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Aristotle's Poetics: Complexity and Pleasure in Tragedy

- Aristotle's Poetics: Complexity and Pleasure in Tragedy Aristotle 384-322 BC First, the instinct of imitation is implanted in man from childhood, one difference between him and other animals being that he is the most imitative of living creatures, and through imitation learns his earliest lessons; and no less universal is the pleasure felt in things imitated. We have evidence of this in the facts of experience. Objects which in themselves we view with pain, we delight to contemplate when reproduced with minute fidelity Poetics Chapter 1V In his Poetics [1] Aristotle classifies plot into two types: simple [haplos], and complex [peplegmenos]....   [tags: Aristotle Poetics Essays]

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The Beautiful in Kant's Third Critique and Aristotle's Poetics

- The Beautiful in Kant's Third Critique and Aristotle's Poetics ABSTRACT: I argue that Kant's analysis of the experience of the beautiful in the third Critique entails an implicit or potential experience of the sublime, that is, the sublime as he himself describes it. Finding the sublime in the beautiful is what I call philosophical beauty. I then consider some aspects of Aristotle's analysis of tragedy in the Poetics, specifically his identification of the key elements of tragedy as those involving the experience of fear and pity, which leads to a catharsis of these emotions....   [tags: Kant Third Critique Aristotle Poetics Essays]

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The Relevance of Aristotle’s Poetics to the World Today

- The Relevance of Aristotle’s Poetics to the World Today      The Canadian novelist Michael Ondaatje, in his last novel titled In the Skin of a Lion, wrote that "the first sentence of every novel should be: Trust me, this will take time but there is order here, very faint, very human" (Ondaatje 223).  Ondaatje noted that what makes a novel a novel is order or, as that order is sometimes referred to today, plot and structure.  It is that structure that we, as both the audience and the artist, rely on to understand and appreciate a work of art.  But, even though Ondaatje noticed the order necessary, he did not do what has been done before--offer an explanation, or rather, a definition of tha...   [tags: Aristotle Poetics Essays]

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The Relation between Seneca’s Hercules Furens and Aristotle’s Poetics

- The Relation between Seneca’s Hercules Furens and Aristotle’s Poetics The intent of this paper is to discuss Seneca’s Hercules Furens in relation to Aristotle’s description of tragedy as outlined in the Poetics. It begins by discussing character, and attempts to determine the nature of Hercules’ error (a(marti/a).1[1] The paper then discusses matters of plot (mu~qoj), attempting to determine the degree to which Hercules Furens meets Aristotle’s requirements for good tragedy in this regard. According to Aristotle, the best tragedy evokes feelings of fear and pity.2[2] Since characters in a tragedy must perform action (pra~cij), it follows that the best tragedy must contain some action that...   [tags: Aristotle Poetics Politics Essays]

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Oedipus the King and Aristotle's Poetics

- According to Aristotle, a tragedy must be an imitation of life in the form of a serious story that is complete in itself among many other things. Oedipus is often portrayed as the perfect example of what a tragedy should be in terms of Aristotle’s Poetics. Reason being that Oedipus seems to include correctly all of the concepts that Aristotle describes as inherent to dramatic tragedy. These elements include: the importance of plot, reversal and recognition, unity of time, the cathartic purging and evocation of pity and fear, the presence of a fatal flaw in the “hero”, and the use of law of probability....   [tags: Oedipus Rex]

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Aristotle's Poetics: Catharsis and Rasas

- There are distinct differences between the theories outlined within Aristotle’s Poetics and Bharata’s The Nāṭyaśāstra which both attempt to elaborate upon the audience relationship and the phenomenon produced relating to the theatrical experience. However, despite the dissimilarities there are components of catharsis and rasa that share common elements and ideas surrounding the creation and the effects of these experiences. Aristotle contends the cathartic nature of tragedy aids in purgation of emotion, however ultimately limiting it to the powers of tragedy as only creating this, where, contrarily, The Nāṭyaśāstra outlines the power any actor has in creating bhāva, leading to rasa....   [tags: auciende, relationship, ancient greek]

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Arguments of Plato in The Republic and Aristotle in Poetics

- What does imitation (mimesis) involve for Plato and Aristotle. Explain its different features. Mimesis, the ‘imitative representation of the real world in art and literature’ , is a form that was particularly evident within the governance of art in Ancient Greece. Although its exact interpretation does vary, it is most commonly used to describe artistic creation as a whole. The value and need for mimesis has been argued by a number of scholars including Sigmund Freud, Philip Sydney and Adam Smith, but this essay will focus on the arguments outlined by Plato in The Republic and Aristotle in Poetics, attempting to demonstrate the different features of imitation (mimesis) and what it involves f...   [tags: imitation, mimesis]

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Matthew Arnold versus Aristotle's Poetics

- The value of imitation: a vision of Aristotle's Poetics Aristotle wrote his Poetics thousands of years before Matthew Arnold's birth. His reasons for composing it were different from Arnold's reasons for using it as an element of his own poetic criticism. We can safely say that Arnold was inclined to use the Poetics as an inspiration for his own poetry, and as a cultural weapon in the fight for artistic and social renewal. Aristotle, by contrast, was more concerned with discovering general truths, and with formalising truths already known intuitively within his own society....   [tags: Aristotle Imitation Matthew Arnold Poetry Poem]

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Ibsen's Ghosts Vs. Aristotle's Poetics

- Ibsen’s Ghosts, although a relatively modern drama, maintains many classical elements of tragedy as defined by Aristotle and championed by the ancient Greek playwrights and poets. One element of displayed prominently in this case is character. Aristotle believed that there were four main elements to a good tragic hero: 1) the character must be good, 2) decorum, 3) the character must be true to life, and 4) constancy within the characters demeanor and actions. The tragic hero in Ibsen’s Ghosts, Mrs....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Aristotle’s Poetics

