Your search returned 200 essays for "Immanuel Kant":
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What is Enlightenment? by Immanuel Kant and The Elimination of Irrational Thought

- What is Enlightenment. by Immanuel Kant and The Elimination of Irrational Thought In his essay ‘What is Enlightenment?’ Immanuel Kant discusses the nature of Enlightenment and how it can be brought to the general public. According to Kant, “Enlightenment is man’s release from his self-incurred tutelage.” By this, Kant means that Enlightenment is when one man is able to make use of his understanding without guidance from another man. Kant sees an Age of Enlightenment as a time when the human society can be liberated from their nature of discharge, which is a need for someone to be their director....   [tags: Papers]

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Happiness: John Stuart Mill vs Immanuel Kant

- Happiness. People go to any means by which to obtain the many varied materials and issues that induce pleasures in each individual, and intrinsically, this emotion remains the ultimate goal, John Stuart Mill, a nineteenth century philosopher, correctly advocated the pursuit of happiness, and maintained the concept that above all other values, pleasure existed as the final destination, Mill's hedonistic views correctly and rationally identified a natural human tendency, and his Utilitarian arguments strongly support the theory that above all else, happiness is the most important dream to be fulfilled....   [tags: Utilitarianism Essays]

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A Comparison of John Stuart Mill and Immanuel Kant's Ethical Theories

- Compare Mill and Kant's ethical theories; which makes a better societal order. John Stuart Mill (1808-73) believed in an ethical theory known as utilitarianism. There are many formulation of this theory. One such is, "Everyone should act in such a way to bring the largest possibly balance of good over evil for everyone involved." However, good is a relative term. What is good. Utilitarians disagreed on this subject. Mill made a distinction between happiness and sheer sensual pleasure. He defines happiness in terms of higher order pleasure (i.e....   [tags: Societal Order Universability]

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Immanuel Kant

- Immanuel Kant Immanuel Kant was born, lived and passed away in his home town of Konigsberg. He lived from 1724 to 1804. He studied at the local university and later returned to tutor and lecture students. It wasn’t until he met an English merchant by the name of Joseph Green that Kant learned of David Hume and began to develop his ideas of morals and values. Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason (1781) is believed by many to be his greatest work. Kant’s was known mainly, however, for his moral code The Categorical Imperative....   [tags: Immanuel Kant Deontology Ethics]

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Immanuel Kant

- Kant is a deontological philosopher; that is, in examining morality he says that the ends must not be looked at, only the means. Kant began by carefully drawing a pair of crucial distinctions among the judgments we do actually make. The first distinction separates a priori from a posteriori judgments by reference to the origin of our knowledge of them. A priori judgments are statements for which there is no appeal to experience in order to dertermine what is true and false. A posteriori judgments, on the other hand, are statements in which experience determines how we discover the truth or falsity of the statement....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Summary of Immanuel Kant's Life

- Summary of Immanuel Kant's Life Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) spent all of his life in Königsberg, a small German town on the Baltic Sea in East Prussia. (After World War II, Germany's border was pushed west, so Königsberg is now called Kaliningrad and is part of Russia.) At the age of fifty-five, Kant appeared to be a washout. He had taught at Königsberg University for over twenty years, yet had not published any works of significance. During the last twenty-five years of his life, however, Kant left a mark on the history of philosophy that is rivaled only by such towering giants as Plato and Aristotle....   [tags: Papers]

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Analysis of Immanuel Kant's Arguements in The Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysic of Morals”

- ... In the first section he calls attention to common sense morals. Characteristics such as wit or intelligence can help make rational decisions which bring about best result; however, the action can be only ethical if it was based on a good will alone because duty alone is not enough to judge an action as immoral or moral. In the second section Kant shifts point of view from moral philosophy to a metaphysical study of morals. In this section alone to him, human nature of reason helps people recognize the morality of actions....   [tags: philosophy, common sense, reasoning]

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Moral Actions by Philosophers Immanuel Kant and John Stuart Mill

- In the making of my own argument on the elements that justify a right or wrong action, I will reference two of the most influential philosophers, Immanuel Kant and John Stuart Mill. In order to make this paper easy to follow, I intend to focus on one of the arguments formed by each of these men. I will evaluate how both of Kant and Mill’s principles fits into the morals of right and wrong. Kant gives us a categorical imperative that urges one to Act only according to that maxim by which you can at the same time will that it should become a universal law (Kant), and Mill states that actions are right as they tend to promote happiness, wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness (Mi...   [tags: Right, Wrong, Philosophy]

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Euthanasia

- Euthanasia is an action that result in the death of a person. There are four types of euthanasia, such as voluntary active euthanasia, nonvoluntary active euthanasia, voluntary passive euthanasia, and nonvoluntary passive euthanasia. Among the four types of euthanasia, voluntary active euthanasia or VAE is the most controversial ethical issue in the United States. It is the killing of a competent patient who decided to end his/her suffering by ending his/her life with the help of the physician....   [tags: Philosophy, Immanuel Kant]

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Judging One's Moral Worth in Enemy of the People by Henrik Ibsen Uses

- To judge one’s moral worth for his or her actions is a very important task. In the play, Enemy of the People by Henrik Ibsen, the main character, Dr. Stockmann performs in what many would consider a good, but moral worth is not determined by someone making a 10 second analysis of the actions and determining it. In order to determine moral worth, one can use Immanuel Kant’s book, Grounding for a Metaphysics of Morals. Within this book, Kant describes how one’s actions can be determined for the purpose of moral worth....   [tags: the baths, contamination, immanuel kant]

