Sartre discussed a situation that involved one of his students having to choose between staying with his mother or fight the Nazis with the Free French Forces. He views this as a good illustration of abandonment since it involves the feeling of anguish. The young man recognizes that, to a certain extent, he must choose for everyone and not just for himself. However, he has no way of judging or confirming whether his choice is right or wrong. The young man is ‘abandoned’ in this world in the sense that he has not been instructed to commit to a choice and he has not been given any evidence as to which choice is the right one. According to Sartre, nothing in this world can show anyone what they ought to do, so we should act according to our free will because we are free beings.
Sartre has continually emphasized that everyth...
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...red as something that is almost non-existent.
Sartre has proven to be mostly successful in his attempt to argue for moral nihilism. Despite the fact that there may not be any explicit objective moral rules, we are still limited by our physical abilities to do certain things. While it is true that we are free to decide for ourselves, we are constrained by our humanistic biology, which can act as a motivation or reason for us to make certain rules for ourselves. Torturing babies may not be objectively wrong, but it serves as an unnecessary action. Therefore, we do not generally engage in such practices. Sartre had said that when we decide for ourselves, we decide for everyone. Since this constrain applies to most, if not all, human beings, this means we do have an established objective rule that, although may not be apparent, is acknowledged by the human population.
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