- Courageous and admirable with noble qualities defines a heroine. In Aristotle’s Poetics he describes a tragic hero as a character who is larger than life and through fate and a flaw they destroy themselves. Additionally, Aristotle states excessive pride is the hubris of a tragic hero. The hero is very self-involved; they are blind to their surroundings and commit a tragic action. A tragedy describes a story that evokes sadness and awe, something larger than life. Furthermore, a tragedy of a play results in the destruction of a hero, evoking catharsis and feelings of pity and fear among the audience....   [tags: tragic hero, heroines, the medea]

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Analysis of Aristotle's The Politics

- An Analysis of Aristotle's The Politics In "The Politics", Aristotle would have us believe that man by nature is a political animal. In other words, Aristotle seems to feel that the most natural thing for men to do is to come together in some form of political association. He then contends that this political association is essential to the pursuit of the good life. Finally he attempts to distinguish what forms of political association are most suitable to the pursuit of this good life. In formulating a critique of "The Politics", we shall first examine his claims as to what is natural to man and whether the criterion of the natural is sufficient to demonstrate virtue....   [tags: Aristotle Poetics Politics Essays]

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Aristotle’s Poetics Influence on the Ancient World

- Aristotle presents the argument that tragedies are superior to epics. While tragedies and epics are characterized in similar ways they also have their differences. “A tragedy, then, is the imitation of an action that is serious and also, as having magnitude, complete in itself; in language with pleasurable accessories, each kind brought in separately in the parts of the work; in a dramatic, not in a narrative form; with incidents arousing pity and fear, wherewith to accomplish its catharsis of such emotions.” (Aristotle, 6) A Tragedy is better at arousing emotion in an audience than en epic through the plot, characters, thought, diction, melody, and spectacle....   [tags: tragedy, hero, emotions, epics]

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Aristotle’s Politics - The Good Man Should Not Rule the City

- Aristotle’s Politics - The Good Man Should Not Rule the City Aristotle contends that the good man is dissimilar to the good citizen in ways he goes a great length to illustrate. He distinguishes the two for the purpose of facilitating his later arguments concerning the appropriate allocation of sovereignty to the rightful ruler, who he subsequently claims is the good man who excels all others in each and every aspect. Aristotle's distinction further prompts the notion that he advocates a monarchial form of constitution, for the rule of a single good man is equivalent to a constitution of kingship....   [tags: Aristotle Poetics Politics Essays]

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Influence of Aristotle’s Poetics on William Wordsworth’s Poetry and William Shakespeare’s Plays

- The Influence of Aristotle on William Wordsworth’s Poetry and William Shakespeare’s Plays Aristotle’s Poetics is not one of his major works, although it has exercised a great deal of influence upon subsequent literary studies and criticism. In this work Aristotle outlines and discusses many basic elements that an author should adhere to in order to write a great tragedies and/or poetry. Two important topics that Aristotle addresses and believes to be crucial to the art work is the mimesis, or imitation of life, and that the audience has an emotional response from the work, or a catharsis....   [tags: Aristotle Tragedy Tragedies]

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Literary Criticism : An Essential Tool For Successful Writing

- ... The first being the differences in music rhythm, harmony, meter and melody; the second is the difference between good characters; and lastly is the way in which a narrative is presented by either telling it or acting it out. These forms of imitation were used to explore the aesthetics in literature (“Critical Essay Aristotle on Tragedy”). There were obvious aspects that made a drama worthy according to Aristotle: namely, plots, characters, diction, thought, spectacle, and melody. Aristotle wanted to explore the deeper aspects of a drama picking out the aesthetically pleasing parts and shining light onto them....   [tags: Tragedy, Drama, Poetics, Aristotle]

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Aristotle’s Elements of Tragedy

- Aristotle is one of the most important western philosophers in history that has influenced our society in many aspects. Many of Aristotle’s teachings have affected our world for many years and still continue to have such a big impact. Some of the subjects Aristotle has influenced include: logic, physics, government and poetry. Aristotle’s study of poetry mainly focused on the elements to a good tragedy. Some of his elements have been used in Greek tragedies and modern movies. The Greek play, Medea, and the modern movie, No Country for Old Men, use elements from Aristotle philosophy, while using similar and different techniques but both achieving an effective tragedy....   [tags: Creek, Poetics, Tragedy]

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The Poetics Of William Shakespeare 's Hamlet

- ... Another issue in Hamlet is the political feud between Denmark and Norway. Prince Fortinbras wants revenge against Denmark for the death of his father. “Receives rebuke from Norway, and, in fine, Makes vow before his uncle never more To give th’ assay of arms against your Majesty.” (2.2.71) Norway is not mentioned again much until Hamlets exile to England when he meets a captain in Fortinbras 's army and is interested in why he would risk his life for a worthless piece of land in Poland. “We go to gain a little patch of ground That hath in it no profit but the name.” (4.4.19)....   [tags: Hamlet, Tragedy, Poetics, Characters in Hamlet]

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Aristotle 's Argument Of Popularity

- ... She is worried Heracles will fall in love with someone else and her view is not unfounded, it is probable based on the circumstances. The change of fortune comes together with a reversal of the situation as well as recognition by Deianeira. Deianeira wanted to have Hercules love to herself, but in doing this, the actions she took will lead to Heracles death. At the moment of recognition, the outcome is the opposite of what she wanted and her fortunes, as well as his, go from good to bad. This will cause the audience to pity Deianeira, for she was only trying to keep her husband, and by no direct fault of her own, rather by mistake, she caused great misfortune to her husband and herself....   [tags: Tragedy, Sophocles, Tragic hero, Poetics]

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Definitions of a Tragedy: Shakespeare's and Aristotle's

- In writing a tragedy, there are certain standards and guidelines to which an author or playwright must follow. One such standard is the Aristotelian definition of tragedy and the tragic hero. William Shakespeare’s The Tragedy of Macbeth is a perfect mold of an Aristotelian Tragedy. It displays all eight aspects of Aristotle’s definition of tragedy. It is set mainly in Scotland, but briefly in England during the eleventh century. It illuminates the ideal plot, in which the action of the story, or Macbeth’s murder of Duncan along with his meticulous planning of other murders, takes place over the course of several days in Scotland, particularly at Macbeth’s castle in Dunsinane....   [tags: Tragedy, shakespeare, aristotelian, Aristotle,]

