Your search returned over 400 essays for "Cancer"
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Breast Cancer : Cancer And Cancer

- ... White women are slightly more likely to develop breast cancer than are African-American women, but African-American women are more likely to die from this cancer. However in women under 45 years of age, breast cancer is more common in African-American women. Women with dense breast tissue have a risk that is one to two times that of women with average breast density. Dense breast have less fatty tissue and more non fatty tissue compared to breasts that aren’t dense. Women who started menstruating early, before age 12, and women who go through menopause later, after age 55, have a slightly higher risk....   [tags: Cancer, Breast cancer, Cancer staging]

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Prostate Cancer : Cancer And Cancer

- ... There are three ways that cancer spreads in the body. The process of cancer involve tissues, the lymphatic system and the blood. In the tissue, the cancer spreads from the originated area of prostate disturbing the close area surrounding the prostate. In the lymphatic system, the cancer goes into the system and it carries into the lymph vessels to other parts of the body. The cancer proceeds into the blood vessels where it affects the other regions of the body. According to the Prostate Cancer Foundation, the data show that in 2012, black men were more exposed to prostate cancer....   [tags: Cancer, Prostate cancer]

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Cancer : Cancer And Cancer

- ... Research is under progress and the trials being carried out for non-small cell lung cancer include; personalised therapy, immunotherapy, better techniques for radiation therapy, improved screening and palliative care. To tackle lung cancer, personalised therapy involves researchers looking at specific features of lung tumors that can predict whether a specific chemotherapy or targeted therapy may be effective. Immunotherapy involves using drugs to stimulate a person 's own immune system to recognize and destroy cancer cells more effectively, this can control non-small cell lung cancer growth....   [tags: Cancer, Oncology, Chemotherapy, Lung cancer]

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Ovarian Cancer : Cancer And Cancer

- ... Often the symptoms women may notice are commonly caused by other things: abdominal swelling, pain, bloating, changes in appetite, or other urinary symptoms which makes it even harder to detect a more serious problem. “By the time ovarian cancer is considered as a possible cause of these symptoms, it usually has already spread beyond the ovaries” (American Cancer Society). However, seeing a doctor as soon as you recognize any unusual changes with your body can be the first step in ensuring early detection of a more serious problem....   [tags: Cancer, Oncology, Mutation, Tumor]

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The Cancer : Cancer And Cancer

- ... When the abnormal cell continues dividing, it will increase in the size and swell called cell tumor. There are two types of tumor. One is the benign tumor and the other is a malignant tumor. The malignant tumor considers a cancer, and when it becomes metastasis, it will be spread to the other sites in the body. The cancer cells use the bloodstream or lymph vessels to spread in the body. Also, some viruses can cause cancer such as Human Papillomavirus (HPV), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), and Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)....   [tags: Cancer, Oncology, Immune system, Chemotherapy]

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Cancer Is A Cure For Cancer

- ... Researchers have finally narrowed it down to cells mutating when they are going through division, resulting in cancer cells. In the beginning, there was no explanation for how cancer cells were formed in the human body and why the cancer cells were able to come back so quickly. “Cancer begins when cells in a part of the body start to grow out of control. There are many kinds of cancer, but they all start because of out-of-control growth of abnormal cells” (American Cancer Society, 2014, p. 1)....   [tags: Cancer, Oncology, Cancer staging, Breast cancer]

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The Legacy Of Cancer And Cancer

- ... Tumor cells that are smaller than or approximately two centimeters and have small groups of cancer cells in the lymph nodes, are also designated as Stage IB. Like stage I, stage II is broken into two differing classifications. Stage IIA occurs when no cancer can be found in the breast but there are cancer cells in the lymph nodes in the armpit, or the there is a tumor that is still no larger than two centimeters and has spread to lymph nodes. The other condition that is classified under Stage IIA is a tumor that is larger than two centimeters but is no larger than five centimeters and has not spread to the lymph nodes....   [tags: Cancer, Breast cancer, Cancer staging, Oncology]

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Breast Cancer : An Type Of Cancer

- Breast cancer is an aggressive type of cancer that is found to be the most common type of cancer among women. This form of cancer typically develops in the milk-producing glands within the breast tissue. With lung cancer being the most common type of cancer overall, breast cancer falls directly behind it being the second most common overall. The rigorous disease of cancer is developed when cells in the body grow uncontrollably. These cells can be mutated in some way that can also create a tumor being either benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous) (“What Is Breast Cancer”, 2014)....   [tags: Breast cancer, Cancer, Chemotherapy, Metastasis]

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The Cancer Of Pancreatic Cancer

- Every year 48,960 people are diagnosed with pancreatic cancer, and 40,560 of these people will die from this condition. People have an average lifetime risk of nearly 1 in 67, however a person’s risk can be higher or lower based on certain factors. One reason pancreatic cancer is such a deadly disease is due to the fact that it is difficult to detect early on considering the location of the pancreas and lack of symptoms. The survival rate for stage IA exocrine pancreatic cancer (a subtype of pancreatic cancer) is 14% without surgery; comparably stage IA endocrine pancreatic cancer is 16% without surgery....   [tags: Cancer, Pancreas, Pancreatic cancer, Oncology]

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Cancer And Its Effects On Cancer

- ... Individuals who smoke pose a much greater harm on themselves and their conditions than individuals who do not smoke and are living with lung cancer. The ending of the habit of smoking approach deals with the impact of lung cancer incidences and also promotes the health and condition of lung cancer patients. Smoking cessation is a very important approach to decrease the state of the conditions since smoking does play a major factor in stimulating cancer cells and tumours. However, this approach is very difficult to accomplish for most individuals because of the nicotine addiction....   [tags: Cancer, Lung cancer, Tobacco smoking, Nicotine]

