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Pathogens And The Spread Of Disease

- Contents 1.1Introduction 1.2Methodology 2.0 What is a Pathogen. 2.1 Major Categories of pathogens/micro-organism 2.2 Bacteria Fig 2.3 Bacterial Shapes 2.4 Viruses Fig 2.5 Structure of a virus 2.6 Fungi 2.7 Parasites 3.0 Pathogenic Environment 4.0 What is disease. 4.1 How disease spreads 5.0 Conclusion References Pathogens and the spread of disease 1.1Introduction “Health depends on the body maintaining its internal harmony.” (The U205 Course Team, 1985) Health is a momentary condition of ones state of physical and mental well being....   [tags: Disease]

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Alzheimer 's Disease : The Disease

- ... They may substitute forgotten words for unclear descriptions or make up new words. There is no cure for Alzheimer 's disease. So far, there are only a few drugs that can slow down the effects of it. Donepezil (Aricept) [C] is the main drug for the treatment of the disease for all stages, which is a cholinesterase inhibitor. This drug is an Acetylcholine booster, which helps the memory neurons. The sad thing about this drug is that it does not reverse or cure the disease. Also, with women being at a greater risk for contacting Alzheimer’s disease, the use of estrogen after menopause has lowered the risk....   [tags: Alzheimer's disease, Acetylcholine, Donepezil]

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Alzheimer 's Disease As A Disease

- ... There are changes in the brain unseen, only seen microscopically, before the loss of memory. Alzheimer’s is not the cause of old age; it is not normal to have Alzheimer’s as you age. Statistics say that in America, eighty percent of Americans show signs of carrying genes to put them in risk of having Alzheimer’s disease at an old age. The government has funded totals of two hundred and twenty six billion dollars have been put for the treatment and care for those with Alzheimer’s disease. Only thirty three thousand dollars a year is spent on the research department for Alzheimer’s disease....   [tags: Alzheimer's disease, Dementia, Acetylcholine]

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The Disease Of Alzheimer 's Disease

- Introduction Alzheimer’s disease is a cognitive disorder characterized by progressive loss of the memory and physical function in humans. It is the most common cause of loss of memory especially in old age. The Alzheimer 's disease onset is slow with symptoms appearing as early as 10 years before the full diagnosis. This condition derived its name from the scientist who first described it, Alois Alzheimer. Alois Alzheimer was a pathologist of German descent who also practiced psychiatric medicine....   [tags: Alzheimer's disease, Brain, Neuron]

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Hemophilia: A Bleeding Disease

- According to the Gale Encyclopedia of Nursing and Allied Health, hemophilia also spelled haemophilia, is a genetic disorder of the mechanism of blood clotting that is usually inherited (Fallon 1276). The symptoms of this disease can range from mild to severe which makes prognosis very difficult to determine. Sylvia Mader says, “Hemophilia is called the bleeder’s disease because the affected person’s blood either does not clot or clots very slowly” (489). Hemophilia is a rare genetic disease that affects 1 in 5,000 male births while about 400 babies with hemophilia are born each year (“CDC”)....   [tags: Disease ]

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Somalia's Growing Disease Crisis

- Roughly 40 years ago, the blue-green waters along with a strong Mediterranean resemblance, once made Somalia, particularly Mogadishu, the country’s capital, a bustling tourist haven. Mogadishu was considered one the cleanest and safest cities in Africa. Sadly, the Somalia of yesterday is no more. Today, Somalia is considered one the world’s worst humanitarian disasters. Presently, hundreds of thousands of people have been displaced from their homes and are suffering from starvation and disease. Two major factors are contributing toward Somalia growing disease crisis; drought and civil war....   [tags: Disease ]

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Disease Report on Scabies

- Disease Report on Scabies Scabies is a very unpleasant skin disease to acquire. This disease is also known as the human itch mite. In the medical field, it is known as Sarcoptes scabiei var hominis. Scabies have been around for centuries. Scabies was first documented in a letter written by Dr. Giovan Cosimo Bonomo on July, 18, 1687, to Francesco Redi2. This letter provided the first accurate presentation of the mite, with detailed drawings of its appearance. In this letter, Dr. Bonomo stated that “the sarcoptes scabiei could be transmitted by direct contact, and it stuck to almost everything.” Dr....   [tags: Disease]

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Disease Report on Scabies

- Disease Report on Scabies The causal agent of the scabies is sarcoptes scabiei var.hominis. The human itch mite is in the class arachnidan family Sarcoptidae, subclass Acari. The mites burrow under the epidermis of the skin, and never go below the stratum corneum. Other races of scabies may cause infestations in other animals of which humans may contact with a temporary itching due to dermatitis; but they do not multiply in the human host. ( The history of scabies was written in a letter written by Dr.Giovan Cosimo Bonomo to Francesco Redi2 on July 18, 1687, is the first accurate description of the mite with a very accurate drawing of its appearance....   [tags: Disease]

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The Disease Of Alzheimer 's Disease

- ... “A person with Alzheimer 's lives four to eight years after diagnosis, but can live as long as 20 years, depending on other factors”. (Stages of Alzheimer 's) Alzheimer doesn’t just effects the person but the whole family that goes through mental and financial stress until the disease takes the most presses person they love the most in the world. According to David Perlmuttter MD, around 5.4 million Americans are affected with Alzheimer’s disease and $200 million are spend each year to care for the people afflicted by Alzheimer, which has no curable drugs at present time....   [tags: Alzheimer's disease, Neuron, Brain, Acetylcholine]

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The Disease Of Alzheimer 's Disease

- ... Until this point the protein was not considered a factor in the development of alzheimer 's. Two years before a discovery was found that there was a genetic association with the 19th chromosome and alzheimer 's. This is especially important because the protein APOE was found in this chromosome (Spinney). There are four versions of this protein, they are distinguished by having a number at the end of its name, indication the different variants. There is a technique called polymerase chain reaction or PCR and this is how people can tell what variant of the APOE protein they are dealing with....   [tags: Alzheimer's disease, Neuron, Beta amyloid]

