Your search returned 200 essays for "Incarceration":
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Parental Incarceration

- “Parental incarceration affects a large number of children” (La Vigne, Davies & Brazzell, 2008, p.i). “Most of {which} are young, low income, black or Hispanic” (La Vigne et al 2008). The number of children under the age of eighteen, with parents in U.S. prisons, State and Federal, is rapidly increasing as a result of incarceration being used as a criminal penalty (Waldman & Hercik, 2002). Children whose parents are incarcerated, constitute one of the largest at-risk population in the U.S....   [tags: Parental incarceration, incarceration, parenting, ]

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Racialized Mass Incarceration in America

- In the United States, the rate of incarceration has increased shockingly over the past few years. In 2008, it was said that one in 100 U.S. adults were behind bars, meaning more than 2.3 million people. Even more surprising than this high rate is the fact that African Americans have been disproportionately incarcerated, especially low-income and lowly educated blacks. This is racialized mass incarceration. There are a few reasons why racialized mass incarceration occurs and how it negatively affects poor black communities....   [tags: African American and the legal system]

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Boot Camp - Shock Incarceration Programs are Useful

- Boot Camp - Shock Incarceration Programs are Useful In the military, boot camp represents an abrupt, often shocking transition to a new way of life. Discipline is strict and there is an emphasis on hard work, physical training, and unquestioning obedience to authority. The new private is told when to sleep, when to get up and when to eat. He marches with his platoon everywhere he goes such as to meals and to training. Orders must be obeyed instantly and personal liberty is almost nonexistent. By the end of boot camp the new private has become a different person....   [tags: Offenders Alternative Jail Prison]

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Purpose and History of Crime and Punishment

- Crime and punishment have been a part of the world since biblical times. It is one of the few things in this world that has constantly evolved with man, and will consistently change with the societies as our views of what is right and wrong transform. Our prison system changed because of the need felt by the Quakers to find alternatives to executing and publicly humiliating those individuals whom had committed crimes against their fellow man. “The Quakers were devout Christians who believed part of god’s nature lived within every person: therefore, they refused to kill other People.” This resulted in them passing “the Great Law” in 1682....   [tags: penitentiaries, incarceration, prison systems]

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Incarceration of Men, Women, and Juveniles

- Incarceration of Men, Women, and Juveniles Prison populations have been on the raise since the early 1970s. Today we incarcerate over 2 million men, women and juveniles in the various correctional facilities around the country. These facilities can range from local jails or detention facilities to the new so called "Supermax" prisons. Conditions can also vary across the spectrum for these different correctional institutions. Each type of inmate has his or her own challenges when faced with incarceration....   [tags: Papers]

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Research on School Policies and Its Conne ction to the Juvenil Courts

- The article reviewed serves as a compliment to the research on school policies and its connection to the juvenile court, and how the school-to-prison pipeline has been created. The research article is “Education or Incarceration: Zero Tolerance Policies and the School to Prison Pipeline”. The theme focuses on the flourishing trend in public schools across America that criminalizes students’ minor disciplinary issues as a part of the emerging “zero tolerance” disciplinary policies and the factors that come along with it....   [tags: education or incarceration, crime]

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The Rights of a Prisoner

- ... Inmates are still afforded many rights such as the First Amendment- free speech, and freedom of religion. Although, one of the less thought of by society, the Constitution guarantees prisoners the right of meaningful access to courts, and prison officials may not retaliate against prisoners who exercise their right of access. In Bounds v. Smith, the Supreme Court held that the right of access imposes an affirmative duty on prison officials to assist inmates in preparing and filing legal papers, either by establishing and adequate law library or by providing adequate assistance from persons trained in the law....   [tags: incarceration, court, inmate]

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The Effects Of Parental Incarceration On The Adolescent Population

- Adalist-Estrin, A. (2006). Providing support to children with incarcerated parents. Retrieved from http://web.b.ebscohost.com/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=d5b2530b-4728-4970-b142-ffd5c2720e79%40sessionmgr114&vid=1&hid=106 In this article, Adalist-Estrin discusses the effects that parental incarceration on the adolescent population. Of the many different effects and contributing factors parental imprisonment can have on children, she targets a very prominent three that result in a lack of support and understanding of the presenting issue....   [tags: Prison, Recidivism, Incarceration, Parent]

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Incarceration And Police Surveillance Among Black Males And The Criminal Justice System

- Introduction “On the run: Wanted Med in the Philadelphia Ghetto” by Alice Goffman (2009), explores the dysfunctional relationship between individuals in “ghettos” and the criminal justice system. Incarceration rates in the United States have increased seven times over 40 years among Black men with limited education (Goffman 2009:339). Incarceration leads to the discrimination and disadvantage of Black males; socially and economically (Goffman 2009:339). Additionally, increased incarcerations influence the amount of policing in communities....   [tags: Sociology, Police, Incarceration, The Police]

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Incarceration Of The Incarceration Nation

- The Incarceration Nation Incarceration was established to reform the guilty, making them safer for society. However, this system has faced many obstacles. Over the years the incarcerated population has grown significantly. The United States has become the leading country in incarcerated population, creating the mass incarceration epidemic. Mass incarceration meaning that the United States’ prisons are becoming greatly overcrowded. Many issues have risen from mass incarceration due to the obstacles it creates....   [tags: Prison, Criminal justice, Mental disorder]

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The Incarceration Of High Incarceration Rates

