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Policy Implementing And Policy Implementation

- ... Given their considerable discretionary powers, it is fair to say that street-level bureaucrats drive policies and are in and of themselves, the true policy makers in the sense that they have the prerogative to evaluate the effectiveness of policies via their implementation experience which may in turn lead to the reshaping, redefining or even the reversal of policies (Lipsky). Street level bureaucrats are the impetus of change, their coping mechanisms, experiences, strategies and goals need to be taken into account in order to better understand and reshape policy implementation....   [tags: Policy, Implementation]

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The Process Of Policy Transfer

- ... Besides these, there are now many more categories of transfers identified, including the creation of and even ‘failed’ transfer and/or the transfer of ‘negative lessons’ (Dolowitz & Marsh, 2000, p.9) and ‘policy assemblages’ (Prince, 2010). 3. Opportunities of Policy Transfer From the literature review in previous sections, even though there is no denying that policy transfer process is not new, nonetheless the continued expansion of the process of policy transfer and its popularity amongst policy makers requires some discussion about the factors which enables, and reasons for the growth of policy transfer....   [tags: Public policy, Policy, Globalization]

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The Current State Of Public Policy Theory

- ... They can also impact policy changes if they adapt to one set of interests or policy concerns. Socio-economic change theory can explain the way policymakers are affected by social and environmental changes in society. The author noted that the rational choice theory can explain the outcome of actors choices in regards to policy change. The author argued that there is need for advances in existing policies such as the policy streams, punctuated equilibrium and policy advocacy coalition frameworks....   [tags: Policy, Public policy, Policy analysis]

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The Role of Business in Foreign Policy

- Throughout the course of American history, business-related interests have played a predominant role in influencing foreign policy. Foreign policy determines how America conducts its relations with other countries. It is designed to further certain goals such as security and trade. More importantly foreign policy seeks to ensure America’s security and defense and its ability to protect America’s national interests around the world. National interests that shape foreign policy covers a wide range of political, economic, military, ideological, and humanitarian fields....   [tags: Foreign Policy ]

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Use of Monetary Policy and Fiscal Policy During The Great Recession

- How can monetary policy and fiscal policy greatly influence the US economy. Keynesian economics says, “A depressed economy is the result of inadequate spending .” According to Keynesian the government intervention can help a depressed economy through monetary policy and fiscal .The idea established by Keynes was that managing the economy is a government responsibility . Monetary policy uses changes in the quantity of money to alter interest rates, which in turn affect the level of overall spending ....   [tags: Monetary Policy, Fiscal Policy]

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Public Managers And Policy Making

- 1. The purpose of this response is to assert the active role of public managers in policy making. By using their technical, analytical and managerial skills public managers can be effective in the policy process and just in implementation. Public Managers have to participate in the policy making process. Previously, according to scholars, “policy process” was considered “decision making” (Wu, Ramesh, Howlett, & Fritzen, 2010). Under such pretense, public managers considered their role merely with policy implementation....   [tags: Government, Policy, Public policy, Implementation]

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Monetary and Economic Policy in Latvia

- I. Currency war, also known as “competitive devaluation,” is an international situation in which countries challenge each other in achieving a low exchange rate for their currency. Recently, the most prominent conflict has been that between China and the United States over valuating of the Yuan. This major focus is on China, due to fears that currency manipulation may result in currency wars, and China’s gathering of more than $3 trillion in foreign exchange reserves has evolved to the idea that it is purposely undervaluing the renminbi....   [tags: Monetary Policy]

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The Impact On Environmental Policy Single Handedly

- Individuals are also able to have an impact on environmental policy single handedly. The prime example of such successful (or at least attention-getting, if not completely revolutionary) actions is those of Diane Wilson, an environmental activist from Texas. Her unconventional ways included pouring syrup on her head during a congressional hearing as well as sinking her boat in the gulf to attract attention for the irresponsible waste disposal by Formosa Plastics (Rinfret, Pautz, 105-106). Wilson’s actions attracted the attention of other fisherman involved in the area who quickly became involved and, in conjunction with the actions of the Coast Guard, Formosa began to clean up after themselv...   [tags: Policy, Government, Public policy]

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Foreign Policy : The United States Policy

- Throughout the course of history, the United States has remained constant with its national interest by taking many different actions in foreign policy. There have been both stat and long term effects of these actions. Foreign policy is the United States policy that explains how to deal with other countries economically and politically. Some of the inspirations for United States foreign policy are national security, economic concerns, and idealism. The history and identity of Central America has been physically invisible and marginalized within U.S....   [tags: United States, Americas, Latin America, Policy]

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Globalization and Political Policy

- Globalization, both as an ideology and process, has become the dominant political, economical and cultural force in the 21st century (Steger, 2002, 6). Increasingly there is a trend of policy areas that were once reserved for the state, shifting towards either being made or greatly influenced by international factors. The purpose of this paper is to examine the question: does globalization affect all policy areas equally. The view of the paper is that not all policy areas are equally influenced by globalization....   [tags: Political Policy]

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Expansionary Economic Policy And Expansionary Monetary Policy

- Expansionary Economic Policy Ramonica Patton ECO203: Principles of Macroeconomics Instructor: Thomas Westover While moving a country out a recession there must be consideration of expansionary economic policies as well as expansionary monetary policy. Just to add a little background on fiscal policy, it is when the government uses its great powers to have an impact on the economy. If the government makes the right choices, it will work in the favor of the economy in any situation....   [tags: Monetary policy, Central bank]