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Cancer And Its Effects On Cancer

- Cancer is a disease that plagues our society, and is at the forefront of scientific research around the globe. There have been many advancements toward cancer research, and in the development of therapies or potential cures. However, cancer does remain one of the largest health issues to date. There are many unanswered questions about this disease, and even with extensive research, it usually leads to more questions. Cancer stem cells are a type of cancer cell that play an intimate role in determining the potential aggressive behavior of cancer....   [tags: Cancer, Oncology, Cellular differentiation]

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Breast Cancer : The Most Common Cancer

- For anyone who has had cancer or had a family member go through cancer knows that it can be a very scary thing to handle. Thankfully, much research has gone into cancer and have been able to diagnose it earlier and earlier with new and upcoming technology. Everywhere you go you see fundraisers for breast cancer. After skin cancer, breast cancer is the most common cancer in women. Although men can get breast cancer, it’s most common in women. Fortunately, breast cancer survival rates have been increasing, “thanks to a number of factors such as earlier detection, new treatments and a better understanding of the disease,” (Edwards, 2014)....   [tags: Breast cancer, Cancer, Oncology, Breast]

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Cancer And Treatment Of Cancer

- ... Gene mutations that occur after birth. Most gene mutations occur after you are born and are not inherited. A number of forces can cause gene mutations, such as smoking, radiation, viruses, cancer-causing chemicals which are known as carcinogen, obesity, hormones, chronic inflammation and a lack of exercise (Rosen, 2016). When cells of the body at a particular site start to grow out of control, they may become cancerous. Cancer cell growth is different from normal cell growth. Instead of dying, cancer cells continue to grow and form new, abnormal cells....   [tags: Cancer, Oncology, Chemotherapy, Radiation therapy]

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Colon Cancer ( Crc )

- ... Someone is more likely to develop cancer if they have a parent, sibling, or more than one family member has had it before. In some cases, it may not be hereditary or genetic. Cancers within the same family may result from shared exposure to an environmental carcinogen or from lifestyle factors (Mayo). Colon cancer does not just form out of nowhere, some changes take place in the colon before cancer develops. Precancerous cells begin forming on the surface of the intestine that can possibly change into cancerous cells and grow outward from the surface and inward into deeper layers of tissue....   [tags: Cancer, Colorectal cancer, Cancer staging]

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Breast Cancer : The Most Common Type Of Cancer

- ... According to various studies, seven out of ten with breast cancer live for atleast five years after the cancer is been diagnosed. The most significant factors which cause breast cancer are family history and ageing. A woman whose mother, sister had breast cancer is at higher risk than others due to the inheritance. The two genes responsible for familial cancer are BRCA1 and BRCA2. According to studies, one in 200 women carries one of these genes. In general, women above the age of 50 are more prone to breast cancer than the younger generation....   [tags: Cancer, Chemotherapy, Breast cancer, Oncology]

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Cancer And Herceptin Treatment For Her2 Positive Breast Cancer

- Breast Cancer and Herceptin Treatment for HER2-Positive Breast Cancer Iham Mohamed Kasem   Cancer Cells within the body normally divide only to replace old cells or for repair. Cells also divide rapidly in the early years of life until the person has grown into an adult. However, cancer occurs when cells start to grow uncontrollably. Cancer cells continue to grow to form new abnormal cells instead of dying. In addition to that, they can invade other tissues, which is not a feature of normal cells....   [tags: Breast cancer, Cancer, Signal transduction]

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The Treatment Of Prostate Cancer

- ... Additional to the discomfort of urination, prostate cancer may have other symptoms like: Blood in the urine Painful ejaculation So, it is extremely important to seek doctor’s advice, which involves a rectal examination. This exam can be done once a year on your physical visit. It is recommended on males as early as 40 years old. There is many videos to educate on the outcome, although uncomfortable , the doctor can palpate the prostate though the bladder wall; abnormal textures can be an indication and further test may have to be order....   [tags: Cancer, Prostate cancer]

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Breast Cancer : The Most Common Invasive Cancer

- ... Fewer than 20% of lumps, for example, are cancerous, and benign breast diseases such as mastitis and fibro-adenoma (a tumor formed from glandular tissue) of the breast are more common causes of breast disorder symptoms. Nevertheless, the appearance of a new symptom should be taken seriously by both patients and their doctors, because of the possibility of an underlying breast cancer at almost any age. There are numerous things that are possible causes and risks for breast cancer. Smoking tobacco appears to increase the risk of breast cancer, with the greater the amount smoked and the earlier in life that smoking began, the higher the risk....   [tags: Cancer, Breast cancer, Breast, Mastectomy]

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Cancer Is The Major Cause Of Death From Cancer

- ... Hence the reasons why Cancer treatments can have such strong side effects, both normal cells and cancer cells can be destroyed during the treatment process. In 1965, an accidental discovery by Dr Barnett Rosenberg at Michigan state university changed the face of cancer treatment. Dr Rosenberg had observed that microscopic images of dividing cells resembled the pattern of iron shavings subjected to a magnetic field. On noting this phenomenon he decided to investigate further to evaluate if an electrical field could also affect cell division....   [tags: Cancer, Oncology, Lung cancer, Cisplatin]

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Effects Of Cancer On Children 's Cancer

- ... This research was started decades ago for cancer in adults and is still continuing. The previous research done in environmental cancers in the 1980s had proved that no substantial evidence could be found to support them as a cause for cancer in children. A push in the nineties by President Clinton had the Environmental Protection Agency looking into causes again. Children’s health needs to be taken as seriously as an adults and needs to be treated as a priority. Improving medical technology has shown a large improvement towards childhood cancer diagnoses....   [tags: Cancer, Oncology, Brain tumor, Chemotherapy]

