Your search returned over 400 essays for "Incarceration"
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Racial Disparities in Drug Crime

- The past quarter century of American history has been profoundly impacted by the “war on drugs.” Ever since the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970 was passed by President Richard Nixon, the number of yearly incarcerations for drug violations has grown exponentially. America’s drug policies have cost billions of dollars and imprisoned hundreds of thousands of Americans, yet rates of drug, property, and violent crime have failed to decrease. Yassaman Saadatmand summates the consequences of Nixon’s policies: “Not only has the drug war failed to reduce violent and property crime, but it has also shifted criminal justice resources (the police, courts, prisons, probation o...   [tags: Incarceration Rates, Criminal Justice]

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Criminalization at School: Zero-Tolerance Discipline Policies Might Be Damaging to Students

- ... Research has confirmed that fewer attention and resources to students yield poor educational achievement and poor behavioral outcomes. The inadequacies of failing schools such as a lack of experienced teachers and guidance counselors, advanced instruction, early intervention programs, extracurricular activities, and safe, well equipped facilities. Moreover, the overuse of suspensions, expulsions and arrests is itself a reflection of this lack of resources. Ultimately, under-resourced schools force many of its students into second-class educational environments that neglect their needs and make them feel disengaged from their schools (NAACP, 2005)....   [tags: suspension, dropout, and incarceration]

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Prison Reformation : Why Faith Does Not Matters

- Prison Reformation: Why Faith Does or Does Not Matters The United States of America is arguably the most successful and free nation since the beginning of time. This nation is blessed with so many riches that other countries cannot even begin to express their dire hatred that we are so successful as a nation. Yet, we have one of the worst and most terrifying statistics in the nation. An estimated 6.9 million individuals are being held in jails around America, that is nearly 25% of the world’s inmate population (Glaze, Kaeble, Minton, & Tsoutis, 2015)....   [tags: Prison, Penology, Recidivism, Incarceration]

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How The Panhandle Promise Project Is Helping End The Cycle Of Incarceration

- Integrative Paper Introduction 1. Explore and analyze how the Panhandle Promise Project is helping end the cycle of incarceration in the family by attaching theory to practice, identifying intervention, providing research and evaluation, understanding how policies affect clients. Furthermore, this paper explore my own journey in understanding and applying social work to the community in an attempt to keep fighting for social justice. As part of my learning experience it is require for all graduate students to do an internship at different agencies, my internship was in the Panhandle Promise Project....   [tags: Sociology, Social work, Social justice]

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Prison Reforms And Its Effects On Society

- The purpose of incarceration is to allow crime-convicted individuals to perform a simple procedure: repent on their mistake, reform for the better, and regress into society. Punishment through years of solitude is said to be the key to a prisoner’s improvement, but what positive repercussion will result from constant beating if their wounds are not mended first-that is through treatment. Treatment is expected to provide an assurance of permanent change, however with higher rates of readmission to prison, those aren’t the effects we are seeing....   [tags: Prison, Recidivism, Incarceration, Penology]

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1356 words | (3.9 pages) | Preview

The Effects of Incarceration Discrimination in the United States for African American Men

- Underachievement, lack of inclusion, and backward progression within society is a trend that engulfs African American men constantly in the American society. There is a continuous struggle to break the persistent mold. Although many feel that the United States has overcome its racist history, the legacies of slavery and racism still affect our policies and practices today. Of the nearly 2.1 million adult men and women imprisoned in the United States, roughly 70% are persons of color (Minton, 2012)....   [tags: Black Codes, Backwards Progression]

Research Papers
2908 words | (8.3 pages) | Preview

Children 's Family Environments And Intellectual Outcomes During Maternal Incarceration

- How people mature into grownups is directly affected by the moments they experience as children and young adults. Most of what children learn happens at home through their parents. Estimates indicate that more than 1.3 million children in the United States have mothers who are in jail, prison, or on parole, and most affected children are less than 10 years old (Mumola as cited in; Poehlmann). That information leads into the research question, what are the effects incarcerated mothers have on their children....   [tags: Family, Sociology, Mother, Structure]

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America 's Prison System Is Ineffective

- America’s prison system is ineffectual. This stems from a series of issues. There is an absence of focus on the purpose of a prisons. In her essay, “Teaching Literature at the County Jail”, Christina Boufis is exposed to many of these problems firsthand. Because inmates are considered less than human by many, not much money goes towards care or rehabilitation. Resultantly, many people released from prison end up being arrested again, sometimes for the same crime. The paper “Prison’s Dilemma: Do Education and Jobs Programmes Affect Recidivism?” was published in the Academic Journal Economica by Norman H....   [tags: Recidivism, Prison, Penology, Incarceration]

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Treatment Of Female And Female Offenders

- Research on the different needs and stressors of male and female offenders began in 1990s. Before this time, women and girls were the ‘‘forgotten offenders’’ because they were overlooked in correctional research, policy development, program design, and organizational management (Morton, 2007). Recently, the amount of female prisoners in correctional facilities has been increasing dramatically. Female prisoners increased from 108,800 in 2012 to 111,300 in 2013. The female prison population increased in 36 states, including Texas, California, Florida, and New York (the states with the largest number of prisoners)....   [tags: Prison, Recidivism, Penology, Incarceration]

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Women As A Social Than Men

- Women, by nature, tend to be much more social than men. Women also have a unique struggle when first going into prison. When women are put in prison, they have multiple things that need to be dealt with right away. At the PGRCC, many females first getting to prison are often intoxicated from alcohol, and or are high from narcotics. When they start to come off of their high, and the withdrawal sets in, so does reality. They start questioning what happened, how they got there, and (if applicable) where their children are....   [tags: Prison, Recidivism, Incarceration, Penology]

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Brotherly Love in Sonny’s Blues by James Baldwin

- James Baldwin, author of Sonny’s Blues, was born in Harlem, NY in 1924. During his career as an essayist, he published many novels and short stories. Growing up as an African American, and being “the grandson of a slave” (82) was difficult. On a day to day basis, it was a constant battle with racial discrimination, drugs, and family relationships. One of Baldwin’s literature pieces was Sonny’s Blues in which he describes a specific event that had a great impact on his relationship with his brother, Sonny....   [tags: Death, Family, Incarceration]

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Incarceration Can Be Problematic When Children Are Taken Away From Their Parent?

