Your search returned 200 essays for "Incarceration":
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Parental Incarceration

- “Parental incarceration affects a large number of children” (La Vigne, Davies & Brazzell, 2008, p.i). “Most of {which} are young, low income, black or Hispanic” (La Vigne et al 2008). The number of children under the age of eighteen, with parents in U.S. prisons, State and Federal, is rapidly increasing as a result of incarceration being used as a criminal penalty (Waldman & Hercik, 2002). Children whose parents are incarcerated, constitute one of the largest at-risk population in the U.S....   [tags: Parental incarceration, incarceration, parenting, ]

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The Rights of a Prisoner

- ... Inmates are still afforded many rights such as the First Amendment- free speech, and freedom of religion. Although, one of the less thought of by society, the Constitution guarantees prisoners the right of meaningful access to courts, and prison officials may not retaliate against prisoners who exercise their right of access. In Bounds v. Smith, the Supreme Court held that the right of access imposes an affirmative duty on prison officials to assist inmates in preparing and filing legal papers, either by establishing and adequate law library or by providing adequate assistance from persons trained in the law....   [tags: incarceration, court, inmate]

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Research on School Policies and Its Conne ction to the Juvenil Courts

- The article reviewed serves as a compliment to the research on school policies and its connection to the juvenile court, and how the school-to-prison pipeline has been created. The research article is “Education or Incarceration: Zero Tolerance Policies and the School to Prison Pipeline”. The theme focuses on the flourishing trend in public schools across America that criminalizes students’ minor disciplinary issues as a part of the emerging “zero tolerance” disciplinary policies and the factors that come along with it....   [tags: education or incarceration, crime]

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Racialized Mass Incarceration in America

- In the United States, the rate of incarceration has increased shockingly over the past few years. In 2008, it was said that one in 100 U.S. adults were behind bars, meaning more than 2.3 million people. Even more surprising than this high rate is the fact that African Americans have been disproportionately incarcerated, especially low-income and lowly educated blacks. This is racialized mass incarceration. There are a few reasons why racialized mass incarceration occurs and how it negatively affects poor black communities....   [tags: African American and the legal system]

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Purpose and History of Crime and Punishment

- Crime and punishment have been a part of the world since biblical times. It is one of the few things in this world that has constantly evolved with man, and will consistently change with the societies as our views of what is right and wrong transform. Our prison system changed because of the need felt by the Quakers to find alternatives to executing and publicly humiliating those individuals whom had committed crimes against their fellow man. “The Quakers were devout Christians who believed part of god’s nature lived within every person: therefore, they refused to kill other People.” This resulted in them passing “the Great Law” in 1682....   [tags: penitentiaries, incarceration, prison systems]

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Incarceration vs. Treatment

- Incarceration vs. Treatment The focus of this paper is incarceration versus treatment of low level drug offenders in California. The viewpoint in favor of incarceration is supported by the deterrence and incapacitation theory. This theory promotes increased arrests, prosecutions, and prison sentences as the primary means to dissuade drug use and street crime by removing the offender from the community. The theory further states that by implementing stricter sanctions targeting low level drug offenders further reduces drug related crime by increasing the personal costs of drug use among incipient users....   [tags: Papers]

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Benefits of the Legalization of Marijuana

- I’m going to shock you. Half of all men will get cancer, and a third of all women. Some of you could even die. There’s good news. Your life could be prolonged or your cancer cured with hash oil. Oh ... wait ... it’s not legal ... guess you’ll just have to suck it up. People live with debilitating pain every day because they are unable to get marijuana, while the U.S. government pours money and personnel into a drug war that’s unnecessary. The modes of entry are a lot safer in comparison to other drugs such as injectables with a skyrocketing AIDS risk or pills with questionable purity....   [tags: pain, incarceration, taxes]

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The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness by Michelle Alexander

- ... The abuse and financial incentives undertaken by police departments corrupt the system. Racial biases increase the probability that African Americans and other minorities such as Latinos will be stopped and their property seized. Although legally “white” individuals are more likely to sell and partake in illegal drugs, African Americans and other minorities manage to fill the prisons and be targets of police. Police departments violate 4th amendment protections to meet this end and their actions are endorsed by the highest law of the land, the Supreme Court....   [tags: criminal justice, racial biases]

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Juvenile Incarceration And Its Effect On The Community

- We have changed the way we police and prosecute having learned from overpopulating the prisons to the point that it is unsafe and does not serve the purpose of rehabilitation and our exploding probation departments. Recidivism rates for prisons largely suggest that less than half of all inmates are rehabilitated making alternatives to incarceration a necessity as we search to tailor solutions to each offender. Cost effective solutions, true long-term rehabilitation and restoring the community are proving to be better suited to many kinds of offenders than becoming institutionalized....   [tags: Prison, Recidivism, Penology, Criminal justice]

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The Incarceration Of The Prison System

- We know Institutionalization among inmates is when an inmate, who has lived in the prison system for a long-time, the person has adapted to the normal ways of being in prison and cannot seem to adapt to ways outside the prison system. In most long-term incarcerations, institutionalization is bound to happen because they have lived in routine day in and day out for such a long time, (learned how operate while in prison)??, and living for free with no bills to pay( like a place to sleep)??, meals to eat and medical attention; to (include dental,)?....   [tags: Prison, Recidivism, Penology, Criminology]

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The Incarceration Of The United States Is Truly Eye Opening

