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Crime Incidence Of Crime And Crime

- Recently, the rate of crimes has gradually increased in the society throughout the world. By referring to appendix Figure 1, the crime report has shown the crime rate increase from 2012 to 2014 in Victoria (Cowlishaw 2014). Murder, robbery, rape, illegal uses of drug and insider trading are examples of crimes. Crime is enigmatic, so it is hard to be measured in the society. In addition, definition of crime varies across the countries and there is no universal law exists in the world. This influenced the progression of crime measurement directly....   [tags: Crime, Criminology, Crime statistics, Statistics]

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The Crime Of A Crime

- ... If a person is arrested while a court is going on he has the right for an attorney quickly .When even the judge sends for an attorney for the defendant the evidence and the case gets examined. The judge is the only people who can hold someone lock up on just his suspensions just to examination. If a person is a fugitive from one state and get arrest in another state, they are often times held in the jail. Until the police from the first city, where he committed his first crime contact with the police department where he is being held; the accused stay locked up....   [tags: Crime, Jury, Trial, Police]

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The Crime Of Crime And Crime

- The organize crime usually it forms with the idea of being rich in easy way. People who do this crime are smart because they tend to manipulate others in order to get what they want. An example is the crime that is happening in the corporations where the person who start this crime tends to convince staff that has less education into this type the activity. One of the organize crime is money laundering that is durable because the criminals tend to legalize this crime because they create a legal business....   [tags: Crime, Criminology, Gang, Police]

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The Crime Is A Crime

- A crime is a crime, regardless of how old a person is. When juveniles are tried as adults, it will not only make them understand the consequences of their actions, but it will also help to keep them from committing any more crimes. It will help them understand that even though they are juveniles, it doesn’t mean they are given any special privileges because of their youth. Furthermore, when juveniles receive harsh punishments for committing crimes, their peers will learn from the mistakes of their friends; hopefully, helping keep them from committing crimes themselves....   [tags: Youth detention center, Crime, Prison, Murder]

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Crime Rates And Fear Of Crime

- CRIME RATES AND FEAR OF CRIME IN AUSTRALIA The public’s opinion about the type of crimes committed and their rate of increase significantly influences the development of law enforcement policies (Davis & Dossetor, 2010). However, there often exists a discrepancy between the public view of crimes committed and the actual number of crimes committed which is essentially obtained through statistics from police and victim reports. The difference mainly lies on the public’s perception of an increase in crime rates when in fact crimes rates are on the decrease....   [tags: Crime, Criminology, Crime statistics, Theft]

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White Collar Crime And Crime

- ... He asserted that if not for crime the resources expended on these items could have been used for purposes more beneficial to society. The estimated cost for crime-induced production was $400 billion annually; secondly “Opportunity Costs” which account for the productivity loss of incarcerated potential workers cost society $5,700 a year per offender or approximately $130.3 billion annually. Since crime is a full-time occupation for many, the goods and services criminals could produce is a cost to society; thirdly “The Value of Risks to Life and Health” includes the emotional and psychological impact of being victimized or the fear of being victimized, and the value of lost life and the v...   [tags: Criminology, Crime]

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The Theory Of Crime And Crime

- ... To look at the functionalist theoretical perspective we can look at broken windows theory and Life Course Theory. The simple explanation of broken windows theory is as stated by James Q. Wilson describes it as a “theory of community disorganization”. (Lilly, Cullen, Ball, 2011, Pages 320) If you look at a building that is abandoned or run down you will notice that the property seems to have no proper control or guardian to it. Without control, the community ultimately ends up taking over this property....   [tags: Crime, Criminology, Signal crime, Morality]

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Crime Analysis And Crime Prevention

- Crime data play an important role for law enforcement agencies and is useful for analysis and crime prevention. The two primary sources of crime data employed in the United States to monitor the class and degree of crime are the Uniform Crime Report (UCR) and the National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS). The data for these two sources is gathered, organized and analyzed by federal agencies such as the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) to determine the nature and intensity of crimes and to get information regarding the criminal offenders....   [tags: Crime, Police, Uniform Crime Reports]

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A Brief Note On Crime And The Crime

- ... The last two sections briefly cover capital punishment laws and notable criminals. There were a few errors that I came across, but with just a little bit of research and a new, reliable reference it can be fixed in no time at all. Overall, I believe the authors of this article provided a neutral language and wrote without being biased. There was no opinions throughout the page, just facts. Just about all of the numerical information is backed up by statistics and they are not just random, made up numbers....   [tags: Crime, Criminology, Crime statistics, New Orleans]

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Uniform Crime And Crime Report

- Uniform Crime Report data has many pros, but also many cons that come with it. There are many ways of which the Uniform Crime Report can be superior to, but also inferior to victimization and self-report data studies. According to Balkan (2015), the Uniform Crime Report shows crimes reported to police departments across the nation and is a report produced by the Federal Bureau of Investigation. There are two offense categories in the report: part one and part two offenses. Part one offenses would be your more serious crimes such as homicides, rape, aggravated assaults, and so on....   [tags: Crime, Criminology, Police, Uniform Crime Reports]

