Your search returned over 400 essays for "Biological"
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The Biological Factors, And The Free Will

- When looking at a person’s life, there are many factors to consider, social strains, biology, free will, and up-bringing to name a few. Each of them is very important, but today I will e discussing the biological factors, and the free will. Free will is the ultimate or final decider of one’s life path, and although factors of determinism might give one their foundation or starting point, free will takes you the rest of the way. That being said, it is important to remember that free will and determinism are not mutually exclusive....   [tags: Free will, Determinism, Biological determinism]

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Biological Weapons Convention Treaty

- The Biological Weapons Convention treaty also known as the Biological and Weapons Toxin Convention was established in 1972. This treaty was created in the efforts to stop the production of Biological weapons and the use of it in combat. As well as banning the use of its delivery systems and storage facilities. In 1972 over 158 countries came to an agreement and signed the Biological Weapons Convention treaty. Although the treaty was signed in 1972 it did not take effect until 1975. This treaty only affected the countries who actually signed it....   [tags: biological warfare, toxins]

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Effects of Biological and Chemical Warfare

- “The gas instantly caused severe burning in their throats and lung. The men clutched their chests, coughed, and gasped for breath. Attempts to shield themselves from the gas were largely futile. Many tried to burrow their noses and mouths or to cover them with cloth, but the moist, dense poison penetrated everything” (Taylor 17). Those were the effects of chlorine quoted by an eyewitness. The gases and biological agents used against people in war are very cruel. They cause lots of deaths in short periods of time, leaving lasting effects wherever they are unleashed....   [tags: Biological Weapon, Viral and Bacteria Pathogens]

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The Biological Integrated Detection System

- The Biological Integrated Detection System The Biological Integrated Detection System is a United States Army asset that provides the ability to alert, detect, analyze, identify and report the presence of biological agents on the battlefield. In today’s world of ever expanding and uncertain chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear (CBRN) threats, it is more important than ever to understand the availability of tools used to protect the populace. In the United States of America, the citizenry is fortunate to have the United States Army as a front line resource that maintains elements within its organization to guard against these threats....   [tags: US army, battlefield, biological threats]

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Biological Weapons: A Cheap and Effective Threat

- Biological weapons hold a terrifying reputation. Because of this, one might hope that in fact, the weapons are ineffective and aren’t a serious threat. Unfortunately, this notion is completely flawed. The troubling truth is that biological weapons are very effective and can be easily obtained or made by opposing countries or terrorists. If you are thinking otherwise, consider this quote: “Myths to the contrary, the biological warfare and bioterrorist threats are real and require the full commitment of the United States and its allies to have a well-funded biodefense effort to produce an effective defense (Davis).” Not only is bio-warfare a threat, it is so serious that full commitment of the...   [tags: Biological, Chemical, and Nuclear]

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Biological Integrated Detection Systems

- There are many countries that are believed to have established programs in offense to biological warfare. Some of the distinguished countries include: Syria, Russia, China, Iran, Israel, Egypt, and North Korea. The easiest way to begin explaining Biological warfare is to consider any living organism and its possible potential to be used as a way of causing harm, injury, and even death to any population of people (Hooker, 2014). Organisms may consist of bacteria, fungi, or viruses. There are also toxins that may be found in any natural environment that have the potential to be used as a biological attack on any one person or population....   [tags: biological warfare, Syria, Russia, Egypt]

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Use of Typhoid as a Biological Terrorism Weapon

- Introduction Salmonella typhoid bacteria have over 100 strains in the world today. Most cause illness in humans, but only a few of those strains cause the illness Typhoid Fever (Pike, 2014). Typhoid is a bacterium that has been very devastating to the human race for centuries. Typhoid thrives in undeveloped countries and countries with high populations and poor sanitation procedures. But, it is still a relevant disease here in the United States because of its ease of spread once someone is infected (Pollack, 2003)....   [tags: Biological Terrorism Essays]

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Soviet Union Biological Substance Preparation

- The Soviet Union’s Biological Substance Preparation program also known as Biopreparat was created in 1973; the main idea was to establish an entity that would not leave any “footprints” of biological weapons activity in the Soviet Union. This was needed since the Soviet Union had signed the Biological Weapons Convention in 1972, which banned the mass production, and used of biological weapons. So to avoid drawing any attention to the link between the Bioperparat and the 15th Directorate, communication only occurred at the headquarters level with no direct contact....   [tags: biopreparat, biological weapons, tartar army]

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Biological Processes and Catalysts for the Process of Nitrogen Fixation

- Nitrogen is one the most inert chemicals after the noble gases, which makes it a great environment for the performance of limited chemical reactions.8,9,14,15 There is no surprise that nitrogen is a great choice because of its high dissociation energy, high ionization energy, and the inability to access its highest vacant molecular orbitals.15 Molecular dinitrogen is a tightly wound nonpolar molecule in character with σ and π electrons.14 The inertness of molecular dinitrogen makes practicable activation a challenge for chemists, but nature can do this process easily.10,14 Nitrogen is not only an important element in the area scientific research, but biological processes also have a muc...   [tags: nitrogren, biological systems, dinitrogen]

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DNA: One of the Biological Macromolecules that Contain Knots

