Your search returned over 400 essays for "Effectiveness"
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The Efficiency and Effectiveness to Recruit for an Organization

- Introduction According to Mondy (2008), “Recruitment is the process of attracting individuals on a timely basis, in sufficient numbers, and with appropriate qualifications to apply for jobs with an organization” (p.110). With organizations realizing their turnover rates, employee recruitment efforts have – of late – been a top priority for human resources (HR) departments. These efforts are key in job performance and the overall effectiveness and efficiency of an organization. The recruitment strategy implemented should be well thought out and organized in order to attract top performers....   [tags: human, efficiency, effectiveness, organization]

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The Importance of Matching Strategy, Design and Structure for Organizational Effectiveness in a Turbulent Global Environment

- Many companies today face the challenge of global expansion while trying to maintain organizational effectiveness. There are several reasons why companies would want to expand their operations into other countries. If a company has achieved market saturation with its existing customer base, it may want to expand globally to reach a new group of customers. In order for the firm to be considered organizationally effective, it must maintain control over its new global environment (Jones, 2013, p. 16)....   [tags: global expansion, organizational effectiveness]

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Effectiveness And Effectiveness Of Law Enforcement

- ... Over his years experience he came to recognize and understand the importance of having an effective and efficient police agency. Many articles discuss what is effectiveness in policing. (Skogan, 2004) states, “that law enforcement should be at the forefront of ensuring that its policies and practices are based, not on hunches national trends, but on sound evidence. To this end, they argue that, far from being competing interest, police fairness and effectiveness are mutually reinforcing, while proffering a plethora of recommendations for future research.” Furthermore, law enforcement agency should be effectively and efficiently communicating with the public so there is a sense of legit...   [tags: Police, Law enforcement agency, Law enforcement]

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The Effectiveness of Whistleblowing

- Our country was built on the underdog story, of standing strong in the face of hopelessness against Great Britain. Nearly 250 years later, this mentality still stands. The “American Dream” is alive and well, or so we like to believe. If the little guy works just a little bit harder, one day he can ascend through the ranks and become president. This is our mythology, our creed, the beliefs that we as a people have adopted in the place of religion. It is easy to see, then, why we as a people believe in the whistleblower, the powerless man taking a stand against injustice in an organization....   [tags: the american dream, injustice, corruption]

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Development of the Scales of Organizational Effectiveness

- Researchers have observed that measuring and evaluation of the organizational effectiveness is an ongoing process. (Steers, 1976) Moreover the measurement factors vary from organization to organization, sector to sector and may involve various functions and areas of an organization. (Zammuto, 1984). Researches have also stated that when conducting a study on organizational effectiveness it is important to specify if the variables selected would predict or indicate effectiveness. (Cameron, 1986) However as the Miles' Ecology Model (Miles 1980) allows the definition of organizational effectiveness to be reflected by the "user"-values and not by the "expert"-values....   [tags: business, management]

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The effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy

- The effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy (cognitive behavioral therapy) Introduction Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a form of psychotherapy. The effectiveness has been researched extensively over the years (Dobson, 2001). There are over three hundred published studies about the outcomes of cognitive behavioral therapy interventions. The main reason for this is that an ongoing adaptation of this form of psychotherapy makes it applicable to a vast amount of disorders and related problems (Rounsaville & Caroll, 2002)....   [tags: Health, Treatment]

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The Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness

- The Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness was developed to encourage aids to those countries which need it from countries that have resources to provide the aid. The main aim for The Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness was to achieve aid effectiveness, to give support for countries that provide aid, and to strengthen their government so they could more productively work and support other. But despite of the fact that this declarations was worked up with due diligence and with aim to work in real life, not only on paper, there are a few points which weren’t achieved....   [tags: unattained recommendations, donor imposed policy]

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Effectiveness Of Alcohol And Substance Misuse

- ... For some, imprisonment exacerbated various ailments such as anxiety, depression and sleep deprivation, so alcohol or illicit substances were used for self-medication. He also suggested that drug use was used for time management due to boredom. Cope (2003) echoes this notion by suggesting that prisoners did not use drugs for their sedative qualities but rather for time management. Wheatley (2007) also highlighted how alcohol and substance abuse in prisons were used as a social networking mechanism....   [tags: Drug addiction, Drug abuse, Addiction]

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The Effectiveness of DNA Profiling in Forensics

- Forensics has been greatly enhanced by technology. DNA profiling is one of the technologies that has influenced efficiency and credibility of forensic evidence. The FBI first started using DNA in one of its cases in 1988. In Europe, the United Kingdom opened a DNA database in 1955 (Milena, 2006). The main use of the DNA is to compare the evidence collected at crime scene with the suspects. In addition, it helps to establish a connection between the evidence and the criminals. The investigations have been simplified through the use of technology and DNA has been one of the most effective methods in investigations....   [tags: Forensic Evidence, Technology]

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Advertising and Promtion: The Effectiveness of a Spokesperson

- Many marketing companies have realized the importance of celebrity endorsement as a marketing communication tool. Corporations hire celebrities because they are individuals with “Celebrity Equality”. The awareness and association celebrities portray firm’s hope this branding transfers to the product they are selling. When corporation sign on a celebrity, they are taking on the possibility and risk of the spokesperson may become involved in events that can have deleterious effects on the spokesperson company and the product their advertising....   [tags: Marketing]

