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- The HIV virus is a complex mix of various epidemics within several countries and regions of the world. It is unquestionably the most crucial public-health crisis of our time. Research has extended our understanding of how the virus reproduces, controls, and hides in a contaminated person. Even though our perception of pathogenesis and transmission of the virus has become more refined and prevention options have lengthened, a cure or protective vaccine remains intangible. In 1981, The New York Times published a detailed article about an outbreak of an unusual form of cancer among gay men in New York and California....   [tags: Health, Diseases, AIDS]

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Life As An HIV/Aids Counselor

- Becoming a Mental Health Counselor for a patient with HIV/Aids is a position of dignity that can be often skewed or unwarranted due to the negative realm our society has placed upon the diagnosis. The main function of the HIV/Aids counselor is to be supportive of his or her infected and affected clients, to listen to their problems and to empower them to solve their problems and better their lives. These abilities can come easy for some; harder for others. I, as an HIV/Aids counselor, will embrace my future clients that seek my services....   [tags: Counseling ]

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The Hiv / Aids Epidemic

- The HIV/AIDS epidemic was a time of turmoil for the LGBT+ community due to the high transmission risk of HIV/AIDS between homosexuals (Richardson 5). Tension ran high within the community, as different groups experienced different amounts of discrimination for their transmission risk. In particular, scholars found that “tensions between lesbian and bisexual women was much more problematic than tensions between gay and bisexual men” (Udis-Kessler 46). Despite the similarities of lesbian and bisexual women as non-heterosexual women, the two groups are politically divided instead of united....   [tags: LGBT, Homosexuality, Sexual orientation]

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The HIV/AIDS Epidemic in China

- China is known as a conservative country where homosexuality, drug use, and premarital sex are not acknowledged as common practices and are not considered problems. However, China is going through a period of rapid social transformation where these practices are becoming visible and being acknowledged by the Chinese. Recently, Chinese officials have recognized and admitted that the country is experiencing a widespread outbreak of HIV/AIDS. Previously, China adopted the position that there was little to no HIV/AIDS in the country, but now officials are admitting that they do in fact have a large population of citizens with HIV/AIDS....   [tags: Epidemics]

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The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)

- Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) attacks the immune system that severely compromises a person’s ability to ward of infections and other diseases (1). When the virus has progressed to a stage where the body is no longer able to fight the infection, the individual will be diagnosed with Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS). Transmission occurs through the person to person contact, more specifically in cases where the virus is transmitted into the recipient’s bloodstream. Vertical transmission, or mother to child transmission, presents a unique route of infection where the mechanisms differ to horizontal transmission (all other forms of HIV transmission)....   [tags: antiretrovirals, replication, treatment]

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The Immune System: HIV/AIDS

- HIV is a world pandemic that has caused the death of “30 million” (CDC – Statistics Overview – Statistics Center – HIV/AIDS, CDC) innocent lives. HIV is devastating virus that destroys people’s immune systems and leaves them vulnerable to other diseases. HIV is an acronym for Human Immunodeficiency Virus, which means that the virus is found only in humans and targets the immune system. The virus kills CD4 cells, cells in the immune system that fight off infections and diseases. HIV has been around since the “1950’s.” (AIDS, 6) About “34.2 million” (CDC – Statistics Overview – Statistics Center – HIV/AIDS, CDC) people are living with HIV today....   [tags: virus, pandemic]

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Young People And Hiv Prevention

- Approximately once every 3 days married couples have sex in America. That might seem like a small number but that doesn’t factor in people who aren’t married or in a relationship. With the nations high growing population, it is evident that sex is the factor. Many of them don’t even plan pregnancies and are financially unstable to support a kid. Many people have tried to come up with solution to high sex rate in the nation. However, the increase of sex education programs are able to target the people at a young age by decreasing the likelihood of sexual transmitted diseases, teen pregnancy, family involvement can reduce early adolescents ' risky sexual behavior Sex education pr...   [tags: Sex education, Birth control, Condom]

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Nursing Case Study: HIV

- HIV is the human immunodeficiency virus; this virus can lead to acquired immune deficiency syndrome, or AIDS. Accoring to Avert, 2.6 million people became infected with HIV in 2009, there are now an estimated 33.3 million people around the world who are living with HIV. HIV is transmitted by the exchange of bodily fluids via sharing contaminated syringes, from infected mother to the child, and sexual contact. Contact with blood, semen, vaginal secretions, breast milk, or saliva that is contaminated with HIV, puts an individual at higher risk for contracting HIV....   [tags: Nursing Case Study]

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The Issue Of Hiv / Aids

- women. Who cares when your life is on the line. Ebony continues, so Kenya it does not matter that he says that he will never do it again. The fact of the matter is he exposed himself to a same-sex relationship and thereby exposed you to the possibility of HIV/AIDS. Well Ebony, you are right and I did not know if I should believe him because he tried to make me believe that those initials belonged to a woman. Ebony interjected and said, well, whether a homothug or gay person, they are all a “she,” so technically he did not lie when he said the initials belonged to a woman....   [tags: Homosexuality, Sexual intercourse]

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HIV/Aids in the African Continent

- HIV/AIDS, the latest, contemporary disease that is afflicting and devastating millions, about thirty-five million of the worlds population, a little less than one percent, of which seventy percent inhabits the cotenant of Africa, where a great many developing countries are found. As of the late nineties, researchers have concluded, taken from SIV infected chimpanzees samples, that developed because of a chimpanzee had slaughtered and consumed two other monkeys, infected with their own diseases, and a poacher had shot, cooked, and had eaten the gruesomely infected SIV chimpanzee, only to be infected with a new, severe disease, known as AIDS (   [tags: infected chimpazees, sub-Saharan Africa]

