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Social And Cultural Factors That Make Up The Arts And Sciences

- “The various disciplines that make up the arts and sciences are the cultural frames in terms of which attitudes are formed and lives conducted. The interpretive study of culture represents an attempt to come to terms with the diversity of the ways human beings construct their lives in the act of leading them.” -Clifford Geertz, Local Knowledge. Culture plays an intricate part in how people develop their attitudes towards society, and the ways in which they decide to live their lives. Clifford Geertz wrote, “Man is an animal suspended in webs of significance he himself has spun.” (1983)....   [tags: Addiction, Drug addiction, Sociology, Alcoholism]

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Psychology: I Relate to the Humanistic and Behavioral Theories Most

- There are many different modern perspectives of psychology. These modern perspectives are cognitive,psycoanalysis,humanistic.socio-cultural,behavioral and evolutionary. When thinking about a key event in regard to different personality theories, I felt that I could most relate that key event of my life to the humanistic and behavioral theory. I will mainly be emphazing on these two modern perspectives. Moreover, I will then evaluate the key concepts and the principles of these two theories, and briefly compare and contrast their thoughts in the following paragraphs....   [tags: Psychology, ]

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Uncovering a Relationship Between Alcohol and Violence Using Correlation Research

- Correlation research reveals a pattern between two variables that have been measured several times. To uncover a relationship between alcohol and violence, I would use the correlation research. Using naturalistic observation, I would observe public intoxication at common bars or clubs, and involve accessible records of already convicted violent offenders that acknowledge the use of alcohol. I would choose this method because I believe this would be an abundant amount of knowledge that could properly disclose a correlation, weather positive or negative, between alcohol and violence, and present a strong or weak number that predicts the correlation thus making this research method the most via...   [tags: Psychology]

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Parents with Bipolar Disorder Cause Terrible Effects to their Children

- Based on primary and secondary information that I have found from this research study, living with a parent who has bipolar disorder can cause terrible effects to the child. Bipolar disorder is a mood disorder in which a person suffers from severe mood swings, ranging from severe depression to manic episodes that can persist from days to weeks or longer. A manic episode is an elevated mood with symptoms that include increased energy, excessively high mood, extreme irritability, and racing thoughts....   [tags: mood disorder, PTSD, panic]

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Is the Price of Education Worth the Cost?

- ... Kids are expected go to school for thirteen years, graduate, and go to college. Most four-year degrees at any university are so broad that they require graduate work to have a career in specific field. The average tuition for a four-year university to receive a Bachelor’s Degree is around $80,000, without loan interest. Adding another two years of education to that, and now the average total is $100,000. I find it difficult to believe that a significant number of college-aged students and their families have that much money and can afford to send once child through school, much less additional children....   [tags: degree, university, income]

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Human Development and The Psychoanalytic Perspective of Personality

- ... guilt (3 to 5 years; in which the important event is exploration), industry vs. inferiority (6 to 11 years; in which the important event is school), identity vs. role confusion (12 to 18 years; in which the important event is social relationships), intimacy vs. isolation (19 to 40 years; in which the important event is relationships), generativity vs. stagnation (40 to 65 years; in which the important event is work and parenthood), and integrity vs. despair (65 to death; in which the important event is his/her reflection on life)....   [tags: sexual instincts, unconscious mind]

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A Brief Note On Society And The Family

- ... The cause of transsexualism has been studied for many decades and several theories have been created and reputed. In the 1980’s, behaviorists developed the “two-type” theory. This theory states that the individual has either “extreme homosexuality” or “obsessive auto sexuality” and these are thought to be the two main causes of transsexualism (Conway, 2000). The two-type theory was later disputed when people realized that homosexuality and transsexualism are two different classifications. Homosexuality relates to your sexual orientation and transsexualism deals with your gender identity....   [tags: Transgender, Sex reassignment surgery]

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Questions and Answers: Associationistic Theory of Learning

- Associationistic 1. Define and describe what is meant by an Associationistic Theory of Learning. (1/2 point) To understand the meaning of Associationistic Theory of learning is relevant to understanding what associationistic means. Associationistic is a "school of psychology that holds that the content of consciousness can be explain by the association and reassociation of irreducible sensory and perceptual elements" ("Associationistic," 2014). Therefore, the point to all associationist theories is that there are associations made that leads to learning....   [tags: pavlov, classical conditioning]

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Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy vs. Traditional Behaviorism

- There are two main differences in Rational emotive behavior therapy and Traditional behaviorism. In REBT the therapy is emotion based and in traditional Behaviorism the therapy focuses on behavior as the basis for healing. Ellis developed REBT to compensate for the inadequacies in the techniques of psychoanalysis and behaviorism. He attributed the he lack in the two theories techniques to their conceptualization of personality and emotional disturbance. This paper will compare and contrast the differences in the theories of Traditional Behaviorism and REBT and the effectiveness in working with procrastination....   [tags: Comparison Paper]

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Dissociative Identity Disorder And Multiple Personality Disorder