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The Rational Models of Policy Process

- ... The models are in the close system of process because no limitation on information, time and resources that needed in the cycle of policy. The rational model is not perfect in the practice. In some ways, the system is very useful in very modest and easy policy process which asking valid data instantly, enough time for examination and all resources of policy process is easy to get. Then, when the model is facing the issue of policy that complex and multi-dimensional aspect, the rational becomes less relevant in the exercise of policy process (Lindblom, 1959: 80)....   [tags: mechanical process, policy making, policy cycle]

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Central Banks: Fiscal Policy and Monetary Policy

- 1) (A) Analyse both the conventional and unconventional tools used by central banks. (a) Cash related course of action alludes to the measures which the national bank of the country takes in directing the trade and credit supply in for cold hard currency the country with a viewpoint to fulfilling certain specific financial targets. This is the Monetary Policy. Objectives of Monetary Policy:- 1. Regulating Inflation and Deflation:- Swelling and emptying in the costs both are bad for the budgetary development....   [tags: monetary policy, cash]

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Globalization and Political Policy

- Globalization can in general be described as the growing interaction amongst integration of activities. This mostly affects economic activities of human societies around the world. Nevertheless more realistically, globalization refers to the increasing economic interdependence of countries or states internationally through the escalating amount and variety of cross-border relations and transactions in goods and services and of global capital stream. It is also through the extra speedy and widespread diffusion of technology....   [tags: Political Policy]

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Policy Analysis : The Field Of Social Work

- ... There will be group session and individual sessions. The purpose of the meetings is to get a rough idea of how the children are improving with the help of the program. Though housing and other necessities is provided to these children they will also have to find work. This is important because they will eventually have to leave the program. Currently, the length of the program is undecided. This policy coincides with multiple As I begin a policy analysis on my program I have to first identify the problem....   [tags: Policy, Public policy, Program, Policy analysis]

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Foreign Policy Recommendations for the Obama Administration

- After December 26 1991, when the Soviet Union fell, the bipolarity of the international system was effaced. In the post- Cold War era, the United States faced the problem, without a defined enemy, to adopt a new foreign policy. To begin to analyze the political foreign policy of the United States, one must first understand the international system. According to Political Realism, a theory of international thought, the state is the key unit within the acts within the system. These states act according to their key norms, which are allowed by the system....   [tags: Foreign Policy]

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U.S. Foreign Policy and Latin America

- During the Cold War, the US invaded Latin America, Asia, and partly Europe. They used sneaky methods and propaganda to achieve their goals. At this time, in the Cold War, they were very devious and tactical in their mission. The US foreign Policy at that time was all about defeating Communism and keeping the balance of power in it’s favor but most importantly, for US’s own economic interest. Generally, the US foreign policy concerning Latin America was of course for the US' own benefit. If the person in power was trying to nationalize their country's economy, the US accused them of communism and proceeded to push them out, unofficially, under the pretext of national security....   [tags: Government Policy]

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The Process Of Creating And Implementing Policy

- The Process in Creating and Implementing Policy Policy in my perspective illustrates as a decision making, planning and or action taken to achieve a certain specific goal within our society. According to Longest B. (2010), his definition stated in his text book states that a policy is defined as ” authoritative decisions made in the legislative, executive, or judicial branches of government that are intended to direct or influence the actions, behaviors, or decisions of others.” In developing a policy, certain steps need to be taken in act to implement the policy....   [tags: Policy, Implementation, Rulemaking]

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A Review of 'Is Monetary Policy Overburdened?'

- The article written by Athanasios Orphanides raises the issue of whether or not governments have too high expectation on monetary policy to achieve long-term goals which can only be accomplished “by the appropriate policy mix and the cooperation of other public institutions.” Orphanides focused on three major goals burdened on Central banks (CB) which are full employment, fiscal sustainability and financial stability; and developed his arguments using four typical economies, US, Japan, UK and Euro area....   [tags: Orphanides, expectation on monetary policy]

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Public Policy of Globalization in Canada

- Public policy is embedded into the day-to-day lives of Canadian citizens. Although some may not be actively aware of the multitude of policies, they do determine every aspect of the Canadian society. There are policies that govern air, water, food, transportation, technology, taxes, health and immigration. But this is not an exclusive list of Canadian public polices. Two domains of public policy are domestic and foreign. Internal rules and regulations that govern within a nations border are known as domestic policies (Gale, 2008)....   [tags: Public Policies, Political Policy]

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The Evolution of Federal Housing Policy

- This paper will focus on the evolution of federal housing policy, from the first policies in the 1930s to the current policies, with a consideration for the shifting priorities within the programs. The many goals and a brief history of housing policy in the United Stated will be established. With a dilution of goals and many responsibilities, an emphasis will be placed on low-income housing and the role the federal government has played. The many shifts in attitude towards public assistance will be discussed, as the government moved from building and providing the housing towards the demand-side of providing vouchers....   [tags: politics, housing policy]

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Drawbacks of the Zero Tolerance Policy

