Your search returned over 400 essays for "Plato Symposium"
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Forms of Love in Plato's Symposium

- Love, in classical Greek literature, is commonly considered as a prominent theme. Love, in present days, always appears in the categories of books, movies or music, etc. Interpreted differently by different people, Love turns into a multi-faceted being. In Plato’s work Symposium, Phaedrus, Pausania, Eryximachus, Aristophane and Agathon, each of them presents a speech to either praise or definite Love. Phaedrus first points out that Love is the primordial god; Pausanias brings the theme of “virtue” into the discussion and categorizes Love into “good” one or “bad” one; Eryximachus introduces the thought of “moderation’ and thinks that Love governs such fields as medicine and music; Aristophane...   [tags: Plato, Symposium, nature of love, relationships]

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Two Types of Love in Plato's Symposium

- Two Types of Love in Plato's Symposium I have always thought that there was only one type of love, which was that feeling of overwhelming liking to someone else. I am aware that Lust does exist and that it is separate from Love, being that the desire for someone's body rather their mind. In Plato's Symposium, Plato speaks of many different types of love, loves that can be taken as lust as well. He writes about seven different points of view on love coming from the speakers that attend the symposium in honor of Agathon....   [tags: Plato Symposium Essays]

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The Nature of Love Explored in Plato’s Symposium

- The Nature of Love Explored in Plato’s Symposium In classical Greek literature the subject of love is commonly a prominent theme. However, throughout these varied texts the subject of Love becomes a multi-faceted being. From this common occurrence in literature we can assume that this subject had a large impact on day-to-day life. One text that explores the many faces of love in everyday life is Plato’s Symposium. In this text we hear a number of views on the subject of love and what the true nature of love is....   [tags: Plato Symposium]

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Plato's Symposium

- Plato's Symposium      What is the meaning of love. What does love feel like. How does love come about. No one can truly explain it, yet somehow it's understood. In Plato's Symposium, a dinner party was held with the discussion of love as the main topic. Everyone was required to make a speech, an ode to Love, the spirit. The philosopher, Socrates gave his speech last, claiming that his speech was merely a repetition of what a wise woman named Diotima once told him. The speech was a powerful one, but before the night was over, a drunk Alcibiades entered....   [tags: Socrates Love Symposium Essays Plato]

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Context and Contradictions in Plato's Phaedrus and Plato's Symposium

- Context and Contradictions in Plato's Phaedrus and Plato's Symposium It is well known that Plato, a devoted student of Socrates, chronicled many of Socrates' speeches and conversations. Every so often one can find instances where Socrates and other players in these conversations seem to contradict themselves, or at least muddle their arguments. One such occurrence of this is in Plato's Symposium and Plato's Phaedrus. Both texts speak of love in its physical sense, both texts describe love and its effects, and both discuss how it is best realized, yet they do this in very different fashions, and for different reasons....   [tags: Plato Socrates Phaedrus Symposium Papers]

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Gender-Based Notions of Homoerotic Love: Sappho and Plato’s Symposium

- Gender-Based Notions of Homoerotic Love: Sappho and Plato’s Symposium The poetry of Sappho, and the speeches in Plato’s Symposium both deal primarily with homoerotic love, although Sappho, one of the only female poets in Ancient Greece, speaks from the female perspective, while Plato’s work focuses on the nature of this love between men. There are several fundamental elements that are common to both perspectives, including similar ideals of youth and beauty, and the idea of desire as integral to both views on love....   [tags: Sappho Plato Symposium Essays]

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Comparing Plato 's The Symposium

- Plato’s The Symposium creates an atmosphere that attempts to justify love in a way that excludes women in order to substantiate Plato’s belief that men are more intellectually capable than women. The constant explanation and praise of love among men not only illustrates Plato’s view that males are superior, but it also reveals his reverence for relationships between men as opposed to relationships between men and women. In addition, while the Symposium focuses on a sense of love that yearns to find completion, it also uses Aristophanes to explain that regardless of the gender of an individual, each person seeks to find completion in their own sense, however, Plato maintains a strong point o...   [tags: Gender, Female, Socrates, Plato]

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Plato's "Symposium"

- “Love is many splendid thing, all you need is love,” this quote is from one of my favorite songs entitled Elephant Love Medley which is featured in the movical (a movie musical), Moulin Rouge. The song is a duet between Christian, a playwright, and Satine, the lead actress of his current play, Ewan McGregor and Nicole Kidman play the two roles. This song is a compilation of love songs that were qui (Kidman, McGregor and Leguizamo)te popular during the 20th century, Christian is singing to Satine trying to convince her that they can love each other and that nothing else matters....   [tags: Greek phylosophy]

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Tragedy of Alcibiades in Plato's Symposium

- The Tragedy of Alcibiades in Plato's Symposium In Symposium, a selection from The Dialogues of Plato, Plato uses historical allusions to demonstrate Alcibiades’ frustration with both social expectations for the phallus and his inability to meet these expectations. Alcibiades’ inability to have a productive sexual relationship effectively castrates him and demonstrates the impotence caused by an overemphasis on eroticism. The tragedy of Alcibiades is that he realizes he is unable to gain virtue through sexual relationships and will therefore be forced to remain mortal, yet he is unable to alter his condition....   [tags: Philosophy Religion Essays]

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Comparing The Bhagavad Gita And Plato 's Symposium