- Summary In the article “One- pot pentaknot,” published by Advance Online Publishers and submitted to the Nature Chemistry Journal in November, 2011, Ayme Et. Al., (2011) describes DNA as one of the biological macromolecules that contain knots. The report states that knots are also found in proteins and are important structural components of deoxyribonucleic acids. Similarly, the report, “New Motifs in DNA nanotechnology” by Seeman et al, (1998) outlines the importance of knots in DNA and the ability of various types of DNA to form knots....   [tags: biological information, phenotype]

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Explaining Why Biological Warfare Cannot be Explained with the SCOT Theory, Actor-Network Theory and Technological Systems Theory

- The purpose of this essay is to explain why it will be a problem to explain biological warfare with the SCOT theory, actor-network theory and technological systems theory. Social Construction of Technology (SCOT) is a theory that was introduced by Weiber Bijker that explains the link between social and technical processes of a technology or artifact. Bjiker argued that technology is shaped by human engineers, market forces, consumer’s needs and demands. In SCOT, technology is a social construction....   [tags: biological warfare]

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The Dangers of Military Biological Testing

-     Abstract: Across the United States for the past half a century, the Department of Defense and the U.S. Army have been releasing biological agents over the very population they are supposed to protect. Although few Americans know it, open-air biological testing of stimulants such as aspergillus fumigatus, zinc cadmium sulfide, bacillus subtilis, and serratia marcescens has been taking place over populated areas since at least 1949. Between 1949 and 1969, the military admits to having conducted 239 open-air tests over populated areas in the United States....   [tags: Biological Testing Essays]

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Biological Basis Of Behavior

- Biological Basis Of Behavior Primary Behaviors of Schizophrenia Schizophrenia is defined as a "devastating psychotic disorder that may involve characteristic disturbances in thinking (delusions), perception (hallucinations), speech, emotions, and behavior (Durand and Barlow 443). This disorder affects nearly 2.5 million people. The symptoms of schizophrenia are usually divided into two categories, positive and negative. The positive symptoms include delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech or thinking, grossly disorganized behavior, and catatonic behaviors, which means that you suffer from motor immobility (   [tags: Science Biology Biological Essays]

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The Threats of Biological Warfare

- The term “biological warfare” has been used quite frequently lately. We see it on the news, read it in magazines and newspapers, and hear about it in the political rhetoric of the day. However, the sad reality is that most Americans are not well informed about how dangerous the threat of biological warfare really is. Not only that, but our own government is not even prepared to deal with a biological attack, something that is more probable than most of us would like to believe. Biological warfare is not all that complicated....   [tags: Biological Warfare War Weapons Essays]

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Biological Warfare: Testing and Researching Toxins

- Biological Warfare: Testing and Researching Toxins Biological Warfare is the use and employment of biological agents to harm or kill humans, animals, or plant life. Bio warfare can cause a significant amount of casualties with less preparation and work then other types of attacks. The weapons are relatively cheap and, unlike explosive attacks, biological attacks can be used to kill a select group. This meaning a biological agent can be created that would, for example only target animals or only target humans....   [tags: Biological Warfare Research Essays]

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The Funding of Making Chemical and Biological Weapons

- The Funding of Making Chemical and Biological Weapons Will the human race still be in existence in fifty more years. Although likely, there is a very real possibility that we will not be here. For example, after the Gulf War, we found Saddam Hussein stockpiling Weapons of Mass Destruction. Did you know that he had enough weapons to kill every single human, dog, and cow on the face of the earth. When I found that out, I thought it was very interesting, so I decided to do a report on it. If you keep reading, you’ll find out what I’ve found out....   [tags: Chemical Biological Weapons War Essays]

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Chemical and Biological Weaponry

- Chemical and Biological Weaponry Introduction: A Modern Day Trojan Horse Although the envelope resembled a letter from a fourth grade student, the contents addressed to Senator Tom Daschle were life threatening. Laced within the envelope was a form of the bacteria known as Bacillus Anthracis, bacteria more commonly known as anthrax. When exposed to humans, an anthrax infection leads to the release of toxins, which if not properly treated are fatal ( Around the same time of Senator Daschle’s threat, other cases of anthrax exposure were publicized....   [tags: Biological Warfare Nuclear Weapons Ethics Essays]

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Five Biological Killers that May be Used for Terrorism

-     Advanced technology affords many benefits to human beings, but it also provides instruments of mass destruction. For example, advanced biological technology may provide cures for illnesses but it also provides instruments of biological terrorism. When war involves these microscopic, deadly, biological agents, it takes on a new and frightening dimension. Human beings harnessing the power of bacteria to kill large quantities of people sounds like science fiction. Unfortunately, we now hear about use of these biological agents not only from novels, but also from the newspaper....   [tags: Biological Weapons Essays]

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Options for Biological Terrorism Attacks and Epidemiological Responses

-        Bioterrorism is not a distant threat that may concern us twenty years from now.  It has occurred throughout history and continues to this day.  As recently as 1996, a man from Ohio with connections to an extremist group was able to obtain Bubonic Plague cultures through the US Postal Service (Danzig & Berkowsky, 1997).  In the last month, several people within the United States have become infected with anthrax.  As we stand right now, America is unprepared for a large-scale attack with biological weapons, and as we continue with our "War on Terrorism," the likelihood of such an attack is increasing every day.  Terrorists can use three major methods to most effectively distribute a...   [tags: Biological Weapons Essays]

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Particle Kinetics of Biological Aerosols During Impaction

