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The Role of the Gods in the Odyssey

- Religion was deeply intertwined the culture of the ancient Greeks. In their stories, they prayed to the gods to satisfy their needs and offer assistance in their endeavors, and the gods would occasionally appear to select Greeks to give counsel, gifts, or other forms of aid. Alternatively, if the desires or endeavors of a mortal or mortals displeased one or more of the gods, they would also interfere with the fulfillment of their goals. In Homer’s Odyssey, the gods appear to or interfere with both Telemachus and Odysseus, either to help or hinder them in their journeys....   [tags: Homer, Odyssey Essays]

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Free Essays on Homer's Odyssey: The Gods

- The Gods of the Odyssey Do the Gods in the Odyssey represent the Good and Evil sides of everyone, are they actually there to either help the person, or make their life worse.             In the Odyssey, the Gods seem to have a very huge part in the play.  However, are the Gods actually real?  Or are they just their sub-conscious telling everyone what to do.  However if that’s true, then how could Odysseus’s and his “sub-conscious” spend 7 years on an island thinking that he was somewhere else....   [tags: Homer Odyssey Essays]

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The Birth of the Gods in Homer's Odyssey

- The Birth of the Gods in The Odyssey     Prehistoric man did not question his existence and reality - he just lived as one with nature. When prehistoric man awakened from this simple existence into the world of intelligence, he began to question his existence and reality. Homer’s The Odyssey demonstrated man’s attempt to cope with their own nature through the illusion of the gods, by using them to carry their burdens of hopelessness, helplessness, and fallibility.     The characters of Homer’s The Odyssey struggled with the ineffable reality of the world, therefore they created gods that could carry the burden of their hopeless quest for understanding....   [tags: Odyssey essays]

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The Role of the Gods in Homer's Odyssey

- The Role of the Gods in The Odyssey In the ancient world, the gods of the Greeks had been predominately confined to cosmological deeds prior to the works of Homer. "As Hesiod laid out the roles of the gods in his Theogony and the Works and Days, it is apparent that though the gods were active in the creation of the cosmos, natural phenomenon, and cyclical events such as seasons, they were not however, functioning in any historical way"(Bloom 36). This strictly cosmological view of the gods was in no way unusual to the ancient world....   [tags: Odyssey essays]

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The Role of the Gods in Homer's Odyssey

- The Role of the Gods in Homer's Odyssey Odysseus is a man. He is not a god, yet he seeks protection and assistance from the gods because he knows that it is necessary. The authority of the gods over Odysseus and the other characters in this ancient epic is obvious. Through out the story, we see example after example of the gods intervening in the life of Odysseus. The story opens with Odysseus living on the island of Kalypso. He is being held against his will. He partially submits to her, but will not become her husband....   [tags: Homer Odyssey Essays]

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The Role of the Gods in Homer's The Odyssey

- The presence of God in our belief system is something that many cultures have taken for granted. In Odyssey book, this presence of God or Goddess is even tangible because in this epic, mortals have the abilities to talk them, to see them and to feel their presences around them. Since the beginning of the epic, Odysseus has always been helped by Athena (goddess) who is Zeus’ daughter and Zeus who admired the man’s faith, courage, strategy and intellect. In ancient Greece, the Gods’ power has constantly been praised and known as the God’s Love....   [tags: love, survival. defeat]

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The Gods in Homer's The Iliad and The Odyssey

- The Gods in Homer's The Iliad and The Odyssey The stories told in the Iliad and Odyssey are based on stories handed down over several generations, for they preserve (as we have seen) memories of an already quiet far distant past. The two pomes show clear connection in their language and style, in the manner in which their incidents presented, and in the combination of agreement with level, which distinguish their creation. The work was written by one author but gave two diverse views on the nature of the Olympian Gods, their relationship to humankind, and the general lot of mortals throughout their all too brief lives....   [tags: Homer The Iliad The Odyssey]

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The Odyssey : The Hierarchical Relationship Between Both Gods And Humans

- In The Odyssey, the hierarchical relationship between both gods and humans is a key aspect in the overarching unity that is the epic. These can both be in contrast with each other and it can been seen that there are similarities between the types of people we meet in The Odyssey as well as the gods we meet also. Homer uses this theme and system of hierarchy to effectively display aspects of his worlds though The Odyssey. The main features that help prove this point are: that society within The Odyssey is hierarchical, the upper class and the servants (with equivalent gods) are focussed on, (Hierarchy of Greek Gods, 2015) and finally, the gods parallel their respective opposites on earth....   [tags: Trojan War, Odyssey, Greek mythology, Homer]

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Odysseus as Pawn of the Gods in Homer's Odyssey

- Odysseus as Pawn of the Gods in The Odyssey    Throughout literature characters have relied upon entities greater then themselves to furnish them with aid as they meet the many challenges they must face. The Odyssey is a tale of Odysseus’ epic journey and the many obstacles that bar his return home. But Odysseus is not alone in this struggle and receives aid from many gods, especially the clear-eyed goddess Athena. There are times when Odysseus beseeches the gods for aid, but other times he is too foolhardy to receive aid from even the immortal gods....   [tags: Odyssey essays]

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Free Essays on Homer's Odyssey: Importance of the Gods

- Importance of the Gods in Homer's Odyssey In Ancient Greek Culture, there were countless gods. They ranged from all mighty Zeus, king of the gods, to Eris, Goddess of discord, and Dionysos God of wine and revelry. Some Gods and Goddesses, like Zeus and Athena, favored Odysseus and Telemachius, helping them on their journey. While others, like Poseidon, gave them serious trouble along the way. The causes of some of these feelings towards the protagonist may be clear, but others aren't so clear....   [tags: Homer Odyssey Essays]

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Free Essay on Homer's Odyssey: Role of the Gods