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HIV and African Americans

- The term Human Immunodeficiency Virus is commonly known as (HIV), which is a virus that attacks the immune system of humans by destroying the amount of CD4 cells in their bodies. Without CD4 the human body is unable to fight against diseases, which can lead to Acquired Immune deficiency syndrome known as AIDS for short. The first case of the HIV/AIDS virus in the U.S. occurred in the early 1980’s. The first spark of the virus was found in San Francisco with couple of homosexual Caucasian American males....   [tags: infection, youth, virus, AIDS, homosexuals, stigma]

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Negative Impacts of HIV

- The world is constantly fighting against diseases. More than 21 million people have already died due to AIDS throughout the duration of the pandemic (Kanabus et al., 2012). In 2001, three million people died from AIDS, making it the world’s 4th largest cause of death after heart disease, stroke, and acute lower respiratory infection (Inrig, 2012). The most severely impacted continent in the world is Africa with over %70 of the world’s 40 million people living with HIV or AIDS (Dixon et al., 2002)....   [tags: health, economics, education]

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Stereotype Pushing: HIV and Homosexuality

- HIV and AIDS are increasingly becoming a widespread problem among the many people who do not use protection. So, condom companies have started putting out more advertisements pushing the use of condoms. There are also more ads pushing for people to get tested. One problem: these ads often show a gay couple. This pushes the stereotype that being gay increases the chance that you will get HIV. These ads fully ignore the heterosexual population, which also pushes the second part of the stereotype: being heterosexual lessens your chance of getting HIV....   [tags: Marketing, argumentative, persuasive]

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Human Immunodefinciency Virus (HIV)

- ... Well do not worry any more as we focus on information of HIV as well as the prevention of this disease and other STDs. “The most popular way to transfer the virus from one person to another is horizontal transmission, some example of this transmission are blood to blood transmission and sexual transmission. Another way to transmit the virus is through vertical transmission such as prenatal transmission is an example of vertical transmission. (“Transmission of HIV” Health Reference Center)” Untreated, HIV is almost universally fatal because it eventually overwhelms the immune system that can ultimately lead to AIDS....   [tags: torments, physical, mental, emotional]

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HIV/AIDS Discrimination and Injustice

- Since the first cases of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) in 1981, over 36 million people have died from the disease’s progression from HIV to Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS). According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, scientists generally accept that the HIV virus started in a specific type of chimpanzee in Western Africa. HIV weakens the patient’s immune system by “destroying important cells that fight disease and infection.” After HIV is acquired, progresses, and grows it turns into a much more lethal stage, AIDS....   [tags: health, Samaritan's Purse]

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A Closer Look at HIV

- Most of us know about H.I.V, but not all of us fully understand all of the aspects of this disease. Not only are there physical aspects, but also physiological aspects. Human Immunodeficiency Virus, also known as H.I.V is a virus with a self-explanatory name, if we understand the meaning behind each word. Humans are the only ones affected with this particular virus. When a person becomes infected their immune system becomes impaired due to the fact that the virus destroys the T cells. These T cells help the body to fight disease....   [tags: sexual intercourse, sharing needles, birth]

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HIV/AIDS and Group Therapy

- History of HIV/AIDS The first main cases started coming up around the early 1980s from those of homosexual males in New York and California. At the time, AIDS did not even have a name in the United States until later on after the cases were connected. The origin of HIV is believed to be a descendant of a similar disease that affected primates, or Simian Immunodeficiency Virus. This was discovered from a group of researchers at the University of Alabama in 1999 through a ten-year study of the virus....   [tags: Diseases/Disorders]

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The Origin of HIV/AIDS

- ... During the first 2 weeks to a month after exposure to the HIV infection, most infected individuals with display symptoms of a severe flu. The symptoms include fever, swollen glands, sore throat, rash, muscle and joint aches and pains, fatigue, and headache. The early period of infection is known as the “acute retroviral syndrome” (Stages, 2013). Once the virus is out of the acute stage it enters into the latency stage where it continues to replicate but no symptoms are shown. As the infection progresses and the immune system becomes seriously damaged then the virus has now developed into AIDS....   [tags: blood, main transmission]

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HIV and your Immune System

- Your immune system is used to fight bacteria and viruses and it helps to keep you healthy. Sometimes your immune system can develop lymph and immune system disorders. What happens is your immune system can become over active or it can become weak chancing your bodies response to bacteria and viruses. If you are born with an immunodeficiency disorder it is called primary immunodeficiency if you develop it later in life it is called acquired immunodeficiency (UOR Medical Center, 2014). When the immune system over reacts it will start to attack and produce antibodies, which results in damaging its own tissues....   [tags: lymp, immune system]

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Hiv And The Vulnerable Populations

- The vulnerable populations studied are immigrants primarily Hispanic and Latinos with tuberculosis. The goal is to teach immigrants on how to prevent the spreading of TB and how to prevent the disease. An estimated one third of the world 's population is infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis. In 2012 there were 9,975 cases of TB reported and of those cases 28% where Hispanic or Latino. This respiratory disease is the most common in the lungs (World Health Organization, 2014). The brain which causes tuberculosis meningitis, genitourinary TB, gastrointestinal TB, tuberculosis lymphadenitis, cutaneous TB, uterus ovarian TB and Osteo- articular skeletal bone and joints are also parts of the b...   [tags: Tuberculosis, Epidemiology, United States]

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The Stigma of HIV/AIDS

- Erving Goffman, defined Stigma as “a dynamic process of devaluation that significantly discredits’ an individual in the eyes of others” (Sengupta, 2010, p. 1075). PLWHA are subject to stigmatization- that is, to the consequences of being designated as socially deviant (Sandelowski et al, 2009, p.274). In other words, stigma hinders individuals with HIV/AIDS; the stigma of HIV/AIDS is often associated with various groups such as African Americans, women, homosexuals, and intravenous drug users. In addition, people living with “HIV is stigmatized leading to severe social consequences related to their rights, health care services, freedom, self identity, and social interactions” (Mawar et al.,...   [tags: social interactions, deviant behaviors, health]

