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HIV and Aids in Sub Saharan Africa

- HIV and Aids in Sub Saharan Africa Introduction Sub Saharan Africa has a very serious HIV / AIDS epidemic with millions of its people living with the disease. It has now become a human tragedy in many areas of the world, but most affected is sub Saharan Africa. It is no coincidence that the countries suffering most with HIV / AIDS are also the poorest. HIV / AIDS is now considered to be the single most important impediment to social progress to many countries in Africa .This report will analyse the current situation using up to date sources from articles, books and the World Wide Web....   [tags: HIV in Africa]

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The HIV & AIDS Virus

- Citations - news, treatment information, and other resources. HIV and AIDS Activities - information from the FDA Office of Special Health Issues. Specialized Information Services Home Page - US National Library ... - ... Library of Medicine (NLM) is responsible for information resources and services in toxicology, environmental health, chemistry, HIV/AIDS, and specialized ... CDC-NCHSTP-Divisions of HIV/AIDS Prevention (DHAP) Home Page - ......   [tags: HIV, AIDS, Health]

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Breastfeeding And Hiv : A Natural Survival Skill For All Species

- Breastfeeding and HIV Since the beginning of time, breastfeeding is one of the most encouraged and sacred acts between mother and infant. A natural survival skill for all species. Encouraged by many cultures and for some the only means of providing nutrition for infants. HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus. If left untreated, HIV can lead to the disease AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome). HIV attacks the body’s immune system, specifically the CD4 cells (T cells), which help the immune system fight off infections (AIDS.Gov, 2016)....   [tags: AIDS, HIV, Antiretroviral drug, Breast milk]

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Using Effective Communication Skills For Hiv / Aids

- Making a positive choice in your life if you are diagnosed with HIV can relieve a lot of stress as well as allow other people to make positive choices, regardless if it is dealing with stress or communicating with your sex partner, as well as disclosing to family and friends. Some stressors are minor and easy to deal with, while other stressors can be major and can be overwhelming. For some people, HIV/AIDS can be at the top of the list as a stressor, for other HIV/AIDS may not be the number one stressor in life depending on the individual....   [tags: AIDS, HIV, Immune system, Sexual intercourse]

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Aids And Hiv : A Disease Of The Human Immune System

- AIDS and HIV are considered “newer” diseases. AIDS is “a disease of the human immune system that is characterized cytologically especially by reduction in the numbers of CD4-bearing helper T cells to 20 percent or less of normal thereby rendering the subject highly vulnerable to life-threatening conditions” (AIDS, n.d.), and it stands for acquired immune deficiency syndrome. HIV is “any of several retroviruses and especially HIV-1 that infect and destroy helper T cells of the immune system causing the marked reduction in their numbers that is diagnostic of AIDS” (HIV, n.d.), and it stands for human immunodeficiency virus....   [tags: Immune system, HIV, AIDS, T helper cell]

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Hiv Prevention Plan For African Heterosexual Adults

- HIV Prevention Plan for African Heterosexual Adults In 2014, approximately 36.9 million individuals were living with HIV, a international HIV occurrence of 0.8%. The bulk of this number reside in low and middle revenue countries. In the same year, 1.2 million individuals died of AIDS-associated infections. Of the 36.9 million people living with HIV, 25.8 million live in sub-Saharan Africa, accounting for 70% of the global total ("HIV and AIDS in Sub-Saharan," 2015). Dissimilarities between the epidemiology of cases of AIDS in Africa and those in Western cultures has provoked speculation about health factors that may be specific to Africa....   [tags: AIDS, HIV, Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa]

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HIV / AIDS among Kenyan Youth

- In 2001, Sub-Saharan Africa recorded the highest number of deaths from HIV/AIDS, with 29.4 million people living with AIDS; 10 million young people and 3 million children. Among these, 12.2 million were women and 10.1 million men. In 2002, 3.5 million new infections were reported. From this backdrop, Kenyans were interviewed on their perceptions of sex and condom use within heterosexual relationships revealing that denial and silence played a major role in the escalation of the pandemic while gender differences, culture and power were perceived as negatively impacting negotiation of sex and condom use within Kenyan communities....   [tags: HIV in Africa]

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Effects Of Hiv On Children 's Cognitive And Motor Development

- Effects of HIV on Children’s Cognitive and Motor Development From birth and all the way until adulthood, all humans go through a long path of development. Physical growth occurs along this path, but along with it, the most important and fundamental components of every human being also happens, this is known as cognitive development. For that reason, cognitive and motor development are fundamental parts for the healthy growth of a child. However, there are factors that can inhibit development and cause damage, including infectious and sociocultural factors (Msellati et al., 1993)....   [tags: Immune system, HIV, AIDS, Antiretroviral drug]

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The Gay Men 's Hiv Reduction Practices

- Introduction The purpose of this paper is to gain insight on the different ways HIV can be prevented, in a world where sexual intercourse is now starting at a younger age than the norm. It is very important to point out ways to prevent HIV before it is contracted, to avoid life changing health burdens. With the use of various articles, this paper will discuss how to prevent HIV by simply educating the population of the importance to use condoms when performing anal sex, being that it is a highly vascular area, transmission of HIV through drug/needle use, and educating high school students about abstinence and HIV prevention....   [tags: HIV, AIDS, Sexual intercourse, Safe sex]

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An Infectious Disease And Public Health Concerning Hiv And Aids