- As children, we have all done things like play make believe. We would take on completely new personalities and change characteristics of ourselves, but only for fun. This is expected of children, they use their imagination to create new people and realities. The question is at what point in time was it appropriate to leave an overactive imagination in the past. When looking at a person with Multiple Personality Disorder (MPD) one would say that a person never grew out of the role playing that is found so fascinating to a child....   [tags: Personality psychology]

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Three World Views of Human Existence

- According to Edward Wilson, the desire of mankind to explain their origins has led to three dominant worldviews that attempt to explain human existence and present condition. These three worldviews are God-centered religion, political behaviorism, and scientific humanism. However, these views fail to recognize another increasingly popular worldview known as Intelligent Design. Because the theory of Intelligent Design hinges on the premise that human existence is the direct consequence of a supernatural “intelligent designer” who designed the world and all of its complex organisms, that in turn are made up of complex parts designed purposefully by this “intelligent designer”, Wilson has lumpe...   [tags: Creation]

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The Bundle Theory by David Hume

- The mystery of consciousness has puzzled humans for thousands of years. We feel pain, hunger, and countless other perceived emotions that we know to be true. We are all aware that we are conscious; however, nobody has discovered whether or not the human body is organized in a specific way that leads to consciousness. The fact is that the existence of consciousness, the very essence of knowledge, is undeniable, regardless of the lack of a concrete systematic organization of facts to explain it....   [tags: Empiricists, Empiricism]

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Behavioral Theory of Personality: B.F. Skinner

- B.F. Skinner is a major contributor to the Behavioral Theory of personality, a theory that states that our learning is shaped by positive and negative reinforcement, punishment, modeling, and observation. An individual acts in a certain way, a.k.a. gives a response, and then something happens after the response. In order for an action to be repeated in the future, what happens after the response either encourages the response by offering a reward that brings pleasure or allows an escape from a negative situation....   [tags: behaviorism, punishment, observation]

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The Teachings Of The Asian Culture

- When one thinks about female traits or characteristics within the Asian culture you are likely to think of obedience and even docility. This can especially be true of Chinese women. Why is this. Where did this behavior and belief system originate. Many scholars and cultural behaviorists would argue that Ban Zhao and Confucius played a pivotal role in this behavioral construct. Confucian teachings are the foundation upon which much of Asian society and culture have been erected. Confucius’ teachings focused on the importance of family dynamics and the need for children to obey and serve their parental figures....   [tags: Woman, Wife, Marriage, Gender]

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The Theory And Practice Of Counseling

- ... The theory would also focus more on dealing with Jerry’s current problems rather than on the past, so while I would likely focus on Jerry’s initial experience of developing his phobia on the rollercoaster through classical conditioning, in using the Behavior Therapy model I would only use it to help Jerry with his current problem, rather than trying to “dig deeper” into the past in order to find special meaning. It is also described by Corey (2013) to be a short-term therapy that is designed specifically to fit the client’s needs, as well as requiring the client to take specific actions in the therapeutic process, both inside and outside of therapy (involves homework)....   [tags: Classical conditioning, Behaviorism]

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Milgram and Zimbardo: Overpowering Situations

- Milgram and Zimbardo are classified in the same category as behaviorists. Although they are locked in the same category, they are famously known for very different experiments that have somewhat of the same idea. Zimbardo is widely known for his Stanford prison experiment, while Milgram is known for obedience to authority. The goal of both experiments was to prove like Haney has said that evil is most generally generated through evil situations. Zimbardo and Milgram’s experiments are examples of Psychological situationism, which is pretty important in the work of social psychology....   [tags: Psychology]

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Does Television Affect Social Interaction?

- A major research concern for behavioral psychologists and sociologists today circles an integral part of the American family routine and life. Something that has become so inset into homes that it would be rare to find one without it. Research has shown a hidden danger lurking in our homes, and the origin may surprise you. Television has been around since the early 1950’s but behaviorists have just recently begun to start studying the effects these machines may have on children, social interaction and families....   [tags: Psychology]

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Behavioral Psychology: Behaviorism and Learning

- Behaviorism and Learning is under Behavioral Psychology. It is basically about how our behavior results from the stimuli in the environment and within ourselves. Behaviorism is based on the belief that behaviors can be measured, trained, and changed. Learning is the lasting change in behavior that is the result of experience. As we learn, we modify our environment, the way we interpret the incoming stimuli, and therefore we interface. Behaviorism, also known as behavioral psychology, is a theory of learning based upon the idea that all behaviors are acquired through conditioning....   [tags: stimuli, clients, personalities]

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The Theory Of Operant Conditioning

- ... Focusing on whether the behavior is involuntary or voluntary highlights one of the main differences in these theories. Classical conditioning is an involuntary process, because it utilizes an involuntary response and a stimulus. This theory focuses on automatic behavior that is motivated by an old stimulus. Ivan Pavlov started to experiment with dogs and their response to a neutral stimulus that was not previously associated with that object. He began to notice that the dogs would start to salivate after hearing a specific sound that was being paired with the presentation of food....   [tags: Classical conditioning, Behaviorism]