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HIV and AIDS Epidemic

- 1.1 INTRODUCTION There is no doubt that the HIV and AIDS epidemic has had a devastating influence on Africa, especially in my community of Qumbu. The AIDS epidemic has killed more lives than the sum total of all wars, famines and floods, and the ravages of deadly diseases as Malaria. It is destroying families in my community, overwhelming and depleting health care services. The AIDS epidemic influence in my community is significant ways should developed to reduce its effect. (Abdool Karim and Abdool Karim 2010) 1.2 HIV AND AIDS IN MY COMMUNITY A few years ago, a lot would have not estimated the current state of the HIV and AIDS pandemic in society....   [tags: morbidity and mortality, africa]

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The Spreading of HIV/AIDS

- ... However, many problems have also arose together with this influence as there are people who misinterpreted and misused the meaning of freedom. One of the problem rose from this is the outbreak of widespread diseases such as HIV/AIDS. This disease have developed into an international issue as it has been spreading rapidly throughout the world. The government are having difficulties to maintain the development of HIV/AIDS because it is administered through body fluids and this is especially deadly for those who are involved in promiscuity, such as sex workers....   [tags: globalization, promiscuity, sex workers]

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HIV Epidemic in Uganda

- Question 1 HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) epidemic in Uganda Uganda, an East African country south of the Sahara has been battling with the HIV pandemic as far back as the 1990s when 18.5% of Ugandans were infected at its peak (Foundation, 2012). Currently, out of a population of 33.6 million people, 1.5 million are living with AIDs, at a prevalence rate of 7.2% among those aged between 15-49 years. Of the ones infected, 190,000 are children (UNAIDS, 2012). In the mid nineties and until recently, the prevalence of HIV started to gradually drop reaching 6.4% owing to the government policies of the ‘ABC’s i.e....   [tags: treatment, sex, infections]

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Dating Someone With HIV

- It may not be unusual for anyone to fall for someone with HIV. Every HIV positive patient has a right to lead a normal life. In fact, it is more desirable if the society can accept a HIV patient. Insecurities and problems faced by your partner if you are dating someone with HIV:  They are scared to disclose their HIV status.  If you started the relationship without knowing about his HIV status and came to know about it recently then he will be very insecure about rejection  They fear to be stereotypedSecluded Honeymoon Destinations If you are newly married or your marriage has been fixed, you definitely have an intense desire to know your partner more and get closer him or her....   [tags: Relationships]

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Canadian Aboriginals and HIV/AIDS

- The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and its deriving acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) are devastating conditions that currently affect approximately 35.3 million individuals globally (WHO, 2012). In the Canadian context, the prevalence of HIV/AIDS ascended to 71,300 cases in 2011, with 8.9% of the affected individuals being aboriginal peoples (PHAC, 2011). This number not only indicates an overrepresentation of the aboriginal population among the totality of HIV/AIDS cases in the country, but it also illustrates an elevated incidence of 17.3% from the numbers reported in 2008 (PHAC, 2011)....   [tags: canada, public health, virus]

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HIV and Sexual Health

- Residing in rural districts is a major risk factor for delayed HIV diagnosis (Weis, Liese, Hussey, Gibson, & Duffus, 2010). Thus, Desire to Relieve and Enlighten All Mankind, Inc. (DREAM) Clinic proposes an idea to model an intervention after the Safer Sex Skills Building (SSSB) intervention, a CDC evidence-based intervention (EBI). The target population, heterosexually active women of low socioeconomic status currently in drug treatment residing in rural areas of Dawson, Georgia, lack supplementary treatment and services in these areas, presenting a noteworthy dilemma....   [tags: rural districs, sexual education, mental health]

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HIV/AIDS in India:An epidemic

- What may be seen as a result of a surplus of labor by an economist, has ultimately led to an epidemic. India's population, estimated to be 1.35 billion, suffers extensive poverty as more than thirty seven percent of its population lives below the poverty line. (Economy Watch) This surplus of labor has driven the price of labor in India to incredibly low amounts, hence the outsourcing which has become rampant. Low labor prices compounded with exclusion due to the caste system and high dependency on agriculture all have amplified the poverty which in turn, has given rise to the largest population—2.3 million--within the borders of a nation to be infected with HIV/AIDS....   [tags: AIDS India Health]

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Spread of HIV Aids

- Aids is becoming a very common disease throughout the World. The disease is growing more and more as the years go by. There are many ways to prevent Aids but many choose not too. I will be talking about the facts and figures of Aids. The history behind the disease Aids, and the origins the disease Aids follows. Just over 30 years ago, Aids became one of the leading killing disease worldwide. In the early years of the Aids many people feared it. Aids is common and with lots of money scientist finally found the cure to Aids....   [tags: Disease, Prevention, Facts and Figures]

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Genetic Drift and HIV

- Genetic drift can completely eliminate an allele from a population. Genetic drift is one of the mechanisms of evolution, along with descent with modification, mutation, migration, and natural selection (Mechanisms: The Processes of Evolution). Benefits and drawbacks can come from genetic drift. When a population's genetic makeup is changed randomly, it is called genetic drift. In natural selection, environment is the selection agent but in genetic drift, chance is the selection agent (Nowicki 305)....   [tags: Alleles, Traits, Effect]