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The Art of a Good Story from Aristotle's Five Elements

- “In his poetics, Aristotle declared that the hierarchy of dramatic effects was in descending order as follows: plot, character, dialogue…” (Watts, 56). A good story is one that utilizes five elements of craft in coherence with one another to further the reader’s understanding of the narrative. In accordance with Aristotle, plot is the most crucial to building a successful story and should be examined first. As stated by Nigel Watts, author of over ten books, “A classical plot is a narrative of causality which results in a completed process of significant change, giving the reader emotional satisfaction” (Watts, 28)....   [tags: Aristotle, storytelling,]

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The Poetics of Oedipus and Dana Marschz

- Creon, in Sophocles' Oedipus the King, declares to Oedipus that his "power ends; none of [his] power follows [him] through life." (Fagles, 652:1677-8) This edict communicates the transience of mortal abilities, and the hubris of those mortals. In the 2008 film Hamlet 2, Dana Marschz perceives himself as an excellent writer producing the work that will "save Drama" (Hamlet 2, 00:27:58-28:00), which the community loathes for its mediocrity rather than celebrates for its merits. Comparison of the two works demonstrates an erosion of the tragic genre in modern works....   [tags: Shakespearean Literature ]

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The Poetics Summary

- The Poetics- Aristotle Tragedy- the imitation of an action that is serious and also, as having magnitude, complete in itself; in language with pleasurable accessories, each kind brought in separately in parts of the work; in a dramatic, not in a narrative form; with incidents arousing pity and fear; where with to accomplish its catharsis of such emotions. I. Discussion of Tragedy A. Six parts to a tragedy: 1. fable/plot- the combination of incidents, or things done in the story 2. characters- they’re what make us ascribe certain moral qualirties to the agents (actors) 3....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Euripedes Medea versus Aristotlean Poetics

- Aristotle, a philosopher, scientist, spiritualist and passionate critic of the arts, spent many years studying human nature and its relevance to the stage. His rules of tragedy in fact made a deep imprint on the writing of tragic works, while he influenced the structure of theatre, with his analysis of human nature. Euripides 'Medea', a Greek tragedy written with partial adherence to the Aristotelian rules, explores the continuation of the ancient Greek tales surrounding the mythology of Medea, Princess of Colchis, and granddaughter of Helios, the sun god, with heartlessness to rival the infamous Circe....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Aristotle and Tragedy

- A tragedy’s itended purpose is to raise emotions of both pity and fear through a catharsis. The audience often feels empthatic for the protagonist, as he or she is likely described as a tragic hero. In order to be classified as a tragic hero there are specific criteria that must be met. Aristotle dissected tragedy to further understand the purpose, components, and the criterium. Through his studies, Aristotle formulated, Poetics, his very own book explaining his theory on tragedy. Aristotle defined tragedy as the “imitation of action according to the “law of probability or necessity” (“Outline of Aristotle's Theory of Tragedy.")....   [tags: pity, fear, catharsis, William Shakespeare]

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Plato and Aristotle's Definition of Art

- Two and a half centuries ago in the Mediterranean, the definition of art was not synonymous with the term as we know it. It encompassed painting, sculpting, poetry, and all what he still recognize as art, as well as craftwork, carpentry and similar occupations. Plato was the first to address the nature of art seriously, and did so quite emphatically. Considering it unimportant and even dangerous, he denounced it. His student, Aristotle, who handled the same subject next, held incompatible and sometimes opposing views on the matter....   [tags: Philosophy]

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Oedipus : The King Of Thebes And Tragic Hero

- ... This factor of tragic flaw is evident in several incidences through Oedipus’ acts of ignorance, such as, the murder of his father and the marriage to his mother. In contrast, Alireza Farahbakhsh criticizes Aristotle’s postulation of tragic flaw and describes Oedipus’ downfall not to be based on an error in judgement but begotten by pride, or hubris (115). Uniquely, peripeteia is defined as the reversal of fate as a result of a tragic hero’s error in judgment or hamartia. In Oedipus the King, one may consider this reversal of fate as the significant instance when Oedipus’ discovers his true identity resulting in his decision to blind himself and leave his thrown in exile, an obvious rever...   [tags: Tragedy, Poetics, Sophocles, Anagnorisis]

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Towards a Feminist Poetics

- In this essay ELAINE SHOWALTER presents critical essay "Towards A Feminist poetics." Human beings are more respected then in any other country. In England women were treated as cattle, they were not allowed to unit enter the library. "All the literature almost produced by men." Merely a handful of women we have as writer. The women were forced to consume male produced literature; as a result there is no chance to know the article. The female inferiority was deep-rooted for centuries in the world and has been perpetuated by major thinkers....   [tags: World Literature]

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Aristotle On Tragedy

- The Nature of Tragedy:In the century after Sophocles, the philosopher Aristotle analyzed tragedy. His definition: Tragedy then, is an imitation of an action that is serious, complete, and of a certain magnitude; in language embellished with each kind of artistic ornament, the several kinds being found in separate parts of the play; in the form of action, not of narrative; through pity and fear effecting the proper purgation of these emotions.Aristotle identified six basic elements: (1) plot; (2) character; (3) diction (the choice of style, imagery, etc.); (4) thought (the character's thoughts and the author's meaning); (5) spectacle (all the visual effects; Aristotle considered this to be t...   [tags: essays research papers]

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The Writings of Sophocles and Aristotle

- The Writings of Sophocles and Aristotle Writing, particularly story writing, is an art. When a person sets out to create a painting, there are certain rules of composition that need to be followed. In the art of writing, it is the same. There are rules of composition for writing and they must be followed by the writer. Some of these rules date back to Aristotle, who set down some rules for classical drama in his Poetics, a collection of class notes in which Aristotle attempted "to treat of Poetry in itself and of its various kinds" (1028)....   [tags: Papers]