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The Nature-Nurture Debate

- How the Pendulum Swings: The Nature-Nurture Debate One of the most intriguing science-and-culture debates of the twentieth century is that of the origin of behavior. The issue that has its roots in biology and psychology is popularly framed as the "nature versus nurture" debate. At different points in time, consensus has swung from one to the other as the supposed cause of our actions. These changes are not only the result of an internal dynamic but were subject (as they are today) to external influences, most notably politics and developments in other academic disciplines....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]

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Origins of Behaviorism

- Origins of Behaviorism Behaviourism originated with the work of John B. Watson from 1913. Behaviourism is based on the following sets of claims: (1) Psychology is the study of behaviour....   [tags: Papers]

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Homosexuality: Nature vs. Nurture

- Over the years, there has been a debate whether homosexuality is due to nature or nurture. In other words, are you born gay, or do you become gay. Scientists look into its background and origins of homosexuality. Some believe it is developmental or some have even tried to diagnose a disorder back originally. There are many valid points to either side that can be discussed and much information to be researched about this topic. On one hand, people may say that you are born gay due to your genetic makeup because they always seem to know that they have been gay; on the other hand some people may argue that your surroundings sway you to become gay because some people may not come out until their...   [tags: Homosexuality, argumentative, persuasive]

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Evolution of Social Psychology

- Introduction Social Psychology is one of the younger sub disciplines within the field of Psychology. In the short span in which social psychology has existed, began with the work of the Norman Triplett in the late 1890s. Triplett's work at Indiana University was primarily experimentation with people in competitive settings. Gordon Allport followed Triplett's experimentation with his observations the attitudes of individuals and the study of the self. While these contributions to the history of social psychology were important, the question still remains of what the most significant event in the history of psychology was....   [tags: Psychology]

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Selective Mutism in Adolescents

- ... This new name reflected that the individual chose the environment in which they would speak. Once again, the name of the disorder was changed to become “selective mutism”. The current name of the disorder shows that the individual’s ability to speak is not about choice, but about the social situation that the individual is in (Dummit III et al., 1996). When diagnosing a child with selective mutism, the lack of speech must be present for over a month, must impact their education, and can not be attributed to being unfamiliar with the target language....   [tags: language, disorder, classroom, student]

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- Emotions are inferred states of overt behaviors exhibited after stimulus presentation. When stimulated, a peripheral neuron changes cell polarization causing the cell to fire and send a signal to the brain. Once received in the brain, the signal is processed for its meaning. From an evolutionary perspective, human and non-human behaviors are selected only if they are functionally adaptive and provide the individual with reproductive advantages. Emotional expressions are considered part of an individual's behavior repertoire....   [tags: Papers]

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Biological and Psychological Explanations of Anxiety Disorders

- Biological and Psychological Explanations of Anxiety Disorders Research has often concluded that no one biological or psychological theory can provide a sufficient explanation into anxiety disorders such as depression. The diathesis stress model explains psychological anxiety disorders as an interaction between a predisposition to the disorder and environmental stress. In terms of anxiety disorders, predispositions include aspects of biological and psychological factors. Often the main problem found with psychological explanations of anxiety disorders, especially the psychodynamic theory, is that is the theories are more difficult to test....   [tags: Papers]

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The Key to Success in Education

- A Mixture of Progressivism and Behaviorism is the Key to Success in Education Lee Beck, a teacher of thirty years, is my hero. Lee has an intense passion for teaching and an equal passion for children. It is this overwhelming passion and satisfactions in helping children excel in academics and in life that have inspired me to become a teacher. Pursuing a career in Education has led me to different philosophical perspectives of education that will be utilized in my future classroom. Behind every educational facility and educator lies a value system and set of beliefs that influence their philosophy of education....   [tags: Teaching Education Philosophy]

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Face Your Life

- There are many different modern perspectives of psychology. These modern perspectives are cognitive,psychoanalysis,humanistic-cultural,behavioral and evolutionary. Any change that happens in your life must come from you and your own efforts. Although a psychologist can guide you, no one can do the work for you. A small daily event can sometimes lay back a deep impact on your life. This is one such incident, where a normal routine incident taught me a very important principle of life. When thinking about a key event in regard to different personality theories, I felt that I could most relate that key event of my life to the humanistic and behavioral theory....   [tags: Personal Narrative, Personal Experience]

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Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

- Brief history of the theory and theorist. In it's simplest form, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, (or CBT as it will be referred to from here on out), refers to the approach of changing dysfunctional behaviors and thoughts to realistic and healthy ones. CBT encompasses several types of therapy focusing on the impact of an individual's thinking as it relates to expressed behaviors. Such models include rational emotive therapy (RET), rational emotive behavioral therapy (REBT), behavior therapy (BT), Rational Behavior Therapy (RBT), Schema Focused Therapy, Cognitive therapy (CT)....   [tags: Psychology, Rational Behavioral Therapy]

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Schizophrenia Case Study

- Throughout psychology today there are six different theoretical models that seek to explain and treat abnormal functioning or behavior. These different models have been a result of different ideas and beliefs over the course of history. As psychology began to grow so did the improvements in research techniques. As a result psychologists are able to explain a variety of disorders in terms of the six different theoretical models. In the movie A Beautiful Mind it follows the mathematician John Nash as he struggles with schizophrenia....   [tags: Psychology ]

