Your search returned over 400 essays for "Plato Symposium"
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Forms of Love in Plato's Symposium

- Love, in classical Greek literature, is commonly considered as a prominent theme. Love, in present days, always appears in the categories of books, movies or music, etc. Interpreted differently by different people, Love turns into a multi-faceted being. In Plato’s work Symposium, Phaedrus, Pausania, Eryximachus, Aristophane and Agathon, each of them presents a speech to either praise or definite Love. Phaedrus first points out that Love is the primordial god; Pausanias brings the theme of “virtue” into the discussion and categorizes Love into “good” one or “bad” one; Eryximachus introduces the thought of “moderation’ and thinks that Love governs such fields as medicine and music; Aristophane...   [tags: Plato, Symposium, nature of love, relationships]

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Two Types of Love in Plato's Symposium

- Two Types of Love in Plato's Symposium I have always thought that there was only one type of love, which was that feeling of overwhelming liking to someone else. I am aware that Lust does exist and that it is separate from Love, being that the desire for someone's body rather their mind. In Plato's Symposium, Plato speaks of many different types of love, loves that can be taken as lust as well. He writes about seven different points of view on love coming from the speakers that attend the symposium in honor of Agathon....   [tags: Plato Symposium Essays]

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The Nature of Love Explored in Plato’s Symposium

- The Nature of Love Explored in Plato’s Symposium In classical Greek literature the subject of love is commonly a prominent theme. However, throughout these varied texts the subject of Love becomes a multi-faceted being. From this common occurrence in literature we can assume that this subject had a large impact on day-to-day life. One text that explores the many faces of love in everyday life is Plato’s Symposium. In this text we hear a number of views on the subject of love and what the true nature of love is....   [tags: Plato Symposium]

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Plato's Symposium

- Plato's Symposium      What is the meaning of love. What does love feel like. How does love come about. No one can truly explain it, yet somehow it's understood. In Plato's Symposium, a dinner party was held with the discussion of love as the main topic. Everyone was required to make a speech, an ode to Love, the spirit. The philosopher, Socrates gave his speech last, claiming that his speech was merely a repetition of what a wise woman named Diotima once told him. The speech was a powerful one, but before the night was over, a drunk Alcibiades entered....   [tags: Socrates Love Symposium Essays Plato]

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Context and Contradictions in Plato's Phaedrus and Plato's Symposium

- Context and Contradictions in Plato's Phaedrus and Plato's Symposium It is well known that Plato, a devoted student of Socrates, chronicled many of Socrates' speeches and conversations. Every so often one can find instances where Socrates and other players in these conversations seem to contradict themselves, or at least muddle their arguments. One such occurrence of this is in Plato's Symposium and Plato's Phaedrus. Both texts speak of love in its physical sense, both texts describe love and its effects, and both discuss how it is best realized, yet they do this in very different fashions, and for different reasons....   [tags: Plato Socrates Phaedrus Symposium Papers]

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Gender-Based Notions of Homoerotic Love: Sappho and Plato’s Symposium

- Gender-Based Notions of Homoerotic Love: Sappho and Plato’s Symposium The poetry of Sappho, and the speeches in Plato’s Symposium both deal primarily with homoerotic love, although Sappho, one of the only female poets in Ancient Greece, speaks from the female perspective, while Plato’s work focuses on the nature of this love between men. There are several fundamental elements that are common to both perspectives, including similar ideals of youth and beauty, and the idea of desire as integral to both views on love....   [tags: Sappho Plato Symposium Essays]

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Plato's "Symposium"

- “Love is many splendid thing, all you need is love,” this quote is from one of my favorite songs entitled Elephant Love Medley which is featured in the movical (a movie musical), Moulin Rouge. The song is a duet between Christian, a playwright, and Satine, the lead actress of his current play, Ewan McGregor and Nicole Kidman play the two roles. This song is a compilation of love songs that were qui (Kidman, McGregor and Leguizamo)te popular during the 20th century, Christian is singing to Satine trying to convince her that they can love each other and that nothing else matters....   [tags: Greek phylosophy]

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Tragedy of Alcibiades in Plato's Symposium

- The Tragedy of Alcibiades in Plato's Symposium In Symposium, a selection from The Dialogues of Plato, Plato uses historical allusions to demonstrate Alcibiades’ frustration with both social expectations for the phallus and his inability to meet these expectations. Alcibiades’ inability to have a productive sexual relationship effectively castrates him and demonstrates the impotence caused by an overemphasis on eroticism. The tragedy of Alcibiades is that he realizes he is unable to gain virtue through sexual relationships and will therefore be forced to remain mortal, yet he is unable to alter his condition....   [tags: Philosophy Religion Essays]

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Plato's Symposium

- Plato's Symposium In the Symposium, Plato gives us one of the most close-up and personal pictures of Socrates we have. Socrates himself never wrote a line that we know of; all that we know of him (his personality, his views, his biography) we get through Plato's ey es and pen. We cannot, therefore, know how accurate or embellished this account is. The elaborate way Plato introduces the "story" of the Symposium may lead you to believe that it is a fiction, just as the other works we will read this semester are....   [tags: Papers]

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Plato's Symposium

- Plato's Symposium Plato's metaphor of the divided line is essentially two worlds; the world of opinion (the physical world or the world of becoming/existence) and the world of knowledge (the world of knowledge or the world of being/essence). This concept is key to the context of The Symposium: Love. It is important to note that as the speeches evolve throughout this particular work they parallel this concept. Plato has, in this writer's opinion, reinforced his theory through the speaker's by outlining the journey from the world of becoming (Phaedrus' speech) to the world of being (Diotima's speech)....   [tags: Papers]

