures these targets are met for a specific month. For instance in November 2015, the committee set the bank rate to remain at 0.5%. during the Month of September, the Consumer Price index was at -0.1%, and it was below the targeted rate. This deviation is as a result of a fall in the prices of food, energy, oil, and an increase in domestic growth (Committee, 2015, p....   [tags: Inflation, Monetary policy, Interest rate]

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Policy-makers and Demographic Patterns

- The term demography originates from Greek literally translating as ‘people writing’, and, hence refers to the statistical study of human population and its vital statistics: birth, death and migration rates. However, changes in the demographic trends not only involve the study of changes in population size, but also its structure and distribution - as, for example, its age, gender and ethnical distribution. It, therefore, can be equally applied to macro and micro level analysis, where the former is applied to the aggregates of people, groups or societies and the latter – to small groups or families within a community or local area....   [tags: economic policy essays]

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Sequestration and Monetary Policy

- President Obama signed the Budget Control Act on the third year of his administrative term. The Budget Control was enacted to address the growing concerns over uncontrolled government spending created by both parties. The Budget control Act was made law to curb government spending by $1.3 trillion over ten year span. Democrats and Republicans have engaged for several decades in unscrupulous bills, pork barrel projects, and bailouts spending without any regard to the National Debt. Sequestration, according to Merriam Webster dictionary, is the act of taking away the plaintiff’s material assets; until the plaintiff has remedy or made restitution of his or her financial obligation with the cou...   [tags: contractionary momentary policy ]

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An Organization Of People With Similar Policy Goals

- An interest group is organization of people with similar policy goals. Their goals are to influence public policy through different parts of the policy making process. Interest groups are different from political parties because they mostly focus on elections, while interest groups do not nominate candidates and are affecting all parts of the policymaking process. There are six main types of interest groups government, consumer and public interest, environmental, economic, equality, and professional....   [tags: Policy, Government, Economic policy, Human rights]

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Monetary Policies And Monetary Policy

- 1. Introduction In 2007, the financial crisis broke out and damaged many countries’ economies across the globe. Central banks around the world took actions to react with a series of monetary policy. Many central banks like European central bank(ECB), Federal Reserve (FED) lowered their interest rate to around zero in 2009. Because of the constraint of Zero Lower Bound(ZLB), the conventional monetary policy(CMP) is no longer efficient. Therefore, the conventional monetary policy instrument that focus on a short run interest rate converting into concentrate on the adjustment of central’s balance sheet, which is the unconventional monetary policy(UMP)....   [tags: Monetary policy, Central bank, Inflation]

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Monetary Policy Of The Bank

- The Bank of England maintained that monetary policy of the banks aim is to provide cost balance, inexpensive inflation, and promote the economics goals of the government through growth and employment. Inflation target of the Government is two percentage and this is the explanation of price stability. The remit identifies that the character of cost strength in reaching monetary stability extra mostly and delivering the correct states for possible extension in employment and output. It seems that the Chancellor of the Exchequer in the annual Budget statement is the person who declare the yearly inflation target of the government (Bank of England, n.d)....   [tags: Monetary policy, Inflation, Central bank]

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The Common Monetary Policy Strategies

- Q1: One of the most common monetary policy strategies employed by countries wishing to achieve price stability is inflation targeting, which involves five different elements. Despite the commonality of its usage, inflation targeting has numerous disadvantages as cited by critics (Mishkin & Eakins, 2012). Delayed signaling is one of the top reasons of why there is a disadvantage to using inflation targeting as a method of monetary policy. In other words, the time it takes for noticeable changes to take effect in the economy after inflation targeting has been implemented creates a delay that causes there to be a question about what truly caused the economic change (Mishkin & Eakins, 2012)....   [tags: Monetary policy, Federal Reserve System]

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The First Fiscal Policy Tool

- The first fiscal policy tool that could be used to stimulate the economy would be government taxation. By determining how much money the US government and individuals have to spend, raised or lowered taxes; this will greatly influence the economy. The government can cut taxes, which would save consumers more money in the long run and hope that consumers will take that extra money saved, and spend it on services, thus increase the economy. The second tool that the government can use to stimulate the economy is spending....   [tags: Monetary policy, Federal Reserve System]

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1104 words | (3.2 pages) | Preview

Compare and Contrast British Tourism Policy vs. Maltese Tourism Policy

- Introduction The report presents an overview of the national and international tourism policies that have been drafted and implemented throughout the years. I will compare and contrast the Maltese Tourism Policy (2006 & 2012) with the British Tourism Policy (2011). Goeldner and Ritchie (2009) identify a tourism policy as a set of regulations, rules, guidelines, directives, and development/promotion objectives and strategies that provide a framework within which the collective and individual decisions affecting long-term tourism development and the daily activities within a destination are taken”....   [tags: Tourism Policy Essays]

