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The Neuropathology of AIDS

- AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome) is a disease of an individual’s immune system caused by HIV-1 (human immunodeficiency virus 1). HIV-1 is a retrovirus of the lentivirus subfamily. This virus is atypical in that it does not require mitotically active cells to reproduce. Reproduction of the viral nucleic acids occurs in the nucleus of infected cells. Until recently it was believed that AIDS related deaths as a result of HIV infection were caused primarily by opportunistic infections, usually bacterial or fungal, gaining a foothold in an immuno-compromised individual....   [tags: AIDS Health Medicine Essays]

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AIDS in the Eighties

- AIDS in the Eighties Four years ago I got into a near fatal car accident and lost a lot of blood. I was rushed into a nearby San Francisco hospital where doctors treated me with transfused blood. Ironically, the same blood that saved my life will eventually lead to my death. It is currently 1987 in San Francisco, one of many areas in the world suffering from a virus believed to have come from Western Africa. Earlier in the decade scientists discovered the virus was linked to the disease, Acquired Immuno-Deficiency Syndrome, which dominantly afflicted gay males....   [tags: AIDS HIV Diseases Essays]

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A History of AIDS and the Foundation that is Promoting Abstinence from AIDS in New Jersey

- In this wonderful world that we subsist in it has its fluctuating limits where in life an individual can have successes and fame to being unsuccessful. Life is precious, the way one can conserve it and their health is performing certain procedures that help maintain and sustain the human body. In addition, there are different elements that occur to impair a person’s health like physical and mental disorders, bacterial infections, and viral infections. These illnesses can cause minor to major fragments in a person’s life....   [tags: Abstinence, AIDS, New Jersey, HIV, history,]

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HIV and AIDS

- HIV and AIDS The AIDS and HIV virus is a very dangerous disease that sees no race, no color, no gender, no economic background and not even a specific age group. It can affect anyone, at any time if they put themselves in a situation where they could be at risk. AIDS stands for what is called acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. The virus causes the body's immune system to break down and become useless in fighting illness and bacteria. Even a common cold could lead to the death of a person affected with the AIDS virus....   [tags: HIV and AIDS]

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Hiv / Aids : A Name That Many Americans

- Marcus Flowers 11/20/14 Professor Robinson EGL-1010 Assignment #4 Over the years HIV/AIDS has been a name that many Americans can identify. One may have seen a few commercials or ads pertaining to the topic, while others might have experienced losing a loved one to the disease. Despite that many people still become infected with the virus each year. Since its introduction HIV/AIDS has been known as one of the world’s most deadly diseases. Although a popular topic, most have little to no knowledge at all about the disease....   [tags: AIDS, HIV, Immune system, Antiretroviral drug]

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HIV and AIDS

- The Effects of HIV Mutations on the Immune System is deadly. HIV is the virus that causes AIDS. HIV is classified as a RNA Retrovirus. A retrovirus uses RNA templates to produce DNA. For example, within the core of HIV is a double molecule of ribonucleic acid, RNA. When the virus invades a cell, this genetic material is replicated in the form of DNA. But, in order to do so, HIV must first be able to produce a particular Enzyme that can construct a DNA molecule using an RNA template. This enzyme, Called RNA-directed DNA polymerase, is also referred to as reverse Transcriptase because it reverses the normal cellular process of Transcription....   [tags: HIV and AIDS]

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Hiv / Aids And Hepatitis B And C

- As we know, drug addiction is a problem in the United States. In the beginning of the 1980s the United States was not only dealing with the drug war, but a new mystery outbreak of disease, now known as HIV/AIDS and hepatitis B and C. The rapid outbreak of blood-borne related diseases (i.e., HIV/AIDs and hepatitis B and C) among drug users who injected, led to the conclusion that this mysterious new illness transmitted through contamination of blood and other body fluids. Subsequently, syringe access laws were created to provide free, if not affordable access to sterile syringes in exchange for the used syringes....   [tags: AIDS, Immune system, HIV, Infectious disease]

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The Hiv / Aids Throughout The United States

- ... So, the The HIV/AIDS is influencing African American groups in particular because of their poverty, and also injection drug use. The poverty is the main reason that African American group has affected by this virus, and also it helped the ADIS virus spread to African community for more reasons such as low incomes, lack of access healthcare, and less educated. According to Dori J. Gilbert reported that poverty makes the environment of risk, and also is main underlying factor in HIV-infection among African Americans, who are disproportionately poor in our society (Gilbert, para1)....   [tags: HIV, AIDS, Sexual intercourse, Immune system]

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The Effects Of Hiv / Aids On The Immune System

- ... This becomes problematic because as we breath in air, the infected area of the alveolar sac allows for less functional area for oxygen and carbon dioxide exchange. Due to this, patients with pneumonia suffer from dyspnea, or shortness of breath. Another component of pneumonia is an increased mucus production in the alveolar sacs, which leads to a further decrease in gas exchange efficiency. Some of the other common symptoms of pneumonia include: non-productive cough, fever, and hypoxemia. Patients suffering from the HIV/AIDS virus are unable to fight against PCP; therefore this virus is often fatal when not treated with HAART therapy (What is Pneumonia....   [tags: AIDS, Immune system, T helper cell, HIV]

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Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome ( Aids )

- Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS), is a disease that develops from the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and it directly affects the immune system. AIDS is possibly one of the most serious infectious disease present. In 2013, an estimated number of around 35 million people worldwide were affected with HIV/AIDS. Of these, 3.2 million were children aged 15 or below. Most of these children were from sub-Saharan Africa, and were found to be infected by their HIV-positive mothers during pregnancy or breastfeeding....   [tags: AIDS, HIV, Immune system, Antiretroviral drug]

