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Procedures in the Criminal Justice System

- “The criminal process is part of the State’s response to crime, part of the mechanism which the State applies substantive criminal law to its citizens”. (Ashworth & Redmayne, 2005, p.2) Within this essay, I will be looking at the procedures in the Criminal Justice System. Before laying the foundations of this work, I will briefly dedicate a few lines on what the Criminal Justice System is about. A Criminal Justice System is a set of legal and social establishments for carrying out the criminal law in agreement with a definite set of procedural regulations and restrictions....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]

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Pursuing a Degree in Criminal Justice

- Today our world is filled with crime. The people committing these crimes must have a consequence for their illegal actions. The system in place to keeping everything fair and safe is called the criminal justice system. This was put in place to ensure there is fairness and justice served to people who break the laws set up by the government. Criminal justice is one of the most important majors one can study due to the necessity to keep the streets safe and clean. From street cops, to state troopers all the way to criminal psychologists the criminal justice system is a very important part of modern society as it keeps us safe from murders, rapists and various other criminals....   [tags: Criminal Justice]

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The Criminal Justice System in USA

- The Criminal Justice System in the United States of America was established with noble intentions. The basis of the system can be traced back from the first book of the Bible Genesis, and the story of Cain and Able. The criminal justice system was established to be morally suitable for a growing diverse society. Moral dilemmas within the system arise from concerns related to principles of officials’ right and wrong behavior. These principles are often embedded into a culture of the human character, in other words, viewed as essential to the criminal justice system....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]

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Encouragement in the Criminal Justice System

- Encouragement is a form of positive reinforcement that every individual will require at some point. People encourage one another to make an individual strive to improve, to keep trying or to lift a person’s spirit. In times of frustration and doubt, encouragement can be used as a tool to promote growth or point a person in the right direction. Consider the hypothetical posed in unit one, in which the client was considering suicide. Thoughts of suicide result when a person is at their lowest point....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]

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Criminal Justice: The Goals of Sentencing

- Sentencing is the imposition of a criminal sanction by a sentencing authority , such as a judge. Schmallger & Smykla, 2009, pg# 71) There are seven goals of sentencing including revenge, retribution, just deserts, deterrence, incapacitation, rehabilitation and restoration. Revenge refers to a retaliation to some kind of assault and injury. Revenge can be a type of punishment for the criminal justice system. The jury, sometimes, basis there choices on emotions, facts and evidence. It is considered revenge in some cases because the victim's looks at it that way when they feel justice has been served....   [tags: criminal justice]

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Criminal Justice Codes of Ethics

- Since the 1800’s, the main duties of a uniformed police officer revolved around carrying out patrols and investigations into crimes (, 2011a). A usual patrol involves the officers either walking on foot or using vehicles travel around neighborhoods as a way of deterring criminal activities (, 2011a). The investigative part of a police officer’s work usually comes in when a suspect of the case at hand has not been identified (, 2011a). Usually, the detective has to sift through some evidence so as to identify the leads to the suspect....   [tags: Criminal Justice]

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Criminal Justice System and Process

- Introduction According to Morrison (2008) crime is a salient fact which is an integral part of many adverse risks humans are susceptible to, today. On the other hand a crime which is a wrong doing can be classified as a felony or a misdemeanor; this is because it is against a public law. A felony can be defined as a serious crime that is punishable by at least a year’s jail-term whereas a misdemeanor is a crime whose punishment is either a fine or and up to a year in jail (Smith, 2008). Crimes are therefore defined as well as punished by statutes and the common law....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]

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Criminal Justice as Entertainment

- Section one Generally, crime and law enforcement television programs have been tremendously popular, with constantly elevated ratings over time. More than a quarter of all prime time shows from the 1960s to the 1990s have centred on subjects of crime or criminal justice, which comprise the biggest single subject matter on television today, across all types of programming (Weigel and Jessor, 1999). Drawing on Carlson's (2001) review of the literature, we observe that these studies have characteristically enclosed five main interconnected areas: knowledge of and information on the system, compliance, rights, police images, and violence and victimization....   [tags: Criminal Justice]

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The Criminal Justice System

- The criminal justice system is composed of three parts – Police, Courts and Corrections – and all three work together to protect an individual’s rights and the rights of society to live without fear of being a victim of crime. According to, crime is defined as “an act that is forbidden or omission of a duty that is commanded by public law and that makes the offender liable to punishment by that law.” When all the three parts work together, it makes the criminal justice system function like a well tuned machine....   [tags: Criminal Justice]

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Puerto Rico Criminal Justice

- As a republic, Puerto Rico has a government that exercises political control over its citizens. As with any republic, a social contract exists between government and citizens in which citizens give up certain freedoms in order to enjoy the protection and comforts that a functioning government can provide. As a U.S. territory, Puerto Rico shares our three branches of government: legislative, executive, and judicial. Focusing on the judicial branch, one must look at the criminal justice system, which consists of policing, courts and corrections....   [tags: Criminal Justice]

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Youth Criminal Justice Act

- The overwhelming majority of juveniles are involved in impulsive or risky, even delinquent behaviors during their teenage years. However, the majority go on to become very productive citizens who do not commit crimes. In order for this to continue the government established the Youth Criminal Justice Act (YCJA) which gives young offenders a chance to better themselves, and. By doing so, the YCJA helps teach youth that their actions are unacceptable and the punishments imposed are lesser then an adult....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]

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Canadian Criminal Justice System

