Your search returned over 400 essays for "Dante Inferno"
1  2  3  4  5    Next >>

The Structure and Content of Dante's Inferno

- In his first article of The Inferno, Dante Alighieri starts to present a vivid view of Hell by taking a journey through many levels of it with his master Virgil. This voyage constitutes the main plot of the poem. The opening Canto mainly shows that, on halfway through his life, the poet Dante finds himself lost in a dark forest by wandering into a tangled valley. Being totally scared and disoriented, Dante sees the sunshine coming down from a hilltop, so he attempts to climb toward the light. However, he encounters three wild beasts on the way up to the mountain—a leopard, a lion, and a she-wolf—which force him to turn back....   [tags: Dante's Inferno Essays]

Strong Essays
1106 words | (3.2 pages) | Preview

Dante's Inferno: The Levels of Hell

- Dante's Inferno: The Levels of Hell Level One According to Dante, there are various levels in hell. The first level in Hell is called Limbo. All the individuals who die before being baptized and those who live as virtuous pagans are condemned to spend the rest of eternity at this level. The people being referred to in this level are those who die before accepting Christianity. All the individuals who die non-Christians, including philosophers who typically do not associate themselves with any religion are going to be condemned to this level for eternity....   [tags: Dante's Inferno Essays]

Strong Essays
1153 words | (3.3 pages) | Preview

The Influence of Dante's Inferno

- Dante Alighieri’s Divine Comedy is an epic poem that begins with the Inferno. The Inferno is an extremely influential part of European literature. The structure of story is for many people a piece of the vision of Hell. Religiously, this poem has had great prevalence. Dante paints a picture of the Hell that is both unsettling and justifiable. A whole world is created through his poem. The levels and intensity of sin is pondered. Crime is put to a level of small to large scale. Those that are intentional and calculated are deemed more heinous than those that are out of passion....   [tags: Dante's Inferno Essays]

Strong Essays
1374 words | (3.9 pages) | Preview

The Violence of Dante's Inferno

- In Dante Alighieri’s Inferno there is an abundant amount of violence shown in many ways. Literary critics say that violence does not appear in readings for its own sake, which is proven throughout The Inferno. As the levels of Hell increase, the severity of violence does so as well. This violence occurs in many ways, sometimes mentally, sometimes physically and many times both combined. Some people may not enjoy the book for its violence, however, the violence of Dante’s Inferno contributes to the dark theme and mood of the book, showing Alighieri’s meaning even more....   [tags: Dante's Inferno Essays]

Better Essays
663 words | (1.9 pages) | Preview

Analysis of Dante's Inferno

- In Dante’s Inferno, Dante is taken on a journey through hell. On this journey, Dane sees the many different forms of sins, and each with its own unique contrapasso, or counter-suffering. Each of these punishments reflects the sin of a person, usually offering some ironic way of suffering as a sort of revenge for breaking God’s law. As Dante wrote this work and developed the contrapassos, he allows himself to play God, deciding who is in hell and why they are there. He uses this opportunity to strike at his foes, placing them in the bowels of hell, saying that they have nothing to look forward to but the agony of suffering and the separation from God....   [tags: Dante's Inferno Essays]

Better Essays
758 words | (2.2 pages) | Preview

The Contrapasso of Caiaphas in Dante's Inferno

- In Canto XXIII of Dante's Inferno, the hypocrites, especially Caiaphas, provide an excellent example of Divine Justice as contrapasso. The hypocrites presented their ideas as pure and good, while in reality, they did not act according to their supposed morality or practice the virtues that they preached. Because in life, the hypocrites said one thing and did another, their heavy garments seem one thing and are, yet another. The ornate priestly robes worn by the hypocrites are beautiful and impressive on the outside, but are in reality leaden instruments of torture....   [tags: divine justice, dante's inferno, hypocrites]

Good Essays
536 words | (1.5 pages) | Preview

The Essay From Hell: Dante's Inferno

- In Alighieri Dante's Inferno, many different people were put in Hell for what Dante believes they did wrong. He assigns them to different sections of Hell for the severity of their sins in their previous life. If Dante were alive and making revisions to the Inferno today, he would put Superman, Brian Griffin from "Family Guy", Xerxes from "300", Scar from "The Lion King", Squidward Tentacles from "Spongebob Squarepants", for the various sins that they have committed in their past lives. Superman should go to the eternal flames for his violence against God....   [tags: Aighieri Dante, Inferno, Literary Analysis]

Better Essays
882 words | (2.5 pages) | Preview

Dante's Inferno

- At the start of the poem we find Dante in the dark forest(Inf. 1.2). Not much description is given maybe to show Dante’s disorientation. Whether the disorientation is spiritual, physical, moral or political; that is unclear at the start of the poem. The poem us written this way so reader can identify with Dante. It is also written in such a way that sometimes it is difficult to understand some parts, you sometimes have to read it backwards to get a better understanding. The way Dante characterizes the dark woods has a lot of ideas taken from various traditions....   [tags: Dante's Inferno Essays]

Powerful Essays
1433 words | (4.1 pages) | Preview

Outside Influences on Dante’s Inferno

- Anyone who has read Dante’s Inferno is familiar with a certain main character, Virgil. Who is this Virgil that Dante put in his book and where did Dante get the idea of having Virgil as his guide on Dante’s journey through the spirit world. In addition to Virgil, readers of Inferno are also familiar with concepts and characters such as God, angles, demons, Satan, and Hell. Where did Dante get these concepts. Dante did not come up with these ideas on his own, but used familiar characters and places from outside sources such as the Aeneid and the Bible to create his epic poem....   [tags: Dante's Inferno Essays]

Better Essays
839 words | (2.4 pages) | Preview

Canto 8 of Dante’s Inferno

- In recent discussions of Canto 8 of Dante’s Inferno, many scholars have argued about Dante the pilgrim’s controversial abuse of one of the wrathful sinners of the fifth circle, Filippo Argenti. The altercation between the two is viewed in numerous lights. From one perspective it is seen as unjustified (ira mala) because Dante is seen as guilty of the sin being punished for in this circle, but also because his response was wrongly motivated. Others state that Dante’s anger was righteous (ira bona) because there was proper reasoning behind it....   [tags: Dante's Inferno Essays]