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Glycogen Storage Disease Type II

- Glycogen storage disease Type II, also known as Pompe disease and Acid maltase deficiency, is a rare autosomal recessive disorder that results from the deficiency of the enzyme acid α-glucosidase (Ibrahim 1). This deficiency results in the accumulation of glycogen in certain organs and tissues, especially muscles, impairing their ability to function normally. The disease is classified by the time of onset: classic infantile onset and non-classic late onset (Van Der Beek 82). Pompe disease was named after the Dutch pathologist Dr....   [tags: Disease]

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Paget's Bone Disease

- Abstract- In order to study the gene mutation that is supposed to cause Paget’s Bone Disease researchers had to have viable candidates to host the gene mutation. They found the best candidate to host the gene mutation in mice so they implanted the gene mutation in embryos of mice offspring. The researchers hypothesized that p62P394L is sufficient to induce PDB, especially since the p62 gene is responsible for encoding 62 kDa protein which functions in signaling osteoclast precursors. Results were found by fixing the first through fifth lumbar vertebra of four, eight, and twelve month old homozygote, heterozygote and WT littermates in 10% buffered formalin for 24- 48 hours....   [tags: Disease]

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Infectious Disease Epidemics

- Throughout human history disease has been linked to many facets of life and even the rise and fall of entire civilizations. Biological, social, political and economic forces have all influenced how the outbreak of disease is handled. Epidemics have altered history in how they have developed and the impact that they have had. In turn, epidemic management has been influenced by history and governments as humans have learned to cope with outbreaks and the social and political implications that result from them....   [tags: Disease ]

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Tay Sachs Disease

- Tay Sachs is an incurable genetic disease that affects the central nervous system. It is a rare disorder that occurs chiefly in infants and children, especially those of the Jewish heritage. It is characterized by a red spot in the retina, paralysis, gradual blindness, and loss of muscle movement. Tay Sachs can only be inherited, which means it is passed from parents to child only. The process begins in the fetus, very early in pregnancy. However, the disease does not become physically apparent until the child is several months old....   [tags: Disease]

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Sickle Cell Disease

- 1.1. Background on Sickle Cell Disease Sickle cell disease is a disease that is most prevalent in people of African descent along with people of Mediterranean and Middle Eastern origin. This disease is known to affect about 70, 000 Americans and about 2 million people carry the trait (meaning that, they carry a single gene mutation). Sickle Cell Disease is an autosomal recessive genetic disease that occurs due to a mutation in the β-globin gene of hemoglobin. Autosomal meaning that it is not linked to a sex chromosome, so either parent can pass on the gene to their child....   [tags: Disease]

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Alzheimer 's Disease Is A Neurodegenerative Disease

- ... This accumulation of tangled tau proteins also damages the surrounding nerve cells, resulting in large portions of brain tissue wasting away (Marsa, 2015). It is believed that Alzheimer’s is hereditary, or it can be passed down through genetic mutations from parent to child. While this is true, it is also agreed that there are numerous outside factors that may also cause the degenerative disease. Current studies show that infections, heart disease, brain trauma, and simply aging are risk factors....   [tags: Alzheimer's disease, Neuron, Cognition]

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Lyme disease: An Emerging Infectious Disease

- Disease and Pathology Lyme disease, or lyme borreliosis, is an emerging infectious disease transmitted by ticks. Lyme disease is considered an emerging infectious disease because it’s incidence has increased over the past 20 years, and it was not identified until 1975 in the United States (CITE). Lyme disease is the most commonly reported vector-borne disease in the United States. Lyme disease causes symptoms similar to that of influenza, and includes headache, chills, fever, lethargy, and muscle pain in the initial stages....   [tags: Disease, Pathology, Symptoms]

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Diverticular Disease: What is the difference between diverticulosis and diverticulitis?

- When pockets develop in the wall of the colon, this is called diverticulosis. The pockets that form are called diverticula; the pockets pick up fecal matter as the body’s waste is propelled through the colon. Diverticulosis and diverticulitis are classified as diverticular disease. The main difference between diverticulosis and diverticulitis is that there is no inflammation, and with the second there is. Approximately 80 percent of the individuals who have been diagnosed with diverticulosis never advance to the more serious condition, diverticulitis....   [tags: Disease]

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Infectious Diseases : Infectious Disease

- 522 Infectious Disease Project Rush Royals Natalia Rich, Amy Richards, Ryan Rickley, Brianne Riley, and Nicole Roehrig Identify the components of the Chain of Infection and specify Modes of Transmission to the development of the following infectious diseases: Ebola, Legionnaire’s Disease, Toxic Shock Syndrome. For each disease, identify the methods of “breaking” the chain of infection. (This section may not exceed 3000 words) Ebola Disease Description Ebola virus was first discovered in 1976 in Africa near the Ebola River Valley; this rare virus causes hemorrhagic fever and has been active in that region resulting in mortality rates of up to 90% (Sullivan, Yang, & Nabel, 2003)....   [tags: Infection, Infectious disease, Bacteria]

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Celiac Disease

- Celiac Disease is an inflammatory disease that destroys the lining of the small intestines and prevents the absorption of nutrients and vitamins into the system. The patients' health suffers; their digestive system is unable to process gluten foods that contain wheat, barley, and oats. The cause of this disease is unknown; however, environmental factors and a genetic predisposition are suspected. Destructive proteins that contain an abundance of proline and glutamine and the amino acid sequences Pro-Ser-Gln-Gln and Gln-Gln-Gln-Pro) are involved....   [tags: Disease ]