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Aristotle 's View On Greek Tragedy And The Tragic Hero

- ... Aristotle’s tragic hero experiences a situation where a reversal of fortunes happens because of the flaws of the hero. The audience ultimately pities and fears for the hero. The downfall of the tragic hero is due to his own flaws and transgressions. Therefore the tragic hero is not perfect. The tragic hero is usually a person of virtue who falls to an unexpected disaster or tragedy. If one is to believe Aristotle’s ideal of a tragic hero, then the tragic hero is more superior to an average man....   [tags: Tragedy, Sophocles, Tragic hero]

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An Analysis of Hamlet Under Aristotle’s Theory on Tragedy

- An Analysis of Hamlet under Aristotle’s Theory on Tragedy Aristotle, as a world famous philosopher, gives a clear definition of tragedy in his influential masterpiece Poetics, a well-known Greek technical handbook of literary criticism. In Aristotle’s words, a tragedy is “an imitation of an action that is serious, complete, and of a certain magnitude, language embellished with each kind of artistic ornament, the several kinds being found in separate parts of the play, the form of action, not of narrative, through pity and fear effecting the proper purgation of these emotions”(Aristotle 12)....   [tags: plot, character, thought, diction]

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Aristotle Played a Crucial Role in the Formation of the Modern World

- Aristotle Our world is very complicated and full of different miracles, phenomenas, enigmas. This unwittingly made people to think about nature, about their environment, about things surrounding them, about people around and relations with them, literally about everything. Humans’ minds are created in such way that understanding of the meaning of life, the nature of things, phenomenon of nature and life is quite necessary for existence and living. During the world history some people were pretty successful in understanding and analyzing our world, these are different philosophers, thinkers, scientists from the beginning of the world and up to now....   [tags: philosopher, plato's student, master science]

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Aristotle's Analysis of Oedipus the King

- Aristotle's Analysis of Oedipus Rex     Aristotle is the most influential philosopher in the history of Western thought. A Greek drama by Sophocles, Oedipus Rex, was praised in the Poetics of Aristotle as the model for classical tragedy and is still considered a principal example of the genre.  In this essay I will analyze Oedipus Rex using Aristotle's concepts praxis, poiesis, theoria.             Thought and character make persons actions.  They only indicate the basic meaning of action but if one wants to understand how the arts imitate action more than just in concepts of thought and character he or she should explore the notion of it a little further.  Action springs from character an...   [tags: Oedipus Rex Essays]

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Jeff Smith : An Enthralling Parable Of A Spirited And Ambitious Young Man

- ... Oedipus). The noble birth would present noble qualities in the man that the common people could respect and admire. However, Smith went to school at Ladue Horace Watkins High School in Ladue, Missouri, ranked as the wealthiest town in the state according to the 2010 census, which is notorious for the immense wealth associated with the residents and the property. However, in an interview with St. Louis Magazine, Smith said that he grew up on a “small ranch house in Olivette, Missouri, that got him in the Ladue School District” (Cooperman 1)....   [tags: Tragedy, Tragic hero, Poetics, Character]

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Classical Theories - Aristotle and Plato

- Plato and Aristotle have both documented strong opinions about the influence and social purpose of poetry. Plato, in The Republic, outlines reasons for his `refusal to admit the imitative kind of poetry'(Plato cited in ed. Adams 1992, p. 31). Plato's reference to `poetry' does not apply to the poetry of contemporary society, as it was a performance art and not meant for silent reading and reflection. Julia Annas (1981, p. 94) believes that Plato's concern `was with popular culture, the culture that surrounds children as they grow up; in a present-day setting his concern would be with novels, (TV and movies)'; such as the 2003 movie House of Sand and Fog....   [tags: Personal Essays]

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Oedipus the King and Aristotle

- In Poetics' by Aristotle, the author talks about what he feels are the conventions of any successful tragic play. With that in mind perhaps the greatest tragedy from his time period if not ever is Oedipus the King by Sophocles. It fits almost perfectly the majority of the criteria Aristotle sets and so has been considered by some scholars as the perfect tragedy. The main criteria set by Aristotle involves the plot and the plays main character. According to Aristotle, for a tragedy to be both successful and effective there must be a reversal, a "change from one state of affairs to its exact opposite", and there must be recognition, "a change from ignorance to knowledge" on the part of the...   [tags: Oedipus Rex Essays]

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The Tragic Heroes Of Sophocles ' Oedipus

- ... (Ferrari, 1999) Oedipus seems to personify all of these attributes, especially that of the “hamartia.” Oedipus, the king of Thebes whose life crumbles in just a few short pages, clearly made a grave mistake. At the beginning of the narrative, we are presented with a situation in which the province of Thebes is cursed due to the fact that the former king of Thebes, Laius was brutally murdered. Creon, Oedipus’ brother-in-law acquired this information by visiting an oracle, Tiresias. Oedipus, the new king, is expected to resolve the transgression by means of finding the murderer and giving him his rightful punishment, exile....   [tags: Tragic hero, Tragedy, Oedipus, Poetics]

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The Tragedy Of Sophocles ' Oedipus Rex And Hamlet '

- ... The play arouses fear and pity for Oedipus when he realizes his error and resorts to the removal of his eyes. Of course, Oedipus lives in the end, exiling himself from Thebes to save his people, trapping himself with the horror of what has occurred. The continuing of playwrights’ adherence to Aristotle’s definition continues through to the time of Shakespeare, but even then the tragedy made its evolutions. Shakespeare’s Hamlet serves as a prime example of the change in tragedy that was marked by the works of Shakespeare....   [tags: Tragedy, Tragic hero, Poetics, Sophocles]