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Interpretation of Love in Plato’s Symposium

- The meaning of love is as intricate and unique as the purpose that it serves. It seems that the nature of love is found in the mind, the body and the soul. In Plato’s Symposium each member of the drinking party gives their own interpretation of love. As each speaker engages in their discourse, the concept of love is evaluated from different angles. According to Phaedrus, homoerotic love is the highest form of love and that sacrificing oneself for love will result in a multitude of rewards from the gods, while Pausanias believes that there are two forms of love: Commonly and Heavenly....   [tags: homoerotic love, aristophanes, zeus]

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Plato's Symposium

- Though not as philosophical as many of Plato's other works, The Symposium gives a greater in depth account and characterization into the social life of the intellectual circles in Ancient Greece. The eulogies from each of the philosophers at the discussion examine the origins and theories of love in its many forms. Several of the theories and themes discussed in The Symposium are repeated as well as contrasted by each of the orators. The themes of physical love and lust, and reproduction are most notably discussed and compared within each speech....   [tags: Philosophy]

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Plato's Symposium Addressing the Origin of Humans

- Plato's Symposium Addressing the Origin of Humans Every civilization has something that captivates its members. Our current civilization has either music or movies. The middle ages had religion. The Romans had powerful generals. The ancient Greeks had stories and plays. There is one thing in common with each of these. The answer is simply myth. Some movies are just different adaptations of myth. Religion is just one big belief that has its origins in myth. The generals would try to become similar to the gods in myth....   [tags: Papers]

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Necessary Physical Contant in D.H. Lawrence's Women in Love and Plato's Symposium

- Necessary Physical Contant in D.H. Lawrence's Women in Love and Plato's Symposium D.H. Lawrence’s novel, Women in Love, presents a complex model of female-male and male-male relationships. Lawrence’s model relies heavily on a similar model presented in Plato’s Symposium. The difference between the two works lies in the mode of realization; that is, how one goes about achieving a ‘perfect’ love relationship with either sex. Lawrence concentrates on corporal fulfillment, characterized in his recurring reference to obtaining a “blood oath,” while Plato concentrates on a mental, or “divine” bond....   [tags: Lawrence Plato Relationships Love Essays]

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Significance of Feet in Plato’s Symposium

- The Significance of Feet in Plato’s Symposium Plato’s Symposium presents an account of the party given at the house of Agathon, where Socrates and Alcibiades are in attendance. The men at the party take turns eulogizing the god Eros. In Agathon’s eulogy, he describes Eros as a soft and tender being. When Socrates speaks, however, he makes a correction of his host’s account, by saying the soft and tender thing is the beloved, and not the lover, as Agathon would have it. When Alcibiades enters the party toward the end of the dialogue, he complains that Socrates is deceiving Agathon....   [tags: Philosophy Religion Essays]

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Male homoeroticism in Plato's Symposium and the Greek lyric poets: Complimentary or contradictory?

- Male homoeroticism in Plato's Symposium and the Greek lyric poets: Complimentary or contradictory. Works Cited Missing Images of male homosocial and homoerotic relations pervade Athenian culture. From plays to poetry and jugs to the justice system one can find these relations represented pictorially and in words. But do all these images align with each other or are there irreconcilable differences between them. To look at this question we will take two small pieces of culture, a philosophical treatise, Plato's Symposium and the lyric poetry of Theognis and Anacreon....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Essays]

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Relevance of Sexual Relations in Old Babylonia, Nomadic Hebrews, and Greece

- Ancient societies codified their regulations on sex, in both formal laws and in social practices. Hammurabi, ruler of Old Babylonia, gave his people a law code in c.1700 BCE; the Mosaic Law code for the ancient Hebrews followed in c.1200 BCE. Though the ancient Greek philosopher Plato’s The Symposium (c.385 BCE) does not put forth legal restrictions on sex, its dialogue does attempt to define love. These documents illustrate how each civilization viewed sex. This paper explores sexual relations that were good for the community in three ancient societies: Old Babylonia, the nomadic Hebrews, and Greece....   [tags: Code of Hammurabi, The Symposium, Plato]

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Comparing Plato’s Symposium and David Hume’s An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding

- Comparing Plato’s Symposium and David Hume’s An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding Philosophy, when broken down into the original Greek, is philos, which means love, and logos, which means word. Thus philosophy is the love of words or linguistics. There is not one way of viewing this love of words. Both Plato and David Hume examine philosophy in their texts, Symposium and An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding, respectively. I will outline, then compare, these two philosophers’ views of philosophy to show that philosophy is a balance....   [tags: Comparison Compare Contrast Essays]

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The Genius of Plato

- Plato was born to an aristocratic family in Athens, Greece. When he was a child his father, Ariston, who was believed to be descended from the early kings of Athens died, and his mother, Perictione married Pyrilampes. As a young man Plato was always interested in political leadership and eventually became a disciple of Socrates. He followed his philosophy and his dialectical style, which is believed to be the search for truth through questions, answers, and additional questions. After witnessing the death of Socrates at the hands of the Athenian democracy in 399 B.C., Plato left Athens and continued to travel to Italy, Sicily, and Egypt....   [tags: Plato Biography]

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Platos "The Symposium"

- In Greek culture around the time of Plato, the perfect ideal person was considered. Plato’s idea that there was a perfect world of ideas affected this pieces subject and the subject’s action. Many works of his time period were sculptures that were meant to be viewed from all angles, attempting to be a closer match to that of the ideal. This idea that the ideal world was real and what matter not the physical also effect the actions depicted in many works of this time period. Most of the works are depicting an ideal Greek person performing a noble act not just a common act....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Finding the Good Life in Symposium

