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An Evaluation On Fault Of The Stars And How It Relates Aristotle Poetics On Three Categories

- Can it Relate. (An Evaluation on Fault in Our Stars and how it relates to Aristotle Poetics on three categories.) Aristotle was an opinionated man. He created an essay people would look to; when it came to drama he thought there was only one way to have a good story, which was a tragedy. There are many films that are considered to be a tragedy, but the one that has recently touched the lives of many is Fault in Our Stars. The story starts out with a young teenage girl who has terminal cancer. She is on a drug that is sustaining her life, but she is inevitably going to die....   [tags: Emotion, Tragedy, Aristotle, Poetics]

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Aristotle's Poetics: Complexity and Pleasure in Tragedy

- Aristotle's Poetics: Complexity and Pleasure in Tragedy Aristotle 384-322 BC First, the instinct of imitation is implanted in man from childhood, one difference between him and other animals being that he is the most imitative of living creatures, and through imitation learns his earliest lessons; and no less universal is the pleasure felt in things imitated. We have evidence of this in the facts of experience. Objects which in themselves we view with pain, we delight to contemplate when reproduced with minute fidelity Poetics Chapter 1V In his Poetics [1] Aristotle classifies plot into two types: simple [haplos], and complex [peplegmenos]....   [tags: Aristotle Poetics Essays]

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The Beautiful in Kant's Third Critique and Aristotle's Poetics

- The Beautiful in Kant's Third Critique and Aristotle's Poetics ABSTRACT: I argue that Kant's analysis of the experience of the beautiful in the third Critique entails an implicit or potential experience of the sublime, that is, the sublime as he himself describes it. Finding the sublime in the beautiful is what I call philosophical beauty. I then consider some aspects of Aristotle's analysis of tragedy in the Poetics, specifically his identification of the key elements of tragedy as those involving the experience of fear and pity, which leads to a catharsis of these emotions....   [tags: Kant Third Critique Aristotle Poetics Essays]

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The Relevance of Aristotle’s Poetics to the World Today

- The Relevance of Aristotle’s Poetics to the World Today      The Canadian novelist Michael Ondaatje, in his last novel titled In the Skin of a Lion, wrote that "the first sentence of every novel should be: Trust me, this will take time but there is order here, very faint, very human" (Ondaatje 223).  Ondaatje noted that what makes a novel a novel is order or, as that order is sometimes referred to today, plot and structure.  It is that structure that we, as both the audience and the artist, rely on to understand and appreciate a work of art.  But, even though Ondaatje noticed the order necessary, he did not do what has been done before--offer an explanation, or rather, a definition of tha...   [tags: Aristotle Poetics Essays]

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The Relation between Seneca’s Hercules Furens and Aristotle’s Poetics

- The Relation between Seneca’s Hercules Furens and Aristotle’s Poetics The intent of this paper is to discuss Seneca’s Hercules Furens in relation to Aristotle’s description of tragedy as outlined in the Poetics. It begins by discussing character, and attempts to determine the nature of Hercules’ error (a(marti/a).1[1] The paper then discusses matters of plot (mu~qoj), attempting to determine the degree to which Hercules Furens meets Aristotle’s requirements for good tragedy in this regard. According to Aristotle, the best tragedy evokes feelings of fear and pity.2[2] Since characters in a tragedy must perform action (pra~cij), it follows that the best tragedy must contain some action that...   [tags: Aristotle Poetics Politics Essays]

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Oedipus the King and Aristotle's Poetics

- According to Aristotle, a tragedy must be an imitation of life in the form of a serious story that is complete in itself among many other things. Oedipus is often portrayed as the perfect example of what a tragedy should be in terms of Aristotle’s Poetics. Reason being that Oedipus seems to include correctly all of the concepts that Aristotle describes as inherent to dramatic tragedy. These elements include: the importance of plot, reversal and recognition, unity of time, the cathartic purging and evocation of pity and fear, the presence of a fatal flaw in the “hero”, and the use of law of probability....   [tags: Oedipus Rex]

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Aristotle's Poetics: Catharsis and Rasas

- There are distinct differences between the theories outlined within Aristotle’s Poetics and Bharata’s The Nāṭyaśāstra which both attempt to elaborate upon the audience relationship and the phenomenon produced relating to the theatrical experience. However, despite the dissimilarities there are components of catharsis and rasa that share common elements and ideas surrounding the creation and the effects of these experiences. Aristotle contends the cathartic nature of tragedy aids in purgation of emotion, however ultimately limiting it to the powers of tragedy as only creating this, where, contrarily, The Nāṭyaśāstra outlines the power any actor has in creating bhāva, leading to rasa....   [tags: auciende, relationship, ancient greek]

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Arguments of Plato in The Republic and Aristotle in Poetics

- What does imitation (mimesis) involve for Plato and Aristotle. Explain its different features. Mimesis, the ‘imitative representation of the real world in art and literature’ , is a form that was particularly evident within the governance of art in Ancient Greece. Although its exact interpretation does vary, it is most commonly used to describe artistic creation as a whole. The value and need for mimesis has been argued by a number of scholars including Sigmund Freud, Philip Sydney and Adam Smith, but this essay will focus on the arguments outlined by Plato in The Republic and Aristotle in Poetics, attempting to demonstrate the different features of imitation (mimesis) and what it involves f...   [tags: imitation, mimesis]

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Matthew Arnold versus Aristotle's Poetics

- The value of imitation: a vision of Aristotle's Poetics Aristotle wrote his Poetics thousands of years before Matthew Arnold's birth. His reasons for composing it were different from Arnold's reasons for using it as an element of his own poetic criticism. We can safely say that Arnold was inclined to use the Poetics as an inspiration for his own poetry, and as a cultural weapon in the fight for artistic and social renewal. Aristotle, by contrast, was more concerned with discovering general truths, and with formalising truths already known intuitively within his own society....   [tags: Aristotle Imitation Matthew Arnold Poetry Poem]

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Ibsen's Ghosts Vs. Aristotle's Poetics