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The Effectiveness of a Celebrity Spokesperson in Advertising

- Many marketing companies have realized the importance of celebrity’s endorsement as a marketing communication tool. Corporations hire celebrities because they are individuals with “Celebrity Equality”. The awareness and association celebrities portray to consumer firm’s hope this branding transfer to the product they are selling. When corporations endorse a celebrity, they are taking on the possibility and risk of that the spokesperson may become involved in events that can have deleterious effects on the company and the product, they are advertising....   [tags: Advertising]

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Teacher Quality and School Effectiveness

- 2. SCHOOL EFFECTIVENESS In recent years, the quality of education became both a subject of scientific inquiry and an applied field of interest in educational policy and management (Bosker & Scheerens, 1989: 41-751 . School effectiveness is defined by Sihono Yusof (2012: 142-152) as the ability of a school to reach and maintain aims and objectives in the manner that it can been seen as an reflection on the extent in which a school can achieve there function in the fields of technical and economics, human and social, political, culture, and educational policy and management (Scheerens, 2013: 4)....   [tags: educational policy and management]

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Cost Effectiveness in Health Care

- In health care being cost effective is important because of the strict budget guidelines and the importance of providing good health care services. Cost effectiveness is utilizing resources to the best of their ability and creating a good health care outcome. There are many different ways to use cost effective techniques to bring change into a facility. The practice of using cost effective methods is important to know because it has a direct relationship to the evaluation of health services and outcomes....   [tags: strict budget guidelines]

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The Effectiveness of the Voucher System

- The voucher system is a way for parents to have some say in school choice for their children. For the most part a voucher system is a program that will grant parents a tax break or a voucher that equals the amount of tuition for the school of their choosing, which is typically a private school. For many different voucher systems benefits are limited to students in failing public schools, which means that students struggling in a nearly failing school are left hanging until the school is actually deemed to be bad enough that the students can try out a different one (Garnet, 2005)....   [tags: tax deduction when paying for private schooing]

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Effectiveness Of The Youth Justice System

- ... Mary Vandergoot’s Justice for Young Offenders Their Needs, Our Responses clearly outlines the importance of a separate justice system and the repercussions it may have on young offenders. Vandergoot determines that the reasoning capacity of an adolescent, the ability to make legal decisions, and filter unnecessary information is unclear to a juvenile in the justice system; the vagueness of youth stepping into the courts prevents them from fully participating in the justice system. ( Vandergoot, 2006)....   [tags: Juvenile delinquency, Crime]

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The Effectiveness and Accuracy of Rectal Thermometers

- There has been great debate and controversy in trying to determine the appropriate methods in attaining an accurate temperature in pediatric patients. In light of new technological advances to find innovative ways to attain exact temperatures in this population, there are hospitals and affiliated medical centers that still assess pediatric temperature through traditional means, which is rectal thermometer. Even more disturbing is the continued use of glass mercury-filled thermometers in the health care setting....   [tags: temperature measurements, pediatric patients]

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The Effectiveness and Ethicality of Mass Surveillance

- In the wake of the National Security Agency's (NSA) scandal of 2013, the principles and usage of surveillance programs have been debated on an international level. The debacle began when former NSA contractor, Edward Snowden, released classified security files on the NSA's mass data surveillance programs to journalists at The Guardian, a British newspaper ("The Surveillance State..."). The contents of the leaks reveal intrusive programs, such as PRISM, that obtain large amounts of user data from American companies in the form of telephone numbers, emails, private documents, and videos, all in the name of preventing terrorist activity ("The Surveillance State...")....   [tags: National Security Agency, terrorism]

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The Effectiveness and Financial Gains of Education,

- 2.1. Theoretical Framework and Background The debate regarding the effectiveness and financial gains of education, which are expected from this process, can be carried out on several levels of discussion, involving a series of policies. The benefits as it were, economic and social. How exactly people privately benefit from investing in education is one thing. How the education level, field of study and individual background affect the returns represents another important aspect. And, furthermore, returns should be considered, as they change over time, and how they vary from country to country....   [tags: investment, wages, return]

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Decision Making And Effectiveness Of A Company

- ... First of all, one challenge is that she must convince management the importance of at least investigating the safety of their product. Management has so far shown resistance to any criticism or complaint received about Herb’s Special Fertilizer Mix, without any proof to substantiate the claim that the product is safe to use. Second, Martha needs to decide if she should be acting in the best interest of the company, or the best interest of the customer. Depending on where she finds her loyalty most important will dictate how she decides what to do....   [tags: Decision making, Decision theory, Risk]

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The effectiveness of Trigger Point Therapy

- The Effectiveness of Trigger Point Therapy on the Frozen Shoulder Travell and Simons portrayed trigger points without exaggeration as the scourge of mankind (Davies “The frozen shoulder workbook” 41). Trigger points are so painful that they can reduce the quality of someone’s life. They can take away the ability for someone to do simple things like open a car door, wash their hair, or even worse perform their job. Trigger points are very common and most people will experience a trigger point in their muscles at any given time....   [tags: Health, Medicine, Myofascial Stretching]

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The Effectiveness of Prison Education Rehabilitation