- Finding the Good Life in Symposium There are many different interpretations of what the good life truly is. Individualists believe that the good life is pleasing oneself, while utilitarians believe that the good life is acting for the good of the rest of society. Philosophers, too, have their own interpretation. Plato alludes to the philosopher's good life when he uses the phrase "my greatest pleasure." The inherent subjectivity of the word "my" tells the reader that philosophical conversation may not necessarily be everyone's greatest pleasure....   [tags: Philosophy essays]

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The Symposium: A Philosophers Guide To Love

- The Symposium: A Philosophers Guide to Love As much as our society has become involved in the advancement of feminism and the equality of the sexes, there is one fact that neither gender can ignore; none can survive without the other. Love and the want of a soul mate keeps each member of man and womankind in constant search of the perfect person with whom to become one. Yet if this bond is a necessity of the human race then why has the meaning, purpose and pursuit of it eluded us for so many generations....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Aristophanes' Theory of Love in the Symposium

- Aristophanes' Theory of Love in the Symposium 2. Aristophanes' Theory of love: from Plato's Symposium The love as discussed by the characters in the Symposium is homosexual love. Some assumed that homosexuality alone is capable of satisfying “a man’s highest and noblest aspirations”. Whereas heterosexual love is placed at an inferior level, being described as only existing for carnal reasons; its ultimate purpose being procreation. There are differing views in these dialogues, Aristophanes contradicts his peers by treating heterosexuality at the same level as homosexuality, arguing that both are predestined....   [tags: Papers]

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Plato 's Views On Love

- ... People becomes more beautiful to each other as they learn each other’s personalities and their internal beauties. Eryximachus agrees with Phaedrus 's two views on love except he says love exists outside the hearts of men and is nature-like and godlike. He says that one should focus more on heavenly love than common love because it is the moral good. Eryximachus said "it is the Love whose fulfilment lies in virtuous, restrained, and moral behaviour from both gods and men who has the greatest power, and is the source of all our happiness....   [tags: Love, Human, Plato, Romance]

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Platos Symposium analysis

- “Plato’s Symposium” Kaboom, that was the sound of Zeus’s thunder crashing towards the Earth. During this time period the people in Greece believed in these gods. Also happening at the same time period was when the worlds most famous philosophers began to come out and teach. Most importantly the philosophers did what they were suppose to, and that was to question the world around them. One of the most famous philosophers in the Greek period around 416 B.C. was a man named Socrates. Socrates was student of the Diotima which taught him things about love, ignorance, wisdom and right opinion, which he rehearses to the people attending the dinner of Agathon’s....   [tags: essays research papers]

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A Modern Romantic’s View on Love

- Love – a simple four letter word shrouded in mystery and many different meanings. Philosophers, poets, and writers have all tried to discern the significance or concept of love for many centuries. Plato, for example, was one such philosopher who in his work the Symposium (which means “Drinking Party”) wrote about “Eros” – the term for sexual love in Greek. The Symposium was written approximately around 384 and 379 B.C.E., and follows five elite Athenian men as they pronounce their admiration of Eros while lounging on couches listening to flute girls play in the distance....   [tags: common love, symposium, sexual relations]

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Beauty and Love in the Republic of Plato

- The first question that pops into one’s mind when mentioning beauty in a philosophical context is whether it is objective or subjective. Do things bring pleasure because they are beautiful, or are things beautiful because they bring pleasure. It is a question that has created a major disagreement amongst certain of the greatest philosophical minds. It is commonly agreed upon that beauty is an ultimate value along with goodness, truth and justice. However, it does not exist in the thing itself, but is rather individually perceived....   [tags: philosophy, objective, subjective]

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Plato's View of Love

- Plato is often criticized for preaching the gospel of me first. The claim is that his understanding of love is essentially egoistic, and this is seen as troublesome for the obvious ethical reasons. But there may be an even more troubling issue with Plato's understanding of love. In this paper I will attempt to argue that for Plato, love is in a sense impossible; that it can only ever be a desire for something out of one's grasp. The stakes are high but perhaps there is a way to understand this problem in a way that seems a little less damning....   [tags: Philosophy]

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Plato and The Republic

- Plato and The Republic 360 BC THE REPUBLIC by Plato translated by Benjamin Jowett 360 B.C. THE INTRODUCTION THE Republic of Plato is the longest of his works with the exception of the Laws, and is certainly the greatest of them. There are nearer approaches to modern metaphysics in the Philebus and in the Sophist; the Politicus or Statesman is more ideal; the form and institutions of the State are more clearly drawn out in the Laws; as works of art, the Symposium and the Protagoras are of higher excellence....   [tags: Papers]

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Plato on Education as the Development of Reason

- Plato on Education as the Development of Reason ABSTRACT: Socrates' great educational innovation was in ascribing moral worth to the intellectual activity reflectively directed at one's own life. His concept of eudaimonia was so different from the ordinary that talking about it took on sometimes a paradoxical air, as in Apology 30b3. For him, reason is not a tool for attaining goals independently thought worthwhile; rather, rationality itself, expressed in the giving of reasons and the avoidance of contradictions, confers value to goals and opinions....   [tags: Educational Philosophy Papers]

