Your search returned 121 essays for "Mustafa":
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Mustafa Kemal and the Battle of Gallipoli

- At the onset of World War 1 in 1914, the ‘sick man of Europe’ known as Turkey, or the Ottoman Empire, sought foreign financial aid after the stress of the Balkan Wars. The belligerents of World War 1 saw an opportunity in the Ottoman misfortune, as a Turkish alliance equated to control of the Dardanelles Strait near the peninsular city of Gallipoli. To the Allies consisting of Russia, Britain, and France, the Dardanelles was Russia’s primary contact route, and also facilitated the movement of 90% of Russia’s grain exports and 50% of Russia’s exports overall....   [tags: global issues, gollipoli campaing]

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Mustafa Kemal Ataturk

- Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (March 12, 1881 - November 10, 1938), Turkish soldier and statesman, was the founder and first President of the Republic of Turkey. He was born in the Ottoman city of Selânik (now Thessaloniki in Greece), where his birthplace is the Turkish Consulate and is also preserved as a museum. In accordance with the then prevalent Turkish custom, he was given the single name Mustafa. His father, Ali Riza (Efendi) was a customs officer who died when Mustafa was a child, his mother was Zübeyde (Hanim)....   [tags: Biographies Bio Biography]

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1710 words | (4.9 pages) | Preview

Identity in Tayeb Salih’s Season of Migration to the North

- Identity in Tayeb Salih’s Season of Migration to the North Season of Migration to the North by Tayeb Salih tells the story of a man searching for an identity he was unaware he had lost. Through his growing understanding of Mustafa Sa'eed's life, the central character eventually reconciles his own identity conflicts. Throughout Salih's novel the main character's identity is unclear. While the reader learns much about his background: educational, familial, and professional, his name is never mentioned....   [tags: Season Migration North]

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409 words | (1.2 pages) | Preview

Critical Review of Naheed Mistafa´s My Body Is My Own Business

- A Critical Review of Naheed Mustafa, “My Body is My Own Business”, 1993, part of a novel that’s from The Globe and Mail. Author Naheed Mustafa, who is a Canadian born Muslim woman, writes a piece of literature that relates to her faith. In her article she is describing to the audience her own personal story by using a first point of view. The article titles as “My Body is My Own Business,” that is a part of a novel that’s from The Globe and Mail which was written in 1993. Its about her reasons of wearing the "Hijab", although she is not required to wear one, she does so anyway to strengthen herself....   [tags: article, faith, hijab, holy, book]

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Manliness and Old Spice

- Can a body wash make you more of a man. Old Spice certainly has the answer and they’re not afraid to imply that either. Old Spice published the soon-to-be-viral ad “Questions” mid 2010 to their official YouTube channel teasing that very question. The ad mockingly stereotypes aspects of manliness while asking male and female viewers alike to assess the manliness of their man or themselves. While "Questions” does little to describe the product it advertises, it proves its merit as an effective advertisement because it strikes all three chords of persuasion; It tickles our love of humor while establishing a mental relationship between the product and manliness by using a perfect manly specime...   [tags: Advertisement, Commercial]

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An Old Spice Advertisement For Women

- ... So, it would make sense for this commercial to air during the nighttime. The Old Spice Company made a smart decision by airing this commercial during the super bowl. Many men are watching the game together. By having a group of men watch this commercial at the same time; this could have debased and made this man feel insecure about their manhood making him an easier target to attack. If one man did not smell like a man, that man would have probably been bullied by his friends and he would probably tell his significant other to start buying him male scented shampoo....   [tags: Gender, Man, American football, Transgender]

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831 words | (2.4 pages) | Preview

Lee v. Gillis: Does Media Matter?

- There were two serial killers working on their victim list at the same time, in the same place, but only one was noticed by the media. Both killed at least seven women. One would think that both of these killers would grab the attention of the media. Unfortunately only one was reported about which made the other jealous causing him to kill more. It was not until after the first serial killer, Lee, was arrested that anyone even knew Gillis was on the same killing path. Had the media not focused solely on one killer others may not have died at the hands of another....   [tags: Case Review ]

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Old Spice's The Man Your Man Could Smell Like Advertising Campaign

- Winner of the 2010 Grand Prix for film at the Cannes Lions International Advertising Festival and a Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Commercial for the Portland ad agency Wieden+Kennedy. Old Spice’s “The Man Your Man Could Smell Like” ads advertising campaign took on a life of its own, spilling into social media and becoming the object of debates. Some media outlets, like CBS News, asked, “Is the Old Spice Guy ‘Post-Racial’ or Just Another ‘Mandingo’?” (Edwards, 2010). These surface readings do not impress when the advertisements are critically interrogated though the lens of critical race and gender theories that draw on Marxist and psychoanalytic themes....   [tags: marketing strategies, effective publicity]

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1647 words | (4.7 pages) | Preview

Why the Maltans Won the Siege of Malta

- Although the Siege of Malta is no longer listed in the top 70 great battles in history, it is still one of the greatest battles that had the highest stakes ever. A war between Ottomans and Malta with stakes of whether or not the Ottoman Empire will rule the Mediterranean Sea, with so much at stake the Siege of Malta is one of the most important sieges of history. Leading the Ottoman/Turk empire was Sultan Suleiman, commanding over 7.6 million square miles, the Ottoman empire was a force to be reckoned with....   [tags: great battles, ottomans]

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1674 words | (4.8 pages) | Preview

The Contrasting Nature of Turkey

- Turkey is a country of contrasts, which can be shown by its history, politics, and culture. It has been through many different changes throughout its history. It also has many contradicting political parties and is home to a very diverse culture. Turkey as a country did not exist until the end of World War I. Prior to that, the land on which Turkey stands today was known as The Ottoman Empire. It was located between the two continents of Asia and Europe, and stretched as far as northern Africa....   [tags: politics, policy, diversity]

