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Immanuel Kant : A Universal Law

- Maggie Fitzgerald was raised knowing one thing; she was trash. She had no true family that cared for her. No one even really knew she existed. The only person who gave her hope was her father. That was true up until she found the sport boxing and met Frankie. She earned everything through blood, sweat, and tears. Even when people were telling her she couldn’t do it, she still tried. Through all of this Maggie gained freedom, personhood, and experience. Freedom according to Immanuel Kant is the ability to guide ones actions using laws of one’s own making....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, Categorical imperative]

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Immanuel Kant's Theory of Judgment

- What are, and what are the differences between, judgments of perception and judgments of experience for Kant. Understanding how the mind works has been a major goal throughout philosophy, and an important piece of this deals with how humans come to experience the world. Many philosophers have attempted to investigate this issue, and Hume successfully proposed a framework by which human understanding could be understood. This writing, however, spurred Kant’s philosophical mind, awaking him from his “dogmatic slumber” and leading him to develop his own framework to define thought....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, 2015]

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Immanuel Kant On Morals And The Second

- Immanuel Kant Immanuel Kant was born April 22, 1724 in Konigsberg, Prussia, which is now Kaliningrad, Russia (“Immanuel Kant”). This was a beautiful town with lots of traveler’s right on the Baltic Sea. Immanuel Kant was very liked by the town’s people and not one time in his life left this town of Konigsberg. He also went on the exact same walk at the same time every day. There was only two times in his adult life that his walk was interrupted. The first was when he passed David Hume’s book on morals and the second was when he saw a poster on a tree about the French Revolution....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, Categorical imperative, Ethics]

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The Metaphysics Of Morals By Immanuel Kant

- Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals, written by Immanuel Kant is commenced with Kant’s notion, “It is impossible to think of anything at all in the world, or indeed even beyond it, that could be taken to be good without limitation, except a good will.” Thereby, Kant argues that morality, which according to him is contextually synonymous with the term “good,” lies both unrestrictedly (“without limitation”) and indisputably (“it is impossible to think of anything…”) within good will. Perhaps the phrase “good will” is unsatisfactorily vague, at least concerning Kant’s intended definition of good will....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, Categorical imperative, Morality]

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`` Holy Shit ' By Immanuel Kant

- Reading philosophical work is nauseating and the precursor to painful migraines and extreme frustration. I find that much of what philosophers have to say is irrelevant, outdated, and mind-numbing in the most maddening way possible. While reading through books like Mill’s Utilitarianism or Kant’s Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals I often think, “Holy shit am I reading a Lewis Carrol novel. This doesn’t make any sense. Didn’t he already say that. Yeah no, he is totally repeating himself.” I believe that the authors desire to sound smart greatly overshadows their original intention to portray a clear interpretation of what they believe is moral or the right way to be happy....   [tags: Ethics, Immanuel Kant, Morality, Utilitarianism]

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Immanuel Kant Was A German Philosopher

- Immanuel Kant was a German philosopher during the Enlightenment, a time when dramatic changes were taking place in philosophy, the sciences, and politics. He was born on April 22, 1724 in Konigsberg, Prussia, a town that he would never leave. His father was a saddle maker, and his mother was known for her character and natural intelligence. Kant’s family lived modestly, and was active in the Pietism branch of the Lutheran Church. Kant’s pastor made it possible for him to receive an education, by admitting him to the Pietism School at the age of eight....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, Morality, Human, Philosophy]

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Immanuel Kant On Morality And Morality

- When it comes to morality, there are different theories that can lead to what drives and creates morality. Yet, the question that all theorists try to find the correct answer to is what morality is. The theories that were discussed in chapter 2 gave off the impression that each theory that has ever existed and will exist will be contradicted. Although each theory gave a precise explanation, each theory was based on every theorists own opinion and belief. For every act or motive there is a reason, and any action that would take place would be deemed as unethical....   [tags: Ethics, Morality, Virtue, Immanuel Kant]

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Immanuel Kant And The Categorical Imperative

- In Elements of Pure Practical Reason Book, I, Immanuel Kant, a prominent late Enlightenment Era German philosopher discusses his most famous ethical theory, the “Categorical Imperative.” The “Categorical Imperative” is a proposed universal law in stating all humans are forbidden from certain actions regardless of consequences. Although this is the general definition of this ethical theory, the Categorical Imperative” exists in two above formulations, A strict interpretation of Categorical Imperative and a more liberal interpretation....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, Philosophy, Ayn Rand, Kantianism]

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Immanuel Kant 's Philosophy

- Immanuel Kant’s philosophy is one of discernment and reasoning, to the extent of complete objectiveness, which a majority of humans would reason as impractical or unrealistic. However, his views of the world are the easiest way of having a utopian world, similar to Tomas More’s view of what a utopia is. Further, More states in his writing Utopia that “You wouldn 't abandon ship in a storm just because you couldn 't control the winds.”(More, Utopia) symbolizing the world of today, a broken ship that longs for reconstruction to be made....   [tags: Human, Morality, Immanuel Kant, Utopia]

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Immanuel Kant And Ayn Rand

- Philosophy is amongst the most difficult and challenging subjects anyone can discuss. Philosophy has changed throughout the years and it can be inquiring and critical. Most philosophers have different theories on how the world should be and there are many issues and questions that arise. What is real; what is truth; what is good; is the mind something separate from the body; and are we free, or are our actions determined so that we no longer have any control or influence. Immanuel Kant and Ayn Rand are two Philosophers that are respected for their different philosophies....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, Philosophy, Ethics, Ayn Rand]