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Plato

- Plato (circa 428-c. 347 BC) Plato was born to an aristocratic family in Athens. His father, Ariston, was believed to have descended from the early kings of Athens. Perictione, his mother, was distantly related to the 6th- century BC lawmaker Solon. When Plato was a child, his father died, and his mother married Pyrilampes, who was an associate of the statesman Pericles. As a young man Plato had political ambitions, but he became disillusioned by the political leadership in Athens. He eventually became a disciple of Socrates, accepting his basic philosophy and dialectical style of debate: the pursuit of truth through questions, answers, and additional questions....   [tags: essays research papers]

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plato

- Plato's Symposium provides us with many different views and theories about love. This drunken discussion of Eros presents ideas which have not lost their relevance in the millennia since. Many things have changed and there have been a lot of different views on almost every subject known to man, but the thoughts voiced in the Symposium still hold truth today. However being what it was, and that is many different peoples thoughts on the subjectof Eros, there is a wide variety of theories to choose from....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Plato's Dialogue

- Plato's Dialogue Dialogue: to exchange and discuss ideas in a frank and open manner to reach a mutually agreed understanding. Dialogue on difficult issues is important to man. People can learn from others by exchanging ideas and expressing how a philosophy or a stand on an issue affects them. Comprehending the needs, feelings, problems and views of others can help create a better future for all. Can we in a society that proclaims the right to free speech participate in a free and open dialogue....   [tags: Papers]

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Sappho And Plato 's View On The Mysteries Of Love, Eros, And The True

- Our drive for human connection has been forever fueled by desire to seek love, truth, and wisdom, and to share that information with one another in our quest and pursuit of happiness. Our society is shaped by the process and product of every interaction, both between people, and man and nature. Some sexual, and non-sexual relationships that form between human interaction are better than others for us as individuals, morally and spiritually. In the very old works of ancient Greek poets, Sappho and Plato, we are offered different approaches and insights on the mysteries of love, eros, and the true meaning and desire of human interaction, sexually and non-sexually....   [tags: Love, Human, Socrates, Platonic love]

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The Relationship Between The Past and Future in Faulkner´s Literature

- “The past is not dead. It’s not even past” (Faulkner 1). Within in the pages of what is arguable his best-known book, acclaimed author William Faulkner penned this profound statement. Requiem for a Nun is, at its core an experiment with narrative technique. And much like Faulkner, writers and poets from ancient times used narrative technique in their stories to express the relationship between the past and future and the fluidity between the two. Three shining examples where writers expressed/showcased the relationship between the past and future are The Illiad by Homer, Pythian 4 by Pindar, and Plato’s Symposium....   [tags: homer, plato, narratological technique]

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The Quarrel Between Philosophy and Poetry

- Though Plato’s case when it comes to the Sophists and his distaste for their use of rhetoric is valid, often times he doesn’t make sense of whether poetry, rather than the poet, is what he would consider as “good”. In essence, poetry is the vehicle for poets to take the basics of life which have inspired them, for instance nature, and projecting it onto their readers by bringing it to a heightened state, in this case, nature being presented as a form of unnatural cosmic energy. In Ion, Socrates states, “All good poets, epic as well as lyric, compose their beautiful poems not by skill, but through inspiration and possession” (Ion 7)....   [tags: socrates, plato, humankind]

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The Idea Of Bodily Desire

- The Idea of Bodily Desire Socrates, in Plato's work "Symposium", introduces the ladder of love through his conversation with the God-like figure, Diotima. The more knowledge about love one gains, the higher they climb and the less they focus on physical beauty. After Socrates has explained these concepts, Alcibiades steps in. He is confused because he himself is in love with philosophy, but he is also lost in bodily desire. According to the ideology of Socrates as expressed in Plato's work "Symposium" the musician girl from Mehta's "A River Sutra" is at the bottom of Diotima's ladder because she is so entirely infatuated and obsessed with the love of physical beauty, and not Socrates ideal,...   [tags: Socrates Plato]

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Theory of Ideas

- Plato is one of the most important people in the history of Philosophy. Throughout his life, he had made many contributions to the world of philosophy, but the most important contribution that he is most known for is his theory of the Ideas or Forms. Throughout his many works such as the Phaedo and Symposium, he presented his theory of Ideas by using both mythos and logos in his argument for support. In the Phaedo, Plato introduced the theory of Ideas which centered on the problem of immortality of the soul, which suggested that true cannot be finding in the sensible world, but in the world of ideas....   [tags: Plato, Philosophy, Rhetoric]

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The Pursuit Of The Good Life : Individual Or Societal Effort

- Russell Natherson Alexander Torres Hum2305 3 November 2014 The Pursuit of the Good Life: Individual or Societal Effort In the readings Five-Fold Happiness and Symposium, Sung and Plato respectably try to formulate a method on achieving the Good Life. In Sung’s work, Five-Fold Happiness, the Good Life (GL) is related to the contentment of the individual. According to the work, satisfaction is only found when all five virtues are fulfilled. In Symposium, Plato composes the Ladder of Love, and considers the GL to be the ability to see the beauty of everything; and loving that beauty....   [tags: Virtue, Plato, Socrates, Positive psychology]

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The Accounts Of Eros In The "symposium"

- The Accounts of Eros in the "Symposium" The word love carries with it many, many different interpretations. In modern day, our views on what is appropriate love is much different from the views from the time of Socrates and Plato. To them love was eros, a direct translation of the word love. However, the word itself wasn't the only thing that was different about love. In Plato's "Symposium", there is a celebration for Agathon. He had just won a dramatic contest in Athens, Greece two nights ago....   [tags: essays research papers fc]

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Plato's Antipaideia: Perplexity for the Guided