- Introduction The Canadian Criminal Justice System is, for the most part, reflective of the Charter of Rights and Freedoms and various Supreme Court of Canada case-law. Everyone who finds themselves on the opposing end of the Criminal Justice System is entitled to certain protections every step of the way, beginning even before the arrest; laws protect us from unreasonable investigative techniques, guarantee certain rights at point of arrest, and provide us with the right to counsel. The bail court departs from the ‘beyond reasonable doubt’ standard in that the crown only needs to prove on a balance of probabilities (Kellough, 1996, p....   [tags: Criminal Justice]

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The Deterrence Effect and Criminal Justice

- Over the years a theory known as the deterrence effect has been proposed to the world of capital punishment. People believe that if you do something wrong, in this case, kill someone, then you will be put to death therefore preventing you from committing that wrong act again. This theory also states that by viewing or hearing about your punishment then others around you will not follow in your footsteps which will decrease the number of criminal acts committed. Econometric studies have started a panel data in order to view the validity of this theory....   [tags: Deterrence, Criminal Justice, ]

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Underfunding in the Canadian Criminal Justice System

- Underfunding in the Canadian Criminal Justice System Underfunding is the greatest Challenge that is faced by the Canadian Criminal Justice System. This paper will discuss the Police Forces aging population and the challenges to replace them when they retire, it will also look at the insufficient quantity of officers needed to investigate all crime. The underfunding of the legal aid program and the effects on the courts and family law will be discussed. Finally the effects of long-term underfunding of the countries prison system and its effects on the most vulnerable inmates will also be measured....   [tags: Criminal Justice]

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Ethics in Criminal Justice Professions

- Criminal Justice professionals make decisions everyday and they have to be able to recognize when an issue involves ethical considerations. Therefore, in order to recognize these issues and make appropriate and correct decisions, it is important that the criminal justice professional study ethics. In order to make a good ethical decision the professional will have to have the ability to apply knowledge of ethics, know the ethical terminology and the concepts needed in making a good ethical decision....   [tags: Criminal Justice Ethics]

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The Crime Of The Criminal Justice System

- ... Prison is for long term imprisonment and even for some lifelong. Individuals in jail or prison can be given some leniancy and even be released early if they show signs of improvement from the way they were when they entered. Corrections is when an individual is either reformed or returns to their former criminal lifestyle. Every part of the criminal justice system has a large role that it plays within the system. The system could not function properly without any of these groups and crime would never be truly punished....   [tags: Crime, Criminal justice, Prison, Police]

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The Crime Of The Criminal Justice System

- The Criminal Justice system was established to achieve justice. Incarceration and rehabilitation are two operations our government practices to achieve justice over criminal behavior. Incarceration is the punishment for infraction of the law and in result being confined in prison. It is more popular than rehabilitation because it associates with a desire for retribution. However, retribution is different than punishment. Rehabilitation, on the other hand is the act of restoring the destruction caused by a crime rather than simply punishing offenders....   [tags: Crime, Criminology, Criminal justice, Prison]

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Crime And The Criminal Justice System

- ... One of the most obvious class influences on constructionism is gender hierarchy. In fact, until the 1970s, rape was exclusively defined “as a crime committed by a man against a woman other than his spouse and against her will” (166). During the 1970s there was a feminist movement to change the law to allow both sexes to seek justice for rape (167). Social construction is also influenced by the term “criminal justice.” According to Victor Kappeler, “criminal justice invokes powerful images and understandings” (185)....   [tags: Sociology, Crime, Criminal justice, Criminal law]

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The Crime Of The Criminal Justice System

- ... According to an article written by Dr. Goldstein, “The severity of ADHD symptoms in adolescence and adult- hood apparently coincides with an increase of problems related to aggression and conduct. Thus, the worse an individual 's ADHD symptoms get, the more likely the individual might progress to criminal behavior”(Goldstein, 2005). Generally, everyone has their own theory and opinion regarding criminal behavior. Biological and Psychological factors are both contributors in many cases. Sheldon and Lombroso, associate internal and external appearances, and body types with criminality....   [tags: Sociology, Crime, Criminology, Criminal justice]

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The System Of The Criminal Justice System

- ... In what is known as the “Nothing works” term, Martinson concluded that “with few and isolated exception, the rehabilitation efforts that have been reported so far have had no appreciable effect on recidivism” (Martinson, 1974, p.25). Martinson therefore concluded that the rehabilitation programme has no correlation on recidivism. According to Farabee (2005, p.16) the National Academy of Sciences in the United States of America in their studies also drew negative conclusions concerning the effectiveness of the offender rehabilitation programmes in reducing recidivism....   [tags: Prison, Crime, Criminal justice, Punishment]

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The Criminal Justice System Is Racist

- ... The War on Drugs introduced a rhetoric that shaped the future of America. Drugs were seen as a epidemic, ruining the lives of all we know and love. Jurisdictions immediately began to crack down harder on drug related crimes, even introducing minimum sentences for possession which took the decision making role away from judicial figures. The courts, which many think are the house of justice, also fall prey to the racism of the system. Judges’ Race and Judicial Decision Making: Do Black Judges Sentence Differently by authors Darrell Steffensmeier and Chester L....   [tags: Police, Crime, Criminal justice, Prison]

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The Problems Within The Criminal Justice

- ... The study showed that forty-one percent of the stops were on African Americans (McNamara, 2009). A study done showed that only thirty percent of African Americans felt that police treated all races fairly. Another study showed that in Florida African Americans and Hispanics made up only five percent of drivers on the road, yet seventy percents of the stops made were on African Americans and Hispanics (McNamara, 2009). Many people believe that African Americans are arrested more than whites out of racism....   [tags: Crime, Police, Race, Criminal justice]

