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Kant And Kant 's Theory

- When dealing with Kant, we must always ask ourselves these question’s before we decide to act: can I sensibly determine that everyone acts as I plan to act, and does my action respect the goals of other’s rather than my own reasons. Kant’s theory looks at the rightness or wrongness of these actions and relates them on not depending on such consequences but on whether they fulfill our duty or not. The Categorical Imperative in relation to Kant is that he believed that there was an utmost norm of morality and that the categorical imperative determines our moral duties....   [tags: Categorical imperative, Immanuel Kant, Morality]

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Kant Vs Mills : Kant And Mills

- ... Essentially, the reasons behind ones actions should be such that I would want man all over to follow such a manner, not one that I would be embarrassed to legislate. Contrary to this belief is the hypothetical imperative, which states that if you want a certain outcome, perform a specific action, as proposed by Mills. Kant disagrees with this wholly, because if the outcome or condition is removed, the imperative disappears, whereas the categorical imperative has the purport of practical law, where you perform an action regardless of the circumstances in the situation....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, Categorical imperative, Philosophy]

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Kant And Kant 's Categorical Imperative

- Immanuel Kant was a famous German philosopher (1724-1804). His many philosophical writings influenced large population from all over the world. Even today, his works still form a major point of reference in research carried out in the modern world. His writings had a strong base such that they brought a new dimension in religion, law and history. Although all his writings were popular but Metaphysics of Morals was very influencing. Kant argued that our desires and emotions are categorically imperative, which means that they are conscience driven....   [tags: Ethics, Immanuel Kant, Morality, Philosophy]

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Kant Vs. Kant 's Theory

- ... Researches has shown that animals have similar feelings to human but to a less expanded level. There are many non-humans that care for each other. In the absence of their younger once elephants can die of pain. Like humans’ orangutans’ mother’s stay with their kids for a decade. Animals such as chimpanzee, baboons, wolves and elephant are able to maintain extended family bond with complicated interrelation. There has been evidence of self-sacrifice, evidence of grudge, jealously. Even animals undergo similar emotions....   [tags: Morality, Ethics, Immanuel Kant, Human]

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Kant And Kant 's Philosophical Ideas

- ... Hume thought the relation of ideas were all tautological, which is the ideas are redundant, repetitive, verbal sayings do not provide the true facts but meaning of words only give information. An example of this idea is “All sisters are siblings,” this idea means since siblings means brother or sister related to someone are siblings. Another example is that anybody who understands the idea of “seven, three, four and plus” knows that 3 + 4= 7. Hume explains that “matter of facts” is the only thing that can describe reality correctly....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, Philosophy, Empiricism, John Locke]

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Kant 's Philosophy And Philosophy

- ... Kant points to the human capacity for reason as an indication of the importance of good will, arguing that its very existence cannot be for the purpose of mere survival or even pleasure, since instinct serves these functions better than reason can do, since reason brings with it the capacity for envy, dissatisfaction, and unhelpful interference with instinctive self-protection. Instead, Kant concludes that the purpose of reason is to direct the will in a way that leads it to be truly good. Such a good will, making decisions for the sake of their own rightness rather than in pursuit of self-interest, are connected to the idea of duty (63-64)....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, Morality, Philosophy]

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Immanuel Kant's Theory of Judgment

- What are, and what are the differences between, judgments of perception and judgments of experience for Kant. Understanding how the mind works has been a major goal throughout philosophy, and an important piece of this deals with how humans come to experience the world. Many philosophers have attempted to investigate this issue, and Hume successfully proposed a framework by which human understanding could be understood. This writing, however, spurred Kant’s philosophical mind, awaking him from his “dogmatic slumber” and leading him to develop his own framework to define thought....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, 2015]

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Immanuel Kant : A Universal Law

- ... Maggie never used people as means. She gave everything up to make sure others were happy. She was free because she was not pushed into becoming a boxer. She did not become a boxer because of necessity or personal interest. It was all her own doing. Even when her couch would not teach her, she still worked hard. She worked so hard to get where she was before she broke her neck. She made it a law for herself to never give up and to always protect herself. She lived off of those words until the day she died....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, Categorical imperative]

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Immanuel Kant On Morals And The Second

- ... In other words, doing something because it is the right thing to do. According to Kant, the main feature that gives an action moral worth is the motive that is behind the action and not the outcome that is achieved. He continues by saying, the only motive that can supply an act with moral value is one that arises from universal principles discovered by reason. This is Kant’s famous statement of the categorical imperative related to this duty: “Act only according to that maxim by which you can at the same time will that it should become a universal law” (“Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy”)....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, Categorical imperative, Ethics]

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The Metaphysics Of Morals By Immanuel Kant

- ... Thereafter, it is imperative to both investigate and uncover the meaning of reason. Preliminarily, Kant notes that reason is designated for organisms that are “most fitting,” and “most suitable,” i.e., organisms that are incapable of reason aren’t applicable to his argument. As a disclaimer Kant disproves mankind’s purpose as one that is incessantly seeking happiness; because, happiness is predominantly obtained by fulfilling inclinations; so, optimally, instinctual reactions would take precedence deeming reason useless....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, Categorical imperative, Morality]

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Kant 's Morality And Duty

- For centuries, philosophers and theorists have argued over the topic of morality. Trying to determine if a person can exhibit complete morality or whether other concepts like free will and the concepts behind self-interests will win out over morality and duty. They asked questions aimed at determining what can drive a person to ignore morality and duty as well as examining the actions that they felt embodied morality and duty. Immanuel Kant also sought to explain morality and duty. However, Kant’s perception of what constitutes morality was highly criticized and often discounted....   [tags: Morality, Immanuel Kant, Duty, Ethics]

