Your search returned over 400 essays for "Jacqes Cousteau"
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The Exploration at the End of the World

- The Exploration at the Edge of the World Darwin called it a red and green dragon. It was basking in the sunlight. It heeded the explorer no attention, finding his presence an inadequate reason to move. This is the encounter that inspired Jacques Cousteau’s adventure into the Archipelago and underwater depths of the Galapagos Islands (Cousteau and Diolé). Jacques-Yves Cousteau was born on the French Island of St. Andre-De-Cubzac, on June 11, 1910. He was a sickly child. Diagnosed with Enteritis, the inflammation of his intestines, he was confined to his bed on many occasions....   [tags: Jacques Cousteau, Galapagos Islands]

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Jacques Coustean

- Jacques Coustean The country of France has contributed many brilliant cultural figures over their nation’s history. There is a long and complicated history of rulers, musicians, artists, and philosophers. But what name was the first to come to mind when I began to search for an artist from my ancestor’s country of origin. None other than Jacques Cousteau, the red-knit-cap-wearing, fishy-loving filmmaker who pioneered underwater photography. Through the use of documentary, Cousteau brought up from the deep whole new worlds unseen by the public until he entered the scene....   [tags: Biography People Coustean Essays]

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A Discourse On Inequality By Jacques Rousseau

- ... The invention of tools became a necessity for his existence, and soon man left the state of nature. This brings into question whether or not man lived in the state of nature since as soon he is in the state of nature, nature forces man to leave it. In the end, this new knowledge, the creation of technology, made man superior over animals only until he became conscious of it. The first movement of the emergence of a society was due to the building of huts. According to Rousseau, “men who had previously been wandering around the woods, having once adopted a fixed settlement, come gradually together, unite in different groups, and form in each country a particular nation, united by customs...   [tags: Human, State of nature, Jean-Jacques Rousseau]

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The Social Contract By Jean Jacques Rousseau

- The Social Contract was written by Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Rousseau was a philosopher, writer, and composer during the 18th century. In his book, The Social Contract, he theorized the best way to create a political community. The “social contract” is an agreement in the way an individual enters society; people place restraints on their behavior to be able to live in a community. As a result, people gain the freedom of thinking rationally and morally. He believes the only way to become fully human is by entering the “social contract”....   [tags: Political philosophy, Jean-Jacques Rousseau]

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Political Philosophy : By Jean Jacques Rousseau

- ... The coercion of the many to one is only acceptable if there is a threat to others, but he primarily believes that, “Over himself, over his own body and mind, the individual is sovereign” (Mill, 259). Mill takes a hard look at the sphere of liberty as it falls into three categories: the domain of conscience, planning one’s life and protection of tastes and pursuits, and uniting with any consenting individuals. These liberties facilitate the true freedom to choose one’s path, instead of being coerced by the public....   [tags: Political philosophy, Jean-Jacques Rousseau]

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John Locke And Jean Jacques Rousseau

- In The Social Contract philosophers John Locke and Jean-Jacques Rousseau discuss their differences on human beings’ place of freedom in political societies. Locke’s theory is when human beings enter society we tend to give up our natural freedom, whereas Rousseau believes we gain civil freedom when entering society. Even in modern times we must give up our natural freedom in order to enforce protection from those who are immoral and unjust. In The Social Contract, John Locke explains his social contract theory....   [tags: Political philosophy, Jean-Jacques Rousseau]

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Thomas Hobbes And Jean Jacques Rousseau

- ... Ultimately, the sole objective of any state is to survive. Security is more important than power, and states will engage in any means available to ensure its survival. The seventeenth century philosopher, Thomas Hobbes, sought to establish a social-political theory which would enable society to live in peace and not descend into a state of civil war. In order to accomplish this task, Hobbes’ goal is to create a political institutions which would be able to socialize people so that the accumulation of knowledge and points of difference between individuals could be disseminated....   [tags: Political philosophy, Jean-Jacques Rousseau]

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Jean Jacques Rousseau : A Brief Summary

- ... Therefore, it allowed a lot of unbridled freedom with the hopeful notion that people, when given the opportunity, would make virtuous choices for the betterment of society (Hergenhahn & Henley, 2014). As history has taught us, referring to Cain and Abel as a prime example, humans are apt to make immoral choices. In Rousseau’s work titled The Social Contract, he began it with the statement “man is born free and yet we see him everywhere in chains” which, I believe depicted the time he lived in (Hergenhahn & Henley, 2014)....   [tags: Political philosophy, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Human]

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The Freedom of Men in Jean-Jacques Rousseau's Work

- Out of the many philosophers of his time, Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s ideas were the most enlightened. His ideas were extremely controversial and he has influenced political and social change for over two hundred years. His ideas were enlightened by thinking ahead of the people of his time by talking about general will, liberty and the corruption of society, and how freedom was essential to being human. We find the Rousseau argued about the freedoms of men quite a bit in his work The Social Contract....   [tags: Jean-Jacques Rousseau, philosophy, freedom,]

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Morality On Social Contract By Jean Jacques Rousseau

- ... The knowledge of different ways of life affects the behavior of every unique individual regarding their activities in the society. Varying individuals are not able to hide the truth of how they got their personal laws concerning moral values around society. Even though certain few may be unaware of the morality of the society, it is seen to be that actions become trends, therefore most will blindly accept what is common. Religious morals in the society are the best in controlling the behavior of people, as the bulk of the participants follow the religious law, and never have to questions their decisions in what is right or wrong (Guzmen-Carmeli & Sharabi 294)....   [tags: Religion, Morality, Ethics, Jean-Jacques Rousseau]