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Using Hiv / Aids As An Example Of Public Health Surveillance

- 1. Using HIV/AIDS as an example to discuss why public health authorities need to conduct public health surveillance and to describe how surveillance system is managed in Australia (9 marks) (up to 800 words) The term public health surveillance has been defined as ‘the continuous, systematic collection, analysis and interpretation of health-related data needed for the planning, implementation, and evaluation of public health practice’ (WHO, 2016). Consequently, the fundamental goal of public health surveillance is to collect information as to prevent, control and take action in relation to all forms of diseases, including HIVAIDS....   [tags: Epidemiology, Public health, AIDS]

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Mary Fisher 's Whisper Of Aids

- Before the evening of August 19, 1992, Mary Fisher was known as successful television producer and an assistant to president at the time, Gerald R. Ford. Fisher gave the speech “Whisper of AIDS” during the 1992 Republican National Convention Address on August 19th in Houston, Texas. As being HIV positive herself, she became a spokesperson for the disease. HIV, which stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus, is a deadly disease that is capable of spreading rapidly among humans through bodily fluids....   [tags: AIDS, HIV, Antiretroviral drug, Immune system]

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Glaxosmithkline And Aids Drugs Policy

- The case talks about GlaxoSmithKline (GSK), its merger with Burroughs Wellcome, its commitment to developing countries, the pricing controversy and pricing pressures from multiple directions. GSK had to determine how to address the AIDS crisis in Africa while maintaining business viability in developing countries in the midst of all the pressures. In Africa, GSK confronted the reality of the AIDS crisis every day, and its decisions impacted thousands. Everyone--governments, nongovernmental organizations, the media, shareholders, and others--had an opinion, but there was no real answer to the question....   [tags: AIDS Pharmaceutical ]

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Discrimination Against Those with AIDS

- Discrimination has grown over the years to be a major problem around the world. There are many different issues that discrimination addresses. One of the main issues that it evaluates is HIV/AIDS. Many people who are infected with the disease are discriminated against for something that they cannot control after they are diagnosed. More specifically, insurance companies and employers are one of the big factors in discrimination of these people in the work place. It is very important to them because they need the money in order to live and they need to coverage in order to stay healthy....   [tags: Discrimination AIDS]

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Discrimination Against Those with AIDS

- Employees are being discriminated against for their infectious illness known as A.I.D.S. They are labeled incapable of performing the tasks they pursued before they were recognized as being infected. The confidentiality of an employee is a private matter and very personal. There aremany different kinds of prejudice but not one as deadly as A.I.D.S Discrimination. The emotional trauma and future ofemployment play a giant role in the inflicted. Health policies through job-related fields must learn to recognize that like other illnesses, A.I.D.S does not forbid an employee of performing his or her duties....   [tags: Discrimination AIDS]

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The Benefits of AIDS Education

- Thesis:  This paper will illustrate the benefits of AIDS education by discuss the nine characteristics of effective HIV education curricula, community HIV programs and parent involved HIV programs. Almost all the states in America promote some form of sexuality and HIV education through mandates or recommendations.  According to an article entitled "Sexuality Education in American Public Schools," 47 states require or encourage teaching about human sexuality, and 48 states require or encourage instruction about HIV/AIDS.  Although these statistics suggest that sexuality and AIDS education is widely available in American schools, the quality and comprehensiveness of this education can vary co...   [tags: AIDS in America]

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Aids: Epidemic Of The Century

- INTRODUCTION There is no doubt that AIDS is indeed the epidemic of the century. Not only are there many supporting facts and data, visiting urban cities and third world countries prove this point. Furthermore, AIDS is not only highly infectious, it is also the first major incurable epidemic throughout this biomedical revolution that mankind is going through. This epidemic might actually be the one that will completely wipeout the third world. Scientists, government agencies and pharmaceutical companies are scrambling to find a cure to this epidemic but in the mean time we have to find a way to deal with it, if possible....   [tags: AIDS Essays]

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Aids Care Pl Hiv Care

- HIV CARE PLAN 2 HIV CARE PLAN 9 HIV Care plan Mitcherlean Thompson South University Running head: HIV CARE PLAN 1 HIV Care plan HIV has been around for more than thirty years and apparently, through education, television commercials, and magazine ads discussing this disease, a stigma is still associated with this disease. Even though Rock Hudson was the first well known celebrity to die of AIDS and Magic Johnson is living with HIV, why does this stigma, still exist (Relf, Flores, & Biederman, 2014)....   [tags: AIDS, Immune system, HIV, Infectious disease]

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Hiv / Aids Has Wreaked On All Parts Of The Globe

- Since its discovery in the early 1980s, HIV/AIDS has infected almost 80 million people across the world, and 40 million of them have died from AIDS-related causes (Harmon, 2016). Therefore, this infectious, terminable disease has become a worldwide epidemic that has forced humanity to respond to it with the same vigor that the disease has attacked mankind. For the past 30 years, HIV/AIDS has wreaked havoc on all parts of the globe establishing an interesting and morbid history and having a historical impact on health, medicine, research, and people....   [tags: AIDS, Immune system, HIV, Immunodeficiency]

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AIDS and The Nervous System: A Focus On The AIDS Dementia Complex