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Perpetual Peace

- War has always been a cause of great trouble and suffering for all of humanity. It has existed from the earliest beginnings of man and continues to exist until today. From thousands of years ago and maybe even earlier, there has already been a very long tradition of attempts to end war. For Immanuel Kant and many other thinkers, the most important goal to be achieved in our world is a true and perpetual peace among states and people. In his 1795 political philosophical essay, Kant begins by setting out the “preliminary articles” to the establishment of an everlasting peace between states....   [tags: Immanuel Kant Book Review Analysis]

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Immanuel Kant

- He was the fourth of nine children of Johann Georg and Anna Regina Kant, German philosopher Immanuel Kant was born in Konigsberg, East Prussia in 1724. Son of a humble saddler, his family belonged to a Protestant religious group of Pietists ,religion was a very improtant part in every aspect of their lives. Even though Kant was critical of formal religion, he still admired the conduct of Pietists. Kant’s went to elementary school at Saint George’s Hospital School and then went to the Collegium Fredericianum, a Pietist school, where he studied from 1732 until 1740....   [tags: Immanuel Kant]

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Immanuel Kant's Theory

- Immanuel Kant's Theory Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) discussed many ethical systems and reasoning’s some were based on a belief that the reason is the final authority for morality. In Kant’s eyes, reason is directly correlated with morals and ideals. Actions of any sort, he believed, must be undertaken from a sense of duty dictated by reason, and no action performed for appropriateness or solely in obedience to law or custom can be regarded as moral. A moral act is an act done for the "right" reasons....   [tags: Papers Immanuel Kant Morality]

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Immanuel Kant's Theory of Judgment

- What are, and what are the differences between, judgments of perception and judgments of experience for Kant. Understanding how the mind works has been a major goal throughout philosophy, and an important piece of this deals with how humans come to experience the world. Many philosophers have attempted to investigate this issue, and Hume successfully proposed a framework by which human understanding could be understood. This writing, however, spurred Kant’s philosophical mind, awaking him from his “dogmatic slumber” and leading him to develop his own framework to define thought....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, 2015]

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Immanuel Kant : A Universal Law

- Maggie Fitzgerald was raised knowing one thing; she was trash. She had no true family that cared for her. No one even really knew she existed. The only person who gave her hope was her father. That was true up until she found the sport boxing and met Frankie. She earned everything through blood, sweat, and tears. Even when people were telling her she couldn’t do it, she still tried. Through all of this Maggie gained freedom, personhood, and experience. Freedom according to Immanuel Kant is the ability to guide ones actions using laws of one’s own making....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, Categorical imperative]

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Immanuel Kant Was A German Philosopher

- Immanuel Kant was a German philosopher during the Enlightenment, a time when dramatic changes were taking place in philosophy, the sciences, and politics. He was born on April 22, 1724 in Konigsberg, Prussia, a town that he would never leave. His father was a saddle maker, and his mother was known for her character and natural intelligence. Kant’s family lived modestly, and was active in the Pietism branch of the Lutheran Church. Kant’s pastor made it possible for him to receive an education, by admitting him to the Pietism School at the age of eight....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, Morality, Human, Philosophy]

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Immanuel Kant 's Philosophy

- Immanuel Kant’s philosophy is one of discernment and reasoning, to the extent of complete objectiveness, which a majority of humans would reason as impractical or unrealistic. However, his views of the world are the easiest way of having a utopian world, similar to Tomas More’s view of what a utopia is. Further, More states in his writing Utopia that “You wouldn 't abandon ship in a storm just because you couldn 't control the winds.”(More, Utopia) symbolizing the world of today, a broken ship that longs for reconstruction to be made....   [tags: Human, Morality, Immanuel Kant, Utopia]

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The Metaphysics Of Morals By Immanuel Kant

- Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals, written by Immanuel Kant is commenced with Kant’s notion, “It is impossible to think of anything at all in the world, or indeed even beyond it, that could be taken to be good without limitation, except a good will.” Thereby, Kant argues that morality, which according to him is contextually synonymous with the term “good,” lies both unrestrictedly (“without limitation”) and indisputably (“it is impossible to think of anything…”) within good will. Perhaps the phrase “good will” is unsatisfactorily vague, at least concerning Kant’s intended definition of good will....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, Categorical imperative, Morality]

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`` Holy Shit ' By Immanuel Kant

- Reading philosophical work is nauseating and the precursor to painful migraines and extreme frustration. I find that much of what philosophers have to say is irrelevant, outdated, and mind-numbing in the most maddening way possible. While reading through books like Mill’s Utilitarianism or Kant’s Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals I often think, “Holy shit am I reading a Lewis Carrol novel. This doesn’t make any sense. Didn’t he already say that. Yeah no, he is totally repeating himself.” I believe that the authors desire to sound smart greatly overshadows their original intention to portray a clear interpretation of what they believe is moral or the right way to be happy....   [tags: Ethics, Immanuel Kant, Morality, Utilitarianism]

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Immanuel Kant On Morality And Morality

- When it comes to morality, there are different theories that can lead to what drives and creates morality. Yet, the question that all theorists try to find the correct answer to is what morality is. The theories that were discussed in chapter 2 gave off the impression that each theory that has ever existed and will exist will be contradicted. Although each theory gave a precise explanation, each theory was based on every theorists own opinion and belief. For every act or motive there is a reason, and any action that would take place would be deemed as unethical....   [tags: Ethics, Morality, Virtue, Immanuel Kant]

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Immanuel Kant And The Categorical Imperative