- Plato's Antipaideia: Perplexity for the Guided ABSTRACT: ‘Paideia’ connotes the handing down and preservation of tradition and culture, even civilization, through education. Plato’s education of philosophers in the Academy is inimical to such an essentially conservative notion. His dialectical method is inherently dynamic and open-ended: not only are such conclusions as are reached in the dialogues subject to further criticism, so are the assumptions on which those conclusions are based. In these and other ways explored in this paper, Plato demonstrates that paideia has no harbor within philosophy....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Essays]

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Plato

- Philosopher. According to sources, Plato was born on or around May 21, 427 (or 428) B.C. in Athens, the son of Ariston and Perictione, both of Athenian aristocratic ancestry. He lived his whole life in Athens, although he traveled to Sicily and southern Italy on several occasions, and one story says he traveled to Egypt. Little is known of his early years, but he was given the finest education Athens had to offer the scions of its noble families, and he devoted his considerable talents to politics and the writing of tragedy and other forms of poetry....   [tags: essays research papers]

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The Educational Value of Plato's Early Socratic Dialogues

- The Educational Value of Plato's Early Socratic Dialogues ABSTRACT: When contemplating the origins of philosophical paideia one is tempted to think of Socrates, perhaps because we feel that Socrates has been a philosophical educator to us all. But it is Plato and his literary genius that we have to thank as his dialogues preserve not just Socratic philosophy, but also the Socratic educational experience. Educators would do well to better understand Plato's pedagogical objectives in the Socratic dialogues so that we may appreciate and utilize them in our own educational endeavors, and so that we may adapt the Socratic experience to new interactive educational technologies....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Essays]

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The Republic By Plato

- ... He is forced to look behind him for the first time in his life; he sees the brightness of the fire and the authentic form of the statues, which he only saw reflections of. He becomes afraid and later astonished of the new things and reality he has experienced. As time goes by, he learns to accept these things as his ultimate source of reality. Then, he is dragged out of the cave where he encounters a light so bright he cannot adjust to it. Little by little he begins conditioning himself to this new form of light that he does not understand where it is coming from....   [tags: Philosophy, Plato, Justice, Ontology]

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Justice in Plato´s The Republic

- In book four of Plato's “The Republic” Socrates defines justice in the individual as analogous to justice in the state. I will explain Socrates' definition of justice in the individual, and then show that Socrates cannot certify that his definition of justice is correct, without asking further questions about justice. I will argue that if we act according to this definition of justice, then we do not know when we are acting just. Since neither the meaning of justice, nor the meaning of good judgement, is contained in the definition, then one can act unjustly while obeying to the definition of justice....   [tags: Plato's The Republic]

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Analysis Of Socrates Argument On Plato 's Republic And Plato

- In this paper I will give an in depth analysis of Socrates argument in Plato’s Republic and in Plato’s Phaedo. First I will begin with the analysis of the Republic, a discussion between Socrates and Glaucon on morality of the human being. The argument first defines morality within a good community and proceeds with the application of this definition in the human person. Then I shall analysis Phaedo, Socrates argument of immortality of the soul. Using his argument of death, reincarnation, change and invisibility, I shall explain Socrates rejoice of death....   [tags: Plato, Soul, Reincarnation, Philosophy]

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Confusion And Plato

- Confusion Confusion plagues everyone in the world. Daily people are subject to struggles that involve them being confused and allow them to not fully take in what the world has to offer. Confusion simply put is the "impaired orientation with respect to time, place, or person; a disturbed mental state." With that said it is evident that many things a susceptible to confusion, and being confused. When reading Plato one cannot help to be confused, some confused on the general meaning others confused on the actual wording....   [tags: Plato]

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Analysis of Aristotle and Plato's Thoughts

- Philosophers are all known for questioning and exploring Ideals; taking a look at all options and what is most important. While Aristotle and Plato both take a plunge into the unknowns of a political state, Aristotle demonstrates a state for individuals, to rule as equals, contrary to Plato’s strict utopian structure and group over individual hierarchy view of the ideal state. Plato’s ideal state is strictly structured through a utopian ideal. Everything within Plato’s ideal state has a place and purpose, and everyone within it is aware of that....   [tags: aristotle, plato's ideal, utopia]

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The Soul Stays the Same in Plato

- “I think, Socrates, he said, that on this line of argument any man, even the dullest, would agree that the soul is altogether more like that which always exists in the same state rather than like that which does not” (Plato, Phaedo 79e) In this paper I will argue that the soul is not necessarily unchanging and eternal, as many of Plato’s arguments would suggest otherwise. The main reasons in support of this claim are that there are questionable conclusions that Plato had reached that challenge the validity of his theory on immortal souls....   [tags: plato, death, eternal]

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Plato 's Version Of The Speech

- ... Xenophon’s interpretation is more simply stated. Socrates had been charged with “not believing in the gods worshiped by the state and with the introduction of new deities in their stead and with corruption of the young.” (Xenophon). The other charge that was brought against Socrates was the corruption of the youth. In Xenophon’s apology, Meletus is questioned about his assumption. “So you tell us,” Socrates begins. “whether you know of anyone who under my influence has fallen from piety into impiety, or from sober into wanton conduct, or from moderation in living into extravagance, or from temperate drinking into sottishness, or from strenuousness into effeminacy, or has been overcome o...   [tags: Socrates, Plato, Apology, Xenophon]

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The Apology Of Plato 's Apology

- Plato’s Apology gives insight to the thoughts and workings of the brilliant mind of Socrates. Everything we know about the philosopher is through the writings and works of his students and followers (Dean, 2014). The Apology is Plato’s version of the speech Socrates gave when he was put on trial. This important piece of literature demonstrates the skill that Socrates possessed in rhetoric, examination, and improvised speech which aided him in disproving the accusations made against him. The Oracle of Delphi, a god, who by nature could not lie, proclaimed that Socrates was the wisest of men (Plato, trans....   [tags: Plato, Knowledge, Philosophy, Wisdom]