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A Look Into The Criminal Justice System

- In this essay we will be taking a look into the criminal justice system in England, the components that make it up and also at the different models in which you could apply the process of criminal justice. We shall look at Herbert Packer (1986) and Michael King (1981) in reference to the models. However before we look into the criminal justice process of today, you need to be shown show its origins and how it came about. During the middle of the eighteenth century up to the mid-twentieth centuries, we began to see the emergence of formal criminal justice system as the one we know today....   [tags: Criminal justice, Crime, Police, Criminal law]

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The Crime Of Criminal Justice System

- ... Having a strong belief that a strong connection between citizens and agencies will ultimately lead to the outcome of a countrywide decrease of criminal opportunities. DNA profiling aka "DNA fingerprinting" was made using the types of DNA humans shed or "leak" to also aid in identification. For example, DNA is easily found in people 's blood, saliva, skin tissue, semen, hair, and bone. The Department of Justice states that all these types of DNA are playing a large role in catching rape cases, gang violence cases, child molestation cases, and murder cases throughout the country....   [tags: Crime, Police, Criminal justice, Law]

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Criminal Justice Trends

- The criminal justice system is a group of institutions that work together to protect a society, prevent and control crime, and maintain justice; enforcing the laws regulated by society. As the years have gone by and society has evolved; so have the criminal justice system and its methods to accomplish its role in society. This short analysis will evaluate the main facts that have been affecting the criminal justice system for decades and have influenced the evolution the justice system is enduring in a changing society (Muraski, 2009)....   [tags: Criminal Justice]

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Criminal Justice Fields

- Criminal Justice has numerous avenues in which to follow so making the choice of what specific field to choose a difficult decision. This is not a choice that should be taken lightly nor in haste but one that should be contemplated and examined closely. I have done an enormous amount of research on many of the fields of criminal justice narrowing it down to three: Forensics, Probation/ Parole and Homeland Security. For me personally, these are the best three choices given their potential for being challenging....   [tags: Criminal Justice]

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Juvenile Justice And The Criminal Justice System

- Juvenile Justice John Reitan The University of Memphis When our thoughts turn to the criminal justice system it is only a natural instinct to assume everyone associated with policing, courts, and corrections will have to deal with juveniles sometime in their career. Young people in today’s society can be so easily influenced by social situations, peer pressure, and family members. The courts in the United States are faced with difficult decisions on a daily basis. Sentencing juveniles to adult facilities for their crimes is becoming a common trend in the justice system today; however it is not a deterrent whatsoever....   [tags: Crime, Criminology, Criminal justice]

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The Dysfunctional Criminal Justice System

- ... The mishandling of allocated funds has also been a contributing factor to the corrupt Criminal justice system we have. For example in the article “To Serve and Collect. Police Department Funding, Effectiveness, and Legitimacy,” the author Brian A. Jackson writes,“Looking at concerns that have been raised in recent years about police practices, a nontrivial number are about money and police departments ' roles in collecting it—whether to supplement their own or their municipality 's budget” (page 1)....   [tags: Police, Criminal justice, Prison, Crime]

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The Canadian Criminal Justice System

- Violence can be prevented, but not stopped; so why do people think that intimate partner violence can be stopped. That is the dream. Unfortunately, just like how a thief is not going to stop stealing because he could go to jail, an abuser is not going to stop abusing. All we can hope for is to be able to protect the victims after the violence and try to help them persevere. Prevention is important, but it is also important to know what the Canadian Criminal Justice System is doing to protect the victims....   [tags: Criminal justice, Crime, Abuse, Police]

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Problem-Solving Criminal Justice Initiative

- Problem-solving Criminal Justice Initiative We can all agree that an important goal of the American criminal justice system is rehabilitation. It expects that most, if not all, offenders to learn from his or her wrongdoing and become productive members of society (Ballenstedt, 2008). It is this thinking at the heart of a community-based initiative that is designed to bring law enforcement officials together to form a single concerted effort to identify and address patterns of crime, mitigate the underlying conditions that fuel crime, and engage the community as an active partner (Wolf, Prinicples of Problem-Solving Justice, 2007)....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]

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The Canadian Criminal Justice System

- ... Any way discrimination is defined it is obvious for anyone to see that first nations people have victims of of it. Aboriginals have been victims of both unintended discrimination as well as openly hostile discrimination both which is rooted in police law. There are countless examples of injustice served by the justice system. However two predominate examples from 1987 and 1988 clearly show the unacceptable discrimination by the system. In november 1987 there was finally a trial for the murder of Helen Betty Osborne from 1971 in The Pas Manitoba....   [tags: Police, Law, Canada, Criminal justice]

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An Eyewitness On The Criminal Justice System

- ... Another important factor is individuals are more accurate when describing facial characteristics of a member of their own group, but not of a member of a different racial or ethnic group. The Cross Ethnicity effect could have been another problem that an eyewitness (Jennifer) might encounter when recalling or making a facial sketch. Another important aspect to analyze is the important role that police officers have when investigating a crime scene, especially when two crimes have similar characteristics....   [tags: Police, Criminal law, Criminal justice, Crime]

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Terrorism And The Criminal Justice System