- This paper will cover the topics surrounding an infectious disease and public health concerning HIV and AIDS. It will address information consisting of: a description of the disease, work conducted by government departments to reduce the impact; investigations, research studies, and surveillance data; government finding and investigations; past current and ongoing research. Human immunodeficiency virus infection (HIV) and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a form of disease affecting the immune system resulting from the HIV virus....   [tags: AIDS, HIV, Immune system, Antiretroviral drug]

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Hiv Prevention And Treatment Of The Western World And Developing Nations

- HIV prevention and treatment is a topic of growing concern in both the Western world and developing nations. Many different research studies are being conducted to find different treatment options. In Western nations there are many treatment options, patients and physicians can work together to develop a plan to help the infection. But this may not always be the case in developing nations, since there are not many available resources. The Human Immunodeficiency Virus is a virus that is commonly known as HIV....   [tags: AIDS, HIV, Immune system, Antiretroviral drug]

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Hiv / Aids Prevention Care And Support Project

- makes the public unable to get proper health education on many problems including HIV/AIDS and its consequences. Socio-Ecological Risk Model Individual— IV drug use, early age at first sexual encounter, multiple sexual partners, poverty, inability to afford condoms, improper use of condoms, gender, lack of education, low access to HIV testing and treatment, traditional medicine Interpersonal— polygamy and other traditions, social stigmas, bias against circumcision, rape, false beliefs about HIV/AIDS Community— lack of HIV education programs, cultural stigmas, lack of testing, counselling, and treatment programs, prevalence of sex workers Society— lack of or low funding for HIV/AIDS programs...   [tags: AIDS, Sexually transmitted disease, HIV, Condom]

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Patient Assistance Programs For People Living With Hiv / Aids

- Patient Assistance Programs for People Living with HIV/AIDS According to the American Psychological Association a person’s socioeconomic status is measured by a combination of education, income, and occupation. The problem for people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) is their socioeconomic status affecting their quality of life (QOL). According to World Health Organization QOL is defined as a person’s views of their positions in life corresponding to the framework of their culture and values in which they live in relation to their goals, standards, expectations, and concerns....   [tags: HIV, AIDS, Ryan White Care Act]

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Human Immunodeficiency Virus ( Hiv ) -1 Infection

- Mathematical modeling has helped everyone fully understand the disease, Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)-1 infection. A lot of deterministic models have been implemented to explain the immune system and how it interacts with HIV, and also how it is affected by drug therapy. Using clinical data and mathematical modeling has been used to clarify the standards that supervise HIV and immune system dynamics with association to antiviral drug therapy. Additional studies have showed lifelong infected cells; the cells make copies of the virus and the high replication rate of HIV in the body (Rivadeneira , 2014)....   [tags: Immune system, HIV, AIDS, Antiretroviral drug]

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Needle-Exchange Programs and The Fight against HIV/AIDS

- This paper will be concerned with the issue of having needle-exchange programs (NEPs) in the United States, for the purpose of encouraging injection drug users (IDUs) to engage in safer practices. Specifically, this paper will address the question of whether or not such programs are a desirable policy for reducing the spread of HIV/AIDS. This topic was chosen because it is evident that something needs to be done to stop the spread of AIDS, a problem that has reached epidemic proportions in nations around the world....   [tags: Injection Drug Users, Prevention, AIDS, HIV]

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The Establishment Of Comprehensive Hiv Workplace Programmes By Business

- INTRODUCTION “The establishment of comprehensive HIV workplace programmes by business has to be underpinned by the consideration of one key question: Where do business’ responsibilities start and end?” “We could pick [black low-skilled] workers off the tree like apricots” The first quote, taken from a publication by the Global Business Coalition on HIV/AIDS in 2002, poses a question that had long been answered by South Africa’s mining industry throughout the previous decades. However, the second quote, recorded during an interview with a senior human resources manager in the mining division of the large South African company Deco, illustrates public perception and historical memory of t...   [tags: Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, HIV, Botswana]

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HIV/AIDS in Prisons and Jails

- In addressing the prevention of the spread of the HIV virus in prisons, we have seen a rush to develop and implement prevention measures. Much attention has centered on such controversial issues as compulsory or voluntary blood testing, isolation versus integration of HIV infected inmates into the prison mainstreams, provision of condoms and disposable needles, and effective educational measures for specific groups within the prison.      Unfortunately, this rush to develop and implement preventive measures has resulted in a degree of polarization which has hindered progress towards implementation of effective prevention measures....   [tags: STD, HIV, AIDS]

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Epidemiology And Infection Control Of Hiv / Aids And Emerging Diseases

- Course Paper Epidemiology and Infection Control in HIV/AIDS and Emerging Diseases in Russia HIV - NH-817-DL-14FA Evgeniya Larionova MGH Institute Of Health Professions 1. Brief History of Russia In the 9th century different Slavic tribes inhabited Russia. The Vikings assimilated into Russian society making Slavic tribes to adopt their language and customs. The Russians became very powerful nations. When Russia was ruled by Ivan III (1462-1505) he conquered many affluent cities and considerably expanded its territory....   [tags: Russia, United States, HIV, Vladimir Putin]

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Hiv / Aids Pandemic : The Global Agenda For The Past Four Decades

- The HIV/AIDS pandemic has dominated the global agenda for the past four decades. HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) itself is a virus which targets specific cells within the immune system known as CD4 cells (T cells). As time elapses, the number of these CD4 cells deplete under attack from the HIV virus, rendering the body incapable of warding off infection and disease, as a direct result of a severely weakened immune system. At this point, the HIV infection progresses into AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome)....   [tags: AIDS, HIV, Immune system, Immunodeficiency]

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Human Immunodeficiency Virus ( Hiv ) Or Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome ( Aids )

