Scholarly Views On Nature And Types Of Theory Essays

Scholarly Views On Nature And Types Of Theory Essays

Length: 3057 words (8.7 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

This paper, will discuss scholarly views on the nature and types of theory; compare and contrast some views of what constitutes a theory, differentiate theory from related concepts, such as hypothesis, paradigm, model, and concept. The paper also, will review scholarly literature on the relationship between theory and research and the ways research (quantitative and qualitative) can contribute to theory. Moreover, the paper will discuss various ways research can contribute to theory; and try to explain how the theory adds or may add to our understanding of management field. Finally, this paper will discuss and analyze literatures on two areas of controversy or unanswered questions related to the theory.
Scholarly Views on the Nature and Types of Theory
The word theory emanated from the Greek word meaning “contemplate” It has been viewed by scholars in different ways. Theory can be defined literally as an explanation of phenomena and its associations with variables that it is attempting to predict. There are no general agreed definitions of theory because scholar’s views of what constitute theory differ based on the purpose, nature and what make up of a good theory (Gelso, 2006; Harlow, 2009; Stam, 2007, 2010; and Wacker 1998). For instance, Wacker, (1998), pointed out that a theory must have four basic criteria such as conceptual definitions, domain limitations, relationship-building, and predictions. He, also, opined that for any theory to be regarded as a good theory, it must have qualities for `good ' theory, such as “uniqueness, parsimony, conservation, generalizability, fecundity, internal consistency, empirical riskiness, and abstraction, which apply to all research methods” (p.364). Stam (2010) interpreted theory as ...


... middle of paper ...


..., and Austin, 2006). Moreover, scientific theories comprise of three parts which include, concepts or constructs, propositions or hypotheses or laws, and, if necessary, nomothetic nets (Larkins, and McKinney, 1980). Theory is often confused with some related concepts such as hypothesis, paradigm, model, and concept. Reductionism theory which I planned to use for my dissertation may add understanding of the field of management science in the sense that it will help managers and policy makers to tackle complex issues by breaking it down into smaller components. Even my dissertation, which involves study of organizational culture (complex issue) requires a reductionist approach of breaking down the organizational culture of the target entity of study; analyzes various component cultures, and use the outcome to make recommendations for unified organizational culture.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Walden ; And, Civil Disobedience by Henry David Thoreau Essay

- When one types “walden- genre?” into a search engine, the computed guess reveals wonders; “Best guess for Walden-Genre is Autobiography, Philosophy, Fiction, Nature”.Walden is less a novel and more an account of an unusual scholarly life with flourishes. Above all, its didactic tone imparts Thoureau’s view better than any straight manifesto could ever. The most emphasized Transcendental view in the book is the harmony of nature with human world views. Walden emphasizes nature’s ability to transform and impart wisdom and sprituality, much like its writer....   [tags: philosophy, fiction, nature]

Better Essays
925 words (2.6 pages)

Eastern Phiolsophies Views Essay

- Within most Eastern philosophies, there are absolute similarities, but these beliefs are seemingly disconnected by the approaches they take, the paths they suggest, and the teachings that they exude. Often I find that it is the distinctive terminology that allows people to automatically assume the views of different philosophies are contrasting. Confucius was still a young boy when he decided his path was to lead him to become a wise man. He was enamored with learning and the quest for knowledge....   [tags: terminology, views, valus, nature]

Better Essays
715 words (2 pages)

Essay on Machiavelli and Rousseau's Views on Human Nature and Government

- Machiavelli and Rousseau, both significant philosophers, had distinctive views on human nature and the relationship between the government and the governed. Their ideas were radical at the time and remain influential in government today. Their views on human nature and government had some common points and some ideas that differed. Machiavelli’s views were drastically different from other humanists at his time. He strongly promoted a secular society and felt morality was not necessary but stood in the way of a successfully governed state....   [tags: Machiavelli, Rousseau, Human Nature, Government, p]

