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The Role of Hamartia in Oedipus the King

- The Role of Hamartia in Oedipus the King Literary tragedy has roots that extend two and a half millennia into the past, but throughout this history the genre's defining characteristics have remained the same. At the very core of tragedy lies an uncertainty over the cause of the tragic predicament. The leading candidate for an explanation of this cause often comes under the name of hamartia, a Greek word that translates into "a defect in character", "an error" or "a mistake." However, the most common conception (or misconception) of this notion is that it involves "a moral or intellectual weakness," a view that often leads scholars to regard hamartia as the answer to questions of tragic fl...   [tags: Oedipus the King Oedipus Rex]

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Free Oedipus the King Essays: Hamartia in Oedipus Rex

- Hamartia in Oedipus the King According to the Aristotelian characteristics of good tragedy, the tragic character should not fall due to either excessive virtue or excessive wickedness, but due to what Aristotle called hamartia. Hamartia may be interpreted as either a flaw in character or an error in judgement. Oedipus, the tragic character in Sophocles’ Oedipus the King, certainly makes several such mistakes; however, the pervasive pattern of his judgemental errors seems to indicate a basic character flaw that precipitates them....   [tags: Oedipus the King Oedipus Rex]

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Hamartia in Oedipus the King

- Hamartia in Oedipus the King According to Aristotle, the tragic hero is impeded by a distinguishable characteristic or character trait which leads to his ultimate demise. This trait is known as hamartia, or the "tragic flaw." This characteristic is said to not only lead to the hero's demise but may also enable the reader to sympathize with the character. So it follows that in Oedipus the King, a Greek tragedy, the tragic hero Oedipus should have some sort of flaw. However, after close examination of the text, no distinguishable "flaw" is revealed....   [tags: Greek Tragedy Tragedies Oedipus Essays]

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Thinking before Acting: Analysis of Sophocles's Oedipus, The King

- Aristotle's rules of a tragedy state that the character of a tragedy should be good but not exceptionally amazing, he must not be a perfect character but instead they need to be the victim of a common flaw which is called 'Hamartia'. The idea that even the protagonist of a story can have a tragic flaw allows for the reader to have a stronger connection to the story and as a result it would be better interpreted by them their own way. In the play Oedipus the King by Sophocles the Hamartia displayed by Oedipus is that he makes very rash decisions without thinking of the consequences and this negatively his life and the people around him....   [tags: Hamartia, Greek Theatre, Rash Decisions]

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Oedipus The King Is A Greek Tragedy

- Oedipus the King is a Greek tragedy written by Sophocles around five-hundred BC. The play is set in the royal house of Thebes and is about how King Oedipus, who is portrayed as a reasonable and respected ruler by the citizens of Thebes, is trying to find out the answers to the murder of the previous King, Laius. The citizens are dying from a plague that has inhabited the city with no end in sight. King Oedipus sends his brother-in-law, Creon, to the city of Delphi, where Apollo the Prophet’s oracle is located, to find out how to help the city....   [tags: Oedipus, Tragedy, Sophocles, Oedipus the King]

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The Tragic Flaw Of Oedipus The King

- ... Tiresias intelligently and discreetly finds a way to inform Oedipus that he is in fact the person he is searching for, but Oedipus foolishly chooses to reject his insight. Oedipus then results to accusing Creon and Tiresias of trying to overthrow him, when in actuality they were trying to help him. The protagonist allows himself to remain completely oblivious to who he actually his because he tragic flaw of his lack of knowledge. Throughout his quest for truth, Oedipus has to ask numerous people for help and it shows how much information he truly lacks....   [tags: Oedipus the King, Oedipus, Sophocles, Tragic hero]

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Oedipus The King Of Oedipus

- In the epic, Oedipus serves as the king of Thebes, who is told by many of a prophecy that he will kill his father and marry his mother. Also, he will have children who will also be his siblings. In Oedipus the King, Oedipus exemplifies his anger, hubris and status in very specific ways. When Oedipus sends for Tiresias the blind prophet to inform him of what he knows about the murder. Oedipus becomes angry that Tiresias will not tell hi. He goes as far as to blame Tiresias as the cause of the murder....   [tags: Oedipus, Oedipus the King, Tiresias, Tragic hero]

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Blindness and Sight - Sight Versus Insight in Oedipus the King (Oedipus Rex)

- Sight Versus Insight in Oedipus the King       "Anyone who has common sense will remember that the bewilderments of the eye are of two kinds, and arise from two causes, either from coming out of the light or from going into the light,which is true of the mind's eye, quite as much as the bodily eye; and he who remembers this when he sees anyone whose vision is perplexed and weak, will not be too ready to laugh; he will ask whether that soul of man has come out of the brighter life, and is unable to see because unaccustomed to the dark, or having turned from darkness to the day is dazzled by excess light....   [tags: Oedipus the King Oedipus Rex]

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The Tragedy Of Oedipus The King

- According to Collins English Dictionary, the definition of hubris is “an excess of ambition, pride”. Hubris is a person like Oedipus in this play who tricks himself. Throughout the story of Oedipus the king, Sophocles developed the story by building up the characteristic of each character from the start to made the story end as a tragedy. The protagonist, Oedipus, shows might and arrogance without acknowledging the truth. Oedipus’ hubris is responsible for the pollution that at the end leads to his downfall....   [tags: Sophocles, Oedipus, Oedipus the King]

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Sophocles ' Oedipus The King

- ... The second element seen in “Oedipus the King” is tragic fall, which is when the main character realizes he has lost too much to accomplish whatever it is he or she is trying to obtain. It is a reality point for the main character. Oedipus in the beginning of the play, has great power, wealth, and family. In the end however, Oedipus loses his crown, his respect, his daughters, and his eye sight. For example, Oedipus says, “But I’m now hated by the gods” (Sophocles 1776). In this play, the gods are everything to man, to be hated by the gods is to be hated by everyone....   [tags: Oedipus the King, Sophocles, Oedipus]

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The Case Of Oedipus The King

