Your search returned over 400 essays for "Incarceration"
1  2  3  4  5    Next >>

The Incarceration Of The United States

- ... They also believe that tough sentencing will discourage criminal activity. Nonviolent drug offenders are a major reason for the current strain on national prisons (Pollock). The government has implemented various reforms to address overcrowding in prisons. A solution deemed appropriate was the need to amend the physical design of prisons. According to Alinejad and Nazarinejad (2015), rebuilding and innovating some of the institutions, such that they could accommodate greater capacities, is an ideal way to control the challenge of overcrowding, especially where the cells are small....   [tags: Prison, Crime, Incarceration, Recidivism]

Strong Essays
1514 words | (4.3 pages) | Preview

Parental Incarceration

- “Parental incarceration affects a large number of children” (La Vigne, Davies & Brazzell, 2008, p.i). “Most of {which} are young, low income, black or Hispanic” (La Vigne et al 2008). The number of children under the age of eighteen, with parents in U.S. prisons, State and Federal, is rapidly increasing as a result of incarceration being used as a criminal penalty (Waldman & Hercik, 2002). Children whose parents are incarcerated, constitute one of the largest at-risk population in the U.S....   [tags: Parental incarceration, incarceration, parenting, ]

Free Essays
389 words | (1.1 pages) | Preview

Racism: Incarceration of a Household Member and Hispanic Health Disparities

- Many Americans pretend that the days of racism are far behind; however it is clear that institutional racism still exists in this country. One way of viewing this institutional racism is looking at our nation’s prison system and how the incarceration rates are skewed towards African American men. The reasons for the incarceration rate disparity are argued and different between races, but history points out and starts to show the reason of why the disparity began. Families and children of the incarcerated are adversely affected due to the discrimination as well as the discrimination against African American students and their likelihood of going to prison compared to the white student....   [tags: discrimination, african americans, incarceration]

Strong Essays
1353 words | (3.9 pages) | Preview

Mass Incarceration And Its Effects On The United States

- ... One contract between Pennsylvania and the CCA requires 90-100 % occupancy in the CCA correctional facilities. If the agreement is unmet than the state must find more inmates to meet the quota or pay expenses to the CCA for unused beds. Private Prisons went so far as to bribe officials into getting their beds filled with inmates. For the last forty years, the criminal justice system of america has been monopolized by aggressive and discriminatory laws that have lead to the mass incarceration of millions of americans....   [tags: Prison, Criminal justice, Crime, Incarceration]

Strong Essays
1770 words | (5.1 pages) | Preview

America Needs Alternatives to Incarceration

- Clyde is your average American; he is a hardworking family man who tries to do everything in his power to make his family live happily. Due to the recent economic plunge he has lost his job and his wife is not making enough to feed their family. Feeling worthless and desperate to help his suffering family, Clyde decided to rob his neighbor. It was an unarmed theft of under $250; unfortunately Clyde was caught and sentenced to serve 1 year in the County Prison. Clyde never wanted to do it and was very uncomfortable doing it, but he thought it would help his family and allow them to go one more month with food on the table....   [tags: Time To End Mass Incarceration]

Term Papers
2829 words | (8.1 pages) | Preview

The Incarceration Of Prison Incarceration

- ... One event that really prompted the change in the prison system was the Tecumseh riot in the spring of 2015. At the time, Tecumseh housed 1,008 inmates, which was 105 percent of its limit. Out of the nine adult prisons in the state, Tecumseh was the least overfilled. (Duggan, Hammel) The ten-hour riot, that left two inmates dead and six injured (Duggan, Hammel) led to state legislative debate on proposals for alternative punishments for nonviolent criminals to reduce Nebraska’s overcrowding. However, the bill that was drawn up as a solution to this issue, known as LB 605 (Nebraska Legislature), may lead to unintended consequences....   [tags: Prison, Crime, Criminal justice, Recidivism]

Better Essays
1240 words | (3.5 pages) | Preview

The Incarceration Of The Prison

- ... They are furnished with a bed, sink, and toilet. A typical solitary stay amount to just a few days, or in worst cases weeks. (De Maille 8) But in today’s prison system there have been numerous cases in which prisoners have been trapped in solitary for years. Many who are put in solitary confinement for a considerable amount of time become violently insane or even commit suicide when released. According to Justice Samuel Miller, Many prisoners do not recover enough to be any subsequent service to society....   [tags: Prison, Torture, Recidivism, Penology]

Strong Essays
1009 words | (2.9 pages) | Preview

Cost of Incarceration

- What is incarceration. Incarceration is the act of placing someone in prison. Incarceration serves as a punishment for criminals due to their actions against the law. It is a solution for keeping the public safe. Prisoners follow a strict rules and schedules while following the culture within the walls among other prisoners. As a result of their crimes, convicts lose their freedom and are place among others who suffer the same fate. Crime is the cause of this establishment, but what are the effects of incarceration on convicts, their relations, and society....   [tags: prison, punishment, law]

Powerful Essays
1318 words | (3.8 pages) | Preview

Treatment or Incarceration?