- At the beginning of the 20th century, the study of aerosols, suspensions of solid or liquid particles in a gas, were the forefront of physical science because they represented the smallest observable division of matter. In fact, aerosols contributed to the early understanding of Brownian motion and diffusion, Millikan's measurement of electron charge, and Wilson's cloud chamber experiment for the study of ionizing radiation. During the first half of the century, aerosol research continued, and grew important after World War II and especially during the 1970s and 1980s, during which environmental awareness and a concern for health effects arising from air pollution in community and occupation...   [tags: physics biological aerosol]

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Cryobiology: Low Temperature Studies Of Biological Systems

- Cryobiology: Low Temperature Studies Of Biological Systems Thesis: Low temperature biology, or cryobiology, has the possibility, and may very easily and very drastically affect everyones' lives in the future. Through rapidly approaching cryobiological medical procedures and techniques, the presence of intense ethical issues may play an important role in many everyday decisions that do not now exist. Introduction What is cryobiology. It is "the study of the effects of freezing and low temperatures on living organisms" (Read, 1999)....   [tags: Biology Biological Papers]

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Biological And : Biological Crime Theory

- ... Cesare Lombroso, medical criminologist, headed the school. Enrico Ferri and Raffaele Garafolo were Lombroso’s disciples, both of whom also headed, as well as had their own opinions on the biological crime theory. Lombroso argued that “criminality was a biological trait found in some human beings” (Boundless, 2015, 1). Today, the biological theory emphasizes the relationship between genetics and crime. The biological theory of crime has evolved over the years in the sense that, initially, the theory was primarily based on physical features....   [tags: Antisocial personality disorder, Mental disorder]

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Bioinformatics - Solving Biological Problems Using DNA and Amino Acid Sequences

- Bioinformatics - Solving Biological Problems Using DNA and Amino Acid Sequences 1. Introduction In the wake of Genomic revolution, biology that used to be a lab-based science has transformed to embrace Information science. Human Genome Project is a 13-year project focusing on identifying approximately 30,000 genes in human DNA. The information found is stored in databases, analyzed and used for different purposes like simplifying diagnosis of disease, earlier detection of genetic predisposition to specific disease, custom drugs, gene therapy, gene replacement technologies [1]....   [tags: Science Biology Biological Papers]

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Biological Weapons and Biological Warfare

- Biological Weapons and Biological Warfare Thesis: Biological Warfare is morally and inhumanely wrong, It is the wrongful killing of men, women, and children. It should be stopped no matter what the circumstances are. I. Introduction into the bad effects of biological warfare through some examples. a. Example of single affect of biological warfare b. Example of a country using Biological Warfare II. Definition of Biological Warfare a. Biological Warfare Agents i. Micro-Organisms ii. Toxins b....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive]

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The Biological and Psychoanalytical Perspectives in Psychology

- In this essay the author will throughout compare the biological and psychoanalytical key features and core assumptions in psychology and show in what ways they are similar for example both being deterministic in there key features and core assumptions also how they differ for example the way they treat individuals with the same disorder differently. The biological perspective core assumptions suggest our nervous system performs functions like our behaviour, experiences and movements (Carlson 2010)....   [tags: Sigmund Freud, behaviour, body, mind]

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Biological and Psychoanalytic Perspectives in Psychology

- The psychoanalytic perspective grew out of subsequent psychoanalytic theories (1901, 1924, and 1940) following decades of interactions with clients with the use of an innovative procedure developed by Sigmund Freud that required lengthy verbal interactions with patients during which Freud probed deep into their lives. In a nutshell, the psychoanalytic perspective looked to explain personality, motivation, and psychological disorders by focussing on the influence of early childhood experiences, on unconscious motives and conflicts, and on the methods people use to cope with their sexual and aggressive urges....   [tags: Psychology]

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The Biological Approach On Mental Illnesses

- ... Gottesman (1991) reviewed forty twin studies to find out the probability of the other twin being schizophrenia if the other twin is schizophrenic. It was found that there was a forty-eight percent concordance rate for MZ twins and a seventeen percent concordance rate for DZ twins. This suggests a genetic link for schizophrenia due to the likelihood of developing schizophrenia correlates with genetic relatedness (Slideshare, n.d.). The last biological cause is neuroanatomy; the structure of the brain....   [tags: Psychology, Schizophrenia, Psychiatry]

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Is Crime a Biological or Learned Behavior?

- There has always been a fascination with trying to determine what causes an individual to become a criminal. Of course a large part of that fascination has to do with the want to reduce crime, and to determine if there is a way to detect and prevent individuals from committing crime. Determining what causes criminality is still not perfectly clear and likewise, there is still debate as to whether crime is caused biologically, environmentally, or socially. Furthermore, the debate is directly correlated to the notion of 'nurture vs nature'....   [tags: Crime]

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The Working of a Biological Catalyst: Catalase

- ... Enzyme activity was not affected as the pH of water, which is 7, is similar to the pH the liver maintains. In tube 5 a boiled cube of liver was placed into hydrogen peroxide. Boiling liver made irreversible changes to the structure of catalase and it could no longer function properly, it become denatured. Boiling liver damaged the catalase enzyme and clearly decreased the amount of bubbles when it was exposed to hydrogen peroxide; no foam was created. In tube 2 manganese dioxide and a cube of liver was added to hydrogen peroxide....   [tags: enzyme, pH, broiling liver]