- Gaining an in-depth knowledge of the criminal justice system, throughout my Bachelors program has been exciting as much as an eye opener. Some of the subjects were ones that I did not expect. There were also, ones that had no idea how ignorant I was on the subject. Wanting to understand and be involved with putting the right criminal behind bars has always been a passion. Getting a better understanding of the criminal justice system explained how innocent can be convicted. During, this learning process it has been obvious that there are new and lethal forms of criminality, which can range from international terrorism to transnational syndicates....   [tags: Police, Crime, Criminal law, Criminal justice]

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The Crime Of The Criminal Justice System

- The criminal justice system is united under one basic law body, in which no racism is present. Personal beliefs and anecdotes prove nothing, the criminal justice system isn’t racist. Although it may seem African Americans are highly discriminated upon in the justice system, there is ample amounts of data to prove otherwise. The criminal justice system is united under one basic law body, in which no racism is present. The system is not to blame for the racial differences found in the United States criminal justice system....   [tags: Crime, Drug addiction, Criminal justice, Race]

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The Crime Of The Criminal Justice System

- ... By year 2000, the annual cost had risen to $1,200, a six-fold increase, yet crime rates have remained about the same. Though we are still facing a war on crime, correctional facilities are facing a war of their own such as overcrowding, funding, and the one I believe is most important is inmate behavior. By having an activity program, reform program, and reintegration program in the correctional facilities, the inmate has a better chance at life and obeying. In correctional facilities inmates must behave in order to have order and have things run smoothly....   [tags: Prison, Criminal justice, Drug addiction, Drug]

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Criminal Behavior And The Criminal Justice System

- Learning, studying, and developing theories on why criminal behavior occurs is important because it helps the criminal justice system understand why people commit crimes and what type of punishment may work and what type of punishment has been proven ineffective. Criminal theories were being developed as far back as the Iron Age and are still being developed and modified today. Spiritualism, classical school theory, and positivist school theory are just a few of the theories that have helped influence our founding fathers and influence the criminal justice system in America and across the world....   [tags: Crime, Criminal justice, Criminology, Sociology]

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Criminal Justice And Crime Prevention

- ... I mimicked a few lawsuit cases through some mock trial tests and had the privilege to sit in a court hearing at Ann Arbor District court and witness some genuine trials in progress. During those high school years, I was able to vastly improve my leadership and interpersonal skills by working with some after-school clubs as well as some summer camps and organizations. Many include joining a Chess club, a movie and film club, a Chinese Martial Arts club, and some Science Olympiad clubs, during the summer I attended the National Student Leadership Conference (NSLC) for Mastering Leadership (2010, U of Chicago) and Forensic Science (2011, U of Maryland)....   [tags: Crime, High school, Criminal justice, Criminology]

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Prosecuting Juveniles As Adults in The Criminal Justice System

- The word most frequently used to describe the growth in the rate of violent crime among children 17 years old and younger is epidemic. The alarming rate at which children are committing crimes has increased the amount of questions on what should be done with these juveniles. The National Center for Juvenile Justice states how “Every state but Hawaii now allows juveniles to be tried as adults for certain crimes,” so why are people struggling with laws allowing young offenders to be tried as adults....   [tags: Criminal Justice]

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Race and Social Class: Education and Criminal Justice System

- America demands that all youth receive an education and that its educational system is free and open to all—regardless of class, race, ethnicity, age, and gender. However, the system is failing. There is still inequality in the educational system, and minorities’ experience with education is shaped by discrimination and limited access, while white people’s experience with education is shaped by privilege and access. The educational experience for minorities is still segregated and unequal. This is because the number of white children that are withdrawn from school by their parents is higher than the number of people of color enrolling....   [tags: Criminal Justice]

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Mental Health within the Criminal Justice System

- This essay intends to address the role that state agencies, both within the Criminal Justice System (CJS) and more broadly the institutions of education, employment and health, play in supporting and implementing diversionary programs for offenders with mental health problems. Mental health is clearly one of the most critical issues facing the Australian and New South Wales (NSW) CJS with research indicating that offenders with mental health problems constitute the majority of those within the prison system....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]

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Risk Assessments Within The Criminal Justice System

- Risk assessments are an essential component to the criminal justice system because without them jails and prisons could not perform their duties and would not be as efficient. Risk in principle is a fact, yet danger is an issue of perception, how much will society tolerate. People tolerate a lot of risks without noticing the dangers. Risk assessments let us know what is not easily noticed though they still have some blind spots where studies need to be done. The ways that community correction agencies use risk assessments, the elements that are risk assessed, and strengths and weaknesses of most risk assessments will be discussed....   [tags: Criminal Justice]

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Criminal Justice Employees

- I believe that criminal justice employees are unmotivated. Having almost 20 years of experience in the juvenile justice system there have been times that I have witnessed many unmotivated workers. I have also been unmotivated at times. I believe that many people become unmotivated for several reasons. The biggest reason I feel is due to moral between workers and the supervisor. This happens when the supervisor fails to treat everyone the same. He is strict with some workers and lenient with others or he fails to compliment his workers for a job well done but is quick to write a worker up for infractions of the rules....   [tags: Criminal Justice Employees]

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The Role Of Victims Of The Criminal Justice System

- ... The protection of said rights, such as in South Africa where less express definitions between ‘victim’ and ‘human’ rights are being made by policy makers, has become one of the clearest signs as to the standard of criminal justice. However, the consideration of victims by policy makers does not only involve evaluating the extent of the harm suffered by victims or the idealness of their victimhood but also factors such as the perception of the criminal justice system by the public, its effectiveness in controlling crime, and the pressures of populist punitiveness (Hall 2010, p.216)....   [tags: Crime, Criminal justice, Criminal law, Victim]