- Your phone rings while you are at work and you see that it is your child’s school. You answer the phone and the school’s principal tells you that your child has been suspended for one month for bringing a plastic knife in his/her lunch box. You are scheduled for hearings that have no meaning because the decision is irreversible. These are some of the effects of a zero-tolerance policy. Zero tolerance policies should be eliminated because they disproportionately affect African-American and urban youth, continue to feed the cradle to prison pipeline, create a prison culture in urban communities, and provide a devastating long-term outcome for youth....   [tags: violence in school, inflexible policy]

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Environmental Policy of the European Union

- The EU on the environmental path Introduction The European Union (EU) is a local political and economic union between 28 member-states. However, apart from its domestic political significance it is also considered as an important international actor, which participates in the ongoing debates concerned with number of issues. These issues go beyond traditional security and economic threats along with questions posed to the members of such international organizations as the United Nations (UN). Thus, apart from negotiation or evaluation of traditional threats, such matters as environmental problems, poverty, illiteracy ect....   [tags: EU Environmental Policy]

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Foreign Policy Agenda Proposal Resolution

- ... Just like our technology is ever so rapidly evolving and advancing, so must our foreign policy agenda. We are living in a dynamic, globalized world environment. The key players on the world stage are coming together, sharing a global economy, and with it an unparalleled access to information, and we’re at the forefront. “No other country has the hard power, innovative economy and cultural influence that the United States can draw on” (Brenner). Never before has something like this been seen in the history of man kind....   [tags: Policy, Implementation, Foreign policy, Islam]

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Outline Of An Effective Policy

- One of the first adobe session’s topics was about how to write and implement an effective policy. A policy is an outline of practices that are carried out by an individual or sometimes a group of people. It should reflect the daily practice within my centre. “Setting‐based policies are sets of guidelines that define the way your service operates” (Farmer, 1995, p.3). Gibbs (2008) mentioned that an effective policy is the one that provides solutions to different issues. She added that an effective policy should have foundations in relation to the centre’s philosophy and has clear guidelines to help in the implementation....   [tags: Policy, Implementation, Education, Management]

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The Taylor Rule And Monetary Policy

- This essay will discuss an established economic model called ‘The Taylor Rule’ for monetary policy. It is a key indicator for economists and was devised in 1992 by the reputable economist John Taylor. It is effectively a model that forecasts interest rates. The essay will firstly talk about the history of the Taylor Rule. It will delve further about the workings of the model, its applicability, functionality and an analysis of its strength and weaknesses. It was also discuss the equation and three factors and briefly contrast the different tactics with NAIRU and the Phillips Curve....   [tags: Inflation, Monetary policy, Economics]

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Social Workers and Policy Advocacy

- As a social worker it is important to engage in policy practice. It is a part of the profession, whether you like it or not. It is an aspect that can change the way things are done for clients in a good way or bad. If you want to be more affective in practice, advocating for policies is one way of making sure your clients receive what they deserve. Chapin (2011) talks about how as a social worker you cannot take on every social policy issue, but it is important to consider the policies that affect your client population....   [tags: Social Policy Advocacy]

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Health Policy in Developed Countries

- Creating health policy involves many complexities and challenges no matter the current state of the country. This literature review will look at policy development in the United States (US), Canada, Uganda, and sub-Saharan Africa and examine the varying factors of development such as cost, quality, and patient access. One constant theme stands out amongst the literature. No matter the condition of the country or the type of health policy, no health system is without challenges, whether they are unique or shared....   [tags: policy development, patients access]

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Building a Cyber-Security Policy

- Organizations which rely on network infrastructure for their business operation must utilize security technology to protect the network from harmful actions of automated attacks as well as malicious human activity. It is also important to enact policies and guidelines for the employees of the organization, which in many regards can be the weakest link in the chain of security. According to a survey by The Ponemon Institute (2012), “78 percent of respondents said their organizations have experienced a data breach as a result of negligent or malicious employees or other insiders” (p.1)....   [tags: Network Security Policy]

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Development of Foreign Policy

- Prior to the establishment of the United States, which was formed with the end of the American Revolution, there was no foreign policy for the American new found state. However, this changed with the formation of the same. The policy then consisted mainly on its regional interests and had no regards of the international scene. This however came to pass with the advent of the Spanish-American war. What however ought to be noted is that the regional policy had in its ideals an aim of creating an ‘Empire of Liberty’....   [tags: American Foreign Policy]

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Thre Federal Drug Policy

- Introduction The US has a complex patch that has been demonstrated in its framework and enforcement practices that are associated with drug laws. A number of federal and state policies have been formulated that sometimes seem to overlap hence giving rise to a number of conflicts among the different level of governments. This essay will explore and demonstrate the federal drug policy that the US Federal Government is designing and the issues of federalism that the policy raises. The US Drug Policy The current US drug control policy has a big concern for the drug abuse context and the general public health especially due to the fact that it is being to young Americans....   [tags: levels, policy, federalism, issues]

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Policy-makers and Demographic Patterns

- The term demography originates from Greek literally translating as ‘people writing’, and, hence refers to the statistical study of human population and its vital statistics: birth, death and migration rates. However, changes in the demographic trends not only involve the study of changes in population size, but also its structure and distribution - as, for example, its age, gender and ethnical distribution. It, therefore, can be equally applied to macro and micro level analysis, where the former is applied to the aggregates of people, groups or societies and the latter – to small groups or families within a community or local area....   [tags: economic policy essays]