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Behaviorism: Modern Applications

- Behaviorism is the study of human behavior and is based on the belief that all human behavior is learned. Behaviorism evolved during the 19th century and took hold in the early years of the 20th century. Notable behaviorists include Albert Bandura, Ivan Pavlov, B.F. Skinner, Edward Lee Thorndike, Edward C. Tolman, and John B. Watson. These men opposed the study of consciousness believing that psychology should instead focus on only what could be seen, heard, or touched. The result was a science of behavior that viewed human beings as machines (Schultz & Schultz, 2008)....   [tags: psychology, compare, contrast]

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Modernism versus Post-Modernism

- Modernism versus Post-Modernism Modernism explains science as the process of learning and that everything needs to be tested and measured in order to be truth and reality. Modernists believe that knowledge and expertise will ultimately solve problems and seek progression. Educators’ value discipline and order in their classroom and their goal is to measure the input and output of examinations by completing standardized testing. They look to create learners who strive to think analytically and critically....   [tags: Education, History]

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Coming to Terms with Free Will

- Coming to Terms with Free Will Neurobiologists would like to treat the brain as a machine, tinkering with its parts and seeing how they interact as a mechanic might with a car engine. This kind of treatment works in many ways: when neurobiologists act like car mechanics they often succeed in explaining how our mental spark plugs interact with our mental pistons, and thus can perform useful tune-ups on the brain, along with other practical achievements. But to fully understand the brain, we must admit that in certain respects it is a very unique sort of machine, and one which raises problems unsolvable by car mechanic strategies....   [tags: Neurological Neurology Essays]

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- Cognitivism Cognitivism is considered the dominant approach in psychology today. The dramatic shift from behaviorism to cognitivism occurred in the early part of this century. After years of almost exclusively behaviorist research, psychologists and educators became discontent with the limitations of behaviorism. Although behaviorism encouraged observable and measurable research in the field of psychology, it did not incorporate mental events. This paper will present a general overview of the origin of cognitivism and a discussion of three widely accepted cognitive theories—the Atkinson-Shriffin stage model, Craik and Lockhart’s levels of processing theory, and the parallel distributed p...   [tags: Psychology Essays]

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Essay on Cheating and Plagiarism

- From the information I gathered for this paper, plagiarism is a bigger problem than we all think. As far as I can tell plagiarism has been around since the existence of reading and writing. Our human race sure hasn't helped this matter by inventing the printing press in the late fifteen-century and the Internet in the late twentieth century. Plagiarism gets most of its press in the realm of education, particularly in places of higher education. Aside from the information I attained threw traditional research, I poled a few students here at Lake Superior State University....   [tags: Exploratory Essays Research Papers]

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The Symbolism of Self Violence

- The Symbolism of Self Violence I enrolled in this class in semiotics in order to see if the semiotic approach would give me a greater understanding or give meaning to what I do for a living. It seems natural that I would try to employ the method with the problems that vex me the most. I hope that any reader of this text will appreciate the attempt at interpretation of meaning and not focus on the sensationalism or strangeness of the behaviors that I will describe. I must give credit for the idea of looking at the symbolism of self-violence to James Gilligan in his book, "Violence" in which he examines the symbolism of violence towards others (Gilligan , 1996) ....   [tags: Psychology Papers]

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The Science of Psychology

- The Science of Psychology Psychology is defined as “the scientific study of the behavior of individuals and their mental processes supported by research”. The word psychology itself is derived from two Latin roots- “psyche” meaning mind and “logos” meaning study....   [tags: Papers]

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The Learning Perspective

- The Learning Perspective The learning perspective what is it. This is the study of how exactly a person is effected through what they learn on a daily basis. Through family, their surroundings and behavior. The people who believe this line of thinking are called behaviorists. Many people look at the learning perspective in a suspiciouse manner not believeing or trusting any of the experiments. But there are many contributions and many limitations of the learning perspective. In the list of the contributions you will find all different types of positive aspects from the learning perspective....   [tags: Papers]

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Philosophy of Education

- Philosophy of Education I began my college education in 1987. I attended two full years and one part-time year before accepting a position with an engineering firm in 1992. I was employed there for the next nine years and was promoted three times. Even though this was a good stable career, I was not satisfied. I have always wanted to be a teacher. I never gave up hope and continued to take a class when I could. In the fall of 2001, I had the opportunity to work part-time and finish my degree. I am so excited to achieve my lifetime goal of becoming an educator....   [tags: Philosophy of Teaching Education Teachers Essays]

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Piaget's Cognitive Theory

- Psychology Piaget's Cognitive Theory Cognitive development is the development of thought processes, including remembering, problem solving, and decision-making, from childhood through adolescence to adulthood. Historically, the cognitive development of children has been studied in a variety of ways. The oldest is through intelligence tests. An example of this is the Stanford Binet Intelligence Quotient test. IQ scoring is based on the concept of mental age, according to which the scores of a child of average intelligence match his or her age....   [tags: piaget piagets psychology development]