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Huntington's Disease

- Huntington's Disease Huntington's disease is an autosomal dominant disorder, which is found on the # 4 chromosome. George Huntington discovered it in 1872. It mainly has an effect on the nervous system. There are around 210,000 bases between D4S180 and D4S127. The disease itself is found in 2% of people in their childhood, and in 5% of the people they were older then 60. (Miller p 16) In the majority of the affected people the disease is detected between the ages of 35-45. In males the disease begins around the time of their childhood....   [tags: Disease]

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The Center for Disease Control and Bioterrorism

- The Center of Disease Control and Prevention has an emergency awareness and response page based off of a zombie apocalypse to help inform people on how they should be ready if a major emergency were to occur. The CDC has a range of research and information from heart disease to the worst, infectious, disease-causing agents. The CDC also shares information about how to prepare and what to do if a bioterrorism attack or pandemic were to occur. The Center of Disease and Control is a diversified government organization that has the main purpose of protecting the public against the serious threats of bioterrorism and dangerous pandemics....   [tags: Disease, Disorders]

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The R72P Polymorphism in the TP53 Gene is a Modifier of Age at Onset of Huntington’s Disease

- Huntington’s Disease (HD) is a devastating neurodegenerative disorder of the central nervous system characterized by involuntary movements, progressive cognitive impairment and neuropsychiatric symptoms.[1] The disease follows an autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance with a prevalence of 1/10 000 among individuals of European descent.[2] The mutation underlying the disease is the abnormal expansion of the CAG repeat block in exon1 of the IT15 gene.[3] Four CAG repeat size intervals associated with varying disease risk were established....   [tags: Disease ]

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Protease Therapy of Celiac Disease

- Introduction One percent of the human population and one in two hundred Americans are affected by celiac disease (Helms, 2005; Lerner, 2009; Stanford researchers, 2002). This affliction is a genetic disorder that results from the body’s inability to break down gluten, a protein composite substance, in agricultural products such as wheat, rye, and barley (Hausch, Shan, Santiago, Gray & Khosla, 2002; Helms, 2005; Lerner, 2009; Siegel et al., 2006; Shan et al., 2002; Stanford researchers, 2002; Stepniak et al., 2006)....   [tags: Disease, Disorders]

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Botulism: An Emerging Infectious Disease

- The disease, botulism, which is caused by Clostridium botulinium, is an emerging infectious disease. Clostridium botulinium is a bacterium that produces a neurotoxin that causes botulism. The bacterium is spore-forming, and anaerobic, meaning it does not need oxygen to grow. There are three main types of illnesses that Clostridium botulinium typically cause: Food-borne botulism, infant botulism, and wound botulism. Unbeknownst to common knowledge, infant botulism is the most common form of the disease, consisting of seventy-five percent of the reported cases of the disease (Chan-Tack, & Bartlett, 2010)....   [tags: Disease/Disorders]

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Cattle, Disease Prevention Is Vital

- ... Farmers must be very careful when feeding their cattle and must make sure feed is of high quality and safe for their cattle to consume. To help prevent the spread of diseases, farmers should have their feed tested. “...the beef industry agreed to a voluntary ban on the use of ruminant-derived protein supplements in cattle feed in 1996, and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) made the feed ban a law in 1997.”(BSE) Preventing diseases is essential for a healthy and successful herd. There are many different methods that can be used....   [tags: Infectious disease, Infection, Cattle, Disease]

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Is Dementia A Single Disease?

- ... Hallucinations are also paired with paranoia, they may start to hear or see images that aren’t actually there to begin with. However for someone to be diagnosed with dementia at least two of the previously mentioned symptoms must be greatly reduced to a state where someone has difficulty living on their own. Someone diagnosed with dementia has trouble performing daily activities to be able to live. They can no longer be on their own as they have reduced memory and may get lost in places where they used to be very familiar with....   [tags: Alzheimer's disease, Dementia, Parkinson's disease]

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The Krabbe Disease

- Krabbe Disease According to the website ‘Genetic Home Reference’, Krabbe disease, that affects the nervous system; and According to Kugler (2013) it usually affects an estimate of only 1 in 100,000 people worldwide which makes it very rare. Krabbe disease is also part of leukodystrophies, a group of disorders resulting from demyelination or the loss of myelin. It is caused by the insufficient amount of galactosylceramidase, which needed to make myelin. Myelin is the substance that is surrounding and protecting the nerve fibers....   [tags: nervous system, degenerative disease]

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Stress and Cardiovascular Disease

- Although gross medical advancements have allowed the human population to live longer and fuller lives without the threat of death from infectious diseases, it is apparent that we are now dealing with a different phenomenon that may be just as harmful to our health. The impact of psychological, social and environmental factors from our daily lives is having a drastic impression on the mental and physical wellbeing of our society. It has been shown in various studies that psychological and neurological factors influence the immune system and can have an effect on our health (Breedlove, Rosenzweig & Watson, 2010)....   [tags: Heart Disease ]

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An Overview of Alzheimer's Disease and Dementia

- Alzheimer’s Disease Dementia Intro/Overview Section of Disease Paper “Horribly tragic, scary, slow, sad, maddening, etc.” These are words some would use when asked what Alzheimer’s/dementia is. This answer is common to those who have watched loved ones suffer from this disease that ultimately lead to their passing. As defined in McGraw Hill Medical Dictionary, Alzheimer’s Disease is a ‘progressive neurologic disease of the brain that causes irreversible loss of neurons and eventual dementia characterized by loss of memory, impairment of judgment, decision making, language use, and awareness of surroundings’(pg....   [tags: Alzheimer's Disease Essays]

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Parkinson 's Disease : A Progressive Neurodegenerative Disease