- AIDS and The Nervous System: A Focus On The AIDS Dementia Complex Infection by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), the biologic agent of the AIDS syndrome, has emerged as one of the most important threats to public health in the United States and its incidence is rapidly increasing. A highly lethal disease with over 70% of AIDS patients dying within 2 years of diagnosis. This disease has already become the leading cause of death in men aged 25-44 and women aged 25-34. The Centers for Disease Control have for the purpose of epidemiological surveillance, defined AIDS as a "reliably diagnosed disease that is at least moderately indicative of an underlying cellular immunodeficiency in a p...   [tags: AIDS Disease Diseases Essays]

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Hiv ( Immunodeficiency ) And Aids ( Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome )

- ... (“What is HIV/AIDS?”) It was only after the discovery of the AIDS virus, that HIV (Human Immuno-Deficiency Virus) was discovered. (“Where did HIV Come From?”) The first case found in humans was in 1959 by a blood sample of a man who lived in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, however how he became infected is unknown. (“Where did HIV Come From?”) Now, the general theory about HIV is that it comes form the Simian Immunodeficiency Virus (SIV) because HIV-1 and HIV-2 are very similar to certain strains of SIV....   [tags: AIDS, Immune system, HIV, Immunodeficiency]

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Hiv / Aids Education And Promotion Of Safe Sex

- ... A primary objective should be to make them available in places where the vulnerable groups can find them easily and conveniently. Free condom boxes may be located in pharmacies, university halls, streets and at work places with the slogan “It can save your life”. In addition, most people are usually shy and may not ask for condoms or get them in public so distribution should also include areas where people can acquire them privately. In South Africa, although it only represents a small increase per person, the government increased condom distribution by 60% from 308.5 million to 495 million between 2007 and 2010 (AVERT, para....   [tags: HIV, AIDS, Condom, Sexual intercourse]

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HIV/AIDS in the U.S.A.

- HIV/AIDS in the U.S.A. Human Immunodeficency Virus (HIV), virus of the retrovirus family, the agent that causes Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). A person infected with HIV gradually loses immune function and becomes vulnerable to numerous infractions that can lead to AIDS. The virus was discovered in association with AIDS by three separate teams of researchers: first in 1983 by Luc Montagnier and scientists at the Pasteur Institute in Paris, and then in 1984 by Robert Gallo and his colleagues at the National Cancer Institute, on the National Institutes of Health in Bethesda, Maryland, and by Jay Levy and his colleagues at the University of California at San Francisco....   [tags: HIV and AIDS]

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A Report On The Aids Epidemic Of Pneumocystis Carinii Pneumonia ( Pcp )

- The CDC published a Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report on June 5, 1981 describing cases of a rare lung infection, Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP), accompanied by other unusual infections, in five young, previously healthy, gay men in Los Angeles. By the time the report was published, two of the men had died. This marked the first official reporting of what is now known as the AIDS epidemic. It wasn’t until September 24, 1982, however, when the CDC used the term AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome) for the first time....   [tags: AIDS, HIV, Homosexuality, Pneumocystis pneumonia]

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Antiretroviral Drugs Are The Most Effective Response For The Aids Crisis

- ... Secondly, there was lack of human resources and infrastructural inequity in the public health care system. Though there were sufficient public health care services in Africa but still the problem of skill care worker due to low scale of payment. According to Ojikutu et al, 2007, there are >400 nurses/100,000 population working in South Africa but in actual there are only 100 nurses/100,000 uninsured persons those who rely on public health services. The rest of nurseswork in non-governmental sector where the compensation and benefits are higher....   [tags: AIDS, HIV, Antiretroviral drug, Africa]

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AIDS in Africa

- Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is one of the most deadly viruses in the world. No country in Africa has escaped the virus. Some have been effected more then others though. The spread of AIDS in Africa is because of poor medical treatment and a lack of education on the part of the people. HIV is the virus which causes AIDS.(Aids in Africa,1994) HIV stands for Human Immune-deficiency Virus. The virus attacks the bodies immune system and weakens it. Scientists have wondered about the origin of HIV ever since the epidemic emerged....   [tags: Free AIDS Essays]

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Funding for AIDS

- AIDS, it is the black plague of our youthful generation. Not only is it spreading quickly, but it also can affect anyone and can be fatal. So why not concentrate all our time and money into research for this disease that is fairly new and we know little about. Well, Naomi Freundlich, science and technology editor for Business Week magazine, thinks we should do all we can to prevent the spread of AIDS. In her article "No, Spending More on AIDS Isn't Unfair", she explains the need for increased funding and research in this field....   [tags: Free AIDS Essays]

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Aids : A Severe Loss Of The Body 's Cellular Immunity

- ... If an ELISA test is positive, the Western blot test is usually administered to confirm the diagnosis. If an ELISA test is negative, but you think you may have HIV, you should be tested again in one to three months. ELISA is quite sensitive in chronic HIV infection, but because antibodies aren 't produced immediately upon infection, you may test negative during a window of a few weeks to a few months after being infected. Even though your test result may be negative during this window, you may have a high level of the virus and be at risk of transmitting infection....   [tags: AIDS, HIV, Immune system, Blood]

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AIDS in Botswana

- AIDS in Botswana Botswana has disturbing statistics related to AIDS, when compared to those of a developed nation like Australia. Life expectancy is 40 in Botswana, compared to 80 in Australia. This difference is mainly due to AIDS. Without AIDS in Botswana, the life expectancy would be about 64. In having such a low life expectancy, Botswana has had to deal with many problems. Workers are being taken in their prime, and many children are left orphaned without a primary caregiver. This means that less work will be done, and it will be done less efficiently....   [tags: Free AIDS Essays]