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Crime in Canada

- Canada is viewed as being a very safe and stable place to live because people are lucky enough to have healthcare, benefits for unemployment and family needs, as well as maternity leave. Crime is something that Canadians don’t often think about because people feel as though they are out of harm's way. As Canadians, we’ve watched the world experience different threats and crime, and we’ve seen the world fight back. For example, our neighbors in North America, the United States, have gone through terrorist attacks and issues with guns and violence....   [tags: Crime ]

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Industrial Revolution and the Crime Conundrum

- Industrial Revolution and the Crime Conundrum The Industrial Revolution was a period of great change; all through out the world people were flocking in hundreds upon thousands out of the villages and into the city. In Britain the population shot up from “10 million in 1750 to 42 million in 1900” ("Crime and Punishment," par 1). Life in these cities was not only new, but also down right difficult to adjust to, people lived in overcrowded housing, disease was everywhere, and working conditions were unsafe....   [tags: Crime]

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The Theories Of Crime And Crime

- ... The second major area of biological theory is the neuroscience. For example, criminal’s brain has less fear of consequences than non-criminal brain; meaning that criminals tend to not care of what might occur after the crime is committed. Sociological theory focusses on the influence of the organization of society and social conditions. Sociological emphasize the relationship between social structures, like the language, ethnicity, class, and criminal behavior. “Sociological theory looks at crime as a social problem, not as an individual problem” (Boyd, 2003)....   [tags: Sociology, Crime, Criminology, Psychology]

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Is Crime a Biological or Learned Behavior?

- There has always been a fascination with trying to determine what causes an individual to become a criminal. Of course a large part of that fascination has to do with the want to reduce crime, and to determine if there is a way to detect and prevent individuals from committing crime. Determining what causes criminality is still not perfectly clear and likewise, there is still debate as to whether crime is caused biologically, environmentally, or socially. Furthermore, the debate is directly correlated to the notion of 'nurture vs nature'....   [tags: Crime]

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Crime Rate And Crime Rates

- ... Efforts to control "bad" behavior go back to ancient Babylon 's Code of Hammurabi some 3,700 years ago. Later in the seventeenth century, European colonists in North America considered crime and sin as the same thing. They believed evil spirits possessed those who did not conform to social norms or follow rules. To maintain social order in the settlements, persons who exhibited antisocial behavior had to be dealt with swiftly and often harshly” (pg. 8). This makes evident of some of the contentions people had towards the causes of crime had to do with their spiritual beliefs....   [tags: Crime, Sociology, Criminology, Gang]

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Digital Crime and Digital Terrorism

- Digital Crime and Digital Terrorism are crimes that are of high relevance to the roles and responses of law enforcement that involve offenses committed by way of, and aid of computers and other technology advanced devices that includes but is not limited to: identify theft, fraud, computer hackers, inside and outside espionage, white collar crimes, and virus and malicious code writers; in conjunction with digital terrorism in terms of concepts of information warfare and cyber terrorism. All of these crimes are of heightened relevance that requires the immediate assistance of law enforcement personnel of local, state, and federal agencies because of anonymity and how quickly these crimes can...   [tags: Crime ]

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An Discussion Questions On Crime And Crime

- Tincen Vithayathil CRJU 306.WB1 Assignment #2: Theoretical Discussion Questions Chapter 1 (#1): “Crime” and “criminality” are two terms that are one in one with each other. One of the concepts focuses on the act or actions, which would be the “crime.” The other concept focuses on behaviors and influences, which would be the “criminality” aspect. Crime can be defined as an act forbidden by law that can be punished by imprisonment, fines, or both. Crime can come in many ways from violent actions like aggravated assault and murder to less violent actions like petty theft and embezzlement....   [tags: Crime, Criminology, Criminal justice, Theft]

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The Crime Rate And The Fear Of Crime

- ... This theory, I would have some police officers focusing on the smaller disorders that might lead to serious crimes. Broken windows can consist of the officers doing tasks like foot patrols. Which will make the citizens feel safer in their own neighborhood. But there is a consequence of this strategy as, most likely, not many police officers will be willing to do these tasks because they will view this work as boring. But by dividing up the officers I would have one group working with the broken window/ order maintenance policy and the other with CompStat then just switch them every once and a while....   [tags: Crime, Police, Criminal justice, Criminology]

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The Crime Of White Collar Crime

- White-collar crime is seen as a crime performed by a respectable person of high social status in one’s workplace. White-collar crime is the type of crime, the classification of which is basing on the grounds of offender’s belonging to well-educated middle or upper class being representatives of government or business. I am going to argue that elite and low class individuals who committee white-collar crimes are handle in two different ways. The elites who are running these corporations those committee white-collar offenses get prosecuted as civil cases....   [tags: Sociology, Social class, Criminology, Crime]

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The Crime Of Hate Crime

- What is meant by the term “hate crime”. Discuss with reference to at least one type of hate crime, paying particular attention to the social and cultural context in which some identities become targets. Introduction (300 words) Every year the British Crime Survey estimates there are 260,000 incidents of hate crime (Hall, 2013). The Crown Prosecution Service perceives hate crime as encompassing physical and verbal abuse including, physical assault, damage to property, offensive graffiti and arson, threat of attack, verbal insults and harassment (Newburn, 2013)....   [tags: Sociology, Identity, Hate crime, Abuse]

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Organized Crime in Australia