- Parkinson’s Disease Introduction Parkinson’s disease is a progressive neurodegenerative disease that mainly affects the elderly, but can also be prevalent in younger generations (“Parkinson’s Disease Foundation,” n.d.). It affects the region of the brain that controls movement, called the substantia nigra (“Parkinson’s Disease Foundation,” n.d.), due to degeneration of dopaminergic neurons in that brain region (“NINDS”, 2015). As the disease progresses, the supply of dopamine that is produced by the brain continues to decrease, leading to the inability of the individual to control their movements (“Parkinson’s Disease Foundation,” n.d.)....   [tags: Parkinson's disease, Dopamine, Basal ganglia]

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Parkinson Disease : A Disease That Affects The Central Nervous System

- Parkinson Disease Jennifer Webb 6-16-2015 Mr. Nowicki’s Care of the Adult II Brown Mackie College   Parkinson Disease is a disease that affects the central nervous system. Each year 50,000 – 60,000 people are diagnosed with this progressive disease. The CDC stated that Parkinson Disease (PD) is the 14th leading cause of death in the United States and worldwide there are about six million people who suffer from the disease (National Parkinson Foundation, 2015). While there are surgical and non-surgical interventions as well as many effective drugs to treat PD, there is no cure....   [tags: Parkinson's disease, Dopamine, Substantia nigra]

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What Is Crohn 's Disease?

- ... The definition of Crohn 's Disease is a chronic inflammatory disease of the intestines, especially the colon and ileum (the 3rd portion of the small intestine, between the jejunum and the cecum), associated with ulcers and fistulae (an abnormal or surgically made passage between a hollow or tubular organ and the body surface, or between two hollow or tubular organs). In layman terms the definition of Crohn 's Disease is best explained as The body 's immune system tries to cure the digestive tract, but the digestive tract does not really need curing because it is not sick....   [tags: Crohn's disease, Ulcerative colitis]

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Searching for the Cure for Alzheimer's Disease

- The human brain is a remarkable organ, complex chemical and electrical processes take place within our brains. They let us speak, move, see, feel emotions and make decisions. Inside a normal healthy brain billions of cells called neurons constantly communicate with one another.Healthy neurotransmission is important for the brain to function well. Alzheimer's disease destroys memory and thinking skills over time by compromising the ability of neurons to communicate with one another (Jannis).The disease triggers as two abnormal protein fragments called plaques and tangles accumulate in hippocampus, the part of the brain where memory first formed, and destroy brain cells....   [tags: Alzheimer's Disease Essays]

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ALS- The Terrible Disease without a Cure

- Compared to diseases such as cancer or heart disease, Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS), affects very few people, only about 20,000-30,000 people in the United States (National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, 2013) and 2,500-3,000 in Canada (ALS Canada, 2013). It is responsible for about 2 deaths of every 100,000 people. Yet, ALS, often referred to as Lou Gehrig's disease, is relatively well known across the population. Why is this. One of the reasons certainly has to do with the name Lou Gehrig, a famous baseball superstar who had to suddenly retire in 1939 due to ALS and then passed away shortly after....   [tags: health, disease]

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Caring for a Person with Alzheimer's Disease

- Definition of the Problem The sixth leading cause of death in the United States, Alzheimer’s disease afflicts approximately 5.2 million persons age 65 and over (Alzheimer's Association, 2012). Rapid growth of the older population as the Baby Boomer generation ages will cause unprecedented increases in the number of individuals with Alzheimer’s. It is estimated that by 2025 the number of Wisconsin residents with Alzheimer’s age 65 and older will increase by 30% to a projected total of 127,000 (Alzheimer's Association, 2012)....   [tags: Alzheimer's Disease Essays]

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The American Perception Of A Disease

- ... Kent Brantly and Nancy Writebol contracted the virus in Liberia. Both patients were moved to Emory hospital. The most serious case in the United States was Thomas Erin Duncan, the first patient “diagnosed with Ebola on U.S. soil” in Dallas, Texas. The urgency and caution that surrounded the treatment of Ebola-infected Americans and the rise in concern among not only Dallas citizens, but Americans as a whole, demonstrated a shift in the American reaction towards Ebola from neutral to concerned, even panicked, with respect to Ebola’s ability to spread....   [tags: Epidemiology, Infectious disease]

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Alzheimer's Disease in the Elderly

- Alzheimer is a disease that affects the elderly most. The disease was discovered by Dr. Alois Alzheimer in the year 1906 when he was examining a female’s brain. He found out that the woman displayed memory loss, language problems and some inexplicable changes in behavior. The disease was named after the doctor who was a German psychiatrist and a neuropathologist. Alzheimer’s disease is a degenerative brain disorder that leads to memory loss, personality changes, and language problems (Gilbert & Julie 2)....   [tags: Alzheimer's Disease Essays]

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Alzheimer’s Disease and the Symptoms

- ... People with the disease are also prone to having delusions, loss of inhibitions, and withdrawing socially. The causes of Alzheimer’s disease is unknown but scientists do know that Alzheimer’s is not a normal part of aging and the majority of people with this disease are sixty-five or older. Although it is most common in the elderly, up to five percent of Alzheimer’s patients are in the mid to late thirties and forties. Scientists also believe that Alzheimer’s disease is a result from someone’s environment, lifestyle, and certain genetic factors that affect the brain in abnormal ways over time....   [tags: memory, behavior, health, disease]

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Huntignton's Disease or Huntignton's Chorea

- Huntington’s disease, or Huntington’s chorea, is a progressive neurodegenerative disease of the central nervous system that is genetically inherited through an autosomal dominant trait. (Webster) It is caused by a mutation on the huntingtin protein where the CAG repeat region is elongated. CAG is responsible for coding glutamine. This mutation causes many devastating effects and is ultimately fatal. There is no known cure. The disease results in many symptoms, including chorea, which is characterized by irregular and involuntary movement of the body....   [tags: progressive neurodegenerative disease]

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A Briefing of Huntington's Disease

