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Famine, Affluence, And Morality, By Pete Singer

- In the article, Famine, Affluence, and Morality, Pete Singer begins his argument with the notion that everyone believes that suffering and dying from lack of food and medical care are bad things. Furthermore, if we as humans know this to be bad then we have a responsibility to prevent bad things from occurring, according to singer. Throughout the article Singer will explain the distance in which one should reach out to, the amount of aid an individual should provide should provide. Knowing that dying and suffering from starvation are bad things we as humans have a responsibility to help those in need....   [tags: Morality, Ethics, Human, Famine]

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Great Potato Famine

- The Irish Potato Famine occurred in 1845 and had killed tons of people. Over 750,000 people had died and more than a million had emigrated. At the time Ireland’s population was only about 8 million so this famine had devastated many families. The people of Ireland at this time were so dependent upon the potato that it was a main staple. The Irish would consume the potato with almost every meal, and for some the potato was the only food that they were ever able to eat. The famine was produced by a protist called Phytophthora infestans (P....   [tags: The Irish Potato Famine]

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Great Potato Famine

- From about 1845 to around 1852 a great famine occurred in Ireland. It was very devastating for lots of people. Countless people died due to food shortages and others became ill and died later. The famine was caused by a fungus-like protest, which caused potatoes to rot. The Irish people depended heavily on potatoes, so when their main crop failed, the people were left without food to eat and without anything to sell for money. Many other people that did not die in Ireland immigrated to other countries like the United States in search for a better life....   [tags: The Irish Potato Famine]

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Impacts on Humans and Environmental Factors Associating with the Irish Potato Famine

- This project examines the impacts on humans and environmental factors associating with the Irish Potato Famine between the years of 1845 and 1852. This famine was named so due to Irish’s main staple food being potatoes and the affect of those potatoes on that country once they were unable to be grown. Also known as the Great Famine, which occurred in Ireland, this famine created a mass occasion of starvation, emigration, and disease. This event in history caused many changes throughout the world....   [tags: potato famine, great famine, irish farmers]

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Why Aid Should Be Immediate Relief Of Famine, Dehydration, And Sickness

- In discussions of world poverty, a controversial issue has been how to provide aid to countries in need. On the one hand, some argue that aide should be immediate relief of famine, dehydration, and sickness. From this perspective, we should try to save every life that we can. On the other hand, however, others argue that providing immediate relief makes the problem worse. In the words of Garret Hardin, one of this view’s main proponent’s, “As a result of such solutions to food shortage emergencies, the poor countries will not learn to mend their ways, and will suffer progressively greater emergencies as their populations grow” (332)....   [tags: Famine, Poverty, Elon Musk]

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The Great Famine

- The Great Famine The Great Famine of 1845 lasted for many years in Ireland. During this time, many people of Ireland suffered in numerous ways. In such devastating and dark times “deaths began to mount and tragic horrific scenes ensured all over Ireland: Mass Graves, Corpses gnawed by rats, hunger marches, and roadside deaths” (Kelley 137). In these grey times for Ireland, the country battled many hardships to overcome this era. The Great Famine was historically dated from 1845-1851, although the effects of the Famine lasted until 1852 (Kelley 136)....   [tags: Ireland Irish Famine Farming Agriculture Essays]

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The Great Famine of Ireland

- The Great Famine of Ireland At the start of 1845, all was well on the island of Ireland. The union with England gave the over eight million Irish the protection and support of the most powerful and prosperous nation of the time, as well as offering a strong market for exporting the more profitable agricultural produce. And the potato, the blessed potato, provided a cheap, healthy diet for many farmers and laborers. The Irish loved their potatoes. In fact for two-thirds of the entire population the potato was an integral part of the diet, and half of them ate almost nothing else (Harris 2)....   [tags: Ireland Emigration Famine Essays Papers]

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The Irish Potato Famine and The Holocaust in Literature

- The Irish Potato Famine and The Holocaust in Literature Writers often use literature as a means of communicating traumatic events that occur in history, and such events are recorded by first-hand accounts as well as remembered by people far removed from the situation. Two traumatic events in history that are readily found in literature are The Irish Potato Famine and The Holocaust. A literary medium that has been used quite poignantly to convey trauma is poetry and the poetry from these two historical traumatic events is not difficult to find....   [tags: Literature Holocaust Potato Famine]

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North Korea Famine

- North Korea Famine Abstract Famine is the one of the biggest problems in the world. More than 800 million people are suffering from hunger. The people of North Korea suffer from hunger on the level of the notorious Somalia, Sudan, and Ethiopia famines. They just suffer in silence behind the world media. There are several facts about the North Korea famine. One of the main factors for the North Korea famine is political problems: The North Korean government ignores s people’s everyday lives and only does things for preparing war....   [tags: North Korean Famine World Essays]

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Famine Of Somali Famine

- Name: Professor: Course: Date: Famine in Somalia The above picture highlights the plight of the Somalis, especially women, when famine disasters occur within the country. The picture is a portrait of a mother and a bed-ridden child who is apparently emaciated. The focal point of the image is both the mother and the son, with the mother looking helplessly at her almost dead child. Although her face is not shown, one can feel the desperation and hopelessness as she tugs on the clothes of her child....   [tags: Photography, Emotion, Hunger, Image]