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AIDS and YOU

- AIDS is a life and death issue. To have the AIDS disease is at present a sentence of slow but inevitable death. I've already lost one friend to AIDS. I may soon lose others. My own sexual behavior and that of many of my friends has been profoundly altered by it. In my part of the country, one man in 10 may already be carrying the AIDS virus. While the figures may currently be less in much of the rest of the country, this is changing rapidly. There currently is neither a cure, nor even an effective treatment, and no vaccine either....   [tags: Free AIDS Essays]

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Aids Prevention Organization : Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome

- Aids Prevention Organization Name: Abdulaziz Almezaiel Aids Prevention Organization Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome is caused by the HIV. The first cases of AIDS were reported in 1981 and since then AIDS has develop into one of the world’s most grave health as well as development challenges (UNAIDS. 2011). According to UNAID, currently “ there are about 35 million people who have HIV while tens of millions have died of infections related to AIDS ever since the start of the endemic” (UNAIDS....   [tags: AIDS, HIV, Tuberculosis, Antiretroviral drug]

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AIDS In Africa

- AIDS in Africa Spreading rampant throughout the African continent, AIDS is killing any and all who cross its path. “As the death toll from AIDS recedes in America, Africa is reeling from an epidemic of Biblical proportions. South of the Sahara, AIDS is worse than anywhere else in the world, and this catastrophe is transforming the continent forever” (Schoofs part 5). Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, better known as AIDS “is a virus that weakens the immune system and subjects the patient to opportunistic diseases such as pneumonia and tuberculosis....   [tags: Disease Research Papers AIDS]

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HIV and AIDS

- HIV/AIDS INTRODUCTION At the beginning of the 20th Century it was believed by many, including the United States Patent Office, that there was nothing else to invent. Now, 100 years later at the beginning of the new millenium the ancient Egyptian philosopher is more relevant, "there is nothing new under the Sun". While HIV/AIDS may be a new disease, there is nothing new about a novel epidemic, which can potentially or actually decimate a population. In the late middle ages, the Black, now known as the Bubonic Plague, swept through Europe killing virtually half the population....   [tags: STD, HIV, AIDS]

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AIDS in Africa

- The new century has allowed the worlds nations to take a new outlook on the world. It has given them a chance to decide what the pressing issues are to solve, and think of ways to solve them. The UN has set the year 2000, as the year to unite the world's nations in order to make the world one. One of the issues that the world's nations are faced with is the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Africa. Even though is can be targeted to one area, this is still a world issue, because of the western worlds role in creating their instability....   [tags: Free AIDS Essays]

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HIV and AIDS

- In 1981, the first cases of severe immune system deterioration were recognized developed unusual infections. The new disease was later named "AIDS". At that time, no one knew what was causing the disease. Since then, science has shown that the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is the cause of AIDS. As HIV infection progresses, it weakens a person's ability to fight off diseases. By attacking the immune system, the virus leaves people more susceptible to other diseases. When a person with HIV contracts one of several additional diseases, or when a person's immune system shows serious deterioration, that person is classified as having AIDS....   [tags: STD, HIV, AIDS]

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We Must Find a Cure for AIDS

- AIDS is a very complicated infection. It is not only infecting individuals, but it also infecting our society. Until a cure is reach it will continue to plague human society. No person will ever be truly safe. Our government needs to keep spending money on research to develop a cure for AIDS. To fully understand why our government should continue to spend its funds on AIDS research one must first understand AIDS. No one actually knows where AIDS comes from. Americans say that it originated in Africa....   [tags: AIDS Essays]

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Case Study on Aids and Condoms

- Case Study on Aids and Condoms The AIDS virus is spreading rapidly throughout India and Brazil. Due to the differences in culture and political policies, these two countries are attacking the AIDS epidemic problem in two totally different ways. On one hand, Brazil plans to spend hundreds of millions of dollars for teaching public AIDS awareness mainly to married women and Carnival goers. In comparison, India's government has identified specific targets of their society in order to reach the public and spread the information about AIDS awareness....   [tags: Free AIDS Essays]

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AIDS: The Search for a Cure

- AIDS: The Search for a Cure 788,400 minutes In 1999 the New York health department released figures indicating that after diagnosis of full blown AIDS, patients had an average of 19 months left to live: 788,400 minutes. These figures with only about 20 years of knowledge to work with: the AIDS virus didn’t start appearing in the United States until the late seventies, and was unacknowledged until the 80’s, making AIDS research a relatively new field. First stigmatized and associated with unsafe homosexual sex and then mainstreamed when professional basketball player Magic Johnson announced he was infected, AIDS awareness has come a long way....   [tags: Free AIDS Essays]

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Is AIDS taking over the world?

- Is AIDS taking over the world. A disease is an abnormality of an animal or plant, caused by a pathogenic organism. Therefore, disease resistance is the ability to withstand the attack of these pathogens and remain virtually unaffected. The disease may be infectious (communicable), caused by invading organisms that live parasitically on or within the body. The disease causing organisms include viruses, some bacteria and certain other organisms that may be passed from person to person – e.g. Plasmodium that causes malaria....   [tags: Free AIDS Essays]

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The Stigma of HIV/ AIDS

- From the moment scientists identified HIV and AIDS, social responses of fear, denial, stigma and discrimination have accompanied the epidemic. Discrimination has spread rapidly, fuelling anxiety and prejudice against the groups most affected, as well as those living with HIV or AIDS. It goes without saying that HIV and AIDS are as much about social phenomena as they are about biological and medical concerns. Across the world the global epidemic of HIV/AIDS has shown itself capable of triggering responses of compassion, solidarity and support, bringing out the best in people, their families and communities....   [tags: Disease Aids Stigma Essays]