- In Elements of Pure Practical Reason Book, I, Immanuel Kant, a prominent late Enlightenment Era German philosopher discusses his most famous ethical theory, the “Categorical Imperative.” The “Categorical Imperative” is a proposed universal law in stating all humans are forbidden from certain actions regardless of consequences. Although this is the general definition of this ethical theory, the Categorical Imperative” exists in two above formulations, A strict interpretation of Categorical Imperative and a more liberal interpretation....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, Philosophy, Ayn Rand, Kantianism]

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Immanuel Kant And Ayn Rand

- Philosophy is amongst the most difficult and challenging subjects anyone can discuss. Philosophy has changed throughout the years and it can be inquiring and critical. Most philosophers have different theories on how the world should be and there are many issues and questions that arise. What is real; what is truth; what is good; is the mind something separate from the body; and are we free, or are our actions determined so that we no longer have any control or influence. Immanuel Kant and Ayn Rand are two Philosophers that are respected for their different philosophies....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, Philosophy, Ethics, Ayn Rand]

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Immanuel Kant And Kant 's Theory

- There is another theory that was developed by and named after a German philosopher who was known as Immanuel Kant. His theory was based entirely on reason. According to this theory, one should act with a “good will.” He defines this good will as acting according to our duties, only because it is our duty. We do what is morally right out of respect for our own understanding of morality. On top of this Kant also came up with the means-end principle. This principle dictates that we should never treat others merely as a means for our ends, but treat them as ends in themselves....   [tags: Ethics, Immanuel Kant, Morality, Philosophy]

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Immanuel Kant 's Philosophy Of Ethics

- “Two things fill the mind with ever new and increasing admiration and awe, the oftener and more steadily we reflect on them: the starry heavens above and the moral law within.” said Immanuel Kant. Morality is referred to as a societal code of conduct put forward by rational persons given the specified conditions. Throughout time, the concept of what morality is has played a crucial role in the study of ethics. Considered as the most influential thinker of the enlightenment era and one of the greatest western philosophers, German philosopher Immanuel Kant profoundly impacted the study of ethics....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, Morality, Deontological ethics]

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Arthur Schopenhauer Vs Immanuel Kant

- Arthur Schopenhauer Versus Immanuel Kant 2 Arthur Schopenhauer’s meaning of life includes ideas that attempt to identify factors that constitute happiness. According to Schopenhauer, the three factors are what one is, what one has, and how one is regarded by others. ( Pigliucci, 2006 ) What one has and how one is regarded appear to be the two deciding factors that determine an individual’s happiness. Not much consideration is given to what one is. These ideas led to the philosophy that “personality is the greatest factor in happiness.” ( Pigliucci, 2006 ) Schopenhauer believed that personal attributes that are possessed need to be utilized to their maximum potential....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, Philosophy, Ethics, Morality]

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Immanuel Kant 's Categorical Imperative

- Immanuel Kant’s Categorical Imperative and John Stuart Mill’s Utilitarianism are two schools of thought that view morality differently. Both Kant and Mill understand and agree that some form of morality exists. They both recognize that the concept of morality applies to all rational beings and that an action can be deemed as moral or immoral based on reason. Despite being reasonably in agreement about what morality is; there are numerous important differences between Mill and Kant’s perception of morality....   [tags: Morality, Ethics, Immanuel Kant, Utilitarianism]

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Immanuel Kant 's Philosophy And Ethics

- Immanuel Kant is known worldwide as a very influential person, especially in the field of philosophy and ethics. His beliefs were based off of treating other humans with dignity and being morally rational. Morality according to Immanuel Kant can be defined primarily as doing what any morally responsible person would do and respecting other individuals. With his Theory-Enhanced Definition of Morality, I encountered a difficult moral situation in which I am deemed as acting immoral by my definition of morality....   [tags: Morality, Immanuel Kant, Ethics, Human]

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Immanuel Kant 's Categorical Imperative

- Google defines Categorical Imperative as “(in Kantian ethics) an unconditional moral obligation that is binding in all circumstances and is not dependent on a person 's inclination or purpose.” (Google) Thus, there is no middle ground on morals nor is there ever a situation to where one should commit a moral wrong doing. Immanuel Kant had strong views regarding Categorical Imperative and believed that universal law applies to all. He also believes there cannot be any exceptions to this rule, or it becomes right for all to live by the exception....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, Morality, Ethics, Human]

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Immanuel Kant 's Moral Theory

- Immanuel Kant is a philosopher of the early centuries, one of his well-known works is his moral theory which can be referred to as Deontology. The moral theory arises from the principle behind Deontology which is derived from -deon which signifies rule or law and -ology which means the study of. Kant designed his moral theory to be contradictory to utilitarianism which is a moral theory that focuses on the outcomes of an action. Beside other factors the moral theory is a non-consequentialist moral theory which in basic terms means the theory follows a law based system of making judgements and disregards the consequences....   [tags: Categorical imperative, Immanuel Kant, Ethics]

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Immanuel Kant 's Formulations Of The Categorical Imperative

- Essay #2: Immanuel Kant’s Formulations of the Categorical Imperative In his book, Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals, Immanuel Kant theorizes an absolute and universal guide based on the principle of reason to determine what humans morally ought to do— the categorical imperative. The categorical imperatives consists of different formulations, which simply act as different ways of defining it. Within his formulations, Kant stresses the importance of universalism, equality, and Categorical Imperatives versus Hypothetical Imperatives Before delving into the different formulations of the categorical imperative, Kant must distinguish between categorical imperatives and hypothetical impera...   [tags: Categorical imperative, Immanuel Kant]