- Ibsen’s Ghosts, although a relatively modern drama, maintains many classical elements of tragedy as defined by Aristotle and championed by the ancient Greek playwrights and poets. One element of displayed prominently in this case is character. Aristotle believed that there were four main elements to a good tragic hero: 1) the character must be good, 2) decorum, 3) the character must be true to life, and 4) constancy within the characters demeanor and actions. The tragic hero in Ibsen’s Ghosts, Mrs....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Aristotle’s Poetics

- Courageous and admirable with noble qualities defines a heroine. In Aristotle’s Poetics he describes a tragic hero as a character who is larger than life and through fate and a flaw they destroy themselves. Additionally, Aristotle states excessive pride is the hubris of a tragic hero. The hero is very self-involved; they are blind to their surroundings and commit a tragic action. A tragedy describes a story that evokes sadness and awe, something larger than life. Furthermore, a tragedy of a play results in the destruction of a hero, evoking catharsis and feelings of pity and fear among the audience....   [tags: tragic hero, heroines, the medea]

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Aristotle’s Poetics Influence on the Ancient World

- Aristotle presents the argument that tragedies are superior to epics. While tragedies and epics are characterized in similar ways they also have their differences. “A tragedy, then, is the imitation of an action that is serious and also, as having magnitude, complete in itself; in language with pleasurable accessories, each kind brought in separately in the parts of the work; in a dramatic, not in a narrative form; with incidents arousing pity and fear, wherewith to accomplish its catharsis of such emotions.” (Aristotle, 6) A Tragedy is better at arousing emotion in an audience than en epic through the plot, characters, thought, diction, melody, and spectacle....   [tags: tragedy, hero, emotions, epics]

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Analysis of Aristotle's The Politics

- An Analysis of Aristotle's The Politics In "The Politics", Aristotle would have us believe that man by nature is a political animal. In other words, Aristotle seems to feel that the most natural thing for men to do is to come together in some form of political association. He then contends that this political association is essential to the pursuit of the good life. Finally he attempts to distinguish what forms of political association are most suitable to the pursuit of this good life. In formulating a critique of "The Politics", we shall first examine his claims as to what is natural to man and whether the criterion of the natural is sufficient to demonstrate virtue....   [tags: Aristotle Poetics Politics Essays]

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Influence of Aristotle’s Poetics on William Wordsworth’s Poetry and William Shakespeare’s Plays

- The Influence of Aristotle on William Wordsworth’s Poetry and William Shakespeare’s Plays Aristotle’s Poetics is not one of his major works, although it has exercised a great deal of influence upon subsequent literary studies and criticism. In this work Aristotle outlines and discusses many basic elements that an author should adhere to in order to write a great tragedies and/or poetry. Two important topics that Aristotle addresses and believes to be crucial to the art work is the mimesis, or imitation of life, and that the audience has an emotional response from the work, or a catharsis....   [tags: Aristotle Tragedy Tragedies]

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Aristotle’s Politics - The Good Man Should Not Rule the City

- Aristotle’s Politics - The Good Man Should Not Rule the City Aristotle contends that the good man is dissimilar to the good citizen in ways he goes a great length to illustrate. He distinguishes the two for the purpose of facilitating his later arguments concerning the appropriate allocation of sovereignty to the rightful ruler, who he subsequently claims is the good man who excels all others in each and every aspect. Aristotle's distinction further prompts the notion that he advocates a monarchial form of constitution, for the rule of a single good man is equivalent to a constitution of kingship....   [tags: Aristotle Poetics Politics Essays]

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Literary Criticism : An Essential Tool For Successful Writing

- The idea of literary criticism was not utilized until Aristotle, renowned philosopher, initiated and supported the idea. Literary criticism still exists in modern day literature proving to be an essential tool for successful writing. The publication of The Poetics left many in the literary world unsatisfied and baffled by the idea that works of literature could even be criticized. The Poetics suggests that literary criticism does not only focus on the aesthetically pleasing side of writing, but also on the social and psychological purpose of a piece of writing, and by doing this Aristotle introduced the concept of catharsis to readers and writers....   [tags: Tragedy, Drama, Poetics, Aristotle]

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The Basic Tales Written By Dr. Seuss

- ... This message is often times relating to a storyline or a tragic series of events, Aristotle, reasoning that this is due to humans learning greatly from an origination of pain and fear. This thought process stems back to Aristotle’s view on the precise means of human nature and knowledge, as supported in "Poetry is More Philosophical than History: Aristotle on Mimesis and Form” by Carli Silvia. In his sense of storytelling it is “Given that by ‘universal’ Aristotle means precisely things that happen ‘as they would in conformity with the probable or the possible.’” This supports not only writing about human pain is a proper route in poetry, but human fault and error that is inevitable prov...   [tags: Poetry, Tragedy, Poetics, Aristotle]

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Aristotle’s Elements of Tragedy

- Aristotle is one of the most important western philosophers in history that has influenced our society in many aspects. Many of Aristotle’s teachings have affected our world for many years and still continue to have such a big impact. Some of the subjects Aristotle has influenced include: logic, physics, government and poetry. Aristotle’s study of poetry mainly focused on the elements to a good tragedy. Some of his elements have been used in Greek tragedies and modern movies. The Greek play, Medea, and the modern movie, No Country for Old Men, use elements from Aristotle philosophy, while using similar and different techniques but both achieving an effective tragedy....   [tags: Creek, Poetics, Tragedy]

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The Poetics Of William Shakespeare 's Hamlet

- Hamlet is a tragedy about the prince of Denmark. When he is met by his father 's ghost and is told to avenge him by killing his Uncle, he plans to exact his revenge so his father can rest in piece. While this seems like a straightforward plot , there are actually many other subplots worked into this Shakespearean tragedy. Although it is viewed by many as a work of art, Aristotle 's poetics provide an entirely different criteria to look at for this play. The poetics are a collection of dramatic and literary theory , written by Aristotle around 335 B.C.E....   [tags: Hamlet, Tragedy, Poetics, Characters in Hamlet]

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Aristotle 's Argument Of Popularity