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How the Norwegian Progress Party (FRP) is Protrayed in British Media

- Introduction: As a result of months of intense campaigning across the 1500-mile long country, on September 9 last year, the election results were finally ready. The polls had already told the tale for weeks, but all the politicians knew that everything could happen on Election Day. However, the polls could not have been more correct. The reigning left-wing coalition, led by the country’s biggest party, Labour, had to leave office after eight years in the government building. The two most powerful women in Norwegian politics rose to the top; Erna Solberg - leader of the Conservative Party (Hoyre) and Siv Jensen - leader of the Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet, often shortened to FRP)....   [tags: Norwegian Progress Party Essays]

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Traditionalist versus Reformist among Colonial Powers

- Traditionalist and Reformers continually clashed during the 1800’s through the mid 1940’s. Traditionalist wanted to keep all western influence out, while the reformist concluded that without reform their societies would continually be dominated by the west. The Reformist was generally more successful in eventually establishing independence with some exceptions. The era of western imperialism in Asia was gradual as the western powers being the Dutch at first and then the British created unfair treaties with the Chinese, Japanese, and other Asian countries....   [tags: Western Influence, Asia]

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Pre-campaign Analysis: Old Spice Brand Image

- ... With both the online and TV ads, Old Spice wanted to maintain certain traits associated with the brand such as the trademark whistle at the end of ads but at the same time to revamp the ad by adding in some “clever writing and picture-perfect casting” and developing a good story with added “swagger” and humour (Vaynerchuk, 2011 and Marketing Conference Services, 2011). Tactics The online ad was to be aired for 30 seconds (s) on YouTube on February 8 2010, a few days before the Superbowl (Marketing Conference Services, 2011)....   [tags: grandfathers, recognition]

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English As A Medium Of Instruction

- ... As one of the lecturers clearly said that during his lecture when he introduces new terms or tries to answer students, he feels that he is not able to easily express his opinions (T. T. Vu and Burns, 2014, p.5). Therefore, it gets difficult for students to understand the lesson. Furthermore, it is considered beneficial for children to begin their school in their own tongue because they already have the experience of their own mother tongue, which they have been practicing for four or five years (Mustafa, 2012)....   [tags: English language, Second language, French language]

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1117 words | (3.2 pages) | Preview

Silent Cries of Somali Women: The Prevention Of Female Genital Circumcision in Somalia

- Around the world, the World Health Organization has estimated about 130 million women and girls have undergone Female Genital Circumcision (Cummings and Parrot 71) with areas like Somalia having been ranked one of the areas with the highest occurrence of the practice still being conducted today. The practice of Female Genital Circumcision should be prohibited in parts of the world such as Somalia because through investigations done by the World Health Organization and other organizations the “traditional/religious practice” has resulted in long-term health complications in women such as infertility....   [tags: Human Rights]

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The Experience of Alienation and Existential Crisis

- The unique features of a local environment always give special characteristics to its inhabitants. The living environment has a large influence on people. For example, customs, traditions and cultural changes in their environment due to the psychological and ideological. With the development of society, people are not limited to living in their own home, for various reasons, will go a different place to live or work. However, strange and adapt to a new environment for the first time will become more evident, and even feel alienated and existential crisis....   [tags: living environment, culture, customs]

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1915 words | (5.5 pages) | Preview

Instructional Strategies for ELL Classrooms

- Trying to accommodate different students learning styles in an English learning classroom can be overwhelming. Having good teaching strategies can help English learning students learn more effectively. Using the best strategies will ensure all students in the classroom have an effective learning environment. There are many instructional strategies that teachers can use in the classroom. Comprehensible Input Comprehensible input is the theory that English learning students will understand best when they are given appropriate input....   [tags: Education, languages, communication]

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1325 words | (3.8 pages) | Preview

Modern Turkey

- THE REPUBLIC PERIOD Modern Turkish Period (1923-Present) 1923 Establishment of the Turkish Republic with Ataturk as its first president 1924 Abolition of Caliphate 1925-38 Ataturk's program of reforms to modernize Turkey 1938 Death of Ataturk; Ismet Inonu becomes the Republic's second president 1939-45 Despite the alliance with Britain and France, Turkey remains neutral during World War II 1946 Turkey becomes a charter member of United Nations 1950 Turkey enters Korean War as a part of United Nations force; change from a single-party to a multi-party system 1952 Joins the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) The attempt of the victorious Allies to control the Anatolian ter...   [tags: essays research papers]

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The birth of Hezbollah from the ruins of the Amal movement

- • The birth of Hezbollah from the ruins of the Amal movement When the Iranian Revolution succeeded in 1979, Iran wanted to gain the admiration and the support of Arab countries, benefiting in particular from the support by the Shah of Iran and his relationship with Israel before the collapse of his regime. On this very first day of the victory of the revolution, Iran was keen to extend its bonds with the Islamic world, and when this was not possible in most cases, because of many complex causes of the revolution, Iran began to look for «organizations» instead of «regime’s or countries», in order to continue its role in Islamic issues....   [tags: Middle East Politics]

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The Appeal of the Old Spice Man Commercials

- ... The commercial grabs their attention because Old Spice man wearing nothing but a towel; this scene generated an appeal to emotion. These commercial appeals to the logos because it makes the female audience to buy their husband or boyfriend Old Spice body wash. The commercial, makes the female audience be under the impression if she brought the body wash, she could have stunning man who could spoil her and buy her gifts such as game tickets and diamonds alike the Old Spice man in the commercial....   [tags: shirtless, smell, audience]

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902 words | (2.6 pages) | Preview