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The Dream Of A Famine

- “Well done, good and faithful servant. You have been faithful with a few things, I will put you in charge of many things.” (Matthew 25:21 NIV) God has opened a new door for this individual to impact another community with the heart of a servant leader; willing to do all that is asked of him. God will use a willing heart and if you are willing to allow God to direct your paths, He will be glorified through the work He will accomplish through you. The task may seem daunting, the circumstances too monumental, but the Bible is a reminder; “For nothing will be impossible with God.” (Luke 1:37 ESV) “For which of you, desiring to build a tower, does not first sit down and count the cost, whether...   [tags: Theology, God, New Testament, Gospel of Matthew]

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Physical and Behavioral Responses to Starvation and Famine in Warsaw Ghetto versus the West African Sahel

- Physical and Behavioral Responses to Starvation and Famine in Two Populations Introduction Famine is an event in which food and resources are inaccessible and the majority of a population is endangered (Shipton, 1990). When applied to starvation this definition is accurate with one additional idea: starvation is the result of inaccessibility to resources. Many factors contribute to the progression of famine and the resulting starvation. One of the key factors to consider is the delineation between naturally occurring and man-made starvation and famine....   [tags: Anthropology Famine Regions Comparison]

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Famine is Not a Natural Disaster

- This is the moment when we must come together to save this planet. Let us resolve that we will not leave our children a world where the oceans rise and famine spreads and terrible storms devastate our lands. - Barack Obama This quote taken from a speech that Barack Obama gave whilst running for the presidency will go down in history as an embodiment of the vision of hope and change that gave life to his campaign. It also is an explicit reference to anti-global warming movement. Although the sentiment is profoundly noble it is rather interesting that famine is presented in the same vein as sea rise and storms, that is to say presented as a direct result of environmental issues....   [tags: Environment Poverty Agriculture]

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The Effect of the Ethiopian Famine

- Worldwide, 870 million people — about one in eight— are hungry. That is nearly three times the population of the United States. It is hard to imagine in the modern world that a country cannot feed its people, but in 1984, the Ethiopian Famine took over one million lives. There were many causes that contributed to the complications faced in Ethiopia. These problems received major attention in the global Community. The famine drastically changed people’s lives because of the lack of food and resources and affected Ethiopia to our present day....   [tags: starvation, hungry, malnourishment]

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The Cause of the Potato Famine

- During the Irish Potato Famine between 1845 to 1849 (McCarthy 88), one million people died within five years and an additional two million emigrated to other countries (“Ireland”). Even today Ireland has not completely recovered from this sudden loss in population (“Potatoes”). Although many blame this horrendous event on the government’s use of Laissez Faire Economics, the real cause of disaster was the people. The population loss, starvation, and diseases that resulted from the Irish Potato Famine were self- inflicted by the Irish peoples’ upcoming decisions to the event....   [tags: Irish History, Starvation, Diseases]

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The Devasation of the Great Potato Famine

- Great Potato Famine   The Irish Potato Famine occurred in 1845 and had killed tons of people. Over 750,000 people had died and more than a million had emigrated. At the time Ireland’s population was only about 8 million so this famine had devastated many families. The famine was produced by a protist called Phytophthora infestans (P. Infestans), when it was introduced from central highlands of Mexico. The potato blight originated from Mexico, and then spread to America. Since Britain and Ireland did many trades with America there was a high possibility of the P....   [tags: contamination, spread, dependence]

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The Great Potato Famine in Ireland

- The Great Potato Famine was a horrendous event that would change Ireland forever. A fungus had attacked the potato crops throughout Ireland. The natives were extremely dependent on potatoes and when the blight came, it caused the economy to plummet. With the mass dependency on the potato, people began to harbor serious illnesses. Food was extremely scarce, which was a major issue for the population as a whole. Ireland was under the rule of the British government at the time; which did not help in any way when they needed them so desperately....   [tags: Fungus, Immigration]

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The Great Famine And Black Death

- As most people well know the The Great Famine and Black Death were great tragedies that affected the people of the 14th century. Both events were natural disasters that lead to millions of deaths and sicknesses. The Great Famine was the first of these natural disasters beginning in 1315 lasting two years until 1317 (Nelson, 2011). The spread of the Black Death followed years later in 1346 lasting until 1351 (Nelson, 2011). Both of these events lead to the people of Europe to question their lifestyles, religious believes, and everyday actions....   [tags: Black Death, Yersinia pestis, Bubonic plague]

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The Great Famine of Ireland

- During the mid-1800s, an event called the Great Famine happened in Ireland. This event was caused by the organism phytophthora infestans, commonly known as the potato blight, which infected the farmer’s potatoes and rendered them inedible. During this period, P. infestans left many people suffering or even dead because of their lack of food. This paper will go over various topics on the famine such as how it arrived in Ireland, the potato, effects of the famine on the Irish people, and the people’s dependency on potatoes....   [tags: Irish history, potato blight]

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The Potato Famine in Ireland

- In the mid-1800s Ireland heavily relied on the growth of the potato. The phytophthora infestans spread Ireland quickly infecting all of the potato crops. This paper will cover the many different parts of the potato famine. The potato, The person invented the potato, how much Irish people relied on the potato and many other interesting things, as well as the development of the potato. One of the main reasons of that caused the potato famine was that many people slept in one cabin sharing it with many f animals and sleeping on straw beds that are on the ground....   [tags: Ireland, phytophthora infestans]

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Analysis Of The Narrator ' Famine '