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Aristotle

- Background Again, men in general desire the good, and not merely what their fathers had. - Aristotle, Politics * Aristotle was born in 384 BC at Stagira in northern Greece. * He was the son of Nicomachus, a physician with close connections to the Macedonian court. * Some believe it to be his father's influence that gave Aristotle his interest in anatomy and the structure of living things in general. * He was a Greek philosopher and scientist. Life / Career Education is the best provision for the journey to old age....   [tags: biographies biography bio]

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Aristotle, Antigone and Billy Budd

- Aristotle, Antigone and Billy Budd In Poetics, Aristotle explains tragedy as a kind of imitation of a certain magnitude, using direct action instead of narration to achieve its desired affect. It is of an extremely serious nature. Tragedy is also complete, with a structure that unifies all of its parts. It is meant to produce a catharsis of the audience, meant to produce the emotions of pity and fear and to purge them of these emotions and helping them better understand the ways of the gods and men....   [tags: comparison compare contrast essays]

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Aristotle

- Aristotle Aristotle was born in 384 BC, at Stagira, in Macedonia, the son of a physician to the royal court. At the age of 17, he went to Athens to study at Plato's Academy. He remained there for about 20 years, as a student and then as a teacher. When Plato died in 347BC, Aristotle moved to Assos, a city in Asia Minor, to counsel Hermias, the ruler. After Hermias was captured and executed by the Persians in 345BC, Aristotle went to Pella, the Macedonian capital, where he became the tutor of the king's young son Alexander, later known as Alexander the Great....   [tags: essays papers]

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The Characteristics Of A Ideal Character

- ... Therefore, characters that express good traits are confined in good that comes from within. Othello is easily manipulated because of his flaws. Othello is unable to see truth while blinded by his pride. This is closely related to Aristotle characteristics of propriety, Othello was a man with fine sense of propriety and honor. He demonstrated this by his tiered rank as a general. In despite Othello was negatively bestowed upon in the Venetian society for committing such act of stealing the senator’s daughter Desdemona....   [tags: Tragedy, Tragic hero, Drama, Poetics]

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Aristotle?s Rules For Tragedy

- Aristotle’s Rules For Tragedy Laid Down In Poetics As They Apply To Blood Relations By Sharon Pollock Aristotle could be considered the first popular literary critic. Unlike Plato, who all but condemned written verse, Aristotle breaks it down and analyses it so as to separate the good from the bad. He studies in great detail what components make a decent epic or tragedy. The main sections he comes up with are form, means and manner. For most drama and verse, Aristotle’s rules are a fairly good measure of the quality of a piece of written work....   [tags: essays research papers fc]

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Classical Vs. Modern Tragedy

- ... Since these events have caused a crisis in Thebes, King Oedipus cannot remain silent even though it means he will suffer a tragic fate. Oedipus focuses on regaining Thebes’ dignity and in the process loses his own. In the Death of a Salesman Willy Loman spent his early days as a successful and decorated salesman who travelled to different towns and cities to close big sales. However, age has caught up with him and his company no longer see him as a star salesman. Similarly, he has frosty relationships with his sons and one believes he is a hypocrite....   [tags: Tragedy, Tragic hero, Poetics, Sophocles]

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The Perspective of Plato and Aristotle on the Value of Art

- The Perspective of Plato and Aristotle on the Value of Art   As literary critics, Plato and Aristotle disagree profoundly about the value of art in human society. Plato attempts to strip artists of the power and prominence they enjoy in his society, while Aristotle tries to develop a method of inquiry to determine the merits of an individual work of art. It is interesting to note that these two disparate notions of art are based upon the same fundamental assumption: that art is a form of mimesis, imitation....   [tags: Philosophy Essays]

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Shakespeare's Use of Aristotle's Guidelines to Tragedy in Creating the Play Othello

- Throughout time, the tragedy has been seen as the most emotionally pleasing form of drama, because of its ability to bring the viewer into the drama and feel for the characters, especially the tragic hero. This analysis of tragedy was formed by the Greek philosopher Aristotle, and also noted in his Poetics (guidelines to drama). As a playwright, Shakespeare used Aristotle’s guidelines to tragedy when writing Othello. The play that was created revolved around the tragic hero, Othello, whose tragic flaw transformed him from a nobleman, into a destructive creature, which would inevitably bring him to his downfall....   [tags: othello]

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Robert Rossen’s 1961 Film, The Hustler: Can it be Viewed as an Aristotelian Tragedy?

- Robert Rossen’s 1961 film, The Hustler, is one that is said to aspire to be classified as a tragedy. But can the film be compared to something such as tragedy in the views of Aristotle. Does the film fit the requirements prerequisite of an Aristotelian Tragedy. Or are the comparisons the result of ignorant, unenlightened critics. Aristotle thought up a list of compulsory requirements for something to be called ‘tragedy’. He concluded “Tragedy affects through pity and fear the catharsis of such emotions.” meaning that during a tragedy, one should feel the emotions of pity and fear--fear that the circumstances which they are observing could one day affect themselves--but that after the specta...   [tags: aristotle, movies, philosophy]

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Introduction to Fiction, Poetry, Drama, and Writing

- Tragedy is one of the most popular genres that have been loved for more than a thousand years. This genre was first become popular in Ancient Greece, and significant amount of the classic masterpieces are from Greek playwrights. Aristotle, the ancient Greek philosopher, is a main authority on this genre. He sets some specific rules for each tragedy to cleanse audience’s emotion while enjoying the play. He defines tragedy in Poetics, and his criteria are major sources that determine a genuine tragedy....   [tags: aristotle, tragedy, oedipus, ]

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Aristotle's Legacy

- Extraordinary achievements have been made through ancient civilizations. Philosophers that have changed the way we look at things every day came from the ancient Greek world, especially during the prosperous Golden Age of Athens, Greece. Aristotle, a famous philosopher, taught his philosophy during this period of time in Greece. Using his intellect and astounding ideas, Aristotle created a legacy that influenced people for ages. To start off, Aristotle was a widely known philosopher in the Ancient Greek world born in Macedonia in the year 384 B.C....   [tags: Philosophy ]