- Aristotle defends his point against the argument of popularity by saying , “It is accounted the best because of the weakness of the spectators; for the poet is guided in what he writes by the wishes of his audience. The pleasure, however, thence derived is not the true tragic pleasure.” Philoctetes was then, a good tragedy, but most of the pleasure derived was not tragic pleasure. This conclusion explains its popularity, while maintaining the validity of Aristotle’s position. It has now been explained that Philoctetes may have been a good tragedy, but because it doesn’t follow Aristotle’s guidelines, it isn’t perfect, and it isn’t a tragedy in Aristotle’s definition....   [tags: Tragedy, Sophocles, Tragic hero, Poetics]

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Definitions of a Tragedy: Shakespeare's and Aristotle's

- In writing a tragedy, there are certain standards and guidelines to which an author or playwright must follow. One such standard is the Aristotelian definition of tragedy and the tragic hero. William Shakespeare’s The Tragedy of Macbeth is a perfect mold of an Aristotelian Tragedy. It displays all eight aspects of Aristotle’s definition of tragedy. It is set mainly in Scotland, but briefly in England during the eleventh century. It illuminates the ideal plot, in which the action of the story, or Macbeth’s murder of Duncan along with his meticulous planning of other murders, takes place over the course of several days in Scotland, particularly at Macbeth’s castle in Dunsinane....   [tags: Tragedy, shakespeare, aristotelian, Aristotle,]

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The Art of a Good Story from Aristotle's Five Elements

- “In his poetics, Aristotle declared that the hierarchy of dramatic effects was in descending order as follows: plot, character, dialogue…” (Watts, 56). A good story is one that utilizes five elements of craft in coherence with one another to further the reader’s understanding of the narrative. In accordance with Aristotle, plot is the most crucial to building a successful story and should be examined first. As stated by Nigel Watts, author of over ten books, “A classical plot is a narrative of causality which results in a completed process of significant change, giving the reader emotional satisfaction” (Watts, 28)....   [tags: Aristotle, storytelling,]

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The Poetics of Oedipus and Dana Marschz

- Creon, in Sophocles' Oedipus the King, declares to Oedipus that his "power ends; none of [his] power follows [him] through life." (Fagles, 652:1677-8) This edict communicates the transience of mortal abilities, and the hubris of those mortals. In the 2008 film Hamlet 2, Dana Marschz perceives himself as an excellent writer producing the work that will "save Drama" (Hamlet 2, 00:27:58-28:00), which the community loathes for its mediocrity rather than celebrates for its merits. Comparison of the two works demonstrates an erosion of the tragic genre in modern works....   [tags: Shakespearean Literature ]

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Analysis Of Virginia Woolf 's Poetry Advice Than Aristotle, Pope, And Wordsworth )

- ... During the time when he wrote Poetics, it was considered the earliest surviving work of dramatic theory. In Poetics, he offers an account of what he would call poetry. He analyses the most important aspects of a good poem, many of which turn out to be similar to what Virginia Woolf believes. In Letter to a Young Poet, Woolf explains the importance of a strong character. “I say, that poetry has done all this why should it not once more open its eyes, look out of the window and write about other people...Your pages were crammed with character s of the most opposite and various of kinds” (Woolf)....   [tags: Poetry, Aristotle, Alexander Pope, Literature]

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The Poetics Summary

- The Poetics- Aristotle Tragedy- the imitation of an action that is serious and also, as having magnitude, complete in itself; in language with pleasurable accessories, each kind brought in separately in parts of the work; in a dramatic, not in a narrative form; with incidents arousing pity and fear; where with to accomplish its catharsis of such emotions. I. Discussion of Tragedy A. Six parts to a tragedy: 1. fable/plot- the combination of incidents, or things done in the story 2. characters- they’re what make us ascribe certain moral qualirties to the agents (actors) 3....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Euripedes Medea versus Aristotlean Poetics

- Aristotle, a philosopher, scientist, spiritualist and passionate critic of the arts, spent many years studying human nature and its relevance to the stage. His rules of tragedy in fact made a deep imprint on the writing of tragic works, while he influenced the structure of theatre, with his analysis of human nature. Euripides 'Medea', a Greek tragedy written with partial adherence to the Aristotelian rules, explores the continuation of the ancient Greek tales surrounding the mythology of Medea, Princess of Colchis, and granddaughter of Helios, the sun god, with heartlessness to rival the infamous Circe....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Aristotle and Tragedy

- A tragedy’s itended purpose is to raise emotions of both pity and fear through a catharsis. The audience often feels empthatic for the protagonist, as he or she is likely described as a tragic hero. In order to be classified as a tragic hero there are specific criteria that must be met. Aristotle dissected tragedy to further understand the purpose, components, and the criterium. Through his studies, Aristotle formulated, Poetics, his very own book explaining his theory on tragedy. Aristotle defined tragedy as the “imitation of action according to the “law of probability or necessity” (“Outline of Aristotle's Theory of Tragedy.")....   [tags: pity, fear, catharsis, William Shakespeare]

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Plato and Aristotle's Definition of Art

- Two and a half centuries ago in the Mediterranean, the definition of art was not synonymous with the term as we know it. It encompassed painting, sculpting, poetry, and all what he still recognize as art, as well as craftwork, carpentry and similar occupations. Plato was the first to address the nature of art seriously, and did so quite emphatically. Considering it unimportant and even dangerous, he denounced it. His student, Aristotle, who handled the same subject next, held incompatible and sometimes opposing views on the matter....   [tags: Philosophy]

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Towards a Feminist Poetics

- In this essay ELAINE SHOWALTER presents critical essay "Towards A Feminist poetics." Human beings are more respected then in any other country. In England women were treated as cattle, they were not allowed to unit enter the library. "All the literature almost produced by men." Merely a handful of women we have as writer. The women were forced to consume male produced literature; as a result there is no chance to know the article. The female inferiority was deep-rooted for centuries in the world and has been perpetuated by major thinkers....   [tags: World Literature]