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All About HIV and AIDS

- AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome); HIV is the etiological agent of AIDS leaving the body vulnerable to a variety of life threatening diseases (8). Transmission: AIDS is transmitted from the HIV virus through blood, semen, vaginal secretions, and breast milk to others from infected host (1). The virus can be spread through sexual contact by oral, vaginal, or anal sex; receiving a blood transfusion, injection involving needles, artificial insemination and organ transplants from an infected donor....   [tags: The AIDS Epidemic 2015]

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The AIDS Quilt: Another Dimension

- The AIDS Quilt: Another Dimension "Jones originally envisioned the AIDS quilt as a message that would call upon the conscience of the nation." (Sturken 186) "The AIDS quilt raises the question of the purpose of mourning. For whom do we mourn when we mourn. The foregrounding of the needs of the living and the creation of a community through the quilt point to mourning not simply as a process for remembering the dead and marking the meaning and value of their lives but also an attempt to create something out of that loss." (Sturken 199) Although the AIDS quilt is thought of by most to be a mourning device, there are in fact panels in the quilt that actually oppose the idea of mourning....   [tags: Free AIDS Essays]

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AIDS in Africa

- The AIDS epidemic has reached disastrous proportions on the continent of Africa. Over the past two decades, two thirds of the more than 16 million people in the world infected with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), which causes AIDS, live in sub-Saharan Africa. It is now home to the largest number of people infected, with 70 percent of the world’s HIV infected population. The problem of this ongoing human tragedy is that Africa is also the least equipped region in the world to cope with all the challenges posed by the HIV virus....   [tags: HIV AIDS essays research papers]

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AIDS: Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

- HIV and Aids affect more than roughly thirty million people worldwide. Race, sex and age have nothing to do with who can get this disease, however, the race with the highest number of infected people happens to be Caucasian males ages 25-44. About forty-five percent of the 641,000 AIDS cases in the U.S. have been white people. Blacks aren’t far behind with over 35 percent of cases, and Hispanics have about 20 percent of all cases. Asians have less than anyone does, with 1 percent. Of the estimated 30.6 million people worldwide living with this horrible, life-threatening disease in 1997, about 68 percent were living in sub-Saharan Africa....   [tags: AIDS Essays]

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The HIV & AIDS Virus

- Citations AIDS.org - news, treatment information, and other resources. www.aids.org/ HIV and AIDS Activities - information from the FDA Office of Special Health Issues. www.fda.gov/oashi/aids/hiv.html Specialized Information Services Home Page - US National Library ... - ... Library of Medicine (NLM) is responsible for information resources and services in toxicology, environmental health, chemistry, HIV/AIDS, and specialized ... www.sis.nlm.nih.gov CDC-NCHSTP-Divisions of HIV/AIDS Prevention (DHAP) Home Page - ......   [tags: HIV, AIDS, Health]

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AIDS: Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

- For an epidemic that would explode to claim hundreds of thousands of lives, AIDS surfaced very quietly in the United States, with a small notice on June 4, 1981 in a weekly newsletter published by the Centers for Disease Control in Atlanta, alerting doctors to five unusual cases of pneumonia that had been diagnosed in Los Angeles residents over the previous few months. All the patients were homosexual men who had come down with PCP (Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia), a lung infection usually seen only severely malnourished children or adults undergoing intensive chemotherapy....   [tags: AIDS Essays]

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Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome: AIDS

- AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) is a blood born disease that was first recognized in America in the early 1980’s, around the time Rock Hudson passed away. It is believed that it was first passed thru to humans by monkey’s in Africa. “The battle between humans and disease was nowhere more bitterly fought than here in the fetid equatorial climate, where heat and humidity fuel the generation of new life forms. One historian has suggested that humans, who first evolved in Africa eons ago migrated north to Asia and Europe simple to get to climates that were less hospitable to the deadly microbes the tropics so efficiently spread.” (Shilts, 5) “HIV may already infect one to tw...   [tags: AIDS disease]

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AIDS: Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

- AIDS is the acronym used for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. It is a disease transmitted through the blood. It is transmitted from person to person through sexual intercourse, blood transfusions, I.V. drug users, and from mothers to babies during birth. AIDS is a disease which breaks down the human immune system causing the body to become very susceptible to infection. The disease is brought about by the HIV-1 virus. HIV-1( Human Immunodeficiency Virus) can remain dormant for years and then begins to attack the bodies T- cells and white cells which help fight off infection....   [tags: AIDS Essays]

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Hiv / Aids Prevention Care And Support Project

- makes the public unable to get proper health education on many problems including HIV/AIDS and its consequences. Socio-Ecological Risk Model Individual— IV drug use, early age at first sexual encounter, multiple sexual partners, poverty, inability to afford condoms, improper use of condoms, gender, lack of education, low access to HIV testing and treatment, traditional medicine Interpersonal— polygamy and other traditions, social stigmas, bias against circumcision, rape, false beliefs about HIV/AIDS Community— lack of HIV education programs, cultural stigmas, lack of testing, counselling, and treatment programs, prevalence of sex workers Society— lack of or low funding for HIV/AIDS programs...   [tags: AIDS, Sexually transmitted disease, HIV, Condom]

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Is Palliative Care Needed For Persons With Hiv / Aids?