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Plato 's Allegory Of The Cave

- ... The false notions referenced are the false beliefs that the cave and the shadows are all that there is to see. The wise man, who is always in the pursuit of knowledge, would want to ascend in his education. He would not want to continue in comfort at the expense of his intellectual growth. Finding out you were wrong about something is never an easy experience. Especially when the truth you believed for so long extends to all you ever knew, to your complete existence and significance in life....   [tags: Plato, Virtue, Wisdom, Christianity]

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Plato 's Theory Of The Soul

- ... When all functioning citizens from their leader to the general public take actions to better their community let it not be for personal gain but for the rewarding purpose of obtaining justice. The Republic is more of a compare and contrast dialogue with the purpose to teach readers ranging from his time to now that when a city state is run by citizens who take actions based on immorality and greed (such as in Athens) the city-state shall not thrive and thus become chaotic while in his ideal city state when citizens value universal and godly truth their actions are selfless and meant for obtaining happiness for all citizens; Morality must outweigh rationale and bodily temptations....   [tags: Plato, Soul, Democracy, Republic]

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Plato 's Theory Of Justice

- ... Therefore, he notes that it is more important to describe political justice than the justice of the individual. Plato’s next step in discussing justice is the building of his just city. Plato believes that the principle of specialization is the only way the city can perform at its highest level. For example, “Well,now, we prevented a shoemaker from trying to be a farmer, weaver, or a builder at the same time, instead of just a shoemaker, in order to ensure that the shoemaker’s job was done well”(Book II, 53, Plato’s Republic)....   [tags: Plato, Soul, Justice, Platonism]

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Plato 's Allegory Of The Cave

- ... They think of them as true reality. The prisoners in this case represent the ignorant unenlightened individuals yet to discover philosophical truth. They are duped into believing that the shadows they see are the real objects in themselves or that the sounds the people make are being made by the shadows. Plato argues that the shadows and games played are equivalent to the five senses deceiving the individual. He believes that the objects we see in the physical world are pale reflections or imitations of the true ‘Form’ of that object in the World of Forms....   [tags: Mind, Reality, Epistemology, Plato]

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Plato 's Attainment Of Virtues

- ... For the actualization of that aim, Plato maintains that conformity to moral dispositions, thought and virtues are important prerequisite in that drive. The aim is to illustrate that the maintenance of the well-being of human beings is the core of moral thinking and virtues. Plato argues for the conception of happiness as a virtue to promote peace and harmony among people of different backgrounds. However, the conception of happiness as a virtue is a counter-example to many of the thought Plato did argue for that promotes the attainment of human virtues....   [tags: Plato, Virtue, Ethics, Socrates]

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Aristotle and Plato's Views on Reality

- Aristotle and Plato were both great thinkers but their views on realty were different. Plato viewed realty as taking place in the mind but Aristotle viewed realty is tangible. Even though Aristotle termed reality as concrete, he stated that reality does not make sense or exist until the mind process it. Therefore truth is dependent upon a person’s mind and external factors. According to Aristotle, things are seen as taking course and will eventually come to a stop when potential is reached. The entire process of potential to actuality is call causation....   [tags: Aristotle, Plato, philosophy, ]

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Plato 's Theory Of Forms

- Socrates Plato, and Aristotle have had a huge influence on Philosophy is still incomparable, up to this day. From what I have learned in this course, I will explain how they have inspired, invented and even have changed many people’s view on life. One of Plato’s theories is his view on the universe, called Theory of Forms. According to Plato, we live in world that is constantly undertaking change. Plato says that nothing is ever permanent; people, animals and crops, and wildlife live and then die eventually....   [tags: Plato, Philosophy, Socrates, Aristotle]

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Honor in Plato, Sophocles, and Voltaire

- Plato writes of a philosophical man condemned to death in the court of law in The Trial and Death of Socrates. Socrates is punished for preaching of his gods and corrupting the youth of Athens. The next piece of work discussed is Antigone, written by Sophocles. Antigone is a young lady who feels it is her duty and obligation to defy Creon’s rule to properly bury her brother. Lastly, the text of Voltaire’s Candide displays how a man cannot find happiness even in the best of situations. Candide travels the world in the attempt to become a man of wealth and power and reunite with the love of his life....   [tags: plato, socrates, sophocles]

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Plato And Aristotle 's Philosophy

- Emmanuel Marsh Professor Wiener POL. SCI 204 During the fourth century BC, Athens two most influential thinkers of all time had emerged, Plato and Aristotle. Socrates, a great influential philosopher who influence his pupil such as Plato, through his teachings. Plato, then became the teacher of Aristotle, who although was a long term follower, found fault in Plato`s theories. In fact, Aristotle became a great critic of his teacher. Despite his criticism, Aristotle was influenced by Plato and in so their works are easily comparable, however, some aspect of their philosophy can be contradictive....   [tags: Philosophy, Plato, Truth, Logic]

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Plato 's Theory Of Justice

- ... 351e). The ruler’s interest ought to be for his subjects; likewise, a doctor should be interested in earning a wage, not only looking out for themselves. Plato deduces that justice is not for ones friends and hatred of enemies, but unity is for the soul and the city. Plato derives from countering Thrasymachus that justice is an excellence of the soul and justice is what leads to true happiness. A crucial question asked by Plato, “Will the soul ever fulfill its function well if it is deprived of its own particular excellence, or is this impossible?” (I....   [tags: Virtue, Plato, Justice, Ethics]

