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Antoine Laurent Lavoisier: A Brief Biography

- Antoine Laurent Lavoisier is considered to be the father of modern-day chemistry. He had an unbelievable impact on the way the world views chemistry today. From identifying elements to discovering the importance of the role of combustion, he played an essential part in the world’s scientific ideas and inventions. He was so influential that he is said to have an equal if not greater impact in chemistry as Newton did in physics. Because of these accomplishments, he is considered one of France’s and the world’s most outstanding scientists....   [tags: the father of modern-day chemistry]

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Antoine Lavoisier

- Antoine Lavoisier Antoine Lavoisier (1743-1794) Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier (lah vwah ZYAY) was one of the best-known French scientists and was an important government official. His theories of combustion, his development of a way to classify the elements and the first modern textbook of chemistry led to his being known as the father of modern chemistry. He contributed to much of the research in the field of chemistry. He is quoted for saying, "Nothing is lost, nothing is created, everything is transformed." Lavoisier was born in Paris, France on Aug....   [tags: Essays Papers]

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The Father of Modern-Day Chemistry

- Antoine Laurent Lavoisier is considered to be the father of modern-day chemistry (Balchin 36). He had an unbelievable impact on the way the world views chemistry today. From identifying elements to discovering the importance of the role of combustion, he played an essential part in the world’s scientific ideas and inventions. He was so influential that he is said to have an equal if not greater impact in chemistry as Newton did in physics (Tiner 90). He used the initial ideas of Joseph Priestley, Henry Cavendish, and Karl Scheele, and worked to prove them and make them more official (Tiner 90)....   [tags: Biography, Lavoisier]

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The History of the Chemical Makeup of Water

- Introduction During the Earth’s known existence, many raise questions to a substance that is a vital necessity to our life here. Some even may claim that the start of our lives may have occurred and begun in a single drop of this universal solvent. This mysterious compound, which may have led to our development and the survival of our existence what, is it. This is H2O, or as we call it, Water. This vital life form covers over 70 percent of the Earth, and makes up about 70 percent of our body as well....   [tags: H2O, Lavoisier, Avogadro]

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The Little Prince by Antoine de St. Exupery

- The Little Prince by Antoine de St. Exupery The Little Prince by Antoine de St. Exupery is a wonderful novel. The Little Prince was originally written in French in 1943 as Le Petit Prince. It was then translated to English by Katherine Woods. The Little Prince is the story of a young boy from another planet who ventures from his home to discover new worlds. In the process, he makes friends and teaches valuable lessons. St. Exupery places himself as the narrator and author of this story. St. Exupery tells of how he went down in his airplane in the middle of the desert and meets a little prince from another planet....   [tags: Prince Antoine Exupery Essays]

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Violating the Fourth Amendment Rights of Antoine Jones

- ... In some States, the Government has the authority to allow police officers to search a vehicle without the necessity of warrant. “...as long as a state is deciding law based upon its interpretation of its own constitution, the state can be more restrictive than the Supreme Court. However, if the state is interpreting the 4th Amendment of the United States Constitution, then they must follow the body of law established by the United States Supreme Court”(Policelink). The Government believes the attachment of the monitoring device for search was a responsible forfeiting act....   [tags: district of columbia, gps]

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Antoine Henri de Jomini vs Carl von Clausewitz

- It is interesting and even surprising that the two major strategies regarding war were developed by European contemporaries of the late eighteenth and nineteenth century. Antoine Henri de Jomini (1779-1869) approached his philosophy of war in a structured, scientific manner. Carl von Clausewitz (1780-1831) took a more fluid, open-ended approach to his philosophy of war. The fact that they lived during the same time period in Europe is also fascinating in that they likely knew of each others’ writings as well as potentially influenced and were influenced by the philosophy of the other....   [tags: philosophy of war, military strategy]

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Atomic Theory And The Atomic Model

- It is apparent that, during certain areas of history, the atomic models repetitively questioned as new material became available in the study of that field. Specific concepts begin to elevate themselves above others and become dominant as they begin being experimented on. Judging by the the literature on the development of the atomic model, the first speculations began around the ancient Greek and Roman times. The Greek and Roman philosophers speculated, what is the nature of matter, or what is this stuff made up of....   [tags: Atom, Chemical element, Chemistry, John Dalton]

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The History of Chemistry

- ... Chemistry is important to everyday life, because everything is made of chemicals. Chemistry is outside with the leaves changing colors in the fall. The supplies used to do household chores are made from chemistry. Chemistry is literally in everything from the food you eat to the air you breathe. It’s in your soap, your emotions, and everything you can see or touch. Antoine Laurent Lavoisier is considered to be the father modern day chemistry. He had a mighty impact on the way the world views chemistry today....   [tags: alchemy, importance]

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Atomic Theories Of The Atomic Theory

- ... He created a model of an atom with the majority of the atom being positively charged. Thomson proposed that there are small, negatively charged particles within the positively charged atom. He referred to these particles as corpuscles. This model is famously known as the plum pudding model. The idea that Thomson expressed was that the total positive charge within the atom was equivalent to the total negative charge of the corpuscles. These corpuscles would later be known as electrons and the first discovered lepton....   [tags: Atom, Electron, Neutron, Ernest Rutherford]