- The rate of incarceration in the United States is truly eye-opening. According to Howard McGary’s article “Achieving Democratic Equality: Forgiveness, Reconciliation, and Reparations” he shows that there are more people African Americans in prison, parole, or on probation than African Americans in slavery in 1850. The increase of incarceration since 1980 is extremely eye opening. McGary states that “in 1980, there were about two hundred and twenty people incarcerated for every hundred thousand Americans; by 2010, the number had more than tripled, to seven hundred and thirty-one” (McGary 2)....   [tags: Prison, Drug addiction, United States, Recidivism]

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The Incarceration Of Mental Illness

- Imprisonment. Who would like to be imprisoned especially for so long. Just the name Imprisonment is so powerful that it bring shame and emotional stress to individual, family and society. The same applies to mental illness. According to....., health care policy has made mental illness a shameful disease by limiting health care coverage that psycho patients get. Though imprisonment is outrageous, there is nothing wrong with incarcerating patients with mental illness, but, wrong with the way prison staff and government policies treat them....   [tags: Health care, Mental disorder, Psychiatry]

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The Incarceration Of The United States

- Thesis statement: Prisons is America are overcrowded, understaffed and the majority of prisoners incarcerated are minor offenders while we have criminals who have commited major crime walk off with less sentences. It has also cost taxpayers a lot of money to incarcerate inmates. The mass incarceration in America has put United States in the map of countries that have the highest number of people incarcerated in the world. Today the US has 5% of the world’s population and has 25% of world prisoners (NAACP)....   [tags: Prison, Penology, Recidivism, United States]

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How Does The Job Training / Reentry Programs Be Helpful For Those Leaving Incarceration?

- Introduction I will describe a peer-reviewed article that relates to culture in human services and how it is relevant to high incarcerations amongst African American males. This paper will describe how job training/reentry programs will be helpful for those leaving incarceration. Finally, I will explain how prevention programs put in place for our youth can decrease the number of high incarcerations. Peer Reviewed Article Relating to Culture in Human Services I selected an article titled A Phenomenological Study of African American Males Who Drop Out....   [tags: Dropout, High school, African American]

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The War On Drugs And The Civil Rights Movement

- According to the Oxford Index, “whether called mass incarceration, mass imprisonment, the prison boom, or hyper incarceration, this phenomenon refers to the current American experiment in incarceration, which is defined by comparatively and historically extreme rates of imprisonment and by the concentration of imprisonment among young, African American men living in neighborhoods of concentrated disadvantage.” It should be noted that there is much ambiguity in the scholarly definition of the newly controversial social welfare issue as well as a specific determination in regards to the causes and consequences to American society....   [tags: African American, United States, Incarceration]

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The Incarceration Rate For Women Has Increased Tremendously

- The incarceration rate for women has increased tremendously. Since 2010, there have been more than 113,000 females incarcerated in both state and federal institutions (corrections). The YouTube video, “Most Disgusting Female Prison in the World,” is a documentary on Detroit repeat female offenders. These women are incarcerated in the Wayne County Jail known as Detroit’s lost hope for female offenders. These female offenders are incarcerated for prostitution, drugs, and other violent crimes such as robbery and assault....   [tags: Crime, Prison, Drug addiction, Violence]

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The Incarceration Of Prison Rehabilitation Programs

- Criminal Corrections By definition, corrections are the variety of programs, services, facilities, and organizations responsible for the management of individuals who have been accused or convicted of criminal offenses (Clear 11). Yet looking at what prisons are giving inmates today, it seems that this definition is not being upheld. There has been a lack of funding towards new programs that could prevent inmates from returning to prison, and the result is an increase in recidivism in prisons all over the United States....   [tags: Prison, Recidivism, Criminal law, Crime]

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Incarceration Has Been The Center Of The United States Justice System

- Incarceration has been the center of the United States justice system ever since the opening of the nation’s first prison. In order to understand how the aspects of the first corrections institutions correlate to later correctional practices seen today. Whether it was temporary or permanent, there has always been some form of detainment for offenders, and they were always held against their will. Imprisonment of offenders in earlier times was done primarily to hold the accused until the authorities determined the offender’s actual punishment....   [tags: Prison, Crime, Criminal justice, Criminal law]

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The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness

- The New Jim Crow Michelle Alexander wrote a book called "The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness." The original Jim Crow was a racial caste system that segregated whites from blacks, where whites were privileged and viewed as the chosen ones while blacks were taught to be minority and used as servants between 1877 and the 1960s. The Jim Crow system kept whites superior to blacks with laws created to keep whites favored. It was a legal way to prevent African Americans from getting an equal education, from voting; it was a system of "Separate but Equal"....   [tags: racial cast system]

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Treatment Of Female And Female Offenders

- Research on the different needs and stressors of male and female offenders began in 1990s. Before this time, women and girls were the ‘‘forgotten offenders’’ because they were overlooked in correctional research, policy development, program design, and organizational management (Morton, 2007). Recently, the amount of female prisoners in correctional facilities has been increasing dramatically. Female prisoners increased from 108,800 in 2012 to 111,300 in 2013. The female prison population increased in 36 states, including Texas, California, Florida, and New York (the states with the largest number of prisoners)....   [tags: Prison, Recidivism, Penology, Incarceration]

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Incarceration of Men, Women, and Juveniles