- ... Although problems still exist, Education can target the most prevalent ones reaching to the root of the problem. Pont makes a very startling point, “Prisons today reek of idleness” (23). The old saying that goes, “Idle hands are the devil’s workshop” can aptly apply to prisoners with nothing to do. Inmates should have the resources, abilities, and encouragement, to get their minds off their past life and channel it into a productive task. “Prison Studies Project”, a program that is working toward education and police change, deduces the following, “Prison education is far more effective at reducing recidivism than boot camps, “shock” incarceration, or vocational training, according to th...   [tags: solving illiteracy rates in US prisons]

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The Marginal Effectiveness Of Instructional Media

- ... It can be inferred that the flexibility and the many uncontrolled variables of DBR in real settings, as Barb and Squire (2004) pointed out, distinguish it from other methods. Such an approach, however, involves a number of challenges. Firstly, DBR aims at advancing theories from the findings of its iterative interventions (O’Neill, 2012). An important challenge to achieve this goal is to make DBR findings applicable to other contexts. In fact, the design-based researcher should demonstrate the effects of their designs in a particular context as evidence of the validity of the theory they are trying to develop....   [tags: Research, Scientific method, Design]

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School Evaluation Of Effectiveness Of Programs

- ... This supports continuous program improvement for students and teachers. The School establishes meetings with staff, students, parents and community members for School Site Council, ELAC and AAPAC on a monthly basis. The principal sets up Coffee with the Principal in both the AM and PM sessions for staff, students and parents where input in solicited on workings of the school. . The Way Credits Are Earned. Students are able to earn credits in a variety of ways at San Andreas. A student, who completes their four classes per block and completes six blocks for the school year, is able to earn 80 credits....   [tags: Education, Teacher, High school, Data]

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Use and Effectiveness of Electroconvulsive Therapy

- The research established for findings on electroconvulsive therapy was meant to find its overall properties of effectiveness and usage, also the circumstances under which it was used. First electroconvulsive therapy also known as (ECT) is a therapeutic practice that intentionally passes electrical current through a patient’s brain triggering a brief seizer. The electrical induced seizer would alter the chemical structure of the brain often relieving symptoms of severe mental disorders. However ECT has been deemed as a highly controversial method to treat disorders....   [tags: brain, depression, seizure]

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Quality and Effectiveness of Hybrid Education

- Online education, while offering clear advantages such as supporting a self-paced learning experience by allowing learning on an on-demand basis rather than a strict class schedule, also has significant drawbacks. Students in an online only course may struggle with structure and content without hands-on instruction, which can help motivate students who otherwise may be distracted or have difficulty working independently. The traditional structure of classroom education is effective, but also comes with a set of obstacles, particularly for nontraditional students....   [tags: Education]

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Teaching Styles and Effectiveness of Teachers

- Becoming a teacher can be an exciting and challenging experience for anyone. It can be quite difficult to put four years of knowledge into their teaching and into a classroom environment. And while it may seem challenging at first it does become easier over time. A teacher is not only someone who teaches, but they are a symbol of learning. A teacher is a person who plays the most important role in the development of any student. The future of those students depends on the qualities and the dedication of that teacher....   [tags: extrinsic and intrinsic, permissive teachers]

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The Cost Effectiveness of Online Education

- Many people think online education can be more expensive than a traditional school setting. Previous generations did not have the option for online learning experience, so why should we start now. An interesting point about online education is that LeBaron (2010) states, “The largest school in the U.S. is the University of Phoenix Online, with a whopping 380,232 students. That’s over 5x more than the largest public school, Arizona State University, which has 68,064 students” (para. 7). Despite the cost effectiveness, distance education is becoming the educational model of the future....   [tags: university of phoenix online, online classes]

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The Ethics and Effectiveness of Exposure

- Exposure therapy has garnered attention for its effectiveness and timeliness to cure diagnoses like posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), obsessive-compulsive disorder, phobias, and other anxiety disorders. Manuals have been created, self-help books have been published, and online support groups have been developed all for the purpose of establishing an exposure therapy community. Most of the literature around the ethics of it focuses on intentionally causing anxiety and causing harm for the client....   [tags: anxiety, stress disorders, exposure therapy]

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The Productivity and Effectiveness of Memory

- Memory can be an extremely broad spectrum to discuss. Matlin (2005) defines memory as the process of maintaining information over time (McLeod, S. A., 2007). This essay will focus specifically on encoding. The productivity and effectiveness of memory primarily depends on the processes of attaining, storing and retrieving information. This essay will further investigate the ability of students to encode information through various encoding strategies, and how effective these methods are in storing and retrieving the information....   [tags: encoding, storage, retrieval]

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Dream Team: The Effectiveness of Teamwork

- Title: Dream Team Teamwork has become more and more important in the past 200 years because of the growth of the societies and business organisations have created a context in which terms no longer work in isolation. The Dream Team refers to the outcome is greater and better then every team members can imagine, each member inspire others to bring out more different kinds of idea. This literature I read described what is an effective teamwork and how to make the Dream Team. Firstly, we need a basic condition of a team which is including the team whose membership is easy and clear, which is of the right size, relative stable in membership and working in a task which requires teamwork....   [tags: teamwork, group thinking, management]

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Effectiveness of Irony in Pixar Movies

- Effectiveness of irony is Pixar Movies Thesis Writing – Intro: “Once upon a time there was_______. Every day, ______. Because of that, ______. Until finally ______.”1 ~Pixar's fourth rule of storytelling “In a stunning turn of events, a superhero is being sued for saving someone who didn't want to be saved.”2 As with many Pixar movies, The Incredibles' main plot is based entirely around irony. The Incredibles is an ideal story that demonstrates Pixar's Fourth rule of storytelling. It begins with a unique character, who winds up in an unpredictable situation....   [tags: stroy, irony, movie, situation]

