Your search returned over 400 essays for "Majority"
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Role of the Majority in a Society

- One of the defining principles of democratic society is the idea that “majority rules.” Despite the fundamental nature of this principle, it has been challenged by some of the greatest thinkers in history. Henry David Thoreau, Emmeline Pankhurst and Karl Marx are among these great thinkers who have commented on the role of the majority in different political and social situations. In works such as, “Civil Disobedience,” “Why We Are Militant,” and the “Communist Manifesto,” they point out some of the inherent flaws with the “majority rules” maxim....   [tags: Karl Marx, Henry Thoreau, Pankhurst]

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Equality vs The Tyranny of Majority

- “Tyranny of Majority” is a phenomenon in a democratic society where decisions are made by the majority group and the decision oppresses the minority group, comparable to that of tyrants. The term was first used by John Adams in 1781. It was later popularized by Alexis de Tocqueville in his book: Democracy in America; and further spread by John Stuart Mill. In their works, both Mill and Tocqueville are concerned about the existence of the tyranny of majority in democracy and saw the necessity of a civic culture that supported liberty and diversity in order to prevent such tragedy....   [tags: Democracy and Equality]

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Electoral College: Tyranny of the Majority

- With a Presidential election year upon us, the United States’ national election process will once again take its place at center stage of American politics. 200 years after the Electoral College’s creation, it still serves its intended purpose, but the increasing social and political awareness in America has caused a need to look at reform in this process. The question that should be asked by every citizen as they participate in the vote next year is if the Electoral College enables the wishes of the people to be truly represented....   [tags: Politics]

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1794 words | (5.1 pages) | Preview

Is Congress Really Representing the Majority?

- In our recent past, there has been laws pass that, not all of which are necessarily unconstitutional but defiantly not in the interest of the normal average citizens. I wonder often if our elected officials are in touch with the needs of the masses. If they are in touch with the ill’s that plague our country. Or is it only about looking out for number one and their wealthy donors. Many others feel the same. The majority of the last 30 years the legislation has not reflected the best interest of the public as much as it should and in some cases not at all....   [tags: representation of the American people]

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The Muslim Majority State of Pakistan

- INTRODUCTION The Muslim majority state of Pakistan was created in 1947 when the Indian sub-continent was divided. Since then, Pakistan has been plagued with domestic political hostility and regional conflicts. Originally, Pakistan was divided into two parts (east and west) to appease the complaints of Indian Muslims. The eastern part is present day Bangladesh, while the western part is the present day Islamic Republic of Pakistan (Human Rights Watch 2014). Over the past few decades, Pakistan has faced much corruption and inefficiency....   [tags: ICCPR, religious minorities]

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Majority Rule and Minority Rights

- Majority rule can often lead to tyranny because of the pursuit of the majorities’ interests; however, with the Supreme Court and its interpretation of the Constitution, minority groups are often able to rule over the unjust majority. Majority rule is essential in a democracy and having limits does not contradict the majority’s power. The principles of majority rule can be upheld while the rights of minorities are protected as long as justice is maintained through the checks on majority factions and justified court rulings....   [tags: protecting minorities]

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1354 words | (3.9 pages) | Preview

The Minority vs The Majority

- Historically, minority populations have found themselves put down and oppressed by a stronger majority. Literature has documented the struggle of the minority, and focused on the individuals that overcome the oppression and succeed. The movie, The North Country, displays the trouble between new women workers and the established men workers in a Minnesota mine. Champion of the World, depicts the fight of Black heavy weight boxer, Joe Louis, who represents his race in a battle for equality. The story, Fish Cheeks, portrays the encounter of a young child with her culture, and the imposing forces of conformity....   [tags: Social Studies]

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1190 words | (3.4 pages) | Preview

Political Majority and Federal Spending

- Abstract This paper addresses the following question: what determines government spending in the United States. In short, I believe real government spending to be a function of partisan political control. Specifically, I hypothesizes that a majority congressional representation by either the Democrats or the Republicans does not affect the level real federal government spending. In other words, government spending does not increase due to a Democrat majority or decline due to a Republican majority.  Introduction Every two years on the first Tuesday in November, Americans across the country vote on who will represent them in the Federal government....   [tags: Government]

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Majority or Minority Influence

- This essay concerns social influence in general. Aspects of social influence as such as majority influence and minority influence will be discussed in terms of their underlying psychological processes and how they differ. Majority influence or conformity refers to the desire to belong or to fit in within a particular group which involves adopting certain attributes, behaviour and attitudes of a particular group. As a result individuals consequently experience group pressure (in Baron, Branscombe & Byrne 2008)....   [tags: Politics, Compliance, Conversion]

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Minority and majority rights

- The rights of many people versus the rights of an individual is certainly a vexing concept. Like a delicate balancing act; if one side is favoured over the other it causes a rift in the already strained relationship between the minority and majority. Evidently, the justification of taking any side must be valid, according to the theories of H.L.A. Hart. In the past, Canadian law has violated the rights of minorities; however, these violations have decreased in their severity as time has passed on....   [tags: Canada]

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1801 words | (5.1 pages) | Preview

