Your search returned over 400 essays for "Incarceration"
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Policing From The 1960 ' S

- Policing from the 1960’s to 1980’s was challenging when it came to the epidemic of crack cocaine and powder cocaine, which ultimately caught the attention of the federal government, including President Nixon. Criminologists, in collaboration with law enforcement, were given the task to develop a model for reducing crime as well as the influx of crack cocaine. According to the University of Chicago Law Review, the sentencing structure began to show a transformation from correction to deterrence style in an effort to increase authority to prosecutors and judges, allowing both to provide enhanced sentences of incarceration (2003)....   [tags: Crime, Criminal justice, Prison, Criminology]

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Children of Incarcerated Parents

- When a person becomes a parent, their role in life undoubtedly changes. The person must become a teacher, a guide, and a helping hand in the life of the child. Research has shown that there is a distinct connection between how a child is raised and their overall developmental outcome. John Bowlby’s attachment theory emphasizes the importance of the regular and sustained contact between the parent-infant or parent-child relationship (Travis & Waul 2003). Yet, what happens when the only physical contact a child can share with their parent is a hand pressed on the shield of glass that separates the two....   [tags: Social Issues]

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1829 words | (5.2 pages) | Preview

Injustices in American Prisons

- America is a melting pot, as I’m sure you have heard a million times before. However, one place in this country where the minority group is comprised not only of one race, but rather multiple ones, lies in the America’s prison system. The majority of people in this country are free. As of 2009, the rate of incarceration in our country was 743 per 100,000 people, or 0.743% (“Incarceration in the United States,” 2014). In a country of over 300 million people, I would say that a group of two million people would constitute a minority....   [tags: minority groups, blacks, hispanics]

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Nonviolent Minor Crimes Should Have Increased Sentencing

- Hello Dr. PK and Fellow Classmates, In the United States our correction system is flawed. Our incarceration rates are increasing rapidly while our crime rates are decreasing. Personally, I believe that this is due to the no tolerance in the jailing of individuals. Often individuals are jailed immediately for most crimes instead of being offered opportunities for rehabilitation, community service, parole and other methods of determent or punishment. I believe that nonviolent minor crimes should have decreased sentencing, to in turn decrease prison populations....   [tags: Prison, Criminology, Recidivism, Penology]

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Should Drug Offenders Be Incarcerated And / Or Offer Rehabilitation Services?

- In America there is an ever growing conflict of whether convicted drug offenders should be incarcerated and/or offer rehabilitation services. In my life I have been an addict and a convict, so this particular topic is very important to me. The conflict is within society and within the individual that is dealing with conflict. This research will show how simple incarceration without treatment is detrimental to society and the individual when returning to society. An individual who is addicted to a substance has interpersonal conflict with just about every aspect of their life, including an internal conflict....   [tags: Drug addiction, Addiction, Domestic violence]

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The Cost of High Imprisonment Rates in the United States

- ... In California, they are barred from the law, real estate, medicine,nursing, physical therapy, and education. Colorado prohibits them from becoming dentists, engineers, nurses, pharmacists, physicians, or real estate agents. In addition most inmates, when released on parole are required to return to the county where he or she lived in the past. This mean even if inmates want to move away and start over they can’t and are sent back to the same neighborhoods and influences they came from and most likely contributed to their delinquency....   [tags: reducing prison populations]

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1192 words | (3.4 pages) | Preview

Analysis Of The Book ' The New Jim Crow '

- Describe: In preparation for this reflection paper I watched Bill Moyers: incarceration, read two peer reviewed articles, and reflected on my own personal experiences. The book the new Jim crow gave me new insights on mass incarceration in America, and how incarceration has replaced slavery in America today. Growing up I’ve experienced firsthand the affect that the war on drugs can have on a person. Witnessing how the system takes away all your privileges leaving you striped of your American rights....   [tags: Prison, African American, Criminal justice]

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Models of Criminal Justice: Exploring the Probation System

- Introduction There are three theories or models of criminal justice. The first one is the retributive theory while the second is the rehabilitative theory and the last is the restorative theory. The first basically concerns itself with the punishment of people by putting them in boot camps , in order to deter their ways. Such instills discipline and fear , which in turn reduces crime. The second one believes that working with these people change their ways reduce crime (The U .S . Penal System :Restorative and /or Retributive Justice ....   [tags: Criminal Justice, Law, parole]

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The American Prison System Of The United States

- Brittany Weinstein Today, with only 5% of the world’s population, the U.S. has more than 20% of the world’s prison population; that makes it the world’s largest jailer. One in one hundred ten adults are incarcerated in a prison or local jail in the U.S. One in thirty-five adults are under some form of correctional control, counting prison, jail, parole and probation populations. This marks the highest rate of imprisonment in American history. (American Civil Liberties Union) As much as one would like to think so, the United States no longer has a correctional system that rehabilitates....   [tags: Prison, United States, Crime, Recidivism]

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The Effect Of Criminal Parents And Teenage Behavior

- This research paper examines The Effect of Criminal Parents and Teenage Behavior. In this research the main question that is being asked is: Is there evidence that proves children with criminal parents are more likely to engage in delinquency. In this paper there will be four sources included: How Parents Influence Deviant Behavior among Adolescents, Reconsidering the Relationship between Paternal Incarceration and Delinquency, The Real Root Causes of Violent Crime, and Reflected Appraisals, Parental Labeling, and Delinquency....   [tags: Criminology, Juvenile delinquency, Crime]

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The Land Of The Free And The Home