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Nasea by Jean Paul Sartre

- In Jean Paul Sartre’s 1938 novel, Nausea, the protagonist, Antoine Roquentin questions the existence and purpose of objects and himself. He ultimately discovers the answer to be nothingness for one creates their own meanings and connections to the past and reality. Roquentin is a victim of self-deception and through the narrative point of view and word choice conveyed, it is clear that he lies to himself that he must exist in the present to escape the meaningless past. Roquentin speaks in the first person narrative, which conveys his attachment and curiosity about the link between time and existence....   [tags: self-deception, antoine roquentin]

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Joseph Priestley and His Paradigm Shift

- In the mid 1500s, the Scientific Revolution was born. Modern science was born at this time where everything as simple as thermometers and telescopes were one of the most astounding things to ever be seen or heard. New discoveries in science that radically changed the way humans understood the world occurred at this time till the late 1700s. Paradigm shifts were happening in every direction possible. A paradigm shift is a change in basic assumptions that is corrected and makes thoughts shift to another assumption....   [tags: the discovery of oxygen ]

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The History of Chemistry

- ... He was also the founder of modern mineralogy, and in 1751, he also discovered the mineral scheelite, tungsten. Joseph Black had isolated carbon dioxide in 1754. He soon called carbon dioxide “fixed air.” In 1758, joseph used a concept called latent heat to show the thermochemistry of phase changes. Henry Cavendish had isolated hydrogen in 1766. He soon called “inflammable air.” In 1773, Carl Wilhelm Scheele discovered oxygen. He came to call this “fire air.” Scheele had not published his achievement soon enough, and Joseph Priestley did instead....   [tags: Lewis electron dot diagrams,]

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The History of Chemistry Up to the XIX Century

- ... Early civilizations, such as the Egyptians and Babylonians amassed practical knowledge concerning the arts of metallurgy, pottery and dyes, but didn't develop a systematic theory.A basic chemical hypothesis first emerged in Classical Greece with the theory of four elements as propounded definitively by Aristotle stating that that fire, air, earth and water were the fundamental elements from which everything is formed as a combination. Greek atomism dates back to 440 BC, arising in works by philosophers such as Democritis and Epicurus....   [tags: chymistry, a scientific art]

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History of Chemistry: What Brought About Modern Chemistry

- ... This was the end of alchemy in that time period as they knew it, with the disproving of Aristotle’s four element statement, and the publication of The Skeptical Chemist destroyed the thought of alchemy as a form of chemistry, and then Modern Chemistry began. After the publication of the Skeptical Chemist, Johann J. Beecher, thought phlogiston was a substance that that when something was burned, it was added from the air to the flame of the object that was burning. He also thought in certain substances, that a product was produced, and this was called the Phlogiston Theory....   [tags: science, published, change, subject]

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Chemistry: The Oxygen Family

- Also known as the oxygen family, chalcogens are sulfur (S), selenium (Se), tellurium(Te), and polonium (Po). Oxygen (O) is also in group 16, where chalcogens are located on the periodic table. While it is defined as a chalcogen, oxygen and oxides are often separated from chalcogens because its chemical behavior is much different than that of the other elements in the group. The other elements in the group show similar patterns in their electron configurations resulting in similar chemical behavior....   [tags: Elements, Leonardo Da Vinci]

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Calorimetry: How to Count Your Food

- The calorimeter is a large round silver cylinder with a smaller cylinder inside. It has 3 holes around the bottom edge of the larger chamber. The smaller chamber is held at the top by a metal rod the goes through both chambers. Below the small chamber, there is a cork with a needle sticking straight up from it (that is where you place the food to be tested). The small chamber has a thermometer in it which measures the temperature of the water if you were to use it. The top of the small chamber is covered by aluminum foil to preserve heat transfer....   [tags: food, chamber, weight]

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Economic Systems In Society: Change Through Time

- In the course of time, knowledge has been constantly created and refuted. I disagree with the prescribed title “That which is accepted as knowledge today is sometimes discarded tomorrow.” I define the word “sometimes” as being less than half of the time, as opposed to more often than not. I believe that knowledge is discarded more often than the prescribed title implies, and is only sometimes not discarded. This is apparent in the human and natural sciences since there have been paradigm shifts in both of these areas of knowledge, leading to the discarding of previous knowledge in favor of the acceptance of newer philosophies and ways of thinking....   [tags: Human Sciences, Communism]

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The Scarlet Letter and The Little Prince, a Comaparison

- The Scarlet Letter by Nathaniel Hawthorne and The Little Prince by Antoine de Saint-Exupéry are two novels that are quite similar, due to their authors' use of style, character actions, and setting. Their techniques contribute to the conflict and the overall effect through an exploration of the theme of guilt and blame. Although the stories seem different, there are still some similarities in both while keeping the themes of guilt and/or blame present in either novel. In The Scarlet Letter and The Little Prince, both of the authors Saint-Exupéry and Hawthorne have a similar style that uses symbolism throughout the novels to make guilt and blame contribute to the overall effect in the two wo...   [tags: Nathaniel Hawthorne, Antoine de Saint-Exupery]

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Limitations to Our Common Ways of Knowledge

- ... Essentially, we become biased towards that ‘tool’, seeing all problems as fixable by it. I will take, for example, an over reliance on emotion. To see such examples, we need only to look back in history to times of crisis, revolution, and rebellion, when tensions and emotions were flaring, and few decisions were made using reason. A prime example is the French Revolution, when conflict between the Girondin and Jacobin parties resulted in the mass execution of tens of thousands of ‘enemies of the state’, namely aristocrats ....   [tags: emotion, perception, tools]