- In America when someone thinks about an individual with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), they typically think of a homosexual male or possibly a prostitute, or maybe even a drug user that shares needles with his or her buddies. For the most part though, you probably don’t think of the lady down the street whose husband is rarely home, or the fishermen at your local farmers market. In Thailand however, these are very common examples of people who have HIV and AIDS, especially if they are in rural areas such as Northern Thailand (Surasiengsunk et al, 1998)....   [tags: AIDS, HIV, Condom, Safe sex]

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The Human Immunodeficiency Virus, Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome ( Hiv / Aids )

- One of the worst public health crisis of human history is the human immunodeficiency virus, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDs). I chose this disease because of its intriguing origins and the destructive prevalence that is has in the world today. The human immunodeficiency virus started spreading in Africa over 30 years ago and eventually spread worldwide. The disease has been a major plague on society, not only killing numerous people, but destroying the economy, devastating communities, and creating geographical issues....   [tags: AIDS, HIV, Immune system, Africa]

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Human Immunodeficiency Virus ( Hiv ) And Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

- Of all the things that are being done in an effort to help African countries with their epidemic of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) helping on a grand scale has not be done. There has been a spread of informative programs to inform people of what they should be doing to prevent the spread of HIV and AIDS throughout all the regions of Africa. The people of Africa, when asked, were very knowledgeable about how to prevent the transmission of the viral particle, however the prevalence still remains high in African countries, including South Africa....   [tags: AIDS, Africa, HIV, South Africa]

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The Cause and Effect of HIV in Africa

- The Cause and Effect of HIV in Africa The ubiquitous acronym HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus. It is a virus that gradually weakens the immune system until the body cannot fight off common infinitesimal infections such as pneumonia, diarrhea, the “flu”, and other illnesses. All of which can be part of the Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, the final stage of HIV that usually develops between 2 to 10 years after the infection. This infection is frequently transmitted through unprotected intercourse with someone who has already been affected with HIV and is an increasing problem in Africa....   [tags: Biology Medical Biomedical Disease HIV AIDS]

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HIV/AIDS Prevention Among Adolescents in South Africa

- Policy Brief: HIV/AIDS Prevention Among Adolescents in South Africa Heterosexual intercourse among adolescents is the primary method of HIV transmission in South Africa, with the majority of new infections occurring in the 21 – 25 year age group. An HIV-prevention campaign promoting abstinence among young people would seem to be an effective barrier to further infections. However, a policy promoting abstinence approaches the problem only superficially, and would not take into account all of the factors driving adolescents to engage in sexual relations, specifically unprotected sex, in the first place....   [tags: HIV in Africa]

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HIV and AIDS - We are Close to a Cure

- HIV and AIDS - We are Close to a Cure AIDS is a major disease that has threatened the world's population but many scientists believe that a cure is in sight. These scientists say they have developed a vaccine that will cure a dying AIDS patient. They also believe that have created a vaccine that will prevent a person from contracting the virus. AIDS stands for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. Acquired stands for that the disease is not hereditary but develops after birth from contact with a disease causing agent in this case, HIV....   [tags: STD, HIV, AIDS]

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The United States Government and HIV/AIDS

- AIDS is a disease that has effected and is still affecting the country in many detrimental ways. When first discovered in the country of Africa, the seriousness was unheard of. As the AIDS virus reached the United States, the devastating effects became more obvious. This was the point when the United States government felt that something should be done about the HIV/AIDS virus. According to the Office of AIDS research, AIDS, or Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome is a serious illness that originates as HIV....   [tags: HIV/AIDS Essays]

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HIV Therapy

- HIV Therapy When the FDA approved the Pill for marketing in 1960, it changed America forever. The pill was released without adequate testing. Within two years, 1.2 Americans were using it and by 1973 that number had risen to 10 million. In 1969 the book "The Doctors Case against the Pill" by Barbara Seaman showed people the dangers. By the end of the 70's, the FDA required physicians and pharmacists to hand out sheets on possible negative effect and complications (Kalb 20-36). The pills contain two hormones, estrogen and progestin....   [tags: HIV and AIDS]

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Hiv ( Human Immunodeficiency Virus ) Affects The Immune System And When Left Untreated Can Develop Into Aids

- Introduction HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) affects the immune system and when left untreated can develop into AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome) which may take up to 10 years. This disease is not bias, it can affect anyone whether you are rich or poor, a newborn or elder person, here in the United States or anywhere else in the world. Transmission of the disease can occur in several different ways but the most common is through sexual contact. Newborns can get the disease from their infected mothers when the baby is delivered or when they are breastfed....   [tags: AIDS, HIV, Sexual intercourse]

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Factors That Underlying Human Immunodeficiency Virus ( Hiv ) Transmission Among Adult Black African )

- INTRODUCTION The purpose of this research project is to explore the factors that underlying Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission among adult black African (ABA) in the United Kingdom (UK). This research project will look at the statistic data of ABA living in the UK. The data will be use to explore BA living in the UK with HIV in more depth by exploring the factors underlying HIV transmission among them. In addition, this research project will explore the prevalence and incidence of HIV among ABA in the UK, and the policy on the prevention strategy and also evaluate the action of the agency link....   [tags: HIV, AIDS, Sexual intercourse]

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Human Immunodeficiency Virus ( Hiv ) And Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome ( Aids )

- Introduction Despite advances in Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) remains an important public health concern, globally. There are still challenges facing HIV prevention, treatment and care at a local, national and global level. By 2014, the World Health Organization (WHO) estimated that about 35 million people were living with HIV globally and two million new infections reported every year (1). Among them, an estimated five million people living with HIV (PLHIV) were in Asia and the Pacific region, including Indonesia (2)....   [tags: HIV, AIDS, Health care, Public health]

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HIV and AIDS: How Has It Developed?