Constitutionalism: The Tyranny Of The Majority

- In this excerpt from Democracy in America Alexis Tocqueville expresses his sentiments about the United States democratic government. Tocqueville believes the government's nature exists in the absolute supremacy of the majority, meaning that those citizens of the United States who are of legal age control legislation passed by the government. However, the power of the majority can exceed its limits. Tocqueville believed that the United States was a land of equality, liberty, and political wisdom....   [tags: essays research papers]

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The Criticisms of Majority Influence Research

- The Criticisms of Majority Influence Research In 1935, Sheriff studied conformity in an ambiguous situation using a phenomenon known as the auto kinetic effect. This was done by shining a dot of light onto a wall in a dark room and asking participants to stare at it for a length of time. He would then ask how far they thought it had moved. Even though the dot did not move at all and participants were not told, therefore the participants always had an answer. Sheriff’s study was criticised for having no physical means of testing reality, high ambiguity and for not having a single correct answer....   [tags: Papers]

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Truth and the Majority View

- Truth and the Majority View The majority view occurs in a wide range of judgments from a few friends arguing over a football game to worldwide opinion of global ecology. The purpose of this essay is to explore the formation of a majority view and test the validity of its judgment using the reality principle. The reality principle Wittgenstein's private language argument attacks the idea of the private object. Essentially, his claim is that if I cannot be wrong about 'the colour blue looks to me' then I cannot be right either....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Essays]

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The Black Majority by Mary Lee and Barry Wood

- The Black Majority The Black Majority was written by, Peter H. Wood. Wood was born to Mary Lee and Barry Wood. He grew up in Baltimore, Maryland and later went to Harvard University where he received a Ph.D. The Black Majority: Negroes in Colonial South Carolina from 1670 through the Stono Rebellion is one of Wood’s greatest accomplishments. The book has been awarded prizes and was incorporated into how historians studied African American History. In this book Woods does a fantastic job a summarizing the history of slaves in South Carolina in a very detailed way....   [tags: black history, colonial history]

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Slavery Evolved: A Minority Control A Majority of The Wealth

- When Americans today consider the term “slavery,” they recall a dark time in their nation's past, when an entire race of people were subjugated solely for the color of their skin, a travesty of civil rights that progressive thinking has striven to heal, insofar as paving the way to the election of an African-American president. Slavery is an antiquated practice from a draconian past, and it has no relevance in this modern, enlightened age. What Americans fail to comprehend is that slavery is not only alive and well, but thriving, and fueling the global economy at the expense of human lives....   [tags: african americans, civil rights, globalization]

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Letter from a Birmingham Jail by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.

- In his “Letter from a Birmingham Jail”, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. spoke of the “appalling silence” of those who are innately good, yet refuse to take any action, expressing that nonexpression is a greater evil than any radical viewpoint. To this group, you, who may not vote, who may not speak out against injustice, who may not express any opinions, I ask of you: does this silent portion of the population still exist, quietly living its lives and creating minimal impact on the world around it, or are King’s messages antiquated and outdated in modern society....   [tags: the silent majority]

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Examining the Collectivities that Protect the Existing Incarceration Policies

- In a society that claims freedom and equality is a constitutional right, the United States has unprecedented rates of individuals in incarceration. According to the Stanford Law Review, over two million individuals were incarcerated in the year 2002, the majority African Americans (Roberts, 2004). The high rate of incarceration creates the illusion of a nation with a terrible crime epidemic and a need for a 'tough on crime' attitude to keep the streets safe, although this is far from reality. The influx of prisoners is not due to a rise in dangerous crimes, but is in result of public policy changes and the social construction of institutions....   [tags: minorities are the majority]

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Majority Rule

- Majority Rule According to John C. Calhoun’s “Disquisition on Government”, Rousseau’s ideas were wrong. Unlike Rousseau, Calhoun believes that man is more self-interested than socially interested therefore Rousseau’s idea of a sovereign making a fair general interest decision obsolete. Calhoun acknowledges the fact that in any society there has to be a decision making procedure and a form of power. He then explains how that power will naturally make self-interest a priority. Calhoun breaks up the decision making process of voting into two different categories, numerical/absolute majority and constitutional/concurrent majority....   [tags: Essays Papers]

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Majority vs Minorities

- Majority vs Minorities The majority and the minority bring forth change in policy in a democratic society. Majority rule means that, if there were an over whelming amount of support on a issue their voices would be heard by the government. Our government is run on a majority rule. People in our society elect officials and put their faiths in them to make their choices. In a majority rule the basic concept of democracy is that the people ultimately rule. The Government passes laws that appear to be the “deliberative will” of the people....   [tags: essays research papers]

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A Young American's Discovery of the Silent Majority

- A Young American's Discovery of the Silent Majority History panders to the glorious and dramatic while often there is a story untold. Perhaps it is less exciting, but no less crucial in understanding history as a whole. Thus is the story of the “silent majority.” On November 3rd 1969, one year after his victory in the United States Presidential race, President Nixon issued an address to the American public in which he coined the term “silent majority.” President Nixon’s address began by describing the situation he inherited when taking office....   [tags: Essays Papers]

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Individual Freedom vs. Majority Rule

- Individual Freedom vs. Majority Rule Freedom is one of the most central and certainly most emotive issues in political philosophy. It has been discussed since the times of ancient Greece, and is still as controversial and divisive a topic as ever. This question deals with two separate questions concerning freedom: Firstly, why we consider freedom necessary, and secondly, what exactly is meant by freedom. Clearly, the answer to the second part will greatly affect the answer to the first, but it shall be seen that it is a very challenging task to arrive at a definition of freedom....   [tags: Politics Political Science]