- There is an epidemic of almost epic proportions in this wonderful nation called the United States. However, this epidemic is not only national; it is worldwide. And because of this epidemic there are other problems in society such as an increase in crime and prison overcrowding. The epidemic is that of Substance Abuse and Addiction. The penal systems of each state house more prisoners due to drug related crimes than any other. The statistics do not lie; they only tell the truth. Treatment instead of incarceration would be beneficial to the addict himself and to society as a whole....   [tags: Drugs]

Term Papers
1874 words | (5.4 pages) | Preview

Alternatives to Incarceration

- ALTERNATIVES TO INCARCERATION Valerie Hinton It is undeniable that mass incarceration devastates families, and disproportionately affects those which are poor. When examining the crimes that bring individuals into the prison system, it is clear that there is often a pre-existing pattern of hardship, addiction, or mental illness in offenders’ lives. The children of the incarcerated are then victimized by the removal of those who care for them and a system which plants more obstacles than imaginable on the path to responsible rehabilitation....   [tags: influence on families, effectiveness]

Strong Essays
1196 words | (3.4 pages) | Preview

The Incarceration Of The War On Drugs

- ... The attitude towards jailing and its purpose has changed from one of rehabilitation to a way of deterrence and, more recently, retribution. At one point, it seemed like prison was only for violent law-breakers who posed a threat to public safety and to those who were over and over again convicted for violent acts. More recently, an increased fear of crime among the public connected with richness has created a criminal justice system that imprisons people that have never committed violent crimes or have had previous convictions....   [tags: Crime, Prison, United States, Violent crime]

Strong Essays
1168 words | (3.3 pages) | Preview

Incarceration Is The State Of Being Prison

- ... Historically the U.S. government has created laws that suppress those that are views as culturally inferior by the political elite, but too large in number: Although white Americans engaged in extensive violence against blacks and Native Americans, those groups grew in population. Instead, intellectual and political elites worked out the most elaborate theories of racial and gender hierarchy in U.S. history and partially embodied them in a staggering array of new laws governing naturalization, immigration, deportation, voting rights, electoral institutions, judicial procedures, and economic rights, but only partially (Smith 22)....   [tags: United States, Political philosophy, Democracy]

Strong Essays
1240 words | (3.5 pages) | Preview

The Effects of Incarceration on the Family

- Introduction According to Bowen’s (2013) family systems theory, individuals in a family unit are all interconnected and the system is comprised of interlocking connections (Bowen, 2013). Consequently, whenever an individual in a family system is experiencing a stressor or problem the other individuals in the system will be affected by the stressor and will experience a change in the family system (Bowen, 2013). Bowen (2013) suggests that this family system can be used to understand the dynamics of the family unit and explains that an individual’s behavior has a specific function in his or her own family system (Bowen, 2013)....   [tags: Social Issues, Bowen Theory, Gun Control]

Strong Essays
1192 words | (3.4 pages) | Preview

Impact Of Mass Incarceration On The Community

- ... 2004). Assuming that it leads to a lot of single mothers raising little kids by themselves in poor and dangerous neighborhoods, increasing the possibility in those young males to become criminals. Sometimes its not by choice, they have to protect and defend themselves from others getting involved in gangs, drug selling, dropping school and just live by the street settings. In the case of the mothers they usually become more afraid to interact with other males in the community as well as unstable for the simple reason that she has to play the role of mother and man of the house; holding up the responsibility of leading the kids towards a better future and assuring to afford all their need...   [tags: Crime, Criminology, Prison, Sociology]

Strong Essays
1798 words | (5.1 pages) | Preview

The Incarceration Of The United States

- ... (Zilney). Most of the laws that passed to fight illegal drug focused on punishment rather than on prevention or rehabilitation. Since the 1980s, the federal prison population has increased more than 800 percent, and annual cost increased from $333 million to $6 billion per year. In the meantime, the federal prison system operating cost has increased from 15 percent to 24 percent of the total budget. Wm. T. (Bill) Robinson III, then the president of the American Bar Association said, “The incarceration of growing numbers of nonviolent drug offenders is the most significant factor in the federal prisoner boom” (qtd....   [tags: Prison, Drug addiction, Criminal justice]

Better Essays
1744 words | (5 pages) | Preview

The Incarceration Of The United States

- ... In fact, private prisons of that time were indeed primarily used as a tool for decreasing the amount of prisoners who resided prisons operated by the government. However private prisons really started gaining momentum all the way back to the declaration of the “war on drugs” in the 1970s and “tougher sentencing platform in the 1980s.” (Lilly) This led to a massive spike in the number of people getting incarcerated. Government maintained facility could not keep up with the increasing number of inmates therefore, in 1984 the Government hired the Corrections Corporation of America to oversee its first facility in Hamilton County, Tenn....   [tags: Prison, Criminal justice, Drug addiction, Crime]

Strong Essays
1766 words | (5 pages) | Preview

The Incarceration Of The United States

- “The United States is home to nearly a quarter of the world’s prisoners, despite accounting for just 5% of the overall global population” (Wyler). The mass incarceration of US residents is a stain upon our country 's reputation of freedom and liberty. For a supposedly free country with a democratic government it is a great concern that more than one and a half million people are locked up without any rights, only to be released after an extended period of time with a permanent black mark, stripped of all respect or any future potential....   [tags: Prison, Criminal justice, Mental disorder]

Strong Essays
2042 words | (5.8 pages) | Preview

The Incarceration Of The Prison Boom

- ... Growing up disadvantaged the black male is more likely to go to jail in his lifetime, which we know will alter and change his life course. As we read in Wilcox “Theories of Victimization” the lifestyle-exposure theory applies to these unfortunate young men. Their lifestyle revolves around these kinds of criminal acts and since they are exposed to it they will reciprocate the actions. A perfect example of life course and the lifestyle-exposure theory is Pablo and Gus from The Stickup Kids by Contreras....   [tags: Prison, Recidivism, Crime, Criminal justice]

Strong Essays
1165 words | (3.3 pages) | Preview

The Controversial Issue Of Juvenile Incarceration

- ... Regardless of the global consensus that children or juveniles cannot be held to the same levels of responsibility as grownups, the United States has continued to punish children as if they are adults. Individuals below the age of eighteen are increasingly being excluded from the protection of juvenile courts on the grounds of the characteristics of their offence; this is without the consideration of their culpability, maturity, or even their current or future danger to society (Austin, Dedel and Dedel 61)....   [tags: Prison, Life imprisonment, Penology, Murder]