- How Has It Developed. Only within the last two decades have HIV and AIDS become largely visible in the United States and across the globe. It may appear that there is virtually a void in legislation dealing with HIV and AIDS because of the relatively recent increase in public awareness. Perhaps, though, this lack of legislation should not be surprising considering the fact that almost no other specific illnesses are the target of direct legislation. The rights of patients are often the topic of new laws; however, exact diseases or disorders are not usually expounded upon in these broader forms of legislation....   [tags: HIV AIDS Diseases Health Essays]

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Identifying The Causative Agent Of Hiv Infection And The Mode Of Transmission For Infectious Agent

- A 31-year-old HIV-infected woman presents with severe diarrhea and dizziness. She has long-standing HIV disease and her most recent CD4 count was 24 cells/mm3. For approximately 2 years, she has not taken any medications related to her HIV disease. The diarrhea began about 10 days ago and now she is having 10 to 15 watery stools per day, abdominal cramping, and nausea. Physical examination shows a thin female with a temperature of 38.1°C, blood pressure of 86/60 mmHg, and minimal diffuse abdominal tenderness with deep palpation....   [tags: Immune system, HIV, AIDS, Antiretroviral drug]

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The Factors That Are Affecting South Africa 's Efforts Combating Hiv / Aids?

- What are the factors that are affecting South Africa’s efforts in combating HIV/AIDS. Origin 1. Absence in Antiretroviral Drugs As HIV/AIDS started peeking in South Africa, president Mbeki denies and refuses to believe the universal acceptance and scientific outlook, disputing that HIV was not the foundation of AIDS and rejected the ARV or the antiretroviral drugs claiming they were not beneficial for aids patients and refused to consent on receiving freely provided nevirapine and funding from the international development agencies....   [tags: AIDS, HIV, South Africa, Antiretroviral drug]

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Stigma Among Rural Indian Women Living With Hiv / Aids

- The article “Correlates of Stigma among Rural Indian Women Living with HIV/AIDS”, brought out numerous key points about the prejudice that women who are battling AIDS are facing. The article was conducted on 68 Indian Women who ranged from the ages of 18 to 45, and all had AIDS. Surveys were done on each of the individual women to investigate at how different types of stigma had affected their daily lives, in respect to their socio-demographic information, health history, knowledge about HIV, and depressive symptoms caused from HIV....   [tags: AIDS, Sexual intercourse, HIV, Health care]

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- HIV People who inherit only one copy of a mutated gene that has an effect on HIV's ability to enter CD4 T-helper cells appear to be substantially less likely to become infected with the virus, according to a new report by researchers at New York University School of Medicine in New York City and collaborators at other institutions. Such a protective effect, if proven, falls far short of completely safeguarding individuals who carry a single copy of the gene mutation from the risk of HIV infection....   [tags: HIV and AIDS]

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- HIV Like the majority of the American population I have lived in a cloud of ignorance about the HIV and AIDS crisis. I have never know anyone close to me that has been infected with either of the two viruses. So when the option to research something to do with sexuality arouse I felt this would definitely further my education about a lethal killer that is roaming this earth. Since I knew next to nothing about this topic I will start from the begging of the disease and discuss where it's at now....   [tags: HIV and AIDS]

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A Critical Analysis And Reflection Paper On The Face Of Hiv : Questions Of Poverty And Gender

- This critical analysis and reflection paper is on the 2003 article by Ida Susser titled “Ju/’hoansi Survival in the Face of HIV: Questions of Poverty and Gender. This paper centers on the ethnographic research conducted by Ida Susser and Richard Lee in the southern African nations of Botswana and Namibia. Their research was conducted between 1996 and 2001, offers a detailed analysis of the current state of affairs of the Jo/’hoansi’s fight against the spread of HIV. Susser contends that the two main factors of poverty and women autonomy are responsible for the prevention or spread of this terrible disease, and outlines their evidence that was collected through their multi-sited ethnography....   [tags: Human sexual behavior, Sexual intercourse, HIV]

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HIV Treatments and Reducing Drug Resistance

- HIV Treatments and Reducing Drug Resistance Abstract HIV is a retrovirus that will constantly attack human’s immune system once an individual is infected and will eventually develop to AIDS, often a deadly sexually transmitted disease. Currently, there are different kinds of antiretroviral treatments available for patients who are tested to be HIV positive as well as patients with AIDS. HIV can easily develop resistance to its treatment through mutation each generation, which leads to ineffectiveness in treatment....   [tags: Biology Medical Biomedical Disease HIV AIDS]

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HIV Speech

- HIV Speech It kills over 300,000 people a year. It can affect anyone regardless of your race, sex, or age. It cannot be seen, treated, readily detected or destroyed. It is capable of destroying millions of people without wars or violence. This thing is AIDS caused by the virus HIV-1. What would you do if you found out tomorrow you had AIDS. How would you react if a family member contracted the disease and was diagnosed with one to three years left to live. The HIV virus that causes AIDS began to affect the nation many years ago and was first discovered and documented by the Center for Disease Control in Atlanta, Georgia in 1979....   [tags: HIV, AIDS, Health]

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HIV Spread

- Life-Threatening Interactions between Hiv-1 Protease Inhibitors and MDMA and -Hydroxybutrate (GHB) Introduction Purpose The goal of this assignment, is to read the health journal and with an unbiased appraisal, decide whether the information is conclusive enough based on solely the information given to possibly change one's health practices. Why Topic Selected In today’s college society, with the ever-growing number of sexually active students, HIV is quickly spreading....   [tags: STD, HIV, AIDS]

