Scientrific Explanations from Psychologist Essay

Scientrific Explanations from Psychologist Essay

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In Hempel’s essay (1962) he defined the different types of scientific explanations. First he explains the rules of deductive-nomological explanation which are based on particular facts or general laws. This type of explanation explains the occurrence of an ‘explanandum event’ by showing that the event resulted from the particular circumstances in accordance with the laws. Probabilistic explanation also accounts for a given phenomenon by reference to general laws or theoretical principles, but these are of probabilistic-statistical form. In my opinion, the majority of the models created by social scientist belong to the probabilistic explanations. Nowadays, psychologist are creating probabilistic models of the psychiatric disorders, e.g. depression can be explained in view of certain particular events and certain statistical laws. I found Hempel’s essay helpful in understanding current endeavors to create models in the state-of-art of science.

Klahr and Simon (1999) summarized the different types of approaches to study scientific discoveries. There are five categorizes to investigate...

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