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Sequestration and Monetary Policy

- President Obama signed the Budget Control Act on the third year of his administrative term. The Budget Control was enacted to address the growing concerns over uncontrolled government spending created by both parties. The Budget control Act was made law to curb government spending by $1.3 trillion over ten year span. Democrats and Republicans have engaged for several decades in unscrupulous bills, pork barrel projects, and bailouts spending without any regard to the National Debt. Sequestration, according to Merriam Webster dictionary, is the act of taking away the plaintiff’s material assets; until the plaintiff has remedy or made restitution of his or her financial obligation with the cou...   [tags: contractionary momentary policy ]

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Monetary Policies And Monetary Policy

- 1. Introduction In 2007, the financial crisis broke out and damaged many countries’ economies across the globe. Central banks around the world took actions to react with a series of monetary policy. Many central banks like European central bank(ECB), Federal Reserve (FED) lowered their interest rate to around zero in 2009. Because of the constraint of Zero Lower Bound(ZLB), the conventional monetary policy(CMP) is no longer efficient. Therefore, the conventional monetary policy instrument that focus on a short run interest rate converting into concentrate on the adjustment of central’s balance sheet, which is the unconventional monetary policy(UMP)....   [tags: Monetary policy, Central bank, Inflation]

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The First Fiscal Policy Tool

- The first fiscal policy tool that could be used to stimulate the economy would be government taxation. By determining how much money the US government and individuals have to spend, raised or lowered taxes; this will greatly influence the economy. The government can cut taxes, which would save consumers more money in the long run and hope that consumers will take that extra money saved, and spend it on services, thus increase the economy. The second tool that the government can use to stimulate the economy is spending....   [tags: Monetary policy, Federal Reserve System]

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Compare and Contrast British Tourism Policy vs. Maltese Tourism Policy

- Introduction The report presents an overview of the national and international tourism policies that have been drafted and implemented throughout the years. I will compare and contrast the Maltese Tourism Policy (2006 & 2012) with the British Tourism Policy (2011). Goeldner and Ritchie (2009) identify a tourism policy as a set of regulations, rules, guidelines, directives, and development/promotion objectives and strategies that provide a framework within which the collective and individual decisions affecting long-term tourism development and the daily activities within a destination are taken”....   [tags: Tourism Policy Essays]

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My Personal Values in Relation to the Health Policy

- My personal values specifically play a crucial role in life as they shape the way I interact with others. My values are learned and shared by influential people like our parents, guardians, and from our culture. My personal values portray the way I act, think, behave, and influence other people. They form as the foundation of my entire well-being that impact the way I live my life. My personal values include responsibility, respect, loyalty, ambition, courage, and discipline. My values shape me as a person....   [tags: helth policy]

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The Big Picture: Policy Design Analysis

- The Big Picture: Policy Design Analysis Developing a policy is something that takes concession, adjustments and renovation throughout the process. Policy makers must keep this in mind when trying to address a need in society and how they can address such need through regulatory policy making. Policy makers must keep in mind what additional problems may come into play when designing this policy, what is too strict of a punishment for not abiding by this policy and who will the policy directly affect and how to address their problems individually....   [tags: policy makers, cultures, norms]

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A Historical Analysis of Liberalism and Conservatism through International Policy

- Throughout its one-hundred-year history, political science has focused on many theories on international politics. Three majors types of political theories typically discussed are liberal, realist, and Marxist. However, what many political scientists fail to take into context is the often changing electorate and the paradoxes usually associated with the electorate. In recent decades, the electorate’s shifts in ideological taste, particularly from a conservative president, for example President George W....   [tags: Foreign Policy]

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U.S. Foreign Policy Regarding El Salvador

- Located on the Pacific Coastline, El Salvador is the smallest country in Central America, and the most populated. The United States of America foreign policy on El Salvador is best explained by President Obama’s approach on Latin America where the United States is focused on economic growth and equality, energy and climate control, and regional and citizen security (Foreign Policy, 2012). This is best explained using the international level of analysis and neo-liberalism where the global structure and economic interdependence provides the foundation of America’s foreign policy....   [tags: Foreign Policy]

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Policy Analysis and Critique

- According to Happell et al. (2011), there are two broad divisions of policy impact, including intended and unintended effects. The intended impacts of a particular policy vary extensively, depending on the organization and the policy context. They are enacted to barricade misgivings noticed in a particular organization. Hence, they provide beneficial protocols to the organization. The mental health recovery policy is an example of a policy that tends to avoid negativity in the mental health care division....   [tags: Policy Impact, Intended, Unintended Effects]

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Economic Policies: What is the Fiscal Policy?