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Criminal Justice Sex Offender Strategies

- Community corrections professionals use strategies to monitor sex offenders. The main three general categories of supervision are statutory mandates, treatment, and electronic monitoring devices. Due to the fact that sex offenders are the hardest to supervise, there needs to be effective strategies. This group is the hardest to supervise because a sexual act can occur at anytime and anywhere in a quick timeframe. Statutory Mandates The laws and sanctions that sex offenders must adhere to while under some type of community supervision, be it low or high risk level of recidivism, is to keep the community safe....   [tags: Criminal Justice]

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The Criminal Justice System Is Functioning Properly

- ... Additionally, I asked him how does the community benefit from his agency’s work. He informed me that, the community benefits because they work hard trying to keep dangerous people off the streets by enforcing public safety. Next, I asked how the Criminal Justice system benefits from the work of the courts. He briefly explained the importance of the courts within the Criminal Justice system. He mentioned the three tiers of the Criminal Justice system and explained that the courts are a very big part of the Criminal justice system....   [tags: Police, Criminal justice, Law, Crime]

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A Brief Note On The Criminal Justice Field

- Every day in the world many people wake up doing things to help others, but there’s at least 3 million people in the criminal law field (Careers in Criminal Justice,2014) that risk there life to help others and make the world a safer place. Whether you choose to purse a desk jobs or a front line job in the criminal law field there are many challenges people are faced with. Some of the challenges consist of being assaulted, exposed to life threatening things, and being alone in life. It takes a lot to choose a career when you know there are many challenges, but doing so because it benefits others....   [tags: Prison, Corrections, Crime, Criminal justice]

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The Criminal Justice System And The Correctional System

- ... After WWII legislation took it easier on people, juggling deterrence or rehabilitation which is what the people wanted. Liberals argued there needed to be a stronger focus on the economic statues of the individuals in these high crime areas. They believed in the proactive way of stopping crime by given the people on the bottom of the pedestal a voice. In 1968, when Nixon ran for president his argument was for Law and Order, which came after realizing taking on this main concern of the white community would gain him votes....   [tags: Prison, Crime, Criminal justice, Corrections]

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The Common Law And Criminal Justice System

- ... The inductive reasoning is a chance for the defendant to have the top lawyer build new ideas from the ground up and look deeper into the case like going over the, witnesses and evidences as a way to make the case stronger. While the deductive is taking the new information and building on it and is presented as if you are poor and you don’t have any money to hire a lawyer to defend you the court must provide you a public defender who doesn’t not spend a lot of time on your case because he or she probably has about fifty other cases to act on....   [tags: Criminal justice, Prison, Law, Crime]

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Aboriginal Canadians and The Criminal Justice System

- No community in Canada comes into conflict with criminal justice system officials more disproportionately than Aboriginals (Dickson-Gilmore, 2011, p.77). Indeed, Aboriginal Canadians are often subject to both overt and unintended discrimination from Canadian law enforcement due in large part to institutionalized reputations as chronic substance abusers who are incapable of reform (Dickson-Gilmore, 2011, p.77-78). One of the more startling contemporary examples of this is the case of Frank Paul; a Mi’kmaq Canadian who was left to die in a Vancouver alley by officers of the Vancouver Police Department after being denied refuge in a police “drunk tank”....   [tags: criminal justice, chronic substance abusers]

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Relationship Between Criminal Justice And The Media

- ... Price was beaten as deputies screamed stop resisting. Price suffered facial abrasions, swelling and bruised ribs, according to Chief Assistant State Attorney Rick Ridgway of the Marion County State Attorney’s Office. The Florida Department of Law Enforcement database shows Price has no criminal record and had never even been arrested” (p. 1). For this story, the attack was not covered up because the media was able to get the video of the incident to show it to the public. The target was not devalued because the media was able to clear the persons name by letting the public know he has never been arrested before....   [tags: Police, Crime, Criminal justice, Constable]

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The Criminal Justice System And Its Prisons

- ... Howard Sapers just claims that there is an increase of these visible minorities in confinement and exclaims it is the result of bigotry within the system. However, Canada is a multicultural country and there are numerous immigrants migrating to Canada every year. This being said, these amplified numbers of incarcerated minorities will presumably correlate with Canada’s increasing immigrant population. As well, Sapers also stated that one in four inmates are foreign born. With this in mind, it is doubtful that Sapers examined the backgrounds of these immigrants to conclude whether or not their criminal behaviour draws a parallel with the countries that they originated from....   [tags: Prison, Crime, Criminal justice, Punishment]

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Law Enforcement And The Criminal Justice System

- ... Police encounter homeless individuals in many situations – when a homeless individual is victimized, intoxicated, in need of food or shelter, the subject of a nuisance complaint, or is a crime suspect. Police officers are routinely drawn into situations that involve the homeless. Police are often the only 24-hour emergency service providers in a community, and therefore must address these calls for assistance (Forst 1997). When someone is concerned about the safety of a person who is homeless, or feels threatened a homeless individual’s presence, they generally call the police first (McNamara, Crawford, and Burns 2013)....   [tags: Police, Law, Homelessness, Criminal justice]

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Crime Statistics And The Criminal Justice System