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The Effectiveness Of State Sponsored Programs

- The Effectiveness of State-Sponsored Programs in Improving End Users’ Safety and Experience Cyber warfare campaigns drastically augmented the requirement for further information warfare programs. The fundamental ambition of these programs is to aid and safeguard the privacy and integrity of information. Moreover, several of these programs have an objective to diminish security risks and curtail the effect to users. Therefore, successful information warfare programs diminish the danger of cyber warfare....   [tags: Security, Computer security, Cyberwarfare]

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Quality And Effectiveness Of Correctional Officers

- For the purposes of this study the criteria for quality and effectiveness of correctional officers will be compared to correction officers of public prisons in the areas of drug hit rates, inmate on inmate assaults, and inmate on staff assaults, homicides, and escapes. The differences in these categories are staggering, they truly show how much of a difference the staff can make. When random drug searches were conducted in both private and public prisons, it is very apparent that inmates from private prisons were more likely to have and use drugs....   [tags: Prison, Recidivism, Penology, Penal imprisonment]

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- Introduction Malaysia has seen an increasing number of employers who have begun to recognize the importance of EQ or emotional intelligence in the workplace (Ishak, Mustapha, Mahmud & Ariffin, 2006). Emotional intelligence as the term was first introduced by Salovey and Mayer (1990), defining emotional intelligence as an ability to recognize the meaning of emotions and their relationships and to reason and solve problems on the basis of them. This is an essentially new area of psychology and has the potential to be a strong predictor of performance....   [tags: EQ, Malaysia, business study]

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Effectiveness Of Current Police Responses

- ... Rather, the targeted patrol in the hot spots of street robberies, which is one response under the canopy of Problem-Oriented Policing, should significantly reduce the harm of the street robbery. This conjecture has been proved by a large amount of researches (Sherman et al., 1998; Braga, 2001; Eck, 2002; Sherman and Eck, 2002; Tele and Weisburd, 2012). Police crackdown is another widely used strategy by the police to deal with street robberies. “Police crackdowns are sudden increases in officer presence, sanctions, and threats of apprehension either for specific offenses or for all offenses in specific places (Sherman, 1990, Pp....   [tags: Crime, Police, Robbery, Law enforcement agency]

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Effectiveness of Adolescent Resistance Training

- Effectiveness of Adolescent Resistance Training Abstract Studies have been conducted to show that there is little evidence to attest resistance training on adolescence stunts growth, lessens bone density, or does harm to adolescence. Within these studies there are facts to coincide with scientific evidence that will show through longitudinal and double blind control groups that strength training has more effectiveness in helping adolescence then it does causing long term defects in these children....   [tags: Health]

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Instructional Effectiveness Of Avon Lenox

- ... The general office secretary used the intercom to perform an all-call for the specified staff. Once in the school building, the principal visited each teacher scheduled for library and makes sure they were informed of it being open. While passing by a classroom, the principal stopped to address a visibly upset and screaming student. After 13 minutes, the student deescalated. At 11:00am, the principal engaged in small talk in the main office (i.e. driving in rain, screaming student upstairs, ordering lunch, etc.)....   [tags: Teacher, Education, Lesson plan, Observation]

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Team Roles for Team Effectiveness

- ... According FIRO theory, team member play roles in team depend on their relationship and communication in a team to the interpersonal need of each other team member. They have 15 characteristic to identify team member role: • Clarifier • Tension-Reducer • Individualist • Director • Questioner • Rebel • Encourager • Listener • Cautioner • Initiator • Energizer • Opinion-Giver • Harmonizer • Consensus-Tester • Task-Master   • Benne and sheats theory team role. This theory is a combined of two influential theories on group behavior, which Kenneth Benne and Paul Sheats have wrote in article of ‘’Functional Roles of Group Members’’ in 1940....   [tags: Belbin's team roles, FIRO theory]

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The Effectiveness of ASPCA's Commercial

- ... In the case of the ASPCA commercial the audience that is being targeted is fairly wide, anyone who has a soft spot for animals or seems to be sensitive in general would definitely stop and think about donating money to the cause. This commercial also had a version that aired during the holiday season, with the soft music of “Silent Night” playing in the background was meant to specifically target people during Christmas, which is the time of giving and kindness. The most powerful and affective aspect of this commercial is the way it uses pathos....   [tags: emotional, logos, suffering]

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The Effectiveness Of Online Learning

- The Effectiveness of Online Learning in Relation to Campus-based Learning Raymond P. Solano COLL100 American Public University Miguel Sanchez   The Effectiveness of Online Learning in Relation to Campus-based Learning Online learning is a fairly new and growing mean of pursuing a higher education and excelling yourself beyond your peers. Online college is a flexible, efficient, effective and convenient way for working adults to pursue their scholastic goals. Although it is seen as less than effective and even less quality as being in a class room, the online classroom is best for working and busy adults to continue their education at their own pace and on their own time....   [tags: Education, Learning, Psychology, Intelligence]

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Effectiveness Of Probation And Parole