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Strengths and Weaknesses of Biological Positivism

- Biological Positivism has both its strengths and weaknesses, it changed the way of criminological ideas and opened up new theories that were based on scientific facts rather than philosophical ideas like in Classicism. It also highlighted the importance of looking into peoples genetic make-up as research such as Brunners' research into the extra 'Y' chromosome which led to the idea that genetic defects in a family can cause abnormal behaviours and also the Twin and Adoptions studies that showed a correlation between genetics and crime....   [tags: Criminology, Behaviors, Theories]

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Dangerous type of Biological Weapon

- 1. Introduction Anthrax is one of the many biological weapons that cause the world to panic. Biological weapons can be described as a weapon that are using material such as viruses, bacteria, fungi, toxin, or other biological agents that can be utilized against human, plants, or animals (Schneider, 2014). Biological weapons have already been used during ancient times. Tossing rotting animals into heavy fortified town to slowly killing the people inside the town, or poisoned the source of water has already been a military strategy long time ago....   [tags: Viruses, Bacteria, Fungi, Toxins, Anthrax, Humans]

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Ruse on a Biological Foundation for Ethics

- Michael Ruse argues that "The Biological Sciences Can Act as a Ground for Ethics." (p.297) He begins with a distinction between the normative and the meta-ethical, and then sets out to lay the foundations for normative ethics as a biologically driven adaptive function. He then moves on to justifying why we ought to behave as biology influences us to do, where he runs into a problem. People feel certain ways about what is right and what is wrong, Ruse begins, and these feelings are what become the moral maxims we follow (p299)....   [tags: philosophy, right, wrong]

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The Theory And The Biological Positivism Theory

- Crime is considered commonplace in contemporary Britain; furthermore, many members of society may become a victim of crime at some point in their lives. Durkheim (1938) even suggested that crime is a normal function; it sets boundaries to the rest of society. Many experts have expressed their fascination with crime and their need to understand criminal behaviour; thus, the science of criminology was born. Criminology is fundamental in understanding criminal behaviour and the effect it has on the law and the society in which we live (Williams, 2012)....   [tags: Crime, Criminology, Criminal justice]

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Biological Resources : The Bioprocessing Of Beer

- The Bioprocessing of Beer Biological resources play an important role in the production of agricultural commodities as well as some of the most widely consumed products in the world such as beer. Beer is thought to be one of the oldest fermented beverages in the world (Arnold, 2005) and brewing industries which consist of several multinational national and smaller companies have become main resources for its availability globally (Chrzan, 2013).The preparation of the beverage consists of bioprocesses which involve the saccharification of starch most commonly derived from malted wheat and barley, and fermentation (Khattak et al., 2012) of the resulting sugar due to yeast....   [tags: Brewing, Beer, Malt, Enzyme]

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Sex As A Biological Method For Reproduction

- ... They decided that the other person was decent enough, and then got married to settle down and raise children. In these cases, all the couples claimed that “love” developed afterwards. Nevertheless, in these cases love was not a factor in the decision to get married. To a greater extent, in other cultures, take India for example, arranged marriages are formed by families, taking into consideration factors like skin tone and salary. Love, however, is not one of these initial factors. Small, too, discusses the kinds of marriages that form as political alliances by joining extended families....   [tags: Homosexuality, Sexual intercourse, Marriage]

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History of Chemical and Biological Warfare

- Society today has been the witness to the use of chemical weapons upon various groups of people. A prime example is the use of poison gas in Syria.( Chemical weapons were made by chemist to do great harm. Typically, a chemical weapon is defined by chemist as any toxic chemical or its precursor that can cause death, injury, temporary incapacitation or sensory irritation through its chemical action. Because of the destruction caused by the use of chemical weapons, society has tried to place controls on their use with the development....   [tags: weapons of mass destruction]

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The Mind: Biological and Mental Functions

- The biological and mental functions that are present in the body process the information that is given, and the mind is the mediator of the information that is processed through these biological and mental functions. It constructs an interpretation of the sensory input that is received by both functions. The information that is received by the brain is further interpreted by the mind and it constructs a unique reality from the basic information. The mind as the mediator can be seen in topics such as categorization and bias in social realities, but also in the language and thought of both humans and non-human animals....   [tags: information, sensory, input, mediator]

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Anthrax: A Deadly Biological Weapon

- Biological weapons are a widely used source of terror. The definition of a biological weapon is a harmful biological agent (as a pathogenic microorganism or a neurotoxin) used as a weapon to cause death or disease usually on a large scale (“Biological Weapon,” The Merriam- Webster Dictionary). There are numerous substances used as biological weapons. Some include Glanders, Botulism, and Brucellosis. Biological weapons consist of a kind of substance or disease that is used to launch an attack on a large population of people....   [tags: Warfare]

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Reflection On The Biological Approach

- Reflection on the Biological Approach Psychology is the scientific study of the mind, its processes, and functions, particularly how these effect behaviors. Psychologists’ goal is to describe, explain, predict, and control. Psychologists base their studies on different approaches, the cognitive approach, biological approach, humanistic approach, evolutionary approach, bio-psychosocial, psychoanalytical approach, and sociocultural approach. The biological approach is examines how an organisms biology, such as genes, hormones, and nervous system effect its behavior such as motivations, emotional responses, and personality....   [tags: Nervous system, Brain, Psychology, Dopamine]