- The narrator in “Famine” by Xu XI was raised by her parents A-Ba and A-Ma in Hong Kong. Her Father made her quit school after her primary school was over which was the through the sixth grade. She was then forced to take care of her aging parents till they died in their mid-nineties. Her father was abusive and very controlling over everything in her life while her mom chose to do nothing about it. She was rarely aloud out with friends or to have much fun at all she never experienced much in life....   [tags: Mother, American films, Death, Father]

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Famine Caused By The Black Death

- Imagine a world filled with healthy crops, clean air and happy communities. Children running around playing with each other on the streets while merchants sold their fresh vegetables and fruits at local markets. Now imagine a plague infested Europe filled with rotting corpses and environments overwhelmed with disease. It is estimated that the bubonic plague killed 25 million people from the years 1348-1350. This incredible number happened to be one third of Europe’s population at the time, permanently marking it as one of the most tragic events in human history....   [tags: Black Death, Bubonic plague, Plague]

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The Worst Famine in Recorded History

- The worst famine in recorded history combined with mass killings of innocent people occurred in Cambodia as the result of the Khmer Rouge’s reign. Stripping their citizens of all modern technologies and practices, as well as killing all ethnic minorities and intellectuals destroyed Cambodian culture. Innocent people were killed on the basis that they may possibly be enemies of the state, although rarely was there evidence proving these millions of Cambodians were enemies at all. From 1975 to 1979 the Khmer Rouge was in power in Cambodia, and in that time around twenty percent of Cambodians died in their extreme communist society....   [tags: cambodia, khmer rouge's reign]

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The Journey Of The Potato Famine

- It was hard to believe that only a week ago, we were starving, poor, and had nothing. Now My whole my family, my brother, my mom, my dad, and me, were standing on the coast of New York. It all started in our old village in Ireland, the potato famine was in full effect, and being a farmer, my father was making no money. Our family was forced to sell our home, and make a decision about where to go. We looked at anywhere we could get jobs and make a new life, places like, Britain, Germany, or we could go East to China....   [tags: Mother, Father, Family, Transport]

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The Great Famine in Ireland

- County Kildare did not suffer the extremes of death that occurred in the west and north west of Ireland. However, all things considered for those men and women in Kildare who lived before the Famine poverty and want were part of everyday life. For the Poor Irish, life on the eve of the Great Famine was very grim, many modern writers compare the situation in pre-famine to that of the Third world today. A series of official inquires and numerous travellers' reports and letters highlighted the poverty within the poor class of Ireland....   [tags: county kildare, poverty, aid]

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The Great Potato Famine

- The Irish Potato Famine started in the year 1845. When the potatoes were harvested, a few days after, they started turning into a slimy, decaying, and blackish ball of rottenness. The reason this happened was due to the organism Phytophthora Infestans. 750,000 people died. Between 1846 and 1850, the population of Ireland dropped by 2 million which represented 25% of the total population (The Great Famine of 1845, 2013). It cut the population almost in half. Pre-Columbian farmers discovered the potato about 7,000 years ago in the Andes Mountains (Potato History, 2014)....   [tags: Irish history, potato history]

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The Great Potato Famine

- In this paper I will be talking about The great potato famine and it’s effects on Ireland. The great potato famine started in Ireland in the summer of 1845 and ended in 1852. It killed around 1 million people and forced over 2 million people to move out of Ireland. The potato was their main food source, so starvation was a huge factor. When the potatoes became infected people started to get what was called the “Famine Fever”. To better understand this I will also be explaining the history of Ireland along with the history of the potato....   [tags: history, ireland]

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The Irish Potato Famine

- The Irish Potato Famine In the middle of the eighteenth century, Ireland was an agricultural nation. There were approximately eight million people living in the nation. Most of the people were living in an extremely harsh condition. In addition, there were a small percentage of people who were educated. According to The History Place, “Only about a quarter of the population could read and write.” Reasonably, farming became one of the most popular professions back then. Before the potato famine, the Irish people were able to grow large quantities of healthy potatoes....   [tags: poor law, british government]

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The Irish Potato Famine

- Today, Ireland is known as a land full of culture and pride. It is a beautiful land with rich music, art, religion, and tradition. Like any nation, however, Ireland has had its fair share of hardship. The most devastating of which was known as the Great Famine. The nation was deeply devastated by this event both economically and socially. The Great Famine claimed over a million lives due to hunger and disease and resulted in the exodus of another million all in the span of six years. It is uncertain whether or not the famine could have been avoided, but the severity of the famine could have definitely been reduced....   [tags: contributing factors to lifechanging catastrophies]

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Potato Famine of 1845

- ... It is thought that over half of a million people die in 1847, compared to the million that died from 1845-1848 (Kinealy, 92). Many of the Irish chose to become potato farmers, due to the fact that it could be grown on such cheap land. When the famine hit, thousands soon found themselves out of work. Many could not pay their rent, and were evicted. Some landlords tried their best to help their tenants and not charge them for rent, but soon they needed a source of income as well (Scally, 117)....   [tags: ireland, starvation, food crisis]

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The Great Chinese Famine

- Today, wars, drugs, and violence plague the world and cause millions of deaths every year, but there is one killer that slips under the radar; that killer is famine. Famine is a killer with a very deadly and diverse set of skills, ranging from physical to mental. With enough power within its hands to cause a hailstorm of deaths in a short amount of time. With that comes the power to massacre whole populations with the flick of a finger. It may take a bit to fully succumb the populace, but once it does, don’t blink....   [tags: Starving, Torturing, Killing]