- ... Research suggests the main reasons to the lack of reporting of assault cases is correlated with; the victim’s assumptions of the criminal justice system, perspective on how serious the crime is, the frequency of abuse, the relationship between the offender and victim and the possibility of permanent resolution. In 1994, only 32.1% of assault cases were reported to the police in comparison to 78.5% of home invasion cases recorded. Studies suggest the outstanding reason for 34.6% of non-reported cases of assault, was due to the victim’s presumption their matter would be too insignificant for police to be interested in (Dr....   [tags: Crime, Criminology, Police, Criminal justice]

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Police Officers And The Criminal Justice System

- In our society, our security and protection is in the hands of the police. When there is a disturbance in society, we immediately dial 911 to get police officers in the scene of the crime for help. Police officers wear a uniform and a badge that symbolizes protection. Police officers are hired to enforce the laws that were placed, ensure the safety of civilians, and to detain anyone who does not follow or does not obey the laws. Although, people and the media might disagree that police officers abuse their power or racially profile people for no reason, I have not yet come across those situations, nor has my family....   [tags: Criminal justice, Crime, Prison, Theft]

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2286 words | (6.5 pages) | Preview

Criminal Justice System And Law Enforcement

- The criminal justice system is composed of agencies and processes established by governments to control crime and impose penalties on those who violate laws. The way criminal justice systems work depends on the jurisdiction that is in charge. Different jurisdictions have different ways of managing criminal justice processes. The components of the criminal justice system are law enforcement, prosecution, defense attorneys, courts, and corrections. Law enforcement has many roles in the criminal justice process....   [tags: Police, Criminal justice, Jury, Crime]

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1079 words | (3.1 pages) | Preview

Criminal Justice Programs For Reducing Recidivism

- ... ART is a behavioral modification program that aims to reduce violent behaviors displayed by youth in juvenile correctional settings. Additionally, this method works by addressing alternatives to antisocial behaviors, teaches methods for anger control, and raises participants’ awareness of moral reasoning (Glick & Gibbs, 2015). As with other therapies discussed, the success of ART depends on many factors, such as participation and completion (McCoy, 2013). Nevertheless, overall, ART was effective at reducing outbursts of anger which can lead to belligerent behavior (McCoy, 2013)....   [tags: Prison, Crime, Criminal justice, Corrections]

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1399 words | (4 pages) | Preview

Criminal Justice Process

- When a crime is committed against another person, then justice must be served to those who committed the crime. In some cases the crimes involve sexual attacks on grown adults while some offenses are against minors. In these examples the underling connection is the committed crimes of sexual abuse or sexual assault on adults and minors. When these crimes are brought before the justice system they are processed and the convicted are given a sentence to carry out but sometimes those sentences may not provide efficient time to produce the required outcome of correcting the individual or may be determined that there is no fixing the convicted disorder....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]

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1089 words | (3.1 pages) | Preview

Canada 's Criminal Justice System

- ... Maybe this is an extreme example, but If you knew by stealing bread in a grocery store could put you in prison, you would think twice about stealing a bread in a grocery store. Another example would be the increase in fine when using hand held devices while driving. I think it is like $400 something dollar now. This would be an example of general deterrence where punishments are public and well-known, then the rate of crime will decrease. I agree with you on the rehabilitation, I think it is important to help these people, because people also commit crimes for psychological, social, or economic reasons I really like your post and it highlights key points, but my opinion is a little bit...   [tags: Crime, Criminology, Criminal justice, Criminal law]

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1989 words | (5.7 pages) | Preview

Restorative Justice : The And Adult Criminal Justice System

- ... Perhaps one day you steal a pack of bubble gum from a grocery store, and you actually get away with it. After the mini “adrenaline rush” of excitement wears off, almost everybody who committed this act feel shame creeping up in the shadows of their consciousness. There is no escaping this emotion, and it’s nearly uncontrollable. When we’re looking at it from the criminal justice perspective, the raw intensity of shameful feelings is why shaming is such a useful tool in a judge’s tool belt. Shaming is basically the action or process of imposing shame....   [tags: Criminology, Crime, Criminal justice]

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1209 words | (3.5 pages) | Preview

America 's Criminal Justice System

- In the United States of America’s criminal justice system, both violent and non-violent offenders are imprisoned. This imprisonment has led to overpopulation of our prisons, both federal and state-owned. Overpopulation and overcrowding can cause stress on the average, everyday tax-paying citizen as it becomes very expensive to house the over one-hundred and fifty thousand sentenced prisoners each year (US Bureau of Justice Statistics). That number adds up, because even with the over six hundred thousand offenders released each year, there are even more that remain in the prison system (US Bureau of Justice Statistics)....   [tags: Prison, Crime, Criminal justice, Penology]

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2036 words | (5.8 pages) | Preview

Effective Communication in Criminal Justice Settings

- A caution gunshot shot into the air, a verbal demand to get down on the ground, and a sign applied on a correctional facility wall that flows, ‘warning: you are under arrest,’ all have to forms of interaction. Communication involves individuals vocally and nonverbally. Verbal concerns words, and non-verbal concerns written or actions performed. The subjects of conversation for this article includes how verbal and non-verbal interaction impact aspects of juvenile delinquent officers when approaching the public through the press, and its impact in a court proceedings when the officers testifies under direct or oblique evaluation....   [tags: Criminal Justice]

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1685 words | (4.8 pages) | Preview

The Criminal Justice System Is Falling Apart

- ... Another thing that has contributed to the insanely high incarceration rates is the length of time in prison. The length of stay in prison has grown for all types of crimes in the last twenty years. Between 1990 and 2009, the average time served rose by nearly 25 percent for property crimes and by roughly 37 percent for violent and drug crimes, a study by the Pew Center estimates. The length of time in prison might be a more important factor than the increase in the likelihood of going to prison, but both of they are very big contributing factors....   [tags: Crime, Criminal law, Prison, Criminal justice]