- ... HIV has a unique clinical course as it is infectious and also requires chronic care as the disease advances. Palliative care helps to tackle the problems people with HIV infection face, as palliative care addresses pain and symptom management, emotional, socio-cultural, and spiritual need of the patient and the family members. It also helps to provide nutritional support, financial assistance and manage drug toxicity (Palliative care, 2014). Palliative care focuses on individualized care and the need of the patient family....   [tags: AIDS, HIV, Immune system, Antiretroviral drug]

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AIDS and Religion in Africa

- Introduction: Presently, somewhere between 34 and 46 million people live with AIDS worldwide. In total, Africa holds the highest number with just under 30 million people suffering from AIDS. Sub-Saharan Africa, by itself, accounts for between 25 and 28.2 million people. These numbers leave Northern Africa with just over one million people living with HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS). Any news you hear regarding the AIDS Epidemic, a main topic involves Sub-Saharan Africa. Besides a somewhat different climate, what else is special about Northern Africa that seems to keep the population’s HIV/AIDS prevalence rates low compared to the southern portion of the continent....   [tags: Free AIDS Essays]

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AIDS in the United States

- AIDS in the United States For an epidemic that has exploded around the world and is claiming thousands of lives everyday, AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) surfaced very quietly in the United States. On June 4, 1981, a weekly newsletter published by the Center for Disease Control (CDC) in Atlanta reported five unusual cases of pneumonia that had been diagnosed in Los Angeles residents over the previous few months. All the patients were homosexual males who had come down with Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia, a rare lung infection usually found only in severely malnourished individuals that had been undergoing intensive chemotherapy....   [tags: Free AIDS Essays]

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HIV/AIDS in Prisons and Jails

- In addressing the prevention of the spread of the HIV virus in prisons, we have seen a rush to develop and implement prevention measures. Much attention has centered on such controversial issues as compulsory or voluntary blood testing, isolation versus integration of HIV infected inmates into the prison mainstreams, provision of condoms and disposable needles, and effective educational measures for specific groups within the prison.      Unfortunately, this rush to develop and implement preventive measures has resulted in a degree of polarization which has hindered progress towards implementation of effective prevention measures....   [tags: STD, HIV, AIDS]

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Patient Assistance Programs For People Living With Hiv / Aids

- Patient Assistance Programs for People Living with HIV/AIDS According to the American Psychological Association a person’s socioeconomic status is measured by a combination of education, income, and occupation. The problem for people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) is their socioeconomic status affecting their quality of life (QOL). According to World Health Organization QOL is defined as a person’s views of their positions in life corresponding to the framework of their culture and values in which they live in relation to their goals, standards, expectations, and concerns....   [tags: HIV, AIDS, Ryan White Care Act]

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Analysis of Paul Farmer´s AIDS and Accusation: Haiti and the Geography of Blame

- The content of Paul Farmer’s AIDS & ACCUSATION: Haiti and the Geography of Blame, was very boring to begin with. Quite literally, I was sleeping while reading the beginning of it. However, it did pick up towards the middle as it caught my interest; I found that the book was particularly funny. Before reading this book, I had no clue what I was in for other than the title and who would’ve guessed; the title says it all. It was actually about what the title said. The United States blames Haiti for the AIDS and vice versa....   [tags: america, haiti, aids, voodoo]

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Using Effective Communication Skills For Hiv / Aids

- ... (2014). However, there is a major difference which eventually occurs over time, where your immune system can clear most viruses out of your body. According to AIDS.gov (2014) stated that if you have HIV, that there is a possibility that the immune system cannot seem to get rid of the virus. It basically means that once you are infected with HIV, you are infected for the rest of your life. AIDS.gov (2014). AIDS.gov (2014) stated that over the course of time, HIV can demolish a lot of your CD4 cells that are in your body and not be able to fight infections and diseases anymore....   [tags: AIDS, HIV, Immune system, Sexual intercourse]

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Against The Privacy Of Aids

- Last October, the case of Nushawn Williams hit the front pages. He is believed to have infected at least 13 girls and women in Jamestown, New York, with HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. His name and face appeared all over the media, shredding the accepted norm of keeping HIV status confidential. In breaking this tradition, public health officials sought to identify and reach the young women he may have infected. Due to this breaking of the silence and reporting the name of the person with this infectious disease at least some women had a greater chance of living because they found out about the virus at an early state....   [tags: Free AIDS Essays]

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Needle-Exchange Programs and The Fight against HIV/AIDS

- This paper will be concerned with the issue of having needle-exchange programs (NEPs) in the United States, for the purpose of encouraging injection drug users (IDUs) to engage in safer practices. Specifically, this paper will address the question of whether or not such programs are a desirable policy for reducing the spread of HIV/AIDS. This topic was chosen because it is evident that something needs to be done to stop the spread of AIDS, a problem that has reached epidemic proportions in nations around the world....   [tags: Injection Drug Users, Prevention, AIDS, HIV]

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AIDS/HIV Related Stigma

- &#65279;Introduction Since the appearance of AIDS in the late seventies and early eighties, the disease has had attached to it a significant social stigma. This stigma has manifested itself in the form of discrimination, avoidance and fear of people living with AIDS (PLWAs). As a result, the social implications of the disease has been extended from those of other life threatening conditions to the point at which PLWAs are not only faced with a terminal illness but also social isolation and constant discrimination throughout society....   [tags: AIDS Essays]

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Aids and its History

- For the fast several years an AIDS vaccine has been the key focus in AIDS research. While the government sees the vaccine as a termination to the disease, but a portion of the public along with many renowned scientists from around the world would argue against a vaccine. The United Nations and the US military have threatened to administer a mandatory vaccine to children at the age of 12 and all military employees. Reports predict a massive resistance to a mandatory AIDS vaccine in the US. (www.newsmax.shtml) The Committtee to Protect Medical Freedom warned that the vaccine would infact put more people at risk of contracting the deadly disease....   [tags: Free AIDS Essays]