- In 1814 Francis Scott Key described America as “the land of the free and the home of the brave.” Does that still hold true today. The United States has less than 5% of the world’s population, yet houses roughly a quarter of the world’s prisoners. That means it has 751 people in jail for every 100,000 in population. If you only count adults one in every 100 Americans is locked up. In 2012 the U.S. spent 677,856,000 billion dollars on national defense, that’s nearly 7.5 times the amount spent on education....   [tags: Crime, Prison, United States, Violent crime]

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The On The Documentary Open Minded And Unbiased

- The documentary 13th discusses two fundamental issues going on in our country. The power of money in profitable incarceration and the everlasting of slavery. In 1865, when the 13th amendment was ratified, but little did the drafters know of the loophole they had left in the definition of one of the clauses. The clause that converts slavery from a legal business model to an equally legal method of punishment for criminals. This documentary did a very good job on not being biased and focusing on the facts....   [tags: African American, Black people]

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The Between Norway And The United States

- INCARCERATION America, where people come to be free of religious, political, or racial persecution. Ironically, with that said, the United States of America is not just a big free for all where everyone is able to do what they want, when they want. It is actually leading the world in incarceration rate and has the most people in its prisons than any other country. But, if you do a complete one-eighty you would be looking at Norway. With a tiny fraction of prisoners compared to the United States, Norway is a model for all nations to strive for in the department of incarceration....   [tags: Prison, United States, Penology, Recidivism]

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The State And Federal Objectives Of Punishment

- In this research paper I will discuss what the state and federal objectives of punishment are, and explain how sentencing affect the state and federal corrections systems overall while supporting my answer. I will define and explain what determinate and indeterminate sentencing is, decide which sentencing model I feel is most appropriate and explain why and provide an example. What are the state and federal objectives of punishment. Punishment is the correctional goal emphasizing the infliction of pain or suffering....   [tags: Prison, Crime, Criminal law, Sentence]

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History And Development Of Community Based Corrections

- I will be talking about the history and development of community based corrections. To start off, it is undoubtedly true that there is a need for alternatives to prison sentences simply due to the fact that both prisons and jails are overcrowded. Especially when Canada and the United States have the highest rates of incarceration of all Western democratic countries. Canadian prison and penitentiary populations are increasing rapidly by 12% between 1989/1990 and 22% in 1994/1995. In short, the need for options to avoid further jail and prison sentencing is arguably the main reason behind the development of community based corrections....   [tags: Prison, Criminal justice, Crime, Corrections]

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Prison Have Better Retribution Than Capital Punishment

- Introduction I believe that life in prison have better retribution than capital punishment. Whomever should serve the term of life in prison, the punishment should be swift, severe, and certain. Someone that is on death row delivers less information on the circumstances of the crime and cost more. Life in prison provides more information and allows more resources to be invested into solving and preventing other crimes. People that are on death row gets a quick death without real benefits. “Sanctions for criminal behavior tended to be public events which were designed to shame the person and deter others” (History of the prison system, 2015)....   [tags: Prison, Penology, Capital punishment]

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Prison Have Better Retribution Than Capital Punishment

- I believe that life in prison have better retribution than capital punishment. Whomever should serve the term of life in prison, the punishment should be swift, severe, and certain. Someone that is on death row delivers less information on the circumstances of the crime and cost more. Life in prison provides more information and allows more resources to be invested into solving and preventing other crimes. People that are on death row gets a quick death without real benefits. “Sanctions for criminal behavior tended to be public events which were designed to shame the person and deter others” (History of the prison system, 2015)....   [tags: Prison, Penology, Capital punishment]

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The Prison Of The Chippewa Correctional Facility

- Michael “Meeko” Thompson has spent more than two decades locked away in the Chippewa Correctional Facility. Michael was arrested for selling three pounds of cannabis to an undercover officer. He had prior drug offenses, but no history of violence. When his house was raided after his arrest, a few antique firearms and one usable firearm were recovered. Despite the fact that the antiques did not fire and the one that did was owned by Michael’s wife, he was convicted of felony possession of a firearm along with his cannabis charges....   [tags: Prison, Crime, Criminal law, Recidivism]

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The New Jim Crow By Michelle Alexander

- Mass incarceration and race have been issues since the late 1950’s. Blacks and Latinos have been mistreated and have had unequal rights for decades. “The New Jim Crow” by Michelle Alexander shows us how the discrimination against blacks and Latinos has evolved over time in regards to the War on Drugs. It claims that the drug policy is mainly reinforced for people of color, keeping Black and Latinos incarcerated (or keep them in poverty). People of color have always been portrayed to be the reason as to why we have mass incarceration; it’s based on the individual’s racial background.    Society has always treated people of color as if they weren’t part of the human world....   [tags: Racism, Race, African American, Race]

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The Crime Of The Us Correctional System

- It is well known that the US correctional system has the most important representation of the total population in the US, compare to the others countries. In other words, America is considered to be the country of mass Incarceration and has the biggest number of the locked people in the world. Of course, the US has also one of the biggest population in the world too, but should the numbers explain crime ?. Let 's find out. This study is concentrated on the recidivism and in particular on gang member recidivism....   [tags: Crime, Criminology, Prison, Gang]

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Mandatory Minimum Sentences Are Not Effective

- Mandatory minimum prison sentences are punishments that are set through legislation for specific offenses. They have been used throughout history for different crimes. The four traditional goals of punishment are: deterrence, incapacitation (incarceration), retribution, and rehabilitation. With the state of our national economy, cutting prison and corrections costs would be a huge savings. On the surface, it may seem that mandatory minimum sentences would serve the traditional goals of punishment....   [tags: Mandatory Minimums,Costly and Ineffective]