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Plato And The Modern World

- ... Plato classifies knowledge as being unfailing and “of what is”. “Those who know better do better” (look this up). Plato describes knowledge in terms of what it is not. Knowledge is not content, as defined in Theaetetus. In this example, Theaetetus doesn’t quite understand what knowledge is and when asked by Socrates describes knowledge as science, geometry, etc. Socrates tells him that his answer is what knowledge is of, not what knowledge is (McMahon). Knowledge is also not perception. Knowledge is defined as being infallible and therefore cannot be defined by perception, which focuses on subjective appearances, not truth of what is....   [tags: Plato, Philosophy, Soul, Socrates]

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Plato's Criticism of Democracy

- Plato's Criticism of Democracy Do not be angry with me for speaking the truth; no man will survive who genuinely opposes you or any other crowd and prevents the occurrence of many unjust and illegal happenings in the city. A man who really fights for justice must lead a private, not a public, life if he is to survive for even a short time. (Apology 31e-32a) These are the words of Socrates, who spoke before the Athenian jury in the trial that would, ultimately, condemn him to his death. Through works such as the Apology and The Republic, we can see Plato’s distaste of the concept of democracy....   [tags: Plato]

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Plato 's Theory Of Recollection

- ... Recollecting of memory was used by the slave. Not only does Plato’s theory prove that our knowledges comes from before birth but also that our immortal soul does exist. Without the soul to keep the information our minds would be empty and learning would be more difficult to comprehend. According to Plato the knowledge we store can never be forget meaning that once that knowledge enters our brain it will never go away. The information stored would be kept for future recalling of our soul. "As the soul is immortal, has been born often and has seen all things here and in the underworld, there is nothing which it has not learned; so it is in no way surprising that it can recollect the thing...   [tags: Soul, Plato, Immortality, Socrates]

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Plato's Allegory of the Cave

- Plato’s “Allegory of the Cave” is the most significant and influential analogy in his book, The Republic. This thorough analogy covers many of the images Plato uses as tools throughout The Republic to show why the four virtues, also known as forms, are what create good. The “Allegory of the Cave”, however, is not one of the simplest representations used by Plato. Foremost, to comprehend these images such as the “divided line” or Plato’s forms, one must be able to understand this allegory and all of its metaphors behind it....   [tags: Plato's Theories, Human Life]

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The Republic Of Plato : A Life Of Justice

- ... Thrasymachus finally yields his argument once Socrates comes to the conclusion that, because justice is a virtue of the soul, and any soul stripped of one of its core virtues could not possibly lead a happy life, then it is undoubtedly better to lead a just life. Because of this, "injustice, my dear Thrasymachus," says Socrates, "can never pay better than justice," (p. 39). The next challenge Socrates faces are those of Glaucon and Adeimantus. Glaucon presents his challenge first. He is a man who believes in justice, but he is not convinced that it is a virtue, rather that it is a necessary hardship that men impose on themselves....   [tags: Soul, Plato, Justice, Ethics]

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Plato 's Theory Of The Soul

- In book 4 of the Republic, Plato establishes, through the voice of Socrates, his theory of the soul and how it encourages a person to act in a just manner as a just person will always be better off. Plato contests that there are at least three clearly defined and separate parts of the soul. The three parts consist of desire, reason, and spirit. Each of these aspects of the souls has a function and a virtue, and it is when theses three parts act in harmony that a person behaves in a just manner. This assertion is in response to Glaucon, who claims that acting justly is only to one’s benefit if one is recognized for one’s just actions, and therefore there is no inherent value to the individual...   [tags: Soul, Plato, Ethics, Morality]

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Plato Vs. Aristotle On Art

- ... Aristotle believed that art was complete because it can be cathartic; it can accord us the befalling to abolition affections so that we can go aback to cerebration clearly. Some humans charge a acceptable cry every already in a while. For Plato and Aristotle, the key catechism for evaluating art was the admeasurement to which it apish and represented rational accuracy or conceivably austere the apperception to acquiesce one to anticipate cogently. Romanticism was a movement that reacted acerb adjoin the rational focus of the Enlightenment, as able-bodied as the cold, abstract feel of the Industrial Revolution....   [tags: Socrates, Plato, Truth, Art]

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Plato 's Theory Of Recollection

- Is Plato’s Theory of Recollection a plausible solution to Meno’s Paradox of Knowledge. The general topic is Plato’s theory of recollection. Is Plato’s Theory of Recollection the plausible solution to Meno’s Paradox of Knowledge. Throughout many of his dialogues Plato often concludes that we cannot know something through our senses. He often concludes that we became acquainted with our knowledge in a previous existence. In Meno, Socrates states that, “As the soul is immortal, has been born often, and has seen all things here and in the underworld, there is nothing which it has not learned; so it is in no way surprising that it can recollect the things it knew before…” In many of Plato’s wo...   [tags: Plato, Knowledge, Soul, Phaedo]

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Plato 's Theory Of Forms

- ... The philosopher believes in two realms: the visible and the invisible. He characterizes the visible realm as being “like the human and mortal and multiform and unintellectual and dissoluble and ever changing” and the invisible as “like the divine and immortal and the intellectual and uniform and indissoluble and ever unchanging. (80 B)” He thinks that the body exists in the visible while the soul exists in the invisible. By insinuating that the soul has divine-like qualities, Socrates believes that the soul dislikes being within the imperfect body; it yearns to free of the temptations associated with the body....   [tags: Plato, Socrates, Soul, Immortality]