Tayeb Salih’s Season of Migration to the North

- In Tayeb Salih’s, Season of Migration to the North, the reader encounters the story of one of the main characters, Mustafa Sa’eed. In Stuart Halls’, Cultural Identity and Diaspora, we get an insight on what forms an identity and what molds it to be the way it is. Throughout Season of Migration to the North, the narrator attempts to discover the true identity of Sa’eed, but instead, finds himself as well. Cultural differences help mold one’s identity into one’s being, versus what they become. Halls’ article about cultural identity can be correlated to the experience the narrator goes through in order to find out more about the mysterious Mustafa Sa’eed....   [tags: cultural identity, diaspora]

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Diabetes : The Most Common Uncommunicable Diseases Worldwide

- Diabetes mellitus being one of the most common uncommunicable diseases worldwide, it was estimated to affect about 382 million people in the world in 2013, and expected to increase to 592 million by 2035 (English, Milosevich & John, 2014). Diabetes is the seventh major cause of death and disability in the United States (Copstead & Banastik, 2013). According to Centers of Disease Control and Prevention, about seven million people with diabetes that are undiagnosed. Given to this reason, it is very important for this disease to be diagnosed appropriately with quality diagnostic tools in order to have a clear focus on the disease control and be able to educate patients on how they can manage th...   [tags: Insulin, Diabetes mellitus, Glucose tolerance test]

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808 words | (2.3 pages) | Preview

Effect of Food Security in Climate Change

- Food security is defined by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) as “a condition in which all people, at all times, have physical and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life.” According to Mustafa Koc’s presentation, food security should be viewed as both a societal objective as well as a discourse where the need to for looking at the bigger picture is an evident theme. He explores reasons as to why there is food insecurity and alludes back to the fact that food is often seen as a commodity, not as a human right....   [tags: food system, hunger, climate change]

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1254 words | (3.6 pages) | Preview

An Illustration of State-Society Relations in Turkey

- ... Something which Arat calls “arguably the most revolutionary undertaking of the Kemalist regime in the newly founded Republic” by “[restricting] the realm over which Islam reigned and [expanding] the secular citizenship rights of its constituency” (Arat, 2010:237). Law-making became the primary tool for reform and the promotion of social change (Yilmaz, 2002:115). Secularism therefore came to shape and dominate the newly created public sphere, but it also had consequences on the private life of Turkey's citizens....   [tags: secularism, Kemalist project]

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4291 words | (12.3 pages) | Preview

The Struggles Of A Developing Nation

- ... At the time, He believed that by separating church and state was the best way to develop a government that is beneficial to his people. By replacing the Ottoman Empire 's laws with his own, he was able to release the hold they had on his people. Mustafa Kemal’s new laws separated the extreme Muslim hold on the government and attempted to create a multiparty democracy. This gave him the authority to pass public policies that would never have been able to be enacted during the Ottoman Empire....   [tags: Developing country, Developed country, Cyprus]

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1769 words | (5.1 pages) | Preview

A Brief History of Turkey

- Turkey was for 623 years part of the Ottoman Empire. In 1918 shortly after World War one allied forces occupied Turkey. This occupation prompted the Turkish War of Independence. This led to the creation of the Turkish National Movement under the leadership of Mustafa Kemal Pasha, a military commander. The goal of the Turkish National Movement was to reject the terms of the Treaty of Sevres, which was a treaty between the Ottoman Empire and the Allies. Following the end of the war in 1922 the Allied forces were removed from the country....   [tags: Ottoman Empire, global history]

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Australia 's Laws Against Terrorism

- ... New South Wales Police increased the level of security at all the Anzac Day services after charging the teenager. He was arrested near his home in Auburn in Sydney’s west after an investigation was conducted. The matter was heard in the Children’s Court on Monday morning, and the teen didn’t apply for bail. Police charged him with one count of preparing for, or planning, an act of terrorism. Papers presented to the court showed the teenager was allegedly trying to obtain a gun to carry out an Anzac Day terror plot, which is an offence that carries a maximum penalty of life imprisonment....   [tags: Terrorism, Violence, Counter-terrorism, Australia]

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1193 words | (3.4 pages) | Preview

The Bastard Of Istanbul

- The Bastard Of Istanbul is, at heart, a story about coming to terms with one's identity. Almost all of the characters in this book face an identity crisis of some sort. This can be specifically followed by exploring the connection between the idea of the character's identity and their actual, concrete name. Some characters hide behind pseudonyms, while others have multiple names. The theme of names as a reflection of a character's identity is prevalent throughout the book. Characters in both the cybercafe and the physical cafe are only ever known by their pseudonyms....   [tags: Literature Review]

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Modernization: Afghanistan vs. Turkey

- Afghanistan was used as a buffer zone during the Great Game by Soviet Union and the Great Britain. They did not provide Afghanistan with the means to industrialize and that is why Afghanistan remains subsistence agriculture and a reinter state. With the decline of Colonialism after the Third Angola-Afghan war Afghanistan declared Independent (Barfield). When Amanullah Khan seized the throne he was very enthusiastic to develop a strong and modern state. Before Amanullah Khan only some effort had been taken place for state building according to Charles Tilly which was exterminating the internal rival, during the reign of Amir Abdul Rahman Khan, he centralized the power....   [tags: international relations]

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Bullying in School

- It was a bright sunny Saturday morning. All the neighborhood children were playing soccer at the homeowners’ picnic. There was a new kid on the block; a quiet fellow by name of Mustafa. I saw him sitting with him mother the whole time. He never came to play with the other children. I automatically termed him a ‘mama’s boy’. So I invited him to play with us. At first he refused. Ultimately him mother convinced to come and play with us and that we were really harmless and that it would be really good for him....   [tags: essays research papers fc]

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829 words | (2.4 pages) | Preview