- Love in Symposium and The Bhagavad-Gita The Bhagavad-Gita and Plato’s Symposium both originate from two vastly different cultures, with the former being archetypal of Eastern thought and the latter existing as a foundation of Western philosophy. Despite their differences in origin, there is significant overlap in the ideas presented in the two texts. Both The Bhagavad-Gita and Symposium vilify desire to a certain extent, stating that abstinence from desire is the only way to pursue knowledge with clarity....   [tags: Love, Emotion, Ethics, Plato]

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Plato's Symposium

- Plato's Symposium In the Symposium, Plato gives us one of the most close-up and personal pictures of Socrates we have. Socrates himself never wrote a line that we know of; all that we know of him (his personality, his views, his biography) we get through Plato's ey es and pen. We cannot, therefore, know how accurate or embellished this account is. The elaborate way Plato introduces the "story" of the Symposium may lead you to believe that it is a fiction, just as the other works we will read this semester are....   [tags: Papers]

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Plato 's Symposium : A Man And A Boy

- If we go all the way back to Plato’s Symposium, we can see that for a long time in 385–370 BC the norm for love was between a man and a boy. Their idea of love was what we would now call more of an exchange; the younger men traded their bodies for knowledge. So from the beginning we can see the leading role men played in the concept of love. This was possible for men because they didn’t release oxytocin like women and they believed love was impregnating each other with wisdom because they believed wisdom was eternal where as children were not....   [tags: Love, Interpersonal relationship, Human sexuality]

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Plato's Symposium

- Plato's Symposium Plato's metaphor of the divided line is essentially two worlds; the world of opinion (the physical world or the world of becoming/existence) and the world of knowledge (the world of knowledge or the world of being/essence). This concept is key to the context of The Symposium: Love. It is important to note that as the speeches evolve throughout this particular work they parallel this concept. Plato has, in this writer's opinion, reinforced his theory through the speaker's by outlining the journey from the world of becoming (Phaedrus' speech) to the world of being (Diotima's speech)....   [tags: Papers]

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Interpretation of Love in Plato’s Symposium

- The meaning of love is as intricate and unique as the purpose that it serves. It seems that the nature of love is found in the mind, the body and the soul. In Plato’s Symposium each member of the drinking party gives their own interpretation of love. As each speaker engages in their discourse, the concept of love is evaluated from different angles. According to Phaedrus, homoerotic love is the highest form of love and that sacrificing oneself for love will result in a multitude of rewards from the gods, while Pausanias believes that there are two forms of love: Commonly and Heavenly....   [tags: homoerotic love, aristophanes, zeus]

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Plato's Symposium

- Though not as philosophical as many of Plato's other works, The Symposium gives a greater in depth account and characterization into the social life of the intellectual circles in Ancient Greece. The eulogies from each of the philosophers at the discussion examine the origins and theories of love in its many forms. Several of the theories and themes discussed in The Symposium are repeated as well as contrasted by each of the orators. The themes of physical love and lust, and reproduction are most notably discussed and compared within each speech....   [tags: Philosophy]

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Socrates And Plato 's Philosophy

- “Love is difficult to define, and there maybe different definitions. But one definition of love, is an utter, absolute, and unqualified wish for the other’s happiness” (). One of the most important Greek philosophers in Western history, Socrates contributed to many theories, and impacted the field of ethics throughout his life. He was well known in Athens for his knowledge and teachings to the youth. He was the creator of Socratic irony and the Socratic method, both used to convey his lessons to the Athenians....   [tags: Socrates, Plato, Philosophy, Symposium]

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Plato's Symposium Addressing the Origin of Humans

- Plato's Symposium Addressing the Origin of Humans Every civilization has something that captivates its members. Our current civilization has either music or movies. The middle ages had religion. The Romans had powerful generals. The ancient Greeks had stories and plays. There is one thing in common with each of these. The answer is simply myth. Some movies are just different adaptations of myth. Religion is just one big belief that has its origins in myth. The generals would try to become similar to the gods in myth....   [tags: Papers]

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Necessary Physical Contant in D.H. Lawrence's Women in Love and Plato's Symposium

- Necessary Physical Contant in D.H. Lawrence's Women in Love and Plato's Symposium D.H. Lawrence’s novel, Women in Love, presents a complex model of female-male and male-male relationships. Lawrence’s model relies heavily on a similar model presented in Plato’s Symposium. The difference between the two works lies in the mode of realization; that is, how one goes about achieving a ‘perfect’ love relationship with either sex. Lawrence concentrates on corporal fulfillment, characterized in his recurring reference to obtaining a “blood oath,” while Plato concentrates on a mental, or “divine” bond....   [tags: Lawrence Plato Relationships Love Essays]

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Significance of Feet in Plato’s Symposium

- The Significance of Feet in Plato’s Symposium Plato’s Symposium presents an account of the party given at the house of Agathon, where Socrates and Alcibiades are in attendance. The men at the party take turns eulogizing the god Eros. In Agathon’s eulogy, he describes Eros as a soft and tender being. When Socrates speaks, however, he makes a correction of his host’s account, by saying the soft and tender thing is the beloved, and not the lover, as Agathon would have it. When Alcibiades enters the party toward the end of the dialogue, he complains that Socrates is deceiving Agathon....   [tags: Philosophy Religion Essays]

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An Analysis Of Aristophanes 's Speech From Plato 's Symposium

- We always see characters from fairy tales always saying they are trying to find their true love, but the question is, what is true love. Some might say it’s the perfect half that they’ve been looking for, for all their life. Other’s might say it’s the one that you could hold hands with until you die. I think true love comes from the people that loves you from inside out and don’t expect anything in return. It seems to me that many people today have too much going on their lives that no one even knows the true meaning of love anymore....   [tags: Love, English-language films, Marriage]

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Male homoeroticism in Plato's Symposium and the Greek lyric poets: Complimentary or contradictory?