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Monitoring Cases Within the Correctional System

- What is the purpose of monitoring. Do you feel that it is effectively done within the correctional system. Why or why not. Monitoring cases is important because the worker wants to ensure he or she documents that cases have been properly monitored, so that the agency can be reimbursed for the time spent on those cases. The reason monitoring is highly emphasized is that careful monitoring of the client is more likely to result in the client receiving services the worker has requested. In this manner, the worker can ensure the services the client is receiving coincides with the client’s intended goals....   [tags: Criminal Justice]

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2182 words | (6.2 pages) | Preview

The Criminalization of the Mentally Ill

- Problem Analysis: The United States has the highest incarceration rate in the world and of that over sixty percent of jail inmates reported having a mental health issue and 316,000 of them are severely mentally ill (Raphael & Stoll, 2013). Correctional facilities in the United States have become the primary mental health institutions today (Adams & Ferrandino, 2008). This imprisonment of the mentally ill in the United States has increased the incarceration rate and has left those individuals medically untreated and emotionally unstable while in jail and after being released....   [tags: Prison for Individuals With Mental Illness]

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The German and American Correctional System

- This paper explores the advantages of the German correctional system and the changes that could be made to the current American system to improve its efficiency. Several different comparison studies as well as statistics obtained from credible online sources aid in highlighting the advantages of three key components of the German penal system which make it more successful in crime inhibition and recidivism prevention than the current American counterpart. Reintegration and rehabilitation as the primary aspect in a judge’s choice of verdict are discussed first, following the availability and condition of programs existing in prison for offenders that have been sentenced to incarceration, as w...   [tags: Prison Population, Social Work]

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Problem Treatment For Criminal Drug Users

- Reasons to Issue Treatment for Criminal Drug Users “Americans are 4% of the world’s population; however, we consume 60% of the world’s illegal drugs”(Drug Abuse Statistics). How shocking is this fact. America clearly has a problem with drug use that needs to be addressed. People try drugs just one time and become addicted for life. Most addicts do not take the initiative to get treatment for themselves. Without professional treatment, it is almost impossible to beat drug addiction. If drug addicts will not get treatment for themselves, then coerced treatment must be used....   [tags: Drug addiction, Addiction, Criminal justice]

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Juvenile Offenders And The Prison System

- likely to reoffend with a more serious offence than their initial conviction (Neminski, 2013). Neminski makes it apparent that if youth are entering into the prison system at a young age they are even more susceptible to the negative influence of other inmates, are more likely to reoffend, and as a consequence are more likely to return to prison instead of becoming a contributing member of society (Neminski (2013). Bell (2014) includes an interesting first-hand experience of how drugs can make there way into prisons, the key to this anecdote is that the older offenders would force a ‘kid’ to get the drugs because they would not be expected to be a drug carrier....   [tags: Crime, Criminal justice, Criminology]

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High Or Rising Rates Of Crime

- It has been observed that the crime rate in California is far less than it used to be. High or rising rates of crime are the driving force behind punitive policies. However, there should be ethics in decision-making regarding the way the criminal justice system is run. It is not without a doubt that an offender should be punished. Nevertheless, your ability as the Governor of Illinois is to take the risk to employ some of the correctional reforms of proposition 47 and realignment that California imposed....   [tags: Prison, Criminal justice, Crime, Recidivism]

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The Role Of State And Federal Law Enforcement

- Now, as new legislation continued to make public impression in further reinforcement of America’s judicial reinvention, politicians sought after specific lapses in crime enforcement by giving it a fancy title and hopes of running up support in the polls. Much like the “War on Drugs” came the War on Violent Crime widely publicized by the Department of Justice under Attorney General William Barr most notably in March of 1992 in a historically significant meeting held in Washington, D.C. involving America’s key state level criminal justice officials....   [tags: Crime, Prison, Criminal justice, Police]

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The Central Problem Facing Our Education System

- The central problem facing our education system today is that our policy makers, politicians and educators have forgotten to prioritize education. Education is constantly being reformed, yet these reforms fail because they are tainted by corruption, scandal and secretive political and corporate agendas. Education in the United States is expensive, yet states and the federal government spend more money incarcerating our population, many reform efforts are bogged down by corporate interests and those reform efforts that aren’t are opposed by powerful lobbies....   [tags: Education, School, Gymnasium, High school]

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Substance Abuse Treatment and Proposition 36

- With California jails and prisons still struggling with finding a reform for non-violent drug offenders the states recidivism rates continue to reach unprecedented numbers. Between 1983 and 1998, drug admissions to state and federal prisons increased sixteen-fold, from over 10,000 drug admissions in 1983 to almost 167,000 new prison entries for drug offenses in 1998 (Worrall et al, 2009). This has been a direct result of our legal system incarcerating offenders who have substance abuse related issues instead of providing a way for treatment or rehabilitation outside of incarceration....   [tags: California Proposition 36]

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Specific Deterrence vs. General Deterrence, Definitions

- IDENTIFICATIONS 1) Specific Deterrence vs. General Deterrence: The purpose of punishing and threatening to punish civilians is to diminish or at least limit the frequency of societies’ criminal activity, in terms of deterrence. The wholly aim of deterrence is to obstruct an individual’s potential offense by means of insertion of fear. Specific deterrence solely applies to individuals who have been administered with some type of punishment, that ultimately render him/her with fear of being penalized again when he contemplates on offending in the future....   [tags: swiftness, certainty, and severity]