- Introduction The Australian Crime Commission’s (ACC) 2011 report (the report), “Organised Crime in Australia”,1 provides a valuable contribution to the public discussion of organised crime in Australia. The report discusses the context against which organised crime takes place and also describes the various forms and enablers of organised crime. In addition, the report asserts two primary points: that organised crime poses a threat to Australia’s national security, and that it is both more complex and more diffuse than ever before....   [tags: Crime ]

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Securing the Crime Scene

- When the call comes in that a crime has been committed, the police are dispatched to the crime scene. When the police arrive on scene, they need to take control by apprehending any suspects and looking for witnesses/victims. If the scene is not safe, the first responders must secure the area. If anyone is hurt, they should call for medical personnel as soon as possible. The first police officer on scene is usually in charge until a criminal investigator arrives on scene. Depending on the crime committed, the crime scene could be as small as the interior room of a building or as large as the whole neighborhood....   [tags: Crime ]

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Criminology : Crime And Crime

- ... Canada, 2015). The decriminalization of assisted suicide requires the understanding of many disciplines that are hosted by criminology, as criminologists have to examine the legal history of the act, the effectiveness of the law, the harms imposed by the criminal sanctions, and both the intended and unintended consequences of the law (Boyd, 2015: 14). Furthermore, criminologists use different methods to examine criminalization that rely on their background disciplines. Criminologists with backgrounds in law or sociology tend to use qualitative methods in their analysis, while others with backgrounds in psychology and economy often use quantitative methods (Boyd, 2015: 19)....   [tags: Criminology, Crime, Sociology, Criminal law]

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Crime in South Africa

- The above statistics are alarming given the focus of resources to these stations. It seems, from the face of it, that the implementation of Presidential Stations is not working even though these stations were prioritised over others. The former MEC for Safety and Security from Limpopo also realised the failure in 2000 and was quoted saying that In our assessment for the past six months, we have found that the Thohoyandou police station failed to improve in terms of combating crime, instead it is getting worse....   [tags: Crime]

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Crime in South Africa

- When President Thabo Mbeki came to power in 1999, he wanted to make his Presidency an execution administration. There was beginning to be a sense that there were too many strategies in place since 1994 and public perception was that nothing was happening. During the opening of Parliament in 1999, three years after the launch of the NCPS, President Thabo Mbeki was forced to address crime when it became clear that previous measures were not effective. To show the country of his implementation agenda he told the nation that government will work with its citizens to improve their safety and security through initiatives which would ensure that the NCPS was effectively implemented through governme...   [tags: Crime]

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Women 's Crime And Crime

- ... Drug use among women is much more prevalent than drug use men in prison. According to research not only do women in prison a larger variety of drugs than males, but they also use them more often. When taken into account that the number of women arrested for drug crimes is higher it makes sense that they are also more likely to be on those drugs. Over the past two decades the number of women who have children under the age of 18 has increased 131%. Also women who are behind bars or much more likely to never meet their children....   [tags: Crime, Prison, Criminal justice, Incarceration]

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Correlation Between Crime And Crime Rates

- ... Furthermore, the community knew that cops were present and more involved and listed to concerns. Initially, that helped community feel as if they were a priority and concern. Moreover, more cops on the streets help to lessen reported crimes because a lot doesn 't happen when cops are able to be in the area and have a constant awareness of what is going on. However, it takes more than cops just riding around in their cop cars, it takes being actively involved, getting to fully know the area, learning about trouble spots, and observing....   [tags: Criminology, Crime, Crime statistics, Police]

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The Chemistry Of Crime And Crime

- Crime and Everyday Life chapter two, The Chemistry for Crime outlines the various components of a crime. Noting that offenders are just one small element to any crime. In all honesty offenders are a variable waiting for time that all the elements are in place. Violent, predatory crimes only occur while an absence of guardians around a target. Clarke named the check list for a target or hot product as, concealable, removable, available, valuable, enjoyable, and disposable. Equally, fights develop in the absence of peacemakers and a present crowd....   [tags: Sociology, Crime, Middle class, Social groups]

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Assessing Crime Trends as a Security Specialist

- Crime is known as an action or omission that constitutes an offense that may be prosecuted by the state and is punishable by law. Depending on where one may reside, different punishments from certain crimes can depend on the governmental bodies. Also crimes can vary by the jurisdiction from state to state. For most crimes, after a completion of affirmative action one can be punished for the conduct. Many people have the assumption that crimes are the result of intentional conduct, when most of the time it is negligent conduct such as speeding....   [tags: Crime ]

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Street Crime Is Not A Crime

- ... 276–277), a widely respected chronicler of British crime. He documented the existence of gangs of highway robbers in England during the 17th century, and he speculates that similar gangs might well have existed in our mother country much earlier, perhaps as early as the 14th or even the 12th century. But it does not appear that these gangs had the features of modern-day, serious street gangs.1 More structured gangs did not appear until the early 1600s, when London was “terrorized by a series of organized gangs calling themselves the Mims, Hectors, Bugles, Dead Boys … who found amusement in breaking windows, [and] demolishing taverns, [and they] also fought pitched battles among themselve...   [tags: Gang, Crime, Illegal drug trade, Criminology]

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Effective Strategies to Help Reduce Crime

- The question “how do we reduce crime” has been asked for many years. Numerous amount of research has been done on this topic to see if there are other ways to reduce crime. Reducing crime has been a heated debate for many years and continues to be an important topic to study. People often wonder if the policies that are currently in place even work to reduce crime. Statistics have shown for years now that the current techniques being used by police are not as effective as the some people might think there are....   [tags: Crime ]