- Incarceration of Men, Women, and Juveniles Prison populations have been on the raise since the early 1970s. Today we incarcerate over 2 million men, women and juveniles in the various correctional facilities around the country. These facilities can range from local jails or detention facilities to the new so called "Supermax" prisons. Conditions can also vary across the spectrum for these different correctional institutions. Each type of inmate has his or her own challenges when faced with incarceration....   [tags: Papers]

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Youth Incarceration : A Serious Public Health Problem

- Introductory Paragraph Youth incarceration has been a serious public health problem in the United States. Approximately 100,000 youth are under correctional supervision each day. Based on current research, there is an increasing amount of youth that has been in some sort of juvenile placement for various offenses. According to the Justice Policy, 88,000 is spent annually to incarcerate juvenile offenders in a residential treatment facility. Based on the high statistics, a small number of studies have been done to examine various risk factors that have distracted our youth....   [tags: Human behavior, Behavior, Aggression, Psychology]

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Diminishing Poverty and Racial Discrimination so as to Decrease Incarceration Rates

- The United States has the highest incarceration rate in the world, incarcerating 1 in 100 people. With such rates one would expect United States to have the lowest rates of crime in the world, however crime still exists in the United States. It is undeniable that something is being done incorrectly. The United States is either incarcerating the wrong people, or incarcerating individuals for minor crimes and not those who actually commit major crimes. United States’ high incarceration rates show no progress in diminishing crime, this might be because the solution to ending crime is not putting more people in jail but instead finding a way to keep individuals off of streets, while diminishing...   [tags: keeping individuals off the street]

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The Incarceration Of Imprisonment Among African American Men

- Whether called mass detainment, mass incarceration, the jail blast, the carceral state, or hyper detainment, this marvel alludes to the present American trial in incarceration, which is characterized by nearly and verifiably extraordinary rates of imprisonment and by the grouping of imprisonment among youthful, African American men living in neighborhoods of concentrated detriment. The high rate of imprisonment among African American men is a piece of a pattern in discipline characterized by an emotional increment in the carceral framework – a term used to portray the legitimization and standardization of imprisonment as a variable of social life....   [tags: Prison, United States, African American]

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Incarceration Can Be Problematic When Children Are Taken Away From Their Parent?

- Incarceration can be problematic when children are taken away from their parent(s) because of a crime that their parent(s) have committed. This is especially true specifically when a mother is taken away from their children more than a father because a mother holds the responsibility to take care of the child. When a parent is not present in a child’s life, this can affect the child in the long run in terms of their behavior and mental health. I chose this topic of children of incarcerated parents because of the outrageous amount of parents in prison within the last decade....   [tags: Criminal justice, Prison, Recidivism, Crime]

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The New Jim Crow : Mass Incarceration

- Too Hard to Believe: The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness The New Jim Crow would be the other word that describes the part of time where many African American people did not have their rights and were living a life that made them feel like they are nothing. The New Jim Crow has been known between everyone because of its importance to our lives. Michelle Alexander who is an associate professor of law at the Ohio State University, a civil right advocate and a writer, described how African American people in the age of Colorblindness lived and suffered because discrimination was widespread around that time....   [tags: African American, Black people, Race, Racism]

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Alternatives to Incarceration

- Alternatives to Incarceration Ever since the first prison opened in the United States in 1790, incarceration has been the center of the nations criminal justice system. Over this 200 year period many creative alternatives to incarceration have been tried, and many at a much lower cost than imprisonment. It wasn’t until the late 1980’s when our criminal justice systems across the country began experiencing a problem with overcrowding of facilities. This problem forced lawmakers to develop new options for sentencing criminal offenders....   [tags: Prison Criminal Justice Papers]

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Confining Spaces in Madame Bovary

- In Madame Bovary, Gustave Flaubert’s incorporation of confined spaces reveals Emma’s literal and metaphorical imprisonment. Starting from her adolescence, Emma becomes held back from the world at both the convent, and the farm. Flaubert depicts these confinements as literal. Later, Charles, her husband, physically overpowers her when they meet, and metaphorically suppresses her throughout the rest of the marriage. Finally, Emma imprisons herself when she becomes ill, and mentally encloses herself from her husband and the rest of the world....   [tags: Gustave Flaubert, Literal, Incarceration]

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Effects of Parent's Incarceration on Children

- Being the child of an incarcerated parent has substantial amounts of negative influences on youth today. As young children, many consider their parents as role models. Someone who they can confide in, someone who will preserve them, and someone who will guide them through life. For most youngsters having an incarcerated parent, means that their admirable example in life is absent. Not having a parent present in one's childhood leads to innumerable negative outcomes and impacts. Statistics have shown that one in every five children has seen their parent’s arrest....   [tags: re entry on childre, incarcerated parents]

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The Incarceration Of The Prison System

- The prison system needs to be changed and revamped. The prisoners are being treated as if they are slaves and viewed as a selected group who can not change. Therefore, to change this, we have to alter the way we view people who are on trial. If we give reasonable sentences and give help to those who need help. There is a great chance the capacity of the prisoners will decrease and the amount of returners will decrease. When the constitution was created on September 17, 1787 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania....   [tags: Prison, Crime, Drug addiction, Criminal justice]

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The Increasing Rates Of Mass Incarceration During American Society

- Title: Subtitle What factors contributes to the increasing rates of mass incarceration in American society. Since the rise of mass incarceration in the United States didn’t happen overnight, Americans had been questioning the role of criminal justice in implementation of law and order and analyzing the effect of politics , economy and social change in the justice system . Primarily in all Crime Justice Courses taught at Universities and Colleges, students are able to comprehend about the complexity of the criminal justice system....   [tags: Prison, Criminal justice, Punishment, Corrections]