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1582 words | (4.5 pages) | Preview

Court Systems and Criminal Justice

- The two types branches of our court systems is the duel court system (Bohm & Haley, 2010, p 288). Each system in the Federal or State side contains numerous possibilities in their jurisdiction with their authority to of the court to hear and decide cases (Bohm & Haley, 2010, p 288). However, the two courts described are: Trial Courts of Limited Jurisdiction and Trial courts of General Jurisdiction. Trial Courts of Limited Jurisdiction is a state court that is referred to as the “lower court”; interestingly some states have no formal legal training requirements to serve as a judge in this type of court....   [tags: Law, criminal justice, law enforcement]

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Criminal Justice System And Its Relationship

- ... 38). The victims’ rights laws could be divided into ten major categories, each serving a special purpose. One of the categories of these laws was the right to be treated with dignity and respect throughout the phases of any justice processes (p. 39). People were also given the right to information, which varies from state to state. Following that second category, people were given the right to be notified of criminal justice proceedings (p. 40). This right allowed victims to be notified of information in oral, written, e-mailed, or automated formats....   [tags: Law, Criminal law, Criminal justice, Crime]

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1231 words | (3.5 pages) | Preview

The Criminal Justice System And Juvenile Delinquency

- ... Thus, the interventions for my program will consist of youth counseling, family counseling, after school tutoring, case management, and mentoring and support for the youths at Miami Carol City High School (Hawkins, 2009). This program will include extra-curricular activities, involving the youths in sports, board games, study techniques, and homework strategies (Waller, Houchins, & Nomvete, 2010). These individuals may or may not have a support system, and my program will offer support and guidance for the youth at Miami Carol City High School (Hawkins, 2009)....   [tags: Crime, High school, Criminal justice, Youth]

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889 words | (2.5 pages) | Preview

The United States Criminal Justice System

- ... Makes me thrilled to learn and gain more insight with this program, at hand, with my pursuit of a Bachelor’s degree in Criminal Justice as an academic goal to achieve. Nonetheless, this program is a stepping stone towards this academic success. “One’s destination is never a place but a new way of seeing things,” quotes Henry Miller. A destination that is motivated by my own greed of learning and enhancing my knowledge of different first world countries Criminal Justice System. Nevertheless, having fantasies of going abroad on one’s bucket list is incredible, but also having an education abroad, at the same stint, is a bonus....   [tags: Criminal justice, Crime, Motivation, Common law]

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The Accuracy of Eyewitness Testimony in the Criminal Justice System

- There has been considerable debate worldwide, regarding the accuracy of eyewitness testimony in the criminal justice system. Particularly, arguments have surrounded wrongful convictions that have resulted from incorrect eyewitness evidence (Areh, 2011; Howitt, 2012; Nelson, Laney, Bowman-Fowler, Knowles, Davis & Loftus, 2011). The purpose of this essay is to consider psychological research about the accuracy of eyewitness testimony and its placement in the criminal justice system. Firstly, this essay will define how eyewitnesses and their testimonies are used within the criminal justice system and the current debate surrounding its usage....   [tags: eyewitness, criminal justice, testimonies]

Term Papers
1837 words | (5.2 pages) | Preview

Addressing Unethical Behavior in the Criminal Justice System

- To understand the ethical challenges in the criminal justice system, I took a look at the three parts of criminal justice, Policing, Courts, and Corrections. In doing so I found that this is quite a large topic. The areas I would like to touch on are; those areas in which the newly hired police officer, lawyer, and corrections officer my face. Having only the training he/she was given in their respective academy’s or in the case of attorneys Law School, and with the Oath of office they had just sworn to, hopefully still in, and the men and women they are placed with to guide them; above all their own s...   [tags: Criminal Justice Ethics]

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Models of Criminal Justice: Exploring the Probation System

- Introduction There are three theories or models of criminal justice. The first one is the retributive theory while the second is the rehabilitative theory and the last is the restorative theory. The first basically concerns itself with the punishment of people by putting them in boot camps , in order to deter their ways. Such instills discipline and fear , which in turn reduces crime. The second one believes that working with these people change their ways reduce crime (The U .S . Penal System :Restorative and /or Retributive Justice ....   [tags: Criminal Justice, Law, parole]

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1855 words | (5.3 pages) | Preview

France Criminal Justice System: 16th Century

- Criminal justice system refers to system of practices as well as institutions of the government which are directed at upholding, deterring social control and also mitigating crime. In other words, sanctioning those people who violate laws with rehabilitation efforts and criminal penalties. It consists of three major parts; legislative whom create the laws, adjudication which refers to the court and correction centre also like jails and prison. Criminal justice acts in such a way that the people accused of crime is protected against abuse of investigatory and power of prosecution....   [tags: criminal justice, legislative, adjudication]

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731 words | (2.1 pages) | Preview

The Restorative Justice System Within Criminal Justice

- ... Both options practice restorative justice however in 1995 the restorative justice practice that the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) chose to use after evaluation of various restorative justice practices, was the Community Justice Forum (CJF). This forum utilizes the police as facilitators and representatives of the ‘community’ along with the offender and offended. By 1998 the RCMP had trained roughly 1700 people in the facilitation of these CJF’s and had seen over 30 different types of cases all of which are considered non violent and involved a majority of offenders under the age of 19 (Chatterjee & Elliott, 2003)....   [tags: Crime, Criminal justice, Criminology, Prison]