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Theories of Causation of Crime and Its Solution

- If we studied through the history of criminal theory, spiritual and natural theories are taken as major theories of causation of crime. During medieval period, spiritual explanations were taken as punishment given by god for doing wrong things and any natural disasters like flood, fires, etc were evaluated as curse of high power. In modern period, the basic theories of causation of crime are classical theory, biological theory, psychological theory, cultural theory and conflict theory....   [tags: Crime ]

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The Rise of Organized Crime in the United States

- Organized crime has been around since the 1880’s. It was not until the 1920’s that organized crime began to develop into a bigger problem. Following the victory of Allied Forces during World War I, more and more immigrants began to immigrate into the United States. Some of these immigrants would become the leaders of crime organizations. The “Noble Experiment” would also help organized crime to gain momentum. Criminals were able to provide the people with something they wanted, and with alcohol being illegal, they were able to make smuggling into a big business....   [tags: Crime]

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Juvenile Crime and Socio Economic Factors

- Crime at any age and in any form is a social problem and should be stopped or curbed at any cost. Crime at a juvenile age is on one hand a crime against property and life, and on the other a crime against humanity. It is a much graver social danger that holds the seed of an evident social disaster implanted into it. Criminologists hold different views regarding the root of juvenile crime and that often leads into quite the argument. Irrespective of those theoretical head on collisions, the presence of socio economic factors behind each juvenile crime committed is almost accepted by all....   [tags: Crime ]

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Is It A Victim Of A Crime?

- ... The way that you can obtain a victim advocate is first, being a victim of a crime. In some cases, they are the first person that you will meet, they can be found at your local community service office. They are sometime found on local hotlines that are given to you in your state. Some of the victim advocates that are in your state are either paid staff and while others are volunteers (The National Center for Victims of Crime, 2008). Some of the advocates are survivors who have chosen to help others who are going through their own healing process....   [tags: Police, Victim, Crime, Criminology]

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The Is The Parent Of Crime

- ... This was done for an average of three-and-a-half years. To no-ones surprise, it was concluded that teenagers that grew up in families whose earnings were considered below average were seven times more likely to commit violent offences. And twice as likely to be convicted for drug offences as a oppose to teenagers whose families earnings were a considerably higher than average. However, the team did find that when they looked at families who grew more affluent over time, the younger offspring—those born into relative luxury—were just as likely to misbehave when they were teenagers similarly to their elder siblings....   [tags: Crime, Poverty, Poverty threshold]

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Cyber Crime : A New Type Of Crime

- Crime is a common word that we hear in this era of globalization. Crimes refer to any violation of law or the commission of an act forbidden by law. A nation with high index of crime cases cannot grow or develop well. This is because crime is the direct opposite of development. It can contribute to the negative impact in term of social and economic development. Cyber crime is a new type of crime that occurs in this age of Science and Technology. There are multiple definitions for cyber crime. I will only give the most generic one, which will cover all the aspects....   [tags: Identity theft, Theft, Crime, Fraud]

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Sutherland's Concept of White Collar Crime in the 21st Century

- This essay discusses Sutherland’s concept of white collar crime in the light of whether it is still appropriate in the 21st century. It is worth noting that white collar crime is often perceived as a less serious crime in the society. This is based on several reasons including the fact that the crime receives less media coverage. This incomprehensive media coverage of white collar crime may be attributed to the complex nature of the crime, which makes many incidences go unreported. In other words, it is often difficult to pin point one person as the perpetrator of the crime as it would happen with the case of robbery, knife crime, or drug trafficking....   [tags: Crime ]

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A Study Of Criminology And Crime Science

- ... In contrast to crime science’s concentration on finding the right answers to cease crimes against humanity, criminology emphasizes on the significance of investigating both crimes and criminals independently. If criminology is perceived to interpret crimes, then, criminal science is designated to fix crimes. Since crimes are generated through diverse and varied causes, in order to stop the occurrence of crime, the judicial and prosecutorial institutions need to have a theoretical framework with sufficient empirical data that would allow them to produce effective counter legislations to solve crimes....   [tags: Criminology, Crime, Crime prevention]

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The Role of Federal Agencies in Fighting Digital Crime

- Explain the existing challenges that result from the independent nature of these agencies, as well as the other factors that are common to each of them. In the United States, local, state, and federal law enforcement agencies, including FBI, Department of Homeland Security, among others, have taken on roles to fight computer crimes and terrorism. The roles and responses of these law enforcement agencies concerning digital crime have created challenges that limit enforcement efforts against digital crime....   [tags: Crime ]

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The National Crime Prevention Council

- The National Crime Prevention Council, founded in 1982 to inform people of crime prevention. Crime prevention and Criminology go back to back with each other (National Crime Prevention Council, n.d.). We have to study why people commit crime in order to help prevent it from happening. This helps people who try to help prevent crime understand why it is being committed. The basic understanding of crime has been vastly improved over the past few years and is still growing even more day by day. First, we must understand the two different subjects....   [tags: Crime, Criminology, Crime prevention]

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Neighborhoods and violent crime: A multilevel study of collective efficacy

