Salutary Neglect

Salutary Neglect

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1. Identify three of the following and evaluate the impact of each of the three on the coming of the American Revolution
The Stamp Act Congress: brought together in NYC 27 distinguished delegates from 9 colonies debated and drew up a statement of their rights and grievances and beseeched the king and Parliament to let go of the Stamp Act. This congress brought around the same table leaders from the different and rival colonies. This was a “significant step of inter-colonial unity.” Wide spread adoption of non-importation. Without unity, a w ar would be drastic just like how the Indians tried to fight off the colonists, but because they weren’t unified, the colonists won. Gave men and woman chances to participate in colonial protests. Public defiance helped spread angry resistance against the British. This fire that was sparked in the people’s hearts was due to the realization that the British was trying to raise revenue through direct taxation of all colonial commercial and legal papers, and newspapers, pamphlets, cards, almanacs, and dice. This revenue would be used to pay off the debt the British owed in the French and Indian war.
In U.S. colonial history, the British parliamentary attempt to raise revenue through direct taxation of all colonial commercial and legal papers, and newspapers, pamphlets, cards, almanacs, and dice. The devastating effect of Pontiac's War (1763-64) an colonial frontier settlements added to the enormous new defense burdens resulting from Great Britain's victory (1763) in the French and Indian War. The British Chancellor of the Exchequer, Sir George Grenville, hoped to meet at least half of these costs by the combined revenues of the Sugar Act (1764) and the Stamp Act, a common revenue device in England. Completely unexpected was the avalanche of protest form the colonists, who effectively nullified the Stamp Act by outright refusal to use the stamps as well as by riots, stamp burning, and intimidation of colonial stamp distributors. Colonists passionately upheld their rights as Englishmen to tax only by their own consent through their own representative assemblies, as had been the practice for a century and a half. In addition to nonimportation agreements among colonial merchants, the Stamp Act Congress was convened in New York (October 1765) by moderate representative of nine colonies to frame resolution of "rights and grievances" and to petition the king and Parliament for repeal of the objectionable measures.

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Bowing chiefly to pressure (in the form of a flood of petitions of repeal) from British merchants and manufacturers whose colonial exports had been curtailed, Parliament, largely against the wishes of the House of Lords, repealed the act in early 1766. Simultaneously, however, Parliament issued the Declaratory Act, which reasserted its right of direct taxation anywhere within the empire, "in all cases whatsoever." The Protest throughout the Colonies against the Stamp Act contributed much to the spirit and organization of unity that was a necessary prelude to the struggle for independence a decade later.
The Boston Massacre: The Boston massacre was no massacre at all, but a Boston mob and a squad of British soldiers. The riot took place on March 5, 1770.
It was called a "massacre" because several colonists were killed and several others were wounded. Here is the story as Paul Revere tells it. "Twenty-one days before, on the night of March 5, 1770, five men had been shot to death in Boston by British soldiers participating in the event known as the Boston Massacre. A mob of men and boys taunted a sentry guard standing outside of the city's costume house. When other British soldiers came to the sentry's support, a free for all ensued and shots were fired into the crowd. Four died on the spot and a fifth died 4 days later. Capt. Preston and six of his men were arrested for murder, but later were acquitted through the efforts of attorneys Robert Auchmuty, John Adams, and Josiah Quincy who took their defense to ensure a fair trial. Later two other soldiers were found guilty of manslaughter." This was one of the reasons we had the American Revolution.
Thomas Paine’s Common Sense: Common Sense was written by Thomas Paine and published in January of 1776. This document was one of many revolutionary pamphlets that was famous during that time. It advocated complete independence of Britain and it followed the natural rights philosophy of John Locke, justifying independence as the will of the people and revolution as a device for bring happiness. Common Sense traces the origin of government to a human desire to restrain lawlessness. But government at its best is, like dress, "the badge of lost innocence." It can be diverted to corrupt purposes by the people who created it. Therefore, the simpler the government, the easier it is for the people to discover its weakness and make the necessary adjustments. The monarchy, Paine asserted, had corrupted virtue, impoverished the nation, weakened the voice of Parliament, and poisoned people's minds. The royal brute of Britain had usurped the rightful place of law.
Paine argued that the political connection with England was both unnatural and harmful to Americans. Reconciliation would cause "more calamities" than it would bring benefits. The welfare of America, as well as its destiny, in Paine's view, demanded steps toward immediate independence.