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Rehabilitation in the Community

- “Rehabilitation in the Community” Throughout the country there are approximately 2 million inmates in state, federal and private prisons. California has the highest incarceration. So what will we do to reduce this rate. This is where society looks into rehabilitation for these inmates, hoping to free some space within the prison systems. The advantage and disadvantage of rehabilitation in the community compare to incarceration. California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation launch a public safety reforms to encourage inmates to complete rehabilitation programs....   [tags: incarceration, california, inmates]

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The Effects Of Mass Incarceration On The United States

- INTRODUCTION The causes of mass incarceration, a term used to describe rapid the growth of the United States’ imprisoned population from the early 1970’s until the present day, has been a topic of great debate in recent times. The National Research Council reports that the United States’ penal population of approximately 2.2 million adults, at a rate of 716 prisoners per 100,000 citizens, is the largest in the world. This is an astounding increase from the early 1970s, where the rate of imprisonment excluding jails was approximately 110 prisoners per 100,000 citizens....   [tags: United States, Crime, Three strikes law]

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Restorative Justice: Comparative Studies

- When considering studies in corrections on a global scale it is important to understand how to utilize the most applicable method to gather knowledge. Comparative studies are often used to explore methods for explicating or developing knowledge and attitudes. Comparative research examines cases with the intention to reveal the structure and invariance or unchanging relationship for an entire group or population. In this case, and for the purpose of this paper, the comparative research is suggested to be used in corrections on a global scale....   [tags: corrections, incarceration]

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Home Confinement: An Alternative to Incarceration

- Home Confinement: An Alternative to Incarceration      West Virginia state prisons have a maximum capacity of 2,154 inmates; currently they house 2,363 inmates, and more remain in City and County lockups to manage the overflow (West Virginia Blue Book). Home Confinement solves this problem. Reduction of the prison population should be reason enough to institute home confinement, but other reasons do exist. Would you like lower taxes. Home confinement costs much less than incarceration. Do you favor less crime....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Topics]

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Mass Incarceration And Its Effects On The United States

- Background Mandatory minimums for controlled substances were first implemented in the 1980s as a countermeasure for the hysteria that surrounded drugs in the era (“A Brief History,” 2014). The common belief was that stiff penalties discouraged people from using drugs and enhanced public safety (“A Brief History,” 2014). That theory, however, was proven false and rather than less illegal drug activity, there are simply more people incarcerated. Studies show that over half of federal prisoners currently incarcerated are there on drug charges, a 116 percent percentage rise since 1970 (Miles, 2014)....   [tags: Prison, Mandatory sentencing, Heroin]

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The New Jim Crow : Mass Incarceration

- After leaving the #BlackLanguageMatters class on a late Thursday afternoon, I had an overwhelming sense of excitement and nervousness for the profound things I had witnessed and heard. After spending the majority of my night telling my friends all about Harry, no words could truly express his truly special resilient personality. Walking out of that class, I not only felt as though I had made a new life long friend, but I felt a surge of hope, the kind of hope that makes you want to a better person....   [tags: African American, Black people, White people]

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Justice System Is A Necessary Solution For Our Society Safer

- If Johnny Cash described the sad daily life of inmates in his classic « Folsom Prison Blues », today it’s all the prison system which is feeling pretty blue. Justice simple definition is the law administration. But inside that definition is the implicit comprehension that the law has to be applied even handedly. The concept of law is made to apply to everybody, but actually in America this main principle can be questioned. It is clearly obvious that the judicial system could be better. It takes a very small effort to « peer under the veneer of blind justice »(Bank) ....   [tags: Prison, Recidivism, Crime, Incarceration]

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The Incarceration Of The Prison System

- Injustice in The Prison System “Today we have the highest rate of incarceration in the world,” (Stevenson). The prison population in the U.S. has grown extremely fast over the past three decades. With almost “six million people on probation or parole,” it is clear that there is a problem with our prison system (Stevenson). I believe the prison system in the United States is outdated and unjust because of unfair sentencing, racial discrimination, and the privation of the prison system. Under the current prison system, many offenders of nonviolent crimes are getting much longer sentences than actually necessary....   [tags: Prison, Criminal justice, Penology, Crime]

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Crime, Incarceration And Law Enforcement

- Crime, Incarceration and Law Enforcement Building a new prison in the community is an ineffective way to combat crime thus failing to address the underlying issues in the criminal justice system. Instead of building a new prison, there are several innovative policy initiatives used in other countries and counties that have proven to reduce the prison population as well as saving taxpayers some dollars. America is considered one of the most incarcerated nation in the world, by isolating and sending millions of Americans to prison....   [tags: Prison, Crime, Criminal justice, Criminal law]

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America 's Prison System Is Ineffective

- America’s prison system is ineffectual. This stems from a series of issues. There is an absence of focus on the purpose of a prisons. In her essay, “Teaching Literature at the County Jail”, Christina Boufis is exposed to many of these problems firsthand. Because inmates are considered less than human by many, not much money goes towards care or rehabilitation. Resultantly, many people released from prison end up being arrested again, sometimes for the same crime. The paper “Prison’s Dilemma: Do Education and Jobs Programmes Affect Recidivism?” was published in the Academic Journal Economica by Norman H....   [tags: Recidivism, Prison, Penology, Incarceration]

