The Scientific Revolution And The Industrial Revolution Essay

The Scientific Revolution And The Industrial Revolution Essay

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From the Scientific Revolution through to the Industrial Revolution changes in science, philosophy, political policy, individual rights, and economics helped shape 19th century Europe into a diverse, volatile, and intellectual community. Although the basis for these ideas were dependent on individual, societal, and state communities of thought, they demanded a marked divergence from feudal subsistence practices. In other words, the scientific and social development of European society was contingent upon agricultural and industrial improvement. Up until the 17th century, the population of Europe was relatively stagnant. However, from 1750 to 1850, the population of the continent had doubled from approximately 132 million individuals to 260 million. Thanks to advances in agriculture, transportation, and machinery, Europeans possessed the luxury of surplus—and revolution. Hence, one of the most pivotal developments in European history must be the Industrial Revolution, an event which accelerated the growth of ideas, economy, the state, and population beyond what had been achieved before. Historian David Mason finds that the “impact of the Industrial Revolution was at least as great as that of the French Revolution […], [with] far-reaching social and political consequences.” Unquestionably, the Industrial Revolution was one of the most influential events during the 18th and 19th centuries— ancillary to the Enlightenment and French Revolution, complimenting Romanticism and social equality, and establishing the basis for modernity in warfare.
During the Industrial Era, many intellectuals found dissatisfaction in the logic and reason-dominated writings of the 18th century—culturing the new movement of Romanticism in the early part of...


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...ial era were, by and large, the products of practical men searching for ways to increase efficiency,” suggesting that it was not necessarily science which borne technology, but technology which borne the necessity of science and mechanics—as seen with Robert Fulton’s steamship, Cyrus McCormick’s wheat reaper, and advances in fertilizers by German chemists. In considering what might the most influential European movement of the 18th and 19th centuries, it would be mistaken to forget that the Industrial Revolution reshaped many facets of the continent: the economy was boosted to previously unfathomable extents, production allowed for immense population growth, science was bolstered by social utility, political rights and suffrage improved, human rights to health and education was established, and personal disparity begot many principles of Romanticism and Socialism.

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