- High incarceration rates Although America holds only five percent of the world’s population, it contains 25 percent of the world’s incarcerated population which is why reform needs to be made in order to bring down incarceration rates which will in turn lower costs paid by American citizens. What is the problem. The fact that the United States has the highest incarceration rate in the world is problematic enough, what makes the issue worse is that the United States does not have the space available to billet all the detainees that it has behind bars....   [tags: Prison, Mandatory sentencing, Crime]

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The Incarceration Of Prison Incarceration

- Over the last few years, Nebraska’s prisons have become overcrowded by 150 percent (Mastre). The lack of housing for the state’s criminals has forced legislators to pass a bill that will lower several felonies to misdemeanors and shorten the maximum prison sentences. (Nebraska Legislature) This leniency could backfire and lead to higher crime rates, among many other issues. Overcrowding in the Nebraska system has become a major problem, but rather than “cure” the problem with clemency, there are other options to alleviate this problem, such as temporary prisons or better yet, stronger rehabilitation programs....   [tags: Prison, Crime, Criminal justice, Recidivism]

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Alternatives to Incarceration

- Alternatives to Incarceration Ever since the first prison opened in the United States in 1790, incarceration has been the center of the nations criminal justice system. Over this 200 year period many creative alternatives to incarceration have been tried, and many at a much lower cost than imprisonment. It wasn’t until the late 1980’s when our criminal justice systems across the country began experiencing a problem with overcrowding of facilities. This problem forced lawmakers to develop new options for sentencing criminal offenders....   [tags: Prison Criminal Justice Papers]

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The Incarceration Of The Prison

- Mass incarceration is lots of people that are in jail. The amount of prisoners incarcerated has grown 8 times the number of incarceration in the 70’s to 2.2 million then back when it was 200,000 to 300,000 in the 1970s, that without counting probation which jumps the number to 6.8 million that are either in jail or on probation (Last Week Tonight). Since 2001, 1 in 6 black men has been incarcerated at some point in their life and other parts of the United States, for example, Washington D.C. 1 in 3 black men at some point will serve time (Mauer and King 1)....   [tags: Crime, Black people, White people, Prison]

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Mass Incarceration Is The Rate Of Incarcerating Individuals

- Mass incarceration is the rate of incarcerating individuals at an extremely high rate. This is something that began long ago when the states and federal government begin to build up numbers of prison facilities with no one to fill them, in which this forced them to conduct a mass incarceration to ensure they were not building these prisons for no reason. According to Mears and Cochran (2015), counting both the prisons and the county jails in America the incarceration rate is at 716 per 100,000 residents of the states....   [tags: Criminal justice, Prison, Crime, Criminal law]

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The Criminal Justice Is The Incarceration Of Juveniles

- An ethical problem that exists in the field of criminal justice is the incarceration of juveniles. While juvenile incarceration has been decreasing over the past decade, it is still an ethical dilemma that many criminal justice professionals will come across. Juveniles’ brains are not fully developed, incarceration is used when not appropriate to fit the problem, and some populations are over-represented in the criminal justice system. Juvenile Brains It has been found that juvenile brains are not yet fully developed....   [tags: Prison, Crime, Youth detention center, Ethics]

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The Mass Incarceration Of Black Men

- Alexander explains to us that the mass incarceration of black men is nothing new. Biased police practices were a recurring theme of African American runaway slaves. The treating of criminals as less than dates back to ancient Greece. Racial minorities were always overrepresented. Today, the War on Drugs has given birth to a system of mass incarceration that governs not just a small fraction of a racial or ethnic minority, but entire communities of color, everyone is either directly or indirectly subject to the new caste system....   [tags: Black people, African American, Crime]

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The Incarceration Of Prison Prisoners

- Unacceptable Mass Incarceration What goes on behind prison doors is not really discussed in the public. There has been many inmate versus correctional facility cases, but they never reach society’s eye because society does not take interest in prisoners; forgetting that prisoners are humans with rights as well. Prisons in Ohio are becoming more and more over-capacitated. This is causing prisons to become extremely unsanitary, have a harder time controlling the mass amount of inmates, as well as the inmate 's health....   [tags: Prison, Recidivism, Penology, Corrections]

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Incarceration vs. Treatment

- Incarceration vs. Treatment The focus of this paper is incarceration versus treatment of low level drug offenders in California. The viewpoint in favor of incarceration is supported by the deterrence and incapacitation theory. This theory promotes increased arrests, prosecutions, and prison sentences as the primary means to dissuade drug use and street crime by removing the offender from the community. The theory further states that by implementing stricter sanctions targeting low level drug offenders further reduces drug related crime by increasing the personal costs of drug use among incipient users....   [tags: Papers]

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The Incarceration Of The United States

- In 1790, in the United States, was established the first prison, influenced by the religious principles of the Pennsylvania Quakers. This prison was an alternative to capital punishment. Other prisons followed the Pennsylvania system model, and incarceration became the center of the country’s criminal justice system. However, it was not until the 1960s when criminal justice systems started to experience a problem with overcrowded prisons throughout the nation. Overcrowding became a problem since of a “get tough” approach to crime....   [tags: Prison, Drug addiction, Criminal justice]

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The Effects Of Incarceration On Mental Health