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Cancer Is An Abnormal Cell Growth

- ... Also within the types of cancer stages, there are subtypes, meaning whether was it type 2B cancer or type 3B cancer. Depending on what stage the tumor is, surgery is usually performed along side with options like chemotherapy, radiation therapy, hormonal therapies. “By convention, short-term side effects include those toxic effects encountered during chemotherapy, while long-term side effects include later complications of treatment arising after the conclusion of adjuvant chemotherapy”(Johnson, M....   [tags: Cancer, Breast cancer, Oncology, Cancer staging]

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A Research Study On The Treatment Of Cancer

- ... 1.1 PATHOPHYSIOLOGY The importance of understanding the molecular aspects of pathogenesis of bone metastases and subsequent complications underlies the basis of developing targeted therapies. The development of tumor metastasis involves sequential steps including progressive tumor growth, vascularization, invasion, detachment, embolization, survival in circulation, arrest at site of metastasis, extravasation, evasion of host defense, and progressive growth.[5] There is disruption of the fundamental balance between osteoclasts, osteoblasts and signaling pathways involved in controlling bone density....   [tags: Cancer, Metastasis, Prostate cancer, Breast cancer]

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Skin Cancer

- “Cancer”, its a disease that has claim the lives of millions, its a disease that so far has no known cure, and its a disease that has many different forms. Cancer is defined as “a malignant form of tumors, which are tissue masses that arise through mutations in the genes that govern cell growth and division” (Starr, 1999, p. 213). Skin cancer is just one of the many forms of cancer that effects us and is the most common cancer in the U.S. Like so many others, I would assume that the major cause of skin cancer was the ultraviolet rays from the sun....   [tags: Cancer]

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Breast Cancer : An Horrible Disease

- ... Not only do women develop breast cancer, but men are also at risk. If detection is caught early enough there can be a high survival rate. Some symptoms and signs are a lump, change in size or shape of breast, nipple pain, discharge or bleeding of the nipple, change of skin color and texture, or breast becoming swollen or feels warm. It is advised to seek medical attention upon discovery of signs and symptoms. It can possibly allow a better treatment option for survival. Although there are many breast cancer foundations, the National Breast Cancer Foundation, also known as the NBCF, saves many people from having to undergo this heart-wrenching disease alone....   [tags: Cancer, Breast cancer, Breast, Cancer staging]

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Cancer and Epigenetics

- Cancer is a horrible disease that takes thousands of loved ones from their families every year, while millions of dollars are being pumped into cancer research, in hope to find a cure. An area of cancer research that does not get much publicity is epigenetics, which is the study of the heritable changes in DNA that do not affect the DNA sequence itself. Epigenetics plays a significant role in understanding the heritable functions of DNA and how cancer is formed. It is through exploring specific epigenetic changes scientists hope to further understand why these changes occur, and how they affect the DNA....   [tags: Cancer, Disease, Cancer Research, Treatment]

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Symptoms And Treatments Of Cancer

- ... There are nuclear scan, CT scan, MRI, Ultrasound, X rays and PET scan. A CT scan is an X ray machine connected to the computer that takes several pictures of the organs. The pictures are the contrasted to know the presence and location of the cancer. Nuclear scans involve an individual receiving small amount of radioactive material. It flows through the blood stream and collects in certain organs. A machine known as a scanner detects the presence of cancer. It produces images of the bones of organs which are studied by a doctor....   [tags: Cancer, Cancer staging, Oncology, Lung cancer]

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Breast Cancer : A Malignant Tumor

- ... As the cancer grows, symptoms may include: breast lump or lump in the armpit that is hard, has uneven edges, and usually does not hurt; change in the size, shape, or feel of the breast or nipple -- for example, you may have redness, dimpling, or puckering that looks like the skin of an orange or fluid from the nipple -- may be bloody, clear to yellow, green, or look like pus (Breast Cancer, 2015). Symptoms of advanced breast cancer may include bone pain, breast pain or discomfort, skin ulcers, swelling of the lymph nodes in the armpit (next to the breast with cancer) and weight loss (Breast Cancer, 2015)....   [tags: Cancer, Breast cancer, Oncology, Mammography]

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Symptoms And Treatment Of Thyroid Cancer

- ... Thyroid cancer has many causes including: gender, age, diet low in iodine, radiation, and family history (American Cancer Society). In the body, the MAPK pathway is an important cell-signaling pathway (Cancer Quest). When the MAPK pathway is activated, it disrupts iodine transport and thyroid hormonogenesis (PubMed). Despite having a high diagnosis rate, thyroid cancer can be prevented. For example, when x-rays or CT scans are needed, they should be done with the lowest dose of radiation (American Cancer Society)....   [tags: Cancer, Oncology, Cancer staging, Chemotherapy]

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Causes And Treatments Of Breast Cancer

- The twentieth century has often been called as the cancer century. This is because more than a hundred types of cancer have been discovered in this century, and secondly, because enormous medical efforts were made to fight all kinds of cancers all over the world. In the early decades of the century, cancer was considered to be a fatal disease, and although many cancers remain fatal, medical therapy has developed significantly over the years such that most cancers can be treated and cured. After decades of struggling with various cancers, doctors are now becoming more aware of the causes of these diseases, how they can be treated, and what can be done to prevent them....   [tags: Cancer, Breast cancer, Metastasis, BRCA2]

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The Death Rates For Colorectal Cancer

- One of the leading causes of death in the United States is cancer. Cancer is a disease in which abnormal cells divide without control and are able to invade other tissues. Although there are several types of cancers, colorectal cancer is the third deadliest form of cancer in both men and women. Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a cancer that occurs in the colon or rectum. Non-cancerous polyps can form in the colon and can turn into cancer overtime. Colon cancer is known as a slow progressing disease (National Cancer Society , 2007)....   [tags: Cancer, Colorectal cancer, Ulcerative colitis]