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An Illustration of Monastic Life in the 14th Century: Jean-Jacques Annaud's The Name of the Rose

- Jean-Jacques Annaud, The Name of the Rose historical fiction murder mystery illustrates monastic life in the 14th century. This medieval film takes place in a remote Benedictine abbey in Northern Italy. Annaud is historically successful in recounting monastic life during the Middle Ages. The enriching backdrop of this film presents the culture of monastic life. The setting is beautifully examined and replicated to show the distinct and complicated architecture of the times. The characterization of the monks is distinct in their appearance common to medieval times....   [tags: Jean-Jacques Annaud, Name of the Rose, mystery, fi]

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Jean Jacques Rousseau 's Work Discourse On The Origin And Foundations Of Inequality

- Imagine a time were humans lived in a primitive state were they were free and independent. A time before humans became civilized and everything was peaceful. Would we be able to revert back to a time were we wouldn’t be highly dependent on electricity, industrialization, infrastructure, the food industry, and most importantly the dependency on other people. Would we be able to survive and thrive. In this paper, I will be writing about Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s work Discourse on the Origin and Foundations of Inequality Among Men, where he extensively wrote about the State of Nature....   [tags: Human, State of nature, Jean-Jacques Rousseau]

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Sir Isaac Newton, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, and Thomas Hobbes

- Isaac Newton Isaac Newton was born in 1642, the same year Galileo died, in Woolsthorpe, Lincolnshire, England on Christmas Day. He is considered one of the greatest scientists in history. As an English mathematician and physicist, Newton made important contributions to many fields of science. His discoveries and theories laid the foundation for much of the progress in science since his time. The three most important offerings of Newton are solving the mystifications of light and optics, formulating his three laws of motion, and deriving from them the law of universal gravitation....   [tags: Jean-Jacques Rousseau Essays]

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Force, Right, and Freedom in Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s Philosophy

- In the Social Contract Rousseau discusses the best way to run a state and uses philosophical arguments to argue his case. He also uses the ideas of force, right and freedom to support his argument. He feels we require a civil state, as opposed to living in the state of nature, as ‘it substitutes justice for instinct….and gives his actions a moral quality’ and describes the civil state as having ‘transformed him from a stupid, limited animal into an intelligent being and a man’ (Unit, p109)....   [tags: Jean-Jacques Rousseau]

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Jean-Jacques Rousseau and The Essence of Human Nature

- Rousseau starts his discourse with the quote, “What is natural has to be investigated not in beings that are depraved, but in those that are good according to nature” (Aristotle. Politics. II). It is this idea that Rousseau uses to define his second discourse. Rousseau begins his story of human nature by “setting aside all the facts” (132). Rousseau believes the facts of the natural state of humanity are not necessary to determine the natural essence of human nature, and adding facts based on man’s condition in society does not show man’s natural condition....   [tags: Jean-Jacques Rousseau]

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Jean-Jacques Rousseau

- Jean-Jacques Rousseau      “I was born to a family whose morals distinguished them from the people.” (Josephson 9) Jean-Jacques Rousseau was born in Geneva, Switzerland on June 28, 1712. He became the son of Isaac Rousseau, a plebian class watchmaker, and Suzanne Bernard, the daughter of a minister who died shortly after giving birth to him. Rousseau’s baptism ceremony was a traditional one held at St. Peter’s Cathedral on July 4, 1712 by the reverend senebies. He had an elder brother who had a “loose character”, but Rousseau loved him anyway....   [tags: Jean Jacques Rousseau Biographies Essays]

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Jean Jacques Rousseau on Liberalism

- Rousseau had many ideas about how society as a whole should work. His main ideas involve man requiring freedom. With this freedom we theoretically will not compare ourselves to one another, or strive towards being better than others. His other main ideas include the general will and the idea of a collective sovereignty. These suggest that society and government should please the general will and work together as a cohesive unit. Rousseau has several famous books, one of which is The Social Contract....   [tags: The Social Contract, philosophical analysis]

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Biography of Jacques d’Amboise

- ... He loves Balanchine but he does admit he loved Lincoln Kirsten even more because he was a total wreck and dysfunctional genius of a mad energies and passion. Lincoln would always say “he feared he was wrong” And yell out “good taste is my taste, buster, good taste is my taste” he described how Vulnerable he was by saying “He was a wounded elephant, with all the power of an elephant, full of doubts and fear.” His idea of studying dance started with his mom because she always had a dream of her kids following her steps as a dancer....   [tags: dancer, american ballet]

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Jean Francois, Jacques Champollion

- Born of a humble home as the last of 7 seven children from his parents, he never received a formal education at a young age. However, his brother, Jacques Champollion, taught him to read. Even from his young age, Jean-François could handle languages with ease. Although Jacques did not have Jean’s remarkable grasp of language, he was excellent at making a living and supported Jean throughout most of their lives. By the age of 16, Jean had mastered a dozen languages not counting his native tongue of French....   [tags: Egyptian hieroglyphs, Ancient Egypt]

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Jacques Fesch

- A 24-year-old unrepentant Frenchman was arrested for murder on February 24, 1954. Almost sixty years later, he is being considered for canonization. Jacques Fesch was born in Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France on April 6, 1930. His father was an atheist, distant to his son and unfaithful to his wife, whom he eventually divorced. His parents failed to pay him much attention as he grew up, resulting in Jacques not taking an interest in his schoolwork, or in his high-paying job at the bank after he graduated....   [tags: Biography, Writer]