Better Essays
1164 words | (3.3 pages) | Preview

The Incarceration Of The United States

- ... The vicious cycle of drug use and criminal activity has increased in the recent times. Actually, there has been a concern that prisons have become more of mental hospitals due to the high number of inmates suffering from mental illnesses, most of which are attributable to dangerous drug use. The implication of the drug use, mental illnesses and the crime cycle has countless implications in the prison overcrowding (State Legislatures, 2007). The concern now remains as to whether decriminalizing drug to reduce prison overcrowding make the challenge of overcrowding or not....   [tags: United States, Crime, Prison, Criminal law]

Strong Essays
2323 words | (6.6 pages) | Preview

On the Entrapment and Incarceration of the Victorian Woman

- Thomas Blackburn describes the two Victorian poets, Robert Browning and Alfred, Lord Tennyson as being great contemporaries (47). As such it is apt that their works should muse upon and explore similar topics and themes. Their connection is especially evident in Browning’s “My Last Duchess” and Tennyson’s “The Lady of Shalott”. The themes of entrapment and incarceration feature heavily in both of these works. Specifically, it is the entrapment and incarceration of women which pervade their respective compositions....   [tags: Literary Analysis]

Term Papers
2383 words | (6.8 pages) | Preview

Incarceration as a Form of Punishment

- Incarceration is thought of as a positive form of punishment, and negative form of punishment. The opinion varies with the type of person, and their experience from jail if they have gone. Most inmates while in prison will tell you it is a horrible place that should be gone. That would allow criminals to be free and that would let them cause harm to others or other illegal activities. Incarceration was not designed to be a paradise, it is a detention center for the bad, and meant for them to be punished....   [tags: Inmantes, Prison, Criminals, Illegal Activities]

Strong Essays
1342 words | (3.8 pages) | Preview

The Incarceration Of The Prison System

- ... President Obama has started to reduce the federal prison population by commuting the sentences of 46 federal inmates. These prisoners were released in November making a small dent in the federal prison population, which is over 208,000 (Pavlo). In June, a bipartisan bill was proposed in the House to reduce prison populations, however it is unlikely it will pass (Pavlo). In order to make serious charges, elected officials must find a way to agree. Fortunately, a second way to reduce the large number of inmates in prisons of the United States is to follow policies that already exist (Pavlo)....   [tags: Prison, Penology, Mental disorder, Heroin]

Strong Essays
1423 words | (4.1 pages) | Preview

Juvenile Offenders And Juvenile Incarceration

- ... History In the 19th century courts punished juvenile delinquents by sentencing them to jails and prisons. Because of the slim options we have today, juveniles were thrown into facilities with the mentally ill, and the violent adult offenders. Thomas Eddy and John Griscom wanted to create a facility to house the juveniles instead of the typical adult prison. Their ideas lead to the House of Refuge creation in 1825. These houses were designed to hold juveniles who were deemed by authority to be on their path to delinquency The House of Refuge was the beginning creation of the juvenile justice system....   [tags: Crime, Juvenile delinquency, Prison, Criminology]

Strong Essays
1059 words | (3 pages) | Preview

The Flaws of Incarceration in America

- The United States has a larger percent of its population incarcerated than any other country. America is responsible for a quarter of the world’s inmates, and its incarceration rate is growing exponentially. The expense generated by these overcrowded prisons cost the country a substantial amount of money every year. While people are incarcerated for a number of reasons, the country’s prisons are focused on punishment rather than reform, and the result is a misguided system that fails to rehabilitate criminals or discourage crime....   [tags: inmates, prisoners, drug crimes]

Strong Essays
1359 words | (3.9 pages) | Preview

Effects of Parent's Incarceration on Children

- Being the child of an incarcerated parent has substantial amounts of negative influences on youth today. As young children, many consider their parents as role models. Someone who they can confide in, someone who will preserve them, and someone who will guide them through life. For most youngsters having an incarcerated parent, means that their admirable example in life is absent. Not having a parent present in one's childhood leads to innumerable negative outcomes and impacts. Statistics have shown that one in every five children has seen their parent’s arrest....   [tags: re entry on childre, incarcerated parents]

Better Essays
876 words | (2.5 pages) | Preview

Racialized Mass Incarceration in America

- In the United States, the rate of incarceration has increased shockingly over the past few years. In 2008, it was said that one in 100 U.S. adults were behind bars, meaning more than 2.3 million people. Even more surprising than this high rate is the fact that African Americans have been disproportionately incarcerated, especially low-income and lowly educated blacks. This is racialized mass incarceration. There are a few reasons why racialized mass incarceration occurs and how it negatively affects poor black communities....   [tags: African American and the legal system]

Free Essays
622 words | (1.8 pages) | Preview

The System Of Mass Incarceration

- ... However, the drugs themselves are virtually identical, but the discrepancy in sentencing is anything but, leaving the only real difference between the two to be the people who use them. This demonstrates that there is a clear racial disparity evident in prisons today that cannot be explained by the rate of use among each race, which is only a superficial justification. Instead, it can be linked to an underground white supremacist movement desperate to return to a time of segregation and discrimination marked by the Jim Crow....   [tags: African American, Black people, Race]

Better Essays
1810 words | (5.2 pages) | Preview

Incarceration Practices in the United States

- ... Males are questioned about their sexuality whether they’re gay or not and classified within the SNY. SNY stands for Sensitive Needs Yard, not only does it contain gays, but it contains men with sex changes, gang dropouts and child molesters. Race plays a role in segregation also because officer’s feel by placing inmates with their own race, instead of having prisoners go against each other; the prisoners can protect each other because they will have an understanding about each other’s race. Believe it or not, every prison has a set schedule that has to be followed by inmates....   [tags: prison life]

Better Essays
1283 words | (3.7 pages) | Preview

The Incarceration Of The United States

- ... Prison industries demonstrate how controlling they can be towards society. Criminality is often related with people of color for instances, African Americans and Hispanics are depicted as criminals towards society which enforces the attention of law enforcement. According to Angela Davis (1998), more than 70% of the imprisoned population are people of color (684). The population is continuously growing throughout prisons in the United States. Davis mentions how the fastest growing groups in prisons happen to be black females and native Americans....   [tags: Prison, Criminal justice, Sociology, Crime]