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Humanistic Workplace Paper

- Humanistic Workplace Paper ABSTRACT In today's workplace, Humanism would concentrate upon the development of the employee's self-concept. If the employee feels good about him or herself then that is a positive start. Feeling good about oneself would involve an understanding of ones' strengths and weaknesses, and a belief in one's ability to improve. Learning is not an end in itself; it is the means to progress towards the pinnacle of self-development, which Maslow terms 'Self-actualization'....   [tags: Business Management Culture]

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Teaching Language after the Critical Period Has Been Extinguished in A Silent Childhood

- Teaching Language after the Critical Period Has Been Extinguished in A Silent Childhood Childhood is such a precious, yet trenchant part of life. We all have memories of our days as children along with stories of lessons learned. Childhood is reflected by most as being a time of bliss and enlightenment. As I recall my childhood an avalanche of mixed feelings suffocates me. Would I be able to interpret these feelings if I had not learned language. More importantly, is it possible to teach language after the "critical period" has been extinguished....   [tags: Papers]

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Mental Healing: Does Positive Thinking Act Upon Brain Neurons to Improve Health?

- Mental Healing: Does Positive Thinking Act Upon Brain Neurons to Improve Health. Almost all of us have heard of a scenario such as this one: A woman battling cancer has lost almost all hope of recovery. She has not been able to turn to her family for support for fear of their reactions to her illness. One morning she finally breaks down and tells her husband about the cancer. Instead of being devastated and turning his back on his wife, the husband supports the wife, every step of the way, and she gradually seems to improve....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]

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Absence of Evidence, or Evidence of Absence; A paper on Animal Consciousness

- Absence of Evidence, or Evidence of Absence. A paper on Animal Consciousness Consciousness is a difficult term to grasp; so much so, that many scientists will not even attempt to define the term, much less search for it’s evidence. Most however, do agree that consciousness must include certain aspects; specifically cognition, self-awareness, memory, and abstract thought. Lesley J. Rogers describes consciousness as, “related to awareness, intelligence, and complex cognition, as well as language....   [tags: essays research papers fc]

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Self Types and Their Differences Across Generations and The Life Cycle

- Self Types and Their Differences Across Generations and The Life Cycle With modernization, the quest for knowledge of oneself has become a major preoccupation for many Americans. "Who am I?" "Know Thyself" and "Unto thine own self be true"--Such are the themes of wall plaques, self-help manuals, and religious maxims. When surveying older individuals' reflections on the whole of life, one 83-year-old nun told one of my student researchers: I would tell any young person to be your own self....   [tags: Individualism Community Compare Contrast]

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Importance of Spiritual Freedom in Anthony Burgess' A Clockwork Orange

- The Importance of Spiritual Freedom Revealed in A Clockwork Orange Anthony Burgess is one of the greatest British writers of the twentieth century. His masterpiece, A Clockwork Orange, is unrivalled in depth, insight, and innovation. The novel is a work of high quality - almost perfection. The novel's main theme deals with free choice and spiritual freedom. More specifically, "[The ethical promise that 'A man who cannot choose ceases to be man'] can be taken as both the explicit and implicit themes of the novel" (Morgan 104)....   [tags: Clockwork Orange Essays]

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My Philosophy of Education: Combining Progressivism, Essentialism and Behaviorism

- My Philosophy of Education: Combining Progressivism, Essentialism and Behaviorism Upon being faced with the task of writing my philosophy of teaching, I made many attempts to narrow the basis for my philosophy down to one or two simple ideas. However, I quickly came to the realization that my personal teaching philosophy stems from many other ideas, philosophies, and personal experiences. I then concentrated my efforts on finding the strongest points of my personal beliefs about teaching and what I have learned this semester, and came up with the following....   [tags: Teaching Education School Teacher Essays]

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Behaviorism and Fundamental Psychologists and Their Contributions

- Behaviorism and Fundamental Psychologists and Their Contributions The study of Behaviorism dates can be traced back to the classical Greek philosophers, and goes into the nineteenth and twentieth-century psychology. Below is a list of fundamental psychologists and their contributions. * Greeks Philosophers and psychologists have been intrigued with the human thought process for thousands of years, with one of the first being the Greek philosopher Aristotle. He presented some of the first operational methods in how human learning and memory are formed....   [tags: Papers]

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Improving Our Ability to Make Decisions

- Decision-Making Process: Improving Our Ability to Make Decision Facing a situation, you have to decide. For example, the fire surrounds you: What do you do. Jump through the windows and risk to kill yourself or to wait the firemen and risk to be burned to death if they come to late. Every decision that we make or don’t make shapes our future. Everyone tries to make good decisions. However, it is easy to overlook an important factor, miss a desirable option, or base the decision on unreliable information....   [tags: Decision Making Process Essays]

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Reluctant Learners and the Causes