- Male homoeroticism in Plato's Symposium and the Greek lyric poets: Complimentary or contradictory. Works Cited Missing Images of male homosocial and homoerotic relations pervade Athenian culture. From plays to poetry and jugs to the justice system one can find these relations represented pictorially and in words. But do all these images align with each other or are there irreconcilable differences between them. To look at this question we will take two small pieces of culture, a philosophical treatise, Plato's Symposium and the lyric poetry of Theognis and Anacreon....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Essays]

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Love Is Discussed By Socrates And His Friends Over A Drinking Party

- A great writer once wrote: “The most important things are the hardest to say. They are the things you get ashamed of, because words diminish them -- words shrink things that seemed limitless when they were in your head to no more than living size when they 're brought out.” Boundless things -- ideas, concepts, memories -- are all torn apart when we speak about them. They get cut up into little pieces, so that we may chew on them and digest them without choking. We end up turning these immeasurable things into literary defecation....   [tags: Plato, Socrates, Love, Symposium]

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Relevance of Sexual Relations in Old Babylonia, Nomadic Hebrews, and Greece

- Ancient societies codified their regulations on sex, in both formal laws and in social practices. Hammurabi, ruler of Old Babylonia, gave his people a law code in c.1700 BCE; the Mosaic Law code for the ancient Hebrews followed in c.1200 BCE. Though the ancient Greek philosopher Plato’s The Symposium (c.385 BCE) does not put forth legal restrictions on sex, its dialogue does attempt to define love. These documents illustrate how each civilization viewed sex. This paper explores sexual relations that were good for the community in three ancient societies: Old Babylonia, the nomadic Hebrews, and Greece....   [tags: Code of Hammurabi, The Symposium, Plato]

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Comparing Plato’s Symposium and David Hume’s An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding

- Comparing Plato’s Symposium and David Hume’s An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding Philosophy, when broken down into the original Greek, is philos, which means love, and logos, which means word. Thus philosophy is the love of words or linguistics. There is not one way of viewing this love of words. Both Plato and David Hume examine philosophy in their texts, Symposium and An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding, respectively. I will outline, then compare, these two philosophers’ views of philosophy to show that philosophy is a balance....   [tags: Comparison Compare Contrast Essays]

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Is The Alcibiades, Written By Plato

- When everyone goes left, the philosopher goes right. When everyone is writing the, philosopher has his head in the clouds. This is what the philosopher is according to my grandmother. The philosopher may have insights, but none of them will even remotely close to pragmatic. Philosophy often thought of as the Latin of languages, interesting but no longer has a useful value unless you’re going trying to major in something specific such as law. What does it mean to philosophies and what values does philosophy still have in modern society....   [tags: Plato, Socrates, Question, Philosophy]

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The Genius of Plato

- Plato was born to an aristocratic family in Athens, Greece. When he was a child his father, Ariston, who was believed to be descended from the early kings of Athens died, and his mother, Perictione married Pyrilampes. As a young man Plato was always interested in political leadership and eventually became a disciple of Socrates. He followed his philosophy and his dialectical style, which is believed to be the search for truth through questions, answers, and additional questions. After witnessing the death of Socrates at the hands of the Athenian democracy in 399 B.C., Plato left Athens and continued to travel to Italy, Sicily, and Egypt....   [tags: Plato Biography]

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The Athenian Philosopher Plato 's ' Allegory Of The Cave '

- The Athenian philosopher Plato (c.428-347 B.C.) was one of the most important figures of the ancient Greek world and in the history of Western thought. Plato expressed in his written dialogues about the ideas and techniques taught from his teacher Socrates. Socrates was also a philosopher; he was known for asking many questions but never finding the answers to them. After Socrates forced suicide, Plato traveled southern Italy, Sicily and Egypt, in the search to learn. Plato’s fascination was the distinction between ideal forms and everyday experience, and how they played out both for individuals for societies....   [tags: Philosophy, Plato, Socrates, Mind]

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The Nature Of Love And Plato 's Love

- This essay explores the differences between the nature of Sappho 's Love and Plato 's Love by examining their respective works. First, we will define each of the author 's idea of love. Next, we will discover what makes them different. After, we will find some of the objections and observations once one places these two philosophies together. Finally, this essay will explore personal extrapolations and opinions made from reading both works Before one dives into the depths of the respective philosophies, we should establish the definition and nature of each author 's form of love....   [tags: Virtue, Plato, Greek words for love, Love]

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Platos "The Symposium"

- In Greek culture around the time of Plato, the perfect ideal person was considered. Plato’s idea that there was a perfect world of ideas affected this pieces subject and the subject’s action. Many works of his time period were sculptures that were meant to be viewed from all angles, attempting to be a closer match to that of the ideal. This idea that the ideal world was real and what matter not the physical also effect the actions depicted in many works of this time period. Most of the works are depicting an ideal Greek person performing a noble act not just a common act....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Finding the Good Life in Symposium

- Finding the Good Life in Symposium There are many different interpretations of what the good life truly is. Individualists believe that the good life is pleasing oneself, while utilitarians believe that the good life is acting for the good of the rest of society. Philosophers, too, have their own interpretation. Plato alludes to the philosopher's good life when he uses the phrase "my greatest pleasure." The inherent subjectivity of the word "my" tells the reader that philosophical conversation may not necessarily be everyone's greatest pleasure....   [tags: Philosophy essays]