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Immanuel Kant

- He was the fourth of nine children of Johann Georg and Anna Regina Kant, German philosopher Immanuel Kant was born in Konigsberg, East Prussia in 1724. Son of a humble saddler, his family belonged to a Protestant religious group of Pietists ,religion was a very improtant part in every aspect of their lives. Even though Kant was critical of formal religion, he still admired the conduct of Pietists. Kant’s went to elementary school at Saint George’s Hospital School and then went to the Collegium Fredericianum, a Pietist school, where he studied from 1732 until 1740....   [tags: Immanuel Kant]

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John Stuart Mill And Immanuel Kant

- There has been an ongoing debate regarding torture and ethical reasoning to determine when or if its ever ok. Modern scholars such as Alan Dershowitz, Sam Harris, and Charles & Gregory Fried, have expressed different ideas on ethical torture. Ideas of ethical reasoning were established by John Stuart Mill and Immanuel Kant. Even though they did not specifically use torture as an example of ethical reasoning for decision making their rational can still be applied to this topic. Immanuel Kant believed our moral decisions are based on categorical imperative....   [tags: Ethics, Immanuel Kant, Morality]

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Immanuel Kant And Kant 's Theory

- There is another theory that was developed by and named after a German philosopher who was known as Immanuel Kant. His theory was based entirely on reason. According to this theory, one should act with a “good will.” He defines this good will as acting according to our duties, only because it is our duty. We do what is morally right out of respect for our own understanding of morality. On top of this Kant also came up with the means-end principle. This principle dictates that we should never treat others merely as a means for our ends, but treat them as ends in themselves....   [tags: Ethics, Immanuel Kant, Morality, Philosophy]

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Immanuel Kant’s Non- consequentialist Ethical Theory

- 1. Introduction According to Immanuel Kant the driving force behind our actions should be dictated by what is inherently good as sole consideration and not be based upon the effects of what such actions may produce such as the case in the consequentialist theory of cause. In this essay Kant’s ethical non-consequentialist theory will be briefly investigated and a comparison drawn between the two different theories in order to establish merit in employment thereof in practice. 2. Kantian Morality Central to Kant’s morality theory is his claim that: “It is impossible to conceive anything at all in the world, or even out of it, which can be taken as good without qualification, except a good will...   [tags: Immanuel Kant]

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Immanuel Kant 's Philosophy Of Ethics

- “Two things fill the mind with ever new and increasing admiration and awe, the oftener and more steadily we reflect on them: the starry heavens above and the moral law within.” said Immanuel Kant. Morality is referred to as a societal code of conduct put forward by rational persons given the specified conditions. Throughout time, the concept of what morality is has played a crucial role in the study of ethics. Considered as the most influential thinker of the enlightenment era and one of the greatest western philosophers, German philosopher Immanuel Kant profoundly impacted the study of ethics....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, Morality, Deontological ethics]

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Immanuel Kant 's Philosophy And Ethics

- Immanuel Kant is known worldwide as a very influential person, especially in the field of philosophy and ethics. His beliefs were based off of treating other humans with dignity and being morally rational. Morality according to Immanuel Kant can be defined primarily as doing what any morally responsible person would do and respecting other individuals. With his Theory-Enhanced Definition of Morality, I encountered a difficult moral situation in which I am deemed as acting immoral by my definition of morality....   [tags: Morality, Immanuel Kant, Ethics, Human]

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Immanuel Kant And John Stuart Mill

- Even though at the first glance, the two most influential philosophers in human history - Immanuel Kant and John-Stuart Mill seem to have a lot of disagreements on the central concepts of their moral philosophies – for example, while Kant is concerned more about the intentions of an action, Mill, on the other hand, believes that the consequences of an action are the only justification necessary for an act to be good or moral or right, they still have beliefs in common, such as the concept of the greater good and base their moral systems on a fundamental first principle....   [tags: Morality, Ethics, Utilitarianism, Immanuel Kant]

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Immanuel Kant 's Metaphysics Of Morals

- Immanuel Kant’s Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals explores themes of morality and its application to rational beings. Rationality, to Kant, includes a necessary commitment to morality, wherein failing to be moral is simultaneously a failure to be rational. Within this work, Kant proposes a concept that he entitles the “Categorical Imperative”. The Categorical Imperative is essential in the exploration of morality in the rational being, and, as with morality, is dependent solely on reason alone....   [tags: Categorical imperative, Immanuel Kant, Morality]

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Immanuel Kant 's Metaphysics Of Morals

- Immanuel Kant’s “Groundwork to the Metaphysics of Morals” answers the question of, where does the moral value or worth of an action reside by stating the only thing that can be completely good is a good will itself. He voices that even good moral acts and good moral things can have a negative result. Good will is a formal law like how gravity is a law, in order to have a good-willed society, everyone must obey this moral, universal law. The specific requirements of good will are performed by duties, these duties are designed to attain, “this notion that always holds the highest esteem in estimating the value of our actions” (Kant, 116)....   [tags: Ethics, Morality, Immanuel Kant, Aesthetics]

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Arthur Schopenhauer Vs Immanuel Kant