- Huntington’s disease is one the most overwhelming disorder throughout the medical history. It is a genetic disorder that is caused by an altered gene inherited by a parent that affects the brain. It affects the part of the brain that controls thinking, emotions and movement. This can cause unsteady and uncontrollable movement in the hands, feet and face. Abnormal movements such as walking, talking and swallowing are greatly affected by this disease. In 1872, Doctor George Huntington wrote an essay on chorea which described how Huntington’s disorder gains its name....   [tags: genetic disease affecting the brain]

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Cardiovascular Disease, An Inherited Killer

- An inherited killer, Cardiovascular disease is quite devastating. In my own experience it has affected my family greatly. From medical bills to lost sleep cardiovascular disease can destroy a family. Though my own has stuck together, we have lost so much to this disease. Cardiovascular disease is an inheritant disease. It runs in families and blood lines. It’s common name is heart disease. It clogs up the arteries and can cause a heart attack. Also the disease can clog arteries to the brain causing a serious stroke....   [tags: heart, arteries, disease]

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Children with Sickle Cell Disease

- Interventions for Children with Sickle Cell Disease Children with Sickle Cell Disease According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), sickle cell disease (SCD) affects millions of people worldwide and predominantly affects descendants from sub-Saharan Africa, South and Central America, the Caribbean, Saudi Arabia, India; and the Mediterranean. Sickle cell disease is a genetic disorder of the red blood cells where the red blood cells comprises of predominantly hemoglobin S, an abnormal type of hemoglobin (2011)....   [tags: interventions, center for disease control]

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Dementia and Alzheimer's Disease Treatments

- Immunotherapy is defined as the “treatment of disease by inducing, enhancing, or suppressing an immune response” ( 2009). Immunotherapies are divided into two categories: activation immunotherapies and suppression immunotherapies. Immunotherapy is currently being tested on humans for its effects on Cancer, various allergies, and Alzheimer's Disease. Human testing began in 2013 and is still not widely used, although studies suggest that early treatment may have more significant positive results....   [tags: Alzheimer's Disease Essays]

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Rising Incidence of Alzheimer's Disease

- Alzheimer’s disease is the most common dementia that destroys brain cells and causes problems with memory, thinking and behaviour. According to recent statistics (Alzheimer's Association, 2010), Alzheimer’s is the 7th-leading cause of death in the USA with the number of people suffering from AD only in America over 5.3 million. It affects more women than men, causing differences in symptoms depending on gender. There is no cure which can guarantee a recovery for diseased people to date. However, more possible cures exist for diseased females....   [tags: Alzheimer's Disease Essays]

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Malaria is a Deadly Disease

- Malaria is a Deadly Disease Malaria is a disease and deadly infection that is most common in hot and tropical areas of the world. It can also happen in temperate climates, specially in the stagnant water in the canals where the mosquitoes can stay. Malaria is an ancient organisms and has infected humans since the beginning of human race (Davis). The term name “mal aria” as in meaning “bad air” in Italian and was first used in 1740 in English by Walpole (Davis). This was combined to “malaria” in 1880 and the parasite was first identified in human blood (Davis)....   [tags: Infection, Temperate Climates, Disease]

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Gene Therapy to Prevent Disease

- Gene therapy is an innovative approach to treating and preventing disease (for example: cancer, viral infections, etc.), by replacing a mutated gene with a healthy copy of that same gene. The mere concept of gene therapy was first introduced to the scientific community in the early 1960’s and 1970’s, however it is still in its infancy1 as a medical practice. This technique is experimental and is not yet widely practiced yet in modern medicine because its efficacy is still being thoroughly worked on and investigated....   [tags: Treatment, prevention, Disease, Genes]

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Diagnosis Of Alzheimer 's Disease

- Have you ever forgotten something like where you put your keys or to pick up shampoo from the store. How would you feel if all of sudden you couldn’t remember newly learned things. This is what happens with Alzheimer’s patients, they have trouble remembering things they have just learned. There are several different things that someone who may be developing Alzheimer’s should be aware of. Alzheimer’s disease is named after Dr. Alois Alzheimer. In 1906, Dr. Alzheimer noticed changes in the brain tissue of a woman who had died of an unusual mental illness....   [tags: Alzheimer's disease, Brain, Psychology]

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Spanish Flu And Disease Prevention

- SPANISH FLU AND DISEASE PREVENTION: ISU ESSAY In the fall of 1918, a vicious and deadly virus quickly spread through the entirety of Canada, effecting many healthy young men and women. Killing close to 50 000 Canadians in a single year, the Spanish Influenza is considered to be one of the most fatal pandemics in Canadian history. In 1918, quarantines were not a new concept, but the quality and quantity of quarantines changed impressively during the fight against the Spanish flu. Unlike quarantines, vaccines were a completely new phenomenon; prior to the flu epidemic, there was almost no history of vaccines in Canada....   [tags: Infectious disease, Influenza, Pandemic]

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Soil Transmitted Helminths and Disease

- Soil-transmitted helminthes, also known as intestinal worm infections. It is one of the most common parasite infections in the world. These infections are most prevalent in tropical and sub tropical regions of the developed world where adequate water and sanitations are lacking. Recent estimate suggesting that A. lumbricoids infects 1,221 million people, T.trichuira 795 million, and hookworms 740 million (Desilva et., 2003). Chronic and intense soil transmitted helminthes can contribute to malnutrition and iron-deficiency anemia and also can adversely affect physical and mental growth in childhood (Drake et al.,2000.,Stephenson et al.,2000., Hotez et al.,2004)....   [tags: Disease, Health Education]

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Alzheimer's Disease: Symptoms and Causes

- Introduction Alzheimer’s is a disease that effects older people’s brains. It is usually not a part of aging. A long time ago, people would call memory loss hardening of the arteries. This paper talks more about Alzheimer’s, signs and symptoms, has the causes, treatment, and diagnosis. Description Alzheimer’s is a disease which makes people lose memory. Alzheimer’s can also be called dementia which is the same. Alzheimer makes people lose their memory and causes the loss of thinking skills of the nerves in a person’s brain to die....   [tags: Memory Loss, Disease]