- Incarceration can be problematic when children are taken away from their parent(s) because of a crime that their parent(s) have committed. This is especially true specifically when a mother is taken away from their children more than a father because a mother holds the responsibility to take care of the child. When a parent is not present in a child’s life, this can affect the child in the long run in terms of their behavior and mental health. I chose this topic of children of incarcerated parents because of the outrageous amount of parents in prison within the last decade....   [tags: Criminal justice, Prison, Recidivism, Crime]

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Mass Incarceration Operates A Tightly Networked System Of Laws, Policies, Customs, And Institutions

- Take Home Final Michelle Alexander states, “ Like Jim Crow (and slavery), mass incarceration operates as a tightly networked system of laws, policies, customs, and institutions that operate collectively to ensure the subordinate status of a group defined largely by race.” The time has gone, and the United States has moved past the civil rights movement and now is in the post-racial American time. The post-racial America is an environment where the United States is free from racial preference, discrimination, and prejudice....   [tags: United States, Race, Racism, African American]

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Benefits of the Legalization of Marijuana

- I’m going to shock you. Half of all men will get cancer, and a third of all women. Some of you could even die. There’s good news. Your life could be prolonged or your cancer cured with hash oil. Oh ... wait ... it’s not legal ... guess you’ll just have to suck it up. People live with debilitating pain every day because they are unable to get marijuana, while the U.S. government pours money and personnel into a drug war that’s unnecessary. The modes of entry are a lot safer in comparison to other drugs such as injectables with a skyrocketing AIDS risk or pills with questionable purity....   [tags: pain, incarceration, taxes]

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The Inclusion Of Additional States

- The inclusion of additional states contributes to a more representative national recidivism rate. A third difference is that the Pew/ASCA survey did not include individuals who were released from prison in one state and who may have been incarcerated subsequently in another state. This is a reflection of the self-report data gathering process of the Pew/ASCA study. State departments of correction reported on people who returned to one of their facilities, which would not count a former offender who was incarcerated in another state....   [tags: Prison, Recidivism, Incarceration, Criminology]

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The Rights of a Prisoner

- ... Inmates are still afforded many rights such as the First Amendment- free speech, and freedom of religion. Although, one of the less thought of by society, the Constitution guarantees prisoners the right of meaningful access to courts, and prison officials may not retaliate against prisoners who exercise their right of access. In Bounds v. Smith, the Supreme Court held that the right of access imposes an affirmative duty on prison officials to assist inmates in preparing and filing legal papers, either by establishing and adequate law library or by providing adequate assistance from persons trained in the law....   [tags: incarceration, court, inmate]

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Confining Spaces in Madame Bovary

- In Madame Bovary, Gustave Flaubert’s incorporation of confined spaces reveals Emma’s literal and metaphorical imprisonment. Starting from her adolescence, Emma becomes held back from the world at both the convent, and the farm. Flaubert depicts these confinements as literal. Later, Charles, her husband, physically overpowers her when they meet, and metaphorically suppresses her throughout the rest of the marriage. Finally, Emma imprisons herself when she becomes ill, and mentally encloses herself from her husband and the rest of the world....   [tags: Gustave Flaubert, Literal, Incarceration]

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Forestry Camps And Training Schools

- Forestry Camps and Training Schools Options for juveniles in the justice system range from probation to training schools. I chose to focus on two areas that are controversial though not because of similar degrees of sentencing. It is important to detail the characteristics and the types of youth best served, the economic status, the current issues faced, and the future visions of the programs. By detailing the similarities and the differences, a pattern emerges that encompasses the juvenile justice system that change is needed to reach and support juvenile offenders....   [tags: Recidivism, Prison, Criminology, Incarceration]

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1438 words | (4.1 pages) | Preview

Rehabilitation in the Community

- “Rehabilitation in the Community” Throughout the country there are approximately 2 million inmates in state, federal and private prisons. California has the highest incarceration. So what will we do to reduce this rate. This is where society looks into rehabilitation for these inmates, hoping to free some space within the prison systems. The advantage and disadvantage of rehabilitation in the community compare to incarceration. California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation launch a public safety reforms to encourage inmates to complete rehabilitation programs....   [tags: incarceration, california, inmates]

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The Justification Of Rehabilitation

- The Justification of Rehabilitation The United States has the largest prison population in the world. As of 2011 2,266,800 adults in the United States were incarcerated, this includes federal and state prisons, as well as county jails. Additionally, 4,814,200 adults were on probation or on parole at the end of 2011. In total, 6,977,700 (2.9%) adults were under some type of correctional supervision in 2011. These numbers are not to be taken lightly. Almost 7 million Americans either in custody or on supervised release speaks to a problem....   [tags: Prison, Recidivism, Crime, Incarceration]

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The Incarceration of Women

- According to a factsheet by The Sentencing Project (2012), more than 200,000 women are incarcerated, including those in local jails. In addition, out of these 200,000 women “1 in 25 women in state prisons and 1 in 33 in federal prisons are pregnant when admitted to prison.” Due to their sentencing, many of these women are forced to give birth while incarcerated. Then days later are separated from their newborn to finish their sentencing. More mothers end up in jails than fathers, and men do not have to worry about bringing their future child into a jail cell like many women do....   [tags: benefits of prison, psychology]