- Why are some neighborhoods more prone to experience violent episodes than others. What is the extent and in what sociologically measurable ways do communities contribute to the causation and prevention of crime in their neighborhoods. Are neighborhood-level predictors adequate to explain differences in violent crime rates in the respective communities. These are some of the questions addressed by this statistically intense paper published in Science 1997, by Sampson, Raudenbush and Earls. The authors analyzed data from the Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN), dividing the communities into neighborhood clusters (NCs) based on census indicators and geographical contin...   [tags: Crime]

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Gun Crime And Gun Control

- ... The table is split into “10 categories of crime along with demographic, economic, and law enforcement data”. (Moorhouse, Wanner. 7). The authors use sophisticated wording when it comes to the research, at some point it wasn’t really clear to me how those numbers came to be. I had to look at it more than once to fully understand it. For someone like me to read this and not understand how the table came to be due to the use of word, can be confusing. I feel like the Moorhouse and Wenner, did this intentionally....   [tags: Firearm, Crime, Violent crime]

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Transnational Crime

- Organized crime was the first to emerge as a transnational crime. Encompassing the Mafia as an opponent the 1950’s, organized crime came to the forefront because of the high-profile of political ramifications concerning the wealth of those involved in organized crime started during the prohibition era (A History of Organized Crime, 2008) The menace to individual sanctuary on a personal level , transnational crime stops the cultural development of societies internationally. Growth of transnational crime has been multifaceted, invading activities such as drugs, illegal immigrants, money laundering and other criminal activities....   [tags: Crime]

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The Trend Of Falling Crime Rates

- ... Prior to the timeframe of the 1970”s, imprisonment due to crime caused the rate to rise, but as time moved forward the crime rates began to fall. Fixed sentencing reforms impacted change in imprisonment rates over a period of time. There may be an increase in the incarceration rate, but the crime rate is on the decline. The crime rate is on the decline due to indeterminate sentencing which includes presumptive sentencing, truth in sentencing, and the three strikes rule. The question rests upon crime rates and its trends....   [tags: Crime, Criminal justice, Violent crime]

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Crime Rates, Trends, And Variations

- ... Well most LEOs believe that it has dropped because of proactive arrests, faster responses to 911 calls, higher number of LEOs on the streets, community policing, and more random patrols. Thereby all of these reasons could help crime rates go down, but one can never tell with criminals. But, for right now, the Sheriff’s department will take any little drop in violent crime as possible, because it helps to motivate them, and give them that extra push to know there efforts could be paying off. Once we can understand the UCRs weaknesses and strengths it is will allow us to comprehend the nature of crime and crime trends in the USA....   [tags: Crime, Violent crime, Crime in the United States]

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Organized Crime

- In our world, it’s obvious that there are things we never really see. For instance, we don’t know how lots of things are made, what people do behind closed doors, and never really want to find out. However, there is something that happens right in front of our noses and we never know it. Organized crime is the one thing that we don’t know about that happens right out in the open. That pizza joint you go to that’s been around for years, and then burns down when it starts to go under; or those people that look all innocent and then go and do something a little suspicious....   [tags: Crime ]

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The Theory Of Crime And Punishment

- ... Another Positivism is from the psychoanalytical perspective. This theory is based on Sigmund Freud’s theories of juvenile behavior in relation to a specific psychological profile. This theory focuses on the immaturity of juveniles and their ability or inability to make a decision based on primitive drive, aggression and emotional experiences that can affect a juvenile 's psyche into adulthood. There are many other factors that play into Psychoanalytical Positivism such as familial conflicts, antisocial behaviors and difficulty with authority figures.(Bartollas, 2014, p.54-55) Jack Katz took this one step further stating in his book “Seduction of Crime” that many are seeking an exciting...   [tags: Criminology, Crime]

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The Routine Activity Theory Of Crime

- ... Surely we all can agree that there are offenders always waiting for an opportunity to take advantage of a low-risk crime. Whether their motive is for drugs, money, or other motivation, they still have some rational thought as to the risk. If a potential victim is better prepared, they offender will likely move on to a new target. According to Phoenix (2014), the routine activities theory suggests that measures be focused on private areas such as homes and public areas such as streets, bars, and parks because these are the primary locations where crime occurs....   [tags: Criminology, Crime, Police, Violent crime]

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Organized Crime

- Organized crime is a problem throughout the world. There are the drug cartels of Mexico and Columbia, the Russian Mafia, Asian Triads, and Eastern European crime syndicates to name a few. It is estimated that organized crime generates more than one trillion dollars in profits annually.1 An organized crime syndicate works in a very similar way to a government or corporation. There are different streams of income coming from drug and human trafficking, arms dealing, prostitution, blackmail, protection money, and legitimate business endeavors....   [tags: Crime]

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Connections Between Crime and Poverty

- In March 2007 a study done by the McClatchy Newspapers had found that the ranks of the severely impoverished are rapidly escalating (Williams, 2007). The study showed that the poverty level in America had reached its highest point in 32 years (Williams, 2007). Nearly Sixteen million Americans had been found to be in a deep to severe level of poverty (Williams, 2007). The level of poverty on went up after the economic crash in 2009. But has the increased level of poverty led to an increase in violence....   [tags: Crime and Poverty]

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Criminology : Crime And Criminals