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Jacques Cartier

- Jacques Cartier is a well-known British explorer who was born on the French seaport of Saint- Malo, there was not a lot documented on Cartier’s’ early life before he made his great discoveries. He is one of the most highly respected sailor, and navigator of his time his voyages left a mark on the world. Jacques Cartier went on three main voyages in all of these voyages he discovered something new that benefited the world around him during his time of living. Jacques Cartier left his mark on the world when he was alive, but what did Cartier’s voyages discoveries do that benefit the world we live in today....   [tags: Biography]

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Jacques Louis David: A Brief Biography

- Jacques Louis David supported the French Revolution from start to finish. He joined the Mountain, the Jacobin club, supported the Constitutional Monarchy and the Reign of Terror, and finally became the court painter to General Napoleon Bonaparte. David was extremely dedicated to having a Republican government, and while many people were fleeing the country for greater opportunities all over the world, David stayed behind to help abolish the old power. David, born on August 30, 1748 in Paris, France, was a skilled painter during the French Revolution....   [tags: neoclassic French painters]

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William Golding and Jean Jacques Rousseau

- William Golding was the author of The Lord of The Flies, a book that is today still very controversial in the fact that Golding displayed British school boys resorting to complete savagery and barbarism, feasting on near raw pig’s meat and fighting one another; His display of how humankind has an evil inside everyone, no matter how deeply hidden it is. Jean Jacques Rousseau was the author of Dissertation on The Origin and Foundation of The Inequality of Mankind. Both of these controversial books displayed the author’s views on humanity and society....   [tags: human nature, comparison]

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A Phenomenal Figure: Jean-Jacques Rousseau

- A Phenomenal Figure: Jean-Jacques Rousseau The enlightenment era was a time where many philosophers lived. Their works helped benefit society and the bewilderment the state lived in. In this era, enlightenment thinkers were identified to give basis to philosophy that was independent from tradition, culture and religion. These philosophers were known to have written theories on politics, education, society, nature, nurture, etc. A critical philosopher from that era who attacked all these ideas and many more was Jean Jacques Rousseau....   [tags: Philosohpy]

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Jean-Jacques Rousseau's The Social Contract

- The problem is to find a form of association … in which each, while uniting himself with all, may still obey himself alone, and remain as free as before.’ Does Rousseau have a convincing solution to the problem he poses. The opening line of Jean-Jacques Rousseau's influential work 'The Social Contract' (1762), is 'man is born free, and he is everywhere in chains. Those who think themselves masters of others are indeed greater slaves than they'. These are not physical chains, but psychological and means that all men are constraints of the laws they are subjected to, and that they are forced into a false liberty, irrespective of class....   [tags: Sociology Essays]

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Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Political Powers

- The proper use and limits of governmental power have different implications for each theorist that we have studied. Some see its power as all-encompassing, while others see it as more narrow, controlled and regulated. For this essay, I chose to examine the philosophies of the theorists with whom I disagree with the least: Rousseau, Locke, and Rawls. One can always recall Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s famous line: “Man is born free, and everywhere he is in chains.” This sentence expressed his opposition to the idea that individual should be forced to give up their natural rights to a king....   [tags: natural rights, democracy]

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Letter from Jean-Jacques Rousseau

- Letter to the Editor Assignment Letter From Jean-Jacques Rousseau After reading an article written in The Globe and Mail describing Toronto’s current Mayor, Rob Ford’s latest scandal, there were various statements that caught my attention. It shocks me that such behaviour is tolerated by the community after receiving what I believe to be a disingenuous apology. I believe that Mayor Ford encapsulates everything that is wrong with our political system. His actions prove that he believes to be above the will of the people, taking advantage of his freedom when he should be putting the needs of the community first....   [tags: letter to the editor assignment]

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The Influence of Jean Jacques Rousseau

- Eighteenth-century philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau influenced many French revolutionaries with his ideas. In the time of the Enlightenment, people believed that humankind could progress and improve through the use of reason and science. One of them was French artist Jacques-Louis David, who was official artist to the French revolution (p158, Blk 3). Just as Rousseau had used his publications to reflect on his ideas, David had used art as a media to reflect the ideas and values of the society in the eighteenth century....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Jean Jacques Rousseau's Influence on Mary Shelley's Creature

- Manufactured Monster® Who or what decides what makes one person better than another. Why should anyone or anything decide in the first place. The only thing that differentiates people is society. Whether it’s sports, school, or even getting hired for a job, someone is always the best. The most athletic, the smartest, the most qualified. Society puts these classifications on people. Things were not always this way though. Before humans were so “advanced” and before any society, there was a time when nothing mattered except self preservation....   [tags: Frankestein, literature, novel]

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Jean Jacques Rousseau And The Declaration Of The Rights Of Man

- The Age of Revolutions was a period from approximately 1776 to 1848 that greatly changed the world and how it runs. During this period, the old monarchies began to weaken and new governments, built on constitutions by the people, began to rise. Many important texts and ideas came about during, or greatly influenced, this period in history. Two such texts are Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s The Social Contract, and The Declaration of the Rights of Man, along with its sister text, The Declaration of the Rights of Women....   [tags: United States Declaration of Independence]

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The Influence of Jacques Derrida’s Deconstruction on Contemporary Sociology

- Throughout the development of sociology as a discipline, the main backdrop to both sociological field-work and theory has been the distinction between Self and Other – or subject and object – expressed more broadly through the study of the interplay between individuals and institutions. With the advent of poststructuralist thinking, also known as postmodernism, the preference toward this distinction has come under suspicion by some contemporary sociologists and philosophers. Critics typically charge postmodernism with holding subjectivity to higher ground than objectivity, that postmodernism is exclusively relativist in that it questions the unity of an objective reality....   [tags: Sociology Essays]