Powerful Essays
1412 words | (4 pages) | Preview

Dante's Inferno: Dante's Journey Toward Enlightenment

- Dante's Inferno: Dante's Journey Toward Enlightenment While reading Dante’s Inferno I couldn’t help but draw parallels between the journey of the protagonist and the belief system of the Buddhist religion. Dante believed we must understand sin before we can reject it, and Buddha believed that before we can reject sin, we must suffer also. Examining these two tenets side by side makes the similarities undeniably apparent; they both seem to be purporting the message that there cannot be pain without pleasure, truth without dishonesty or enlightenment with suffering....   [tags: Dante's Inferno]

Better Essays
851 words | (2.4 pages) | Preview

Dante's Inferno: Combining 13th Century beliefs with Great Literature

- Since the beginnings of time, legions of people have all had their own interpretation of the “after-life”, and if there even is one. Many philosophies, religions, and individuals have all asked themselves the same question at one point or another: Is there a Heaven or a Hell. Where will my body go. Will my soul follow. Although there are many texts that strive to answer these questions, Dante’s Inferno is the only one that combines 13th century beliefs along with great literature. Dante Alighieri lived in Florence, Italy throughout the late 13th century....   [tags: Dante's Inferno Essays]

Powerful Essays
1669 words | (4.8 pages) | Preview

God's Just Punishments and the Inferno of Dante

- In The Inferno of Dante, Dante creates a striking correspondence between a soul’s sin on Earth and the punishment it receives in hell for that sin. This simple idea serves to illuminate one of Dante’s recurring themes: the perfection of god’s justice. Bearing the inscription the gates of hell explicitly state that god was moved to create hell by justice. Wisdom was employed to know what punishments would be just, power to create the forms of justice, and love to show that the punishments are conditioned with compassion, however difficult it may be to recognize (and the topic of a totally separate paper)....   [tags: Dante's Inferno Essays]

Free Essays
439 words | (1.3 pages) | Preview

Dante's Inferno

- Summary 1. The sin is excessive hoarding and excessive spending. The contrapasso is that they have to push heavy weights with their chests around in half circles. This represents the constant burden of material wealth held over these sinners during their lives. In this way, yes, the punishment fits the crime. (Gallagher) 2. Dante names no specific residents of Circle 4, but he notes that many of them are bald as they were the priests, popes, and cardinals who worked for the money and fame as opposed to for God....   [tags: Dante, Inferno Essays]

Free Essays
1172 words | (3.3 pages) | Preview

The Opening Foundational Themes of Dante’s Inferno

- The Divine Comedy, written by Dante Alighieri somewhere around the year 1308 and originally called The Comedy, is widely considered one of the preeminent works of Italian literature. It is an epic poem that consists of three books: Inferno, Purgatory, and Paradise, which chronicle (narrate) the adventures of Dante the Pilgrim (a fictitious character personified by Dante himself) in his travels through Hell, Purgatory, and Heaven. Although frightening on a literal level, on a more significant level it represents allegorically a deeper subject: the trials of the human soul to achieve morality and find unity with God....   [tags: Dante's Inferno Essays]

Powerful Essays
1743 words | (5 pages) | Preview

The True Meaning of Dante´s Inferno

- Religious people always fear that they will not make it to Heaven or the place their God resides. The bible and other religious text give advice on how to avoid the pain of Hell. Dante Alighieri, a famous Italian poet, wrote about the physical description of Hell and the punishments each sinner would receive for their sins. Although The Divine Comedy chronicles Dante's journey from the depths of Hell to the glory of Heaven it contains a deeper meaning. Dante reveals the true meaning of the Inferno through his leading motif, his interactions between the sinners, and the intertwining of other literary works into the Inferno....   [tags: The Divine Comedy of Dante Alighieri, The Inferno]

Powerful Essays
1608 words | (4.6 pages) | Preview

The Role and Function of the Major Monsters in Dante’s Inferno

- In Dante’s Inferno, throughout the epic journey of the character Dante into the depth of Hell, he encounters a number of beasts and monsters as he passes along the way, especially through the seven stations of the greatest monsters of Hell. The most significant of these seven major monsters is of central importance to the character Dante’s journey as well as to the narrative, for these monsters not only challenge the presence of the character Dante in Hell, but they are also the important custodians of Hell....   [tags: Dante’s Inferno Essays]

Powerful Essays
1944 words | (5.6 pages) | Preview

God's Justice in The Inferno by Dante Alighieri

- “The Inferno” was written in the early fourteenth century by Italian politician Dante Alighieri, the book is the first part of the epic poem the “Divine Comedy” and it is followed by “Purgatorio” and “Paradiso”. The book “Inferno”, which is the Italian translation for Hell, narrates the journey of its author through what he believes is Hell, consisting of nine circles of suffering underneath the earth. In his journey Dante is guided through the nine regions by the poet Virgil, who represents Human Reason, each circle in the book represents a different type of sin with a different type of punishment, varying according to the degree of offense they committed in life....   [tags: The Inferno, Dante Alighieri]

Term Papers
1815 words | (5.2 pages) | Preview

Dante's Inferno

- Dante's Inferno It was sometime in the middle of the 17th century that British cleric Thomas Fuller wrote, "He that falls into sin is a man; that grieves at it, is a saint; that boasteth of it, is a devil." If Fuller was right, where does one place Dante, the pilgrim who bravely wandered where no man had wandered before. Certainly, the sojourner precisely written by the poet of the same name was a man. Certainly, also, he repented his sinful ways (how could one not after braving not only the depths of Hell but later the stretches of Purgatory and the "many waters" of Heaven?), but he was no saint....   [tags: Dante Inferno Essays]

Better Essays
867 words | (2.5 pages) | Preview

Finding Morality and Unity with God in Dante's Inferno

- Finding Morality and Unity with God in Dante's Inferno Throughout the fast-paced lives of people, we are constantly making choices that shape who we are, as well as the world around us; however, one often debates the manner in which one should come to correct moral decisions, and achieve a virtuous existence. Dante has an uncanny ability to represent with such precision, the trials of the everyman’s soul to achieve morality and find unity with God, while setting forth the beauty, humor, and horror of human life....   [tags: Alighieri Biography Dante's Inferno Essays]