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Shareholder Agreements Mitigate the Majority vs Minority of Agency Problems

- Shareholder’s agreements are contractual documents that work as a complement to the constituent documents and that are usually kept secret. They include clauses which intend to level the rights between majority and minority shareholders, so that no single block (majority shareholders) can adopt decisions that would bind or undermine the other block (minority shareholders). These clauses are the rearrangement of voting rights, appointment rights or exit rights, for example. Shareholder agreements allow for the rearranging of voting rights so that in the case of a corporate decision to make fundamental changes such as in the structure, the bylaws or to merge the company, the power is fairly di...   [tags: clauses, incentive, representation]

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Discrimination Committed by Majority Group to Minority Group in the Afghan society

- In the society of Afghanistan, the majority groups committed discriminations to the minority groups for various reasons, which was one significant theme that both novels shared in common for the reason that it played significant roles in both The Kite Runner and A Thousand Splendid Suns. Khaled Hosseini, the author of both novels, highlighted mainly on ethnic, sexual, and social discriminations that the majority groups committed to the minority groups while blending them into the similarities of these two characters: Hassan from The Kite Runner and Mariam from A Thousand Splendid Suns in terms of births, sexualities, and educations....   [tags: Khaled Hosseini novels, story analysis]

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Our Multi-Party System in the United States Shows the Majority Rules

- Does the phrase Majority Rules sound familiar. You probably recall using it as a child to decide what game you and your friends would play at recess. Typically someone would propose two options, and each person would raise their hand to signify the game they were more in favor of, and which ever game had the most hands raised would be the game played. Complementary to this The United States of America functions on a parallel system known as winner takes all, or the Plurality election, where there is a Two – Party system implemented....   [tags: political, votes, democracy]

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Ireland, Unlike the Majority of Countries Affected by the Euro Zone Crisis

- ... Similar to our housing crisis of the mid-2000’s, Ireland’s banks had to pick up the slack in the loans. This is where the government comes into play; the Irish government had previously guaranteed the six main Irish banks meaning the banks losses were the government’s losses. The banks lost 100 billion following the collapse, unemployment rates rose from 4% to 14% and because the government guaranteed the banks, Ireland went from having a surplus to a 32% GDP deficit. While bank losses continued to rise and credit ratings continued to fall, the Irish government had to seek assistance from the EU and IMF resulting in a 67.5 billion (Euro) “bailout” agreement....   [tags: Celtic tiger, bank bailout]

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Race and the Census: Effect on the Social Context of Cultural and Social Identity

- The focus of this research study is to explore the construct of race in the census survey and the effect that it has on the social context of both cultural and social identity. These changes are based on the evolving landscape of the population as it pertains to the characteristics of its people. The Census was first administered in the 1790 and would take place every ten years . Its main purpose was to better respond to the needs of its citizens and how the government would represent the growing population....   [tags: White Majority, American Public]

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The Importance of Constitution to Our Democracy

- ... On the opposite side, others insists that the constitution is absolutely useless since it is widely adopted in the numerous autocratic states, and used to retain the power and authority in hands of current government. Basically, those debates reflects the controversial nature of statecraft. My paperwork is intended to consider the role of the constitution and constitutional court in democratic society. As R. Dahrendolf mentioned, constitutional democracy can be achieved in three stages: 1. The drafting and implementation of a new constitution that sets up the core values of statehood, fundamental rights, the main models of the rule of law, independent and unbiased carrying out of justic...   [tags: majority, power, economy]

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Palgo Holdings v Gowans: Security

- INTRODUCTION In Palgo Holdings v Gowans , the High Court considered the distinction between a security in the form of a pawn or pledge and a security in the form of a chattel mortgage. The question was whether section 6 of the Pawnbrokers and Second-hand Dealers Act 1996 (NSW) (‘the 1996 Pawnbrokers Act’) extended to a business that structured its loan agreements as chattel mortgages. In a four to one majority (Kirby J dissenting) the High Court found that chattel mortgages fell outside the ambit of section 6 of the 1996 Pawnbrokers Act....   [tags: legal issue, majority judgment]

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Early Christianity in Rome through Opposition of the Majority

- Christianity today, practiced by over 2 billion followers, is undoubtedly the world's largest religion. But of course, it hasn't always been this way. It began in the city of Rome, around the time of the Emperor Claudius who reigned from 41 to 54 CE. It is believed to have originated in the Roman province of Judea . Geography usually plays a big role in determining the success of developing cultures. According to Michael Gough, who wrote The Early Christians, this was the case for Christianity because the "geography [...] determined the direction and rate of spread of the new religion." However, with a good geography comes great diversity as well....   [tags: European History]

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The Existance of Racism

- “A world map of countries whose citizens are affected by Special Registration now overlaps almost exactly with the map of Muslim-majority countries, extending from Algeria to Indonesia” (Engler, Sarkar 97). According to the American Heritage College Dictionary, racism has two meanings. Firstly, racism is, “Discrimination or prejudice based on race.” Dr. Eduardo Bonilla-Silva says, “There is a strong empirical evidence of the persistence of racism in American Society American Society. While Whites are more likely to express support for the idea of racial equality than they were in the 1950′s and 1960′s, support for policies and government programs to actualize and enact racial equality i...   [tags: discrimination, muslim-majority countries]