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Immanuel Kant 's Universal Law Test

- In this paper, I will argue that Immanuel Kant’s universal law test is a form of consequentialism. I will begin by explaining Kant’s formulation of his Categorical Imperative, and the moral theories on which it relies. Next, I will introduce John Stuart Mill’s criticism of Kant’s moral theory, and explain why I believe that he is correct in claiming that Kant’s arguments ultimately rely on utilitarian principles. In his book Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals, Kant argues that “There is no possibility of thinking of anything at all… which can be regarded as good without qualifications, except a good will” (7)....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, Morality, Ethics, Philosophy]

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Nietzsche And Immanuel Kant 's Philosophy Of Moral Law

- Between philosophers Nietzsche and Immanuel Kant, we can conclude that Nietzsche has different views in which a man lives his life. According to Kant, we as human beings must act and live according the moral law. However, in regards to Nietzsche, he rejects the notion that there is a moral code for everyone and insists that each individual is able to see that there is no objective morality. Nietzsche’s greatest criticism of Kant’s philosophy of moral law, stems from his emphasis and use of the idea of the “overman”, which forms his opinion on liberal democracy (Hamilton-Bleakley)....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, Morality, Friedrich Nietzsche]

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Immanuel Kant 's Theory Of Radical Evil

- Immanuel Kant’s theory of Radical Evil presents a secular position defining evil in away of which the agents performing evil acts can be held accountable. It centres around the concept that evil, specifically evil is performing acts of atrocity rooted from placing self-love ahead of duty. Therefore right action is acting out of duty in obedience with the Universal moral law, and in contrast what can be seen as an evil act is an act carried out with the motivation being self-love or self centred tendencies....   [tags: Morality, Ethics, Immanuel Kant, Evil]

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Immanuel Kant And The United States Marine Corps Uniform

- In everyday life, there are things that we can control. However, there are also surprises that come up that requires a quick decision. One such incident came up in my life about six years ago. I was married at the time, and I was offered the chance to have a sexual encounter with another female. This was a shock and required me to make a split second decision. It seems like this would be an easy choice, but considering the state of my marriage at the time, that was not the case. Let me explain what was going on and show you why this was not such an easy decision to make....   [tags: Ethics, Immanuel Kant, Categorical imperative]

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Immanuel Kant 's Philosophy Of Knowledge, Reality, Existence And Thought Processes

- Philosophy is the study of knowledge, reality, existence and thought processes. Immanuel Kant from Prussia, (currently Russia) for whom was influential during the Enlightenment period; and John Stuart Mill from Great Britain whom was present during the Romantic era, explored ideas that they believed would create a more fair and just society, by trying to legislate morality. Morality cannot be legislated because it is a concept of right and wrong created by each different religion, region and culture; issues are not black and white....   [tags: Morality, Immanuel Kant, Ethics, Utilitarianism]

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Immanuel Kant

- Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) was one of the most influential philosophers in the history of Western philosophy. He was a professor of philosophy at Konigsberg, in Prussia, researching, lecturing and writing on philosophy during and at the end of the 18th Century Enlightenment. His contributions to metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, and aesthetics have had a profound impact on almost every philosophical movement that followed him. This essay will attempt to explain what Kant means by Maxim and Universal Law, and whether his argument is affordable in the 21st century....   [tags: Philosopher, Maxim, Universal Law]

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Immanuel Kant And Thomas Hobbes

- ESSAY Throughout the ages there have been many impactful theorists that have brought forward ideologies on way to live, to communicate, and to think. Immanuel Kant and Thomas Hobbes are two philosophers who have produced profound thought provoking theories on how mankind should comprehend and conceive ideas. Kant talks about an enlightened age, where people must disregard guidance from others and learn to become independent thinkers. Contrarily, Hobbes discusses a world where a higher authority makes the decisions and thinks for the people....   [tags: Social contract, Political philosophy, Philosophy]

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The Philosohpy of Immanuel Kant

- Immanuel Kant is referred to as the “father” of deontological ethics, which is also colloquially referred to as Kantianism, which provides a sophisticated explication of deontology. His philosophy embodies capitulating to one’s maxim, which he beliefs that to be good, however, only if one’s motives are unconditional and irrespective to external reason. The maxim is referred to as the individual’s intrinsic duty or obligation to one’s self or to others, which if applicable to everyone than it is congenial to the universal law....   [tags: father of deontological ethics]

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Autonomous Thinking and Immanuel Kant

- Considered to be one of the most important philosophers of modern Europe and an important part of philosophical thinking, Immanuel Kant paved the way for current ethical thinkers. He paved the way for philosophers and social behavioral scientists such as Jean Piaget. Kant's theory is hinged by his beliefs on autonomy and his formulation of categorical imperatives. Kant believed in autonomy however, knowing that autonomy has flaws, he created the categorical imperatives. Autonomy allows us to be self creating when it comes to our values and morality....   [tags: philosophy, ethical thinker]

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Immanuel Kant and the Moral Law

- Immanuel Kant was a German philosopher from the 18th century, widely known for his various achievements and works such as Critique of Pure Reason and Foundations of Metaphysics of Morals. Kant developed a theory of ethics that depends on reason rather than emotion called The Moral Law. Kant was not anti-religious but he wanted an ethical system that was not obscured by religion, emotion or personal interpretation. According to Kant, morality is a function of reason, based on our consciousness of necessary and universal laws....   [tags: law, duty, theory of ethics]

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Comparing Machiavelli And Immanuel Kant