Powerful Essays
1404 words | (4 pages) | Preview

Analysis of the Inferno of Dante Alighieri's Divine Comedy

- Analysis of the Inferno of Dante Alighieri's Divine Comedy The Divine Comedy by Dante Alighieri is considered by many as the first great poem in the Italian language and perhaps the greatest poem written in Medieval Europe. The poem is so famous that one of the minor characters, Capaneus the great blasphemer, has his name on a mesa on one of Jupiter's moon Io (Blue, 1). Also, the poem is divided into three canticles, or sections, "Inferno," "Purgatorio,' and "Paradisio." For the purposes of this paper, only "Inferno" will be discussed....   [tags: Inferno Dante Alighieri Divine Comedy]

Strong Essays
1225 words | (3.5 pages) | Preview

Dante's Inferno, Cantos 24

- ... There is a longer ladder yet to climb: this much is not enough. If you understand me, show that you mean to profit from your time.” This is a turning point for Dante. Within the text, Dante has become exhausted, overwhelmed with what he has seen through the journey. He falls to the ground, crying that he wishes to go no further. Virgil basically tells him to put his big boy britches on and deal with it, because the journey has just begun. The speech mentions other parts in the story that have been addressed already, such fighting for the True Way, not allowing the self to be tempted by sin, and the reward for such a journey....   [tags: Virgil's motivational speech to Dante]

Good Essays
538 words | (1.5 pages) | Preview

Dante's Inferno, by Dante Alighieri

- Judgment, a term used in Christianity to refer to someone’s soul, heart and their deeds. Dante Alighieri was the first person to judge people and put them in Hell for their deeds and actions in life. The book, Dante’s Inferno, explores morality and judgment. It is a book that truly says, “The punishment fits the crime.” It explores the deeds of people such as William Howard Taft, King John, Otto von Bismarck, and Nostradamus. These people are in Inferno for the same reason that someone like Alexander the Great is there because they committed some sort of crime or sin while living on Earth....   [tags: Judgment, Standards, Sins]

Powerful Essays
1591 words | (4.5 pages) | Preview

The Unfulfilled Love: Dante's Inferno

- Dante Inferno is a story about the journey through hell to of Dante Alighieri, the Italian poet, to rescue Beatrice, his beloved, guided by the Roman poet, Virgil. The journey of Dante and Virgil briefly and concisely represented the Christian belief of the afterlife through the nine circles of hell, the sinners and their relatively punishments. Each circle of the Inferno specifically painted the picture of the sinners’ punishments according to the acts they did when they were alive. Nine different circles described nine different sins that people committed; however, the second circle, which was also called Lust, was the one I found most related to the system theory....   [tags: The Divine Comedy, Virgil]

Better Essays
702 words | (2 pages) | Preview

Dante's Inferno and The Afterlife

- For centuries humans have been drawing parallels to help explain or understand different concepts. These parallels, or allegories, tell a simple story and their purpose is to use another point of view to help guide individuals into the correct line of thought. “The only stable element in a literary work is its words, which if one knows the language in which it is written, have a meaning. The significance of that meaning is what may be called allegory.”(Bloomfield) As Bloomfield stated, it is only how we interpret the words in an allegory that matters, each person can interpreted it in a slightly different way and allegories are most often personalized by a reader....   [tags: Allegory, Summary, Hell, Afterlife]

Powerful Essays
1808 words | (5.2 pages) | Preview

The Politics Behind Dante's Inferno

- The Divine Comedy is much more than an epic poem depicting a man’s interpretation of Heaven, Hell, and Purgatory. Written by Italian poet, Dante Alighieri, the Divine Comedy frequently alludes to the political turmoil that was prevalent throughout 14th century Italy, specifically, the city of Florence. During this period of Italian history, there was a lack of a stable government and a power struggle between the Papacy and the Holy Roman Emperor. This paper will analyze the political aspects within the Divine Comedy and its connection to religion, focusing specifically on the Inferno....   [tags: The Divine Comedy]

Research Papers
2179 words | (6.2 pages) | Preview

The Beasts and Monsters in Dante's Inferno

- The Inferno is the first section of Dante's three-part poem, The Divine Comedy. Throughout Dante's epic journey into the depths of Inferno he encounters thirty monsters and five hybrid creatures.  The most significant of these monsters are of central importance to his journey and to the narrative, as they not only challenge Dante's presence in Inferno, but are custodians of Hell, keeping in order or guarding the "perduta gente".  In this essay I am concentrating on these prominent beasts, namely Minos, Cerberus, Plutus and Geryon, establishing why they feature in Dante's eschatological vision and discussing the sources which influenced his inclusion of these particular creatures....   [tags: Divine Comedy Inferno Essays]

Research Papers
2974 words | (8.5 pages) | Preview

Progression of Evil in Dante's Inferno

- As Virgil leads Dante through the layers of Hell, they come across evildoers who are trapped in the personification of their own sinful personalities. Their tortures are extreme versions of their sins on earth. Dante imparts his own moral standards to the reader by portraying a hierarchy of evil that corresponds with his disapproval of the sin. As the pair of observers descends farther and farther into the pits of Hell, the punishments they see grow less and less bearable. While the evil in the first layers of Hell is simple, sometimes invoking pity in Dante, the lower levels of Hell punish souls for more complex and condemnable sins....   [tags: European Literature Dante]

Better Essays
775 words | (2.2 pages) | Preview

Divine Intellect in Dante's Inferno

- Divine Intellect in Dante's Inferno        In Canto XI of Dante's Inferno, Virgil carefully explains the layout of hell to his student, Dante. Toward the end of his speech, Virgil says that "Sodom and Cahors" are "speak[ing] in passionate contempt of God," (XI, 50-51), and divine will thus relegates them to the seventh circle. The sin of the Sodomites is clear for Dante, who poses no question on the matter, sodomy perhaps being an obvious affront to God which the bible directly addresses....   [tags: Divine Comedy Inferno Essays]

Powerful Essays
1911 words | (5.5 pages) | Preview

Literary Analysis: Dante's Inferno

- Dante’s work Inferno is a vivid walkthrough the depths of hell and invokes much imagery, contemplation and feeling. Dante’s work beautifully constructs a full sensory depiction of hell and the souls he encounters along the journey. In many instances within the work the reader arrives at a crossroads for interpretation and discussion. Canto XI offers one such crux in which Dante asks the question of why there is a separation between the upper levels of hell and the lower levels of hell. By discussing the text, examining its implications and interpretations, conclusions can be drawn about why there is delineation between the upper and lower levels and the rationale behind the separation....   [tags: Literary Analysis ]