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The Impact of HIV/AIDS

- Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a fatal physical condition that is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The virus damages the human body’s immune system, so that the body cannot protect itself from bacteria, viruses, and prions that cause diseases. With severely lowered defenses, AIDS patients die from common illnesses such as pneumonia, diarrhea, cold, and tuberculosis. The HIV virus does not directly attack its victim; the disease that patients suffer from after receiving the virus is what hurts and kills them....   [tags: sex, households, disease]

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Opportunistic HIV Infections

- Opportunistic HIV infections Description- opportunistic HIV infections are those infections that are caused to a HIV positive person, when his CD4 count starts decreasing. Opportunistic HIV infections can be treated with strong antiretroviral drugs that aim to uplift the CD4 count and keep our immunity system stronHETEROSEXUAL HIV INFECTION Description- Heterosexual HIV infection is the most common reason for the spread of the disease. Heterosexual HIV infection may not be the major cause in advanced nations, but in developing and the developed countries, this reason accounts for more than half of all HIV cases....   [tags: Disease]

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- Today millions of people globally are plagued with HIV/AIDS; some of which were contracted unknowingly through heterosexual sexual contact, others unknowingly through homosexual contact and surprisingly some who set out to contract HIV/AIDS purposefully. Bareback sex refers to intercourse without the use of any barrier protections to prevent the transmission of bodily fluids between participants. This is an extremely high risk behavior given the number of sexually transmitted diseases, and not knowing the status of HIV in them or in their partners....   [tags: Gay Community, Homosexuals]

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Case Analysis: HIV/AIDS

- As the world evolved health problems have evolved with it. One of the many health problems that medical professionals deal with today is HIV/AIDS. HIV is a virus spread through body fluids that affects specific cells of the immune system, called CD4 cells, or T cells. Over time, HIV can destroy so many of these cells that the body can’t fight off infections and disease. When this happens, HIV infection leads to AIDS ( Like many other chronic illnesses, HIV/AIDS consist of stages. HIV disease has a well-documented progression....   [tags: social workers ethical issues]

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HIV Transmitted from Mother to Child

- All over the world, innocent children are dying from Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). Although it is most commonly known as a sexually transmitted disease, HIV can be transmitted from mother to child as well. HIV is a virus which attacks the T cells or CD4 cells, which are white blood cells required by the body to fight infections and diseases (Piot and Quinn). HIV uses these cells to make copies of itself and then destroys them. Over time, HIV attacks so many T cells that the body does not have the ability to fight infections and diseases....   [tags: sexually transmitted diseases and unborn children]

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HIV/AIDS Is No Longer a Death Sentence

- I am positive; the simplest statement suddenly carries a huge weight when the words HIV or AIDS are followed right after. In the 1980’s HIV meant AIDS and AIDS meant a rapid and awful death. Death always seemed to be the end result in a world where we did not understand the disease that seemed to come from nowhere but was killing at an expedited rate. Thirty plus years later there is still no cure but there is now hope. Having HIV or AIDS is no longer an immediate death sentence. People infected with the virus can live a long and relatively normal life (2)....   [tags: Disease/Disorders]

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Living with HIV/AIDS

- HIV and AIDS are pandemics here in the United States and spread across the world. The disease originated in the 1800's in Western Africa came from a specific kind of chimpanzee. The infected chimpanzee was once hunted and ingested by the people in the area. Since the 1981, approximately 619,000 Americans alone have passed away due to this disease (What is HIV/AIDS?). Also, in addition to the 1.1 million living with the disease already, about 56,000 Americans are infected each year (Going the Distance 6)....   [tags: Disease, History, America]

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Socioeconomic Factors that Impact People with HIV

- Socioeconomic Factors that Impact People With HIV Introduction: Human Immunodeficiency Virus better known as HIV is a lentivirus that causes Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome a condition in humans in which progressive failure of the immune system which allows life threatening opportunistic infections and cancers to thrive. HIV was identified in 1983 and scientist started trying to understand where it came from, when it arisen, and why it spread so quickly. This day in time over 1.1 million people in the United States are living with HIV....   [tags: life threatening viruses]

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The Effects of the HIV and Aids on a Human Being

- ... Viral replication of HIV results in many mutations. Eventually, a mutation may enable the virus to recognize other co-receptors, such as those found on helper T cells Phase I of HIV infections is called the asymptomatic stage because there are few or no symptoms. However, the amount of virus increases due to replication. The immune system begins an attack and plasma cells make antibodies to fight the virus. However, it may take several weeks for the amount of anti-HIV infected people may feel well during phase I but can still infect other people....   [tags: infection, diseases and microorganisms]

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Preventing HIV/ AIDS

- The emergence of HIV/AIDS is viewed globally as one of the most serious health and developmental challenges our society faces today. Being a lentivirus, HIV slowly replicates over time, attacking and wearing down the human immune system subsequently leading to AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome) at which point the affected individual is exposed to life threatening illnesses and eventual death. Despite the fact that a few instances of this disease have been accounted for in all parts of the world, a high rate of the aforementioned living with HIV are situated in either low or medium wage procuring nations....   [tags: health, prevention, treatment]

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Hiv Transmission During The United States

- HIV Transmission From Mother to Child HIV can be transmitted from mother to child perinatally. Transmission can happen early in pregnancy from mother to fetus or later during labor and deliver. A couple of risk factors that increase the likelihood of the infant getting infected include premature birth, low birth weight, skin and mucous membrane lesions, and breastfeeding (Burr). Breastfeeding can increase the risk of transmission by 5-20% (Burr). In 2010, about 217 children younger than 13 years old were diagnosed with HIV and of those children, 162 were perinatally infected (HIV Among Pregnant Women, Infants, and Children)....   [tags: Childbirth, Pregnancy, Obstetrics, Infant]

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What is HIV/AIDS?