- Reluctant Learners and the Causes In order to discuss how technology motivates reluctant learners, we must first agree upon what exactly a reluctant learner is. According to Joyce M. Herzog, a reluctant learner is one who "is not interested in life at all, is not interested in what you are teaching, and is not able to learn in the time-frame or manner of presentation" (2002). There are several reasons as to why the student may feel the way he/she does. As a teacher, one must be very careful to make sure to take into consideration all of the reasons as to why a student may feel reluctant to put forth the necessary energy in the classroom....   [tags: essays papers]

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Today's Realities and Yesterday's Models

- Today's Realities and Yesterday's Models Today's realities do not necessarily fit yesterday's models. In a universe where shifting paradigms are the norm, scientists are in continued search to establish cause and effect relationships between events that can be modeled. We see behaviorists scurrying for specific reasons as to why two youths could commit such heinous acts in Colorado. Their existing models could not predict such atrocity. Meteorologists and environmentalists are developing an explanation for global warming....   [tags: Economy Economics Employment Essays]

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Comparison of Theories on Personality

- Comparison of Theories on Personality Abstract This paper is a comparison of three different viewpoints on the subject of personality. Carl Jung, B.F. Skinner, and Carl Rogers all had very different outlooks on what defined someone’s personality. As an added feature I have included myself as a theorist because my views are also different from the previous mentioned theorists. This paper will also look briefly into the background of each theorist because their views on life began in their childhood....   [tags: Papers]

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Wolfgang Kohler's Contributions to Learning

- Wolfgang Kohler's Contributions to Learning Learning affects an individual's behavior through cognition in many ways. One of the most obvious ways is the acquiring of a skill. Kohler, a Gestaltist, was a believer in the value of perception and insight in terms of our cognition and how we are more than our behavior… that we actually have mental processes that govern our capacity to solve problems and make decisions in regards to learning and behavior. Kohler performed many experiments with chimpanzees to assist his theory about perception and insight....   [tags: Papers]

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Behavior: Nature vs. Nurture

- For centuries psychologists have argued over which plays the larger role in child development, heredity or environment. One of the first theories was proposed in the seventeenth century by the British philosopher John Locke. Locke believed that a child was born with an empty mind, tabula rasa (meaning "blank slate") and that everything the child learns comes from experience, nothing is established beforehand. Years later, Charles Darwin brought forth his theory of evolution, which led to a return of the hereditarian viewpoint....   [tags: genetics vs environment]

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Turing: Concept of Computation

- Turing: Concept of Computation Turing's analysis of the concept of computation is indisputably the foundation of computationalism, which is, in turn, the foundation of cognitive science. What is disputed is whether computationalism is explanatorily bankrupt. For Turing, all computers are digital computers and something becomes a (digital) computer just in case its 'behavior' is interpreted as implementing, executing, or satisfying some (mathematical) function 'f'. As 'computer' names a nonnatural kind, almost everyone agrees that a computational interpretation of this sort is necessary for something to be a computer....   [tags: Computers Computational Systems Papers]

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Philosophy of Teaching Statement

- Philosophy of Teaching Statement As a freshman in college, I was faced with one of the most important decisions of my life. I had to decide where I wanted my college education to go and what I wanted to become as an adult. My whole freshman year, I struggled to make a decision. My family encouraged me to major in business, because even if I didn’t like my job they felt that I could make a lot of money and have financial security. They didn’t feel like education was the right career for me....   [tags: Educating Education Essays Teacher]

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Educational Goals and Philosophy

- Educational Goals and Philosophy When I finally decided what I wanted to do with my life, the ultimate answer was that I wanted to become a teacher. Of course, after telling my family and friends what I had determined, they all wanted to know why. At first, my answer was simple, and the words “just because I do” were uttered from my lips all too frequently as I realized that I had not given any serious thought as to the reason why I had chosen the teaching profession....   [tags: Education Teaching Teachers Essays]

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My Philosophy of Education

- My Philosophy of Education My philosophy of teaching is based on theories or ideas of philosophers and psychologists such as the Sophists, Plato/Socrates, Functionalists, Rousseau, Experimentalists, and Piaget as well as others. I will discuss my views on the nature of humans, the nature of knowledge, the purpose of education, the method in which I intend to conduct my classroom, the importance of library media in schools, as well as my plans of professional development. The nature of humans is a combination of both heredity and environment....   [tags: Philosophy on Teaching Teachers Essays]

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Language Acquisition

- What is language. Language is a set of arbitrary symbols that enables every individual in the community to communicate and interact. These symbols contain acceptable meanings by the society and culture. Possessing a language is essential in all human; every normal human speaks but nonhuman does not. Acquisition, on the other hand, means learning or getting. Therefore, language acquisition basically means the learning or the gaining of a language. Language acquisition is normally viewed as a part of cognitive science....   [tags: Language ]

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Viral Advertising

- Viral advertising is a relatively new craze that has quickly become the next big thing in marketing. A word of mouth (WOM) strategy, it forces marketers to create branded videos that consumers like so much that they want to share it with friends. To achieve viral success, an ad must create enough buzz to generate one million views, which is the standard tipping point where a video can go from popular to viral status (Teixeira, 2013). This task proves difficult not only because it’s centered on the premise of asking consumers to market a brand for free, but also because of the uncertainty that surrounds the entire phenomenon....   [tags: viral video phenomenon]