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Aristotle On Tragedy

- The Nature of Tragedy:In the century after Sophocles, the philosopher Aristotle analyzed tragedy. His definition: Tragedy then, is an imitation of an action that is serious, complete, and of a certain magnitude; in language embellished with each kind of artistic ornament, the several kinds being found in separate parts of the play; in the form of action, not of narrative; through pity and fear effecting the proper purgation of these emotions.Aristotle identified six basic elements: (1) plot; (2) character; (3) diction (the choice of style, imagery, etc.); (4) thought (the character's thoughts and the author's meaning); (5) spectacle (all the visual effects; Aristotle considered this to be t...   [tags: essays research papers]

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Oedipus : The King Of Thebes And Tragic Hero

- Oedipus: The King of Thebes and Tragic Hero Ancient Greek Literature encompasses an assortment of poetry and drama to include the great masterpieces of tragedy. In Classic Literature, tragedies are commonly known for their elaboration of a protagonist fitting the classification of a tragic hero. This type of hero often collectively described as a character of noble birth, facing an adversity of some nature and a fate of great suffering. The characteristics of what encompasses a tragic hero are most prominently recognized from the viewpoint of the extraordinary Greek philosopher, Aristotle, in his work Poetics....   [tags: Tragedy, Poetics, Sophocles, Anagnorisis]

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Analysis Of The Book ' The Notebook '

- ... For the following three reasons, The Notebook is a distinguished drama following Aristotillian poetics, first because there is a tragic fall, second because the events are always complex, not simple, and last because this film brings about fear and pity from the audience. Initially, The Notebook displays one of Aristotle’s poetic drama traits in that the protagonist of the story does have a tragic fall. Jones identifies the protagonist, “At once it will be objected that we have here a quibble over terms: the word hero does not appear in the Poetics, as it happens (and there is nothing surprising about the absence of the Greek heros); but the idea of the protagonist, of the central figur...   [tags: Tragedy, Drama, Poetry, Poetics]

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The Writings of Sophocles and Aristotle

- The Writings of Sophocles and Aristotle Writing, particularly story writing, is an art. When a person sets out to create a painting, there are certain rules of composition that need to be followed. In the art of writing, it is the same. There are rules of composition for writing and they must be followed by the writer. Some of these rules date back to Aristotle, who set down some rules for classical drama in his Poetics, a collection of class notes in which Aristotle attempted "to treat of Poetry in itself and of its various kinds" (1028)....   [tags: Papers]

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Aristotle 's View On Greek Tragedy And The Tragic Hero

- Introduction One of the foundations of a Greek Tragedy is the concept of the tragic hero. Aristotle outlined what he believed were the characteristics of a tragic hero. Based on those characteristics we can examine Sophocles’ Oedipus and determine if he is representative of Aristotle’s definition of a tragic hero. In this essay we will look at Aristotle’s views on Greek tragedy and the tragic hero and how Oedipus is representative of Aristotle’s views. The essay will show that Aristotle’s characteristics of a tragic hero are exemplified in the Sophocles’ Oedipus....   [tags: Tragedy, Sophocles, Tragic hero]

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An Analysis of Hamlet Under Aristotle’s Theory on Tragedy

- An Analysis of Hamlet under Aristotle’s Theory on Tragedy Aristotle, as a world famous philosopher, gives a clear definition of tragedy in his influential masterpiece Poetics, a well-known Greek technical handbook of literary criticism. In Aristotle’s words, a tragedy is “an imitation of an action that is serious, complete, and of a certain magnitude, language embellished with each kind of artistic ornament, the several kinds being found in separate parts of the play, the form of action, not of narrative, through pity and fear effecting the proper purgation of these emotions”(Aristotle 12)....   [tags: plot, character, thought, diction]

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Aristotle Played a Crucial Role in the Formation of the Modern World

- Aristotle Our world is very complicated and full of different miracles, phenomenas, enigmas. This unwittingly made people to think about nature, about their environment, about things surrounding them, about people around and relations with them, literally about everything. Humans’ minds are created in such way that understanding of the meaning of life, the nature of things, phenomenon of nature and life is quite necessary for existence and living. During the world history some people were pretty successful in understanding and analyzing our world, these are different philosophers, thinkers, scientists from the beginning of the world and up to now....   [tags: philosopher, plato's student, master science]

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What Makes A Perfect Tragedy?

- ... This can be seen through Oedipus’ edict that states: Thebans, if anyone knows the man by whom Laius, son of Labdacus, was slain, I summon him to declare everything to me. And if he is afraid, let him reflect that thus Confessing he shall escape the death penalty (Sophocles) There is nothing more serious than death, and the mere fact that Oedipus is resorting to this penalty shows how the situation in Thebes is dire. Sophocles creates a complete action from this decree by writing Oedipus into the role of the murderer....   [tags: Tragedy, Sophocles, Oedipus, Poetics]

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Aristotle's Analysis of Oedipus the King

- Aristotle's Analysis of Oedipus Rex     Aristotle is the most influential philosopher in the history of Western thought. A Greek drama by Sophocles, Oedipus Rex, was praised in the Poetics of Aristotle as the model for classical tragedy and is still considered a principal example of the genre.  In this essay I will analyze Oedipus Rex using Aristotle's concepts praxis, poiesis, theoria.             Thought and character make persons actions.  They only indicate the basic meaning of action but if one wants to understand how the arts imitate action more than just in concepts of thought and character he or she should explore the notion of it a little further.  Action springs from character an...   [tags: Oedipus Rex Essays]

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Classical Theories - Aristotle and Plato

- Plato and Aristotle have both documented strong opinions about the influence and social purpose of poetry. Plato, in The Republic, outlines reasons for his `refusal to admit the imitative kind of poetry'(Plato cited in ed. Adams 1992, p. 31). Plato's reference to `poetry' does not apply to the poetry of contemporary society, as it was a performance art and not meant for silent reading and reflection. Julia Annas (1981, p. 94) believes that Plato's concern `was with popular culture, the culture that surrounds children as they grow up; in a present-day setting his concern would be with novels, (TV and movies)'; such as the 2003 movie House of Sand and Fog....   [tags: Personal Essays]

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Oedipus the King and Aristotle