- Today, everyone is subject to criticism and that is because we are being scrutinized in everything that we do. However, the one that takes most of the heat are the ones that are in charge. In the reading selections by Niccolo Machiavelli and Immanuel Kant, these two details on how an ideal ruler should lead and behave. To begin with, Machiavelli explains that all men, especially princes have different qualities and that these characteristics are how the outsiders judge them. “Some, for example, are held to be generous, and others miserly…some are held to be benefactors, others are called grasping; some cruel, some compassionate; one man faithless, another faithful; one man effeminate an...   [tags: Age of Enlightenment, Jean-Jacques Rousseau]

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A Philosophical Treatise By Immanuel Kant

- 1. What is the author’s central claim. Copy and paste the author’s claim directly from the article below. Indicate the page number where you copied the claim. Many may consider the Facebook postings and article comments to be vacuous, narcissistic, or vapid, but they are thoughts that their writers considered worth sharing. A philosophical treatise by Immanuel Kant may be more profound, and more edifying to remember, than the average Facebook post or article comment, but his writings may not be tuned so precisely to what our minds effortlessly encode....   [tags: Twitter, Social network service]

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Senses to Understanding to Reason by Immanuel Kant

- As Immanuel Kant once said, “all our knowledge begins with the senses, proceeds then to the understanding, and ends with reason.” Our senses are an indispensible part of ones life. Our senses allows us receive information from our environment in order to learn, appreciate and understand our surroundings. Sense perception is defined as “any of the faculties of sight, smell, hearing, taste and touch by which the body perceives an external stimulus” (theoryofknowledge.net). It is interlaced with all areas of knowledge....   [tags: emotions, knowledge, perceptions]

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Immanuel Kant: A Philosopher Who Influenced Society

- One of the philosophers that impact society is Immanuel Kant; he was a philosopher in the 18th century. Immanuel Kant was born in April 22, 1724 in Kingdom of Prussia, German and died on February 12, 1804 at age 79. Philosopher Immanuel Kant composed different point of views to courage that we understand the world better. Kant is trying to tell us that there are many things that evolve around this world and that every little single element that we do makes the world what it is. Kant is well known for his work in the philosophy of ethics and metaphysics; also, he made an important astronomical discovery on the nature of Earth's rotation....   [tags: world, ethics, problems]

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Duties Towards Marine Animals By Immanuel Kant

- Duties towards Marine Animals Marine animals such as dolphins and belugas are used for entertainment and experimental studies. This remains a major problem because keeping marine animals in confinement for human purposes is a violation of animal rights to live freely from human use, regardless the type of treatment that the marine animals are receiving. In this paper, I will argue that we ought to reject Immanuel Kant’s notion of treating marine animals such as whales or belugas as a means to human ends due to their lack of rational capacity because Kant fails to properly account for marginal cases including infants who also lack the rational capacity, but they are treated as an ‘end’ in...   [tags: Morality, Ethics, Human, Rationality]

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The Works Of Philosophers Immanuel Kant And John Stuart Mill

- Animal Experimentation The works of philosophers Immanuel Kant and John Stuart Mill have been used more substantively in animal advocacy movements, even though Mill’s utilitarianism was genuinely animal amicable at the time; he believed that in any circumstance the right action would be the action that have a tendency to minimize the pain and suffering, and expand the pleasure and happiness, of all humans and animals which in return should impact our treatment of animals. Immanuel Kant a philosopher who is often mention in animal advocacy movement did not believe we had any direct ethical duties to animal....   [tags: Animal rights, Animal testing]

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Analysis of Immanuel Kant´s Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals

- Immanuel Kant is a popular modern day philosopher. He was a modest and humble man of his time. He never left his hometown, never married and never strayed from his schedule. Kant may come off as boring, while he was an introvert but he had a great amount to offer. His thoughts and concepts from the 1700s are still observed today. His most recognized work is from the Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals. Here Kant expresses his idea of ‘The Good Will’ and the ‘Categorical Imperative’. The concept Kant is displaying in his work is the universal maxim....   [tags: Will, Actions, Morality]

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Kant 's Philosophy On Moral Philosophy

- One of the first mature works on moral philosophy is Groundwork of the Metaphysic of Morals by Immanuel Kant. In this book, Kant explains his message and ideas by providing examples and proving himself throughout the entire book that morals are an important aspect in life as well as why they are expressing the principles behind this concept. Kant laid the fundamental principle of morality and shows how it applies to use as human beings. One thing that sets Kant apart is the amount of explanations that he brings into his book....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, Morality, Ethics]

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Kant 's Philosophical Concepts Of Space

- Kant’s Four Considerations on the A Priori Nature of Space Knowledge about the world we inhabit is often considered the chief ambition of philosophy, and such was the desire of Immanuel Kant in his Critique of Pure Reason. The crux of his critique is the acknowledgment and application of synthetic, a priori judgments. This ambitious work contains a number of complex arguments regarding the inherent a priori/a posteriori nature of things and the analytic/synthetic reasoning behind human knowledge of such things....   [tags: A priori and a posteriori, Immanuel Kant]

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When is Lying OK? Rejecting All Lies: Immanuel Kant by Sissela Bok

- Lying is an issue that has been debated on for a long time. Some people believe that lying is sometimes ok in certain circumstances. Some people believe lying is always acceptable. In contrast, some believe lying is always bad. Keeping all other’s opinions in mind, I believe that lying is a deficient way of solving problems and is a bad thing. I claim that only certain situations allow the usage of lies and that otherwise, lying is bad. Dishonesty is bad because it makes it harder to serve justice, harms the liar individually, and messes up records....   [tags: bad, weakens justice ]