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The Theories Of Aristotle, Kant, And Mill

- ... Whether through my family traditions, my religion, or race, my cultural identity can be connected to each one of the philosopher’s theory in some way. I believe that my cultural identity is a sense of belonging based on the same interests, beliefs, and the way that people live. The values and beliefs that were instilled in me within my own cultural identity allow me to identity with some of Aristotle’s beliefs. I can relate Aristotle’s theory to my own cultural identity in that I have been taught to put those general rules or “golden rules” into practice....   [tags: Ethics, Morality, Philosophy, Immanuel Kant]

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Kant 's Philosophy And Philosophy

- ... If I am to make good choices and actions though, I am seen as a morally good person. He states that we have no control in how or where our actions will take us. With no control over our consequences, there is no morality. On the other hand though, he states that what we do have full control over, is our actions and the choices we make. This ethical theory could also be known as the deontological ethical theory, where actions rule all. Although his theory seems rather correct, there are flaws to what he believes and Kant himself, could see it....   [tags: Morality, Ethics, Immanuel Kant, Philosophy]

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`` Holy Shit ' By Immanuel Kant

- Reading philosophical work is nauseating and the precursor to painful migraines and extreme frustration. I find that much of what philosophers have to say is irrelevant, outdated, and mind-numbing in the most maddening way possible. While reading through books like Mill’s Utilitarianism or Kant’s Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals I often think, “Holy shit am I reading a Lewis Carrol novel. This doesn’t make any sense. Didn’t he already say that. Yeah no, he is totally repeating himself.” I believe that the authors desire to sound smart greatly overshadows their original intention to portray a clear interpretation of what they believe is moral or the right way to be happy....   [tags: Ethics, Immanuel Kant, Morality, Utilitarianism]

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Kant 's Theory Of Ethics

- Kant & Nietzsche Jeffrey Wegrzyn Introduction to Philosophy Immanuel Kant’s theory of ethics is rooted in deontology. Describing Kant’s ethics as deontological means that they are derivative of mankind’s moral duty. For Kant, this critical component of ethics is an extension of Hume’s fork as it creates a third category, which is synthetic Apriori. This category is comprised of math, ethics and causality. His rules-based ethics revolves around the good will, as deontology in its nature revolves around adhering to the rules....   [tags: Morality, Ethics, Immanuel Kant, Virtue]

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Kant 's Metaphysics Of Morals

- ... I would say that the majority of people determine whether an action is right or wrong based on consequences. A fellow classmate, Nicole, gave a great example, which helped me understand Kant’s thinking. “Cheating on a test because it is morally just to get good grades does not justify the act of cheating.” Kant solely focuses on doing a good deed for the lone purpose of doing good; just because cheating will get you a good grade, which is morally acceptable for society, doesn’t mean cheating is morally right....   [tags: Morality, Ethics, Immanuel Kant, Virtue]

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Immanuel Kant On Morality And Morality

- ... To even care for a child because you are obligated to because it is considered to be “your duty”. However, Kant’s Kantian Ethics goes into explanation to theorize that “each person deserves the same measure of respect as any other”, for morality is based on rules and duty and to treat others with the same respect you would want in return and not treat them “as nothing but a means”. When it comes to Aquinas’ Nature Law Theory he indicates that the right actions conform to moral standards and “to do and promote good and avoid evil”....   [tags: Ethics, Morality, Virtue, Immanuel Kant]

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Kant 's Grounding For The Metaphysics Of Morals

- ... Kant states, “it [respect] is not one received through any outside influence but is, rather, one that is self-produced […]” (14). It is generated by rational thinking. Therefore, respect should be considered during a process of reasoning. The next concept that Kant brings up in his book is duty. According to Kant, duty is what you ought to do. Kant says human being either act according to duty or act from duty. When people act according to duty, their actions are done for the sake of attaining or attaining something else....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, Philosophy, Morality]

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Kant 's Philosophy On The Moral Law

- ... Kant uses three ethical propositions in order to explain the categorical imperative more fully. (Denise 148-49) The first proposition is that an act must be done from duty in order to have inner moral worth. If a person follows a duty, then they are a moral person since they are following the “moral law”. The second proposition is an act done from duty derives its moral value not from the results it produces, but from the principle by which it is determined. Specific principles will set the moral value of the duty that is being done....   [tags: Morality, Immanuel Kant, Ethics]

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Immanuel Kant’s Non- consequentialist Ethical Theory

- 1. Introduction According to Immanuel Kant the driving force behind our actions should be dictated by what is inherently good as sole consideration and not be based upon the effects of what such actions may produce such as the case in the consequentialist theory of cause. In this essay Kant’s ethical non-consequentialist theory will be briefly investigated and a comparison drawn between the two different theories in order to establish merit in employment thereof in practice. 2. Kantian Morality Central to Kant’s morality theory is his claim that: “It is impossible to conceive anything at all in the world, or even out of it, which can be taken as good without qualification, except a good will...   [tags: Immanuel Kant]

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Kant 's View On Moral Truth

- ... Kant also states that consequences, intended or unintended, have nothing to do with whether an action is morally right. But that doesn’t answer the question of how we use reason to discover which actions are morally right. Kant introduces a method for determining what is and isn’t morally right: the categorical imperative. The imperative states that we should never act except in such a way that it would be reasonable to will for everyone to perform the same action, at all times, and without exceptions....   [tags: Categorical imperative, Immanuel Kant]

