To advance learning, it is essential that children are capable of contextualising scientific concepts. Piaget’s constructivist conjecture establishes that children learn and develop cognitive knowledge by independent exploration of their milieu.
Social constructivist ideas facilitate children to create independent erudition through active learning, enabling focus, investigation and discovery by intervention with objects and experiencing phenomena in different contexts:
‘Practical experience … shows that direct teaching is fruitless. A teacher who tries to do this usually accomplishes nothing but empty verbalism, a parrot like repetition of words by the child, simulating knowledge of the corresponding concepts but actually covering up a vacuum.’ (Vygotsky. 1962:83)
Vygotsky’s concept of ‘Zones of Proximal Development’ (ZPD) defines that a child can develop their ability in collaboration with an adult or ...
... middle of paper ...
...ncept Exploration Project (SPACE) (Osborne, J. et al., 1992). Misconceptions were elicited through pictures, discussion, writing and drawings, within different classroom contexts. The results confirmed that in order to transform preconceptions, children need to be challenged to modify, amend and on occasion replace their current thinking, by leveraging the processes of scientific enquiry. One resultant of the SPACE project were the Nuffield Science Teachers ‘Guides (1995) that promote a range of practical elicitation strategies.
In conclusion, at primary level, science enquiry skills have evolved over time to encompass a flexible structure that allows children to explore, discover and acquire cognitive knowledge. Constructivists have influenced and advanced children’s learning, and teaching techniques, allowing misconceptions to be identified and readily adjusted.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Discussions in the elementary science classroom are crucial to understanding scientific concepts. Unfortunately, the term discussions may lead us to imagine the whole group reading, followed by questions generated by the teacher, students restating what was previously read, and finally the teacher evaluating the students’ statements for correctness. This method of discussion is commonly known as initiation-response-feedback or IRF (Willington, 2011). This unfortunate scenario can be replaced by a more meaningful exchange known as inquiry based discussions.... [tags: education, teaching science]
1231 words (3.5 pages)
- The Effectiveness of Inquiry-Based Techniques in Place of Explicit Instruction What happens when inquiry-based techniques are used in place of explicit instruction when teaching science. A Framework for K-12 Science Education (2012) states that “from its inception, one of the principal goals of science education has been to cultivate students’ scientific habits of mind, develop their capability to engage in scientific inquiry, and teach them to reason in a scientific context” (p. 41). Most states have many standards and units for each grade level that contain both science content areas and inquiry based skills.... [tags: education, teaching science]
2290 words (6.5 pages)
- Inquiry is an interactive way of learning. Students are actively engaged in their studies. Inquiry involves student-centered activities focusing on questioning, exploring, and posing explanations. The goal of inquiry is to introduce a new way of learning where students can learn about the world around them through active engagement in real-life examples. Inquiry based learning can be incorporated into all academic subjects throughout the curriculum. Science could possibly be the most effective subject to incorporate inquiry.... [tags: Education, teaching, learning styles]
922 words (2.6 pages)
- Rationale In classrooms today, educators are constantly seeking and implementing engaging lessons that will increase student knowledge and skills. The intent of the activities is to help students become independent learners and use process thinking skills. Students seem to learn best by actually directing their own learning and doing, rather than being led from step to step by the teacher. In science, it is especially important that students learn by inquiry and use more of a hands-on approach to learning scientific concepts.... [tags: Education]
1352 words (3.9 pages)
- All human societies, past and present, have had an interest in education; and many have claimed that teaching is the second oldest profession. While not all societies channel sufficient resources into support for educational activities and institutions, all at the very least acknowledge their centrality; and for good reasons. Teaching, in my opinion is the first profession period. Teaching will always and forever be used until the end of time. We know that everyone is born unknowing about education, norms, and is illiterate; we do not know about the community or society as a whole.... [tags: Education ]
1174 words (3.4 pages)
- Australia as a nation is underpinned by the belief of a democratic society that requires the acquisition of essential knowledge, skills and values in order to enable all citizens to proactively play a part in the shaping their preferred future of a more equitable and socially just world (Bliss, 2005). To that end, Values and Values-based Education are considered to be an integral aspect of the Educational landscape as there is a recognition that values are not only a crucial part of a critical understanding of society, but also the key to successful participation in our democracy (Allison & Von Wald, 2010).... [tags: Education]
1148 words (3.3 pages)
- A multitude of complex and contentious legal issues face individuals and groups alike in Australia on a day-to-day basis. By notion, Legal Studies is then intended as an opportunity for students in their senior years of schooling to develop knowledge and tangible skills, as well as shape the values, attitudes and beliefs necessary to enhance their awareness and ability to actively participate as informed, proactive and critical members of society (Queensland Studies Authority, 2007). To effectively navigate the legal and moral mindfield that beckons, it is vital for students to be informed about their rights and responsibilities within legislation (Eekelaark, 1992).... [tags: Education]
1640 words (4.7 pages)
- World War I 1914-18 was a conflict fought mainly in Europe among most of the great Western powers. Is this the type of knowledge students need to have to be a successful member of the workforce. Sometime schooling can have a focus on the content and not the process of using that information. There have been several studies as to how best to prepare students for their future. Is traditional pedagogy the best way to prepare our students or are skills found in inquiry based learning called process skills needed to combine with traditional pedagogy to better prepare our students.... [tags: education]
852 words (2.4 pages)
- Philosophy of Education No society has ever survived without some system of education. Education is, perhaps, the most important of all social systems because it enables all the others by training individuals for their social roles. Still, it is a system which is far too complicated to perfect or even define. What is the “best” way to teach. What knowledge is it necessary for an “educated” person to attain. Should an education for one be the same as for another. In such an individual-centered field, the answers to these questions are as varied as the individual teachers, students, and others themselves.... [tags: Education Teachers Teaching Essays]
691 words (2 pages)
- Science Curriculum in New York Researching the US National Standards of Science Education and the New York State Science Standards gave our group valuable information about any science curriculum in New York State. We searched the Web and the New York State Standards for Mathematics, Science, and Technology booklet. Conducting an interview with both Ethanie Holl, kindergarten teacher, and Dr. LaChance, professor, were also very helpful. To start with here is a list of principles that guided the National Science Education Standards (NSES).... [tags: Education School Essays]
826 words (2.4 pages)