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Symptoms And Treatments Of Cancer

- Cancer. A word that many people know as a reality. There are many different types of cancer that affect various amounts of people. One especially dangerous cancer is neuroblastoma. “Neuroblastoma . . . accounts for about 6% of all cancers in children . . . The average age at the time of diagnosis is about 1 to 2 years” ("What Are the Key Statistics about Neuroblastoma?"). Neuroblastoma is a devastating cancer found mostly in young children that is hard to terminate but learning the symptoms and most effective treatments can help with diagnosis and cure for an affected child....   [tags: Cancer, Cancer staging, Oncology, Breast cancer]

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Breast Cancer : A Fatal Disease

- Cameron Vick Mr. Collie English III February 5, 2015 Breast Cancer Breast Cancer is a fatal disease with no legitimate cure that affects the lives of millions of people around the world. Breast Cancer, like other forms of cancer, exists in many different types, and some are more lethal than others. Breast Cancer can be defined as malignant cancer cells that forms in the tissues of the breast (Institute). Breast cancer is consistently the most diagnosed form of cancer among women is the United States, and has the second highest fatality rate, behind lung cancer (   [tags: Cancer, Breast cancer, Chemotherapy, Oncology]

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The American Of American Cancer Society

- ... As an international organization, they still have the same goals. Analysis Planning According to MGMT Principles of Management planning works best when the top of the organization goals and action plans are supported from the bottom and middle of the organization (2014). The corporate office is responsible for overall strategic planning; corporate support services like human resources, financial management, IT, etc.; development and implementation of global and nationwide endeavors such as our groundbreaking research program, our global health program, and our 24-hour call center; and provides technical support and materials to regional and local offices for local delivery (American Canc...   [tags: Cancer, Oncology, American Cancer Society]

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Research Paper on Breast Cancer

- According to the American Cancer Society, Each year, more than 200,000 women are diagnosed with breast cancer; furthermore Twelve percent of all women will contract the disease, and 3.5% of them will die from breast cancer (American Cancer Society, 2005). There are risk factors that may lead to breast cancer. There are 4 stages of breast cancer and several treatments, although treatments vary from types and stages of breast cancer. Breast cancer is the leading cause of death among women who are 40 to 55 years old (Breast Cancer, 2009).Cancer occurs when cells divide uncontrollably....   [tags: Breast Cancer]

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A Research Study On Lung Cancer

- Action plan Introduction Lung cancer is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells that begin in one or both of the lungs; usually found in the cells that line the air passage. The abnormal cells do not develop into healthy lung tissues but divide rapidly in the form of tumours. Lung cancer is the second most common disease that is found in many people. Its a condition that many people diagnose during an unhealthy lifestyle such as smoking , pollution or inherit. The aim of this topic is to identify how a patient of lung cancer are treated and how these treatments take effect to enhance a longer life expectancy....   [tags: Cancer, Lung cancer, Oncology, Pulmonology]

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A Research Study On Cancer

- My topic is on Cancer. Firstly, we ask what Cancer is. According to National Cancer Institute (NCI), “Cancer is the name given to a collection of related diseases. In all types of cancer, some of the body’s cells begin to divide without stopping and spread into surrounding tissues”. The history of cancer dates back to the sixteenth to eighteenth centuries when it was first observed and ever seen, researches, time and money has been put into understanding the cancer, but it seems that cancer is always on the winning side evading all medical and scientific researches....   [tags: Cancer, Oncology, Chemotherapy, Breast cancer]

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A Literature Review : Cancer

- Literature Review: Cancer Determine proactive approaches in order to avoid all types of cancer. Why is so cancer to important. Continue reading. According to Chalasani P, Downey L, Stopeck in 2010 Breast cancer is cancer that starts in the tissues of the breast. There are two main types of breast cancer. Ductal starts in the tubes that move milk from the breast to the nipple. Most breast cancers are of this type. In rare cases, breast cancer can start in other areas of the breast. Breast cancer is very deadly to a woman....   [tags: Cancer, Metastasis, Cancer staging, Oncology]

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Breast Cancer : The Most Common Cancer Among American Women

- ... Since then many pink ribbon organizations have been created to help fund for treatments. These successful organizations are raising a lot of funds towards breast cancer research. In the same article in “The History of Pink” the National Cancer Institute raised up to 1.8 billion dollars annually and only five percent of it went only towards the cancer prevention (Fernandez 1). Most of the funds were donated to use for other research or given to other things which are not breast cancer related....   [tags: Breast cancer, Cancer, Oncology]

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Is Cancer A Multi Step?

- As most of people would look forward to lead a happy life and achieve their future goals, what if the health factor is not of them. What if it health factor is not in favor. Cancer is one of the upbringing and fatal disease. Development of Cancer is a multi-step process where healthy cells goes through several stages which eventually changes to abnormal cells and then those cells multiply uncontrollably. In many cases, cancer takes many years to grow. Then, there is a communication between normal (healthy) cells as they adjust each other’s division....   [tags: Breast cancer, Cancer, Oncology, Metastasis]

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The Treatment Of Pancreatic Cancer

- ... Normal cells in the body follow a certain life cycle, starting with growth, division, and then death. Apoptosis is a programmed death within the cell, and the cells break down and then cancer results. Pancreatic cancer cells don’t go through programmatic death, but it keeps growing and dividing. Unfortunately, scientists still do not exactly understand what causes these cells to act like this, but they have identified several possible risk factors. How It Is Developed Pancreatic cancer can be developed in the body by DNA and genetic factors....   [tags: Cancer, Oncology, Pancreatic cancer, Pancreas]

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My Experience With Lung Cancer