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Sex, Cultural Barriers And Psychological Self- Regulation And Hiv Prevention Among Gay Men

- Literature Review The following section presents a review of literature regarding three basic categories which include the knowledge and the rates of unprotected sex, cultural barriers and psychological self- regulation and HIV prevention among gay men in college. The first section is an overview of the research on the knowledge and confirmed by clear epidemiology findings, anal intercourse without condoms. Furthermore, are recognized as one of the most efficient routes for the transmission of HIV....   [tags: HIV, AIDS, Homosexuality, Sexual intercourse]

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- HIV Many eyebrows raised late in 1979, when the then unkown HIV virus raised its ugly head. The first two cases of the rare cancer, Karposis Sarcoma was diagnosed in two homosexual men in N>Y>C. About the same time in Los Angeles, several cases of the rare infection, Pneumocytis cariini pneumonia were being treated. Incidences of these strange diseases and infections were sky-rocketting around the country. The disease was effecting mostly young gay men in their 30's. There was no official name for the syndrome, but it was referred to by various names, GRID (gay related inmmune disease), Gay Cancer, and, "Community Acquired Syndrome"....   [tags: STD, HIV, AIDS]

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Hiv / Hiv And Aids

- Finally, HIV/AIDS positive individuals experience much higher rates of discrimination in the health care system as well as other areas. HIV/AIDS positive individuals have reported being denied services due to their health status. Herek (1999) describes this as AIDS exceptionalism. AIDS exceptionalism makes accessing needed care much more difficult. One study revealed that 13% of Canadians with HIV/AIDS had been denied care by a surgeon based on their HIV/AIDS status and 14% of Canadian medical residents admitted that they would not treat a person with HIV/AIDS if given the choice (Campbell, 2000)....   [tags: Health care, Medicine, Healthcare]

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HIV/AIDS Awareness

- HIV/AIDS Awareness How would you feel if you saw a four-year-old girl have to watch her mother die a slow painful death from AIDS. Well this is what millions of children face everyday living in Africa. Do you ever stop and think about how lucky you are to live a happy and healthy life or do you just take it for granted. An estimated 25 million adults and children are living with HIV in Sub-Saharan Africa, and AIDS has orphaned an estimated twelve million children. HIV/AIDS is one of the biggest challenges the world faces today....   [tags: HIV and AIDS]

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The Controversy Over HIV/AIDS Disclosure Law

- Abstract Forty million people worldwide are infected with the HIV virus. About six percent of them will not inform their intimate partners about their health condition. Many efforts that have been made over the past decade towards establishing a HIV/AIDS law, have finally paid off. The act of disclosing the virus was written in 1990. It caused quite a stir among the citizens of the United States. Many people concluded that there were holes in the disclosure law concerning HIV/AIDS because it lacked complete thought....   [tags: Biology Medical Biomedical Disease HIV AIDS]

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HIV/AIDS Research

- HIV/AIDS Research Every part of African society from teachers to soldiers is under attack from Aids with over 30% of the adult population infected in some countries, the United Nations says in a new report. 80% of the world's deaths from AIDS occur in Africa, which at current rate is estimated to be 34 million people to have been infected with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa, since the start of the pandemic and 11.4 million are estimated to have died. This epidemic is creating instability in an already fragile African economy....   [tags: HIV, AIDS, Health]

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Hiv Positive And Its Effect On Hiv

- In the employment human right allow the worker who has HIV can continue to work in the current job and cannot fire them because of he or she had HIV positive if he or she still have the abilities to work in that position. For an HIV positive is concerned into section 17 as a disable person. According to BC Human Right Tribunal (2012), reported that “the Tribunal found that the respondents discriminated when, after the complainant was HIV positive, they did not provide him with further work. The respondents admitted that the complainant’s HIV positive status was at least a part of the reason he was not recalled” (p.10)....   [tags: Employment, Discrimination, Racism, Wage]

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The History of HIV

- There are many inequities in this global world; should there be such gross inequities in the health of people around the world. We hear words like health gap, health care inequality and sustainability. What can be done to eliminate the health gap, health care inequities and maintain sustainability. The World Health Organization (WHO) and other organizations, private and public are working towards eliminating these disparities. Healthy People 2020 are one such goal that has achieved considerable progress in attaining sustainability in the pursuit of global health goals (Gostin et al., 2013)....   [tags: discovery, prevention, treatment]

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The Effects of HIV

- The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimated that by the end of 2008, there were 490,696 people living with an AIDS diagnoses in the United States, around 38,000 more than 2006 and the numbers continue to rise. Since 2000, the annual number of new AIDS diagnoses has remained relatively constant, with an estimated 34,993 in 2009. In total, an estimated 1,142,714 people are living with a diagnosis of AIDS in America since the beginning of this tragic epidemic. Studied show in 2009 African Americans made up an estimated fifty percent of new HIV diagnoses, whites twenty-seven percent, and Hispanics/Latinos nineteen percent....   [tags: child transmission, blood, infection]

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Overview of HIV

- ... HIV can also be transmitted through the use of contaminated needles used for injections. Pregnant women most often must be tested for HIV so they do not transmit the virus the their children. If a woman tests positive for HIV, then she is encouraged to take anti-retroviral drugs and/or delivering a child through caesarean section, or c-section. The HIV virus is only found in humans and cannot be found in any other organisms. Symptoms of HIV can vary in different individuals and in different areas....   [tags: Disease, Cells, AIDS]