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1278 words | (3.7 pages) | Preview

The Historical Narrative Of New Zealand Foreign Policy

- The historical narrative of New Zealand foreign policy from the first settlers to today’s globalised society is a compelling tale of a small country with a loud voice, often caught in the winds of great power politics. What is particularly interesting is the way scholars relay this narrative and the frame of reference within which the historiography of New Zealand’s foreign policy is presented. This essay assesses three key texts and the conceptual frames through which they seek to analyse and understand New Zealand’s foreign relations; Beyond New Zealand: The Foreign Policy of a Small State features contributions from a range of scholars and examines New Zealand foreign policy as that of a...   [tags: Policy, Foreign policy, International relations]

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1642 words | (4.7 pages) | Preview

My Personal Values in Relation to the Health Policy

- My personal values specifically play a crucial role in life as they shape the way I interact with others. My values are learned and shared by influential people like our parents, guardians, and from our culture. My personal values portray the way I act, think, behave, and influence other people. They form as the foundation of my entire well-being that impact the way I live my life. My personal values include responsibility, respect, loyalty, ambition, courage, and discipline. My values shape me as a person....   [tags: helth policy]

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1090 words | (3.1 pages) | Preview

The Big Picture: Policy Design Analysis

- The Big Picture: Policy Design Analysis Developing a policy is something that takes concession, adjustments and renovation throughout the process. Policy makers must keep this in mind when trying to address a need in society and how they can address such need through regulatory policy making. Policy makers must keep in mind what additional problems may come into play when designing this policy, what is too strict of a punishment for not abiding by this policy and who will the policy directly affect and how to address their problems individually....   [tags: policy makers, cultures, norms]

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1314 words | (3.8 pages) | Preview

A Historical Analysis of Liberalism and Conservatism through International Policy

- Throughout its one-hundred-year history, political science has focused on many theories on international politics. Three majors types of political theories typically discussed are liberal, realist, and Marxist. However, what many political scientists fail to take into context is the often changing electorate and the paradoxes usually associated with the electorate. In recent decades, the electorate’s shifts in ideological taste, particularly from a conservative president, for example President George W....   [tags: Foreign Policy]

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American Foreign Policy During The Cold War

- Through the passage of time nations have exercised their power over their populations and other nation’s populations to maintain and gain power, to legitimise the nation, and to assert dominance in a region. Over the course of history, however, the influence of civilisation has changed the focus of policies, from reprehensible policies to policies exercising moral restraint, demonstrating a validity of moral norms. (242) The example put forward by Morgenthau demonstrates that Churchill invoked a European framework of morality against Stalin’s proposition to execute the German officers and technicians at the Tehran Conference (Chp 16: 244)....   [tags: International relations, Foreign policy, Policy]

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1304 words | (3.7 pages) | Preview

The Education Policy Worries Goes On As Tanzania

- The education policy worries goes on as Tanzania becomes among the leading African nations with a high number of her children dropping out of primary school each year. The UNESCO, policy brief indicated approximately, 1.4 million children, 2013 were out of school in Tanzania, leading to the conclusion that they “were denied the right to education” (UNESCO, 2015, pp.3-4). Perhaps refer to Bhoke-Africanus, (2016) a dissertation in publication process Table 1: 2: 1 Reasons for Primary school pupils drop out of school (p....   [tags: Education, School, Teacher, Policy]

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1015 words | (2.9 pages) | Preview

The Effects Of Expansionary Monetary Policy On Turkey

- This commentary will evaluate the effects of expansionary monetary policy in Turkey. Expansionary monetary policy is the increase in money supply and interest rate (cost of borrowing or return from saving) manipulated by the central bank. The central bank is the monetary authority which controls the overall supply of money in an economy. According to article, Turkey’s economy has suffered this year because of bombings and a failed coup. Its key component of the economy, tourism, has taken the hit which means Turkey’s exports has decreased, so Turkey’s net export might have decreased....   [tags: Inflation, Monetary policy, Economics]

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U.S. Foreign Policy Regarding El Salvador

- Located on the Pacific Coastline, El Salvador is the smallest country in Central America, and the most populated. The United States of America foreign policy on El Salvador is best explained by President Obama’s approach on Latin America where the United States is focused on economic growth and equality, energy and climate control, and regional and citizen security (Foreign Policy, 2012). This is best explained using the international level of analysis and neo-liberalism where the global structure and economic interdependence provides the foundation of America’s foreign policy....   [tags: Foreign Policy]

Term Papers
1934 words | (5.5 pages) | Preview

Economic Policies: What is the Fiscal Policy?