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Philosophy of Education

- Philosophy of Education Education is an essential element to the life of every person. Teachers must have a philosophy of teaching to be effective in the classroom. No matter what way of teaching an educator chooses, it should positively affect his or her students and help to keep them on track to growing into strong intelligent adults. If a child is placed in a positive environment, then it will help shape them into good citizens. According to Plato, a student's environment determines his or her morals and character....   [tags: Philosophy of Teaching Statement]

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Development During Adolescence

- Adolescence is the developmental stage between childhood and adulthood; it generally refers to a period ranging from age 12 or 13 through age 19 or 21. Although its beginning is often balanced with the beginning of puberty, adolescence is characterized by psychological and social stages as well as by biological changes. Adolescence can be prolonged, brief, or virtually nonexistent, depending on the type of culture in which it occurs. In societies that are simple, for example, the transition from childhood to adulthood tends to occur rather rapidly, and is marked by traditionally prescribed passage rites....   [tags: Human Development Teenagers Essays]

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Behavioral Learning Theories

- Behavioral Learning Theories Most theorists agree that learning occurs when experience causes a change in a person's knowledge or behavior . Behaviorists emphasize the role of environmental stimuli in learning and focus on the behavior, i.e., an observable response. Behavioral theories are based on contiguity, classical and operant conditioning, applied behavior analysis, social learning theory and self-regulation/cognitive behavior modification. Early views of learning were contiguity and classical conditioning....   [tags: Papers]

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Children's Private Speech

- Children's Private Speech Walk into any classroom or playground full of young children aged from four years old through to six or seven, and you will be overwhelmed by the constant noise. Now think back to your own childhood, and try to recall if it was that noisy when you were that age. If you can¡¦t , you are probably like the majority of people. But you will definitely remember the adults in your life telling you to ¡§shut up¡¨, ¡§be quiet¡¨ and ¡§sshhh¡¨. Many Psychologists have noted what is actually being said in all this noise, and attempted to establish what level of communication is actually taking place, and the purpose of this communication....   [tags: Papers]

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Animal Belief

- Animal Belief If Mary believes a bone is on the lawn, then she literally believes that, though her belief may be mistaken. But, if her pet Fido rushes up to what is in fact a bit of bone-shaped plastic, then Fido does not believe that there is a bone on the lawn. However, the best explanation for Fido’s behavior may be that he initially believed there was a bone on the lawn. Unless we are methodological or analytical behaviorists, the claim that we can best explain the behavior of dumb animals by treating them as if they literally held beliefs (and desires) subject to various rationality constraints is hardly surprising....   [tags: Philosophy Language Papers]

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Educational Philosophies

- Educational Philosophies Many different ideas of the correct educational philosophy exist. Highly acclaimed psychologists and educators developed these varying philosophies. Each of these philosophies have their strengths and weaknesses and have their positives and negatives in different situations. It is our job as educators to sift through this list of philosophies to find our own style and philosophy. We must research the pros and cons of each philosophy and pick and choose which sections of each idea to take out and make our own....   [tags: Philosophy Education Psychology Essays]

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Animal Communication

- Throughout this course of study, the concept of language as the demarcation between animals and humans has prevailed. Further, as we have seen in our class readings, many claim that it is through language that our "consciousness" and "cognitive" skills are developed. Accordingly, these skills are necessary for us to interpret and conceptualize our world. What this infers is that because we have these skills and the "brute" animals do not, animals do not possess the ability to analyze or think about their world....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Child Psychology

- Child Psychology I.     Purpose of paper:      Child Psychology, study of children’s behavior-including physical, cognitive, motor, linguistic, perceptual, social, and emotional characteristics-from birth through adolescence. Child psychologists attempt to explain the similarities and differences among children and to describe normal as well as abnormal behavior and development. They also develop methods of treating social, emotional, and learning problems and provide therapy privately and in schools, hospitals, and other institutions....   [tags: Research Psychological Papers Children]

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Humanistic Psychology

- Overview: Throughout history many individuals and groups have affirmed the inherent value and dignity of human beings. They have spoken out against ideologies, beliefs and practices, which held people to be merely the means for accomplishing economic and political ends. They have reminded their contemporaries that the purpose of institutions is to serve and advance the freedom and power of their members. In Western civilization we honor the times and places, such as Classical Greece and Europe of the Renaissance, when such affirmations were expressed....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Clockwork Orange

- Clockwork Orange In all of my reading, I have come to the conclusion that Anthony Burgess is one of the greatest literary genius’s of the twentieth century. His masterpiece, A Clockwork Orange, is unrivaled in obvious depth, insight, and innovation. The novel is a work of such quality, such perfection, that it seems to be genuinely written by a literary demigod. The novel's main theme deals with free choice and spiritual freedom. More specifically, "[The ethical promise that 'A man who cannot choose ceases to be man'] can be taken as both the explicit and implicit themes of the novel" (Morgan 104)....   [tags: essays papers]