- Role of the Gods in Homer's Odyssey In "The Odyssey", the gods generally bring about mixed emotions. The humans in the poem are fearful of the gods because of their great power and influence in their lives-if they wanted you to fail, you would. They are like the puppet-masters of the world, they control what happens to each and every person. But, this can also come in handy when you are on the good side of the gods. If you were a favorite of a god, like Odysseus, you had the gods by your side, willing to help you whenever you have problems....   [tags: Homer Odyssey Essays]

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Free Essays on Homer's Odyssey: Influence of Gods

- Influence of Gods in the Odyssey The almighty, powerful, feared beings in Greek mythology are the gods. They have many powers and the ability to take the life of anyone in an instant. But many of them also have another side. What many people don't know is that they are not all horrible creatures. Many times, gods help and even befriend the mortals. Many of the gods, like Ino who saved Odysseus, Hermes who aided Odysseus, and Athena who assisted Odysseus, are a positive interferences in Homer's epic, The Odyssey....   [tags: Homer Odyssey Essays]

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Free Will of the Gods in "The Odyssey"

- In life, human nature is the only thing that never changes, even as humans progress and evolve. Humans all have the same wants and needs. We need love, compassion, and we want to be happy. In Homer's the Odyssey, the characters have strong opinions and act out of their own free will, but at the same time, the will of the gods keeps coming up as a force that directs events. Although the gods have power against the mortal's, free will is a force much greater then any other power known to mortals and even the gods....   [tags: World Literature]

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Contrasting the Gods in Homer’s Odyssey and the Biblical Book of Exodus

- Contrasting the Gods in Homer’s Odyssey and the Biblical Book of Exodus Many authors have employed the religious beliefs of their cultures in literature. The deities contained in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Biblical book of Exodus reflect the nature of the gods in their respective societies. Upon examination of these two works, there are three major areas where the gods of the Greek epic seem to directly contrast the nature of the God of the Israelites: the way problems are solved, the prestige and status that separates the divine from the masses, and the extent of power among the immortal beings....   [tags: Homer Odyssey]

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Ancient Greek Philosophers

- The ancient Greek philosopher Plato once said, “let parents bequeath to their children not riches, but the spirit of reverence” (Think Exist). This importance, for parents to pass down the notion of reverence, can be seen in Book One of Homer’s The Odyssey. Set at the fall of Troy, the reader is introduced to, if but briefly, Odysseus, his son Telemachos and the suitors who are after Penelope’s hand in marriage. Throughout the first book, Homer makes it quite apparent that Telemachos and Odysseus are beyond doubt reverential characters and, therefore, set the foundation for being true heroes....   [tags: Greek, Odyssey, Gods]

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People from Greece Worshipped gods for Advice and Guidance in The Odyssey

- ... Therefore Athena, or the gods in general were responsible for Telemachus' actions by setting up a crew for him to travel and also telling Telemachus to drive away the suitors and to seek information about Odysseus. Telemachus had no control of his palace or anything in fact before Athena had come. Athena, who was disguised as Mentes, was one of Odysseus' friends and spoke with Telemachus. At first the two talk about small matters such as discussing who they were and what their stories were....   [tags: telemachus, athena, odysseus ]

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Free Essays: The Weak Gods of Iliad, Odyssey and Epic of Gilgamesh

- The Weak Gods of The Iliad, Odyssey and Gilgamesh   The Oxford English Dictionary defines god as Ò1. A being conceived as the perfect, omnipotent, omniscient ruler and originator of the universe, the principal object of faith and worship in monotheist religions. 2. A being of supernatural powers, believed in and worshipped by a people.Ó The first definition reflects Modern AmericaÕs connotation of the word god. The latter recalls the Ancient Greco-Sumerian ideal of a being greater than man....   [tags: comparison compare contrast essays]

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Iliad

- The Iliad and The Odyssey are two epic poems with both similar and different styles to the structure of the poems, as well as each poem having the same gods incorporated into the stories intervening with the day to day lives of the mortals. Greek poetry before Homer was all composed orally; therefore it is assumed that Homer’s works are the first written works of art (Joachim Latacz, page 15). Scholars who have spent extensive time researching the origin of Homer’s work cannot verify a specific time the Iliad and the Odyssey were written (Latacz, 24)....   [tags: Greek, Odyssey, Gods]

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The Odyssey by Homer

- When The Odyssey was first written by Homer, everything in it was believed to be true. But, 700 B.C.E. was a time of uncertainty and it was thought that the gods and creatures were real, that Odysseus’ trip was amazing and that he was a living hero, rather than just a made up story and character. Clearly, Homer’s epic poem, The Odyssey, is not believable today because of the mythical creatures, many unlikely events occur, and the gods interact with the mortals. Obviously, The Odyssey is not a credible story because there are mythical creatures involved....   [tags: trip, creatures, gods]

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The Odyssean Gods And Their Stories

- The Odyssean Gods and Their Stories The Odyssean gods are well known throughout Greek mythology. These gods include the following: Zeus, Poseidon, Athena, Hermes, Ino, Circe, and Calypso. Throughout the copious books found in Homer’s Odyssey, these gods allow for the main character, Odysseus, to continue his journey home without death catching up with him. Throughout the story, the reader is acquainted with all of the Odyssean gods, and is left with an odd perspective about each and every one of them....   [tags: Greek mythology, Athena, Zeus, Odyssey]

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The Greeks' Fears in The Odyssey by Homer

- In The Odyssey the ancient Greeks had a sense of explorations, independence and love life. They were skillful and wise men and women. They are depicted as courageous and adventurous heroes and warriors. Under all those beautiful characteristic illustrated in The Odyssey, under that shell that it portrayed, the ancient Greeks had many fears. They feared the sea, Cyclops, scared of scandals, death and people with different cultures. Ancient Greeks had all these fear because it turns out that they fear everything that could take their life....   [tags: ocean, death, gods]

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A Space Odyssey and The Odyssey