- ... Therefore, when the people plead for their suffering to disappear, Oedipus must do something. At this point, Creon tells Oedipus that the people suffer from the plague because of the murder of King Laius and the resulting religious pollution. The first task in finding the murderer stands that Oedipus meet with Teiresias, a blind prophet/seer. However, Oedipus, impeded by his ignorant behavior, questions the prophet in an arrogant way. He demands of Teiresias, “Was it at home, or in the field, or else / In some strange land that Laius met his doom” (Sophocles 118-9)....   [tags: Oedipus, Oedipus the King, Tragedy, Sophocles]

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Oedipus The King : Fate Vs Free Will

- ... This seals his fate, as Oedipus has now killed his father and married his mother. Once he learns of the truth, he blinds himself and goes into exile. Oedipus tell the people of Thebes that he blinds himself because he found out that Jocasta is his mother and the man he killed long ago was Laius, Oedipus father. He then realizes he had killed his father and married his mother. Talking to himself, Oedipus says, “You, you’ll see no more the pain I suffered, all the pain I caused. Too long you looked on the ones you never should have seen; blind to the ones you longed to see, to know....   [tags: Oedipus, Oedipus the King, Delphi, Tiresias]

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The Pride of Sophocles' Oedipus The King

- The Pride of Sophocles' Oedipus The King        Greek tragedy is characterized by the emotional catharsis brought about by the horrific suffering of a heroic figure. In Oedipus The King, by Sophocles, the onslaught of pain assailing the protagonist is a result of his tragic flaw. Sophocles often used a characters hamartia to alter or influence the outcome or future of the hero. Oedipus' hubris traps him to fulfil the oracle and intensifies his punishment.   Oedipus' pride is an innate characteristic....   [tags: Oedipus the King Oedipus Rex]

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tragoed Oedipus the King (Oedipus Rex) and Greek Tragedy

- Oedipus Rex as a Great Greek Tragedy     The reader is told in Aristotle's Poetics that tragedy "arouses the emotions of pity and fear, wonder and awe" (The Poetics 10). To Aristotle, the best type of tragedy involves reversal of a situation, recognition from a character, and suffering. The plot has to be complex, and a normal person should fall from prosperity to misfortune due to some type of mistake. Oedipus Rex, by Sophocles, is a great example of a Greek tragedy. Its main plot is Oedipus' goal to find out his true identity, the result being his downfall by finding out he has married his own mother and killed his father....   [tags: Oedipus the King Oedipus Rex]

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Oedipus the King

- Oedipus the King Oedipus the King is the perfect example of a tragedy. It contains a complete combination of all the features of a tragedy. Aristotle in his Poetics[1] defines Oedipus as being 'a definite example of the form and purpose of tragedy'. In tragedies the Greeks dramatized climactic events in the lives of heroes, and Oedipus' story is no exception. By using many different literary devices it brings moral dilemmas of action and motive to the public stage. The action is set out over the timeframe of one day, which will according to the prophet Tiresias will bring Oedipus' 'birth' and 'destruction'....   [tags: Classics Oedipus King Essays]

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Tragic Flaws in Oedipus the King

- Oedipus the King, Sophocles’ classical Greek tragedy, presents tragic flaw(s) as the cause of  the near-total destruction of the life of the protagonist. This essay examines that flaw. In his essay “Sophoclean Tragedy” Friedrich Nietzsche agrees that there is an “error” within the protagonist, but refrains from specifying exactly what it is: The most pathetic figure of the Greek theatre, the unfortunate Oedipus, Sophocles takes to be a noble man called to error and alienation in spite of his wisdom, yet called too, in the end, through monstrous suffering, to radiate a magic power rich in a blessing which works even after he passes on....   [tags: Oedipus the King Essays]

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The Tragic Heroes Of Sophocles ' Oedipus

- Sophocles’ Oedipus is arguably one of the best tragic heroes in ancient literature, but does he conform to the Aristotelian criteria of tragic heroes. In his work Poetics, Aristotle details the characteristics that must comprise such a character, providing playwrights a strict criterion to follow when writing dramas. One character that is consistently mentioned along with this definition is the notorious Oedipus. Oedipus was the king of Thebes who slowly learned that he was responsible for the death of his father and was married to his own mother....   [tags: Tragic hero, Tragedy, Oedipus, Poetics]

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The Tragedy Of Oedipus The King

- ... Oedipus and his advisors seek the help of Tiresias, but when confronted with a bitter truth, Oedipus, enraged, says “You can’t hurt me, you night-hatched thing. Me or any man who lives in light”(22). Oedipus detracts from predictions of Tiresias, flaunting his false sentiment of authority. Tiresias deflects Oedipus’ slander, dictating his defamation will only be reflected on Thebes. Furthermore, Oedipus declares Tiresias as a “night-hatched thing,” pointing to the prophet’s blindness; however, Tiresias can “see” the truth without physical sight, while Oedipus, who possesses physical sight, cannot see the reality of his actions....   [tags: Oedipus, Sophocles, Greek mythology]

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Oedipus The King : A Tragic Hero

- A thunderous crash is felt when nobility falls from its ivory tower. A crash that is heard for generations. Sophocles’ Greek drama Oedipus Rex is just such a crash. It exhibits a noble king beset by unimaginable tragedy. Oedipus the King has elicited pity and fear from those who read it or watch it for many generations. How does one who is noble, and good, fall. It is “Aristotle 's demand that suffering be shown to have been caused, in part at least, by errors.” The plot, hero, diction and theme all lead to a final tragic event in the life of the noble king....   [tags: Tragedy, Sophocles, Oedipus, Poetics]

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Oedipus The Tragic Hero Of Oedipus Rex 's ' Oedipus '

- Although this argument can be supported using evidence from the text, Dodds, in his essay On Misunderstanding Oedipus Rex refutes this idea: that of Oedipus having a hamartia that seals his fate. He argues that, even if Oedipus does have several flaws that are detrimental to his otherwise noble character, none of them are relevant. He says, “Years before the action of the play begins, Oedipus was already an incestuous parricide; I that was a punishment for his unkind treatment of Creon, then the punishment preceded the crime—which is surely an odd kind of justice” (220)....   [tags: Oedipus, Sophocles, Oedipus the King, Jocasta]