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The Importance of the Chalcogens

- Lost in the midst of the Periodic Table, the chalcogens do not stick out; because they are overshadowed by the noble gases and resting in the middle of the p-block, they are not noticed as often as the other groups. However, this should not happen because the chalcogens, also known as Group 16, are very important in society and to the functioning of humans and all living things. Characterized by oxygen, sulfur, selenium, tellurium, and polonium, the chalcogens are similar in build and function but all provide different vital needs for humans and other beings on earth....   [tags: Human Society, Oxygen Bars]

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The History of Chemistry

- ... In 1774-1794, Joseph Priestley discovered a colorless gas he called “dephlogisticated air”, which is actually oxygen, by taking a calx of mercury and burning it. Antoine Lavoisier disapproved the Phlogiston Theory. He named the “dephlogisticated air” oxygen when he realized oxygen combines with substances as the burn. Lavoisier is now called the “Father of Modern Chemistry” because of his attributions. In 1803, John Dalton’s Atomic Theory states that all matter is composed of atoms, which he discovered are small and indivisible....   [tags: alchemy, turning cheap metals into gold]

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The First Atomic Theorist

- ... The continuation of atomic theory development occurred after almost 2 millennia when English chemist John Dalton provided a breakthrough. Dalton linked various laws and ideas to create a relatively accurate atomic theory. The first idea he used in his linking was the Law of Conservation of Mass (formulated by Antoine Lavoisier saying that the total mass of the products equals the total mass of the reactants in a chemical reaction). Lavoisier’s law implied that matter is indestructible, which was crucial to Dalton’s thought formulation....   [tags: Atom, Electron, Quantum mechanics, Proton]

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Why the Sea is Salty

- Why is the sea salty. One theory states that the sea is salt because of the “mid-Ocean” rift. Fresh basalt flows up through the rift along with “juvenile water; water that is made up of many of the components of sea water including chlorine, bromine, iodine, and many other molecules. Also some salts get into the ocean through volcanoes and even fresh water rivers carries salt into the sea. The sea is composed of many other things. Scientist over the years has conducted many experiments to prove not only of what the sea is made have but also many other things....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Matter Cannot Be Created or Destroyed, Only Transformed from One Form to Another

- In the lab the reaction that took place was a synthesis reaction. A synthesis reaction, is a type of chemical reaction in which two or more simple substances combine to form a new product. The reactants may be elements or compounds. In this case it is a gas and a metal that will react and produce a compound. The general form of a synthesis reaction is, A + B → AB. In order for this lab to be done successful you need knowledge on, percent composition, the empirical and molecular formula, the law of conservation of mass, moles and molar mass, qualitative and quantitative....   [tags: synthesis reactions]

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The Abandoning of Induction in Favor of Deduction and Falsification

- Induction A significant function of science, and of everyday thinking, is to make sense of available information. Induction is the process of going from the specific to the general thereby reaching a conclusion about the complex nature of the universe from a , thus far, limited set of observations. A person uses a collection of evidence, gained through experience, and uses it to form a conclusion which is conceived to be conform with the given facts. This means the observations may be true, but because of the given limitation of observation the conclusion could still be proven false....   [tags: Induction, Hume, science]

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Development of the Periodic Table, X Rays and the Telescope

- ... These elements are called the transuranium elements. I think without the development of the periodic table we may not have different types of medicines, or maybe just generic products to help us along the way of life. For example, humans need Zinc. A doctor can simply tell a person how much Zinc he/she needs or a simple nutrition label can tell how much of the element is in the product. With the development of the periodic table, it gave scientists lead way of discovering new elements. There’s possibly even more elements just waiting to be explored and discovered....   [tags: history of chemistry and technology]

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The History of Chemistry and Its Influene on Technology

- ... also people can travel in the world with automobiles and planes. One thing that had an impact to that was the law of conservation of mass that was discovered by Antoine Lavoisier. he found that the law of conservation of mass states that for any systems closed to all transfers of matter and energy. also there is a law that implies that mass can neither be created nor destroyed. the time in technology was very different before it was discovered. and it will change as time go on in life. The second thing is that natural resources has advanced technology....   [tags: how life would be without it]

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The History of Chemistry: Chemistry is True Science

- ... So what was the world like before Chemistry you might ask yourself. Life before Chemistry was much more difficult. Ancient Civilizations did not know which chemicals to pair with what, leaving them with lives that were much more difficult than what was needed. After the discovery of Chemicals, and the use of science in everyday lives, the environments became more and more structured. Humans began to use this way of life and channel it into their own, from the mixture of certain chemicals to make pottery, to extracting medicine out of plants....   [tags: society, impact, technology]

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Nutritionists Have a Healthy Regard for Food

- Ever since my mother was a young girl my grandmother, her mother, always prepared healthy, nutritional meals. Because of my grandmother, my mother learned a great amount of information on how to maintain a healthy diet. For the reason of my mother’s learning, from the time when I was a young girl my family has always had an interest in nutrition and maintaining a healthy diet. My parents always cook nutritional meals, being cautious of what ingredients they were placing into foods. Throughout the years, I learned what healthy food sources to consume and what not to....   [tags: diet, prevent illness]

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The Nuclear Theory Of The Atomic Theory

