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precise and detailed painful reality and, placed them inside somber and depressing
landscapes as in The persistence of Memory' in 1931 (Smith, 2002, 1/1).
His paintings showed a surrealist maturity since he was twenty. From 1926 to 1929,
Dali begun making objects loaded with modern sexual symbols. For example, showing a
dirty figure filled with excrement as in 'The Lugubrious Game' done in 1929. At this
period, surrealists were very attracted to Salvador Dali because of his strong personality
and his violent works and paintings full of sexual and excrements allusions (Neret, 2000,
The trompe-l'oeuil photographs, by Salvador Dali, took surrealist paintings to another
level by using techniques never used before. These paintings are filled with unusual
shapes, double-sided figures and, anamorphosis, that are distorted images that could be
well understood only if seen from a certain angle. They made him "a quarter century in
advance, the patron saint of American photo-realists" (Néret, 2000, p.27). They were
used to transcribe the image of Dali's dreams. This was a revelation in his surrealist
paintings mainly caused by a very special person in Dali's life called Gala.
As a person, Salvador Dali was very special and had a revelation in his life by meeting
Helena Diakonoff or Gala. It all begun by a visit of Andre Breton, Louis Aragon and,
Paul Eluard to Dali. They were three masterminds of the surrealism movement. At this
time, Gala was Paul Eluard's wife and the minute she entered Salvador's home
everything changed in his life. She was for Dali, "the woman of his childhood dream"
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- Salvador Dali: Vision of Hell Surrealism was the 20th century phase in art and literature of expressing subconscious in images without order or coherence, as in a dream. Surrealist art went beyond writing or painting objects as they looked at reality. Their art showed objects in distorted forms, colors, and movements, like in a dream. Dali’s surrealistic art was based on the belief that there were treasures hidden in the human mind. The word fantasy cannot accurately describe surrealism. Rather, surrealism is better described as a grander reality.... [tags: Art Artist Dali]
1030 words (2.9 pages)
- Salvador Dali was born on May 11, 1904 in Catalonia Spain, but wasn’t so unique since he was named after his dead older brother. His parents had a photograph of the first born Salvador Dali Hanging on the wall next to a painting of Jesus, as if a shrine. Salvador was spoiled by his mother and often through temper tantrums. He would idolize her, mainly because she treated him so well compared to his father who was only around on weekends due to his job. He had a desire to be a beautiful women like his mother, and would admire himself in the mirror while hiding his genitals.... [tags: Biography]
1118 words (3.2 pages)
- the persistence of dali Salvador Dali was born Salvador Dali y Domenech May 11, 1904 as in Figueras, Spain. He was born the third Salvador Dali after his father and brother, who died 9 months before Dali's own birth. Dali lived in the shadow of his brother all of his life. This had a great impact on his artwork. A lot of his works were an expression of how he felt towards his brother. These works included decay, putrefaction, and other disturbing images. Dali began painting at the age of 10.... [tags: ]
556 words (1.6 pages)
- Salvador Dali precise and detailed painful reality and, placed them inside somber and depressing landscapes as in The persistence of Memory' in 1931 (Smith, 2002, 1/1). His paintings showed a surrealist maturity since he was twenty. From 1926 to 1929, Dali begun making objects loaded with modern sexual symbols. For example, showing a dirty figure filled with excrement as in 'The Lugubrious Game' done in 1929. At this period, surrealists were very attracted to Salvador Dali because of his strong personality and his violent works and paintings full of sexual and ex... [tags: Biography]
851 words (2.4 pages)
- (1904-1989) Salvador Dali was born into a middle-class family on May 11th, 1904 in Figures Spain. In 1921 he entered the San Fernando Academy of Fine Arts in Madrid where he made friends with Federico Garcia Lorca, Luis Bunuel, and Eugenio Montes. He pursued his personal intersest in Cubism and Futurism. In June of 1923 Dali was suspended from the Academy for having indicated the students to rebel against the authorities of the school. He was let back in October of 1925, and a year later Dali was permanently expelled.... [tags: essays research papers fc]
725 words (2.1 pages)
- Salvador Dali was a very important Spanish painter. He was born on May 11, 1904 in Figueras, Spain. He studied at the Academy of Fine Arts in Madrid and was expelled from the academy for indiscipline reasons in 1923. He as also a sculptor, graphic artist and a jewelry designer. His unusual pictures made him one of the most publicized figures in modern art. Dali passed through many phases of art. He painted his art in Cubisim, Futurism and Metaphysical painting, and he joined the Surrealists in 1929.... [tags: essays research papers]
463 words (1.3 pages)
- Salvador Dali, the talented surrealist painter was born May 11, 1904 in Figueras, Spain. He was the second of three children in his family. His parents believed him to be the reincarnation of his older brother who had died just nine months before Salvador was born. Dali said later in life that he often felt like he and his dead brother were one when he painted. His parents were very indulgent through out his childhood, Dali often dressed up and pretended to be an emperor and rule his family. Even when his younger sister Anna Maria was born, Dali maintained his position as the “dictator” of the family.... [tags: essays research papers]