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Free Hamlet Essays: The Perspective of Aristotle on Hamlet

- Custom Written Essays - The Perspective of Aristotle on Hamlet One of the foremost Elizabethan tragedies is Hamlet by William Shakespeare and one of the earliest critics of tragedy is Aristotle. One way to measure Shakespeare's work is to appraise it using the methods of classical critics and thereby to see how if it would have retained its meaning. Hamlet is one of the most recognizable and most often quoted tragedies in the all of English literature. Aristotle, is concerned with the proper presentation of tragic plays and poetry....   [tags: GCSE Coursework Shakespeare Hamlet]

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Oedipus the King by Sophocles

- Oedipus the King, a tragedy which was written by the ancient greek dramatist Sophocles, is often referred to as the perfect tragedy (McManus, 1999). According to Aristotle in his Poetics, in order for a story to be considered a tragedy, it must be realistic, evoke a series of emotions leading to catharsis, which is defined by the Oxford English Dictionary as “the process of releasing, and thereby providing relief from, strong or repressed emotions”. A tragedy should also contain six key elements: Plot, Character, Thought, Diction, Melody, and Spectacle (McManus, 1999)....   [tags: perfect tragedy, aristotle, greek]

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The Epic of Forrest Gump: Winston Groom

- “Epic[s] and Tragedy, Comedy also […], are all in [a] general conception modes of imitation. They differ, however, from one another in three respects- the medium, the objects, the manner or mode of imitation, being in each case distinct” (Poetics, Section 1 Part I). Life is simulated by the interpretations that each genre of poetry evokes its properties of presentation. Aristotle a 4th century Greek philosopher, categorized tragedy into elements of: Plot, Character, Thought, Diction, Melody, and Spectacle....   [tags: epic drama, romantic-comedy, aristotle]

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Pathetic vs Ethical

- Aristotle’s Poetics is a “reservoir of the themes and schemes deployed in ancient Greek tragedy and poetry” (Poetics iii). Written around 330 B.C., it was the first work of literature to make a distinction amongst the various literary genres and provide a proper analysis of them. In Poetics, Aristotle places a big emphasis on the genre of tragedy. When one hears of the word tragedy, one already assumes that something bad has occurred to an individual and an immediate emotion of sorrow occurs, but how does Aristotle see tragedy....   [tags: Philosophy, Greek, Aristotle]

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The Difference between Past and Present Views of Alcohol through the Effectiveness of Theatrical Influence

- From generation to generation there have been different methods of influence from particularly adults to young adults on the dangers of alcohol. In theatre there are types performance styles that have evolved over time and when this change happens, it is the result of change in society as well. There are many differences between Augusto Boal and Aristotle as far as theatre presentation is concerned, but when you bring some of the real-life instances and how they demonstrate each morally it can show this contrast even further....   [tags: Augusto Boal, Aristotle, theater styles]

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Oedipus the King and Things Fall Apart - Tragedies as Defined by Aristotle

- Oedipus and Things Fall Aparttragedies as defined by Aristotle Almost 2500 years ago Aristotle defined a tragic plot as one containing six essential elements. The first is a hero (sympatheia) who is noble by birth or has risen to a place of power. The hero should also be of good character. Aristotle stated in The Poetics, “This is the sort of man who is not pre-eminently virtuous and just, and yet it is through no badness or villainy of his own that he falls into the fortune, but rather through some flaw in him, he being one of those who are in high station and good fortune.” The second is the flaw (Hamartia) in the hero’s character....   [tags: Oedipus Rex Essays]

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Oedipus and Othello Exemplify Aristotle’s Definition of a Tragic Hero

- Throughout our history, many genres have survived the test of time. One of the most well known and popular genre is the tragedy. A tragedy tells a story of the downfall of a basically good person through some fatal error or misjudgment, producing suffering and insight on the part of the protagonist and arousing pity and fear on the part of the audience. One of the main authorities on tragedy is ancient Greek philosopher, Aristotle. His piece of literature, Poetics, is highly regarded as one of the main sources used to define what makes a tragedy....   [tags: Oedipus the King, 2014]

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Aristole's View on Drama

- Preamble Drama is an aspect of literature represented in performances and has been a part of the world for many decades. Drama originated in classical Greece around the fifth century B.C. The earliest performances took place in amphitheaters, which the Greeks invented to incorporate plays in their religious and civic festivals. These Greek festivals were huge theatrical events filled with three days of drama. The structure of the amphitheater allowed for an audience of thousands to observe the theatrics and watch as the actors vie to win the drama competition....   [tags: fear and pity, comedy and tragedy]

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Oedipus The King : A Tragic Hero

- ... The servant meant to leave Oedipus on the hilltop spares him, enabling his adoption by the royal house of Corinth. Ironically, rumors of his birth lead Oedipus, like his father before him, to entreat the oracle at Delphi, who repeats dire the prophecy. “The central ambiguity… [is the] problem of how to interpret an oracular utterance.” His path is thus directed toward the fulfillment of the prophecy, “… divine purpose is an ever-present controlling factor.” The actions and direction of each character and event lead to the dreadful climax....   [tags: Tragedy, Sophocles, Oedipus, Poetics]

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The Tragedy Of Sophocles ' Oedipus And Hamlet

- ... According to Aristotle, a good tragic plot is of the hero experiencing a misfortune because of fate or tragic flaw. Also, Aristotle believed the tragic hero should be of noble birth and should suffer consequences of his own mistake. For example, King Oedipus is man of noble birth who was fated to do a tragic dead. He had also rashly cursed the killer of his father, unknowing that he was that killer. He said, “Upon the murder I invoke this curse – … – may he wear out his life in misery to miserable doom!” Just as Oedipus harbors a strong plot, Hamlet is another play with a well-built plot....   [tags: Tragedy, Character, Poetics, Tragic hero]

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Arthur Miller 's Death Of A Salesman

- ... Biff tells Happy that his father has got “to understand that I’m not the man somebody lends that kind of money to. He thinks I’ve been spiting him all these years and it’s eating him up” (Miller, 2375). As Biff experiences his epiphany to forge ahead and announce the truth, he is liberated from the chains of unsettling lies he has lived with. Willy, however, avoids his defeat in reality and does not wish to leave behind the fantasy of his American Dream. The tragedy in Willy Loman’s character is seen as he fails to accept the truth, but despite his weakness, Willy asks Ben to reconstruct the altered concept of his life: The life full of lights and great times with some kind of good news...   [tags: Tragedy, Tragic hero, Poetics, Drama]

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Can A Reverend Be A Hero?