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1068 words | (3.1 pages) | Preview

The New Jim Crow, By Michelle Alexander

- Introduction Mass incarceration in the United States has been a very prominent and distinct feature of our criminal justice system. The rates of which this system imprisons is very unequal when compared to other countries in the world, as well as when compared to other races within the United States itself. Mass incarceration does alter the lives of those who are within its prison system, and also those who are related to those individuals whether it be through blood or bond. These effects can extend to disrupting one’s life to the point where they can’t vote, go to school, hold a job, or deprive them of other rights, and affect others whereby they may be more likely to experience negative l...   [tags: Criminal justice, Prison, Crime, Incarceration]

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Boot Camp - Shock Incarceration Programs are Useful

- Boot Camp - Shock Incarceration Programs are Useful In the military, boot camp represents an abrupt, often shocking transition to a new way of life. Discipline is strict and there is an emphasis on hard work, physical training, and unquestioning obedience to authority. The new private is told when to sleep, when to get up and when to eat. He marches with his platoon everywhere he goes such as to meals and to training. Orders must be obeyed instantly and personal liberty is almost nonexistent. By the end of boot camp the new private has become a different person....   [tags: Offenders Alternative Jail Prison]

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The War On Drugs And The Civil Rights Movement

- According to the Oxford Index, “whether called mass incarceration, mass imprisonment, the prison boom, or hyper incarceration, this phenomenon refers to the current American experiment in incarceration, which is defined by comparatively and historically extreme rates of imprisonment and by the concentration of imprisonment among young, African American men living in neighborhoods of concentrated disadvantage.” It should be noted that there is much ambiguity in the scholarly definition of the newly controversial social welfare issue as well as a specific determination in regards to the causes and consequences to American society....   [tags: African American, United States, Incarceration]

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The Sentencing Reforms And Corrections Act Of 2015 Reform Criminal Sentencing Laws

- Sponsored by Senator Chuck Grassley (R-IA) and co-sponsored by 14 Democrats and 12 Republicans, the Sentencing Reforms and Corrections Act of 2015 reforms criminal sentencing laws to alleviate the United States’ remarkably high incarceration rates. Proposed by the Senator who is typically among those blocking such efforts, this bill could very well be The Chosen One, destined for success. Because of its mitigated sanctions against non-violent criminals, reduction of mandatory minimum sentences, retroactivity, and elimination of highly incongruous sentence requirements for two similar crimes, all with the current status of unprecedentedly high incarceration rates, the bill appeals to both De...   [tags: Prison, Crime, Incarceration, Criminal justice]

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Overcrowding Of Prisons During The United States

- Overcrowding of prisons due to mass incarceration is among one of the biggest problems in America, mass incarceration has ruined many families and lives over the years.America has the highest prison population rate , over the past forty years from 1984 until 2014 that number has grown by four hundred percent .America has four percent of the world population ,but twenty-five percent of the world population of incarcerated people Forty one percent of American juveniles have been or going to be arrested before the age of 23....   [tags: Prison, Recidivism, Incarceration, Criminal law]

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Capital Punishment Removes Rehabilitation from Incarceration

- Capital Punishment Removes Rehabilitation from Incarceration Capital Punishment refers to the sentence or decision to a capital crime such as murder, rape, or assault. Many times, the sentence is life in prison or execution. Currently, the United States is the only western democracy that still has execution on the books. An alternative to execution is life imprisonment, which is common throughout the world. There are many features, however of life imprisonment that are debated....   [tags: Papers]

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The Youth Criminal Justice Act

- The Youth Criminal Justice Act, enacted in 2003, has had considerable implications for youth offenders, especially in sentencing procedures. However, in 2012 Prime Minister Stephen Harper and his administration made significant punitive amendments that changed the application of the Youth Criminal Justice Act (YCJA) to youth sentencing procedures in Canada. This essay will first discuss a brief history of Canadian legislation regarding youth offenders, and the general characteristics and effectiveness of the YCJA within its first decade of existence....   [tags: Crime, Criminal law, Punishment, Incarceration]

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The Criminal Justice System Has A Negative Effect On Society

- America by many is known or considered for justice, equality, and a land of freedom but it 's the contrary . In the U.S it promised equality, justice, freedom, safety, etc. The criminal justice system however shows any of those characteristics due to their strict policies which are unethical. The criminal justice system has a negative effect on society because it focuses on putting people in jail for petty crimes, it targets people of color, and destroys families and communities. What people are presented on T.V manipulates people into thinking someone is dangerous because you constantly see images of them presented in a negative way....   [tags: Crime, Criminal justice, Prison, Incarceration]

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Drug Prohibition in Zimbabwe

- For the last half century, governments all over the world have been involved in a gratuitous war against drugs, its users, producers and distributors, with the intention of creating a drug free world. This war has been lost evidenced by the exponential increase in drug consumption over the past two decades and the establishment of new drug trafficking syndicates across Southern Africa (Rolles et al, 2012). This is true for Zimbabwe, a country in the heart of Southern –Africa, like its global counterparts Zimbabwe adopted punitive prohibition, criminalising use, possession and production with harsh sentences (Ndlovu, 2012)....   [tags: Incarceration, Criminal ]

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The Prison System Negatively Affects The Economy On An Economic Standpoint