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Helping Children with Incarcerated Parents

- A serious issue facing this country today is the 2.7 million children currently being left behind with incredible pain while their parents are being placed behind bars (Maier 91). They are left behind with not only pain, but the struggles of living day to day life without the guidance of their parents, as well as having to find a new home. According to child development specialist and the founding director of the Center for Children of Incarcerated Parents, Denise Johnston, “there are over 10 million minor children in the United States who have dealt with parental incarceration over the course of time” (91)....   [tags: big brother big sister, BBBS]

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Racial Coding And Moral Theater

- Our government has redesigned slavery as mass incarceration, creating an epidemic in our society. Examining Rios’s accounts in his ethnographic work Punished and the documentary 13th we see how the government has used racial coding and moral theater to restructure slavery into our everyday lives. These examples also show how this modern day system affects the everyday lives of these marginalized people. After the 13th Amendment change came to our nation, but not in the way that many expected. Although the 13th Amendment granted freedom to all Americans, there is a section of the legislature that excludes criminals from these freedoms....   [tags: Black people, Race, African American, Prison]

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A Political Leader Or Runner

- During the Destabilization phase, which occurred between 1960 and 1975, consisted on political individuals, policy makers, and other important bureaucrats started to question what was known as the “penal status quo”. During this time frame there were numerous new opportunities being formed, due to the civil rights initiatives as well as anti-war protests. These opportunities were not necessarily positive; these opportunities were starting to modify the penal and political fields. These changes created the perfect environment for what was termed as emergent crime politics....   [tags: Crime, Criminal justice, Criminology]

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Law Enforcement And Organized Crime

- Law Enforcement and Organized Crime Research for this assignment will be done to see if get tough policies have any effect on organized crime. Will organized crime through lucrative deals prevail. Will also be researched and answered within the context of this paper. By analyzing to see why get tough policies being put in place to stop organized crime, doesn’t work, then how organized crime can be stopped, will be explained and researched within this paper. The author of this paper will implement a point of view on how to stop organized crime, within the context of this paper....   [tags: Police, Crime, Criminology, Violence]

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How Have Folktales Evolved?

- A folktale is "a tale circulated by word of mouth among the common folk". (Folktale). By that definition, written (literary) stories are not classifiable as folktales. I would that you do not presume a definition to be the final word in what makes a folktale; for it can be seen that most of all stories classified as folklore have one or more of several key characteristics. They prominently feature a strong moral value, or a recurring motif. Folktales usually involve some key factors such as trickery, magic, monsters, or becoming rich....   [tags: Q&A: Folktales]

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Evaluation of Correctional Education

- Many correctional education programs focus on prisoner’s way of thinking and ability to make decisions. One of the many reasons criminals keep returning to prison is because they are often times released after many years of being incarcerated and have no assistance while returning to society. Correctional education programs are designed to eliminate such way of thinking so prison re-entry rate will drop. Programs such as Preparing Inmates for Re-Entry through Assistance, Training, and Employment Skills (PIRATES) are developed to reduce offenders’ negative career thoughts and teach essential skills in order to return back to society (Musgrove, Derzis, Shippen, & Brigman, 2012)....   [tags: prisoners, inmates, criminal activity]

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Sex Offender Literature Review

- Introduction Prison occupies a central symbolic role within the criminal justice system and is meant to be a critical deterrent to future offending. The commonly held view is that offenders must be placed in prison because they have deviated from society’s norms. They are typically branded as misfits or lawbreakers. According to Smith (2004) a sex offender is “someone who has committed or attempted to commit any type of illegal or non-consensual sexual act and/or any sexual behaviour involving children under the legal age of consent, based upon the laws governing the location where the sexual behaviour occurred." The purpose of the Department of Corrections in Queensland is to provide, in p...   [tags: Prison, Symbolic Role, Criminal Justice System]

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The American Prison System

- The American prison system is one that can be viewed as extremely flawed. Our prisons are overcrowded, and our incarceration rate trumps all other nations in the world. However, crime rates have dropped in the past couple decades. Despite these drops, we still see a great deal of mass incarceration. In our correctional system, we fail to focus on rehabilitation for criminals, and reintegrating them back into society. Instead we often tend to push criminals further away from normal lives with extremely long sentencings, sentence minimums, and even keeping them out of jobs after they have served their terms in prison....   [tags: Prison, Criminal justice, Crime, Penology]

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Lunch Time For The Average

- Lunch time for the average “nine to five” employee can be one of the most enjoyable experiences of the day. Restaurants and businesses like coffee shops realize this, so, they want to offer the best deals they can to garner their consumer’s attention. Four dollar meals and happy hour coffee deals satisfied hunger and the wallets of both the businesses and famished employees for what appears to be of little cost. Except, there is a cost and it is at the expense of nearly thousands of prisoners. Companies like Wendy’s or Starbucks benefit from labor provided by prisoners who, coincidently, get paid an average of four dollars a day....   [tags: Prison, Punishment, Recidivism, United States]

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An Unarmed Black Teenager Was Shot And Killed By A White Police Officer

- Jahkiya Jack English Prof. Avila 6 August 2016 Final Paper An unarmed black teenager was shot and killed by a white police officer. The shooting prompted protests around the nation as people rallied for change. Pick a time period, pick a place, and pick a black person from the archive of African Americans who have fallen victim to this social injustice, and I guarantee that the scenario above will remain the same. Police brutality against African Americans is not a new topic, but the recent shootings of young black men by cops in cities around the Nation has reignited this oh so familiar fight for justice....   [tags: Race, White people, African American, Black people]