- Metis in 2001: A Space Odyssey and The Odyssey The movie 2001: A Space Odyssey by Steven Kubrick and The Odyssey by Homer have underlying themes that have relationships to each respectively. However, Greek mythology often attributes strength as the ultimate virtue, and even current day movies do too. The attribute of being clever or cunning is seen during 2001: A Space Odyssey and The Odyssey seen by Odysseus and David Bowman as the dominate theme throughout both titles. Metis, the Greek word meaning clever or being cunning, is prevalent throughout Bowman’s and Odysseus epic trials with their ability to reason to gain the outcomes they desire....   [tags: trials, gods, metis]

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History, Symbolism, and Characters in Homer’s The Odyssey

- In The Odyssey, it takes Odysseus twenty years to make it home from the Trojan War. On his journey home, he runs into many obstacles and creatures that he must overcome. He encounters the sirens, the Cyclops, and others. Each event in this epic poem has a symbolic meaning behind it. Homer writes about the history, symbolism, and the characters in The Odyssey. The Odyssey is about the Greek gods and heroes and their adventures (Makman). Odysseus is the main character, and he is going on a quest that takes him several years to complete....   [tags: trojan war, greek gods, encounters]

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Godly Intervention in Homer's The Odyssey

- Homer’s epic, The Odyssey, centers on Odysseus’s long and arduous voyage home and depicts a world in which the lives of humans and gods are intertwined, with gods often having influence in the fates of humans. Zeus, the king of gods, argues that humans wrongly blame the gods for their troubles and that when the gods intervene, it is only to try and help humans. From his standpoint, any misfortune is the sole responsibility of men and the gods are not to be held accountable. Zeus’s argument about human versus divine responsibility holds some truth, but is inadequate as he is biased towards himself and his fellow gods and only references one specific situation....   [tags: epic, voyage, humans, gods]

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Greek Mythologies: Gods and Mortals in Greek Literature

- Greek mythologies arise from various cultural aspects of the Greek society; however, the role of the divinities in human affairs is particularly accentuated in most, if not all, Greek mythologies. Nevertheless, each author displays the role of divinities and supernatural differently, as Homer in The Odyssey and The Iliad displays direct interaction between the supernatural divinities and the mortals. On the other hand, Sophocles’ Antigone lessens such interactions and emphasizes the human role, while Thucydides’ History of the Peloponnesian War completely ignores the notion of divine power, but focuses impartially on the actions of men and their consequences....   [tags: The Odyssey and The Iliad]

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The Odyssey by Home

- Being a generally required read, most everyone has heard of The Odyssey by Homer, meanwhile, very few have recognized the connection between it and its partner movie, O Brother, Where Art Thou. by the Coen brothers. Being purposely made to portray the large epic, O Brother, Where Art Thou is full of juicy details that one would not truly understand unless they had read the epic. Throughout the movie one can find the original basics that Homer incorporated into The Odyssey with ease. The similarities between the two are quite transparent as well....   [tags: greek, gods, loyalty, devotion]

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The Unheroic Traits of Odysseus in Homer's The Odyssey

- A true hero will go through immeasurable lengths to benefit not him or herself, but the people around them. Heroes are neither selfish nor uncaring. They seek every opportunity they get to help those in need. One must have also gone through the entire hero’s journey to be deemed a hero. He must start off naïve and inept and through his challenges, transform into someone worth calling a hero. Most importantly, a hero is not perfect. He must listen to other’s ideas and utilize them. However, in The Odyssey by Homer, Odysseus disrespects his crew men and the gods’ advice, lets hubris interfere with his men’s lives, and is unfaithful to his wife Penelope....   [tags: odyssey]

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The Odyssey By Homer 's Odyssey

- The Odyssey A hero is defined as “a person who, in the opinion of others, has heroic qualities or has performed a heroic act and is regarded as a model or ideal.” Homer’s epic, The Odyssey, is mostly focused on pivotal roles like leadership, courage and, patriarchy. Throughout history we notice how male dominance takes place within a society. This is called patriarchy, which is a form of social organization in which the father or oldest male is the head of the family, and descent and relationship are reckoned through the male line; government or rule by a man or men.(OED) That is portrayed in the Odyssey through the actions of the protagonist Odysseus, his journey to get back home, his...   [tags: Odyssey, Odysseus, Trojan War, Penelope]

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The Roles of Zeus, Poseidon, and Circe in The Odyssey by Homer

- Zeus, Poseidon, and Circe The odyssey, the oldest written story in the world passed on through oral tradition by a blind man named Homer. It is a long tale a about a man name Odysseus trying to get back home from Troy. He encounters many obstacles, most of them being gods. He met many gods on his journey but the ones that had some of the biggest impacts were Zeus king of the gods, Poseidon king of the sea, and Calpso a goddess of the sea. Zeus, is the king of all gods and the most powerful of them all....   [tags: gods, sea, powerful]

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The Odyssey

- The Odyssey details Odysseus’ arduous return to his homeland. Ten years have passed since the end of the Trojan war and Odysseus, the “most cursed man alive”, has been missing and presumed dead by many. (10.79). Throughout the novel, gods play a significant role in the fate of Odysseus and other characters. The extent of the gods’ role though is not unqualified, contrary to Telemachus’ suggestion that, “Zeus is to blame./He deals to each and every/ laborer on this earth whatever doom he pleases” (1.401-403)....   [tags: Homer, Odyssey Essays]

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The Mythology Of The Odyssey

- ... For example when Athena appears as a mentor to Telemachus, she is encourages him to push on in the journey. However as she speaks, she suddenly forgets her disguise. From saying ‘a god who wills it can bring anyone safely home however far away he may be’ to then saying ‘and for myself I would…’ (Homer, Odyssey 3.33). This shows the switch to personal language and shows how even though she is disguised her connection with Telemachus is so strong that she forgets sometimes (Gaunt). The Gods can also be compared to the humans....   [tags: Odyssey, Odysseus, Poseidon, Telemachus]