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Immanuel Kant

- He was the fourth of nine children of Johann Georg and Anna Regina Kant, German philosopher Immanuel Kant was born in Konigsberg, East Prussia in 1724. Son of a humble saddler, his family belonged to a Protestant religious group of Pietists ,religion was a very improtant part in every aspect of their lives. Even though Kant was critical of formal religion, he still admired the conduct of Pietists. Kant’s went to elementary school at Saint George’s Hospital School and then went to the Collegium Fredericianum, a Pietist school, where he studied from 1732 until 1740....   [tags: Immanuel Kant]

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Kant´s Philosophy of Ethics

- In the Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals, Immanuel Kant proposes his philosophy of ethics. In order to accurately approach this topic and present fluent deduction he begins by defining philosophy into three fields. There is “Physics” of which studies the physical world, there is “Ethics” of which is the study of morality and finally there is logic of which serves to study logical principles. Kant then divides the studying into two parts as well, separating it as either “empirical” (serving to study experiences) or “pure” (serving to study concepts)....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, physics, ethics, logic]

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John Stuart Mill And Immanuel Kant

- ... Do we live in a society with the concept of “an eye for an eye”. In my opinion when you live in a society that is faced with atrocities daily you must fight back. It is not reasonable to sit back and let wars terrorize you, your family, our village or your country. Kant stance on categorical imperative goes against Sam Harris’ idea. Morally torture is wrong no matter what the situation is or the consequences could be. John Mill idea of utilitarianism would agree that torturing few to save hundreds would not be a question....   [tags: Ethics, Immanuel Kant, Morality]

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Compare Mill and Kant’s Ethics

- Kant’s Ethics may best apply to modern business. Kant said right action based on a set of moral rules, and the right action is supposed to be the one that conforms with these rules, whereas certain other types of action are morally forbidden. He also suggests that people should be treated "with respect and as ends in their own right, not solely as means to other's ends." On the contrary, Mill’s ethics only concern about the happiness of majority instead of duty itself. Thus, the question how could Kant’s “austere” system do better for business needs than Mill’s flexible business ethics....   [tags: Mill, Kant, ethics, philosophy, ]

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Kant 's On Grounding For The Metaphysics Of Morals

- ... Throughout the Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals, Kant defines what categorical imperative is, but also its four distinct articulations. The first distinct articulation of the categorical imperative is the philosophy of Kant mentioned “Metaphysics of morals has to investigate the idea and principles of a possible pure will and not the actions and conditions of human volition as such... Moral laws and duty are discussed in this universal practice philosophy” (Kant, Page 4 (line 390-392)....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, Philosophy, Morality, Ethics]

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Kant 's Principles Of The Metaphysics Of Morals

- ... In order to get anything in life, an individual will have to do an action to receive the end result. On the other hand, categorical imperatives are the commands of reason. It is primarily what action an individual should or should not take in . It is defined as the commands of reason. For instance, if you see someone rob someone then you should call the cops. Or if someone tries to pick a fight with you, you should not hit them first. Everything in life you will have to decide whether you will or will not do something, and there are usually things to decipher what is the right action compared to what is not....   [tags: Categorical imperative, Immanuel Kant, Philosophy]

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Immanuel Kant And John Stuart Mill

- Even though at the first glance, the two most influential philosophers in human history - Immanuel Kant and John-Stuart Mill seem to have a lot of disagreements on the central concepts of their moral philosophies – for example, while Kant is concerned more about the intentions of an action, Mill, on the other hand, believes that the consequences of an action are the only justification necessary for an act to be good or moral or right, they still have beliefs in common, such as the concept of the greater good and base their moral systems on a fundamental first principle....   [tags: Morality, Ethics, Utilitarianism, Immanuel Kant]

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The Great Philosophers : Kant, Mill & Aristotle

- ... So they endeavored to legitimize their separate moral frameworks on what Aristotle would call contrary standards. Plant picked pleasure, which he conflates with happiness, as his moral/moral standard. [Mill, cite:- "By joy is proposed [ie. "is intended..." = "I mean..."] delight and the nonappearance of torment, by unhappines [is intended] torment and the privation [removal/blocking] of joy. To give a reasonable perspective of the moral standard set up by the theory, substantially more requires to be said; specifically what things it [i.e....   [tags: Ethics, Immanuel Kant, Morality, Philosophy]

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Immanuel Kant 's Metaphysics Of Morals

- Immanuel Kant’s Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals explores themes of morality and its application to rational beings. Rationality, to Kant, includes a necessary commitment to morality, wherein failing to be moral is simultaneously a failure to be rational. Within this work, Kant proposes a concept that he entitles the “Categorical Imperative”. The Categorical Imperative is essential in the exploration of morality in the rational being, and, as with morality, is dependent solely on reason alone....   [tags: Categorical imperative, Immanuel Kant, Morality]

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Kant 's View On Selfish Reasoning

- ... Categorical Imperative is basically the idea that when faced with an ethical dilemma one must ask their self if they would want everyone everywhere at any given time to act as I am about to act. So for example, would I want everyone everywhere at any given time to cheat on a test. Kant establishes certain things as universally right or wrong, such as truth and lying for example. Telling the truth is always what an ethically correct person should do and lying is something that only an unethical person would do according to his standards....   [tags: Philosophy, Ethics, Utilitarianism, Immanuel Kant]