- In Poetics' by Aristotle, the author talks about what he feels are the conventions of any successful tragic play. With that in mind perhaps the greatest tragedy from his time period if not ever is Oedipus the King by Sophocles. It fits almost perfectly the majority of the criteria Aristotle sets and so has been considered by some scholars as the perfect tragedy. The main criteria set by Aristotle involves the plot and the plays main character. According to Aristotle, for a tragedy to be both successful and effective there must be a reversal, a "change from one state of affairs to its exact opposite", and there must be recognition, "a change from ignorance to knowledge" on the part of the...   [tags: Oedipus Rex Essays]

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- Background Again, men in general desire the good, and not merely what their fathers had. - Aristotle, Politics * Aristotle was born in 384 BC at Stagira in northern Greece. * He was the son of Nicomachus, a physician with close connections to the Macedonian court. * Some believe it to be his father's influence that gave Aristotle his interest in anatomy and the structure of living things in general. * He was a Greek philosopher and scientist. Life / Career Education is the best provision for the journey to old age....   [tags: biographies biography bio]

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Aristotle, Antigone and Billy Budd

- Aristotle, Antigone and Billy Budd In Poetics, Aristotle explains tragedy as a kind of imitation of a certain magnitude, using direct action instead of narration to achieve its desired affect. It is of an extremely serious nature. Tragedy is also complete, with a structure that unifies all of its parts. It is meant to produce a catharsis of the audience, meant to produce the emotions of pity and fear and to purge them of these emotions and helping them better understand the ways of the gods and men....   [tags: comparison compare contrast essays]

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- Aristotle Aristotle was born in 384 BC, at Stagira, in Macedonia, the son of a physician to the royal court. At the age of 17, he went to Athens to study at Plato's Academy. He remained there for about 20 years, as a student and then as a teacher. When Plato died in 347BC, Aristotle moved to Assos, a city in Asia Minor, to counsel Hermias, the ruler. After Hermias was captured and executed by the Persians in 345BC, Aristotle went to Pella, the Macedonian capital, where he became the tutor of the king's young son Alexander, later known as Alexander the Great....   [tags: essays papers]

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Aristotle?s Rules For Tragedy

- Aristotle’s Rules For Tragedy Laid Down In Poetics As They Apply To Blood Relations By Sharon Pollock Aristotle could be considered the first popular literary critic. Unlike Plato, who all but condemned written verse, Aristotle breaks it down and analyses it so as to separate the good from the bad. He studies in great detail what components make a decent epic or tragedy. The main sections he comes up with are form, means and manner. For most drama and verse, Aristotle’s rules are a fairly good measure of the quality of a piece of written work....   [tags: essays research papers fc]

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Jeff Smith : An Enthralling Parable Of A Spirited And Ambitious Young Man

- How Jeff Smith landed in jail is an enthralling parable of a spirited and ambitious young man looking to bring positive change to the nation. Jeff Smith was born in St. Louis Missouri in 1973 to a middle class family. Smith attended Ladue high school and then went on to graduate from UNC and Washington University with degrees in political science. In 2004 a Democratic Primary was being held for a Missouri US congressional seat, and Smith decided to run. Smith at the time was a virtually unknown figure in the political world, but with the help of a young, bright, and driven campaign staff, he decided to run against a the scion Russ Carnahan....   [tags: Tragedy, Tragic hero, Poetics, Character]

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The Tragic Heroes Of Sophocles ' Oedipus

- Sophocles’ Oedipus is arguably one of the best tragic heroes in ancient literature, but does he conform to the Aristotelian criteria of tragic heroes. In his work Poetics, Aristotle details the characteristics that must comprise such a character, providing playwrights a strict criterion to follow when writing dramas. One character that is consistently mentioned along with this definition is the notorious Oedipus. Oedipus was the king of Thebes who slowly learned that he was responsible for the death of his father and was married to his own mother....   [tags: Tragic hero, Tragedy, Oedipus, Poetics]

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The Tragedy Of Sophocles ' Oedipus Rex And Hamlet '

- There is no doubt that tragedy has changed considerably since Aristotle first wrote the definition of tragedy in his Poetics in Ancient Greece, but these changes raise the question of whether modern tragedy still fits the classical definition of tragedy. Tragedy has evolved greatly since the times of the classical tragedies, including Oedipus Rex and Hamlet, to the more modern forms of tragedy, as seen in The Hairy Ape and Death of a Salesman. Despite its evolution and deviation from Aristotle’s definition, modern tragedy holds by the same principles, and retains the same power and message expressed by Aristotelian tragedy....   [tags: Tragedy, Tragic hero, Poetics, Sophocles]

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The Characteristics Of A Ideal Character

- In Aristotle’s literature, the four characteristics that define an ideal character are displayed throughout his plays. The characteristics of goodness, propriety, and consistency and true to life demonstrate Aristotle remarks of ideal characters. The goodness is defined as characters having good moral purpose. In contrast to propriety the character must demonstrate fitment to his or her role the behavior must conventionally considered being correct. In the sequence of these characteristics falls the importance of being true to life the character is bestowed to act out of probability but not out of necessary....   [tags: Tragedy, Tragic hero, Drama, Poetics]

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Who Doesn 't Love A Happy Ending

- ... The plays were usually performed in late March or early April at the religious festival in honor of the God. These performances were a contest with three playwrights who presented their works during the festival. The plays usually consisted of males who wore masks and of chorus who accompanied or answered the actors through song. The Greeks believed the tragedy what is the highest form of drama. In Poetics by Aristotle he states for a play to be a tragedy and has to have “imitation of an action that is serious and also, as having magnitude, complete in itself; in appropriate and pleasurable language… in a dramatic rather than narrative form; with incidents arousing pity and fear, wherewi...   [tags: Tragedy, Poetics, Sophocles, Tragic hero]

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The Perspective of Plato and Aristotle on the Value of Art

- The Perspective of Plato and Aristotle on the Value of Art   As literary critics, Plato and Aristotle disagree profoundly about the value of art in human society. Plato attempts to strip artists of the power and prominence they enjoy in his society, while Aristotle tries to develop a method of inquiry to determine the merits of an individual work of art. It is interesting to note that these two disparate notions of art are based upon the same fundamental assumption: that art is a form of mimesis, imitation....   [tags: Philosophy Essays]