- ... From the perspective of an adult offender, incarceration appears more lenient considering the tough on crime political influence on the conditions of release stifling the offenders successful reentry into society. This raises issues to the intentions of probation; to determine the route in favor of society and rehabilitate the offender (Petersilia, 1998). If offenders are disinterested in reentry into the community the prison population increases, and if granted probation or parole, due to the preference of incarceration is likely to reoffend to be sentenced....   [tags: Prison, Criminal justice, Crime, Criminal law]

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Effectiveness of the Progressive Era

- Within the period of 1900-1920, many national reforms were rising to the top as Progressive Era reformers and the federal government heard the voices of the people. The effectiveness of Progressivism is a controversial subject for some, but the future was changed through the events of any actions a president made, the rights of people, and unfair treatment and conditions. This era brings changes to our society that also changes the future of it. These two decades brought forth successful times in bettering America....   [tags: trusts, monopoly, meat quality]

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Organizational Effectiveness and Service Quality

- 1- INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND INFORMATION: Today's organizations face constant competition. The amount of this rivalry increases annually and the need to improve organizational performance has never been greater before. Many organizations often spend sufficient resources to attract people who are suitable for the higher positions. Often there are significant costs associated with engaging, training and firing of a bad or disappointing employees, and the cost of the longer it takes to realize that an employee enough not increased....   [tags: Business Management ]

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The Effectiveness of Tax Incentives

- ... Ahmad and Stein (1991) would say that issues regarding the principles of the theory of taxation on how efficient would the government finance its activities is still questionable. But the question that needs to be asked first is how the state would earn maximum revenues to have funds allocated properly in government expenditures. Theory on optimal taxation would suggest the implementation of policies that reduces the inefficiency of different tax systems and create policies which encourage more collection of revenues....   [tags: policy, economy, collection]

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The Effectiveness of Educational Games

- ... Lester et al. [11] described the design issues and the empirical findings about motivation in narrative-centered learning environments. They found a strong connection between narrative and educational game and they claimed that narrative-centered learning environment is a promising approach for fostering positive learning gains, as well for promoting student motivation. On the other hand, Padilla-Zea et al. [12] included digital storytelling in an educational video game and introduced narrative elements to fostering the students’ motivation in learning processes by integrating specific educational models and ludic aspects....   [tags: learning, technology, acs]

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Drone Strikes and Their Effectiveness

- ... has declared war (Gray, 2000). Liberal democratic states face substantial pressures to protect civilians in war, but at the same time are often confronted with substantial uncertainty as to what abiding by legal principles such as \discrimination" { the obligation of military forces to select means of attack that minimize the prospect of civilian casualties { actually entails (Crawford, 2003; Walzer, 2006). Body Counter terrorism operations increasingly depend on the use of UAVs. This research paper includes data from various journals and articles, besides interviews from various people to establish the fact that drones play an important and effective part in the War against Terror and t...   [tags: war, militancy, unmanned aerial vehicles]

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Effective Effectiveness Of Internet Marketing

- To provide effectiveness of internet marketing in meeting customer needs and wants, BOOHOO has made many things available to their customers to benefit from. These online features have many advantages that keep customers happy but also have disadvantages that need to be taken into consideration by BOOHOO. Nowadays businesses constantly look for affective ways to provide their goods in order to gain customer satisfaction and accomplish their needs. As an online business, marketing enables BOOHOO to use different methods of customer service that I will be evaluating....   [tags: Customer, Customer service, Electronic commerce]

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Effectiveness Of The Deterrence Doctrine

- There is an ongoing debate on the effectiveness of the deterrence doctrine. The deterrence doctrine is dated back to its origins in the 18th century, known to be the Age of Enlightenment. During the 1700s to 1800s, the Classical School of Criminology became the focal point as it commenced to force attention on the “cruel” justice system. The two most influential scholars who have elaborated along the idea of deterrence are Cesare Beccaria and Jeremy Bentham. Beccaria, known as the father of classical criminology, believed that people are “being motivated by the pursuit of pleasure and trying to avoid being in pain” (Owen et al., 2012, p....   [tags: Criminology, Crime, Criminal law, Sentence]

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The Effectiveness Of Capital Punishment

- ... Punishing a criminal for an offense reduces the rate and probability that it will happen again. When people know the consequences of a crime before they commit it they would be more likely to have second thoughts about offending. The death penalty is effective at preventing crime by deterring criminals from breaking the law. (“Deterrence and Crime”) Studies have proven that states with death penalty have lower murder rates. (Capital Punishment Works) A recent study has shown that for every one execution there are up to eighteen fewer murders on average....   [tags: Capital punishment, Crime, Prison, Penology]

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Effectiveness Of A Communication Style

- ... In high context society, there is a high level of shared context and the communication is multi-layered. “The disagreement is often personalised in high context culture and it should be resolved before work can progress” (Pfeiffer, 1993). So while communicating with Chinese suppliers, Twelve Trees should take into account all these factors. In a high context cultures like China time orientation is also different. In low context culture time is considered to be equivalent to money but in high context cultures, time is not valued and change is too slow....   [tags: Communication, Cross-cultural communication]

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Leadership Style And Its Effectiveness

- ... This will further fine tune the behavior of subordinates (Smith and Foti, 1998). A typical performance management plan works as in the following: Source: The major drawback in this position is that it requires strong concentration on the power used. I have not been able to manage it at times because sometimes, position power needs to be used excessively on emergency situations (Smith and Foti, 1998). My priorities are mainly focused on technical performance where the misalignment of subordinates from their duties should also be carefully handled....   [tags: Management, Hierarchy, Evaluation, Decision making]