- ... Government centres in the form of police stations and courts were part of the plans. In order to curb unemployment, education and skills development were at the fore. There was a shortage of skilled labourers in the market. The areas where education for these skills would be funded were engineering, scientists, managers, artisans and IT technicians. (Roux, 2008) What is the monetary policy. The monetary policy is a strategy that the South African Reserve Bank uses to control the demand for money as well as the supply of money in order to achieve certain goals....   [tags: borrowing money, monetary policy]

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Media, Public Opinion, and Foreign Policy

- The matter of public opinion including its influence on policy making has been debated by different scholars throughout the world. There are differences in the way realists including liberals view public opinion. For realists public opinion is unstable, lack consistency also that it does not influence foreign policy making, in contrast realists view public opinion as stable, consistent thus it influences foreign affairs including policy making. Therefore the government or policy makers can take into account the opinions of the public or ignore it when making important decisions....   [tags: Foreign Policy Essays]

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A Policy Paper of the National Integration Council

- Singapore – A city of immigrants Singapore is a country built by immigrants. Our forefathers came from various lands, drawn by the prospect of a better living and they brought with them their own cultures, beliefs and languages. Under British colonial rule, there were some initial challenges in how the different races interact and integrate with one another. The British dealt with this problem by simply separating the different races by locating them to the different part of town. For example, the majority Chinese were mainly housed in Kereta Ayer or more commonly known as Chinatown, the Malays in Kampong Glam Street, the Indians at Chulia Kampong also known as Church Street and later to Se...   [tags: Singapore Public Policy]

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Proposed Revisions to the Army Tattoo Policy

- Although tattoos represent a variety of things in a person’s life, they don’t necessarily dictate how well a person is able to perform their job. For the last few months, there has been an ongoing debate about troops in the Army that have tattoos, and as a result their careers have been placed on the line. With this upcoming change, it has been specifically said that troops cannot have tattoos that extend below their knees and above their elbows and ones that reach above their neckline. Sgt. Maj....   [tags: Troops, Army, Tattoo Policy]

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The Impact of China's One-Child Policy

- The Chinese population has been growing since the beginning of Chinese civilization, but never as rapidly as when the People’s Republic of China was formed. Mao Zedong believed that expanding the population would lead to a spur in economic growth. The People’s Republic of China provided improved sanitation and medicine, which helped facilitate the growth of the Chinese population. The encouragement of population growth was soon ended after both the Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution because China was unable to support such a large expansion of the population....   [tags: China's One-Child Policy]

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American Foreign Policy in South Korea

- Plan of Investigation This investigation explores the question “To what extent did the American foreign policy in southern Korea before the outbreak of the Korean War contribute to North Korea’s decision to invade the South?” To assess the degree of success to which the policy affected the communists’ decision to invade the South, various U.S. documents, especially the official U.S. government policy documents on Korea, will be evaluated for their effectiveness, as well as role of their role in Korea....   [tags: american foreign policy]

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The Individuals with Disability Education Act Policy

- The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), which is a supersession of the Education of All Handicapped Children Act of 1975 is a federal law which requires states and their school districts to provide individuals with disabilities a free and appropriate education. IDEA governs how states and public agencies provide early intervention, special education and related services to more than 6.5 million eligible infants, toddlers, children and youth with disabilities. US Department Of Education (n.d.) The population that IDEA intends to effect is children between the ages of three and twenty one years of age who have a specific disability that has an adverse effect on the student’s pe...   [tags: Politics and Public Policy, IDEA]

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Cultural Policy: American and Chinese Culture

- The Concept of Culture has come to the forefront of social sciences and social policy to address issues of human diversity in psychological processes and performance. Cultures have different moral norms of conduct and that there is no objective right or wrong, no objective good or evil. It holds for all cultures regardless of what its members perceive. Each culture in the world has a solid boundary between itself and other cultures, a boundary which can be linguistic, geographical or religious. Each culture has great internal consistency....   [tags: cultures, social policy, commercialization]

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2506 words | (7.2 pages) | Preview

American Foreign Policy Blunders

- After the end of World War Two President Truman declared that all nations had the right to self determination. Hindsight shows that this declaration was either ignored or it was only half hearted to begin with. Multiple blunders throughout the following century show that American political forces sought to dominate the world through military action and economic subversion. The Red scare would dominate foreign policy as the U.S. extended its power and influence in a policy of “containment” to ensure Capitalisms success and Communisms demise....   [tags: Twentieth Century American Foreign Policy]

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US Foreign Policy

- US Foreign policy is what the United States of America does in foreign countries. This may include setting new rules or even controlling the countries’ governments. What the US does in other countries usually ends up creating a conflict or an uprising in the region. US foreign policy makes the world very unstable and it causes disagreements between countries. The Israel Lobby has a great deal of negative influence on US foreign policy. The US is also very keen to destroy Wahabbist ideas and to exploit countries’ resources....   [tags: US Foreign policy, Foreign policy, USA, government]

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The One Child Policy Video

- ... dollars and used as a wife. She also talked about how the man treated her poorly and abused her. In the video she talks about how she was saved by another Chinese man that tries to free these women, but they barely got away with their lives. She also stated that her son was left behind with that man that bought her. Following this consequence trafficking of women also occur. Women get sold for money to be males wives and in the process these women get treated badly. This policy can also lead to forced marriages, and prostitution....   [tags: Foster care, Adoption, Female, One-child policy]

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Policy Makers in Hong Kong

- Introduction The purpose of this paper is trying to find out the main strategic priorities for policy makers of the chosen city: Hong Kong, China, to strong and development sustainably the economic and planning over the next 20 years. As the urban economy is a key factor of city planning, so the changing of city economy would affect the social, political and commercial life in a city. This essay would select Hong Kong as a study object to think about policy and planning for a city, which provide a practical exercise that might be encountered in the further under professional practice....   [tags: China, urban economy, macro-economics policy]

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Current Monetary Policy Of The United States