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The Great Potato Famine

- A great famine occurred in Ireland from around 1845 to about 1852 and devastated the country. Approximately one million people died of starvation or diseases caused by this famine, and about one million more people emigrated Ireland and moved to other countries to try to find a better life. One country that a lot of people moved to is the United States. Numerous people immigrated to the U.S. and created settlements all around the country. To provide for themselves in these settlements, most of the people farmed the land because that was what they knew how to do....   [tags: Ireland, potato blight]

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Famine, Affluence, and Morality

- In the article by Singer, P. (1972) “Famine, affluence, and morality” main argument is that to persuade his readers in what people of wealth and governments should help with famine relief, especially in East Bengal as one example given. Singer is furthermore also mention somewhat of and utilitarianism. Therefore, according to Mosser, K. (2010) “A concise introduction to philosophy” states that the “act utilitarianism applies the idea of utilitarianism to specific acts, emphasizing what moral is what produces the greatest good for the greats number…contrast with rule utilitarianism” (2010, Glossary)....   [tags: Singer, wealth, charity, aid, East Bengal]

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Joseph Stalin's Forced Famine

- Joseph Stalin is known to be “one of the most powerful and murderous dictators in history” (bbc.co.uk). Stalin became general secretary of the Communist Party, which had given him the control that he had been looking for (bbc.co.uk). Soon after, he was granted dictatorship of the Soviet Union after Vladimir Lenin had died (historyplace.com). Many people did not like the way that Stalin was ruling. People wanted their own independence from Stalin and he did not take that very well. In 1929, Stalin had believed that many Ukrainian scholars, scientists, religious leaders, etc....   [tags: communist party, joseph stalin]

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Joseph Stalin's Forced Famine

- Joseph Stalin set up events intended to cause a famine in Ukraine to protect his rule. Despite the fact that the long-awaited opportunity for independence had come in 1917, the people of Ukraine’s new-found freedom was brief, due to Stalin’s uncontrollable overtake of Vladimir Lenin’s power. Stalin’s rule caused chaos and conflict followed by Ukrainian troops fighting Lenin’s Red Army, Russian White Army, as well as the forces invading from Germany and Poland. At the same time, Stalin enforced the Soviet system of land management known as collectivization, resulting in the takeover of private farms....   [tags: communist party, soviet union, independence]

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Famine, Affluence, And Morality

- Peter Singer, the author of Famine, Affluence, and Morality is an Australian philosopher who wanted to end suffering and death. Not only is Singer a philosopher he is a utilitarianism defendant. Singer argues about people suffering from death, lack of food and shelter, and medical care is bad and how it can be prevented. He also, argues that we could help to prevent this from happening. Singer explains the issues that are going on in the world but, he particularly focuses on East Bengal because, “constant poverty, cyclone, and a civil war had turned at least nine million people into destitute refugees.” After he listed each way these issues could be prevented or not caused at all he then t...   [tags: Poverty, Wealth, Utilitarianism, Food security]

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Joseph Stalin's Forced Famine

- Joseph Stalin set up events intended to cause a famine in Ukraine to protect his rule. Despite the fact that the long-awaited opportunity for independence had come in 1917, the people Ukraine’s new-found freedom was brief, due to Stalin’s uncontrollable overtake of Vladimir Lenin’s power. Stalin’s rule caused chaos and conflict followed by Ukrainian troops fighting Lenin’s Red Army, Russian White Army (troops devoted to the Czar), as well as the invading forces from Germany and Poland. At the same time, Stalin enforced the Soviet system of land management known as collectivization, resulting in the taking over of private farms....   [tags: Tyrant, Ukraine]

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Famine, Affluence, And Morality

- Peter Singer states two principles on the effects of famine, affluence, and morality which he feels that everyone should abide by. The first argument made is that lack of food, shelter and medicine is bad and can lead to feeling pain and death. I for one, could agree on this assumption just by analyzing it carefully. We see Singer on his thesis elaborate the causes of famine within East Bengal in 1970s. As governments and individuals within the world see the massive flooding’s and mismanagement of food issuing one hopes that we all as a society could take action to help stop such suffering and act on a situation like the impaired damage that happened with East Bengal....   [tags: Morality, Ethics, Human, Religion]

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Famine, Affluence, And Poverty

- In his 1972 essay “Famine, Affluence, and Poverty”, Peter Singer tackles what seems on the surface to be a fairly simple debacle. He opens his essay by discussing the lack of food, shelter, and medical care in East Bengal. It is a given that every human deserves, in the very least, food, a place to sleep, and basic medical care. Singer claims that the problems involving poverty around the world is not an inevitable problem. He alleges that if we all pitched in what we can, these problems could be abolished....   [tags: Morality, Human, Ethics]

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Irish Famine

- The Irish Potato Famine was a period of starvation, disease and emigration, and was known as one of the biggest tragedies from 1845 to 1847. Many people depended on potato crops to survive; however [comma] the potato crops acquired blight, a disease that caused the potatoes to rot while still in the ground. No good crops could be grown for two years [comma] causing Irish tenant farmers unable to pay rent and was forced off their land causing over 21,000 people to die of starvation. The Irish Potato Famine caused many people to leave Ireland to seek work overseas in areas such as England and America....   [tags: European History ]