Ghandi Vs. Kemal

- Compare and contrast Mustafa Kemal with Mohandas Gandhi, explain their similarities and differences. In 1918, the Ottoman Turks were already independent, and consequently the allies (the United States, Great Britain, and France) wanted to make them pay. They were going to divide the Turkish territory among themselves. These were the conditions in Turkey at the time. The Turks’ feelings about being split up between the allies and the Greeks were very simple. Obviously they didn’t agree. They wanted to remain independent and not be subjects of anyone else....   [tags: essays research papers]

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683 words | (2 pages) | Preview

Teacher´s Professional Development Programs

- During the past decade, a considerable body of literature has emerged on professional development, quality improvement of teacher education programs, teacher learning, and teacher change. The research literature contains a mix of large- and small-scale studies, including intensive case studies of classroom teaching, evaluations of specific approaches to improving teaching and learning, and surveys of teachers about their pre-service preparation and in-service professional development experiences....   [tags: research, training, quality improvement]

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637 words | (1.8 pages) | Preview

Kahlil Gibran

- Kahlil Gibran Information on the Author Kahlil Gibran (1883-1931), a poet, philosopher, and an artist was born in Lebanon, a land which has produced many prophets. The millions of Arabic speaking people, familiar with his writing consider him a genius of his age. However, his fame and influence was not limited to the Near East only, but far beyond these borders. His poetry has been translated into more than twenty languages. His drawings and paintings have been exhibited in the great capitals of the world and compared by Auguste Rodin to the work of William Blake....   [tags: essays research papers]

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924 words | (2.6 pages) | Preview

Season of Migration to the North by Tayeb Salih

- Written by Tayeb Salih, the novel ‘Season of Migration to the North’ as described by The Observer “is an Arabian Nights in reverse, enclosing a pithy moral about international misconceptions and delusions.” The novel is set both in England and the Sudan, showing the stark social differences within these two locations. In this essay, I will evaluate the reasons supporting and opposing Mahjoub’s statement as defined in ‘Season of Migration to the North’. In the first line of the novel (and once more later in the book: "dear sirs" page 62), the narrator introduces the reader to a male-dominated world by suggesting his audience is masculine; "It was, gentlemen, after a long absence—seven years...   [tags: Season of Migration to the North Tayeb Salih]

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Brave New World - Happiness

- With reference to the text, discuss Mustafa Mond’s statement: “ The secret to happiness is liking what you have to do.” Mustafa Mond is presented to us as one of the Ten World Controllers in Brave New World, of that Utopian, communal and stabilized world, set six hundred years into future. This new world that contradicts the world we live in today, eliminated the Freedoms that we depend on: the freedom of choice, the freedom of thought, religion and being. They have chosen to condition their individuals in baby factories in order to ensure identity, community and stability....   [tags: essays research papers]

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1330 words | (3.8 pages) | Preview

racial inequality

- Some people define race as if it is something solid or concrete, but what they don’t see is that it is a “social fabrication”(Mathew Desmond, Mustafa Emibayer,2009;2). Race is based on the difference in physical appearance which is determined, for example, by the most apparent trait; skin color. Inequality emerges when people living, whether on the same sovereign terrain or across continents, are not treated with the same amount of respect and not given the chance to engage their rights in a free and fair manner....   [tags: Social Fabrication, Serious Poverty]

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1326 words | (3.8 pages) | Preview

The Use of Enjoy The Teargas by Rebel K to Rebel the Turkey´s Government

- ... The government has been accused of pushing forward an Islamist agenda and undermining secularism a founding pillar of the Turkish Republic under Mustafa Kemal Ataturk. There’s also been an increase in restriction of human rights such as freedom of speech, media and people have even been arrested for blasphemy. Turkish people have complained that their country is becoming a surveillance state with the internet being monitored. Conservative education reforms have been on the rise with the Prime Minister declaring that he wants to raise a “pious” generation....   [tags: park, protest, discontent, government]

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658 words | (1.9 pages) | Preview

Nationalist Movements of the Middle East and South Asia after WW1

- The years after World War One brought about vast changes to many parts of the world. Places like South Asia and the Middle East were able to see the need for self government away from foreign control. This sparked a number of nationalist movements during the 1920’s and 1930’s. The Middle East had to Westernize to rid foreign control while India had to be united under non-violence and Hindu values. Before WW1, the Middle East was dominated by outside powers. Egypt was under British control and Persia was divided in to Russian and British spheres of influence....   [tags: world war I, world history]

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1080 words | (3.1 pages) | Preview

Puncak Niaga Holdings Berhad Invests in Water Treatment and Water Distribution

- Puncak Niaga Holdings Berhad is an investment holding company that was established in 1997. The company consists of subsidiaries that focus primarily on the water treatment and water distribution industry. Aside from that, the company lists oil and gas industry and the research and development of water, wastewater and environmental solutions as other core businesses (Puncak Niaga Holdings Berhad [PNHB], n.d.). The company appears to be an example of an oligopoly market structure. One of the reasons Puncak Niaga Holdings Berhad is seen to exist in such a structure is due to the fact that it is one of the few dominating firms in its own market, even though there are still many firms in that sp...   [tags: economy, government, market]

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924 words | (2.6 pages) | Preview

The Five Pillars to Islam: The Hajj or Pilgrimage to Makkah

- ... The forgiveness and restoration experienced by Adam and Eve gives assurance that Allah is willing to forgive people today. The opportunity to experience the love and forgiveness of Allah is encountered, allowing the pilgrim to begin life afresh, being free from past sin, being in peace with themself. "Whoever performs Hajj and stay away from lewdness, wrangling, and obscenities will come home like a newborn." Al-Bukhari. Consequently, such ritual of the Hajj is of great significance to the individual, as it gives focus to the act of forgiveness, which the individual must fulfill, to complete the perfect submission to Allah....   [tags: allah, muslim community]

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The Implementation Of Rapid Management Reform And Simplification Of Branch Structure