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Questionaire: Jean- Jacques Rousseau and The Social Contract

- Ques: “The problem is to find a form of association… in which each, while uniting himself with all, may still obey himself alone, and remain as free as before.” Does Rousseau have a convincing solution to the problem he poses. In the 1700’s Jean- Jacques Rousseau wrote The Social Contract. During this time, the social contract was fairly new theory. It stated in order to have a democracy laws were needed which caused everyone to give up some rights in order to do so. Rousseau makes a convincing solution to the problem of being able to be free while united with everyone else through his philosophy on how the social contract works....   [tags: equality, power, association]

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Comparison of Thomas Hobbes and Jean-Jacques Rousseau

- Human nature and its relevance in determining behaviors, predictions, and conclusions has caused dispute among philosophers throughout the ages. Political philosophy with its emphasis on government legitimacy, justice, laws, and rights guided the works of the 17th and 18th century philosophical writings of Thomas Hobbes and Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Through Thomas Hobbes world-renowned publication Leviathan and Rousseau’s discourses on basic political principals and concepts, each man validated their thoughts on human nature and what is required for a successful society within their respective government confines....   [tags: Hobbes vs Rousseau]

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Biography of French Painter Jacques-Louis David

- ... Napoleon Bonaparte is no exception. Napoleon Bonaparte was always, and still is, a figure of world importance. According to Encyclopedia of the Romantic Era, 1760-1850, Volume 2, its author, Christopher John Murray states that King Charles IV of Spain commissioned Napoleon Cross the Alps "in recognition of the young commander's notable victories and rise to power, and as homage to a powerful ally. It provided the definitive image of the warrior ruler that publicity-conscious Bonaparte was then eager to promote....   [tags: french revolution, hero, napoleon]

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Jacques Ellul's Article on Techniques Integrates Machines with Society

- ... Technique is a vital tool that integrates the machine into society. We cannot use Machines without a proper technique. They have made our lives so dependable and comfortable that we just can’t dream of living without these machines at all. But actually this is not so we have just become slaves to these machines. We are ignoring the basic fact that these have some side effects which in turn harms its users dramatically. The second aspect in this article, Ellul also discussed is the “relation between science and technique”....   [tags: oranization, science, production]

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The Social Contract And Discourses By Jean Jacques Rousseau

- What kind of nobility does Rousseau attribute to the ‘savage’, and what variety of means does he think this to be corrupted by civilisation. Jean–Jacques Rousseau in ‘The Social Contract and Discourses’ examines the inequality created among men in society (civilisation.) Rousseau attempts to demonstrate the fundamental attributes of human beings in the ‘state of nature’ and how inequality arises and corrupts the ‘savage’ through the process of civilisation. What he terms moral inequality is deemed unnatural and only occurs in societies where man has become more ‘civilised.’ The ‘savage’ on the other hand, described is like an animal acting as nature dictates, “being destitute of every specie...   [tags: Political philosophy, Thomas Hobbes]

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9/11 and Jean-Jacques Rousseau

- 9/11 and Jean-Jacques Rousseau L'Etat C'est Moi : Absolutism in the Age of Reason By analyzing the Taliban regime and their motives, Jean-Jacques Rousseau's ideas, and by comparing the two, it will be made evident that Jean-Jacques Rousseau's ideas of government rule over people's lives is true in this specific case. On September 11, 2001 the heart of the United States of America was ripped out in a matter of 10 minutes by Islamic extremists who follow the Taliban Regime. The first attack was at 8:45 am when two planes were hijacked and crashed into the twin towers of the World Trade Centre in New York City....   [tags: American America History]

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Biography of Jean-Jacques Rousseau

- Biography of Jean-Jacques Rousseau MAN is born free; and everywhere he is in chains. One thinks himself the master of others, and still remains a greater slave then they. How did this change come about. I do not know. How can it be legitimate. That question I think I can answer. (Rousseau, Jean-Jacques 1997) Jean- Jacques Rousseau was born on the 25th of June 1712 in Geneva, Switzerland....   [tags: Papers]

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Jean-Jacques Rousseau

- The concepts of liberty and individuality experienced a critical change in meaning and understanding as Europe shifted from the 18th century Enlightenment era to the age of political economy and utilitarianism of the 19th century. This clear distinction can be seen when comparing the works of enlightenment thinker Jean-Jacques Rousseau to authors of the 19th century, including utilitarian John Stuart Mill and communist Karl Marx. The fundamental differences in the ideas of liberty and individuality between the two centuries can be attributed to the political, economic, and social climates of each author’s time....   [tags: Philosophy, Political Science]

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Jacques Lacan

- The theories of Jacques Lacan give explanation and intention to the narrator’s actions throughout the novel “Surfacing”. Although Margaret Atwood may not have had any knowledge of the French psychoanalyst’s philosophies, I feel that both were making inferences on behavior and psychology and that the two undeniably synchronize with each other. I will first identify the complex philosophies of Jacques Lacan and then demonstrate how the narrator falls outside of Lacan’s view of society and how this leads to her demand for retreat from that society in order to become ‘whole’....   [tags: Lacanian Psychoanalysis]