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Famine Relief

- In response to the recent failure of the international community to prevent the famine crisis in the Horn of Africa since July 2011, Suzanne Dvorak the chief executive of Save the Children wrote that, “We need to provide help now. But we cannot forget that these children are wasting away in a disaster that we could - and should - have prevented” she added, “The UN estimates that every $1 spent in prevention saves $7 in emergency spending.” (Dvorak, 2011). Many people who read such statement wonder about our obligation towards famine relief, and ask, whether we are morally obliged to spend one dollar in order to prevent such a crisis or not....   [tags: Article Analysis ]

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Graphic Representations of the Irish Potato Famine

- A critical time in Irish History, the Great Irish Potato Famine in known in history books around the world, Europe’s last famine. Between 1845 and 1852 in Ireland was a period of excessive starvation, sickness and exile, known as the great Irish potato famine. During this time The Isle of Ireland lost between twenty and thirty per cent of its people. Although blight ravaged potato crops throughout Europe during the 1840s the impact and human cost in Ireland, where a third of the population was entirely dependent on the potato for food, was intensified by a host of political, social and economic factors which remain the subject of Irish historical discussion....   [tags: painting, art, appearance]

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When the Irish Potato Famine Struck

- The word ‘vulnerable’ is defined by the Oxford English Dictionary as; ‘open to harm’. The defenceless position Ireland found itself in at the time of the great hunger will be explained by examining the political and economic system of the time, and the way in which the peasant class lived because of the social structures that were set in place. From the 1790s through to 1815, Ireland experience economic growth due to the demand for grain during the Napoleonic war and the export of textiles. This growth came to a halt when the war ended....   [tags: History]

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Obesity, The Thrifty Gene / Famine Theory

- Natives Americans are experimenting a lot of health obstacles, this century brought many new infectious diseases like diabetes, and Obesity that are affecting natives Americans due to the lack of enough information about health, and the increasing of fast foods around native’s reserves. The syndrome X is attacking many tribes in America. “ This syndrome “X” is not some sinister new disease but rather a cluster of condition that, expressed together, may reflect a predisposition to diabetes, hypertension, and heart disease”( Gary Paul, pg....   [tags: Nutrition, United States, Insulin]

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Microorganisms and the Great Potato Famine in Ireland

- ... People naturally find it disturbing and dirty, however there are good types of Fungi, often referred to as friendly fungi. In 1928 Penicillin, one of the most famous of antibiotic drugs was discovered having derived it from the fungi called Penicillium. This discovery has since has a huge impact on helping people across the globe. However, not all is it seems, there are some nasty fungi that can cause diseases in plants, animals and people. A famous one being Phytophthora infestans. This caused the Great Potato Famine in Ireland in the mid 1800’s which resulted in a million deaths....   [tags: microbe, fungi, spreading ]

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Famine, Affluence and Morality by Peter Singers

- In this essay I will be arguing why a utilitarian could possibly disagree with Peter Singers Argument presented in “Famine, Affluence and Morality.” After reading such an interesting paper I must say as much as I disagreed with Singers viewpoints I almost found it difficult to object them with support. From a utilitarian point of view we are to maximize Happiness by reducing suffering. How can Giving possible make someone unhappy. But as I was thinking a saying came across my mind, “Two steps forward one step back”....   [tags: utilitarian, philosophy, happiness]

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Singer And Facing Famine By Tom Haines

- “The Singer Solution to Poverty” by Peter Singer and “Facing Famine” by Tom Haines, are both dealing with the same issues but the only difference between the two authors are that they use different tactics in which to address the problem and also attempt to get assistance from others. Although both authors intentions are the same, Haines has a much better strategy of  getting the sympathy attention from his audience rather than making them feel guilty for living an average life. The author Peter Singer argues that there is no reason why Americans can’t donate money if they are able to afford luxurious material/products that are not essential to their lives and health....   [tags: Ethics, Peter Singer]

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Famine in Africa

- Famine in Africa Famine has struck parts of Africa several times during the 20th century, and to this day is still going strong. According to the United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization, the average African consumes 2300 kcal/day, less than the global average of 2700 kcal/day. Recent figures estimate that 316 million Africans, or approximately 35 percent of the continent's total population, is undernourished. Although hunger in Africa is hardly new, it now occurs in a world that has more than enough food to feed all its citizens....   [tags: Papers]

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A Brief Note On Famines And Its Effects On Society

- According to Sen, famines are caused due to the loss (or deprivation) of person’s ability to exchange his entitlement, for example, labor, rather than due to food shortage. Since famines prevention is dependent on political arrangements for entitlement protection, a democracy becomes the best form of government that prevents famines. For one thing, a social system that determines how food is distributed has influence in preventing or igniting famines. Above all, the preeminent feature of democracy is that it guarantees freedoms and entitlement for the members of society and those liberties translate into leverage that the they can use to demand a more responsive and more accountable governm...   [tags: Democracy, Government, Famine, Monarchy]

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The Potato Famine

- “We are talking about one of the greatest tragedies Of the nineteenth century.” -Ian Gibson Irish-American. To some, this term merely designates one of the many ethnic groups which can be found in the United States; but to those who are Irish-American, it represents a people who faced a disaster of mammoth proportions and who managed to survive at great cost. The Great Hunger of 1845 changed, or more often, destroyed the lives of millions of Irish, causing them to seek refuge from poverty and starvation in other, more prosperous countries....   [tags: essays research papers fc]