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Prison Overcrowding And The Incarceration Of Repeat Offenders

- Prison overcrowding is one crucial issue that has affected very many countries, including the United States of America. It basically occurs when the available prison space is limited in relation to the demand for more prison space. This occurs due to the increase in the people who are convicted compared to the capacity of the prisons available in a given jurisdiction. Research shows that one in every one hundred American adults are detained. This number grows overtime and it reaches a point that the space cannot contain it no more....   [tags: Prison, Recidivism, Crime, Penology]

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Prison Reformation : Why Faith Does Not Matters

- Prison Reformation: Why Faith Does or Does Not Matters The United States of America is arguably the most successful and free nation since the beginning of time. This nation is blessed with so many riches that other countries cannot even begin to express their dire hatred that we are so successful as a nation. Yet, we have one of the worst and most terrifying statistics in the nation. An estimated 6.9 million individuals are being held in jails around America, that is nearly 25% of the world’s inmate population (Glaze, Kaeble, Minton, & Tsoutis, 2015)....   [tags: Prison, Penology, Recidivism, Incarceration]

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The Effects Of Incarceration On Psychiatric Disorders Presents Special Challenges

- Understanding the impact of incarceration on psychiatric disorders presents special challenges. According to the Public Citizen’s Health Group and Treatment Advocacy Center (2014), the United States state prisons and county jails are holding as many as ten times more mentally ill inmates than state psychiatric hospitals. Recent studies provide evidence of the increase in frequency and severity rates of mental health problems in jails and prisons. This research is important because it provides qualitative examples of the systemic barriers to care of inmates who face mental health issues in detention centers....   [tags: Mental disorder, Suicide, Psychiatry]

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The Inclusion Of Additional States

- The inclusion of additional states contributes to a more representative national recidivism rate. A third difference is that the Pew/ASCA survey did not include individuals who were released from prison in one state and who may have been incarcerated subsequently in another state. This is a reflection of the self-report data gathering process of the Pew/ASCA study. State departments of correction reported on people who returned to one of their facilities, which would not count a former offender who was incarcerated in another state....   [tags: Prison, Recidivism, Incarceration, Criminology]

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The Effects Of Mass Incarceration On College Campuses

- Introduction The nightly news of the last two years has been filled with stories of racism on college campuses, police shootings of black men, prison sentence reform, and the possibility of early release for nonviolent criminals. President Obama became the first president in history to visit a federal penitentiary when he went to the El Reno Federal Correctional Institution in Oklahoma in July of 2015. He spoke at Rutgers University in Newark on November 2, 2015, arguing for the elimination of the question on job applications on whether someone has a felony record....   [tags: Prison, United States, Recidivism, Sentence]

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The Incarceration Of The Prison

- The cycle of unfair treatment also continues outside the prison walls as well. The rights of the released prisoners are few and the released are not even treated as citizens of their own country. After convicted, the incarcerated are stripped of their rights as citizens and in seven states 1/4 of the black male population is not even eligible to vote.In areas across the country, some ex convicts are not allowed welfare, student loans, public housing, or even something as simple as food stamps. The denial of basic rights contribute to very high rates of homelessness and suicide among released convicts....   [tags: Prison, Torture, Recidivism, Penology]

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The Wrongful Incarceration Of Ryan Ferguson

- Dream Killer is a documentary that details the proceedings of the wrongful incarceration of Ryan Ferguson, who was sentenced 40 years in prison for the murder of Kent Heitholt (Jenks, 2015). This case is notably one of the oddest in terms of wrongful conviction cases, because when given the facts of the case it seems utterly illogical to convict Ryan Ferguson of the crime. Kent Heitholt was brutally murdered on October 31st, 2001 and sat for two years without any leads (Jenks, 2015). However, two years later Charles Erickson, a former friend of Ryan, had a dream that he had a part in the murder and thus this whole mess was born....   [tags: Criminal law, Actus reus, Miscarriage of justice]

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The Incarceration Rate Of The United States Of America

- Alternatives to mass incarceration Once upon a time, we could proudly to say that America is the land of freedom and opportunities. As the pledge of Allegiance stated, “[I pledge allegiance to the Flag of the United States of America, and to the Republic for which it stands,] one nation under God, Indivisible, with liberty and justice for all.” However, under the current criminal justice system, more and more people lose their liberty more than they deserved because of the crimes they have committed.The incarceration rate in the United States of America has skyrocketing since 1980s, in other words, the prison is overcrowded and we need to reform our current prison system....   [tags: Prison, United States, Criminal justice, Crime]

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The Roots Of Mass Incarceration

- The roots of mass incarceration go back to the time of slavery. In fact, this prison industrial system is just a new form of age old prejudice and racism. It is now a now a legal reincarnation of slavery in every sense of the word. This oppression can all be seen in the 13th amendment that abolished slavery, except for in the case of criminals. With this loophole, African-Americans were arrested during the Reconstruction Era and forced to rebuild the Southern economy and infrastructure. This lead to the introduction of the Jim Crow Laws....   [tags: African American, Racism, Black people]

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How The Panhandle Promise Project Is Helping End The Cycle Of Incarceration

- Integrative Paper Introduction 1. Explore and analyze how the Panhandle Promise Project is helping end the cycle of incarceration in the family by attaching theory to practice, identifying intervention, providing research and evaluation, understanding how policies affect clients. Furthermore, this paper explore my own journey in understanding and applying social work to the community in an attempt to keep fighting for social justice. As part of my learning experience it is require for all graduate students to do an internship at different agencies, my internship was in the Panhandle Promise Project....   [tags: Sociology, Social work, Social justice]