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Jacques La Ramee

- Jacques La Ramee Throughout Wyoming many landmarks are named after an early French—Canadian trapper. These landmarks include the Laramie River, the Laramie Peak , the Laramie Plains, Laramie County , Fort Laramie , the town of Fort Laramie , and the city of Laramie . Jacques LaRamee (Laramée, Laramé, Laramie , De la Ramie, de la Rame, or La Ramee it is spelled different by almost all the listed sources) was a mysterious man with obvious influence (Chittenden, 1935; Coutant, 1899; Fetter, 1982; McDermott, 1968; Pitcher, 2000)....   [tags: Biography History Ramee Wyoming Essays Papers]

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Georges-Jacques Danton of France and Leadership

- Georges-Jacques Danton of France and Leadership What is a leader. A leader as described by Webster's Dictionary is, "person who has commanding authority or influence." A man in history who certainly fits that description is Georges-Jacques Danton of France. Danton had a trouble childhood that included losing his father before his third birthday, and having several encounters with animals that would eventually leave him deformed for life. Danton's early political promise showed most one day in grade school....   [tags: Papers]

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Jean Jacques Audubon

- Jean Jacques Audubon Realizing that the natural environment requires protection from the wiles of the human race, individuals have organized societies that work to support the protection of species around the globe. I have always loved and supported those that support the environment. So, when I would hear of the National Audubon Society, I instinctively pictured Audubon as a wildlife conservationist and someone I liked very much. I heard about Jean Jacques Audubon before, and at least I thought I knew him very well....   [tags: Expository Essays]

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Jean Jacques Rousseau

- Jean Jacques Rousseau Throughout his life, Rousseau suffered from severe emotional distress, and feelings of deep inferiority and guilt. Rousseau's actions and writings reflect his attempts to overcome this sense of inadequacy and to find a place in world that only seemed to reject him. His political philosophy influenced the development of the French Revolution, and his theories have had a great impact on education and literature. Jean Jacques Rousseau was born in Geneva, Switzerland on June 28, 1712 and later died on July 2, 1778....   [tags: Papers]

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Jacques Louis David

- David was the virtual art dictator of France for a generation. Extending beyond painting, his influence determined the course of fashion, furniture design, and interior decoration and was reflected in the development of moral philosophy. His art was a sudden and decisive break with tradition, and from this break "modern art" is dated. David studied with Vien, and after winning the Prix de Rome (which had been refused him four times, causing him to attempt suicide by starvation) he accompanied Vien to Italy in 1775....   [tags: essays research papers fc]

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The Death of Socrates by Jacques-Louis David

- By viewing the painting The Death of Socrates by Jacques-Louis David, Socrates’ loyalty to the Athenian government was far more important to him than his own death or friendship. He was more interested in teaching his students about his belief in reason and the law of justice before he died. Still, the students and friends were arguing with him and trying to convince him to renounce his teachings. Socrates was strong in telling his students how it was for the good of society that he drinks the poison hemlock....   [tags: Art Analysis Painting]

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Jean-Jacques Rousseau's The State of War

- Jean-Jacques Rousseau's "The State of War" Jean-Jacques Rousseau's "The State of War" elegantly raises a model for confederative peace among the states of Europe, and then succinctly explains its impossibility. Rousseau very systematically lays out the benefits of such a "perpetual peace" through arguments based only in a realism of pure self-interest, and then very elegantly and powerfully turns the inertia of the self-interest machinery against the same to explain why it can never come to be....   [tags: Rousseau The State of War]

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Thomas Hobbes and Jean-Jacques Rousseau

- Thomas Hobbes and Jean-Jacques Rousseau Thomas Hobbes and Jean-Jacques Rousseau developed theories on human nature and how men govern themselves. With the passing of time, political views on the philosophy of government gradually changed. Despite their differences, Hobbes and Rousseau, both became two of the most influential political theorists in the world. Their ideas and philosophies spread all over the world influencing the creation of many new governments. These theorists all recognize that people develop a social contract within their society, but have differing views on what exactly the social contract is and how it is established....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Essays]

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Thomas Hobbes and Jean-Jacques Rousseau

- Thomas Hobbes and Jean-Jacques Rousseau have very different views on the social contract largely based on their fundamental views of the state of nature in humanity. These basic views of natural human nature cause Hobbes and Rousseau to have views on opposite sides of the spectrum, based on two controversial speculations, that human is inherently good or that human is inherently inclined towards egotism and perpetual insecurity. Due to his belief that they are of this nature, Hobbes viewed an all-powerful sovereign of a rather totalarianistic nature to be necessary....   [tags: The Social Contract 2014]

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Daguerreotype-Louis-Jacques-Mande Daguerre

- The media object selected for analysis is the Daguerreotype. Louis-Jacques-Mande Daguerre (1787-1851), a Romantic painter and printmaker, had introduced the Daguerreotype on 7th January 1839 and would forever change the perspectives of the visual experience through photography (Daniel, 2004). Ever since the advent of the Daguerreotype, people were able to view a detailed imprinting of a certain visual frame on a treated sheet of copper (which today is called the film) (Daniel, 2004). The daguerreotype served as a medium for two fundamental forms of expression in the early days – in the field of both the arts and sciences (Daniel, 2004)....   [tags: media assignment, analysis, painter]

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Inequality By Jean Jacques Rousseau 's Theory On The Origin And Basis Of Inequality

- Inequality in the United States varies widely. The difference in the treatment of people has been a problem since there has been a gathering of people into societies. In 1754, philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau wrote about the inequality of men in his work entitled “Discourse on the origin and basis of inequality among men.” In this work, Rousseau talks about two types of inequality, the physical or natural type and the ethical or moral type of inequality. He was unconcerned with the first type which he stated was the difference in things such as one man’s physical prowess over another....   [tags: United States, Working class, Economic inequality]