- ... P+ is another symbol that means proton. A member of Rutherford’s research team, Henry Gwyn-Jefferies Moseley, created a system of atomic numbers for each of the elements. Three years after Rutherford developed a structure of atoms Niels Bohr improved his atomic model. He developed the Bohr atomic model which depicted electrons circling the nucleus in orbitals. This model is also known as the planetary model. There are four different orbitals. Each orbital has a different energy level and can hold a different amount of electrons....   [tags: Atom, Electron, Quantum mechanics]

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History of the Science of Chemistry

- ... I believe life/society, has got better and increased our knowledge about the things we didn’t know at first. Society has really take advantage of the quality and put forth a great effort to answer questions for life before chemistry. One important scientist who’s put forth an effort to answer any questions we have about chemistry is the son of Richard Boyle, first earl of Cork and a great Elizabethan adventurer, and his second wife, Katherine Fenton, Robert Boyle was born to considerable affluence and was related, by blood or marriage, to all the great Anglo-Irish families of his day....   [tags: technologies, nature, matter, society]

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The History and Production of Hydrogen

- Hydrogen gas was first identified as an element in 1766, by British scientist Henry Cavendish, in an experiment wherein he separated hydrogen gas by reacting zinc metal plates with hydrochloric acid. Cavendish found that when he applied a spark to the resulting hydrogen gas, it yielded water. It wasn’t until some years later that French chemist Antoine Lavoisier gave hydrogen its modern name. The word hydrogen is derived from the Greek words ‘hydro’ and ‘genes’, which translate as ‘born of water.’ In 1800, two English scientists, William Nicholson and Sir Anthony Carlisle, discovered electrolysis....   [tags: electric, gas, energy]

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Henry Cavendish: The Shy Scientist

- Henry Cavendish: The Shy Scientist Henry Cavendish was born October 10, 1731 in Nice, France. His mother, Lady Anne Grey was the daughter of the first Duke of Kent while his father Lord Charles Cavendish, was second Duke of Devonshire. His ancestry links back to many of the aristocratic families in Great Britain. The chemist/physicist is most accredited for the discovery of hydrogen, the “inflammable air” and measuring the Earth’s density, but he also researched and discovered many other important scientific revolutions....   [tags: Science, Biography]

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Stopping Fruit from Turning Brown

- Enzymes, Oxygen, Vitamin C, and Cell tissue have a very important part when it comes to fruit browning. An enzyme is a molecule a protein one. It is a biological catalyst. Oxygen is very important because every living thing needs it to survive. Vitamin C is a nutrient, that helps the body, and to have fruit stay fresh. Cell Tissue is a multicellular tissue and the tissues are organized groups that work together to fulfill a specific job. Enzymes, Oxygen, Vitamin C, and Cell Tissue have different functions to fulfill the process or the stopping of fruit browning....   [tags: enzyme, catalyst, oxygen, fresh, cell, tissue]

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Stanislao Cannizzaro Quest for Knowledge

- ... Assisting with investigations of Salicin and glucosides, Cannizzaro studied chemistry for the next two years. The summer break of 1847 in an attempt to return to Palermo to finish studies a revolutionary outbreak against the Bourbons ruptured and Cannizzaro became an artillery officer. When the rebellion failed and being condemned to death Cannizzaro fled to Marseilles and soon to Paris, where he researched cyanamide and successfully synthesized cyanamide. After a few years of exile, Cannizzaro returned to Italy and in 1851 accepted a position as professor of physics, chemistry, and mechanics at the Technical Institute in Alessandria....   [tags: chemistry, professor, sunto]

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Hydrogen: A Utile Element

- ... Hydrogen gas is extremely flammable and because of this chemical property, it is used as fuel for the main engine of space shuttles. Hydrogen is an important element and has received a lot of recognition throughout history for its usefulness. Hydrogen was first recognized in 1766 by an English chemist ad physicist named Henry Cavendish (who also discovered nitrogen) in London, England. Written records state that Robert Boyle produced hydrogen gas when experimenting with irons and acids in 1671, however, Henry Cavendish is known for first recognizing hydrogen as a distinct element....   [tags: basic building blocks of matter]

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The Scientific Revolution

- Throughout history, no other movement has had such a pronounced and obvious impact on our lives as that of the scientific revolution of the mid 1500’s to the late 1700’s. As accepted ideas about the natural world began to shift from religious and philosophical based theories to evidence based conclusions, the entire scientific community would also begin to absorb and apply evidence based findings. Through experimentation and mathematical proofs, science would evolve into the world we see around us today....   [tags: Religion, Philosophy, Science]

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Hydrogen Fuel Cells

- Hydrogen owing to its abundance in universe is replacing the fossil energy sources like coal, petroleum etc that are being depleted speedily. Hydrogen is energetic per unit mass of fuel burned i.e. 120.7 kJ/g compared to any type of fuel (Haryanto et al., 2005). Moreover, fossil sources produce pollutants like COx, NOx, SOx, CxHx, soot, ash and other organic compounds to the atmosphere on burning that adds to the global warming. Hydrogen was discovered by Henry Cavendish in 1766 and named in 1783 by Antoine Lavoisier with origin of name from words "hydro" and "genes" meaning "water" and "generator" because it burns to produce water only (Song, 2003)....   [tags: fossil energy, petroleum, coal]

