School Reform in America Essay

School Reform in America Essay

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Public education in America has slowly been plummeting. American students have slowly fallen behind other Westernized democracies in educational success. Formerly, United States students were among the highest scored in reading, math, and science. However, now compared to other industrialized countries, scores are closer to the average range; scores are even below average in math. Due to falling scores and shifts in focus from academic success, there has been an abrupt effort to reform the public education system in America.
In 2002, former president George W. Bush implemented the No Child Left Behind Act as an attempt to improve the quality of education in public schools. The No Child Left Behind Act was a reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, originally enacted in 1965 as the central federal law regarding pre-collegiate education. At the core of the NCLBA were a number of measures and incentives used to promote student success. Some include annual testing, raining teacher qualifications, and perhaps the most important to school districts, funding changes. In 2011, U.S. Secretary of Education Arne Duncan helped rewrite the NCLBA, editing it to allow the individual states to set their own annual benchmarks and standards. According to a study by the National Education Association, test scores have risen in math and reading since the NCLBA was passed. The Center on Educational Policy released a report clearly indicating scores have risen and ultimately a step in a positive direction.
In 2009, President Barack Obama announced another educational program, Race to the Top. “Race to the Top marks a historic movement in American education.” This initiative provides additional funding for states that focus o...

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...ntent areas. Because of this, several measures have been implemented and taken to reform the American education system; such acts include the No Child Left Behind Act passed in 2001, the Race to the Top enacted in 2009 by President Obama, a rise in charter schools rather than the traditional school, and a higher quality of teachers being held accountable for satisfactory academic student success.

Works Cited

"No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) | ESEA." Rss. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Apr. 2014.
"Race to the Top." The White House. The White House, n.d. Web. 12 Apr. 2014
"School Reform." Opposing Viewpoints Online Collection. Detroit: Gale, 2014. Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 12 Apr. 2014.
"Teacher Pension Systems Fail Teachers and Taxpayers." The Center for Education Reform. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Apr. 2014.
US News. U.S.News & World Report, n.d. Web. 14 Apr. 2014.

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