- Arthur Schopenhauer Versus Immanuel Kant 2 Arthur Schopenhauer’s meaning of life includes ideas that attempt to identify factors that constitute happiness. According to Schopenhauer, the three factors are what one is, what one has, and how one is regarded by others. ( Pigliucci, 2006 ) What one has and how one is regarded appear to be the two deciding factors that determine an individual’s happiness. Not much consideration is given to what one is. These ideas led to the philosophy that “personality is the greatest factor in happiness.” ( Pigliucci, 2006 ) Schopenhauer believed that personal attributes that are possessed need to be utilized to their maximum potential....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, Philosophy, Ethics, Morality]

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Immanuel Kant 's Categorical Imperative

- Immanuel Kant’s Categorical Imperative and John Stuart Mill’s Utilitarianism are two schools of thought that view morality differently. Both Kant and Mill understand and agree that some form of morality exists. They both recognize that the concept of morality applies to all rational beings and that an action can be deemed as moral or immoral based on reason. Despite being reasonably in agreement about what morality is; there are numerous important differences between Mill and Kant’s perception of morality....   [tags: Morality, Ethics, Immanuel Kant, Utilitarianism]

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Immanuel Kant 's Categorical Imperative

- Google defines Categorical Imperative as “(in Kantian ethics) an unconditional moral obligation that is binding in all circumstances and is not dependent on a person 's inclination or purpose.” (Google) Thus, there is no middle ground on morals nor is there ever a situation to where one should commit a moral wrong doing. Immanuel Kant had strong views regarding Categorical Imperative and believed that universal law applies to all. He also believes there cannot be any exceptions to this rule, or it becomes right for all to live by the exception....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, Morality, Ethics, Human]

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Immanuel Kant 's Moral Theory

- Immanuel Kant is a philosopher of the early centuries, one of his well-known works is his moral theory which can be referred to as Deontology. The moral theory arises from the principle behind Deontology which is derived from -deon which signifies rule or law and -ology which means the study of. Kant designed his moral theory to be contradictory to utilitarianism which is a moral theory that focuses on the outcomes of an action. Beside other factors the moral theory is a non-consequentialist moral theory which in basic terms means the theory follows a law based system of making judgements and disregards the consequences....   [tags: Categorical imperative, Immanuel Kant, Ethics]

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Immanuel Kant 's Formulations Of The Categorical Imperative

- Essay #2: Immanuel Kant’s Formulations of the Categorical Imperative In his book, Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals, Immanuel Kant theorizes an absolute and universal guide based on the principle of reason to determine what humans morally ought to do— the categorical imperative. The categorical imperatives consists of different formulations, which simply act as different ways of defining it. Within his formulations, Kant stresses the importance of universalism, equality, and Categorical Imperatives versus Hypothetical Imperatives Before delving into the different formulations of the categorical imperative, Kant must distinguish between categorical imperatives and hypothetical impera...   [tags: Categorical imperative, Immanuel Kant]

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Nietzsche And Immanuel Kant 's Philosophy Of Moral Law

- Between philosophers Nietzsche and Immanuel Kant, we can conclude that Nietzsche has different views in which a man lives his life. According to Kant, we as human beings must act and live according the moral law. However, in regards to Nietzsche, he rejects the notion that there is a moral code for everyone and insists that each individual is able to see that there is no objective morality. Nietzsche’s greatest criticism of Kant’s philosophy of moral law, stems from his emphasis and use of the idea of the “overman”, which forms his opinion on liberal democracy (Hamilton-Bleakley)....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, Morality, Friedrich Nietzsche]

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Immanuel Kant And The United States Marine Corps Uniform

- In everyday life, there are things that we can control. However, there are also surprises that come up that requires a quick decision. One such incident came up in my life about six years ago. I was married at the time, and I was offered the chance to have a sexual encounter with another female. This was a shock and required me to make a split second decision. It seems like this would be an easy choice, but considering the state of my marriage at the time, that was not the case. Let me explain what was going on and show you why this was not such an easy decision to make....   [tags: Ethics, Immanuel Kant, Categorical imperative]

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Immanuel Kant 's Theory Of Radical Evil

- Immanuel Kant’s theory of Radical Evil presents a secular position defining evil in away of which the agents performing evil acts can be held accountable. It centres around the concept that evil, specifically evil is performing acts of atrocity rooted from placing self-love ahead of duty. Therefore right action is acting out of duty in obedience with the Universal moral law, and in contrast what can be seen as an evil act is an act carried out with the motivation being self-love or self centred tendencies....   [tags: Morality, Ethics, Immanuel Kant, Evil]

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Immanuel Kant 's Universal Law Test

- In this paper, I will argue that Immanuel Kant’s universal law test is a form of consequentialism. I will begin by explaining Kant’s formulation of his Categorical Imperative, and the moral theories on which it relies. Next, I will introduce John Stuart Mill’s criticism of Kant’s moral theory, and explain why I believe that he is correct in claiming that Kant’s arguments ultimately rely on utilitarian principles. In his book Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals, Kant argues that “There is no possibility of thinking of anything at all… which can be regarded as good without qualifications, except a good will” (7)....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, Morality, Ethics, Philosophy]

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The Kantian Perspective : Fairness And Justice Immanuel Kant

- In chapter 11 The Kantian Perspective: Fairness and Justice Immanuel Kant suggests that the clear cut basic works upon the same technique as the ethical law and it is likewise disregarded by the individuals who accept who apply "double standards ". The downright basic may further be recognized as a prerequisite to not regard other objective creatures as means, for Kant communicates that every single reasonable being contain the capacity of pressing together objectives, yet never see themselves as just an intends to another reason for their moves are eventually made all alone benefit and are finishes in themselves....   [tags: Ethics, Immanuel Kant, Good and evil, Morality]