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tragoed Essay on the Tragic Flaws of Oedipus the King (Oedipus Rex)

- The Tragic Flaws of Oedipus Rex At one time in our lives there is a moment that we may think of ourselves as better than someone or something else. There may also be a point when making a decision leads to a great error in judgment. In the play Oedipus Rex, written by Sophocles, both of these characteristics can be seen in the main character. These characteristics are known as tragic flaws. These flaws are known as hubris meaning excess pride, leading to overconfidence, and hamartia meaning errors and weakness in judgment....   [tags: Oedipus the King Oedipus Rex]

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Oedipus The King : A Tragic Hero

- ... / Now, Oedipus great and glorious . . . / Save our city, and keep her safe for ever” (26). The priest’s speech proves just how much respect the Thebans have for Oedipus, desiring for him to rule for eternity on top of the fifteen years Oedipus has already been ruling. It also shows how it is Oedipus and not a warrior nor clairvoyant that solves the sphinx’s riddle. In essence, Oedipus manages to do something no one else could, thus making him a Theban hero, which is an honourable title on its own....   [tags: Oedipus, Sophocles, Greek mythology, Jocasta]

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The Tragedy Of Oedipus The King

- Oedipus Rex is considered to be one of the greatest tragedies. It has all the hallmarks of Greek tragedies. This includes the downfall of the character of high status or power, the hero’s suffering because of hamartia, and his hubris that causes the error. Oedipus, the tragic hero, was prideful. It could be argued that because of this trait; he makes the mistake of trying to escape his fate; thus making sure it would come true. Although Oedipus was flawed, this is not the complete reason for his downfall....   [tags: Tragedy, Sophocles, Oedipus, Greek mythology]

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Tragedy in Sophocles' Oedipus The King and Antigone

- Tragedy in Sophocles' Oedipus The King and Antigone The Greeks considered tragedy the greatest form for literature.  However, the tragic ends for the characters were not ordained or set by fate, but rather caused by certain characteristics belonging to that person.  Such is the case with the characters of Sophocles' plays Oedipus the King and Antigone.  Oedipus from King Oedipus, and Antigone and Creon from Antigone posses characteristics, especially pride, that caused their tragic ends.  As the play progress, other characteristics appear and further add to the problem to such a point that it is inevitable that it will end in tragedy.  Therefore the tragedies were not a result of a plot b...   [tags: Sophocles Oedipus King Antigone Essays]

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Oedipus Is Not a Tragic Hero

- “Tragedy is an imitation of an action of high importance . . .” states Aristotle in his book Poetics (as cited in Kennedy & Gioia, 2010). Without a doubt, he observed and analyzed countless plays throughout his life and in Poetics, he writes a broad description of what a tragedy should contain (Kennedy & Gioia). Specifically, to Aristotle, tragedies require a “Tragic Hero.” What makes this literary character unique from the other heroes of literature. The most obvious and central difference is that the hero in question always experiences a disastrous reversal of fortune, which follows the recognition of a previously unknown truth (Kennedy & Gioia)....   [tags: Oedipus the King Essays]

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Oedipus the King by Sophocles

- ... Now Oedipus attention is take by the comment regarding his parents. Teiresias continues to speak in riddles continuing to upset Oedipus until he tells the page to lead him away. Teiresias does not leave until he speaks, Teiresias. The man you have been looking for all this time, The damned man, the murder of Laios, That man is in Thebes. To your mind he is foreign-born, But it will soon be shown that he is in Theban, A revelation that will fail to please. A blind man, Who has his eyes now; a penniless man, who is rich now; And he will go tapping the strange earth with his staff; To the children with whom he lives now he will be Brother and father – the very same; to her Who bore him, son...   [tags: play analysis]

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Oedipus Rex By Sophocles : An Ideal Tragic Hero

- If one is familiar with Aristotle’s definition of a tragic hero, one may consider King Oedipus, from Oedipus Rex by Sophocles, as a potential example of an ideal tragic hero. Sophocles exemplifies the definition of a tragic hero in his portrayal of King Oedipus, in addition to masterfully constructing a tragedy that has lasted the ages and continues to thrive as a classic work of literature to this day. A brief review of Oedipus Rex reveals key elements when defining a tragic hero. The first is the situation, as it unfolds, is complex in nature....   [tags: Oedipus, Oedipus the King, Sophocles, Jocasta]

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Oedipus : The King Of Thebes And Tragic Hero

- Oedipus: The King of Thebes and Tragic Hero Ancient Greek Literature encompasses an assortment of poetry and drama to include the great masterpieces of tragedy. In Classic Literature, tragedies are commonly known for their elaboration of a protagonist fitting the classification of a tragic hero. This type of hero often collectively described as a character of noble birth, facing an adversity of some nature and a fate of great suffering. The characteristics of what encompasses a tragic hero are most prominently recognized from the viewpoint of the extraordinary Greek philosopher, Aristotle, in his work Poetics....   [tags: Tragedy, Poetics, Sophocles, Anagnorisis]

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Sight And Blindess Of Oedipus The King

- Oedipus the King by Sophocles was a play written after a devastating plague struck the city of Athens in 430 B.C. The play is about how knowledge can lead to devastation and destruction based on how the characters find out the truth of the Delphic Oracle. Years before Oedipus became the king of Thebes, the previous king, Laius, had received a prophecy that his son would grow up to kill his father. With this information he gave his baby son to a sheperd to dispose of him. Years later Laius is murdered and the Sphinx emerges and locks down the city by refusing to let anybody enter or leave the city unless they can solve her riddle....   [tags: Sophocles Oedipus]

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Oedipus, the King: A Case of Inevitable Fate

