Essay about Samuel Johnson: The Lexicographer

Essay about Samuel Johnson: The Lexicographer

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Samuel Johnson the biographer, essayist, critic, poet, prose writer, parliamentary writer, dramatist and conversationalist, has been an extraordinary lexicographer too. He published his two- volume Dictionary on 15 April 1755,
“The Dictionary of the English Language”.
This Dictionary has also been at times published as Johnson’s Dictionary.
Robert Burchfield the modern lexicographer commented on Johnson’s Dictionary:

In the whole tradition of English Language and literature the only dictionary compiled by a writer of the first rank is that of Dr. Johnson

Samuel Johnson the premier literary figure of mid-eighteenth century was born to Sarah and Michael Johnson on 18th Sep, 1709. Though his father was once sheriff of the town yet, he had to face financial troubles right from birth to his education at Oxford and even later in his literary career. He had caught tuberculosis from his wet nurse and had contracted scrofula too. He could barely see from one eye. Yet the laurels attached to Johnson’s name are immense. Though he had to bear physical, financial hardship he rose to great heights. Had it been any other person it would not have been possible for him to attain so much in the literary field as Johnson. His father when died left him penniless with an inheritance of twenty pounds. Next thirty years for him was a long struggle with poverty. He became incurable hypochondriac. A deep melancholy undertook him. It was under these circumstances that his literary career began with Gentleman’s magazine. In 1738 came his poem ‘London’ with this he became an unknown but notable poet. Slowly he earned a name for himself and it was in these circumstances that Warburton praised him which was no li...


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5. Johnson, Samuel. The Plan of an English Dictionary , 1747. Edited :jack Lynch. Downloaded on 22nd Dec https:// andromeda.rutgers.edu/jlynch/Texts/plan.html
6. Johnson, Samuel. The Dictionary of English Language,
Adobe Acrobat Professional dictionaryofeng101johnuoft Pdf. Downloaded on 27th Dec 2013
7. Lane, Margaret (1975), Samuel Johnson & his World, New York: Harper &Row Publishers, ISBN O-O6-O12496-2.
8. Lynch, Jack. Johns Preface to the Dictionary .Downloaded on 22 Dec Andromeda.rutgers.edu/-jlynch/Texts/preface.html
9. Nicholls, Dr. Graham. Johnson reads for the Dictionary, Paper delivered at AGM of the Johnson society at the Guildhall, Litchfield, wed 21 March 2001.
10. Reddick , Allen. The Making of Johnson’s Dictionary 1746-1773 Cambridge University Press, 1990. Print.
11. Smith, Adam. “Review of Johnson’s Dictionary’ Edinburgh Review, 1755.

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