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The Mythology Of The Odyssey

- ... It states how “Pallas Athena, harboring kindness for the hero, (…) came up to greet him there, for all the world like a young girl” Athena appearing in front of Odysseus, unbeknownst to him, demonstrates her dedication to his mission, and personally seeing to it that he makes it to his native land. This is in contrast to the way Athena interacts with Penelope, Odysseus’ wife. Instead of appearing to Penelope in person, similar to the way she usually does with Odysseus, Athena simply sends Penelope a dream to inform her that Telemachus shall return....   [tags: Human, God, Yahweh, Odyssey]

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The Iliad And The Odyssey

- The Iliad and The Odyssey are epic poems written by Homer, telling the stories of the heroes: Akhilleus, the strongest man in the Akhaian army, fighting in the Trojan War, and Odysseus, the cleverest man in the army, who is trying to get home after that war. The gods often intervene, shaping the lives of the characters. Divine intervention in The Iliad and The Odyssey exists to characterize the statuses of the mortals and the gods. The gods remind the mortals of their power over them through divine intervention, elevating the statuses of the gods and reinforcing their superiority....   [tags: Trojan War, Iliad, Odyssey, Poseidon]

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Analysis Of ' The Odyssey '

- ... “He [Antínoös] reached under the table for the footstool his shiny feet had rested on—And this he held up so that all could see his gift” (Homer 324) By calling the footstool Antiínoös throws at Odysseus a “gift,” shows some of the terms of xenia—The trading of gifts and favors in order to create a special bond with a guest. Compared to the Phaiákians or Nestor and his sons, the suitors’ pitiful “attempts” at xenia are so horrible, that the reader does not see them as attempts at all. Another reason that hospitality is so important in The Odyssey, is it shows how the fear of the gods affects the decisions of the characters....   [tags: Odyssey, Odysseus, Trojan War, Penelope]

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The Iliad And The Odyssey

- ... These men have come to Penelope’s home in order to force her into a marriage but she welcomes them, feeds them, and gives them a place to stay. Her generosity is again later displayed when a stranger with news of Odysseus enters her house. “But come, women, wash the stranger and make his bed/…bathe him and rub him down with oil/, so he can sit beside Telemachus in the hall, enjoy his breakfast there” (401 L 364, 369). She gave this stranger the ultimate welcoming gift by sitting him next to her son, the prince....   [tags: Trojan War, Iliad, Odysseus, Odyssey]

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The Epic Of Gilgamesh And The Odyssey

- ... Gilgamesh and Odysseus, are both heroes that are heavily effected by their societies culture and values. According to Homer, Odysseus is highly esteemed and praised not for his physical presence, but his cunning ways of outwitting stronger opponents, clearly portraying that strength and power was not what was sought after in the greek culture, instead intelligence and quick wit were what defined Odysseus as a hero, suggesting this was an important attribute in the ancient greek culture. In addition to Gilgamesh, who enables the audience to understand the cultural values of ancient Mesopotamia, the grief and mourning Gilgamesh endures through the passing of Enkindu, suggests that compan...   [tags: Epic of Gilgamesh, Odyssey, Mesopotamia]

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Analysis Of Homer 's ' Odyssey '

- The goddess Athena intrigues and fascinates readers, compelling an in depth look at the role which she plays within Homers, Odyssey. Throughout the epic poem Athena is depicted as a strong leading voice who aids in helping the development of maturity within Odysseus’s son Telemachus. From persuading Telemachus to hold an assembly, debate what to do about his mother’s suitors, and consider the matter of his father, Odysseus, Athena begins a slow accession into a guiding or mentoring role of Telemachus....   [tags: Odyssey, Homer, Odysseus, Athena]

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Theme of Revenge in Homer's Odyssey

- Homer’s The Odyssey is not just a tale of a man’s struggle on his journey home from the Trojan War, but of his struggle from the consequences of revenge. The Odyssey weaves in different characters’ tales of revenge from the gods and what impact revenge actually had on those characters. Revenge is an important underlying theme in The Odyssey because, in essence, it explains why Odysseus’ journey was so prolonged and treacherous. A few examples of revenge in the poem include Orestes’ revenge on Aegisthus, Zeus’ revenge on Odysseus and his men, and Poseidon’s revenge on Odysseus....   [tags: The Odyssey, Literary Analysis]

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Justice System in Ancient Greece as Portrayed in Homer's Odyssey

- ... Odysseus then mocks him, “Cyclops ¬– if any man on the face of the earth should ask you who blinded you, shamed you so –say Odysseus” (9.558-560). This action shows that Odysseus is a just a man; he doesn’t let his people die without avenging their death. On the hand we see Odysseus as a prey of justice as he suffers Poseidon’s retribution for blinding his son, Cyclops. Cyclops prays to his father “Hear me –Poseidon, god of the sea-blue man who rocks the earth!”(9.585-586). He asked his father to punish Odysseus not to reach his home, or if he is to reach his home it should take a while....   [tags: revenge, disrespect, gods]

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The Odyssey And The Color Purple

- ... We hear about their beauty, their important sons, or their affairs with gods but we hear nothing about these women 's accomplishments in their lifetime. The Color Purple falls upon feminism due to underlining the differences between Celie, the ugly one, Nettie, the pretty one, and Shug, the seductress. Nettie was wanted by Mister because she was beautiful, her father wanted to get rid of Celie because she was the ugly, spoiled one. Celie believes she is ugly until Shug forces her to face her beauty, her smile, and her strength but still the Mister wanted to get rid of her....   [tags: Odyssey, Odysseus, Penelope, Telemachus]

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Images and Symbolism in The Odyssey