- Current Monetary Policy of the United States Esraa Alhassan Jason Gurtovoy EC 210 4/9/2015 The term Monetary policy refers to the method through which a country’s monetary authority, such as the Federal Reserve or the Bank of England control money supply for the aim of promoting economic stability and growth and is primarily achieved by the targeting of various interest rates. Monetary policy may be either contractionary or expansionary whereby a contractionary policy reduces the money supply, reduces the rate at which money is supplied or sets about an increase in interest rates....   [tags: Monetary policy, Central bank, Inflation]

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2057 words | (5.9 pages) | Preview

How the Media Influences the Policy Agenda

- With the great advancements of technology, our access and use of media is greater then ever before. We, Canadians, along with other developed nations, are now, as a democratic society, dependent and affected by media in several ways. Without the media, many of us may have great difficulty accomplishing our daily activities and routines; we use it for our education, work and even personal relationships. But, do we ever question and think about the impacts that the media can have on individuals and our society as a whole....   [tags: criminal justice, policy agenda, democratic]

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1418 words | (4.1 pages) | Preview

IBM’s Public Policy

- IBM has been a global leader in taking the initiative to bring about change. Structured by firm public policy, they have been recognized for their achievements in going above and beyond, while dragging those expectations on to their suppliers as well as internal departments. With IBM’s four major points of public policy being environmental, supply chain, employee well-being and political issues, they have carved the way to being one of the largest and most successful companies in the world. The larger a company becomes, the larger their global footprint....   [tags: corporate policy, business models]

Term Papers
2950 words | (8.4 pages) | Preview

How did the ‘Committee for the Present Danger’ influence US foreign policy?

- Twenty years after the cold war divided the world there is still an uncertainty about our future. Despite the dangers and costs of the cold war created it still produced a degree of stability the world had yet seen. All participants recognised their rivals had legitimate security concerns and with this in mind they fought accordingly within a framework of informal rules (Baylis et al. 2008). Both the United States of America (US) and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) attempted to avoid rising escalation while preventing nuclear war as well as keeping in mind the war was not about destroying one another but proving one’s worth (Baylis et al....   [tags: Foreign Policy]

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1686 words | (4.8 pages) | Preview

United States Immigration Policy Review

- Historical Background: Colonial America and The United States that followed were created by repeated waves of immigration. Those immigrants came from every part of the globe, but particularly from England, France, Germany, and Western Europe. The descendants of this first wave of immigrants would view later immigrants from Italy, Poland, and Russia with a great deal of suspicion and uncertainty. This is not surprising as our country’s uncertainty about immigrants is reflected in our policies. For instance, there were no numerical restrictions or central regulation on immigration until one hundred years after our nation’s founding....   [tags: open door policy, criminals, prostitutes]

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1189 words | (3.4 pages) | Preview

Policy Review

- Introduction A policy is defined as a definite course or method of action selected from among alternatives and in light of given conditions to guide and determine present and future decisions (Miriam Webster, para. 1). Policies are used in acute settings as operational tools that give support and direction to staff, patients and the public (Collins & Patel, 2009, p.42). In nursing practice, it is important to understand these different policies as they influence our nursing practice every day. Ballarat Health Services (2011) developed a policy to provide a guideline on storage, transport and checking procedures for expressed breast milk in the scope of maternity and pediatric units (p.1)....   [tags: business strategy, marketing, policy]

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1310 words | (3.7 pages) | Preview

Monetary Policy

- Introduction Monetary policy is among the many tools used by a national government to manipulate its financial system. Monetary policy refers to the method used by the financial authority of any country to control the supply and availability of money (Woelfel, 1994). It is often targeted at interest rates to achieve lay down objectives directed towards economic growth and stability (Woelfel, 1994). Monetary policy rests on the link between interest rates in an economy, that is, the relationship between interest rates and the total money supply....   [tags: Expansionary and Contractionary Policy]

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1346 words | (3.8 pages) | Preview

Human Rights Violations of China's One Child Policy

- Abstract The purpose of this research is to highlight to what extent government policy has violated the human rights of women in China. Government policy is important to the organization of countries. Government policies work to aid in political, economic, and social issues that can become detrimental to the function of a country. Flourishing government policies prove to be efficient and effective when implementation is deemed successful. The One Child Policy proved to be successful in reducing population size....   [tags: China's One Child Policy ]

Research Papers
4300 words | (12.3 pages) | Preview

The U.S. Arms Policy and Taiwan From the 1970's to the 1990's

- Before Nixon decided to pursue normalization with China in 1971, the U.S. arms sales policy towards Taiwan was stable because of the Vietnam War effort and global containment strategy. U.S. pulled Taiwan into its global policy without much debate, given that choice for Taiwan was indeed limited and its economic strength as well as defense capability were relatively weak. With US recognition of the PRC a fait accompli, how to make the new relationships with China and Taiwan had engaged lawyers and diplomats beginning in 1972 and especially during 1978....   [tags: Foreign Policy]

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1789 words | (5.1 pages) | Preview

Overview on Inflation Targeting as a Monetary Policy Strategy

- INTRODUCTION Since the 1990s, a large number of industrial countries and a growing number of emerging market and transition economies have adopted inflation targeting as their monetary policy strategy. During the implementation they face many challenges. However, there is no established pattern so countries must learn along the way from one another and more importantly from their own experience. This paper provides an overview on inflation targeting as a monetary policy strategy, necessary preconditions for its successful implementation, its advantages and disadvantages and issues and challenges that emerging market and transition economies face while defining and implementing this monetary...   [tags: transition economies, macroeconomic policy]