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AIDS Epidemic in Africa

- As recently as 1990, there were some regions of the world that had remained relatively unscathed by AIDS. Today, however, there is not a single country around the world which has wholly escaped the AIDS epidemic. As the epidemic has matured, some of the developed nations which were hard hit by the epidemic in the 1980s such as the United States have reported a slowing in the rate of new infections and a stabilization among existing cases with lower mortality rates and an extension of post-diagnosis lifespan....   [tags: Free AIDS Essays]

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AIDS in Africa

- AIDS In Africa      HIV-AIDS has infected over thirty million people in the world. Over 95% of all AIDS cases in the world are in Africa and in some of those countries over 40% of the people are infected (Frederickson and Kanabus HIV and AIDS in Africa 1). AIDS does not solely affect homosexuals, or any certain ethnicity of people, either; HIV-AIDS can affect any type of ethnicity including African Americans, Caucasians, Asians, Indians, and Hispanic people. AIDS cannot be reversed or cured, but with proper treatment this deadly virus can be controlled and people can live a nearly normal life....   [tags: AIDS HIV Disease Africa African Essays]

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Aids in American Youth

- Aids in American Youth There are more than 40 million people in the world with the disease known as AIDS(Bender 6). There are about 1 million people in America recorded to have the disease(Carasso). While anybody can get AIDS the people who are at the highest risk are youth between under the age of 20 years old(Carasso). This epidemic which came about in the early 80’s has become a deadly problem in our world today. When AIDS came about it is understood that it was only a gay disease in the 80’s, which would cause for this disease to spread rapidly....   [tags: Free AIDS Essays]

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Aids And Its Causes

- AIDS and Its Causes 1.INTRODUCTION In June 1981, the centers for The Disease Control of the United States reported that five young homosexual men in the Los Angels area had contracted Pneumocystis Carinii pneumonia( a kind of pneumonia that is particularly found in AIDS patient). 2 of the patients had died. This report signalled the begninning of an epidemic of a viral disease characterized by immunosuppression associated with opportunistic infection( an infection caused by a microrganism that does not normally produce disease in human; it occurs in persons with abnomality functioning immune system), secondary neoplasms( any abnormal growth of new tissue, benign or malignant) and ne...   [tags: Free AIDS Essays]

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The Human Immunodeficiency Virus, Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome ( Hiv / Aids )

- One of the worst public health crisis of human history is the human immunodeficiency virus, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDs). I chose this disease because of its intriguing origins and the destructive prevalence that is has in the world today. The human immunodeficiency virus started spreading in Africa over 30 years ago and eventually spread worldwide. The disease has been a major plague on society, not only killing numerous people, but destroying the economy, devastating communities, and creating geographical issues....   [tags: AIDS, HIV, Immune system, Africa]

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Hiv / Aids Pandemic : The Global Agenda For The Past Four Decades

- The HIV/AIDS pandemic has dominated the global agenda for the past four decades. HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) itself is a virus which targets specific cells within the immune system known as CD4 cells (T cells). As time elapses, the number of these CD4 cells deplete under attack from the HIV virus, rendering the body incapable of warding off infection and disease, as a direct result of a severely weakened immune system. At this point, the HIV infection progresses into AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome)....   [tags: AIDS, HIV, Immune system, Immunodeficiency]

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The Link between HIV and the Development of AIDS

- The Link between HIV and the Development of AIDS The breakout of the AIDS pandemic during the early eighties is considered one of the biggest challenges in modern medicine. Twenty years after the first AIDS cases were recorded, we are far from developing a cure for this devastating pandemic. Although our knowledge of this condition remains limited, the vast majority of scientists now agree that the human immunodeficiency virus, or HIV, is the predominant cause of AIDS, and the notion that HIV equals AIDS is widely regarded as a fact by the general public....   [tags: Free AIDS Essays]

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Human Immunodeficiency Virus ( Hiv ) Or Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome ( Aids )

- ... You might be wondering why fishermen. Aren’t there other migrant workers, such as military men. Yes, there are, but none are as at high of a risk of contracting HIV as fishermen. Men between the ages of 15-35 have the highest risk of contracting HIV in Thailand (Surasiengsunk et al, 1998), and are also the most common age for fishermen (Kissling et al, 2005). The cosial dynamics of being on a ship are very different for these men, particularly the younger men, than those at home, allowing for more reckless behavior to be common practice....   [tags: AIDS, HIV, Condom, Safe sex]

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The United States Government and HIV/AIDS

- AIDS is a disease that has effected and is still affecting the country in many detrimental ways. When first discovered in the country of Africa, the seriousness was unheard of. As the AIDS virus reached the United States, the devastating effects became more obvious. This was the point when the United States government felt that something should be done about the HIV/AIDS virus. According to the Office of AIDS research, AIDS, or Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome is a serious illness that originates as HIV....   [tags: HIV/AIDS Essays]

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Robert Gallo and the Role of HIV in AIDS

- Robert Gallo and the Role of HIV in AIDS Introduction In 1982, Robert Gallo from the National Cancer Institute in the USA, put forward the hypothesis that the cause of AIDS is a retrovirus. One year later, Myron Essex and his colleagues (1) found that AIDS patients had antibodies to the Human T-cell Leukemia virus Type-1 (HTLV-I), a virus discovered by Gallo a few years earlier. At the same time, Gallo and his colleagues (2) reported the isolation of HTLV-I from AIDS patients and advocated a role for this retrovirus in the pathogenesis of AIDS....   [tags: Free AIDS Essays]

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HIV and AIDS - We are Close to a Cure