- ... Secondly, he simplified CBG, by consolidating branches, asset and resource sharing, and rezoning bus routes, to create a synergic organisational structure. Importantly, directive path-goal leadership style, that is considered acceptable as long as subordinates view it as an immediate or future source of satisfaction (Robbins et al. 1994, p. 488), was used to circumvent resistance. The goals and objectives of Dr Chen’s transformation of CBG correlate to Vroom’s Expectancy Theory or the cognitive process theory of motivation....   [tags: Reward system, Motivation, Job satisfaction]

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Burnout Is A State Of Emotional, Psychological, And Bodily Fatigue

- Burnout is a state of emotional, psychological, and bodily fatigue caused but excessive stress in a person’s life. Burnout seems most likely to occur when a person has a high demand schedule and begins to feel overwhelmed with the constant demands. When stress is a constant matter in a person’s life they begin to question or lose interest in the task they decided to take on in the first place. Burnout diminishes your efficiency and drains your liveliness, leaving the emotional state of abandonment, depression, skepticism, and bitterness....   [tags: Emotion, Personality psychology, Psychology, Time]

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2065 words | (5.9 pages) | Preview

Female Modesty is Controversial in Debates on Gender Rights?

- Why do you think the concept of female modesty is controversial in debates on gender rights. There has recently been a large concern regarding the position of women in Muslim society, a concern that may have been triggered by the current wave of Islamic revivalism. Female modesty has been the main focus for this concern. While Muslims generally argue that there is an ideal gender prototype in Islam, non-Muslims tend to disagree, and emphasise that Islam generally oppresses women . I am going to attempt to study the tradition of veiling in regards to modesty of the female body, putting special emphasis on the new development of feminist notions within the Islamic framework, and will attempt t...   [tags: Muslim Society, Ismalic Revivalism, Gender Roles]

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1606 words | (4.6 pages) | Preview

Turkey: The Rise of Akp Party and the Islam

- Turkey: The rise of Akp Party and the Islam. The last October the Turkey's prime minister Erdogan announced key political reforms which including lifting a ban on Islamic headscarves. The moves come as critics accuse Erdogan of Islamising the secular country. The headscarf controversy is the emblem of a long-standing rivalry in Turkish society between religious conservatives, who form the bulk of Erdogan's Islamic-rooted Justice and Development Party (AKP), and secular opponents. These indeed see the headscarf as a symbol of defiance against the strict separation of state and religion, a basic tenet of modern Turkey....   [tags: Islamic headscarves, secularism]

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2417 words | (6.9 pages) | Preview

Use of Islamic Sharia Law in Commercial Transactions

- Islamic Sharia Law in commercial transactions involves several prohibitions such as those of riba and gharar. Muslim scholars have agreed that the damages caused by dealing with usury and gharar outweigh their benefits; they are forbidden in the Quran and Sunna. However, this prohibition does not necessarily mean that all contracts which contain gharar are invalid; for example, sallam contracts contain gharar. The reason for this is that the benefits have overshadowed the harms. Therefore, the objective of this essay is to analyse Islamic rules in the prohibition of both usury and gharar in an attempt to demonstrate that, although they are prohibited because their harms outweigh their benefi...   [tags: Sharia Law]

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1281 words | (3.7 pages) | Preview

Turkey and the Arab World: Follow our lead!

- Historically, the nation of Turkey has been a major player on the international political front. With its geography situating Turkey at the interstices of Europe and the Middle East, the Turkish state has held a unique and highly fluctuating role in both regions. Despite long-standing allegiances to the West, during the last decade; dominated by the Islamist Justice and Development Party (AKP), a large Muslim population, and a charismatic leader (Prime Minister) Recep Tayyip Erdoğan. Turkey has witnessed growing trade and relations with its Middle Eastern neighbors, significant economic growth, and an apparent growing appetite for combative international affairs....   [tags: Middle East ]

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Success or Failure: Its All In Your Head?

- Sports are one of the most important parts of our culture in the United States. A vast majority of people in our country grew up playing an organized team sport and even if they did not participate in an organized team sport they surely played a sport in school growing up or at the nearest park or school yard. Sport is a part of human nature and exists all over the world, even in the most sheltered and closed off countries. While it is all fun and games, when one reaches a certain level it may seem to turn into something much different....   [tags: sports, stereotypes, athletes]

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847 words | (2.4 pages) | Preview

The 1979 Revolution and Modern Day Iran

- Iran is the first and the only proclaimed Islamic republic in the world. Its constitution dates back to 1979 when a coalition of clerics, students, merchants and intellectuals overthrew the Pahlavian monarchy under a revolution popularly known as the 1979 Revolution (Rehan, 4). The 1979 Revolution also referred to as the Iranian Revolution or the Islamic Revolution, refers to the events that involved the overthrowing of the Pahlavi dynasty under the leadership of Mohammed Shah Pahlavi and its replacement with an Islamic republic under the leadership of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeni....   [tags: Political Science]

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1628 words | (4.7 pages) | Preview

Targeted Killings in the Fight Against Terrorism

- Introduction Just ten years ago the United States publically condemned Israel’s use of targeted killings against Palestinian terrorists. Martin S. Indyk, the former American ambassador to Israel, said in a statement on 5 July 2001, '‘The United States government is very clearly on the record as against targeted assassinations…they are extrajudicial killings, and we do not support that.’' However, after September 11th, the US makes frequent use of the controversial tactic in the global war on terrorism....   [tags: Terrorism]

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1487 words | (4.2 pages) | Preview

World War One and The Middle East

- Introduction Over the course of human history, wars have always created, destroyed or enveloped nations, states or empires. Examples of these include the Final War of the Roman Republic, which culminated with the Battle of Actium in 31 BCE, to the Franco-Prussian War of 1871 which created a unified German state. However, World War One is known to have had the greatest impact on human civilization. It dragged in almost every continent into the conflict, halted global trade, led to the demolition of four empires, and gave nationalism everywhere a boost....   [tags: International Conflict ]