- Can a Reverend be a Hero. According to many experts of both history and literature, Aristotle’s definition of a tragic hero is used to describe many protagonists in both American and world literature. There are many aspects to Aristotle’s definition, and each idea helps to explain the structure, purpose, and intended effect of tragedy. Many of Aristotle’s ideas can apply to multiple characters in The Crucible. Although Proctor unarguably represents the tragic hero of this novel, Reverend Hale’s story fits surprisingly well with the criteria that Aristotle believes to define a tragic hero....   [tags: Tragedy, Poetics, Tragic hero, Witchcraft]

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The Tragic Tragedy Of Gabriele Muccino

- ... Furthermore, in the plot, Tim begins in a successful stasis but then due to the fact that when he becomes more mindful, he loses all he has and dies a tragic death; this validates that the cycle of a tragic hero is evident. Additionally, this demonstrates that in the film Seven Pounds, Tim Thomas undergoes peripety through the plot, further justifying that Aristotle’s theory on tragedy correlates as well. In conjunction with the Aristotelian tragedy element, plot, discovery is also conspicuous as Tim is exposed to it....   [tags: Tragedy, Character, Poetics, Seven Pounds]

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The Tragic Hero Of Sophocles ' Antigone

- In the Greek play Antigone by Sophocles is very different from traditional plays or tragedies. Not only does the play have two prominent characters, Antigone and King Creon, the two characters also function as a tragic hero. However, which of the two character is the real tragic hero. Antigone’s tragedy is from conflict and passion. To really understand which of the two character is the ‘real’ tragic hero, one must understand the definition of a tragic hero. According to Aristotle’s definition of a tragic hero, a tragic hero must be born from a high social class and his or her downfall must be caused by a fatal flaw of that character....   [tags: Tragedy, Sophocles, Poetics, Tragic hero]

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The Tragedy And The Common Man

- ... Miller had stated, “[t]he commonest of men may take on that stature to the extent of his willingness to throw all he has into the contest, the battle to secure his rightful place in his world” (Miller), suggesting that without reason, a flawed individual is likely to make irrational decisions. When the King approaches him with a plan for revenge, “[t]o cut his throat i’ th’ church. / I will do ‘t / And for that purpose I’ll anoint my sword.” (IV.vii.127,139-140), Laertes says. Already displaying blatant frustration, he agrees to poison Hamlet with his sword....   [tags: Hamlet, Tragic hero, Tragedy, Poetics]

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The Tragic Hero Of Oedipus

- ... He announces his convictions to take this problem into his own hands and do whatever is necessary to lift the curse. Oedipus addresses the priests assembled before him, “ You can trust me; I am ready to help, I’ll do anything.” (Sophocles 1). The city has this faith in him and the priest come to tell him so he will help them lift the curse. “Now we pray to you. You cannot equal the gods, your children know that...But we do rate you first of men,”(2). He also appears to have Apollo’s ear, which makes him seem all-powerful to the audience; this is another standard of the classic Greek tragedy....   [tags: Sophocles, Tragedy, Tragic hero, Poetics]

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Aristotle 's Theory Of Logic

- ... His form of syllogism is the only one that is referred to as formal logic. Aristotle argues that every deductive argument could be expressed as a series of syllogistic references. He deserves to be called the father of logic because of the way he organized it and other contribution he made to it. He was the first in history to use the empirical method to study zoology, and went deeper than most philosophers. Aristotle is believed to be the one that pioneered zoology and many people say that the history of biology starts with his zoology....   [tags: Scientific method, Logic, Aristotle, Philosophy]

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Aristotle 's Views Of Aristotle

- ... There are many things that I agree with Aristotle on and can see if taken for what is spoken that it is in fact very plausible for his time but through many years, two thousand plus years, many of his theories have been proven false or have been modified to fit the current times and technology. But looking in the text from Chaffee (ch, 5) when he is speaking of Aristotle and explains matter and form and what it is and it truly makes sense. At least more than Plato and speaking of another world of perfect “Forms” where Aristotle states that form is the essence of what makes matter matter and is the stuff that makes up the universe....   [tags: Causality, Aristotle, Philosophical concepts]

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Aristotle's Logical Foundation of Physiognomics

- Aristotle's Logical Foundation of Physiognomics ABSTRACT: Whenever we meet an unknown person, our first judgment, even unwillingly and often subconsciously, starts from his or her external appearance. Since character can be properly recognized only from words and deeds observed over some time, at first sight we have to rely on what we immediately can see. This physiognomical first approach to each other is as old as humankind, and, though it has never been able to be proved a proper science, in everyday life we all believe in and use physioculture....   [tags: Aristotle]

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Aristotle 's View On The Self

- 384 B.C.E., Aristotle was born in Stagira, Greece. At the age of fourteen, Aristotle went to Athens to study Philosophy with Plato. Although he studied with Plato, he did not always agree with some of his teachings. When Plato died, Aristotle left Athens and traveled to Macedonia. While in Macedonia, Aristotle tutored Alexander the Great. Later on in his life, Aristotle returned to Athens and created a school of him own, Lyceum. When Alexander the Great died in 323 B.C.E., Aristotle fled to Euboea to avoid charges and execution....   [tags: Aristotle, Causality, Soul, Philosophy]

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Analysis of Aristotle and Plato's Thoughts