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Immanuel Kant 's Philosophy Of Knowledge, Reality, Existence And Thought Processes

- Philosophy is the study of knowledge, reality, existence and thought processes. Immanuel Kant from Prussia, (currently Russia) for whom was influential during the Enlightenment period; and John Stuart Mill from Great Britain whom was present during the Romantic era, explored ideas that they believed would create a more fair and just society, by trying to legislate morality. Morality cannot be legislated because it is a concept of right and wrong created by each different religion, region and culture; issues are not black and white....   [tags: Morality, Immanuel Kant, Ethics, Utilitarianism]

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Immanuel Kant 's Metaphysics Of Morals Tightly Associates Rationality, Will, And Moral Law

- Immanuel Kant in his Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals tightly associates rationality, will, and moral law with autonomous action. Autonomous action in Kantian philosophy is thought as having the will to act independently and freely, or rather to be self-governing. However at the same time, he argues that the only way to do so is to act in accordance with the moral law which we can will to be a universal law. The evident question that arises with this is why is this so. Modern interpretation would suggest that this almost appears to be a contradiction as acting freely would seemingly not require abiding to a law....   [tags: Morality, Immanuel Kant, Human, Ethics]

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Immanuel Kant's Theory

- Immanuel Kant's Theory Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) discussed many ethical systems and reasoning’s some were based on a belief that the reason is the final authority for morality. In Kant’s eyes, reason is directly correlated with morals and ideals. Actions of any sort, he believed, must be undertaken from a sense of duty dictated by reason, and no action performed for appropriateness or solely in obedience to law or custom can be regarded as moral. A moral act is an act done for the "right" reasons....   [tags: Papers Immanuel Kant Morality]

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Immanuel Kant

- Immanuel Kant Immanuel Kant was born, lived and passed away in his home town of Konigsberg. He lived from 1724 to 1804. He studied at the local university and later returned to tutor and lecture students. It wasn’t until he met an English merchant by the name of Joseph Green that Kant learned of David Hume and began to develop his ideas of morals and values. Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason (1781) is believed by many to be his greatest work. Kant’s was known mainly, however, for his moral code The Categorical Imperative....   [tags: Immanuel Kant Deontology Ethics]

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The Metaphysics of Morals by Immanuel Kant

- In Immanuel Kant’s Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals, he discusses his fundamental principle of morality. This is also known as his “categorical imperative”. His principle of morality basically states that all actions are moral and “good” if they are performed as a duty. Such an idea is exemplified when he says, “I should never act except in such a way that I can also will that my maxim should become a universal law” (Kant 14). Kant also seeks to apply his principal to suicide, as well has helping others in distress....   [tags: philosophy, categorical imperative]

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The Metaphysics of Morals by Immanuel Kant

- ... Categorical imperatives, however, are ends in of itself. He says that actions are only good if they are carried out "just because," which would be a categorical imperative. However, he argues that actions are usually not assumed for the sake of duty alone but because of some self-interest, which forces them to act out that action where they wouldn't have otherwise. This is evident when Kant states that "in fact, there is absolutely no possibility by means of experience to make out with complete certainty a single case in which the maxim of an action that may in other respects conform with duty has rested solely on moral grounds" (Kant, 19)....   [tags: philosophy, actions, moral values]

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Immanuel Kant and The Hypothetical Imperatives

- Immanuel Kant an influential philosopher of deontological, or duty based, ethics. Kant believed actions are given moral worth, not by the outcome, but by the motive behind it, and the only way to act morally is one that comes about based on universal laws. There is a class of imperatives that we must do, despite the outcome. Kant called these "categorical imperatives," we can call these moral actions. We do them because we feel obligated, they are our duty, and we do so whether we like the outcome, or not....   [tags: personal experience, volunteering]

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Immanuel Kant and the Moral Law

- Immanuel Kant was a German philosopher from the 18th century, widely known for his various achievements and works such as Critique of Pure Reason and Foundations of Metaphysics of Morals. Kant developed a theory of ethics that depends on reason rather than emotion called The Moral Law. Kant was not anti-religious but he wanted an ethical system that was not obscured by religion, emotion or personal interpretation. According to Kant, morality is a function of reason, based on our consciousness of necessary and universal laws....   [tags: law, duty, theory of ethics]

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A Philosophical Treatise By Immanuel Kant

- 1. What is the author’s central claim. Copy and paste the author’s claim directly from the article below. Indicate the page number where you copied the claim. Many may consider the Facebook postings and article comments to be vacuous, narcissistic, or vapid, but they are thoughts that their writers considered worth sharing. A philosophical treatise by Immanuel Kant may be more profound, and more edifying to remember, than the average Facebook post or article comment, but his writings may not be tuned so precisely to what our minds effortlessly encode....   [tags: Twitter, Social network service]

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Immanuel Kant And Thomas Hobbes

- ESSAY Throughout the ages there have been many impactful theorists that have brought forward ideologies on way to live, to communicate, and to think. Immanuel Kant and Thomas Hobbes are two philosophers who have produced profound thought provoking theories on how mankind should comprehend and conceive ideas. Kant talks about an enlightened age, where people must disregard guidance from others and learn to become independent thinkers. Contrarily, Hobbes discusses a world where a higher authority makes the decisions and thinks for the people....   [tags: Social contract, Political philosophy, Philosophy]

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The Philosohpy of Immanuel Kant