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Health Is Not A Biological Phenomenon

- ... This is also an economic analysis which won his the Nobel Prize. Drèze & Sen (2014) state that “It is necessary to recognize the role of growth in facilitating development in the form of enhancing human lives and freedoms, but it is also necessary in this context to appreciate the growth possibilities of a country depend in turn on the advancement of human capabilities ( through education, health care, and other facilities), in which the state can play a very constructive part”(p.30). This approach h focuses on the fact that you must have the basis of life (education, health, nutrition, a job) , and society really needs to nurture these capabilities, because without them people are not...   [tags: Public health, Health care, Medicine]

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Biological Psychology And Human Behavior

- ... She was paralysis and could not understand any of the word from 911 telephone operator when she finally reached the phone. According to Dr. Taylor, "Our right human hemisphere is all about this present moment, [and] our left hemisphere thinks linearly and methodically." Due to the reason that her stoke damaged her left hemisphere, she could not think logically at the moment. This presentation thoroughly explain the concept of lateralization in biological psychology research method. I find it very interesting because I never learn that each hemisphere do in charge of different functions that affecting our behavior....   [tags: Psychology, Human brain, Brain, Research]

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From Botulism to a Biological Weapon

- The disease causing organism Clostridium botulinum, was once extracted for its botulism toxin as a biological weapon by several nations including the United States, the former Soviet Union and Japan in the 1930s due to the toxin’s high morbidity and mortality rate (Arnon et al., 2001). This gram-positive, spore-forming, rod-shaped bacterium can be found in the natural environment (i.e. soil) and in improperly processed canned foods due to the bacterium’s alkaline and anaerobic preference, which allows the spores to germinate....   [tags: clostridium botulinum]

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Biological Rhythm of Sleeping and Narcolepsy

- Throughout the day, our bodies fluctuate and our brains follow. Our bodies have learned to work along with the twenty-four hour cycle of the day through the use of an internal clock called the circadian rhythm. As consciousness fades, different parts of our brain stop communicating with one another. The sleeping brain has its own biological rhythm. Approximately ever ninety minutes, we cycle through four sleep stages, NREM 1, NREM 2, NREM 3, and REM sleep. Biology and the environment interact with our sleep patterns causing sleep deprivation and sleeping disorders....   [tags: sleep paterns, internal clock]

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Chapter 2 : The Biological Perspective

- Two Most Important Chapters From Psychology 1A If the professor was to question a student who never took Psychology 1A and have the student answer what the course is about, most will answer that Psychology 1A teaches the basic mental disorders and causes of them. However this is far from the truth, because Psychology 1A teaches basic human behavior and its thought process. The textbook provides the students with fifteen chapters of different concepts and theories based on psychodynamic, behavioral, sociocultural, and biopsychologial perspective....   [tags: Psychology, Classical conditioning]

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The Biological Level of Analysis

- Discuss how and why particular research methods are used at the biological level of analysis The biological level of analysis argues that there are physiological origins of many behaviours, and that human beings should be studied as biological systems. This is not to say that behaviour is not the result of biological systems alone, but that we should also consider how the environment and cognition may interact with biological systems and affect physiology. This relationship is biderectional i.e....   [tags: physiological origin of behavior]

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Biological Sex And Gender Expression

- Biological Sex and Gender Expression Biological sex indicts from birth whether we are born as a male or female based on our reproductive system. Once we enter the world, we are shaped and influenced by our social environment and culture, and we begin to identify with masculine or feminine roles that form our gender expression. Sociologist Raewyn Connell established a four-fold theory on the structure of gender relations in certain societal structures. This theory includes power relations, production relations, cathexis (emotional relations) and symbolism....   [tags: Gender, Gender identity, Male, Gender role]

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Quality Assurance for Biological Products

- ... If anything were to go wrong in the production and manufacturing of a vaccine, the ones responsible would be the manufacturers, NCA and each individual member states. The NCA is responsible for licensing and approving a manufacturing establishment for production of biological products only if the manufacturer complies with the principles of good manufacturing practice (GMP). The manufacturers are responsible for following GMP. The individual member states are responsible for having written standards, both general and product-specific, for biological products available for use in their countries....   [tags: new vaccine process]

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The Theory Of Biological Evolution

- We are who we are because of a biological process called natural selection. The theory of biological evolution by natural selection first exposed by Charles Darwin (1859) is probably the most revolutionary idea in the history of human thought. Surprisingly, despite the crucial importance for the understanding of ourselves as a species and other biological species, few men actually understand or even know, the natural mechanism that created us. Never a seemingly simple concept was so difficult to understand....   [tags: Evolution, Charles Darwin, Biology]

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The Biological Understanding Of Race

- The biological understanding of race in the United States is that people from different places have different genetics and genes in their body, accounting for different traits in each people. These people could be grouped together by their biological traits because their similarities in genes would make them look alike. People wanted to believe that there actually were true biological differences between people. Race in the past and present (somewhat) has been categorized based on continental origin, skin color, nose structures, and hair type....   [tags: African American, Race, Black people, White people]

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Gender Equity And Biological Determinism