- The United States has more incarcerated than anywhere else in the world despite only having 5 percent of the world’s population. This dramatic increase is due to several reasons such as population increase and newer/harsher laws. The prison system has a few negatives than the positives, although the positive is extremely powerful. The prison system positively affects the economy on an economic standpoint. however, has some negative effects such as racial profiling and there are some things that are not able to be controlled such as the increase in general population....   [tags: Prison, African American, Incarceration, Race]

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Criminal Rehabilitation in the United States Justice System

- ... Also, these prison inmates could potentially be rehabilitated and become productive members of society, which is why rehabilitation should be focused on by the United States Criminal Justice System. Also against rehabilitation, a criminal justice system that imposes no harsh penalties or punishments does not deter crime. A shift in focus to rehabilitation will remove harsh punishments in favor of helping prisoners change their behavior. Unfortunately these harsh punishments prevented crime because prisoners are like any other individual, and “Individuals make their decisions based on the net cost and benefits of each alternative” (Muhlhausen 136)....   [tags: highest incarceration rate in industrialized world]

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1632 words | (4.7 pages) | Preview

Life Behind Bars

- From prisons, jails, and juvenile facilities the United States has the highest incarceration rate of any nation in the world, costing the country billions each year to operate. Creating a booming business for the entertainment industry to convey prison life through films, documentaries, and TV shows, Beyond Scared Straight, Jail, and American’s Hardest Prisons are a few. Allowing citizens to utilize their imagination to envision what it would be like ripped of all dignity and locked up to inhabit a six by eight center-block cell for an extended period of time....   [tags: incarceration, sexual, corruption]

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The Other Wes Moore And The Young Boys

- As of 2016 there has been a population of 7.4 billion people on planet Earth, America alone makes up 323 million people; this also happens to be the third most populated country in the world with China being the first with approximately one billion, three hundred eighty-two million people. India following in second place with one billion, two hundred fifty-one million people. However this isn 't the only thing we have one of the highest numbers to , we are also known for the highest incarceration rates in the world....   [tags: Drug addiction, Crime, Drug, Incarceration]

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The Prison System

- Canada reached its utmost population rate in 2013, with 15,000 inmates; this is a drastic increase of 75% in the past decade. Incarceration rates are rapidly increasing as crime rates decrease. Upon release, former prisoners have difficulty adapting into society and its social norms. Criminologist, Roger Graef states that, "the vast majority of inmates, the loss of local connections with family, job, and home sentences them again to return to crime." Prisoners often result in lethargy, depression, chronic apathy, and despair, making them ultimately rigid and unable to assimilate back into the public....   [tags: Incarceration Rates, Canada, Overcrowding]

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Analysis on 24/7 Sobriety Project

- If everyone could have it his/her way, I am sure he/she would desire to live in an Utopian society that is absolutely crime-free. Although it may seem like a pipe dream, many programs and interventions are slowly but surely making the dream more realistic. Alternative to Incarceration (ATI) is a program that is very significant and an important factor in reducing crime. The article, “Alternative to Incarceration Programs: Cut Crime, Cut Costs, and Help People and Communities,” gives a very fitting description of what the program is and what it does....   [tags: incarceration programs, crime, ATI, prison]

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1890 words | (5.4 pages) | Preview

Caring for the Mentally Ill

- Introduction From the deinstitutionalization of mental health hospitals and asylums to mass incarceration of mentally ill offenders, our society has failed to treat mentally ill people and prevent systematic incarceration. In spite of many violent mentally ill offenders who are rightfully incarcerated, a significant amount of incarcerated non-violent mentally ill offenders need treatment and guidance. Incarcerating mentally ill offenders consistently is unethical due to lack of alternatives. The mentally ill are overloading prisons, which render progression useless since there are not many solutions to rectify their issues....   [tags: Mental Health Hospitals, Asylums, Incarceration]

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Punishment Does not Have to Equal Imprisonment

- America has one of the highest incarceration rates when compared to other developed countries. Before we place the cuffs on, let us check again, as to why they are placed. Criminals as we call them are the people who have been found guilty of a crime beyond reasonable doubt. They have committed crimes that the general public has found requiring punishment or some sort of rehabilitation. Therefore, we send them off to penitentiaries so they can have a “time-out” until they have served sufficient time equal to the crime they have committed....   [tags: prisons, crimes, laws, incarceration rate]

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The Mass Incarceration System Has Continuously Oppressed, Used, And Devalued People Of Color Since The Era Of

- The mass incarceration system has continuously oppressed, used, and devalued people of color since the era of slavery. Slavery started when there was a demand in labor to aid the production of crops such as tobacco, and African slaves were brought over to the United States. This is where the evolution began behind the concept of race, and the idea around white supremacy began to spread. In 1865, the thirteenth amendment abolished slavery and involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime....   [tags: Racism, African American, Race]

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I Think The Young Male Will Benefit From Shock Incarceration, Probation And Community Service

- I think the young male would benefit from shock incarceration, probation and community service. Participating in shock incarceration will give him the opportunity to confront certain behaviors that are destructive to him. He will be instructed to obey certain rules and guideless with consequences if he chooses to disobey, something he as not been exposed to as a result of his constant deviant behavior. Likewise if he is under probation he will have to distant his self from drug use and association from other deviant children who might have encouraged his behavior before....   [tags: Crime, Criminology, Gang, Violence]

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Funding Of Indigent Defense Really Help Scale Back Mass Incarceration And Tackle Some Of The Racial Imbalances That Permeate

- 1. Here’s my question: Will increasing funding of indigent defense really help scale back mass incarceration and tackle some of the racial imbalances that permeate the criminal justice system. This question matters because: Taken everything that I’ve learned in LW109D, I cannot help but to be skeptical of this idea actually coming to fruition. Of course, it sounds great on paper but one cannot help but to think about what increasing funding for public defenders actually would entail and if it would actually achieve its purpose....   [tags: Crime, Law, Criminal justice]