- Oedipus, the main character in “Oedipus, the King” has hamartia and frailty that lead to his downfall. Oedipus’s imperfect character traits: pride (hubris), stubbornness, and disrespect precipitate his tragic fate and demise. Oedipus, King of Thebes, is an imperfect protagonist in Sophocles’ “Oedipus, the King.” He is an imperfect human being who makes mistakes in his life. His mistakes, however, are very tragic and exceed what he deserves. He is ignorant about his true identity and does not accept his gods’ prophecy for him....   [tags: Sophocles play, Greek mythology]

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Oedipus the King, a Tragic Hero

- Oedipus, a tragic hero Sophocles's Oedipus Rex is probably the most famous tragedy ever written. Sophocles's tragedy represents a monumental theatrical and interpretative challenge. Oedipus Rex is the story of a King of Thebes upon whom a hereditary curse is placed and who therefore has to suffer the tragic consequences of fate (tragic flaws or hamartia). In the play, Oedipus is the tragic hero. Even though fate victimizes Oedipus, he is a tragic figure since his own heroic qualities, his loyalty to Thebes, and his fidelity to the truth ruin him....   [tags: Oedipus Rex, Sophocles]

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Mythology in Oedipus Rex

- Mythology in Oedipus Rex           E. T. Owen in “Drama in Sophocles’ Oedipus Tyrannus” comments on the mythological beginnings of Oedipus Rex:   Professor Goodell says: “Given an old myth to be dramatized, Sophocles’ primary question was, ‘Just what sort of people were they, must they have been, who naturally did and suffered what the tales say they did and suffered?” That was his method of analysis (38).   The Greek Sophoclean tragedy Oedipus Rex is based on a myth from the Homeric epic Odysseus....   [tags: Oedipus the King Oedipus Rex]

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Mythology in Oedipus Rex

- Mythology in Oedipus Rex                 In “The Oedipus Legend” Bernard M. W. Knox talks of the advantages accruing to Sophocles as a user of myths in his dramas:   The myths he used gave to his plays, without any effort on his part, some of those larger dimensions of authority which the modern dramatist must create out of nothing if his play is to be more than a passing entertainment. The myths had the authority of history, for myth is in one of its aspects the only history of an age that kept no records....   [tags: Oedipus the King Oedipus Rex]

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The Perfect Aristotelian Tragedy: Oedipus the King

- The Perfect Aristotelian Tragedy: Oedipus the King by Sophocles Works Cited Not Included Oedipus the King is an excellent example of Aristotle's theory of tragedy. The play has the perfect Aristotelian tragic plot consisting of paripeteia, anagnorisis and catastrophe; it has the perfect tragic character that suffers from happiness to misery due to hamartia (tragic flaw) and the play evokes pity and fear that produces the tragic effect, catharsis (a purging of emotion). Oedipus the King has the ingredients necessary for the plot of a good tragedy, including the peripeteia....   [tags: Oedipus Rex, Sophocles]

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Oedipus the King: Fate vs. Free Will

- Sophocles’ Oedipus the King: Fate vs. Free Will In Oedipus the King, one of Sophocles’ most popular plays, Sophocles clearly depicts the Greek’s popular belief that fate will control a man’s life despite of man’s free will. Man was free to choose and was ultimately held responsible for his own actions. Throughout Oedipus the King, the concept of fate and free will plays an integral part in Oedipus' destruction. Destined to marry his mother and murder his father, Oedipus was partly guided by fate....   [tags: Oedipus Rex, Sophocles]

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The Tragedy Of Shakespeare 's Macbeth And Sophocles ' Oedipus The King

- The organization of downfall in Shakespearean tragedy borrows much from that of Greek tragedy. The points of variation between the two forms of the genre are often drawn not in tangible literary differences, but in premise of manner of downfall. One distinction observed between the two dramas is that of the roles of destiny or lack thereof. The disputed definition of hamartia helps explain and expand this. Either type of tragedy can be distinguished by the feature of a hamartia, a tragic flaw and ultimate determinant of a hero’s downfall, as being built on by an unavoidable force or event, as opposed to being directly caused by a hero’s wrongdoings, or vise versa....   [tags: Tragic hero, Poetics, Tragedy, Sophocles]

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Oedipus the King - A Greek Tragedy by Sophocles

- Oedipus arrives at Thebes and finds the city under the curse of the Sphinx who will not free the city unless the riddle is answered. Oedipus solves the riddle and is rewarded and made king. Laius, former king, has been killed and Oedipus has married the widowed queen, Iokaste. Now another plague is raging and the people of Thebes have asked Oedipus to rescue them. Kreon, Iokaste's brother returns from Apollo's oracle with the news that Laius's murder must be punished in order to rid the city of the plague....   [tags: Oedipus Rex Essays]

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Oedipus the King: A Greek Tragic Hero

- Oedipus is a play written by Sophocles that many have heard. Few, however, would not be surprised to discover what Oedipus has discovered at the end of the play, that our tragic hero has killed his own father only to marry his mother. Many ask how this play could be a tragedy. What is the definition of tragedy. Aristotle's 'The Poetics', is a work in which he tried to define what tragedy was. Aristotle decided that the hero, or at least the main character in a tragedy must be centrally good, but must bring about himself his demise, due to a fatal flaw, known as 'hamartia'....   [tags: Oedipus Rex, Sophocles]

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Destiny, Fate, Free Will and Free Choice in Oedipus the King

- The Concept of Fate in Oedipus Rex                 To the first-time reader of Sophocles’ tragedy, Oedipus Rex, it seems that the gods are in complete domination of mankind. This essay will seek to show that this is not the case because the presence of a tragic flaw within the protagonist is shown to be the cause of his downfall.   In the opening scene of the tragedy the priest of Zeus itemizes for the king what the gods have done to the inhabitants of Thebes:   A blight is on our harvest in the ear, A blight upon the grazing flocks and herds, A blight on wives in travail; and withal Armed with his blazing torch the God of Plague Hath swooped upon our city emptying T...   [tags: Oedipus Rex]

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Sophocles ' Oedipus : A Tragic Hero