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The Justification Of Rehabilitation

- The Justification of Rehabilitation The United States has the largest prison population in the world. As of 2011 2,266,800 adults in the United States were incarcerated, this includes federal and state prisons, as well as county jails. Additionally, 4,814,200 adults were on probation or on parole at the end of 2011. In total, 6,977,700 (2.9%) adults were under some type of correctional supervision in 2011. These numbers are not to be taken lightly. Almost 7 million Americans either in custody or on supervised release speaks to a problem....   [tags: Prison, Recidivism, Crime, Incarceration]

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The Incarceration Of Prison Programs

- “Doing projects really gives people self-confidence. Nothing is better than taking the pie out of the oven. What it does for you personally, and for your family 's idea of you, is something you can 't buy." - Martha Stewart. Rehabilitated prisoners programs, for example, in the prisons are one of the most important programs in prison to address the causes of criminality and restore criminal’s self-confidence. Therefore, many governments are still taking advantage of their prisoners while they are in prison....   [tags: Crime, Prison, Recidivism, Criminal justice]

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Incarceration For The Young Offenders

- Alternatives to Incarceration for the Young Offenders In recent years there have been so many crimes that youth have been involved. The crime rate has really have went up. There are too many young inmates in our prisonsjails; the percentage is so high that we really need to do something about it. “Despite a decline in juvenile offending over the past decade, the population of youth confined in pre-trial secure detention has steadily grown. On an average day, more than 27,000 youth are estimated to reside in locked detention centers — a number that has grown 72 percent since the early 1990s”....   [tags: Prison, Crime, Criminology]

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Women As A Social Than Men

- Women, by nature, tend to be much more social than men. Women also have a unique struggle when first going into prison. When women are put in prison, they have multiple things that need to be dealt with right away. At the PGRCC, many females first getting to prison are often intoxicated from alcohol, and or are high from narcotics. When they start to come off of their high, and the withdrawal sets in, so does reality. They start questioning what happened, how they got there, and (if applicable) where their children are....   [tags: Prison, Recidivism, Incarceration, Penology]

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The Good And Bad Effects Of Incarceration

- The wrongdoings of others have affected many around us, maybe even ourselves, since mankind. The subject can even display many sub-topics, which also strike some controversy with the people of the United States. This subject is very hard to find facts, a lot of articles and writing are biased opinions. I am going to show both sides of the argument, to show my readers the good and bad effects of incarceration. With the costs of crime so low, it makes sense that many people choose to engage in a lot of criminal activity....   [tags: Criminal law, Crime, Prison, Criminology]

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Mass Incarceration Rates Within The United States

- In recent years, there has been controversy over mass incarceration rates within the United States. In the past, the imprisonment of criminals was seen as the most efficient way to protect citizens. However, as time has gone on, crime rates have continued to increase exponentially. Because of this, many people have begun to propose alternatives that will effectively prevent criminals from merely repeating their illegal actions. Some contend that diversion programs, such as rehabilitation treatment for drug offenders, is a more practical solution than placing mentally unstable individuals into prison....   [tags: Crime, Prison, Criminology, Criminal justice]

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Mass Incarceration : A Serious Epidemic For A Long Period Of Time

- Mass Incarceration has been a serious epidemic for a long period of time and it continues to escalate as times goes on with no progress of any changes being set in stone within the criminal justice system. Mass incarceration has cause a heavy weight into the country’s debt and the people’s pocket too because within each year the government spends about $80 billion dollars on incarceration, which in turn means each U.S. resident spends about $260 dollars each year on the justice system (Picchi, 2016)....   [tags: Criminal justice, Crime, Richard Nixon, Prison]

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Juvenile Offenders And Juvenile Incarceration

- Abstract The United States incarcerates more juvenile delinquents than any other country in the world. Sending the youth to time behind bars can have either negative or positive impacts on the adolescences life after spending years behind bars. Juveniles as young as 13 years old have been tried as adults. Many of them sentenced to spend life in an adult prison without the possibility of parole. Although the number of juveniles in adult correctional facilities is declining there are still a number of issues juveniles are facing within the system today....   [tags: Crime, Juvenile delinquency, Prison, Criminology]

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The Incarceration of Women

- According to a factsheet by The Sentencing Project (2012), more than 200,000 women are incarcerated, including those in local jails. In addition, out of these 200,000 women “1 in 25 women in state prisons and 1 in 33 in federal prisons are pregnant when admitted to prison.” Due to their sentencing, many of these women are forced to give birth while incarcerated. Then days later are separated from their newborn to finish their sentencing. More mothers end up in jails than fathers, and men do not have to worry about bringing their future child into a jail cell like many women do....   [tags: benefits of prison, psychology]

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1068 words | (3.1 pages) | Preview

Tougher Incarceration Sentences Deter Repeat Offending For Women

- Methodology Women go to prison for many things and their sentences are determined on what crime they committed. They could get a couple of months sentence for trespassing on someone 's property or they could get several years if they committed a homicide. The research question that is wanted to be answered in this research project is: would longer and tougher incarceration sentences deter repeat offending for women. Participants The population for this study is defined as the number of women who have been to prison, have gotten out, and then had either offended again or had not offended again during the time of this sampling....   [tags: Prison, Recidivism, Research, Validity]