- ... Then, I remembered 5 months ago I was diagnosed with lung cancer. How did this happen. I’ve always a strong and vigorous girl. I was 11 years old and I felt like this should not be happening to me. After a while searching around the hospital for my mom, I realized that she had left to my aunt’s house to take a shower and get some stuff for me. The last chemo was very tough and I barely have energy to function. My mom didn’t want to leave me, but I encourage her to go home and get some rest. My hair was falling; my beautiful curly hair was gone....   [tags: Cancer, Lung cancer, Cancer staging, Mother]

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The Prevention Of Breast Cancer

- Breast cancer is a disease in which cells in the breast tissue grow and divide without normal control. The continued growth of cells forms a lump or mass called a tumor. Tumors can then be either classified as benign or malignant which influence the regulation of the cell growth on surrounding tissues. Breast cancer is commonly viewed as a single disease, but the disease has variation among tumor size, location in the breast, or presence/absence of estrogen receptors. Incidence of breast cancer globally has risen due to increased urbanization, and life expectancy....   [tags: Breast cancer, Cancer, Breast, Estrogen]

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The Prevention Of Breast Cancer

- Breast cancer is a disease where malignant cancer cells begin to form inside the tissues of the breast. These cells are then damaged and start invading the tissue of the surrounding area. However, with early detection followed by treatment most patients go on to live a normal life. Breast cancer is most common in women, but can also be found in men too. Previous years show that each year approximately 220,000 women from the United States are diagnosed with breast cancer; 40,000 of these will die....   [tags: Cancer, Breast cancer, Breast, Oncology]

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Telomere Defence Mechanisms and Cancer

- Telomere defence mechanisms have been recommended as potential targets for new anti-cancer interventions (Folini and Zaffaroni, 2005), as unlimited proliferative possibility has been identified as one of the six hallmarks of cancer. The selective reactivation of telomerase largely in human tumours, the ability to obstruct its expression or function is being actively explored. This includes the use of various approaches aimed, firstly to prevent the enzyme's catalytic activity; secondly to obstruct the expression of its components (i.e....   [tags: Cancer Research]

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Colorectal Cancer: Tracking Metastasis and Tricking Cancer

- Colorectal cancer: Colorectal cancer, also known as bowel cancer, is found in the colon and the rectum and has become one of the most common forms of malignant cancer (Cross & Underwood, 2013). Approximately 50% of cancers have been located in the rectum, and 30% have been in the sigmoid colon (Cross & Underwood, 2013). Cancers found in the rectum are usually ulcer type tumours which are easily detected by rectal bleeding (Cross & Underwood, 2013). Colorectal cancer is the second most common cancer diagnosed in males and females (AIHW, 2012a)....   [tags: Cancer, lymphoma, melanoma]

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Fighting Cancer in Canada

- Cancer is the leading cause of death in Canada, responsible for nearly 30% of all deaths in Canada (Canadian Cancer Statistics, 2013). According to Statistics Canada, nearly half of Canadians (45 % of male and 42 % of female) develop the cancer in their life and quarter of them has a terminal prognosis (Statistic Canada, 2013). Due to increased mortality rate over a period of time, cancer became the first priority of Oncologist and health care professionals to develop any method to stop or at least limit the fast killing action of cancer....   [tags: Cancer in Canada]

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Breast Cancer And Its Effects On The Body

- ... One example may be excess redness, swelling, or puckering of the skin on the breast. Other physical indications may include abnormal discharge of fluid from the nipple such as blood, pus, or other yellow/green fluid. Two of the earliest stages of breast cancer are ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) and lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS). In ductal carcinoma in situ, abnormal cells are detected in the lining of the duct in the breasts, but it is non-invasive. Lobular carcinoma in situ is found in the lobules....   [tags: Cancer, Breast cancer, Cancer staging, Oncology]

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Lung Cancer : The Unbiased Killer

- Lung Cancer: The Unbiased Killer Believe it or not, the most frequently diagnosed form of cancer in the United State of America is also the most preventable. According the World Health Organization, lung cancer is currently the leading cancer killer in the world. Lung cancer continues to be the leading cause of death in both men and women. Lung cancer can be in anyone, it is indiscriminate in who it affects, it can affect many people of different races, cultures, and religions. Lung cancer kills more people than any other type of cancer in the United States according to “Lung Cancer Fact Sheet - American Lung Association.” (Wacker)....   [tags: Cancer, Lung cancer, Ionizing radiation, Mutation]

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Patients with Cancer

- This paper explores different peer-reviewed articles that attempts to shed some light on the phenomenon of the lived experience of patients with cancer; supporting the fact that individuality is a huge factor in the care of cancer patients. Manu types of cancers exist and patients should be treated as individuals versus as a disease or diagnosis. As oncology nurses we accumulate knowledge on a daily basis that may be revised in practice. Therefore, it becomes our innate duty to visit the literature and gain the understanding and evidence that will help us in improving our practice of nursing....   [tags: Health, Nursing, Breast Cancer, ]

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Is Lung Cancer Considered As The Fatalist Disease?