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Analysis Of Michelle Alexander 's The Mass Incarceration Of Black America And The Reason For Why Blacks

- Part I. This book brings up a lot of important issues but I think that the main themes are the failure of colour-blindness, jobs/economy and problems with law enforcement. In this book Michelle Alexander discuss the mass incarceration of black in America and the reason for why blacks are the most incarcerated group in America. In America there is this notion of colour-blindness, that colour is not of importance anymore because we are all treated equally as stated in the Declaration of Independence....   [tags: African American, Racism, Race, United States]

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The Frequent Incarceration of Minorities in the US

- Prisons are filled with many ethnic backgrounds, but the majority of the people behind bars are African Americans and Hispanics. African Americans and Hispanics are six times more likely to get incarcerated than whites. African Americans and Hispanics are more likely to be sentenced for lower level charges or simple drug charges. African American and Hispanics also have a high target of getting pulled over because of them being minorities. The prison population in the United States increased nearly five-fold between 1980 and 2009....   [tags: African Americans, Latin Americans]

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The Incarceration Of The Criminal Justice System

- According to figures from the Prison Reform Trust 's Bromley Briefings fact file the overall cost of the criminal justice system has moved up from 2% of GDP to 2.5% over the last decade. Each new prison place now costs £170,000 over the life of the accommodation. The cost of housing, a prisoner per year is £41,000. The justice committee cautions that, on current estimates, the government 's new prison plans would condemn it to finding an extra £4.2bn over the next 35 years. To conclude the prison system is highly expensive, yet it expense is not evident in controlling crime....   [tags: Prison, Criminal justice, Crime, Penology]

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An 18-Year Commitment

- Eighteen years of teaching a child is no easy task but when you are punished for your child’s stupid actions the years drag by. You have to teach your kids to be polite, respectful, and how to count to two. As your child grows older and old parents need to be active in their child’s lives. When parents are inactive in their children’s lives, the children usually turn to illegal behaviors to receive more attention. By forcing parents to take responsibility for their children’s illegal actions will make the parents teach their children right from wrong, creating more responsible kids....   [tags: juvenile incarceration, parenting, children, crime]

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The Incarceration Of The Prison System

- Even though there have been many ex-cons that have left the prison system many times when they are released they are merely better-educated and skilled criminals, it does not matter how much money you have, your race, color, background, religion, sex everyone is affected because we are all a part of this problem. If you vote, if you pay taxes, if you are afraid to walk alone at night, you are already involved. More than half of all US prisoners that are serving time for non-violent offenses, and most nonviolent offenders do in fact learn a lesson while in prison: how to be violent....   [tags: Crime, Prison, Criminal justice, Criminology]

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The Incarceration Of The Prison System

- The Prison system can help juveniles turn their lives around; rehabilitation gives juveniles a second chance. Successful rehabilitation, many argue, is better for society in the long run than releasing someone who 's spent their entire young adult life in general Prison population. A young person released from juvenile Prison is far less likely to commit a crime than someone coming out of an adult facility. Children do not have the intellectual or moral capacity to understand the consequences of their actions; similarly, they lack the same capacity to be trial defendants....   [tags: Crime, Criminal justice, Law, Prison]

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The Incarceration Of The United States

- Hill As our prison population increases, so does the cost to keep guards hired and inmates fed. We as the people of the United States have that responsibility to supply food, shelter, safty and medicare. African American males who, although constituting only six percent of the general population, account for almost half of the two million persons incarcerated in American jails and prisons 1 in every 15 African American men and 1 in every 36 Hispanic men are incarcerated in comparison to 1 in every 106 White men....   [tags: Prison, Criminal justice, United States]

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The Juvenile Incarceration Of Juvenile Offenders

- The Juvenile Prison System in America One of the most debated topics in our country is that of the American prison system, and where juvenile justice fits into the equation. From that topic, there is one main question that arises; should someone who is under the age of 18 be placed in a formal prison system where they will pay for their poor choices as a child well into adulthood. Many people argue that placing juvenile offenders into a lock down facility like prison only hardens the young into a lifelong pattern of criminal behavior, not to mention the psychological damage done when sexual or physical abuse occurs....   [tags: Crime, Criminology, Prison, Childhood]

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The Incarceration Of The Death Penalty

- For decades the death penalty has been a big role for people who go to prison for the major crimes they have committed since the Eighteenth Century B.C. This is more on the side of prisoners who have been on death row. This is a prison section for prisoners who have been sentenced to death. They are kept apart from all other prisoners and are not involved in educational and employment programs because of problems they could start and so on. They also do not let visitors come by and not able to go outside to exercise....   [tags: Capital punishment, Lethal injection]

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The Incarceration Of Solitary Confinement

- Within the book picking cotton, the alleged rapist Ronald Cotton is sentenced to life in prison and 55 years. During his sentence he finds himself being placed in solitary confinement, and while there Ron finds the experience rather beneficial as he explains that being in there presented him with the chance to meditate and reflect. Now there are many rumors about the infamous solitary confinement. These rumors debate whether or not it helps prisoners, allowing them to spend the time as Ronald Cotton as seen it, as an opportunity to self-reflect, or if it is a cruel and unusual punishment due to the drastic effects it has on convicts....   [tags: Prison, Human rights, Solitary confinement]

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The Incarceration Of Adult Prisons

- Before intervention from the Supreme Court, it was easy to send children to adult prisons if they commit crimes. Unfortunately, a portion of these children are sentenced to life in these adult prisons. While the some crimes committed are serious, people failed to realize the many circumstances that caused these kids to commit these crimes. Adult jails are hostile, and children are denied the education any other child receives or and psychological help used to help these children move to a better future....   [tags: Crime, Prison, Childhood, Life imprisonment]

