This essay will explore parallels between the ideas of the scientific revolution and the enlightenment. The scientific revolution describes a time when great changes occurred in the way the universe was viewed, d through the advances of sciences during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. The enlightenment refers to a movement that grew out of the new scientific ideas of the revolution that occurred in the late seventeenth to eighteenth century. Although both the scientific revolution and enlightenment encapsulate different ideas, the scientific revolution laid the underlying ideological foundations for the enlightenment movement. A number of parallels exist between the scientific revolution and the Enlightenment; there was a decrease in the belief in authority, there was an increased belief in Darwinism, The importance of science grew as beneficial to society, the ideas of society as better off without scientific and knowledge. The parallels between the scientific revolution and the enlightenment will be explored throughout this essay.
A key parallel between the scientific revolution and the enlightenment was the decreasing belief in authority. The scientific revolution lead to great advances in astronomy, mathematics, geography, botany and medicine (7). A key discovery was that of Copernicus’ heliocentric theory (2). The heliocentric theory proposed that the sun was at the centre of the universe as opposed to the earth which was the common belief held strongly at the time. Copernicus discovered that the sun was at the centre of the universe, and that the moon orbited the earth while the earth orbited the sun. This theory raised profound qu...
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...e Enlightenment regarded science as a great benefit to the world as being on a trajectory of continuous development and improvement by further building on the discoveries of the scientific revolution (8). The Enlightenment was a period in which these scientific discoveries that were previously band by the Catholic Church, e.g the revelations and all works ascribed to the motion of the earth on the index of the forbidden books. Although there was a similar belief that these scientific discoveries may be morally corruptive through the enlightenment by thinkers such as Rousseau, Advancements in the thinking of the general population were made through the enlightenment as knowledge was made more accessible to people in the forms of dictionaries and encyclopaedia’s, and through the separation of the biblical text as a scientific and historical account of the universe.
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