Term Papers
2842 words | (8.1 pages) | Preview

Change of State: Information, Policy, and Power by Sandra Braman

- The effects of new digital technologies and their policy implications result in a complex issue that is always evolving. “Change of State: Information, Policy, and Power” by Sandra Braman presents a breakdown of policy development for the constant evolution of the technological world and how it affects the state and society. She theorizes that the ‘information state’ is in the process of replacing the welfare state, to the detriment of the citizen and the democratic process. Braman “looks at the ways in which governments are deliberate, explicit, and consistent in their use of information policy to exercise power, exploring not only such familiar topics as intellectual property rights and pr...   [tags: policy and power, digital technologies]

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580 words | (1.7 pages) | Preview

The Benefits of Cross-national Comparative Public Policy

- TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. INTRODUCTION 1 1.1. Theoretical Framework 2 1.2. Methodology 2 2. A CRITIQUE ON THE COMPARATIVE STUDIES OF REGIONAL POLICIES 3 2.1. Structural Analysis of the Selected Articles 3 2.2. Transcendental Analysis of Articles 8 3. INFERENCES 9 4. REFERENCES 10 1. INTRODUCTION According to Doods (2013) comparing public policies between different countries can provide researchers, decision makers and local authorities to develop their own policies and keep up with the global currents....   [tags: Public Policy Essays]

Research Papers
3122 words | (8.9 pages) | Preview

Use and Application of the Zero Tolerance Policy in American Schools

- In an effort to maintain peace, safety and a disciplined environment conducive to effective teaching and learning, many schools have adopted the zero tolerance policy. This philosophy was originally created in the 1990’s as an approach towards drug enforcement to address the rampant use, possession and sales of drugs in schools (Jones, 2013). Today, this policy is used to mandate the application of pre-determined consequences of violation of stated rules. These rules may pertain to a number of issues; drugs, bullying, theft, and corporal punishment....   [tags: education, school policy]

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1759 words | (5 pages) | Preview

U.S. Policy Response to Japanese Claims over the Islands

- Japan is considered by the United States as an important foreign policy partner, especially in the security arena (Chanlett-Avery, 2013). As strong allies, both the U.S. and Japan work closely together in order to contain the rising China. That is also because of the fact that despite Washington’s take for a neutral position in the regarding the Islands, the U.S. is compelled to re-affirm its commitment under Article V of the Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security (Jiji Press English News Service, 2012)....   [tags: important foreing policy partner]

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696 words | (2 pages) | Preview

School Board Policy on Make-up Work

- Laws and rules are never perfect. The founding fathers knew that well when they paved the way for new amendments to be added into the United States Constitution. School policies, although not as significant as the Constitution and its amendments, are also bound to be imperfect. A school board’s duty, however, is to make sure those policies are as perfect as feasibly possible. Unfortunately, the school board for Wayne High School has failed to accomplish this with some policies. One such policy that can and should be shaped better is the make-up work policy “for absences that are unexcused (U Codes)” (Wayne 13)....   [tags: trunancy, codes, policy]

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865 words | (2.5 pages) | Preview

What´s Academic Intergrity Policy?

- Academic Integrity Policy The idea of academic integrity is based on the commitment to foster a professional and ethical environment based on guiding principles that require a student to produce honest, hard work. It is essential to the success of a university's and institution’s education and research missions, and violations of such policies constitute serious offenses not only with the perpetrator, but also with the entire community. The principles of academic integrity require that s student must properly acknowledge and cite any of the ideas, results or words of others that are not his/her original property, as well as all contributors to a given piece of work....   [tags: honest hard work, students, policy]

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1436 words | (4.1 pages) | Preview

China 's One Child Policy

- China’s one child policy ought to be terminated because of the violation of women’s reproductive rights, human rights, and its negative effect on China’s current and future economic growth. Since the establishment of the one child policy there have been many who have accepted and also denied the conditions of the policy. From learned testimonies, statistics of the wellbeing of those involved, and research conducted, people have learned that the policy provides China with more harm than justice for the society....   [tags: Human rights, Abortion, One-child policy]

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1763 words | (5 pages) | Preview

Three Stages Within The Policy Making Process

- ... The battle with changing the policy issue of assisted suicide is ongoing. An article from Texas Right to Life suggest reasoning to why assisted suicide should not be legalized. This article talks about how most patients who are terminally ill do not want to end their life because they are ill, but actually because they are depressed. USA today said that “among older people suffering from terminal illnesses who attempt suicide, the number suffering from depression reaches almost 90%.50” (Texas Right to Life)....   [tags: Death, Suicide, Policy, Terminal illness]

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1026 words | (2.9 pages) | Preview

Monetary Policy Used On Different Period Of Japanese Government

- Introduction Part The topic of this dissertation is to discuss the monetary policy used in different period of Japanese government. As Japanese economics is a specific example around the world. The Japanese government adopted many effective ways to revitalize the economy with the result that its economy rose abruptly after the World war II. However, because Japan entered a liquidity trap around 1990s, and experienced a “Lost Decade” (Hiyashi and Prescott, 2002), the government experienced many economic problems such as of slow growth, deflation, and continues nethermore output (Daniel, 2009) In this dissertation, the following parts will be given: Literature review, data description, test r...   [tags: Inflation, Monetary policy, Economy of Japan]