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1015 words | (2.9 pages) | Preview

The Incarceration Of Prison Education

- Inmates who took part in correctional facility education programs have a “43% lower odds of recidivating than inmates who did not” (Peterson et al.). This represents a reduction of 13 percentage points on the risk of recidivism. The average cost for an inmate is $60,000 and taxpayers pay an average of $60 billion a year for prisons. The sad reality is that prisons disproportionately affect minorities, and minorities have less of an advantage as white people. If the states fund prison education and universities within the states also provide support then this will directly affect recidivism....   [tags: Prison, Penology, Recidivism, Criminal justice]

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The Solution to the Immoral, Unwinnable War on Drugs

- ... Medical marijuana is common in the USA and Canada for conditions such as crohn's disease, whereas in the UK the continued blanket ban on forms of cannabis that aren't GW Pharmaceuticals' Sativex means that costs are too high for it to be used to help sufferers (Erhorn, 2010). Decriminalization would be a solution to all these problems, and more. Decriminalization: Why this is the route our nation must take. Economically intelligent: There is no doubt that decriminalising drugs would be an economically smart move for the United Kingdom to take....   [tags: incarceration, decriminalization, economics]

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Prison Rehabilitation

- With the substantial increase in prison population and various changes that plague correctional institutions, government agencies are finding that what was once considered a difficult task to provide educational programs, inmate security and rehabilitation programs are now impossible to accomplish. From state to state each correctional organization is coupled with financial problems that have depleted the resources to assist in providing the quality of care in which the judicial system demands from these state and federal prisons....   [tags: incarceration, education, gymnasium, population]

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1186 words | (3.4 pages) | Preview

Alternatives to Incarceration

- In 1996, Anderson and Dyson published a study to investigate boot camp success and offender risk assessment for CRIPP (Court Regimented Intensive Probation Program) participants. This study was conducted on 1225 male boot camp graduates. Logistic regression was used to determine which participants were more likely to reoffend after boot camp. Independent variables were recoded for the logistical regression model analysis used in this study. The effect of a prior felony conviction increases the probability of failure by a significant 27%....   [tags: Sociology]

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- Miranda Warnings You have the right to remain silent, anything you say can and will be used against you in a court of law. You have the right to speak to an attorney, and to have an attorney present during police questioning, if you cannot afford an attorney, one will be appointed to you by the state. These words have preceded every arrest since Miranda v. Arizona 1966, informing every detained person of his rights before any type of formal police questioning begins. This issue has been a hot topic for decades causing arguments over whether or not the Miranda Warnings should or should not continue to be part of police practices, and judicial procedures....   [tags: essays research papers]

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1721 words | (4.9 pages) | Preview

Behavioral Problems in Children

- According to the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, the definition of behavioral problems is any condition that would affect a child’s ability to process information. Over a long period of time, the behavioral problems can mark a degree that can adversely affect a child’s educational performance. Children can begin having behavioral problems as young as three and these problems can continue through adolescence. Children display signs of behavioral problems that result from various causes and can have an effect on their future without the right treatment....   [tags: treatment, reaction, incarcertation, sleep]

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1038 words | (3 pages) | Preview

Educational Attainment : Is It A Waste Of Tax Payer 's Money?

- Is Educational attainment important in helping prisoner re-integration into society or is it a waste of tax payer’s money. This essay is going to be arguing that educational attainment is important in helping prisoners re-integrate into society, also that it is not a waste of tax payer’s money to have prisoner reform. The essay is also going to be analysing the cost of a prisoner being educated and released, compared to a prisoner that is not re-educated and released. some other areas of prison reform are also going to be examined such as the vicious cycle, reasons prisons will not embrace prisoner education and how quality of life is enhanced with learning....   [tags: Prison, Recidivism, Penology, Incarceration]

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1343 words | (3.8 pages) | Preview

The Slave Mentality in The New Jim Crow by Michelle Alexander

- ... The slave mentality is a reoccurring theme throughout this text. I find that Alexander may not even realize that she has done so but the brief explanation in the beginning about why the Blacks were the most ideal candidates for slavery actually helps the reader explain the Black exploitation that is illustrated throughout the rest of the book. Alexander goes from discussing slavery, post slavery, Jim Crow, lack of economic gain, the War on Drugs, labeling, blaxploitation in the modern day, the successful celebrity outliers (Oprah and Barack Obama), and the silence we have seen amongst the once vocal civil rights activists....   [tags: justice system, incarceration of blacks]

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638 words | (1.8 pages) | Preview

Why Should Not Be Allowed For Nurse Their Babies Behind Bars?

- Prison is no place to raise a baby. Or is it. Pregnant, incarcerated women should be allowed to nurse their babies behind bars to make sure they develop biologically, socially, or logically. I plan to carefully and thoroughly touch upon the important aspects of this essay by covering most importantly the advantages, the history regarding nursing program facilities, a psychology concept, and the struggles within the mother and child and etc. The external factors that have influenced the changing status of truth or falsity within this discipline includes cultural prejudice, gender bias, politics, and social media....   [tags: Prison, Recidivism, Childbirth, Incarceration]

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1857 words | (5.3 pages) | Preview

Prevalence of Mental Illness in our Criminal Justice System

- The Prevalence of Mental Illness in our Criminal Justice System Introduction Mental Illness has been prevalent all throughout our history from Isaac Newton to Abraham Lincoln to Sylvia Plath and so on. These illnesses can be as minor as a slight bipolar disorder or as severe as schizophrenia. In recent years, mental illnesses are becoming more prevalent in our criminal justice systems than anywhere else. Mental illness is becoming an association with crime and based on the information that has been found, this paper will attempt to further define the problem of mental illness within our criminal justice system and offer alternatives or insights as to how to possibly help with this problem....   [tags: Incarceration of Mentally Ill]