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Absolute Monarchy in Different Empires Throughout History

- Absolute monarchs ruled though the policy of absolutism. Absolutism declared that the king ruled though divine right with a legitimate claim to sole and uncontested authority (French State Building and Louis XIV). On this basis, Louis XIV of France and Suleiman I of the Ottoman Empire were both absolute monarchs. Each ruler believed that his power belonged to him and him alone due to divine right. They showed their absolute power by living lavishly, increased their power by waging wars, and kept their power by ensuring complete loyalty of their subjects....   [tags: absolutism, louis XIV, suleiman I]

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Not Even My Name by Theo Halo

- Woodrow Wilson had a different solution to the monarchy-vacuum: ethnically-based, national democracies. In a way, he is replacing the adherence to one family's bloodline with adherence to a collective bloodline. The crumbling Ottoman Empire is one power that attempted such a national identity. Britain began to carve up the Ottoman Empire into little pieces, leaving the ethnic Turks, who had been dominant in the empire, with a considerably smaller base of land. In reaction, Mustafa Kemal, a military commander, led them to move their capital inland to Ankara and declare war on the states that were claiming pieces of Anatolia....   [tags: woodrow wilson, japanese, democracy]

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The Transformation of Civil-Military Relations in Turkey

- Thorny Road of Change The Transformation of Civil–Military Relations in Turkey Subject: Political Cultures and Economies in Transition Before Abdul Fattah al-Sisi’s sudden rise to fame, the renowned example of civilian-military relations anomaly in the Middle East is Turkey: elected officials run routine government business under the watch of a powerful military, and they are ready to be deposed if things go awry. Today, we see a different image of the civilian government gaining ground and senior commanders of the military willing to concede....   [tags: political cultures and economies in transition]

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Personal Statement: I Want a Business Degree

- ... I’m currently completing my studies in Little Ilford School; I have been predicted A-C's for my GSCEs. The GCSEs that I chose were: Religious Education, History and French. For my Religious Education GCSE I obtained an 'A' and now strive to achieve not just ‘A’s but, 'A*'s for my other subjects. Being an indomitable and motivated person I have high expectation for myself therefore, I set myself goals which are achievable and create a pathway for me to be successful in the future. During my time in secondary school, my skills have payed off at various occasions for example: due to my hard work and effort I was amongst the few people chosen to go to France in Year 8, which was one of the m...   [tags: career choices and opportunities]

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The Relationship Between Western And Western Imperialism

- ... The entire of the United States into the war was called the Grand Alliance which defeated the Axis Powers, which where Germany, Italy and Japan. There were three major allies during this and that was the United States, Britain and the Soviet Union but they had to overcome distrust before they could work together. The primary factor that helped lead the Allies to victory during World War 2 was the fact that they had a lot of the needed resources. Their army and their weapons where extremely advanced....   [tags: World War II, Soviet Union, World War I]

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Education's Role in Trinidad and Tobago

- Education and schooling has always played a pivotal role in the development of societies the world over and specifically in the context of Trinidad and Tobago. Education and schooling in this country as in any other is an investment in citizens that will reap benefits for all through research and innovation, physical and social mobility, improved opportunities and health. Though the exam – driven nature of our system makes it different from North America (Lochan 2005), education remains the means through which we can demonstrate how, as a people we are dependent on each other as we attempt to build communities in which we can live harmoniously despite our cultural differences....   [tags: Caribbean Education, Caribbean schools]

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Islam and Gender Equality in Turkey

- Unlike its other Islamic neighbors, Turkey abolished Sharia law and became a secular nation in the 1920s. As a result, women in Turkey had rights and freedoms not enjoyed by women in any other predominantly Islamic country (Arat 870). The first president of the newly transformed country was named Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, who wore western-style clothing. Though Turkey was secular, it was not democratic, as one party ruled (Arat 870). By the 1950s things began to change again as Turkey transitioned to a multi-party system and the Islamists began to campaign more loudly and publicly for the right to practice their faith in public (Arat 871)....   [tags: Islam ]

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Turkey's Accession to the European Union

- Relations between Turkey and European integration institutions began with Turkey’s application for associate membership in the European Economic Community(EEC) in 1959. Turkey applied for full membership in the EEC in 1987 but did not gain candidate status until 1999. Since 1999, relations between Turkey and the European Union (EU) have gained momentum, and Turkey’s EU accession negotiations began in 2005. Since that time, discussions about the implications of Turkey’s prospective EU membership have become more serious and extensive in both Turkey and the EU.the potential advantages and drawbacks of Turkey’s EU membership for both Turkey and the EU....   [tags: European Union Essays]

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The Legitimacy of U.S. Drone Strikes

- Introduction September 11 attacks marked an unprecedented development and advancement of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), commonly known as drones. Because of their technological capabilities and strategic advantages, drones have been used by the United States government as one of the main weapons in ‘war against terrorism.’ An unmanned aircraft was first used by Elmer Sperry, creator of the gyroscope, when sinking a German captured battleship, but its usage for military purposes began after 1985 (Shaw, 2012, p....   [tags: jus ad bellum, terrorism, Pakistan, Bush, Obama]

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Brave New World by Aldoux Huxley

- Science and Technology have a strong influence on the daily lives of the citizens in the world state. The first influence is through the use of drugs and in particular, soma. Soma is a drug that is used in the world state by everyone to create false happiness. When john, Bernard and Helmholtz meet Mustafa mond the leader of the world state, Mond explains the beneficial effects of simply consuming one drug on a daily basis. “Now, you swallow two or three half-gramme tablets, and there you are. Anybody can be virtuous now....   [tags: science, technology, religion]

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1167 words | (3.3 pages) | Preview