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Kant 's Second Categorical Imperative

- In Support of Respect Immanuel Kant greatly influenced philosophers with his writings that based reasoning as a primary source of morality as opposed to feelings. Kant identified categorical imperatives as our moral duties to humanity, these imperatives command us to do an action because it is the right thing to do, and likewise if we do not do the right action we are being immoral. Kant’s second categorical imperative is based on respect towards humanity. He achieves this through two main points, one being mutual benefit and the other as individual autonomy....   [tags: Morality, Immanuel Kant, Ethics]

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Kant And Kant 's Theory

- When dealing with Kant, we must always ask ourselves these question’s before we decide to act: can I sensibly determine that everyone acts as I plan to act, and does my action respect the goals of other’s rather than my own reasons. Kant’s theory looks at the rightness or wrongness of these actions and relates them on not depending on such consequences but on whether they fulfill our duty or not. The Categorical Imperative in relation to Kant is that he believed that there was an utmost norm of morality and that the categorical imperative determines our moral duties....   [tags: Categorical imperative, Immanuel Kant, Morality]

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Kant 's View On The Mind

- When two great professional like professor Bryan Magee and contemporary philosopher Geoffrey Warnock sit down to discuss and try to understand one those most complexes philosopher turn very hard for us understand the conception of the facts describe in that video. I was very interesting in Immanuel Kant life the way he was a brilliant orator, for more the 30 years university professor, and the first university philosopher. Kant had the capacity in write to in very single mind, even his friend considered him the most difficult writer....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, Philosophy, Morality, Ethics]

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Kant 's Morality And Duty

- For centuries, philosophers and theorists have argued over the topic of morality. Trying to determine if a person can exhibit complete morality or whether other concepts like free will and the concepts behind self-interests will win out over morality and duty. They asked questions aimed at determining what can drive a person to ignore morality and duty as well as examining the actions that they felt embodied morality and duty. Immanuel Kant also sought to explain morality and duty. However, Kant’s perception of what constitutes morality was highly criticized and often discounted....   [tags: Morality, Immanuel Kant, Duty, Ethics]

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Kant 's Argument On Suicide

- The question which I shall look at for the Autumn Term part of this Take-Home Exam is: According to Kant, suicide is immoral. What is his argument for this claim. Does his theory really generate this result, when applied to the case of suicide. Why or why not. Immanuel Kant’s argument for the claim that suicide is immoral can be found in the Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals on page 73-74 in Practical Philosophy. The claim which Kant makes is when he starts to explain the Categorical Imperative....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, Categorical imperative, Philosophy]

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Kant 's Philosophy On Lying

- Immanuel Kant is a firm believer in the ideology that morality is solely based on duty and reason alone. This simply way of thinking is known as a deontological moral theory, which states that “the rightness or wrongness of actions does not depend on their consequences but on whether they fulfill our [mankind’s] duty” (“Kantian Ethics”). Based on his theory and throughout a significant number of his writings, Kant argues that it is not okay to lie. If Kant’s theory is correct, then no one could ever lie, not even to protect a friend from serious harm....   [tags: Morality, Immanuel Kant, Ethics, Philosophy]

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Kant 's Views On Lying

- Immanuel Kant is steadfast in his belief that before anyone can do anything absolutely moral, they must reason what would occur if every person on Earth did this exact thing, or as he puts it, “Act only according to that maxim whereby you can at the same time will that it should become a universal law” (Kant, Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals, 30). This philosophy seems sound, but is actually inherently flawed, as when it comes into conflict with his opinions on lying, it makes both points to be somewhat impossible to live by....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, Philosophy, Morality, Ethics]

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Kant 's Of The Metaphysics Of Morals

- In Immanuel Kant’s work, “Groundwork for the metaphysics of morals” he discusses what is good will. He believes that a good will is in itself already good and acts in accordance with goodness. So the traits that are normally associated with a good will like intelligence and courage are not be valued as good but rather are only temperaments that can be used in both good and bad aspects. A good will is not brought on by actions or is it meant to provide some sort of reward at the end of completion, but rather it is brought on only when a will desires to be good....   [tags: Morality, Immanuel Kant, Philosophy, Law]

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Kant 's Metaphysics Of Morals

- In Grounding of the Metaphysics of Morals, Immanuel Kant discusses humans as rational beings as they relate to morality in one’s decision making. He proposes that people follow the categorical imperative, a principle that says: “Act only according to that maxim whereby you can at the same time will that it should become a universal law” (Kant 30). Kant believes that humans, since they have reason, are able to exercise ethics in every action and towards any person. In doing so, they demonstrate their “intrinsic worth, i.e., dignity” (40)....   [tags: Morality, Immanuel Kant, Ethics, Human]

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Kant 's Theory On Morality

- The question of how we determine what is right and what is wrong has been one that has plagued humankind for centuries. Although many have tried to answer this question there is still no definite answer. Adam Smith believes morals are grounded in sympathy and experience. Immanuel Kant however, is certain that morals should not be derived from experience but from pure reason. I for one believe that neither of these men are entirely correct. Both of their theories on morality are flawed in that one does not account for the human experience and the other takes the human experience too much into account....   [tags: Morality, Ethics, Logic, Immanuel Kant]

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A Discussion Of Kant 's Moral Philosophy