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Claims to Kashmir

- Kashmir is the land of awe-inspiring beauty. Through its incredible and breathtaking beauty, it has earned itself the name of the "Switzerland of the East". Beautiful rivers, calm lakes, tremendous gardens, peak meadows are some of the features of the remarkable landscapes of the Kashmir valley. The peaceful rivers, shiny waterfalls, attractive surrounding and the evergreen forests of Kashmir add to its beauty. Kashmir tourism is also famous for the exotic flora and fauna found in the region. Three mountain ranges surround it the Himalayas- Karakoram, Zanaskar and Pir Panjal....   [tags: Pakistan, Islam, Muslim Majority]

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Promoting and Protecting Minority Rights

- The founding fathers of the United States Constitution suspected that through democracy, a government ruled by the majority, the majority could easily become tyrannical in its usage of unrestricted power. That is, in denying or denoting the rights of certain minority groups. These fathers included Thomas Jefferson who stated in his 1801 Inaugural Address for President of the United States, “All, too, will bear in mind this sacred principle, that though the will of the majority is in all cases to prevail, that will to be rightful must be reasonable; that the minority possess their equal rights, which equal law must protect, and to violate would be oppression.” Despite the possibili...   [tags: Democracy, Majority Rule, Minority Rights]

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Sticking to Your Guns or Conforming to Social Pressure in a Study, “A Minority of One Against a Unanimous Majority” by Solomon E. Asch

- ... The control group was instructed to act passively to the critical subject’s responses and not act surprised at whatever choice they made. The entire experiment was conducted at three different colleges and consisted of random samplings of the student population. (Asch) Trials in the experiment consisted of neutral trials, where the majority responded correctly to gain the trust of the critical subject and critical trials, where the majority responded incorrectly. In some of the trials, the majority was instructed to pick lines that were much further away from the actual length of the test line....   [tags: experiment, pressure, responses]

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The Courts Should Not Have the Right to Make Legislation that the Majority of People Do Not Approve Of

- The Courts Should Not Have the Right to Make Legislation that the Majority of People Do Not Approve Of Democracy is defined by Merriam - Webster's dictionary as "government by the people; especially: rule of the majority." America was founded to protect individual's rights and freedoms from being violated by the government. Our Constitution and the Bill of Rights were specifically written to limit the powers of the government. The courts should not have the right to make legislation that the majority of people do not approve of....   [tags: Papers]

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Sri Lanka

- Obtaining true Independence for Sri Lanka as a nation from the British was a long struggle which began in 1915 due to a rivalry between the Sri Lankan Muslims and the Sinhalese Majority over commercial interests which led to a riot in Colombo, the administrative capital of what is then known to the world as Ceylon (Corporation, 2008). The British, in response to the riots among the Ceylonese and the Muslims, placed the sole blame of these riots on the Sinhalese and implemented strict punishments on the Sinhalese showing (Irāman̲ātan̲, 1916)....   [tags: Politics, Sinhalese Majority ]

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“One Man of Courage Makes a Majority”

- What is courage. Is it the ability to confront fear, pain, and uncertainty (Merriam Webster Dictionary). Is it bravery in the face of Death and physical pain, or is it the will to take a stand against popular opposition for what is right. Courage could be said to be embodied by all of these, but is courage, at its very base, something more. Is courage the determination to act rightly, to preserve one’s virtue, whether or not you consciously decide so or not. Is courage not found in the very heart and soul of an individual, rather than a calculated and deliberate decision to act so....   [tags: harry potter]

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Ethical Quandaries

- During the process of planning for catastrophic events there are many ethical quandaries that must be addressed by the planners but the common denominator in most of them is how to be fair and respectful to all while also providing the best protection for the most people. And just what exactly is fair and what about the situations that present conflicts between fair and safe. There are several different typologies concerning how to be fair, respectful, and provide the best for the most. During the planning stage of preparing for response to a catastrophic event they may all come into play....   [tags: Majority, Typographies, Catastrophes]

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Freedom in ivil Disobedience and Economy by Henry David Thoreau

- When it comes to the topic of how Henry David Thoreau chooses the audience for his texts, many agree that the reasoning involved the writer’s longing for achieving results rather than convincing an audience. When this agreement usually ends, however, is the question of why Thoreau ignores people who support the Mexican American War and slavery and instead focuses on those who protest against those issues. His writing philosophy in the essays “Civil Disobedience” and “Economy” shows his favouritism towards the idea that individuals need freedom of exercising their conscience and that this leads to success....   [tags: minority, mayority, political system]

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Minorities to Majorities by 2050

- America is the home to extensive variety of people, racially and ethnically. There are six transcendent races in the USA: American Indian and Alaska Native, Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, Asian, Black or African American, White, and individuals of two or more races. The race characterized as "Some other race" is likewise utilized within the enumeration and different overviews, yet is not official. The United States Census Bureau groups Americans as "Hispanic or Latino" and "Not Hispanic or Latino", "which distinguishes Hispanic and Latino Americans as a racially different ethnicity that creates the biggest minority aggregate in the nation (Edmonston and Passel, 1994)....   [tags: demographis, races, ethnicity, immigration, US]