Better Essays
822 words | (2.3 pages) | Preview

Snakes of Time in Dante's Hell

- "Their throats are open graves; their tongues practice deceit” (Romans 3:13). Snakes have been a universal symbol of fraud in literature since “The Fall,” when God transformed Satan into a beguiling snake and “[c]ursed” Satan to slide “on [his] belly” for all eternity for his deception (Alter 41). Dante uses snakes in his epic poem, the Inferno, to tie the fraudulent nature of thieves to their punishment in the seventh bolgia of the eighth circle of Hell. Snakes have metaphorically slithered through time and shed, taking on new appearances as deceivers in society....   [tags: Dante's Inferno Essays]

Strong Essays
1316 words | (3.8 pages) | Preview

Dante's Inferno

- The Journey of Dante Dante records journey through hell in the book "The Inferno." Dante's poem records is thoughts and views of the punishments to get to hell and the sins accomplished to get their. Dante breaks down the lay out all the way through hell and give one an idea of the order that the punishments fall to be placed closer to the center of hell. Dante begins during the era of the middle Ages and shows the reader throughout poem of the dominance of the Roman Catholic Church through the Renaissance era....   [tags: Dante Alighieri]

Free Essays
1021 words | (2.9 pages) | Preview

A Critique of Lines 46-57 of Dante's Inferno

- ... This is no time to tire. The man who lies asleep will never waken fame, and his desire and all his life drift past him like a dream and the traces of his memory fade from time like smoke in air, or ripples on a stream. (Lines 46-51)” Virgil means to say that if Dante passes up on this opportunity, he will not get another chance, and he will be forgotten. So why stop. Essentially, Virgil tells Dante that since he has already made it through the Forest of Error, the first seven circles of Hell, including multiple rivers, the city of Dis, a few sheer cliffs, and more than half of the eighth circle of Hell, even crossing Bolgia 6 where the bridge was shattered by the Earthquake resulting fro...   [tags: Up on your feet passage]

Better Essays
697 words | (2 pages) | Preview

Francesca's Style in Canto V of Dante's Inferno

- Francesca's Style in Canto V of Dante's Inferno Canto V of Dante's Inferno begins and ends with confession. The frightening image of Minos who «confesses» the damned sinners and then hurls them down to their eternal punishment contrasts with the almost familial image of Francesca and Dante, who confess to one another. In a real sense confession seems to be defective or inadequate in Hell. The huddled masses who declare their sins to Minos do so because they are compelled to declare or make manifest in speech the character of their offenses and although they confess everything (each soul «tutta si confessa», v....   [tags: Inferno]

Powerful Essays
5050 words | (14.4 pages) | Preview

The Image of God as Justice in Dante's Inferno by

- God is Justice While Dante has the audacity to describe Lucifer himself in his Inferno he never describes God directly. Rather, he describes other entities from heaven, and expressions of God’s will. Thus, an image of God doesn’t really exist in Inferno. Early in the journey though, Dante equates God and justice as he crosses the Acheron, and does not present an image of a just God, but suggests that God is justice itself. This equating of God to justice occurs when Virgil first has to invoke God’s authorization for Dante’s journey....   [tags: punishment, souls, hell]

Better Essays
623 words | (1.8 pages) | Preview

Up on Your Feet in Dante's Inferno

- The book Inferno has many different plots and values. Most of the book is viewed as very violent. The people in it are being tortured to death by the many different demons placed throughout the different circles of Hell. Dante is on an adventure through Hell so that he may get on the right path to Heaven. His guide is Virgil, a well known peot, and he helps him though his journey. There are a total of 9 circles of Hell throughout the story. They travel through each one, learning about the sins and the punishments....   [tags: plots and values, book analysis]

Good Essays
529 words | (1.5 pages) | Preview

Dante’s Version of Hell

- In Dante’s Inferno, we followed Dante as he narrates his decent and observations of hell. A wonderful part of that depiction is his descriptions of the creative yet cruel punishments that each of the different sinners receive. This story is an integral part of literary history, and even if I were to have the imagination and ability of Dante Alighieri, I don’t believe I would change this tried and true version known universally. Since I have the desire to maintain the validity of Dante’s version of hell in its entirety, I will explain the parts I found most intriguing, and why....   [tags: Dante's Inferno Essays]

Better Essays
845 words | (2.4 pages) | Preview

Divine Comedy - The Trinity in Dante's Inferno

- The Trinity in The Inferno        Dante's Inferno, itself one piece of a literary trilogy, repeatedly deploys the leitmotif of the number three as a metaphor for ambiguity, compromise, and transition. A work in terza rima that details a descent through Nine Circles of Hell, The Inferno encompasses temporal, literary, and political bridges and chasms that link Dante's inspired Centaur work between the autobiographical and the fictive, the mundane and the divine and, from a contemporary viewpoint, the Medieval and the Modern‹Dante's recognition of the Renaissance as our millennium's metamorphic period and of himself as its poetic forerunner (until deposition by Shakespeare)....   [tags: Divine Comedy Inferno Essays]

Powerful Essays
2095 words | (6 pages) | Preview

Dante's Inferno and Saint Augstine's Confessions

- “There must be contrast before there can be comprehension, we can realize good only through the ministry of evil (122 Blow).” Dante’s Inferno and Saint Augustine’s Confessions are both like the Bible, they both have some good advice but they are nothing more than someone’s vision. Augustine is able to give the reader a close experience of his journey through life, just as Dante carries the reader with him through his journey through hell. Both of these works paint a vivid picture of the expeditions of man through his search for a deeper spiritual connection....   [tags: the pursuit of heavenly grace]

Powerful Essays
1750 words | (5 pages) | Preview

Divine Comedy - The Guardians of Dante's Inferno

- The Guardians of Dante's Inferno      Dante's Inferno is one of the best written works of all time because it was written as an allegory inside an excellent story.  A key part of this allegory was how Dante used different guardians in the various circles of hell.  These guardians were used to symbolize the punishments of the sinners.      Minos is the guardian of Circle II, the circle of the Lustful.  He symbolizes an accusing personality because his job is to give punishments to the sinners.  The bodies of the sinners confess the sins automatically, and that shows the sinners know everything about themselves when it is too late to repent.  Minos is important becau...   [tags: Divine Comedy Inferno Essays]