- The psychological impact of incarceration can damage mental health, affects the ability to function in society, and inmates can show trauma due to the effects of incarceration Prisons need to find better ways to rehabilitate these jail inmates. Are our Prisons rehabilitating inmates how they should. Inmates end up hallucinating and having perceptual disorders due to long term incarceration. Inmates usually cause fatal self-harm when angry. The psychological impact of incarceration can be very large for inmates....   [tags: Prison, Recidivism, Mental disorder]

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The Mass Incarceration Of The United States

- Throughout our country’s history, racial and ethnic minorities experience racism and discrimination at the highest rates. One of the main forms of racism and discrimination that these minorities face is through mass incarceration. Mass incarceration refers to the substantial increase of imprisonment over the years. The United States of America experiences the highest incarceration rate in the entire world, beating out countries such as Russia, Mexico, and Cuba. Although the United States population only accounts for about 4.4% of the world’s population, America’s mass incarceration rate is significantly higher than other countries....   [tags: United States, Crime, Drug addiction]

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Mass Incarceration Of Black Males

- Draft One The definition of mass incarceration is a term used by social activists to describe the significant increase in the number of incarcerated people in United States ' prisons over the past forty years, from 1970 to 2005 the number of inmates has risen 700%. Lawrence (2011) has stated that more than 2.3 million people in America are in jail or prison and sixty percent are African American and Latino. In this paper, I will present information on mass incarceration of black males, the development of a racial injustice due to rising of incarceration rates, and the financial standing that the prison system has, due to its massive expansion....   [tags: African American, Racism, United States, Race]

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The System Of Mass Incarceration

- In today’s world the majority of people when asked would consider themselves racially accepting and certainly would not consider themselves racist, some might even use the term colorblind when describing their beliefs and behavior. This ideology stems from the subliminal messaging that government officials and white supremacists employ to coerce society into thinking that America is a ‘colorblind’ entity, where all racial barriers are dismantled (Study guide 16). This system keeps society segregated and traps African Americas and Hispanics in a second class citizenship (The New Jim Crow)....   [tags: African American, Black people, Race]

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The Good And Bad Effects Of Incarceration

- The wrongdoings of others have affected many around us, maybe even ourselves, since mankind. The subject can even display many sub-topics, which also strike some controversy with the people of the United States. This subject is very hard to find facts, a lot of articles and writing are biased opinions. I am going to show both sides of the argument, to show my readers the good and bad effects of incarceration. With the costs of crime so low, it makes sense that many people choose to engage in a lot of criminal activity....   [tags: Criminal law, Crime, Prison, Criminology]

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The Incarceration Of The United States

- Thesis statement: Prisons is America are overcrowded, understaffed and the majority of prisoners incarcerated are minor offenders while we have criminals who have commited major crime walk off with less sentences. It has also cost taxpayers a lot of money to incarcerate inmates. The mass incarceration in America has put United States in the map of countries that have the highest number of people incarcerated in the world. Today the US has 5% of the world’s population and has 25% of world prisoners (NAACP)....   [tags: Prison, Penology, Recidivism, United States]

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The Controversial Issue Of Juvenile Incarceration

- In every society, there are controversial issues that influence or are opposed by a significant number of people. They are controversial because they go beyond some individuals expectations, or they receive various opinions for different persons. Sociologists define the social issue as a condition of a society that is believed to affect a considerable number of individuals (Alessio 2). Good examples of social issues are body art, racial discrimination, hacking, juvenile life sentencing and anti-Muslim discrimination....   [tags: Prison, Life imprisonment, Penology, Murder]

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The Incarceration Of The United States

- Mass incarceration in the United States has been on the rise over the years. It is important to know that all human rights emerge from the dignity of humans and that the international human rights law states that the necessity of penal systems is to allow, encourage and facilitate rehabilitation. Incarceration is therefore the act of putting an individual in prison or any other kind of enclosure while rehabilitation is the process of facilitating and restoring recovery from an injury and in this case, behavioural correction....   [tags: Crime, Prison, Recidivism, Criminal justice]

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The Incarceration Of The Prison System

- Injustice in The Prison System “Today we have the highest rate of incarceration in the world,” (Stevenson). The prison population in the U.S. has grown extremely fast over the past three decades. With almost “six million people on probation or parole,” it is clear that there is a problem with our prison system (Stevenson). I believe the prison system in the United States is outdated and unjust because of unfair sentencing, racial discrimination, and the privation of the prison system. Under the current prison system, many offenders of nonviolent crimes are getting much longer sentences than actually necessary....   [tags: Prison, Criminal justice, Penology, Crime]

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The Incarceration Of The Prison System

- We know Institutionalization among inmates is when an inmate, who has lived in the prison system for a long-time, the person has adapted to the normal ways of being in prison and cannot seem to adapt to ways outside the prison system. In most long-term incarcerations, institutionalization is bound to happen because they have lived in routine day in and day out for such a long time, (learned how operate while in prison)??, and living for free with no bills to pay( like a place to sleep)??, meals to eat and medical attention; to (include dental,)?....   [tags: Prison, Recidivism, Penology, Criminology]

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Home Confinement: An Alternative to Incarceration

- Home Confinement: An Alternative to Incarceration      West Virginia state prisons have a maximum capacity of 2,154 inmates; currently they house 2,363 inmates, and more remain in City and County lockups to manage the overflow (West Virginia Blue Book). Home Confinement solves this problem. Reduction of the prison population should be reason enough to institute home confinement, but other reasons do exist. Would you like lower taxes. Home confinement costs much less than incarceration. Do you favor less crime....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Topics]

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Rehabilitation : A Secondary Goal Of Incarceration