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The Mass Incarceration Of Black Men

- Alexander explains to us that the mass incarceration of black men is nothing new. Biased police practices were a recurring theme of African American runaway slaves. The treating of criminals as less than dates back to ancient Greece. Racial minorities were always overrepresented. Today, the War on Drugs has given birth to a system of mass incarceration that governs not just a small fraction of a racial or ethnic minority, but entire communities of color, everyone is either directly or indirectly subject to the new caste system....   [tags: Black people, African American, Crime]

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The Prison System

- Canada reached its utmost population rate in 2013, with 15,000 inmates; this is a drastic increase of 75% in the past decade. Incarceration rates are rapidly increasing as crime rates decrease. Upon release, former prisoners have difficulty adapting into society and its social norms. Criminologist, Roger Graef states that, "the vast majority of inmates, the loss of local connections with family, job, and home sentences them again to return to crime." Prisoners often result in lethargy, depression, chronic apathy, and despair, making them ultimately rigid and unable to assimilate back into the public....   [tags: Incarceration Rates, Canada, Overcrowding]

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Parental Incarceration And Child Well Being For Implications For Urban Families

- A study of parental incarceration and child well-being for implications for urban families (Geller, Garfinked,Cooper, Mincy(2009) study focused on formerly incarcerated parents. Study used a sample of children born in 20 urban U.S. cities with populations over 200,000. 16 of those cities were randomly chosen and the remaining 7 were chosen because of interest in high poverty cities. Data for study was collected between 1998 -2000. Mothers were interviewed within 24hrs or given birth and fathers were interviewed at the hospital or where their present location was at the time....   [tags: Family, Mother, Father, Parent]

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The High Incarceration Rates Of African Americans

- The problem in this case is the high incarceration rates of African-Americans is not colonialism its victimization. Specifically this is the victimization of poor African-Americans regardless of perceived or actual knowledge of African history. When you 're being victimized because of something as superficial as race, knowledge can only go so far, if that wasn 't the case then uneducated poor African-American females would be locked up at the same rate as poor African-American men.We know this to be true because studies show 70% of educated African-American females are unmarried mainly because of the high incarceration rates of African-American men....   [tags: African American, Race, Racism, Black people]

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The Criminal Justice Is The Incarceration Of Juveniles

- An ethical problem that exists in the field of criminal justice is the incarceration of juveniles. While juvenile incarceration has been decreasing over the past decade, it is still an ethical dilemma that many criminal justice professionals will come across. Juveniles’ brains are not fully developed, incarceration is used when not appropriate to fit the problem, and some populations are over-represented in the criminal justice system. Juvenile Brains It has been found that juvenile brains are not yet fully developed....   [tags: Prison, Crime, Youth detention center, Ethics]

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1099 words | (3.1 pages) | Preview

The Effects Of Parental Incarceration On The Adolescent Population

- Adalist-Estrin, A. (2006). Providing support to children with incarcerated parents. Retrieved from http://web.b.ebscohost.com/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=d5b2530b-4728-4970-b142-ffd5c2720e79%40sessionmgr114&vid=1&hid=106 In this article, Adalist-Estrin discusses the effects that parental incarceration on the adolescent population. Of the many different effects and contributing factors parental imprisonment can have on children, she targets a very prominent three that result in a lack of support and understanding of the presenting issue....   [tags: Prison, Recidivism, Incarceration, Parent]

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1106 words | (3.2 pages) | Preview

Mass Incarceration : A Great Source Of Labor

- Economic We all know that our economy depends on labor and the workforce to accomplish its purposes, nevertheless, did we know that prison is also a great source of labor. The government talks about stopping the drug on war, which lead to mass incarceration, but little do we know that when people goes to prison, it brings a lot of money into the economy. Not saying this is a right thing, it is totally wrong. Young, innocent, people are in jail, and the economy is profiting off of this horrible cause....   [tags: African American, Black people, Race]

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Incarceration : Terms And Conditions

- Incarceration: Terms and Conditions The current state of prisons in the United States is not an issue at the forefront of the minds of most Americans. With many other topics rising to prominence for the previously afformentioned it seems like basic issues such as living conditions for prisoners falls to the wayside. The reason this is so troubling is that an estimated 1.4 million individuals are incarcerated in the United States and the rate is increasing. The reason for the increase in incarceration rates is debateable, but the fact that it is rising is not....   [tags: Prison, Recidivism, Crime, United Kingdom]

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The Effects Of Parental Imprisonment On Children

- What is the nature and scope of the problem. The incarceration of a loved one can be devastating for families. Children may experience a tremendous amount of difficulty with this reality. Not to mention the stress imposed on the new caregivers. A whopping two million of America 's children have at least one parent in prison (Miller, Perryman, Markovitz, Franzen, Cochran, & Brown 2013). From 1991 to 2007 the number of children under the age of 18 with a mother in prison doubled, this led to an increase number of children residing with alternate caregivers, ie; grandparent, sister, or brother....   [tags: Family, Sociology, Incarceration, Recidivism]

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The Incarceration Of The Prison System

- “It must surely be a tribute to the resilience of the human spirit that even a small number of those men and women in the hell of the prison system survive it and hold on to their humanity” (Howard Zinn). No one enjoys prison, that’s the idea behind incarceration, it’s unpleasant, dangerous and can create habitual criminals. Zinn applauds the notion that some individuals can leave the Canadian prison system relatively unscathed. However, this is not the case for many of the guests of a Canadian corrections institution....   [tags: Prison, Recidivism, Penology, Crime]