Better Essays
558 words (1.6 pages)

Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, And Rousseau 's Views On The Existence Of The State Of Nature

- Throughout the Age of Enlightenment, thinkers such as Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, and Jean Jacques Rousseau contemplated the authority of the state over the individual: they are some of the most prominent theorists of this time period, and their studies have aided in the establishment of the Declaration of Independence as well as modern democracy. Each of these men’s historical expositions -- Hobbes’ Leviathan, Locke’s The Second Treatise, and Rousseau’s Discourse on the Origins of Inequality and The Social Contract -- outline how man’s authentic state of nature contributes to the necessity of a social contract which exists in order to maintain civil society....   [tags: State of nature, Political philosophy]

Better Essays
1308 words (3.7 pages)

Socrates 's Views On Nature Vs. Nurture Essay

- In the humdrum and mundane events of human life, the question is often wondered if certain abstract characteristics are given to individuals via nature or nurture. This notion has been the core of debates for centuries. The nature notion suggests that individuals are innately gifted with their talent. Adverse to nature is the idea that a person’s talents or skills are acquired through a knowledge that has been taught to them i.e. nurture. Like any debate, nature and nurture have their respective followers....   [tags: Nature versus nurture, Human nature]

Better Essays
1435 words (4.1 pages)

Essay Aquinas Was Proven A Scholarly Man

- Aquinas was proven a scholarly man who combined the theological principles of faith and the philosophical principles of reason. He combined his education, beliefs, points of view, writings, teachings, preaching’s and the works of others which launched his own learning and exploration of philosophy. Aquinas believed that the existence of God could be proven in five ways. The one concluding that the impermanent nature of beings proves the existence of a necessary being, God, who originates only from within himself....   [tags: Existence, Ontology, Metaphysics]

Better Essays
858 words (2.5 pages)

Essay on The Nature Of Human Nature

- The nature of humanity has been an inalienable component of establishing significant classical theories by political scientists in the history of politics. Even Aristotle, widely regarded as a crucial contributor to forging politics as an area of elevated study knew this, and stated, “… it is evident that the state is a creation of nature, and that man is by nature a political animal. ” In this statement, Aristotle adamantly asserts that the state is the production of human nature, as humans are inclined to create the state according to their hereditary political nature....   [tags: Psychology, Soul, Philosophy, Human nature]

Better Essays
1376 words (3.9 pages)

Scholarly Discourse Paper

- In the views of society today children are taught by example. Monkey see, monkey do. The Saturday morning cartoons, parents, the latest video games, teachers, and the media all showed kids that you can be anything you want to be, as long as you set your mind to it. The majority of little girls wanted to be a princess and little boys wanted to be a super hero when they grow up. In reality, the princesses didn’t grow up to be aristocrats and the super heroes are not fighting the cities’ latest crimes....   [tags: Sociology ]

Better Essays
1107 words (3.2 pages)

Views of Organizational Conflict Essay examples

- Views of Organizational Conflict Conflict occurs in many organizations. It is important to understand what conflict is and to identify the models that are represented in many criminal justice agencies. Associated Press reporter Jordan Michael Smith expressed in his article that there was significant failures that prevented the CIA, FBI and other criminal justice agencies and departments from gathering and pooling resources during the September 11, 2001 attack on the Twin Towers. This was due to organizational conflict, which fell directly under operational planning....   [tags: Traditional Views, Human Relations View]

Better Essays
1020 words (2.9 pages)

The Legitimacy of Electronic Scholarly Publishing Essay

- The Legitimacy of Electronic Scholarly Publishing At most institutions of higher learning in the United States and worldwide the emphasis is placed on the depth and breadth of the institution's research, at least as far as the institution's reputation and renown are concerned. An institution that does not produce much scholarly research in the form of conference activity or publication activity will not carry the same high regard as an institution which is much more involved in conference participation and publication....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Papers]

Better Essays
3547 words (10.1 pages)