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The Atomic Theory

- ... These tubes were gas filled and had electrodes at each end. The electrodes would emit light when an electric current passed through them. The electrodes were also called cathodes and had a negative charge. The discharge tube became known as a cathode ray tube. Thompson measured the temperature of cathode rays and how much they could be bent by magnets. By doing this he was able to estimate the mass of the rays. In the end he concluded that cathode rays weren’t waves or rays at all, but instead they were “very light, very small, negatively charged particles”....   [tags: Atom, Electron, Neutron, Proton]

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The Quicksilver

- The Quicksilver One day an ancient alchemist was sitting at his and noticed a strange silvery liquid-like metal. He called several of his colleagues over to admire it. It was passed down through the years, this chemical reaction, that formed this "Quicksilver" as the alchemists called it. One day a French chemist Antoine Laurent Lavoisier tested and proclaimed it a metal. And he named it Mercury (Hg). With strong controversy from scientists around the world, Lavoisier was never given credit until after his death.....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Laws of Conservation of Mass and Energy

- Introduction In any science that requires computation, specifically in Chemistry, gathering measurements of various physical and chemical properties need to be strictly accurate and precise for it is in this most crucial phase that either make or brake the quality and value of science. No matter how good one may perform the experiment, without forethought on how to gather data correctly, the collected information would not be reliable enough to draw out a conclusion on it. The main objective of this experiment is to explain thoroughly the reacting system which can be done through scientific observation because it is through this vital step that the facts needed to elucidate the reacting s...   [tags: Chemistry]

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Science: History of The Periodic Table

- Four-hundred years ago, scientists began identifying substances now know as elements. They began recognising patterns in the properties as the number of know elements grew, leading to the beginning of classification schemes that would come to devise the periodic table as we know it today ("The Periodic Table", n.d.). In 1789, French chemist Antoine-Laurent de Lavoisier (1743-93) separated 33 substances he considered elements -including light (now know not to exist as an element) and a liquid called ‘Caloric’ (now known not to exist) (Chemical Heritage Foundation, n.d.)- into metals, non-metals and ‘earths’ (Linstead, 2012, p....   [tags: scientists, elements, properties]

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Historical development of the atom

- The notion of the atom all stared about 450 BC when a Greek scholar starting think when can something break on more, when are the pieces at their smallest, this mans name was Leucippus. Leucippus also had pupil who also thought the same way as Leucippus, his name was Democritus. They developed there ideas and when Democritus died his theory summed up briefly was that everything in the world was made of tiny pieced that could not be broken up any more. That how the word atom was derived from the Greek work “atomos” meaning “unbreakable”....   [tags: essays research papers fc]

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The Periodic Table Of Elements

- Abstract The Periodic Table of Elements is commonly used today when studying elements. This table’s history begins in ancient times when Greek scientists first started discovering different elements. Over the years, many different forms of the periodic table have been made which set the basis for the modern table we use today. This table includes over 100 elements and are arranged by groups and periods. Groups being vertical columns and periods being horizontal columns. With all of the research conducted over the years and the organization of this table, it is easy to use when needed....   [tags: Periodic table, Chemistry, Chemical element]

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What is Nitrogen?

- In life we heard a lot about Nitrogen Gas. It is chemical element with seven of atomic number and it is makes up about 78% of the earth's atmosphere. It included an estimated about 4,000 trillion tons of the gas. In 1772, Nitrogen had discovered by Doctor Daniel Rutherford. He called this gas "fixed air". He started his research on carbon dioxide. In 1786, Antoine Laurent de Lavoisier who was isolated nitrogen. He pointed out that this gas did not combine with any other chemical element....   [tags: fertilizer, compounds, chemical elements]

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DuPont An Investment Analysis

- DuPont makes a variety of high-value products for industry today, including polymers, chemicals, fibers, and petroleum products...products for agriculture, electronics, transportation, apparel, food, aerospace, construction, and health care. DuPont serves customers in these and other industries every day, offering "better things for better living" as the company prepares to begin its third century of scientific, technological, commercial, and social achievement. DuPont is a research and technology based chemical and energy company with its annual revenue exceeding $39 billion....   [tags: essays research papers]

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The History of Chemistry

- The History of Chemistry Chemistry is the science of the composition and structure of materials and of the changes that materials undergo. It is also used in improving standards of living, making it possible for such substances as rubber, nylon, and plastics to be made from completely different materials. New materials and new properties of old materials are always being discovered. Some earlier products discovered from chemical reactions are ceramics, glass, and metals. Dyes and medicines were other early products obtained from natural substances....   [tags: Papers]

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Antonine Woman as Venus

- Antonine Woman as Venus It is determined the Antonine Woman as Venus is a woman of aristocratic status. The portrait is made of fine-grain marble, a medium only upper-class persons could afford. Also, only persons of wealth could afford to have such a protrait made. The woman is portrayed as Venus, a goddess who is connected to the imperial family, and members of a royal family would often have themselves depicted as a deity. (De Puma 26) We know she is being portrayed as Venus because of her bare breast and the upper-arm ring....   [tags: Portrait Painting Art Essays]

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Scheele and Oxygen

- Oxygen Vital to life, a necessity to combustion, and the component of innumerable compounds, oxygen is by far one of the most important elements. Astoundingly, Oxygen makes up a fifth of our atmosphere, 49.5% of all compounds on Earth contain oxygen, makes up about 2/3 of our body, yet human kind has only know of it since 1977 (http://pearl1.lanl.gov/periodic/elements/8.html). Ironically, within a period of a couple of years, three different men had stumbled upon the vital element. Carl Wilhelm Scheele, a Swede, made the initial discovery....   [tags: essays research papers]