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1132 words | (3.2 pages) | Preview

The New Jim Crow : A High Incarceration Rate

- In America, one of the biggest problems that the country faces is a high incarceration rate. In The New Jim Crow, Michelle Alexander addressed this issue and explains, “Convictions for drug offenses are the single most important cause of the explosion in incarceration rates in the United States” (Alexander, 59). While the incarceration rate alone is a large problem, Alexander discusses many other issues that come along with this problem of a high incarceration rate due to drug offenses. One main issue that Alexander addresses is the fact that “Although the majority of illegal drug users and dealers nationwide are white, three-fourths of all people imprisoned for drug offenses have been black...   [tags: Criminal law, Police, Crime, African American]

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1137 words | (3.2 pages) | Preview

The Incarceration Of The Correctional System

- One in every 108 adults were placed behind bars in 2012 (Dimon). That made for 2.2 million prisoners in the United States ("The Sentencing Project News - Incarceration"). This is almost the population of Houston, Texas ("Facts and Figures"). In the years following its creation, the correctional system has become a rougher place to live with nearly one percent of the whole United States population behind bars. Both the mental illness and murder rates have increased, along with return rate of prisoners....   [tags: Prison, Penology, Crime, Recidivism]

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1149 words | (3.3 pages) | Preview

The American Criminal Justice System And Mass Incarceration

- Michelle Alexander’s use of “Jim Crow” is a viable and useful analogy to describe the current American criminal justice system and mass incarceration. I believe our criminal justice system does not truly define justice or fairness. Also, I agree on the fact that while old “Jim Crow” laws may be dead; the current justice system serves many of the same purposes of those laws. Today, mass incarceration is the biggest issue in our criminal justice system, for mass incarceration is the new Jim Crow. Mass incarceration is a system that locks people not only behind actual bars in actual prisons, but also behind virtual bars and virtual walls-walls that are invisible to the naked eye, but function...   [tags: Criminal justice, Crime, Racism, African American]

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People 's Attitude Toward Incarceration

- My paper will reflect people 's attitude toward incarceration and the alternatives including incarceration when the budget shrinks. I will talk about the comparison of the " Three Strikes Law " versus " Get Tough on Crime ". I will talk about the attitude of the public when it comes to incarceration and how they feel about criminals. I will talk about the value upon incapacitation or rehabilitation and correction. I will explain if incapacitation or rehabilitation work better together or is it some combination or hierarchy....   [tags: Prison, Crime, Criminal justice, Punishment]

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1151 words | (3.3 pages) | Preview

Life Behind Bars

- From prisons, jails, and juvenile facilities the United States has the highest incarceration rate of any nation in the world, costing the country billions each year to operate. Creating a booming business for the entertainment industry to convey prison life through films, documentaries, and TV shows, Beyond Scared Straight, Jail, and American’s Hardest Prisons are a few. Allowing citizens to utilize their imagination to envision what it would be like ripped of all dignity and locked up to inhabit a six by eight center-block cell for an extended period of time....   [tags: incarceration, sexual, corruption]

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The New Jim Crow : Mass Incarceration

- 1. What is the significance of race, class, and gender in the causes and responses to crime in our society. How do these social designations impact our understanding of what crime is, what causes crime, and how we should deal with the crime problem. Refer to The New Jim Crow and Invisible Punishment to help shape your response. Generally, people are held accountable for whatever choices they make in life, those choices come with consequences be they good or bad. However, one cannot choose one 's status in life, because it is ascribed from birth, at least according to ancient theologians who say that status is ascribed from one’s birth or come to be assumed later in life....   [tags: Criminal justice, Prison, Criminal law, Crime]

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1161 words | (3.3 pages) | Preview

The Controversial Issue Of Juvenile Incarceration

- In every society, there are controversial issues that influence or are opposed by a significant number of people. They are controversial because they go beyond some individuals expectations, or they receive various opinions for different persons. Sociologists define the social issue as a condition of a society that is believed to affect a considerable number of individuals (Alessio 2). Good examples of social issues are body art, racial discrimination, hacking, juvenile life sentencing and anti-Muslim discrimination....   [tags: Prison, Life imprisonment, Penology, Murder]

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Mass Incarceration Of Black Males

- Draft One The definition of mass incarceration is a term used by social activists to describe the significant increase in the number of incarcerated people in United States ' prisons over the past forty years, from 1970 to 2005 the number of inmates has risen 700%. Lawrence (2011) has stated that more than 2.3 million people in America are in jail or prison and sixty percent are African American and Latino. In this paper, I will present information on mass incarceration of black males, the development of a racial injustice due to rising of incarceration rates, and the financial standing that the prison system has, due to its massive expansion....   [tags: African American, Racism, United States, Race]

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The Incarceration Of The Prison Boom

- I would define the prison boom as what it sounds like, the sudden incarceration of many people into our penal system in a period of time. It is like the baby boom, which is defined as a period marked by a great increase in birth rates. In the book, Punishment and Inequality in America by Western, Western brings to light many reasons to which the prison boom can be attributed to. Which would be the “mass imprisonment in comparative and historical perspective”, the growth of crime, increased incarceration of young minority men, and racial/class inequality (Western, 7)....   [tags: Prison, Recidivism, Crime, Criminal justice]

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1165 words | (3.3 pages) | Preview

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