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The Idea Of Experimentation Of Prison Life Achieved By Stanford University Students

- The idea of experimentation of prison life achieved by the Stanford University students was intriguing and the results were interesting. Haney, Banks, and Zimbardo’s study due to a result of their curiosity of the reactions of subjects when placed in prisoner or prison guard roles. Their inspiration for the study was somewhat unclear; however, hypothetically reasoning was placed on determining aspects of the actual reality of incarceration. The experimenters also strived to test the theory on whether prisoners face abhorrent conditions due to their interpersonal evils, or do to the aggressive and deviant behaviors of prison guards (Haney, Banks, Zimbardo, 1973)....   [tags: Stanford prison experiment, Psychology, Prison]

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Prison Overcrowding And Its Effects On The United States

- Prison overcrowding has been a problem in the U.S. recently at the local, state, and federal levels. One of the reasons that prison overcrowding has become such a problem is because of policies such as mandatory prison sentences for violent and non-violent offenders. President Obama has been speaking about the issue of why non-violent offenders are being held in prison for so long and how releasing them can better the economy and lessen the stress on the Corrections Systems. The high figures in the United States are caused by imposing punishment rather than rehabilitation as the standard for "tough on crime" created in the 1980s....   [tags: Prison, Crime, Penology, Three strikes law]

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Statistics And Facts About Offenders Facing Life Sentences

- This research project is to help you acknowledge and explain the statistics and facts about offenders facing life sentences. In addition, I will also talk about youthful offenders and mentally ill offenders and how they were brought up to the life sentence, explaining their different perceptions on how they think, and how they will manage to live for the rest of their life inside a cage cell. I will also be adding certain resources to better understand this research paper.   In this research project I will explain the statistics and facts about offenders facing life in prison, to show you how some individuals regret doing the crime and others whom are comfortable to be living in a prison cel...   [tags: Prison, Crime, Mental disorder, Life imprisonment]

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Prison Overcrowding : A Common Social Phenomenon

- Overcrowding in prisons across the United States has been a controversial issue that needs to be more of a concern for the criminal justice system. In essence, prison overcrowding is a common social phenomenon in modern times- a phenomenon that occurs if and when the demand for prisoner space in prisons in a particular jurisdiction exceeds the capacity that the jurisdiction can provide to hold the prisoners. Prison overcrowding is felt more when the number of prisoners being incarcerated and admitted into prisons exceeds the number of prisoners being released or die- this would free up some prison space to cater for incoming prisoners....   [tags: Prison, Criminal justice, Crime, Recidivism]

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Current Issues in the Correctional System

- The “Tough on Crime” and “War on Drugs” policies of the 1970s – 1980s have caused an over populated prison system where incarceration is policy and assistance for prevention was placed on the back burner. As of 2005, a little fewer than 2,000 prisoners are being released every day. These individuals have not gone through treatment or been properly assisted in reentering society. This has caused individuals to reenter the prison system after only a year of being release and this problem will not go away, but will get worst if current thinking does not change....   [tags: prison system, prisoners, inmates]

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How America Manages For Mismanage Punishment

- How America Manages to Mismanage Punishment If John Locke, the father of liberalism, was to be able to visit our time, what would he think of the United States. Would he be consoled in the fact that we have one of the biggest prison systems in the world. Would he rejoice in the fact that the United States has the largest prison population in the world, home to 25 percent of the world’s total prison population. I think that he would be appalled to see where we are today, even more so appalled that his ideas regarding punishment are considered the very foundations for what today have become mass incarcerations....   [tags: Prison, Criminal justice, Political philosophy]

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1149 words | (3.3 pages) | Preview

The War On Drugs And America

- The War on Drugs has had extensive impacts on virtually all communities in both the US and Latin America. The money, time and resources spent to support the War on Drugs has only fed and escalated the exact drug related crimes it sought to abolish. Byproducts of these policies include increased power of drug lords, incarcerations in the US, friction between the US and Latin America, social stigmas surrounding drug users, and drug related deaths and addictions. By thoroughly understanding the War on Drugs and the policies supporting it, one can realize how Latin American and US relations would transform through establishing different tactics to end drug related problems....   [tags: Illegal drug trade, Drug addiction, United States]

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1541 words | (4.4 pages) | Preview

Racial Discrimination : The United States

- Explain This article explores many topics related to these two questions: Has the United States progressed morally and socially enough to where Black Americans are no longer disadvantaged on a societal level. And, how we are to decide what a marker of social progress is in the context of racial discrimination. The main issue explained in the article that illustrates the questions above is the election of Barack Obama as the 44th president of the United States. To many, his election symbolizes an end to the era of racial prejudice....   [tags: Race, Racism, White people, Discrimination]

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Women, Prison, and Sexual Assault

- Assessing the consequences of our country’s soaring imprison rates has less to do with the question of guilt versus innocence than it does with the question of who among us truly deserves to go to prison and face the restrictive and sometimes brutally repressive conditions found there. We are adding more than one thousand prisoners to our prison and jail systems every single week. The number of women in prisons and jails has reached a sad new milestone. As women become entangled with the war on drugs, the number in prison has increased if not double the rate of incarceration for men....   [tags: legal issues, imprison rates]

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The School Of Prison Pipeline