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The Symposium: A Philosophers Guide To Love

- The Symposium: A Philosophers Guide to Love As much as our society has become involved in the advancement of feminism and the equality of the sexes, there is one fact that neither gender can ignore; none can survive without the other. Love and the want of a soul mate keeps each member of man and womankind in constant search of the perfect person with whom to become one. Yet if this bond is a necessity of the human race then why has the meaning, purpose and pursuit of it eluded us for so many generations....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Aristophanes' Theory of Love in the Symposium

- Aristophanes' Theory of Love in the Symposium 2. Aristophanes' Theory of love: from Plato's Symposium The love as discussed by the characters in the Symposium is homosexual love. Some assumed that homosexuality alone is capable of satisfying “a man’s highest and noblest aspirations”. Whereas heterosexual love is placed at an inferior level, being described as only existing for carnal reasons; its ultimate purpose being procreation. There are differing views in these dialogues, Aristophanes contradicts his peers by treating heterosexuality at the same level as homosexuality, arguing that both are predestined....   [tags: Papers]

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Plato 's Views On Love

- A feeling that cannot be defined, an emotion that can only be expressed, and a word that is used in everyday life, is what we know as love. Throughout history, there have been many different opinions and interpretations of love. When a person is asked, “what is love?" many people find the answer more difficult to explain than they initially thought. The book Symposium describes love as, "the motivating force in all of us" (Page 11). The book also explains that Plato analyzes many kinds of love and one of those kinds of love may now be considered what one would call "Christian love." Christianity is a large influence on love today, particularly the fact that the Bible says God 's love is un...   [tags: Love, Human, Plato, Romance]

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Platos Symposium analysis

- “Plato’s Symposium” Kaboom, that was the sound of Zeus’s thunder crashing towards the Earth. During this time period the people in Greece believed in these gods. Also happening at the same time period was when the worlds most famous philosophers began to come out and teach. Most importantly the philosophers did what they were suppose to, and that was to question the world around them. One of the most famous philosophers in the Greek period around 416 B.C. was a man named Socrates. Socrates was student of the Diotima which taught him things about love, ignorance, wisdom and right opinion, which he rehearses to the people attending the dinner of Agathon’s....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Plato 's Republic Of Representing The Historical Socrates

- This week in Senior Symposium we have been working with a book that seems to be unavoidable as a college student attending a liberal arts institution, Plato’s Republic. Specifically Books 1 and 7 of this well examined text. This text written as a play, and in this play a young Socrates is the protagonist. During the lecture relating to the reading for this week speaker Dr. Thomas Brickhouse (2016) brought up a very intriguing question early on in his discussion of this work of Plato. How good of a job does Plato’s republic do of representing the historical Socrates (Brickhouse 2016)....   [tags: Philosophy, Plato, Democracy, Question]

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A Modern Romantic’s View on Love

- Love – a simple four letter word shrouded in mystery and many different meanings. Philosophers, poets, and writers have all tried to discern the significance or concept of love for many centuries. Plato, for example, was one such philosopher who in his work the Symposium (which means “Drinking Party”) wrote about “Eros” – the term for sexual love in Greek. The Symposium was written approximately around 384 and 379 B.C.E., and follows five elite Athenian men as they pronounce their admiration of Eros while lounging on couches listening to flute girls play in the distance....   [tags: common love, symposium, sexual relations]

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Beauty and Love in the Republic of Plato

- The first question that pops into one’s mind when mentioning beauty in a philosophical context is whether it is objective or subjective. Do things bring pleasure because they are beautiful, or are things beautiful because they bring pleasure. It is a question that has created a major disagreement amongst certain of the greatest philosophical minds. It is commonly agreed upon that beauty is an ultimate value along with goodness, truth and justice. However, it does not exist in the thing itself, but is rather individually perceived....   [tags: philosophy, objective, subjective]

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Plato's View of Love

- Plato is often criticized for preaching the gospel of me first. The claim is that his understanding of love is essentially egoistic, and this is seen as troublesome for the obvious ethical reasons. But there may be an even more troubling issue with Plato's understanding of love. In this paper I will attempt to argue that for Plato, love is in a sense impossible; that it can only ever be a desire for something out of one's grasp. The stakes are high but perhaps there is a way to understand this problem in a way that seems a little less damning....   [tags: Philosophy]

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Plato and The Republic

- Plato and The Republic 360 BC THE REPUBLIC by Plato translated by Benjamin Jowett 360 B.C. THE INTRODUCTION THE Republic of Plato is the longest of his works with the exception of the Laws, and is certainly the greatest of them. There are nearer approaches to modern metaphysics in the Philebus and in the Sophist; the Politicus or Statesman is more ideal; the form and institutions of the State are more clearly drawn out in the Laws; as works of art, the Symposium and the Protagoras are of higher excellence....   [tags: Papers]

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Plato on Education as the Development of Reason

- Plato on Education as the Development of Reason ABSTRACT: Socrates' great educational innovation was in ascribing moral worth to the intellectual activity reflectively directed at one's own life. His concept of eudaimonia was so different from the ordinary that talking about it took on sometimes a paradoxical air, as in Apology 30b3. For him, reason is not a tool for attaining goals independently thought worthwhile; rather, rationality itself, expressed in the giving of reasons and the avoidance of contradictions, confers value to goals and opinions....   [tags: Educational Philosophy Papers]