- What is HIV/AIDS. It is an infected that kills thousands of people all over the world today. and is now the leading cause of death in the black community & all over the world today. Some questions are asked who was the first to catch HIV & how did it spread around the world. The HIV & AIDS virus is a very dangerous disease that sees no race, no color, and no gander. HIV & AIDS don’t even care what age you are or how old you are. It can affect anyone at any time if that put themselves in a situation where they could be at risk of been infected....   [tags: virus, infection, immune system]

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"It's Never Just HIV": Helpful or Harmful?

- With the emergence of HIV over thirty years ago, it has been estimated that more than half a million people have died from AIDS in the United States. As of 2006, approximately 2.2 million people in the United States are HIV positive with roughly 50,000 new infections per year. The most alarming statistic is that 20% of people that are HIV positive are unaware, making them susceptible to passing on the infection unknowingly. Public health programs have been working since the emergence of HIV to educate the populations, trying to give them the knowledge and the tools to protect themselves from infection....   [tags: Disease/Disorders]

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HIV in South Africa v. Uganda

- The Emergence of HIV in South Africa Much like the emergence of HIV in the United States, the first HIV cases in South Africa were found in the homosexual male population. In 1983, two homosexual, South African men passed away from opportunistic infections associated with autoimmune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). In the months following, many other homosexual men became infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which caused the people of South Africa to consider AIDS a disease that solely infected homosexuals....   [tags: Africa ]

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Living Long and Healthy Lives with HIV

- ... This is determined mainly by measuring your levels of CD4, which are infection-fighting cells, in your blood. Antiretroviral drugs HIV is treated with antiretrovirals (ARVs), which work against the HIV infection by slowing down the spread of the virus in the body. A combination of ARVs is used because HIV can quickly adapt and become resistant to one single ARV. Patients tend to take three or more types of ARV medication. This is known as combination therapy or antiretroviral therapy (ART). Some antiretroviral drugs have been combined into one pill, known as a "fixed dose combination"....   [tags: diagnosis, post-exposure prophylaxis, blood]

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Consequences of HIV/AIDS epidemic to Society

- Assignment question: 3. A) What are some of the possible consequences of HIV/AIDS epidemic to: 1. Society 2. The infected individual b) What are some of the Human Rights, confidentiality and criminal law implication of HIV/AIDS. Q1. HIV/AIDS has increasingly taken a toll on the society in a myriad of dimensions which are worth discussing in order to find the best solutions. Due to HIV/AIDS epidemic, the economies of various countries have been badly affected and societies have experienced major losses....   [tags: Health, Diseases]

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Epidemiology of HIV/AIDS

- 1. Introduction As ravaging effects of the HIV/AIDS pandemic spreads, many businesses are realizing that the spread negatively affects their workforce, market and ultimately ability to earn profits (Sithole, 2007). Organizations now realize that HIV/AIDS is not simply a health issue, but a core business issue, as it affects the performance of infected employees and the company’s production and investments (Lisk, 2002; IFC, 2002). In response to this problem, many organizations are setting up on-site HCT facilities at their work places as a strategy to improve knowledge of HIV/AIDS which is critical to both prevention and treatment goals (DoH, 2009) of the debilitating infection....   [tags: Medical Procedure, Health Care Logistics]

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Treatment of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)

- “Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a blood-borne virus typically transmitted via sexual intercourse, shared intravenous drug paraphernalia, and mother-to-child transmission (MTCT), which can occur during the birth processor during breastfeeding.” There is no cure for HIV or AIDS but over time different types of medications have been developed that slows down the advancement of the disease. AIDS is a lethal disease that is caused by HIV. HIV destroys the immune system and causes the body to not be able to fight off any diseases....   [tags: virus, disease, immune system, TB, CMV]

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The Repercussions of High Rates of HIV in Tanzania

- ... Tanzania is considered one of the most affected sub-Saharan countries from HIV. Sixty-seven percent of people with HIV worldwide live in sub-Saharan Africa. Ninety percent of all children with HIV live in sub-Saharan Africa. Two million people under the age of fifteen in Tanzania alone are HIV positive. These are only some of the statistics showing the severity of HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa and Tanzania. HIV/AIDS brings about hunger indirectly first through the economy. It is normal to have more than one sexual partner at a time in most sub-Saharan countries and this creates a “HIV super highway”....   [tags: poverty, farming, economy]

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Prevalence of HIV in Sub-Saharan Africa

- In 2009 an estimated 33.2 million human beings were unfortunate enough to be infected with AIDS or HIV. A hefty 22.4 million of those individuals live in where the story of humanity began, Sub-Saharan Africa. The good-fortuned United States on the other end of the spectrum ,is home to 1.2 million infected. The statistics for the amount of infected in the U.S. is almost negligible in comparison to those of Africa’s ,because of the obvious difference in amount of infected ,but also in the amount of power the disease has in the confines of each spatial variation....   [tags: AIDS, medicine, medical]

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The Role of Social Support in Coping with HIV

- With the increasing rate of people becoming infected with HIV/AIDS, it is vital that we are aware of the importance of developing coping strategies to help these patients. It is evident that social support from friends, family and the community at large needs to be rendered to help these people infected with the disease. It also, however, needs to be noted, that social support may not always be useful for people living with HIV/AIDS. We will explore both aspects, good and bad, to social support and discuss the stigma attached to the disease....   [tags: aids, social supports, prostitution, sex behavior]

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HIV African American

- HIV infections in African American Males have been a national growing problem since the early 1990’s. According to CDC, In the United States, there are more than 1 million people living with HIV. 48 percent are afro American males. It estimate that around 1 million people in the United States will be diagnose with HIV in the up coming year with the lifetime risk of becoming infected is 1 in 16 for black males (CDC,2007). There is growing concern about the disproportionate increase of HIV among afro American males ages 13-19 with low social- economic demographics ( )....   [tags: Disease]