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Kant 's Critique Of Kantian Theory

- In this paper, I will argue that Kant provides us with a plausible account of morality. To demonstrate that, I will initially offer a main criticism of Kantian moral theory, through explaining Bernard Williams’ charge against it. I will look at his indulgent of the Kantian theory, and then clarify whether I find it objectionable. The second part, I will try to defend Kant’s theory. Criticism Critiques of Kantian moralist theory such as Williams believe that Kant’s moral theory is characterized by Impartiality and unresponsiveness to any picky associations to picky person....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, Morality, Human, Religion]

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Kant 's Ethical Theory Of Morality

- In Ethics Kant described his ethical system, which is based on a belief that the reason is the final authority for morality. Actions of any sort, he believed, must be undertaken from a sense of duty dictated by reason, and no action performed for suitability or merely in compliance to law or custom can be regarded as ethical. Kant described two types of commands given by reason. The first was hypothetical imperative, which dictates a given course of action to reach a specific end, and the categorical imperative, which dictates a course of action that must be followed because of its rightness and necessity....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, Categorical imperative, Morality]

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Kant 's Three Propositions Of Morality

- ... So, an indirect inclination can be seen as doing an action for what the action can lead to in the long term while a direct inclination can be seen as doing an action for something you desire now, or in other words the action leads to a direct result of satisfaction of some sort. Furthermore, Kant uses the phrase moral worth which he defined as a special value an action has that only deserves credit when it is done from the motive of duty, that is, when someone does an action because it is done from the motive of duty and not because of inclination....   [tags: Morality, Ethics, Immanuel Kant, Aesthetics]

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Immanuel Kant 's Metaphysics Of Morals

- ... Kant articulates that in this statement, “That it is an estimation of the worth which far outweighs all worth of what is recommended by inclination, and that the necessity of acting from pure respect for the practical law is what is what constitutes duty.” (Kant, 120). Overall Kant believes that a person 's moral worth is therefore greater if their will doesn’t come from a self-inclination. John Stuart Mill’s “Utilitarianism” answers the question of, what ought I to do when investigating right action, by first finding out what is morally right....   [tags: Ethics, Morality, Immanuel Kant, Aesthetics]

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Arthur Schopenhauer Vs Immanuel Kant

- ... Although pessimistic and somewhat depressive, Schopenhauer taught compassion. According to Schopenhauer, harm done to others is harm inflicted upon the self. Schopenhauer was known to be a critic of the great thinker Immanuel Kant. One of the arguments Schopenhauer had with Kant’s philosophy was that it lacked the feelings of compassion and sympathy. Kantian ethics considered compassion and sympathy to be a nuisance when allowed to interfere with set rules. Feelings like these would block the “right lines” and lead to legislative reason....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, Philosophy, Ethics, Morality]

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Kant 's Categorical Imperative Essay

- ... As Kant considers this an act of self-interest, it can be concluded that suicide, through the idea of categorical imperative, is morally wrong. St. Thomas Aquinas’ natural law assumes a relationship between an individual and God; the idea of right or wrong being contingent on whether or not one’s actions go against what is “natural” (Brannigan 68). According to his first-order principle, man is inclined to seek good and avoid evil. In regard to that thought, one deduction Aquinas made was that humans are also inclined to preserve their lives (Brannigan 70)....   [tags: Morality, Ethics, Immanuel Kant, Philosophy]

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Utilitarianism Vs. Kant 's Theory

- James Bradley Griffith Ethics: PHI 122 Professor Bork 2014 October 5th Utilitarianism Vs. Kant 's Theory Throughout all the time spent on earth, Philosophy and ethics have been a master debate that has twisted the minds of mankind since the beginning of time. It may seem impossible to find the answer, that is until death. There are many theory 's and proposals in our history that we either have to stand by or turn our backs against what we believe in. Also, there is religious factors, what is right and wrong, and the pure reason why human existence is precious....   [tags: Morality, Ethics, Immanuel Kant, Human]

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Kant 's Theory Of Non Consequentialism

- ... He gives the example of someone who loves to help people and receives great pleasure from it. Now, to most this may seem like a perfectly good reason to do something for someone. However, Kant argues that if the morality of an action depends upon the intention of that action, then doing something for someone else because it will make you happy is not the right reason to do something. Kant argues this because he believes that people should perform actions out of duty. By “duty,” he means doing something purely because it is what one thinks they should do....   [tags: Morality, Ethics, Immanuel Kant, Moral absolutism]

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Kant 's Moral Philosophy View

- ... As the example above illustrated you have a conflicting set of moral duties not to lie and one to keep others from harm. A common way to respond to this to simply choose the "lesser of the two evils", however, this means that you would be considering and relying on which of the two actions has the least evil consequences, which means that your moral choice is being based on the consequences of your actions rather than on the basis of your obligations. “The moral worth depends, therefore, not on the realization of the object of the action, but merely on the principle of volition according to which, without regard to any objects of the faculty of desire, the action has been done” (Kant pg....   [tags: Ethics, Morality, Moral absolutism, Immanuel Kant]

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Kant 's Philosophical Views Of Morality And Justice

- Immanuel Kant was an eighteenth century philosopher whose ideas redefined philosophical views of morality and justice, and provided a base for modern philosophers to argue these ideas. In Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals, he argues against Hume’s idea of utilitarianism. Kant also explores the idea of freedom, free action, moral action, and how to determine if our actions are moral by use of the categorical imperative. Before Kant attempts to define freedom he first states that only rational beings are eligible to be free (Kant 57)....   [tags: Morality, Immanuel Kant, Ethics, Philosophy]