- The Sea Odysseus spends so much time sailing home that the sea really takes up a good chunk of his life. This is fitting, since the sea and its perils work much the same way the Odyssey argues that life does, it is full of suffering, but it can’t be avoided. The sea can send blessings like sea breezes to blow him home or obstacles like storms, Skylla and Charybdis, and treacherous islands. Because the sea is ruled by Poseidon, it is also a manifestation of the superiority of the gods and nature over man....   [tags: Homer, Odyssey Essays]

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Analysis Of Homer 's ' The Odyssey '

- ... Therefore, Odysseus is also fully responsible for the consequences of failing to bring Circe’s prophecy to pass, which Circe predicts would be his men’s deaths. Although Odysseus tries to diminish his own role in steering his shipmates safely past Scylla, he retains responsibility for any harm she inflicts upon them by not fully confiding Circe’s prophecy to his men. He recounts to the Phaecians the commands that he shouted at his men as they approached her crag, revealing his attempt to exonerate himself and make his shipmates responsible for their own lives....   [tags: Odyssey, Odysseus, Circe, Leadership]

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The Odyssey And Hymn Of Demeter

- ... Penelope’s steadfast love to Odysseus is probably the reason why she can wait for her husband in such a long time. Someone may argue that Calypso is also like Penelope and Demeter because Calypso also shows her love to Odysseus. However, Calypso’s “love” is more like sexual desire. Calypso holds Odysseus on her island for sever year, and “in the night, true, [Odysseus] would sleep with her in the arching cave - he had no choice - unwilling lover alongside lover all too willing…” (Odyssey 5, 170-172)....   [tags: Odyssey, Odysseus, Marriage, Greek mythology]

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The Epic, The Odyssey By Homer

- The epic, The Odyssey by Homer, follows the adventures of Odysseus and his Telemachus, attempting to regain control over their home on the island of Ithaca. Since the epic was usually told orally from a bard, it contained descriptions of modern Greek traditions and ideologies. The Odyssey describes the differences between a civilized and uncivilized country. The many islands Odysseus travels to, demonstrates the differences between “civilized” and “savages” countries. Throughout The Odyssey, there appears to be distinct differences between the lifestyles of those who classify themselves as “civilize” and “savages.” The conditions of each lifestyle can best be understood when compared to eac...   [tags: Odyssey, Odysseus, Trojan War, Homer]

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Parallels between Virgil’s The Aenieid and Homer’s The Odyssey

- In Virgil’s The Aeneid, there are many parallels found in Homer’s The Odyssey. In each epic, the heroes, Aeneas and Odysseus, are on a journey “home.” Aeneas is on the search of a new home for he and his companions to settle since Troy has been destroyed, Odysseus on the other hand is attempting to return to his home he left years earlier to fight the Trojan War. They both have Gods against them and helping them, both Aeneas and Odysseus are both held back by women, both voluntary and involuntarily, and they both have experiences visiting the Underworld....   [tags: deception, strength, society, gods, values, heroes]

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Analysis Of Homer 's ' Odyssey '

- ... Farewell. / But if you only knew, down deep, what pains / are fated to fill your cup before you reach that shore, / you’d stay right here, preside in our house with me / and be immortal.” (Lines 227-230). These lines create the impression that Calypso is attempting to lure Odysseus with the warning of the battles and agony he will face as he heads on his way home, and contrasting those agonies with the pleasure he would receive on the off chance that he stayed with her. This isn’t the first that Homer reveals to us the concept of deceitfulness, as he utilized this idea when he spoke of Penelope’s web....   [tags: Odyssey, Odysseus, Trojan War, Homer]

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The Realtionship of a Father and Son in Homer’s Odyssey

- The Odyssey tells the story of Odysseus and his both literal and figurative journey home to Ithaka. When the great king, Odysseus travels to Troy on the account of war, many obstructions hinder him from returning home. During his absence, his deprivation of being a father to his son, Telemachus, causes great disappointment. Without a father, his son strives to grow and mature yet he has not the slightest idea of where to. However, as Telemachus struggles to reach manhood and his father struggles to return to Ithaka, their seemingly separate journeys are connected....   [tags: Homer, Odyssey]

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Analysis Of Homer 's Iliad And Odyssey

- The concept of guest friendship is an essential tool that promises safety in everyday ancient Greek life and the significance it carries is reflected in Homer’s Iliad and Odyssey. It is enforced not only by the mortals in traditional domestic settings, but also on the battlefield and by the gods themselves. The warriors in the Iliad and the Odyssey respect xenia more than they desire kleos. It is not merely the mortals who respect xenia and the implications it creates, but the Gods provide and honor the sanctity of guest courtesy in Greek culture as well....   [tags: Odysseus, Odyssey, Zeus, Iliad]

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The Odyssey

- Socrates, a Greek philosopher stated, "Look death in the face with joyful hope, and consider this a lasting truth: the righteous man has nothing to fear, neither in life, nor in death, and the Gods will not forsake him” (Socrates). This explains the basis for Greek beliefs that can be carried over to values and qualities of them. As in this, Homer, the author of The Odyssey, portrays many Greek values that make up a righteous man or as, Homer’s character Odysseus, an epic hero. The Odyssey is the story of King Odysseus' return from the Trojan War to his kingdom of Ithaca....   [tags: Socrates Odyssey Epic Poem]

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The Epic Of The Odyssey And Gilgamesh

- ... He was able to get his men to stick with him through it by earning their devotion and their loyalty. He also shows his intelligence at the end of the story by outsmarting the suitors. He does this by stringing his famous bow, which no other man can do, and by doing this he had given himself the weapon he needed to defeat the suitors. In “The Odyssey”, the gods play a huge critical role in the lives of the humans. Throughout the whole epic, you can see that the characters want to be in favor with the gods....   [tags: Odyssey, Epic of Gilgamesh, Odysseus, Epic poetry]

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The Epic Of The Odyssey By Homer