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John Dalton

- John Dalton Around September 2, 1766 John Dalton was born. He was born in Eaglesfield, England. Dalton was most known for the development of the modern atomic theory. Dalton was taught at his early ages of learning by his father and a Quaker teacher whom in 1778 Dalton would replace him after he retired. He quit that job and left his village to work with his cousin in Kendal, but he stayed a teacher. In 1793 he moved to Manchester, this is where he would remain the rest of his life. Dalton was influenced greatly by the mathematician John Gough....   [tags: essays research papers]

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European Enlightenment

- Enlightenment The enlightenment was the growth of thought of European thinkers in the 1600’s. The spread of enlightenment was a result of the Scientific Revolution during the 1500’s and 1600’s. It resulted as a need to use reason to distribute human laws. It also came about from a need to solve social, political and economic problems. Joseph Priestley and Antoine Lavoisier built the framework for modern chemistry during the enlightenment. Edward Jenner built a vaccine against smallpox, a deadly disease....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Calories

- People are, by nature, very gullible, nieve and border on ignorance. There are very few that strive for understanding. Most accept what is told them by friends, the media and the government without question. Take for, instance, the calorie. Millions of Americans read the labels of food containers and worry endlessly about the number of calories that a food contains. This is a classic example of human ignorance. How can one worry about something and not know what it is, where it comes from, and what it does....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Properties of Hydrogen

- HYDROGEN Hydrogen is a gaseous element, symbol H, usually classed in group 1 (or Ia) of the periodic table Hydrogen melts at –259.2° C (–434.56° F) and boils at –252.77° C (–422.986° F). Hydrogen was confused with other gases until the British chemist Henry Cavendish demonstrated in 1766 that it was evolved by the action of sulfuric acid on metals and also showed at a later date that it was an independent substance that combined with oxygen to form water. The British chemist Joseph Priestley named the gas inflammable air in 1781, and the French chemist Antoine Laurent Lavoisier renamed it hydrogen Properties and Occurrence At ordinary temperatures hydrogen is a colorless, tasteless, and...   [tags: essays research papers]

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Drinking and the Dive Bouteille in Antonine Maillet's play Panurge

- Drinking and the Dive Bouteille in Antonine Maillet's play Panurge In her play, Les drôlatiques, horrifiques et épouvantables aventures de Panurge, ami de Pantagruel d'après Rabelais, Antonine Maillet recreates beautifully the fantastic and incredible atmosphere present in the original works of Rabelais. She cuts and pastes together the most well known and exceptional selections of Rabelais' original text and creates a new story, adding along the way some finishing touches which give the play its Acadien content....   [tags: Panurge Essays]

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The Phlogistion Theory as a Scientific Theory

- A scientific theory is defined as “a supposition or a system of ideas intended to explain something, especially one based on general principles independent of the thing to be explained"(Oxford). Scientific theories of which the average person may be aware include the universal laws of gravitation and the laws of thermodynamics. For something to become a scientific theory, a) the idea must have the evidence to support such a claim, b) experimental results supporting the idea must be replicable by others, and c) the idea should be able to explain the results it obtains....   [tags: system of ideas, layered earth]

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Chemical Reactions

- Chemical Reactions Chemical reactions are the heart of chemistry. People have always known that they exist. The Ancient Greeks were the firsts to speculate on the composition of matter. They thought that it was possible that individual particles made up matter. Later, in the Seventeenth Century, a German chemist named Georg Ernst Stahl was the first to postulate on chemical reaction, specifically, combustion. He said that a substance called phlogiston escaped into the air from all substances during combustion....   [tags: science]

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Antoin Dvorak's Outlook on Life Through Music

- In describing the great composer, Antonin Dvorak's music, one music scholar stated that it “expresses joy in life, love of man and nature, faith in God, and devotion to his country.” 1 Renowned as one of the greatest Czech composer to live, he took advantage of the Romantic era to create his own variations on music. Looking into key parts of his life, his music, and his outlook on life will give a greater idea of Dvorak's true existence. Born in 1841 on September 8, Dvorak entered a world of poverty in Bohemia, now known as the Czech Republic....   [tags: composer, czech, faith]

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oxygen

- Oxygen Oxygen Atomic number8Atomic weight15.9994Melting point-218.4oC (-361.1oF) Boiling point-183.0oC (-297.4oF) Density (1 atom, 0oC) 1.429 g/lValence2electronic config.2-6 or 1s22s22p4.Oxygen is one of the must important factors that made it possible for life to exist in this planet. Oxygen is also one of the elements must found in earth. Oxygen can be found in in metals, water, and even the one thin that protects us from the powerful sunrays. Oxygen is a very unstable element, which makes it easy to make compounds with other elements creating different kinds of solids and liquids....   [tags: essays research papers fc]

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Oxygen

- Oxygen Oxygen and its compounds play a key role in many of the important processes of life and industry. Oxygen in the biosphere is essential in the processes of respiration and metabolism, the means by which animals derive the energy needed to sustain life. Furthermore, oxygen is the most abundant element at the surface of the Earth. In combined form it is found in ores, earths, rocks, and gemstones, as well as in all living organisms. Oxygen is a gaseous chemical element in Group VA of the periodic table....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Mesmerism