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2349 words | (6.7 pages) | Preview

HIV/AIDS and Modern Medical Inventions

- ... Sub-Saharan Africa leads top position among other countries in having HIV infected population. The pathetic condition of Africa is due to promiscuity and their casual attitudes toward sex. Sexual promiscuity and AIDS are closely correlated, as promiscuity becomes the major reason for the transmission of this deadly virus. Several sexual practices people have may increase the risk of infection of HIV/AIDS for example homosexuality. Even though homosexuality does not have anything with the traditional aspects, it exists in places where few women are present and in situations where authoritative male can have advantage over the other males....   [tags: prevention, global spread]

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1400 words | (4 pages) | Preview

The Legal And Ethical Issues Of Hiv / Aids

- Introduction HIV/AIDS patients are protected by legal and ethical rights. The legal rights of a patient with HIV and the ethical obligations of medical practitioners have not been received with careful attention for quite a long period of time. Issues have been raised regarding confidentiality of patient’s medical records. Additionally, questions have been raised on consent of patients to undergo HIV AIDs testing as well discrimination based on the state of health of employees, especially for those suffering from HIV/AIDS....   [tags: Health care, Health care provider, Patient]

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1745 words | (5 pages) | Preview

Congenital Neonatal Infections in Vertical HIV

- ... The envelope is made of the viral protein ENV and has spikes that protrude from the shell made of two more structural viral proteins GP120 and GP41. The GP120 protein forms the tip of the viral spike and interacts with macrophage and helper-T cell receptor CD4 to initiate entry into the cell. Once bound, the GP120 protein undergoes a conformational change that resists immune system recognition, a process termed conformational masking. The GP120 is then able to bind a chemokine receptor, CCR5 or CXCR4, required for viral entry....   [tags: infant, maternal, infection, products]

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858 words | (2.5 pages) | Preview


- The government is changing again this time it will affect the medical care and housing that HIV/AIDS patients get. It has been announced that as of January 1, 2014, that the Affordable Care Act (ACA) will come into action (Munar 25). This action will change many people’s lives that live with HIV/AIDS. Their rent will be paid and distributed differently under a new program guidelines through Housing Opportunities for People with AIDS (HOPWA) which is paid through Housing and Urban Development (HUD) (   [tags: Medical Care, Housing Patients]

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1183 words | (3.4 pages) | Preview

The Depths of H.I.V.: The Potential Cure for Cancer

- The Depths of H.I.V.: The Potential Cure for Cancer One of the deadliest and most threatening diseases that taunted mankind is called cancer. Cancer is a disease which is caused by a chronic division and abnormality of the cells inside a person's body. Moreover, It may be possibly be genetically passed or environmentally admitted. This vile complication is also known as an incurable disease due to its abusive power to kill innocent people throughout these years....   [tags: diseases, medical, patients]

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2175 words | (6.2 pages) | Preview

HIV and The Magic Johnson Foundation Research

- ... Through the Taylor Michaels Scholarship Foundation it helps people who don't have enough money for college, go to college (“Magic Johnson Foundation Home”). The beneficiaries of the Magic Johnson Foundation are people who live with the virus, or poor citizens. It helps people living with HIV-AIDS (“Magic Johnson Foundation Home”). Citizens in urban communities are also being assisted thanks to the foundation (“Magic Johnson Foundation Home”). It also helps people who do not have an education, or lack of education (“Magic Johnson Foundation Home“)....   [tags: heroism, hall of fame, career]

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712 words | (2 pages) | Preview

Counseling: An Ethical Dilemma with HIV/AIDS

- In the counseling field, it is necessary for clients to trust the therapist and be able to disclose sensitive information about themselves. Many times when a person is coming in for counseling the individual is vulnerable and looking to improve the quality of life. This is the reason why confidentiality is highly important in therapy. It is an essential piece that helps to create a rapport and relationship between the client and therapist. One area in which it is extremely important to explore confidentiality is when clients have HIV/AIDS and there is a third party involved....   [tags: Counseling ]

Term Papers
2384 words | (6.8 pages) | Preview

Getting Educated About HIV/AIDS

- Getting Educated About HIV/AIDS Millions of people in the world have HIV/AIDS. My whole life I've been told about the virus/syndrome from my parents and from many public service advertisements in magazines and television. Recently, my neighbor died of having AIDS because he refused to accept that he had the syndrome. Consequently, he did not receive treatment and therefore passed away. I chose this topic because it is important to actually understand the origin and history of HIV/AIDS, how to prevent from having HIV/AIDS, and why the HIV/AIDS virus is so stigmatized in the black community....   [tags: infection prevention]

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958 words | (2.7 pages) | Preview

How to Stop the Spread of AIDS and HIV

- As we all know, diseases like AIDS and HIV are a growing epidemic amongst society. To counteract the spread of such diseases many foundations have been created to spread awareness of the harm they can do and how they can be contracted. Epstein, an author, writes an article about a foundation called “Lovelife” that advertises the importance of safe sex. There are a vast amount of ways to combat diseases, but the most vital way is spreading knowledge amongst the population. A good approach to this is for parents to build strong tie relationships amongst the youth....   [tags: diseases, awareness, sex, lifelove]

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1396 words | (4 pages) | Preview

Transgender Issues Of Health And Hiv Research

- One article that goes more in depth on the issue is “on Bodies and Research: Transgender Issues in Health and HIV Research Articles”. The main point of the article is focuses on the difficultly in aiding the transgender community. One issue that is brought up is that the umbrella term of transgender is used. Due to the many difficult medical conditions that encompass the term transgender, it is difficult to provide proper health care. One may be willing to alter their birth sex, but others may have been born with a morphological or chromosomal, or hormonal defect that requires a change in sex....   [tags: Transgender, Gender, Health care, Medicine]