Better Essays
1205 words | (3.4 pages) | Preview

The Incarceration Of The United States

- ... Phone companies come into prisons and charge high commision fees on people who only make twenty eight dollars a month. There is an underlying truth that lots of citizens do not know about which are things called draconian laws, for example an inmate 's family member dies they receive a 15 minute deathbed visit but this visit cost $900 if the fine can not be paid by the time of their release the courts have the option to keep him in. Some prisons are no longer even providing the basic needs such as footwear....   [tags: Prison, Recidivism, Penology, Supermax]

Strong Essays
1510 words | (4.3 pages) | Preview

Incarceration of The Mentally Ill

- The United States criminal justice system has been continuously increasing incarceration among individuals who suffer from a sever mental illness. As of 2007 individuals with severe mental illness were over twice as likely to be found in prisons than in society (National Commission of Correctional Health Care, 2002, as cited in Litschge &Vaughn, 2009). The offenses that lead to their commitment in a criminal facility, in the majority of cases, derive from symptoms of their mental illness instead of deviant behavior....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]

Powerful Essays
1782 words | (5.1 pages) | Preview

Mass Incarceration in the U.S.

- The United States, a powerhouse in the race for evolution, a country that is an expertise in all known subjects and more. Though, America has participated in heinous behaviors that have been unknown to the general public, one including, mass incarceration. People in the U.S. confined in prisons or jails at a startling rate. [9]With America owning 5% of the world’s population, we also house 25% of the world’s prison population. That is approximately 1.8 billion people that we have imprisoned with us each and everyday....   [tags: government funding, penitenciary reform]

Term Papers
1981 words | (5.7 pages) | Preview

Mass Incarceration of African Americans

- “Until justice is blind to color, until education is unaware of race, until opportunity is unconcerned with the color of men's skins, emancipation will be a proclamation but not a fact.”(Lyndon Johnson). For generations in the United Stated, ethnic minorities have been discriminated against and denied fair opportunity and equal rights. In the beginning there was slavery, and thereafter came an era of racism which directly impacted millions of minorities lives. This period called Jim Crow was the name of the racial caste system up in till mid 1960s....   [tags: Race and the Drug War]

Better Essays
2058 words | (5.9 pages) | Preview

Alternative to Incarceration Intermediate Sanctions

- Introduction Alternatives to incarceration have been explored in recent years due to the overcrowding in the correctional system. Intermediate sanctions is one of those alternatives. Intermediate sanctions have long way been used in the United States due to the benefits and options that it offers from saving money to reducing overcrowding but it does, however, have its unfortunate faults. There are many programs within intermediate sanctions that work and some that fall behind. Intermediate sanctions is an alternative to the costly prison system but to what end....   [tags: overcrowding in the correctional system]

Powerful Essays
1275 words | (3.6 pages) | Preview

Long Sentencing And Mass Incarceration

- ... These come in the form of “reduction programs”. Most prison population reduction programs are founded on the principles of releasing prisoners as appropriately as possible to make space for new inmates. Furthermore, as quoted from Pitts, Griffin, and Johnson on reduction programs: “Generally referred to as backdoor strategies, prison population reduction usually entails providing early release incentives to inmates who qualify for such programs. Parole, parole reforms, home confinement/house arrest, work release, and good time credits all could be classified as means of directly reducing prison populations (Clear et al., 2011; Feinstein, 2011; Harris, 1991; Judge, 1982; Kendrick, 2011; P...   [tags: Prison, Penology, Crime, Recidivism]

Strong Essays
1272 words | (3.6 pages) | Preview

Mass Incarceration Of African Americans

- ... The reports validate that African-Americans and Latino juveniles have the highest rates of negative interactions and mistrust of the police and feel unsafe in their surroundings. The young men mention that there is not much they can do to prevent this injustice and biased treatment, and social profiling is unavoidable. The young men are more likely than the young women to have negative interactions with the police. Nevertheless, there is a high percentage of young women who encounter sexual harassment and abusive language by police....   [tags: Race, Racism, Race, United States]

Strong Essays
1600 words | (4.6 pages) | Preview

Incarceration Vs. Alternative Sanctions

- ... Half-way houses are small residential areas located in the community. They offer professional counseling and better living conditions than prison (Travis III 2012). Furloughs or work releases allow the inmate to leave prison in order to work and contribute to the community. This also benefits the inmate because they could put their service on their resume and secure housing (Travis III 2012). House incarceration, also known as house arrest, essentially means you are an inmate in your own home....   [tags: Prison, Punishment, Penology, Sentence]

Strong Essays
1342 words | (3.8 pages) | Preview

Children and Maternal Incarceration

- Over 150,000 children in the United States have been separated from their mothers because of incarceration. These children face an extremely difficult situation. As the population of female inmates in jails and prisons continues to increase, protections will need to be put in place to preserve the mother-child bond during their sentence and in the process of release. Contact and visitation between mother and child can decrease the negative emotional, social and developmental effects that are caused by maternal incarceration....   [tags: female inmates, jail, prison]

Powerful Essays
1793 words | (5.1 pages) | Preview

Prisoners' Lives after Incarceration

- According to N.C Aizenman of The Washington Post, “More than one in 100 adults in the United States is in jail or prison, an all-time high that is costing state governments nearly $50 billion a year and the federal government $5 billion more.” (Aizenman). But do we, as American citizens, ever consider how incarceration affects those who are released back into society. Many former prisoners face dire circumstances once released, such as finding gainful employment, housing, or reconnecting with friends and family members....   [tags: Criminal Justice System]