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Criminal Justice Organizational Effectiveness

- Having the ability to effectively deliver the organizations intended services while achieving the desirable results is indicative of organization effectiveness. The United States Criminal Justice system is amongst the most respected governmental entities on the planet; and with a formidably structured and well developed hierarchy, history has uncovered its adaptability through operational effectiveness. Although many process, protocols, and scientifically reforms have been adopted, criminal justice practitioners and senior level leaders provide are continuously developing and revitalizing policies to foster cultural competence while ensuring public safety standards through law enforcement....   [tags: patriot act, justice system, us protection]

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Analysing the Environmental Impact Assessment Systems around the World

- ... The authors carried out the assessment of the EIA process and identified the following weakness in the system. • There are comprehensive guidelines, legal and legislative provisions but administrative setup is very weak. EIA is just a formality as most of the time EIA is conducted after start of construction. • Coordination among the consultants and planners are very weak. • Involvement of stakeholders into ToR process during scoping is inadequate which results in a thin coverage of socio-economic and environmental issues in the EIA reports....   [tags: significance, effectiveness]

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Effectiveness of Non-Executive Directors

- The effectiveness of non-executive directors is becoming to be seen as critical for the contribution to the effectiveness of corporate governance in providing investor protection. Relevant situational and sectoral experience enhances the effectiveness of non-executive directors. Jebb (1998) cited in Ahwireng-Obeng, Mariano and Viedge (2005) suggests that it is a better strategy to hire non-executive directors who have experience in similar as well as other sectors and situations that the company is likely to face than search for a particular expertise in a director....   [tags: Senior Management, Non-Executive Directors]

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Organizational Learning and Effectiveness

- 1.1 Introduction The change has become inevitable in this fast paced competitive, resource starved world. The organizations that are quick to learn and adapt to these changes are in a better position to sustain themselves than the organizations that are reluctant and traditional in their approach. This is because of the globalization phenomenon that has rendered the world ever competitive and fighting for the scarce resources of human and financial capital. In this ever changing environment whether it is business, culture or politics the only constant that we can rely on is change itself ....   [tags: Globalization]

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Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Effectiveness

- Introduction Depression is one of the most commonly diagnosed psychiatric disorders among school-aged youth, with high prevalence and far-reaching consequences (Probst, 2008). “School Phobia and excessive clinging to parents may be symptoms of depression in children. Poor academic performance, substance abuse, antisocial behavior, sexual promiscuity, truancy, and running away may be symptoms of depression in adolescents” (Sadock & Sadock, 2003, p. 554). Depression in adolescents often is an unremitting disorder that predicts ongoing depression and psychosocial impairment (Kratochvil et....   [tags: Psychology ]

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Effectiveness of Online Courses

- The following article is a study on the effectiveness of online courses and their effectiveness in both teacher-guided assistance and non-guided learning. The author stated the problem of online learning for students, as being the distractions of the internet itself; online shopping, gaming and social networking. While two advantages of online learning includes the convenience of studying at a place of choice and independent work, students are challenged in staying focused or being disciplined enough to continue or even complete their course of studies....   [tags: education, teaching methods, convenience]

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Organizing for Worldwide Effectiveness

- Organizing for worldwide Effectiveness: The Transnational solution : Companies with international operations must engender global coordination and flexibility, to be able to remain competitive in increasingly global setting. On the other hand traditional organization practices provides different approach to the problem. The author illustrates this dichotomy in approach through the experience of two prominent electronic market competitors Philips, an example of decentralized federation structure, which is well suited to the promotion of national flexibility and Matsushita, a company with a centralized hub configuration, which ensures high efficiency....   [tags: global reach, transnational companies]

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The Effectiveness of Terrorism

- The Effectiveness of Terrorism The dictionary defines terrorism as “The unlawful use or threatened use of force or violence by a person or an organized group against people or property with the intention of intimidating or coercing societies or governments, often for ideological or political reasons.” Is terrorism an effective political medium for the advancement of a political minority or rather an act of defiance rendering a society into a state of ephemeral hysteria. It remains to be seen how this latest act of terrorism will unfold and what political awareness it may generate....   [tags: Papers]

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Leadership Effectiveness

- The term leadership has been evolved and expanded over several decades. Researchers, theorists and writers have documented definitions and schools of thought on the leadership. The controversial issue has lead to pervasive concepts of leadership effectiveness and ineffectiveness which has bolstered the views on which leader unequivocally meets the requirements. Walker (2011) elucidated that leadership approaches though different in dimensions and characteristics play a pivotal role in conceptualizing how to improve on ones leadership practices and further, how followers understand and interpret their leaders’ style....   [tags: leaders, subordinates, behavioral theorists]

Research Papers
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An Analysis of Effectiveness

- An Analysis of Effectiveness      Martin Luther King Jr. and Toni Morrison are two of the many great writers of the late twentieth century. Their styles follow rhetorical guidelines to create persuasive arguments and clear writing. To show how they accomplish this I will be comparing the rhetorical style used by King in 'Letter from a Birmingham Jail,'; with that of Morrison in 'Friday on the Potomac.'; Each of these works result from strong opinions surrounding the issue of racial equality in the United States, and each appeals to the desire of achieving that equality....   [tags: Martin Luther King Toni Morrison Writers Essays]