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1345 words | (3.8 pages) | Preview

Dr. M, A Surgeon Infected With Hiv

- In this paper, I will argue that Dr. M, a surgeon infected with HIV, should inform his patients about his condition. By not doing so he is putting his patients at risk of contracting the disease and he is ignoring the Hippocratic oath that goes against his ethics as a physician he swore to uphold. When medical students go on to become a physician they are usually sworn into upholding the Hippocratic oath. The oath requires physicians to act so as to benefit the sick and keep them from harm. This oath is giving effective rules and virtues that guide a physician in how they should perform when it comes to their professional relationship with patient and others....   [tags: Physician, Medicine, Hippocrates, Patient]

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Overcoming the Drawbacks of Stavudine, an HIV Treatment

- Stavudine (1-[(2R, 5S)-5-(hydroxyl methyl)-2, 5-dihydrofuran-2-yl]-5-methyl-1, 2, 3, 4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2, 4-Dione) is a nucleoside analog reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NARTI) active against HIV. This drug bears some significant draw backs such as relatively short half-life, low bio availability poor permeability and undesirable side effects. To overcome these draw backs could be association with nano scaled drug carriers have emerged as a bridge linking nanotechnology and advanced drug delivery involving nan scaled materials such as liposomes, microspheres, polymeric shells , nanoparticles ,carbon nanotubes and carbon nano horns....   [tags: nanoparticles, delivery, AuNps ]

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523 words | (1.5 pages) | Preview

HIV and Aids

- HIV and Aids In Junior High, when we were in sex education class, we were told about AIDS and HIV. We learned that being HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) positive eventually led to AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome), which eventually led to death. We were taught this and never really doubted it. The AIDS pandemic is global and an estimated 40 million people are infected. None of them have been cured. The amount of funding for AIDS research is not small. A plentiful amount of drugs are available to patients diagnosed with AIDS or HIV....   [tags: Medical Health Medicine Essays]

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1138 words | (3.3 pages) | Preview

HIV/AIDS Propelled the Study of Sexuality

- The HIV/AIDS panic propelled the study of sexuality into the sociological mainstream, framing young people’s sexual relationships as an important strategy for discovering information that might minimise risk of the disease. For feminist analyses, this research simultaneously drew attention to social constructions of heterosexuality (Jackson, 1999; Allen, 2003), underlining sexual attitudes and behaviours centrally concerned around issues of desire, pleasure and power, and the degree to which women can subvert or challenge it within heterosexual relations....   [tags: heterosexual, relationships, male]

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1982 words | (5.7 pages) | Preview

Exploration of HIV

- Exploration of HIV HIV infection is a worldwide outbreak – a deadly disease – affecting people everywhere. The spread of HIV infection has occurred on such a scale, and the impact of the disease is potentially so devastating to world health, that only a concerted, global response is appropriate. What is HIV. The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is an organism known as a retrovirus. Like any virus, HIV must use the cells of another organism – its host – to survive and reproduce....   [tags: Papers]

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499 words | (1.4 pages) | Preview

Christianity and HIV

- Christianity and HIV As an outsider who shares many values with sincere and faithful Christians, I am troubled with the apparent lack of effectiveness of their most common approaches to the current HIV crisis. The Christian ultimate objective of saving souls is not universally shared, and arguments from that perspective will not be persuasive to a general audience. However, even if we were all to agree to that goal, the current Christian approaches are allowing far to many bodies and souls to be taken by HIV....   [tags: Papers]

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2328 words | (6.7 pages) | Preview


- AIDS and HIV The HIV virus poses one of the biggest viral threats to human society today. It is contracted through bodily fluids such as blood and semen, and sometimes even saliva and tears. AIDS kills 100% of its victims and puts them through agony before they die. It has been a threat for about 15 years, and it is not going to stop now. In fact, AIDS is just getting started: It consumes more people each year. There is no known treatment for it either, only antibiotics to slow the reproduction of the virus....   [tags: Gay, Lesbian and Bisexual Issues]

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641 words | (1.8 pages) | Preview

HIV/STD: Health Promotion Strategies

- The World Health Organization defines Health promotion as “ the process of enabling people to increase control over their health and its determinants, and thereby improve their health participants.” Contemporary health professionals such as nurse practitioners, nurses, and doctors inform and demonstrate ways on caring for the self. The contemporary view of health promotion is an individual driven prevention assisted by health care professionals. This new style of health promotion lets patients get involved with their health by adapting a lifestyle that changes the way they approach health prevention....   [tags: Health ]

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957 words | (2.7 pages) | Preview

The Pros of Mandatory HIV Testing and Disclosure of HIV Status

- The Pros of Mandatory HIV Testing and Disclosure of HIV Status The universal precautions of the Centers for Disease Control do not eradicate all risk to the patient or health care provider, says Baillie et al. (p. 129). While health care providers in all institutions have been educated in universal precautions, Beck, a registered nurse, cautions that some employees have failed to comply with the recommended procedures from the Centers of Disease Control. Some nurses find goggles, gloves, and other protective gear to be cumbersome to wear and/or too time consuming to put on and remove....   [tags: AIDS Health Medicine Medical Essays]

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2494 words | (7.1 pages) | Preview

HAPATO - HIV/AIDS Preventive Agency of Toronto

- Introduction HAPATO, HIV/AIDS Preventive Agency of Toronto is a non-profit organization that develops programs and brings awareness to the public about HIV/AIDs. A 25-member panel of expert consultants are working with Health Canada to develop Stop HIV Now, a campaign designed to bring awareness to the increasing number of Canadians diagnosed with HIV/AIDS. We are focusing on raising awareness among all Canadians and reducing the risk of infection among the most vulnerable groups. HAPATO is working tirelessly with communities to develop information about HIV/AIDS, increase the knowledge of gay men, youths, and aboriginals to reduce the transmission of HIV within these groups....   [tags: gay, healthcare, treatment]

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How is HIV/AIDS in Uganda Connected to Social Justice?