- Similar to an elaborate dish, a literary genre consists of multiple necessary “ingredients,” called epic conventions, which classify a text into a particular category. Homer follows an impeccable recipe in his magnificent work. Labeled as an epic, The Odyssey by Homer portrays the Greek hero Odysseus years after his victory in the Trojan War and his awaited journey back to Ithaca. As the plot develops it is evident it is no effortless feat for our hero to return home. The godly Odysseus encounters adversities in the forms of Cyclops, sea monsters, alluring flowers and formidable Greek gods with varying conceptions of him....   [tags: Odyssey, Odysseus, Trojan War, Greek mythology]

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The Odyssey Exhibits at Least Four Characteristics of an Epic Poem

- In The Odyssey, the reader can find at least four characteristics, which help prove it is an epic poem. For thousands of years, people have enjoyed the entertainment of epic poems. The Odyssey is an epic poem.The Odyssey contains characteristics of an epic poem. The setting of the Odyssey is immense. The gods and goddesses of ancient Greece intervene frequently in the Odyssey. Odysseus exemplifies a special kind of pride. Throughout the Odyssey, Odysseus undertakes a difficult journey. . One characteristic is the vast setting that Odysseus experiences throughout his journey....   [tags: Homer, Odyssey Essays]

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Odysseus in The Odyssey

- Odysseus in The Odyssey Odysseus is the main character in an epic poem called the Odyssey. In the poem Odysseus has had some bad luck getting home, with some of the gods helping him and some hindering him; his journey towards home is a constant struggle. In this poem we see a man being broke and rebuilt, through constant irony his faith was damaged and without the help of Athena he probably would have given up on his journey. Through his hard work and wise spirit he finally does achieve his goal....   [tags: Papers Odyssey Homer Essays]

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The Character Odysseus in Homer's Odyssey

- The Character Odysseus in Odyssey "Odyssey" is an epic story that has been a significant piece of literature since it was first composed and will remain so for ages to come. One of the reasons it has been so is because of the hero, Odysseus. Odysseus is one of the first Greek mythic heroes renowned for his brain as well as his muscle. Indeed he is a man with an inquiring mind, and he is also a man with outstanding prowess and bravery" (123helpme.com/assets/3603.html). "We also must not forget that he is a top-notch athlete which only adds more to this seemingly insuperable character....   [tags: Odyssey essays]

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The Amazing Leadership of Odysseus in Homer's The Odyssey

- The epic poem The Odyssey by the ancient Greek writer Homer takes us deep into the life of a man called Odysseus. As the reader gets to know Odysseus many sides of his character are exposed through the challenges he faces. Though he and his crew face danger and obstacles every step of the way Odysseus’s character hardly changes. The entire book Odysseus longs to see his wife but he is a good man and a courageous leader. When the times get tough, the tough gets going and that’s exactly what Odysseus did when the Trojan War started....   [tags: The Odyssey]

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The Trials of Odysseus of Homer's Odyssey

- The Trials of Odysseus  Homer's epic poem The Odyssey was written after his Iliad which told the tales of the Trojan War. This Odyssey told of the wanderings of a prominent warrior and ruler, Odysseus. Odysseus fought in the Trojan War and, after the Greeks claimed their victory at Troy, began his prolonged journey home. During his travels Odysseus faced many obstacles which he had to overcome. Through his wanderings, Odysseus had to prove his valor, intellect, and determination. Incorporated into The Odyssey are many current-day characteristics of man including a constant dependence on others, the presence of a greater vision, or lack there of, and the essence of a sensitive side behind...   [tags: Odyssey essays]

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Homer's Odyssey as a Moral Epic

-                A large number of the works of ancient poetry and literature have been said to carry a moral undertone. Homer's 'Odyssey' is no exception. This essay explores the moral positions that the poem seems to adopt. Subsequently, it will show that while the 'Odyssey' is indeed a moral epic, the moral position of the main characters themselves, namely Odysseus and the Gods, can, at times, be questionable.             Loyalty is one moral value that is evident throughout the poem. No character embodies loyalty more than Penelope who remains loyal and true to Odysseus throughout his absence, refusing to give in to the suitors' proposal of marriage and not engaging in any extramarital...   [tags: Odyssey Essays]

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Free Essay on Homer's Odyssey: Odyssey as Epic Poem

- The Odyssey as Epic Poem For thousands of years, people have enjoyed the entertainment of epic poems. The "Odyssey" is an epic poem. The "Odyssey" contains characteristics of an epic poem. The setting of the ""Odyssey" is immense. The gods and goddesses of ancient Greece intervene frequently in the "Odyssey". Odysseus exemplifies a special kind of pride. Throughout the "Odyssey", Odysseus undertakes a difficult journey. . The "Odyssey" has an big setting. Odysseus starts off by traveling to Troy, which is the known world....   [tags: Homer Odyssey Essays]

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The Odyssey By Homer 's Odyssey

- Some people are very hospitable while others are not. In Homer’s “The Odyssey” Odysseus is returning home from a war as he is swept off course by Poseidon. Odysseus spends ten years drifting from island to island until he was able to return home. While away from home, Odysseus encounters some places were hospitability was key while some places hospitability was not as important. Therefore, Hospitality is a central motif of the Odyssey that focuses on the behavior of both hosts and their guests. Homer’s depicts several scenes of positive hospitality throughout the story of “The Odyssey “....   [tags: Odyssey, Odysseus, Trojan War, Iliad]

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Homer 's Odyssey : The Odyssey

- The Odyssey, an ancient Greek epic poem attributed to Homer, relates to Odysseus’s journey back to Ithaca.1 In the poem Odysseus has had some bad luck getting home, with some of the gods helping him and some hindering him; his journey towards home is a constant struggle. Throughout the epic Homer portrays diverse relationships in Odysseus’s journey. Odysseus experiences a lot of inconsistent emotions; a lot of this is attributed to the physical and mental hell he goes through on this remarkable voyage....   [tags: Odyssey, Odysseus, Homer, Epic poetry]

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Analysis Of Homer 's Odyssey, The Nymph Calypso