- Immanuel Kant is referred to as the “father” of deontological ethics, which is also colloquially referred to as Kantianism, which provides a sophisticated explication of deontology. His philosophy embodies capitulating to one’s maxim, which he beliefs that to be good, however, only if one’s motives are unconditional and irrespective to external reason. The maxim is referred to as the individual’s intrinsic duty or obligation to one’s self or to others, which if applicable to everyone than it is congenial to the universal law....   [tags: father of deontological ethics]

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Autonomous Thinking and Immanuel Kant

- Considered to be one of the most important philosophers of modern Europe and an important part of philosophical thinking, Immanuel Kant paved the way for current ethical thinkers. He paved the way for philosophers and social behavioral scientists such as Jean Piaget. Kant's theory is hinged by his beliefs on autonomy and his formulation of categorical imperatives. Kant believed in autonomy however, knowing that autonomy has flaws, he created the categorical imperatives. Autonomy allows us to be self creating when it comes to our values and morality....   [tags: philosophy, ethical thinker]

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Comparing Machiavelli And Immanuel Kant

- Today, everyone is subject to criticism and that is because we are being scrutinized in everything that we do. However, the one that takes most of the heat are the ones that are in charge. In the reading selections by Niccolo Machiavelli and Immanuel Kant, these two details on how an ideal ruler should lead and behave. To begin with, Machiavelli explains that all men, especially princes have different qualities and that these characteristics are how the outsiders judge them. “Some, for example, are held to be generous, and others miserly…some are held to be benefactors, others are called grasping; some cruel, some compassionate; one man faithless, another faithful; one man effeminate an...   [tags: Age of Enlightenment, Jean-Jacques Rousseau]

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Philosophy of Immanuel Kant

- There are different views about how we gain knowledge of the world, through our senses or through our minds, and although many say that it is one or the other I believe that although we gain some knowledge through sense data not all of our ideas come from these impressions. There are those who stand on the side of empiricism, like David Hume, and those who stand on the side of rationalism, like René Descartes; then there are also those who believe that one can have a foot on both sides, like Immanuel Kant....   [tags: rationalism, empiricism]

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The Critical Philosophy of Immanuel Kant

- The Critical Philosophy of Immanuel Kant Criticism is Kant's original achievement; it identifies him as one of the greatest thinkers of mankind and as one of the most influential authors in contemporary philosophy. But it is important to understand what Kant means by'criticism', or 'critique'. In a general sense the term refers to a general cultivation of reason 'by way of the secure path of science' (Bxxx). More particularly, its use is not negative, but positive, a fact that finds expression in the famous expression, 'I have therefore found it necessary to deny knowledge to make room for faith' (Bxxx)....   [tags: Kant Philosophical Essays]

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Immanuel Kant

- Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) was one of the most influential philosophers in the history of Western philosophy. He was a professor of philosophy at Konigsberg, in Prussia, researching, lecturing and writing on philosophy during and at the end of the 18th Century Enlightenment. His contributions to metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, and aesthetics have had a profound impact on almost every philosophical movement that followed him. This essay will attempt to explain what Kant means by Maxim and Universal Law, and whether his argument is affordable in the 21st century....   [tags: Philosopher, Maxim, Universal Law]

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Philosophy: Immanuel Kant

- Immanuel Kant, like his predecessors John Locke and Thomas Hobbes, believed morality was based on standards of rationality. His influential work, The Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals, argues for the existence of a “foundational principle of a metaphysics of morals”. 1 Such a principle, he asserts, must account for three propositions of morality: only actions done from duty have genuine moral worth, moral value arises from the maxim its action involves, not from the purpose that is to be achieved through it, and that a duty is an obligation to act in a specific manner out of respect for the law.2 Kant names this foundational principle the categorical imperative....   [tags: Morality, Categorical Imperative]

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Senses to Understanding to Reason by Immanuel Kant

- As Immanuel Kant once said, “all our knowledge begins with the senses, proceeds then to the understanding, and ends with reason.” Our senses are an indispensible part of ones life. Our senses allows us receive information from our environment in order to learn, appreciate and understand our surroundings. Sense perception is defined as “any of the faculties of sight, smell, hearing, taste and touch by which the body perceives an external stimulus” (theoryofknowledge.net). It is interlaced with all areas of knowledge....   [tags: emotions, knowledge, perceptions]

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Immanuel Kant And John Stuart Mill

- When you ask your friend what ethics means to them you may get a different answer. You may hear responses that reference religion, laws or whatever feels morally right. The framework for ethics suggest that feelings, religion, law, science, and cultural influences should not be considered when determining if what your about to do is ethical. Here is what you do consider ethical reasoning, • Utilitarian, do the most good or the least amount of harm. • Rights, treat people with dignity and not a means to an ends, if you can’t treat everyone ethically then it should be fair....   [tags: Ethics, Morality, Deontological ethics]

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Immanuel Kant's Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals

- Immanuel Kant's Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals In his publication, Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals, Immanuel Kant supplies his readers with a thesis that claims morality can be derived from the principle of the categorical imperative. The strongest argument to support his thesis is the difference between actions in accordance with duty and actions in accordance from duty. To setup his thesis, Kant first draws a distinction between empirical and “a priori” concepts. Empirical concepts are ideas we reach from our experiences in the world....   [tags: Kant Philosophy Metaphysics Essays]

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Immanuel Kant: A Philosopher Who Influenced Society