- Rehabilitation has been described as a secondary goal of incarceration. The concept of rehabilitation was not adapted until the 1870s as delegates in Cincinnati encouraged the reformation of prisoners. Rehabilitation remained a primary goal of incarceration for nearly one hundred years, until the 1970s. It was then that Americans began to reject the notion of rehabilitation. With a shift away from rehabilitation, Americans adopted punishment, deterrence, and incapacitation as the primary goals of imprisonment....   [tags: Recidivism, Prison, Penology, Punishment]

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The Incarceration Of The Correctional System

- One in every 108 adults were placed behind bars in 2012 (Dimon). That made for 2.2 million prisoners in the United States ("The Sentencing Project News - Incarceration"). This is almost the population of Houston, Texas ("Facts and Figures"). In the years following its creation, the correctional system has become a rougher place to live with nearly one percent of the whole United States population behind bars. Both the mental illness and murder rates have increased, along with return rate of prisoners....   [tags: Prison, Penology, Crime, Recidivism]

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The Incarceration And War On Drugs

- This essay will be focusing on the incarceration and war on drug of black community and minority in the United State. The New Jim Crow by Michelle Alexander discuss who the war on drug effect minority in American. What will be discuss in this paper or the question I will be answering are How has the War in Drugs impacted low-income people and communities of color, particularly African Americans. How has the Drug War disenfranchised a large segment of the American population. How have race and class influenced the functioning of the criminal justice system, especially in relation to policing, the enforcement of drug laws, and sentencing....   [tags: Crime, African American, Black people]

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Race, Incarceration, And American Values

- In a perfect world, we would not have racial tensions and we would all sing Kumbaya together, however, we do not live inside a perfect world. Racial injustice that relates to incarceration in the United States, specifically to those who are African-Americans, is a literal fabrication of our imperfect world and details the thinly veiled allegory of our social apartheid. According to author Glenn Loury, this aspect of our nation’s prison system is the most damaging to our African-American community, wherein said group are being racially profiled and “trapped in the dark vestiges of the ghetto” (Loury, 2008, 57)....   [tags: Race, Black people, African American]

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Crime, Incarceration And Law Enforcement

- Crime, Incarceration and Law Enforcement Building a new prison in the community is an ineffective way to combat crime thus failing to address the underlying issues in the criminal justice system. Instead of building a new prison, there are several innovative policy initiatives used in other countries and counties that have proven to reduce the prison population as well as saving taxpayers some dollars. America is considered one of the most incarcerated nation in the world, by isolating and sending millions of Americans to prison....   [tags: Prison, Crime, Criminal justice, Criminal law]

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Effects of Parent's Incarceration on Children

- Being the child of an incarcerated parent has substantial amounts of negative influences on youth today. As young children, many consider their parents as role models. Someone who they can confide in, someone who will preserve them, and someone who will guide them through life. For most youngsters having an incarcerated parent, means that their admirable example in life is absent. Not having a parent present in one's childhood leads to innumerable negative outcomes and impacts. Statistics have shown that one in every five children has seen their parent’s arrest....   [tags: re entry on childre, incarcerated parents]

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Incarceration For The Young Offenders

- Alternatives to Incarceration for the Young Offenders In recent years there have been so many crimes that youth have been involved. The crime rate has really have went up. There are too many young inmates in our prisonsjails; the percentage is so high that we really need to do something about it. “Despite a decline in juvenile offending over the past decade, the population of youth confined in pre-trial secure detention has steadily grown. On an average day, more than 27,000 youth are estimated to reside in locked detention centers — a number that has grown 72 percent since the early 1990s”....   [tags: Prison, Crime, Criminology]

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Incarceration : Terms And Conditions

- Incarceration: Terms and Conditions The current state of prisons in the United States is not an issue at the forefront of the minds of most Americans. With many other topics rising to prominence for the previously afformentioned it seems like basic issues such as living conditions for prisoners falls to the wayside. The reason this is so troubling is that an estimated 1.4 million individuals are incarcerated in the United States and the rate is increasing. The reason for the increase in incarceration rates is debateable, but the fact that it is rising is not....   [tags: Prison, Recidivism, Crime, United Kingdom]

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The Roots Of Mass Incarceration

- The roots of mass incarceration go back to the time of slavery. In fact, this prison industrial system is just a new form of age old prejudice and racism. It is now a now a legal reincarnation of slavery in every sense of the word. This oppression can all be seen in the 13th amendment that abolished slavery, except for in the case of criminals. With this loophole, African-Americans were arrested during the Reconstruction Era and forced to rebuild the Southern economy and infrastructure. This lead to the introduction of the Jim Crow Laws....   [tags: African American, Racism, Black people]

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The Mass Incarceration Of The United States

- Equality The United States spends over $80 billion on incarceration each year according to the American Civil Liberties Union. “It is morally repugnant and a national tragedy that we have privatized prisons all over America. In my view, corporations should not be allowed to make a profit by building more jails and keeping more Americans behind bars. We have got to end the private-for-private racket in America,” states Sen. Bernie Sanders. These private prison owners become wealthier and wealthier, but to every effect has a cause....   [tags: Police, United States, Constable]

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The Incarceration Of Prison And Prison