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Dr. Alois Alzheimer 's Disease

- Dr. Alois Alzheimer made the decision to utilize what was a new staining technique on a sample from a deceased patient. The sample was of the patient’s cerebral cortex. Upon staining, he noted what appeared to be abnormal for the current findings. The nerve cells were bunched up, having the appearance of knots. Within these bunches of nerve cells were also what is now known as plaques. Later, in a medical journal, Dr. Alzheimer, discussed his hypothesis of the bundles and plaques being the cause for the patient’s memory loss (Tagarelli, 2006)....   [tags: Alzheimer's disease, Dementia, Parkinson's disease]

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Alzheimer : A Disease Of Old Age

- ... Most people experience difficulty in thinking and remembering some things. However, confusion, memory loss and some other changes occur in the way our minds function a sign that the brain cells are not functioning normally. The first and common symptom is the difficulty recalling the newly learned information since the disease changes the part of the brain that controls learning (Lu,, 45). The disease advances through the brain leading to severe signs like change in moods and behaviour, disorientation, confusion of events and time or even places....   [tags: Alzheimer's disease, Neuron, Nervous system]

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Parkinson’s Disease

- Introduction/background Parkinson’s disease (PD) is the most frequent movement disorder and the second most common neurodegenerative disease (Bueler 2009). Over 1% of the entire population over the age of 60, and up to 5% of age 80, is affected by PD (Wood-Kaczmar, Gandhi et al. 2006). The pathogenesis of PD remains unclear, but can be categorized as sporadic, being the most common form, and Mendelian, which accounts for 5-10% of all PD cases (Guo 2008). The studies of Mendelian onset of PD have lead to the identification of five genes being linked to this neurodegenerative disease (Guo 2008)....   [tags: Disease]

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Overview of Canavan Disease

- Description Canavan Disease is a fatal neurological disease where there is significant damage to the nerve cells in the brain. There is a defect in the myelin sheath that causes many problems for the nervous system. The major problem is caused when the enzyme aspartoacyle is not present. This missing enzyme causes a chemical imbalance that causes this defect in the myelin sheath. The myelin in the brain destructs which makes it a spongy tissue. This causes overall muscle weakening and slower movements, leading to severe mental retardation....   [tags: neurogical disease, brain]

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1091 words | (3.1 pages) | Preview

Celiac Disease : An Autoimmune Disorder

- Celiac Disease Lauren Brown Kaplan University   Celiac Disease Celiac disease is an autoimmune disorder triggered by an allergy to gluten. Gluten is a protein in wheat, barley, rye, and oats. In persons with this sensitivity, eating gluten provokes the immune system to damage the lining of the small intestine, thereby keeping the body from absorbing the nutrients. This disease is hereditary, but you can control it for the most part with a gluten free diet. Cases of celiac disease are often misdiagnosed because it lacks typical symptoms specific to it but shares symptoms, many of them a result of serious nutrient deficiencies, with a variety of other digestive diseases....   [tags: Gluten-free diet, Coeliac disease]

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1072 words | (3.1 pages) | Preview

Alzheimer's Disease and Aluminium

- Aluminium is present in the earth's crust in huge amount, mainly in the form of insoluble aluminium silicates. It is scarce in the human body which contain only 30-50 mg of that metal. This is due to the insolubility of aluminium, the presence of a barrier in the gastro-intestinal tract to soluble forms of aluminium, and the ability of the kidneys to excrete aluminium effectively in healthy people. Aluminium is present in food occurs in additives, tea which is rich in aluminium, and drinking water which is treated with aluminium to remove organic residues....   [tags: Alzheimer's Disease Essays]

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985 words | (2.8 pages) | Preview

Causes And Treatments Of Periodontal Disease

- ... The pockets deepen and begin filling with pus. Once you reach this stage, you may need to have surgery to save your teeth. If not treated, the infection begins destroying the bone around the teeth. If the bones, tissue and gums supporting your teeth are destroyed, the teeth may begin to shift, loosen and/or fall out. Although the majority of people do not realize they have gingivitis, now that the disease has progressed, the symptoms are more evident. Symptoms include: Pain upon chewing....   [tags: Oral hygiene, Periodontitis, Periodontal disease]

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831 words | (2.4 pages) | Preview

Living with Alzheimer's Disease

- Alzheimer’s disease slowly steals a person’s dignity and erases precious memories. The “Alzheimer’s Disease Guide”, found on WebMD explains that tasks become more difficult to do often leading to confusion and behavior changes. The article further explains the progression of the disease also brings hardship to family and friends (1). To best cope with Alzheimer’s we must better understand the disease. Alzheimer’s disease can often be seen during autopsies of the brain. In her book, Can’t Remember what I Forgot, Sue Halpern explains that Alois Alzheimer first discovered the tangles of protein on the brain of a 56 year old woman suspected of having Alzheimer’s (115-116)....   [tags: Alzheimer's Disease Essays]

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Cloning and Cardiovascular Disease

- Cloning is a very contested topic touching on everything from the morals of it to when or if it should be used. But what I am going to cover is the potential of when cloning is perfected or in a state close to perfection of possibly using it for the process of using cloning for harvesting body parts to increase the life span of people. There are both pros and cons to this potential process but I will now start with the pros. The first pro of cloning for body parts is simple, it could be used to increase the lifespan of just about anyone....   [tags: risk factors, disease prevention]

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Overview of Crohn's Disease

- Description Crohn’s disease is chronic inflammatory disease of the intestines however affects the entire digestive system, from the mouth to the anus otherwise known as the Gastrointestinal Tract (GI Tract) [1]. Individuals affected by the disease are often young adults and adolescents aged 15 – 35 [7]. Crohn’s Disease is one of the two types of Inflammatory Bowel Disorders (IBD), the other being ulcerative colitis [3] and is usually located in the lower part of the small intestines and the upper end of the colon....   [tags: inflammatory disease, yoga]