538 words (1.5 pages)
- Salvador Dali Salvador Dali, was born Salvador Felipe Jacinto Dali i Domenech at 8:45 a.m., Monday, 11 May 1904, in the small town, in the foothills of the Pyrenees, of Figueres, Spain, approximately sixteen miles from the French border in the principality of Catalonia. His parents supported his talent and built him his first studio, while he was still a child, in their summer home. Dali went on to attend the San Fernando Academy of Fine Arts in Madrid, Spain, was married to Gala Eluard in 1934 and died on 23 January 1989 in a hospital in the town he born.... [tags: Biographies Painter Artist Essays]
1374 words (3.9 pages)
- Salvador Dali’ Domenech was born on May 11, 1904 in the small farming town of Figueres in the Catalonian region of Spain. It was here in the foothills of the Pyrenees where Dali spent his youth, that many of the ideas, inspirations, and images repeated in his paintings have their roots. As a young boy Dali attended the San Fernando Academy of Fine Arts in Madrid. At the academy Dali studied many different painting styles and became quite proficient at them. Many of his earlier works include impressionist, cubist, and realist techniques.... [tags: essays papers]
1129 words (3.2 pages)
- From the real to the surreal, Salvador Dali embodied it all. Once he was satisfied with his abilities to mimic what he saw in the world, he began to play with objects and space. He comprehended, perfected, and finally transcended realism, and his works became much more than paint on canvas. At the youthful age of fourteen, his charcoal drawings patterned techniques that Claude Monet is so renown for using. Dali was capable of portraying Monet’s stylistic texture in a texture-less medium. By the time he reached his twenties, he had perfected this impressionistic style using oil paint on canvas.... [tags: Biography Essays]
439 words (1.3 pages)
(qtd. in Néret's book, 2000, p.21). She was all the women he represented in his
paintings before meeting her. Dali announced that "the small of her back was extremely
feminine and pronounced [ ] and, the energetic leanness of her torso, her delicate
buttocks and, the slenderness of her waist enhanced and rendered greatly more
desirable" (qtd. in Néret's book, 2000, p.22).
Dali had extremely intense feelings towards Gala. Every time he started talking to her,
he burst into insane laughter and when she used to leave, Dali fell to the ground. He
believed that his love to Gala was perpetual and he declared that "she was destined to be
my Gradiva, my victory, my wife" (qtd. in Néret, 2000, p.24). He never felt that happy in
his life and stated that "the idea that in my own room where I was going to work there
might be a women, [ ], suddenly struck me as so seductive that it was difficult for me to
believe this could be realized" (qtd. in Néret, 2000, p.36).
Once, Dali asked Gala what does she want him to do. At that time, he had just read
Jensen's novel, Gradiva, in which the heroine succeeds in healing the male protagonist
psychologically. She said she wants him to kill her. He then noted "one of the lightning
ideas that flashed into my mind was to throw Gala from the top of the bell-tower" (qtd. in
Néret, 2000, p.26). But, right then, Dali realized that Gala weaned his crime and cured
him, because he had reached the great trial of his life, "the trial of love" (Ion,1994,p.36).
At this point, he was healed from his hysterical symptoms and was back to life again after
Gala's psychological help. He claimed, "I became master again of my laughter, of my
smile, and of my gestures. A new health, fresh as a rose, begun to grow in the centre of
my spirit" (qtd. in Néret, 2000, p.26).
As well as a person, Dali showed uniqueness as an artist especially after the entrance
of Gala in his life. From 1926 to 1929, Salvador showed lot of excrements in his
paintings. At this time, after meeting his wife, he introduced the "elementary
biological character" (Néret, 2000, p.22) of his future works. The sexual symbols taking
place in Dali's life over flew into his art. The passionate love Dali felt towards Gala
would dominate all of his works. After the phenomenal psychological help from Gala we
talked about, Dali sensed a deep change coming over him in his works. He begun doing
the trompe-l'oeuil photographs that changed the whole concept of surrealism.
Finally, we saw how Salvador Dali took art and surrealism to another level with
outrageous concepts and techniques never used before. He also had a gigantic revelation
by meeting his wife Gala that changed him as a person and, as an artist.
All these steps and events made Dali a unique being in art history and a major influence
to all his following painters and surrealists.
Dali, Salvador. (1993). New Standard encyclopedia. Chicago: Library of Congress
Gibson I., Torroella R.S, Fares F., Ades D. & Vidal A.S. (1994). Salvador Dali: the early
years. Great Britain: Thames & Hudson Ltd, London.
Néret, G (2000). The Trial of Love. In C. Plant (Trans.), Dali (p.21). Germany: Benedikt
Thames & Hudson (2001). ART20. [Online]. Available:
http://www.artchive.com/artchive/D/Dali.html [2004, December 1].
Smith (2002). The life of Salvador Dali. [Online]. Available:
http://www.virtualdali.com/#biography [2004, December 1].
Surrealism. (1993). New Standard encyclopedia. Chicago: Library of Congress