Strong Essays
1387 words | (4 pages) | Preview

America Home of Incarceration

- America Home of Incarceration The United States of America, the land of the free and the home of the caged. In 2008, it was reported that one out of every one hundred adults living in America are incarcerated in a jail or a prison (Pew). The City and County Jails and the Federal and State Prisons overcrowding problems are getting wildly close to crisis conditions. Statics show that by 2011 the inmate population in the United States will increase by a whopping thirteen percent, which are more than one million seven hundred thousand inmates that will be incarcerated in the United States (Statistics)....   [tags: Criminal Justice]

Term Papers
1981 words | (5.7 pages) | Preview

Drug Courts Vs. Incarceration

- ... There is a lengthy acceptance process and many guidelines have to be met by the defendant. “Eligibility for Drug Court varies according to state and local guidelines, and on the type of Drug Court model (For example, currently most Drug Courts in the nation are adult criminal Drug Courts, which, along with DWI Courts, function within the adult criminal justice system and target adult offenders. Family Drug Court participants, however, are parents facing child abuse/neglect charges in civil court....   [tags: Prison, Crime, Addiction, Drug addiction]

Strong Essays
1406 words | (4 pages) | Preview

Immigartion, Incarceration and Deportation

- ... Human trafficking is one of the most heinous crimes that ICE investigates. In its worst manifestation, human trafficking is akin to modern-day slavery. Victims pay to be illegally transported into the United States only to find themselves in the thrall of traffickers. They are forced into prostitution, involuntary labor and other forms of servitude to repay debts often entry in the United States. In certain cases, the victims are mere children. They find themselves surrounded by an unfamiliar culture and language without identification documents, fearing for their lives and the lives of their families....   [tags: illegal immigration into the United States]

Research Papers
2658 words | (7.6 pages) | Preview

Intellectual Incarceration

- Intellectual Incarceration As the landscape of education in America is constantly changing so too should the schools. Innovative and flexible school designs are paramount in the American educational reform conversation. School buildings are the tangible realizations of such reform concerns. Initially concerned with the quality of the learning environment, access to daylight and fresh air were the catalyst in a movement to improve the overall quality of education. While the reform movement has evolved to focus primarily on the student and their varied ways of learning, our schools are required to reflect such theories....   [tags: Education ]

Term Papers
2274 words | (6.5 pages) | Preview

The Effects Of Mass Incarceration On College Campuses

- ... The US has 5% of the world 's population and yet, it has 20% of the world 's prisoners. There are 2.3 million people in jail, 850,000 are on parole and 3.2 million are on probation in the United States. The system has an incredible number of people within its scope and there is also the continuous churn of people going in and out of the prison system throughout the course of any given year (Wagner and Rabuy, 1-4 ). The groups that this falls hardest on, the ones that are hit disproportionately, are blacks and Hispanics, people in urban areas, and the poor....   [tags: Prison, United States, Recidivism, Sentence]

Better Essays
1007 words | (2.9 pages) | Preview

Maternal Incarceration And The Criminalization Of Female Poverty

- ... The act was passed in response to the increasing number of children lingering in foster care. Unfortunately, the act mandates that parental rights be terminated if a child has been in out-of-home care for 15 of the prior 22 months (Allen, S., Flaherty, C., & Ely, G. 2010). According to the Women’s Prison Association, the average prison sentence of a woman is 18 months. The article clearly explains how the mandatory drug sentencing laws are quickly leading to the termination of incarcerated mother’s parental rights....   [tags: Prison, Mandatory sentencing, African American]

Better Essays
1198 words | (3.4 pages) | Preview

The Effects Of Mass Incarceration On The United States

- ... In fact private prison were primarily used as a tool for decreasing the amount of prisoners in prisons operated by the government.The privatization of prison can really be traced all the way back to the declaration on the “war on drugs” in the 1970s and “tougher sentencing platform in the 1980s.” (Lilly) This led to a massive spike in the number of people getting incarcerated. Government maintained facility could not keep up with the increasing number of inmates therefore, in 1984 the Government hired the Corrections Corporation of America to oversee its first facility in Hamilton County, Tenn....   [tags: Prison, Criminal justice, Crime, United States]

Strong Essays
1325 words | (3.8 pages) | Preview

The Argument Regarding Incarceration For Pregnant Women

- ... They are unprotected from overpopulation and violence, and are introduced to poor nutrition and contagious diseases. As Cherry(2007, p. 5 ) confirmed, “the pregnancies of women who are incarcerated are much more likely to end in miscarriage than those of women in general.” These mothers are put into negative environments, often the same as they were locked up to avoid, with no guarantee of safety to the fetuses. There are discernible rights for women when it comes to reproduction and unwarranted restraints on their bodies....   [tags: Pregnancy, Fetus, Drug addiction, Abortion]

Better Essays
1352 words | (3.9 pages) | Preview

Japanese American Incarceration

- The Incarceration of Japanese Americans is widely regarded as one of the biggest breaches of civil rights in American History. Incarceration evolved from deep-seated anti-Japanese sentiment in the West Coast of the United States. After the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor on December 7th, 1941, pressure from the military leadership, politicians, media and nativist groups in the West Coast eventually convinced the President Franklin Roosevelt that action had to be taken to deal with the national security “threat” that Japanese Americans posed....   [tags: American History]

Powerful Essays
1893 words | (5.4 pages) | Preview

The New Jim Crow : Mass Incarceration

- ... Science was even used to justify slavery and racism by claims that black people were of inferior intellect to white people and this is why the whites believed they were racially superior to blacks. It was these ideas that played a part that even after slavery ended racial hierarchy lived on. After the end of slavery, southern states passed laws known as the Black Codes with the full intent to restrict the freedom of African Americans. Even after being emancipated the lives of African Americans were restricted by these black codes which were designed to preserve slavery but in a different form....   [tags: Black people, African American, Racism, Race]