Free Essays
1272 words | (3.6 pages) | Preview

Divine Grace and Justice in Dante's Inferno

- Divine Justice and Grace in Inferno The purpose of the pilgrim's journey through hell is to show, first hand, the divine justice of God and how Christian morality dictates how, and to what degree, sinners are punished. Also, the journey shows the significance of God's grace and how it affects not only the living, but the deceased as well. During his trip through hell, the character of Dante witnesses the true perfection of God's justice in that every sinner is punished in the same nature as their sins....   [tags: Dante Alighieri European Literature]

Powerful Essays
1539 words | (4.4 pages) | Preview

Dante was a Patriot for Florence

- Patriotism is respect and devotion toward a state which brings about unity and justice. It is believed to be a positive quality. In the time of Dante, it would have been considered to be a principal quality of a person. Patriotism was held to the highest regard. In turn, the act of being “unpatriotic” was a serious offense. Early scholars such as Machiavelli believed “unpatriotic” acts or beliefs to be evil, even equivalent to the act of murder. Dante is often criticized as being “unpatriotic” toward his home town of Florence in his divine comedy Inferno....   [tags: Dante, Inferno]

Free Essays
1441 words | (4.1 pages) | Preview

Language in Dante’s Inferno

- Language in Dante’s Inferno What happens to language in hell. In Dante’s Inferno, the journeying pilgrim explores language’s variations and nuances as he attempts to communicate with hell’s pitiable and sordid inhabitants, despite multiple language barriers and relentless cacophonies. Dante thematically unifies language’s inconsistencies in hell; that is, he associates the pilgrim’s abortive attempts to communicate with particular shades, and the incomprehensible languages and sounds that beleaguer him, with a symbol from Christian mythology: the Tower of Babel....   [tags: Divine Comedy Inferno Essays]

Powerful Essays
3866 words | (11 pages) | Preview

Dante´s Inferno

- “Early in the spring of 1300, "midway along the road of our life," Dante is lost and alone in a dark, foreboding forest. To survive this ordeal, he must visit the three realms of the afterlife, beginning with Hell.” (Smith) Dante’s Inferno, one of the great classical poems that have come out of literature that’s topic is hell. Dante’s Inferno, gives a descriptive look into hell, from the eyes of Dante. Dante goes into detail about every part of hell. The people, what it looks like, sins to go there, the whole shah-bang....   [tags: Dante Alighieri, hell, divine comedy]

Better Essays
959 words | (2.7 pages) | Preview

Analysis of Dante´s Inferno

- Dante’s Inferno is a very important piece of literature. There are many things to be learned from it, from the face value knowledge that Hell is a bad place, to a deeper understanding of how God intended us to live; but the most important lesson to be learned here is the power of allegory. Nancy Thuleen says this about it. “Dante's portrayal of Hell in the Inferno is an undisputed masterpiece of visual and allegorical imagery, enriched not only by extensive use of figurative language, but by concrete physical descriptions as well” Dante had allegory down to a science, and applied it to every aspect of his Inferno....   [tags: literature, Hell, allegory, sin, Satan, imagery]

Powerful Essays
1618 words | (4.6 pages) | Preview

The Comparison of Dante's Inferno and the Purgatorio

- The Comparison of Dante's Inferno and the Purgatorio There are many differences in the Inferno and the Purgatorio of Dante Alghieri, from the differences in atmosphere and attitude, darkness and light, between sins and their punishments as well as the characters of the Comedy. My purpose is to shed light on what I found to be interesting differences of the two. I would like to begin with the comparison of the coming of the old men in both the Inferno and the Purgatorio. In the Inferno it starts by saying: And Lo....   [tags: Papers]

Better Essays
906 words | (2.6 pages) | Preview

Dante's Inferno - A Religious and Morally Challenging Experience

- Dante's Inferno - A Religious and Morally Challenging Experience         Dante Alighieri, one of the greatest poets of the Middle Ages, was born in Florence, Italy on June 5, 1265.  He was born to a middle-class Florentine family.  At an early age he began to write poetry and became fascinated with lyrics.  During his adolescence, Dante fell inlove with a beautiful girl named Beatrice Portinari.  He saw her only twice but she provided much inspiration for his literary masterpieces....   [tags: Divine Comedy Inferno Essays]

Free Essays
1877 words | (5.4 pages) | Preview

Satan in Paradaise Lost and Dante's Inferno

- After God created the Earth and mankind, all was right in the Holy kingdom. That is until, a friend, the bearer of light, the morning star fell in battle and ultimately in darkness. This fateful battle made true everything we know and live now. Milton and Dante play on this every concept in two very different ways, for Milton a cunning reflection of man and for Dante an animalisitic dunce. Milton and Dante use the Bible stories as a backdrop for their epic poems of love and of loss wherein a single unique character, a bearer of light is made to reverberate humanity and the supreme basic darkness that is the soul of man, one can note these key elements vis-a-vis his appearance, domain...   [tags: god, lucifer, darkness, soul, bible]

Strong Essays
1154 words | (3.3 pages) | Preview

Divine Comedy - Sin and Judgment in Dante's Inferno

- Dante's Concept of Sin and Judgment in The Inferno        Infidelity, murder, betrayal, and conspiracy all play an integral part in the story of the relationship between Jason and Medea. Jason is guilty of all four acts and Medea involves herself in three. Yet, perhaps, in the eyes of Dante, Medea might fall further into the realm of Dis than Jason. But, should she. And, is Dante's view of Jason and his sentence in Hell appropriate.   From Dante's perspective, crimes of passion or desire are the least abhorrent and consequently deserve minimal punishment in comparison to what he believes are the more serious offenses....   [tags: Divine Comedy Inferno Essays]

Powerful Essays
2150 words | (6.1 pages) | Preview

Dante's Inferno: A Representation of His Own Sins

- Some people believe the Inferno is an allegorical confrontation of Dante’s sins among his lifetime. There are many examples in his writing that show this, some of which include symbols, people form his lifetime, and events pertaining to his personal beliefs.The first main example of this exists in Canto Thirty-Two, the betrayers of kindred, or more specific to Dante himself; betrayers of country. Dante was exiled from his home in Florence where he served as a politician.Considering his own personal treachery, it makes sense for him to have chosen the ninth ring of the traitors to be the worst of all....   [tags: The Divine Comedy]

Better Essays
646 words | (1.8 pages) | Preview

Dante's Inferno, Up on Your Feet Passage

- ... Basically what they are trying to say is that if you don’t get up out of bed then you can never pursue your dreams. No one ever got ahead by sitting on their behind. You have to face every day with the belief that your dreams are real, and that dreams come true every day. This line within the passage states that if you get up, and you try, that you are one step closing to accomplishing your dreams. Secondly, self drive is an extreme theme within this passage of Dante’s The Inferno while you are critiquing the passage itself....   [tags: a critique, inspiration category]