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The Effectiveness of Osmosis

- The Effectiveness of Osmosis What osmosis is. Osmosis is the net movement of a solvent through a semi permeable membrane (as of a living cell) into a solution of higher solute concentration that tends to equalize the concentrations of solute on the two sides of the membrane This means that… ================ If you were to put cell into liquid containing water one of three things will happen. · If the medium surrounding the cell has a higher water concentration than the cell (a very dilute solution) the cell will gain water by osmosis....   [tags: Papers]

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Measuring Organization Effectiveness

- The management philosopher since the year 1776 when Adam Smith published the book “Wealth of Nations” have shown a great deal research and thought to various concepts such as efficiency, effectiveness and productivity. The scientific management era focuses on the same concepts and highlighted a number of other concepts from them such as principles of management, organizational behaviour, organizational theory, etc. One such evidence is the book Principles of Scientific Management by Frederick Taylor in the year 1911....   [tags: Business Management ]

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Assessing Teachers’ Effectiveness

- The techniques used in evaluating effectiveness of teachers have changed over time together with the definition of effective teaching. These changes have been brought by increased federal and state supervision of accountability of teachers both in schools and in class. Most researchers concede that good teaching is crucial and a key factor in improving students performance. However, researchers have not agreed on the best way of measuring teachers’ effectiveness, because there is no consensus on what constitutes an effective tutor....   [tags: Educational Issues]

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1380 words | (3.9 pages) | Preview

Internet Advertising Effectiveness

- Chapter Overview This chapter explains the effectiveness of online advertising on Facebook among UCSI students. Variables that will covered in this chapter is the reaction of UCSI students after viewing online advertising, include informativeness, attractiveness, credibility, preference and intention. Before the discussion of the effectiveness of online advertising, there are some questions need to be answered. Such as what is internet. What is advertising. What is online advertising. And what is social media....   [tags: online marketing campaigns and publicity]

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- 2.1 Recruitment and Selection Schein (1976) discussed that human resource functions are to well defined and well connected to the needs of organization, not only the needs of individuals. Many times the hiring is a system of short run replacement and is not watched for long run functionality. Ahmad and Schroeder (2002) more deeply discussed that usually in the process of hiring, organizations use to focus on the technical skills of the employees, not the behavioral traits which fruits to a short run benefit, not in the long run....   [tags: Business Management ]

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Analyzing Two Habits Foundational to Effectiveness

- According to Steven Covey, there are 7 Habits which are foundational to effectiveness. He argues that the Habits listed under these three areas are universal, akin to the Laws of Physics, and that anyone following them will move toward greater effectiveness. This review will look at the first two habits, Be Proactive & Begin with the End in Mind, to examine whether the Habits can, in themselves, restore ineffective people to effective living. The review will study Covey’s premises from the perspective of Biblical worldview and personal life experience to show that while they can be helpful for healthy adults, it does not take either psychological wounds or the spiritual realm into account wh...   [tags: Psychology]

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Various Options of Birth Control and Their Effectiveness

- ... If used incorrectly your chances of getting pregnant increase by 14 percent. It is not as effective as breastfeeding. Spermicide is not as available as condoms , but it can still obtained over the counter. No doctor is needed, but since there is so many adverse and warning with the product a care provider should be involve. It can cause an increase chance to obtaining sexually transmitted disease. Frequent physical checks are recommended. A nurse needs to make sure patient reads the label to know what to do before applying....   [tags: cost, hormones, condoms]

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Examining the Effectiveness of Secret Service Training

- Do Special Agents Receive Effective Training to Protect the President of the United States. Examining the Effectiveness of Secret Service Training Abstract United States Secret Service special agents are charged with the primary responsibility of protecting elected officials. Agents are the backbone of the Secret Service and receive more training than any other law enforcement agency in the United States. The training they receive is un-like any other training they have ever experienced. The Secret Service is the only agency that trains its agents to shield and physically cover the protectee with his/her own person....   [tags: Argumentative]

Term Papers
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Effectiveness of Electric Toothbrushes to Manual Toothbrushes

- The objective of this experiment is to compare the effectiveness of electric toothbrushes to manual toothbrushes in removing microorganisms from the mouth. This will be shown by the amount of microorganisms that is removed from the mouth and present on the bristles of the brush. Hypothesis: Electric toothbrushes remove more plaque and microorganisms from the mouth than manual toothbrushes. Materials: • 2 Electric Toothbrushes (Wal-Mart brand) • 2 Manual Toothbrushes (Wal-Mart brand) • Crest Pro-Health Whitening Toothpaste • Food (Lasagna was used for this experiment) • Timer • 40 cotton swabs • 40 plastic bags • 20 Trypticase Soy Agar (TSA) plates • Bunsen Burner • Gloves • Lab Goggles •...   [tags: removing microorganisms, mouth]

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The Effectiveness Of Anti Bullying Intervention Programs

- The Effectiveness of Anti-bullying Intervention Programs At Schools Cyria Reyes CED/600 October 17, 2014 Alejandro Padilla Abstract. Bullying has developed serious problems in several schools that range from students who are in kinder all the way to high school. Regardless of age differences, students are being bullied on a daily bases causing students to become depressed, have low self-esteem, isolate themselves, don’t want to attend school, and commit suicide. As a result, school administrators need to find the proper procedure that will help eliminate the issue....   [tags: Bullying, Abuse, High school, Education]