- One of the philosophers that impact society is Immanuel Kant; he was a philosopher in the 18th century. Immanuel Kant was born in April 22, 1724 in Kingdom of Prussia, German and died on February 12, 1804 at age 79. Philosopher Immanuel Kant composed different point of views to courage that we understand the world better. Kant is trying to tell us that there are many things that evolve around this world and that every little single element that we do makes the world what it is. Kant is well known for his work in the philosophy of ethics and metaphysics; also, he made an important astronomical discovery on the nature of Earth's rotation....   [tags: world, ethics, problems]

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Immanuel Kant (1724 - 1804)

- Immanuel Kant (1724 - 1804) Author of Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals (1785). "The Enlightenment was a desire for human affairs to be guided by rationality than by faith, superstition, or revelation; a belief in the power of human reason to change society and liberate the individual from the restraints of custom or arbitrary authority; all backed up by a world view increasingly validated by science rather than by religion or tradition." (Outram 1995) In the eighteenth century, people started questioning the authority and knowledge of the church....   [tags: Essays Papers]

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Summary of Immanuel Kant's Life

- Summary of Immanuel Kant's Life Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) spent all of his life in Königsberg, a small German town on the Baltic Sea in East Prussia. (After World War II, Germany's border was pushed west, so Königsberg is now called Kaliningrad and is part of Russia.) At the age of fifty-five, Kant appeared to be a washout. He had taught at Königsberg University for over twenty years, yet had not published any works of significance. During the last twenty-five years of his life, however, Kant left a mark on the history of philosophy that is rivaled only by such towering giants as Plato and Aristotle....   [tags: Papers]

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The Works Of Philosophers Immanuel Kant And John Stuart Mill

- Animal Experimentation The works of philosophers Immanuel Kant and John Stuart Mill have been used more substantively in animal advocacy movements, even though Mill’s utilitarianism was genuinely animal amicable at the time; he believed that in any circumstance the right action would be the action that have a tendency to minimize the pain and suffering, and expand the pleasure and happiness, of all humans and animals which in return should impact our treatment of animals. Immanuel Kant a philosopher who is often mention in animal advocacy movement did not believe we had any direct ethical duties to animal....   [tags: Animal rights, Animal testing]

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Analysis of Immanuel Kant´s Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals

- Immanuel Kant is a popular modern day philosopher. He was a modest and humble man of his time. He never left his hometown, never married and never strayed from his schedule. Kant may come off as boring, while he was an introvert but he had a great amount to offer. His thoughts and concepts from the 1700s are still observed today. His most recognized work is from the Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals. Here Kant expresses his idea of ‘The Good Will’ and the ‘Categorical Imperative’. The concept Kant is displaying in his work is the universal maxim....   [tags: Will, Actions, Morality]

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Duties Towards Marine Animals By Immanuel Kant

- Duties towards Marine Animals Marine animals such as dolphins and belugas are used for entertainment and experimental studies. This remains a major problem because keeping marine animals in confinement for human purposes is a violation of animal rights to live freely from human use, regardless the type of treatment that the marine animals are receiving. In this paper, I will argue that we ought to reject Immanuel Kant’s notion of treating marine animals such as whales or belugas as a means to human ends due to their lack of rational capacity because Kant fails to properly account for marginal cases including infants who also lack the rational capacity, but they are treated as an ‘end’ in...   [tags: Morality, Ethics, Human, Rationality]

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Analyzing the Political Thoughts of Immanuel Kant and G.W.F. Hegel

- Director Steve McQueen, in his 2013 film “12 Years a Slave” provides four examples of the philosophical arguments of both Immanuel Kant and G.W.F Hegel. Hegel’s Phenomenology of Spirit argues two forms of consciousness. His categorization on the codependent relationship between lord and bondsman is complementary to Kant’s political thought on the categorical imperative. Kant argues in The Grounding of Metaphysics of Morals, that in the categorical imperative, law of morality, human beings are not subjective ends but rather objective ends within themself....   [tags: 12 years a slave, consciousness, bondsman]

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Immanuel Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason

- The Transcendental Deductions of the pure concept of the understanding in Immanuel Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason, in its most general sense, explains how concepts relate a priori to objects in virtue of the fact that the power of knowing an object through representations is known as understanding. According to Kant, the foundation of all knowledge is the self, our own consciousness because without the self, experience is not possible. The purpose of this essay is to lay out Kant’s deduction of the pure concept of understanding and show how our concepts are not just empirical, but concepts a priori....   [tags: transcendental deductions, aesthetics]

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Immanuel Kant

- Immanuel Kant 1724-1804 Immanuel Kant was born on April 22, 1724 in Konigsberg, East Prussia. He was the son of a saddler. At age 8, he entered the Collegium Fredericianum, a Latin school, where he remained for 8 1/2 years and studied the classics. He then entered the University of Konigsberg in 1740 to study philosophy, mathematics, and physics. The death of his father halted his university career so he became a private tutor. In 1755, he returned to Konigsburg where he later resumed his studies....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Immanuel Kant

- Kant is a deontological philosopher; that is, in examining morality he says that the ends must not be looked at, only the means. Kant began by carefully drawing a pair of crucial distinctions among the judgments we do actually make. The first distinction separates a priori from a posteriori judgments by reference to the origin of our knowledge of them. A priori judgments are statements for which there is no appeal to experience in order to dertermine what is true and false. A posteriori judgments, on the other hand, are statements in which experience determines how we discover the truth or falsity of the statement....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Immanuel, Kant (1724-1804)