- Universal or Limiting: A Discussion of Kant’s Moral Philosophy The benefit of a moral theory that is applicable in all situations and does not change depending on the circumstances is clearly appealing. Immanuel Kant lays provides such a moral philosophy in “Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals.” Kant’s main arguments are born of reason, not of experience and center on the idea that moral principles should be applicable in all situations. Because of this, Kant’s moral theory may seem rigid and unfeeling to modern readers....   [tags: Morality, Ethics, Immanuel Kant, Philosophy]

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Kantian Approach On Kant 's Ethics

- A Kantian Approach to Case Two Over the course of this essay, I will present the reader with information on Kant’s Deontology, including, but not limited to, explaining how Immanuel Kant discerns what is morally right and morally wrong. I will then apply these criterion to case number two, and attempt to accurately portray what Kant’s Deontology dictates is the morally correct response. Following this determination, I will show the reader that although Kant’s moral reasoning will lead us to a definitive answer, we should not be so quick to accept it....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, Categorical imperative, Ethics]

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Kant 's On Grounding For The Metaphysics Of Morals

- Immanuel Kant’s work on Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals explores the understanding of morels, and the process of which these morals are developed through philosophy. He also disentangled the usefulness and foundation of the instituted of religion. Kant starts by explaining the three divisions of philosophy which are: physics, ethics, and logic. He clarifies that physics and ethics are a posteriori while logic is, a priori, but there is a third variable that interacts both which is also the foundation of morals....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, Philosophy, Morality, Ethics]

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Kant 's Grounding For The Metaphysics Of Morals

- Immanuel Kant’s Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals is one of his earliest works and is one of the most influential in the field of moral philosophy. In this work, Kant sets the stage and establishes the ground for future investigation by explaining setting and explaining the core concepts of the “supreme principle of morality” (Kant 1993)1. He presents his work in three sections, but only the first two will be focused on. Although it is not definitive, Kant attempts to work from ordinary moral knowledge to a supreme principle, and then attempts to test that principle in the second and third sections of the work....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, Morality, Philosophy, Ethics]

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Kant 's Theory Of Categorical Imperative

- Immanuel Kant was known as a German philosopher in the 18th century. During this time, he came up with the concept of categorical imperative; this concept is described as a moral law that applies to individuals and how they make decisions and approach situations. Kant’s concept is separate from personal motives or desires, it is an obligation that an individual will do something for their themselves and not what may come out of it in the future. In the book “Grounding for Metaphysics and Morals” Kant states, “A rational being must always regard himself as a legislator in a kingdom of ends rendered possible by the freedom of the will whether as member or as sovereign....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, Morality, Categorical imperative]

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Kant 's Theory Of Moral Obligations

- Immanuel Kant once argued that moral obligations are dependent upon a standard of rationality and upon his formula of humanity. The basis of his ethical viewpoint is formulated by the idea that the only unconditional good is good will, and that good will is incorporated around attempting to do the right thing no matter the circumstance since it is simply the right thing to do. Kant’s thesis can be summarized in his formula of humanity: “act in such a way as to treat humanity, whether in your own person or in that of anyone else, always as an end and never merely as a means.” Kant’s perspective can be broken down into two separate categories of morality propositions....   [tags: Morality, Ethics, Immanuel Kant, Aesthetics]

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Kant 's Theory Of Transcendental Idealism

- 1. Immanuel Kant would have rejected the statement that “scientific explanation gives us knowledge about the world.” Scientific explanation uses observations and measurements to explain something that is seen in the world. However, Kant’s theory of Transcendental Idealism the universe is made intelligible by the human mind imposing itself on the world. In Kant’s theory, the human mind uses causation to make sense of the chaos, thus people see objects, hear a phone ring, and experience texture. Furthermore, Kant developed a third category of knowledge known as synthetic a priori, or Metaphysics....   [tags: Causality, Metaphysics, Immanuel Kant, Mind]

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Kant 's Categorical Imperative Essay

- Utilitarian thought and theory are based on the “Greatest Happiness Principle” which exclaims that actions are considered moral only when they promote universal happiness and the absence of pain. In this paper, I argue that Kant’s Categorical Imperative is superior to utilitarianism because Kant’s Categorical Imperative allows for actions to be judged case by case, as opposed of what’s considered to be the best for maximizing happiness. First and foremost, the Greatest Happiness Principle focuses on two main ideas: one’s actions and their resulting utility....   [tags: Morality, Immanuel Kant, Utilitarianism]

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Kant 's Philosophy On Philosophy And Morality

- History of Kantianism Kant was born into a lower-class Pietist (evangelical Lutheran) family in an area of Prussia which is now part of Russia. [3] Though his parents were religious, Kant was more likely influenced by their work ethic than by their religion. [3] While living in Prussia, Kant learned about the enlightenment movement, which provided a contrast to help him develop his views on autonomy and freedom. [7] Another of the main influences for Kant was the recent work of scientists, specifically, Copernicus, Galileo, and Newton....   [tags: Ethics, Immanuel Kant, Morality]

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Kant 's Moral Philosophy On A Formal Sense

- For me, this class has been an interdiction to philosophy in a formal sense. "While reading Mistakes Were Made, but not by me" by Tavris and Aronson and Justice by Sandel I made quite a few connections in the material. The most protrusive of chapters in these books to me were on Immanuel Kant in justice, and Wounds, Rifts, and wars in Mistakes were made. Because of Kant’s Philosophy on the will to do good, and the story of how Jim and Dianne felt when dealing with Jim 's affair, I couldn’t help but see parallels in these sections....   [tags: Morality, Ethics, Immanuel Kant, Philosophy]

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Utilitarianism And Kant 's Theory Of The Categorical Imperative