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Shakespeare's Use of Aristotle's Guidelines to Tragedy in Creating the Play Othello

- Throughout time, the tragedy has been seen as the most emotionally pleasing form of drama, because of its ability to bring the viewer into the drama and feel for the characters, especially the tragic hero. This analysis of tragedy was formed by the Greek philosopher Aristotle, and also noted in his Poetics (guidelines to drama). As a playwright, Shakespeare used Aristotle’s guidelines to tragedy when writing Othello. The play that was created revolved around the tragic hero, Othello, whose tragic flaw transformed him from a nobleman, into a destructive creature, which would inevitably bring him to his downfall....   [tags: othello]

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Classical Vs. Modern Tragedy

- Classical vs. Modern Tragedy Paulo Coelho once said, “Tragedy always brings radical changes in our lives, a change that is associated with the same principle of loss.” In Poetics, Aristotle describes the qualities of a tragedy and uses the character of King Oedipus as a perfect example of tragedy. In the modern world, authors continued to create tragedies as depicted in the modern book of Death of a Salesman. Considering the time difference between the two books, one is left wondering how the concept of tragedy has remained relevant for many centuries, and whether in the modern world tragedy has changed in any way....   [tags: Tragedy, Tragic hero, Poetics, Sophocles]

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Robert Rossen’s 1961 Film, The Hustler: Can it be Viewed as an Aristotelian Tragedy?

- Robert Rossen’s 1961 film, The Hustler, is one that is said to aspire to be classified as a tragedy. But can the film be compared to something such as tragedy in the views of Aristotle. Does the film fit the requirements prerequisite of an Aristotelian Tragedy. Or are the comparisons the result of ignorant, unenlightened critics. Aristotle thought up a list of compulsory requirements for something to be called ‘tragedy’. He concluded “Tragedy affects through pity and fear the catharsis of such emotions.” meaning that during a tragedy, one should feel the emotions of pity and fear--fear that the circumstances which they are observing could one day affect themselves--but that after the specta...   [tags: aristotle, movies, philosophy]

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Introduction to Fiction, Poetry, Drama, and Writing

- Tragedy is one of the most popular genres that have been loved for more than a thousand years. This genre was first become popular in Ancient Greece, and significant amount of the classic masterpieces are from Greek playwrights. Aristotle, the ancient Greek philosopher, is a main authority on this genre. He sets some specific rules for each tragedy to cleanse audience’s emotion while enjoying the play. He defines tragedy in Poetics, and his criteria are major sources that determine a genuine tragedy....   [tags: aristotle, tragedy, oedipus, ]

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The Tragic Hero Of Shakespeare 's Julius Caesar

- ... Lastly for a character to be tragic by Aristotle’s standards, they must be consistent or “Consistently inconsistent.” (Aristotle 15) All of these qualities of a tragic figure have to do with Aristotle’s concept of catharsis, which is the purging of the audience through pity and terror. For catharsis to be achieved, the characters must be relatable to the audience to the point of where the audience sees themselves in similar situations as presented onstage or in the text. With these qualities of character in mind, we can now thoroughly analyze the character Brutus and see how well or poorly he aligns with Aristotle’s outline of a tragic character....   [tags: Tragedy, Tragic hero, Julius Caesar, Poetics]

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Tragedy : A Modern Tragedy

- ... He then is informed about a prophet who may be able to sort out the problem of finding out that the murder of King Laius was by Creon. Oedipus then sends of Creon to bring this prophet to his presence and is offended by such words that come out of Tiresias mouth. Tiresias warns Oedipus several times telling him that he does not wish to know what lies in the future, saying to him “I will not bring remorse upon myself and upon you. Why do you search these matters. Vain, vain. I will not tell you” (Sophocles 13) after Oedipus insists for the prophet to tell him what he sees yet by being blind....   [tags: Tragedy, Oedipus, Sophocles, Aristotle]

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Aristotle's Legacy

- Extraordinary achievements have been made through ancient civilizations. Philosophers that have changed the way we look at things every day came from the ancient Greek world, especially during the prosperous Golden Age of Athens, Greece. Aristotle, a famous philosopher, taught his philosophy during this period of time in Greece. Using his intellect and astounding ideas, Aristotle created a legacy that influenced people for ages. To start off, Aristotle was a widely known philosopher in the Ancient Greek world born in Macedonia in the year 384 B.C....   [tags: Philosophy ]

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Free Hamlet Essays: The Perspective of Aristotle on Hamlet

- Custom Written Essays - The Perspective of Aristotle on Hamlet One of the foremost Elizabethan tragedies is Hamlet by William Shakespeare and one of the earliest critics of tragedy is Aristotle. One way to measure Shakespeare's work is to appraise it using the methods of classical critics and thereby to see how if it would have retained its meaning. Hamlet is one of the most recognizable and most often quoted tragedies in the all of English literature. Aristotle, is concerned with the proper presentation of tragic plays and poetry....   [tags: GCSE Coursework Shakespeare Hamlet]

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Oedipus the King by Sophocles

- Oedipus the King, a tragedy which was written by the ancient greek dramatist Sophocles, is often referred to as the perfect tragedy (McManus, 1999). According to Aristotle in his Poetics, in order for a story to be considered a tragedy, it must be realistic, evoke a series of emotions leading to catharsis, which is defined by the Oxford English Dictionary as “the process of releasing, and thereby providing relief from, strong or repressed emotions”. A tragedy should also contain six key elements: Plot, Character, Thought, Diction, Melody, and Spectacle (McManus, 1999)....   [tags: perfect tragedy, aristotle, greek]

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The Epic of Forrest Gump: Winston Groom

- “Epic[s] and Tragedy, Comedy also […], are all in [a] general conception modes of imitation. They differ, however, from one another in three respects- the medium, the objects, the manner or mode of imitation, being in each case distinct” (Poetics, Section 1 Part I). Life is simulated by the interpretations that each genre of poetry evokes its properties of presentation. Aristotle a 4th century Greek philosopher, categorized tragedy into elements of: Plot, Character, Thought, Diction, Melody, and Spectacle....   [tags: epic drama, romantic-comedy, aristotle]