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Organized Being in Kant’s Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals

- Kant's argument that good will is the supreme purpose of man's existence based on observations of the influence that reason exerts on the will is inconsistent with what may be observed in nature. It presupposes an intentional cosmos wherein an organized being's purpose, and thus its standard of value, can be extracted from an examination of its constitution and faculties. While this presupposition is logically consistent with the rest of Kant's moral theory it does not coincide with what we can actually observe in nature....   [tags: good will, moral theory, Immanuel Kant]

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Kant 's Categorical Imperative Of Moral Value

- Emmanuel Kant was a influential philosopher and strong proponent of the modern era. Besides his large contribution to epistemology and metaphysics, his work in ethics was just as substantial. Kant’s ethics came to propose an objective morality, where moral judgments is not only true according to a person 's subjective view. He believed the moral worth of an action is not determined by its consequence but the motive behind it. Additionally, the “only motive that can endow an act with moral value, is one that arises from universal principles discovered by reason” (McCormick)....   [tags: Morality, Immanuel Kant, Ethics, Aesthetics]

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Kant and Deontological Theory

- Kant and Deontological Theory Immanuel Kant was a moral philosopher. His theory, better known as deontological theory, holds that intent, reason, rationality, and good will are motivating factors in the ethical decision making process. The purpose of this paper is to describe and explain major elements of his theory, its essential points, how it is used in the decision making process, and how it intersects with the teams values. While Kant’s theory may seem “overly optimistic” (Johnson, 2008) now, it was ruled as acceptable and rational behavior then....   [tags: Philosophy Kant]

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Kant 's Categorical Imperative Of Moral Obligation

- Emmanuel Kant (hereinafter “Kant”) believes that Ethics is categorical and states that our moral duties are not dependent on feelings but on reason (Pojman and Vaughn 239). According to Kant, there is one good thing that comes without qualification – a good will. Any other act done as only being good with qualification, and only a good will is worthy of happiness. A good will is done because it is one’s duty, not someone just doing a duty. The expected consequences of an act of good will are morally neutral, and therefore irrelevant to moral discussion....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, Morality, Categorical imperative]

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19th and 20th Philosophy: The views of Emmanuel Kant

- Kant shows in the Critique of Pure reason that there are multiple categories and he uses logic to come to these conclusions. “The same function that gives unity to the different representations in a judgment also gives unity to the mere synthesis of different representations in an intuition, which, expressed generally, is called the pure concept of understanding. The same understanding, therefore, and indeed by means of the very same actions through which it brings the logical form of a judgment into concepts by means of the analytical unity, also brings a transcendental content into its representations by means of the synthetic unity of the manifold in intuition in general, on account of wh...   [tags: emmanuel kant, understanding, logical judgement]

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Kant 's Deontological Theory And Ethical Egoism

- ... Immanuel Kant states that the fundamental principle of our moral duty is called Categorical imperative which it allows us to exercise our wills in a particular way, not to perform an action. It applies to us regardless of who we are and what we want and allows us to only act in ways you would be willing and able to allow others to act. An example of this is “You ought not to murder an innocent person.” In order for a moral act to pass it must contain the second version of categorical imperative which demands that all person is treated with respect and act so that you always treat people as ends in themselves, and never use them merely as a mean (respect their autonomy)....   [tags: Ethics, Immanuel Kant, Deontological ethics]

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Kant 's Deontological Theory And Ethical Egoism

- ... Immanuel Kant states that the fundamental principle of our moral duty is called categorical imperative which it allows us to exercise our wills in a particular way, not to perform an action. It applies to us, regardless of who we are and what we want and allows us to only act in ways you would be willing and able to allow others to act. An example of this is “You ought not to murder an innocent person.” In order for a moral act to pass, it must contain the second version of categorical imperative which demands that all people is treated with respect and act so that you always treat people as ends in themselves, and never use them merely as a mean (respect their autonomy)....   [tags: Ethics, Immanuel Kant, Deontological ethics]

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The Critical Philosophy of Immanuel Kant

- The Critical Philosophy of Immanuel Kant Criticism is Kant's original achievement; it identifies him as one of the greatest thinkers of mankind and as one of the most influential authors in contemporary philosophy. But it is important to understand what Kant means by'criticism', or 'critique'. In a general sense the term refers to a general cultivation of reason 'by way of the secure path of science' (Bxxx). More particularly, its use is not negative, but positive, a fact that finds expression in the famous expression, 'I have therefore found it necessary to deny knowledge to make room for faith' (Bxxx)....   [tags: Kant Philosophical Essays]

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Kant: Metaphysical Exposition of Space

- Kant: Metaphysical Exposition of Space Explain and asses what you think to be the best argument Kant gives as his “Metaphysical Exposition of Space” (B37-40) that space cannot be either and actual entity (Newtonian concept) or any independent relation among real things (Leibnizian concepti be on). In other words, is he successful in arguing that space must be (at least) a form of intuition. Do any of his arguments further show that space must be ONLY a form of intuition and not ALSO something Newtonian or Leibnizian....   [tags: Space Kant Philosophy Essays]

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The Kantian Perspective : Fairness And Justice Immanuel Kant