- ... 1905 – U.S. Military adopts the use of fingerprints – soon thereafter, police agencies began to adopt the use of fingerprints. 1980 – First computer database of fingerprints was developed, which came to be known as the Automated Fingerprint Identification System, (AFIS). In the present day, there nearly 70 million cards, or nearly 700 million individual fingerprints entered in AFIS.” This was the start of some new ways for crime solving and newer ways to protect everyone’s identity everywhere....   [tags: Criminology, Crime, Police, Crime prevention]

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White Collar Crime in America

- We like every other person in this world, when we hear the word crime; we automatically get an image of a person from a low class in a bad neighborhood and coming from a troubled family. However, who knew that those who are educated and coming from a wealthy family can also pertain to the world of crime and mischief. We as human beings tend to also be judgmental, assuming that only unprivileged men have a drive to commit an offense against the law then a prosperous individual. Nevertheless, it is not our evil doing that we are regularly pushed to foresee this problem this way, especially not when it is the media, the government, and the media are the ones who painting this picture for us....   [tags: White Collar Crime, crime, USA, ]

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The Origins Of Crime Prevention

- ... Much of this research was based on social structure theories. In addition, by the late 1970s and early 1980s there was an increase of National Crime Centers. For example, in the late 1970s, 19 organizations came together to create the National Citizens Crime Prevention Campaign in the United States. By 1979, they had release their first press release and by 1980 they aired their first televised public service announcement with the slogan “take a bite out of crime.” (History, para. 2) Furthermore, by 1982 they founded the National Crime Prevention Council, which is currently the nation’s premier crime prevention agency....   [tags: Criminology, Crime, Crime prevention, Gang]

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Crime in Relation to Sustainability

- Crime in Relation to Sustainability When discussing the sustainability of a community, we must consider the economic, social, and environmental well-being of the community and how these affect present and future residents. The social aspect of community sustainability relates to the rise and fall of crime rate, volunteer effort, and the number of people running for offices that represent the community. The economical aspect relates to the number of good paying jobs, the poverty rate, and the ability of people to find homes that they can afford....   [tags: Crime Essays]

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The Tragedy of White-Collar Crime

- The years 2008 shined a light on a group of people who were considered high society. When the stock market crashed in September 2008, the world shines a spotlight on the financial corporation. Words such as hedge fund manager and financial instrument such as credit default swaps are not words not known to everyday citizens. The economic downturn forced society to ask question not normally asked. The reality that there are criminal who has assessed too many people retirement and investment is a shocking and alarming to the non-professional investor....   [tags: Corporate Crime]

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The Goal Of Reducing Crime

- ... Wilson had their essay “Broken Windows: The Police and Neighborhood Safety” published. The essay was meant to address crime within neighborhoods, and based on the ideas in the essay the broken windows theory emerged. The basis for the idea was that if a neighborhood allowed one broken window to stay broken, then the neighborhood would soon suffer more broken windows. The idea of the theory is that serious crimes such as murder and rape are enabled by misdemeanor level crimes like public intoxication, vandalism, prostitution, loitering, and vagrancy type crimes....   [tags: Crime, Criminology, Police, Crime prevention]

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1092 words | (3.1 pages) | Preview

The Theory Of Crime Prevention

- ... Summarized, their theory suggests that if a persons lifestyle provided many criminal opportunities an individual was more likely to commit said criminal acts. The pros of both classical and neoclasical theories are the higher likelyhood of enacting laws that are simple and unbiased, education of the public of correct actions in the society, as well as the ability to reward honesty and virtue in the entirety of society. The cons are the fact that not all offenders are alike and you cannot expect one type of punishment to work on all people....   [tags: Criminology, Sociology, Crime, Crime prevention]

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1359 words | (3.9 pages) | Preview

Connections Between Crime and Poverty

- 1) Why did you initially choose this article out of the list. I picked this particular Article because I wanted to see if there are more crimes being committed because of the possible desperation people may have when they have children and families and have lost everything there homes, Jobs, and maybe even a Spouse. I was interested in the title wondering what poverty has to do with crime. Is it an accurate assumption that people who are without would commit crimes to survive. I personally think that this Article and the video I watched on You Tube with Barbara Ehrenreich were very interesting....   [tags: Crime and Poverty]

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Theories of Crime

- Many theories of crime are macro theories, which are used to explain crime based on a large group of people or society. While macro theories are the predominant type of theory used to explain crime, there are also a variety of “individual”, or micro, factors which are equally important. Two such individual factors s are maternal cigarette smoking (MCS) and cognitive ability, or Intelligence Quotient (IQ). MCS has been shown to negatively impact the neurological development of a fetus, with serious damage to the nervous system....   [tags: Theories of Crime Essays]

Term Papers
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Causes of Crime

- There are various speculations about the contributing factors or elements that cause an individual to commit crime. Theorists have searched and analyzed for decades, if not centuries to find concrete reasoning or justification for the root or cause as it pertains to criminal behavior. In this essay, I will describe the basic elements of the social control theory and the routine activities theory. I will compare and contrast the similarities and differences between the theoretical perspectives of the social bond theory and the routine activities theory....   [tags: Hirschi, crime, Cohen]

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1558 words | (4.5 pages) | Preview