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The Cost of Culpability: The Significance of Numbers Inside the Criminal Justice System (Age and Economics)

- Both juveniles and mentally ill adult offenders fell under the above category, it was possible that one could be found not liable due to their age and mental status’ and win a victory in court that could be categorized as legal injustice. Throughout this paper, inconclusive evidence was found that suggested legal definitions were basically written the same but were interpreted differently by various courts. The only noticeable shifts were found in the application of these terms inside the criminal justice system Jenkins (2003)....   [tags: Criminal Justice]

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1254 words | (3.6 pages) | Preview

The Criminal Justice Is The System Of Practices And Organizations Of Regimes

- ... According to Fernandez & Bowman (2004), the “tough on crime” policies legislated in the 1970’s for the intent of decreasing ferocious crimes and promoting effectiveness within the criminal justice system, have been unsuccessful in ensuring fairness for minorities. This resulted in Latinos receiving dissimilar treatment throughout the criminal justice system. The increasing crimes rates and the perpendicular amount of cases in the 1970’s, triggered communal disquiet that the judicial system and constabularies were unable to efficiently dissuade crime.3 Consequently, America has retorted with tough on crime policies targeted at decreasing the rate of violent crime and strengt...   [tags: Crime, Criminal justice, Prison, Police]

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1493 words | (4.3 pages) | Preview

Criminal Justice : Why People Commit Crimes

- ... Military studies the average civilian or recruit coming into the Army often misunderstands the meaning of the words military discipline. He thinks of them as being connected with punishments or reprimands which may result from the violation of some military law or regulation. Actually, discipline should not be something new to you for you have been disciplined all of your life. The article focuses on the consequence of gender stereotyping within criminal justice processing and supervision and its effect on women 's criminal identity....   [tags: Crime, Criminal justice, Police, Corrections]

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1082 words | (3.1 pages) | Preview

The Issues Facing Women Within The Criminal Justice System

- Have you ever observed that we are all somewhat living in some aspect of segregation, depending on our gender, race and class. How do these by-products of society shape the experiences of women in the criminal justice system. As we know that our criminal justice system constructs what a crime is, and who criminals are, which in turn often leads to discrimination against those who manifest the defined criminal characteristics. As such, it allows the media to perpetuate these stereotypical perceptions of criminals in the minds of the public....   [tags: Crime, Criminal justice, Sociology, Race]

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921 words | (2.6 pages) | Preview

Public Confidence Within The Criminal Justice System

- ... Based on these research literature, my first hypothesis is that the average level of participants’ confidence in judiciary will be low. And then, my second hypothesis is that older people has less confidence in criminal justice system. The third hypothesis is that the more important the media in informing the views of crime, the less confidence have in criminal justice system. Methodology Data collection The 2009 Australian Survey of Social Attitudes (AuSSA) is the fourth study in a biennial series that focus on social attitudes and behaviour of Australians....   [tags: Crime, Criminal justice, Police, Law]

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2199 words | (6.3 pages) | Preview

Criminal Justice System And Its Effects On The Civilian Population

- ... Ultimately, the investigator must take significant action to ensure that the crime scene remains unaltered so that any evidence that is discovered remains intact. In this particular case, it would be practical for the investigator to block off access to the room in which the crime took place and the backyard (Orthmann & Hess, 2013). It would be logical to assume that the perpetrator may have unintentionally dropped evidence in both of these areas. For example, the offender left the state of the room in disarray which implies that they haphazardly raided the room....   [tags: Crime, Criminal justice, Victim, Police]

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1010 words | (2.9 pages) | Preview

Technology And How Criminal Justice Is Organized And Put Into Practice

- ... As a result, the public gravitates toward the mass media to provide the information (Pfeiffer et al., 2005, p. 261). Therefore, despite increased access to information, mass media remains a strong contributor to how contemporary society perceives crime. The mass media, which provides society with innovations such as the radio, television, cinema, and the Internet, has indirectly manipulated the beliefs of contemporary society, blurring the boundary between reality and entertainment which has lead to unjust punishments (Kohm, 2009, p....   [tags: Crime, Police, Criminal justice, DNA]

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1495 words | (4.3 pages) | Preview

Racial Inequality Within The Criminal Justice System

- ... The power within identity is that it ultimately controls the world and humanity. Bryan Stevenson states that in the U.S one out of three black men are either in prison or on probation/parole. Within the criminal justice system, it has been brought up that there is still racial and wealth inequality. Stevenson argues that one is likely to be treated better if they are rich and guilty opposed to being poor and innocent. Identity becomes a factor in this controversial issue when it is clear that no one is fighting for the equality....   [tags: Crime, Prison, Criminal justice, Race]

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834 words | (2.4 pages) | Preview

The News Reports Crime And Criminal Justice System

- ... They demanded help with locating the rape kit that was used in the case. Due to the extensive search it yielded the evidence and with DNA testing they were able to prove that Newton was innocent. (Innocence Project, 2006) In 2006, Newton was released from prison. For many years, Newton sat in a jail for a crime that he did not commit. Now a free man, Newton has to regain his life back. Newton’s youth was taken from him for a crime he did not commit. Many years were lost while he sat in a prison, hoping and praying for a miracle....   [tags: Crime, Criminal justice, Police, Criminal law]

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1043 words | (3 pages) | Preview

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