- Immanuel Kant was born in 1724 in the East Prussian town of Königsberg and lived there practically all his life. He came from a deeply pious Lutheran family, and his own religious convictions formed a significant background to his philosophy. Like Berkeley, he felt it was essential to preserve the foundations of Christian belief. Kant became Professor of Logic and Metaphysics at the University of Königsberg in 1770 and taught there for most of his life. He was also greatly interested in science and published works on astronomy and geophysics....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Immanuel Kant’s Metaphysics

- Immanuel Kant’s Metaphysics THEME In regard to Metaphysics, Kant’s results were seemingly the opposite to what he strove to achieve, cf. the claim, in his Introduction, that “In this enquiry . . . I venture to assert that there is not a single metaphysical problem which has not been solved, or for the solution of which the key has not been supplied.” In the summing up of his Prolegomena, he records with evident pride in achievement: “Anyone who has read through and grasped the principles of the CPR ....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Papers]

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Comparing David Hume and Immanuel Kant

- Comparing David Hume and Immanuel Kant David Hume and Immanuel Kant each made a significant break from other theorists in putting forward a morality that doesn’t require a higher being or god, for a man to recognize his moral duty. Although Hume and Kant shared some basic principals they differed on their view of morality. In comparing the different views on human will and the maxims established to determine moral worth by David Hume and Immanuel Kant, I find their theories on morality have some merit although limited in view....   [tags: Philosophy Morality Papers]

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Kant And Kant 's Categorical Imperative

- Immanuel Kant was a famous German philosopher (1724-1804). His many philosophical writings influenced large population from all over the world. Even today, his works still form a major point of reference in research carried out in the modern world. His writings had a strong base such that they brought a new dimension in religion, law and history. Although all his writings were popular but Metaphysics of Morals was very influencing. Kant argued that our desires and emotions are categorically imperative, which means that they are conscience driven....   [tags: Ethics, Immanuel Kant, Morality, Philosophy]

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Kant 's Philosophy And Philosophy

- Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) grew up in a pietistic Lutheran family of modest means in a German-speaking region now part of Russia. He responded to the religious pressure he experienced at school as a boy by immersing himself in study and reading of early Latin writings. At the age of sixteen he began university studies in mathematics, physics, theology, and philosophy. II. Synopsis Kant’s preface opens with a discussion of the difference between physics, ethics and logic, the latter of which Kant views as “formal philosophy” in contrast with physics and ethics, which he calls “material philosophy.” Physics, Kant describes as dealing with how the world works, whereas ethics deals with how it ou...   [tags: Immanuel Kant, Morality, Philosophy]

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Kant Vs. Kant 's Theory

- Centuries have past with question on humanity. We still are debating and finding sources to justify what is to be a human and are we really superior to other being. Kant being a successful philosopher of 18th century brought Kantian ethics to life. He talks about personhood in an ontological perspective. His ethics is based on the concept of “duty ethics” and virtue. He believes the only virtue that can be entertained in philosophy is the virtue of good will, as everything else will interfere with it....   [tags: Morality, Ethics, Immanuel Kant, Human]

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Analysis of Immanuel Kant's Arguements in The Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysic of Morals”

- ... In the first section he calls attention to common sense morals. Characteristics such as wit or intelligence can help make rational decisions which bring about best result; however, the action can be only ethical if it was based on a good will alone because duty alone is not enough to judge an action as immoral or moral. In the second section Kant shifts point of view from moral philosophy to a metaphysical study of morals. In this section alone to him, human nature of reason helps people recognize the morality of actions....   [tags: philosophy, common sense, reasoning]

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Kant 's Grounding For The Metaphysics Of Morals

- Analysis on Immanuel Kant’s Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals In Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals, Immanuel Kant argues that human beings inherently have capability to make purely rational decisions that are not based on inclinations and such rational decisions prevent people from interfering with freedom of another. Kant’s view of inherent ability to reason brings different perspective to ways which human beings can pursue morality thus it requires a close analytical examination. Kant believes the morality of our action doesn’t depend on the consequences because consequences are beyond our control....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, Philosophy, Morality]

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Kant 's Philosophy On The Moral Law

- As a philosopher during the Enlightenment era, Immanuel Kant is considered to be one of the great major thinkers of all time. His emphasis on the moral life and reason is his overall philosophy on life. One of his quotes even describes his overall philosophy; “Two things fill the mind with ever new and increasing wonder and awe, the oftener and the more steadily we reflect on them: the starry heavens above me and the moral law within me.” (Arrington 261) Kant’s views on “the moral law” are still applicable today, and his concept of “the categorical imperative” is influential as well....   [tags: Morality, Immanuel Kant, Ethics]

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When is Lying OK? Rejecting All Lies: Immanuel Kant by Sissela Bok

- Lying is an issue that has been debated on for a long time. Some people believe that lying is sometimes ok in certain circumstances. Some people believe lying is always acceptable. In contrast, some believe lying is always bad. Keeping all other’s opinions in mind, I believe that lying is a deficient way of solving problems and is a bad thing. I claim that only certain situations allow the usage of lies and that otherwise, lying is bad. Dishonesty is bad because it makes it harder to serve justice, harms the liar individually, and messes up records....   [tags: bad, weakens justice ]

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Kant 's Philosophy On Moral Philosophy

- One of the first mature works on moral philosophy is Groundwork of the Metaphysic of Morals by Immanuel Kant. In this book, Kant explains his message and ideas by providing examples and proving himself throughout the entire book that morals are an important aspect in life as well as why they are expressing the principles behind this concept. Kant laid the fundamental principle of morality and shows how it applies to use as human beings. One thing that sets Kant apart is the amount of explanations that he brings into his book....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, Morality, Ethics]