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Evaluation Of Plato 's Success

- ... To fulfill this need a guardian class of citizens will need to be formed because, as addressed earlier, to achieve justice, a person can only perform one job, because only when a person performs one job is it done best and just (374 a). He then notes that for the guardians to be truly just, they will need certain traits which he believes will be formed by a just education (376 d). Consequently, Socrates and Adeimantus begin inquiry into education to grasp a better understanding of the origin of justice (367 d)....   [tags: Plato, Justice, Soul, Virtue]

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Plato’s View of Division of Labor in Plato’s Republic

- Plato’s view of division of labour is divided into three types of peoples’ task in life which are workers as farmers, military type and guardians. Actually, the ruling task of Plato’s Republic is the guardian’s responsible who had achieved the greatest wisdom or knowledge of good. Due to that, Plato claims that “philosopher must become kings or those now who called kings must genuinely and adequately philosophise’’ (Nussbaum1998, p.18). However, people argue about the reasons that the philosopher should rule the city, while the philosophers prefer to gain knowledge instead of power, thus they don’t seek this authority....   [tags: Plato, Divisions of Labor, Plato’s Republic, Repub]

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Socrates, Plato, And The Nature Of Justice

- Socrates, Plato, and the Nature of Justice Justice is generally regarded as an important virtue. It is seen as the hallmark of a truly free and fair society, as well as one with a good sense of morality. The average person might see justice as a state where crime is not prevalent, and where individuals are fair and understanding towards one another. However, in order to reach a working definition for justice, one must consider its value and understand the components that make up a greater virtue....   [tags: Virtue, Plato, Cardinal virtues, Justice]

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Similarities Between Plato And Aristotle

- Keleah Johnson Dr. Greto PY 317 October 10, 2014 Compare and Contrast Many philosophers are well known for their stances or beliefs. One of the most well-known philosophers are Plato and Aristotle. Plato once being a pupil himself of Socrates found himself being a teacher to Aristotle. This is why both Plato and Aristotle cover most of the same issue topics and have direct contrasts on topics as well as similarities. Most of Plato and Aristotle comparisons can be found in their forms of “Problems of the universals” and Realism verse Idealism....   [tags: Philosophy, Plato, Psychology, Platonic realism]

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Plato And The Old Oligarch

- Although democracy was meant for the good of the people, some criticized it as it did not really cover the interests of everyone. Plato and the Old Oligarch were some of the major critics of democracy, both Plato and the Old Oligarch saw democracy as unstable and detrimental to society. Plato goes on to provide his solution to democracy, Plato sought to replace democracy with a philosopher king. Aristotle on the other hand, doesn’t completely dismiss democracy, instead, Aristotle insists that a democracy or oligarchy be put into place with the majority of the body being middle class....   [tags: Plato, Democracy, Oligarchy, Political philosophy]

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Plato 's Theory Of Justice

- In Plato’s Republic, the main argument is dedicated to answering Glaucon and Adeimantus, who question the reason for just behavior. They argue it is against one’s self-interest to be just, but Plato believes the behavior is in fact in one’s self-interest because justice is inherently good. Plato tries to prove this through his depiction of an ideal city, which he builds from the ground up, and ultimately concludes that justice requires the philosopher to perform the task of ruling. Since the overall argument is that justice pays, it follows that it would be in the philosopher’s self-interest to rule – however, Plato also states that whenever people with political power believe they benefit f...   [tags: Plato, Justice, Philosophy, Political philosophy]

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The Ring Of Gyges By Plato

- ... Glaucon says that, for most people, “what the law commands they call lawful and just” (359). Being just depends on what the laws and conventions tell individuals, and whatever isn’t a part of it, is said to be unjust. Glaucon believes that most people only follow these laws, because they are too weak to do so otherwise, and to Thus, bringing in the tale of Ring of Gyges, which is used to show that “people value justice not as a good but because they are too weak to injustice with impunity” (359b)....   [tags: Plato, Justice, Ring of Gyges, Law]

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Plato And The Spiritual Realm

- Plato believes in the absolute ideas, of the spiritual realm, and the belief of a higher power. Unlike Plato, Socrates, believes in the ideas on earth rather than the spiritual belief. This forces distance between Plato and the teachings of Socrates. Not only that, but also he believes that the ideal of society is the ideal of perfectionism in the spiritual realm. Plato’s views branch from the teachings he received growing up, and in growing up learning and interpreting on his own became key. Augustine believes in salvation and that is by God’s grace through faith that people are saved....   [tags: Plato, Philosophy, God, Augustine of Hippo]

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Similarities Between Aristotle And Plato

- Aristotelian or Platonist Contemplating whether one is born an Aristotelian or a Platonist is no easy task due to the fact that one may seem to relate to both classes to some degree. In order to arrive at a definite assumption of which class I am actually a part of, I pondered the idea of myself in relation to the views of Aristotle and Plato. Since Aristotle was a student of Plato, there are definitely some similarities between the two. Both of them attempted to describe what it means to be virtuous as a human being....   [tags: Virtue, Plato, Political philosophy, Socrates]

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Plato 's View Of Justice

- ... Three parts of the city are connected with a virtue. Guardians have the virtue of wisdom, auxiliaries have the virtue of bravery, and workers have the virtue of moderation. Hence, a harmonious city. Thus, the three parts of the city correspond to the parts of the soul the rational, spirited and appetitive part. Aristotle gives credence to the concept that all arts aim at some good even if desired for the sake of something else. There is an ultimate result that we want for its own sake rather as means to an end; the highest good....   [tags: Ethics, Virtue, Plato, Nicomachean Ethics]

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