Good Essays
556 words | (1.6 pages) | Preview

Dante's Inferno: The Theme of Anti-love in Canto XXVIII

- Dante’s Divine Comedy is a multi-layered epic, containing not only a story about his incredibly difficult journey from earth to the depths of hell then up to the peaks of heaven, but it also contains many insights on theology, politics, and even his own life. Broken into three canticles—Inferno, Purgatorio, and Paradiso—the work is written in the terza rima form. In Inferno—in 33 Cantos—Dante makes a vast journey through the nine circles of hell. In the Eighth Circle (specifically, the Ninth Pouch), Dante meets with those who “were, when alive, the sowers of dissension” (Inf....   [tags: Canto XXVIII Essays]

Powerful Essays
1642 words | (4.7 pages) | Preview

Dante's Inferno: Consequence of Sin in Modern Times

- For centuries, many humans have thrived on the idea of an everlasting salvation, in other words, Heaven. Several religions, including Christianity, use Heaven as an incentive to avoid sin and avidly follow God’s law. The idea of an everlasting salvation could not exist if there were not also the idea of eternal damnation. Because there is a reward for a person’s loyalty to God, the opposite must also be true; betraying God by committing sins will result in a soul’s eternal suffering in Hell. In the Inferno from the Divine Comedy Dante Alighieri uses symbols to emphasize the dangers of sin....   [tags: everlasting salvation, condemnation]

Strong Essays
1049 words | (3 pages) | Preview

The Role of Satan in Dante's Inferno and Specifically in Paradise Lost

- The source of all evil, a terrifying entity, and the adversary of God in an eternal war for the souls of mankind, Satan is often put forward as a powerful “other,” having little in common with those he tempts and torments. For example, in Dante’s Inferno, Satan is massive, strong and beast-like, chained like Cerberus in Hell for the punishment of mankind, chewing on the bodies of history’s greatest traitors like a vicious dog. Milton's relatable, human-like Satan is on the other end of the spectrum....   [tags: the creation of evil]

Term Papers
1854 words | (5.3 pages) | Preview

Translation of Dante's Inferno

- Translation of Dante's Inferno In reviewing translations of Dante's Inferno, it seems trite to argue over how lyrical a translation sounds, or how closely Dante's form is followed. Dante wrote his account of Hell to awaken people to the corruption of the Catholic Church, and the corruption in their own lives. He also created a piece of art which may prove to endure as long as Christianity; a visceral, dramatic account of Western Civilization's most feared realm, full of stories of souls no one on earth wishes to remember, and finally, Dante wrote his epic in colloquial language, in the ho...   [tags: Papers]

Better Essays
945 words | (2.7 pages) | Preview

Divine Comedy - The Medieval Church and Dante's Inferno

- The Medieval Church and Dante's Inferno       Some people think that the medieval churches view on sin, redemption, heaven and hell was very complex, but actually the churches views were straight and to the point. I will discuss with you what sin, redemption, heaven and hell were to the medieval churches and I will also share some examples in the story that will help you better understand The Inferno and the medieval churches views. Let's begin with sin. A sin was said to be a deliberate and purposeful violation of the will of God....   [tags: Divine Comedy Inferno Essays Religion Essays]

Powerful Essays
1389 words | (4 pages) | Preview

The Politics behind Dante’s Inferno

- The Divine Comedy is much more than an epic poem depicting a man’s interpretation of Heaven, Hell, and Purgatory. Written by Italian poet, Dante Alighieri, the Divine Comedy frequently alludes to the political turmoil that was prevalent throughout 14th century Italy, specifically, the city of Florence. During this period of Italian history, there was a lack of a stable government and a power struggle between the Papacy and the Holy Roman Emperor. This paper will analyze the political aspects within the Divine Comedy and its connection to religion, focusing specifically on the Inferno....   [tags: inforno, power, religion, government]

Strong Essays
1030 words | (2.9 pages) | Preview

Dante Allighieri's Inferno

- Every human being must find a certain motivation or inspiration to give them the momentum they require to achieve the goals they have in life. For some it is the incentive to be active, to accomplish tasks, even to do the mundane a simple tasks life may demand. Several influential individuals who have reached a level of recognition in their life will give words of advice to those who are seeking to become successful themselves. Often these are words of encouragement through the periods we find strenuous, their words are meant to help us weather the storms that may come our way in trying times....   [tags: the proper motive]

Better Essays
995 words | (2.8 pages) | Preview

Dante's Inferno

- Dante's Inferno In Canto I, Dante has strayed from the True Way into the Dark Wood of Error. He opens his eyes and sees the mount Mount of Joy which is lit up by the sun. He sets out to try to climb the mountain, but his way is blocked by the Three Beasts of Worldliness: The Leopard of Malice and Fraud, The Lion of Violence and Ambition, and The She-Wolf of Incontinence. He then starts to lose all hope when Virgil, Dante’s symbol of Human Reason appears. Dante is very frightened and nervous by Virgil’s presence as you can tell by his response towards Virgil saying “Have pity on me, whatever thing you are, whether shade or living man” (Dantes Inferno pg....   [tags: English Literature Essays]

Good Essays
508 words | (1.5 pages) | Preview

Inferno by Dante Alighieri

- “Inferno” by Dante Alighieri, written in the fourteenth century, is the first part of Dante’s epic poem, “Divine Comedy.” “Purgatorio” and “Paradiso” followed it. “Inferno” was an allegorical account of Dante as he descends through the nine levels of Hell with his guide, Roman poet Virgil. As Dante travels through the levels, or concentric rings of Hell, he begins to have a new understanding of religion and begins also to question his own morals and ethics. In the first few rings, Dante feels a large amount of pity for the tortured souls he sees....   [tags: Poetic Analysis, Epic]

Better Essays
830 words | (2.4 pages) | Preview

Inferno by Dante Alighieri

- ... At the very bottom level of hell is where Lucifer resides in the frozen river known as Cocytus. “Beneath each face two mighty wings stretched out, the size you might expect of this huge bird: not feathered wings but rather like the ones a bat would have. He flapped them constantly, keeping three winds continuously in motion to lock Cocytus eternally in ice” (Alighieri 509). The way Dante describes hell was a contrast from how most people viewed hell as well as the concept of sin. Most believe that in the eyes of God all sin is weighed the same which would put murder and adultery in the same category when deciding who goes to heaven and hell....   [tags: religion, christianity, history]