Age and Crime

- In regards to crime commission, there is one question that is often asked; Is the commission crime an adult phenomenon. The answer may not be so simple. For example, for those people whom are very technical argue that children (juveniles; people under age 18) do not commit crimes, they commit status offenses and delinquencies. However, there are occasions, when serious offenses are committed, when a juvenile is charged with a crime and tried as an adult. For the sake of argument, commission of delinquencies will be equated to the commission of crimes....   [tags: Crime Commission, Adult Phenomenon]

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Crime Decline Of New York City

- Kelly Duffe Mr. Digiovanni November 25, 2014 Crime Decline in New York City There are many different theories that have developed to explain the steep decline in crime that began in the 1990’s following decades of the highest crime rates in history. There have been numerous studies and forums to gather, discuss, and interpret data. The one consensus among them all is that there is no easy answer to the question- why has the crime rate dropped. Some of the many factors that have been considered as possible contributors to the decline include- demographics, the drug market, the economy, increased policing efforts, incarcerations, handguns, lead paint and legalized abortion....   [tags: Crime, Violent crime, Criminology]

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Discouraging Crime by Cracking down on Criminal Behavior: Result is Safer Communities

- Discouraging Crime by Cracking down on Criminal Behavior: Result is Safer Communities The frequency of crimes committed in many communities result in a heightened fear for those affected by this criminal behavior. More focus is required on the methods used to deter crime to discourage individuals from committing criminal behavior. Understanding of what is sociably acceptable and what violates cultural standards in a community is important. Then society will be able to find suitable ways to deject criminality through means of appropriate reprimand....   [tags: Crime ]

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1552 words | (4.4 pages) | Preview

Juvenile Delinquency And Juvenile Crime Rate

- ... The three categories are Violent Crime Index Offenses, Property Crime Index Offenses, and Other Offenses. These crimes are tracked over the period from 1980-2012, of juvenile offenders between the ages of 10-17 years old per every 100,000 juveniles. The charts and graphs present the high and low points of juvenile crime. They calculated that out of every 100,000 youths in 2012, there was a reported 3,941 youths arrested. Out of the 100,000 juveniles 182 were arrested for violent crimes which are classified as murder, no negligent manslaughter, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault; resulting 1 out of every 554 youths arrested for a violent offense.(citation) There are two major...   [tags: Crime, Criminology, Violent crime]

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1087 words | (3.1 pages) | Preview

The Operationalisation And Measurement Of Crime

- Summative project 1 The Operationalisation and Measurement of Crime. Crime is a common feature in many societies around the world with the levels of crime differing from country to country and the variation in the types of crime committed. Whilst trying to operationalise crime I have decided to look at the different variables involved in classifying this phenomenon. This phenomenon affects individuals across the world; whether they have committed crime or whether they have been victims of crime....   [tags: Crime, Violence, Violent crime, Domestic violence]

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An Evaluation of a Situational Crime Prevention

- There is an attempt in criminology to find an all-encompassing theory of crime in order to develop a more scientific approach to crime. This means that a universal theory of crime must be devised. This would give criminology the status of science. Thus, criminology has borrowed and further developed the concept of rational choice from the areas of economics and sociology as a background theory for situational crime prevention (Clarke, 1992). This of course, has sparked a debate among criminologists as to whether rational choice offers a complete explanation of all kinds of crime or its validity is reduced when dealing with crimes of anger, hostility and excitement (Farrell, 2010)....   [tags: Crime Prevention Essays]

Research Papers
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Guns Are Responsible For The Prevalence Of Crime

- ... At the time, homicide rate was between 0.1 and 0.6 per 100,000 people. Three years after gun control, homicide rate increased to 1.6 per 100 people. Guns and Sweets The rationale behind the tendencies of some political leaders to rely on gun control as a primary solution to their crime problem can probably be likened to the analogy that when a child is not introduced to sweets, he will eat less sweets, and therefore will have less tooth decay. But then, just as little kids do not crave for the likes of candies and chocolates for the harm that these can bring upon their health, the gun owners too do not necessarily carry guns with the intention of starting violence....   [tags: Crime, Firearm, Gun politics]

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The True Crime

- ... This suggests that John feels like they would torture her and only cause his daughter suffering. Doyle has John see Drebber and Stangerson this way to show how they are the true criminals, even though they haven’t broken a legal law. Oppositely, Jefferson Hope is constantly breaking the legal laws of the land, yet John never sees him as a criminal. John doesn’t live to see Hope complete his revenge, so Doyle uses Holmes to show that Hope isn’t the true criminal. He does this when Holmes had just captured Hope in his apartment....   [tags: Morality, Ethics, Crime, Sherlock Holmes]

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The Crime Rate Of New Haven

- ... Strain can be defined in a variety of ways; therefore, Agnew proposed objective and subjective strain in hopes of clarifying the meaning of strain. Objective strains are events or conditions that most members of a certain group dislike. Most people, regardless of whom they are affiliated with, dislike many occurrences such as these. Subjective strains are events or conditions that are disliked by people who are or have experienced them. The emotional response that results because of these occurrences are closely linked to subjective strain because it deals with how an individual deals with whatever they have just experienced....   [tags: Crime, Criminology, Unemployment, Poverty]

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1544 words | (4.4 pages) | Preview