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2045 words | (5.8 pages) | Preview

The Influence of the Three Strikes Laws

- The Three Strikes laws is a law that was first employed in the 1990’s and was established due to the public's dissatisfaction with other laws that were not reducing crime. In 2012 legislators finally realized that the Three Strikes law was not doing what it was intended to do and revised it to impose life sentences to the most violently dangerous criminals. The law allows for a person to be sentenced to prison for 25 years to life after their third strike. Prior to 2012 all crimes committed by criminals were considered under the three strikes....   [tags: Crime Reduction, Incarceration Increase]

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1648 words | (4.7 pages) | Preview

The Female Prison in the United States

- The female prison population in the United States is growing at an disturbing rate. According to Ajinkya (2013) from 2000 to 2009, the number of females incarcerated in state or federal prison rose by 21.6%. A high percentage of prison inmates, who tend to be poor, ethnic or racial minorities and young, will eventually be released to rejoin society and either return to their criminal lifestyles or adopt new, socially responsible patterns of behavior (Erisman & Contardo, 2005). According to Justice Center (2012), 19% of females released from prison will recidivate in the first three years post-release....   [tags: justice, incarceration, federal prison]

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1767 words | (5 pages) | Preview

The Incarceration Of The Prison And Correctional Facility : America 's Penitentiaries And Prisons

- In the most recent couple of decades, the institutional shapes of American social disparity have been changed by the fast development in the jail and correctional facility populace. America 's penitentiaries and prisons have delivered another social gathering, a gathering of social untouchables who are joined by the common experience of detainment, wrongdoing, destitution, racial minority, and low training. As a pariah gathering, the men and ladies in our correctional foundations have little access to the social portability accessible to the standard....   [tags: African American, Black people, Prison, Race]

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1795 words | (5.1 pages) | Preview

Reducing Stereotype Threat: A Cause of the Mass Incarceration Rate of African Americans

- Have you ever heard people ask, “Can you teach me how to solve this math problem?” to an Asian or “Do you play basketball?” to an African American. These are some examples of stereotypes that are casually said by people on the internet, in school, in movies, and many more. Some say it for comedic reasons, some say it to tease, and some say it because they really believe in those stereotypes. However, instead of throwing around these labels, people should see that this affects those labelled by those stereotypes....   [tags: Race Relations, Race Stereotyping]

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1940 words | (5.5 pages) | Preview

Juvenile Incarceration And Its Effects On America 's Juvenile Corrections Facilities

- Correctional confinement exposes incarcerated youth to widespread maltreatment. In short, the report found that these institutions are dangerous, ineffective, unnecessary, obsolete, wasteful and inadequate. This report focuses on the first of these challenges, the widespread and persistent maltreatment of youth confined in America’s juvenile corrections facilities. These facilities often go by euphemistic labels such as training school, reformatory, correctional center, etc., but are in essence youth prisons....   [tags: Crime, Juvenile delinquency, Criminology]

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1128 words | (3.2 pages) | Preview

Incarceration From Drug Rehab ( Rehab ) And Vocational Job Training

- Surprisingly numbers of inmates in prisons are for non-violent drug related charges. They are removed from the society and locked up in prison/jail without getting any drug addiction treatment. After they are released from prison or jail, they face several challenges, such as no job, broken family and no family support, no adequate housing or homeless, and mental health issues. These challenges without addiction treatment never brake their cycle of going to prison. Prison becomes their primary place to live because they never learn to survive in society....   [tags: Addiction, Drug addiction, Heroin]

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Drug Abuse in the United States: a Public Health Issue or a Criminal Justice Issue?

- Everyday Americans are arrested for illegal drug abuse, making it difficult for them to receive employment and maintain a financially stable lifestyle. If all illegal drugs were decriminalized entirely, drug abuse would drop dramatically. Drug abuse in the United States is seen as a criminal justice issue and, millions of individuals are incarcerated each year. Instead of criminalizing the use of drugs, abuse should solely be seen as a health concern. Drug abusers and addicts direly deserve support and treatment, in lieu of imprisoning them and convicting them of a felony that will trail them for the rest of their lives....   [tags: war on drugs, illegal drugs, incarceration]

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1180 words | (3.4 pages) | Preview

Women 's Crime And Crime

- Women 's crime has been trending directly upwards since 1980. One cannot credit the dramatic increase in crime to something as simple as investigative advances. Furthermore the composition of women 's crime has hardly changed either. One example would be that “ the number of arrests of adult women for serious crime has only marginally increased at 3.4%. However, the number of women incarcerated during that time has grown 24%” (Lind 121). Clearly This spike in crime is directly affected by the way in which we handle our female offenders rather than the acts they are committing....   [tags: Crime, Prison, Criminal justice, Incarceration]

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The Effects of Incarcerating Mothers in the US

- When a crime is committed the most common punishment in the United States is incarceration. During the past several decades the total of incarcerated adults have jumped from 320,000 to approximately 1.4 million. In 2007, more than half of the number of adults incarcerated, in state or federal prisons, has been parents. Majority of the children, whom are involved in situations that their parents are incarcerated, have been directly impacted (Kjellstrand et. al, 2012, p. 2409). Incarceration of a father has an impact on children, but it has been found that incarceration of a child’s mother has been more significant....   [tags: psychology, separation anxiety]