Taking a Look at Syrian Kurds

- Sometime in late October 2013, as Syria’s civil war raged one, Muslim fighters captured the strategic town of Yarubiyah on the border between Iraq and Syria. The loss of Yarubiyah was a defeat for the Jihadist rebel groups attempting to overthrow the embattled dictator Bashar Al-Assad. However, their defeat did not come at the hands of Assad’s forces. In the midst of the civil war, a third party has fortified its stake in the future of Syria: the Kurds. Initially insisting on their neutrality at the outset of the conflict, the Kurds soon took control of a large swath of territory in Northern Syria....   [tags: struggle for autonomy, civil war]

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Business Analysis: Cathay Pacific Airways Limited

- ... According to Mankiw et al. (2012), price of seat increases will cause the quantity supplied increases which is stated in the law of supply. Climatic condition such as storm causes the supply curve shift downward (refer to Figure 1). This means the quantity supplied decreases during that time. Demand, shows quantity of a product consumers are willing to purchase, at different price points, during a certain time period. There is a negative relationship between price and quantity demanded of the commodity concerned, demand curve slope downward (Mankiw et al., 2012)....   [tags: oligopoly, profit reduction, fuel cost]

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1505 words | (4.3 pages) | Preview

Wildfire Is An Abiotic Ecological Disturbance

- Wildfire is an abiotic ecological disturbance with a disparate global distribution, initiated by the presence of three fundamental conditions: ignitable vegetation, an environment conducive to combustion, and a catalyst. Whilst these three conditions offer assistance in the prediction of where pyrogeographical hazards may occur, extreme weather conditions and human activity can foster new environments in which wildfires may transpire (Van der Werf et al, 2006). Recent geographical developments have changed the emphasis from analysis of human responses to wildfire, to socio-psychological, cultural and political ecological analyses of why humans are endangered by these natural processes, and h...   [tags: Risk, Sociology, Hazard, Human behavior]

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1499 words | (4.3 pages) | Preview

Aldous Huxley 's Brave New World

- Aldous Huxley’s A Brave New World A Brave New World is a thrilling combination of both malicious and brilliant morals and symbols. This “Brave New World” is a dystopian society set in 2540 A.D. or 632 A.F. (After Ford). It is a novel about how happiness cannot be artificially grown or taught, it is one’s own and is different for everyone. Bernard and Helmholtz are the only people in their dystopian society to really think for their selves. The most significant characters in the book are Bernard Marx, John the Savage, Lenina Crowne, Mustafa Mond, and Helmholtz Watson....   [tags: Brave New World, Aldous Huxley, The World State]

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A Reflection On The Prayer Center

- Brotherhood As I begin to slow down and take the right turn into the Orland Park Prayer Center, I began to reminisce about my childhood and how important this place was to me and my family. I had just walked into the mosque and was politely greeted by everyone I seen there whether I knew them or not, as always. We began to line up shoulder to shoulder to start our Isha prayer, which is the nightly prayer done daily part of the five daily prayers. After the prayer was over, the Imam, the one who leads the prayers in the mosque, began his inspiring lessons on Islam, as we all sat and listened quietly.The Imam then approached me and asked “Ameen right?” I nodded yes with a smile and a firm ha...   [tags: Islam, Muhammad, Muslim, Prayer]

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Objectification And Its Effects On Society

- ... The movie received high reviews, even though an actual plot was missing from the movie, thus proving that men are also objectified. Another example of men being objectified is how all models appear similarly in advertisements and commercials. These males that are modeling for these advertisements have a certain physique in order to appear desirable. Men who are advertising need to be young, toned, have a strong jawline, muscular, and attractive. If they do not fit this criteria, they are not fit to advertise the company’s merchandise....   [tags: Gender, Male, Female body shape, Female]

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William Shakespeare 's Romeo And Juliet

- ... As Shakespeare once said, “love is too young to know what conscience is.” An article from New York University press also mentions that “none of the tragedies would have occurred if Romeo and Juliet were not married. When Tybalt challenged Romeo to a fight, Romeo, now being related to Tybalt through marriage, refused to fight When Mercutio stepped in to defend Romeo’s honor, Romeo tried to stop the fighting. It was his interference that led to Mercutio’s death. Shortly thereafter, in a rage that would cause his banishment, Romeo lashed out at Tybalt and killed him....   [tags: Romeo and Juliet, Characters in Romeo and Juliet]

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Sexuality in the New Arcadia

- Mustafa Rana The focus of this essay is to explore sexuality presented by Philoclea in the New Arcadia. Philoclea cultivates a relationship towards another women in the book. Yet readers understand that Zelmane is in fact Pyrocles. Sidney allows the reader to be given the impression that until Pyrocles admits to be Zelmane, Philoclea would be shown to have a homosexual tendencies. Philoclea herself is certain that a same-sex friendship is giving way to sexual desire. It becomes easy for us to think of the man with whom she is in love as a woman....   [tags: Literary Analysis ]

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1350 words | (3.9 pages) | Preview

Secret Societies and Dönme Secrecy

- Secret Societies and the Dönme secrecy Simmel (1906) argues that secret societies are an alternative community that provide invisibility and protection to its members. The protective function of secrecy is a central feature in secret societies. This central feature is recognized on a dual contingency: (1) members of the community are concerned with the protection of ideas, objects, activities, and/or sentiments to which they attach a positive value; (2) the members pursue this protection by controlling the distribution of information about the valued elements ....   [tags: Dönme, Simmel, Zorlu]

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The Hamidiye Light Cavalry Regiments