- Ever since man, has set foot upon the earth drama and tragedy has been the path chosen whether it is of ones own doing or of society’s traditional influences. Such is the case of Sophocles’ Oedipus. Oedipus, an infant born unto nobility, discarded by nobility, to be adopted into nobility and then to be chosen for nobility by the people, to be King of Thebes . To end up blinded by his own hand and led by his own daughter through the remainder of his life. It is in this manner that Sophocles choses to use the understanding of Aristotle’s definition of a tragic hero to depict that life lesson for today’s audience....   [tags: Oedipus, Tragedy, Sophocles, Tragic hero]

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Discuss the ways in which the character of Oedipus in Oedipus the King

- Discuss the ways in which the character of Oedipus in Oedipus the King conforms to the conventions of the tragic hero. In your discussion refer to how the issues explored in the play have a wider significance than the tragedy of Oedipus as an individual. Assessment 9: Short Essay – Drama Discuss the ways in which the character of Oedipus in Oedipus the King conforms to the conventions of the tragic hero. In your discussion refer to how the issues explored in the play have a wider significance than the tragedy of Oedipus as an individual....   [tags: Drama]

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The Strong Character and Unavoidable Destiny of Oedipus Rex

- The Strong Character and Unavoidable Destiny of Oedipus Rex   Oedipus the King, by Sophocles is about Oedipus, a man doomed by his fate. Like most tragedies, Oedipus the King contains a tragic hero, a heroic figure unable to escape his own doom. This tragic hero usually has a hamartia, a tragic flaw, which causes his downfall. The tragic flaw that Sophocles gives Oedipus is hubris (exaggerated pride or self-confidence), which is what caused Oedipus to walk right into the fate he sought to escape....   [tags: Oedipus King Oedipus Rex Sophocles Essays]

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The Tragedy of “Oedipus the King”

- “Oedipus the King” by Sophocles is a tragedy of a man who unknowingly kills his father and marries his mother. Aristotles’ ideas of tragedy are tragic hero, hamartia, peripeteia, anagnorisis, and catharsis these ideas well demonstrated throughout Sophocles tragic drama of “Oedipus the King”. Tragic hero is a character of noble stature and has greatness but is triggered by some error and causes the hero’s downfall. Oedipus is the tragic hero of “Oedipus the king”. Oedipus has a noble stature and has greatness....   [tags: Sophocles, Literary Analysis]

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Oedipus the King: A Classic Tragedy

- ... Tragic stories offer a sense of learning about the human condition. Learning is a necessary step in the tragedy cycle; this learning is called the catharsis. A catharsis is often a cleansing or healing of the mind and a teaching about the human condition. As the audience watches the events unfold throughout the play they feel a sense of fear or pity. All of these feelings are purified/cleansed when the protagonist falls into suffering. As a broken man, one who now only seeks to make right from what his pride blinded him from seeing, Oedipus asks for forgiveness....   [tags: ancient Greek works, Sophocles]

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Analysis of Oedipus the King

- The tale of Oedipus and his prophecy has intrigued not only the citizens of Greece in the ancient times, but also people all over the world for several generations. Most notable about the play was its peculiar structure, causing the audience to think analytically about the outcomes of Oedipus’ actions and how it compares with Aristotle’s beliefs. Another way that the people have examined the drama is by looking at the paradoxes (such as the confrontation of Tiresias and Oedipus), symbols (such as the Sphinx), and morals that has affected their perceptions by the end of the play....   [tags: Sophocles, Greek Tragedy]

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Oedipus and Othello Exemplify Aristotle’s Definition of a Tragic Hero

- Throughout our history, many genres have survived the test of time. One of the most well known and popular genre is the tragedy. A tragedy tells a story of the downfall of a basically good person through some fatal error or misjudgment, producing suffering and insight on the part of the protagonist and arousing pity and fear on the part of the audience. One of the main authorities on tragedy is ancient Greek philosopher, Aristotle. His piece of literature, Poetics, is highly regarded as one of the main sources used to define what makes a tragedy....   [tags: Oedipus the King, 2014]

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Oedipus the King and Things Fall Apart - Tragedies as Defined by Aristotle

- Oedipus and Things Fall Aparttragedies as defined by Aristotle Almost 2500 years ago Aristotle defined a tragic plot as one containing six essential elements. The first is a hero (sympatheia) who is noble by birth or has risen to a place of power. The hero should also be of good character. Aristotle stated in The Poetics, “This is the sort of man who is not pre-eminently virtuous and just, and yet it is through no badness or villainy of his own that he falls into the fortune, but rather through some flaw in him, he being one of those who are in high station and good fortune.” The second is the flaw (Hamartia) in the hero’s character....   [tags: Oedipus Rex Essays]

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Oedipus as a Tragic Hero in Sophocles’ Oedipus the King

- The tragic hero has served as the foundation of Greek tragedy since its inception in ancient times. He or she serves as a rallying point for the audience to cheer for and mourn with throughout the story, and ultimately teaches the audience a lesson about human vulnerability and strength through defeat. A tragic hero is “a privileged, exalted character of high repute, who, by virtue of a tragic flaw and fate, suffers a fall from glory into suffering” (DiYanni). The combination of the tragic hero’s character traits and the storyline he or she follows make the tragedy an actual tragedy rather than a depressing story with a sad ending....   [tags: god, hero, greek theories]

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Oedipus The King Of All Tragic Heroes

- When it comes to the history of drama Sophocles’ Oedipus is the king of all tragic heroes. From killing his own father and marring his own mother Oedipus’s tragic downfall leaves the reader emotionally scarred for life. Yet he still holds on to his morality and prevails past it all. Famous Greek philosopher Aristotle defines what a tragic hero is and Oedipus fits it perfectly. Oedipus is a true embodiment of Aristotle’s definition of a tragic hero through his ability to preserve his virtue and wisdom, despite his flaws and predicament....   [tags: Tragic hero, Tragedy, Sophocles, Aristotle]

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Doing Unintelligent Things in Oedipus

- There are several cases in which we, being the humans that we are, do unintelligent things. This central theme has been used throughout the ages in literature, poetry and theatre. In Socrates' Oedipus, he shows that even people in high positions, like King's, are unable to realize the information in front of them. In most Greek tragedies, characters have what is called a hubris which is pride or humans believing that they are more powerful than the Gods or people ordained by gods to be messengers....   [tags: Oedipus Rex, Sophocles]