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Summary Of ' The Hunger Games ' By Jean Jacques Rousseau And Charles Darwin

- ... This is shown through humans, where women’s and men are different, and have different occupations but similar things. The way humans and animals are similarity different, is demonstrated through inequality, where in the novel it presents the District and Capitol that show the way there are two groups, which is split into being poor and rich where humans are been treated like animals are seen through these two groups of the District and the Capitol. Furthermore, the way humans are different from animals are depicted through Darwin’s ideas, where he states that humans are similar to animals, and are treated equally....   [tags: Charles Darwin, Evolution, Natural selection]

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A Comparison of Jacques-Lois David and Joseph Goebbels

- “The essence of propaganda consists in winning people over to an idea so sincerely, so vitally, that in the end they succumb to it utterly and can never again escape from it” (Goebbels). Both Jacques-Lois David and Joseph Goebbels were aspiring men who rose above the standards that were set for them and utilized their own individual talent in order to sway people’s opinions to match their own. They both possessed extraordinary talent and ideas for their time, where Jacques-Lois David was an artist who mastered in the neoclassical style of painting and used his art work as a form of propaganda to represent a biased view from a revolutionary on occurring events; where as Joseph Goebbels had s...   [tags: essays research papers]

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Philosophy of Time and Media with Jacques Derrida and Richard Rorty

- Philosophy of Time and Media with Jacques Derrida and Richard Rorty ABSTRACT: This paper is divided into four sections. The first provides a survey of some significant developments which today determine philosophical dealings with the subject of 'time.' In the second part it is shown how the question of time and the question of media are linked with one another in the views of two contemporary philosophers: Jacques Derrida and Richard Rorty. In section three, the temporal implications of cultural practices which are developing in the new medium of the Internet are analyzed, and finally, related to my main theses....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Papers]

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The Oedipus Complex - Sigmund Freud vs. Jacques Lacan

- The Oedipus Complex - Sigmund Freud vs. Jacques Lacan The story of Sophocles' Oedipus Tyrannus has been interpreted by innumerable writers, philosophers, and critics in countless ways; the methods of interpreting Oedipus vary from mad rages and blind accusations to ignorantly perverse acts ranging from basic sexual desire to pre-destined fate ordained by the gods. Perhaps the most famous psychoanalyst in history Sigmund Freud theorized that Oedipus' story was applicable to all. French psychoanalyst Jacques Lacan translated Freud into French and, though Lacan claimed to agree completely with Freud's ideas, he substantially changed Freud's theories....   [tags: Psychology]

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A Comparison Between The Works Of Amedeo Modigliani And Jacques Villon

- Italian-born Cubist painter, Amedeo Modigliani (1884-1920) and the French, Jacques Villon (1875-1963), both painted vibrant and expressive portraits during the early twentieth-century. In this case, the chosen portraits are Modigliani's "Portrait of Mrs. Hastings", 1915 and Villon's "Mme. Fulgence", 1936. Both of these compositions are portraits. Nothing is of more importance than the sitter herself. The female sitter in Modigliani's piece, sits in an almost dizzying pose with a twist in her elongated neck (a Modigliani trademark), a stylized and mask-like head and a columnar neck....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Jean Jacques Rousseau, Hobbes And American Democracy

- Author: Sean Dwyer Freedom, Democracy, and Liberty are essential rights to the self-determination that all people inherently have. But, when those rights are trampled upon by individuals that seek to enslave and perpetrate countless crimes against the sovereignty of a man’s spirit, then freedom needs to be defended. Men are determined to rule themselves, free from the oppressive fists of a tyrant. It is during this grave hour where we are called upon to protect freedom. The baton of freedom has been passed to us, a new generation....   [tags: William Julius Wilson 2014]

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Jean-Louis David and Jean-Jacques Rousseau

- Jean-Louis David + Jean-Jacques Rousseau Question : In what ways and to what extent is an understanding of historical context important in approaching the works of (a) David and (b) Rousseau. "The Lictors Returning to Brutus the Bodies of his Sons", is a painting by the French artist Jean-Louis David in 1789. Having led the fight which overthrew the monarchy and established the Roman Republic. Brutus tragically saw his sons participate in a plot to restore the monarchy. As a judge, he was called upon to render the verdict, and without hesitation condemned his two sons to death....   [tags: History Art Artwork Painting]

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Jacques-Louis David

- Caricature Paper Jacques-Louis David: Gouvernement Anglois (The English Government) Introduction: As one can expect from the very nature of political and social revolutions, there were some very unhappy people during the French revolution. The question here is why the French citizens of this time so upset were and was their discontent so great that a revolution could be justified. Furthermore, who and what will be the ultimate vehicle to bring the necessary political, social and economic dreams to realization....   [tags: essays research papers fc]

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Jacques-Louis David

- Jacques-Louis David Jacques-Louis David was a painter born in 1748. He grew up into a prosperous middle-class family in Paris. In 1757 his mother abandoned him with his uncles after his father's death. Growing up during the "new birth", or renaissance was a powerful influence for David along with countless other famous artists. Most art critics consider him to be a central figure, if not the father of Neoclassicism. He also avidly supported the French Revolution, painting a variety of famous war and political figures....   [tags: Papers]