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The Health Care Effectiveness Data And Information

- ... Some key languages to understanding the HEDIS collection: 1. Denominator: eligible members of the population 2. Numerator: members that meet the criteria of a measure 3. Anchor date: specific date the member is required to be enrolled to be eligible for the measure. 4. Provider specialty: certain measures must be provided by a specific provider specialty There are three specific data collection methods: 1. Administrative: derived from the claims 2. Hybrid: random sampling of the population 3. Survey: Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Provider’s and Systems (CAHPS) Administrative Methodology mandates the plan to identify eligible members for screening through use of electronic record of...   [tags: Health care, Health insurance, Data collection]

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Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Company Evaluation Program

- As recognized by the plant manager, the company's current performance evaluation system is flawed, especially when used to assess the sole trained engineer at the plant. The first three items on evaluation: friendliness, neatness of workspace, and attitude, do not factor in the quality of work performed or the value of the individual's contributions towards the plant's profitabilitity. Instead, the form emphasizes behaviors and traits, which, while worthy of consideration in the evaluation process, do not provide an accurate view of the employee within the scope of the company as a whole (Robbins, & Judge, 2007, p....   [tags: Business Management ]

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Effectiveness of Garbage Enzyme as Detergent and Fertilizer

- Garbage enzymes were produced based on the formulation of three parts of fruit peels, one part of brown sugar and ten parts of water were mixed together (The Star, 2009) and fermented in 5L plastic bottle at room temperature for three months. CHARACTERISTICS OF GARBAGE ENZYME. The progression of fermentation of the fruit discards showed a reduction of pH with times, 3.15 for GE while 3.78 for CGE. Odunfa, (1985) attributed the significant reduction of pH to acid production during fermentation. In our study, the fall of pH could be attributed to the organic acids produced during fermentation by microorganisms....   [tags: organic and sustainable agriculture]

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Inside the Atom: The Effectiveness of Nuclear Energy

- INSIDE THE ATOM ONE WORLD ESSAY Fossil fuels are substances of a big energetic content such as coal, oil and natural gas. They are not renewable energy; therefore it is included in the fossil energy. Most of the energy used at the present time comes from fossil fuels. They are used for transport, generate electricity, heat up places, cooking, etc. Even though it has a lot of useful uses it has its disadvantages, one of them is that its use causes the emission of toxic gases that contributes to the air pollution....   [tags: fuels, fission, radiation]

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The Cost Effectiveness And Efficiency Of Photovoltaic Cells

- ... One of these forms of renewable energy is photovoltaic cells that consume the heat of our earth’s sun. However, in these early stages of photovoltaic cells they are seen to be fairly inefficient and overpriced. It is then upon ourselves to invest our time and effort into exploring more effective ways to extract energy from the sun, and to also create an efficient photovoltaic system that is available and affordable to the masses. 3. Procedure The information for this report was taken, extensively, from a number of credible reports posted online; for example, and   [tags: Photovoltaics, Solar cell, Photovoltaic module]

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Determining The Effectiveness of an After-School Program

- While no one can deny the benefits of after-school programs, their effectiveness at furthering the education in our schools can be called into question. While what can be considered effective in after-school programs can be contingent upon the basic goals and objectives of the individual program, if the after-school program is not reaching the goals of the program it cannot be considered an effective program despite the good it may be providing for the families involved. The twenty-first century program, specifically at *Avalon Park Elementary School, is being called into question because of its derivation from its original academic enrichment goals to its current habit or entertaining rathe...   [tags: educating, entertaining, ]

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Fad Diets: The Effectiveness and Health Implications

- Fad Diets: The Effectiveness and Health Implications As humans we are the only creatures who create food into more than just a nutritional need for survival. The American culture and society has a preoccupation with food, which poses a set of challenges for both the physical and mental body to maintain health (Abrams & Wells, 2005). This preoccupation of food causes many medical risks such as obesity, binge eating, food addiction, and eating disorders (Cogan & Ernsberger, 1999). Ward-Smith (2010) defines obesity as a body mass index (BMI) at 30 or above, calculated using height and weight measurements....   [tags: America's weight loss obsession]

Term Papers
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The Effectiveness of English Language Learners Programs

- Years after most school districts in the United Stated have initiated some type of “strategy” for educating America’s, increasing ELL population,; questions about how well teachers of English Language Learners (ELL) are being trained and the effectiveness of ELL programs have arisen . For many, such topic may not be as important to some as it is to others. In retrospect, the number of ELL students grows every school year as schools districts absorb the increased enrollment. Based on state-reported data, it is estimated that 4,999,481 ELL students were enrolled in public school (pre-K through grade 12) during the 2003-2004 school year (Mckeon, 1)....   [tags: teachers, program, training, skills]

Research Papers
1385 words | (4 pages) | Preview

Hospital Benchmarking: The Significance of Clinical Effectiveness

- Hospital Benchmarking is a statistical methodology of assessing the performance of a hospital. This performance assessment encompasses patient care and outcome as well as financial viability of the entity. The premise of this benchmarking exercise is to ultimately create a perpetual systematic year-over-year improvement matrix in which to hold all departments of the hospital accountable. On a hospital-wide level, quality and performance is calculated by analysis of certain measurable objective data which is compared to other hospitals deemed to be in the specific competitive set....   [tags: ]

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723 words | (2.1 pages) | Preview

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