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The Federal Protectionism of Minority Rights in the United States

- Thomas Jefferson, in his 1801 First Inaugural Address for President of the United States of America, stated, “All . . . will bear in mind this sacred principle, that though the will of the majority is in all cases to prevail, that will to be rightful must be reasonable; that the minority possess their equal rights, which equal law must protect and to violate would be oppression (Inaugural Addresses, 1989).” Jefferson was not alone in this thinking. James Madison, Alexander Hamilton and others understood that the unbridled power of the majority, which is the life-blood of a democracy, could be easily used to ignore or degrade the rights of a minority group....   [tags: Civil Rights]

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CILOP: Clustering Based Method for Class Imbalance Learning Using Optics

- CHAPTER 3 CILOP: CLUSTERING BASED METHOD FOR CLASS IMBALANCE LEARNING USING OPTICS The present chapter proposes a novel approach that is Clustering based Class Imbalance Learning using OPTICS [49] method for improvement of class imbalance learning. The content of this chapter is published in “International Journal of Computer Applications”, Page No: 33-42, Volume 51-No 16, August 2012, K.Nageswara Rao , T.Venkateawara Rao and D.Rajya Lakshmi, “A Novel Class Imbalance Learning using Ordering Points Clustering”....   [tags: database, framework, algorithm, subset]

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The Debate Over God in the Pledge of Allegiance

- "I pledge allegiance, to the flag, of the United States of America, and to the Republic, for which it stands, one nation, under Congress, the Supreme Court, the Declaration of Independence, our founding fathers, and the President, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all." Francis Bellamy wrote the Pledge of Allegiance in 1892 (Baer). He did this in the memory of the 400th anniversary of Columbus discovering America ("The Pledge"). In 1954, Congress added the words, under God to the pledge; this was done for the differentiation of the United States from the Soviet Union during the Cold War....   [tags: Pledge of Allegiance Essays]

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Teaching Racial Identity in Public Schools

- Racial identity is a topic that many of us try to avoid. When brought up in discussion, we tend to brush it off, ignore it, or deny it. This issue has been a problem that the United States academic system has been facing since the development of this country. The more we dismiss this as a problem, the more it will have an effect on us. In the educational system, the government does what it can to provide a safe, comfortable environment for us as students to learn in. In order for it to be fully comfortable and to have the ideal learning space, the issue of racial identity must be addressed....   [tags: Racial Identity Essays]

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Changing the Electoral System in Canada

- ... First, in the past few years, most notably the Harper government, candidates actually have not received a majority vote. Yet, a minority group can actually have majority of the seats in Parliament, despite not being the majority. Therefore, MPs become elected despite the citizens voting for other candidates that lose by a small percentage. Also, smaller parties like the Green Party have difficulty having MPs at the House of Commons. Finally, FPTP often means that the party that receives the most votes can often have fewer seats than its opposition....   [tags: House of Commons]

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Bilingual Education System in Singapore

- ... In addition, this policy gives teachers and educational leaders the ability and access to learn from other educational systems. All students are required to learn 2 of the official languages English and Chinese (mandarin accent). English was not a native language for none of Singapore population in 1965. However, then English started to become a native language in 1996 there were registered 36% of English native speakers. All students who have the opportunity to get bilingual education can study or work abroad much easier and it opens a new set of opportunities....   [tags: students, policy, beneficial, study, literature]

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Electoral System Analysis

- In today’s world, there are three main forms of electoral systems. These main systems are the single-member plurality, proportional representation, and majority with run-offs. In a single-member plurality, the person in an election who receives the most votes wins the position. This type of election is used in elections in the United Kingdom, some elections in the United States, as well as in Canada. One of the advantages of the single-member plurality is that it encourages a smaller party system....   [tags: Politics / Election Procedures]

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Canadian Democracy: A Lack of Transparency and Accountability in Canadian Politics

- Introduction A democratic government has long been favoured as the most fair and representative government for a country to have. This essay will explore the advantages and disadvantages of both minority and majority government (for example efficiency, compromise, and power) and argue that in fact neither offers a fair representation of Canadian’s due to lack of both transparency and accountability. Parliamentary Government In Canada there are three branches of government: the executive branch which enforces Canadian laws and carries out government business; the legislative branch which debates and passes laws; and the judicial branch which interprets the laws and dictates how punishment sh...   [tags: Canadian Government ]

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Democracy's numerous pitfalls

- When we first viewed the ancient theorists, both Plato and Aristotle supported a form of aristocracy where the preeminent members of a state would rule. Because they were the most knowledgeable, wise, and virtuous, they would know what is best for a state and its citizens. But human nature has convinced us that without properly limiting its power, a government has the power to rule arbitrarily, succumb to corruption, and introduce great inequalities. Tocqueville, however, argues that the development of equality in the world has fundamentally changed our worries about government and that democracy has become the new standard....   [tags: Political Science]

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Racial Profiling: The Case of Shoshana Hebshi

- First of all let’s just say that what happened to Shoshana Hebshi was extremely wrong. Mrs. Hebshi and the other two men where profiled due to their ethnicity background. It is sad to say but after the travesty of 9/11 racial profiling has occur more than it did in the past. The intent of racial profiling in law enforcement is to protect the wellbeing of our nation. However there are many problems with racial profiling. Even though racial profiling is unconstitutional many different agencies do it....   [tags: muslims, arabian, law enforcement]

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Can the Government Protect Fundamental Rights without Oppressing People and Abusing Power?