- What happens to education when students, from preschool to high school, are subjected to disciplinary policies that more closely resemble policing than teaching. A conduit that connects schools directly to prisons. The school to prison pipeline is a phenomenon that refers to the practices and policies that have pushed school children, especially the most at-risk children, out of classrooms and into the juvenile justice system. Designed to insure an endless stream of future bodies into the prison industrial complex....   [tags: Crime, Criminology, Criminal justice, Prison]

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Analysis: Petty Crime, Outrageous Punishment by Carl M. Cannon

- Mandatory Minimum sentencing has been around since the late 1700's for very heinous crimes like murder and rape; but since the mid-1980's, mandatory minimum sentences have become increasingly more popular, with figures on both ends of the political spectrum backing bills proposing a mandatory minimum sentence for non-violent crimes, especially for crimes relating to the war against illegal drugs (Mascharka). Even with many people voicing their opposition to these laws, many states, even today, still continue to pass new, similar laws, targeting different types of offenders for different types of crimes....   [tags: drug trade, mandatory minimum sentencing]

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Reason why Convicts Should not be Allowed to Vote

- Murderers, rapists, and those convicted with aggravated assault, have obviously not made wise decisions in their lives, yet they are allowed to vote. According to, currently, in Michigan, individuals who have been convicted of a felon are allowed to vote after their term of incarceration. Some think that those who have a felony from a violent crime should not be able to vote, regardless if they have completed their sentence or not. However, other people think that even though an individual with a violent felony may vote after their incarceration period; although, in some states, the felon may have to wait a certain amount of years before they are able to vote....   [tags: felonies, violent crime, voting]

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Juvenile Boot Camps Do Not Reduce Juvenile Delinquency

- Introduction Juvenile delinquency is a relatively new phenomenon. For this reason, society’s reactions and solutions to the problem of delinquency are also modern developments. The United States developed the first youth court in 1899 and is now home to many new and formerly untested methods of juvenile rehabilitation and correction. One of many unique programs within the Juvenile Justice system, boot camps are institutions designed to keep delinquent juveniles out of traditional incarceration facilities and still provide a structured method of punishment and rehabilitation....   [tags: Boot Camps Do Not Reduce Recidivism]

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2996 words | (8.6 pages) | Preview

African American’s Decision Making: Choice vs. Constraint

- African American’s Decision Making: Choice vs. Constraint At the age of thirteen-year-old, Jonathan (a pseudonym) knows all the names and shapes of the weapons circulating his neighborhood. Jonathan lives with his brothers and mother in a poor-income neighborhood of a metropolitan area. As a result of a lack of father’s presence in his life, his uncle serves as his male role model. In many occasions, when his uncle “goes out and steal” at the nearby stores, Jonathan is often his look out. Despite the criminal laws and police regulations, crime rates in these poor urban neighborhoods are escalating with incarceration rates and death rates follow suits....   [tags: community violence, weapons, laws]

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The Rise of America’s Prison Empire

- When envisioning a prison, one often conceptualizes a grisly scene of hardened rapists and murderers wandering aimlessly down the darkened halls of Alcatraz, as opposed to a pleasant facility catering to the needs of troubled souls. Prisons have long been a source of punishment for inmates in America and the debate continues as to whether or not an overhaul of the US prison system should occur. Such an overhaul would readjust the focuses of prison to rehabilitation and incarceration of inmates instead of the current focuses of punishment and incarceration....   [tags: Analysis, Robert Perkinson, Alcatraz]

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Imprisonment is More Effective than Rehabilitation

- Two of the United States correctional system functions are punishment and rehabilitation. Black's Law Dictionary describes punishment as: "Any pain, penalty, suffering, or confinement inflicted upon a person by the authority of the law and the judgment and sentencing of a court, for some crime or offense committed by him, or for his omission of a duty enjoyed by law". In recent years we have all but eliminated the pain and suffering found in this definition. We have now come to think of punishment as the penalty and confinement one suffers for committing a crime....   [tags: Punishment V. Rehabilitation]

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1142 words | (3.3 pages) | Preview

The Flawed Prison System of America

- The Unites States of America’s prison system is a flawed mess. To open the eyes of our government we must first take a stand against unlawful government decisions, and show support for the greater good of society. What are our own tax-dollars paying for, what are the flaws in the justice/prison system, why is overcrowding in prisons causing tension, and what are ways our society and government can rebuild the system that has been destroyed over the years. Most criminals in prisons are not a danger to our society because they commit crimes just to use jail as a shelter, causing the overcrowding of prisons and wasting away of what we really should be paying for....   [tags: flaws in the penitentiary, government policy]

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Kentucky Department of Juvenile Justice

- Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention found that high numbers of detention orders were being issued for status youth statewide. The main issue of concern was the valid court order exception to the DSO core requirement was used 2,000 times. This allowed judges to order non-delinquent youth in locked detention facility whose most serious violations involved repeat offenses of running away, skipping school or being rebelling against authority figures. The disturbing thing about this statistic is that the same year almost half the other states used the VCO 250 times or less....   [tags: Criminal Justice]

Term Papers
1991 words | (5.7 pages) | Preview

House Arrest with Electronic Monitoring

- My topic is based on house arrest (HA) with electronic monitoring (EM) and I will be arguing in favour of it being an alternative to confinement. This alternative method is reliable, lenient, efficient, and effective. It is reliable because it is a valid option for offenders who committed less severe crimes, leaving more space in prison for serious offenders. After all, there is a growing concern of jails getting overcrowded, meaning more offenders are under custody in one institution that requires more supervision....   [tags: confinement, efficiency, crime, cost effectiveness]

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Disparities in Prison Populations

- DISPARITIES IN PRISON POPULATIONS Although we would like to believe the world is not as racially charged in 2013 as it was in the 1960s, a look in our penal system would show that minorities are still arrested and incarcerated at a higher rate than whites. The United States has experienced a rise in its prison population over the last 40 years and our incarceration rate is nearly 5 times higher than any other country. Even though 13% of the US population are African American males, they make up 38% of the prison population....   [tags: penal system, felony, minority, youth, gangs]

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904 words | (2.6 pages) | Preview

Should Marijuana Be Legalized?