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Famine in Tibet

- Famine in Tibet I. CONTEXT Tibet knew its first famine during 1960-62, as a result of the Chinese invasion of 1950. The food shortage occurred because Chinese colonizers settled massively, increasing the population, and because of the changes imposed on Tibetan traditional agriculture by Mao’s “Great Leap Forward.” Death Roll Accurate estimations and data about Tibetan victims of the Chinese genocide are hard to find, given that China provides biased information. However, associations like “Friends of Tibet” estimate that out of the 1.2 million deaths, 343,151 were caused by famine....   [tags: Papers]

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Canada Recognizes the Global Need to Stop the Famine

- ... The causes of famines, manmade and natural forces, dance in sync with each other to a brutal and devastating effect. In addition, global warming, continued exploitation of non-renewable resources, and decreasing fresh water resources are all pointing to a precarious future. Since the Great Potato Famine in Ireland (1845-1852), Canada has been affected by these horrific periodic events. The Great Hunger had a massive effect on Canada and left its legacy in terms of migration and defining the character of the nation of Canada....   [tags: starvation, Africa, global warming]

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Ireland and the Great Potato Famine

- Ireland and the Great Potato Famine Ireland has a long, and very interesting history. A very interesting and important part of this history is the great potato famine. This famine was a turning point in Irish history. It was the cause of the great flloods of immigrants into the United States and into England, and was the origin of the stereotype of Irish people being poverty ridden. The history of Ireland is important in understanding the famine. The conditions which turned the failure of a single crop into a national disaster were a product of a turbulent relationship between the Irish people and their English rulers (Percival 15)....   [tags: Papers]

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An Introduction to The Great Famine

- An Introduction to The Great Famine After a warm, uninterrupted summer, the late summer beckoned, and at the beginning of September, when the potatoes were to be harvested, it became clear that entire crops were diseased and unfit for consumption by either man or animal. Within months the disease had spread and the Irish were in the grip of a dire potato blight, which within months had wiped out three quarters of the entire potato crop in Ireland. It should not be thought that the potato blight was the only reason for the famine, granted it was a primary factor, however when coupled with a huge inflation within the Irish population, and that meant due to this...   [tags: Papers]

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The Great Potato Famine in Ireland

- The Great Potato Famine in Ireland Works Cited Missing Who would have guessed a simple crop, such as the potato, would have caused a major crisis in Ireland. The “white” potato, known today as the Irish potato, originated from the Andean Mountains. It arrived in north Peru and records state that they brought the potato to Europe in the second half of the 16th century (O’Grada 14). Originally, people thought potatoes were poisonous and refrained themselves from eating the crop. During this time, the monarchs of Europe discovered the nutritional value of the potato and ordered it planted....   [tags: History Historical Irish Essays]

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The Positive And Negative Effects Of The Great Famine And Black Death

- The Positive and Negative Effects of the Great Famine and Black Death Regarding the Peasantry. Life in Europe during the timeframe of ca. 1300 to ca. 1500 consisted of famine, plagues, and economic abundance. These trials and tribulation directly affected the individuals in the lower class of society, otherwise known as peasants. Peasants were directly affected by the Great Famine of the 1300’s, the Black Death of the mid 1300’s, and the positive and negative effects of the economic variances due to these maladies....   [tags: Black Death, Bubonic plague, Yersinia pestis]

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The Irish Potato Famine and Emigration

- The Irish Potato Famine and Emigration   During the Victorian era, England experienced tremendous growth in wealth and industry while Ireland struggled to survive. The reasons for Ireland's inability to take advantage of the Industrial Revolution are complex, and have been the subject of debate for more than a century. Many English viewed the Irish as stubborn farmers who refused to embrace the new technology. The Irish, however, believed the English had sabotaged their efforts to industrialize....   [tags: European Europe History]

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Famine, Affluence, And Morality By Peter Albert David Singer

- Peter Albert David Singer was born on the 6th of July 1946 in Melbourne Australia. Singer is an Australian moral philosopher. He is a utilitarianist that specializes in global issues and is an activist for animal rights. Best known for his book “Animal liberation” (1975) and his article “Famine, Affluence, and Morality” (1972) that is used in ethic classes all over the world. Peter Singer at this time is a Professor of Bioethics at Princeton University, and a Laureate Professor at the Centre for Applied Philosophy and Public Ethics at the University of Melbourne....   [tags: Morality, Ethics, Philosophy of life, Aesthetics]

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The Problem of Poverty in Famine, Affluence, and Morality by Peter Singer

- Peter Singer is often regarded as one of the most productive and influential philosophers of modern times. He is well-known for his discussions of the acute social, economic, and political issues, including poverty and famines. In his “Famine, Affluence, and Morality”, Singer (1972) discusses the problem of poverty and hunger, as well as the way this problem is treated in the developed world. Singer believes that charity is inseparable from morality, and no distinction can be drawn between charity and duty....   [tags: charity, philosophy, duty]

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Propaganda, War, Famine and Death in Orwell's Animal Farm

- It all started when neglected barn animals rebelled against their master, Farmer Jones. Under their own rule, they create an animal society were every thing they do is for their own benefit, but everything is not what it seems on the utopia of animal farm. George Orwell wrote a compelling novel about the Russian Revolution through the personification of animals. The book has helped young people understand what Russia had to go through in its early years of freedom from monarchy. This novel is the very best Animal Farm....   [tags: political commentary, Russian Revolution]

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Peter Singer's Argument in Famine, Affluence and Morality