#2 For the period before 1750, analyze the ways in which Britain’s policy of salutary neglect influenced the development of American Society as illustrated in the following.
Because of Britain’s salutary neglect policy, the colonies enjoyed a lot of freedom, which in effect led to the development of American society. The colonies benefited from a lack of heavy British political or economic rule, so they established their own legislative assemblies, maintained their own commerce, and became a religiously mixed nation. The neglect of Britain forced the colonists to develop a system of self-government, including colonial legislatures, town halls, and a social hierarchy. These establishments managed the nation’s commerce which consisted of the Triangular Trade, trade with foreign countries, as well as trade amongst themselves. This salutary neglect also guaranteed a large extant of religious freedom.
England was deeply involved in civil wars, and hence the colonists were left with their own resources to provide themselves with a form of self-government. One of the earlier examples of self-government was the New England Confederation. Its primary purpose was for protection against the Indians, the French, and the Dutch that the busy English could not provide for them. Although a weak organization, the confederation was the first milestone towards a strong, independent g…

Over a long period of time, the colonies eventually developed their own systems of government. In 1619, the House of Burgesses was established in Virginia. It was the first elected legislative assembly in the English Colonies. Modeled after Parliament, the House of Burgesses consisted of a group of elected officials who ruled the colony, along with the governor. A similar system of government was established in 1620, when the Mayflower Compact was written and signed by the colonists of Plymouth, Massachusetts. The Compact established a basic government in the colony, in which the people would, as a community, enact and enforce laws for the good of the colony.
Over time, each of the thirteen English Colonies established assemblies of elected officials. These assemblies established laws which supported the concept of democracy. For instance, in 1649 the colonial assembly of Maryland passed the Maryland Toleration Act, also known as the Act Concerning Religion. The Maryland Toleration Act granted everyone in Maryland the freedom of religious toleration. Religious freedom was also established in the colony of Pennsylvania. Freedom of religion brought many settlers to the colonies, especially oppressed religious groups such as the Quakers and Puritans.
The House of Burgesses is an example of Great Britain's use of salutary neglect on forming legislative assemblies. Virginia colonies were essentially a faliure so the investors of the Virginia Company in London gave the colonists a small push to setting up their own government. As a result, in July 1619, a legislative assembly, the House of Burgesses met to establish laws fit for the budding nation. The House of Burgesses came to represent the colony of Virginia, and later the commonwealth of Virginia. Makiong up part of the General Assembly, the burgesses were representing a settlement. The House of Burgesses survived because Britain encourages the colonies to form their own governments and did not enforce the English laws overseas.

During the Spring of 1638, the Connecticut towns of Windsor, Hartford, and Wethersfield formed a legislative assembly in Hartford. After a sermon by Thomas Hooker, the delegates drew up the Fundamental Orders on January 24, 1639. Withoutmention of their loyalty or hate of England and her king, these three towns adopted The Fundamental Orders of Connectict. Inthe first constitution of the United States, it describes a plan for a self government, placing the welfare of the community over one's needs, having an...

Due to England's problems in the late 1660s and early 1700s, they allowed the local governing bodies of the colonies to expand their powers and activities. The colonies were allowed a great amount of self-government. They had individual governments, and passed laws appropriate for that colony. Most of the colonies developed a governing structure similar to that of England. A governor's council made up the upper house of the legislature, while the lower house was the popular elected assembly. The upper house was in charge of amending or rejecting legislation passed by the lower house, while the lower house was responsible for initiating tax bills, exercising administrative oversight concerning the expenditure of funds, and fix qualifications for their own membership. Although there was also a royal governor in charge of each colony, he did little to control the colonies, only looking out for his own well-being. The colonists thought the governor was oppression to their political freedom, and therefore did not give much attention to what they said, or respect them very much. The frequent conflicts between the assemblies and the governors symbolized the American colonies desire for self-rule, which had arisen from the policy of salutary neglect.
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