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Pathogens and HIV

- This assignment will give an outline of pathogens and the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) also the Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). How HIV is spread and where the virus comes from. The assignment will also look into who discovered HIV and also when it was discovered and which was found first between HIV and AIDS also if HIV and AIDS are somewhat related. Also give a brief description what a pathogen is, also what types of pathogens there are, and look into the human immune system and discuss CD4, T cells and B cells and what these cells do for the body....   [tags: Health]

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HIV and Christianity

- Introduction In 1981 Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome(AIDS) was first identified as new disease.1,18 Human immunodeficiency virus(HIV) was later found to be the cause of AIDS1. TSince first identified over 60 million people have been infected and 25 million have died globaly18. The HIV virus is transmitted from an infected person to another through blood (including menstrual blood), semen, vaginal secretions, and breast milk.1 It is estimated that 33.2% of the world's population is Christian18Christianity is a religion that originated long before the onset of AIDs and involves Christians whose belief is centered on Jesus Christ....   [tags: social issues, AIDS]

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- HIV, or the Human Immunodeficiency Virus, is a virus which damages and kills cells of the immune system. It attacks the T-cells, key cells of the immune system, and uses them to make copies of itself. After being infected with the virus it progressively interferes and eventually destroys the immune system's ability to fight the anti-genes. HIV may develop into the syndrome AIDS, the Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. HIV is an STD - a sexually transmitted disease - and therefore most commonly it is spread through sexual contact, and the virus mainly enters the body through the penis, mouth, lining of the vagina or vulva during sexual activity....   [tags: health, inmune system]

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Aids and HIV

- Aids and HIV HIV and Aids are sexually transmitted diseases. HIV and Aids can be transmitted several different ways. Some of those ways include sexual intercourse, sharing needles, and bodily fluids. You cannot get Aids or HIV from insect bites, donating blood or casual contact. Aids and HIV were thought to have come from monkeys.HIV can turn into Aids if you don’t know you have it.HIV takes about ten years to turn into AIDS. That is why it is important to get tested for the disease. HIV is what causes AIDS....   [tags: disease, medical, medicine]

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- Desire to have sex is the result of epidemic widespread of infectious diseases such as HIV and AIDS across the globe. The urge to satisfy sexual desires and lust are the core cause for the transmission of HIV/AIDS from one gender to another. In the case of Mexico, men are mostly to blame for the transmission of infectious disease because of their homosexual activities during their work time in the United States. The argument of this book review revolves around the uncontrollable sexual desires of men, and the lack of available reproductive health institution and care for men are in close relation to the spreading of diseases such as HIV and AIDS The book “Fixing Men: Sex, Birth Control and A...   [tags: disease, sexual desire, men, reproductive health]

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- HIV/AIDS No one can be certain about how or when the AIDS virus emerged. The closest related disease would be a simian immunodeficiency virus. This is where the suggestion arose that this disease was first contracted from a primate. It has also been thought that this once primate-only disease had evolved and somehow became transmitted to people. On June 5, 1981, the first report of AIDS hit the United States. The people weren't quite sure of what they were dealing with, so mistakenly, the Center for Disease Control and Prevention released an article concerning a strange outbreak of pneumonia within the male homosexual community....   [tags: HIV and AIDS]

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The Canadian HIV Vaccine Initiative

- THE CANADIAN HIV VACCINE INITIATIVE Description- The Canadian HIV Vaccine Initiative is a Canada based body, which works for the progress of HIV vaccines and testing method, at a global level. Though this organization was established by the Ministry of Canada, it involves enough cooperation and interactivity from other international organizations too. ________________________________________________________________________ Keywords- Canadian HIV Vaccine Initiative, Canadian HIV Vaccine Initiatives, CHVI, Canadian Ministry HIV Vaccine Initiative, Initiatives by Canada towards AIDS, Canada Ministry’s initiatives for AIDS, HIV in Canada, Canada fighting HIV, Goals of the Canadian HIV Vaccine I...   [tags: Health Care]

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Problems Associated With Hiv / Aids

- Problems There are many problems that the people living with HIV/AIDS infection face, such as physical problems, social problems, psychological problems and spiritual problems (Nakawesi et al., 2014). Physical problems included management of different health problems. The physical problems seen in HIV are due to early manifestations of age associated disease, opportunistic infection or by the side effect of ART (Ball, 2014). The common health problems seen in people with HIV/AIDS are heart diseases esp....   [tags: Sexual intercourse, Human sexual behavior]

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HIV: Its Symptoms and Mechanisms

- HIV: Its Symptoms and Mechanisms Jessica woke up in the morning, feeling extremely exhausted and tired (“Early Signs and Symptoms”). She found out that she woke up later than she expected and rushed out of the house to work. That wasn’t the only morning that she had felt that way-- she had felt muscle fatigue and headaches for weeks now (“Signs and Symptoms”). Before, Jessica had gotten a cold, but it was probably the “worst flu” that she had ever experienced (“Signs and Symptoms”). She had a severe fever and always coughed from a sore throat (“Signs and Symptoms”)....   [tags: rna enzymes, exposure]

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HIV and the Condition of AIDS

- Introduction HIV has been a major global issue for over 100 years. It is estimated that 1.6 million people died as a result of this virus in 2012 (“Fact sheet”, 2012). Due to statistics such as the one I just cited, I decided to write this review essay on HIV and the condition of AIDS. As an up and coming scientist, I feel it is imperative that we strive to grow in our understanding of diseases, such as AIDS, so that we can do our part in slowing its spread; also, so that more individuals may be inspired to devote their life’s work to producing a cure....   [tags: health, diseases, prevention]

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Hiv / Aids Is A Global Problem