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Oedipus: The Reign of a Tragic Hero

- The time period of Greek theater’s popularity was a very influential time in our world’s history. Without knowing what Greek theater was all about, how can someone expect to truly understand a tragic play and the history it comes with. The history behind the character of Oedipus, in the play Oedipus the King, is very complicated. His intricate past dealing with prophecies, family members, and murder is the main focus of the story. There are many characteristics that complete Aristotle’s definition of a tragic hero; these being the presence of hamartia and peripeteia, a sense of self-awareness, the audience’s pity for the character, and the hero is of noble birth....   [tags: greek theater, noble birth, greek mythology]

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Oedipus The King

- Greek tragedy is characterized by the emotional discharging brought about by the suffering of a heroic figure. In Oedipus The King, by Sophocles, the agony of pain attacking the protagonist is a result of his tragic flaw. Sophocles often uses a characters hamartia to alter or influence the future or outcome of the hero, in this case, Oedipus. Oedipus' hubris traps him into fulfilling the vision and intensifies his punishment. Oedipus' pride is an inherited characteristic. Even before his glory and power as King of Thebes, he allowed his conceit to affect his judgment and rule his actions....   [tags: Sophocles]

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Oedipus The King And Arthur Miller 's Death Of A Salesman

- ... This person is of moral value but is prevented from seeing their own destruction because of their hamartia. This type of tragedy incites fear and pity in Greek audiences and in the end, people are lead to a catharsis. One can see Sophocles took Aristotle’s account of a tragic hero into full consideration since Oedipus, the main character of his play, does not realize the consequences of his actions until the very end. The Greek audience is then instilled with the idea that anyone can incur the wrath of the Gods even those of nobility....   [tags: Tragedy, Tragic hero, Sophocles, Character]

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Blindness In Oedipus The King

- Blindness plays a two-fold part in Sophocles’ tragedy “Oedipus the King.'; First, Sophocles presents blindness as a physical disability affecting the auger Teiresias, and later Oedipus; but later, blindness comes to mean an inability to see the evil in one’s actions and the consequences that ensue. The irony in this lies in the fact that Oedipus, while gifted with sight, is blind to himself, in contrast to Teiresias, blind physically, but able to see the evil to which Oedipus has fallen prey to....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Pride and the Tragic Hero in Oedipus Rex and Othello

- Pride and the Tragic Hero in Oedipus Rex and Othello     Pride is one of the seven deadly sins. Most proud people will never consider themselves to be truly proud until they come face to face with the consequences of their pride. Sophocles and Shakespeare both address this dilemma in their plays Oedipus Rex and Othello. Through their nobility, their tragic flaws, the fall these flaws cause, and the suffering and wisdom they derive from these falls, Oedipus and Othello reveal the true character of the tragic hero and show the devastating consequences of pride....   [tags: Othello Oedipus Rex Shakespeare Sophocles]

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Oedipus The Tragic Hero Of Oedipus And Oedipus Rex

- ... Throughout the beginning and middle of the play, Oedipus ' hamartia is evident. In the opening scene Oedipus tells his people, "Oh my children… Huddling at my altar, praying before me?"(lines 1-3) He views himself on the same level if not higher than gods such as Apollo and Zeus. The people of Thebes pray to Oedipus before the gods who had protected them for so long, causing him to take on the role of a father or God. A few lines later, Oedipus introduces himself saying, "you all know me, the world knows my fame: I am Oedipus"(lines 8-9)....   [tags: Tragic hero, Tragedy, Poetics, Sophocles]

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Antigone By The Wilma Theatre

- ... Teiresias then in turns responded: Have you eyes, and not see your own damnation. Eyes, And cannot see what company you keep. Whose son are you. I tell you, you have sinned- And do not know it - against your own on earth… Your mother’s and father’s curse, shall sweep you Out of this land. Those now clear-seeing eyes Shall then be darkened, then no place be deaf, No corner of Cithaeron echo less, To you loud crying, when you learn the truth” Which predicts that later when Oedipus will later become blind, and only when he is blind will he be able to cry out the truth that he cannot see when he has his eyes wide open....   [tags: Oedipus, Oedipus the King, Sigmund Freud]

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Application of Aristotle's Nature of Tragedy to the Tale of Oedipus

- Out of Aristotle’s apprehension of tragedy, four out of the six ideas are used in the tragic drama, “Oedipus the King” by Sophocles. These ideas are tragic hero, hamartia, peripeteia, and anagnorisis. The tragic hero is a person of greatness, and noble stature who usually contributes to their own downfall. Oedipus has greatness and noble stature; he’s sublime, in the way that he cares for his people. What leads to his own downfall is his own pride, which came out when he solved the riddle of the Sphinx and was praised by marrying the queen of Thebes, making him feel untouchable, “Here I am myself- you all know me, the world knows my fame: I am Oedipus....   [tags: Sophocles, Literary Analysis]

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Oedipus The King, By Sophocles And Okonkwo From `` Things Fall Apart ``

- Both protagonists, Oedipus of “Oedipus the King” written by Sophocles and Okonkwo from “Things Fall Apart” written by Chinua Achebe, possess tragic flaw that leads to their eventual downfall. Oedipus and Okonkwo are portrayed to be tragic heroes of their respected story. Tragic hero is someone who falls of power not necessarily because he is a “bad” or evil person, but he is destined to his downfall. In both stories, fate and free was a major theme that decided both characters fortune. Both characters, Oedipus’ and Okonkwo’s individual actions and their individual character traits led them closer to their downfall....   [tags: Things Fall Apart, Tragic hero, Chinua Achebe]

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The Downfall of Oedipus

- The word hamartia means a fatal flaw leading to the downfall of a tragic hero. Yet the cause of his downfall was not due to one flaw but to many flaws. Oedipus had great traits and qualities of a great king such as intelligence, pride and determination. These traits are also the main cause of his downfall. The traits that helped him also hurt him. Early in the poem there are signs that Oedipus is going to fail. When he becomes the king and his city is hit by a plague, he tries his hardest to satisfy his people....   [tags: flaw, intelligence, pride, determination]