- The purpose of government is to protect the fundamental rights of life, liberty, health and property, but differences in opinions as to what these rights could mean may create a conflict within society itself. As John C. Calhoun suggests, man is driven by his individual impulses, where his needs and desires are more important to him than the needs and desires of others in the community. It is for this reason that a government must be established so that it protects all people who have differing ideas from being oppressed by the opinion of one group or ruler....   [tags: problems, society, perfect, acutal]

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John Stewart Mill: A Brief Look

- With the exceptions of Athenian democracy and Rome during its republican era, mankind, insofar as them being subject to government control, for most of its history has been constrained and dominated by monarchical rule. This classical form of antagonistic rule consisted of the tyranny of self-proclaimed (and therefore illegitimate) sovereigns over a class of subjects. However, this system of power underwent a fundamental transformation, as representative democracies began to supersede over monarchical rule....   [tags: English philosophers, liberalism]

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The Writings of John Stuart Mill

- The writings of John Stuart Mill have been viewed as a pathway to becoming an individual and support for liberalism. Mill’s work On Liberty, promotes individuality as important for the positive progression of society and as good for everyone. Individualism is seen as necessary to having a progressive society that is accepting of other thoughts and lifestyles. The opinions of others is thought of as to be necessary to society, and “are rested not so much on its truth.” Mill writes from the Utilitarian view, which is taking actions that would most likely help the greatest amount of people, and this view looks at what a society should do and not what society is actually doing....   [tags: promoting individuality]

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A Race to the Polls

- In Australia Government is formed by the Political Party who, at election, receives the majority of seats in the House of Representatives. In predicting who will win the next federal election, however, we must consider if receiving this right to form Government can be called ‘winning the election’ or if it requires something further. Our bicameral federal system means legislation must be passed by a majority vote in both houses before it can be turned into law. If a Government does not hold the majority of the Senate, or the ability to build a majority from other elected members, then it will face difficulty in turning its proposed legislation into law (Nethercote, 1999)....   [tags: International Government ]

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Civil Disobedience, Henry David Thoreau

- "That government is best which governs least." Or is it. Should the American people be free to rebel against laws they consider unjust. Henry David Thoreau addresses these issues in his essay, Civil Disobedience. Thoreau wholeheartedly accepts the declaration that the government is best which governs least, and would like to see it acted upon. One day, he hopes, we will be able to carry it out to the point where men can have a government that does not govern at all. Government "never of itself furthered any enterprise"....   [tags: Henry David Thoreau, Constitution]

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The Australian Commonwealth Parliament

- ... Ministers are generally responsible for a department, though recently multiple ministers share the duty of the Ministry. They are responsible for their field of administration, such as defence, foreign affair, education, and justice. They oversee the exception of policy and implement the parliamentary decisions. The Cabinet as a whole, prime minister and ministers, convene meetings regularly where they discuss national issues and set the political agenda. These meetings are held behind close doors and are not open to public....   [tags: ministers, the cabinet]

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Analysis on Rebeca Keegan's Article on Racial Inequality in Media

- ... Biological race is impossible because there is no genetic or DNA make-up difference from one race to another. Racial inequality is a very big issue that the world is dealing with, especially the United States. People tend to discriminate because of the way someone looks or where they are from. These could be an example prejudice which is the act of prejudging a person because of their appearance, thoughts and/or ideas (Jensen). Also stereotyping, discrimination, and racism go hand in hand with prejudice....   [tags: minority roles in film]

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Case Study on the Detrimental Effects of Major Internal Decision

- ... That process will be time consuming and take time away from other tasks that need to be completed. My second recommendation is that in order for city manger John Bramante to make any decisions moving forward he must have majority of the city council members approve the choice. This recommendation comes from the fact the city manger not only fails to communicate, but makes big decisions and implements them without allowing time to transition into them. The advantage of this is that you make communication between both the council and city manger happen....   [tags: positions, communication, recommendations]

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The Pros and Cons of Democracy

- What is democracy, and what are the benefits and disadvantages of it. This paper will focus primarily on three essays: The Social Contract by John Locke, Civil Disobedience by Henry David Thoreau, and The Democratic Age by Fareed Zakaria. Each essay chosen is similar because each discusses what the advantages and disadvantages of free society are. The Social Contract primarily focuses on 17th century liberalism and expounds on Thomas Hobbes’ Leviathin. Locke gives the vision of mankind living in a state of anarchy before formal government was established....   [tags: The Social Contract, Civil Disobedience]

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Much Madness is divinest Sense

- How ironic is it that Emily Dickinson’s poems are given titles by the majority that she so criticizes. In “Much Madness is divinest Sense”, Emily Dickinson questions the credibility of majority opinion and presents “Madness” as the truth, one not tampered by the hardened shell of sugarcoated public approval. Dickinson, herself a recluse in her later life, creates a speaker who conveys that it isn’t the status quo that defines the inherent purpose of something, that popularity doesn’t justify conviction....   [tags: emily dickinson, madness, poetry]

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Various Roles Within the Government