- Philosophers are all known for questioning and exploring Ideals; taking a look at all options and what is most important. While Aristotle and Plato both take a plunge into the unknowns of a political state, Aristotle demonstrates a state for individuals, to rule as equals, contrary to Plato’s strict utopian structure and group over individual hierarchy view of the ideal state. Plato’s ideal state is strictly structured through a utopian ideal. Everything within Plato’s ideal state has a place and purpose, and everyone within it is aware of that....   [tags: aristotle, plato's ideal, utopia]

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Aristotle and Plato's Views on Reality

- Aristotle and Plato were both great thinkers but their views on realty were different. Plato viewed realty as taking place in the mind but Aristotle viewed realty is tangible. Even though Aristotle termed reality as concrete, he stated that reality does not make sense or exist until the mind process it. Therefore truth is dependent upon a person’s mind and external factors. According to Aristotle, things are seen as taking course and will eventually come to a stop when potential is reached. The entire process of potential to actuality is call causation....   [tags: Aristotle, Plato, philosophy, ]

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Comparison of Aristotle and Thomas Hobbes

- The foremost difference between Aristotle and Hobbes, and in turn classical and modern political philosophies’, with regard to a good life and happiness is that of normative judgments about the good life. While Hobbes rejects normative judgments about the good life and discusses human actions without attributions of moral quality, Aristotle offers the exact opposite. In Ethics, Aristotle differentiates between good and evil actions along with what the best good, or summum bonum, for all humans while Hobbes approach argues that good and bad varies from one individual to another with good being the object of an individuals appetite or desire, and evil being an object of his hate and aversion....   [tags: Aristotle vs Hobbes]

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Aristotle's Theory of the Good Life

- According to Aristotle, the good life is the happy life, as he believes happiness is an end in itself. In the Nichomachean Ethics, Aristotle develops a theory of the good life, also known as eudaimonia, for humans. Eudaimonia is perhaps best translated as flourishing or living well and doing well. Therefore, when Aristotle addresses the good life as the happy life, he does not mean that the good life is simply one of feeling happy or amused. Rather, the good life for a person is the active life of functioning well in those ways that are essential and unique to humans....   [tags: Aristotle, happiness, eudaimonia]

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Aristotle 's Philosophy And Philosophy

- A distinguished historian of philosophy once referred to Aristotle as “the greatest mind produced by the Greeks”. Aristotle performed some of the greatest scientific advances in the fields of biology, psychology zoology and philosophy to name a few. Aristotle’s most notable work in the philosophy was his study on logic. He almost singlehandedly created a foundation for the study of logic that is still viable to this day. While logic is the science of correct reasoning, it is not strictly limited to debate and creating arguments....   [tags: Logic, Aristotle, Rhetoric, Philosophy]

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Politics by Aristotle

- The subject which the question focuses on is the view of Aristotle’s ideal state. The distinction between hierarchy and equality is at the heart of the understanding of Aristotle’s ideal state. He claims that an ideal state ought to be arranged to maximise the happiness of its citizens. So happiness together with political action is the telos of human life. This end can be reached by living a better ethical life. However, he endorses hierarchy over equality. On one hand we have the equality which benefits everyone; on the other hand we have the distinction of classes meant in terms of diversities and differences where the middle one appears to be the means through which the state is balanced...   [tags: Aristotle's Ideal State, Happiness Politics]

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Philosophy: Nicomachean Ethics by Aristotle

- What is the good. How do we know what the good is. How do we attain the good. What are the major obstacles in attaining the good. These questions have a great practical importance for individual as well as collective life. However, disagreements emerge when it comes to answering these questions. Throughout history, philosophers, theologians and other thinkers have tried to resolve these disagreements by providing their own and ‘new’ understanding of what is Good. In this essay, I will explain how Aristotle and Augustine have understood this ideal and how they have answered these questions....   [tags: aristotle, augustine, good]

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Aristotle's Philosophy on Purpose

- Aristotle, the last of the great Greek philosophers. He roamed Ancient Greece from 384 BC until his death in 323 BC. In this time, he wrote an enormous amount of works, a variety of books from metaphysics to politics and to poetry. His variety is exceptionally impressive. His greatest known works are the Athenian Constitution and Nicomachean Ethics. Aristotle’s works of Ethics explore a vast area of topics. He states, “The goal of the Ethics is to determine how best to achieve happiness.” In order to achieve happiness, one must live a virtuous life, in the mind of Aristotle....   [tags: Aristotle, Philosophy, Purpose, ]

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Aristotle And Plato 's Philosophy

- ... Aristotle continues to say that pleasure is a good but it is not the ultimate good. He adds that one of the possible contradictions to this conclusion. Is that some pleasures are also associated with their vices Aristotle then goes on to say that pleasure is linked to an activity. We engage in activities that are pleasant, but the pleasure is not in the activity itself, but is something that comes from the activity itself. Socrates also believes this as he talks about the unexamined life is not worth living in the Apology during his trial....   [tags: Virtue, Plato, Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle]

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Historical Views of Leadership: Plato and Aristotle

- What is leadership, and how do we attain the best and most effective leaders. These are questions that are as old as civilization itself. Bass (1974) wrote that, “from its infancy, the study of history has been the study of leaders” (as cited in Wren, 1995, p. 50). Since the study of history in the West is commonly held to begin with Herodotus of ancient Athens, it is not surprising that we should examine the historical views of leadership through the eyes of two titans of Greek thought: Plato and Aristotle....   [tags: Leadership, Plato, Aristotle]

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Why Aristotle 's Virtue Ethics

- Explaining Aristotle 's Virtue Ethics In Aristotle 's Nicomachean Ethics, the basic idea of virtue ethics is established. The most important points are that every action and decision that humans make is aimed at achieving the good or as Aristotle 's writes, “Every art and every inquiry, and similarly every action and choice, is thought to aim at the good... (Aristotle 1094a). Aristotle further explains that this good aimed for is happiness. For Aristotle, happiness is defined as “an activity of soul in accordance with complete excellence......   [tags: Virtue, Ethics, Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics]

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