- This paper explores Peter Singer’s argument, in Famine, Affluence, and Morality, that we have morally required obligations to those in need. The explanation of his argument and conclusion, if accepted, would dictate changes to our lifestyle as well as our conceptions of duty and charity, and would be particularly demanding of the affluent. In response to the central case presented by Singer, John Kekes offers his version, which he labels the and points out some objections. Revisions of the principle provide some response to the objections, but raise additional problems....   [tags: morally required obligations to those in need]

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Peter Singer's Paper 'Famine, Affluence and Morality'

- Peter Singer's paper “Famine, Affluence, and Morality”has made a drastic impact in modern applied ethics. The simple nature of the paper makes for an easy read, yet the point clearly set out by Singer is at ends with the targeted audiences' popular beliefs. Although most will object to Singer's idea by throwing away a basic principle of most moral theories, I wish to deny Singer's solution by showing that the ability to apply Singer's conclusion is not reasonable and does not address the problem's core....   [tags: on poverty and action]

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How Phytophthora Infestans Affected the Irish Potato Famine

- This paper will discuss the significance of Phytophthora infestans in regards to the mid-nineteenth century Irish potato famine. Phytophthora infestans is an organism that infects potatoes as well as tomatoes and is the cause of the potato famine that invaded Ireland in 1845. The invasiveness and complexity of Phytophthora infestans was responsible for the spread and severity of the outbreak that resulted in mass emigration and death. Ultimately, Ireland was ill-prepared economically, socially and intellectually to control the Phytophthora infestans infestation of the mid-nineteenth century....   [tags: death, crops, disease]

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Food Security Through the Irish Potato Famine

- By 1840, potatoes were a diet staple for the people who lived across seas in Ireland. Potatoes were basically the only food that the rural poor population consumed for all of their meals. However, the potato was also a staple in the diets of the middle class and upper class citizens even though they could afford more expensive foods. In 1845, the population of Ireland expected to have a favorable potato crop. However, when the farmers dug up the expected crop that year, they were faced with a black, liquid mess....   [tags: economic, health, food, problems]

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The Potato Famine in A Modest Proposal, by Jonathan Swift

- The novel A Modest Proposal, by Jonathan Swift is a satirical piece about the poverty of the Irish during the Irish potato famine. The author’s credentials is that swift himself is Irish and is witnessing the issue himself. The author’s purpose of writing the novel is to convince people to his proposal and help regenerate a poverty stricken nation. The audience is aimed to the Irish and wealthy. The audience is supposed to be convinced by his “genius” plan. Ireland was facing poverty and a big depression during the 18th century....   [tags: satirical piece, ireland, poverty]

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An Analysis Of Peter Singer 's Famine, Affluence, And Morality

- Giving to the Poor In Peter Singer’s Famine, Affluence, and Morality, he critiques the way in which modern societies have grown accustomed to their ordinary thoughts about famine, affluence, and morality in general. Singer describes a situation in which nine million refugees from East Bengal are living in poverty, and it is the responsibility of the wealthy, and better-off nations to take immediate and long term action to provide for them and to end poverty overall. (Singer, 873) Through his essay, Singer envisions a new world where giving to those in need is no longer seen as charity, but rather a moral duty....   [tags: Poverty, Wealth, Morality, Ethics]

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`` Leda And The Swan `` : The Great Famine Of The 1940 ' S

- Born in 1865 Yeats grew up in a country that was still recovering from the Great famine of the 1940 's. Yeats was born an Anglo-Irishman in Sandymount County Dublin, Ireland. His father was a descendant of Jervis Yeats who had been a famous painter who died in 1712. William Butler Yeats 's father married his wife while he was studying law but abandoned his studies to focus on art at Heatherley 's Art School in London. Susan Mary Pollexfen was from a wealthy family. After the marriage and birth of William Butler Yeats the family relocated to the Pollexfen home to stay with Susan 's extended family....   [tags: William Butler Yeats, Ireland]

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Coping With Famine : The Changing Demography Of An Italian Village

- In “Coping with Famine: The Changing Demography of an Italian Village in the 1590’s” Domencio Sella proposes depopulation in late sixteenth to early seventeenth century Northern Italy was not mainly the result of immigration, high morality or low fertility; but the choice not to marry and conceive. Sella focuses on data collected in the town of Villa d’Adda in 1574 and 1602. The hardship started in 1587/88 and lasted until 1602. The data from 1574 is used instead as a starting point. The data shows that the number of families in the area changes only from 161 to 160, entire families are not emigrating out of the town....   [tags: Marriage, Birth control, Demography]

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The Great Irish Famine

- The Great Irish Famine The great famine of Ireland began around the year of 1845, when a deadly fungus reached the crops, leaving thousands of acres of land filled with black rot, and diseased crops (Szabo). This disease has become commonly known as the blight. The blight was a “mysterious disease” that “almost universally affected the potatoes on the island” (Kinealy 31). This suspicious “blight” had traveled to Europe from North America, affecting mostly Ireland (Bloy). The blight turned the potatoes black, making them deadly for people to eat....   [tags: Essays Papers]

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The Great Potato Famine

- The Great Potato Famine The Great Potato Famine was a huge disaster that would change Ireland forever. The people in Ireland were extremely dependent on potatoes and when the blight came the economy went down. When the fungus attacked the potato crops slowly crop by crop throughout Ireland, people began to lose their main source of food. With the people in Ireland’s huge dependency on the potato, people began to starve or get sick from the potatoes. No one had any food to eat. The potatoes were black inside with molds through out it that came from the fungus from something in nature....   [tags: Essays Papers]