- ... . . . . . . . . . . . . Penelope, once they reached the upper story, fell to weeping for Odysseus, her beloved husband, till watchful Athena sealed her eyes with welcome sleep. (Od. XIX.677,79-81) In light of this, Calypso’s complaint about the unfairness of the gods becomes ill-founded. “’Hard-hearted / you are, you gods. You unrivaled lords of jealousy— / scandalized when goddesses sleep with mortals…’” (Od. V.130-32) The gods are acting not to stop Calypso from keeping a mortal man, as she claims, but to reunite Odysseus and Penelope....   [tags: Greek mythology, Odyssey, Odysseus, Zeus]

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Odysseus’ Search for Purpose in Homer's Odyssey

- Odysseus’ Search for Purpose in The Odyssey      As a wayfarer in life, The Odyssey focuses on life’s greater purpose through the fulfillment of destiny, perseverance, and loyalty. These three themes recur continuously throughout Odysseus’ journey, molding life’s greater vision. Odysseus comes to understand his purpose in life by remaining true to these major themes as he faces and conquers each obstacle in his journey. The overarching theme of The Odyssey is the belief that man cannot escape the destiny which has been preordained for him by the gods....   [tags: Odyssey essays]

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herody Little Heroism in Homer's Odyssey

- Little Heroism in Homer's Odyssey      "Could I forget that kingly man, Odysseus?  There is no mortal half so wise; no mortal gave so much to the lords of the open sky." proclaims Zeus, the king of all gods in Homer's The Odyssey.  He, among countless others, harbors high regards for Odysseus, the mastermind of the Trojan War turned lost sailor.  However, the epic poem is sprinkled with the actions of gods and goddesses pushing Odysseus towards his path home to Ithaka, giving the mortal war hero little exposure to the limelight.  So when does all the high and mighty talk of Odysseus' power prove true?  Only in the absence of godly intervention can the title character live up to h...   [tags: Odyssey essays]

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Treatment of Women in Homer's Odyssey

- The Treatment of Women in Homer's Odyssey Judged by modern Western standards, the treatment of women by men in Homer's Odyssey can be characterized as sexist. Women in Homer's Odyssey are judged mainly by their looks. If important men and gods consider a woman beautiful, or if her son or husband is a hero or has an important position such as king, the woman is successful. The way women in The Odyssey are treated is based on appearance, the things men want from them, and whether the woman has any power over men....   [tags: Homer Odyssey womody]

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Homer's The Odyssey

- Homer's "The Odyssey" The Odyssey is a companion to The Iliad, a story of the Trojan War. Both The Iliad and The Odyssey are epic poems written by Homer. In The Odyssey, Homer relates the misadventures of Odysseus, king of Ithaca, that occur during the decade following the defeat of Troy. In doing so, the fates of his fellow warriors are also made known. The Odyssey begins on Mount Olympus, in the palace of Zeus, king of the gods, where a discussion takes place regarding the woes of humans and their determination to blame it on the gods....   [tags: Homer Odyssey Epic Poem Essays]

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The Odyssey, By The Goddess

- In The Odyssey, the goddess Calypso offers Odysseus immortality so that he would stay with her and not leave in pursuit of his family. The question being raised is, “If I, like Odysseus, was given the choice, would I choose to remain human. Why or why not?” This question is incredibly complex. Part of the decision would be the immortality issue. Would I like to live forever and not age or live a normal mortal life. To look at it fully, I have to look at all of its parts. To say “like Odysseus” is to say that I have family that I am trying to return to, a wife and a son, and not to mention an entire island that is mine....   [tags: Odyssey, Odysseus, Scylla, Love]

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Hospitality in Homer's Odyssey

- Hospitality in Homer's Odyssey The first four books of Homer’s Odyssey depict certain instances of hospitality which are filled with generosity. One reason for the importance of this hospitality could have been a respect for foreigners, who were completely at the mercy of their hosts, especially when hosts had themselves been foreigners. A second reason why hospitality may have been important was to see if the guest was disguised as an enemy. In Book 4, Homer tells how Telemakhos and Pallas Athena (disguised as Mentor) visited Menelaos in Sparta....   [tags: Homer Odyssey Essays]

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An Analysis Of ' The Odyssey '

- ... Not only does Athena physically help the mortals, she also assisted them emotionally. Oenen noted, “Indeed, I feel that Athena is best understood as the persisting memory of Penelope inside Odysseus’ psyche. It is this memory that often counsels him, makes him change is attitude, and spurs him on in desperate situations” (224). If it were not for the consistent memory of Penelope in Odysseus’ head that Athena gave him, he would have stayed on the island with Calypso or surrendered after his rough days at sea....   [tags: Odyssey, Odysseus, Greek mythology, Telemachus]

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Women in The Odyssey

- Women play an influential role in The Odyssey. Women appear throughout the story, as goddesses, wives, princesses, or servants. The nymph Calypso enslaves Odysseus for many years. Odysseus desires to reach home and his wife Penelope. It is the goddess Athena who sets the action of The Odyssey rolling; she also guides and orchestrates everything to Odysseus’ good. Women in The Odyssey are divided into two classes: seductresses and helpmeets. By doing so, Homer demonstrates that women have the power to either hinder of help men....   [tags: Homer, Odyssey Essays]

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Loyalty in Homer's Odyssey

- Loyal Relationships in Homer's Odyssey Loyalty is heroic. Loyalty is defined as faithfulness or devotion to a person, cause, obligations, or duties. In Homer's Odyssey one can see loyalty in many forms. Odysseus is loyal to the gods whom he realized held his life in their hands. Penelope was loyal to Odysseus, while trying not to offend the rude suitors. Telemachus was loyal to a father whom he only knew from the stories he had been told. Time and time again we see loyalty in the strongest sense, complete fidelity in time of uncertainty....   [tags: Homer Odyssey Essays]