Strong Essays
1242 words | (3.5 pages) | Preview

Incarceration and Private Prisons in the United States

- Under the auspices of President John F. Kennedy, Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy ordered the permanent shut down of the infamous Alcatraz Federal Penitentiary on March 21, 1963. An island located approximately 2.5 kilometers off the coast of San Francisco, California; the federal prison was home to the most notorious criminals for over three decades. The island also revealed to the world the unsettling state of circumstance the United States Justice and prison system suffers under in modern times....   [tags: Discrimination, Legal System]

Better Essays
1276 words | (3.6 pages) | Preview

How Incarceration Affects Individual Level

- ... They lay out the platform for a man to become a man, and a lady to know how to be treated. As a result of these statics, one can see that a child should have the loving support of a mother and father to help provide them with a fruitful future. Too many children do not have a positive role model to go to, therefor, resulting in bad decisions. How Incarcerated affects individual level Kids whose parents are detained, may contrast from kids whose parents are not imprisoned on various measurements other than parental imprisonment status alone, for example, family financial status, parental guiltiness, parental emotional wellness, parental substance utilize, and presentation to brutality....   [tags: Mother, Family, Sociology, Father]

Strong Essays
1678 words | (4.8 pages) | Preview

Substance Abuse Treatment Instead of Incarceration?

- Across the United States and throughout the world there is an epidemic of epic proportion involving drug addiction. Here in North Carolina the majority of the Department of Corrections inmate population is known to have substance abuse problems. (Price, 62) Along with this epidemic is the growing problem of prison overcrowding. There is a correlation between the two. Many of today’s correctional facilities house inmates that have committed drug related crimes or crimes that they committed while under the influence....   [tags: Drug Abuse Essays]

Term Papers
2229 words | (6.4 pages) | Preview

The Benefits of Community-Based Alternatives to Incarceration

- As crime and arrest rates continue to climb, prisons across the nation, and even the world are beginning to experience immense overcrowding, placing a burden on both the prison personnel and inmate population. Nevertheless, this scenario is nothing unusual for anyone who has either worked some time for served some time in almost any prison. With most prison staff members suffering from high levels of stress from the unbearable workloads placed upon them, work conditions are starting to be considered near impossible, which is completely unacceptable....   [tags: Community service programs]

Research Papers
2186 words | (6.2 pages) | Preview

How Incarceration Impacted Japanese Americans

- How Incarceration Impacted Japanese Americans Introduction The forced eradication of Japanese & Japanese Americans from their homes within California, Washington, & Oregon from 1942 to 1946 brought suffering and personal loss to various communities. After the camps, Japanese were told to resettle within Midwest and East and avoid returning to hostile West Coast. Most communities perished and were never restored. For instance, as people started resettlement, Japanese communities like San Francisco Nihonmachi & Los Angeles Little Tokyo were ripped by urban renewal....   [tags: immigration, relations, california]

Better Essays
2209 words | (6.3 pages) | Preview

Alternatives to Incarceration

- Alternatives to Incarceration Ever since the first prison opened in the United States in 1790, incarceration has been the center of the nations criminal justice system. Over this 200 year period many creative alternatives to incarceration have been tried, and many at a much lower cost than imprisonment. It wasn’t until the late 1980’s when our criminal justice systems across the country began experiencing a problem with overcrowding of facilities. This problem forced lawmakers to develop new options for sentencing criminal offenders....   [tags: Prison Criminal Justice Papers]

Better Essays
872 words | (2.5 pages) | Preview

Mass Incarceration as a Modern Racial Caste System

- HIS In the wake of President Obama’s election, the United States seems to be progressing towards a post-racial society. However, the rates of mass incarceration of black males in America deem this to be otherwise. Understanding mass incarceration as a modern racial caste system will reveal the role of the criminal justice system in creating and perpetuating racial hierarchy America. The history of social control in the United States dates back to the first racial caste systems: slavery and the Jim Crow Laws....   [tags: young black males in US prisons]

Term Papers
1886 words | (5.4 pages) | Preview

Examining the Collectivities that Protect the Existing Incarceration Policies

- In a society that claims freedom and equality is a constitutional right, the United States has unprecedented rates of individuals in incarceration. According to the Stanford Law Review, over two million individuals were incarcerated in the year 2002, the majority African Americans (Roberts, 2004). The high rate of incarceration creates the illusion of a nation with a terrible crime epidemic and a need for a 'tough on crime' attitude to keep the streets safe, although this is far from reality. The influx of prisoners is not due to a rise in dangerous crimes, but is in result of public policy changes and the social construction of institutions....   [tags: minorities are the majority]

Strong Essays
1209 words | (3.5 pages) | Preview

America 's New Slavery : Increasing Incarceration

- ... In June of 1971, President Richard Nixon declared a legal war on drugs which progressed throughout the Reagan administration. Reagan waged a war on drugs with zero tolerance policies and Nancy Reagan’s “Just Say No” campaign (A Brief History of the Drug War). But the largest increase in incarcerations is due to the Clinton administration. In 1994, Clinton signed the The Violent Crime and Law Enforcement Act into law. It hired more police officers, imposed tougher sentences, and provided money to build more prison institutions and invest in those already built ....   [tags: African American, Black people, Race, White people]

Strong Essays
2119 words | (6.1 pages) | Preview

Home Confinement: An Alternative to Incarceration

- Home Confinement: An Alternative to Incarceration      West Virginia state prisons have a maximum capacity of 2,154 inmates; currently they house 2,363 inmates, and more remain in City and County lockups to manage the overflow (West Virginia Blue Book). Home Confinement solves this problem. Reduction of the prison population should be reason enough to institute home confinement, but other reasons do exist. Would you like lower taxes. Home confinement costs much less than incarceration. Do you favor less crime....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Topics]