- HIV/AIDS is a global problem. Although 85 percent of HIV/AIDS cases are located in in region of Africa and South Asia, modern transportation and technology foster the rapid spread of people and their products throughout the world (How, Guadamuz, Wei, Chan, & Koe, 2012). Consequently the virus break up without regard for geographic or civil boundaries. The United Nations estimates there are closely 35 million people living with HIV and over 70 percent of the viral infection occur through sex between men and men and men and women and men (CDC, 2012)....   [tags: Homosexuality, LGBT, Sexual intercourse]

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Hiv / Aids : An Epidemic

- HIV/AIDS is an illness that has been present for over three decades, all regions of the world are affected with this virus, but some regions such as the Sub-Saharan Africa are the worst hit with high incidence and prevalence. HIV is a preventable virus, it is commonly transmitted through unprotected sex, sharing drug injection equipment such as needles with someone that is HIV positive and through other body fluids such as blood, semen, rectal fluids, vaginal fluids and breast milk. South Africa has the largest number of people with HIV majority of these numbers being women....   [tags: Health care, Medicine, Health economics, Health]

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1336 words | (3.8 pages) | Preview

Hiv Disclosure : A Concept Analysis

- University of South Alabama HIV Disclosure: A Concept Analysis Addressing barriers to care in patients diagnosed (HIV) is critical in improving patient outcomes. HIV patients are often dually diagnosed with mental illnesses. The phenomenon of interest focused on identifying and addressing the obstacles this population face. The HIV positive population are often met challenges of battling internal and external stigmas as well as managing mental illnesses (Lowther, Selman, Harding, & Higginson, 2014)....   [tags: Sociology, Interpersonal relationship, Patient]

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Description and Contraction of HIV

- Description of HIV The outermost part of HIV is a spherical viral lipid envelope taken from a human cell when a newly formed virus buds from a host cell. The most important of the membrane proteins are three docking glycoprotein 120 (gp120) all attached to the virus membrane via the transmembrane glycoprotein 41 (gp41); there are roughly 72 membrane gp120-gp41 ligands in the membrane. Within the viral envelope is a matrix formed from HIV protein 17. Within the matrix is a bullet-shaped capsid made of the viral protein 24....   [tags: virus, enzymes, transmission]

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1641 words | (4.7 pages) | Preview

HIV and Sexually Transmitted Infections

- Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) are generally transmitted through sexual contact, during unprotected sexual intercourse, some are also transmitted from mother to child during antenatal, intranatal and postnatal period and through unsafe blood, blood products, donated organs or tissues and contaminated needles, their consequences are more devastating and prevalent among women than men.1 STIs are currently a huge burden of disease and adversely effect the reproductive health of people....   [tags: sexual contact, sex workers]

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HIV or Human Immunodeficiency Virus

- HIV or Human Immunodeficiency Virus is a virus that damages the human immune system and leaves HIV-positive people susceptible to many opportunistic infections and cancers. HIV leads to AIDS or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. HIV/AIDS has no cure or preventative vaccine but there are many affective treatments that allow HIV-positive people to lead long lives and preventative measures to protect others from HIV transmission. HIV is believed to be originated in other primates in the Twentieth Century....   [tags: infection, treatment, acute infection]

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HIV and AIDS in the Economy

- Scientists and researchers across the globe have been puzzled ever since AIDS and HIV first made their appearance in the 1980s. This epidemic has been the subject of many arguments and fierce debates throughout recent history, with everything from a promiscuous flight attendant to a suspect vaccine program being blamed. HIV, the Human Immunodeficiency Virus, is a virus that kills your body’s necessary ‘CD4 cells” (aka T-helper cells), which keep your body healthy and fight off anything that may be threatening to your life....   [tags: Disease]

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The Stigma Of Hiv And Aids

- Since the beginning of the HIV epidemic in the 1980s, the disease has carried a stigma that has destroyed lives and families. There are many reasons why HIV carries such a negative image in society due to the nature of the disease, how it is transmitted, and society’s views on bad things happening to people due their choices. As a society, we must work to accept the facts of HIV in an effort to remove the stigma surrounding a life threatening disease. One of the initial reactions people have to bad news about someone with a disease is the question of whether they are going to die....   [tags: AIDS, Homosexuality, Sexually transmitted disease]

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HIV and Indian Automobile Drivers

- India has the population of 1.21 billion people - one sixth of the world's population, and is currently home to 6 million drivers and 2.27 million people living with HIV/AIDS (Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome).1-3 The automobile driver professionals were reported to be playing an important role in the transmission and acquisition of HIV, since the transport operators work lengthy hours away from his spouse which makes them vulnerable to HIV infection mainly owing to risky behaviour and unprotected sex.4 Although there is limited evidence on the direct association between transport personal and HIV infection, it is well-known that the HIV infection is indirectly...   [tags: Diseases/Disorders]

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The Hiv / Hbv Co Infection

- As indicated in objective one, the main purpose of this project was to prepare educational materials with the current studies that Liver Health Connection (LHC) can use to educate health care providers, the community as well as the patients about the HIV/HBV co-infection, the consequences, preventions, treatments, and diagnosis. Hence, the product of objective two can help the LHC to have current educational material about the HIV/HBV co-infection. 5.1 Historical Accounts Objective two was a continuation of objective one, and the end-product of the research about HIV/HBV co-infection....   [tags: Management, Project management, Presentation]

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1463 words | (4.2 pages) | Preview