- Introduction: In the spring of 1891 dressed in their special attire, the Kurdish chiefs proclaimed their loyalty to the Sultan Abdülhamid II. Named after the sultan, the indoctrination of the Kurdish tribal cavalry unit (Hamidiye) into the Ottoman fold was met with protests from both foreign and domestic observers over the nature of the unit. Early critics of the Hamidiye questioned the discipline and sincerity of the militia. The Hamidiye Light Cavalry Regiments were an irregular militia composed of select Kurdish tribes under the command of the sultan’s trusted brethren, Sakir Pasha and Zeki Pasha....   [tags: kurds, irregular militia, ottomans]

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United States Intervention in Iraq

- ... 2009 March – United States President Barack Obama announces withdrawal of most United States troops by end of August 2010. Up to 50,000 of 142,000 troops now there will stay on into 2011 to advise Iraqi forces and protect United States interests, leaving by end of 2011. 6. United States pull out 2011 December – United States completes troop pull-out. Pattern: The 2003 campaign to remove Saddam Hussein began with a United States missile attack on Baghdad in the early hours of March 20. United States military forces invaded Iraq....   [tags: the war on terrorism]

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Huxley 's Brave New World

- Huxley’s Brave New World vs Orwell’s 1984 We live for love, friendships, family and God. The emotions of everyday life are a natural part of us. The physical, mental and emotional interactions are what make us human and set us apart from the rest of the organisms on this earth. Unfortunately, this is not the case in Orwell’s 1984 and Huxley’s Brave New World. In both novels, there is an extreme theme of an anti-utopian society, in which the main objective is the elimination of the natural human experience....   [tags: Brave New World, Nineteen Eighty-Four]

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Lost Identity Found

- Lost Identity Found Stuart Hall writes that “Identity is not as transparent or unproblematic as we think” (Hall 392). Hanif Kareishi, a visual minority growing up in racially charged England, experiences uncertainty and frustration relating to his sense of identity. Salman Rushdie, author of short stories “The Courter” and “Good Advice Is Rarer Than Rubies,” develops characters who experience similar identity crises. In his piece, “The Rainbow Sign,” Kareishi explores three responses to encounters with a foreign and hostile culture: outright rejection of the foreign culture, complete assimilation into foreign culture, or adoption of a synthesis of the two cultures....   [tags: Cultural Identities Culture Identity Essays]

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1866 words | (5.3 pages) | Preview

Education In Turkey

- EDUCATION IN TURKEY Education is the act or process of providing knowledge skills or competence by a formal course of instruction or training. Through out history societies have sought to educate their people to produce goods and services, to respond effectively and creatively to their world, and to satisfy their curiosity and aesthetic impulses. To achieve reliable knowledge and to think systematically. Over the course of human history education has appeared in many forms, both formalised and informal....   [tags: essays research papers fc]

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1791 words | (5.1 pages) | Preview

The Treaty of Versailles

- Paris 1919 brought a political move that would alter history in ways its creators never foresaw. The Treaty of Versailles, written at the Paris Peace Conference by the Big Four allied nations, officially ended World War I and stated the terms of settlement. Representatives from the United States, Britain, France, and Italy made up the Big Four: Woodrow Wilson, David Lloyd George, Georges Clemenceau, and Vittorio Orlando respectively. Although Orlando eventually walked out because he wasn’t getting everything he wanted (Meyer 610)....   [tags: Politics, The Marshall Plan]

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1921 words | (5.5 pages) | Preview

The History of Turkey

- Throughout history, the middle east has often been the focus of news reporters. A middle eastern country that has not been exempt from this, is Turkey. Turkey has not only been a focus, but it also has had a very long, complicated history. The history of turkey is a very long and detailed one. Turkey was originally settled by groups of farmers probably thousands of years ago. Today, historians call these people the Hittites. During their time, the Hittites were ruled by kings, and had their high officials buried in shaft tombs....   [tags: turkish history, middle eastern history]

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The Influence of Advertisement

- It's a well-known fact that advertising plays a huge role in marketing and getting consumers to purchase a company's product. Often these advertisements subtly convey a message about how people should act or how they should live their lives, or prey on consumer's insecurities in order to appeal to them. Sometimes it is important to not just look at the literal meaning of the advertisement, but to look past that and see what the commercial is really telling you, or what the commercial is really selling....   [tags: Old Spice, Message]

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915 words | (2.6 pages) | Preview

Special Tribunal for Lebanon

- The office of the Prosecutor is headed by the main prosecutor for the Tribunal, Normal Farrell, originally of Canada. This office has many responsibilities including the continued investigation of the crimes in question and the prosecution of all those indicted. The office must investigate the events leading up to, occurring and following February 14, 2005 that are or may be associated with the plot to assassinated Rafiq Hariri and all those crimes that the Security Council says falls within the purview of the Tribunal....   [tags: pot to assesinate Rafiq Hariri, ]

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1267 words | (3.6 pages) | Preview

The Muslim Brotherhood Beginnings

-   Al-ʾIkḫwān al-Muslimūn or the Muslim Brotherhood is an organization that strives for an Islamic world. Since its beginnings, members have become involved in politics and in their communities, but their methods have been constantly questioned. Their influence has become worldwide with groups in several countries across the world ,and it is in Egypt where the organization began. Beginnings in Egypt   The Muslim Brotherhood began in March 1928 by Hasan al-Banna, an egyptian teacher, after seven of his friends agreed that al-Bana should lead them in better serving Allah....   [tags: Islam, Egypt]

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Kurdistan's Choice of Independence

- ... According to “The Investment Fact Sheet” of the investment board of the KRG, the 2012 public budget is $12.5Bn . This is a relatively large budget to sustain a country. When it comes to geography, the fear of a total sanction from all sides is possibly overrated. Countries like turkey will mostly not oppose this step due to their large scale trading with the Iraqi Kurdistan region. According to figures by “Kurdistan Ministry of Trade & Industry”, 60% of the companies that work in the KRG are Turkish companies ....   [tags: desire for a Kurdish state]

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918 words | (2.6 pages) | Preview

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