Better Essays
958 words | (2.7 pages) | Preview

Mass Incarceration : A Serious Epidemic For A Long Period Of Time

- ... In the midst of this policy, Nixon increased police for creating agencies such as the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), mandatory sentences being placed and warrants that allow officers permission to enter on their own. During this whole crime policy being in placed, Nixon Scott 2 commented that drugs were public enemy number one but what everyone else didn’t realize is that it also included the person in possession of the drugs (ACLU, 2016). This continue on with future presidents, using the decriminalization of marijuana as their motto and plan during presidential elections, which inevitably once they were elected incarceration rates skyrocketed, with those non­violent offenses go...   [tags: Criminal justice, Crime, Richard Nixon, Prison]

Better Essays
1053 words | (3 pages) | Preview

The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration of the Racial Undercaste

- Throughout the semester, we have discussed many different issues that are currently prevalent in the United States, specifically those related to racial discrimination. One specific issue that I have developed interest and research in is that of institutionalized racism, specifically in the form of mass incarceration, and what kinds of effects mass incarceration has on a community. In this paper, I will briefly examine a range of issues surrounding the mass incarceration of black and Latino males, the development of a racial undercaste because of rising incarceration rates, women and children’s involvement and roles they attain in the era of mass incarceration, and the economic importance t...   [tags: Racial Caste System]

Research Papers
3340 words | (9.5 pages) | Preview

Community Based Corrections: Viable Alternative to Incarceration

- Community-based corrections alleviate overcrowded correctional facilities, reduce taxpayer burden, and rehabilitate offenders, while providing effective, efficient low cost methods of supporting public safety, community rehabilitation, behavior modification and personnel responsibility, because it uses multiple approaches and involves both legislative and judicial personnel in all steps of the process. Community-based corrections facilities are located in the community and support diverse rehabilitative programs including restitution, community service and repayment of monetary fines (Moses, 2007)....   [tags: legal reform, social reform, criminal justice]

Powerful Essays
1689 words | (4.8 pages) | Preview

Incarceration of Men, Women, and Juveniles

- Incarceration of Men, Women, and Juveniles Prison populations have been on the raise since the early 1970s. Today we incarcerate over 2 million men, women and juveniles in the various correctional facilities around the country. These facilities can range from local jails or detention facilities to the new so called "Supermax" prisons. Conditions can also vary across the spectrum for these different correctional institutions. Each type of inmate has his or her own challenges when faced with incarceration....   [tags: Papers]

Good Essays
832 words | (2.4 pages) | Preview

Community Supervision of Law Violators vs. Incarceration

- Community supervision of law violators can achieve similar advantages and prevent the disadvantages of incarceration. There are both advantages and disadvantages to community corrections and incarceration. I support community corrections because I believe it has more positives outcomes and less negative effects than incarceration. Community corrections have more advantages over incarceration and fewer disadvantages. Incarcerating people isn’t working that well and the biggest reason is the overcrowding of prisons....   [tags: Community supervision, criminals, criminal justice]

Strong Essays
1231 words | (3.5 pages) | Preview

Mass incarceration of African Americans, The Revised Caste System

- The issue of racial disproportion in the United States has been an ongoing topic in history since slavery. As Americans we are affected by racial injustices everyday. One may not realize how their own racial identity plays a part in their everyday life experiences. The dynamics of racial oppression and privilege with the United States is incredibly complex ranging from the time of establishment to present day. The present day racial inequality within the criminal justice system and incarceration rates has peaked in the United States over the last 30 years....   [tags: racial dispropotion, American History]

Term Papers
1789 words | (5.1 pages) | Preview

The New Jim Crow : A High Incarceration Rate

- ... These two stats alone are proof that blacks are being singled out as a part of a racial bias. This alone is an issue, but Alexander provides more arguments to prove that African-Americans are more likely to be arrested than whites. She addresses the fourth amendment and how it is supposed to protect citizens from unnecessary search and seizure, but then presents evidence how the Supreme Court has allowed police to conduct unnecessary searches of people they find suspicious. Alexander presents the evidence, “In United States v....   [tags: Criminal law, Police, Crime, African American]

Better Essays
1137 words | (3.2 pages) | Preview

The Penal and Judiciary System: The High Cost of Incarceration

- Although prisons have a few positive aspects such as keeping felons off the streets and being less final than the death penalty, they have many negative aspects as well such as tearing families apart, causing severe psychological harm to the children of inmates, costing 47,102 dollars a year in California alone (California Judicial website), and causing many problems for the inmates in the long run. Fundamentally the use of incarceration is intended to reform and rehabilitate offenders of society’s laws; however, America’s prison system usually makes matters much worse for the offender, his or her family, and society as a whole....   [tags: prisons, dealth penalty]

Term Papers
1857 words | (5.3 pages) | Preview

Mass Incarceration And Its Effects On The United States

- ... (3) They perpetuate a racially segregated criminal justice system that destroys communities and discourages trust in the law. Solution The Smarter Sentencing Act addresses the first reason for reform, unduly harsh sentences, at its base by reducing five, 10, and 20 year mandatory minimums to two, five, and 10 years respectively for certain drug offenses, giving judges more leeway when sentencing those who pose no public safety risk (“Major Sentencing Reform,” 2014). Outside of these lessened minimums, it aims to gradually decrease the amount of people imprisoned in four major ways....   [tags: Prison, Mandatory sentencing, Heroin]

Better Essays
958 words | (2.7 pages) | Preview

The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness

- The New Jim Crow Michelle Alexander wrote a book called "The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness." The original Jim Crow was a racial caste system that segregated whites from blacks, where whites were privileged and viewed as the chosen ones while blacks were taught to be minority and used as servants between 1877 and the 1960s. The Jim Crow system kept whites superior to blacks with laws created to keep whites favored. It was a legal way to prevent African Americans from getting an equal education, from voting; it was a system of "Separate but Equal"....   [tags: racial cast system]