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1658 words | (4.7 pages) | Preview

Food Aid and Famine

- Food Aid and Famine The opening paragraph of a report written in 1999 by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations (UN) made for grim reading: "Almost 800 million people in the developing world do not have enough to eat. Another 34 million people in the industrialized countries and countries in transition also suffer from chronic food insecurity" It is apparent that globally there is a serious problem with providing enough food to eat to everyone that requires it....   [tags: Papers]

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The Great Potato Famine

- The Great Potato Famine The Great Potato Famine is characterized as one of the leading disasters in Ireland’s history. It began in the summer of 1845 with the appearance of an unusual disease growing on potato crops throughout various parts of Europe. With the spread of this disease, it soon targeted Ireland consuming the major crop of potatoes. The famine began by this mysterious disease that hit many parts of Europe during 1845. This disease known as the blight was caused by a fungus known ‘phytophthora infestans’....   [tags: European History]

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The Irish Potato Famine

- The Irish Potato Famine Around 1600 A.D. the potato was introduced in Ireland. Because of the high nutrients and ease to grow the crop it was almost instantly adopted by the people, especially by the peasants. With the high nutrient value of the crop, general health increased greatly. Because of better health, the birthrate increased and the death rate decreased making the population from 1600 A.D. to the time of the famine increase by about six million people.1 The population grew because of this wonderful food that had been brought from the New World....   [tags: Papers]

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The Irish Famine 1845-1849

- The Irish Famine 1845-1849 “Is ar scáth a chiéle a maireann na daoine” “It is with each other’s protection that the people live” From the Fifteenth through to the Nineteenth centuries English Monarchies and Governments had consistently enacted laws which it seems were designed to oppress the Irish and suppress and destroy Irish Trade and manufacturing. In the Penal laws of 1695 which aimed to destroy Catholicism, Catholics were forbidden from practicing their religion, receiving education, entering a profession, or purchasing or leasing land; since Catholics formed eighty percent of the Irish population, this effectively deprived the Irish of any part in civ...   [tags: Papers]

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Famine, Affluence, and Morality

- “Famine, Affluence, and Morality”      In “Famine, Affluence, and Morality,” Peter Singer is trying to argue that “the way people in relatively affluent countries react to a situation… cannot be justified; indeed,… our moral conceptual scheme needs to be altered and with it, the way of life that has come to be taken for granted in our society”(Singer 230). Peter Singer provides striking examples to show the reader how realistic his arguments are. In this paper, I will briefly give a summary of Peter Singer’s argument and the assumptions that follow, adding personal opinions for or against Peter’s statements....   [tags: Peter Singer]

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Famine, Affluence, and Morality

- Famine, Affluence, and Morality Webster's English Dictionary defines "morality" as: the conformity to ideals of right human conduct. With this in mind, I wonder who determines right human conduct. Religion aside, there is no literary context that strictly states the rights and wrongs of human behavior. So who decides. Who determines what we ought morally to do and what we are obligated to do as a society. An Australian philosopher, Peter Singer attempts to draw the line between obligation and charity with the moral incentives to providing food for the starved in East Bengal....   [tags: Papers]

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1367 words | (3.9 pages) | Preview

Famine Prevention

- Famine Prevention Famine is a crisis where starvation from too little food results in the sharp increase of distress and death one place. Developing countries whose food production is dependent on rain fed agriculture suffer greatly. Climate related problems such as low rainfall, drought as well as insects and vermin do have a devastating affect on crops and livelihood but there are many other factors at work. To enable the prevention of famines, the causes must be addressed; whether famines will be eradicated from the modern world will take the determination of all people those directly affected and those who are not....   [tags: Papers]

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784 words | (2.2 pages) | Preview

Ukraineian Famine

- Ukraineian Famine "Dniepropetrovsk was overrun with starving farmers," remembered one Party worker. "Many of them lay listless, too weak even to beg around the railway stations. Their children were little more than skeletons with swollen bellies." He was appalled at what was happening, but his superior saw things differently. "A ruthless struggle is going on between the peasantry and our regime… It's a struggle to the death. This year was a test of our strength and endurance. It took a famine to show them who is master here....   [tags: European History Ukraine Communism Essays]

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The Great Ireland Potato Famine Effects

- The Great Ireland Potato Famine Effects The Great Ireland Potato Famine was a horrible event that had many lasting effects. Some of these effects were starvation, disease, poverty, emigration, and lost traits. These effects plagued mostly western Ireland, but had an overall effect on all of Ireland. Many of the traditional ways of economics and society changed drastically because of the famine. Many people also blamed the British for letting the famine get so bad. These effects will be discussed throughout the paper....   [tags: Essays Papers]

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Visual Representation: The Irish Famine of 1845-50

- Visual Representation: The Irish Famine of 1845-50 The intention of this short piece is to give an idea of the range of visual commentary on the great Famine of 1845-50. Many are found the pages of Punch and the Illustrated London News, and are increasingly reproduced in publications as varied as academic histories, popular paperback collections, commemorative anthologies and, of course, on the internet. The examples reproduced here are small selection chosen to tentatively explore how colonial attitudes may be explicitly or implicitly discerned in the representations of the Famine produced by and delivered to the imperial centre....   [tags: Essays Papers]

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