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Pathetic vs Ethical

- Aristotle’s Poetics is a “reservoir of the themes and schemes deployed in ancient Greek tragedy and poetry” (Poetics iii). Written around 330 B.C., it was the first work of literature to make a distinction amongst the various literary genres and provide a proper analysis of them. In Poetics, Aristotle places a big emphasis on the genre of tragedy. When one hears of the word tragedy, one already assumes that something bad has occurred to an individual and an immediate emotion of sorrow occurs, but how does Aristotle see tragedy....   [tags: Philosophy, Greek, Aristotle]

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The Difference between Past and Present Views of Alcohol through the Effectiveness of Theatrical Influence

- From generation to generation there have been different methods of influence from particularly adults to young adults on the dangers of alcohol. In theatre there are types performance styles that have evolved over time and when this change happens, it is the result of change in society as well. There are many differences between Augusto Boal and Aristotle as far as theatre presentation is concerned, but when you bring some of the real-life instances and how they demonstrate each morally it can show this contrast even further....   [tags: Augusto Boal, Aristotle, theater styles]

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Oedipus the King and Things Fall Apart - Tragedies as Defined by Aristotle

- Oedipus and Things Fall Aparttragedies as defined by Aristotle Almost 2500 years ago Aristotle defined a tragic plot as one containing six essential elements. The first is a hero (sympatheia) who is noble by birth or has risen to a place of power. The hero should also be of good character. Aristotle stated in The Poetics, “This is the sort of man who is not pre-eminently virtuous and just, and yet it is through no badness or villainy of his own that he falls into the fortune, but rather through some flaw in him, he being one of those who are in high station and good fortune.” The second is the flaw (Hamartia) in the hero’s character....   [tags: Oedipus Rex Essays]

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Oedipus and Othello Exemplify Aristotle’s Definition of a Tragic Hero

- Throughout our history, many genres have survived the test of time. One of the most well known and popular genre is the tragedy. A tragedy tells a story of the downfall of a basically good person through some fatal error or misjudgment, producing suffering and insight on the part of the protagonist and arousing pity and fear on the part of the audience. One of the main authorities on tragedy is ancient Greek philosopher, Aristotle. His piece of literature, Poetics, is highly regarded as one of the main sources used to define what makes a tragedy....   [tags: Oedipus the King, 2014]

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The Tragedy Of Hamlet By William Shakespeare

- ... In all of these things, Hamlet applies all of his rationality to persuade himself to do the opposite thing, even when he knows that he has a job to do. Hamlet went to a school that was indoctrinated with the ideas of making philosophers. Having attended said school, Hamlet begins to question everything that happens around him. Hamlet seeks to understand everyone 's motives and is weary for those that are suspected to be working against him. Amongst his weariness of motives Hamlet stumbles upon the very thing that sets this whole play in motion....   [tags: Hamlet, Tragedy, Poetics, Tragic hero]

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Aristole's View on Drama

- Preamble Drama is an aspect of literature represented in performances and has been a part of the world for many decades. Drama originated in classical Greece around the fifth century B.C. The earliest performances took place in amphitheaters, which the Greeks invented to incorporate plays in their religious and civic festivals. These Greek festivals were huge theatrical events filled with three days of drama. The structure of the amphitheater allowed for an audience of thousands to observe the theatrics and watch as the actors vie to win the drama competition....   [tags: fear and pity, comedy and tragedy]

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Tragedy : The Great Mirror Of Real Life

- ... Does Hamlet meet the criteria set forth by Aristotle. Or does it fail to become a true tragedy. Hamlet, while at times departing from the conventions Aristotle laid out, is undoubtedly a true tragedy overall. All of Aristotle’s most important qualities of tragedy appear strong and full of potential inside Hamlet: plot, characters, theme, a poetic diction (word choice), and elements of the supernatural. Additionally, as we have seen, Hamlet contains the senecan motifs of bloodshed, revenge, and over-the-top drama....   [tags: Tragedy, Tragic hero, Poetics, Drama]

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Oedipus The King : A Tragic Hero

- A thunderous crash is felt when nobility falls from its ivory tower. A crash that is heard for generations. Sophocles’ Greek drama Oedipus Rex is just such a crash. It exhibits a noble king beset by unimaginable tragedy. Oedipus the King has elicited pity and fear from those who read it or watch it for many generations. How does one who is noble, and good, fall. It is “Aristotle 's demand that suffering be shown to have been caused, in part at least, by errors.” The plot, hero, diction and theme all lead to a final tragic event in the life of the noble king....   [tags: Tragedy, Sophocles, Oedipus, Poetics]

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The Tragedy Of Oedipus Rex

- ... The Gods in a tragedy of Aristotle’s view would smite or make the Hero’s life or journey difficult by changing their fate or future from good to bad such as in OEDIPUS REX: Bootless away; but other terrible and strange and lamentable things revealed, saying I should wed my mother, and produce a race intolerable for men to see, and be my natural father’s murder. (Gods told him he would do all that and could not change his fate.)When I hear that, measuring where Corinth stands even there after by the star alone, where I might never think to see fulfilled....   [tags: Tragedy, Poetics, Character, Sophocles]

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The Tragedy Of Greek Tragedy

- ... “Since the aim of a tragedy is to arouse pity and fear through an alteration in the status of the central character, he must be a figure with whom the audience can identify and whose fate can trigger these emotions. Aristotle says that ‘pity is aroused by unmerited misfortune, fear by the misfortune of a man like ourselves.’ He surveys various possible types of characters on the basis of these premises, then defines the ideal protagonist as . . . a man who is highly renowned and prosperous, but one who is not pre-eminently virtuous and just, whose misfortune, however, is brought upon him not by vice or depravity but by some error of judgment or frailty....” In a tragedy the character ca...   [tags: Tragedy, Poetics, Sophocles, Catharsis]

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A Tragic Hero And An Anti Hero