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1136 words | (3.2 pages) | Preview

Foreign Policy Paxton Hibben and Henry Morgenthau

- Paxton Hibben Paxton Pattison Hibben, soldier, diplomat, and journalist, born December 5, 1880 grew up to become a prominent voice in shaping American foreign policy in the World War I era. Lending his experiences as a solider, his skills as journalist, and his position as a United States diplomat, he helped bring the voices of foreign powers and peoples to the American people and government. Devoting much of his time and resources to humanitarian aid he helped in the rebuilding of war ravished nations, and the release of Japanese prisoners of war....   [tags: American foreign policy in WWI era]

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1693 words | (4.8 pages) | Preview

Medicare: A Major Health Policy in United States

- Financial liability associated with illness is a huge burden which can result in lack in proper medical care. Only half of old age people had health insurance. The U.S. Federal government initiated a social Insurance Program, one of its most significant success stories called MEDICARE to meet its objectives of providing affordable healthcare. Its objectives included ( i) to create awareness about the financial risk associated with illness throughout the society , (ii) guarantee Americans aged 65 and above and younger people with disabilities proper medical access to health insurance initially, (iii) issue a MEDICARE HEALTH INSURANCE CARD to the benefiter to help them avail i...   [tags: health insurance, policy, federal government]

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1021 words | (2.9 pages) | Preview

To What Extent Did the Activities in Iran Prove Detrimental To Foreign Policy in the Reagan Administration?

- A. Plan of Investigation This investigation assesses the Reagan Administration and its inconsistent foreign policy in regards to Iran. The Iran-Contra Affair was a controversial crisis for the fortieth president. It involved two parts: the selling of weapons to Iran and then the siphoning of that money to Nicaragua. However, in this investigation, the situation with Iran will be more prominently discussed, rather than the Nicaraguan situation. The foreign policy pertaining to the Middle East will be analyzed for its confusion and complexity....   [tags: Foreign Policy ]

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1734 words | (5 pages) | Preview

The Federal Government Must Be The Best Option For Being Responsible For Taking Control Of This Policy

- ... The report says, “Physical activity is a cornerstone of healthy aging. The challenge and the opportunity are to make it more accessible and attractive to older Canadians of all ages, abilities, and interests” (Canada 's Healthy Aging Committee, 2006, p 28). This means that the policy would have to consult the seniors themselves to find out what is needed and wanted in every individual community. There is no need to have something that no one would be interested in, because it would be a waste of time and funds that could better go to something that is wanted or needed in the eyes of seniors....   [tags: Government, Public policy]

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1723 words | (4.9 pages) | Preview

Structural Funding Policy in the EU

- Structural Funding Policy in the EU The central aim of this paper is to examine European Union policy in terms of its agenda setting characteristics. To do this, a theory of punctuated equilibrium is explored, based on the emergence and recession of policy issues from the transnational policy agenda. The primary goal of this paper is to define the current equilibrium and how it is punctuated. The secondary goal is to examine what forces drive the punctuated equilibrium, so that we might predict punctuation in the future....   [tags: European Union Policy Essays]

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3639 words | (10.4 pages) | Preview

Analysis of Income Inequality and Policy Representation in the American States by Patrick Flavin

- In his article “Income Inequality and Policy Representation in the American States,” Patrick Flavin examined differential policy representation based on citizens’ household incomes. Political Scientists and other scholars have compiled strong empirical evidence over the past 50 years proving that government policies tend to correspond to the aggregated political opinions of the public at both the national and state levels. Flavin hypothesized that some citizens tend to have their political opinions better represented than others, and thus America should be considered an “unequal democracy.” Flavin believed that citizens with low incomes have been underrepresented by the policy decisions made...   [tags: policy, decision, voting, volunteers]

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680 words | (1.9 pages) | Preview

Difficulties in Formulating Macroeconomic Policy

- Difficulties in Formulating Macroeconomic Policy Policy makers try to influence the behaviour of broad economic aggregates in order to improve the performance of the economy. The main macroeconomic objectives of policy are: a high and relatively stable level of employment; a stable general price level; a growing level of real income (economic growth); balance of payments equilibrium, and certain distributional aims. This essay will go through what these difficulties are and examine how these difficulties affect the policy maker when they attempt to formulate macroeconomic policy....   [tags: Economics Policy Making Essays]

Free Essays
1999 words | (5.7 pages) | Preview

The Problem Of A English Proficiency Is An Example Of One Policy

- ... Using a semi-structured interview protocol, we asked ESA officials to discuss (a) the purpose of ESAs, (b) the ESAs role in interpreting education policy changes, (c) how the ESA services ELLs, (d) specific state ELL policies, namely ELL reclassification policies, (e) issues that arise in the implementation of state ELL policy (i.e., interpretation and implementation AERA 2016 Proposal 3 difficulties), and (f) variation in local implementation of state ELL policy. The telephone interviews took place from fall 2013 to summer 2014 and lasted 30 to 90 minutes....   [tags: Implementation, Policy, United States, U.S. state]

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1273 words | (3.6 pages) | Preview

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