Better Essays
941 words | (2.7 pages) | Preview

Inferno Research Paper

- Inferno Research Paper Anthony K. Cassell stated in his critical essay titled “Farinata” that “the methods of punishment in Dante’s Hell are exquisitely diverse.” The cantos in Inferno are focused on Circles or subdivisions of Hell that describe specific punishments for the suffering souls based upon the sin they committed. The deeper into Hell, the worse the sins that were committed, therefore the agonies of the punishments are greater. In Inferno, Dante brings the issue of sin into light by giving instances of sins he has taken note of....   [tags: Anthony K. Cassell, Farinata, Dante's Inferno]

Powerful Essays
1725 words | (4.9 pages) | Preview

Inferno by Dante Alighieri

- In Dante’s Inferno, Dante creates inventive imagery between ones sin and the punishment they would receive in Hell. One of the main themes that Dante uses in the book is allegory, or how the punishment fits the sin. This theme illustrates what happens to people who sin on earth. In this theme Dante created a hell that had nine levels, each worse than the first. Starting with a lesser heaven and ending with the icy cold ninth circle, where Lucifer resides. In each circle, sinners are punished according to their crimes....   [tags: lucifer, allegory, limbo, punishment]

Powerful Essays
1545 words | (4.4 pages) | Preview

Canto 18 of The Inferno by Dante Alighieri

- Canto 18 of The Inferno by Dante Alighieri It was once said by Marcel Proust that “We do not receive wisdom, we must discover it for ourselves, after a journey through the wilderness which no one else can make for us, which no one can spare us…”. This journey through the wild to discover wisdom is exactly what transpires in The Inferno by Dante Alighieri. The Inferno is an epic poem that is the first section of a three-part poem called The Divine Comedy. The Inferno is about the narrator, Dante, traveling through the layers of Hell and learning about the men and women in Hell, and ultimately why God is punishing them there....   [tags: Dante Alighieri The Divine Comedy]

Powerful Essays
3807 words | (10.9 pages) | Preview

Perception Dante Alighieri’s in The Inferno

- Perception Dante Alighieri’s in The Inferno In The Inferno, Dante Alighieri, the poet, places a strong emphasis on perception; it is through sight that Dante the pilgrim can acknowledge and learn from his experience in hell. Sight plays an especially crucial role in the work because Dante, the pilgrim, is often captivated by an image of some kind. The sight of the sinners transfixes Dante; and the sinners are, in turn, captivated with Dante and Virgil. It would seem that everything Dante observes through his journey would be enlightening....   [tags: Divine Comedy Inferno Essays]

Strong Essays
1319 words | (3.8 pages) | Preview

Rewriting the Concept of Hell in Dante's Inferno

- Rewriting the Concept of Hell in Dante's Inferno The idea of making up a "Hell", or inferno, is not an experience in which I, even in my wildest thoughts, had started to imagine. Call me an optimist, but the idea of imagining Hell never appealed to me. However, as I read through the Bible, I have come across many images of hell and will now attempt to create a partial picture. As I sit imagining my inferno, I see that it would be significantly different from Dante’s inferno. I do agree that an Inferno should have stages, or circles, but fewer than that of Dante....   [tags: Papers]

Better Essays
909 words | (2.6 pages) | Preview

The Weakness of Human Nature in Dante's Inferno

- Dante's "Inferno" is full of themes. But the most frequent is that of the weakness of human nature. Dante's descent into hell is initially so that Dante can see how he can better live his life, free of weaknesses that may ultimately be his ticket to hell. Through the first ten cantos, Dante portrays how each level of his hell is a manifestation of human weakness and a loss of hope, which ultimately Dante uses to purge and learn from. Dante, himself, is about to fall into the weaknesses of humans, before there is some divine intervention on the part of his love Beatrice, who is in heaven....   [tags: Human Weakness Exposed]

Term Papers
2210 words | (6.3 pages) | Preview

Comparative Analysis Of Dante's Inferno And Purgatorio

- The Divine Comedy (The Inferno and Purgatorio, in this matter) without Virgil would be like coffee without cream. Without Virgil, Dante would never have completed his journey. Without reason, Dante would never have the courage to go through his redemption. We meet Virgil in the Inferno just when Dante begins to lose all hope in going through that “shadowed forest.” Beatrice has appointed him to guide our hero through hell and then through Purgatory. Himself being in Limbo, Virgil knew the nooks and crannies of hell....   [tags: essays research papers]

Powerful Essays
2919 words | (8.3 pages) | Preview

Virgil and Dante

- Virgil and Dante In the note to Canto V regarding Francesca and Paulo, the Hollanders exclaim that “Sympathy for the damned, in the Inferno, is nearly always and nearly certainly the sign of a wavering moral disposition” (112). Indeed, many of the touching, emotional, or indignation rousing tales told by the souls in Hell can evoke pity, but in the telling of the tales, it is always possible to derive the reasons for the damned souls’ placement in Hell. However, there is a knee-jerk reaction to separate Virgil and, arguably, some of the other souls in limbo from this group of the damned, though, with careful perusal of the text, the thoughtful reader can discern the machinations behind the...   [tags: Virgil Dante Inferno Essays]

Powerful Essays
1904 words | (5.4 pages) | Preview

DreamWorks' Characters and their Resemblance to the Sins in Dante's Inferno

- Lindsey’s Inferno   “ They will be punished with everlasting destruction and shut out from the presence of the Lord and the majesty of his power” 2 Thessalonians 1:9 Dante created a journey through hell specifically to point out those living in the error of their ways and to put them on the path of salvation during his time. The order of hell and the punishments directly related to his era and his point of view. In order to modernize his inferno you have to look at our civilization and how the majority of people view different sins....   [tags: order of Hell and the punishments]

Term Papers
1962 words | (5.6 pages) | Preview

Divine Comedy - Autobiographical Journey in Dante’s Inferno

- Dante’s Inferno - Autobiographical Journey The Inferno is more than just a fictional story about someone traveling through the universe. It is actually more like an autobiographical journey of life through its author, Dante Alighieri’s eyes. Written in the early 1300s by a disgruntled Dante living in exile, he literally describes a man who has been trapped, and must find a way to escape. Allegorically, he’s telling us about the terrible moment of crisis that occurs in each one of our lives “when evil inside and outside of ourselves seems to block any hope for further constructive development”....   [tags: Divine Comedy Inferno Essays]