- ... These two explanations are radically different. I think both of the two explanations are not good enough. I think biology and culture should both have an influence on the construction of gender role. Like mentioned in Wilson and Daly’s paper, young male syndrome is a good example for the biological influence on gender role, which falsifies the social constructionism. However, we cannot prove biological determinism using this example, because we cannot rule out the culture components. It is more likely that both biology and culture are involved in the construction of gender role....   [tags: Gender role, Gender, Sociology, Transgender]

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The Biological Perspective Of Psychology

- ... The Cognitive Approach focus is on mental processes with an emphasis on attention, perception, memory, thinking, and solving problems (2). This perspective suggests that much of human behavior is mediated by thought processes like memory and attention, belief systems, attitudes and language. Belief systems, value systems, thought processes, reason and intelligence have a significant impact on why we do the things we do and act the way we act. The cognitive perspective suggests that much of human behavior is significantly influenced by cognitive processes and is thus amenable to our thoughtful control (1)....   [tags: Psychology, Mind, Thought, Behaviorism]

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Genetic, Biological, And Cultural Evolution

- Is there a specific image or visual when contemplating the word ‘evolution’. Often, people in society are closed off or intimidated by the idea or theory of evolution. Typically, the immediate visual received has to do with humans evolving from apes, and that’s about it. About 33% of Americans not only reject this idea of human evolution, but also the evolution of all living things. This does not mean that this entire percentage of people is closed minded or ignorant, necessarily – they may just very well be a bit uneducated on this scientifically-based topic....   [tags: Evolution, Charles Darwin, Life, Genetics]

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Biological, Nuclear and Radiological Attacks

- In the year’s ahead, chemical, biological, nuclear and radiological attacks will grow higher as terrorist’s and anarchist’s weapons become more scientifically and technologically advanced. So, we need CBNR’s to answer the call and defend our country from dangerous chemical, Biological, Nuclear and Radiological weapon systems. Chemical engineering and chemistry is the backbone to the Chemical, Biological, Nuclear, Radiological (CBNR) Officer’s lifestyle. A CBNR Officer is a Career in the United States Army which helps defend against weapons of Mass Destruction and leads chemical platoons to deal with domestic chemical threats....   [tags: warfare, terrorist, anarchism]

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Race: Social Categorization, Not Biological

- The English term ‘race’ is believed to originate from the Spanish word raza, which means ‘breed’ or ‘stock’ (Race). People use race to define other groups, this separation of groups is based largely on physical features. Features like skin color and hair don’t affect the fundamental biology of human variation (Hotz). Race is truly only skin deep, there are no true biological separations between two ‘racial’ groups. Scientifically speaking, there is more variation between single local groups than there is between two large, global groups; the human variation is constantly altering (Lewontin)....   [tags: racial groups, race, stereotypes]

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Biological Signs of a Killer

- A person does not need to have acquired a doctorate in psychology to determine that there is something horrifically different about serial killers. Quotes from killers show this drastic difference, such as Ted Bundy who said, “What’s one less person on the face of the earth anyway?” (Scott 2). Or Charles Manson who, with seven simple words, disgusted and oppositely inspired millions by saying, “Death is the greatest form of love” (“Charles Manson”). It is inside these people where it is easy to be determined just how unstable the very fabrics of their genetic and brain codes are; many things can be genetically transmitted from parent to offspring through heredity; therefore, so can the biolo...   [tags: genetic, brain, nature]

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The Biological And Psychoanalytic Perspectives

- The biological and psychoanalytic perspectives focus on different theories as to how behaviour is presented. It is important to note that there are many historical foundations with diverse origins. Psychologists studying biology believe the body is a machine and the brain controls this machine (Descartes, 1637). Therefore, it is believed the mind is separate from the body (Descartes, 1637) which is a rather materialistic viewpoint. Conversely, the psychoanalytical perspective believe the key principle that we have instinctual basic drives of food and sex and these feelings are due to our childhood experiences (Freud, 1909)....   [tags: Brain, Psychology, Sigmund Freud]

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The Biological Metaphor For Cities

- ... The standard of urban living in general is largely enhanced during the past years. This is witnessed by the CPI and GDP figures as well. Nearly all the citizens in Beijing have adequate clothing and food. Another major change is the rapid expansion of productivity and commerce. Followed by the urban reforms, consumptions and individual incomes rose significantly. More public infrastructure is built to ensure the social benefit of Beijing urban living. However, negated by the huge population, the per capita benefit still needs to be improved....   [tags: City, Urban area, Gene, Organism]

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Social, Psychological, And Biological Needs

- ... Social needs are things such as acceptance, belonging, appreciation and companionship. Essentially social needs are commonly met by forging relationships with others. Maslow suggests that this is essential as forging relationships can reduce anxiety, depression and loneliness. However it is clear that Jane could be experiencing depression. She believes that there is ‘no future for herself’ which is key in the diagnosis of depression. Dougherty et al., 2015). People who suffered childhood trauma often find it difficult to trust others....   [tags: Maslow's hierarchy of needs, Psychology]

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Biological Diversity in Mangrove Forests

- ... These fish are mainly sail fin molly, least killifish, and mosquito fish. The level above the smaller fish level of the mangrove food chain is the top level which is the mangrove birds. For example, egrets and ospreys are wading birds that feed on the community of fish that live between the roots of mangrove. However, there are other types of mangrove ecosystem birds, such as tricolored heron, white crowned pigeon, and brown pelican. Background: The ocean support diverse complex ecosystem arranging from the engineering coral reef to the oldest and most resilient forest on the plant, the mangroves (protector of our coast lines)....   [tags: habitat, food chain]