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- Plato (circa 428-c. 347 BC) Plato was born to an aristocratic family in Athens. His father, Ariston, was believed to have descended from the early kings of Athens. Perictione, his mother, was distantly related to the 6th- century BC lawmaker Solon. When Plato was a child, his father died, and his mother married Pyrilampes, who was an associate of the statesman Pericles. As a young man Plato had political ambitions, but he became disillusioned by the political leadership in Athens. He eventually became a disciple of Socrates, accepting his basic philosophy and dialectical style of debate: the pursuit of truth through questions, answers, and additional questions....   [tags: essays research papers]

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- Plato's Symposium provides us with many different views and theories about love. This drunken discussion of Eros presents ideas which have not lost their relevance in the millennia since. Many things have changed and there have been a lot of different views on almost every subject known to man, but the thoughts voiced in the Symposium still hold truth today. However being what it was, and that is many different peoples thoughts on the subjectof Eros, there is a wide variety of theories to choose from....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Plato's Dialogue

- Plato's Dialogue Dialogue: to exchange and discuss ideas in a frank and open manner to reach a mutually agreed understanding. Dialogue on difficult issues is important to man. People can learn from others by exchanging ideas and expressing how a philosophy or a stand on an issue affects them. Comprehending the needs, feelings, problems and views of others can help create a better future for all. Can we in a society that proclaims the right to free speech participate in a free and open dialogue....   [tags: Papers]

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Comparison Of Plato 's ' What We Talk About Love

- Despite these works being written over centuries apart, the authors correlation of the concepts of love were notable. Plato’s Symposium was composed of different views regarding their definitions of love, while Carver’s “What We Talk About When We Talk About Love” focuses on what a group of friends talk about on the topic of love. Both pieces contain groups of people discussing their ideologies and relatable experiences, which in the end emphasize the complexity and variety of this emotion. Even though these literary pieces were written over two thousand years apart, similarities could be found within them regarding the concepts of dying for love as well as acknowledging the different forms...   [tags: Love, Interpersonal relationship, Platonic love]

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Sappho And Plato 's View On The Mysteries Of Love, Eros, And The True

- Our drive for human connection has been forever fueled by desire to seek love, truth, and wisdom, and to share that information with one another in our quest and pursuit of happiness. Our society is shaped by the process and product of every interaction, both between people, and man and nature. Some sexual, and non-sexual relationships that form between human interaction are better than others for us as individuals, morally and spiritually. In the very old works of ancient Greek poets, Sappho and Plato, we are offered different approaches and insights on the mysteries of love, eros, and the true meaning and desire of human interaction, sexually and non-sexually....   [tags: Love, Human, Socrates, Platonic love]

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The Relationship Between The Past and Future in Faulkner´s Literature

- “The past is not dead. It’s not even past” (Faulkner 1). Within in the pages of what is arguable his best-known book, acclaimed author William Faulkner penned this profound statement. Requiem for a Nun is, at its core an experiment with narrative technique. And much like Faulkner, writers and poets from ancient times used narrative technique in their stories to express the relationship between the past and future and the fluidity between the two. Three shining examples where writers expressed/showcased the relationship between the past and future are The Illiad by Homer, Pythian 4 by Pindar, and Plato’s Symposium....   [tags: homer, plato, narratological technique]

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Ancient Athens And A Poet

- “I would like to be a philosopher in ancient Athens and a poet in ancient China” a quote from Shan Sa, an awarded Chinese author, show the legacy of ancient Athens today. Athens is remembered for being the birthplace of democracy, drama, and philosophy. All of these would have most likely never occurred if not for development of an academic society that valued reason and logic. One of Plato’s works, The Symposium, shows the degree of the intellectual community. The intellectual life in Athens was sophisticated and accomplished due to the education level of its intellectuals, the sharing of ideas and its openness to criticism....   [tags: Plato, Aristotle, Socrates, Athens]

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The Quarrel Between Philosophy and Poetry

- Though Plato’s case when it comes to the Sophists and his distaste for their use of rhetoric is valid, often times he doesn’t make sense of whether poetry, rather than the poet, is what he would consider as “good”. In essence, poetry is the vehicle for poets to take the basics of life which have inspired them, for instance nature, and projecting it onto their readers by bringing it to a heightened state, in this case, nature being presented as a form of unnatural cosmic energy. In Ion, Socrates states, “All good poets, epic as well as lyric, compose their beautiful poems not by skill, but through inspiration and possession” (Ion 7)....   [tags: socrates, plato, humankind]

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The Accounts Of Eros In The "symposium"

- The Accounts of Eros in the "Symposium" The word love carries with it many, many different interpretations. In modern day, our views on what is appropriate love is much different from the views from the time of Socrates and Plato. To them love was eros, a direct translation of the word love. However, the word itself wasn't the only thing that was different about love. In Plato's "Symposium", there is a celebration for Agathon. He had just won a dramatic contest in Athens, Greece two nights ago....   [tags: essays research papers fc]

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Plato's Antipaideia: Perplexity for the Guided

- Plato's Antipaideia: Perplexity for the Guided ABSTRACT: ‘Paideia’ connotes the handing down and preservation of tradition and culture, even civilization, through education. Plato’s education of philosophers in the Academy is inimical to such an essentially conservative notion. His dialectical method is inherently dynamic and open-ended: not only are such conclusions as are reached in the dialogues subject to further criticism, so are the assumptions on which those conclusions are based. In these and other ways explored in this paper, Plato demonstrates that paideia has no harbor within philosophy....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Essays]