- In chapter 11 The Kantian Perspective: Fairness and Justice Immanuel Kant suggests that the clear cut basic works upon the same technique as the ethical law and it is likewise disregarded by the individuals who accept who apply "double standards ". The downright basic may further be recognized as a prerequisite to not regard other objective creatures as means, for Kant communicates that every single reasonable being contain the capacity of pressing together objectives, yet never see themselves as just an intends to another reason for their moves are eventually made all alone benefit and are finishes in themselves....   [tags: Ethics, Immanuel Kant, Good and evil, Morality]

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Metaphysics as Addressed by Kant and Hume

- Metaphysics as Addressed by Kant and Hume In the Prolegomena, Kant states that reading David Hume, "awakened him from his dogmatic slumber." It was Hume's An Inquiry Concerning Human Understanding that made Kant aware of issues and prejudices in his life that he had previously been unaware of. This further prompted Kant to respond to Hume with his own analysis on the theory of metaphysics. Kant did not feel that Hume dealt with these matters adequately and resolved to pick up where Hume had left off, specifically addressing the question of whether metaphysics as a science is possible....   [tags: Papers Kant Hume Philosophy Essays]

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Reasoning According to Kant

- Reasoning According to Kant Kant believes that, reason thinks of all cognition as belonging to a unified and organized system. Reason is our faculty of making inferences and of identifying the grounds behind every truth. It allows us to move from the particular and contingent to the global and universal. Each cause, and each cause's cause, and each additional ascending cause must itself have a cause. Reason generates this hierarchy that combines to provide the mind with a conception of a whole system of nature....   [tags: Kant Philosophy Reasoning Essays]

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Moral Law According To Kant

- Moral Law According To Kant      Immanuel Kant was a deontologist from Germany in the eithteenth century. He believed that the only test of whether a decision is right or wrong is whether it could be applied to everyone. Would it be all right for everyone to do what you are doing. If not, your decision is wrong. It would be wrong, for example, to make a promise with the intention of breaking it because if everyone did that, no one would believe anyone's promises. In ethics, Kant tried to show that doing one's duty consisted in following only those principles that one would accept as applying equally to all....   [tags: Morality Ethics Kant Philosophy Essays]

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Kant's Theory of Deontology and Euthanasia

- I am going to apply the theory of Kant’s Deontology to the case regarding assisted suicide for psychological suffering. Based on Kant’s theory, I have found suicide morally unjust. This case is about euthanasia and assisted suicide. On September 28, 1991, Dr. Boudewijn Chabot administered a sufficient amount of sleeping pills and a liquid drug mixture to a patient with the intentions of assisting the patient with death. The patient, Hilly Bosscher, was suffering from depression, and psychological pain....   [tags: Kant Assisted Suicide Mercy Killing]

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Immanuel Kant 's Metaphysics Of Morals Tightly Associates Rationality, Will, And Moral Law

- ... For example, in real life some of these laws can be governmental laws, rules and conditions imposed by someone else or authoritative figure, or even desires and emotions cause by other people or other things. Human beings, however, do not only act in reaction to the laws imposed on us. If we were to only do that, we would not be called rational as rationality entails being able to make our own decisions based on logic or reason and not just by impulse or instinct. To be a rational being, Kant argues that we act in accordance to “principles” that we conceive ourselves....   [tags: Morality, Immanuel Kant, Human, Ethics]

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Immanuel Kant's Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals

- Immanuel Kant's Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals In his publication, Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals, Immanuel Kant supplies his readers with a thesis that claims morality can be derived from the principle of the categorical imperative. The strongest argument to support his thesis is the difference between actions in accordance with duty and actions in accordance from duty. To setup his thesis, Kant first draws a distinction between empirical and “a priori” concepts. Empirical concepts are ideas we reach from our experiences in the world....   [tags: Kant Philosophy Metaphysics Essays]

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Kant's Theses: Unknowability and Non-Spatiotemporality

- Kant's Theses: Unknowability and Non-Spatiotemporality In the present paper is analyzed the relationship between Kant's theses concerning unknowability and non-spatiotemporality of things in themselves. First of all, it is argued that even by taking for granted that the Unknowability Thesis does not contradict the Non-Spatiotemporality Thesis, because the former can be thought as a consequence of the latter, this is not enough to avoid another problem, namely, that the Non-Spatiotemporality Thesis is not sufficient to abolish the possibility of thinking consistently of space and time as empirical or material....   [tags: Kant Argumentative Argument Papers]

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Immanuel Kant's Theory

- Immanuel Kant's Theory Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) discussed many ethical systems and reasoning’s some were based on a belief that the reason is the final authority for morality. In Kant’s eyes, reason is directly correlated with morals and ideals. Actions of any sort, he believed, must be undertaken from a sense of duty dictated by reason, and no action performed for appropriateness or solely in obedience to law or custom can be regarded as moral. A moral act is an act done for the "right" reasons....   [tags: Papers Immanuel Kant Morality]

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Kant's Humanity Formula

- Kant's Humanity Formula      “Few formulas in philosophy have been so widely accepted and variously interpreted as Kant’s injunction to treat humanity as an end in itself”(Hill, 38). Immanuel Kant’s views, as elucidated in his book, Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals, are based on the belief that “people count” by prohibiting actions which exploit other individuals in order for self-prosperity or altruistic ends. Ethics then, are confirmed by the dignity and worth of the rational agency of each person....   [tags: Kant Philosophy Philosophical Essays]