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Human Fears of Biological Science

- Biology, genetic engineering, research, humans and animals all have one thing in common; they all will potentially start the spread of the worst viral disease known to humanity. AIDS, a viral disease of the human, is spreading rapidly across the world. Also, parasites, rabies, and toxoplasma gondii are all potential factors in the human body takeover. Zombie films today help show how the world will be when this happens. Blood, saliva, and biting will all be known as curse words to society. Society in one’s eyes will never be the same....   [tags: Health]

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Gene Therapy : Biological Background

- Gene Therapy – Biological Background Definition Gene therapy is a medical procedure in which genetic information gets injected into defective human cells for either their correction or modification. The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) defines gene therapy as products: “that mediate their effects by transcription and/or translation of transferred genetic material and/or by integrating into the host genome and that are administered as nucleic acids, viruses, or genetically engineered microorganisms....   [tags: DNA, Gene, Genetics, Virus]

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Biological Aspect of Early Childhood

- The transitional life span following toddlerhood is early childhood. Early childhood begins at the age of 4 years old to 6 years old. During the early childhood stage young children become very physically active, their language become more complex, and the evolution of imaginative and elaborate nature of play occurs. Young children at the early childhood stage also begin preschool. According to Piaget, a child at the early childhood begins to have more of an abstract and logical way of thinking....   [tags: Child Development ]

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Biological Factors involved in Stress

- Psychological and physical well-being and the overall quality of life are under a constant threat of stress and thus, psychological and medical sciences have long been concerned with studying stress response. Cox (1979) claimed that because of the poor understanding and defining it, the concept of stress tends to be rather elusive. The term, “stress”, commonly describes any physchological or physical alteration that deranges the organism’s homeostasis (or balance). This essay reviews some of the biological factors involved in stress and it has been organized in the following way....   [tags: Psychologyy]

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Learning Is A Biological Process

- ... The first suggestion Leamnson offers to progress learning is to make notes instead of “copying what’s on a chalkboard or being projected on a screen” (3). The essence of Leamnson’s argument is that instead of simply jotting down everything the board says, it would be more knowledgeable to read what is on the board, while summarizing it. Leamnson’s theory of “making notes” is extremely useful because it sheds light on the difficult problem of students copying down everything present on the board, when they can be summarizing and listening to the teacher at the same time....   [tags: Education, High school, College]

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What is Biological Warfare?

- During the past century, more than 500 million people have died due to infectious diseases. Several tens of thousands of these deaths were due to the deliberate release of pathogens or toxins. Two international treaties outlawed biological weapons in 1925 and 1972. Unfortunately, these treaties have failed to stop countries from conducting offensive weapons research and large-scale production of biological weapons. As our knowledge increases on these disease-causing agents, so does our fear of future threats of biological warfare (Frischknecht, 2003)....   [tags: global issues, infectious diseases]

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Biological and Chemical Weapons

- Biological & Chemical Weapons Chaos, fear, and death. Those three words are what most people’s first thoughts are when they see the destructive offspring of either Biological or Chemical Weapons. These Weapons of Mass Destruction (also known as WMD’s) are actually considered the deadliest weapons of all time to not only humans but also to other animals, and plants. Biological and Chemical Warfare has become a major threat not only to the safety to the people of America, but also on the frontlines across the world but, that in order to fix these that the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention and Chemical Weapons Convention could do is to make mandatory background checks for anyone who buy...   [tags: fear, destruction, chaos]

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Biological Warfare In Korea

- Whether the United States used Biological warfare in Korea has been a major topic for years. North Korea and China insist that Biological warfare was used against them during the Korean War in 1950- 1953, and the United States government strongly denies these allegations. North Korea and China both believe that the United States government was getting frustrated with the way the war was going because they were having a tough time defeating North Korea and China. President Truman who was president at that time did not want to lose the Korean War and wanted to win by any means necessary....   [tags: war, weapon of mass destruction]

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Chemical and Biological Warfare

- The Role it Played Chemical and Biological Warfare In order to understand Project Coast you must first learn what Project Coast was all about. In the early 1981 the Chemical and Biological Warfare program, code named Coast, officially started and was finished in 1995(Folb & Gould, 2002). In my research paper I will discuss the history of Project Coast and I will let the reader understand the circumstances that surrounded Project Coast. I will also explain the different types of chemical agents that where and why they were used....   [tags: Coast, Racial War, Johannesburg, Africa]

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1011 words | (2.9 pages) | Preview

Biological Weapons Development Programs

- Following the wide spread use of chemical weaponry, the Geneva Convention took place in 1925 to set forth the rules of war. One of the regulations was the discontinued use of chemical and biological warfare. Unfortunately, many countries would violate this document in order to gain an advantage over their adversaries. The Japanese, Soviet Union, and United States biological weapon programs are merely a few within the world, each committed to their own purpose. These are the countries that will have the history of their weapons programs told within this paper....   [tags: warfare threats]

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Biological Classification: Linnaeus System

- The following paper outlines the use of the Linnaeus system of classification as applied in the field of biology and evolution. The aim of the paper is to highlight how living things are related to other in the ecosystem (Pierce, 2007). It takes us through the evolutionary system highlighting all the important features of life development amongst all the living things. Biological classification Classification is the process of categorizing all the living creatures into group hierarchies citing their characteristic features....   [tags: Scientific Research ]

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What is Biological Rhythm?