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The Idea Of Bodily Desire

- The Idea of Bodily Desire Socrates, in Plato's work "Symposium", introduces the ladder of love through his conversation with the God-like figure, Diotima. The more knowledge about love one gains, the higher they climb and the less they focus on physical beauty. After Socrates has explained these concepts, Alcibiades steps in. He is confused because he himself is in love with philosophy, but he is also lost in bodily desire. According to the ideology of Socrates as expressed in Plato's work "Symposium" the musician girl from Mehta's "A River Sutra" is at the bottom of Diotima's ladder because she is so entirely infatuated and obsessed with the love of physical beauty, and not Socrates ideal,...   [tags: Socrates Plato]

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- Philosopher. According to sources, Plato was born on or around May 21, 427 (or 428) B.C. in Athens, the son of Ariston and Perictione, both of Athenian aristocratic ancestry. He lived his whole life in Athens, although he traveled to Sicily and southern Italy on several occasions, and one story says he traveled to Egypt. Little is known of his early years, but he was given the finest education Athens had to offer the scions of its noble families, and he devoted his considerable talents to politics and the writing of tragedy and other forms of poetry....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Theory of Ideas

- Plato is one of the most important people in the history of Philosophy. Throughout his life, he had made many contributions to the world of philosophy, but the most important contribution that he is most known for is his theory of the Ideas or Forms. Throughout his many works such as the Phaedo and Symposium, he presented his theory of Ideas by using both mythos and logos in his argument for support. In the Phaedo, Plato introduced the theory of Ideas which centered on the problem of immortality of the soul, which suggested that true cannot be finding in the sensible world, but in the world of ideas....   [tags: Plato, Philosophy, Rhetoric]

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The Pursuit Of The Good Life : Individual Or Societal Effort

- Russell Natherson Alexander Torres Hum2305 3 November 2014 The Pursuit of the Good Life: Individual or Societal Effort In the readings Five-Fold Happiness and Symposium, Sung and Plato respectably try to formulate a method on achieving the Good Life. In Sung’s work, Five-Fold Happiness, the Good Life (GL) is related to the contentment of the individual. According to the work, satisfaction is only found when all five virtues are fulfilled. In Symposium, Plato composes the Ladder of Love, and considers the GL to be the ability to see the beauty of everything; and loving that beauty....   [tags: Virtue, Plato, Socrates, Positive psychology]

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The As A Teacher And The Midwife Of Ideas

- Socrates, a famous philosopher, once said, “I cannot teach anybody anything; I can only make them think.” This quote is interesting in the fact that in modern times it is mandatory to go to school for a certain length of time to be taught in order to learn. We have teachers that share their knowledge with their students so that the generations to come can continue to grow and develop. When a student is asked what their teachers do at school they will most likely respond with something along the lines of, “they teach.” This response is both true and false to an extent....   [tags: Plato, Socrates, Socratic method, Question]

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The Educational Value of Plato's Early Socratic Dialogues

- The Educational Value of Plato's Early Socratic Dialogues ABSTRACT: When contemplating the origins of philosophical paideia one is tempted to think of Socrates, perhaps because we feel that Socrates has been a philosophical educator to us all. But it is Plato and his literary genius that we have to thank as his dialogues preserve not just Socratic philosophy, but also the Socratic educational experience. Educators would do well to better understand Plato's pedagogical objectives in the Socratic dialogues so that we may appreciate and utilize them in our own educational endeavors, and so that we may adapt the Socratic experience to new interactive educational technologies....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Essays]

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Analysis Of ' Agathon 's Speech

- Agathon’s speech comes directly before Socrates and is much less complex due to his ideas being shallow to the naked eye. However, it is irresponsible to throw out Agathon’s speech due to its position textually, it’s the turning point between the first set of speeches and Socrates’ climactic dialogue. The speech opens with an attempt to connect love and youth directly (195a), however, fails to account for people who are past their youth. He also tries to justify this viewpoint by saying that since love is the youngest of the gods, it was the force of Necessity that ruled the gods in the earlier times (195c)....   [tags: Plato, Virtue, Love, Socrates]

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Plato And The Ideas Of Plato

- “No other Dialogue of Plato has the same largeness of view and the same perfection of style; no other shows an equal knowledge of the world, or contains more of those thoughts which are new as well as old, and not of one age only but of all,” (ICON Group International). This group discusses the many aspects of Republic by Plato and the ideas of Socrates. This is one of many groups that looks up upon the work of Plato as he recorded the life of Socrates. Socrates was a very interesting man, and this was especially recorded in the Dialogues of Plato through great parts of it such as The Apology and Republic....   [tags: Plato, Justice, Ethics, Cardinal virtues]

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Analysis Of Socrates 's ' The Gorgias '

-   In accordance to the Gorgias, as Socrates was conversing with Callicles—a possibly fictional character who attempts to refute Socrates’ claims against rhetoric—he makes the claim that the two have suffered due to a common element: loving. Socrates asserts that he himself is in love with Alcibiades, the son of Cleinias and with philosophy and that Callicles is in love with the Athenian people and the son of Pyrilampes. As Socrates develops his argument, he illustrates that love triumphs all other forces and that his love for philosophy and Alcibiades are fundamentally distinct....   [tags: Plato, Philosophy, Socrates, Love]

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Analysis Of Plato 's The Republic Of Plato