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Abraham Moslow

- Abraham Moslow The theorist I chose was Maslow, he was born in 1908 in Brooklyn, New York. He was the first of seven children born to his parents, Jewish immigrants from Russia. His parents, hoping for the best for their children in the New World, pushed him hard for academic success. He became the psychologist who many people consider the founder of a movement called humanistic psychology. The movement developed as a revolt against behaviorism and psychoanalysis, the two most popular psychological views of the mid- 1900’s....   [tags: Papers]

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Panic Disorder

- Panic Disorder You become terrified for no apparent reason; your heart feels as though it will beat right out of your chest; you sense an overall feeling of doom and you get dizzy. Am I dying, or am I just crazy. If you are crazy, then so are 2.4 million other people in the United States. Panic disorder, one of many anxiety disorders, is a serious and potentially debilitating illness. This illness is treatable, however, only one-third of those who suffer will actually be treated. What is panic disorder....   [tags: Papers]

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The Advantages of a Humanistic Approach in Adult Education

- Introduction Behaviourism is the analysis of observable behaviour (Driscoll, 2005, p. 29). There is no doubt about the influence that behaviourism has had on education. It has been used in many situations that call for behaviour modification. These modification methods are taught to adults who will use them to change their own behaviour when they wish to lose weight, quit smoking, or alter another aspect of how they behave. Behaviourism as a learning approach has many limitations. Proponents of this method would agree that the only evidence we have or require of a learner gaining knowledge is from observing their behaviour....   [tags: Education, Teaching]

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- Background and Description of Behaviorism in Relation to Learning The background of behaviorism is associated with many scientists. Behaviorism started back in 400 BC with Aristotle. Aristotle believed in association and that "the objects being associated are similar, or opposite, or near each other". Then, behaviorism came into play with Ivan Pavlov, a Russian physiologist. He studied the behavior of dogs and how they would salivating (conditioned reflex) when shown just the food dish without food (conditioned stimulus or conditioned response)....   [tags: Psychology Psychological Essays]

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Theories Of Primary And Secondary Reinforcement

- ... Conditioned reinforcement or Secondary reinforcement is a stimulus that was once neutral (a neutral stimulus does not currently function as a reinforcer; i.e., it does not influence the behavior that it follows) but became established as a reinforcer by being paired with an unconditioned reinforcer or an already established conditioned reinforcer (Miltenberger, 2015). In Brenda’s case operant conditioning; the consequence of behavior controls the future occurrence of the behavior (Miltenberger, 2015) can be used to help Brenda with her serve....   [tags: Applied behavior analysis, Operant conditioning]

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Assess and Outline Analytical Behaviourism

- Analytical Behaviourism is an empiricist view that was popular in the 1950s, and 60s. It was regarded as a scientific study of the mind, unlike psychological behaviourism. Popular behaviourists include Tom Nagel, Hempel and Ryle. Behaviourists believe that every time we talk about the mind we are infact talking about either actual, or possible, behaviour. So we are speaking about just physical substances and attributes, and nothing non-physical. Behaviourists reject the existence of mental states `sui generis', (as something in their own right)....   [tags: Philosophy]

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- Diagnostic Summary Paper AUTISM Autism is a disorder that impairs the development of a person's capacity to interact with, communicate with, and also maintain regular "normal" bonds with the outside world. This disorder was described in 1943 by Leo Kanner, an American psychologist. Autism is considered one of the more common developmental disabilities, and appears before the age of three. It is known to be four or five times more common in males than in females. It most cited statistic is that autism occurs in 4.5 out of 10,000 live births....   [tags: essays research papers]

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- Biology is the science of living systems. It is inherently interdisciplinary, requiring knowledge of the physical sciences and mathematics, although specialities may be oriented toward a group of organisms or a level of organization. BOTANY is concerned with plant life, ZOOLOGY with animal life, algology with ALGAE, MYCOLOGY with fungi, MICROBIOLOGY with microorganisms such as protozoa and bacteria, CYTOLOGY with CELLS, and so on. All biological specialties, however, are concerned with life and its characteristics....   [tags: Biology]

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- As described, there are 10 different perspectives of early psychology. These perspectives are: Structuralism, functionalism, Gestalt psychology, Behavioral, psychodynamic, humanistic, physiological, evolutionary, cognitive, and cultural and diversity. I will only be looking at three of these perspectives still in common use today here is a summary of each. The behavioral perspective "focuses on the observable behaviors; thus it does not speculate about mental processes such as thinking." (Davis and Palladino, 2005).Unlike the other approaches, the behavioral perspective accentuates how it is important to learn and understand and doesn't focus on coconscious....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Diversity in Early Education

- One hundred years ago, people did not leave their hometown, much less move their families into multicultural neighborhoods filled with diverse children from all over the planet. However, that is changing. With a more globalized world, minorities are finally represented throughout the country, and diversity is becoming more important than ever. In schools, some has been done to address this drastic reduction in prejudice and increase in opportunities. While completely integrating diversity into classrooms is a challenge due to differences in cultural behavior, and misconceived notions of diversity education, there are many studies which are benefiting multiculturalism and strategies created...   [tags: hometown, multicultural neighborhoods]

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1553 words | (4.4 pages) | Preview

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