- ... During Ultradian there is a small timeframe of wakefulness where the person can change the sleeping position leading them to falling back to their sleep this rhythm is less deep sleep leading to having the REM timeframe longer. Stages of Non REM Sleep Stage 1 The first stage of sleep is a least 15 minutes of sleep this is the stage we often awake from. Our eyes are closed during this stage but we can easily be awakened by no problem. At times of this stage when people have awakened they may feel as if they hadn’t slept at all....   [tags: periodic environmental change, organisms]

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1487 words | (4.2 pages) | Preview

Biological Research: Global Warming

- The most adored section of science is the biological study. Biology is vital to the society because it studies life, living organisms and all the aspects that are concerned with their well being. This section of science also studies the origin, evolution, structure, function and the growth of living organisms. This study deals with different aspects of life. The most studied section is the genetics (Rebecca Johnson, 2006). Chimeras’ is mostly common in non-human zoology but also occurs in human though it is a rare phenomenon....   [tags: Entertainment ]

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1448 words | (4.1 pages) | Preview

Biological Constraints on Learning

- Learning is defined as a “process of change that occurs as a result of an individual’s experience” (Mazure, 2006). Researchers assume that the process of learning follows certain general principles, which were developed, into the general process learning theories. These include operant conditioning and classical conditioning which has been put forward by leading psychologists like Pavlov, B.F.Skinner and Thorndike. However, in learning, operant and classical conditoning are opposed by biological constraints that state that there are limitations to the theories....   [tags: Education, Learning]

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1333 words | (3.8 pages) | Preview

Chemical and Biological Weapons

- When a nation or country develops offensive chemical and biological weapons this is not an admittance of intention to use them of threaten other nations and countries with the weapons. (1) The involvement in chemical and biological warfare program in most countries is aimed at developing a defensive capability for the defense forces of that country. The true grey area lies in the facts that to have a productive defensive CBW program it requires the same expertise and resources as a well productive offensive CBW program....   [tags: Warfare, Korea]

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The Biological Criminal Brain

- Nature and nurture are no longer a debate; we see the two working together in concert to produce a genuine expression of the individual. The personalities and habits humans acquire in their lives is as much a biological evolution as it is a social or cultural acclimatization. While some people still have the argument that it is nature or it is nurture many people have come to the realization that is has to be both. Both nature and nurture developed who we are and what we become. So the question would remain which one influences us more on if we become a criminal....   [tags: theory, nature, nuture, criminal]

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1358 words | (3.9 pages) | Preview

Gender, Biological, And Gender

- ... Feminists state gender is a learned practice. As long as women and men act a certain way then the balance of power is maintained and the patriarchal society continues. Society is not static, but it is hard to change. It evolves to reflect the way people act and believe. Berger mentions that “male” and “female” are simply names and are not important on their own. Instead, it is the meaning associated with the names that we must worry about. In the Dominican Republic, they recognize a third gender....   [tags: Gender, Homosexuality, Gender identity]

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828 words | (2.4 pages) | Preview

Studies in Biological Sciences

- If there are images in this attachment, they will not be displayed. Download the original attachment The word “why” has always been a motive for my learning. The zeal to know more helped me frame my targets and reach the goals of my career so far. I have been blessed to have parents who instilled me with good values and principles. They have supported me in accomplishing the goals I have set forth. To excel in the futuristic workplace of tomorrow, one will need to possess a perfect blend of theoretical study and practical experience....   [tags: career choices, statement of purpose]

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Biology: Biological Fuel Cell

- INTRODUCTION A microbial fuel cell (MFC) known as biological fuel cell is a bio-electrochemical system that pushes or produces a current by using bacteria (Bruce et al, 2012). Electricity is produced when the dissolved organic matter oxidized. Factors that effect the electricity production include Proton exchange of the system that also result in the change in the internal resistance of the system. The power retained from these systems is currently limited, by high internal resistance. However, they are studies conducted based on that and hopefully soon improvements in the system architecture will result in power generation that is dependent on the Competencies of the microorganisms (Min et...   [tags: microbial fuel cell, electricity, bacteria]

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1723 words | (4.9 pages) | Preview

Biological Warfare

- The new technologies of terror and their increasing mobility are improving everyday. Many types of warfare look to take out major numbers of people, and some even look to take specific individuals. The specific technique I will focus on is call Biological warfare. Biological warfare is a type of war that targets specific people or a specific whole country. When Biological warfare is used it usually involves a substance in which to harm others by immediate death, or death by exposure. The substance is usually used within a confined space for maximum exposure to the victims of the gas, disease, or radiation....   [tags: technology, weapon]

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874 words | (2.5 pages) | Preview

Biological Weapons

- Biological weapon which is also termed as germ welfare is the use of pathogens as biological weapon. In this case pathogens include disease causing agents like bacteria, viruses and other disease causing agents. On the other hand when non living toxic products are used though produced by living organism like toxin it is referred to us as chemical warfare. This technology of using chemical warfare is categorized as chemical weapons convention. The following are some of the reason highlighted as the reasons for the use of chemical and biological weapons....   [tags: Terrorism]

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583 words | (1.7 pages) | Preview

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