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Kant's Second Analogy

- In the Second Analogy, Kant argues that we must presuppose, a priori, that each event is determined to occur by some preceding event in accordance with a causal law. Although there have been numerous interpretations of this argument, we have not been able to show that it is valid. In this paper, I develop my own interpretation of this argument. I borrow an insight offered by Robert Paul Wolff. In Kant's argument, our need to presuppose that the causal determination of each event rests not upon our need to impose a 'necessary' and 'irreversible' temporal order upon representations of the states of an object, as Kant is usually interpreted, but upon our need to generate a comprehensive represe...   [tags: Kant Philosophy Behavior Papers]

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Kant’s Categorical Imperatives

- In order to evaluate whether one’s actions are moral, we use many moral dilemmas. One of them is Kant’s categorical imperative. This essay presents Kant’s project of categorical imperative. Then, I will explain that rulers should appeal to Kant’s categorical imperative when making foreign policy decision. In order to support my point of view, I will give importance to the reasons of why rulers appeal to categorical imperative when making foreign policy, so I have two reasons for this. One of them is that states depend on each other in economically and politically....   [tags: Kant's Moral Philosophy]

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Immanuel Kant

- Immanuel Kant Immanuel Kant was born, lived and passed away in his home town of Konigsberg. He lived from 1724 to 1804. He studied at the local university and later returned to tutor and lecture students. It wasn’t until he met an English merchant by the name of Joseph Green that Kant learned of David Hume and began to develop his ideas of morals and values. Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason (1781) is believed by many to be his greatest work. Kant’s was known mainly, however, for his moral code The Categorical Imperative....   [tags: Immanuel Kant Deontology Ethics]

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Kant's Moral Principles

- Kant's Moral Principles      In the Foundation of the Metaphysics of Morals, the author, Immanuel Kant, tries to form a base by rejecting all ethical theories that are connected to consequences, and then focusing on our ethical motivations and actions. Kant wants to derive good characters out of contingently right actions. He believes that everything is contingent (everything can have good or bad worth, depending on how it is used). So he is trying to find the supreme principal of morality in all his reasoning....   [tags: Kant Immanuel Philosophy Morals Essays]

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Kant's Categorical Imperative

- Kant's Categorical Imperative Deontology is the ethical view that some actions are morally forbidden or permitted regardless of consequences. One of the most influential deontological philosophers in history is Immanuel Kant who developed the idea of the Categorical Imperative. Kant believed that the only thing of intrinsic moral worth is a good will. Kant says in his work Morality and Rationality “The good will is not good because of what it affects or accomplishes or because of it’s adequacy to achieve some proposed end; it is good only because of it’s willing, i.e., it is good of itself”....   [tags: Philosophy Categorical Imperative Kant Essays]

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An Interpretation of Kant’s Metaphysical Deduction of the Categories

- In what appears to be an important section of the Critique of Pure Reason, when Kant attempts to show the natural connection between the table of judgment and the table of categories, there is a cryptic little paragraph: The same function that gives unity to the different representations in a judgment also gives unity to the mere synthesis of different representations in an intuition, which, expressed generally, is called the pure concept of understanding. The same understanding, therefore, and indeed by means of the very same actions through which it brings the logical form of a judgment into concepts by means of the analytical unity, also brings a transcendental content into its represent...   [tags: Kant Philosophy Philosophical Essays]

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Hume Vs Kant

-      Hume’s ultimate goal in his philosophic endeavors was to undermine abstruse Philosophy. By focusing on the aspect of reason, Hume shows there are limitations to philosophy. Since he did not know the limits, he proposed to use reason to the best of his ability, but when he came to a boundary, that was the limit. He conjectured that we must study reason to find out what is beyond the capability of reason.      Hume began his first examination if the mind by classifying its contents as Perceptions....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Hume Kant Essays]

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Kant’s Formula of the End in Itself

- Kant’s Formula of the End in Itself ABSTRACT: Is Kant’s "Formula of the End in Itself" overly demanding. In addressing this question, I sketch a conception of co-obligation, that is, a sort of moral requirement that holds, not of persons distributively, but of persons collectively. I then raise a problem of devolution: How does a co-obligation for all persons devolve upon me. For instance, given that we must maximize happiness, it does not seem to follow that I must always act so as to maximize happiness....   [tags: Ethics Kant Formula End Itself Essays]

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What Is Kant 's Moral Theory And How Does It Differ From Virtue Ethics?

- ... Another change that we would perceive is the idea of you are being exceptional due to the fact you are older or have more money will be extinct in society. Lastly, the public will have the equal right to talk on their behalf regarding who you are physically and mentally. 3. What is Card’s definition of evil. Why does she think it’s important to defend a new theory of evil. According to Card, what is the evil of genocide. Is it ever excusable. Why or why not. According to Card, what is the evil of terrorism....   [tags: Ethics, Deontological ethics, Immanuel Kant]

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Hume vs. Kant

- Many different philosophers have their own way of looking at not only the world, but society as a whole. This is clearly seen with the two philosopher’s Kant and Hume. Though totally different styles of philosophizing and looking at an ethical theory, it is not to say that one’s theory is better or more justified than the other. It is perhaps a different point of view or another opinion to take in. We must not directly rule out either Hume or Kant because both of their ethical theories have been approved by numerous philosophers and scholars alike....   [tags: Hume Kant Compare Contrast Philosophy Essays]

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Kant's Moral Constructivism and his Conception of Legislation