- Prison Reformation The US spends billions each year on incarcerating convicted criminals. Upon release, the recidivism rate among felons is close to 2/3 according to a report published by the Bureau of Justice (Cooper, Alexia D., Dr, Matthew R. Durose, and Howard N. Snyder, Dr). To coincide with this many states have dropped from their corrections department the phrase rehabilitation. Is this a sign that even the system has given up on trying to reform criminals. It seems that criminals are merely taken off the street, then thrown in to prison....   [tags: Prison, Recidivism, Penology, Criminal justice]

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The Incarceration Of Prison Rehabilitation Programs

- Criminal Corrections By definition, corrections are the variety of programs, services, facilities, and organizations responsible for the management of individuals who have been accused or convicted of criminal offenses (Clear 11). Yet looking at what prisons are giving inmates today, it seems that this definition is not being upheld. There has been a lack of funding towards new programs that could prevent inmates from returning to prison, and the result is an increase in recidivism in prisons all over the United States....   [tags: Prison, Recidivism, Criminal law, Crime]

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Disproportionate Incarceration of African Americans

- Disproportionate Incarceration of African Americans The disproportionate numbers of African Americans in the prison system is a very serious issue, which is not usually discussed in its totality. However, it is quite important to address the matter because it ultimately will have an effect on African Americans as a whole. Of the many tribulations that plague Americans today, the increase in the amount of African American men and women in prisons is unbelievable. It would be naïve to say that the increase is due to the fact that more African Americans are committing crimes now than before....   [tags: Papers]

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Mass Incarceration of African Americans

- “Until justice is blind to color, until education is unaware of race, until opportunity is unconcerned with the color of men's skins, emancipation will be a proclamation but not a fact.”(Lyndon Johnson). For generations in the United Stated, ethnic minorities have been discriminated against and denied fair opportunity and equal rights. In the beginning there was slavery, and thereafter came an era of racism which directly impacted millions of minorities lives. This period called Jim Crow was the name of the racial caste system up in till mid 1960s....   [tags: Race and the Drug War]

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Incarceration Practices in the United States

- ... Males are questioned about their sexuality whether they’re gay or not and classified within the SNY. SNY stands for Sensitive Needs Yard, not only does it contain gays, but it contains men with sex changes, gang dropouts and child molesters. Race plays a role in segregation also because officer’s feel by placing inmates with their own race, instead of having prisoners go against each other; the prisoners can protect each other because they will have an understanding about each other’s race. Believe it or not, every prison has a set schedule that has to be followed by inmates....   [tags: prison life]

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The Incarceration Of The United States

- Crime happens to many people, many good people too. Over the years, incarceration has been becoming worse and worse, it’s a social problem that needs to be fixed. “Criminals” are sent to prison to be punished and to be prohibited from committing crimes again. And those who have gone to prison before may discourage others from breaking the law in order to avoid prison. Currently, almost two million people are in prisons and/or in jails and the majority of the people who are put into federal prisons are because of drugs....   [tags: Prison, Criminal justice, Sociology, Crime]

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The Incarceration Of Prison Imprisonment

- Some people blame it on the lack of education that most prisoners do not receive before or while in prison. Most prisoners do not have a college degree, causing it to be more difficult for them to land a job once out of jail. It can also be blamed on how long the prison sentence is. Many inmates are serving long sentence causing them to lose connection to the outside world. Also, many possible employers do not want to hire someone who has been in jail before due to their past reputation. These connections with the people who visit them can help them get a job or even could help them stay out of trouble once they are released....   [tags: Prison, Corrections, Penology, Criminal justice]

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The Incarceration Of Mental Illness

- Imprisonment. Who would like to be imprisoned especially for so long. Just the name Imprisonment is so powerful that it bring shame and emotional stress to individual, family and society. The same applies to mental illness. According to....., health care policy has made mental illness a shameful disease by limiting health care coverage that psycho patients get. Though imprisonment is outrageous, there is nothing wrong with incarcerating patients with mental illness, but, wrong with the way prison staff and government policies treat them....   [tags: Health care, Mental disorder, Psychiatry]

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The Incarceration Of Prison Programs

- “Doing projects really gives people self-confidence. Nothing is better than taking the pie out of the oven. What it does for you personally, and for your family 's idea of you, is something you can 't buy." - Martha Stewart. Rehabilitated prisoners programs, for example, in the prisons are one of the most important programs in prison to address the causes of criminality and restore criminal’s self-confidence. Therefore, many governments are still taking advantage of their prisoners while they are in prison....   [tags: Crime, Prison, Recidivism, Criminal justice]

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The Incarceration Of The Prison System

- The prison system needs to be changed and revamped. The prisoners are being treated as if they are slaves and viewed as a selected group who can not change. Therefore, to change this, we have to alter the way we view people who are on trial. If we give reasonable sentences and give help to those who need help. There is a great chance the capacity of the prisoners will decrease and the amount of returners will decrease. When the constitution was created on September 17, 1787 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania....   [tags: Prison, Crime, Drug addiction, Criminal justice]

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The Incarceration Of The Prison System

- “It must surely be a tribute to the resilience of the human spirit that even a small number of those men and women in the hell of the prison system survive it and hold on to their humanity” (Howard Zinn). No one enjoys prison, that’s the idea behind incarceration, it’s unpleasant, dangerous and can create habitual criminals. Zinn applauds the notion that some individuals can leave the Canadian prison system relatively unscathed. However, this is not the case for many of the guests of a Canadian corrections institution....   [tags: Prison, Recidivism, Penology, Crime]

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Racism, Prejudice, And Incarceration