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Analyzing The Old Man and the Sea Using Sophocles’ Oedipus the King and Freudian Psychology

- Published in 1952, The Old Man and the Sea soon became Ernest Hemingway’s most influential and best praised book by critics worldwide. Both the Pulitzer Prize in 1953 and the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1954 were awarded to him “for his mastery of the art of narrative, most recently demonstrated in The Old Man and the Sea, and for the influence he has exerted on contemporary style.” Bernard Berenson, close friend and renowned art critic praised, “No real artist symbolizes or allegorizes – and Hemingway is a real artist – but every real work of art exhales symbols and allegories....   [tags: Symbols and Allegories]

Research Papers
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The Poetics of Oedipus and Dana Marschz

- Creon, in Sophocles' Oedipus the King, declares to Oedipus that his "power ends; none of [his] power follows [him] through life." (Fagles, 652:1677-8) This edict communicates the transience of mortal abilities, and the hubris of those mortals. In the 2008 film Hamlet 2, Dana Marschz perceives himself as an excellent writer producing the work that will "save Drama" (Hamlet 2, 00:27:58-28:00), which the community loathes for its mediocrity rather than celebrates for its merits. Comparison of the two works demonstrates an erosion of the tragic genre in modern works....   [tags: Shakespearean Literature ]

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The Tragic Hero Of Hamlet And Oedipus

- ... The quote comes directly from a Hamlet’s speech on whether it is better to be alive or dead. Hamlet goes on and on like a broken record discussing if death is the most appropriate thing to occur. It appears he is depressed since he knows that his uncle killed his father and he can’t do anything to avenge his father’s death because then other people might suffer. “And ever three parts coward- I do not know why yet I live to say ‘This thing’s to do,’ Sith I have cause, and will, and strength, and means, to do’t” (Shakespeare 1775)....   [tags: Tragedy, Tragic hero, Mother, Anger]

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Hamlet and Oedipus: A Comparison

- Tragedy. It is a word which can conjure many images for most people. From the innocence of a child who has lost her favorite blanket, to the heartbreak of losing a parent, to the desperation of a suicidal teen, every person on earth can relate to tragedy. The degree to which an audience can relate or even just sympathize with the tragic hero determines the quality of the tragedy. That said, in order to produce a tragedy, it is necessary to have a tragic hero. In his work, The Poetics, Aristotle sets forward characteristics that all tragic heroes should share....   [tags: Tragedy, Literary Analysis, WIlliam Shakespeare]

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Philosophy: Oedipus and Aristotle

- Through Aristotle’s specific definition of a tragic hero, it can be concluded that Oedipus is a tragic hero. Oedipus The King was written by a well-known tragic dramatist named Sophocles. This story is considered to be one of the greatest tragedies of all time. In fact, the Marjorie Barstow of the Classical Weekly says that it “fulfills the function of a tragedy, and arouses fear and pity in the highest degree” (Barstow). It is also very controversial because of the relationship that Oedipus has with his mother, although it was unknown at the time that they were related....   [tags: tragic hero, Sophocles, heroic traits, flaw]

Term Papers
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Oedipus Rex by Sophocles

- Ancient Athens of the fifth century B.C saw evolutionary developments in philosophy, science and the dramatic arts of which provided citizens a very different perspective of life as it was. It was a patriarchal society which has been ruled by an Aristocratic system for hundreds of years that centred their ideals and beliefs not on individualism, but utterly the power of the gods. However in the Golden Age society’s devotion towards piety began to crumble as humanity started to examine the power of man’s achievements....   [tags: ancient athens, philosophy]

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The Role of Faith and the Gods in Oedipus Rex

- A common struggle man faces is the question of who or what has power and control over his life. Does he have total control of his future, or is there a higher being at work that takes human lives into their own hands. Sophocles, in his work Oedipus Rex, establishes a view that gives fate, which is created by the gods, a seemingly inescapable characteristic over man. The role of fate is clearly defined, through the fulfillment of divine prophecy, and Oedipus’ inability to recognize prophecy as a realistic source of knowledge, as a fate that strikes a delicate balance with the free will of man....   [tags: Literary Analysis ]

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The Heart of Tragedy Based on Oedipus Rex

- ... The denouement takes place when Oedipus is begging Creon to put him into exile. Character is also important in the Poetics. An important aspect of it, tragic flaw, also known as hamartia, is the fault in a character that eventually leads to their downfall. Oedipus, upon learning of Apollo’s creed to kill the murderer of the last king to restore Thebes to its former glory, becomes overly determined and vows to exile the murderer once he is found, including a family member if that is who the murderer turns out to be....   [tags: Sophocles, ancient Greek literature]

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Oedipus vs. Hamlet as Tragic Heroes

- Oedipus from the drama, “Oedipus the King” and Hamlet from, “Hamlet, Prince of Denmark” are two characters that are different, yet they both share the same title of being a tragic hero. Oedipus and Hamlet have many characteristics of a tragic hero that separates them in varieties. However, some of those characteristics show that both characters have and use similar thought processes and methods, which classify them as tragic heroes of their dramas. The five characteristics of a tragic hero are: nobility, tragic flaw, peripeteia, anagnorisis, and lastly irony....   [tags: Character Analysis, Shakespeare]

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Oedipus King And Oedipus The King

- With the city stricken with a plague, a king will try to save it by finding the murder of the previous king. A truth will uncover the mystery behind the murder and reveal the current king’s past as false. This story is a simplified version of the play Oedipus the King and the play before sequel the play Antigone, both written by Sophocles. Both these stories have a theme that can relate to the both of them. The character Oedipus from Oedipus the King, Creon from Antigone, and the plot of Oedipus the King display the theme of sight vs....   [tags: Oedipus, Oedipus the King, Creon, Sophocles]

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Tragic Heroes of The Iliad and Oedipus Rex Analysis