- ... HIV is more common in women at 5.4 percent, compared to 2.4 percent prevalence rate amongst men. Developing countries such as Uganda have less money to support their basic necessities. Majority of these people do not have enough money to purchase health care to help keep them safe from the virus. As well in Uganda there is a lack of education about how HIV/AIDS is transmitted. Children need to be educated about making good decisions but also how to protect themselves from getting the virus. How is Canada responding....   [tags: antiretroviral drugs, developing country]

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976 words | (2.8 pages) | Preview

Impact of Stigma of HIV-AIDS in the South African Workplace

- ... For this stigma and belief, many are isolated at home or at the workplace. They are further stigmatized by their peers via assumptions that they became infected with HIV because they chose to take part in unprotected sex and other behaviour that they believe lead ti HIV infection. HIV/AIDS: Human immunodeficiency virus, or HIV, is the virus that causes acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). The virus slowly destroy the human body’s ability to fight of infections and cancers. AIDS is a far more progressive stage of HIV infection....   [tags: business, financial management]

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1510 words | (4.3 pages) | Preview

Unintended Pregnancies Among HIV Positive Women

- SCOPE OF PROBLEM Unintended pregnancies among HIV positive women in low-income settings is a significant public health issue with implications for the health and well-being of women of childbearing age, their partners, and their children. According to the Global HIV/AIDS Response Progress Report (WHO, 2011), Swaziland is a priority country for eliminating mother-to-child transmission of HIV. Swaziland has the highest HIV prevalence in the world - nearly 26% of adults aged 15-49 in Swaziland are living with HIV....   [tags: public health issue, mother-to-child transmission]

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2090 words | (6 pages) | Preview

HIV/AIDS, Herpes and HPV in South African Youth

- Introduction The South African youth is the most affected demographic in sexually transmitted diseases due to the high number of cases it presents. According to the UNAIDS, it is this age group of the population that has shown the highest HIV prevalence over time. Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) like Herpes and HPV within the South African youth are also associated to the transmission of HIV because both of them increase the risk of infection. Furthermore, this interrelation between HIV and other STDs helps explain the HIV epidemic in South Africa....   [tags: Disease ]

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1499 words | (4.3 pages) | Preview

The Benefits of Introducing at-Home Testing for HIV in Indonesia

- ... The stigma would then be manifested as discriminating behaviors. A study that was held by Harapan et al (2013) found that the level of stigmatized and discriminatory attitudes was high even among health care workers in Banda Aceh, Indonesia. One of the common causes of this stigma is the irrational fear of HIV transmission (Harapan 2013, Hossain 2011, Hossain 2010, Li 2007). In the current voluntary and clinical testing setting, a person willing to test his HIV status must see many health care workers....   [tags: pros and cons, prevention programs]

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1795 words | (5.1 pages) | Preview

Everything You Need to Know about AIDS and HIV

- Table of Contents 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1 1.1 WHAT IS HIV 1 1.1.1TRANSMISSION METHODS 1 1.2. SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF HIV/AIDS 1 1.2.1Early Stage of HIV: Symptoms 1 1.2.2 The Clinical Latency Stage 2 1.2.3Progression to AIDS: Symptoms 2 1.3. HEALTH IMPACTS OF HIV 3 2.0 Impacts of HIV/AIDS 3 2.1 Social 3 2.1.1 Gender 3 2.1.2 Discrimination 4 2.1.3 Culture 4 2.2 Economic - Individual 4 2.2.1 Orphans 4 2.2.2 Labor Supply 4 2.2.3 Costs 4 2.2.4 Household Expenditures 5 2.2.5 The Public Sector 5 2.3 Economic - Healthcare 5 2.3.1 Human Capital 5 2.3.2 Increased Demand for Health Care 5 2.3.3 Shortage of Health Professionals 5 3.0 Recommendations 6 4.0 Conclusion 6 References 7 ‘Discuss in reasonable deta...   [tags: signs, symptoms, transmission, prevention]

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1839 words | (5.3 pages) | Preview

An Analytical Look at the Cured Mississippi HIV Baby

- In March of 2013, news of a cure for Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) swept across the scientific and general media. There were claims that this event was the breakthrough needed to finally eradicate HIV (Young, “Researchers: Toddler Cured”). This claim came from a baby born HIV positive but now no longer tested positive for HIV. This baby was born in Mississippi and within 30 hours of being born, was treated with rigorous amount of combination of HIV treatment called ART (antiretroviral therapy), which included medications such as Azidothymidine (AZT), along with a few other antiviral medications (Persaud 1)....   [tags: antiretroviral therapy, azidothymidine]

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1244 words | (3.6 pages) | Preview

Stopping the Spread of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection (HIV)

- Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection (HIV) is a worldwide epidemic that could so easily be prevented. Currently there are 35.3 million people in the world living with HIV and every hour fifty women are infected with HIV. HIV/AIDS has been the cause of approximately 36 million deaths since it was discovered and continues to kill every day. Safe sex and needle-exchange programs, along with antiretroviral treatments are the best way to stop HIV from spreading and leading to AIDS. HIV is a virus that can be sexually transmitted, obtained through hypodermic needles or contaminated blood transfusions, or passed on from mother to child through pregnancy, birth, or breastfeeding....   [tags: safe, sex, programs, treatment, disease]

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617 words | (1.8 pages) | Preview

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