- Race is and has been a controversial topic that has been prevalent in all societies from the dawn of modern civilization. In particular it has become more well known and publicized in modern western civilization because of our technical advances, it has allowed different cultures and races to be able to interact in a way like never before. Even with all the positives of this multicultural revolution in most countries across the world there has been significant setbacks including racism, prejudice and incarceration which has had a huge effect on not only minorities but has had a trickle down effect on the communities in which they reside....   [tags: Race, Racism, Sociology, White people]

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The Wrongful Incarceration Of Ryan Ferguson

- Dream Killer is a documentary that details the proceedings of the wrongful incarceration of Ryan Ferguson, who was sentenced 40 years in prison for the murder of Kent Heitholt (Jenks, 2015). This case is notably one of the oddest in terms of wrongful conviction cases, because when given the facts of the case it seems utterly illogical to convict Ryan Ferguson of the crime. Kent Heitholt was brutally murdered on October 31st, 2001 and sat for two years without any leads (Jenks, 2015). However, two years later Charles Erickson, a former friend of Ryan, had a dream that he had a part in the murder and thus this whole mess was born....   [tags: Criminal law, Actus reus, Miscarriage of justice]

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1011 words | (2.9 pages) | Preview

The New Jim Crow : Mass Incarceration

- In The New Jim Crow: Mass incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness, Michelle Alexander introduces readers to the phenomenon of mass incarceration in the United States and challenges readers to view the crisis as the “ the most pressing racial justice issue of our time.” In the introduction, Alexander writes “what the book is intended to do and that is to stimulate much needed conversation about the role of the criminal justice system in creating and perpetuating racial hierarchy in the United States.” We come to understand, How the United States create criminal justice system and maintain racial hierarchy through mass incarceration....   [tags: Racism, African American, Race]

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The Effects Of Mass Incarceration On College Campuses

- Introduction The nightly news of the last two years has been filled with stories of racism on college campuses, police shootings of black men, prison sentence reform, and the possibility of early release for nonviolent criminals. President Obama became the first president in history to visit a federal penitentiary when he went to the El Reno Federal Correctional Institution in Oklahoma in July of 2015. He spoke at Rutgers University in Newark on November 2, 2015, arguing for the elimination of the question on job applications on whether someone has a felony record....   [tags: Prison, United States, Recidivism, Sentence]

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The New Jim Crow : Mass Incarceration

- The Jim Crow laws were established and came about in the beginning of the 1880s and these laws were created to legalize segregation between African American and Caucasians. This book the New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness explains the mass incarceration of African Americans in the war on drugs. The text explains how it is said that most drug dealers are said to be black or brown, and that the War on Drugs is a racist conspiracy to put “blacks” back in their place. The United States has the highest incarceration rate in the world largely due to the war on drugs....   [tags: African American, Race, Racism, Criminal law]

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1474 words | (4.2 pages) | Preview

The Incarceration Rate Of The United States Of America

- Alternatives to mass incarceration Once upon a time, we could proudly to say that America is the land of freedom and opportunities. As the pledge of Allegiance stated, “[I pledge allegiance to the Flag of the United States of America, and to the Republic for which it stands,] one nation under God, Indivisible, with liberty and justice for all.” However, under the current criminal justice system, more and more people lose their liberty more than they deserved because of the crimes they have committed.The incarceration rate in the United States of America has skyrocketing since 1980s, in other words, the prison is overcrowded and we need to reform our current prison system....   [tags: Prison, United States, Criminal justice, Crime]

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1019 words | (2.9 pages) | Preview

Maternal Incarceration And The Criminalization Of Female Poverty

- 3) In Throwaway Moms: Maternal Incarceration and the Criminalization of Female Poverty, authors Suzanne Allen, Chris Flaherty, and Gretchen Ely specifically focus on mothers incarcerated for drug offenses. Furthermore, they discuss the negative effects incarceration has had on the relationships between mothers and their children. The article involves the interviews of 26 mothers incarcerated in a Kentucky prison in 2007. According to the authors, maternal incarceration is surrounded by a large number of issues and policies....   [tags: Prison, Mandatory sentencing, African American]

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1198 words | (3.4 pages) | Preview

The Argument Regarding Incarceration For Pregnant Women

- Introduction The argument regarding incarceration for pregnant women who are addicted to illegal drugs is closer to home than some may realize. Several states have already enacted legislation that can detain a mother for activities that may harm their developing fetus. There will come a time when this debate is brought to the Maine voters. The fight over this topic will be a difficult one because the people will find themselves balancing on a fine line over ethics and morals. This paper talks about health concerns for the mother and fetus, and the legal aspects of such legislation....   [tags: Pregnancy, Fetus, Drug addiction, Abortion]

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1352 words | (3.9 pages) | Preview

America 's Highest Incarceration Rates

- The United States of America has the world’s highest incarceration rates, for several reasons. The United States of America doesn’t necessarily possess any unique strict laws in comparison to other countries of the world, yet we still have the highest incarceration rate in the world. More federal level and state level prisons are built in order to control and hold more prisoners because most are reaching its full capacity. The United States of America’s “crime rates” increased about 40 years ago when there became a new focus in the areas of crime....   [tags: United States, Race, Black people, White American]

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Prison System Is The High Rate Of Incarceration