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Jean-Jacques Rousseau

- Jean-Jacques Rousseau had a theory of human nature that differed from all others. The way we started, grew as a society, and live now, are totally different than what we have already learned this semester. He thought of what is called a Social Contract Theory. This theory will be discussed in this paper, especially in the aspects of personal freedom, the role of the intellect, human social and/or spiritual relations, and the nature of the self. How much personal freedom does a person have. Well, Rousseau would say that humans do have personal freedom, but that freedom is hard to keep....   [tags: Social Contract Theory]

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The Construction of Morality: Philosophers

- Many political philosophers use the theme of morality to introduce their theories of civilization. Human morals are intertwined with the political system and are presented in human nature. By definition, morality is the distinction between right and wrong. Thus, philosophers use the concept of morality in the same distinction, but understand and apply them in different context depending on their theories. The interpretations vary between political thinkers.; One particular pair of theorists believe morals are presented in the lives of humans, but created in a different manner....   [tags: Jacques Rousseau, morality, thinkers]

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John Locke’s Two Treatises of Government and Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s Social Contract

- The Enlightenment was an astonishing time of transformation in Europe. During this time in the eighteenth century there was a progressive movement that was labeled by its criticism of the normal religious, social, and political perceptions. A number of significant philosophers, with new philosophies, had inspired creativeness and change. These thinkers had many different thoughts and views on people and the way they act, and views on the government. Two well-known and most influential thinkers of this time were the English political philosopher John Locke and the French political philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau....   [tags: Two Treatises of Government]

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John Locke’s Two Treatises of Government and Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s Social Contract

- The Enlightenment was an astonishing time of transformation in Europe. During this time in the eighteenth century there was a progressive movement that was labeled by its criticism of the normal religious, social, and political perceptions. A number of significant thinkers, with new philosophies, had inspired creativeness and change. These thinkers had many different thoughts and views on people and the way they act, and views on the government. Two well-known and most influential thinkers of this time were the English political philosopher John Locke and the French political philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau....   [tags: The Enlightenment, Political Philosophy]

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John Lock´s Theories of Human Nature vs. Jean-Jacques Rousseau´s Theories

- My Superior Theory Every day I come across other individuals who believe their opinions are superior to mine. It is petty to see the minds of hundreds of individuals trying to prove me wrong, when all they do is misrepresent the current facts of nature. Jean-Jacques Rousseau believes his theories on human nature and social contract are superior to mine, however through years of analyzing human nature I can conclude my theories are superior. First of all, let it be known that my theories are based upon years of witnessing and investigating the true nature of humans and the social contract, so it is unthinkable to believe Rousseau’s unjust theories....   [tags: Philosophy, Humanity, Morals]

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Differing Views on Humans as Portrayed by William Golding in Lord of the Flies and Jean Jacques Rousseau

- In the book “Lord of the Flies” written by William Golding, Golding has a certain type of philosophy that he applies throughout the book. The main idea of Golding’s philosophy is that people were naturally cruel and that if there were no rules people would fight, rob, and kill. A little later on there was another philosopher named Jean Jacques Rousseau. Rousseau’s philosophy opposed Golding’s philosophy by believing that humans in their normal state are at the most part good. I believe that some of Golding’s philosophy is correct and that some of it is wrong....   [tags: philosophy, society, belief]

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Analysis of Differnt Forms of Liberty

- The concept of liberty is important to this very day. Liberty initially means to be fundamentally free within ones society from any types of oppression, either from higher authority or from having different form ideologies that can be political or social. Liberty is a form of power that lets one act on their sets and values. In this paper, concept of liberty will be discussed on behalf of two philosophers, John Locke and Jean- Jacques Rousseau. Although liberty provides one to act as they please, there can be different forms of liberty, which are developed naturally by the state of nature and socially through development of human reasoning; state of nature is based on absolute freedom, while...   [tags: john locke, jacques rousseau, freedom]

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Transformation of Iowa

- Iowa was transformed to a fully functioning state by the pioneers because they saw something wonderful about the land and all of the opportunities that it could bring. On June 25, 1673, Louis Jolliet and Jacques Marquette were the first Europeans to set foot onto Iowa soil. They marked the first settlement of white people on Iowa territory. The land had previously been home to approximately 17 different Indian tribes before being founded by Europeans. European settlers began to push the Indian tribes off of their land....   [tags: Louis Jolliet and Jacques Marquette ]

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Comparing Locke´s Natural Law with Rousseau´s Discourse on Inequality

-   The relationship between nature, the state and individuals is a complex one; political philosophers have been studying these relationships ever since the dawn of time, with the goal being to determine the best way in which the people relate to nature. Based on the ideas of philosopher John Locke, the state does not have the ability to infringe upon the right of people to determine their own destiny; he believes that mankind’s best state is to bring the best parts of their natural instincts into society, collecting together into a “state of perfect freedom.” Conversely, philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau believed that mankind was at its best in its natural state, behaving like an animal and...   [tags: John Locke, Jean-Jacques Rousseau]

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John Locke: Founding Father of Modern Era Liberalism

- Thomas Hobbes, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, and John Locke are all great thinkers who were greatly influential in forming philosophies that would affect the future of politics. By analyzing each philosopher’s ideology, we can identify which thinker’s theory reflected modern era liberalism the most. For this paper I will be arguing that, John Locke provides a more compelling framework of modern era liberalism because of his perception of the state of nature, the social contract and the function of government....   [tags: Thomas Hobbes, Jean Jacques Rousseau]

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The State Of Nature By John Locke