- ... Government centres in the form of police stations and courts were part of the plans. In order to curb unemployment, education and skills development were at the fore. There was a shortage of skilled labourers in the market. The areas where education for these skills would be funded were engineering, scientists, managers, artisans and IT technicians. (Roux, 2008) What is the monetary policy. The monetary policy is a strategy that the South African Reserve Bank uses to control the demand for money as well as the supply of money in order to achieve certain goals....   [tags: borrowing money, monetary policy]

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1702 words | (4.9 pages) | Preview

Policy Analysis and Critique

- According to Happell et al. (2011), there are two broad divisions of policy impact, including intended and unintended effects. The intended impacts of a particular policy vary extensively, depending on the organization and the policy context. They are enacted to barricade misgivings noticed in a particular organization. Hence, they provide beneficial protocols to the organization. The mental health recovery policy is an example of a policy that tends to avoid negativity in the mental health care division....   [tags: Policy Impact, Intended, Unintended Effects]

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1445 words | (4.1 pages) | Preview

Media, Public Opinion, and Foreign Policy

- The matter of public opinion including its influence on policy making has been debated by different scholars throughout the world. There are differences in the way realists including liberals view public opinion. For realists public opinion is unstable, lack consistency also that it does not influence foreign policy making, in contrast realists view public opinion as stable, consistent thus it influences foreign affairs including policy making. Therefore the government or policy makers can take into account the opinions of the public or ignore it when making important decisions....   [tags: Foreign Policy Essays]

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2668 words | (7.6 pages) | Preview

Capital Role On Macroeconomics Policy Making

- As we all known, banks are one of the major financial institutions in the market, affecting the making of different macro policies. Bank’s capital can be known as the bank’s own funding. It also can be considered as the difference between the total value of assets and liabilities. (FARAG, M, 2013)The capital is used for taking up loss which was created in some special circumstance such as financial crisis. In other words, it can help to improve bank’s solvency ability and it plays a critical role in the safety of banking system....   [tags: Macroeconomics, Inflation, Monetary policy]

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A Policy Paper of the National Integration Council

- Singapore – A city of immigrants Singapore is a country built by immigrants. Our forefathers came from various lands, drawn by the prospect of a better living and they brought with them their own cultures, beliefs and languages. Under British colonial rule, there were some initial challenges in how the different races interact and integrate with one another. The British dealt with this problem by simply separating the different races by locating them to the different part of town. For example, the majority Chinese were mainly housed in Kereta Ayer or more commonly known as Chinatown, the Malays in Kampong Glam Street, the Indians at Chulia Kampong also known as Church Street and later to Se...   [tags: Singapore Public Policy]

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3177 words | (9.1 pages) | Preview

Proposed Revisions to the Army Tattoo Policy

- Although tattoos represent a variety of things in a person’s life, they don’t necessarily dictate how well a person is able to perform their job. For the last few months, there has been an ongoing debate about troops in the Army that have tattoos, and as a result their careers have been placed on the line. With this upcoming change, it has been specifically said that troops cannot have tattoos that extend below their knees and above their elbows and ones that reach above their neckline. Sgt. Maj....   [tags: Troops, Army, Tattoo Policy]

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1295 words | (3.7 pages) | Preview

The Impact of China's One-Child Policy

- The Chinese population has been growing since the beginning of Chinese civilization, but never as rapidly as when the People’s Republic of China was formed. Mao Zedong believed that expanding the population would lead to a spur in economic growth. The People’s Republic of China provided improved sanitation and medicine, which helped facilitate the growth of the Chinese population. The encouragement of population growth was soon ended after both the Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution because China was unable to support such a large expansion of the population....   [tags: China's One-Child Policy]

Research Papers
2181 words | (6.2 pages) | Preview

Public Policy : The And Social Welfare Of The United States And The Actions Taken By The Government

- The Policymaking Process The origin of the public policy defines the cultural and social welfare of the United States and the actions taken by the government. The term public policy is used to define a collection of laws, mandates, or regulations, established through a political process (Shea, Green, & Smith, 2011). The policymaking process involves several stages from inception to conclusion. However, the inauguration of public policies are originated from the interests of the public. As a method to organize the efforts set forth by the government, public policy compartmentalizes particular issues based on its purpose; categorized as distribution, regulation, and redistribution....   [tags: Policy, Government, Public policy]

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702 words | (2 pages) | Preview

American Foreign Policy in South Korea

- Plan of Investigation This investigation explores the question “To what extent did the American foreign policy in southern Korea before the outbreak of the Korean War contribute to North Korea’s decision to invade the South?” To assess the degree of success to which the policy affected the communists’ decision to invade the South, various U.S. documents, especially the official U.S. government policy documents on Korea, will be evaluated for their effectiveness, as well as role of their role in Korea....   [tags: american foreign policy]

Term Papers
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The Individuals with Disability Education Act Policy