- Calvin Coolidge once said, “Heroism is not only in the man, but in the occasion” (brainyquote.com). Heroes are among one of the most popular literary figures of all time. A Greek philosopher, Aristotle, wrote his notion of classic from of heroism called tragic heroism in his work entitled Poetics. In Poetics, Aristotle explains that there are certain qualities that a tragic hero has that can qualify him or her as tragically heroic. Two Grecian literary legends, Achilles from Homer’s Iliad and Sophocles’s Oedipus Rex, fit the description of an Aristotelian tragic hero....   [tags: Aristotelian tragic heroes]

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Oedipus The King Of Oedipus And The Priest

- ... Oedipus tells Tiresias to leave, and is more confused than ever. Oedipus starts to believe that Creon is trying to overrule him because he is the one that brought the prophet to him. Oedipus thinks that Creon is the one that killed the king and also wants to steal Oedipus’s crown and power. Creon thinks that Oedipus is going insane because he cannot believe that he would think that. Oedipus wants to kill Creon, but Creon and the leader try to calm him down. In the middle of the play, Jocasta (the queen of Thebes/wife of Oedipus) enters the room....   [tags: Oedipus, Oedipus the King, Parent, Jocasta]

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Analysis Of Oedipus ' Oedipus The King '

- ... Now that he knows the truth you would think that he would do everything that he could, such as move away from his parents so he leaves his adopted parents still not know who his true parents are. This is an example of Oedipus’s unknown ignorance. This is his first step towards fulfilling the prophecy without actually knowing so. Ignorance is defined as a lack of knowledge, education, or awareness and I cannot think of on better word to describe his life, beginning from this first move away (so he thinks) from his fate....   [tags: Oedipus, Sphinx, Oedipus the King, KILL]

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Oedipus The King : Oedipus

- ... In this case with Oedipus it wasn’t like that. He seems like he is in more pain being blind. Without eye sight there is a lot of things you cannot do. In the beginning Oedipus was seen as someone that people looked up to because he is the ruler of Thebes. Oedipus states, “What good were eyes to me. Nothing I could see could bring me joy”. This quote is a good quote as how Oedipus felt about knowing the truth. When able to see eyes are not worth viewing sorrow in people’s eyes. Nothing that he would be seeing will make him happy because the sins he did killed him inside....   [tags: Oedipus, Oedipus the King, Creon, Jocasta]

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Oedipus: Tragic Hero Or Victim Of Fate

- In his work Nature and Elements of Tragedy, Aristotle outlined the characteristics needed in order to create a compelling tragic hero. He states that this particular character must be "better than we are," a man who is superior to the average man in some way. At the same time, a tragic hero must evoke both pity and fear among the audience, causing each member to experience a feeling of catharsis, or strong emotion. According to Aristotle, the best way to achieve this effect is to accurately portray the protagonist’s imperfections, for a character that constitutes good and evil is more convincing than a character that is purely good....   [tags: Sophocles]

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Oedipus The King Of Oedipus

- In Oedipus Tyrannus, the cultural way of thinking has been challenged by Oedipus himself and also the queen of Thebes, Jocasta. Oedipus is a king of Thebes who claimed himself to be incredibly smart for solving the riddles and he has helped the city who happened to be falling apart from the missing of their king. While in searching for the murderer of Laius, Oedipus called upon the presence of Teresias – the blind prophet. Oedipus requested Teresias to inform him about the truth that he knew about the secrets of the heaven and the earth (Sophocles, 1970)....   [tags: Oedipus, Oedipus the King, Socrates, Crito]

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Comparing A Doll's House and Oedipus Rex

- Comparing A Doll's House and Oedipus Rex Ibsen's drama "A Doll's House", serves as an example of the kind of issue-based drama that distinguishes Ibsen from many of his contemporaries. The play's dialogue is not poetic, but very naturalistic, and the characters are recognizable people. Given the sense of modernity which the play possesses it seems unusual to compare it to a Greek tragedy produced more than two-thousand years previously. On closer examination however, there are certain similarities between the way in which "A Doll's House" is plotted and a tragedy such as Oedipus Rex....   [tags: comparison compare contrast essays]

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Oedipus The King Of Oedipus

- Tragically Flawed While his intentions were well meaning in the beginning, Oedipus finds himself weighed down by his own flaws. Tragically his flaws cause him to lose focus of his true objectives and damn himself to a life of misery. The tale of Oedipus depicts his rapid descent from Oedipus, savior and king of Thebes to Oedipus Tyrannus the man who slew his father and married his mother. Since Oedipus has so many tragic flaws there is a plethora to choose from. However, if Oedipus’s tragic traits could be described with two words it would be arrogant and imperceptive....   [tags: Oedipus, Oedipus the King, Tragic hero, Sophocles]

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Pride As A Greek Tragedy Written By Sophocles

- ... This act of defiance causes Creon to think that Antigone is “guilty of double insolence...Breaking the given laws and boasting it...Who is the man here, she or I, if this crime goes unpunished” (Sophocles 16). This quotation exemplifies Antigone’s pride because she believes she exceeds Creon’s power, and thus she is superior enough to disobey Creon’s orders. Antigone unapologetically boasts about her insubordination to Creon, as she openly admits that she committed this infraction. Even though this event is not seen to be a significant event in this play, Antigone’s pride resulting from Polyneices’s burial marks the beginning of a domino effect: an increasing conflict between Antigone an...   [tags: Oedipus, Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus, Polynices]

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The Tragedy Of Sophocles ' Antigone

- ... She believed that Polyneices deserved a proper burial, rather than having his body stranded. Polyneices was Antigone’s brother, and she felt that as a result of divine law, he should have had a burial in order for his soul to leave the Earth. Since Antigone was opposed to Creon’s decree, she was determined to act against it. However, those who had blatantly chosen to break Creon’s law were to be punished, regardless of their status in society. The punishment stood “..whoso disobeys in any way, his doom is death by stoning before all the people” (Sophocles 83)....   [tags: Oedipus, Creon, Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus]

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