- The Legislative Branch has many checks over the Executive Branch, including the capability to overrule presidential vetoes with a two-thirds vote. They also have the authority to actually supply any executive action. The Legislative Branch is given the control to form the laws. The impeachment of a president or judge can also happen through the Legislative Branch. The Senate approves treaties and any presidential or judge appointments. The president of the Senate is the chief leader of the Senate....   [tags: senate, president, commitees]

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We Must Fight the United States Government

- Throughout modern American culture certain laws passed by the majority have been considered unjust by a wise minority. However, with the logical and emotional appeal of hard fought battles, voices have been heard, and the minds of the majority can sometimes be converted to see the truth. Thoreau, after spending a night in jail and seeing the truth hidden behind the propaganda of the majority, became convinced that he could no longer accept his government’s behavior of passing laws that benefit the majority with degrading the minority....   [tags: Civil Disobedience Essays]

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Same Sex Marriage Should NOT Be Allowed

- Marriage is legally defined as, a contract made in due form of law, by which a free man and a free woman reciprocally engage to live with each other during their joint lives, in the union which ought to exist between husband and wife. Many liberals argue that gay marriage should be legal in the United States. In the following essay I will attempt to argue why marriage between the same sexes is immoral and unjust. The first point I will talk about is how marriage is a traditional bond between a man and a woman....   [tags: Essays on Gay Marriage]

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Conformity and Political Control

- The political system in the United States of America is ruled by a two party system that is currently fighting for control of the economy and government. In the last century the country has been involved in several conflicts including two world wars and the cold war, which permanently instilled fear and terror in the American psyche. After the terrorist attacks of September 11th, the economy was brought to the edge of failure leaving a bi-partisan political system with the attitude that there is either a democratic or republican solution to the many problems Americans face as a nation....   [tags: Political Science]

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Forms of Government: Democracy

- A: (i) Democratic rule is often considered the best form of government in modern society. This type of government allows for the people to rule. Allowing the people to rule can be considered a good, as well as a bad idea. There are some major flaws or problems when dealing with democratic rule. Some of those problems are tyranny of majority, corruption of leaders and lastly violation of property rights. Though of these the most important flaw in democracy is mob rule. Mob rule or ochlocracy states rule of the government either by the mass of people or through intimidation....   [tags: Mill's interpersonal harm principle]

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The Australian Constitution 1901

- ... Although the process of changing the Constitution may seem simple compared to other countries the complexity of our Constitution is extreme as we have the ‘3rd lowest rate of amendments4’ when compared against other countries. This illustrates how we are perceived, as the ‘frozen continent1’ even though society is rapidly evolving the fundamental part of our sovereignty has remained the same for many centuries. To determine whether there will be any success for a change in the voting for our Governor-General, the trend of successful referendums need to be examined as they suggest the majority of referendums that give the Government excessive authority and supremacy have been rejected....   [tags: separation of powers]

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Thomas Jefferson and Jay Hamilton: Contributors to the Political System of the United States

- ... If the majority of people in the whole republic were educated with these same beliefs, then the majority could criminalize homosexuality and thus become oppressive by taking away the rights of homosexuals to express their desired sexuality. This is where the ideas of Jefferson and Hamilton split on what is the correct way to deal with faction. Jefferson and Hamilton ideas begin to conflict when they search for a remedy to prevent an oppressive majority and control faction. Jefferson believes the answer lies in small republics and education to stop oppression from occurring in the republic....   [tags: federal law, US Constitution]

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Protecting Cultural Distinctiveness: The Key to a Thriving Future in America

- Most nations experience some sort of immigration, be it from a neighboring nation mired in conflict, or from someone seeking better economic prospects across the globe. Regardless of circumstance, the question inevitably arises about how to deal with these new countrymen. A hotly debated issue for many years, certain corners of American political discourse center around the idea that in order to protect the dominant culture, policies ought to be in place that coerce immigrants to adopt the customs of this, their new home, while abandoning traits distinctive of their place of origin....   [tags: immigration, multiculturalism, globalization]

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Federalist No. 10 and No. 51 by James Madison

- Federalist No. 10 and No. 51 were a series of essays written by James Madison, arguing for the ratification of the U.S Constitution. Before the ratification, the Articles of Confederation only bounded the thirteen colonies, uniting them as military alliance rather than a cohesive government. The central government lacked authority; the national government could not collect taxes or force states to comply with their laws. The lack of a strong central government made it difficult for states to operate effectively as one single nation....   [tags: thoughts of the 4th US president]

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The Privilage by Journalists to Resist Criminal Process

- I. BOTH THE FIRST AMENDMENT AND FEDERAL COMMON LAW RECOGNIZE A QUALIFIED PRIVILEGE BY JOURNALISTS TO RESIST CRIMINAL PROCESS. Both the first amendment and federal common law recognize a qualified privilege by journalists to resist criminal process. This brief first analyzes both the Supreme Court’s holding and reasoning in Branzburg v. Hayes, 408 U.S. 665 (1972), and its interpretation by lower circuits for the reporter’s privilege under the First Amendment. The brief then examines Fed. R. Evid....   [tags: reporter, confidential, testimony]

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Democracy in Civil Disobedience, Slavery in Massachusetts, Benito Cereno and Bartleby the Scrivener

- The Oppression of Democracy Exposed in Civil Disobedience, Slavery in Massachusetts, Benito Cereno and Bartleby the Scrivener America has long been recognized as a democratic nation, a nation operating under the will of the people. The forefathers of America fought incessantly against British tyranny to start anew in a land of freedom and opportunity. Because America revived the ancient Greek ideology of democracy, the nation was set apart from the rest of the world and was revered for the freedom and justice it provided its people....   [tags: Civil Disobedience Slavery Massachusetts Benito C]

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What Determines Right & Wrong?