- Mesmerism "Mesmerism" is a term coined after a man named Franz Anton Mesmer ("writers also refer to him as Franciscus Antonius Mesmer, Franz Antoine Mesmer and Friedrich Anton Mesmer" [http://www.hcrc.org/diction/m.html] ). "Mesmer was born in Iznag, Swabia (Germany} on May 23, 1734" (http://www.eb.com/cgi-bin/g?keywords=mesmerism). He went on in life to complete medical training at the University of Vienna, by this time he was thirty-two years of age (http://serendip.brynmawr.edu/exhibitions/Mind/Trance.html)....   [tags: Research Papers Franz Mesmer]

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The Little Prince

- The Little Prince He is the prince of the planet Asteroid B-612. He migrated in the other planet with the use of flock of wild birds. The little prince is the only one who appreciates the drawing of the pilot. He has a flower which he and for so much. And he has two active volcanoes which he used for heating. He also went to other planet where he met different kinds of grown-ups. Pilot He met the little prince when his airplane crashed in the desert of Sahara. He hated to draw because when he was 6 years old, the grown-ups belittled his works....   [tags: Antoine de Saint-Exupéry Novella Review Analysis]

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Oxygen

- Oxygen Oxygen, symbol O, colorless, odorless, tasteless, slightly magnetic gaseous element. On earth, oxygen is more abundant than any other element. Oxygen was discovered in 1774 by the British chemist Joseph Priestley and, independently, by the Swedish chemist Carl Wilhelm Scheele; it was shown to be an elemental gas by the French chemist Antoine Laurent Lavoisier in his classic experiments on combustion. Large amounts of oxygen are used in high-temperature welding torches, in which a mixture of oxygen and another gas produces a flame of much higher temperature than is obtained by burning gases in air....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Oxygen

- Oxygen Oxygen is the most abundant element on the earth. It makes up 23 percent of air, 89 percent of water, and about 46 percent of crustal rock It also comprises 60 percent of the human body. Oxygen is an essential element for survival. Without it, we would not be here today. In this report, you will learn how oxygen, in its many forms, is very important. Oxygen was first discovered in 1774 by the British chemist Joseph Priestley, when he decomposed mercury II oxide into its elements by heating it....   [tags: Papers]

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Gay Lussac

- Gay Lussac GAY-LUSSAC -- SCIENTIST With his skill in science, and with his work with the scientific method, Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac earns the title of a great scientist. He was born on December 6, 1778 and he was the oldest child. His father was Antoine Gay. He was a lawyer who called himself Gay-Lussac to be apart from all of the other people with the same last name as Gay there. He got that name from the name of some family property near St Leonard(4) . The French Revolution affected the French scientists then....   [tags: Papers]

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Advanced Chemistry Theory - Questions and Answers

- 2. What was phlogiston. Based on what theoretical and experimental bases did Lavoisier reject it. According to Bowler’s Making Modern Science, A Historical Survey, the theory of phlogiston was first stated by Johann Joachim Becher in 1667. In 1703, Georg Ernst Stahl, a professor of medicine and chemistry at Halle, proposed a variant of the theory in which he renamed Becher’s terra pinguis to phlogiston theory and it was in this form that the theory had it influence. Phlogiston was a fire-like substance without color, odor, taste or mass that every combustible substance was in part composed of, and it was released during combustion (Bowler 56)....   [tags: History, Refuted Theories]

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The Misadventures And Mishaps Of A Young Boy

- ... His desire for maternal affection is seen in the scene when he enters his mother’s bedroom at 0:12:18. Immediately after entering her room, there is a melancholy song playing, which gives the scene a mournful and sad feeling. The camera is positioned behind Antoine, so the viewers are only able to see his face through the reflection of the mirrors on the vanity stand, as well as another mirror that is located near the door. Antoine is seen from various angles through the mirrors, and as a result the audience’s gaze cannot be focused on any particular image....   [tags: Family, Mother]

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The Movie, The City, With Tall Buildings

- ... The final thing they steal is his dad’s typewriter, but they end up trying to take it back and get caught taking it back. Antoine’s father then takes him to the police and put him into a Observation Center for Juvenile Delinquents. He is in here and is told that it is impossible to escape out because if you do escape out they always find you. While in the Observation Center he was required to talk to a psychologist. When he talked to the psychologist he told his story and had to explain why he didn’t like his mother....   [tags: Mother, Parent, Father, Family]

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History of the Scientific Method

- Scientific method is the way scientists learn and study the world around them. It is the process by which scientists work over a period of time to construct an accurate (i.e. reliable, consistent and non-arbitrary) representation of the world. In the study of natural phenomenon, personal and cultural beliefs strongly influence our interpretations and perceptions. Scientific method relies on standard procedures to minimize these influences when developing a theory. Scientific method consists of four steps: (1)- Making an observation of a phenomenon....   [tags: Origin of the Scientific Method]

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An Author's Last Message

- An Author's Last Message Antoine de Saint Exupery died in 1944. His death was and still is, to a certain extent, a mystery. Some say that enemy forces shot down the plane he was flying while he was on a reconnaissance mission. Others speculate that he was simply too old and out of shape to handle the newer, more advanced military aircraft. “His voluntary return to action at an age when he was too old to fly fighter planes and too fat to squeeze into the cockpit without difficulty marked his own escape from his own planet B-612” (Economist 104)....   [tags: Papers]

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The Inhumanities of Man in A Tale of Two Cities by Charles Dickens