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1309 words | (3.7 pages) | Preview

Memory and Alzheimer’s Disease

- Alzheimer’s disease, the most common form of dementia, has gained a lot of ground in the field of psychology in the last 100 years. Since its initial discovery and research by Alois Alzheimer in 1901, the progressive disease has been a subject on the minds of many worldwide, from leading researchers and psychologists to the families of those 4.5 million Americans whom it plagues (Gluck, M., Mercado, E., & Myers, C., 2008, p. 491 – 92). Because of its prevalence and rapidity, Alzheimer’s disease affects ordinary families and notable celebrities alike....   [tags: dementia, progressive disease]

Term Papers
1450 words | (4.1 pages) | Preview

Causes And Treatment Of Kidney Disease

- ... Throughout taking these herbal medicines, the doctor will also arrange for the patient to engage in external therapies such as medicated baths, massages, and acupuncture (Kidney Cares Community , n.d.). Research shows that acupuncture during kidney disease helps reduce these symptoms.  Respiratory disorder  Frequent urination  Swelling and puffiness  Low back pain  Delayed development in children  Anxiousness and restlessness  Poor appetite (Kidney Disease , n.d.) Current medical advances: Current medical advances for kidney disease and failure can include kidney transplants and dialysis....   [tags: Kidney, Chronic kidney disease, Nephrology]

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1262 words | (3.6 pages) | Preview

Effects of Alzheimer’s Disease

- Alzheimer’s disease affects 1 out of every 8 people in the United States. It is a long and debilitating disease that affects every aspect of a person’s life from the way they preform daily tasks, to the physical and mental abilities that are diminishing. Along with the lifestyle changes that Alzheimer’s disease presents, it also affects one’s psychological perspective as well their view on what they can offer their family and society. There are some ways to maintain a level of independence with a disease of this magnitude but there are also factors in lifestyle choices that can make it worse....   [tags: Alzheimer's Disease Essays]

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Parkinson 's Disease ( Pd )

- ... Walking problems and poor posture may become apparent. Stage three is considered mid-stage in the progression of the disease. Loss of balance and slowness of movements are signs of this phase, and falls are more common. During stage four of Parkinson’s, symptoms are more serious and very limiting. It’s possible to stand without assistance, but movement may require a walker. The person needs help with activities of daily living and he or she is unable to live alone. Stage five is the most advanced and debilitating stage of Parkinson’s disease....   [tags: Parkinson's disease, Dopamine, Substantia nigra]

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1148 words | (3.3 pages) | Preview

Treatments for Alzheimer's Disease

- INTRODUCTION Throughout history there have been reports of decreased memory and mental deterioration that accompanied old age. Alzheimer’s disease (AD) was named after Dr. Alois Alzheimer who described the symptoms in a woman in Germany in the 1907 but it was not until the 1970’s that AD was considered to be a major disorder and AD continues to be a major health concern worldwide (Reger, 2002). The onset of symptoms is usually between 40 and 90 years of age, although onset before 65 years of age is considered to be the early onset form of the disease and onset at 40 is very rare (Reger, 2002)....   [tags: Alzheimer's Disease Essays]

Term Papers
1888 words | (5.4 pages) | Preview

Overview of Alzheimer's Disease

- Alzheimer’s is a disease that destroys the memory and other important brain functions. Alzheimer's is a disease where the brain cells die; which also can cause other brain cells to become disconnected, the result is progressive memory loss and mental breakdown. These chemical breakdowns are enough to interfere with normal everyday activities. The leading cause of Alzheimer’s is dementia, which are several brain disorders that cause social and intellectual skills. The disease affects not only the person but it also affects the family members and friends close to the person....   [tags: Alzheimer's Disease Essays]

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962 words | (2.7 pages) | Preview

Syphilis- Chronic Bacterial Disease

- Syphilis is a chronic bacterial disease that is contracted chiefly by infection during sexual intercourse, but it also can be passed congenitally from an infected mother to her developing fetus. Syphilis can be transmitted from direct contact with syphilis sores which appear on the external genitals, vagina, anus, or in the rectum. Sores also can occur on the lips and inside the mouth. Pregnant women can put their child in danger of getting the disease if they do not get necessary medications. Syphilis can be a painful and disturbing condition and also fatal if it is not properly treated with the right medicine....   [tags: sexually transmitted disease, intercourse]

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897 words | (2.6 pages) | Preview

Glycogen Storage Disease

- Introduction: Glycogen storage disease is the result of a defect in the synthesis or breakdown of glycogen that is found in muscles, the liver and many other cell types. This disease may be genetic or acquired and is usually caused by a defect in certain enzymes that are important in the metabolism of glycogen. To date, there are 11 different classifications for glycogen storage disease but this paper will focus on glycogen storage disease type 1 (GSD I), also known as von Gierke’s disease, after the German doctor who discovered it....   [tags: Disease, Disorders]

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2075 words | (5.9 pages) | Preview

Treatment for Alzheimer's Disease

- Alzheimer's disease is an acquired impairment of cognitive and behavioral functioning of unknown cause that can evolve into dementia. Patients with Alzheimer's disease most commonly present with insidiously progressive memory loss. Many Alzheimer's disease treatments have been explored. The main Alzheimer's disease medications are centrally acting cholinesterase inhibitors. Alzheimer's disease management should emphasize risk assessment, treatment, and monitoring of Alzheimer's disease symptoms as well as consideration of special circumstances....   [tags: Alzheimer's Disease Essays]

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Blood Transfusions and Disease