- How do you determine what is right or what is wrong. Personally, I feel that from within ourselves, we know when we have done right and when we have done wrong. This may not stop someone from doing wrong, but, within themselves, I believe that they know they are doing wrong. I believe that someone knows when they have hurt someone else feelings or caused harm to someone. Consequently, I do not make up a culture, which has merits on determining right or wrong. Within this report, ethical relativism will be define and discussed how it relates to right and wrong as well as the corruption that I discussed in the previous assignment....   [tags: Ethics ]

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The Complexity of Team Work

- Introduction The complexity of teamwork is more than what Merriam-Webster defines teamwork as “the work done by people who work together to do something”. Teamwork involves good practices and strategies utilized in a cohesive manner to get to a common goal. Therefore a clear definition of a team must first be established in order to further understand the complexity of the teamwork process. A team is a collection of two or more people with either similar or different disciplines dedicated to the pursuit of a specific goal (Gilbert, 2004)....   [tags: good practice, specific goals]

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The Dangers of Factions Explained in James Madison's The Federalist No. 10

- ... Madison believes that factions are inherent to human nature, making it unavoidable that people are living under a state of liberty. Madison argues that "the most common and durable source of factions has been the various and unequal distribution of property" (Madison). I think what Madison is trying to state is that as long as people have different talents, economic statuses, and amounts of property, people will always continue to associate with others who have similar qualities as them. The difference between those who have and those who do not has always existed throughout human history, thus making it one of the most unavoidable causes of factions....   [tags: republic, tyranny, governement]

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Who is White?

- Considered the greatest nation in the world, the United States is recognized with high esteem for each system it holds. Its political system is powerful; other nations look to the United States to intervene in world issues and politics. Its economic system is also highly relied on. Although the power of the dollar is weakening, the dollar is still seen as a conversion unit around the world. Other nations look to the United States for assistance with their militaries, land development, organization of government, etc....   [tags: Racial Issues]

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The Relationship Between Race and Crime

- Crime has always been a hot topic in sociology. There are many different reasons for people to commit criminal acts. There is no way to pinpoint the source of crime. I am going to show the relationship between race and crime. More specifically, I will be discussing the higher chances of minorities being involved in the criminal justice system than the majority population, discrimination, racial profiling and the environment criminals live in. It is a stereotype that black people are more likely to be criminals than white people....   [tags: criminal justice]

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Poem 620: Discerning Individual

- The Modernist poets Walt Whiteman and Emily Dickinson rejected traditional poetic forms and conventional ways of thinking. The topics and structures of Emily Dickinson’s poetry, such as death, religion, isolation, and others, point to her lifelong struggle of maintaining individuality. In poem “#620”, the speaker expresses their frustration with the limitations of society. However, at the same time, Dickinson’s playful and sarcastic narration also appears here. In poem “#620” the speaker conveys their dislike for society through satire, and demonstrates the power of the individual versus the majority through the reader’s interpretation of the poem....   [tags: Emily Dickinson: ]

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Madisonian Majorities

- Since time began, it has always been human nature for man to compete and win. Just like when it comes to majorities and minorities, majorities tend to overpower minorities. Guinier makes a great point when she brings up, Madisonian Majorities, which are minorities working with the majority to achieve a solution. By working in this format, we could achieve so much more in much peaceful ways. Madisonian majorities could be best applied to a democracy, because both the majority and minority can work together to satisfy the needs of its citizens....   [tags: U.S. Government ]

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The Argument that the US Constitution Favors the Elite

- In 1787 there was a large tension between the elites and the underdogs over debt and tax relief. The delegates at the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia worked to remedy this tension; however, they did so at the expense of the underdog, the indebted, suffering farmer, and for the benefit of the wealthy, who gained from the underdogs’ suffering. How did the delegates manage to design a constitution so biased towards the elite and how exactly did the document benefit the wealthy. Section I examines the interests of the indebted farmers and the wealth....   [tags: underdog, tax relief, delegates]

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Canada's Electoral System

- Democracy is defined as government by the people; a form of government in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised directly by them or by their elected agents under a free electoral system (Democracy, n.d.). Canadians generally pride themselves in being able to call this democratic nation home, however is our electoral system reflective of this belief. Canada is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary democracy that has been adopted from the British system. Few amendments have been made since its creation, which has left our modern nation with an archaic system that fails to represent the opinions of citizens....   [tags: Canadian Government ]

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Plurality Voting System in Canada

- The current plurality voting system in Canada is regularly attacked for unfairly representing the popular vote and giving some parties a disproportionate amount of legislative power while leaving others with none. Opponents contend that other electoral systems would be far superior and provide a better democracy. Proportional representation (PR) is usually cited as the best alternative; the debate of proportional representation versus plurality often hinges on the balance between fairness and efficiency....   [tags: Canadian Government]

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2538 words | (7.3 pages) | Preview

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