- For more than 8000 years, the use of cannabis has been documented all over the world ranging from hemp fiber and oils, to recreational and medicinal purposes. The legalization of cannabis has always been an emotional and hot topic in the United States. While both sides have valid arguments as to why cannabis should or should not be legalized, they both can agree on the vast amounts of revenue that will be generated from taxing it, along with the valuable medicinal uses. No matter which side of legalization an individual is on, valid points are frequently being brought up for debate....   [tags: Illegal drug trade, Drug addiction, Cannabis, Law]

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1091 words | (3.1 pages) | Preview

Violent Crime Research Paper

- Violent Crime Research Paper Nothing does more to tear our families apart than violent crime, guns, gangs, drugs, and the fear that walks alongside those terrors. Violent crime and victim rights have become a major concern for most citizens in the United States of America. Statistics indicate a decline in violent crimes in our country and an increase in our national prison population. Released prisoners commit most violent crimes. Gun control legislation, reform programs, victim rights awareness, and other programs are abundant in our country, but do little to alleviate violent crime....   [tags: Criminal Murder Jail Prison Essays Papers]

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1874 words | (5.4 pages) | Preview

The California Three-Stike Law

- Officially known as Habitual offender laws; “Three Strikes” laws have become common place in 29 states(Chern) within the United States and the Federal Court system; these laws have been designed to counter criminal recidivism by incapacitation through the prison system. The idea behind the laws were to maximize the criminal justice systems deterrent and selective incapacitation effect, under this deterrence theory individuals would be dissuaded from committing criminal activity by the threat of state imposed incarceration....   [tags: Three Strikes Sentencing Laws]

Term Papers
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Stereotyping in the Media

- The world today has become quite a diverse place. People of any color, race, or ethnicity, can go to the same school, restaurant, bathroom, and even date one another. The world is constantly changing and learning from its diverse inhabitants, so why hasn’t¬¬¬¬ the media been up to speed with the rest of the world. Race has increasingly become this social concept that the media has embraced and ran with. Inspiring millions, the media constantly transforms assumptions about particular groups of people into “realities.” (Media Stereotyping) The Media often inadequately represents minorities in television shows or movies, which most of the time are demeaning to that particular race or ethnicity....   [tags: racism essay, discrimination]

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1345 words | (3.8 pages) | Preview

Educational Attainment in America

- The message that many African American males receive throughout their lives is that they are unintelligible, uneducable, and dangerous (hooks 2004; Jackson and Moore 2008). With this message being delivered to them every day it is not hard to understand the disparity of those getting higher education and those who do not compared to their white counterparts. These messages can play a role in how their self-image is formed and defined. Other factors include poverty and incarceration. These are not the only factors that affect African American males but these are some of the common factors that affect the educational attainment of African American males....   [tags: African American Males, Education, Schooling]

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1455 words | (4.2 pages) | Preview

The Need For Extreme Criminal Justice Reform In California

- THE NEED FOR EXTREME CRIMINAL JUSTICE REFORM IN CALIFORNIA ORIENTATION FACTORS: I. Basic Introduction and description - Introduce basic sides of Criminal Law and Elaborate II. General History and Development - Discuss the history and modifications of Reform Laws in California III. Main Problems and Concern Stimulants - Point out real life statistics and point out incidents IV. Conclusion - Point out the need for an extreme reform and what can be done SENTENCE OUTLINE I. An analysis of Department of Corrections data by the Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice in San Francisco, CA, in Nov, 1995 indicates that since the enactment of California's "Three Strikes&qu...   [tags: essays research papers]

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2776 words | (7.9 pages) | Preview

The Drug Problem and the Current Justice System

- The Drug Problem and the Current Justice System The United States Correctional System is often challenged as to whether it wants to rehabilitate drug offenders or punish them, and because of this it mostly does neither. Even though drug abuse and drug trafficking are widely spread national issues, the mental, social, and economic costs of "healing" through incarceration are only making the "disease" worse. Never before have more prisoners been locked up on drug offenses than today. Mixed with the extremely high risks of today's prison environment, the concept of incarceration as punishment for drug offenders cannot be successful....   [tags: Argumentative Drugs Prison Legal]

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1825 words | (5.2 pages) | Preview

Incarcerated Black Males

- Black Incarcerated Males For the past two decades, the criminal justice system in the United States has been undergoing a tremendous expansion. There are now more than one million black men in jail and that one out of every four black males will go on prison in there lifetime. Knowing these statistics it put a burden on the black community because many families are left with single family home, the unemployment rate for black male go up, they can not vote and now they make jail seem like it is fun to go to....   [tags: Sociology African American]

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Racism in the Criminal Justice System

- Racism in police treatment of minorities has created great disparities in incarceration amongst the races. Blatant cases of racist law enforcement that are covered in the news are a testament to the fact that racism within police departments exists from coast to coast. However, these are only the cases that people find out about; there are countless other cases of police racism and brutality that are not reported. A series of reports that have been published in the last few years have shown that young black men are being incarcerated at a rate far greater than their number in the overall population....   [tags: Police Corruption 2014]