Term Papers
2011 words | (5.7 pages) | Preview

Boot Camps and Juvenile Crime

- Boot Camps and Juvenile Crime Five years ago, responding to an increase in serious juvenile crime, the state of Maryland initiated one of the nation's largest boot camp programs for teenage criminals. The program, called the Leadership Challenge, quickly became the model for other states. But last week, after reviewing a task force report that documented instances of physical abuse at their camps, Maryland officials appeared on the verge of conceding that the current initiative was a failure. Military-style discipline may work as punishment at juvenile boot camps, but it has not been effective as rehabilitation....   [tags: Juvenile Crime Boot Camps Incarceration Essays]

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1134 words | (3.2 pages) | Preview

Incarcerating Kids Destroys American Society

- Incarcerating Kids Destroys American Society Humans all make mistakes, it is a part of life that no one can avoid. However, young adults are more likely than the older generations to make bad decisions and take part in things that they may someday regret. Some people say that making mistakes is just a part of growing up. But what if just one wrong decision could mean the difference between a normal childhood and spending the rest of adolesence behind cold steel bars with cruel and vicious adult criminals....   [tags: Papers]

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1795 words | (5.1 pages) | Preview

Dangers Associated With Incarcerating Juvenile Offenders

- programs evaluate the youth, their crime and then decide how restrictive the program will be for the youth. All of these are done on a case by case basis. Now, I want to talk about vocational education as a rehabilitative measure. Many adolescents can receive career counselling, job placement, employment skills, and receive help finding home placements if provided with the necessary resources. This accomplishment helps them to gain a sense of confidence in themselves. Consequently, adolescents would be less likely to re-offend....   [tags: Mental disorder, Psychiatry, Prison]

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854 words | (2.4 pages) | Preview

Adult Delinquency And Juvenile Delinquency

- When it comes to the topic of juveniles, several things are thought to cause, create, or increase the likelihood of delinquency occurring; some of these factors include relationships with friends and family, school and fellow peers, as well as everyday stress and strain. In the present paper, the effect that parents have on their children is examined; it is hypothesized that juveniles whose parents are, or have ever been, incarcerated will have a higher chance of engaging in delinquency. The following seven literature reviews attempt to demonstrate and support the hypothesis....   [tags: Parent, Family, Juvenile delinquency, Criminology]

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1180 words | (3.4 pages) | Preview

Sentencing Policies Had A Minimal Effect On Social Inequality

- For a majority of the 20th century, sentencing policies had a minimal effect on social inequality (Western and Pettit 2002). In the early 1970s, this began to change when stricter sentencing policies were enacted (Western and Pettit 2002). Sentencing laws such as determinate sentencing, truth-in-sentencing, mandatory minimum sentencing, and three-strikes laws were enacted with the purpose of achieving greater consistency, certainty, and severity in sentencing (National Research Council 2014). Numerous inequalities involving race, ethnicity, gender, and socioeconomic status have generated an unprecedented rate of incarceration in America, especially among minority populations (Western and Pe...   [tags: United States, Sociology, African American]

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1217 words | (3.5 pages) | Preview

Prisons : A Part Of Society For As Long As It Is Faced With Social Enemies

- Intro: Prisons will be a part of society for as long as it is faced with social enemies. Incarceration is the state of being confined in prison, typically for committing a criminal act. Ideologies, resulting in a positive outcome, either for the individual or society, are what dominate the Canadian criminal justice responses to crime. These beliefs are enshrined in the Principles of Sentencing that are included in the Criminal Code of Canada. Section 718 of the Criminal Code states that: The fundamental purpose of sentencing is to contribute, along with crime prevention initiatives, to respect for the law and the maintenance of a just, peaceful and safe society by imposing just sanctions tha...   [tags: Crime, Prison, Criminology, Criminal justice]

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2046 words | (5.8 pages) | Preview

The War On Drugs And Its Effects On The United States

- From the 1930s to the 1970s the the number of inacerated citizens in the US remained relatively stable at about 200,000 citizens nation wide. However since the 1970s the population of Americas Prison system has increased by 700%. It is widely accepted that this rise in incarceration rates can be attributed to a punitive political climate in the 70’s and 80’s which allowed for extreme criminal justice policy nation wide which emphasised sentencing policies that put more offenders behind bars and kept them there longer Spelman (2009: 34)....   [tags: Racism, African American, United States, Race]

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924 words | (2.6 pages) | Preview

Retribution is an Eye for an Eye Punishment

- Retribution- Retribution is the punishment that is deserved because of the act committed by the perpetrator. More subsequently, it is the “infliction of punishment on those who deserve to be punished” (Couture, 2014, p.60). Lex Talionis, Latin for law of retribution, connects to the biblical adage of “an eye for an eye,” which later specifies the offenders get the punishment in which they deserve in exchange for crime they have committed (Sieter, 2014, p. 26). Sanctions consist of capital punishment, incarceration, intermediate sanctions (intense supervised probation), or standard probation, where each goal of corrections connects with the sanctions....   [tags: crime, punishment, deterrence]

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1301 words | (3.7 pages) | Preview

Criminal Justice : An Epidemic Of Racial Bias

- Criminal justice stakeholders affected by various social, political, economic, and institutional forces throughout the last five decades have implemented policies that have increased reliance on incarceration and its punitive purpose. In contemporary criminal justice reform efforts to scale back mass incarceration, some of the most active stakeholders have been this year’s presidential candidates, the for-profit prison industry, and community-based organizations. Democratic nominee Hillary Clinton described mass incarceration as an epidemic of racial bias in which a third of black men will go to prison during their lifetimes, mostly for low-level, nonviolent offenses....   [tags: Police, Crime, Criminal justice, Prison]

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852 words | (2.4 pages) | Preview

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