- ... The more years a person smokes and the frequent use of cigarettes, the greater potential of triggering this disease. A related cause that has the same risk as smoking cigarettes is secondhand smoke -when the receiver inhales and exhales cigarette smoke from the original smoker. It can also cause lung cancer. In the United States two out of five adults and 50% of the children exposed to secondhand smoke die from lung cancer. On the other hand, if both of the smoker and secondhand smoker quit smoking or not being in the same room when the smoker smokes, diminishing the risk of having this disease is attainable (CDC, 2014)....   [tags: Lung cancer, Cancer, Tobacco smoking]

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An Overview of Cancer in Australia

- Cancer is one of the 9 National Health Priority Areas (NHPA), areas which account for a significant portion of the burden of disease, but have sizeable potential for improvement. In Australia, CRC is the second most common cancer, after prostate (in men) and breast cancer (in women) (AIHW, Cancer incidence projections). The incidence has gradually increased (by 13% in males from 1982-2007) (AIHW, Cancer in Australia an overview). This is compounded by the ageing population and population growth, with 14,860 new cases in 2010 (   [tags: prostate and breast cancer]

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Analysis and Description of Pancreatic Cancer

- What is Pancreatic Cancer. Pancreatic Cancer is cancer of an organ in the human body called the pancreas, which is located behind the lower part of the stomach. The function of this organ is to secrete certain essential enzymes to digest food and also secrete hormones to metabolize sugars such as insulin and glucagon (Mayoclinic). People get pancreatic cancer when the cells of the pancreas develop genetic mutations; and these can form in both the exocrine and endocrine cells of the pancreas, but exocrine tumors are more common than endocrine tumors....   [tags: cancer, pancreas, epigenetics]

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Cancer And Its Effects On The United Kingdom

- Cancer has caused a great deal of grief in the United States. Scientists should put forth more effort into finding a resolving cure to this horrible disease. The way that cancer is affecting the population, that it is taking innocent lives away without reason. The types of cancer that are the main problem in our society are, Breast, Prostate, Lung and Brain, these cancers take the most lives. Cancer is an abnormal growth of cells which may spread throughout the body. One out of nine individuals are killed by cancer each day....   [tags: Cancer, Chemotherapy, Oncology, Breast cancer]

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The Battle to Beat Breast Cancer

- The Battle to Beat Breast Cancer Breast cancer impacts women and their friends and loved ones in so many different ways. Breast cancer can be devastating. Many women die yearly due to breast cancer. Families are shattered by this killer. Spouses are left to try and pick up the pieces and carry on without their companions. Men are left to raise their children without their mothers. Children are left to face life’s journeys without their mothers. There are ways to detect breast cancer and if detected early, may possibly be the difference between life and death....   [tags: women, cancer treatment]

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Risk And Genetics Of Women With Breast Cancer

- The article discuss the risk and genetics of women with breast cancer. In the article womens genetic genes were tested to determine DNA methylation and the family members percentage at risk. We discovered that women who inherit mutation BRCA 1 and BRCA 2 genes are at a greater risk for developing breast cancer. Racial and ethnic population whose mutation in BRCA 1 gene and BRCA 2 are more common. People in other continents have a higher mutation in BRCA 1 and BRCA 2, which have a greater risk in breast cancer than any other continent....   [tags: Cancer, DNA, Breast cancer, Family]

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Cause and Effects of Pancretic Cancer

- Pancreatic cancer can show various symptoms or signs to people in the body. Majority of the time, symptoms are not apparent until the cancer has developed and spread in the area. These symptoms that develop are not specific in the pancreas, because they mirror other problems. If the cancer is in the head of the pancreas, it can cause symptoms like nausea, jaundice, weight loss, itching, dark urine, abdominal pain, back pain, light stool color, and vomiting. In the body or tail of the pancreas, the symptoms could be weight loss and belly and/or back pain....   [tags: symptoms, factors, cause, cancer]

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Symptoms And Treatment Of Cancer Patients

- ... Cancer was thought to be caused by fermenting and degenerating lymph. Next is the Blastema Theory. In 1838, a German pathologist Johannes Muller demonstrated that cancer was made of cells and not lymph, but believed that the cancer cells did not come from normal cells. His student, Rudolph Virchow, determined that all cells, including cancer cells, come from other cells. In the Chronic Irritation Theory Virchow thought chronic irritation was the cause of cancer; instead, according to German surgeon Karl Thiersch, the cancer cells spread through the growth of malignant cells and not liquid....   [tags: Cancer, Oncology, Chemotherapy, Metastasis]

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American Cancer Society : The United States

- ... As you can see, important events occurred during the funding and establishment of this organization that has made them successful. The organization has become well known around the country and became international as well. As an international organization, they still have the same goals. Analysis Planning According to MGMT Principles of Management planning works best when the top of the organization goals and action plans are supported from the bottom and middle of the organization (2014). The corporate office is responsible for overall strategic planning; corporate support services like human resources, financial management, IT, etc.; development and implementation of global and nationw...   [tags: Cancer, Oncology, American Cancer Society]

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Breast Cancer : The Pink Ribbon Campaign

- In a time where cancer is quite common it is no wonder that there has become a normalization towards female cancer patients. The normalization of cancer in females can be broken down by what we call the pink ribbon campaign complex. It is how cancer has become a cultural and social norm that once a woman is diagnosed with cancer, she becomes a warrior against her body in the fight to become a survivor and cancer free. This normalization has reached to a point where it can be seen in marketing products....   [tags: Woman, Gender, Breast cancer, Cancer]

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How is Cancer created and Breast Cancer Analysis

- Our Bodies seem to amaze us with what they are capable of. Birth till death, our lives are a continuous cycle. The life of a cancer cell amazes me from where it begins and where it ends off. In breast cancer, the cancer cell is much more fascinating.What causes the cells to start their cancerous cycle.The factors that cause the activation of dormant cancer cells are, radiation, health, lifestyle and genetics. Our bodies are the holders of over 60-90 trillion cells. Once a cells dies out, a new one is born; using the process of mitosis....   [tags: cancer cells, cancerous cycle, mitosis]

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Immunotherapy, What it Means for Cancer Treatments

- For years the go to cancer treatment has been very invasive and often created hardships for patients. Today we are on the fast track of a breakthrough that could redefine typical cancer treatments, one that could and will save thousands who are at risk. According to the Center of Disease Control (CDC), despite great efforts to develop better treatments, more than 7.6 million people worldwide died from cancer alone in 2013, with that number growing each year (CDC 2014). It would be unlikely that there will ever be a single cure for all cancers....   [tags: Cancer Treatment, Invasive, Cancer patients]