- ... Since a law must be fair to all citizens, Rousseau poses the problem of finding someone to create a law that is not only in the best interest of the people but a law that will be followed. He further details the four differing types of law that regulates a community; fundamental, civil, criminal, and moral. Fundamental laws are the laws that govern the fundamental structure of the state. Civil laws deal with the relationship between individuals. Criminal laws deal with those that break the law, and moral laws that regulate the customs and beliefs of the people....   [tags: Political philosophy, Jean-Jacques Rousseau]

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Classical Greek Philosophical Paideia in Light of the Postmodern Occidentalism of Jacques Derrida

- Classical Greek Philosophical Paideia in Light of the Postmodern Occidentalism of Jacques Derrida ABSTRACT: In his writings during the 60s and 70s, Derrida situates his doctrine of différance in the context of a radical critique of the Western philosophical tradition. This critique rests on a scathing criticism of the tradition as logocentric/phallogocentric. Often speaking in a postured, Übermenschean manner, Derrida claimed that his 'new' aporetic philosophy of différance would help bring about the clôture of the Western legacy of logocentrism and phallogocentrism....   [tags: Philosophy]

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Comparing John Locke, John Stuart Mill, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau

- Comparing John Locke, John Stuart Mill, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau John Locke, John Stuart Mill, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau all dealt with the issue of political freedom within a society. John Locke's “The Second Treatise of Government”, Mill's “On Liberty”, and Rousseau’s “Discourse On The Origins of Inequality” are influential and compelling literary works which while outlining the conceptual framework of each thinker’s ideal state present divergent visions of the very nature of man and his freedom....   [tags: Politics Political Freedom Papers]

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What Is The State Of Nature?

- ... In his state of nature, humans are driven by appetites and desires. Human beings enter into a state of competition when they fight for what they consider the greatest good. Given the situation that variability of desires, a scarcity of resources, and an unavoidable fulfillment of human desires (felicity), violent and unpredictable outcomes constitute a state of war. Thus, when humans follow the natural laws, namely the seeking of peace and an allowance of liberty, fear and hope drive them into a covenant, in which humans give up their right to the authority now called “sovereign.” This sovereign power, the “sword,” is “one person, of whose acts a great multitude, by mutual covenants one...   [tags: Political philosophy, Jean-Jacques Rousseau]

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Analysis of The Arctic Maruder

- In Jacques Tardi’s “The Arctic Marauder” the relationship between science, ethics, and violence are commonplace. During the course of the graphic novel two crazed scientists, Louis-Ferdinand Chapoutier and Carlo Gelati, and Chapoutier’s nephew Jerome Plumier devise a plan to destroy the world, without once thinking of the moral complications of their acts. Much like the characters in the novel, this issue has been present throughout contemporary history, especially that concerning military actions....   [tags: jacques tardi, science, critical thinking]

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Sigmund Freud 's On Narcissism

- ... In other words, the more you love yourself, the less you can love others. According to Freud, schizophrenics represent the extreme self-love side of the scale (secondary narcissism) since they are uninterested in the external world. One may then ask; why should I love someone else if that means I will decrease my levels of self-preservation. Essentially, Freud’s theory is the complete opposite of the common American phrase “you must love yourself if you want to love others.” Freud believed that falling in love with someone else would take away from self-love at first, but that the love coming from the other person would help replenish that therefore re-balancing the scales....   [tags: Sigmund Freud, Psychoanalysis, Jacques Lacan]

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The Expulsion of Freedom

- According to Jean Jacques Rousseau, human beings are bestowed with the blessings of freedom during their individual genesis on this fruitful planet, but this natural freedom is immensely circumscribed as it’s exchanged for the civil liberties of the State. He indicated that the supplanting of natural freedom is necessary for the obtainment of greater power for the greater collective community, but the prospect of obtaining superlative capabilities comes with the price of constraints. Yet this notion of natural freedom conflicts with Thomas Hobbes rendition on the state of nature because he illustrates that nature, interface through savagery....   [tags: Thomas Hobbes, Jean Jacques Rousseau]

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Jean Jacques Rousseau

- Philosophy 4: Paper Two (Prompt #2) Rousseau believes that even when one votes in the minority they can obey the law and still be free. But, “how can the opposing minority be both free and subject to laws to which they have not consented?” (Rousseau, pg. 153) Rousseau’s response is that citizens must consent to all the laws because “ to inhabit the territory is to submit to the sovereign.”(Rousseau, p.153) In accordance with the social contract, when a citizen votes they should completely surrender their personal interest and vote for what they believe to be the general will....   [tags: sociopolitical phylosophy]

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Origins of Morality

- The moral philosophy that we know and recognize today in the Western world is slave morality, a morality which puts forward ideals of fairness, equality, and democracy. However, many centuries ago during the medieval times, master morality was the norm; a morality that favors those superior in strength, beauty, intelligence, and status. Master morality preceded slave morality. Friedrich Nietzsche was a philologist, who used his knowledge of words to trace the origins of morality from their ancient definitions....   [tags: Friedrich Nietzsche, Jean Jacques Rousseau]

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The Use of Deconstruction in Public Policy Formation

- Deconstruction is a poststructural theory that has been applied with good results to such areas as Anthropology, Architecture, Critical Legal Studies, Graphic Design, and Literary Criticism. Our purpose is to introduce it into the practice of consulting in general, and public policy formation in particular. Several features of the recent work of Jacques Derrida (the Philosopher responsible for deconstruction) are relevant to our design of a Problem Tour. Problem A deconstructive approach to problem solving puts in question the concept of "problem" and the notion of "solution." "Problema can signify projection or protection, that which one poses or throws in front of oneself, either as the...   [tags: Problem Solving Jacques Derrida]

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