The Uniform Crime Report System

- In contemporary society, there are various methodologies for collecting data (Linden 2012). That being said, there are pros and cons to each that are based on reliability and validity; where reliability is consistency of the statistics, and validity is a measure of how accurate the results are in accordance with the research topic. This ties in with how this paper will explore the Uniform Crime Report system (UCR); a measure of crime that is used the most. UCR statistics reflect the crimes that are reported to the police throughout the country....   [tags: Crime, Criminology, Victim, Uniform Crime Reports]

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Guns and Their Relationships to Crime

- Many of my personal views about crime have been changed by certain readings in criminology. One of the most important topics discussed is guns and their relationship to crime rates. In this paper, I will examine how my early views regarding guns and the gun control debate have been changed through criminology. The gun control debate has been swelling recently in the aftermaths of several mass shootings, notably Tuscon, Newtown, and Aurora. The argument about guns stems into more than just mass shootings, the large realm of the debate regards how guns affect crime rates, and whether more guns leads to more crimes or reduces crimes....   [tags: gun ownership, crime rates]

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The Crime Rate Of San Diego

- ... (I like my opening sentence, but I don’t know if it goes well with the topic. I still need to structure the intro in a better way) DATA & METHODS In order to analyze whether there was a decline in the violent rate in San Diego and related it to the decline that the United States witnessed in the mid 1900s, one must first aquire data that reflects the trends in the violent crime rate. In the beginning of the year 1930, data from local, county, state, tribal and federal law enforcement agencies has been collected....   [tags: Federal Bureau of Investigation, Crime]

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Land of the Free and Crime on the Rise

- ... Many people result to robbery as a way to provide for their families. It is no secret that majority of crimes are committed by citizens living well below the poverty line. Any statistic about any crime can be in direct correlation with a poverty-stricken stricken community. Being from Memphis, one of the roughest cities in the country, seeing people steal was as common as squirrels playing in the trees to someone who lives out in the sticks. In cities like that, the motto is “one must do what needs to be done to get by.” Majority of the people from these situations who get locked up are no different than our nation’s school teachers, postal workers, or the millions of others they come in...   [tags: violence/crime statistics in America]

Term Papers
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The Problems with Hate Crime Legislation

- Introduction When the topic of hate and bias crime legislation is brought up two justifications commonly come to mind. In her article entitled “Why Liberals Should Hate ‘Hate Crime Legislation” author Heidi M. Hurd discusses the courts and states views that those who commit hate and bias crimes ought to be more severely punished. She takes into consideration both sides of the argument to determine the validity of each but ultimately ends the article in hopes to have persuaded the reader into understanding and agreeing with her view that laws concerning the punishment of hate and bias laws should not be codified....   [tags: Hate Crime Farce]

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Money Laundering: It Is a Big Crime

- If we have an inquiry into the streets to ask walkers about laundering, the general reaction of most people that they had no idea. The typical reaction is one of the problems that the government in the fight against this form of crime. It seems like a victimless crime. It has nothing of the drama through theft or the fear of violent crime effects on the psyche of people, and yet, money laundering can only occur one underlying offense for example, theft or burglary or drug trafficking has occurred....   [tags: crime, money, theft, problem]

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Should Rehabilitation Be Treated For A Crime?

- The purpose of this paper is to verify whether rehabilitation is performed in prisons or in criminal substitutes to integrate deprived of freedom individuals into society. The jail is a place where people are kept when they have been arrested and are being punished for a crime (Merriam-webster). This aims to rehabilitate and incorporate the prisoner to society as one able to live in it, without the need to re-offend. But are the prisons meeting the requirements. Is our society is adapted to receive an offender rehabilitated....   [tags: Prison, Crime, Punishment, Penology]

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1458 words | (4.2 pages) | Preview

Crime and Punishment, by Fyodor Dostoevsky

- Slow slicing, or death by a thousand cuts, was a capital punishment in 900 A.D. China for those who committed brutal crimes, such as murder. In present day America, the use of lethal injection is one of many forms of capital punishment used to end the lives of an offender. It appears that people, throughout the centuries, have looked for a suitable way to punish a criminal. These punishments have a sole purpose, and that is to take the life of an offender. By taking the life of a wrong doer does not erase the crime nor does it help reform the criminal....   [tags: Crime and Punishment Essays]

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The Crime Of The Criminal Justice System

- ... It is thought that the best way to prevent re-offending is re-integration. The justice process, in this way, strengthens the community and promotes changes that will prevent harm from happening in the future. It is generally thought that restorative justice should be integrated with legal justice as a complementary process that improves the quality, effectiveness, and efficiency of justice as a whole. This program is most effective as it increases offender’s understanding of everyone’s perspective and the impact of their actions on the community that is willingly coming together and helping the offender reintegrate into their community....   [tags: Prison, Crime, Criminal law]

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1521 words | (4.3 pages) | Preview

Crime and Punishment by Fyodor Dostoevsky

- In Fyodor Dostoevsky's Crime and Punishment, the theme of duality and the conflict between personal desires and morals is present throughout much of the novel. There are dual conflicts: one external between a disillusioned individual and his world, and the other internal between an isolated soul and his inner thoughts. It is the internal conflict in the main character, Raskolnikov, that is the focused on for much of the novel. The first of Rodya’s two sides is his intellectual side. This side of rodya is inhumane, and exhibiting extreme self-will and power....   [tags: Crime and Punishment Essays]

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898 words | (2.6 pages) | Preview

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