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Analysis Of ' The Odyssey '

- ... Despite the warning from Odysseus that they will all be doomed should they kill any of the sacred cows upon the island, they fear the death without remembrance and honor much more so then they fear the potential wrath of the gods that Odysseus has spoken of. This recklessness stands as their final temptation the crew faced as it resulted in each of its members’ death but it was far from their only opportunity in which they faltered. Even in their early adventures, Odysseus’s men could be seen to waver in their determination to return home....   [tags: Odyssey, Trojan War, Odysseus, Poseidon]

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Destiny, Fate and Free Will in Homer's Odyssey

- Fate and Free Will in Homer's Odyssey When we look at Greek Mythology we often run into the gods of that era. Sometimes they are merely backdrops to the human element of the story but in stories such as The Odyssey the gods play a prominent if not vital role to the central themes of the story. Fate has a place in the Greek world but its place is not the same as it is in other scenarios or worlds. It is important to understand the word before we discuss it. Fate as far as Greek mythology goes is not just fate....   [tags: Homer, Odyssey Essays]

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The Iliad And The Odyssey

- Can two things ever truly be exactly the same. When it comes to epic heroes, I’m not sure. In both the Iliad and the Odyssey, written by Homer and translated by Robert Fagles, the journey of two epic heroes are depicted for us. Achilles, hero of the book The Iliad, is fighting in the Trojan War. Odysseus, hero of the book The Odyssey, is simply fighting to get home. Although both the epic heroes are put through some of the same very tough and difficult situations, it doesn’t mean they are quite the same person....   [tags: Trojan War, Iliad, Achilles, Odyssey]

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The Odyssey, by Homer

- The monsters of Homer’s The Odyssey as written by Robert Fitzgerald all share traits in common, but there is always the small differences which make each close encounter more gripping than the last. When the not-so-glorious Odysseus, son of Laertes just manages to elude the cannibalistic clutches of the blinded Kyklops (IX) and takes to the high seas, he becomes arrogant and taunts his nemesis. He does not realize this, but the very words he uttered then sets the holy executioner upon the necks of his crew....   [tags: Homer, Odyssey Essays]

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Loyalty as Defined in the Odyssey

- Loyalty, as defined in the Odyssey seems to be the constant devotion to someone, the hopefully longing of their return and victory. Homer seems to value loyalty over many of the other human traits, as Eumaeus gets not only Homer’s famous “you” but his own book as well. The swineherd is not the only character that Homer uses to show loyalty, Penelope and Telemachus show unyielding faithfulness to Odysseus throughout the epic poem; as do many other characters even gods. Homer demonstrates the value he places on loyalty through the use of these characters with their devotion to Odysseus....   [tags: Loyalty, Odyssey, ]

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The Odyssey, By Homer

- The Odyssey, by Homer, has withstood the test of time. For centuries, The Odyssey has been read to be studied, and also read to be enjoyed. This great book can be acknowledged as superior art for multiple reasons; The Odyssey is written with superior craftsmanship, it perfectly exhibits Greek literary tradition, and it holds pleasing aesthetic value. However, perhaps the principal criteria that this book meets for being superior art is that it explores numerous complexities of human nature. The first people that read The Odyssey, and the countless individuals that have poured over it in modern days can benefit from reading this inexhaustible epic because it delves into fascinating truths abo...   [tags: Odyssey, Odysseus, Trojan War, Ithaca]

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Destiny, Fate and Free Will in Homer's Odyssey

- Destiny, Fate and Free Will in Homer's Odyssey     Fate seems to defy humanity at every turn.  A man may have his life planned out to the last second, but then some random force intervenes and he dies the second after he has completed his life plan.  Some believe in fate, believing that our lives are predetermined from the moment we are born.  Other people believe that everything is random, the result of some god rolling the dice in a universal poker game.  Still other people believe that each and every person is in total control of his or her destiny, every step of the way.  Who is to say which viewpoint is false?  Every culture has a unique perception of the role of fate in our lives, an...   [tags: Homer, Odyssey Essays]

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Important Role of Women in Homer's Odyssey

-   For the Greeks, Homer's Odyssey was much more than just an entertaining tale of gods, monsters, and men, it served as cultural paradigm from which every important role and relationship could be defined.  This book, much more so than its counter part The Iliad, gives an eclectic view of the Achean's peacetime civilization.  Through Odyssey, we gain an understanding of what is proper or improper in relationships between father and son, god and mortal, servant and master, guest and host, and--importantly--man and woman.  Women play a vital role in the movement of this narrative.  Unlike in The Iliad, where they are chiefly prizes to be won, bereft of identity, the women of Odyssey are unique...   [tags: The Role of Women in The Odyssey]

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Double Standard for Women of Homer's Odyssey

- Double Standard for Women of the Odyssey      Odysseus plans to tiptoe back into his hall through various schemes, one of which is to become beneficial and amiable to the maidservants. With this motivation, he offers to guard the hearth so that the fire won’t dwindle, but the response he receives is more than unwelcoming. Melantho, a beneficiary of Penelope, spurns him saying:           You must be crazy, punch drunk, you old goat.           Instead of going out to find a smithy—or a tavern bench—you stay           putting your oar in, amid all our men....   [tags: Homer Odyssey womody]

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Lust in Homer's The Odyssey and Aristophanes’ Lysistrata

- Lust in Homer's The Odyssey and Aristophanes’ Lysistrata Lust is defined as an intense longing or a sexual desire. It is a common theme in literature; particularly in classic Greek literature. The reason it is so prevalent in literature is that is prevalent in our daily lives. Everyone lusts after something or someone. It is an interesting topic to examine closely, and classic literature is an excellent medium for such an investigation. Two works I have studied, in which lust is a theme, are an epic, Homer's The Odyssey, and a play, Aristophanes’ Lysistrata....   [tags: Odyssey Lysistrata Homer Aristophanes Essays]

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