- HIV and AIDS - We are Close to a Cure AIDS is a major disease that has threatened the world's population but many scientists believe that a cure is in sight. These scientists say they have developed a vaccine that will cure a dying AIDS patient. They also believe that have created a vaccine that will prevent a person from contracting the virus. AIDS stands for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. Acquired stands for that the disease is not hereditary but develops after birth from contact with a disease causing agent in this case, HIV....   [tags: STD, HIV, AIDS]

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AIDS Prevalence and Awareness in South Africa

- AIDS Prevalence and Awareness in South Africa Johannesburg, the largest metropolitan area in the continent of Africa. The population of the main metropolitan area is 1,907,229 ( WorldBook encycl.130). Johannesburg is also one of the world richest gold fields. Despite these positive aspects, Johannesburg is a city with a dismal future, because it is suffering from one of the world's worst AIDS epidemics. Every Saturday, nearby cemeteries are busy with the arrival of people who have died from AIDS....   [tags: AIDS HIV Disease African Essays]

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Dr. Helene Gayle 's Effect On The Public 's Understanding Of Aids

- The public is often sympathetic towards those individuals who are aggrieved by a serious illness. This is demonstrated by the extensive organizational and individual efforts that have been made to raise funds for cancer research and to administer aid to those individuals battling this dreadful disease. Alternatively, AIDS victims generally do not receive the same level of widespread support and compassion. There has been a perpetual sense of shame attached to AIDS and there are members of society who judge AIDS suffers to be sexual deviants and squarely blame them for their predicament....   [tags: AIDS, HIV, Sexual intercourse, Antiretroviral drug]

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AIDS Em Sao Paulo(POR)

- AIDS em São Paulo O Brasil ocupa lugar de destaque entre os países com maior número de casos conhecidos de AIDS, contabilizando 170.073 casos (até 30/08/99), com a epidemia sem evidencias de controle. A AIDS vem infectando principalmente pessoas cada vez mais jovens e pobres. As práticas sexuais são as formas de transmissão mais importante. Por outro lado, as mulheres vêm sendo infectadas mais e mais, com uma velocidade de aumento da epidemia superior ao que ocúrre entre os homens, sendo que nos últimos anos a relação entre os casos notificados em homens e mulheres é de 3 a 1....   [tags: Free AIDS Essays]

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AIDS

- AIDS Unprotected sex, dirty needles,pills!. Now that I have your attention, today I’ll be talking to you about the causes and effects on how you can contract this deadly virus. But first let me start by explaining what Aids/HIV really is and what it does to you once you have contracted the Aids virus. Aids/Aids lowers your immune systems ability to produce the white blood cells and antibodies that protect you from colds, infections, etc. Lowered immunity makes a person vulnerable to attacks from different types of viruses....   [tags: AIDS Essays]

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The Factors That Are Affecting South Africa 's Efforts Combating Hiv / Aids?

- What are the factors that are affecting South Africa’s efforts in combating HIV/AIDS. Origin 1. Absence in Antiretroviral Drugs As HIV/AIDS started peeking in South Africa, president Mbeki denies and refuses to believe the universal acceptance and scientific outlook, disputing that HIV was not the foundation of AIDS and rejected the ARV or the antiretroviral drugs claiming they were not beneficial for aids patients and refused to consent on receiving freely provided nevirapine and funding from the international development agencies....   [tags: AIDS, HIV, South Africa, Antiretroviral drug]

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1688 words | (4.8 pages) | Preview

AIDS

- AIDS is the final, life-threatening stage of the infection with human immunodeficiency virus, or HIV. AIDS stands for acquired immunodeficiecy syndrome. The name refers to the fact that HIV severely damages the patient’s disease-fighting immune system. Cases of AIDS were first identified in 1981 in the United States, but scientists have traced cases to as early as 1959. Millions of AIDS cases have been diagnosed worldwide. HIV can be present in the body for 2 to 12 years without producing any outward signs of illness, yet there are definite symptoms....   [tags: AIDS Essays]

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435 words | (1.2 pages) | Preview

AIDS

- In 1918 the United States experienced one of the worst epidemics in its history. With 500,000 dead in a matter of 6 months, the Spanish influenza left its mark. With approximately 11.7 million dead worldwide, Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome(AIDS) is still leaving its mark. It is a pandemic the likes of which the world has always feared to see. The HIV virus comes in several varieties, yet they kill basically the same. Our understanding of this virus and how it works is essential to finding its cure, and to preventing its spread....   [tags: AIDS Essays]

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Hiv ( Human Immunodeficiency Virus ) Affects The Immune System And When Left Untreated Can Develop Into Aids

- Introduction HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) affects the immune system and when left untreated can develop into AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome) which may take up to 10 years. This disease is not bias, it can affect anyone whether you are rich or poor, a newborn or elder person, here in the United States or anywhere else in the world. Transmission of the disease can occur in several different ways but the most common is through sexual contact. Newborns can get the disease from their infected mothers when the baby is delivered or when they are breastfed....   [tags: AIDS, HIV, Sexual intercourse]

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2407 words | (6.9 pages) | Preview

Human Immunodeficiency Virus ( Hiv ) And Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome ( Aids )

- Introduction Despite advances in Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) remains an important public health concern, globally. There are still challenges facing HIV prevention, treatment and care at a local, national and global level. By 2014, the World Health Organization (WHO) estimated that about 35 million people were living with HIV globally and two million new infections reported every year (1). Among them, an estimated five million people living with HIV (PLHIV) were in Asia and the Pacific region, including Indonesia (2)....   [tags: HIV, AIDS, Health care, Public health]

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1772 words | (5.1 pages) | Preview

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