- The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), which is a supersession of the Education of All Handicapped Children Act of 1975 is a federal law which requires states and their school districts to provide individuals with disabilities a free and appropriate education. IDEA governs how states and public agencies provide early intervention, special education and related services to more than 6.5 million eligible infants, toddlers, children and youth with disabilities. US Department Of Education (n.d.) The population that IDEA intends to effect is children between the ages of three and twenty one years of age who have a specific disability that has an adverse effect on the student’s pe...   [tags: Politics and Public Policy, IDEA]

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1593 words | (4.6 pages) | Preview

Cultural Policy: American and Chinese Culture

- The Concept of Culture has come to the forefront of social sciences and social policy to address issues of human diversity in psychological processes and performance. Cultures have different moral norms of conduct and that there is no objective right or wrong, no objective good or evil. It holds for all cultures regardless of what its members perceive. Each culture in the world has a solid boundary between itself and other cultures, a boundary which can be linguistic, geographical or religious. Each culture has great internal consistency....   [tags: cultures, social policy, commercialization]

Term Papers
2506 words | (7.2 pages) | Preview

The Monetary Policy Of The United States

- The monetary policy of the United States is influenced by the Federal Reserve, the United States’ Central Bank. The Federal Reserve is a private corporation which lends currency, which is Federal Reserve Notes, to the government, which gives U.S Treasury bonds to the Federal Reserve. In turn, the government puts Federal Reserve Notes into circulation. The cycle is completed once the government collects taxes and pays back the Federal Reserve in interest; however, the amount of interest charged is influenced by factors decided by the Federal Reserve....   [tags: Central bank, Monetary policy, Money supply]

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996 words | (2.8 pages) | Preview

American Foreign Policy Blunders

- After the end of World War Two President Truman declared that all nations had the right to self determination. Hindsight shows that this declaration was either ignored or it was only half hearted to begin with. Multiple blunders throughout the following century show that American political forces sought to dominate the world through military action and economic subversion. The Red scare would dominate foreign policy as the U.S. extended its power and influence in a policy of “containment” to ensure Capitalisms success and Communisms demise....   [tags: Twentieth Century American Foreign Policy]

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994 words | (2.8 pages) | Preview

US Foreign Policy

- US Foreign policy is what the United States of America does in foreign countries. This may include setting new rules or even controlling the countries’ governments. What the US does in other countries usually ends up creating a conflict or an uprising in the region. US foreign policy makes the world very unstable and it causes disagreements between countries. The Israel Lobby has a great deal of negative influence on US foreign policy. The US is also very keen to destroy Wahabbist ideas and to exploit countries’ resources....   [tags: US Foreign policy, Foreign policy, USA, government]

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1023 words | (2.9 pages) | Preview

The One Child Policy Video

- In the One Child Policy video they spoke about what the policy was and how it created negative unintended consequences within China. The first concept I want to introduce to this essay is ‘population’. In the text the term population means “A target group to be studied” (Henslin 103). China started this policy because their country was getting over populated and China’s population started increasing in the 50’s and 60’s. They chose to keep boys because they say they are more loyal to the family, carry the family name better, and will stick around longer....   [tags: Foster care, Adoption, Female, One-child policy]

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1524 words | (4.4 pages) | Preview

Policy Makers in Hong Kong

- Introduction The purpose of this paper is trying to find out the main strategic priorities for policy makers of the chosen city: Hong Kong, China, to strong and development sustainably the economic and planning over the next 20 years. As the urban economy is a key factor of city planning, so the changing of city economy would affect the social, political and commercial life in a city. This essay would select Hong Kong as a study object to think about policy and planning for a city, which provide a practical exercise that might be encountered in the further under professional practice....   [tags: China, urban economy, macro-economics policy]

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2604 words | (7.4 pages) | Preview

Adenauer 's Domestic Policy, Foreign Policy And Economic Policies

- Adenauer’s domestic policy, foreign policy, denazification policy and economic policies contributed to the success of the FRG. However, although the FRG was a success compared to other European countries in this time period, it wasn’t a total success because there were still some failures although the successes do outweigh the failures. The political system in the FRG was a total success. The Basic Law, which was the constitution of the FRG and outlined the political system of the FRG was a total success because it allowed freedom of speech, it gave more powers to the lander making the FRG more federal meaning that the regions had a bigger influence....   [tags: Economics, Economy, Policy, Adolf Hitler]

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1542 words | (4.4 pages) | Preview

The Policy Practice Of The University Of Connecticut Website

- Policy Practice aids practicum students/social workers with practice that involves the formulation, adoption, implementation and evaluation of all types of social service and social welfare policies. The University of Connecticut website states, “Typical Policy Practice activities include defining social problems, assessing needs, developing and implementing programs and forecasting future problems, needs, policies and programs. Policy Practice involves designing, implementing and evaluating programs involving a range of clients and citizens, with special emphasis on oppressed individuals and groups” (2016)....   [tags: Social work, Sociology, Policy analysis]

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1014 words | (2.9 pages) | Preview

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