HIV and AIDS: The Epidemic

- HIV and AIDS have affected millions of people throughout the world. Since 1981, there have been 25 million deaths due to AIDS involving men, women, and children. Presently there are 40 million people living with HIV and AIDS around the world and two million die each year from AIDS related illnesses. The Center for Disease Control estimates that one-third of the one million Americans living with HIV are not aware that they have it. The earliest known case of HIV was in 1959. It was discovered in a blood sample from a man in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo....   [tags: Disease ]

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The Stigma Of Hiv Stigma

- Women in general are more affected by the stigma of having contracted any sexually transmitted disease due to the fact that women are looked down upon more often than men are if they are viewed as promiscuous by their society. The overall theme concerning HIV stigma related to gender, is that women face more mental health disparities compared to males. Women even find it harder to leave an abusive relationship if their partner knows of their HIV status. Women with HIV are more likely to end up in a physically or mentally abusive, intimate relationship (Logie 2011)....   [tags: Human sexual behavior, Sexual intercourse]

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- With reference to one animal or human disease, explain why its economic consequences can vary spatially. Introduction There are many diseases, which produce economic consequences and which can vary in their effect depending on location. Some are Tuberculosis (TB), Malaria, Ebola Virus and AIDs. Throughout this report I am going to focus on the AIDs virus. HIV is the Human immunodeficiency virus, and AIDs is the Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, which it causes. HIV is a slow retrovirus, which means that not only does it take months to show any symptoms and years to develop fully....   [tags: HIV, AIDS, Health]

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HIV Prevention for Indigent Communities

- Imagine a world where an innocent child is given HIV due to mother to child transmission. Imagine a world where a father cannot play football on an autumn’s afternoon with his son because he constantly feels a lack of energy. Imagine a world where for months straight one has a reoccurring yeast infection. And lastly, imagine a world where one cannot remember one’s very own mother’s name due to short term memory loss. Unfortunately, there is no need to imagine for all of the above are actual possibilities when living with Human Immunodeficiency Virus....   [tags: Medical Research]

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1533 words | (4.4 pages) | Preview

The History of AIDS and HIV

- In 1981, The CDC had made a report of cases pertaining to young gay men and a rare lung infection, pneumocystis carinii pneumonia. By June 5, 1981, two out of the five men infected by the disease had died. This is the first the AIDS epidemic is released. (Multiple) At this time, aids was a new disease, there is nothing new about a novel epidemic, which can actually decimate a population. By the time the report was released, within days doctors from all around the world reported similar cases. Shortly after, the CDC receives reports of cases of a rare form of cancer , Kaposi’s Sarcoma, among a group of gay men in New York and California....   [tags: recently discovered diseases and syndrome]

Research Papers
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Southwest Center For Hiv / Aids

- For the BIS program, I have chosen Global Health and Health Innovation as my concentrations of study. I am fortunate to have secured an applied study position with Bailey Smith, the Volunteer and Events Coordinator for Southwest Center for HIV/AIDS. The learning experience I have planned with Bailey Smith involves aiding the Chief Development Officer with the many aspects of searching for and maintaining funding for Southwest Center for HIV/AIDS. This project will entail providing aid to the Development Department at Southwest Center in fundraising development, the development of marketing and communicating programs to the public, and the organization’s volunteer engagement program....   [tags: Medicine, Health economics, Research, Healthcare]

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1071 words | (3.1 pages) | Preview

Hiv And The Southern United States

- Introduction In recent years there has been a gradual climb in the number of heterosexual African Americans being diagnosed with HIV in the rural southern United States. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) indicated that the Southern U.S. had the highest HIV diagnosis rate of any U.S. region in 2013. According to Hader, “heterosexual HIV transmission has escalated in the southern United States with marked racial disparities and high rates among African Americans, especially black women.” (2) There are few studies among Blacks in the South concerning the vital part they play as being a core subpopulation contributing to the high rates of sexually transmitted diseases and infe...   [tags: Sexually transmitted disease]

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1429 words | (4.1 pages) | Preview

The Psychosocial Changes Of Hiv / Aids

- The aim of the study was to provide a qualitative approach to “explore the psychosocial changes” (p.75) in individuals with HIV/AIDS receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). Bedingfield et al. (2014) explain how a qualitative approach will allow for the individual with HIV/AIDS to narrate their personal experiences after HAART has commenced. Bedingfield et al. (2014, p. 75) explicate two research questions as: “What is the impact of HAART on the physical and emotional well-being of persons living with HIV/AIDS?” And “What is the impact of HAART on the social relationships of persons living with HIV/AIDS”....   [tags: Qualitative research, Focus group, Research]

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1370 words | (3.9 pages) | Preview

HDI and HIV AIDS Namibia

- On the rest of the years (2010-2012) the situation is not different from the comparison established between 2005 and 2009. African countries having abysmal gap between them and the European countries. The European level of prevalence does not even reach the one percent while in the African countries, the HIV prevalence is rampant. It is important to note that the correlation calculation for these last three years has just kept increasing: 95% in 2010, 96% in 2011 and 98% for 2012. An utterly strong correlation between HDI and HIV....   [tags: pandemic, namibia africa]

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1003 words | (2.9 pages) | Preview

HIV Prevention for Indigent Communities

- Imagine a world where an innocent child is given HIV due to mother to child transmission. Imagine a world where a father cannot play football on an autumn’s afternoon with his son because he constantly feels a lack of energy. Imagine a world where for months straight one has a reoccurring yeast infection. And lastly, imagine a world where one cannot remember one’s very own mother’s name due to short term memory loss. Unfortunately, there is no need to imagine for all of the above are actual possibilities when living with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)....   [tags: Health Care, Rates]

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1131 words | (3.2 pages) | Preview

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