- Some hold that Kant’s conception of autonomy requires the rejection of moral realism in favor of "moral constructivism." However, commentary on a little noticed passage in the Metaphysics of Morals (with the assistance of Kant’s Lectures and Reflexionen) reveals that the conception of legislation at the core of Kant’s conception of autonomy represents a decidedly anti-constructivist strand in his moral philosophy. I. Summary: the Meaning of "Kant's Moral Constructivism" A. John Rawls In A Theory of Justice, although Rawls's method of generating principles of justice from a choice in the Original Position is described as "constructive", in the sense of "helpful to settle disputes", the idea...   [tags: Philosophy Kant Argumentative Argument Papers]

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The Beautiful in Kant's Third Critique and Aristotle's Poetics

- The Beautiful in Kant's Third Critique and Aristotle's Poetics ABSTRACT: I argue that Kant's analysis of the experience of the beautiful in the third Critique entails an implicit or potential experience of the sublime, that is, the sublime as he himself describes it. Finding the sublime in the beautiful is what I call philosophical beauty. I then consider some aspects of Aristotle's analysis of tragedy in the Poetics, specifically his identification of the key elements of tragedy as those involving the experience of fear and pity, which leads to a catharsis of these emotions....   [tags: Kant Third Critique Aristotle Poetics Essays]

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An Explication of Kant

- The above quote from Kant in his “Critique of Pure Reason” is given by way of an explanation; explaining exactly why it is that previous forms of metaphysics have failed to revolutionize to a natural science to this point. The quote is the very essence of Kant's argument for the Copernican Revolution of Metaphysics. Kant will go on to explain exactly why this form could be a science, but at this line in the work, Kant is still explaining to the reader how it came to past that metaphysics, reason, “has hitherto not been so fortunate as to enter upon the secure path of science, although it is older than all other sciences and would remain even if all the rest were swallowed up in the abyss of...   [tags: philosophy, metaphysics]

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Kant on Free Will

- Do humans truly have free will or are their lives completely predetermined. This question of free will has and will always remain to be a place for argument in philosophy. Many of the great philosophers attempted to answer this question, but none did as well of a job as Immanuel Kant. He lays the basis of his argument in his Prolegomena to any Future Metaphysics. Kant writes this prolegomena in response to David Hume’s of skepticism, and therefore, Kant is attempting to more firmly ground metaphysics....   [tags: Philosophy, Human Nature]

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Immanuel Kant's Ethics Of Pure Duty and John Stuart Mill's Utilitarian Ethics Of Justice

- Immanuel Kant's The Grounding For The Metaphysics of Morals and John Stuart Mill's Utilitarianism Immanuel Kant and John Stuart Mill are philosophers who addressed the issues of morality in terms of how moral traditions are formed. Immanuel Kant has presented one viewpoint in "The Grounding For The Metaphysics of Morals" that is founded on his belief that the worth of man is inherent in his ability to reason. John Stuart Mill holds another opinion as presented in the book, "Utilitarianism" that is seemingly in contention with the thoughts of Kant....   [tags: Kant Mill Philosophy Philosophers Essays]

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The Metaphysics of Morals by Immanuel Kant

- In Immanuel Kant’s Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals, he discusses his fundamental principle of morality. This is also known as his “categorical imperative”. His principle of morality basically states that all actions are moral and “good” if they are performed as a duty. Such an idea is exemplified when he says, “I should never act except in such a way that I can also will that my maxim should become a universal law” (Kant 14). Kant also seeks to apply his principal to suicide, as well has helping others in distress....   [tags: philosophy, categorical imperative]

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The Metaphysics of Morals by Immanuel Kant

- ... Categorical imperatives, however, are ends in of itself. He says that actions are only good if they are carried out "just because," which would be a categorical imperative. However, he argues that actions are usually not assumed for the sake of duty alone but because of some self-interest, which forces them to act out that action where they wouldn't have otherwise. This is evident when Kant states that "in fact, there is absolutely no possibility by means of experience to make out with complete certainty a single case in which the maxim of an action that may in other respects conform with duty has rested solely on moral grounds" (Kant, 19)....   [tags: philosophy, actions, moral values]

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What is Enlightenment? Emmanuel Kant

- In his essay writing “What is Enlightenment?” Immanuel Kant defines enlightenment as “man’s emergence from his self-imposed immaturity” (Kant, 1). In order for us to completely understand this definition, we must first understand what Kant meant by “Immaturity”. In the writing Kant defines immaturity as “the inability to use one’s understanding without the guidance from another”(Kant, 1). Furthermore, Kant believes that this immaturity is self-imposed, and that it is the individual’s fault for lacking the courage and resolve to think for themselves, but instead pay others to think and understand for them....   [tags: freedom, reason, philosophy]

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analysis of Kant's Categorical Imperative

- Analysis of Kant’s Categorical Imperative in Metaphysics Grounding for the metaphysics of morals is a foundation of Kant’s philosophy, in this book, Kant wants to build up a moral kingdom of metaphysical. At first, Kant extracted categorical imperative from the concepts of goodness, will and obligation and enacted some rational principles, then, he plans to map out moral metaphysic through categorical imperative. However, he failed to do so owing to that his theory is founded on purely idealism....   [tags: Philosophy]

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Immanuel Kant and the Moral Law

- Immanuel Kant was a German philosopher from the 18th century, widely known for his various achievements and works such as Critique of Pure Reason and Foundations of Metaphysics of Morals. Kant developed a theory of ethics that depends on reason rather than emotion called The Moral Law. Kant was not anti-religious but he wanted an ethical system that was not obscured by religion, emotion or personal interpretation. According to Kant, morality is a function of reason, based on our consciousness of necessary and universal laws....   [tags: law, duty, theory of ethics]

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