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An Evaluation of Be Clear on Cancer

- The aim of this essay is to evaluate the implications of the recent government health initiative ‘Be Clear on Cancer’. Here, a brief history of why the initiative was introduced in relation to public health and the political agenda will be discussed. However, it is first essential to understand how the modern healthcare has been shaped by historic and recent developments. Furthermore, understanding the influence on healthcare practice of healthcare theories and various models will be investigated in this essay....   [tags: Cancer and Public Health]

Term Papers
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Use of PET for the Detection of Cancer

- Prostate cancer imaging with 18F-fluorocholine A combination of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing and transrectal ultrasound-guided biopsy is generally used for the detection of prostate cancer [17]. However, conventional prostate biopsy, even using 6–12 needle samples, is susceptible to sampling error with a false- negative rate as high as 30–40% [18, 19]. In addition, postradiotherapy prostate biopsies are prone to problems in interpretation (due to the presence of radiation effects and the lack of knowledge of the time required for residual tumour to become nonviable after radiation [20]) and transrectal ultrasound-guided sextant biopsy typically understages disease in patients with...   [tags: Prostate cancer imaging]

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The Problem Of Cancer Treatment

- ... Next, cancer treatment has issues on which one is the best. Everyone who has looked into the different types of cancer treatment has not found only one to cure it. There are many different ways to try and cure cancer. One way to cure brain and pancreatic is by an experimental vaccine is showing promise against glioblastoma multiforme, the most common and aggressive form (Begley).This is just one of the many more ways that scientists have discovered. Some cancers are so deadly. One can not have treatment because it will just kill them....   [tags: Cancer, Metastasis, Oncology, Chemotherapy]

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Why Cancer Is A Disease Of Dna

- ... These special abilities include: 1) the ability to ignore the “stop dividing” command 2) serious problems with their DNA 3) avoidance of cell suicide command 4) ability to convince blood vessels within close proximity to create infrastructure they need to survive 5) immortality of cancerous cells that do not die off due to defects 6) ability to metastasize by invade nearby tissues. The last two abilities making cancer most problematic and deadly as local tumors can generally be removed. It is when cancer metastasizes to other areas of the body that make it difficult to treat....   [tags: Cancer, Oncology, DNA, Gene]

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Breast Cancer : A Serious Disease

- ... However mutation does occur with this gene. When proto-oncogenes get mutated, it is called oncogenes. It increases the risk of causing cancer in the cells. Tumor-suppressor genes makes sure that a cell does not stray away towards cancer. The protein from the tumor-suppressor gene keeps the cell division under control. When the gene gets mutated, it is a huge problem because the cell is no longer protected. It will likely become cancerous. These mutations are just causing the cell to start dividing uncontrollably and therefore making the risk of getting it much higher....   [tags: Cancer, DNA, Genetics, Cell]

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Symptoms And Treatment Of Skin Cancer

- ... Although skin cancer is developed from the mutations, there are certain precautions set in place to combat cancer from developing. Each cell has the needed tools to repair themselves, and if they’re not able to make these repairs they will destroy the mutated cells. Although cells are able to repair themselves, when the ultraviolet light penetrates them too often the cells are unable to repair or remove the damaged areas of the skin. Once these cells are unable to repair the damage or the cells are destroyed themselves, they continue to replicate and spread....   [tags: Cancer, Ultraviolet, DNA, Mutation]

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The Effects Of Tamoxifen And Letrozole On Breast Cancer

- ... Although these two agents are categorized the same, the effects are different. Since the 1970s, the ER antagonist, tamoxifen (Nolvadex) has been the treatment option for breast cancer. It is usually prescribed to both men and postmenopausal women with early onset metastatic ER-positive breast cancer who already went through surgery, radiation and/or chemotherapy beginning the treatment process. The antagonistic properties of tamoxifen further considered to reduce risk of tumor growth and prevention method for those who are at a higher risk of breast cancer due to age, genetics or physical predispositions (i.e....   [tags: Breast cancer, Cancer, Estrogen, Menopause]

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Is Cancer A Dangerous Disease?

- ... Another reason that cancer is so dangerous is because of how common it really is, cancer can affect anyone no matter the age, race, occupation, or gender. Cancer has become increasingly common and the sad truth is that “nearly 36% of men and women will be diagnosed with cancer at some point in their lifetime (Cancer Statistics)”. That’s almost fifty percent, meaning that one in two people have cancer. Other polls and statistics have shown that this number will continue to rise as industries and pollution becomes more and more common....   [tags: Cancer, Leukemia, Chemotherapy, Oncology]

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Designing Cancer Vaccine against Lung Cancer

- Lung cancer is a leading cause of death worldwide both in men and women. It accounts for nearly 1.2 million deaths per year. Over the last few years many advances have been made in the field of surgery, chemotherapy and radiations for treating this deadly cancer but they are unlikely to result in cure. Lung cancer is associated with very bad prognosis. So there is a dire need of developing novel therapeutic vaccines for improving prognosis of this disease Cancer therapeutic vaccines are designed to regulate the host tumour interactions in order to shift the balance from tumour acceptance to tumour control....   [tags: Lung Cancer, Cause of Death, Treatments]

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Tracking Metastasis and Tricking Cancer

- Carcinoma is a cancer that begins to develop in epithelial cells. These cells include the lining or tissue of an organ or in the skin (Australian Institute of Health Welfare & Australasian Association of Cancer, 2012). There are two types of carcinoma cells, basal cells and squamous cells (American Cancer Society, 2012). Basal cell carcinomas are the cells that develop in the basal cell layer of the epidermis (American Cancer Society, 2012). Squamous cell carcinomas are cells that are more likely to develop in the fatty tissue beneath the skin (American Cancer Society, 2012)....   [tags: Carcinoma, metastasis, cancer]