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Kant 's Philosophical Concepts Of Space

- Kant’s Four Considerations on the A Priori Nature of Space Knowledge about the world we inhabit is often considered the chief ambition of philosophy, and such was the desire of Immanuel Kant in his Critique of Pure Reason. The crux of his critique is the acknowledgment and application of synthetic, a priori judgments. This ambitious work contains a number of complex arguments regarding the inherent a priori/a posteriori nature of things and the analytic/synthetic reasoning behind human knowledge of such things....   [tags: A priori and a posteriori, Immanuel Kant]

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Moral Actions by Philosophers Immanuel Kant and John Stuart Mill

- In the making of my own argument on the elements that justify a right or wrong action, I will reference two of the most influential philosophers, Immanuel Kant and John Stuart Mill. In order to make this paper easy to follow, I intend to focus on one of the arguments formed by each of these men. I will evaluate how both of Kant and Mill’s principles fits into the morals of right and wrong. Kant gives us a categorical imperative that urges one to Act only according to that maxim by which you can at the same time will that it should become a universal law (Kant), and Mill states that actions are right as they tend to promote happiness, wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness (Mi...   [tags: Right, Wrong, Philosophy]

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Kant 's Second Categorical Imperative

- In Support of Respect Immanuel Kant greatly influenced philosophers with his writings that based reasoning as a primary source of morality as opposed to feelings. Kant identified categorical imperatives as our moral duties to humanity, these imperatives command us to do an action because it is the right thing to do, and likewise if we do not do the right action we are being immoral. Kant’s second categorical imperative is based on respect towards humanity. He achieves this through two main points, one being mutual benefit and the other as individual autonomy....   [tags: Morality, Immanuel Kant, Ethics]

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Kant And Kant 's Theory

- When dealing with Kant, we must always ask ourselves these question’s before we decide to act: can I sensibly determine that everyone acts as I plan to act, and does my action respect the goals of other’s rather than my own reasons. Kant’s theory looks at the rightness or wrongness of these actions and relates them on not depending on such consequences but on whether they fulfill our duty or not. The Categorical Imperative in relation to Kant is that he believed that there was an utmost norm of morality and that the categorical imperative determines our moral duties....   [tags: Categorical imperative, Immanuel Kant, Morality]

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Kant And Kant 's Philosophical Ideas

- During the 17th century there were 2 great philosophers who achieved great fame from their philosophical ideas. The two great philosophers during the 17th century are Scot David Hume and Immanuel Kant. David Hume was a British empiricists while Kant’s goal was to bridge the gap between rationalism and Empiricism. Kant was also influenced by Hume’s ideas of empiricism and he wanted add more ideas to it. In this paper I will be comparing and contrasting David Hume and Immanuel Kant’s philosophical ideas....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, Philosophy, Empiricism, John Locke]

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Kant 's View On The Mind

- When two great professional like professor Bryan Magee and contemporary philosopher Geoffrey Warnock sit down to discuss and try to understand one those most complexes philosopher turn very hard for us understand the conception of the facts describe in that video. I was very interesting in Immanuel Kant life the way he was a brilliant orator, for more the 30 years university professor, and the first university philosopher. Kant had the capacity in write to in very single mind, even his friend considered him the most difficult writer....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, Philosophy, Morality, Ethics]

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Kant 's Of The Metaphysics Of Morals

- In Immanuel Kant’s work, “Groundwork for the metaphysics of morals” he discusses what is good will. He believes that a good will is in itself already good and acts in accordance with goodness. So the traits that are normally associated with a good will like intelligence and courage are not be valued as good but rather are only temperaments that can be used in both good and bad aspects. A good will is not brought on by actions or is it meant to provide some sort of reward at the end of completion, but rather it is brought on only when a will desires to be good....   [tags: Morality, Immanuel Kant, Philosophy, Law]

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Kant 's Morality And Duty

- For centuries, philosophers and theorists have argued over the topic of morality. Trying to determine if a person can exhibit complete morality or whether other concepts like free will and the concepts behind self-interests will win out over morality and duty. They asked questions aimed at determining what can drive a person to ignore morality and duty as well as examining the actions that they felt embodied morality and duty. Immanuel Kant also sought to explain morality and duty. However, Kant’s perception of what constitutes morality was highly criticized and often discounted....   [tags: Morality, Immanuel Kant, Duty, Ethics]

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Kant 's Argument On Suicide

- The question which I shall look at for the Autumn Term part of this Take-Home Exam is: According to Kant, suicide is immoral. What is his argument for this claim. Does his theory really generate this result, when applied to the case of suicide. Why or why not. Immanuel Kant’s argument for the claim that suicide is immoral can be found in the Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals on page 73-74 in Practical Philosophy. The claim which Kant makes is when he starts to explain the Categorical Imperative....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, Categorical imperative, Philosophy]

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Kant 's Philosophy On Lying

- Immanuel Kant is a firm believer in the ideology that morality is solely based on duty and reason alone. This simply way of thinking is known as a deontological moral theory, which states that “the rightness or wrongness of actions does not depend on their consequences but on whether they fulfill our [mankind’s] duty” (“Kantian Ethics”). Based on his theory and throughout a significant number of his writings, Kant argues that it is not okay to lie. If Kant’s theory is correct, then no one could ever lie, not even to protect a friend from serious harm....   [tags: Morality, Immanuel Kant, Ethics, Philosophy]

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