- There are many issues within the United States Prison System today. Two leading examples of what is wrong with the prison system is the high rate of incarceration and the unjust laws that help land people in our prisons. Unfortunately, over the years, there have been few attempts to repair these problems. Fortunately, there are several ways that we can address these issues. A major problem within the prison system is the high rate of incarceration. According to “Facts about the Prison System in the U.S”, sixty-six percent of released convicts will end up back in jail at some point in their life....   [tags: Prison, Criminal justice, Criminal law]

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1220 words | (3.5 pages) | Preview

The New Jim Crow : Mass Incarceration

- Michelle Alexander presents three compelling arguments in The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness. First, American society is repeating the outrages of the early Jim Crow laws, which imposed racial segregation on the bogus principle of separate but equal; second, our country has a widespread dilemma of increasing mass incarceration numbers, and, finally, that our modern so-called “colorblind” era thwarts multitudes of people from understanding or acknowledging that racist undertones exist beneath elevated rates of mass incarceration as a result of America’s “Drug War”....   [tags: African American, Racism, Racial segregation]

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1505 words | (4.3 pages) | Preview

The High Incarceration Rates Of African Americans

- The problem in this case is the high incarceration rates of African-Americans is not colonialism its victimization. Specifically this is the victimization of poor African-Americans regardless of perceived or actual knowledge of African history. When you 're being victimized because of something as superficial as race, knowledge can only go so far, if that wasn 't the case then uneducated poor African-American females would be locked up at the same rate as poor African-American men.We know this to be true because studies show 70% of educated African-American females are unmarried mainly because of the high incarceration rates of African-American men....   [tags: African American, Race, Racism, Black people]

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1095 words | (3.1 pages) | Preview

People 's Attitude Toward Incarceration

- My paper will reflect people 's attitude toward incarceration and the alternatives including incarceration when the budget shrinks. I will talk about the comparison of the " Three Strikes Law " versus " Get Tough on Crime ". I will talk about the attitude of the public when it comes to incarceration and how they feel about criminals. I will talk about the value upon incapacitation or rehabilitation and correction. I will explain if incapacitation or rehabilitation work better together or is it some combination or hierarchy....   [tags: Prison, Crime, Criminal justice, Punishment]

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1151 words | (3.3 pages) | Preview

The Effects Of Mass Incarceration On The United States

- INTRODUCTION The causes of mass incarceration, a term used to describe rapid the growth of the United States’ imprisoned population from the early 1970’s until the present day, has been a topic of great debate in recent times. The National Research Council reports that the United States’ penal population of approximately 2.2 million adults, at a rate of 716 prisoners per 100,000 citizens, is the largest in the world. This is an astounding increase from the early 1970s, where the rate of imprisonment excluding jails was approximately 110 prisoners per 100,000 citizens....   [tags: United States, Crime, Three strikes law]

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926 words | (2.6 pages) | Preview

Incarceration and Private Prisons in the United States

- Under the auspices of President John F. Kennedy, Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy ordered the permanent shut down of the infamous Alcatraz Federal Penitentiary on March 21, 1963. An island located approximately 2.5 kilometers off the coast of San Francisco, California; the federal prison was home to the most notorious criminals for over three decades. The island also revealed to the world the unsettling state of circumstance the United States Justice and prison system suffers under in modern times....   [tags: Discrimination, Legal System]

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The New Jim Crow : Mass Incarceration

- After leaving the #BlackLanguageMatters class on a late Thursday afternoon, I had an overwhelming sense of excitement and nervousness for the profound things I had witnessed and heard. After spending the majority of my night telling my friends all about Harry, no words could truly express his truly special resilient personality. Walking out of that class, I not only felt as though I had made a new life long friend, but I felt a surge of hope, the kind of hope that makes you want to a better person....   [tags: African American, Black people, White people]

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961 words | (2.7 pages) | Preview

The New Jim Crow : Mass Incarceration

- Too Hard to Believe: The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness The New Jim Crow would be the other word that describes the part of time where many African American people did not have their rights and were living a life that made them feel like they are nothing. The New Jim Crow has been known between everyone because of its importance to our lives. Michelle Alexander who is an associate professor of law at the Ohio State University, a civil right advocate and a writer, described how African American people in the age of Colorblindness lived and suffered because discrimination was widespread around that time....   [tags: African American, Black people, Race, Racism]

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871 words | (2.5 pages) | Preview

Mass Incarceration : A Great Source Of Labor

- Economic We all know that our economy depends on labor and the workforce to accomplish its purposes, nevertheless, did we know that prison is also a great source of labor. The government talks about stopping the drug on war, which lead to mass incarceration, but little do we know that when people goes to prison, it brings a lot of money into the economy. Not saying this is a right thing, it is totally wrong. Young, innocent, people are in jail, and the economy is profiting off of this horrible cause....   [tags: African American, Black people, Race]

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1108 words | (3.2 pages) | Preview

How Incarceration Impacted Japanese Americans

- How Incarceration Impacted Japanese Americans Introduction The forced eradication of Japanese & Japanese Americans from their homes within California, Washington, & Oregon from 1942 to 1946 brought suffering and personal loss to various communities. After the camps, Japanese were told to resettle within Midwest and East and avoid returning to hostile West Coast. Most communities perished and were never restored. For instance, as people started resettlement, Japanese communities like San Francisco Nihonmachi & Los Angeles Little Tokyo were ripped by urban renewal....   [tags: immigration, relations, california]

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Correlation Between Unemployment And Incarceration Rate