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Cancer: What Everyone Should Know

- Cancer: What Everyone Should Know Cancer bombarded an estimate of 1,638,910 people in the United States alone and killed roughly 577,190 people ( Nearly half of the people who were diagnosed with cancer died, why. It is not because Oncologists are not caring for the patients properly or that cancer research is not progressing. It is simply because awareness about cancer is at a bare minimum. It is true, some cultures dedicate the month of October to Breast Cancer Awareness, but Breast Cancer is not the only cancer that intrudes people’s bodies....   [tags: cancer, tumor, disease, cancer awareness]

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The Cure For Cancer : How Far We Now

- ... In some cases, the cause of cancer can be as simple as genetic predisposition. Parents who have certain types of cancer put their children at risk of developing the same disease. In 1886, a Brazilian ophthalmologist discovered this concept when he observed that a father, who had cancer of the eye, passed the disease on to two of his seven sons (“Milestones in Cancer Research”). Genetics play a large role in the cause of cancer, but are not always the reason. Cancer is a very unpredictable disease....   [tags: Cancer, Oncology, Breast cancer]

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1883 words | (5.4 pages) | Preview

Cancer: Risk for Thromboembolic Events

- Cancer is a recognized risk for thromboembolic events (TEE) with rates in this population being up to four higher than the general population [1,2]. Indeed, up to 30% of TEE occur in cancer patients [3-5]. These events, in addition to attendant morbidity and mortality contribute additional economic burden to the health care system with costs of hospital management estimated at about $20,000 per patient [6,7]. TEE are held to be the second leading cause of death in cancer patients [8] and patients with TEE over all have poorer outcomes with a 2 fold increase in death rate within 2 years of diagnosis in patients with breast cancer [9]....   [tags: breast cancer patients]

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Women Coping with Breast Cancer

- Women Coping with Breast Cancer Coping has been closely connected to stress; it involves a process by which a person attempts to restore balance in response to a stressful life event (Henderson, Gore, Davis, and Condon, 2003). The most common cancer among Canadian women in 2010 is breast cancer. An average of 445 Canadian women will be diagnosed with breast cancer and an average of 100 Canadian women will die of breast cancer every week (Canadian Cancer Society, 2010). Coping with breast cancer has been defined as being emotionally and physically challenging for women and their families (Henderson et Al., 2003)....   [tags: Health, Diseases, Cancer Diagnosis]

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Symptoms And Treatment Of Cancer

- ... However this usually does not kill off all the dangerous cells, so the surgery is then followed up by chemotherapy. Chemotherapy is used to lessen the effects of, and hopefully eliminate, the cancer inside the patient’s body by putting chemicals into the body that reacts with the disease, limiting the division of the cancer cells inside to erase remnants of the disease. Cancer cells are destroyed by the drugs, occurring in the center of the cancer cell, known as the nucleus, which holds the genetic material....   [tags: Cancer, Chemotherapy, Oncology, Metastasis]

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1129 words | (3.2 pages) | Preview

My First Child With Cancer

- ... This number is equal to is more than a classroom of kids per day. There are many different types of childhood cancers including, Bone Cancer, Brain Cancer, Leukemia, Hepatoblastoma, Lymphoma, Neuroblastoma, Retinoblastoma, Rhabdoid Tumors, Sarcomas, and Wilms Tumor (Diagnosing Childhood Cancers). As with any disease, each cancer has different symptoms, treatments, and outcomes. The causes of most childhood cancers are not known, but about 55 of all cancers in children are caused by an inherited mutation (Cancer in Children)....   [tags: Oncology, Cancer, Chemotherapy, Tumor]

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1617 words | (4.6 pages) | Preview

Chemotherapy Effects in Cancer Patients

- Chemotherapy Effects in Cancer Patients When we hear the words, cancer treatment, our minds naturally shoot straight to chemotherapy. Chemotherapy is one of the most commonly used ways to treat cancer. Chemotherapy did not have original plans to treat cancer patients, but it did have other plausible problems to aid. After WWII, lymphoma, a form of chemotherapy, was used to help soldiers who were harmed by mustard gas (Chemo Brain, 2012). This medical advancement continued to progress into what we now know as chemotherapy....   [tags: Cancer Treatments, Chemotherapy History]

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1190 words | (3.4 pages) | Preview

The HPV Vaccine and Its Effect on Cancer Screening and Prevention

- The HPV vaccine and its effect on cancer screening and prevention Introduction Human Papillomavirus(HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection in the United States, according to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention(CDC) around 20 million people are infected with HPV and additional 6.2 million people are newly infected every year. According to National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in 2003-2004 among sexually active women (57% of 14 to 19 years and 97% of 20 to 59 years) HPV was highest prevalent in youngest age group (40% of 14-19 years and 50% of 20-24 years)....   [tags: HPV Cancer, Cervical Cancer]

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1653 words | (4.7 pages) | Preview

Prostate Cancer and PSA Testing

- Introduction Prostate Cancer (PCa) is the most common cancer affecting men and the second leading cause of cancer death among American men (Qaseem, Denberg, Owens, & Shekelle, 2013). Medical professionals have been using prostate specific antigen (PSA) screenings along with digital rectal exam (DRE) for many years to screen for prostate cancer. PSA was first identified in 1966 in semen, followed by the identification of PSA in blood in 1979. The PSA test has been approved for use since 1994 to detect early prostate cancer....   [tags: Pros, Cons, Prostate Cancer]

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1251 words | (3.6 pages) | Preview

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