The direction of baseballs after they are thrown is caused by spin on the ball. Spin is defined as rotations around the axis of the baseball. Major league pitchers have clocked the spin on their pitches at 1500rpm so when a baseball is spinning through the air the threads on the ball cause a self-made “air pocket” that causes changes in direction. This is known as the Magnus affect.
The spin on a baseball is defined as a vector that points on the axis’s rotation. And the magnitude of this spin vector is the number of revolutions per/sec, this is known as an angular velocity vector (Horney, A., Lowry, T., Schwenker, E., & wray, E. (2008). A New spin on baseball. Electronic Proceedings of Undergraduate Mathematics, 3(4)). All baseballs are affected by this spin and the spin is what causes the change in direction. When fastballs are thrown the spin of the ball affects the ball and makes it travel through the air at a higher velocity. It also makes the air mass beneath the ball greater and makes the air above the ball thinner. That creates lift and is what makes the ball faster and causes more speed.
A curveball almost is the exact opposite of a fastball. While a fastball spins and makes the pitch fly strait a curveball spins the opposite way. The downward spin makes the air around the pitch heavy on the top and lighter on the bottom; this causes the ball to drop, or break. According to Mlb.coms game day application a typical major league pitched curveball is averaged at less than 80 mph. While the average fastball pitch is greater than 87 mph.
The next data is from the curveballs of Bronson arroyo from the Cincinnati reds, and the fastballs of Josh Beckett of the Boston red socks. Although the nature of movement on a curveball su...
... middle of paper ...
... of the ball.
The lift is only important to the spin of the baseball if it is a fastball because the ball creates its own lift.
There are several ways in the 1920’s that pitchers use to cheat by adding friction to the balls in illegal ways. The pitchers would sometimes use pine tar, tobacco juice, or mud on the baseballs the affect the grip and friction of the ball. This caused the balls to be affected even more by the baseballs spin. Pitchers would also use lotion or file down the ball to make it smoother so that he base balls could be travel through the air faster. This was banned because it could cause the pitches to become wild and endanger the batter.
(http://www.grc.nasa.gov/WWW/k-12/airplane/ballforce.html Horney, A., Lowry, T., Schwenker, E., & wray, E. (2008). A New spin on baseball. Electronic Proceedings of Undergraduate Mathematics, 3(4)).
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Introduction Baseball is a fairly simple game, once you understand the simple mix of science involved in baseball. Also, there is much more to the game of baseball than simply hitting and pitching the ball. Here is a few bits of information about a baseball that is hit 400 feet. 1. For each 1000 feet of altitude you can add 7 Feet. 2. For each 10 degrees of air temp you can add 4 Feet. 3. For each 10 degrees of ball temp you can add 4 Feet. 4. For each 1 inch drop in Barometer you can add 6 Feet.... [tags: physics sport sports baseball]
946 words (2.7 pages)
- Its America’s pastime. Since 1869, the MLB has been the sweetheart of American sports. A requisite to be a true American is to have a conceptual understanding of baseball; the seventh inning stretch, “Take Me Out To The Ball Game,” as well as hotdogs and warm summer nights at the ball park are all favorite memories of American pastime. However, what one might not realize is the extreme physics behind the game. The velocity of the pitch, and degree of the ball exiting the bat, the exit speed, and how an outfielder throws are entailed within the physics of baseball.... [tags: Baseball, Baseball rules, Baseball statistics]
845 words (2.4 pages)
- How Do Boomerangs Work. Initially created as a thrown tool, a boomerang spins around an axis that is perpendicular to its flight direction. Boomerangs can return to a thrower or perform one-way directional flight. Boomerang enthusiasts can use boomerangs to hunt, as well as for sport and entrainment purpose. Manufactures construct boomerangs with wood or plastic, with carbon-fiber plastic representing the highest-grade material. Boomerang enthusiasts can find boomerang sellers on eBay, but first, they should learn about the types of boomerangs and learn how boomerangs work.... [tags: types, science, throwing, ebay]
751 words (2.1 pages)
- In order to concentrate on what you are doing best, it is advisable for an organization to maintain the best public relations with its partners. This should be ensured when coming up with an original business plan and special emphasis should be paid on the payroll services being provided for the workers. This is attributed to the fact that pay determines the hard work that will be impacted by the workers on the duties they are assigned (York 11). Politicians on the other hand should be able to understand the grievances of their subjects so that they can become effective in their style of leadership.... [tags: Political Science]
2318 words (6.6 pages)
- Baseball was founded in the 18th century and was derived from the European game of cricket. By the time the American Revolution began, contrasting variations of baseball were played nationwide. In September 1845, a group of men founded the New York Knickerbocker Baseball Club. One of these members, Alexander Joy Cartwright, is responsible for creating the modern-day rules of baseball. The Knickerbockers started the first official game of baseball in 1846 against a team of cricket players. On the other hand, softball was first developed on Thanksgiving Day 1887, while several men were awaiting the outcome of the Yale vs.... [tags: Baseball, Softball, Pitcher, Catcher]
811 words (2.3 pages)
- Softball is known as the sister sport to baseball. They look very similar but are very different. Some say that baseball is a lot harder than softball and some say the complete opposite. But to form an opinion a bunch of things come into factor to try figure and figure out which side you stand on. From the size of the ball to the size of the field these things play into factor of each opinion. Both baseball and softball have qualities that set them apart and that can make one more challenging than the other at times.... [tags: Baseball, Softball, Baseball rules]
721 words (2.1 pages)
- MLB v Technology The MLB, Major League Baseball, has changed drastically since being founded in 1869. The game played back then is very similar to the game so many of us love today; however, there is one major difference. This difference is technology. Not only is the game shown on TV now, but it also has things like instant replay and technology based analytics. Many MLB fans fear for the beloved game and pray that it doesn’t change for the worse, but instead change for the better. Technology seems to be consuming the world, but can it overtake America’s Pastime.... [tags: Major League Baseball, Baseball]
1592 words (4.5 pages)
- When I was on a softball team a few years ago, me and my teammates would communicate through the essentials of communication which are process, meaning, and symbolic communication both on and off the baseball field. In example, when we are on the field we communicate in procedural ways in order to reach a goal. We were engaging in action when we were practicing and using our knowledge when implementing a strategic plan on how we would play the different opponents we faced especially in crucial games.... [tags: Baseball, Communication, Baseball positions]
730 words (2.1 pages)
- Baseball is known as America’s national pastime, and has been played for over 100 years. Baseball can be a lot of fun, but is also extremely challenging to play, especially trying to hit a 90 mile per hour fastball. I am a very devoted baseball player myself, and over the years I have learned numerous key things about the game. Baseball does not only require physical strength to hit and throw the ball, but it also requires a great mindset, such as, mental preparedness, concentration, and a positive attitude.... [tags: Baseball, Game, Pitcher, Fastball]
1067 words (3 pages)
- Ever wonder why a curve ball curves. Or why a bat breaks when it hits the ball. Or how exactly a homerun is hit. Here you will find the answers to these questions. I will discuss a brief history of baseball, forces that are applied in baseball, the curve ball, and what exactly happens when the ball meets the bat. In the early days of the history of baseball there were several variations of the game known as Rounders, but the game had no set of "official" rules. This game of Rounders eventually led to a game known as Town Ball and then to the game we now know as baseball.... [tags: physics sport sports baseball]
1689 words (4.8 pages)