- The French Revolution, which occurred in the late 1700’s was a period in history marked by violence and cruelty among classes. In the novel, A Tale of Two Cities, Charles Dickens powerfully depicts the cruelty of French society during this time of struggle. Throughout the novel, Dickens illustrates the theme of cruelty and inhumanity of men to their fellow countryman in France. This theme grows with each chapter and each brutal event in the novel. Dickens effectively develops the theme of man’s inhumanity toward his fellow man in A Tale of Two Cities by showing various acts of cruelty including, the horrific murder of Old Foulon by the villagers, the extremes that the Revolutionaries take in...   [tags: french revolution, classes]

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The Nature of Reality

- Historically, humanity has been obsessed with discovering the nature of reality. Every person eventually develops their own worldview based on their beliefs, morals, and experiences. At one point in their lives, many people undergo a radical change in perception that forces them to change this view, eventually adopting a new perception of reality. Such a transformation occurs once one starts to question the fundamental nature of one’s own existence and that of the world around them. This realization begins with the disillusionment with one’s environment, continues with the questioning of one’s life’s worth, and concludes with the acceptance of a new worldview....   [tags: Literary Analysis]

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The Little Prince ? A Closer L

- Having read the article The Gift Of Imagination this one quote best describes imagination in us. “Almost all children have vivid imaginations. A few retain them. But somewhere in the process of growing up, most people reject it or learn to conceal it or deny that they have it, even though they use it every day.” Silver Donald Cameron. As we grow up we loose our imagination and form ourselves to the “norm” of society. In the novel The Little Prince, by Antoine de Saint Exupery imagination is evident throughout the entire novel with the “grown up” and “child”....   [tags: essays research papers]

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The Relationship Between Political Processes and Science

- The political processes involved in the production of scientific facts and technology continues to be misrepresented and underemphasised in contemporary academic and wider public discourse. This is evident when considering the approaches employed by historians, philosophers and commentators when interpreting past revolutions, paradigm shifts and controversies in science. In this failure to account for the intrinsic association of politics, scientific facts and technology, it has led to the problematic distortion of how science relates to society and operates as an institution....   [tags: Science]

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A Tale of Two Cities, by Charles Dickens

- The era surrounding the French Revolution was a horrifically bloody and violent period of history – the best of times and the worst of times. The violence enacted by the citizens of French on their fellow countrymen set a gruesome scene in the cities and country sides of France. Charles Dickens uses a palate of storm, wine, and blood imagery in A Tale of Two Cities to paint exactly how tremendously brutal this period of time was. Dickens use of storm imagery throughout his novel illustrates to the reader the tremulous, fierce, and explosive time period in which the course of events takes place....   [tags: Imagery Use, French Revolution]

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Finding a Connection to My Ancestors

- Finding a Connection to My Ancestors Twentieth century America has become a time for attacking and destroying the most malignant of our social diseases. At the forefront of these attacks has been racism. Although nationalistic and bigoted sentiments existed in America prior to the founding of Jamestown, it was not until the civil rights movement of the 1960's that racial equality became more of a reality than a dream. But as African-Americans, Hispanics, Asians and other people of color struggled to regain their cultural identity, the rest of the population was assimilated into an all inclusive racial category known as "white." At some point in my life, I realized that the "white" race act...   [tags: Heritage, Bloodline]

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Is Ulyses S. Grant a Hero?

- If you watch modern movies you will find that these times it is quite easier to be a hero than it was fifty years ago. The world gives us multiple opportunities to proves ourselves and give us the self-satisfaction of being able to say you are a hero. But what is a hero. Grant says, “A hero is someone who does something for other people. He does something that other men don’t and can’t do. He is different from other men. He is above other men. No matter who those other men are, the hero, no matter who he is, is above them.” (193) Obviously Grant matches his own description of a hero....   [tags: American Civil War, US presidents]

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Symbolic Meaning of Edna’s Arms and Teeth in Chopin’s The Awakening

- Symbolic Meaning of Edna’s Arms and Teeth in Chopin’s The Awakening Although characters’ personalities are described vividly in The Awakening through action, dialogue, and descriptions of clothing, little is presented of the characters physically. While Edna is alone in Madame Antoine’s house, resting, two moments occur in which specific aspects of her body are highlighted. Prior to this scene, it is known only that she is considered pretty and that her hair and eyes are a similar yellow-brown color....   [tags: Chopin Awakening]

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How Grant Wiggins And Jefferson Are The Novel 's Dual Protagonists

- ... Unlike Jefferson, Grant has had numerous opportunities to leave Bayonne and change his life, but he has decided to stay and teach at the plantation school, not because he is a dedicated teacher who cares about his students, but because he feels that as a black man living in a racist white world, he has little or no control over his life. Unlike Miss Emma, he refuses to challenge the system that keeps him in a state of mental slavery. Instead, he internalizes his rage and vents his pain and frustration on his students....   [tags: Black people, White people, African American]

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Analysis of Excerpt from Dickens' A Tale Of Two Cities

- In the excerpt provided from A Tale of Two Cities by Charles Dickens, he provides and lacking description about his feelings toward the oncoming French revolution and how women function in that society. His language is vivid and paints a specific picture in the readers mind about the time and place of this story. However, his thoughts about the coming revolution are slightly unclear. Dickens begins the passage by stating “Saint Antoine turned himself inside out ad sat on door-steps and window-ledges, and came to the corners of vile streets and courts, for a breath of air”....   [tags: french revolution]

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