Better Essays
829 words | (2.4 pages) | Preview

Incarceration Helped Bring Crime Down By Michael Rushford

- ... Even though I have never been to prison, I wouldn’t know how it is like. In my view, there is a racial inequality. For instance, the majority of people in prisons are Blacks and Hispanics. Although they might have done the same crime as the white person, they still get some harsher punishments then whites. Also, at the point when discussing if prison systems another form of slavery, yes, it is precisely the same. You are constrained past your will to be some place you would prefer not to be....   [tags: Black people, Prison, Racism, White people]

Strong Essays
1203 words | (3.4 pages) | Preview

Disproportionate Incarceration of African Americans

- Disproportionate Incarceration of African Americans The disproportionate numbers of African Americans in the prison system is a very serious issue, which is not usually discussed in its totality. However, it is quite important to address the matter because it ultimately will have an effect on African Americans as a whole. Of the many tribulations that plague Americans today, the increase in the amount of African American men and women in prisons is unbelievable. It would be naïve to say that the increase is due to the fact that more African Americans are committing crimes now than before....   [tags: Papers]

Better Essays
1675 words | (4.8 pages) | Preview

Prison Incarceration And Its Effects On The United States

- ... Immink states that the origins of punishment were the result of the relationship between freedom and dependence in feudal society (Marquart and Sorensen 1997:3). Executions and imprisonment are methods used to demonstrate the power of the State. The emphasis on the moral responsibility of authority figures in regards to criminal activity and punishment is another aspect that has changed over time. The social context of criminal justice has played a role when determining the appropriate punishment....   [tags: Crime, Prison, Criminal justice, Criminology]

Strong Essays
1400 words | (4 pages) | Preview

Incarceration in An Adult Prison Increases Juvenile Crime

- In the last 42 years little to no changes have been made to correct the standards that govern punitive measures towards juvenile delinquency. Today juvenile law is governed by state and many states have enacted a juvenile code. However, in numerous cases, juveniles are transferred to adult court when juvenile courts waive or relinquish jurisdiction. Adolescents should not be tried in the adult court system or sentenced to adult penitentiary's on account of: teen brains are not mature which causes a lack of understanding towards the system, incarceration in an adult facility increases juvenile crime, and children that are sentenced to adult prison are vulnerable to abuse and rape....   [tags: abuse, rape, punitive measures]

Powerful Essays
1754 words | (5 pages) | Preview

Incarceration of Children in Conflict with the Law in the Philippines: The Blurred Lines

- Incarceration of Children in Conflict with the Law in the Philippines: The Blurred Lines A figure dashed through a busy road. Children selling water, cigarettes, and trinkets roamed the road filled with vehicles of all sizes are all at a stand-still while waiting for the light to turn green. The heavy traffic was expected, but what came next was a surprise. A car door was opened inconspicuously. After a few minutes, the figure emerged from the side of the car and cast furtive glances before sprinting to the nearest alley, while dodging oncoming passers-by....   [tags: juvenile delinquents, blurred lines]

Term Papers
1917 words | (5.5 pages) | Preview

In Defense of Flogging, by Peter Moskos

- What is the best way to punish people. For centuries, humans have sought out for methods to reprimand wrongdoers. We, as a species, have allowed punishment to evolve along with us. From corporal punishment, or flogging as many may call it, to incarceration, humans have searched for the most effective technique to punish people. As time elapsed, imprisonment has become our staple for all crimes and transgressions. With this in mind, many writers have contended that we revisit corporal punishment....   [tags: Aleternative to Incarceration]

Strong Essays
1284 words | (3.7 pages) | Preview

Don't Treat Juvenile Offenders As Adults

- Prior to 1899, in the United States, child offenders over the age of seven were imprisoned in the same facilities as adult offenders. As a result of political and social reformers, society’s views on juvenile justice began to shift to a more sympathetic view. Beginning in 1899, individual states began to address the youth incarceration problem by establishing youth reform homes, the predecessor to juvenile dentition centers. The objective of these homes was the rehabilitation of juvenile offenders for their re-entry into society and for the greater good....   [tags: Youth Incarceration]

Strong Essays
1900 words | (5.4 pages) | Preview

Restorative Justice: Comparative Studies

- When considering studies in corrections on a global scale it is important to understand how to utilize the most applicable method to gather knowledge. Comparative studies are often used to explore methods for explicating or developing knowledge and attitudes. Comparative research examines cases with the intention to reveal the structure and invariance or unchanging relationship for an entire group or population. In this case, and for the purpose of this paper, the comparative research is suggested to be used in corrections on a global scale....   [tags: corrections, incarceration]

Better Essays
941 words | (2.7 pages) | Preview

Incarceration vs. Treatment

- Incarceration vs. Treatment The focus of this paper is incarceration versus treatment of low level drug offenders in California. The viewpoint in favor of incarceration is supported by the deterrence and incapacitation theory. This theory promotes increased arrests, prosecutions, and prison sentences as the primary means to dissuade drug use and street crime by removing the offender from the community. The theory further states that by implementing stricter sanctions targeting low level drug offenders further reduces drug related crime by increasing the personal costs of drug use among incipient users....   [tags: Papers]

Better Essays
630 words | (1.8 pages) | Preview

Critique of a Research Article about Incarceration in the Household by Loper & Nichols (2012)

- Background In a study of children that had a family member or family associate incarcerated prior to their 18th birthday, Loper & Nichols (2012) attempted to address the impact that such incarceration had on such children. It was expected, consistent with previous literature, that household incarceration would have an impact on academic outcomes. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the relationship between household incarceration and two outcomes: failure to graduate high school and extended school absence....   [tags: Journal Article Critique Example]

Research Papers
2304 words | (6.6 pages) | Preview

These results are sorted by most relevant first (ranked search). You may also sort these by color rating or essay length.


Your search returned over 400 essays for "Incarceration"
1  2  3  4  5    Next >>