- “Blood Safety in the Age of AIDS” reflects upon the history of blood transfusions, the advancement in performing clean (disease-free) transfusions, and, specifically, the appearance of and efforts to prevent the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) virus in blood donations. The AIDS epidemic hitting the blood banks is not only examined as an urgent problem in its own right, but also as a warning to both doctors and patients who regularly or spontaneously require blood transfusions. This warning indicates that the idea of new diseases and epidemics are still a possibility despite medical and conditional advances through history and that additional measures should be researched in the eff...   [tags: Blood Transfusions, Disease, AIDS, ]

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1503 words | (4.3 pages) | Preview

Overview of Alzheimer's Disease

- Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a severe, incurable form of dementia that causes impairment and cognitive deficits such as language, speech, memory and basic motor skills (Buckley, 2011). Currently in the United States, there are 5.2 million individuals living with AD (Alzheimer’s Association, 2013). AD is a deterioration of one’s cognitive functions that prevents the ability for daily function and unfortunately has no known cure or preventative methods (Buckley, 2011).The main deficit that AD has on the brain is the deterioration of different areas of the brain....   [tags: Alzheimer's Disease Essays]

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1757 words | (5 pages) | Preview

Cardiovascular Disease, Atherosclerosis

- One source of great mortality and morbidity in Europe and North America is the cardiovascular disease, Atherosclerosis. It is recognized as a chronic inflammatory disease of the intermediate and large arteries characterized by the thickening of the arterial wall and is the primary cause of coronary and cerebrovascular heart disease (Wilson, 2005). It accounts for 4.35 million deaths in Europe and 35% death in the UK each year. Mortality rate are generally higher in men than pre-menopausal woman....   [tags: Disease/Disorders]

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2041 words | (5.8 pages) | Preview

Coffee and Heart Disease

- About the role of coffee free from caffeine, the emergence of heart disease and reinforce what you are talking about medical sources in recent times that regular coffee, tea and other drinks natural containing caffeine is actually beneficial and not harmful to the heart or in the emergence of illnesses through the containment of antioxidants to oxidation. But too early to build a lot on this study, because what distinguishes the development of medicine in the past few years is scientific research on the basis of minutes to give medical advice as indicated by the studies, and some of which were contrary to what was believed for many years....   [tags: coffee, heart disease, medicine]

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1055 words | (3 pages) | Preview

Insomnia and Alzheimer Disease

- 1. A possible condition for insomnia is Alzheimer disease (AD). There is a risk of circadian rhythm disruption in people that may possibly have AD, because this leads to an increase in beta-amyloid plaques in the brain. This is related to cognitive loss as AD progresses (Kang et al, 2009). AD has no definitive test. Blood and urine samples are tested so other medical cases are ruled out. Doctors usually do various tests based on patient’s memory and thinking and also check family backgrounds. If AD is suspected, the patient is made to undergo brain imaging, most likely a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)....   [tags: Alzheimer's Disease Essays]

Term Papers
2038 words | (5.8 pages) | Preview

Cronic Disease Paper: Asthma

- Asthma is a condition where the patient’s airways are narrow and swell to produce extra mucus. This makes breathing difficult and in turn triggers coughing, wheezing, and shortness of breath. For certain people asthma is a minor thing but for other people it can be major and a life-threatening situation. Asthma can be cured and controlled; because asthma is a changing disease make sure the patient works with the doctor so he/she can keep their asthma under control. “In the U.S. more than 25 million people have asthma, 7 million are children” (What Causes Asthma)....   [tags: chronic respiratory disease]

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Chlamydia And Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

- Chlamydia and Pelvic Inflammatory disease (PID) are very common sexually transmitted infection and disease respectively. This paper is about finding the correlation between chlamydia and pelvic inflammatory disease and how factors like age, socioeconomic conditions, medical facilities, variants of same bacteria can alter the results of progression from chlamydia to PID found in same population under study. Untreated chlamydia can cause more serious medical conditions like PID, infertility and ectopic pregnancy....   [tags: Chlamydia infection, Pelvic inflammatory disease]

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1558 words | (4.5 pages) | Preview

The Communicable Disease : Tuberculosis

- The communicable disease I will be studying is mycobacterium tuberculosis. This type of tuberculosis is a communicable disease. “Communicable diseases are those that you catch from someone else. They are caused by microorganisms” It is a disease caused by a micro-organism, caught from another person that spreads from host to host. Walsh.M (2006) it is an infectious agent which has the ability to cause disease. TB causes the individual in most cases to have trouble breathing, weight loss, chest pains and coughing up substances such as blood and phlegm....   [tags: Tuberculosis, Infectious disease, Immune system]

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1455 words | (4.2 pages) | Preview

Alzheimer 's Disease : A Progressive Disease And Classified As Form Of Dementia

- ... Moderate Alzheimer’s disease of Middle Stage is typically the longest stage and can last for many years. With progression, a greater level of care is required. In this stage, symptoms are noticeable to others and may include the following: forgetfulness of events or about one’s own personal history, moodiness and agitation, difficulty recalling address or telephone number, assistance is needed in choosing clothing, bowel and bladder control issues, changes in sleep patterns, increased risks of wandering and becoming lost, and personality or behavior changes....   [tags: Alzheimer's disease, Acetylcholine, Dementia]

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900 words | (2.6 pages) | Preview

History, Symptoms, and Treatment of Celiac Disease

- “Celiac disease is a lifelong inherited autoimmune condition affecting children and adults” (Celiac Disease Foundation). An autoimmune condition causes a person’s immune system to produce antibodies against their own tissues. This is a genetic autoimmune condition that is passed down by a person's mother or father. Celiac disease has to be inherited, it cannot be caught from another person. In order to better understand Celiac disease, resources should be used to fund research, researchers should focus more on the effects of the disease, and more should be done to educate the public about the disease....   [tags: Autoimmune Condition, Disease, Research]

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1326 words | (3.8 pages) | Preview

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