- In The Republic of Plato, Plato presents a wide array of ideologies that span from his views on gender equality to what characteristics define a person’s soul. In his arguments he works through the cloud of reasoning to define the perfect society and the concepts that must be applied to achieve an organized form of government. Many of the concepts that Plato presents are still heavily evident in modern society, which is why the text is still used as a reflection for political ideas and morality....   [tags: Soul, Plato, Reason, Philosophy]

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The Republic By Plato

- The purpose of The Republic by Plato is to explain, define and seek the true definition of justice and highlight the flaws of the democratic political system. Plato constructs the argument that leaders of a nation (kings) should become philosophers, or philosophers should become kings. Throughout his book, Plato deliberately expresses his belief that it takes a special kind of knowledge and wisdom to rule a nation justly and successfully. The cave is depicted as a allegory that explains the path one has to take when it comes to education in order to achieve the ultimate source of good, knowledge....   [tags: Philosophy, Plato, Justice, Ontology]

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The Apology, By Plato

- The Apology, written by Plato, is an account of the trial in which a 70 year old Socrates defends himself for charges of corrupting the youth of Athens. Socrates delivers his defense to a rather large jury, representing the entirety of the Populares, in the form of a monologue. Although the defendant and the prosecutor both have a voice in the punishment, Socrates ultimately chooses death. Socrates accepts the fact that people are unwilling to accept the truth, and he felt if he did not choose death people would assume he was guilty....   [tags: Plato, Philosophy, Truth, Accept]

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The Apology Of Plato 's Apology

- Analysis of The Apology The chosen passage about Socrates denying his place in corrupting the youth from The Apology is important to the overall understanding of The Apology and the trial, because Socrates trial was brought on over this claim and if Socrates did not corrupt the youth, or did so unwillingly, then he is innocent and should not be put on trial for such actions. This passage helps in the overall understanding of why Socrates trial was brought on, and explains how he is innocent in this accusation....   [tags: Socrates, Plato]

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The Republic, By Plato

- What is Justice. This seems to be the simple question to multiple answers and different opinion on what is it. From the classical days to our current modern day the question is what justice is yet to be answered. Although, the topic being vast and complicated it is somewhat defined or theorized as human virtue that makes a person befitting and good; justice is a social awareness that makes a society peaceful and good. This leads theory leads to so many questions in Plato’s book the Republic, like does absolute justice exist and what is just....   [tags: Plato, Justice, Virtue, Political philosophy]

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Justice in Plato´s The Republic

- In book four of Plato's “The Republic” Socrates defines justice in the individual as analogous to justice in the state. I will explain Socrates' definition of justice in the individual, and then show that Socrates cannot certify that his definition of justice is correct, without asking further questions about justice. I will argue that if we act according to this definition of justice, then we do not know when we are acting just. Since neither the meaning of justice, nor the meaning of good judgement, is contained in the definition, then one can act unjustly while obeying to the definition of justice....   [tags: Plato's The Republic]

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Analysis Of Socrates Argument On Plato 's Republic And Plato

- In this paper I will give an in depth analysis of Socrates argument in Plato’s Republic and in Plato’s Phaedo. First I will begin with the analysis of the Republic, a discussion between Socrates and Glaucon on morality of the human being. The argument first defines morality within a good community and proceeds with the application of this definition in the human person. Then I shall analysis Phaedo, Socrates argument of immortality of the soul. Using his argument of death, reincarnation, change and invisibility, I shall explain Socrates rejoice of death....   [tags: Plato, Soul, Reincarnation, Philosophy]

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Aristotle 's Views On Happiness

- 1.) Aristotle begins by claiming that the highest good is happiness (198, 1095a20). In order to achieve this happiness, one must live by acting well. The highest good also needs to be complete within itself, Aristotle claims that, “happiness more than anything else seems complete without qualification, since we always…choose it because of itself, never because of something else (204, 1097b1). Therefore, Aristotle is claiming that we choose things and other virtues for the end goal of happiness. Aristotle goes on to define happiness as a self-sufficient life that actively tries to pursue reason (205, 1098a5)....   [tags: Virtue, Ethics, Plato, Meaning of life]

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The Republic Of Plato 's Republic

- Young people should not be permitted to read Plato’s Republic. In fact, the general population should not be allowed to read it either. This is arguably what most frustrated university students tend to think when they are asked to read this text. Although, it might please them to know that Plato feels exactly the same way as they do. Republic is a work that contains an abundance of lies, allegories and theories, all of which can be classified as falsehoods by Plato. Supposing Republic were to be evaluated by Plato as a story for young people, the presence of these falsehoods makes this dialogue one that children should not be allowed to read....   [tags: Plato, Philosophy, Platonism, Socrates]

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Confusion And Plato

- Confusion Confusion plagues everyone in the world. Daily people are subject to struggles that involve them being confused and allow them to not fully take in what the world has to offer. Confusion simply put is the "impaired orientation with respect to time, place, or person; a disturbed mental state." With that said it is evident that many things a susceptible to confusion, and being confused. When reading Plato one cannot help to be confused, some confused on the general meaning others confused on the actual wording....   [tags: Plato]

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Analysis Of Plato 's ' The Soul '

- Part A A-2: In Phaedrus, Plato uses the symbol of a chariot and team to represent the soul. He states, “Let us then liken the soul to the natural union of a team of winged horses and the charioteer. The gods have horses and charioteers that are themselves all good and come from stock of the same sort, everyone else has a mixture” (Phaedrus 246B). As the chariot is made of a charioteer and two horses, Plato claims that the soul is made of three parts. In Plato’s myth, reason is the charioteer that drives the two other parts of the soul the horses onwards....   [tags: Aristotle, Plato, Metaphysics, Ontology]