- To further explain, there have been countless empirical and factual studies that have confirmed that unemployment rates do in fact contribute to an increased incarceration rate, which was theorized by Georg Rusche and Otto Kirchheimer. During the last two decades, there have been forty four studies completed that has shown that there is a relationship between labor surplus and imprisonment or punishment, as Georg Rusche and Otto Kirchheimer stated (Chiricos & DeLone, 1992). According to Inverarity & McCarthy (1988), the hypothesis that there needs to be a mode of production, which then regulates the mode of how the penal system punishes is factual....   [tags: Prison, Criminal justice, Punishment]

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1521 words | (4.3 pages) | Preview

Juvenile Incarceration And Its Effect On The Community

- We have changed the way we police and prosecute having learned from overpopulating the prisons to the point that it is unsafe and does not serve the purpose of rehabilitation and our exploding probation departments. Recidivism rates for prisons largely suggest that less than half of all inmates are rehabilitated making alternatives to incarceration a necessity as we search to tailor solutions to each offender. Cost effective solutions, true long-term rehabilitation and restoring the community are proving to be better suited to many kinds of offenders than becoming institutionalized....   [tags: Prison, Recidivism, Penology, Criminal justice]

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703 words | (2 pages) | Preview

The New Jim Crow : Mass Incarceration

- 1. What is the significance of race, class, and gender in the causes and responses to crime in our society. How do these social designations impact our understanding of what crime is, what causes crime, and how we should deal with the crime problem. Refer to The New Jim Crow and Invisible Punishment to help shape your response. Generally, people are held accountable for whatever choices they make in life, those choices come with consequences be they good or bad. However, one cannot choose one 's status in life, because it is ascribed from birth, at least according to ancient theologians who say that status is ascribed from one’s birth or come to be assumed later in life....   [tags: Criminal justice, Prison, Criminal law, Crime]

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1161 words | (3.3 pages) | Preview

Personal Stories Of Women About Incarceration

- 1. After reading Wally Lamb’s Couldn 't Keep It To Myself, one can see the personal stories of women about incarceration. Each woman has a different story to tell about their life and what they have been through before and after their arrest. Most of the women in the book have had a tough life leading up to their arrest. For instance, they have had a bad home life, or the environment that they were raised in didn 't set them up to be successful, or emotionally and mentally stable. One of the women from the book, Carolyn Ann Davis, was convicted for Larceny by embezzlement....   [tags: Family, Mother, Father, Emotional intelligence]

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1494 words | (4.3 pages) | Preview

Prison Overcrowding And The Incarceration Of Repeat Offenders

- Prison overcrowding is one crucial issue that has affected very many countries, including the United States of America. It basically occurs when the available prison space is limited in relation to the demand for more prison space. This occurs due to the increase in the people who are convicted compared to the capacity of the prisons available in a given jurisdiction. Research shows that one in every one hundred American adults are detained. This number grows overtime and it reaches a point that the space cannot contain it no more....   [tags: Prison, Recidivism, Crime, Penology]

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972 words | (2.8 pages) | Preview

Restorative Justice: Comparative Studies

- When considering studies in corrections on a global scale it is important to understand how to utilize the most applicable method to gather knowledge. Comparative studies are often used to explore methods for explicating or developing knowledge and attitudes. Comparative research examines cases with the intention to reveal the structure and invariance or unchanging relationship for an entire group or population. In this case, and for the purpose of this paper, the comparative research is suggested to be used in corrections on a global scale....   [tags: corrections, incarceration]

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941 words | (2.7 pages) | Preview

The Incarceration Of The United States Is Truly Eye Opening

- The rate of incarceration in the United States is truly eye-opening. According to Howard McGary’s article “Achieving Democratic Equality: Forgiveness, Reconciliation, and Reparations” he shows that there are more people African Americans in prison, parole, or on probation than African Americans in slavery in 1850. The increase of incarceration since 1980 is extremely eye opening. McGary states that “in 1980, there were about two hundred and twenty people incarcerated for every hundred thousand Americans; by 2010, the number had more than tripled, to seven hundred and thirty-one” (McGary 2)....   [tags: Prison, Drug addiction, United States, Recidivism]

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707 words | (2 pages) | Preview

Mass Incarceration Rates Within The United States

- In recent years, there has been controversy over mass incarceration rates within the United States. In the past, the imprisonment of criminals was seen as the most efficient way to protect citizens. However, as time has gone on, crime rates have continued to increase exponentially. Because of this, many people have begun to propose alternatives that will effectively prevent criminals from merely repeating their illegal actions. Some contend that diversion programs, such as rehabilitation treatment for drug offenders, is a more practical solution than placing mentally unstable individuals into prison....   [tags: Crime, Prison, Criminology, Criminal justice]

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1047 words | (3 pages) | Preview

The American Criminal Justice System And Mass Incarceration

- Michelle Alexander’s use of “Jim Crow” is a viable and useful analogy to describe the current American criminal justice system and mass incarceration. I believe our criminal justice system does not truly define justice or fairness. Also, I agree on the fact that while old “Jim Crow” laws may be dead; the current justice system serves many of the same purposes of those laws. Today, mass incarceration is the biggest issue in our criminal justice system, for mass incarceration is the new Jim Crow. Mass incarceration is a system that locks people not only behind actual bars in actual prisons, but also behind virtual bars and virtual walls-walls that are invisible to the naked eye, but function...   [tags: Criminal justice, Crime, Racism, African American]

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1150 words | (3.3 pages) | Preview

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