- Moral decision-making constitutes an important part of the everyday human life. In this paper, I will examine and contrast Utilitarianism and Kant’s theory of the Categorical Imperative, both, which provide people with a moral structure, and how the issue of etiquettes relates to Kantian Theory. It is important to note that both the theories have their advantages and drawbacks, thus to enable one to make a methodical decision, it is important to understand the basic principles of each. However, in this paper there will be a main focus on Kantian Categorical argument and then discussing the issue of etiquettes....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, Categorical imperative, Morality]

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Kant 's Metaphysics Of Morals

- In order to become a well rounded individual you must be aware of the moral problems in society and be able to evaluate them. Respectively, this class has allowed me to do so, through readings and videos, providing my own insight on many moral issues. This class has shown me there are many different interpretations to right and wrong, and hard evidence must be agued to be persuasive. Throughout the course of this class we looked into multiple philosophers such as Kant, Aristotle, and Sandel, a professor at Harvard....   [tags: Morality, Ethics, Immanuel Kant, Virtue]

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Kant 's Theory Of Ethics

- deontologist over the years I 've always judge morality has being a duty to be obliged to buy human beings being with animals with the ability to think and make choices. In other words, human beings are obligated to do what is right and to avoid engaging in action team as wrong. Furthermore, these philosophers have over the years established standards for determine right and wrong Actions based on intuition, religious conviction and conscience. Conte, however appears to emphasize that good is determined buy practical reason and based on rationally it is Apparent from kant 's Theory of ethics and establish that the human being must be respected as a person who is unique and therefore not us...   [tags: Immanuel Kant, Morality, Ethics, Human]

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The Deontological Moral Theory By Kant

- We live in an imperfect world where things can inevitably go wrong although our actions meant well. Ethical actions should not be judged by a good outcome rather by a good will. Ethics are principles of right and wrong that guide a body of professionals on how to conduct their duties. In this paper good will is explained as an act of kindness towards oneself. This essay will explore the deontological moral theory by Kant in relation to utilitarianism by Mill. Humans perform actions with an intention of achieving some kind of satisfaction that one can refer to as trying attain a feel of happiness....   [tags: Ethics, Morality, Immanuel Kant, Happiness]

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Applying Kant 's Categorical Imperative

- Applying Kant’s categorical imperative to better Humanity People normally assume that moral principles must relate to all rational beings at all places and all times. Moral principles must therefore be based on concepts of reason, as opposed to personality and cultural believes. The goal of the Kant’s Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals is to develop a better understanding of moral principles, so that people may better distinguish what is morally right or wrong. A prime example of that is deontology, which is the ethical position that judges the morality of an action based on the action’s loyalty to a rule or duty....   [tags: Ethics, Morality, Law, Immanuel Kant]

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Kant Deontological Ethical Theory On Duty

- According to Kant deontological ethical theory focuses on duty. It is viewed that humans have a duty in doing what is ethically right in any given situation. However, the categorical imperative does not have the same ideas it does not consist of duties to our selves. As Kant indicates in idea of the Kingdom of Ends that our duty lies in treating all human being as ends in and of themselves instead of as a means to an end it is perceived as being an extension to our selves. It is based on the desires of a person in how they want to be treated and will succeed as long as the universal good is applied as well....   [tags: Ethics, Morality, Immanuel Kant, Philosophy]

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Kant 's View On Selfish Reasoning

- What is your opinion of Kant 's view on the idea that we only do what is "right" because we are worried about the consequences. I feel for the most part that Kant is correct. Humans are born into a world where the only life they can use to perceive the world is their own. On some unconscious level the only life we truly consider important is our own. Our unconsciousness has a large influence on our actions whether we realize it or not, so it makes sense that so many of our decisions are made purely on selfish reasoning....   [tags: Philosophy, Ethics, Utilitarianism, Immanuel Kant]

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Kant 's Ethical Theory And Ethics

- James Liang was part of an effort by Volkswagen engineers in Germany to create a “clean” Diesel engine for sale in the United States. During the development of the engine, the engineers discovered they would not design an engine to meet the US Clean Air Act and satisfy customer needs. Liang and the engineers decided to create a “defeat device” (Shoenberg, Naughton, & Butters, 2016) in order to cheat the emissions testing process. Liang and his team then tried to cover up their device when US officials noticed and inquired about the discrepancies between test results and actual performance of the engines....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, Philosophy, Categorical imperative]

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Kant 's Ethical Theory And Ethics

- James Liang, a member of a team of Volkswagen engineers in Germany, assisted in the creation of a “clean” Diesel engine for sale in the United States. During the development of the engine, the engineers discovered they could not design an engine to meet the US Clean Air Act and satisfy customer needs. Liang and the engineers decided to create a “defeat device” (Shoenberg, Naughton, & Butters, 2016) in order to cheat the emissions testing process. Liang and his team then tried to cover up their device when US officials noticed and inquired about the discrepancies between test results and actual performance of the engines....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, Philosophy, Categorical imperative]

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The Value Of The Individual On Kant 's Theory

- The value of the individual on Kant’s theory, Utilitarianism and Egoism are all very different, yet need each other in so many ways to function in our daily lives. Kant’s theory is an example of a deontological moral theory according to these theories, the rightness or wrongness of actions does not depend on their consequences but on whether they fulfill our duty. Utilitarianism is, thus, a teleological theory, it takes the view that what makes an action good or bad, right or wrong, is its outcome or consequence....   [tags: Morality, Ethics, Immanuel Kant, Philosophy]

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