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Analysis of Aristotle and Plato's Thoughts

- Philosophers are all known for questioning and exploring Ideals; taking a look at all options and what is most important. While Aristotle and Plato both take a plunge into the unknowns of a political state, Aristotle demonstrates a state for individuals, to rule as equals, contrary to Plato’s strict utopian structure and group over individual hierarchy view of the ideal state. Plato’s ideal state is strictly structured through a utopian ideal. Everything within Plato’s ideal state has a place and purpose, and everyone within it is aware of that....   [tags: aristotle, plato's ideal, utopia]

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The Soul Stays the Same in Plato

- “I think, Socrates, he said, that on this line of argument any man, even the dullest, would agree that the soul is altogether more like that which always exists in the same state rather than like that which does not” (Plato, Phaedo 79e) In this paper I will argue that the soul is not necessarily unchanging and eternal, as many of Plato’s arguments would suggest otherwise. The main reasons in support of this claim are that there are questionable conclusions that Plato had reached that challenge the validity of his theory on immortal souls....   [tags: plato, death, eternal]

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Plato 's The Allegory Of The Cave

- Likewise, Plato’s philosopher king also uses the same concept but calls it “Justice” or “Good.” Similarly, to Machiavelli, who needs his Prince to have virtù to lead the people, Plato necessitates that his king use philosophical knowledge and emphasize justice to guide the unenlightened masses towards a just and stable society as well. When Socrates discusses the allegory of the cave, he remarks how when rulers must descend “to the general underground abode” where the masses “reside,” the ruler “will see a thousand times better than [the inhabitants of the cave]…because [the ruler has] seen the truth about things admirable and just and good” (Plato 520c)....   [tags: Philosophy, Plato, Political philosophy]

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Plato 's Version Of The Speech

- Plato, being an admirer and student of Socrates, wrote his version of Socrates’ speech as he defended himself in court against his charges of corrupting the youth, and impiety called The Apology. In comparison, Xenophon also wrote his version of the speech. Seeing as though each author has many supporting details that support their view as far as the outcome of the trial, Plato’s version of his apology may have been somewhat biased. Xenophon, on the other hand, was more at peace with the outcome of the trial....   [tags: Socrates, Plato, Apology, Xenophon]

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Plato 's Philosophy Of Education

- Plato (420-348 BC) has been called one of the greatest mind thinkers of all time. Plato came from a wealthy and influential family in Athens. Plato was taught by the great philosopher Socrates and Plato 's pupil was Aristotle. Plato cover a great variety of subjects such as justice, politics, leadership, and education. Plato 's ideas have been called great, however, some critics have said he 's ideals were unrealistic. This paper will look at four different authors and their critiques of Plato 's philosophy of education....   [tags: Philosophy, Plato, Virtue, Education]

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The Apology Of Plato 's Apology

- Plato’s Apology gives insight to the thoughts and workings of the brilliant mind of Socrates. Everything we know about the philosopher is through the writings and works of his students and followers (Dean, 2014). The Apology is Plato’s version of the speech Socrates gave when he was put on trial. This important piece of literature demonstrates the skill that Socrates possessed in rhetoric, examination, and improvised speech which aided him in disproving the accusations made against him. The Oracle of Delphi, a god, who by nature could not lie, proclaimed that Socrates was the wisest of men (Plato, trans....   [tags: Plato, Knowledge, Philosophy, Wisdom]

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The Philosophy Of Plato And Mill

- Plato and Mill lived in separate centuries, far from another. Despite this, they were able to connect through philosophical arguments that disregard time. The philosophy of Plato is similar to Mill but contradict their values in separate areas. Plato’s ideology portrays a world with a strict caste system where individuals were born into a specific role. In contrast, Mill believed in a society where a human being is only limited in their sense of purpose through their sheer power of will. Plato and Mill’s resolve is an image of a happy society where the difference is based between individualism and society as a whole....   [tags: Plato, Philosophy, Belief, Epistemology]

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Plato 's Allegory Of The Cave

- Plato defines wisdom as the constant pursuit of knowledge in his dialogue The Republic Plato illustrates his idea of forms through an analogy, the allegory of the cave. In this dialogue, Plato exemplifies wisdom and inadvertently creates an analogy that is applicable to modern day Christianity. In Plato 's allegory, there are many examples of individuals who display the characteristics of one he would presume wise. In his allegory, there are two groups of people; those who are in the cave and those who are outside the cave....   [tags: Plato, Virtue, Wisdom, Christianity]

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Plato 's Theory Of The Soul

- Plato taught his contemporaries of the idea of the soul and how it has a desire and goal to become a pure. To do this Plato stressed that every human being must compare him or herself to the most high, Godly truth. To accomplish this, humans were expected to live by the universal example by struggling with bodily temptations and sins to be able to keep the soul pure. Plato’s thoughts became the forerunner and basis for many religions in his time and overall applied to all humans as a code of how to live....   [tags: Plato, Soul, Democracy, Republic]

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Plato 's Influence On The Philosophy

- Plato has had a lot of influence on the philosophy that we have today. In this modern time we do not really have our own philosophy we are learning our philosophy from a guy that wrote it hundreds of years ago. It is really significant that we are still going with his thoughts on justice and things like that, but the ideas are a little old and not very well applied to the modern ways of life. I found this person who was writing about why Plato was wrong and she made some very good point in which the language and arguments make no sense and there really is no information there....   [tags: Philosophy, Plato, Ethics, Socrates]

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