- ... Holden’s indecisiveness between the two options, becoming a man or a child, conflicts with his own sense of change. He is torn between this dichotomy. “The mark of the immature man is that he wants to die nobly for a cause, while the mark of the mature man is that he wants to live humbly for one” (Salinger 188). The inference made by Mr. Antolini suggests the underlying problem that Holden needs to “grow up”. This immaturity can act as his façade of innocence and which, consequently, can make him a phony himself....   [tags: Tragic hero, Tragedy, Poetics]

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The Tragedy Of Sophocles ' Oedipus And Hamlet

- A tragic play is a combination of dramatic scenes that act out a tragic event and usually labors unhappy endings. The play would usually portray the downfall of the main character. According to Aristotle, “Every Tragedy therefore must have six parts, which parts determine its quality—namely, Plot, Character, Diction, Thought, Spectacle, Song.” Based on Aristotle’s definition, Oedipus and Hamlet are a good examples tragedy. They both have been developed with a strong Plot and Characters. According to Aristotle, Plot is considered to be “the soul of tragedy” and very important in a play....   [tags: Tragedy, Character, Poetics, Tragic hero]

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Arthur Miller 's Death Of A Salesman

- Tragic Hero in Death of a Salesman Produced in the end of modernism, Arthur Miller’s Death of a Salesman portrays a tragic story behind the American Dream. The play encompasses over a life of an average salesman, whose personal failure consumed on his deceptive and deluded life. Aristotle would perceive the downfall of the main character, Willy, as an intellectual error – not a moral error for he had fallen into an error in judgment. Furthermore, Miller combines the Aristotelian principles of tragedy and immerses it in a relatable context for the common people....   [tags: Tragedy, Tragic hero, Poetics, Drama]

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Can A Reverend Be A Hero?

- Can a Reverend be a Hero. According to many experts of both history and literature, Aristotle’s definition of a tragic hero is used to describe many protagonists in both American and world literature. There are many aspects to Aristotle’s definition, and each idea helps to explain the structure, purpose, and intended effect of tragedy. Many of Aristotle’s ideas can apply to multiple characters in The Crucible. Although Proctor unarguably represents the tragic hero of this novel, Reverend Hale’s story fits surprisingly well with the criteria that Aristotle believes to define a tragic hero....   [tags: Tragedy, Poetics, Tragic hero, Witchcraft]

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Creon : Does He Classify As A Tragic Hero?

- ... He could have been right but ended up being tragically wrong. The audacity of a decision like Creon’s easily shows that he has hubris. Interestingly enough, Richard Sewall believes, “Hubris is not a ‘sin’” but only “. . . the source of all tragic action. It’s hazardous because it tries to defy greater laws or powers, but in the end it’s not ‘morally good or bad’” (36). In this sense Sewell believes that it is not a devilish desire to do harm to others, but only a twisted sense of judgment making one think he or she is greater than the gods, or making one think the world revolves around them....   [tags: Tragic hero, Poetics, Anagnorisis, Tragedy]

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The Tragic Tragedy Of Gabriele Muccino

- A tragedy is an event that can evoke pathos or even deliver justice. These rollercoaster emotions felt are predominantly the reason why people have decided to create their own tragedies. Many modern day filmmakers use the backbone of past tragedy stories as a muse to create their own versions and interpretations of a tragedy story. Gabriele Muccino is one of these film directors that incorporates ideas from the Aristotelian tragedy to create the film Seven Pounds. In the film Seven Pounds, the protagonist, Tim Thomas, causes a fatal car accident which takes the lives of seven, including his wife’s....   [tags: Tragedy, Character, Poetics, Seven Pounds]

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The Tragic Hero Of Sophocles ' Antigone

- In the Greek play Antigone by Sophocles is very different from traditional plays or tragedies. Not only does the play have two prominent characters, Antigone and King Creon, the two characters also function as a tragic hero. However, which of the two character is the real tragic hero. Antigone’s tragedy is from conflict and passion. To really understand which of the two character is the ‘real’ tragic hero, one must understand the definition of a tragic hero. According to Aristotle’s definition of a tragic hero, a tragic hero must be born from a high social class and his or her downfall must be caused by a fatal flaw of that character....   [tags: Tragedy, Sophocles, Poetics, Tragic hero]

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Death Of A Salesman By Arthur Miller

- ... He put all his energy into being socially accepted that he didn’t save any for his family. Besides not being a good salesman, he is not a good father nor a good husband. He put a lot a pressure on his sons, Biff and Happy, to be liked by everyone. Willy especially put a lot of pressure on Biff, his eldest son, and wanted him to be the best. An example of hubris would be when Willy told Biff and Happy that Bernard (a friend of theirs) was liked but not very well liked, but that Biff was so he should use that to his advantage....   [tags: Tragic hero, Tragedy, Character, Poetics]

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The Tragedy Of Tennessee William 's A Streetcar Name Desire

- ... The modern tragedy continues this pattern. In A Streetcar Named Desire, Blanche fell from high status when she lost her home. Her grief from her past causes her to look for comfort and validation in men. Stella expresses her knowledge of her sister’s needs when she instructs Stanley to “admire her dress and tell her she’s looking wonderful That’s important with Blanche. Her little weakness!” (33). Blanche’s flaw is not hubris, but her constant need for a man’s justification. Her need to elevate her self esteem leads to her demise, along with her inability to accept reality....   [tags: Tragedy, Tragic hero, Poetics, Sophocles]

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Oedipus The Tragic Hero Of Oedipus And Oedipus Rex

- ... Throughout the beginning and middle of the play, Oedipus ' hamartia is evident. In the opening scene Oedipus tells his people, "Oh my children… Huddling at my altar, praying before me?"(lines 1-3) He views himself on the same level if not higher than gods such as Apollo and Zeus. The people of Thebes pray to Oedipus before the gods who had protected them for so long, causing him to take on the role of a father or God. A few lines later, Oedipus introduces himself saying, "you all know me, the world knows my fame: I am Oedipus"(lines 8-9)....   [tags: Tragic hero, Tragedy, Poetics, Sophocles]

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