Research Papers
6885 words | (19.7 pages) | Preview

The Privatization of American Prisons

- The Privatization of American Prisons Introduction Since 1984, the California Penal System has been forced to undergo drastic changes resulting from increased legislation aimed at increasing the severity of retribution to offenders leading to an exponentially increasing prison population. In the 132 years between 1852 and 1984, the state of California built twelve prisons, but has since supplemented the prison system with 21 new facilities. In 1977, the California Department of Corrections was responsible for 19,600 inmates....   [tags: Prison Jail Private Essays]

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4430 words | (12.7 pages) | Preview

The Death Penalty Is Righteous

- The Death Penalty Is Righteous Do you believe that people should get the death penalty. People should get the death penalty because Americans are just wasting our money on criminals who aren't learning their lesson. People should get the death penalty because they have far too many privileges in prison that people actually want to go there. People should get the death penalty because if there is a bigger consequence for their actions there wouldn't be as many people in jail. It would be advantageous for the American civilization to adopt the death penalty as a common penalty....   [tags: Papers]

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550 words | (1.6 pages) | Preview

Solving Juvenile Crime

- The problem of how to deal with juvenile offenders constitutes one of our countries biggest challenges. There were 13.9 million reported offenses in 1995 according to the FBI’s uniform crime report. That same year over three million juveniles were arrested, 800,000 of those arrests were index crimes, which are crimes of a serious nature. In 1995 there were 69million juveniles. It is predicted that by the year 2010 the juvenile population will reach 74 million (Bureau of the Census 1995)....   [tags: essays research papers]

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2014 words | (5.8 pages) | Preview

Conflict Theory

- According to Robbins et al (2006), there are various concepts that are important in understanding conflict theory. These concepts include conflict, power, minority, and change. Demico Booth writes and reflects on the various aspects of his life that occurred during his incarceration, release and re incarceration. Throughout Booth’s book he reflects on why the percentage of Black men in prison continues to grow at alarming rates. Through the concepts associated with conflict theory the events leading up to Booths incarceration on both occasions can be analyzed....   [tags: Black Man, Minorities, Correctional System]

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2791 words | (8 pages) | Preview

Models of Corrections

- “The history of correctional thought and practice has been marked by enthusiasm for new approaches, disillusionment with these approaches, and then substitution of yet other tactics”(Clear 59). During the mid 1900s, many changes came about for the system of corrections in America. Once a new idea goes sour, a new one replaces it. Prisons shifted their focus from the punishment of offenders to the rehabilitation of offenders, then to the reentry into society, and back to incarceration. As times and the needs of the criminal justice system changed, new prison models were organized in hopes of lowering the crime rates in America....   [tags: essays research papers]

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1627 words | (4.6 pages) | Preview

Suicide In Jails

- Suicide In Jails The United States is plagued by a countless number of social dilemmas. Although not in constant public scrutiny, suicide is a serious problem which has seemed to have lost importance. When suicide is coupled with arrest and incarceration it becomes an increasingly complex situation. In fact, research indicates that the jail suicide rate ranges from 2.5 to 13 times greater than the rate of the general population (Winkler 1992). Motivation, prediction, and prevention of suicidal behavior are grossly unclear, which only adds to the already existing complexity....   [tags: essays research papers]

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1443 words | (4.1 pages) | Preview

Boot Camps

- Boot Camps The history and explanation of how these institutions are operated The increase in violent behavior amongst America's youth has prompted the implementation of more effective rehabilitation methods. With the percentage of non-violent offenders on the rise, prison incarceration or juvenile detention doesn't seem to be the right solution for rehabilitation. In December 1983 a new idea emerged in Giorgia. This new idea was shock incarceration or boot camp. These temporary institutions were the beginnings of a trend to try and help with the rehabilitation efforts of young offenders....   [tags: Papers]

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957 words | (2.7 pages) | Preview

Boot Camp

- Boot Camp With the ever rising prison population in this country, something has to be done rehabilitate criminals rather than just lock them up. Many feel that the “new” prisons, boot camps are the answer (Champion 1990). I will give a brief overview of boot camp institutions, specifically, about the operation and structure of these, the cost involved with both juvenile and adult facilities, and how effective they really are with regard to recidivism. Boot camps or shock incarceration programs, as they are also called, vary greatly around the country....   [tags: Papers]

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1402 words | (4 pages) | Preview

Nonviolent Offenders

- Nonviolent Offenders – Is Incarceration the Answer. “It’s really clear that the most effective way to turn a nonviolent person into a violent one is to send them to prison,” says Harvard University criminologist James Gilligan. The American prison system takes nonviolent offenders and makes them live side-by-side with hardened killers. The very nature of prison, no matter people view it, produces an environment that is inevitably harmful to its residents. America locks up five times more of its' population than any other nation in the world....   [tags: essays research papers]

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1487 words | (4.2 pages) | Preview

Juvenile Bootcamps

- Boot camp is an alternative to incarceration. In this paper I will prove that Boot Camps for youthful offenders are effective. Boot camps started in the year 1888 by Warden Zebulon Brockway at the Elmira Reformatory located in Elmira, New York. The warden did this because he wanted to invoke a new way of disciplining and keeping the inmates active. The reasoning that this style of imprisonment worked was because there were virtually no prison guards which saved thousands of dollars. Another reason that it worked was because the men would work day and night producing quality goods that were much less then the competitors....   [tags: Teens History Boot Camp Essays]

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1962 words | (5.6 pages) | Preview

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