Better Essays
605 words | (1.7 pages) | Preview

Divine Comedy - Mastery of Language in Dante’s Inferno

- Mastery of Language In The Inferno - Dante’s Immortal Drama of a Journey Through Hell, Dante allows the reader to experience his every move.  His mastery of language, his sensitivity to the sights and sounds of nature, and his infinite store of knowledge allow him to capture and draw the reader into the realm of the terrestrial hell.  In Canto 6, the Gluttons; Canto 13, the Violent Against Themselves; and Canto 23, the Hypocrites; Dante excels in his detailed portrayal of the supernatural world of hell.  In each canto, Dante combines his mastery of language with his sensitivity to the sights and sounds of nature to set the stage.  He then reinforces the image with examples that call upon...   [tags: Divine Comedy Inferno Essays]

Free Essays
1887 words | (5.4 pages) | Preview

Divine Comedy - Contrapasso of Dante’s Inferno

- Inferno - Contrapasso In Dante’s Inferno, Dante takes a journey with Virgil through the many levels of Hell in order to experience and see the different punishments that sinners must endure for all eternity. As Dante and Virgil descend into the bowels of Hell, it becomes clear that the suffering increases as they continue to move lower into Hell, the conical recess in the earth created when Lucifer fell from Heaven. Dante values the health of society over self. This becomes evident as the sinners against society experience suffering greater than those suffer which were only responsible for sinning against themselves....   [tags: Divine Comedy Inferno Essays]

Powerful Essays
1650 words | (4.7 pages) | Preview

Violent Again Art in Dante’s Inferno

- When Dante uses the term "Violent Again Art" in the Inferno to label a section of the seventh circle, it can actually be interpreted to have two separate meanings as to what the sinners are being punished for. The first meaning of the phrase is taken in the context of the specific meaning of the word "art." This is the way that Dante most obviously meant it to mean. It is referring to artisanship, that is, the working of natural resources and the product of this labor. Going on this definition, it can be taken that abusing industry by cheating it out of money is the crime of the third round of circle seven....   [tags: Divine Comedy Inferno Essays]

Term Papers
2106 words | (6 pages) | Preview

Divine Comedy - St.Augustine in Dante’s Inferno

- St.Augustine in the Inferno It is hard to place St. Augustine within just one of the levels of Dante’s hell for his sins were varied and not great. Today many of his sins are commonplace. For example, most people attempt to better their own lives without regard of others. They attempt to increase their standard of living and gain more worldly possessions. They are neither good nor evil but are just trying to make a living and keep up in today’s fend-for-yourself society. Before Augustine’s conversion, this was his goal....   [tags: Divine Comedy Inferno Essays]

Free Essays
1160 words | (3.3 pages) | Preview

Dante's Motivation to Write The Divine Comedy

- Dante's Motivation to Write The Divine Comedy (La Divina Commedia) To truly comprehend Dante’s Divine Comedy, although complete comprehension is not necessary to enjoy this literary masterpiece, there are several skills one might need to acquire. For instance, one helpful piece of knowledge would be the ability to fluently speak Italian, since the many translations differ being able to have read Dante’s actual written words and understand them would make reading the Divine Comedy a bit more personal and therefore easier to understand....   [tags: Dante Alighieri Dante's Inferno]

Powerful Essays
3221 words | (9.2 pages) | Preview

Uses of Three in Inferno by Dante Alighieri

- There are many symbols in Dante’s Inferno. One of the most important symbols is the number three. Throughout Dante’s Inferno, Dante uses the number three to symbolize and represent important figures and concepts in Hell. His extensive use of the number three is partly due to reasons in his life. It is obvious that the number three is the most noticeable symbol, and that it is no coincidence that the number shows up so many times throughout the Inferno. Dante Alighieri was born in Florence, Italy, in 1265, into a well-to-do merchant family....   [tags: number three, hell, symbols, judas, brutus]

Better Essays
866 words | (2.5 pages) | Preview

Dante’s Inferno - The Evolving Relationship between Dante the Pilgrim and Virgil the Guide

- Dante’s Inferno -  The Evolving Relationship between Dante the Pilgrim and Virgil the Guide     In Dante’s Inferno, the relationship between Dante the Pilgrim and Virgil the Guide is an ever-evolving one. By analyzing the transformation of this relationship as the two sojourn through the circles of hell, one is able to learn more about the mindset of Dante the Poet.  At the outset, Dante is clearly subservient to Virgil, whom he holds in high esteem for his literary genius. However, as the work progresses, Virgil facilitates Dante’s spiritual enlightenment, so that by the end, Dante has ascended to Virgil’s spiritual level and has in many respects surpassed him....   [tags: Divine Comedy Inferno Essays]

Powerful Essays
2166 words | (6.2 pages) | Preview

The Bond of Communion: An Analysis of the Communal Bonds throughout Dante's Inferno

- ... Dante’s use of symbolism is most evident in this passage, where light is a symbol for reason and love. The fact that the second circle is void of these two attributes amplifies that the Lustful abandon their reason and love in order to pursue and satisfy their physical body. Dante having successfully established the setting moves on to establish his concept of Contrapasso. Dante describes “[the] hellish flight [of the sinners] / of storm and counter storm…sweep[ing] the souls of the damned before its change....   [tags: betrayal, story analysis]

Powerful Essays
1311 words | (3.7 pages) | Preview

The Inferno by Dante Allegheri: Fourfold Analysis

- The Thieves: Fourfold Analysis To further interpret The Inferno, the Italian poet, Dante Allegheri, created a method called The Fourfold Analysis. This method involves analyzing the historical, moral, political, and spiritual effects of the topic. For example, Dante’s fourfold method helps the reader to further understand the thieves and their allegorical symbolism. The Thieves are found in the Seventh Pouch of the Eighth Circle of Hell in Dante’s Inferno, guarded by Cacus, a centaur. They are found with their hands tied up, being punished by snakes and lizards....   [tags: fourfold analysis, allegorical symbolism]

Free Essays
583 words | (1.7 pages) | Preview

These results are sorted by most relevant first (ranked search). You may also sort these by color rating or essay length.


Your search returned over 400 essays for "Dante Inferno"
1  2  3  4  5    Next >>